Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 3, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 3, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. %<*w York> K??i?Ujr, May 3, 1H*?. "*W? from Kuropr> I lie steam ship Cambria, from Euro)x*, is now dua ^t Boston, and her ucw? may arrive here to day. As soon as we receive it we shaM give the innlliguiice to.the public*, iu an Extra, with our usual exjieilition. Politics of (lie Clergy. from tins foundation of Christianity almost ? town to the year of our Lord, 1&I6, the clergy, in' i"U countries, have entailed upon the human fa- . ituly as intivU misery, by intermeddling with ! ?M.ifo uiiittf# aiid politic*, as they have conferral ' happiness by their efforts in their appropriate : >phere. It is unnecessary to refer to any particu t age or country in proof of this. It stands re corded in letters of blood, on the history of every country, and every people. I he patriotic founders of our glorioue constitu tion and government, had seen *",,:?1 enough o 1 tho evils of the clergy interim udling in politics, and with that foresight and prudence which char acterized the patriots of the times of 1776, they de termined, as.iiir ns in them lay, that the viper should not raise its head on the Western conti nent. They therefore wisely separated cliurch from State; und by the organic law of the country, declared that all persuasions and sects should be e-pial and on a par with eocli other. The country and religion have prospered under this wise pro vision. All sects of Christians have full scope to propagate their principles, and make as many converts as they can. Of late years, however, there has been exhibited by a portion of the most violent of the Episcopal and Catholic church minis 'ers, a desire to mingle their religious instruction with the politics of the .lay?to mingle the saving of souls with the electing of particular locofoco or whig candidates, lor some ulterior purposes of their own. This travelling out of the record, as the lawyers say, has been attempted by both Ca tholic and dissenting clergymen, and has been productive of horrible enrnage and conflagrations in different parts of the United States. We have, on many occasions, as was the duty of the pro prietor of an independent press, denounced the conduct ol those clergymen, and in return, we have been read out of church from the pulpit. But all the pains and penalties which these clergy men imagined they inflicted upon^us, have not de terred us from pursuing our duty in this respect. We shall continue to do it, notwithstanding all at tempts to silence us. A few months since, several of the clergy un dertook tocensure, impliedly, from their pulpits, the course ol the administration, in not bringing the Oregon question to a close without endanger ing the continuance of peace between England and the United States. Although Mr. Polk has shown himscll a bungler in his conduct on that ? litestion, it was for the people to decide upon his conduct, and not for the clergy, whose time, if they performed their duty, would be fully em ployed in healing the sick, ministering to the fa therless anil afflicted, and saving the souls of their congregations?occupations which, by the by, soctn to be overlooked by the sensitive, refined und gentlemanly ministers of the present day. Notwithstanding the disrepute in which these gentry liavo brought themselves by their be havior, wc perceive that the press has not yet ac complished its work. We find ourselves again called upon |to censure a distinguished, though violent and bigoted, clergyman of the Epis copal church, who has been endeavoring, in a sly way, to promote the success of the whig ticket for the convention. The gentleman in question is well known as an uncompromising enemy to the present administration,and has on other occasions done his utmost to prejudice the people against it. In a late number of the Erangeli$t, lie impresses upon his readers the importance of exercising the right of suffrage, after the following style " The supinenesa of men In regard to this duty ii very surprising. A Christian who will not vote it ao far forth, a traitor to hia country. If men will not carry i liristiauity into their politica, how can they e\pect poli tical afl'afts to go right 7 Scarce a queition of great7m portance to the interests of our country can come up but what would be nettled aright, if all the Christian* and < hriitian ministers in our country would invariably vote We fear the consciences of many need enlightening and quickening on thi? subject. But if a man's conscience wi'l sutler him to neglect voting without chaitiaement .> will be a loose conscience in other thinga besides that " Mefi ?f Ood must pray more for their country But if it be a duty tr? pray, it is alto a duty to vote What consistency is there between asking of Ood the gift of good men tor our rulers. and then leaving to bail men the whole work of electing them ) Or what consistency be tween praying for good men, and voting for none ' ' We fear that ( hristian ministers do not set, as they ought the example of ( hriitian faithfulness in this duty of votinr Thousands vote in our country w ho ought not, and thou sand* do not vote who ought. Between them both our dearest interests may be sacrificed.'' Now, with nil due deference to tliis talented di vine, we must say, that Christianity has nothing to do with politics; and further, that if ho attend ed to liis duties as a Christian minister, he would not have time to write on politics at all, connect ed or unconnected with Christianity. His views of Christianity do not correspond with those of other persuasions; and until the whole world ad mits his to be the only true doctrine, and his views of Christianity the only correct ones, the gentleman might employ his time to a better pur- I j,ose than gratuitously interfering with that which ought not to concern him. This interference of the clergy in politics must be put down. There is no alternative; fbr if we expcct to enjoy the benefits from our constitution and laws, the ministers of all churches must be kept within their proper bounds. We care no thing for any man's politics or any man's religion. He can pray and vote as he pleases; but those sleek and well paid parsons, must let politics alone in their clerical discourses. Dhtkat of Senator Y ox-no.?Senator Young, one of the leaders among the barn-burners?one of the democratic cliqutt in the Senate?has been defeated in his election, as member for the State Convention. The defeat of thU old politician has c reated a good deal of groaning among the barn burners, but as mucli^ rejoicing among the old hunkers, or conservatives?the opposing cliqiit of the democracy. Senator Young has been an old urid a distinguished politician in the State. He once run for Oovernor, and was defeated; and is also a man of considerable talent and great pretensions to democracy. We are not sure, however, but his defeat will ylease a great majority of the sober, rational, and ^dependent men of all parties, who neither seek nor want otlice. During the present session of the Legislature, Senator Young has made several rather discreditable exhibitions, as a debater in the State Senate. He has been one of the lead ing speaker in that body, and has indulged in language, sentiments and epithets, that were high ly disreputable, and have been quoted in many recent European journal* as utterly disgraceful to the American name and character. Senator Young is an old and an educated man, who knew better; and it is no cxcuse for him, that his virtues or his qualities may have been assailed by others. Such a man deserves to be defeated, as bringing discredit on the publio character of the country ; and wo are happy that all such men will meet de feat when presented before the people. As a private individual, Mr. Young may be n very worthy mnn, and we have no doubt of it 5 but his course has l>een highly discreditable, nnd so the people havo stamped their disapprobation of it. State Convention.? 1 here i<? no longer any doubt of a decided democratic majority in the Convention. As soon as the returns reach us from die four or five counties remainin" to bo hcaH from, we sfctU five a full Ust of tU?name, of the member* elected, under a cUnification of puruii and fccuom Is the Oregon Question Settmd t?The ridi culous statement put forth *?y the Journal of Com ment, soon after the arrival of the Great Western, that the Oregon question had been settled, has received its roup tit tract from the government pajier at Washington, by its stating that there is no truth whatever in the rumor. Every one must have known that it was a ridi culous statement, and intended for some stock jobbing ptu jiose. Its source gave it its character | and paternity. Some of the bnlls in Wall street, when they wanted stocks to rise lor some special purpose?for some particulnr|shaving operation? invented tin- statement and circulated it; and, of course, the Wall street journals, and the Journal of Commerce at the head of the lot, considered itself in duty bound to give currency to it. But as to credibility or belief, it could not exist beyond Wall street. Indeed, the whole character of the Wall street press, during the last four mouths, has been used up, again anil again, by the stock jobbers of that quarter, who have circulated false statements of nil kinds, merely to affect the money market. The Journal of Corn metre is only one of the organs of the stockjobbers, and the honest, in dustrious, and hard-working people, cither com mercial or mechanical, throughout the country, ought to be carcfid how they put trust in the state ments coming from any one of them. Those statements are made solely for the purpose of de ception, and are intended to operate on the money market nud 011 stocks. During the last ten years or more, we have ex posed these gross and palpable deceptions 011 the money market, stock operations, and on the cur rency, again and again. On almost every occa sion, from the first symptoms of the great revul sion of 1837, our predictions and announcements turned out to be the only correct ones that emanated from New York. Who has forgotten the gross falsehoods and statements published by the Wall street journals, respecting the solvency of the United States Hank, during its various struggles and efforts 1 Who has forgotten the similar false statements in relation to the money market, the currency and stock operations that are continually ]>ouring from that street of roguery, deception and fraud 1 Those journals in that region of infamy are entirely under the control of the stock jobbers, bankers and financiers ; and when it is their in terest to cheat the rest of the community, by pul> lishing any statements, they do it at once. The truth can be found fully in the Herald, which is not the organ of stock jobbers or financiers of any description?but is the organ of truth, fact, inde pendence, sincerity and justice. Great Fair at Washington.?A great deal of effort, idle preparation, and noise, hns been mak ing during the last few weeks, in attempting to get up a splendid fair at Washington, for an ex hibition of American manufactures. This attempt is only got up by some of those eternally agitating politicians, in order to operate either one way or the other, en the debates and the result of the tariff, during its passage through both Houses. We doubt very much whether this fair will amount to anything of any consequence. Exhi bitions may be got up in New York, Philadelphia, and other large cities; but such exhibitions as they can get-up in Washington, will never pay the expenses?for there is 110 community there?110 public there?110 company to see it. The exhibi tion, even, of any quantity of nmimfnctuies in Washington, will not change the opinions of any member in the debates?men's minds are made up, even before the debate commences. We do not see how it is intended to operate upon the members or strangers there. At this season of the year, every one leaves Washington. There will be 110 company there ; and the people who are there, one-half of them ore attending to their oilicial duties, and the rest are working out their subsistence by the daily avocations of life. A great?splendid?beautiful fair at Washing ton, is a great?splendid?beautiful humbug. New York, Philadelphia, or even Baltimore, may get up fairs?but no such wilderness as Washing ton. There is neither an independent press, nor a community, nor public opinion to recommend it; it is a mere camp of politicians?ollice beggars, and oflice holders. Bishop Hughes.?This celebrate*! Catholic cler gyman will preach a very interesting ami instruc tive sermon in St. Peter's Church, this morning at half past 10 o'clock. The Bishop will embody in his discourse the sentiments and feelings which he experienced during the time he was absent on his recent European tour. Bishop Hughes is one of the greatest prelates in this country, and we muy date from to-day the commencement of a new era in the Catholic church. The Catholics number one million and a quarter of communL cants, at the present time, in the United States ; and if the Bishop will but pursue the same mode of action that St. Paul pursued, and be animated by the same spirit, there is no doubt he would swell the number of Catholics to two millions, or two and a half, within the next ten years. The prospect is good, and the field is large ; and, be sides, the Bishop has given up politics, and is go ing to stick to his text for the future. New Hotel.?We understand that a new hotel will shortly be opened at Bergen Point, New Jer sey, a few miles from Jersey City. This is a de lightful place lor a summer residence. It is far superior in point of loveliness, salubrity and com fort, to Staten Island. It possesses another advan tage over Staten Island, inasmuch as it can be reached by cither land or water. The Newark steamer stops there every day during the sum mer, and those who do not wish to go by water, can go through Jersey City, Communipau and nil the old Dutch settlements in that quarter, to the Point, making a delightful ride. This new hotel will very soon be opened. Naval.?U. S. frigate Columbia, Commodore Rosseau, and the sloop-of-war Saratoga, Captain Shubrick, arrived at Montevideo on the 23d of February last, from Rio Janeiro. Virginia Klectlon. DcLtiuTti Elected. >?1846?. , Counlitt. Dtm. Wkif. Dem. H'hif. Br fore (irrn ...U .'>2 ii (1 Augusta 0 t ft 2 ( arroll and Oravion I II I n Oiln and Mercrr I A I ft Oretnbrier I 0 0 I Hampshire ...1 A 2 0 Henry I 0 0 I Lor an I A I ft Moniw I A t ft I Morgan A 1 A I Orange and Orrru I A I ft I Pocahontas 1 ft i ft Patrick I A I ft Rockbridge A 1 0 2 Roanoke I A I ft Rnaaell A | | ft Hhenandoah 3 A 2 A Smyth ... . I A | ft Warren and Clark 1 A I 0 W??lnn*ton ................. I A | ft Wythe I # 1 A Total, so far aa heard from At M 72 M Court of Common Plea*. Before a full Bcnch. !)?:<: moss.? U'm. II. Hluhdoirn rs. Henry Ducker.? peal dismissed w ithout coats. f ou-ell 4- Com flock r? Potter and other i.?Order appeal Ar. ed from nod modified so aa to require defendant* to par eunia for opposing motion to atay proceedings, if defend ant doe* not comply with their order to atay revoked. H'* J. Burrilt aih. fan I'alkenbiirgh.?Judgment for i plaintiff on demurrer. Ferdii I a ml Knaufl .></? lfm. .tmer.?Order of Judge at Chamber*nppeal<"d from?reversed without coat*. Contempt of Court?It will he remembered by the reader* ol the Herald, that on Monday la*t Mr. Wm. M. Maach. one of the \lderman. a**i?ulted Mr. Horace K. f larke, a coun*ellor ol the ( onrt, in preaonee of the Bench. The f'otirt rai a Judgment yesterday . and after making tome remark*, su?ponded Mr. Meaeh from prac tj*ing, during the pleasure of the Court Circuit Court. Before Judge Kdmond*. The special calendar will bo taken up in Qui Court oa Monday Superior Court. The record cJenJor will t? takes, up in 'hi# Ciurt, l ?n4 gon? through u Ar M Ifc Musical and Theatrical. Fab*.?There wu quite ? respectable attendance last evening, to witness the taut representation of " Antony and Cleopatra." 'Die play went off in very good style, the principal part* being, as usual, very effectively rcn dered. On Monday erenitig Mrs. Mowatt appears in the character of Margaret, in " Love's Sacrifice," Mr. Vandenhoff taking the part of Matthew Ellmore. The play is rait to the strength of the company, and having the double attraction of two (tars, will of course draw a crowded houtc. Mrs. Mowatt and Mr. Vandenhoff ap pear every evening during the week. We are glad to find that the management have consulted the nubile wish, and their own advantage, by thus giving Mrs. Mowatt the advantage of strong support. Mr. Vandenhoff is cer tainly a powerful auxiliary. Bowfrt Theatre.?Last night was the concluding night of the great "Wixand ofthe Wave," which still ex hibited no sign* or symptoms of any declension in public favor, and was again greeted with enthusiastic delight by a crowded audience. On Monday evening, the man ager, Mr. Jackson, With that skill for which by his able management of this Theatre, he has become so famous, has prepared a bill of great and unnsual attractions. An other drama, on a national subject, will beproduced for the first time in New York, ontitled " The Traitor, or the Battle of Yorktown." The splendid success which has attended these historical pieces founded on American history, shows forcibly the currcnt of )>opular feeling : thoy are eminently calculated to excite that strong na tionality and self pride which, despite the complaints of many public writers, reigns stronger in the American than in any other people. This national, or rather native drama, will bo preceded by Moore's celebrated trage dy, " The Gamester," in which J. R. Scott, Mrs. Jones, and Miss Phillips, take the prominent characters. The whole cast is strung and most judicious. Greenwich Theatre.?There was a capital 1 < at the Greenwich last night, on the occasion of Mr. H. P. (irnttan's benefit A great variety of entertainments were presented, and all received with the most unbound ed applause. The people of the upper part of the city are enjoying the delightful amusements which are fur nished by this elegant little theatre. CiiaisTi's Minstrels.? Chrysty's I thiopian Minstrels gave another of their inimitable performances lust eve ning at Palmo's, to a crowded audience. This company is in many respects superior to any other which ever visited us. There is nothing vulgar or low in their per formances, but every thing is chaste and elegant The simple melodies peculiar to the negroes of the South are harmonized and sung by them in such a manner as to I impart a feeling of irresistible pleasure to all who hear ' them. Their instrumental, as well as vocal music, is of a very superior order. Mr. Hooley, their violinist, could hold a high rank among the professors on that instrument, and the younger Christy, their bone-player, entirely throws in the shade all other bone-players we ever lis tened to. The castanets of Spain sink into comparative ' insignificance at the soft and delicate touches of " them I bones." The banjo and tamborine players are also very superior, and, altogether, they give a varied performance j which nightly draws down the most rapturous applause. ' Their distinguished success here has caused them to de termine to remain a week longer, during which time they must have crowded houses. Ma. Gkoroi: Vanpenhoef.?This gentleman, who i is now perfuming at the Park Theatre, has many 1 of the requisites, and yet wants some very im portant attributes, of a great actor. He possesses a very fine figure?a good stage walk?a well modulated voice, : as hign as it goes, (lie cannot pitch his voice to a high key) and a very elaborate and almost faultless declama tion. No man is more skilled in regulating the action of his lungs. His conversational tones, which he mostly uses, are very fine, and his reading is jierfect He is, lie sides, a ripe scholar?possesses refined taste and judg ment, and has an excellent conception of his parts. But, on the other hand, the very elaborateness ol his decla | mation spoils the effect of his finest passages. The art ctlart arttm. the cliiefcst excellence of an actor, next to inborn genuis, is wanting. He lacks the power to com pletely transfuse himself into his characters. His imper sonation is but "the counterfeit presentment" of that of which Kean and Macready give?at least, the seeming reality. When you see him on the stage, you see Mr. | George Vandenhoff giving an almost faultless reading of | the part he takes, accompanied with very appropriate gesticulation, und very well dissimulated passion. When 1 Kean is on the stage, you lose sight of the man Charles Kean, and you sec "ltoraco," or "Richard," or "Shy. lock," as the case may be. Mr. Kean, with physical en dowment, inferior to those of Mr. Vandenhoff, has had the advantage of long and laborious practical training.? i Mr. Vandennolfs training, we arc inclined to think, nas been mostly acquired in the study, in that easv, natural ahamlon, which is only attained after years of labor and drudgery, just as the grace of the danteuse is only ac quired by going through the training of an athlete, Mr. Vandenhoff is deficient His features are by no means of a tragic caste, and it is scarcely possible for him to school them into that deep expressiveness which is so effective in tragic acting, lie is incapable of exercising that spell which the genius of Kean throws over his audience, nor do his bursts of passion exert that electric influence that thrills one's nerves, and stops the current of the blood through the veins. But his " Antony" induces us to be lieve that he is capable of higher flights than he has yet exhibited. His "Kltcly," too, is pcrfectiii its kind. On the whole, Mr. VandenholPs talents are of no common order, and if he but apply himself sedulously to the practice of his profession, and go through the requisite amount of drudgery, we have no doubt that he will yet make a great actor. ' D?. Meyf.?.?Thl* great matter of the piano vti to have given hi* secoond and last concert in New Orleant on the evening of tho 34th ult, prior to hii departure for Mobile. The New Orleans paper* ipeak of him with the utmott enthusiasm. He has met, as was to be ex pected, with a most gratifying reception from the people of New Orleans. He was to have left immediately for Mobile, whence he was to return to New Orleans, and travel up the Mississippi on a western tour. The con tinued success of Mr. De Meyer argues well for the taste and discrimination oi the people of this city. Every great artist who has achieved distinguished success in I the United States, has first received his imprimatur in | New York ; and in every instance in which an artist has received a diploma from the hands of a New York audi ence, he has never been known to fail elsewhere. Mhs.Mowatt.?This lady, who has just returned in fine health and spirits from a most successful Southern tour, commences an engagement at the Park to-morrow evening. There is already an unusual stir and excitement among the fashionables, to see again a lady who has already ad- ! vauccd so far in the estimation of the patrons of the drama, in every city where she has played. There is no doubt that her engagement will be one of the most bril- ' liant of the season. The high estimato put upon her talents by the people of this city, has sinco been en- , dorscd by the theatrical critics of Philadelphia, Balti more, New Orleans, and other cities of the Union. In- i deed, after Charlotte Cushinan. who is universally al lowed, oven bv the English critics, to be the legitimate successor of Miss O'Neil and Mrs. Siddons, Mrs. Mowatt is the only American actress of high merit, at present on the stage. During her preseut engagement, she is to ap pear in those characters in which she is most at home ; among the rest, as " Gertrude," in her own comedy of " Fashion." We have no doubt that the management will give her the advantage of good accessories, a very important requisite to the success of even great artists. After fulfilling two or three other engagements, Mrs. Mowatt will visit England early in the summer ; and we have no doubt that her many excellencies will be duly appreciated by the British nublic, and acknowledged by them in that spirit of canaor and liberality, which the j people of America have manifested towards tho Kcans and other great English artist*. Ma. Brouoham.?We arc happy to learn that thi* ta- 1 lented comic lecturer ha* met with distinguished success ; in Boston. He was to have taken a benefit last evening : in that city, and it was expected, as we sec by the Boston pai>er*, that he would have a very crowded house. We are gratified at Mr. Brougham's success, as he is a gentle man. a polished scholar, and the first Irish comedian in the United States. He will visit Connecticut, and will Sive some entertainments in Philadelphia and Baltimore, efore he appear* again before a New York audience. He is suro to have a cordial reception when he returns to thl* city. H porting Intelligence. Fsiarirl.n (Va.) Hacks?Paorair.Toa's Prasr., *150 ? 2 mile heats. Thursday, April 2!>th, 1S46.?Four horses started for the purse, and a prettier race could not easily be run. There seemed to be no favorites?the field had the odds largely, and betters were scarce as "hen's teeth" against it. Time?1st heat, 4m. 2*.; 2d heat, 3m. 64*.; 3d heat, 3m. 59*. 1. R. Blankenship enter* bl. horse Alamode, by imported Margrave, dam by Timoleon 4 1 1 'J. John Belchers enters bl. horse Tom Paine, 6 year* old, 107 lbs 13 3 3. Col. Win. R. Johnson enters br. horse by Rolla, dam Rosalie Somers 3 3 2 4. O. P. Hare enters bay mare by imported riiffn. dam by Virginian, 5 jr. o., 107 lbs. ... 4 4 The weather was quite warm, the track dry and dusty, ami the attendance reasonably large and icspectable.? Richmond Hrpublican. Movement* of Traveller*. The arrival* yesterday were not as numerous as the previous days of the week, but quite sufficient to nearly overstock the principal hotels. We found at the Astra it am?Mr. Tuckerman. Boston: Mr. Jackson, II. B. M. 38th Regiment; Dr Clymcr, Philadelphia; Silas Peaire, Boston; (Jeorge Menich, New Orleans; Mr. Morris, Philadelphia ; A. Kitlev, U. 8. N.; Geo. Stevens, Boston; Thomas Pcltherie, Venniylvanie ; C. Miller, Virginia; H. Phelps, East Windsor; W. If. Hornby, North Carolina. Astor?J. Binnev, A. Binney, Boston; E. Lessee, Portsmouth ; John Tyler, jr.; Joseph Bates, Boston; tJen A. Ward, Walter Manton, Providence; A. Bolilcr, Philadelphia; M. Stanley, Maryland; John Bones, Au gusta, Goorgiu ; S. Hulbertoti. New Orleans ; 11. H. Gardner, Maine ; Cant. Munro, Mobile ; C. S. Coleman, Troy ; P. Holland, Norwich ; W. Wordsworth, Hyde Part ; H. Stenly, Vermont: F. Webster, Boston; R. Berry. Baltimore ; D. Haskill, E. Bancroft, Boston ; J. Tulu'tt, Washington ; W. Darich. do. Citt?W. Roberts, North Carolina ; T. Delland, U.S.N.; J. Jackson. James Thomas, Richmond. Va.; I,. Wcllcr, Philadelphia ; J. Bradford, Milwaukle ; 1L linker, Bos ton ; J. Dare)', Vermont ; G. I'omcroy, M. Craig, Sche nectady ; J- Parmele. Memphis ; Messrs. Conrad nnd iBitrkhard, Philadelphia. FaAnai.iv?B. Crane. Baltimore ; W. Whiton, Picrmont; E. II. Townsend, Chicago ; J. Smith, Ohio; J. Bntvn, Kingston; II. Walker. Albany ; W KinJrich. Boston; I H. ?Jood) ear, Michigan ; A. B. White, Bullalo ; H. ' Wells, do ; David Pratt. Princeton ; J. Heath. Troy. | IIdsisd?John C. Hiics, W. Harman. Michigan; Jas. Howes, Delhi ; J. Van Rensselaer, Albany ; J. Lowe, Ponghkeepsio ; C. Wartc, Pittsburgh ; W. Stewart, Mo bile ; Mr. Alvord, Indiana ; W. Mlfford, Ohio ; Mr. How ard, Boiton. Conn ( nlemlnr. . Com rur.A?.?Is;part?i3. 33. til. C5. ?.?. lol, 07,103. 105, 407.111 17,74,33,63,^.'. rt?74, |?, M 0. M, 4t>, 30, 30. 80, s>s 14, 00, <W 70, City Intelligence. Fatal Accident ok th? HiW.m R?iuo?i>. A Ut ile hump-backed girl, Mined Martha O'Leary, whoso*. ported a destitute and bed-ridden mother by selling needles pin., thread, shirt-buttoni, he., to such humane person* us would buy from her. was yesterday crushed to death by the meeting of two can on the Harlem Rail road bolow J3d street, an ?he was alighting from one of them We know not how far the poor girl wu guilty of If"}: ai.,i inattention; but there can be no doubt that i* is the conduces duty to bo on th. look out on ?uch occa*ion?; and to warn passengers of the danger fiff. threatens them. The director, of the road will, of nitirfie ill thi* instance, be disposed to make the P?or rc" coarse, in tnu imiuh*. *~iaitr) donation to the un Krl?v.d family U 111 lUdge street Trinity CHi acM CHiMr..?The chimei were wunded velterday at noon, and, for the first time we believe, a piece of muiic was played with them. Thev are clear Lndingood tune, and the sweet hui-mony (?tolte "P?" the noi.y din ofWall street like an angel s whisper abov e the turbulent wavesof the ?ea. They will sound beBU fully on the fine Sabbath morning* wo are won to lia?e. , Fire.?The fire la?t evening, about 11 o'clock, wai in the fifth (tory of the True Sun building, occupied as a competing room. There was little damage done, with the exception of knocking a lot of type into ?t, which, probably, an?wered the printers, instead of their usual lunch about that hour.

Drn<ii.Aax.?The umbrella .tore No. aMiBowery. oc | copied by Mr. Millington, wai entered on Friday lUght by Rome rogue.,who were surprised before the) had suc ceeded in procuring any plunder. j Accidewt.?Mm Walter Skid more wai seriously injur ed on Friday, by the fall of the .econd floor of a build- | ing in North .treet, which some workmen were engaged in repairing. Accident.?A voung lad, about four year, of age. met with an accident last evening at the corner of Orand and Suffolk .treet.. A carelc*. and drunken driver of a pro vision cart having driven by toward, the Oraml .treet ferry, wa? nigh driving over the poor little boy, who was pitched back on the flagging, having conic in contact with the cart. There have been too uiany in stances of thi. neglect and w ickedness on the part of drunken driver, from the country , who con.idcr them selves licensed to "frolic on Saturday evemng?"-but the polico should look after ?uch character*. Railroad Accideht.-A small girl, about 16 year, of run 0ver by the Harlem Railroad car, at the corncr of Bow, ery and Third .treet., and in?Untly kUled. Coto^.t'i OrricE.?Mat 2.?Accidental Death.?Tht Coroner held an innuest yesterday at the 17th ward sta tion hou?e, corner oi Third ?treet and the Bowery, on the body of Maria O'Leary, born '"New York, 17 year* of age. formerly resident at No. Ill Ridge street, who came to her death by injuries received byacaronthe Harlem Railroad, accidentally pasting o\er her. Her brother, 9 vear. of age, .tated that he wa. looking out of the window on the side of the car where hi. Miter was when .he a.ked him if hi. younger brother wa. in the car ; ho replied that he was inside. She then took hold of the railing on the forward end, and wa. getting on, whea .he fell, and the car passed over her. Tho driver likewise stated that he diu not ace lier, or know she wa. getting on the car. Poller Intelligence* rostmailer Delected in Robbing the Mail.?U appear! that on the 6th day of March, 184ti, Mr. Edward ?ffany, residing in Susquehanna county, mailed two letters nt the Brooklyn post office, in the above county, one address ed to Wetmore tc Co., and the other to White li Barns, of the citv of New York, and each letter containing $40. principally in ten dollar notei?four of these bill* w ore marked with a black line draw n aero*, the back, also the date of mailing w a* marked in the hand writing ot Mr TiJIhnv?the*e letter, never reached their destina tion. Officer A. M. C. Smith, of Now York, whom it ap pear* has been appointed special agent by the Postmaster General, to investigate thi* matter, wa* informed that two of the ten dollar bill., marked as above, w-ere discovered in the Honcsdalc Bunk, Pennsylvannia. These bills had been deposited by a Mr. Zenai H Ruisell, who received the same from Kben h. Clark, the postmaster at Cherry Ridge, in thii county. Upon procuring this information, officer Smith, accompanied with Mr. 1 ittany, l,r0^?cd^1 to Cherry Ridge, and upon an interview with Mr. Clark, respecting the robbery, and from the fact of the money being traced from him, which wa* identified to be the stolen money belonging to Mr. Tiftany, ho be came much alarmed, and tonally acknowledged the fact of attracting the letter* and money from tho man, and paid Mr. Tiffany back the $80, and asked to be for uiven, and hoped that the matter might be settled in thi. way. lie also gave him $2 more to give to Mr. John Gill man, from whose letter he had abstracted that amount and also asked him to forgive him. ] he whole of these proceedings were taken on last Friday, before e~ Fat nue, F.sq., justice of tho peace, in M aye county, Penn sylvania. Ho w a. committed for examination. Grand Larceny.?\ black fellow, by the name of James Henry, a .tewart on board the brig Robert Bruce, which arrived vcstcrdav from St. Thomas,was arrested, charged with stealing twenty-iix doubloon, worth $404 85 from a passenger by the name of John Mlnard, No 5 White hall street, on board the brig. Lpon being brought to the police office, he acknowledged the robbery, and gave up nine of the doubloons, ulso a lot of new furniture, which wa. recovered and brought to the polico office. Committed for examination by Justice Osborne. Arrett of Ktcaped Convict*.?Mary Haggerty and John Hut lev were caught last night by a policeman, they hav ing both e^apedfrom off lieforo heir time of imprisonment had expired. Sent back to thci old quarter, to finish their term. JlFugitive from Justice ?Officer Vandertee, of the Third ward, arretted, yesterday, a man by the name or James Barton, on a bench warrant, from Albany. He was taken back to Albany for trial, by Sheriff Russell of ^PUking a Lad ft Pocket.?A fellow called John Mur crof was " nicked" in the act of nicking a lady's pocket in an auction store in the Second ward. Taken to the Second ward station house. .Supposed to be Stolen.?An ow ner is wanted for a gold bracelet, with a large yellow stone ; alio a small pini and chain, with a locket in the form of a heart, ?topped from an individual ?uppo?cd to be ?toien. Apply to the Cbiei "Stealing Sheet.?An old thief, called Jack Phenix, w as caught in the act, lait light, of carrying off a box con taining twenty-five pain of shoes, worth $10, belonging to George H. Studwell, No. 248 Pearl street Locked up by Justice Osbonie. . Jack Canter, the Counterfeiter.?We understand that this expert and dangerous counterfeiter, John A. Canter, who was arreited y esterday, ha* been secreted in this citv until within a week, ever since hi* liberation ou " straw" bail, he being unable to leave the city, from the fact of his legal advisers having completely turned his pockets inside out; taking his gold watch tad chain, over $800 in cash, his Newfoundland pup; and then we arc informed, wanted hi* booU into the bargain, to satis fy the demands of " straw" bail. " Welcome back, John." Auun, May 1, 1846. Lovely Morning?Deliciout Morning?May Flowers in the Park, and May Qukri Watering Them?Solo. "Ah, I am the Queen of May, mother; Ah, I am the Queen of May !" The gravel walk* in the Park are appropriated,on plea ?ant day*, by beautiful little girls, for (kipping the rope*, and pretty lads for trundling the hoop. Let me ?ay a word more about Oregon?by authority.? Information haa been received here, from what ii called a high source, that folk will issue the proclamation for the diitolution of the joint occupation of Oregon; an opinion ha* aUo been expressed by an illuitriou* citizen, that the ! question will remain open "pretty near eternally." Thia 1 i* baiod upon the hypothesis that England will never offer to compromiie an inch north of 43, and that it is doubtful whether *he will make eren that offer; and further, upon the hypotheii* that Mr.Polk doc* not deem himielf "com petent or authorized" to concede an inch *outh of 64 40 This may bo attributed to the weight of the Balti more resolution*. The voice of the 49 deg. Senator* i* entitled to great comiderntion, but 1 expect that Polk'* sympathies are with the 64 40 Senator* ; but tho*e pre tended sympathies are created by selfish motive* ; there can be no doubt but that the succession j* the mighty consideration which control* thi* affair. You will find, and the country will find, that Mr. Polk will not positive ly commit himself upon thi* que*tion very *oon. l'ou will further find that il'a proportion by Pakcnham i* made ; to make the parallel of 49 the boundary, even if Van couver'a Island, with the free navigation of the Columbia River, i* reded to us. will not be accepted nor refuted by Polk within the next two year*. Nothing under heaven ia certain, you know t but I believe thi* i* a* certain aaany- I thing under heaven. The conclution i*, therefore, obvi ous, that the question will remain vilely uncertain?that ; Polk will degrade the preaidcncy?and that war will i follow. For if thi* thing goes to the ma**cs, the popular i cry for 61 40 will be irresiitible. There was nothing of the ilighteit possible interest ac j roniplished in either branch to-day. The bill, authorizing the extension of the New York and Erie Railroad into Pennsylvania, was defeated in the House, notwithstand ing u |>eiition presented this morning from several hun dred alliens of New York city, praying for the passage of this bill. There is a imposition being discussed in the House, of wine general importance ; it is a bill to amend the gene inl manufacturing law of this State, by giving operatives in the<c manufactories a preference over all other credit ors of the company. This is the grand feature proposed to t>e established, a'nd it is a very worthy one. This afternoon the House had a simple local matter un der consideration. The Scute did no business Unlay worthy of notice. Dkstftictivk Fire i.\ New IIavex.?The rata blislmmnt on Sherman :ivunue for the mnnulho lure of webb suspenders, belonging to the Pritchard Mar nnfacturing Company, was burnt to the ground at about Imlf-nast 1-J o'clock tnis morning. The building we* of wood, three stories high, 100 feet long and about OA wide. The loss of the Company I* estimated at about $14,000. and to this mu*t lie added some $9,000 worth of personal property belonging to Dr. Maddox, on which there wa* no insurance. The Company were Insured to the amount of $10,000, as near as we can learn?in the Hartford C o. $?1.1*00 ; in the Willlamslnirgh Co., N. Y., f'l.VK) ; in the Contributionship Co., N. Y., *6,000. Tho Company gave employment to about #0 hand* in tho factory, and 160 or 200 stitchers wlio worked out The fire wa* first disco vered in the winding room on the lower *t0ty, in which no one had been after 7 o'clock in the evening. Two of the ('ompany wore engaged in porting books till half-past 11 o'clock, and when they left all wa* apparently light. ?Nrir Harm Herald, May 1. Trtsaury Note* Outstanding, May 1st, 1848, Tarssrar Drr*aT?KNT, ) RaaisTca's Orricr., May 1st, 1H44. j Amount of the several issues outstanding, as per records of this office. ? r, . ... $?14 864 38 Deduct cancelled ngies ia vhc h&odi of the accounting oflcelf 10,TM 00 NM.lU Sfl S9S Fo?elg? Cwwpondenc* ?TUm Herald. Paris, April 8,1848. Oregon?Cam l-aw?Coercion BiU?Danger of tk? Petl Cabinet?Music and Theatricals. Extraordinary and even incredible as it may seem to your readers, it is, nevertheless, true, that neither the Oregon nor any other international question aflecting the relations of Great Britain and the United States, engrosses at this moment any considerable share of attention in England, or any other part Europe. We live in strange times, and although the greater part of the civilised world is in a state of profound peace j yet interests so momentous are at this moment staked on political and administrative measures, and the roar of the cannon resounding from the opposite hemisphere is so jx>rtentious, that vast as may be those conse quences of the Washington negotiations, which are concealed in the womb of time, they are utter ly disregarded, I had almost said forgotten. The commercial revolution now in progress at the other side of the Channel, the outline ol which I foreshadowed to you in my correspondence of Inst autumn, continues to engage all minds. If the attention which it has commanded in Franco be not so universal as in England, it is equally im posing, if not more so, when the order of minds which are brought to bear on it is considered.? The actual licnd of the Cabinet of|the Tttilleries has never censed to regard the debates of the British Parliament on this measure,with profound and in telligent attention. Recently, M. Guizot has broken silence on this important subject, and it has be come abundantly apparent to all who regard po litical a (fairs with attention, that the spirit of com mercial freedom will not limit its beneticial influ ence to Great Britain, but will be rapidly diffused to all parts of the globe where liberal institutions prevail, France, alter England, taking the lead. The announcement which I ventured to make in my last of the approaching annexation of the Punjaub to British India, was premature. Well aware that the dispersion and rout of the Sikh ar my was at liand, and tliat this section of India must be placed at the mercy of the British author ities, I inferred, as now appears, rather harshly, that its annexation must follow as a matter of course. England, however, has learned that an nexation ol territory is not always synonymous with augmentation of power. The Governor Gen eral aims at interposing between the British terri tory and those neighbors whose hostility may Iks troubleseme,the cushion of a friendly and depend ent power which must intercept nnd break the shock of any occasional collision. On tliis princi ple, if it be possible to constitute any native go vernment in the Punjaub sufficiently strong to maintain itself in internal peace, its establishment will be encouraged, and its power strengthened by the Anglo-Indian forces. The present aspect ol things, however, renders it very doubtful whether such a government can be constituted in the Punjaub, and the great probability is that no very long period will roll away before this territo ry will lie fused into the general mass of British India. The same game has now been so often played, and invariably with the same result, that the ultimate issue cannot be very doubtful. It will be a question of time only. Be this as it may, the brilliant victories of the Anglo-Indian anny have dazzled the public and extorted the admira tion of every part of Europe. Troubles gather round the Peel ministry. At the commencement of the session, when the Pre mier introduced his bill lor the abolition of the corn laws, and the establishment of free trade, the conservative party was split. One-third of it at taching itsell to Peel, was joined by the whig party and the free-traders,and thus formed a work ing majority of the House. The remaining two thirds, with the addition of soino eccentric whig* and individual nondescripts,formed an opposition formidable by its numbers and coherence, but still more by it? indomitable pluck, and a vit lo qxundi that nothing could quell. Never did an op position so thoroughly understand and so unflinch ingly practice the manoeuvre of talking against time. By inflexible perseverance in these tactics, they have managed to spin out the debates on the first and sccond readings of the corn bill, from the opening of the session in January to this first week of April, a period of little less than three months. Meanwhile, the Irish coercion bill having passed the House of Lords, has made its ominous appearance in the Commons, and ministers have judged it proper to pronose its first reading with out waiting for the final passing of the corn bill. This has been a great blunder in parliamentary tactics. The Irish party, determined to resist the measure to the death, and obstruct it in every shape, has raised a debate on the first rending, a step which in ordinary canes is allowed to take place jtro forma and in silence, the discussion l>e uig always reserved for the second reeding. The indirect| consequenee of this is to^Xnrow over the corn bill till after the Easter recess. The division of parties has, on this measure, assumed a new arrangement. The proposition to coerce Ireland, has restored to the ministe rialists the section of the conservative party which the corn bill had estranged from tiiem, while the great body of the liberals, some adverse to the coercivc measure and others irritated at the unnecessary delay of the corn bill, have turned against them. In short, this state of un certainty has damaged the cabinet, aflectcd in a sensible manner the funds, and has even created some uneasiness respecting the great measure of free trade. Delay is at present the object of the protec tionists. Time, they hope, may show that famine in Ireland, is not so imminent as it has been rep resented to bo?and if that can be rendered ap parent, they look forward to the possibility of strangling free trade in the House of Lords. Well informed persons now expect a majority of alxnit twenty-live in favor of the cabinet meaaure in that house: but to secure this, proxies are indis pensable. Now there are certain stages of the bill in which proxies are inadmissible, and in these the murder of die measure is contemplated. Do not, however, imagine that these marxzuvrcs can affect the ultimate fate of the measure; pub lic opinion in England is too strong and too pro nounced for that. They may, however, produce delay and temporary mutilation. A dissolution may become necessary, and even a re-organiza tion of the cabinet is not improbable. All these are the questions which at present en gross the public mind, and withdraw all attention from thoJOregon dispute. Some exultations, with implied reference to Washington, broke forth, however, on the publication of the news of the Indian victories. "This," said certain organs, " will be a lesson to other parts of the world, where the power of British arms may soon be in voked, of tne terrible consequences of defying or despising them." There is no mistaking the " part of the world" for which the lesson has been intended. An army of 00,000 Americans, it is insinuated would be as easily and effectually dispersed and annihilated in the Western, as the like number of Sikhs have been in the Eastern Continent. A sad and humiliating spectacle of the debased moral condition of the class of persons here called hommtt dt Uttrti has been recently exhibited, in a prosecution for murder in a duel, which took place before the Court of Assizes at Rouen. This section of the community is that which exercises the sacred functions of the press, and ought to be. at least in some degree, examplos of external decency. Nothing, however, can be imagined more disgusting than the exhibition of vulgar de pravity anil licentiousness, uncontrolled by the least sense of propriety, which was developed in these proceedings, and of which die very court of justice itself became the scene. There is no evil without its concomitant good, and it may lie hoped that the odious travestie of the practice of duelling presented on this occasion, at once so ridiculous, so vulgar, and so atrociously horrible, cannot fail to make every one, who has any sense of his own dignity, slow to identify himself with such parties. In the early part of last year, a party of jour nalists or contributors to the Paris newspapers, met, by invitation, an equal number of females of loose character, taken from the refuse of the coitlitttt of the Boulevard theatres, at a din nerj at ihe well known restaurant called I*t Droit Prbrti Provtncaux, in the Palais Royal*. There the night was passed in Bacchanalian or fies; (lancing, drunkenness, licentiousness, dc aucliery and gambling being pushed to a shame less excess characteristic of the place, and almost realising the worst scenes depicted in tlie feuillttont of the performers themselves. The party did not separate till a late hour in the morning. One of the least culpablc of them?a youiig man of some literary promise?found himself the subject of a challenge from another of the party noted as a swordsman of deadly reputation. Of the cause of offence the supposed offender was ignorant, and knew not what it was lie was called on to give satisfaction for. All he knew was that he must submit to be shot at or run through the body by one of the most practiced marksmen ami exjiert swordsmen in France. Yielding to the social necessity imposed on him by the barbarous code which is acknowledged by tne class to which it was his misfortune to belong, he sat down, wrote bis will, solemnly recorded his ignorance of the cause of his intended murder, went out to the Bois ile Boulogne, and in the first fire was shot through the head ! The trial for this murder took place nt Rouen rcocntly, on which occasion the court jiro??? a tccnu a* chftiraitoiink jvs that of 'he Trait frtra fWMMM, Th* employM Aft down to the trial as to a festivity, accompanied by the same partners of their ptcamre* as figured at the Palais Royalo, and the Tribunal presented the a*pect of a i^eraglio. The tone of that portion o the public wltien formed the jury ami the au dience mtiy be aaUcctrd from the fact, that when the jury solemnly declared before God that the accused was not guilty, the verdict was hailed with acclamntion, and the prisoner, now liberat ed, was embraced l>y the audience which sur rounded him, especially by the ladies ! In giving this disgraceful sketch, it is but juat to ndd, that the more respectable part of thu journalists of Paris have loudly and solemnly de nounced the whole affair as casting a stigma on the national press, and have indignantly repudiat ed all connection or community with such {larties. It cannot, however, be disputed, that journalism in Paris innst undergo a great moral purgation before it can be allowed to assume that position which it ought to hold in the social system of tho country; and it lteliooves thnt portion of the lead ers of the press who have a due sense of the real dignity of their location, to cut otf all connection with parties and practices which in tliis case have brought so much disgrace upon the lxxly. The Indian opera here has just closed, after a season marked by no novelty worth mentioning. One or two of Verdi's operas were produced wiu? rnther equivocal success. Ittishc misfortune of this com [loser to exclude from his scores all the notabbihties of the theatre. Neither Grisi, nor Persiani, nor Lablache, nor Mario, nor any other of the popular fuvorittes, have parts in them. This is quite sufficient to explain their indifferent reception, notwithstanding the undisputed excel lence of the Ole Bull is now here, and about to give a concert at the Italian opera. Hi* reception, a few evenings ago, at the benefit of Roger, at the Opera Comique, was flattering. Cinti Damoreau is not at present engaged at any of the theatres, but she is going to give a grand musical f(tt at the Italian theatre. This artiste is, however, pattit. The most remarkable musical event of the sea son has been the production of Halevy's opera of Let Mou$quetnirs tie la Rtinc, which has now run continuously for two months, and is like to be sus tained through the summer. It is really a most lasaiitiful production, and one which must be popular in i every country. It requires for its ef fective performance, two good female singers, two good tenors and a basso. The melodies aud concerted pieces are all of the most striking and popular character. It would be well worm the attention of your musical people to get it adapted. It would pay well. Navigation of the Ohio River. Placet. Time. State of River. Cincinnati, April 27 6 feetfl inches. Wheeling, April 13 Sffeet 6 inches. Pittsburgh, April 'J8 Ofeet|S inches. Louisville, April 34 Affect 3 inches. MONEY MARKET. Saturday, May fl. < P. M. There was a slight improvement in quotations for stocks to-day, and the transactions were somewhat larger than usual. Harlem went up J ; Long Island, ] ; Can ton, J ; Norwich and Worcester, |; Morris Canal, i ; Pennsylvania 5s, 1; Ohio 6s, 1 ; Fanners' Loan, j; Reading Railroad closed firm at yesterday's prices. At the second board this improvement was maintained. The fact that the banks have not drawn in their loans to the extent ^expected has relieved the stock market slightly, and it is anticipated that an expansion will im mediately be experienced The Commissioners of the Commercial Bank of Man chester, Mississippi, notify the holders of notes to pre sent the ?ame at tho counter of the bank, in Yazoo city, for payment A Bill to repeal the charter of the Bank of St Clair, Michigan, has passed the Senate of that State. The Union manufacturing Company, Maryland, has declared a dividend of ten per cent on its capital stock. The intereit due in London the first of June, on the bond* of Alabama, was remitted by the State agent in March. That due in July was remitted in April, and tha interest on the dollar bonds, payable the first Monday of May, will be paid, as usual, on and after that day, at the Phenix Bank, New York. The 'cashier of the State Bank of Indiana; gives no tice that the late issues of the counterfeit $6 bills have been seen, in which the number of flowers in the wreath around the brow of one of the females in the vignette, is made to correspond with the genuine, and the signa tures are well done, but the distinct line in the clouds around the vignette may still be observed, and may be relied upon in detecting the counterfeit, as in the genu ine the clouding is soft and blended, and no lines are per ceptible by the naked eye. These late counterfeits, so far as noticed, are on the Lawrenceburg and Bedford brances, the filling up of the Bedford notes being in blue ink, exccpt the President's signature. We annex the returns of seven banks of this city for February and May, 1846, giving a comparative exhibi tion of the condition of the leading departments on the first of each of these months*:? New Yoam City Banks. February l*r,. May IMS. Looms. Specie. Loan*. Specie. Bank of America.... 3.393,466 *66.089 3,324,S70 1,003,132 Sultoa Bank 1,**2,727 114,Ml 1,137,737 1H.MT ankof New York... 2,016,06* 313,417 1,037,312 313,79* N.Y. Dry Deck Bank. 369,JU 11,194 2*2,403 13.3*6 Seventh Ward Band.. *19,*67 19,092 930,437 106,MS Two previously fivea. 3.9M.36* 771,121 4,243.430 769,343 (11,791,373 2,1*6,184 12,196.199 2,32*,727 .... Circuiat'n. Dtpai'i. Cireula'n. Dtpot't Bulk of America... 216.422 l,tsFll4 212,642 1,333,229 Fullon Bank....... 236,1*3 733,734 234,413 6*#,7J? Bsak of New York.. 476,33* 1,367,761 439,946 1.6*3.266 Dry Dock Bank..... Jfc3*9 21,366 ?i,339 23,376 Seventh Ward Baak.. tXTMt 374,7*6 240,320 394,9*3 Two prcvioaily given. 661.409 1,931,343 677,461 1JVv3M $1,675.444 1.S72.0S6 1(76,1? (.OTS^tra The aggregates compare as follows Feb. 1M?. May. MIS. Jneressc. Dter. Loans snd discounts, $11,791,273 $12,196,199 $404,92$ ? Specie 2,366,184 2,S2S,7*7 1?1,I4S ? CircnUtion im<}4 1,876,1*1 667 ? Deposits 1,172,066 6,076,110 204,044 ? We have here a uniformity of movement almost un paralleled, considering the extended operations of the institutions. It must hare required the closest calcula tion, on the part of the managers of these banks, to have produced such a similarity of movement at periods so re mote, as exhibited above. We have no means of out the extent of the expansion or contraction during the past quarter, bat from thin state of the money market for the past six weeks, we should Judge that the contraction had been very great The Harristrarg and Lancaster Railroad will bo tnish ed by the re-laying of fcmrtee* miles of now T nil, from Elizabeth town to Harris burg, la the course of the pre sent^ ummer. The whole ftstsaacsfea this road, of 97 miles, can then be run in one horfr. Ttfc situation of this com pany is represented to have improved very much in the last year; the debts of the company have, with a small exception, boon all funded for fourteen years, and are payable in ISM, for which the bonds of the company have been issued, With coupons attached, the interest payable 1st of January and 1st of Jnly. The situation of the road at present Is as follows Bonds hsldin London, payable In IMS $313,000 Six per cent bonds issued nero do 190,000 MS,000 Cost of 14 miles now T rail, 100,000 Total, $723,000 The income of the road, from^U sources, in ISM, was $79,000. The estimated income this ysfer will bo $110, 000. The interest and currant exponas* of ths road up to January next, will be $M,81ft, which wiU^leeve a ba lance of $44,1M, or 7 percent dividend, on 13,000 shares of stock, at $00, the per value. The completion of the Centra] Railroad to Pittsburg frill make this road one of the most profitable in the country, and w{H greatly benefit the Columbia road. The earnings of the eastern division of the Erie Rail road for the month of April, ISM and ISM, wan as an nexed New Yoan ano Caia Raaaoan. April, 184$?From Freight $10,033 41 From Passengers and Matt 0,381 M Total |1MII 00 April, 1844?Total I3.1M 18 Increase in April ?Mil M Of this increase, $M1 SO were in the pesnanger re ceipts. This is another evidence of the policy of reducing fares to the lowest point On the first of April, this year, a reduction of about thirty per oent was ms de in the rates of fare, notwithstanding which, the receipts from that sourcc increased during the month about fteventeen percent Old H tor It Enhance. $1000 N V Scatr 7s, '4S . I01K SO aha East Boston C!o 1$ 100SS N V City ia, 1SS0 * 93* no Moms Canal IS 11000 Ohio 7a 101 '50 do 15K 3000 Ohio 6s,l?.W 94 100 do beo 1?M 10000 do im 60d 9<X 150 do b5 16M 2000 do 91 50 do 1)20 \t\ loon do 94 loo Harlfm R R 49V 2000 Illinois Spe"! 36 495 do 49 lmw Indiana Ster'f 36 JO do aW 4lV 10000 P*un 14 66 150 do aOO 4S$J lOSOO do ?60afl5 50 do 4sS ioooo do >30 60 100 Readme R R wS 35000 do C8i; 150 do 70 15000 do CS^ 50 do 10000 Reading Bonds 75 50 L Island R R s20 125 shs Fanners' Trust 27 4IMI do 100 do 27 W 175 do k* 450 Canton Co 390 100 do sSS 100 do blO 100 do Ml 100 do 39 10 do _ _ im do to 4.v> Nork Wors RR W# 00 1.4.1 40 r. ?0 d.> WO 43 15 ft d-i taw j * W*3