Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1846 Page 2
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YORK HERALD. New York, Friday, April !**?< Tlie Weekly IIi-r?I?l? The important foreign news, und the highly inte resting debute in Congress on the Oregon and other questions, will be given in lull in the Wttkly Herald of this week, it will be ready at S o'clock to morrow morning. Nov* from Europe. The Great Western is the next steam ship due. She, ol course, comes to this city, and will bring one week later intelligence. We may look for her arrival on Sunday. The State Convention. J he election of delegates to revise, re model, tinker, and p^tch the cor.stru'ion of this Steie, will take* place u< xt Tu 'hday Active preparations are m progress ihioughout the State, by the several political parties, to have themselves reprinted in that body. The de legates will probably be divided into two great par ties, one consisting ol ihe conservative portion of the iwople?those who are opposed to altering the fundamental laws, and are desirous of letting well enough alone; and the other consisting of reformers of every grade, color and distinction, who are de sirous of creating a new state of things, and bring >ng about u treat political millennium. The changes sought to be brought about by the latter class are va ried and numerous, consisting of the election of all jud.ciary officers by the people, the abolition of mwjers, the extinction of chancellors, the aboli tion of certain land titles, the extension of the right of surtrnge to colored people, and various other reforms, which, iu the opinion of these poli tical economists, are required at this time There is every probability that the proceedings of this boi.y will not be conducted with any great de gree of harmony: but, on the contrary, that the das',102 and conflicting views of these two great parties will either bring about a complete revolution, that may change the condition of parties altogether in this State, and create a state of things that will be disadvantageous to society, or that wrtl be pro ducUve of lasting good results. It must be admitted that the convention about to meet for the above purposes, will be one of the most important assemblages that ever took place in this State The influence of its proceedings will not be confined to the State of New York, but will extend throughout the whole counl try. The country is filled with reformers and revolutionists, whose theories on govern ment, politics, and religion, are of the wildest and most visionary nature. These reformers have, th.oi'gh the medium of their organs, discussed their theories and plans for the reformation of society, and the amelioration of our race, until their num bers have increased to a magnitude, well calculated to appal tiic minds of all conservators of the peace and well being of society. Th" crisis has now arrived for the triumph or de feat of these new-tangled doctrines. On the delibe rations and action of the convention, the members of which will be elected throughout the State on I'uesday next, will depend their adoption or rejec tion If they should be permitted to be incorporated on our organic laws, the whole substratum of so ciety will be shaken, their antagonistic principles will be continually jarring, and the consequences no man can depict. Fourierism, materialism, and and every other new fangled wm that has occupied the attention of those pnwdo reformers, will be ex hibited in all their naked deformity, and ride throughout the land; the forms and conventionalities of society, even, will be disregarded; and anarchy be the inevitable result, sooner or later. We have no thought, however, that such an un fortunate state of things will accrue from the delibe- ' rations of the State Convention. We are convinced that there will be conservatism sufficient in the convention, to repel all violent attacks on the wel fare of the State and of society, that may be made by these visionaries; and that their plans will be con fined to the spots where they originated, viz: the philanthropic heads of their projectors. There is a great difference of opinion in the com munity, as to whether there exists any necessity for the altering or amending of the Constitution.? Many intelligent men of all parties were averse to it at the time it was submitted; while many, like our selves, considered that there certainly was room for reform If the measures of reform that are abso lutely needed for the well being of the people and the prosperity of the State, can be incorporated upon our Constitution, and the unity and symmetry of the sarred fabric retained, the Convention will have met to so.ne p-irpo3c But if, on the oiherhand, all the schuncs of reform, that have been debated by the philosophers of the day be carried out, the Constitution will, after coming from their hands, reseii ble more Joseph's coat than any thing else. The patches and additions will b? so nume rous and so varied,' that the origin 1 material will not be discernible. Highly Important Dkvklopmknts in tub His tory of Morality and Politics.?If Mackenzie's brochure is merely a rehash of hiB former book, and contains a great part of his former revelations, it may yet be the cause of some curious and singular develoj ments, on present and passing events. Its re velations have put us in possession of those princi ples whiehj formerly animated and instigated the action of the party created by Van J3uren, and usually termed the Van Buren dynasty of the United Mates It may be the cause of giving some insight into the secret and mysterious policy, which has hitherto animated the inscrutable mind of Mr. Folk, the present occupant of the White House. In a certain portion Jof the new book there is a statement, going to show that a |?erusal of a parcel of so ne of those private letters, particularly those written by Mr. Coddington, formerly post master of this city, caused Mr. Pelk to refuse him the aP|>oint ment of collector, which had been promised to Mr. Dix;and brought about the appointment of Mr. Law rence, who was called the "President's own man." It seems that the individual, through whose agency Mr. Polk and Mr. Walker read private copies of these letters, particularly those of Mr. Coddington, was the well known General Duff Green. We have leceived a communication from this Utter gentleman, which throws some light on this subject, and which we subjoin. Wm' t*on Mackenzie. i J kniTO* or thk Hiiue: suedb7$,o l'v.V publ,ca,'on purporting to be i? ment^oVv'r ^''"'''"ts'tten^T^latlve to'tklTappoint writer of thnt letter Ind O0r "an"?.]0"'r 'wllker an unwarrantable breach o? "! 'V puhUc<f'ion ?? and that Mackenzie'* ?tntementu wh?k cation is intended to confl,m. are' incorrnr. PuMi believed bira to be truthlul. honeit .iJ??' and that hi. object to publish facta h^ioJ^S deney to expose corn. Pj comb,nation, ol polit.c.f Am?" COfnes. f onco believed him to be an entnu.ia.thavh? ?tron* prejudices, a fanatic in tha cause ofhtlTJt? ha?* many erroneous opinions, but IneanebU i? tenuonal misrepresentation; and, helievin* Uat he J? poor, and that his poverty was the consequence of h? d -otion to liberty, for the sake of liberty he had mr ?yapathy. A glance at bis new publication. prore. that he is o<m in the pay of political demagogues, mor, dangerouf, and equally corrupt as thou* whom he at fu It is an attempt to manufacture whig capital lor t'lUi ! i" campaign?prepared with so much the 7 y Mackenzie is but an agent in which th.t kn un*c"r'?'??* faction. The manner in ^ If ,te prominent members of the l.t^ th.%P!n.r; *nd th# UM hsra made of my ? -h,>k .l..T !. pr*MBUtton ot the facts and things d^ to *hv thst he hai loileitad V T T mI dflfre, and to denounce hit booh I re,P*c* and kconfl .1 a. tiVS? '< "? . V?w York, Md April, law. DL'Fr ORF.KN. While we have in this note of Durt Green fresh evidence of the utter and .unmistakable infamy of Mackenzie in this publication, coupled with senti mente of pity for him, (for we believe he is merelv the ag.n; of some dark r/tfM or conspiracy for poli ical purposes,) we are resented with some singu- I lar facts relating to the private policy which haa thus lar governed Mr. Folk in the selection ol his prin cipal officers, a policy which has hitherto remained secret and inscrutable to every person throughout the country. It appears that some of these private letters had been read, previous to their publication, by Mr. Polk and Mr. Walker; but we have been informed, and we have no doubt it is correct, that neither Green, Polk, nor Walker, ever anticipated their publication in the shape they have been issued to the worlu. The President, it ceems, when he read these letters attributed to Coddington, reveal ing the principles by which he, as one of the Van Buren party, acted, remarked that he had already decided not to appoint him to thecoTlectorship, but would appoint " one of his own men." The objec tion to Coddington, therefore, was that he was not one of the President's "own men." He wisnoi "the Kind's own" He did not L?l?ng to the White Hou e. Now Mr Coddingioa, when he was port Lustcr, was one of Uu b??t>t we r ver had -far supe rior to the present inefficient functionary?and no doubt would have made an excellent collector. But he did not belong to "the King's own." "I will appoint," said Mr. Polk, " one of my own men and this is the leading principle that has animated Mr. Polk in all his nominations and appointments throughout the country. The President's "own men" were appointed, and not the friends of any other candidates, defeated or not defeated. The fact, therefore, is plain and distinct, that a Polk party has been organizing throughout the country by Mr. Polk himself, and we believe there is now at Washington a kitchen cabinet, whose I names we know ve*y well, and who are the chan nels through which the thoights of the White House find their way to the newspaper organ of the capitol. The secret history of Mr. Polk's adminis tration, and his movements, from his election to the present day, would be extremely philosophical and interesting. We have ben willing, and desirous, and anxious, io assist Mr. Polk in the management of the great affairs under his charge, but we are very much afiaid that he has committed numerous and various mistakes, both in principle and practice, in the organization of his administration, and that the country is in danger of deep disappointment at its success. We will not, however, hastily con demn on mere supposition. We have numerous facts in our possession, and we wait for more. Nkw York Pilots?We are happy in being en abled to inform our readers, that there is every pios pect that the New YorK. pilots will soon be restored ! to the rights and privileges which were unjustly and wrongfully wrested from them by Congress in the year 1837, by a law passed by that body under ex I cited feelings, superinduced by the malicious con : duct of a client of underwriters and stockjobbers in i this city. . Previous to the wrecks of the Bristol and Mexioo, and the melancholy loss of life and property con nected with these wrecks, a self constituted board j of underwriters and jobberB, without a shadow of j reason or authority, presumed to dictate to the pilots, and lay down certain rules of conduct for them to follow; and even went so far as to interfere with their political rights and privileges, and to dictate to them the manner in which they should vote. Against this unwarrantable assumption ol power, the New York pilots in a body pro tested,' and declined to be interfered with by ( any self constituted board, considering them | selves amenable only to the laws of the State | of New York relating to pilotage. The mdepen 1 dent manner in which these spirited and daring fel lows disregarded the commands of this Board of Shavers, excited their indignation and hurt their j vanity, for they considered themselves of great im portance. They were ,in the habit of meddling with every subject that had any connection with commerce. Nothing could go right in the opinion of these worthies, unless they had a hand in it. However, the pilots were not to he trifled with, and j they thought proper to exercise their rights without reference to the manifestoes of this board. The speculators and stock jobbers composing the board, immediately commenced a persecution against the 1 pilots, and devoted their energies to the demolition , of the men whom they could not intimidate. The Bristol and Mexico were unfortunately wrecked at I this time; and the public excitement occasioned by the dreadful loss of life, was laid hold of by the enemies of the pilots to assist them in breaking down this hardy set of men. These catastrophes I were falsely attributed to the negligence of the 1 pilots. Petitions calling upon Congress to deprive the pilots of their pnviliges were circulated in every street of the city, and despatched to Wash icgton in the charge of persons who were to lobby th-m hrou-h C ngr^ss Tritir enemies unfortu nately succeeded in their nefarious designs, and through their false representations, induced Con grefs to pass such a law as they demanded. The effect of this law was to throw open the pilotage of this port .loathe whole world; and immediately this Board of Underwriters, as they style themselves, initiated a set of men into the pilot service, who it was confidently expected, by working under the usual rates, and getting the influence of this board, would br^ak down the old pilots. The persecution, commenced at that time, ha* been unremittingly continued to the present time. But public opinion, although it may run into error at first, will eventually come right. So it is with the pilots. The long and angry discussions that have been carried on Bince that time, have served to develope the true state of the case, the motives that actuated the enemies of the sea pilots, and to prove the manliest wrong that the law of Congress in flicted on the pilots. There is but one opinion, now, in the community; and that is, that the law of 1837 should be repealed. A short time since, the Legislature of the State of Maryland passed a resolution directing their representatives in Congress to vote for a repeal of that law, and on Wednesday the Legislature of the Empire State, passed a similar resolution. Al though it has been a considerable time since the matter was laid before our Legislature for consider ation, their favorable action upon it at last only shows that, after patiently examining the merits of the case, they had arrived at a deliberate opinion that the pilots were unjustly deprived of their rights, f The passing of such resolutions by these two States, together with the passage of similar ones at several of the public meetings lately held in this city, must, certainly, have an important influence on Congress, and accelerate the favorable action of that body in the premises. It remains, now, with that body to administer | the finishing stroke, by repealing the law that it passed in the year 1837, and under the operation of which the pilots of New York have been, for nine long years, deprived of their just rights and privileges. ___ Thk Liscr. Suit ?The present term of the Su perior Court will terminate on to morrow; and doubts are entertained as to the probability of the suit Webb m. Bacon, coming on this term. The case, however, i? placed on the calendar for this day, No. 99, and was set down specially for trial on yesterday ; but the ejectment ?uit on trial, before Judge Vanderpoel, proving more tedious than waA anticipated, the Court was unable to proceed with the case. Should it pass over for the term, the community will be deprived of a rich treat. Ji'Stick f laiNRF.a ?The County Court will meet this evening at 5 o'clock, and will proceed with the case of Justice Drinker. Mt.'RDKR AT HAMMOND*roRT, STRl'BK!* COUNTY On Monday last a negro by the name of Peaae, got into a quarrel with an ther, known in that region as ?' black Nero," and mutilated on* aide ?( his heed with an axe in a beaHly manner. He ?truck him torn# three or four bio?(* with the edge of the ase, cnttinf .nUr.lr through the skull, and removing .melr pieces. Notj withstanding the injuriee, however, the negro ?urv?ve< ?ome three or four days. The ?"lrd*71L7'J? and committed?Ke?*eeler .Uveitftr, Jfpn' 3i Senator Allen, of Ohio, hae been nominated for Pre ?kdent at the next election, by the locofocos of St. Clair Co., UUnoM. Italian Oera.?What is the reason we cannot have an itahau opera here, and obtain a ahort en joyment in the deliciona spring time of year, before the summer heats come on, driving us from the city to all the mountainous places where cool, refreshing breezes are to be found 1 Madame Pico is here in fine health and spirits; and, we under stand, the rest of the troupe is expected every day, comprising Perozzi, Antognini, Valtellini, Tomasi, and Madame Valtellini. Here are the materials of an Italian company, ii any of our managers have the enterprise to commence negotiations lot the "whole or none"?for 49, or 54 40. If an Italian troupe should be formed, we think the Park Theatre would be the most eligible place for their exhibitions. It is large, cool and airy, and is now managed with great tact and business talents. If all the fashionable world, including visi ters, would stir up, a short, but brilliant season, for the opera, might be begun. Previous to these arrangements, however, it is expected that Madame Pico should give a concert for her own benefit, and in order to give her old friends an opportunity of showing her their atten tions. It is said that Perabeau, the musical teacher, is ambitious of giving a concert, in order to play some of De Meyer's pieces, but that he wants Madame Pico's assistance to fill the house. With all due deference to these ambitious intentions, we think Madame Pico should avail herself of her freihness and popularity, and not extend it for those to whom it dees not belong. First, let us have a concert, and then let tne fashionable world try to get up the opera in the shortest time, at the Park Theatre. Theatrical*. J""""--*)1'' Haokatt ?PP?"ed again last evening in his favorite character of Falstaff, in Shaks peare'a tragedy of " Henry the Fourth." If it were powible, Mr. Hackett exceeded even himieli in delinea ting this moit humorous character, and proved, to the Uou of M,.0')!!!7-present, that the fullest concep lions ol the immortal author were carried out in ? manner which he himielf, if living, would applaud' h? lh 'he?me?chaSrdin thi 7i?Ve7nfrAX^1f,#LV t here*?be ?wwon?J* DOt that one of the most intellectual treats awaits them wid Bowsav TH?ATHK.-The tragedy of "Jane Shore," was performed last night at the Bowery in a most credit able manner. The hoase was quite well tilled, and the acting highly applauded. We could find ?o fault with " Ol0,ter" ,av? his occasionally assuming an attitude a kimbo, which certainly was lather nn fs'due to Mr *cluk?fef hi C?Ur)'y priic# Gr8?? credit Sn?. ? 4'u . a?-' .. " Performance of " Lord Hast logs, and the Alicia' of Mrs. Jones, like evervthino ?v!r ^0e'* W" excellent The enterprising manage? ()(*f Jackson,) offers a capital bill to night Toe tra!?dv s*c; sr. zzjztjz?' ,b" "?? Nkw Gbec.iwich Theatre.-TIio unprecedented suc cess which has attended the performances at this theatre since it. opening, is .he best evidence o< the just appro ciation of its excellent management, under th# enter r?wnD? pwp,,i?t0r,'ub? ,he admireri of the drama " ud wiTh muchsatisfaction! t ht?"a'^wtiv^^biiu'w'hich'hi Temiinson'-embraclng11^! p day Cwlth"wsn.^'V y,?UI\? and ri,inK actors" th? direction of the s'age mimaier"' GretUn ^h. adm.irabl? thMUe1n^h^rp^ulous*nei^hbo^od'^Bd,be?nD/o^^?lt was well supported by Mrs. Isberwood as Ma~ Thf well known and acknowledged ability of Hill i ed itself throughout, with ?bte drollery, naive humor, and broad rnmi> ?;* the entire house, which was well filled HnSf t* performance ; whUe Mary did her part ti the hfc Sur.h an evening, spent in seeing Yankee Hill a? would not alone dissipate the " blue devils "miul ' an antidote to ennui, but is calculated to' rh^af ?tf* doctor out of some heavy fees. In the farce of " formances. The Greenwich Theatre wm ahead, and we heartily wish it God sn*a/t ,n ^ S? with all young aspirants for public favor who^ssess 1ual'ficaUo??. The Misses Vallee danced^ double Cracovirnne with much animation which hf* f very good .fleet. The orchestra also Mrfora.d S,eCSv^?,it?--Bnii.eX^UUon '?w>1 "?e?S.??duT^ and the houle was*fill.?dto Van Am.usoh's McNAccaic.?The celebrated collec tion of animals now being exhibited by Mr. Van Amburgh I at the corner of Eighth street and Lafayette riace in this city, has drawn crowds of visitants during the we?k and continues t? be visited by thousands of citizens of both sexes, anxious to witness the extraordinarv ner formaoces of Mr. Van Amburgh with his animals "Fh? pljce of exhibition is an immense oblong tent both ends and one side of which are occupied by the cages of the animals. On tbe other side, seats arise one above the other, for the accommodation of the f nee-' tntors Duringtbe exhibition, Mr. Van Amburfh sh^i the perfect docility to which be has brought these fierei "torinf *? cages of the l&ns and tigVra lying down among them, and toying with them with aa' ,e,eImui* carelesness as a Aild playing with" kitten He occasionally lorces open their Jaws and makes them roar, not "gently as any sucking dove " but with such unequivocal strength of lungs, ? to nit the genuineness ol tbe breed beyond all queVtion ThJ I fiihl ??!0n Wel1 worth ? *?"? It ?thib?.s,in^a strlking inwi'r hramacjr of ?ind over matter?the mora? power which reason enables man to exerrim M? greatly superior brute force. Morever, the exhibition comprises some of the finest specimens of ^ma 2d nature ever before brought tofetmr tf~2Lr!2 tod some remarkably fine sp^imeTof inimLted hn?.VaW ture-not in cagS.-at ?^e?h?biUon"a." ,v^m ) W." understand that the exhibition will nositivai* j?il Saturday evening, end we therefore^.dt^ fbSse who * ' as yet visited it, to do so immediately, j D? Mcr.a.-We are gratified to learn that'upon the arrival of this distinguished artist in New Orleans he ; met with a most uneipected proof of the high estimation in which he is held, as the first pianist of tbe age The ?veniog of faili arrival the orchestras of one or mora of the different theatres of t?e city assembled beneath hi. windows at the St. Charles Hotel, and renC iVd?y,,onh,< ?PPe"*oc(s> ^ acknowl i i?dr<*inont of Uiis gratil j log compliment, he was greeted with demonstrations of uuboundei applause fnd th? warm hearted and delighted mus.ciana poured forth their admiration of the great aitift, in hearty cheeri for "?h? great De Meyer." The musicians of New Orleans have done toemsclves honor, in thns honoring this great mu ( sical genius. It is gratifying to see men who are them selves toiliDg up the steep assent to the temple of lame thus showing their appreciation of that exalted nj.' whjch has enabled this great artist t^each ? su'ch ? early period in life, the innermost shrine of the fane ? This compliment, Battering as it was, is but a ??*?!?? of tbe brilliant reception wnich awaiU De Meyer when he appeals before the New Orleans public Hi, fim concert was to have ceme off a few days sinceVind in manU*tl^ toheer the lion piaist The excitement was considerably heightened bv the ?' his first appearance, which was to have Uken ^ Mmrned.Utely,?n hU arrival, but which was un. voidably postponed in consequence ol the non-arrival of one of his pianos, which was to have been ?nl land from Charleston. The others were sent rl Baltim 't was impossibletVprecuraa piano^ifNew Oileans which could withstand the electrical .h/^w t embodied thunder Hitherto th*. "Si of^Mr ^ Meyer in this country has been unequivocal. Where ever he goes, he causes the sarao intense furot and.* citement that marked the progress of Ole Bull an i Fanny Klssler through the coumry A, inth.C.ol the Jast named aitist, in everv citv wh?r? i.? ha. peared, bis concerts have been crowded by enaptuiVd audiences, and an anxiety ,0 hear Mm, amounting ,0 a sort of mania, has prevuilid among tha musical com trtfeVr P'ovince ef genius alone, thus to elec inrVn ?hma,,Ki? 01 ! ! P<?0P1?' Mere talent can;.ot thus stir up the public mind Iron its lowest depths asbvih. lorce of a whirlwind Mr De Meyer istopweed New Orleans to Motiile, whence he ia to return to SVw h I*?!*! *n'' rf,ar [ul*llinK hi? engagements at that city ?iJL .l 7* 0,J * for tbe purpose ol vim' I PriuC"P?i western cities His progress through e,t. w,ll> "ithout doubt, be one co .tinned ovation V*it Am.i jbh, the great lion tamer, is raid to h. thoong.ual of Lugeiie S .e's Moroc, in thi '? Wandering Jev?. Mr. Van Amburgh will hardlv be iUit?r?H k this compliment. It is quite probable, howeve^ th.^ the perlormances of Mr. Van Amburgh at Port sV Dennis, Tarls, some four or five ve.i, .Jl r ni-hed the author of the "Wandering Jew ? w^fh m^Ii rials for tbe thrilling scene he so graphjcill^wTi J in the latter part of tha woik. "'cany descubes Ma Bbadsi'bt's JuvtuiLe Co*cr*T.-This which wis attended by so many people win ? ' peated thi? erening at the Tabernarl? fir 5w L * rt* Pert of the N.w loik far, s choir consists of one thousand juvenile li^ra Howss k Co't Mammoth Ciact s ? \V? h?. new pictorial travelling bill for this i ?6n a meet: engraved by M*r. , thing in the way ot bUl engravi'i as vet |, ** Madame Macarte, the Scotch Oifnt and Oiiii great leatures; together with OD. huXd^d^."-^ 4th o, May wUI ,hortJy I bu^k.^in,Bo.?o^',C,^CO, " dotn* ? T?ry successful ujuJ'**''0" '"t^oce'e ss 0rhrougilou^1,theiT &75?as ionabl. audiences ' d b' crowd*d and faah uullsu %th?M,il^?ia,0^i.hta ,BUli0f ?nU" Mporting Intelligence. Taoi tiro oi? thk HablicmThick, VitTtaDAT.?Tbara wu a goodly muster of the right aort on this course; to witnaaa tha aport promised. A purse of $80?ml la heats?bests in 6, under the saddle, at *, P. M. C. Carson, named . gr. m. Nell. W y. named b. h. Honest John. P. O. Vandanboof, named a. m. Dally There waa a considerable sum otherwise depending on tha result. Tha two latter animala were, comparatively, novices, not having trotted in this vicinity for soma tlma Bast. For the start, they were placed in tha order men oned above. In the ftrat heat, the b. h. and gr. took tha lead well together, the aorrel a length or two behind : when near the quarter, Dolly broke, and fall behind considerably; and the grey, which waa at this point hindmoat, passed her, and went aome 10 or 12 lengths ahead ; at the half, the sorrel recovered, and resumed her former position, the grey falling off soma 200 yards behind. Honest John maintained the lead round the top and houae, and ahortly after broke into something like a pace, rachit.g strongly ; the aorrel mare came wall up to him, and he only saved his baton by about a length in 9 m. 47a. It waa than found that his bad break and ill going waa owing to his throwing a shoe on tha atraight aide homo. In the second heat, Honest John was the favorite, 3 to 1, in consequence ol Coi. Bartine taking the saddle. After some three or lour attempts at a ?tart, the grey took the lead, Doily second close up; but belorn they got to the turn at tho bottom, Dolly made a bad break, and the bay mare went in front some 0 or d lengths ; at the quarter, the Col. passed the grey, at a good round trot, closing tho gap on the leader considerably ; when near the half, the grey waa moat wotully behind. On the turn, round the top, the horse appeared to be more of a pacer than a trotter?that waa his forte, and when within 20 lengths of home, broke, and Dolly came hime six lengths in front, an eaay winner of tho heat, in 2 m. 40 a. John pulled up. Third Heat?Tho bay horae took tha lead, cloaely followed by tho mare, and are they got to tha bottom the grey broke, and f?ll considerably behind; from the quarter to the half tho aorrel and bay ware abreast of each other, and made a very pretty trot, but shortly alter the sorrel broke, and tha bay took the load some twenty lengths. They kept tkus round the top, but the sorrel closed the gap coming homo most considerably, and when within aoma twenty or thirty lengths of home, the bay made a bad break, and a decided mil stop, and the sorrel came home a dozen lengths in front in 2 min. 46 sea. Fourth Heat.?The Colonel gava up the horae, finding ho could do nothing with him satisfactorily, never hav ing tried him before, and the owner again mounted him The grey led, but shortly after broke. Tho rider of the < bay borse appeared to get along with him hotter than ever, and at the quarter lapped the sorrel, which shortly after broke, and the bay went some ton lengths in Iront, the grey completely tailed oif. Round tha top tho aor rel came well up, in conaequenoe of the bay breaking, and came home in 2 min. 41 sec. Filth Heat.?This was the tug of war. The grey was withdrawn, and the other two were very cautious of each other for some time. At length the bay led the way, the mare making a bad break are they reaohed the bottom, and the horae led the eighth of a mile ere they reached the half. It was now ten to one on the bay horse. They maintained thia position to the straight side, where the sorrel mare gained somewhat, but the bay kept the lead, and came homo some ten or a dozen : lengths in front in 2 min. 46 sec., a winner of the purse and heat. The following is a summary of the whole afftir :? W. V'a b. h Honest John, (owner) 13 12 1 J. Q. Vandenhooi's s. m. Dolly 2 12 13 i C. Carson's g. m. Nell 3 2 S Sdis Time, 2:47- 2:49 - 2:46 2:41?2:46. City Intelllgeiic*. .J" ecup,b tomojbow?About the darkMt deed of the season will be the eclipse of the eun, which will come ofl to morrow, without "any postponement on eo Sn?DLni ,Th* eciipie, although a partial one, will?as It will be also visible in Great Britain?be an important one, aud carefully observed ?From Silli , man's Journnl, we fiod toat this will be the last large eclipse that will be visible to ue for upwards of eight yeaia, and the last that will be total in our vicinity until August 7lh, 1899. The duration of the central eclipse upon the earth will be 3 hours 341 minutes, and the length of ita path 9,000 miles. For IS minutea after the beginning and about 17 before the end of the central eclipee, or for about half an hour only, it will b* annular during the remainder of the time, or for upwarda of three hours, it will be total, but ao small is the extent of land to which the ecllpie will be central, and ao narrow the shadow of the moon, that 8agua la Grande, a town , on the north side ol the i land of Cuba, appears to be the only place of note or importance on the earth that will see a total eolipse. During the remainder of the present century there will be but five eclipses central in any part of the Atlantic 8tates, vix: those of May 36, 1854, and September 29, 1875, annular in Maaaachusetu and that of October 19, 1865, in the Carolinas; whilst tho?e of August 7, 1869, and May 3?, 1900, will be total in North Carolina and Virginia. The eclipse will com mence here about 10 o'clock. Ita greatest obscuration will be at 11, and darkneas visible till 64 minutes past 13 Get your smoked g.'assea ready. 1?wectobs or Elbctioni.?The Inspectors elected at the late charter ejection, will commence their dutiea at the approaching election of delegatea for the convention to be held on Tuesday next. DeMOCBATIC constitutional CONVENTION.?The D* mocratic Constitutional Convention met last evening ani* completed their nominations for lows ? ConTeul,on- Their ticket now stands aa fol i Hh*rlMM?'C.0,n0r' Lorenzo B. Shepard, ! Robert H. Morris, Samuel J. Tllden, John A. Kennedy, Benjamin F. Cornell, John L. Stephens, Camphell P. White, D. R. F. Jones, A. F. yache, Wm 8 Connlv Solomon Townsend, Jehn H. Httntf' Stephen Allen, George 8. Mann. wh'o Constitutional Convention.?The Whi* Con stitutional Convention met last evening at the Broadway House, and completed.their nominationa for the Stat* Convention. The ticket now stands as follows : Hiram Ketchum, Richard 8 Williams, ?b*pard Koapp, Samuel F. Mott, n 1? n.^re*ne' James De Peyster Ogden. D.B Ogden Phil.p Hone, A. W. Bradford, N. B Blunt, d wE J?mli.D,on- Robert Jones, i ??b*rtT?y,or. John L. Stephens, [ Charles O'Conor, Wm. F. Havemeyer. Native Nominations.-The following is the list of candidates nominated by the natives for tbe state coo enuon. Pgden Edwards, Harris Wilson, John Leveredge, Minard Lafever, Shepherd knapp, Nicholas Schurman, Elias H. Ely WUliam F. Piatt, n mi"j i iSil' . Brutus Skidmore,

David E. Wheeler, Hiram Ketchum. Wm. 8. Rota, nil0?" V.Bo?* TaADB?The increase in the ?nlr-d.tln k* UniUdBtatea far surpasses the increase ? ..F 0,^?r business. The evidence of this fact is ' n on? *n * th,U C,,y- W" h,Te noticed cr?? uThri,1.nfiCu mn'* ,that ou* f*?tur? "> tbe in i L fi , eiUbhshment of an agency in Ann atreet. Brother, who intend to go quite ex tensively into buying and sailing books for the trade. ?hi",?"* ?ITT-?Tbe cozens 0( our litUe sister across r?* r?cently had a municipal election, which resulted in the complete triumph of the people's candi H?T ? ,-ou* I**', the people have been con jVr?5 ? c<>?paay of individuals styled the ?hl? ? soci ate s, who, it is alleged, have usurped all 1?^" an^ f?"r Pr'?ileges adjacent to the city, deny the claim of the Associatea to this pro that they are rightfully votted in the ^0UDcil- Tb? <Uecussion bos waxed very ?. 1,W0 y#&" l'a,t"*ach P?rty using the bal nmnhHf n w?a????ot thus {*r the people have tri umphed. Horatio N. frryatt, the people'e champion, a$ with ? }' re elected one of the aldermen, together p??nU-.tp0?m0a Counc!!, altogether composed of the Km . f f"? understand that the new Board will immediately take meaaurea to tost the validity of the claim assumed by the Jersey Associates. Coboneb's OrricE.? Sudden Death.-The coroner b&ttf N? "8 8,h ?*????. on the B. Wledmever, born in Virginia,who came to ?h ' disease of the heart. Verdict accordingly. ? co'?"#r ld an in<iiest at the dead house on the body of Elizabeth Collins, born in Enrland 44 a8*' who was found dead in the city piiaon'last night, cauned by intemperance. P .t ??ft,r~Th* ccniD*r likewi?? held an inquest at the dead house yesterday, on the body of Austin Clayton, a colored man, born in PbiledelphU 40 year* ol age, ?ho fell down suddenly in Fulton street an^t h. to the7 City Ho.plt7lhVd.5d '''??ding at the lnngs Verdict aocord^giy I n< ? Brooklyn liit?lilK.nre. in^HK Restobed. Every thing is auiet in Brooklyn. Tne military were withdraw* on Wed nesday afternoon, and ail day yeaterday there was no Uhor,,t:r ofc"I,Jn*1lh??? out again. The Germane ara if ?h? ?g K?ry <>a,el,y at Atlantia dock, while many wh.^r0 WD0 .,trUck haT? Procorod work ?lio rJd dt;^. no,?*ny ?^e" ar" h?ngi.,g about tbe streets and doing nothing. We saw none, however, in the im rt'Vf TIC,ai,y of the laborers at tbe dock, and there is the r?ni?, "S 5er olJli)y ,urther outbreak. Several of in purs uit'o*others * 'D th# P?lic# ar# T, . ? WoremenU of 1'ravellsri. f.ii ??breces ih? majority of arrivals, yee terlay, at the principal hotela Amee'can ?Charles T-emer, Philadelphia: Gsneral Wall, Burlington. N. J.; C. Williams, Conn ; J. B P. Wh0".' ThS5f,JrfrtlJ4n,e, v*?*c?>el, L Fry, W. H. Psfi^H /'i ra,,ad*'phia; C. Stafford, Ohio; James Laird, Philadelphiai J C. Oray, Boston. Conk ling. Ill; Dr. Lewis, Boston; J. Molson, Taunton; W.Triplett, Va ; W Phillips, Bos ton; J. L. Bancroft, do.; Captain Nevins, Glasgow, Scotland. George Robinson, Boston; W. Whitridge, Baltimore; H Raymond, Albany; C. Cuahlng, Boaton; "ftfi. Naples; Messrs. Scholefleld, Tappan and Rhoa :es, Boston; George Bates, Detroit; C. Doolit tle. Utica; M. Camae, J Craig, Philadelphia; C. Mc Nair, Cherokee Nation; W. Robinson, Boston; J Whid den, Halifax, N. S ; B Thayer, Boaton; O. Yeatman, St. Louis; J. Thacker, Boston. Cut ?J. Travers, N J ; 1. Stanebury, Baltimore; Ja. Erwin, Nashville; J Rhurnbaak, Petersburgh; H Sal mon, J Bird, Baltimore; George Teylor, Ala ; M. Ran* kio, Fiehkill; Lieutenant Bogga. steamer Princeton; M. Bryant, Florida; Oliver Chaee, Meea ; M Peareon, do ; H. Barnee Rhode leland; A Pennington, N. J ; D. Ran kin, Philadelphia; 8. Thorae, Boeton Fbanblin.?Edward Johnson. Cotn ; Dr. Holland, Maaa ; W Lord, Philadelphia; D Cleever, Pa ; S Cot terill, Vermont; E. Prltohard, Conn ; D. Jones, Middle ton; E. Bernum, Albany; Mr. Makny, Pittsfleld; H. French, Ohio ; A Penoii.gton, N. J. ; J. McAuhur, Main*; J H. Granger, Wore*st*r, Mass. Howabd ?N.Cook*. Salem; C Stewart, Newark; J. Robb, Conn : A. W. Tompklne, Philadelphia; W. t'oo v*ra*, Norwich; R. Grler, St. John's, N. B.;'C. Moulton,. Boston; A Flint, Bangor; A. Brown, rrovidance; Dr, Seemon, Chicago: R R*mson, Lyons; O. Woodward. Philadelphia; T. Emarson, Boston; A. Hall, C*nn; J Lawton, Herkimer, J. Williams, Boston; J. Gilmer*, Philadelphia; Mr. Romaic*, Toronto; J. Larkin. Hamil j ten, Canada; J. Wick, P? ; W. Thompson, Bangor. Folic* Intelligence. Aran. 23.?Important Arretf of a Counterfeiter.?A I ?to by the name of James Newell ?u arrested on the 4th of April Uit by officer Stephen*, charged with ferg- | ery under the (Mutwinf circumstances. It appears that officer* Stephen* and Gilbert F Hay* reoeived a pri vate letter iron the South, stating that thl* individual had left Philadelphia and wa* in this city, for the pur poae of having a counterfeit bank note plate engraved ; consequently, these valuable officer* went to work, which resulted in their arreiting Newell in Fulton itreet, near the North River. He was at once conducted before the Chief of Polite, and en *earching a bundle which ho had in hi* poe*e*aion, the officer* discovered a newly-engraved copper plate, purporting to be a (? bank note plate on the Farmers' and Planter*' Bank o< Maryland, aituated in Baltimore, together with a genu ine (6 bank bill of the above bank, evidently the one from which the plate was copied; also a quantity of , bank note paper. Meurs. Rawdon, Wright fc Hatch have examined the plate, and pronounced it a counterfeit on the above bank, trom the fact that they executed all the genuine plate* far that institution ; and since the arrest of thii man, the efficient Chief of Police, aided by those valuable (.officers, Stephens and Hays, and iafter much toil and many steeple** nights, have most fortu nately lucceeded in obtaining the largest and moat com- ; plete and valuable *et of counterfeit ber.k note plates tbat were ever obtained in thi* city. The following i* a li*t of the bank* the platea repreaent: A well exe cuted plate on the Bank of Commerce, in tiU city, of the denomination ot (10. (It will be well to atate that the malor part of theae platea ere left blank in the amount.ao thatithey can print'in the amount at pleasure) Honeadale Bank, Penn.; Bank of Northumberland, Penn.; Manufacturer*' and Mechanic*' Bank, Northern Liber ties, Philadelphia; Bank of Chester County, Pennsylva nia; Schenectady Bank, New Yoik, of $9; Moyamonsirg Bank, Philadelphia; the Karmera' and Merchant*' Bank, Middletown, New Jeraey, of (6; the Bank of Delaware, Wilmington, Delaware; the Orange Bank, New Jersey, of (5; Farmer*' and Merchant*' Bank, Baltimore, of (5; Bank of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, of ft; Lancaster Bank, Pennsylvania, of $5; Lebanon Bank, Pennay lvania; the Weatern Bank of Baltimore, oi (6; the Bank of Smyrna, New York; the Northern Liberty Bank, Phil*.; the Kensington Bank, Philadelphia; Uageratown Bank, of Hagerstown, Pennaylvania. ol $5; the Weat Branch Bank of Williamsport, Penuaylvaoia, of (5; Merchant*' Bank of Cheraw, South Carolina, and about thirty email plate*, consisting of various device*, auoh aa regUtered by the comptroller and countersigned, Icc Also,vignettes and a variety ot small strips of writing; likewise, about (6,000 in bills, printed and signed already for issuing; and three billefof (1,000 each, ofthe Merchant's Bank of New York, not signed; (460 in ten dollar bills, aigned, on the Bank of Commerce. Also, a beautiful die for striking the half dollar of the United S.ates coin, with a quantity of the spurious coin. Much credit is due the Chief of Police |for the able manner be has oonducted tue whole affair, and likewise muoh praise is due the efficient and persevering officers in procuring this im portant arrest, and no doubt but that the directors of the vaiious banks will substantially remunerate these officer* for th ir efficiency in nipping thi* extensive forger in the bud; for had he eaceped, in all probability the varioua States would have been inundated with this spurious money, by whieh the public would suffsr thousands of dollars. Committed by the Chief of Police for examination. Ckargt of Perjury.?Officer Hay* arrested yesterday the Rev, John S Ebaugh, charged with perjury, he h*v iworn to an affidavit before Iaaac O Barker, Com asioner of Deeds, on the 6th day of February, 1846, which document was placed before the Vice Chencellor, setting forth that ho was the Minuter of the corporation of the German Reformed Church in Forsyth street, in October in 1838; also varioua other statements sworn to in this bill by this Reverend gentleman, which are said to be untrue by the following witnesses : John K rainier, Justus Wagner, and E Winzer. A hearing in this case will b-* had before the Magiatrate this afternoon at four o'clock. Stealing a Boat.?Hugh Currighem wa* arrested yes terday charged with stealing a row boat from Whitehall slip valued at (63, the property of Jeremiah Gilliman, No 97 Broad street Committed for trial by Justice Os borne. Charg* of Perjury.-t-An individual by the name of Mathow W. McCheaney, of Brooklyn, waa arrested yes terday on a charge of perjury. It appears that Mr. Mc; Cheaney, about two years ago, opened an institution called the Exchange Bank of Lockport The perjury complained ol consisted iu McCheaney swearing to an affiuavit on the 28th of October, 1844, which affidavit waa placed in the Court of Chancery, charging Leeman H. Nichols, Isaac B. Mead, Martin J. Borat, and others, with having entered the Bank and removed from that es tablishment various mortgages and negotiable papers, agreements and bank bills, all of which they aver to be faiae and untrue. Justice Osborne held him to hail in the sum of (1 000 to answer at court for trial. Falte Pretences.? Assistant Captain Hill, of the sixth ward, and officer Murphy, arrested yesterday a man by the name of John Stratton, on a warrant issued by a Jus tice of the Peace in Sullivan county, charging this msn with obtaining a horse and wagon from Abiahatn Scott, .of Manakatiog, of the above county, by false pre tences, valued at (76. He waa sent back to Sullivan county lor trial. Jl Black Pickpocket.?A black woman was nabbed yesterday in the act of picking the pockot of Mr* Hood, No.SiS Broome itreet, of a silk purse containing aix dollar*. She wa* caught by officer Parmlee, of the 14th ward, and locked up for trial by Jtutice Taylor. Petit Larceny.?George Holme* wa* brought in for stealing a coat belonging to Richard Kelly. Locked up. Spunout Bills.?A .black rascal called Joe January wa* " pulled" yesterday by officer Geulding, of the 6th ward, for attempting to pass a (10 bad bill on Mr. GiUen, corner of Walker and Mulberry streets. Looked up for examination. Fahe Pretencei.?Under this head we noticed, in Tues day's Herald, the arrest of Henry Suydam, charged with obtaining (1300, by false pretences, from John Moffat, No. 8Si Broadway. It should have been Dr. William B. McflVtt, who was the complainant, and not Mr. John MofTstt, he being only a witness in the matter on behalf of hi* son. Common Plea*. Before Judge UlshcsfTer. .April 23.? Cal'k D. Gildtrtleev ?i Henry L. Buckley. Thit wu an action to recover $530, the amount of three promissory note*. The signature of the maker, who ?u the defendant,was admitted for the defence. It waa sought to be ihown that Mr. Gilderaleeve wu only a nominal plaintiff, that the real plaintiff wai a Mr. Fitch, and that the note* were tainted with usury, $1 a day being charged for intereit for the time the notea had to run.? Mr. Fitch waa examined for the defendant, and he proved that he diacounted the notes,and gave tall consideration for them; and tho jury, under the direction of the Court found a verdict for the plaintiff for 9687. For plaintff, Mr. Burke; for defendant, Mr. Raymond. Catharine ffinman vs. Gnat dm Clark, tt. <tl.?In thia case the plaintiff. Mr*. Winraan, obtained a judgment against Clark and Brown, and in some time afterward* they obtained a judgment against her, and then made an application^ the Court to aet off one judgment againat the other. The motion waa resisted on the pert ot Mra. Winman, on the ground that ahe had made an assign ment on her Judgment to a person named Connery, before Mr. Clark had perfected his on the other iide. It waa contended that she made the asaignment with an intent of defrauding Mr. Clark, and defeating hia aet off. Upon thia state of facta, the court directed a feigned iaaue to try the validity of the aaaignmenL Tho subscribing witneaa proved Mra. Winman'* aignature, after which he waa croaa examined ,at length, to show that the asaignment * as made on the day on whioh Mr Clark obtained a verdict againat Mra Winman, and that the deed had been interlined aince the witneaa first saw it ? Toe caae atanda adjourned to thia norning. For plain* tiff, Mr. Dodge and Mr. Vultee; for defendant, Mr. II. F. Clark. Superior Court. Before Judge Venders el Amu. 33.?Bur tit vt. McManut ?Thia case (already noticed) waa aummed up. Verdict to morrow. Before Chief Justice Junes. Price f Co againit Creltn Inturance Company.?Thia caae, (already noticed) being an action to recover the amount of a policy of insurance, aianda adjourned over to thia forenoon. t, 8. Circuit Court* This court is adjourned to Saturday at 13 o'clock. Court Calendar? rbla Day, Surciiioa Court ? Nos AO. 19, S3, 8, 78, 386 70, 337, 78, 84. 99, 339, 91, 98, 99, 100, 8$, 101, to 106, 107 to 110, 3S, 36, 44. Ill to 110 Commo* Pleas Calmdar.? 1st Part?16, 33, 73, 73, 77, 79, 8i, 87, 69, 91. 3nd part?70, IS, 78, 84, 88, 90, ?3, 94, 90. Emigrants to California ?There are now in this city a number of gentlemen on their way to In dependence or Weston, to join a company which ia going out thia apring to California. They will leave the city during the week, and it ia expected, if the grass on the plainsTa sa Anient for tee aubsistence of their horaea and stock, that they will commence their march between the latand 16th of May. The cold and wet weather of the spring has detained them some weeks. It le expect ed that thia company, which ia oossposed entirely m men, will consist of from one hundred and fifty to two hundred ?some aay three hundred. A number go out merely to aee the country and enjoy the sport of the trip, now a fashionable excursion with mauy of our western young men Of those goiig for this purpose, there are several English g*ntlemen A tow teke this trip to im prove their health, hut the largeat number go with the purpose of remaining in the country. So far ta we have been able to acquire information on the s<iM?ct, we ere ted to beli?veth*t the larger number of the emigrants goiog out thia year, will mnkn Califor nia the place of their destination It is deciJrdl v in the ascendant in popular favor, aa compered with Oregon. Nevertheless, there will be a large number of emigrant for Oregon ; and, counting the women aad children f?w of whom go to California, it is probable that tho diffei once will he small. The companies for California will follow the Oregon route until they reach Fort Hull, when they will diverge in tho direction ol the Great Salt Lskv and thence to ti e place of their destination. We wish them every aucceaa in their enterprise - St. Lotus Republican, Jtpnl 14. Nxwa from nit Mountains?Capt. Finch, from Fort Laramie, on the head waters ol the River Plate, arrived last evening on the ateamer Little Mis souri. He bringa no news of importance The winter had been rather mild, no disturbance had occurred among the Indians, and the hunters and frappera had been as successful aa nsual. Capt. Finch, with Ave men, left Fort Laramie on the first of Maroa, and rode on horseback to Westport, where he arrived on the 9th Inat. There was no anow on the plains, and the streams, though rising, were not swollen A smsll party of Paw nees were met on the route, who conducted themselves in a peaceable and ftlendly manner For eight or ten days before they reached Westport, a gr*at deal of rain fell, which caa?ed a general rise In the Kansss and its tributaries. The product of tho winter's hunting and trade will be sant forward about tho first of May.?SI. Louit R'pullican, Jtpnl 14 IIobbrry of thk Oswioo Mail.?About eleven o'clock on Friday night, the wagon bringing the mail from Oswego via the East Ridge, arrived and in stead of going to the Post Office proceeded to the Cham pion Hotel. The driver took the wagon with tho mail nag ia it, te the bock yard where he unhitched h.s horses. While taking hia team into the stable, the mail bag was stolen from the wagon. He was absent but a very few mtnntes. No clue has yet been obtained by whioh the thief can be treced.?JleeftaMr American. New Appoetiohmint.?It will be wen by the fol lowing official announcement, that the delegates to the Convention are to be elected according to the ' new apportionment. Secbbt*bt's Office, Albany, April 23, ism. By the act this day mimiI, entitled " An act in rela tion to the Election of Delegate* to the Convention of the People ot this State," the county of Albany la au thorized to chooae four luch delegate*, the county of Chatauque two, the county of Cheuange two, the county of Columbia two, the county of Cortland one, the coun ty of Erie four, the county of King* three, the county of Madiaon two, the city and county of New York sixteen, the county of Ontario two, the county of St. Lawrence three, and the county of Wyoming one. In all the other countiea in the State the number of delegatea to b? choion to the aaid Convention will be the lame aa the number of member* of A?*embly choien in aaid countiea at the November election, 184 V N. 8. BENTON, Secretary of State. Important Decision.?The suit of Yatee Je Mo Intire. of New York, for about 80,000 acrea of land ia the North-Western part of thia State, was yesterdsy de cided by Judge McCaleb in favor ot the claimants? N O Dtlta Jlpril 14. One of the greatest triumphs of modern ! art i* th? perfection to which the discovery of Photography ha* 1 been brought ia thiteoaatiy.. Kint aad foremost among t the Photographic artists ia America stands Pro eeeor Piambe, who introduced the art to the notice of the public,, and now hold* i he enviable position of the first Photographist of the age.? Plumb-'s Uallerr, at tit Bmadway, ia one of the most iuter | estuig place* of resort in Naw York. Rheumatism, Stiff Joints, Gout, White Swellings ?The Compound Syrqp Hydriooate of Potassa, Sareaparilia, and Yellow Dock, a remedy which hus been long ! in use among the fscuitv, and ha* met with merited approba | lion, ia now offered to the public, not a* a panacea for every I ail meat, but u the be*t remedy fur ths above complaints. Kor ! sale by C. H. Ring, 192 Broae way, corner John street. , Townsend's Sarsaparrilla, Sands' Sarsapar>lla McAllister's , Salve, Daily's Pain > xtractor. Swayee's hyrup of Wild Cherry, ana Dr. Keuchtwrfhgers Preparation*, for sale sa I above. Navigation of the Ohio Blver, Place*. Time. Slate of Rivtr. Cinoinnati, April It 13 feet Wheeling, April 16 .6 feet, 0 Inches. I Pittsburgh, April 19 4 feet > inchss. | Louisville, April 17 t feet 6 inches. jnOKKY MAHJKJBT. ThamUjr April 83?0 P.M. There vu a very decided improvement in the market to day, and pricei for nearly all the fancies went up 1 and 3 per cent. Long Island went up 1} per oent, Har lem 3, Canton 1}, Norwioh and Worcester 1 J, Reading Railroad 3. Morris Canal J, Pennsylvania S's 1, Fannera' Loan 1}. The sales were large at the improvement At the second board, the sales of railroad nocks were very large, and a further improvement of several per cent was realised. Harlem went up 1J per cent, Read ing 3, Norwich and Worcester J, Morris Canal J, Read. ii( Bsilro8d Bonds 3, Long Island 1}, Canton 1. We fear the advance is too rapid to be sustained. Although there is evidently some foundation for the Improvement, we have an impression that it cannot continue long at the rate realised within the past day or two. Tne mo ney market is much easier than it was, and the banka having become satisfied that the Independent Treasury bill will be so much modified, that no immediate or ra pid contraction in their operations will be required, have been more liberal in their discounts, and have therefor* relieved the market from pert of the depression which has weighed so heavily upon the commercial classea generally, and upon stook speculators particularly. The movements in the Senate, in relati n to the Inde pendent Treasury bill, will be likely to have a very fa vorable effect upon the stock market. The Chairman of the 8enate Committee on Finances, in answer to some questions fnm Mr. Webster, stated that it had bea? unanimously agreed upon in oemmittee, to recommend certein modifications of the specie clauses, in the new Treasury bill, so that they ehould go Into operation oa the 1st of January, 1817, instead of the 1st of July, 1848, as passed by the lower house. This will make some difference in the operation of this bill, as it will give more time for the banks to regulate themaelvee by Its provisions. ? The Chairman of the Finance Committee also stated that the Warehousing bill, and bills for the establish ment of mints in New York and Charleston, were under consideration, and would be reported to the Senate as soon as possible. The Warehousing bill has been made the order of the day for the 11th proximo, and it will probably pass, in some shape, before the Independent Treasury bill comes up. This is considered an allevia ting measure; one that will prevent eny unfavorable effect from the operation ef the new financial policy of the government?that will bring about the change that poliey will produce in the currency, in credits, and in the commercial system of the country generally, mere gradually than would otherwise be experienced If the government would only adopt eome plan to get rid of the surplus revenue, previous to the oetablish ment of the Independent Treasury bill, the enforcement of the most restriotive provisions in that act, would not be felt in the elightest degree, and those doing a legltL mate business would hardly realise any change in the financial polioy of the government. We trust the Se nate will pass all these bills in a proper ahape, with the | new tariff bill, as eoonas possible?that the lower house > will concur at once, eo that the commercial claaaae will ' have all the time possible to regulate their operations accordingly. We would suggest the poliey "of hsving the Independent Treasury, the tariff, and the Warehous ing bill, all go into operation on the same day, viz: on : the 1st of Jan uary, 1847. The oommeroe of Havana for the past year, oom i pared with several provioos, has increased but.'a vary tri fling per cent The exports of the principal staples o^ the island of Cuba were, in many instances, lees than in previous years; and the tonnage engaged in the trade of the port, haa not increased one per cent, from that of th? previous year. It must be taken into consideration, in viewing these facts, that the crops of the island last year were below,an average^and the exportation conse quently more limited than they otherwise would have been. There was no foiling off in the foreign demand, as the exports since have been unusually large. CoMMKBcaor Hataka?AaTict.es Rkoiitisid roa Exrea i tation roa II 7babs. Catf't. Molatitt. Jlrrb'i. Hhdt. 915,601 39,293 791,392 ' "" n.M 1,409,789 HI .499 1,174,999 ijm.ux 741 579 1,091.4*9 773.M3 Sugar. Trart. boxes. 193 4 898 887 1935 18H 3 3,979 1937 391,957 1839 34 1 493 1919 319.994 1919 447,579 1941 34S.9S9 1942 427.947 1913 491,397 1914 534,592 1945 197,59j Wax. Jlrrobat 1934 ?2.27l 1835 0.JM i|? 80.489 1837 ?.4U i(3t 99.851 1939 . MS" i84o*.:.:: ?.?* 184 1 ? ?J5 1842 29 351 1943 27 049 1944 21 759 194 5 31,409 579,949 179,499 Rum. 1'ipt. 8,479 2.593 3,009 2.497 3,979 9(70 9 472 9,753 9.795 6.213 4.9(9 1,727 42,355 44,779 43 878 95,451 51.999 47,(99 42.999 37,459 35,711 33.912 99,97} Honey. Tct. ? 1.4(4 1499 1,349 1,399 1,173 1 596 I 113 1,974 2,943 9.199 1,993 9(7 Segari. Tobacco. Founit. 116.412 64 733 91.594 143,795 171 413 i ? i 117 967 159.459 139,7*7 158.999 149.583 119.271 519.357 6(0 91) 1.291.891 1,119.185 1 :>M*5 t 359.089 1,025 299 1.459 999 1,919.999 1.199,999 1.309.942 1.63S.87J It appears by this statement that the exportation of so ger, coffee, molasses and honey in 1844, we* lees than it had been in either of the previous eleven years, and in the other items the shipmente were lees than they had been in many of the previous years. The destination of the exports for the year 1848, waa as annexed. ExroaTS raeis Havana roa 1915. .Sugar. Cuff'*, ttjaf- Honey. Dntination. Boat* Spun . 91,717 Uaitsd Hures 89.991 En.lsud Cow?s 95,511 Baltic U.9I* Hflititm'K mid Bremen. .21 791 Holland 9.715 Be'sium 2.459 Fm II 847 T'ieite ?nd Veu ce .... 5 117 It>ly 2 2*4 Otlisr ports 4 0J0 jtrrob. 59 995 7.019 12*5 695 33,588 llkdi 45S 17,198)5 104 19 Total 8-1 341 Was Jlrrtb, ftp>in 8,998 United States 1*7 Kitglmd 28 C * Baltic Ilxmhnnt and Bremen.. Holland Belsin Frtece Tri ate ?nd Vemee It'lr -i; Other ports *1*29 37.177 5 370 4,617 7,718 isTom Rum Pipti l.(47X 149 10 79 118 309* 218W MS >4 10 1,813 19.191 St 855* 9,1-98 37.489 22 2(4 1,9)9 813 13.863 8 194 1.015 8 17,383 19,915 1 1,1(9 9MX 3 395 8.499 189,35) f?rs. Tobacco? M Poundi. ?JO,174 31'.859 131415 7,979 129^599 99,623 1.421,1 Total 19 757 The United Statee tahe the fi-et rank among foreign netione in the import and eaport trede of Hevena The mother country etends first. We supply Hevena, and all the other important ports of the West Indien islsnds, with many staple articles, suah aa flour, provl ?lens, ko , and take in return their egrioultural pro ducts, which mslces the trade mutuiliy productive. Nearly the whole of the trade between Hevana and the United States, is carried on in American bottoms ?, and' although the official returns do not show so large a nuaa bar ef American vessele engaged as seme other conn tries, a much larger emount of the oerrying trade la done in American bottoms, than In thoee ef any other netion. American vessels make more rapid voyages between the porte of the Unttod Statee and Havana; and while an English veeeel le making one voyege, en Amctican T9U9l will nke two or thieo. In thla way

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