Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 18, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 18, 1846 Page 1
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.ml i ...... i ? i i ' u . i L ... ? i ii THE NEW YORK HERALD. ??u xn^a*. iot-wm* Um. *a?o. NEW YORK, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 18, 1846. rrtM THE NEW YORK HERALD JAIE8 GORDON BBMNKTT. Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. Price!* per oopy??' PRINTING of all kiads assented with beauty and dcepatan 10* Aft letters M OMBUICU1MU, I) JMU, ? Om establishment, nut be poat pud, or th. postage wli deducted tram the subscription moo.r remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor ol the NrrToil Hntui EiTtHoHMm North-Wait comer of Pulton end Nhhi >u T^UIlKDaY, April disc. match tor tttt-ilili haets, bwi) in fire, under the saddle. Wm. BtBii,,, b. g. Tom Moor*. C. 8. Bnrtine n?met e. g. John Malfitt. run. of $10, mile bcnti, but three in five, in herneit? for hones that never won a purae over t*. given. To oft come off the aame day of the matah. To eloae Saturday, April 1?(H. by t o'clock P. M . at GREEN It LOSEt'i Three or more to make a field. aid l'*chl DRAFTS ON GREAT IRELAND?Persona wia nev to aev part of Englai I land or Walea.cun piocnt "acibora, payable on dot r r hares, in all tho Pro viae laitedKingdom. DRAFTS ON GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND? Panooa wishing to remit mo r to nev part of England. Ireland. Scot d or Wales, can piocnra drafts of the anb _ ibera, payable on demand, withont dis counter my othr rharge. in all the Provincial towns aadcities throughout the Usited Kingdom. ? Peiaona residing in the country nan, by forwarding any amount to the ?nhteHbers. with tha name and address of the person for whom it is intended, have a draft aunt by tha first ?leaner or ahio, and a receipt for the tame returned by mail. For farthar particulars apply to W. ft J. T. TAPSCOTT, 73 Sooth street, corner Maiden lane. an OPPOSITION TO MONOPOLY-FOR g^^ggpALBAN^N^TRtrY-Throng^trecL .The new steamboat ONEIDA, Capt. George O. Tapper, (late of the Rmihre) will leave the pier at lha foot of Cedar street, event Monday, Wednesday and Friday after noon. at 7 o'clock Freight taken at reduced prices. For far ther information inquire of the Captain oa board ol tha boat, all GLASGOW LINE OF PACKET8-T0 tail 1st May. her regular day?The fine. fast sailing, copper ied Br. bark ANN HARLEY, Capt, a teott, will eai> aa above, her regular day. For balance of freight or passage, haviag excellent accom modations, apply 1 aid re w OODHULL It MINTURN, FT 8outhat. above, her regnlar day. .... For freight or passage, having haadeome furnished scenes modal ions, apply on board, at Orleans whart foot of Wall attest, or to E. K. COLLINS ft CO. 3d South street. Poei'ively no goods received on board, after Monday even ill, 20th instant. Agent in New Orleans, J AS. E. WOODRUFF, who will promptly forward all roods to his address. Packet ship OSWEGO, Johasoa, master, will sueeeod the Louisville, and sail Monday, STth inst., her regular day. aid TO LET THE Store No lid William street, with two lofts |*;? and basement. This is one of the splendid block re rVNLceiitly erected and known as th* " Washington Stores." Possession given immediately. Apply to aid Ifr A. BKEEDEN, 11 Gold atreet. SCOTCH GOOSEBERRY BUSHES, See. JMdg THE Subscribe? have jaat received per Agnes, from MSUGlssgow, ?t00 superior Scotch OotYdberry Bathes, of m^mtbe most tpprored cultivation,'snd from the best Gooseberry nursery in Bcotlmd?price $1 3d per dotea, or by tha hnadrrd on very reasonable terms. Also, Idd red Antwerp Raspberries?price St par doses,m fins order J.M.THORBURNfcCO. No 16 John itroyt. The Gooseberries are in prima order and bedding beautiful ly?packed in dotens or hell dozens, mstted from the air; trim an inch or two off the roots aad tope before planting. aid It It, 11,'rh TO LET, M LIGHT ROOMS wall located for business, in the fRB new buildings corner of Nassau and Liberty streets, XdfLopposite th* tost Office?three suitis of rooms wall cal ouletedfor la* offices, merchant tailors, halters, engravers, or aev business requiring wall lighted rooms, in g od basinets location. Alao, the attic room. They will he flniah?d by tha first of May. Apply to C- PARBHALL. 42 Wall street, (between 11 aad II o'c.oek ) *t7 ttia*rre DESIRABLE HOUSES AT MODERATE RENTS. Bad TO LET?Tha modem, well-finished, three-story T-MW sod attic Heats*. corner ol lrviar Place aad 13th strset. rMWrVrrnntjAb,. oeofr, plated furniture, pUie gTasCtCe., dPlfrt first storv. with a finished tea room in the resr ; baths, water B bithi, wtttf closets, kc . in second story, and every coeveoienee through out Immediate possession of No. II miv be had. Also, tha modem three-story and attic House, No. 113 West Fourteenth street, near the Eighth avenue; baa Cretan water, bathe, he., and fiuished ia tha beat meaner throughout. Thuy will be painted, and pat ia perfect order. Maybe seen between 11 aad 1 o'clock. Apply to C. Pars hall, 41 Wall street, between II and 11 o'clock. ap!7 tfii re M TO RENT CHEAr. The Hoaae SI Orchard street. Inquire of lAMfi aid lw*rh A SaMBON. 44J Pearl et. TO RENT. a A BEAUTIFULLY ai totted Front Ofliee. ia M South ?treat, oa the second floor. Two or mora Lofts can alio be had with it. For ftutha' particulars, apply to W. It J. T. TAPBCOTT, 75 South st. , sldr comer of Maiden lane. TO RENT, And THE UPPER PART of a pleasantly simsted three * story House in Broome street,e few dnore west of Broad V.'.'.R -entr. To a small family the rent will be moderate. Ayjf fatVh.r information apply to 413 Broome stmt. TO LET?The modern three etory and attic House, MM No. Id Second Avenue, be weeu 4th and 3th streets ? JSULlt is well finished, with mahogany doors, plated furni ture and plate glass in the first story, bath ia tha aecoad story, and very con veuieotlyarr need throughout. Apply on the preaaisaa Can be seen from U A.M. to 1 ?'clock P.M. daily all lw'rre FOR SALE, OK TO L.ET, A TV Mod?*n bmilt tbrte storr brick ho?N, 215 Adi ?treat, Brooklyn 11 not sold by pririu m1?. it will diepoted of nt pnblic section, on the )5ch day of > next. Half pt the pnrchaee money can remain on moitf* for a term of Toare. Application to bo made on tho premii 215 Adawi it. Brooklyn. e4 Im'y FOk SALE OR TO LEASE, THE Hooae and Lot 471 Broadway The main house is fli fira atones high wiih the attic, aad M feat deep. The JUdOi back building is thrae atones high and 14 feet deep. A stable no the rear front nc on Mercer street, a fact deep. The lot is M feet f >ur in has front aad rear, and MO lee' deep *Lf0"* within* to confer with the owner, Dr. CHEEJ MAN. awy do so between the hours of I and d, A. M.. and 1 and l*. P.M. all Sw* rre A FIRST KATE CHANCE FOR A SMALL CAPITAL. a FOR BALE, ia cooiequsneeaftht subscriber's going wast, thaJease, faraitnfa -and fiiturvs of a Porter aad LLodging Hoate, aad Two Tea-Pin Allays, ofaa old . -v .. XHm ? asublishad stand, kept by the eubscriber for the where the lodging pays more than the rant For particulars "".Vi-PL WE8TBROOI, 41 Bowery. *17 H?rh FUR SALE, IN WILLIAMSBURG, . two story and basement fri it, aituated in Second street, ?mwi .ad Houth Ninth streets, it ?;--T. . d.comuMmdingafine view ol the East Bii aad within sound of tha Tack Blip ferry bell. The lot which it stude u worth over filtM, end the whole will be i for vera little over whet the house cost to build. It baa b meted a lirtla over s year. Possession oa Ut Mev, or aarl ,pplT,^? . W. k J. T. TAPflfcOTT, clt>t fh Ti gqitl conwrof Mtidw Laa< 4: WOOo *1 FARM FOR SALE 040er bu ld ags Co. maaicatioa with Naw York by Railroad aad se thus times a day For farther ra'tieulys eaqaire of W. E ISAACS Cora at of Libs ty aad Wast street, New V or alt Itswlw *r or of Mr BHEPERD, oa ihe prrmiaa fOR BALE.?Will ke sold at pablie auction, at the anlof DaVH Noe ia Bomarville, N. J oa Thars f, tha 7tll day ef May asit, at 1 P.M., a House aad ?hday, tha 7tn day or May aaat, at 1 T.M., a House Kasi^^srapikrTh^homse silt by sv-Sheriff Todd, at a cost of about INN, as a dwel ling and grain store, end ie composed of a main building tt ft. ' r 3d ft, and a wiag It by dt. Iti u by 3d ft., and a wing Id by M. It is wall located for a person wishing to eagtg* ia the torn trade, lis* grain of a large dm trict. ia going to market, paaeiag ? aa media iWy by tha daer. Conaitieas of sale will be reaaamaMy a4 dm apnea of tha P"Nc^TSrraaswick. N. J., April id. Alao for sals, two Lou or Land, abosst a half mUm fa ?ty ef Naw Braaawich. N. J , aad oa tdam mad leading The larger lot is covered with evaegreea wood of forty years' growth, is about M feet above the river, which flows directly in front, and afford* a happy view ap the Raritea^ of the citj? P ani ia the distance of the mountains ia North Jersey. 1 I (Waller let ia cleared land. Both are calculated aa building alas, to please sue wishing to reside near a tows, ia a healthy nat'ict, aad easy of access to the city of New York. I for particulars, eaqaire of A. G. Jones, No. M Nassau at., pr of Thomas Evaaa, ia the city of New Brunswick f Naw Bmaswiek, April 13. It44. apld if re GENTLEMEN'S SPRING FASHION. BEAVER AND BILK HATS of Um/baec quality ?. "f*1 WM shapes, are now ready for iaepeetioa and sale at tha ob^Kbliahed prices. B?tB mi $4 3d Beat Silk 4 It ROWE, Merehenu' Esekaag*. *17 lm*rrc 4t William atreet ANTID A flitnutlon, Dy a fMptotibli vobm w as Chambermaid or Nerae ie a private family^Th ef references Tlnnae apply at No. ltd Third Ava ai7 dt*r m BOARD IN A PRIVATE FAMILY J A FEW genteel boarders, gentleman aad their families or W . ii. ainsle gentlemen,can he aeeommodated la a private familv * laBr. uine auert, near Hudei.n, where every attention will be ? pirtdio >vake it and agreeable. The room* are large t wi'h pguines attached; privilege of bathing room, fee. For ?Id k*rh Affairs in lffexlco and Texas. ADDITIONAL PART ICC LARK. Important Correspondence between the Hon. John Slidell and the Meilean Government. The Army of Occupation, die. ike. From the New Orisons Jsffsraonion, April #.) We give up our column* almost entirely to-day to the official correspondence beiween the Hon. John &lidell, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo tentiary on tne part ol the United States, and the Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs. We have translated it with great care and accuracy from the Diario Official, or government journal of the 20th March, published in the eity of Mexico. It will be aeen that Mr. Slidell sustained the honor and rights of our country with becoming dignity and spirit, and with the great ability that was ex pected of him. We will not attempt an analysis of this correspondence. Its importance will induce every one to peruse it from beginning to end. Jalafa, March 1.1848. To hi* Excsllbwcv Don Joa?cim Castillo t Lanxas, Miniittr of Foreign Relatione and Government. Tho undersigned, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, to tho Mexican Ropublio. had the honor, on the Sth day of Do oember last, to address to his Excellency Manual da la Poena y Pones, than Minister of Foreign Eolations, a cony of his credentials, with a request that ho might bo informed whan bo would bo admitted to present the ori- j ginal to the President of the Mexican Republic On the 16th December, the undersigned was informed by Mr. Pegna y Poena, that difficulties existed in rela tion to tho tenor of his credentials, which made it neces sary to consult the oouncil of government thereon, and on the 90th of the same month he was advissd br Mr. Pegna y Pegna, that the Mexican government bad decid ed not to recognise him in his capacity of Envoy Extra ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary. To this communication of tho Minister of Foreign Re lations, the undersigned replied under dates of 90th and i 94th December, refuting the reasoning by which the re-1 fatal to recognise him was attempted to be sustained, vindicating the course pursued by his government, and declaringnis intention to proceed to Jalapa, there to await instructions, adapted to an,emergenoy so entirely unlocked for. He has now received these instructions. Tho Presi dent of the United States, entirely approves the course pursued by the undersigned, and the communications by him addressed to the Mexican government Had the then existing government continued in power, as no alternative would have remained, the undersigned would have been directed to demand his passports. The President of the United States would hare sub mitted tho whole case to Congress, and called upon tho nation to assert iU just rights, and avenge its injured honor. The destinies of the Mexican Republic, however, having since been committed to other hands, the Presi dent is unwilling to take a course whletPwouldinevitably result in war, without making another effort to avert so great a calamity. He wishes by exhausting every honorable means of conciliation to demonstrate to the civilized world, that if its peace shall be disturbed, the responsibility must fall upon Mexico alone. He is sincerely desirous to preserve that peaoe, but the state of quasi hostility, which now exists on the pert of Mexico, is one which is incompatible with the dignity and interests of the United States, and it is for the Mexi can government to decide, whether it shall give plaee to friendly negotiation or load to an open rupture. It would be idle to repeat the arguments which tho undersigned had the honor to present in his note of 30th and 39th December, above referred to; be has nothing to add. bat is instructed again to present them to the con sideration of the President ad interim of the Moxiean Re public, General Mariano Parades y ArUlaga. The undersigned begs leave to suggest most respect fully to your Excellency, that inasmuch as ample time has been afforded for the most mature reflection upon the momentous interests involved in the question of his re cognition, as little delay as possible may occur in noti fying him of the final decision of his Excellency the Pre stden ad interim. He cannot but indulge hope that it will be such as to result in the establishment of cordial and lasting amity between the two republics. The undersigned avails himself of this opportunity of presenting to his Excellency. Don Joaquim Castillo y Lanzas, the assurances of his distinguished considers lion. f Sign .'J; JOHN SLIDELL. National Falack, Mi xico, March 13, 1846. To His Excxllkuct Jon < 8i idsll? Tho uodersignod Minister,of Foreign Relstions ol the government ol the republic, has the honor to acknow ledge the reception of the note, tbst his excellency, John Slidell, appointed Minister Plenipotentiary and En voy Extraordinary from tho United States of America, haa directed from Jalapa, dated the let of tho present month. As soon as said communication was put into tho hande of the uaderaigned, he hastened to aubmit it to his ex cellency tho President, pre less- After having reflected npon its centente, and considered maturely the nature of the communication, ho has required the undersigned toanawer Mr. Slidell, that the Mexican government cannot admit him as Envoy ExUaordinary, etc., to re side near this government. Tho undersigned could here end this note, u motives of great weight did not make it necessary to make some reflections, not for fear of any consqueneee foot may reenlt from oar resolution, but from tho respect wo owe to roeson and justice. The truth Is, that this appearance of war with which the American Union presents itself by sea, with her squadrons on both coasts, by land forces Invading oar northern frontiers, at the same time that her Minister Plenipotentiary is making propositions of good will and conciliation, would be a course sufficiently powerful to deter us from hearing said propositions, until all threat and appearances of hostility are ressoved. But neverthe less the government of there pubUe proceeds to discuti the mstter frankly and witk loyally, relying only oi reason and kor rights. To refer openly end fully to tlx truth, it it sufficient to make known tho justioo which it this oas# is on the eide of Mexico. The desire of th< government of the United 8tat*a has bson apparent foi several ytars, to increase her already immense territo ry at the coet of that of Mexico-, and nntil this day, thoi? is no doubt but that with respect to Texas, at least, sucl has bean her^ Arm and constant determination, eince i has been to officially declared by an antborixed agen of tha Union, whose assertion, notwithstanding its inju riona rudeness, has not been denied by the government of tho United States. Omitting all tha facts, which in a long aeries of years I confirm this intention on the pert of tne United States facta which prove that nothing wee to be left undone in order to attain tho desired [end, it is soffit iant to rofsr to whet transpired lest year, which is all that it pertinent to the ceee. The United Slate* considering that the time bad come to annex Taxes, concerted plan* to that intent, although they ware in poece with ns their natural allies, lli* American Congress U ok tk* first step*. This first undertaking was frustrated, thanks to the promptings of -prudenco, and tho circoasspsction and wisdom of tho American Sonata. Howsvar, the project of annexation re-appeared in tha following seseion, and was thon approved end sanctioned in the terms new known by all the world. Such a fact, or rathor to speak mora precfaely, such a notorious set of usurpation, mad* it imperative on the part of Mexico, whose honor was concerned, to repel it with proper flrmnei* sad dignity. The supreme govern ment naa declared before hand that they would look upon annexation as a caeua ielU ; conformable to this de claration,the nagociations were of nooeseity to be ended, end war waa the only recourse of the Mexican govern ment Bat before proceeding to vindlcet* her outraged rights, proposition* war* mad* by the President of the Republic of Texas, with a view of terminating her difltoulties, on tho basis of hsr independence -,snd tho government agreed to coneider those propositions, end to receive the com-, misaioners which war* sent from Texas for that purpose The agents of the United States in Texas did not lose time, and availing themselves ef the situation of Mexico, they prepared and directed their negotiations in inch a way, that the long desired annexation of Texts was almost immediately consummated. Thus this edjunotiou of e territo: y which hod formed an integral part of Mexico during the long years of Span ish dominion, end after onr emancipation without any interruption during suck e largo spec* of time, e state of things which had been recognised by the treaty fixing the boundaries between Mexico end the United States? this adjunction,) I *ay was effected by the odious means of violence end frond. Civilised nation* hove shea with dismay, in this en Ugkfo??* sg*. ? strong power * veiling herself of the In ternal dissensions of e neighboring notion, end causing the vigilance of Mexico to slumber, resorting to every hind of artifice, appealing alternately to intrigue and yioienoe, have finally sucoeadod in despoiling na of an impertant part ef ear territory, despite oar anqaestlone. bl* rights of property end possession. Here is then thetraeposition of the Mexican Repub lie: despoiled, outraged end unheard, it was desired to make her submit to further humiliating degradation ? The sense of her own dignity will not permit H It la not eaay to understand hew, notwithstanding the clear and conclusive explanations given to His Exool Leney, Mr. Slidell, in the net* of the 90th of loot Decem ber, the Executive of the United States thinks there is a motive to insist on what is there so positively denied.? The Consul of the United States In this capital directed e confidential not# en the 18th October, to the then Mi nister of Foreign Affairs In this net* it to said, contra ry to what waa previously declared, - that on the eve ef suspending tha diplomatic relations between the two countries. General Almonis learned tho President wish ed topisv* amicably adjusted all grounds ef complaint between the two governments, and to cultivate amfoebl* relation* with ell the sistar lepublics. He continue* to be animated by tha same sentiments. ? H* wishes that all existing diffsrsnoeaebould be am' cably terminated, without resorting to eras. Actuate by thee* sentiments, the President has requested mo t inform myself whstb i <hv Mexican government wool permit an Envoy Lou '.i United States, vests with lull powers to ad, i all ,->estions in controvsrs between the two geveininanis , it the answer is sflroti live, the Envoy will be nn<e?- Ji itoly sent to Mexioo.n T* this, the present Minister answered en the 1Mb ( the bstore mentioned month, " That although this natis was highly eShaded by that ef the United Rata#, on ? oouwt if sets lutaMvo to the depottmat ef Texee, yi BT government ii disposed to roootve I Commissioner, who should com* with full powore from tho American government to adjust the preeont difflcalty, in e peace ful, reasonable and decent manner ; giving thereby another proof that, notwithetandingtour injuries and our first determination to exaot reparation we neither despise or repel the rights of reason and of peaoe, although incited to act in a contrary manner." By those extracts it will be soon that it was the firm intention of tho Mexican government only to admit a Plenipotentiary of tho United States, with powers ud Koe, to treat for Texae ; the negotiations wore to be limited to this only, as preliminary to tho renewal of tho amica ble relations between the two countries, (if such was to be the result,) end to the admission then following, and not before, of an Envoy Extraordinary, he., near this government The government of this Republie 'could not extend farther the compromise, because by receiving any per son whatsoever sent from the United States, with merely the character of an ordinary agent, the grare question of Texae being still pending, a question which concerns directly and immediately the integrity of the Mexican government, and even our own nationality .would bo equivalent to en acknowledgment on our part of the ter mination of that question, and of the renewal of peaceful relations between the two countries. This truth is so apparent, that the appointment of an Envoy Extraordinary, ho., by the Executive of the Uni ted States, and the approval of said nominatioti, notwith standing all that had been said by the Mexican Govern ment, must be considered as an act whioh the under signed will not permit himself to designate. If good faith presides over, as I suppose, the acts of the government of the United States, what motive is there to resist, with so mu:h earnestness, the indispensibie re strictions which Mexico has placed spontaneously, upon the, proposition made to hi r 7 If it was the real and positive wish to reuni'e broken link* of good un derstanding and friendship between the two nations, there was an easy means at hand. The Mexican government had offered to admit a Pleni potentiary or a commissioner, who would come on the part of the United States, with special powers to treat on the Texan question. With regard to this particular, the resolution of the Mexioan government is unchangeable. And, alter all, it is the rights of tho Mexican nation that are to be as serted, it is her honor that has been outraged, and it should consequently belong to her to take revenge; and this she will do, if necessary by an appeal to all her citizens, to fulfil the sacred duty of defending their country. A lover of peace, she would wish to avert this awful contingency, and, without being afraid of war, she would like to avoid such a calamity to both eoun tries. For these reasons, sbs has shown herself, and will continue to do so, desirous of every honorable means of conciliation, and she hopes sincerely that the existing dilficulty wiU be adjusted in a reasonable and honorable manner. In the present state of things, to say that Mexico keeps a hostile position with regard to the United States, is but to add a new offance to former Injuries. Her at titude is that of defence, because she sees herself un justly attacked; because a part of her territory is occu pied by the soldiers of a nation who intend, without any right whatsoever, to make herself master ol it; because her ports are closed by the squadrons of that same na tion. In such circumstances, can it be required that we should remain inactive, and neglect to take proper means to meet any contingency 7 It belongs not, therefore, to Mexico, on account of her present situation, to decide whether amicable rela tions will be renewed, or open war declared. It is long since her interests ana her dignity should have required war, but in the hope of honorable and peaceful transac tions, she has silenced all her imperious rights. From the foregoing, it may be inferred that if war be comes attest inevitable, and ifthe peace of civilized na tions is thereby put in jeopardy, the responsibility will not rest upon Mexioo, but exclusively upon the United State*. Not upon Mexioo, which admitted, with une quailed generosity, all the American citizens wishing to settle in Texas; but upon the United States, which,~be ing resolved to make themselves masters, sooner or later, of that territory, encouraged emigration therein, in ord er that in due course of time its inhabitants, be ooming master* instead of eettlore, should claim as theirs a territory which was to be ceded afterwards to tho U. State*. Not upon Mexioo, which has protested, in time, against the outrage, and has ondeavorad to avert every cause of hostility, but upon the United States, which, without fearing to disgrace themselves in the eyes of the world, and by a manliest infringement of all existing treaties, afforded help and protection to the re bellious. Not upon Mexico, which, notwithstanding tho repeated injuries inflicted uponher.has receivedproposi tions of oonciliationbut upon the U. 8. .which protesting a sincere wish for an honorable and amicable adjustment, have, by their acts, given the lie to tho sincerity of their proposi'ion; not upon Mexico, Which, careless of hor dearest interests, tor the sake of peace, has listened to the propositions msde to that effect, hut upon the United States, which, under frivolous pretexts, avoid tho con clusion C ???tiwtesni, and at the same time, that they propose peace, order, their squadrons and their troops to close our ports and invade our frontiers; and now re quire of us an impossible husaiiletion, in order to have a pretext* if not a motive, to enter upon hostiliiio*. Therefore, to the United States does it belong to de cide between the alternative set down by Mr. Slidell, and to choose between an amicable negotiation and open hostilities. The undersigned expresses to his ExcellencyMr. Slidell, that in view of what has been exposed in the present note, the Mexican government entertains the hope that the Executive of the United States will take the steps which to him will appear most convenient, after having reflected maturely upon a question, replete with so many grave and complicated interests. The Mexican government, in preparing themsolves for warj if circumstances require it, will entertain the flattering hope, that the peace of the new world will not be disturbed; and in malting this declaration before the whole,world, the Mexican government disclaims the re sponsibility of the evils which may grow out of the strife, whioh they have not provokod, and have tried to avert. After having submitted the foregoing by order of his overnmentto his Excellency,Mr. Slidell, most distinguished ??"?g^JfiTiLLO v LANZAS. Jiun, 17th Maroh, 1848. To His Exczllsxct D. J. M. nn Castillo r Lanzas, Minister of Foreign Relations and Government. Tto undersigned, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, has the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the note of your Excellency oi the l'lth instant, by which he is informed that the Mexican government cannot receive him in his capacity of Envoy Extraordinary end Minister Plenipo tentiary to reside near that government. As it is the intention of the undersigned, in conformity with his instructions, to return to the United States with the least possible delay, embarking at Vera Cruz, he has now to request that he may be furnished with the neces sary passports, which he will await at this place. As your Excellency has advanced no new arguments in support of the refusal to receive the undersigned' as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, he will abstain from commenting upon that portion of-.the note of your Excellency which, with a mere difference of phraseology, presents substantially the same reason ing a* that urged by Mr. Pegna y Pegna, in hi* note of 30th December lest, but he cannot permit, by his si lence, the inference which would naturally be implied of hi* assent to the correctness oi the statements made by your Excellency in relation to the question of Texas, and to the general course of policy which la so gratui tously ascribed to the government of the United States. In the review which it becomes his duty to make of those statements, he will stilve to preserve that calm noes of tone, and reserve of language, which is most consistent with the consciousness ol right, and the pow er to vindicate it if necessary, and of which ha regrets to find that your Excellency has not given him the ex ample. The United States can confidently appeal to the history of the events ot the last twenty yearr, as afford ing the most conclusive refutation of the charges of usurpation, violence, artifice, intrigue and bad faith, so laviahly scattered throughout the note of your Excel lency. It has never been pretended that the scheme of colo nisation of the territory ot Texas by cltiaens of the U. S. wss suggested by their government; it was in conform ih a policy d"' lity with a policy deliberately adopted by that ol Mexico, and she must accuse herself alone for results, whioh the slightest foresight must have anticipated from the intro duction of a population whoso character, habits, and opinions were so widely divergent from those of the people, with whom it was attempted to amalgamate them. Then is no ground for the assertion, that" the United States, profiting by the generosity with which their citizens had been invited to Texas, had resolved sooner or later to take possession of that territory, enoouraged emigration thither, with the view that iu inhabitants, changing the character of oolonist* for that of masters, should seise upon the territory for the purpose of trans ferring it to the United States." It is true that no obstacles to this emigraUon were in terposed by them, for it has ever been one of the most cherished articles of the political creed of the American people, that every citisen has the absolute and uncon trollable right to divest bimsell of hi* allegiance, and to seek, if he mink proper, the advancement of his fortunes in foreign lands. Stimulated by the gratuitous allotment of land* to emigrants, and by the similarity, approaching with tho exception of religious toleration, almost to identity, of the political institutions of the Mexican Repub lic to that under whioh they had been reared, the population of Texas soon attained a develop ment that authorised the demand of a privilege which had been solemnly guaranteod to them by the constitution of 1834, admission into the Mexican Union at a separate Stat*. A convention was held, and a Stat* constitution formed in conformity with the provisions of the fundamental compact of 1834. It was presented to the General Congress with a, petition to be admitted into the Union ; the application was rejected, and the delegate imprisoned. Soon alter the constitutional Congress of Mexico was dissolved by military force, the same arbitrary power convened a new Congress by whioh the Federal constitution was abrogated, and a consolidated or Central Government established in its atend. Texas, as she had an unquestionable right to do, refused to acknowledge the authority of a government whioh had been imposed upon the other States by a successful military usurpation. The compact which had bound hor to the Mexican re

public was dissolved, and an abortive eflort having been mad* to reduce her to subjection, the on the ad March 1810, declared henelf an independent republic, end no bly su.ta.ned utoleration on tho battle field ol San J*cinto, by thacempleta daftat and destruction of a nu gy.f* fijfdtwii army, commanded by tho President of Ike Mexican republic in peraon. Che then deaaanded the recognition of her Independence and ash ad to bo annexed to tho United State*. The language of President Jackson in a communication by him, address ed to Congress on the subject, affords a striking illustra tion of the good taith and forbearance towards Memico, which has ever characterised the conduct of the United 8tates. He advised that no ohange should be made in the attitude of the United States, until Mexieo her self orone of the great foreign power* should recog nize the independence of the new government, at least until the lapM of time or course ot events should have j proved beyond cavil or dispute, the ability of the people \ of Texas to maintain their sovereignty, or to uphold the j government constituted by them. I These overtures on the part of Texas,were pending for several years, but ware not entertained by the govern ment of the United States, until the period had arrived, when, in the language ot President Jackson, above quo ted. the lapse of time and course of events, had proved beyond cavil or dispute the ability of her people to main tain her separate sovereignty. Her independence must be considered as a settled fact, which cannot be ceUed in question. Nearly four years since, Mr. Webster, then Secretary of State, in a dispatch to the Minister of the United States at Mexico, said : "Prom the time of the battle at San Jacinto, in April, 1339^to the present moment, Tex as has exhibited the same hxternal signs of national in dependence as Mexico herself, and with quite e* much stability of government. Practically free and indepen dent; acknowledged as a political sovereignty by the principal powers of the world ; no hostile foot Aoding rest within her territory for six or seven years, and Mexico herself refraining for all that period, from any further attempt to reestablish her own authority over this territory." Three additional years of inaction on the part of Mexico elapsed, before the final action of the Uuited Slates, upon the question of annexation, with the same Senate, who<e prudence, cinpumspection, and wisdom, you so justly eulogize, and' if any additional sanction could have been requisite, to a measure so evi dently just and proper, it has been afforded by Mexico herself, who, through her Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Cuevas, authorized by the National Congress, on the 19th of May last, declared: "The supreme govern ment received the four article* above mentioned, as the preliminaries of a formal and definitive treaty, and fur ther, that it is disposed to commence the negotiation, as Texas may desite, and to receive the commissioners which she may name for the purpose." The first condition was, " Mexico consents to acknow ledge the independence of Texas." True it is, that by the second condition, Texas engaged that she would stipulate in the treaty not to annex herself or become subject to any country whatever. When it is recollect ed that this preliminary arrangement was made through the intervention of the Ministers of Great Britain and France, consequently upon the passage of the act of an nexation, it cannot be denied, that ft was intended to apply solely to the United States, and that while Mexieo acknowledged her inability to contest the independence of Texas, and was prepared to abandon ell her preten sions to that territory, she was induced to make this tardy and reluotant recognition, not by any abatement of her hostile sentiments towards her, so called, rebel lious subjects, but in the hope of gratifying friendly feeliDgs against the United States. The undersigned cannot hw? ??.??? w?- - her un .j .....up. H>iaai me united States. The undersigned oannot but express hi* unfeigned surprise, that in the face of this incontrovertible evi dence, that Mexico has abandoned all intention, or even hope, of ever re-establishing her authority ever any portion of Texas, you should; have asserted that "Texas bad been an integral part or Mexico, not only during the long period of the Spanish dominion, but since its emancipation, without any interruption whatever during so long a spaoe of timeand again that "the United States territory, regardless of the incontrovertible rights of the most unquestionable property, and of the most constant possession." How weak must be the oause whiohcan only be sustained by assertions so cir cumstantial, with facta that are notorious to all the world, and how unfounded are aU these vehement declarations! egainet the usurpation* and thirst for ag grandizement of the United States. The independence of Texas, then, being a fact, con ceded by Mexioo herself, she had no right to prescribe restrictions as to the form of government Texas might choose to assume, nor can she Justly complain that Texas, with a wis* appreciation of her true interests, has thought proper to merge her sovereignty in that of the United States. The Mexican government oannot shift the responsi bility of war upon the United States, by assuming that they are the aggressors: a plain, unanswerable fact re sponds to all the subtleties and sophistries by which it is attempted to obscure the real question. That fact is, the presence in Mexico of a Minister of the United States, clothed with full power to settle all the questions in dispute between the two nations; and among them that of Texas. Their complaints are mutual, the considera tion of them cannot bo separated, and they most be set tled by the same negotiation, or by the arbitrament which Mexioo herself nas elected. With what reason does Mexieo attribute to the United States the desire of finding a pretext to commence hos tilities? The sppdatanc* of a few ships of war on the American coasts, and the advance of a small military lore* to the frontier of Texas, are cited as evidence that tn* declaration of a desire to preserve peace is insin. cere. Surely it cannot be necessary to remind your Ex cellency that the menaces of war have all proceeded from Mexioo; and it would seem that the elevation to power ot lis actual government was too recent to have afforded your excellency time to forget the ostensible reasoni for which that which preoeded it was overthrown. The crime which was imputed te the then President, a crime so odious as to justify hi* forcible expuleion from the Presidency, to which he had been but a few months pre vious elected, with unparalleled unanimity, and in ac cordance with all the forms of the constitution, was that of not having prosecuted the war against Texas, or, in other words, against the United States; a crime, of which the enormity was aggravated in a tenfold degree, by his having aocepted the proposal of the United State* to negotiate. To suppose that the present government has not al ways intended, and does not still intend, vigorously to pjosecut* an offensive war against the United States, wouhrS* to insinuate the degrading charge of making declarations which it did not design te fulfil, with the unworthy motive of supplanting a lival. With these avowed intentions on the part of Mexieo, und so far as words can constitute war, that state actual ly existing, with what fairness can she complain of pro cautions having been taken by the United States to guard against the attacks with which they have been menaced, so far at least as their very moderate peao* establish ment * ?uld permit them to do so. Are they patiently and meekly to abide the time when Mexico shall be prepared te strike with due effect the threatened blow ? You have alluded to the internal dissent ions of Mex ico, and accused the United States "of taking advantage of them, beguiling its vigilance by protestations of friendship, bringing into pley every kind of device and artifice, and appealing alternately to intrigue and vio lence." Were the disposition of the United States, such as your Exoelienny is pleased to attribute to them, they would have eagerly availed themselves of the opportu nity afforded by the first refusal te receive the under signed, and certainly no moment more propitious than the ptesent to carry their ambitious schemes into effect could have been selected. Instead of availing themselves of it, they have with a degree of forbearance, that by many, perhspe, by most impartial observers, will be considered humiliating, re peated the overture* for negotiation, which had bean re jected under circumstances the best calculated to oflTand national pride; and this most conciliatory advance made by the sggrsived party, is said by your Exoellency to be an attempt which he cannot permit himself te cell by its proper name (una tantativa que el infraecrite nose petmite califar) This reserve is remarkable when con I treated with the terms of vituperation so freely employ ed in other parts of tho note; or is it that Your Excellen cy could discover no epithet sufllcientiy energetic to I stigmatize an offence so enormous as a renewed propo sition to outer upon negotiations 7 I Tho undesigned has already exceeded the limits which he had prescriDed to himself lor reply; the ques tion ha* now roached a point where words must givo place to acta. While ha deeply regrets a result so little contempla ted when he commenced (the duties of bis mission of peace, he is consoled by the reflection that no honorable * forts to avert the calamities of war bava bean spared by his government, and that those effort* caonot fail to be properly appreciated not only by the paople of the United States, cat by the world. ? Tb* undersigned begs leer* to renew to Hi* F.xoel lenoy D. J. M. d* CeeUll* y Lnnsee, the eeeurences of bis distinguished consideration. JOHN SLIDELL. Nitissn fiuos, Mxxrce, March 31, 1946. To His KxcaLLsncT, Ma. Jean Subsll i? The undersigned Minister of Foreign Relation* he* the honor to acknowledge the reception ef the not* which Hie Excellency, John Slidell, appointed Envoy Extraordinary, he., of the United 8 atas, has bean pleased to address him, under date of tb* 17th of the precent month from the city of Jalap*. As in tbia communication, Mr. Slidell haa only re peated the arguments, reasons and motive*, presented formerly by ether diplomatic agenta of the United States, in this country, arguments end reasons which have been notoriously refuted by the Mexican govern ment, it would be e fruitless task on the pert of the un dersigned to enter anew into the examination. And above all, since Mr. Slidell, in conformity with instruction* from hie government, return* to the United State*, end solicits the delivery of bisfpessporta, the un dersigned ha* the honor to send them to His Excelieccy, in fulfilment of the order given by the President pre itm ?f tb* Republic. The undersigned avails himself of tha opportunity to renew tho expression of hia high consideration for Hia Excellency, John Slidell. J. M. db CASTILLO v LANZAS. [From tha New Orleans Picayune, April 9.1 There was a report in town yesterday to the eflbct that Gen. Taylor, when he saw the formidable array ef Mexican guns pointing into hia camp on tho Rio Orando, removed hi* feices ioor saHss from his position In our news this morning wo copy tho same report from en ex tra of the Qslnstm Nfmi; but w* must say that we give very little credence to tho etatoment, and even if tt be true, w* should not consider it retreating W* publish a very iota resting letter from a correspondent attached to the army, written as lata ae the advices of I the Ntmi from the Rio Oraude, and no mention of any such thing is made. On too contrary, our correspondent informs us that Geq. Taylor was about to throw up a Hold work where he wee, opposite Matamoro*. By a litter irom a correspondent at Pensarole, written on the fllh iiistant, we learn Ui*t a taen ol-war ship and a brig of war ware off that port as ths mall was closirg. They ware supposed to be tho United Stntea ship Si. Mary's snd the United State* brig Porpoise, from Yarn Crux. Tb* Raritaa was still at Peneaoola. being detained by i the stioug gale, which still prevailed. The brig Soman | wu also at Pensacola, soon to sail on a cruise to wind ward, with Lieut. Porter mi bearer of deipatcboe. We are informed that Cept. W. B. Whitehead, of the United States revenue marine, paaied through this place yesterday on hi* way to the Brazos St. Jago, for the pur ... / * Wi poae of relieving and lupeneding Cept winslow Foeter In the command of the United Statee schooner Wood bury. Camp, Noam Bank op thi Rio Qrande, ) Tkxai, March 39, 1046 ) Yesterday, at about half pe*t II, the " itar spangled banner" unfurled to the breese, wai firmly planted on tbii bank of the Rio Orande. opposite to Matamoros, by the American "Army of, Occupation of Teaae," and 1 around it were gathered hearts aa true as ever beat in the breasts of auy men. As it gave its beautiful folds to the winds, no bravado, or shouts, or acclamations rent I the air ; but silently as firmly, it took ita place, while { our band streck up the " Star Spangled Banner" and : " Yankee Doodle." When we arrived we found the Mexican troops had retired?it was said that a few days since some 9,00S were on this side?to the city of Matamoroa, previously ; collecting up the people living on this side, and direct ! ing them to burn their houses. But two or three fami lies remain. Their boats were all on the other side, while crowds of people lined the opposite bank, and companies oi mounted men and foot were seen marching in different directions through the city and its skirts. Behind their fences, nearest the bank, we could discover pieoes of artillery. The Mexican flag was flying from three points?Uen.f Mejia's quarters, the barracks of Sappers and Miners,and the Artillery barracks. When our flag went up it was immediately followed by the British and French flags ; but we looked in vain for the flag of our Consul?he, no doubt, had some good reason for its absence. Oea. Worth was ordered by Gen Taylor to cross the river with despatches for Gen. Mejia and our Consul. He went with his staff to the ferry. Some little delay occurred before any response was made; Anally a boat camu over and the General crossed, but Mejia sent Gen. de la Vega to receive him, saying that he (Gen. M ) be ing the chief in command, could receive none but our chlei in command. Gen W. having been ordered to de liver his despatches in person, returned with them, and there, 1 believe all communication as yet has ceased. While there, Gin. de la Vega remarked to General Worth, that " while the Americans held their present position with respect to Matamoros, his General could not think of treating or communicating," or words to that effect: that " this army should retire before they could think of entertaining any proposition from us." Gen. Worth replied to de le Vega, and requested the in terpreter to be particular in explaining his language in its full force; that "the word expressive of the tenure by which we held the north bank of the Rio Grande was eternity." Last night the Mexicans erected a small breast work, with bags filled with sand, and in the work placed a 13 pounder. This is near the lorry crossing. The river is about lf>0 yards wide, and not fordable; but we don't want to cross. I understand that Gen. Taylor is going to throw np afield work here, and to-morrow sends to Brazos Santiago for six 18 pounders; and the first act of hostilities on their part will be the signal for the town to be "throwninto fits," and our generals are " the devil on fits." ? ? And now you no doubt will ask?" Is there to be a ?ht)" I will answer you candidly?" I dout know." ,ey have let two beautiful opportunities slip through their fingers : one at the crossing of the Little Colora do; the other, as we came through the belt of close un derwood growth, which extends about four miles from this along the road as we approached Matamoras. Should Ampudla arrive with his force, he may give us a ball, but our gallant fellows will not be outdone in courtesy. The land here is splendid, and in appearance like the Miasisaippi bottoms. Tho color of the river water is like that of the Mississippi, and perfectly fresh. Houston, Tkxas, April4,1840. An express came in last evening from Torrey's Tra ding House, high up on the Brazos, with news that Gov. Butler and party, accompanied by IVhayucah's band of Camanches, would arrive at ihat station in a day or two, and that a numerous party of the Rocky Mountain In dlans, who have recently joined the prairie tribes, are with them. This news is to the 35th ult. from the trading house, and I learn farther that the great treaty with the different bands of Indians is to be held on the 35th inst., the United States Commissioners anticipating little difll j culty in coming to teims with a majority of them. The grand oouncil was to have been held at the Camanche Peak, but the Indians thought that was a point rather too far within their lines. The rascally Waoees, fearing that a treaty might interfere with their thieving propensities, may not oome in?the other tribes are said to be anxious to come to an amicable un derstanding with the United States. Torrey's trading house is but a short distance above the buffalo grounds, and i-shall not tail to be there by the 35th inst., if there is any kind of a chance. There will be an immense number of the prairie warriors on the ground?some say aa high as twenty-five thousand?but this is probably overrated. 1 am told?but 1 know not with what truth?that Rioe Garland, the runaway judge of our Supreme Court, was seen here a day or two since, travelling under the as sumed same of Col. Tallifer. Rumor had him at Ha vana a month or two since. The badness of the roads has prevented the returns of the reoent election for members of Congress from com ing in as fast as they might; but it is thought here that PiQsbury stands a good chance of being elected, not withstanding the heavy majority Williams received in Galveston. A few days will tell the story. We start for San Antonia immediately after breakfast, and on as floe a set of horses as you could pick out of the general run of stables. You thall hear from me again at San Felipe or Gonzales. The following report has been presented and adopted in the Texas Senate :? " A majority of the select committee, to whom was referred the memorials of Win. 8. Whit more, James Hoiford, and James Hamilton, beg leave to report that, inasmuch as the Legislature has maniiested a determi nation not to examine, audit, er pass upon any claims against the late republic, but to refer them to a board of Commissioners, to be organised for that purpose, they ask leave to be discharged irom the further consideration of the same; and they recommend that the memorialists have leave to withdraw their memorials with the accom panying dooamenta, and file them with the Comptroller of the Troasuty, that they may be referred to said board for final adjustment." [From N. O. Bulletin, April 0.] The following letter with which we here been polite ly furoiahed, contain* detailed and authentic information of the movement! ot the army on the South- Western ftoo tier, under Oen. Taylor : ? Cam*, OrroiiTE Matamoboi, March 36, 1944. We arrived on the Rio Grande oppoaite ,Matamoroi this morning, without any lerioua opposition from the Mexican troop*, though they promiaed fight more than once. We firat met with them at the Colorado, and were told that the firat man who entered the atream ahould be ahot. The dragoon* and firat brigade had preceded ua by a day. On our arrival we found them drawn up in battle array on the bank of the river, Ringgold'* Artille ry being poated *o a* to cover the paaaagea. The Mexi can* had been partying with Gen. Taylor all the morn ing, threatening, and aaaertiog that they were 4,000 atrong. A* aoou aa we (the do) arrived, the General told them that he waa now going tocroaa, and they had fif teen minute* to leave the bank of the river, and if one of them ahowed himaeif after the peaaage of the river waa commenoed, be would be ahot. The light battalion of the firat brigade firat entered the atream, then the dra goon*, then the infantry. The river where we croaaed la a aort of tide creek and i* about eighty yard* wide, and aome four and a half feet deep, with a thick cbaparelle on either bank. Of courae it waa the place lor the Mexi i can* to have shown fight. They retired precipitately, however, and we aaw no more of them, except in email numbers skirting the prairie* aa we marched, until our arrival her*. Their failure to make reaiatance to-day, haa lowered them very much in our eatimation, for the country paaaed over for eight mile* ia very advantage ous for light troop* acquainted with the localities, having more or less chaparells, with small prairies hers and ' there. The Mexieana over the river are very angry and ; will have nothing to aay to ua General Worth went ! over thi* afternoon, but they would not let him enter the town, nor would General Mejia come out to receive him, | sending one of hi* officers. Oen W. took over a dia j patch Irem Gen. T., but as Gen. M. would not see him,he brought it back. Gen. M. saya be wiil only condescend I to aee Gen Taylor himself. In a few day* we expect to com* to a better understanding. ' It ia said that Gen. Ampudia ia daily expected here ! with 4000 men. if he bring* that many w* will have i our hands full, for we number a few over 3000. Reports vary aa to the number of troops'now in Matameroe, aome aay 3400, some 9000 The town ia much superior to what | I had expected. The bouaee appear te be made of brick or atone, and aome are quit* latge. It contains at least 1400 or 3000 inhabitants. We have established our depot ] at Point Isabel, distant about twenty-five mile* from this. { Our march across the country waa any thing but plea I sent, yet 1 doubt if w* did not select the very best time ; for crossing. After travelling over sixty or seventy mile* ol such country aa that about Corpus Chriati, you I com* to the salt and aandy plains, which are about thirty mile* wida, almost entirely without fresh water. On , these plain* the Mexicans are said to hava lost thirty men in one day, by heat and thirst, in 1936, whan they retreated from Texas. On thesa plains Filaaola dug " wells." We encamped at them on* night. March 30.?W* find that the Mexicans have, daring : the night, rstnbltehed * battery oppoeite our poaitioo, but aa it only command* a single point, w* pey no at tention to it 1 hear wa throw up inuenchmenta to-day. Kxpoxtxd Failures in Chaei-xston.?The New York and Boston papers contain exaggerated reports of failures ia this city. Th* coloring given to these statement* Is nof only unjust to the mercantile reputa tion of our eity, but would destroy that character for Credence which characterises our merchant* individually in* estimate w* have aeon makes th* amount of indebt edness of one house her* to Now York merchant*, in volved in these failure*, 0160,000, while th* eggtogate amount haa been stated at 0000,<??. Now wo hazard nothing in saving it is not one half of this sum. The failure* which have recently occurred here, formed, in a great degree, a chain of indebtedness, the severance ol on* link necessarily destroying ail th* depoudont parts which bung together. The greater portion of them hove occurred, also, in a particular lino of mercan trla employment the retail dry goods business-which haa beenlsrgtly overdone in una city for some years past. But Charleston, in the solvency and good Uith o. . her merchants, aa wall aa the soundness of her ganeral business, - tends whor* she haa aver stood, unrivalled in her oeamaroial character.? char it,tan turn, 141*. The Supremo Court of Louisiana, commenced hearing the argument* of conned in the case of the hairs of Moorehouso vs. the cities of Philadelphia and New Or leans, on the 0th 1st. Philadelphia, April 17,1846. Seven colored men, named Alfred Brown, Win. Grimes, Camera Swan, Francis Lopez, Geo. Hard ing, John Adams and John Williams, were yester day lodged in Moyamensing prison by Gen. Keim, U. S. Marshal, to await their trial tor a mutiny on board the bark Cactus, while on her voyage from Smyrna, bound to this port, in the course oi which ?he second mate of the vessel was brutally murder ed by John Harding, one of the mutineers. The vessel belongs to Keunebunk, Maine, but sbe started on her last outward voyage from this port, bound to Smyrna, tor a cargo of fruit, dec. Six of the colored men were shipped at Trieste, the other, John Adams, the cook, was shipped while at this port. In addition to the seven men already named, there was a colored boy named Nathaniel Adams, the nephew of the cook, and a white cabin boy named Perkins. The officers were Aldan B. Day, of New York, captain: George H. Douglass, of this city, first officer, and Elvin A. Mason, of Kennr bunk, Maine, second officer. The first evidence of a mutiay occurred upon the morning of the 11th of February last, though symp toms had been perceived previously, when but three days out from Gibraltar, having left on the &h? about 8 o'clock, on the captain ordering the watch, whose term of duty was just expiring, to wash the decks, they refused, being headed in their meeting by Grunea. The other watch coming up, joined the malcontents. Harding acting as the ringleader. After the refusal of the men to wash the decka, the captain seeing that Hardiug had armed himsell with a handspike, also took one from the rack, for the purpose of defence Harding then struck a blow at the captain with his handspike, which was avoid ed. It was as Mason, the seenpd mate, was going to the assistance ot the captain, that Harding levelled him a crushing blow upon the head, and then re peated the blow, wh ile the unfortunate wan wan prostrate. The others of the crew armed them selves with handspikes and broom hasd7*s? The first mate, Mr. Douglass, was in the mean time seized bv Williams, who attempted to pitch him overboard ; and while the two were struggling together, Harding, having overpowered hia oppo nent, advanced with the handspike uplifted to strike Douglass. The latter, however, perceiving the cap tain returning from the cabin, whither henad gone to secure his pistols, cried out to him to fire, and this deterring Harding, he laid down his weapon, and with the others submitted to the authority ot the officers. Mr. Mason's skull was horribly fractured, and he survived but six hours in a state ot insensi bility. The body was committed to a watery grave the next day. Harding, the murderer, was heavily ironed and confined below. The rest of the crew were kept in subjection by the energy of the captain and first mate. They were assisted by two boys, who, together with a dog, remained faithful to them. The voyage was n long and rough one, oc cupying 67 days from Gibraltar. On arriving off Reedy Island, in Delaware Bay, a signal was made to the revenue cutter Forward, Capt. Nonet, who, after learning the facta of the case, removed the mutineers on board that vessel, and left an officer and several men on board the Cactus to bring her up to the city. The cutter arrived at the Navy Yard about 6 o'clock yesterday afternoon, and the barque arrived a few hours afterwards. The muti neers were immediately taken to priacn; on the route thither they evinced a disposition to resist the officer in whose custody they were. The unfortunate young man who fell a victim to this mutinous attempt, waa about 28 years ot age, esteemed and respected by all who knew him. Re is the son vf Captain Mason, ot Kennebunk, Maine, who is part owner of the vessel. The intelligence of this mournful event will carry misery and deso lation into the family of which he wrs a useful member, and regret to the large circle of acquaint ances who knew him but to love him. The first mate, Geo. H. Douglass, waa examined this morning before Judge Randall. Hia evidence presents me principal facts as I have detailed them above. The priaoners are defended by Messrs. Smith and Hopkinson, and the prosecution waa con ducted by the Hon. Th- masM. Pettit. An effort was made by (he defence to clear some of the pri soners of the charge ol mutiny, in order to make them witnesses on the part of the defence. The cook, Joha Adams, undone or two others of the crew, are apparently guiltless ot any participation in the revolt. The cross examination elicited the fact that the crew shipped at this port tor the outward and home voyage, were discharged at Trieste, with the ex ception of the cook, they having joined in a com plaint to the U. S. Consul there, on account of bad treatment, or scarcity of provisions. ? The Judge decided that there was probable cause lor holding the whole number for trial: and as the grand jurv would decide upon the bills of indict ment on Monday, the imprisonment to which they would be subjected would not be very severe. If the charges against any ot the prisoners should be ignored, thsy can then become witnesses for the defence, at the will of the counsel. There is no other news of local importance wor thy ot communicating. stocks remain unsettled, with a downward ten dency. Baltimore, April 17,1840. Dry Weather?Postage of the Oregon Notice? Completion of the Telegraph? Trial of the" Rape Oang"?Circne?Markets?Stock Board, 0*. The weather continues dry and pleasant, but our tanners are beginning to grumble from want of rain, the earth being as parched and dry as in mid summer. There is some appearance ot rain over head, this morning, but a bright sun is commencing to dispel it in the east, with a lair share ot succem. The news of the passage ot the Oregon notice re solution was received ln'lhis city yesterday by tele graph, and announced to the public, as previously arranged, by the hoisting of a signal-nag on the Mu seum observatory, and another at the Marine Tele-. graph station on Federal Hill. It caused considera ble excitement and speculation during the evening, as the form in which it whs (Hissed was not known out of doors. The line of telegraph between Baltimore aad Phi ladelphia is now complete to within a few miles of the city, and is promised by the contractor to be ready lor operation on Monday or Tuesday next. The superintendent in this city, Mr. Rogers, with Mr. Vail at Washington, are the most competent operators connected with the whole line, having had control of the two termina since its first estab lishment. Yon may therelore look for a permanent and reliable communication from here as soon as the line is opened. They are masters of the whole system, and will be able to avoid all the difficulties which inexperience has caused on ths line between Philadelphia and New York. The trial ot one or two of the famous "rape gang," five ot whom it will be remembered seized a German girl and successively violated her person, in the lower part of the city, last fall, comes on in a few days, at Anne Arundel county court. Welsh and Drlavan are attracting crowds to their Circus, as they always do in this city. Tns Maiiiti.-Tm market Is without activity; hold ers are trot. Seles of Howard street on Wednesday at $A it, which is the general asking price. Receipt orioe $4 6J|. City Mills?no eel**; holders oak flS- Small sslas ef Susguananna at .4 7* a 4 Si, ths iatter Scares gsnerelly ashed. >;? fljur ? ?fl} e 7?. Msry lead corn moai S* IS. The receipts ot grain ere light. Seles of good to prima red wheat at >1 Oft e 110; and ordinary to F;ood at |i a 11 Oft, salsa of prims white wheat, for (tni y floor at Si M at ?t .*0; end ordinary tegeod at $1 1* a SI 10 White corn is soiling at SI a Si cents, end yellow at OS a 94; Oil's 3S a ??, rye 7S; clovereeed $6 e SO ad,and dull. Sales of Whiskoy in barrels are new being made at M cents, and of hogsheads at Si rants per gallon. The demand la dull. Money is becoming scarce here at any price, end Philadelphia end New York are dreeing heavily on our beuhs for specie. Brokers, with large amouuts ol bills aud drafts, arrive kere daily, and demand specie (jT ell promises to pay. Upwards of fllOO.OOn passed from the hands of oar banks yesterday in this way Hales of Stocks at Baltimore. Aran. IS.?Stats sit p-r eeuts closed at 7Jjk aeked. TIM bid; Cny Sn per eeats, of 1SW close* st 11)4 asked UM bid; Belli moie sad Ohio tUilwsy shares left off at MM fir saia, liR bid. i The Mormon Patriarch, Wm. Smith, is now in Nanvoo. His appearance there has censed Brigham Young to suspend hie match end encamp, with bis followers, seme fifty miles from the Holy City. Young is apprehensive that Smith will steel ihs balance ot his flock iett ia charge of Backaiiios. The Wood villa (Mi.) RryrsMiesn gives the following particulars of the dastardly act .recently commuted in Wilkinson coenty. Mr fames Hill, a plantar, was sit tins beside a labia oonrersing with his iedy, on the eve ning of the lSth alt, when sosse fisnd discharged e gun, which took effect in hie 'eft cheek bone end pamod through the other. His lower Jew ia broken, hit tongue neerlr cut off. a bell or shot passed through his nose. ene ?yo destroyed, sod IS buck shot lodged 7n his hood. There are no hopes sntertoinod of his reoovsry. Sis buildings were destroyed by fire at Southport, W T , on tha night of the Sd inst. The buildiugt were in the heart ol tne village, and the loes, about psnoo, lolls on Mosstt. O'Connor It Co., R B. Winter, Ort. Porker , Jsnks, and Puwery. Insurance about $400 About ?(H) choctow Indians are on their way fiosv Miaeieoippi to Arknaeaa, to eetli# on Rod River; and there ore about 4,000 yet remaining in Mieeiaaippl, most of whom will probably emigrate this year. Preevdent Day, of Yale College, has signified his iniau - lion to letigo his office in August nest