Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 19, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 19, 1846 Page 2
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if the government at Washington still entertain the belief that ?uch will continue to be the state of it* re lations with England, the opinion ha* no weight or authority unices resting upon other reasons than those which have met the public eye. All this uncertainty begets (evertshnees. [From the London Standard, March It) ] The Cambria, which arrived on Saturday at Li verpool, ? ringa intelligence from the United States ts the 2Sth ult. The Senate had continued the de bate on the Oregon question to the 26th, without coming to any decisioa; and on the 26ih adjourned to the 21 ins*. There was little doubt, however, that the Senate would, in substance, adopt the resolution of the House of Representatives, with, perhaps, a little aoitentng down in expression, but preserving the arrogant pretension of these resolutions. Mr. Webster spoke in the debate, and his was, ol course, the hest 8| eecli, as it would be in almost any existing deliberative assembly How small do our so-called English "statesmen" ap|iear beside the Guizot ot France and the Webster ol America Mr Webster put the whole question of the Ore gon dispute in the clear and simple light which it in the province ol genius to shed upon whatever it would illustrate Either the President is prepared lor a compro mise?surrendering the United States' claim to part ol the contested territory?or he is not It prepared for a compromise, why reject the terms otlered without substituting otfier terms I It resolved to have the whole, why not close the negotiation at once, demand ihe evacuation of the parts ol Ore gon occupied by (Irtat llrituin, aiid^mske ready for war 1 This is a dilemma which cannot be answered, and no attempt was made to answer it. ... The true Hiiswer we believe to be one which it would not suit Mr Polk's policy to give. He wants no arrangement of the question, still less does he wish lor a war. With a view to domestic party interests, it is convenient to Inm to keep the sore open; and there will be little difficulty in persuading his tellow citizens to second this policy, so long as they lind the Government ot this country so willing to pay tor iorbearance bv the sacrifice ot native and colonial interests one after the othef. fc'uclt is al ways the impression which the conceding policy makes upon aggressors. The pacific rapture with which the free-trade capitulation wus received in the United States, has passed away even in lees time than we anticipated it would. "The relations of ihe two countries are yat" says ihe Atw York Herald, "111 a most critical condition." What, after all our great tree-trade concessional Yes; aad we do not hesitate to say the relations of the two countries are made more critical by these very concessions; for the tenure of peace is always made more critical by whatever betrays an appre hension of war. Sir Robert Peel, a year or two sgo, justified his refusal to lower the duty on French wines, on the ground that it was necessary to keep something, as tt were, in hand, to induce the French Government to ratify a liberal commercial treaty, admitting our manufactures on fair terms. The reason was sufficient, and though every one felt that the high wine duties are in fact duties tor the protection of manufactures, in the same way in which the property and income tax is all a tax for the protection ana encouragement of manulactures, nobody complained. Why was not this same prudent expedient of "keeping something in hand" observed wiih refer ence to the American dispute, even supposing that at some future time Great Britain would adopt her tree trade policy 1 Why not tell the republicans that until they regulated their tariff with some approach to equality, and abandoned their insolent preten sions to the British portion ol Oregon, they should be excluded from all benefit of the change 1 France is surely a more important country than the United States, more entitled to our respect on every ac count. Why not, then, use to America the language that our Government did not scruple to use to France 1 Let us not deceive ourselves. In augmenting the resources and pampering the ambition of the North American republic, we are nursing a formidable enemy, and quite unnecessarily rearing this danger. A very few years' cultivation of cotton iu our own colonies, or in settlements on the African coast? tbc best cotton soil in the world?would enable us to dispense with the American supply?which has been increased one hundred and fifty per cent in nineteen years, and which might be called into existence in the third of the time with ordinary oare. The next great article ot import (like all other imported American articles?agricultural) tobacco, might be replaced at once by home and colonial cultivation. The Republicans ought to be made to know these things, and to reflect upon them Take from them the British cotton trade, the British to bacco trade, the British colonial provision trade, and the British corn trade, and where would they be 1 It may be that they will sutler the privation of some ol these advantages during the war with which they threaten us. though this is not certain, for during the war of 1812, tt teq , our government was guilty of the monstrous folly of admitting their cot tons, though then we might have had a sufficient supply from India, and laid the foundation of a con- j slant supply to an indefinite amount. But what though war should deprive the United States tem porarily ot the advantages ol British commerce 1? War has this bait, that it Bupporu and even enriches the existing generation, though at the expense of a posterity about whose comloris or welfare existing generations are apt to care too little anywhere, least of all m a community of gambling adventurers. A loss of commercial advantages by war, therefore, we may be well assured, would weigh much less with the American Repulicans than a loss of com merce without war A firm resolution by the British government to dispense with the American trade, and to lay the foundation ot our supplies of raw ma* tonal in our own colonies, would more alarm, and it coolly and resolutely pursued, would more weak en the republic than a hundred sail oi the line on their coast, or 100,000 men in the very heart of their territory. Tnis power we have in our hand, but this power we will not exrr ise even when most out rageously insulted, and even threatened with se sioua injury. Wny, because, forsooth, Manchester is the British empire. [From tbo London Standard, March IB ] A discussion?it we may so call an unmeaning dialogue between Lords Clarendon and Aberdeen ?arose last night in the House of Lords upon the Oregon negotiations. Tne time wasted upon the subject would have been altogether thrown away had not Lord Brougham, who tollowed the solemn diplomatists, thrown, as he always does when he speaks, some sense and spirit into the proceeding. The following lew words, few as they are, are worth all that was said by Lords Clarendon and Aberdeen, and tliey, we believe, embody exactly the feeling ot the country, which neither desires nor tears an American war "With respect to the question more immediately be fore their loidships, he could only joiu his hearty wishes with those ot the noble lords who had just apeken, and express his confilent hope 'hat all these negotiations, stormy aud troublesome as they no<v seemed, migh.end l>eaceiully, and his entire confidence, seeing his noble friend opposite et the heed of the department to which these affairs ware intrusted, that should, unhappily for ui, unhappily for America, unhappily for humanity at large, our just expectations be frustrated, all mankind would awe that the blamo did not ro-t with us And if unhappily the calamity of war should be inevitable, it would be looked upon by a!l the subjects of the Queen with the utmost possible aversion, but it would be look ed upon by none with apprehension or alarm." If Bntiah ministers alwaya knew how to speak in thia atyle, we might count upon a perpetuity of peace, juat aa mild ant) resolute men alwaya pass through the world without quarrels; but if the lead era ot the country will adopt the " sneaking" tone, and profess alarm at every " cloud in the west," or any other quarter in the sky, we muat expect to be bathed by every braggart, until intolerable insult at length forces ua into those hostilities of which we protesa so unworthy an apprehension. We have little dombt that thia manly declaration of Lord Brougham will prove a truly pacitic massage across the Atlantic. (From the London Herald, March 14.) The jubilee ot triumph with which the Queen's speech and Sir Robert Peel's exposition have been received in the United States is quite natural. Whether regarded as a humiliation of tne envied and hated British empire, or as a promise ot substantial benefits, the news ot Sir Roben Peel's rapitu/a turn is the most gratifying and important intelligence that has reached the American continent since the date of the republic's independence. For the satis faction ot republican America, the sacrifice ot our home and colonial industry was desigued ; and it ia not wonderful that the announcement of that sacri fice should be hailed as a splendid victory. Tnere can now be no doubt why the free-trade scheme was pressed forward. Even supposing Sir Robert Peel to have been all his life long a free-trader?what his ?nemtes assert, and what he himselt has a thousand timss denied?even supposing this, there is no rea son to suppose that wuhontsome present pressing motive, the Premier would have incurred the dis-' grace and the risk of turning the corner so snarply as he did?to sharply as to ensure an upset which mast leave his poor 112 passengers for ever wallow . ig ia the mire, if no worse damaged Tne motive, however, eould be only to conciliate Mr. Polk and hie Loco-foco*?the conciliation ol these p?rsons, by giving the n a complete triumph over the odious '' old country." True, the American Whigs may claim a share in the triumph, an i accordingly, in order to give them the opportunity of first an nouncing it, letters were forwarded to Mr. Daniel Webster and to another distinguished leader of the Wntg party on the Sd of December, the day before the appearance in the Tim** ot the now we.I known " infamous fabrication " This is a muter for serious reflection at any time, but pecu lurly important to be considered at the present mo ment ().i the 31 of December, American states men were assured that that had been actually done which it rested m-rely in the intention sf Sir Ro '?ert Peei to do if he could ; oil the following day, the sHinc falsehood was communicated to the Tim*s in tune to be torwarded by the American mail. By whom could this be done > Sir Robert Peel's in 'cotton*, and his chances ot succeeding in them, could only be known to Sir Robert P?*el and hia tutor, Sir Jarnea Graham, the only membera ol the cabinet wha concurred in thaae intentions, or who on the 3d and 4th December, could either wiah or expect them to be fulfilled. From Sir Robert Peel, theref ore, or from Sir James G raham, the " fabrica tion" must have gone to the United States and to the Times, in time lor the American |iacket! witli what view it is now impossible to doubt. Let any one who den ies the inference that the fab rication must have proceed-d Iroin the Treasury or Home Office explain how the embryo projects still concealed in the train of the Premier, were on the 31 and lih December, promulgated as matured facial Let any one who disputes that these projects were conceived with an aspect to the United States tell why the tal?e ituuouncement (inconvenient as it would he in England) was timed so exactly for the American market, and an authorised contradiction withheld, upon one flimsy pretext or another, until the last jwcket for the month had sailed^? ?Ttieiruihwe believe to be, that the announcement was made, so early, with the purpose of playing of! ust lollo the additional chances of war that must toliow the disappointment of American hopes, upon the fears ot the still honest and reluctant members of the cabi net. It was u stroke ot policy every way worthy of its authors. The Americans', however, rejoice in their victory, and thev have double reason to rejoice, if, as the Advertiser says, the Iree trade project "commits England, binds her down to tne cultivation and stucly ot peace." Undoubtedly they who have cast their eyes upon the whole of Oregon, upon the Ca uadas, and the ether British American provinces, and who are also calculating upon the occupation oj Mexico, may well rejoice that England is " bound to keep the |>eace," iio matter how much soever the may be provoked bv insult and aggression. But is the arrangement as pleasant or as safs for Eagland 1 as for those who may wish to enrich themselves with : her spoils 1 A nation " bound to keep the peace" will scon learn that she can keep nothing 'Ise; and if the diplomacy and menaces ot Mr. Polk have ' brought us to this, they have brought us to a position ot weakness and humility to which Napoleon could never bring us. The New Yoik journalist may exaggerate a little I but there is this much foundation for his boast, that , the free-trade system, by making us altogether dependent upon foreigners tor the raw material of our manufactures, as well as for our food, will render war lar more ruinous and dan- , gerous to us; and therefore, according to the j universal fate of those who have enemies and ; enviere, much more probable As regards the Ame rican continent, however, Presideut Polk's great diplomatic triumph, for such, in truth, is Sir Ro bert Peel's bill, will render the future conquests of the republic so easy as scarcely to demand a re course to arms. The Canadas, New Brunswick, Nova 8cotia. and the other British provinces, de serted and betrayed by the metropolitan state, wilt i spontaneously annex themselves to the republic, 1 that for its own sake will neither desert nor betray them. And for what is all this sa crifice of territory incurred?this deep humiliation submitted to 1 To save our rights over Oregon ? ! Why, what is the value of Oregon to Great Britain morn than the value of an equal number of acrea of the Pacific that washes its shores 1 To vindicate the honor of the British empire, compromised by submission on the Oregon question, or by a failure to establish in arms our claims to the disputed ter ruory 1 Alas! for such a vindication ot national honor?a vindication ot national honor, bought by the bribe ota betrayal of our colonies and by a so cial revolution at home. Such vindications of na tional honor are prolific?thev will give birth to many of the same kind ; tor like the sop given to the dog who bit his master in Esop's fable, Uiey will only lead to a succession ot new injuries and new aggressions. How would Lord Chatham or his son 1 have answered insolent demands .Jike those of Mr. Polk 1 By su h submissions as now fill the United States with triumph i No ; by telling the republi cans that England would yiela nothing?not even I what other wise she might be disposed to yield, until | these insolent demanas were withdrawn. But we i live in an age ol little men and of statesmen of the i smallest dimensions that ever swayed the desti nies ot a great country. [From the Pari* Courier F. anvils, March 16 ] It is now a long time since political economists told their governments, if they granted liberty ot com merce to their subjects, that they would guarantee in return the disappearance of every motive of trouble and disturbance, and that they would estab lish a golden age and a reign of peace Those po litical economists were regarded as Utopians, but j events are now beginning to demonstrate tnat they j were rightu War retreats in lace of commercial li b^jty. W#have this day received accounts from America, in which political economists will find an admirable confirmation of the excellence ot their principles, and in which they will see the announce ment of a signal victory which the application of those principles is on the point of giving to the cause ! of peace. The announcement in America of that : great measure which put an end to the old system { of political economy in England, and inaugurat ed in t.-.e world the era ol commercial I liberty, caused a teal revolution in public opin- , ion both at Washington, and at New York.? j Warlike ideas were immediately laid aside, even I by the most ardent adversaries of England. The I language of the press, previously so menacing, be- | came completely pacific. The afftir ot the Oregon I may consequently be considered, if not arranged, at i least in a lair course of settlement. That, we re- | peat, is a victory of which the friends of commer cial liberty may justly be proud. Four our part, we find in those great events which have arisen on our continent an additional reason to rejoice at this vic tory gained in America by commercial liberty. We trust firmly that England, Ireed from the disquie tude felt by her wi h respect to America, will em brace so favorable an opportunity to fraternise with France, by uniting with her to maintain the rights of an oppressed nation, and to protest against an ini quitous violation of the rights of nations committed to the detriment of a great people. We trust, in a word, that this commercial liberty, which has made the cause of peace to triumph in America, will like- ! wise cause the triumph in Europe of the sacred rights ot the Polish nation." The Oregon (Question In Parliament. Housk op Loans, March 17.?The Earl of Clarendon moved for such portions of the diplomatic correspondence respecting the Oregon negotiation, as the Earl ot Aberdeen might think it consistent with public duty to produce. Nothing could be further from his wishes than to embarrass the government; but though the Unguage ot the British and American Governments had been entirely pacific, yet it could not be denied that the two countries were insensibly dritting to wards a war. It was time, he thought, to break the silence so rigidly preserved on this side the Atlan tic, and to turnish the house with all the inlorma tion that could prudently be furnished He was con vinced that an abler negotiator than Mr. Pakenham could not be tound,and that the government had act ed most judiciously in every step it had taken in the matter; lor it had declared to the world that it would not engage in war until every means of keeping peace were exhausted. It was morally impossible that two such nations as England and America should embroil themselves for a comparatively worthless territory, and he should conclude by mo ving for the correspondence, and by asking what course the government intended to pursue in the event ot the Senate concurring in the twelve month's notice. The Earl of Abkrdkkn (who wis at times almost inaudible) saidMy lords, in the very delicate and difficult position in which 1 am placed, it might, perhaps, appear natural that I should have viewed with some degree ot hesitation the notice which my noble friend gave yesterday. But, my lords, how ever much this might, under ordinary circumstances have been the case, I felt certain, in the case of my noble Inend, that his sense of public duty, and his I inn nate knowledge ol the great interests at stake, would prevent him from adding anything to the difficulties with which the question is already sur rounded: and at the same time that his own feeling would indispose him to make lhn motion the sub ject of any embarrassment. My expectation has been fully realised by the speech which my noble friend has made. (Hear, hear) My lords, I think that the desire expressed by my noble friend is quite natural and reasonable I think, when we are receiving, from time to time, from the United States information and documents oi the highest interest and importance, affecting us in the manner in which these transactions do, it is quite natural that v our lordships and the public should desire to receive from Me Government ot this country authentic information as to those transactions, accompanied by such other information as it may be safe and proper to give. I therefore think I have no valid reason for objecting to the produetion of those papers for which n.y noble friend has moved; especially as a great portion ot them must be already known to your lordships and the public But I must reserve to myself the discretion of, lor the present, suppressing a large portion of the correspondence which has taken place between her Majesty's minister in the United States and myself, the production ot which, j at this time, would be injurious to the public inter est. (Hear) My lords, I will say further, that I should not be disposed voluntarily to lay on the table any such information. In the drat place, it is quite unusual, in the midst of a negotiation ol this magni tude, without any special object in view, to pro duce to Parliam-iit accounts of the particular position we may, for ihe tune being, find our selves in. (Hear) It is true lhat the go vernment of the \ 'mied States has acted differently, i hut their situation is different from our's. The exe cutive government of the United States had to call on the legislature to take u direct course on thin subject. The President of the United States pro posed to the American legislature a certain mea t-are, to which he required their assent; and, of cour?c, he was under the necessity of furnishing i them with the materials on which to form an opi ?ion in comma to n decision on ? question of Rich I importance. But that is not our case. Her majes- , ty's government have no intention of calling on : Parliam-rnt at this moment for any opinion, nor do < I understand that it is the intention of my noble triend, or of any other member of this house, to call on Parliament at present to pronounce an opinion. These circnmstaacea, therefore, would h ive indisposed me from voluntarily laying on the table information at this moment Another reason also would prevent me from voluntarily coming down with any such information to the house. I must admit that from the aspect of the negotiation, as reported in the papers which have been produced in the United States, and which I am in a condition to produce to your lordships, an inference might ; fairly be drawn not favorable to the result of the ne gotiation in which we are engaged?they would be augur favorably of the re calculated to induce us to augur favorably suit. For this reason, therefore, I should have wished not voluntarily to submit to the house, in such a stage of the negotiation as that to which we have now arrived, communications which are cal culated to produce such an opinion.?(Hear) Ne vertheless, it is my decided opinion, ihat such an opinion would be unwarranted. I cannot bring my self to believe, my lords, however the effect produc ed by the papers I have referred to miaht be, as I have said?I cannot, I repeat, bring myself to believe that any reasonable doubt remains ot our being able to bring this matter to a satisfactory conclusion ? (Hear, hear.) I have no doubt of .he sincere d.-sire of both governments to arrive at the result; and I hope that my noble friend will not think me guilty of any uncourteous conduct, li 1 decline to inform him of the steps wich in the present juncture of affairs, her Majesty's Government may think proper to take in pursuit ol the negotiations. He may look on it that, believing as I do, that war is the greatest calamity ihat can befall a na tion, and the greatest crime generally that a nation cau admit?-(hear, hear,)?he may rely that every effort consistent with the national honor will be employed to avert it. (Hear, hear.) My lords, I will not lay claim to your indulgence beyond what I am fairly entitled to ; but if] might without pre sumption add ths expression of an opinion, it would be, that you would believe that the conduct of this great transaction will be forbearing, conciliatory, moderate, and ju3t, without any sacrifice of honor or the real interests of the couuty. (Hear) But, my lords, on the other hand, it is certainly possible n) that all c (though 1 would reject the'notiou) thai all our el torts maybe unavailing. In that case I can only say, that it will be my endeavor not only to secure the support and countenance ol every one of your lordships, but the sympathy and approbation also of every state in Europe, and of the whole civilized world. (Hear, hear ) My lords, I think my noble triend will, perhaps, not expect me to go further in to the subject at present, and I will conclude the tew words which 1 have thought it necessary to address to your lordships, by relating emphatically what her majesty has been gracioasly pleased to say from the throne That no effort will be spared, con sistently with the national honor, to bring this ques ly and a successful termination." tion to an early Lord Brougham, referring to a statement that had been made, respecting a globe said to be in the pos session ol Mr. Everett, on which the Oregon boun dary was marked favorably to America, said, he had yesterday received a letter from Mr. Everett, which quite confirmed the truth ot the assumption which ne (Lord Brougham) had offered at the time, it appeared that Mr. Everett had ordered the globe through another person, and that the tradesman had marked the boundary in the manner referred to, perhaps with a view to pay a compliment to Mr. Everett, but without the previous knowledge of that gentleman. With respect to the question before the House, he could only join his hearty wish, and ex press his confident hopes, that all these negociations , troublesome us they might be, would lead to a hap- . py issue; and also his entire confidence in his noble friend and the rest of her majesty's government, and that should?unhappily for us, for America, ana for humanity at large?those juat expectations prove unfounded, mankind would find out to whom the blame should be imputed; and further, that although the calamity of war would be looked at by ah with the utmost possible aversion, by none would it be regarded with apprehension or alarm. Lord Asuburton, felt sure that all which caution and prudence required in this negotiation would be observed by his noble friend, ana that the honor of England would not be tarnished. When he looked at the probability of two countries like England and | America rushing madly into war on a question in which nothing was at stake but their honor, he could not for a moment doubt that whatever might be the j ebullition of popular feeliug here or in the United States, the sterling good sense which characterised those two countries would prevail, and preserve both from that ultimate alternative which he could ! not contemplate without feelings of the ut most horror. He held it to be hopeless for either to seek to obtain advantage over the other in what were called the terms of negotiation. The only question waB, how to settle this disputed right in the manner which would be best for the two nations.? > The negotiation could not be in be. ter hands than j those of his noble friend, and he felt also, on the other hand, confidence that the people of the United States would at least come to a fair, an honorable, i and a safe conclusion on the subject. Ireland. The various accounts received from Ireland since : the sailing of the last steamer, are tar from being of , a satisfactory character. Want?or at least its im mediate prospect?on the one hand, and crime?the details of horrid and sanguinary deeds?on the 1 other, iorm their chief feature. The people ot Mayo have been greatly excited inconsequence of a con tested election, which took place for that county 1 during the week ending March 7. The repeal can- i didate was a Mr. McDonnell: his opponent, a libe- . ral in politics, but not a repeale*. was a Mr. Moore. i The result ot the contest was Mr. McDonnell's re- i turn by a majority ot sixty. This is not to : be wondered at, especially when it is known | that John, Archbishop ofTuam, (Dr. M'Hale.) I seconded Mr. M'Donnelt's nomination, and | made what has been termed a very violent speech j on the occasion. The military and the pe&saatry came into conflict with each other during the course ; of the election, when the tormer were obliged to i fire upon the populace. One life was lost, and some few others wounded. Mr. O'Connell is still m Lon don attending to his parliamentary duties. He for nets not, however, to send "My dear Kay" a week ly epistle on Irish affairs. All the London corre spondents ol the provincial papers. Whig, Tory,and Radical, agree in stating that the Liberator is great ly altered lor the worse. It seems now a pain tor him to make a speech in the House of Commons on behalf of Ireland, and when he doea so. it is deliv ered in such a tame, week, and subdued tone, that ! one can hardly recognise in hia person the great and popular agitat<<r who harangued the countless thou- : sands on the Hill of Tara, and Mullaghmast?who led on his marshalled bands throughout the three provinces, in defiance of the monarch's denuncia tions, and the almost unanimous opinions of both Houses of Parliament. But time has made traces , upon his constitution; and from the general report , it would seem that he now requires ease and relief from the care land toils ot public life ? His last two letters to Mr. Kay contain a great quan tity of abuse upon the projectors of the Irish coer cion bill, and a number of objections to the princi ples upon which the bill has been drawn up. Asa specimen ol the abuse which the repealers heaD on this measure and its authors, we annex an ex- ' tract from the speech of Mr. Steele, at the weekly meeting ot the repeal association, held on the 9th inst. The head pacificator said, "I call upon the concoctor of the massacre of Clontarf, the bloody minded Lord St. Germans, toabandon his atrocious j bill, for the destruction ol the liberties ot the people of Ireland?I call upon the House of Lords.and Commons to reflect upoi the condition ot this coun try?upon the patriotic feeling which pervades the Irish breast, and not pass a measure which is deem ed a national insult, an act of intolerable tyranny, (f-reat applause.) I tell the landlords of Ireland that although this abominable act of bloody-minded Lord St. Germans may be passed, they have duties to perform from which this act cannot relieve them. (Hear ) I tell the ministers of England that at the present moment, it requires all the influence of O'Connell, together with that of the Catholic clergy of Ireland, to keep the country from bursting into a great volcanic combustion. (Cheers ) Let their op pressors contemplate what is passing around them? the Poles have been driven into insurrection against the tyranny of Russia, because they have no O'Con nell to advise them?no means of applying moral force for the protection of their liberties. (Cheers ) Let the scenes enacting in other countries arrest their attention a moment, and their assaults upon Irish liberty will be checked " Mr.Grattan, M. P., who preceded Mr. Steele, said?" that the Coercion ' Bill ot Lord St. Germans would never pass into a law, and even if it did the people of Ireland?the eight or nine millions of people?bad the power of r ndenng it wholly inoperative. They had only to remain out altogether on the same night?(hear, hear)?and no police or military force could arrest them all; and even if they did, the prisons would not hold them." [This statesmanlike suggestion j for quashing an act of oarliament elicited a round of ' applause ] The rent for the week ending March" 9th, was announced at ?283 -li. 5d. The Dublin Evening Packet has published a state ment ot the receipts oi the Repeal Association. The income of 1943 was 47,914/; 1944, 43,306/; 1945, 17,969/. The total receipt Irom 1S39 to the preeeut time is set down at 127,069/ lis 7d Among the latest murders is the following, taken from the yenagh Guardian:?James Cane, a far- j mer, holding tweniy-louracr- s ot land at Gortmore, j was beset on his way home by three ruffians, and so dreadlully beaten that he died on Saturday. The i deceased has left a widow and six children On , Sunday night last a partv of men, consisting ol six in number, one armed with aaustol, entered the , house of a man named Meara, orl3urtivalia, within ! half a mile of Cloghjordan Tney lir?t knocked , Meara down with h stone, inflicting a deadly wound; ; they then, with .savage ferocity, struck him on the j bead until his, bnuns were dashed out. This fool j deed wm committed .between the hoars ot seven end eight o'clock, end within n few ynrde oi anoth er bouse; bat though the shrieks oi the inmates worn heard, no one came to their assistance. Mean's family constated of his wife, two sons (one oi them a grown man, the other a boy) and two daughters, who were in the kitcnen the time the party were beating the lather. The son attempted to get to the father's assistance, but was held by the mother. Meara is father to the man that killed Kennedy on last Patrick's day, on his return from the fair of Burnsokane. Seven men have been arrested for this murder. Dr. M'Hale, in a letter which he has lately publish ed. avcnbes the failure of the potato crop to the infi del college bill. We question whether he will find many to agree with him in the opinion. The usual weeklv meeting of ihe association was again held on the 16th, at which a Mr. Mitchell pre sided A short letter from Mr. O'Connell, address ed to "My dear Kay," which alludes to the Coercion Kill, in the same tone already mentioned, was read and placed on trie minutes. The chief orators of the day were Mr. Grattan and Mr. Steele, the latter of whom heaped a quantity of the most rabid and ful some abuse upon Lord St. Germans, and concluded by proposing uine groans for that nobleman, whic i were given in a hearty aud enthusiastic style. The rent for the week was announced to be ?210 9J 3d. The Dublin papera ol the 17ib contain accounts of murders and desperate outrages, in the counties of Roscommon, Galway, Waterford, Tipperary, dec., a detail of which would horrily our readers. President Pole " Prisoner or War" to Eno land ?It iH a curious fact that the President of the United States, the warlike and pugnacious Polk, was prisoner of war in the year 1812 to the " Bri tishers " Mr. Polk was then a subaltern in the United Statea army, and was oaptured on the ice near Detroit, by a party ot the 4lat regiment of foot, under the command of Capt. Bullock. Ge . Caas, the bellicoee military orator, in the American Le gislature, alao fell by the fortune of war into the hands of the English forces in the same year.? English Paper Lord Cathcart, Governor General or India.? The Queen has been pleated to appoint Lieut. Gen. the Earl of Cathcart, knight commander of the moat honorable military order ot Bath, to be Captain General and Gevernor-in-Chief of her majesty's provinces in Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Bruns wick, and of the island of Prince Edward, and Governor of all her majesty's provinces on the con tinent of North America, and of the island of Prince Edward. Franee. The Paris papers ot the 16th ult. are ohiefly occu pied with the news from the United States, publish ed in the London journals of Saturday. They seem to regard the effect of Sir Robert Peel's extravagant relaxation of the protective dutiea in America pre cisely as they are regarded in this country, as a sop to the American Cerberus of American democracy, destined to purchase a temporary immunity from hia insolent and preposterous demands. When the latest advices shall have fallen under the notice of these liberal and candid critics, they will perceive how perfectly futile Sir Robert Peel's extravagant attempts to conciliate Mr. Polk and his iellow de mocrats have proved. The proceedings in the two Chambers on Satur day were unimportant. The National publishes a variety of extracts from the German journals, rela tive to the Polish insurrection, all of which agree in affirming, that although itiafor the present suppress ed, it is far from having been finally subdued. The Paris subscription in aid of the funds of the Polish insurgents, is inconsiderable, considering the great efforts made in their favor by a large ma jority ol the journalists of France, (or it does not ex ceed ?1250. The usual annual exhibition of the works of living artists in the Louvre, opened on Monday. It com prises 1833 pamtinga and portraits, 273 miniatures and drawings, 173 pieces ot sculpture and architec ture, and 130 coppei -plate engravings. Spain. The break up of the Spanish cabinet, for which the Madrid letters have been preparing you for some time back, has at length taken place. Ail the min isters resinned upon the 12th The pretext, we can hardly call it the cause, was the project of law rela ting to the liberty of the press. Tne Madrid cor respondent, in the letter published in the London Herald of Monday, announced the approaching change ol ministers, founded upon the known facta of their utter disagreement amongst themselves and their unpopularity out of doora. While discord was notoriously pervading their councils, while the tumla were filling and the people clamorous, the Queen Mother was eagerly watching an opportuni ty for the restoration of Narvaez?that opportunity wasallirded in some way, it appears, through the proposed law relating to the liberty of the press, and the Miraiiorea administration is at an end.' Short aa was its existence, it not only gave no sign of ca pacity, but was even wanting in that quality which sometimes is allowed to atone for it, having good intentions, for nothing could be worse than the me ditated financial schemes of Pena y Aguayo ; and it is in Spain especially that an honest and firm finance minister is essential to the character and stability of ihe government. Mon was the main stay of the Narvaez cabinet, and Pen&y Aguayo the destruction of that of Miraffores. Italy. By the Leonidas, which reached Marseilles on the 11th, we have information Irom Italy. It appears that a great fermentation reigns in Tus cany. The extradition of M Kenzi has greatly ex cited the mass of the population, who could not comprehend why, when no new cause had arisen, the Tuscan government should this winter have sur rendered to the court of Rome, the individual whom it refused to give up in the winter. There was a report that a band had attacked the escort, which was conveying M llenzi to Rome, and that they had rescued the prisoner. This statement, however, requires confirmation. Tuscany wa9 greatly disturbed, however, espe cially at Pisa, during the end of February, when an emeute broke out against the vicar of the archbish opric, or partizan of the Jesuits, who had bought the Palazzo Schipis lor 900,000, Irancs (12,000/ ) in order to establish a convent ol Jesuitesses, called the "Sisters of the Sacred Heart ot Jesus." Of ail the states of Italy, Tuscany is the only coun try in which the Jesuits are not established, although they swarm in Sardinia,and ihisis assuredly one of the causes which has most contributed toprolongthis state of peace and tranquillity which the Grand Duchy has so long enjoyed. But it is well known that the disciples of Loyola are not easily discouraged, and what the congregation could not do personally, it has tried to effect by deputy, and has essayed to obtain permission to establish a convent of the Holy Sisters of the order of the Sacre Ccsur, well kaown as admirable auxiliaries. With this intent, three ladies, strangers to Tuscany, came this mouth to Pisa, and, in the absence of the Archbishop, came to an understanding with M. Fantoria, the Vi car-General, that a certain number of ihe Holy Sin ters should be allowed to come from Rome and es tablish themselves there. The money was forth coming, a house purchased, and the JesuiteBses were com,n? to be installed, when, on the evening of the 21st of February, a vaat assemblage of the in habitants, being collected in front of the cathedral, proceeded to the house of M Fanteria, crying, "Down with the Jesuits! down with the ladies ot the Sacred Heart!" and fluag so many atones against the edifice, that it wes seriously damaged This trifling entente, against which the authorities did not deem it necessary to aet, occasioned a con siderable stir in a city which, being the seat ol the first University of Tuscany, comprises a great many students diametrircally opposed to the Jesuits. Without loss of time, several ecclesiastics, pro fessors of the University, and leading citizens, ad dressed a protest against M Fanterta's project to the Governor of Pisa. One hundred and thirty of the richest and most eminent inhibitanu of the city, and thirty-six professors ot the University, have signed this address, which was presented, on the 27ih ult. to tne Governor M. the Count Seristori, in which it is prayed that the grand duke will not per mit the Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus to es tablish themselves in Tuscany, j "Tnis religious house for the education of young girls," savs the petition, "which it la sought to esta , blish at Pisa, is evidently destined to become the centre of Jesuitical activity in Tuscany. The Sisters of the Sacred Heartbelong entirely to the Company of Jesus, and whatsoever maybe the conditions to which tney are subjected on their entrance into Tus cany, they will necessarily introduce into the mind of their pupils a Jesuitical spirit, which, by them, will be spread into families, and by families into so ciety. And a focus of Jesuitism in Tuscan society, cannot exist without a war more or less concealed against our most vital institutions. What dis disttngniahea the Company of Jesus from all other religious bodies, is that it has a social strength, which by a result necessarily consequent from its despotic institutions, tends to absorb ail other pow er. It is then equally hostile to the monarchy and the clergy, even when it do*a not contrive to draw it into us own vortex Thus Tuscany cannot be subjected to a Jesuitical influence without being ex posed to that long series of evils which the Jesuits in all countries have brought in their train. " The events which have disturbed the tranquil lity of our city, the uneasiness which for many days has reigned over all minds at the mere report ot the coming ot the Sisters ot the Sacred Heart, to establish themselves amongst us, only ioretel too surely the very serious disorders we must apprehend it this event should be realised. It is, therefore, that the undersigned hope, fully reiving on the emi nent wisdom ot the prince who rules over us, that he will p.-eserve Tuscany from the scourge with which it is menaced, and will maintain, in all its totegrity, the reputation ol a wise and moderate government, which since the time of Leopold I, has made us the envy of all nations." We also learn that the Papal government, fearing fresh troubles, had sent out troops m til directions. A b.iuilion ol Swiss soldiers had gone in ail haste I from Rontagua, to reinforce the garrisons ol Peearo and Anoeaa. The Au&burgk Oasettt of the li iaet Duhliah*. [ e letter from the troatien of Gallicia of die attach* i awoo-c,-Goethe 2Si end 2lth.lhe i^- ' genu of Cracow bed crossed the Vistula, in the di m?n?^ hV.h a0d ^ Genersl Colin, being menaced by' the movement on hu right, had thnnnm proper to fell back upon Moghilam and WadowSze \ The reinforcements he expected Irom Moravia and Silesia would, it waa feared, be intercepted bv the insurgents A letter from Brealau of the ^h ^Li 28? dmv'e?h 11 the ld,ter attacked Podgorze otuhe j j?J, drove the aristocracy out ol the town and iol owed them aa far aa Wadowicze TheVmira of ! vob^N.^"1 part of .Ga"lcltt was then in actual re deem0 The1!111' renched Irom the eastern had- on ,he o'her hand, penetrated into the kingdom ot Poland without ?* t Jracow. The Israelii*? '"r^1810 government of have tendered their ^rviM8 mC.he WCre 8-1(1 to ment. ?ervicea to the new govern- . ?{. *?? i.??. that at W.lna, rounds of ?? shm h?H la8Ur6"??; number <it Poire ?6?SXTn,itVc?";?o" ed as to r>e given in the bazaar on the 11th and'pur" Powde/maH*^ quantities of arms and gun powder made in various quarters of the citv w*r. ? vffiS wa'.T^,UldfWhell,er tfte 'ocre^Vd perceived, or fear alone suffareat^d th* measure, secret communications were made . , .governor, which confirmed all h? wa. tPorhr0"",y 8U"*c*d- The bazaar dinner members^?fh?n8|Pir,tcy ,neetin*. which the chief Ih-!?? 1 he plot? an,ounting to 100, weVe to form s^as'ssrr??,v?d ^ ?? i KS^rssrssi em ??? sftraa: j&2^?da i He?ld< rf'hy th?T 8Tc?nd in command, Colonel Von I emiS? feby ^h,ch the ab8?no? of a non-comrms SF&^-^sasrEE were douh^H .V il'8 10 lhe Cll*del, the guards 1 noon of the same dav the queue. At S&ttZFfipESrS1 I j I I | o7the'i0uCk' tr00p5 were JostedTn two , tested-g &srsrj1fc2a,sj^rsirtffjsE li?h ?Jt?llr0olaW8kl'J,0rmer|y a? officer in the pT ?d tgeneralissimo of the* whole" SfeiSB^ilE Md^isMreed thru n*h'rat?kS made ofl 00 '"sinL I now lieni^hams* wheihee hC0U^i,iry' .^'oslawakt cmnCp\lj^ed"if^r^vi?I^jUkl^^lo,?^b?'^roChe(ac^ SSE&tii&EEfZ on their guard' His l^st Vrreath llkety to be more loquacity of a cook." owe8 to lbe aU1y of 111. ioX 7V?S1J? ^ jnoonni.ler.ioi, commenced ij til, pSCT'S*.^ : Si'iiJKES* ?? ?" 1 Cracow Occupied by the Austriahs ?Subjoin 1 ed is the official account of the occupation of Cra cow, as drawn up by General Collin, of the Austri an forces 1 Cracow, March 4?The insurgents retired from the city on ttie night of the 2d iost. Early th<* next I morning a deputation, with the Senator Kopf at their head, made their appearance before the Aus trian forces, and announced the formation of a pro visional committee. Gen. Cohin notified to them that the members of the former senate, who remain in Cracow, were to form themselves into a new one with Herr Kopf as their president. The general I then ordered the bridge to be repaired as soon as 1 possible Before it was completed, two Russian i staff officers announced the near approach of an imposing Russian force. Meantime the bridge was repaired, and immediate orders were given by the general to four compaaiesot the Schmelling regi ments, the whole of the militia, and two squadrons of light horse to march in the city. Tney were re ceived by the loud hurrahs o. the congregated in habitants Meantime the first Russians who had ap proached, took possession of the castle and the main guard house, but with feeble numbers. Gen Collin ordered a reinforcement of infantry to the former, and of militia to the latter. Strong detachments of Russian troops under Generals Panukin and Trus tofi, soon followed the advanced guard. Shortly af terwards General Collin had aa interview with the Russian commander-in-chief. General Rndiger, at which it was agreed that the city should be surroun ded by the Austriansaad the Russians in equal num bers, and that the garrison .duty should be performed by each on alternate days. On the 4ih General Collin ordered iato the city two guns and two squadrons of the Hohenzolleron Light Horse and the tiohenegg battalion of the Ltnd wehr, and into Podgorsea bittalion of infantry, ca valry, and some artillery. Ha also placed troops in Wadowice. If the Prussian troops enter the city, the service will be otherwise portioned ont. The conditions on which the Austrian general ra ceived the capitulation of the citizens of Cracow were?1st. That the; should deliver up to him sllthe known leaders of the rebellioa who remaiaed in the city, or point out to him their residences. 2nd. That a total disarmament oi the inhabitau's should take place, and the weapons should be deposited in the castle before noon on the 5th instant. And 3d Any person who, during the stay of the Aus trians in Cracow, appeared with weapons in his hands, or in whose dwelling arms of any kind should be found, should be judged by court martial within tweatr-four hours. Aecording to the Silssian Omtttt, that portion of the insurgents who surrendered to the Prussians were promised pardon on the cond ition of submit tiog te the arrangements which may be made in their regard by tne three protecting powers. The Breslau correspondent of the Weser Zmiung states mat it was generally believed there on the 0ch met,, that the great body of the tnaurgents would retreat to the mount tins of Gallieia,and there commence a guerilla warfare. According to the same correspondent, the incorporation of Oraoow with the Prussian monarchy is openly desired by the citizens. The Mannheim Abtnd Ztmung also expresses the opinion that the Polish insurgents will retire to the Carpathian mountains, audi th :re act the part of the Circassians. 1 wts stated in a recent correspondence that the 9axon Government h id ordered all Poles in S ixo ny to quit the kingdom. Tnis arbitary measure gave rise to a warm discustinn in the S*nate C tamber of the Legislature, which, on the 6th instant, voted almost unanimously that ?h e Executiveshould be requested to allo-g P.?lea to r*-4 de in Saxony, if provided by tli-'ir respective governments with proper passports. The Berlin correspondent of ths Ourpottamtt Ztilung of this day asserts th at ihj troops of t he three pioteoting powers will remain in the Polish provinces until every rpark of the revolt has been ""Ih^kawk lMwe* fna Pom* an up to ths 7 th aslant All VH quiet there at that ante. IhimV Count Mieliinnki, of Miioslnw, had bean bnigjW in > prisoner. T P. 8 ?Up to poet hour no further istrlligcagaksii reached thie city. It in not likely that anything po sitive respecting the movements ol the insurgents in Oallicin will be known for several daya. India. The French paper* contain later accounts from the eeat of war than our own; and, if they are to be < credited, die position of the British forces was not only critical, out the Sikh generals had displayed some excellent tactics in separating our army by their diversions and manoeuvring. Foreign Theatricals. Madame Albertazzi, the accomplished English vo calist, alter a moat successful professional sojourn in Vienna, has arrived in London lor the season. Mra. Yates has been honored by the Queen Dowa ger's commando to appear at Wuley Coqrt, to give her " readings from shakapeare." The pediment of the new Opera House in Berlin i is ornamented with figures repressaiing Opera sad j Dance, in cast zinc. ' Amateur playing seems to be the fashion, it is extending itself to railway engineers, who have re solved to have n performance at the Tnsntre Royal, Newcastle. At the Princess's Theatre Charles Mattbsws has contrived a piece for his own especial uses, called " Matthews and Co." A parody on the"Marble Maiden" has been pro duced at the Lyceum Theatre with great sueeew, Mr. and Mrs. Keeley being provided by it wiih a ve hicle, which they turn in their own proper persons to good comic account. The Spectator says, London may now boast of tho most magnificent theatre in Europe; its Italian Opera House, scarcely surpassed in size, is unrival led for the beauty and splendor of its forms and de corations. Mr. Chapman was performing recently on the slack-rope, when ho missed his hold, and fell to the ground with a tremendous crash, suffering a frac ture of the thigh bone. Mr. Lover has been highly successful in a trip to his native isle. Hia entertainments in Dublin have attracted very crowded audiences, and the Hiber nian Catch Clnb have elect d him an honorary member, a compliment paid to very few individuals. J. L Hatten, eminent as a pianist of considerable Siwer, and as the oomposerol " Pascni Bruno," the rst English opera that wan ever porformed in Ger many, and which was produced at the principal theatre of Vienna three years ago, with Staudigl m the chief character, with great success, has oome out with a new illustrated musical lecture, in con junction with a Mr. J. W. Rowe. The Bsrlinpapers give a curious example of the enthusiasm of the amateurs in that city for Jenny Lind Although she has appeared some hundreds of times on the stage, and may be heard every night, yet the public thirst for her strains seems only to "grow by what it feeds on." Such is the rage for admi? sion to her p rformances that a species of extrava gant stock jobbing in tickets has grown up?which the directory < I ih theatre has felt itself called t irectory < I ih theatre has felt itself called on to attack by virions regulations. We hear that the Queen's Theatre, in Christian street, after a renovation of its interior embellish ments, is to be opened, under the management of Mr. Hammond, immediately after Exeter, ft is to assume the name of the Adelpki Theatre, and Miss Cushman and-her sister will appear, lor the first time in Liverpool, as Romeo and Juliet, in which characters they have made so great an impression in London and elsewhere. The ManchttUr Courier, in noticing the concert, on Monday, of the Oldham Borough Choral Soci ety, says"Mr. Ryall, who made his first appear ance here, sang the pieces allotted to htm with great taste and judgment?he possesses a very fia-j tenor voice, of good compass, and was rapturously en cored in both his songs." We understand that, before the close of the concert, a deputation from the committee solicited Mr. Ryall to sing oae of his songs a third time, which, oi course, was imme diately complied with. The favorite musicians of three Queens fell a sacrifice to suspicion and vengeance within the space of thirty years in thia country. Mark Smea ton, in the service of Anne Boleyn, wan executed ?a 1536; Thomas Abel, who taught music end gram mar to Queen Catherine, wife of Henry VIII, was hanged and quartered in 1610; and David Rizxio. secretary to Mary Queen of Scotts, waa murdered in 1566. "The Italian company at the Madrid Circus." say the Jtceud, " has been quite disorganised, in consequence ot a serious affair thathaa tanen place. The two bassi, Ferloti and Silv tori, had sung the Trumpet duet, in the " Pur it ant," and bad mada their, exit, when the former said to hia colleague, 'You sho ted too much ' The only reply waa a blow, and hence aroae a duel the next day with aabres, when Salvatori wounded his adversary in the throat. Ferloti was out of danger, but his adversary had taken flight" The charming and gifted Castellan, instead of being defunct, ia now on her way to London, to fufil her engagement at her Majesty's theatre. Tnere ia not a shadow ot foundation for any of the recent reports that have been ao atudiously circu lated in Madame Castellan's disfavor. Her benefit, on the 8th ultimo, at St. Petersburg, was attended by the Emperor and the court. Sheridan Knowtes ie stated to hava become very religions, and to have publiely expressed his determination to give up profane writing, that is, writing for the stage At the Parisian theatres an Arab company are performing,who are said to be the most astonishing clowns on the lace ol the earth. MissCushmin appeared at the Dublin Theatre Royal recently, in the character ot Mariana, in Sheridan Koowles' fine play of "The Wife," and her performance stamped her as as an actress of the highest g?nius. Mr Creswick, says the Dublin Evening Packet, is next to Waltack, the very best Julian St. Pierre on the stage. Her Majesty's Theatre opened on Wednesday. The perform inoe was Verdi's "Nabuoodoaosor." The house looked very gorgeous in its new drsas. The debutantea, Mesdemoiseltea Sauchioli and Cor* bari were well received. Mr Lutnley and the nsrf conductor, Mr. Balfe, came in for a ah "re ot the ap> p'ause, and everything passed off as a first night should do. The Queen's Theatre, Manchester, was opened yesterday week by Mr. Sloan and a very talented company. The house has been almost entirely re built?the staije lowered, and the pit greatly in* creased in size. The decorations are of so splendid and classioal a character, as have created quite a sensation. They are designed and executed oy Mr. 0 Jackson, whose excellent taste as an arustand a designer is also shown in the relieved ornaments at our amphiiheatre, and by the numerous splendid specimens ot cortepier manufactures, displayed at the recent Manchester exhioition, tor the exposition of arts. There is little doubt but that the season will be a successful one. The Philharmonic Society has commenced its concerts for the present season at the Htnover Squir-* roomi, under circumstanoes more interest ing than mml. T>ie ooaductorship is now vested in the hands of Signer Costa, whose appointment has for a wonder, given general satisfaction to those most quarrelsome of all individuals?the members of the musical profession At least they eff-ct to regard his introduction to the Pnilbarmonic as a desirable thing, and one likely to freshen the pros* pecto ot an institution which has not of late years 1 thriven either in purse or credit. Markets. i Lssoov Mosav MmuT, Marcn IS ?The money war. kst is rstasr sstiar than at the departure of the last stea mer; the rats of discount for first class mercantile paper Is to 4) p?r cent. There seems to be no went ot eeeh ia the bauds of the brokers, yet they act verv cautious ly. koopiig in view the large calls from Railway Com ptnies now before Parliament, and which may be ex pacta I early in the spring Consols bava been effected by the American news considerably; as ths opinion that paaoe will yst bs preserved gains asoondsncy, prices nave beoomo fi-mar, spd as tk - c intrsry opinio.i gained strength, the flrmnet* ot tho msrkst related Although the newe by ths Cambria Is considsrsd pacific, Consets, contrary to expectation, declined, sn.l Save not rallied ?inse, the closing prions being 91} to M for money, sad N| ts 06} for tho account The following arc lbs clos ing prices of other stock : -Long anouliea, 10 7 10; In dia Bonis 40s pm : and Exchequer Bill* Sis to S7s press. ? is da ' Tea railway share market is dull, and ths boat descrip tions of stock have hardly maintained their prioe, whilst ?crip of all descriptions luffsrs under the ioflnenos of tho belief that no revival of ths basins ss can take piece bo fore tbe cells are mads, and, coneequsntly, is rapidly da oltniog in prioa. In tbs foreign market tho boa loses has bean of ths moat insignificant kiod. Ths latest aooouots are?Bratillian, 81; Dsoish. N|; Ecuador. 3); Mexican, 31}; the Deferred, IS}; Peruvian. >7}; Portuguese Three per Cents, Ml; the Funr per Can's. ?7}; Spanish five per Cents, for the aoconht, 9#, Paaaivoi, *}; the Deferred 18} ; Spanish Three per Canu, M; for the aooonnt, OS}; and Datoh roar par Ceota, Cartiflaaias. 01}. Livkbpool Cottos Massst. March la?galea since Friday last amount to abont 18 000 balsa, including a ?mail portion taken on apocalaUoa. sod abont 1*00 bales American, whicu were sold after tbo market closed on tho 17th, for export Prices sauce tho Issue of tho last weekly report have beau vary fully supported, bat not quotebly higher Oa the whole, the market has a firm and healthy appearance and healthy appearance Much IS ?There has bean little or no variation la the price of say description of Cotton during the week. Occasionally wa have had a little more or lose demand, giving a momentary tura of advantage or doproaaion. but nothing to elf <ct a change or disturb tho even course of oar quotations. The last advioee from Amertoa abow that >ho oomparatlve decrease of receipt* at the porta of th* United State* we* a ill going on; tho latest eat imr'aa Idd haiea of ~ fix tho amount at 30t O K) Dales of decrease. Upoa tho whole, we conceive tuat the week closes with increased firmness, ou quotations remaining a* before. W* arm hourly baking for the arrival ot the Boston steams*. - onooan with aooounta to tho lat inat. Wo hava nothing l aging from Mancboetor and the menufaotaring dlatriet*; ?000 Amarleaa and MO Sarata have boon taken oiaspoeu , iadomandMOO AmsMoen, M0hmua^alMlflint,h| r

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