Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 4, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 4, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. V?W Vork, Monday, Mny 1, IH1H. ? igu Ktw??SUmiMlilp Cambria. I'! i? lust Killing steamship is now in her lifteenth d .y, ''i1 is fully due. We hourly expect her arri val. Ilcr advices will he eight days later than those received by tlie (I rent Western, but we do not look lor anything of any political importance. Commercially they may be of interest, ns we are vciy much in want of favorable linancial accounts from London. Parliainent had adjourned to the 17th ol April, and the Cambria can only bring part of two days doing* in the House of Commons. The lirst business after meeting, would be the consid eration of the coercion and corn bills, and it is |M?>-iibl? we may receive accounts of considera ble excitement, and perhaps a great explosion, in relation to these measures. Whatever comes to I hand, will In* given to the public in an extra, I immediately after its receipt. The Anniversary of the Government Editor, j Hie anniversary of the inauguration of Mr. 1 b'tchie, the government editor, appointed by Mr. ' ?'oik, vice Blair & Hives, retired to Silver Creek place on Friday night last, in Washington, it being .lie first of May. On the occasion, he issued .< long address to the public, recapitulating all the extraordinary deeds he bus pcriornied, the various principles which lwive regulated him, and the pro gress he bus made in the important business of keupnig the President straight, and managing the atlairsol both houses of Congress, during the last I year. The government editor certainly has a great deal "I work on hand. He has to manage the houses ?<! (ongress, the business of the President, and t ie a Hairs of twenty-six sovereign States, besides vcvenil Territories, and many troublesome editors, &??. &c. And he must assuredly have worked with' a great deal of skill to get along as well as he has, m succeeding beyond the expectations of anyone. I he great principles, however, au wfriehhe has conducted his career as editor, could nc{t fail to be successful. These principles, lie informs us, lie i adopted some lorty-two years ago?on the 9th of May, I8(KI and he calls these the principles of '118 I and '99. But we rather think that during the last lew years, he has changed those figures; and that I his principles are now regulated by the figures 49 and 54 40. During this latter period of time we have noticed the government editor to be at one time favorable to 49, and at another favorable to 54 10. I'he same variations of the magnet in politics, were observable in the President himself. Mr. Polk, in his inaugural message, was furious for 54 40, and nothing less; and yet, in the face of his declarations in that celebrated document, he af terwards offered to compromise on 49, and after wards went back to T>1 4(1. During the last four or five months, his variations, judging from his organ, have been as numerous as the changes in the compass on a voyage round the world. I liese are the principles of our contemporary, the government editor,49 and 5440. These are his prin ciples, notwithstanding liis'/SB and '99 principles, which he tells us of. The distinguished editor, on the occasion of his anniversary, [renews his alle giance to the people, to the sub-treasury, and to the democratic creed, as far as he knows it. There 1 is one point, however, which will attract a good <leal of attention, and that is the succession. Here is the paragraph relating to it, which we cut from the anniversary address :? '[Zl hav,?: fr,nm time to time, in the opposition journal*j. intimation* that we have been laboring direct ly oi indirectly, with a view to promote the aspiration* jit some favored candidate for the Presidential chair at the next election. These intimations have rather hover nlm3rl, V h?V". hcon whol,J' unable to tlx L; " * ?"T object Whenever they ,, 1 " ("red each ha* come forth in partial or total contiauction of?be last It is the natural fate of false- \ i. oi.. No man ha* been able to explain or define our view, as to the *ncce..ion, lr, Aai<e ?? We ,,,r 1*?iitted ourselves for one moment to con i nucTtiun of our We have no can . id we are resolved to have no candidate for a ? to come. We shall have nothing to do, as we ^."re, since the establishment of the Union to do with the intrigue* or aspiration* of any - rresidencv. ih KU>-vlU!!!0.,iCl0!C ?"r 1cc' or our can altogether to around lis W? \ or* '^ut "re passing and circulating around us. H e hoar of many extravagant fiihlci?oi ! many combinations forming, which will never he made -of many aspirations, which ma, never have ^cTin dulged, and which will probably 'never t^ graUfied - oi some idle hour* ? ?'r ridiculoif. eflusions Th?v .? Thpy ?mus? ono bv their folly. The* sometime* disgust one by tlicir extravagance. ? uch precocious aspiration*, if they have any existence nor ol! the fricn,,? of any man who J...V ? enc?ur?ge them . and the* are better oai culated to defeat, than to promote, the object which thev attempt to accomplish. For ourselves, we hold that the pfeVIloiMen?h0.? 'M*!* 7*" r'''U,'1,r ?? >he |?-o iwav nm,', ^ .^ ,K . to *'v*and theirs to UJce : ft.;..? ',hat no m"" 11 of consequence enough i rorn.tosac.ificeanatom of their right* to hi* glow!? to wltfuhe^ao'IJrU distinguished cit,?en? must he Uughl M.Jvi.J ?f the pooplo, an.) to bide their time. For ? r/he 7 too.proud to associate ourselves fhth the fortune* of any aspirant. When the proper time come*, we shall review the whole field, ami express our ?*?" uhcn a convention of the repubUcan p*rr^I to support hin^ D u' the candidate, we .hall be pre We advocate the nomination of a President bv tho *?f U,,7r?t rhrm'*!lthcir dei<K?te? convention. " con*ention, ami wo are thrown upon Congress tor the selection of a President We have had enouirh of "iich congressional selection. Tlie country is almost un hoU.0!! " !u cond?m,,ation. The democratic party holds it m abhorrence, and looks with one accord as a tb" "nbought suffrage* of a convenUon, as the sole safe remaining mode of selection, so long as the tederal constitution remain* as it i?." It will lie seen from this, that the government editor has issued his nkatt, forbidding the entire democracy of tho country to think of any candi date for tho succession until tlie proper tune comes, when be can Review the whole field. This is certainly very kind and considerate in Mr. Polk and his editor. To |>ermit us even to have au opinion, after he and his editor have sha|>ed it out lor us?after it is promulgated through the organ? is condescension indeed ! Then, and not till then, will tho republican party be permitted to adopt that opinion, if the memliers of thnt party lwhave themselves, and agree on the candidal of the convention at Baltimore, and agree to give him their support, as they did in the last conven tion. Now, it is very evident that this doctrine points | conclusively to the re-nominatiotl of the President himself, nnd that he is the man who is intended to l>e recommended to the convention, and to come from the convention as a candidate. It is very well known that the Southern democracy will not no into any convention, and we believe there is a similar sentiment in other parts of the country. On every side, the leading members of the demo cracy have been satisfied with the bad results of national conventions, thus far. However, if Mr. | Polk and his friends are determined to have a con vention, they can have one, asTyler had; and pro bably with tlie same results. The truth in this matter is this the |>olicy of Mr. Polk, from the tM^inninR of his administra tion of public affairs up to this time, lias already created a great, deep, and general dissatisfaction, not only in the ranks of his own party, but through out the country. Admitting his motives to have lteen honest ami patriotic, the tendency of his public conduct lias been disastrous and un fortunate. By his vacillations on the Oregon question, particularly, he has divided and distract ed his own party in its most essential elements? a division almost beyond tlie reach of physic. Tliere is not now, nor ever was, a proper degree of confidence between the President himself and the meml>ers of his cabinet?and there is still less manly confidence between his administration and the principal meinlwrsof his party in l>oth houses of Congress. In private, ho is denounced by all scotions ol his party, in the severest terms?nnd in public, some of these feelings hu^e already been exhibited on the floor of lioth houses. Can tlie government editor, with all his talent, elo i?nee, wit, tact, and experience, explain away niosc palpable facts which have already (educed the administration of Mr. Polk to the same level Which chiuucterized of Mf. Tyler! I Or* Army in Texas.?Several minors are in I active circulation, of ? di-**trotis Imttle between : otir troops ami the Mexican loroea, under General j Ampiniia,on the Kiotintnde. SuchlKvietAn gen I erully exaggerated, and we have little faith in the 1 rumor. But it is certain that important i despatches have been received at Washington, ? from tieneral Taylor, ol the nature of which we are left entirely in the (lurk, as Mr. Polk and the Secretary of War 'are disposed to keep the state of affairs a profound secret. The condition of our relation* with Mexico is one of extreme doubt; everything hunting on chance. The fol lowing, from a New Orleans paper, are about the most rationnl remarks we have seen on the ; subject:? " th* present may ho regarded ax the crisis of our diffl cultios with our petulant ami pugnacious neighbors. If .Mexico will fight at all, she will fight now, when the nrmy of the United Statei is occupying the eastern bank ' ol tJie Del Norte, and the American flag is flying within | gunshot of Matamoras. The game of bluster and bravn- ' do ran now tie no longer rmplovod. Uncle Sam has 1 very deliberately waked up the bullying Mexican, look ed him fiercely in the face, and given him to understand that he .may either flglit or shake hands, just as he pleases, which of the alternatives will be chosen re main* to be seen, but we incline to the opinion that since matters have come to the pinch, the option of Mexico will he pacific. A few day s, however, will put an end to ull doubts. If a collision has not already tnkcu place be tween thetroopi under General Taylor, and the garrison of Matamoras. the (juration may be considered as settled, for some time to come, that there will be no war with Mexico. Throughout the whole progress of the contro versy relative to the annexation of Texas, even when the Mexican manifestoes were the most menacing and bellicose, we liavc ever anticipated, and confidently pre dicted a )?aeeful termination of the quarrel, unless a collision .should take place on the bank* of the Kio (i ramie, and hostilities thereby be commenced. When this danger, therefore, shall have passed over, all apprehen sion may be dismissed of any hostile movement on the part of Mexico to resent the acquisition of Texas." The next news from Mexico will lie of the highest importance, and we live now in hourly expectation of advices from the camp of General Taylor. Should the news arrive in the course of the day, wc shall issue an extra. Probabus Kaklv Adjournment or Congress.? We subjoin the following paragraph from the National Intelligencer, in relation to the probable early adjournment of Congress. Should the con jecture prove correct, it will have a most impor tant bearing on the prominent questions, both of domestic and foreign policy, that now occupy the attention of thi1 country :? From what we have casually hoard in conversation, wc think it quite possible that the tariA' question, and some others, may IM' suffered to lie over to another ses sion, ami that the appropriation bills, tic. may be passed in short order, so us t?> allow Congress to adjourn much earlier than they possibly can do, if the majority in Con gress should, as the government paper has intimated that they possibly would, seriously endeavor now to pass a new tarifl' bill. The rumor to which we refer is, that it has been determined, at a consultation of the democra tic leaders in Congress, to make the next session begin in October instead of December, and as a consequence to terminate the present session at some time between the first of June and the first of July. Mr. Polk's organ, the Union, is continually call ing upon the Senate to pass the rest of the Oregon measures?but nothing is done?and probably 110 tliing further will be done. Virginia Elections.?The returns lor the Se nate are now complete, and the democrats will have a majority of eight in that hotly. Out of one hundred and twenty-three members elected to the House of Delegates, sixty-seven arc democrats, and lifty-six whigs. If the eleven to hear from come in as in '15, the democratic majority in the Ilouse will be fourteen, and on joint ballot twenty two. OrrwARD-BorsD Vessels. ? The Battery will be well worth a visit this moriling, should the weather continue clear. The large fleet of outward-bound vessels, for all lections of the world, that liavc been detained ft "r the last two days, will go to sea during this morning ; and if there should spring up a favorable liret-ze, many will go out under full press of canvass. Among them the new and splendid pacltet the ship Columbia, which, by the way, has two fine state rooms vacant, owing to the detention <Kf a party on their way from Canada, by sickness. Those who desire a pleasant voyage, with good liv ing, should make immediate application to Onptniu Rathbono, on board. Sporting Intelligence* Racing.?A? the season advances, extensive prepara tions arc in progress for an active sporting campa-^n. The Jockey Club of this city arc to hold their spring meeting on tho Union Course, towards the latter end of thi I month, or the t>eginning of next We understand that the vari ous studs are in capital training, and some good s)iort may lie expected. Tho Baltimore races, which com? oil" on Tuesdav the 12th instant, are to be graced by the pre sence ot the invincible Fashion, and there will be, doubt less, an exciting time. The New Orleans Jockoy Club races came oil' over the Metarie Course on the 16 In, 17th, 18th and I9th nit. We annex from the Picayune, u sum mary ol' Iho four davs snort:? Thirsimt, April 16, 1816?Proprietor's Purse $300. for all ages, weights for 3 years old 86 lbs.?4, 100?-ft, 110?6, 118?7 and upwards l'J4 lbs., allowing 3 lbs. to mares and geldings. Horses date their age from 1st of May, and not from 1st of Januarv. Two mile heats. It Ten Broeck, Jr"'s (A. W. Small's) gr. h. Croton, by Chorister, dam by Mucklejohn, 6 years 1 1 John Clark's b. c. Reckless, by Steel, out of Miss Bett, 4 years 4 3 Y. N. Oliver's (Dr. Withers') gr. c. Edwin Korrest, by Imp. Leviathan, out of Alice Grey, by Po laski, 4 years 2 3 D. F. Kenner's gr. c. 0.1). V., by Orey Medoc, dam by Elliott's Napoleon, 3 years 3 4 Wtn. Williams's b. c. Burton, by Duane, dam by Eclipse, 3 years Mil Col. A. L. Bingamuu's .b. f. by Tuscahoma, out of Natchez Belle. 3 jears dist* Time, 3:47^?3:44. 'The filly fell and threw her rider. Friday, April 17?Proprietor's Purse $400, for all ages, weights asl>efore, three milo heats. D. F. Kenner's ch. f. Louisa Jordan, by Imp. Jordan, dam by Sir Charles, 3 ) ear* 1 1 Col. A. L. Binganuin's b. t by Tuscahoma, out of Natchez Belle, 3 year* 3 '2 Isaac Van Leer's ch. 1. Jeannetteau, by Imp. Levia than, dam by Stockholder, 4 years 1 3 Time, 6:53|?6:48. Saturday, April 18?Jockey Club Purse $1,000, for all ages, weights a* before, four mile heats. Win. T. Greer's ch. f. Mary Waller, Iry Ster ling. out of Discord, 4 > ears 4 3 11 Isaac Van Leer's ch. m. Liatunali, by Insp. Ainderby, out of Imp. Jenny Mills, ft year*. 3 1 3 'J Y. N. Oliver's (C. M) ore's) en. h. St Clouif, by Imp. Beishai/ar, dam by Partner, ft 5 ears <3 2 2 3 R. Ten Broeck, Jr's (A. W. Small's) gr. h. Croton, by t'horistcr, dam by Mucklejohn, ft)ears 0 ?'ist. Time, 8:46?8:311?8:47?9:14. Last Dat, April 19?Proprietor's Purse $200, for all i ages, weights as liefarc, mile heats, host 3 in ft. John O. Cork's b. f. Victress, by Orey Eagle, dam by Royal Charlie, 4 vears 1 1 1 A. 11. Carnal's b. f. Attala Lecomte, by Imp. Olen coo, out of Extant, 4 years 2 2 1 W. H. Parrott's b. f. Kate I.uckett, by Monmouth Eclipse, out of Shepherdess, 4 years drawn. Time, 1:S7?1:49?2:01}. The Petersburg, (Va.) Spring meeting, came off over the New Market Course on the 21st, 22d, 23d and 24th ult, at which some of Boston's colts and fillies belong ing to CoL Johnson, came off v ictorious. CaicaKT.?The various cricket clubs are getting their hats in order for the season. The Ht (ieorgr's Club of this city have purchased a new ground near the Red House on the Harlem Road, which they are at present levelling and filling. Their first meeting was held on Friday last, but thtre was no playing, the day being rainy. The Union Club and toe "star Club of Brooklyn are also making active preparations for a brisk season. Several matches are exjiected to come oil' be tween the Clubs of this City and those of Philadelphia and other places. The Newark Club is organising, and it is probable that they will have a match with the St George's before the season terminates. We are glad to see this excellent pastime becoming popular. The peo ple of this country are but just awaking to the advantago of out door exercise and nmuaement If the people ge nerally would indulge a little more in active exercise, the> would l>e less splenetic, and more cheerful,and they would have, in a greater degree than they at present possess, that greatest of earthly blessings?a sound mind in a sound body. Fairmklo (Va.) Ra? ts?Jockkt Cm?B Pcast $300? Throe mile heats. Friday, 1st May, 1846.?Tile race for to-day, if racing it may be called, wsi miserable ii?the extreme. But two horses were entered, Col. Johnson's Boston colt Orator, and Mr. Belcher'* sorrel horse, by Priam. The betting wai about ten to one on Orater, and i the takers few at that But one heat was run. which j Orator won under a hard pull, after which the sorrel was drawn and the cash forked up. Time, 6m. fts. Toator I row. five horses are expected to start in the first race.? Richmond Republican. Fia? ii Millbirv, Mm.?The remaining cotton fac tory at the Kingletar} Mills, in Millbury, was burnt about eight o'clock on Tuesday evening. The fire took in some manner not ascertained, from the chimncy, Tho grist and saw mills, situated in the lower part of the building, were saved. There was an insurance at the Manufacturer*' Office in this town, of $4 000. It is report ed that $1,000 more were Insured in Boston. The build ing now burnt, was situated about fifteen feet from that which was burnt about a month since. Frstsh inc.- The Columbia (Tenn.) Democrat of the BJj ult savs, on KrMs) evening last, two sons of Mr. L. fton, residing about 6 miles from this place, were at the stable of their father, w heu a dispute arose t?etwoen the (?concerning the horses, when Samuel letting hit passion overcome hi* better judgment. struck his brother aciossthe hoad. fracturing his skull ill such i manner aa to cause death la a law hour*. Theatrical >nd Mailed. fm,-1To niRht Mrs. Mo watt TP?r* " Marf?M(, ia " Love% Sacrifice"- Mr. Vaiulcnhuff a* Matthew Fill more. 'This double attraction u tl draw a crowded houae. Tin- greatest excitement prcv ail* among the thMtre-fo lag **? M r*. Mo wait again, alter her return from Iter Southern tour, She will receive a cordial wel come this evening from her muny admirer*. The piece is Mrongl) ca*t, and will go oil spiritedly. There i* to l>c a change of piece* every day duriug the week. Bow?:r*.?Moore'* play of " The tiamster" i( to be produced thii evening, at thin popular thoatra, Mr. Bcott taking the part of Stukely, and Mrs. Jones that of Mr*. Beverly. This piece is calculated, when well played, to exercise a powerful influence on an audience. In the hands of Mr. Scott nnd Mrs. Jones, we have no doubt the principal character* will be ably lustained. It is to be followed by the drama of " The Traitor," in which Mr. Clark takes the part of General Washington. Christy's Misstrku.?'The lucces* which for the past week, lias attended the concert* o? these inimitable performers, has caused them to defer their departure from this city for another week, during which time, we doubt not. their admirable performances will be uightly witnessed by large audiences. Oar.K.iwicH Thi: atrk.?The brief re-engagement of Yankee Ilill commence* to-night, with " the People'* Lawyer," and "Cut and Come Again," two of the best of hi* laughable piece*. The management also announce that Mr. Dull' will appear a* " Robert Howard." Thi* gentleman is a son of the celebrated Mrs. Dull', and i* said to be a very promising actor. We have been in formed that he is ihortly to perform at thi* theatre some of the lirst characters ol the legitimate drama. The an nouncement that Yankee Hill is to perform will always draw a good house, and with the additional novelty of Mr. Duff s drttut we anticipate a crowd. Castlk (?AHn?:N.?Two sacred concert* were given at this churming place j este relay afternoon and evening, and both were well attended. They will bo repeated on each Sunday through the summer. Mr. Walker's Concert.?Mr. Walker, a new candi date for musical honors, proposes to give a concert on Tuesday cvoniug next. His instrument is the piano, for which lie has imented an improvement, which he calls the harmonic attachment, far diflerent from the iKolcan attachineut, which we have heard no much about within a few years. This new improvement consists merely in tbo use of a pedal, which will give the same power to the piano as that possessed by the harp, of continuing the harmonic tones. The instrument he will use on the occasion is a grand piano, manufactured by Chickering, I of Boston, and one of the *weete*t toned imtruments in this country. Mr. Walker is a natural genius, having studied his art in the wilds of I'ennsylvania, from hi* , boyhood. He performs his own music, aud is an extra- I ordinary performer. Thcro is a great deal of interest in ! the musical circles to hear him. Among the piano play- > ers in this city, wo do not know of one that can be com- | pared tohim., Howe*' Mammoth Cihcu*.?-Thi* immense establish ment is to make a grand procession through Newark to day, with all it* men and horses. The renowned Dan Rice will appear, drawn in a chariot of iiuaint form and ' workmanship, made expressly for himself by a Newark manufacturer. The pageant will be such a one as the | Newarkers have seldom witneised. There will be a per- | formancein the evening, at which Madame Macartc will exhibit her wondrous I cats of equestrianism. On Tues day there will be two performance*?one in tho after noon, and another in the evening. De Meyer wa* to give hi* third concert in New Or- 1 leans on the :24th ult. Mr. Autiioky THiLir Heimrich, or a* he is more fa miliarly called, "old lleinrich," one of the most remarka- j hie, eccentric and enthusiastic, men that our age has pro- I duced, is about to rcccivc a benefit concert, on Wednes day evening next The history of art has perhaps never shown a fanatic, an enthusiast, a martyr of music, so re markable as this gentleman. He began the gamut of his ; life at Schocnliiiden, a small town in Bohemia, in the year 1781, nnd is consequently in the sixty-fifth year of his ago. Kducated as a merchant, he followed mercantile pursuit* ; (his house being one of the largest linen houses on the ! Continent) till his fortieth year of age. We have from i his own lip* the assertion that his musical education,up to that advanced period, never cost five dollars. The failure of a heavy banking house in Vienna ruined his fortunes, and caused him to emigrate to America. A short Umr previous to this emigration, he had began the study of music, and had at once become an enthusiast. The fol lowing incident, which occurred on his voyage across the Atlantic, we extract from a short biographical sketch, just published:?" He was once crossing the Atlantic for this country in a French brig, when a dreadful storm arose, which continued for two day* with unabated vio lence. During this time the sailors and all on board ex cept the musician, were much frightened and expected to go to the bottom; he, on the contrary, appeared the while to be wild with delight, and rushing hither and thither, fiddling to the storm, and gathering inspiration from its fearful but sublime melody. This tnc sailors at i length took notice of, as also that his eve and bearing and manner were diflerent from those of other men; hence, in their superstition, they concluded that he was the cause of the storm?in other words, the Jonah of the ship, and came to the resolution to throw him into the sea. When they came down to announce this to Mr. lleinrich, he was j busily employed in composing an air to some words which were subsequently published. 'Ha. ha! you are 1 going to drown me you say,' said Mr. Heinrich, still fid- , (Tliiiif away. 'Decidedly,' answered the sailors. 'Very i well,'laid Mr. H., 'I am ready, but if you will give me ten minutes to finish my piccc'of music, 1 shall bo mora < read} still.' The sailors agreeing to this, the enthusiast 1 continued his occupation with the utmost calmncs* and ! delight, with the full assurance of death hanging over him; | but lielore the ten minutes were out, the storm *ud- | denlv abated, so that Mr. Heinrich'* life wa* saved and I the music finished about one and tho *ame time." I On arriving in lliii country he went hi* way westward, I anil in a lop house near Bardstown, in Kentucky, he ! spent more titan a year in retirement, but not in soli tude, for hi* Cremona was hit faithful companion, whilst ; he (ievoted himself entirely to composition. A few of ' the works lie then produced were published, such as 1 " The Dawning of Music in Kentucky," "The Western ! Minstrel," and a melo drama, " The Child of the Moun. tain," which was produced with some success in Phila delphia; but the plates of all these compositions have since then liecn destroyed by lire. Shortly after he left I Kentucky he returned to Kurope, but on reaching Liver pool he was taken dangerously ill. Without money or i friends, he obtained on his recovery, through the me dium of a kind physician, a situation in the orchestra of i Drury Lane, and here and at Covent Garden, he vegeta ted for seven or eight ycuf-s. All attempts to produce hi* j composition* in Lngland, however, met with little or no i success, and he left Albion for Germany, where he fortu- . nately found more congenial spirits, and was better aji preciatcd. Although he was rapidly acquiring honor* and celebrity in his native land, (where he i* to this day known as the " Kentucky Tonsetzer") family misfortunes induced him to return to America, where he ha* since toiled on in a most humble but net inglorious career, loved and esteemed by all who know him, and respected by all who appreciate his talents. His composisitions are peculiar in their style: yet that style is formed in an excellent and correct school. In many instances, it is not a* pleasing or effective as the nice cars of our dillrtanti, who are spoiled by the fashionable mincemeat of the mo dern Italian school, may require, and faults and extrava gant-ic* in hi* compositions, frequently wilful, may furnish critic* an excuse tor distaste : but such passage* are again relieved by an etherial and delicate fancy, of exquisite grace and ltcauty, or by *ome few bold, dark, most scien tific and difficult dashes of harmony, which startle the hearer by the very fantastic oddity or their conception*. Nearly the entire resident musical talent of the city, has come "forward to aid the veteran, the " excellent old man,"' (for he certainly jwsscsses a warm, kind, and charitable heart,) on the occasion of his benefit concert, whilst the beneficiary himself looks only forward to the production of the cherished children of nis .genius?is only anxious about his " Monumental Symphony," his " Pilgrim Fath ers," or his " Washingtoniad,^ and care* little or nothing for the dollars and cents it may or may not bring him to cherish his old nge withal. May the "warm and young hope of the aged artist not be disappointed, und may thw concert be the means of providing, effectually, for the few remaining wants of his earthly career, as also of sat isi'v ing the veteran musician of the fact that hi* study, seclusion, and labor, have not been in vain. The concert will be produced under the direction of Mr. George Lo der. Ot him, and his excellent orchestra, we have no fear ; they will give duo effect to the eccentric and diffi cult compositions of Mr. Heinrich, (for the entire pro gramme consists of his own coni|>ositions,) and we sin I ccrcly hope that the vocalists will take the trouble of studying and practising well, the difficulties of their sc I veral parts. Our apprehensions, (and we must confess that we feel anxious about some of the music,) ore only on account of the vocalists. Mas. Mowatt.?'This evening the audience at the Park will once more welcome on its hoards our young Ameri can actrcss, Mrs. Mowatt It i* not yet a year since ska mpde her triumphant drhut A debut so brilliant, that it was to lie feared that no future could realize the proniiae then given. She had at that time only studied one charac ter?the "Lady of Lyon's;" and has since played one hun dred and sixty-five nights, and in twenty different part*? the most celebrated, and some of them'tho most difficult in the whole range of the drama. To acquire the case and grace in wearing malo attire which would prepare for Hosoliml, Viola, and other Shakspeariau character*, in which heroines mutt jieifoice don the lota ririlu, she appeared as the youthful King in "Faint Heart," at the HL Charles theatre, and i* said to have won new Isurels. In the Southern tour from w hich she has just returned, *he has met with the highest testimonials of regard, both in public and private. Cily vied with city in doing hom age to her talents, and |>erhaps in overlooking imperfec tions w hich time and practice only can eradicate. We learn that in New Orleans, Henry Clay honored her with his visits. In Savannah, some of the principal persons of the city formed a committee, and gave her a most magnifi cent entertainment, in token ol their esteem. We extract the following from their note of invitation:?"We take this method of at once expressing our thank* for the ex quitite enjoyment you have afforded us in your various personations, and our high respect for you personally. A lady ol your character and attainments elevates and adorns the stage; and we have 110 doubt that your in tltience will be lelt throughout our whole land, in puri fy iug it from the abuses which sometimes mar Its beau ties, and that you will cause it to perform it* proper task, "to raise the genius and to mend the heart." Ac cept, Madame, the assurance of our most distinguished regard, and believe that, in no city w ill you have more ardent admirers and warmer friends, than in ours."? We have heard of a curious incident which occurred during this engagement at Savannah, which afforded muchi amusement to the audience. The play to be per formed that night was the "tHron^er"?a difficulty arose about Mr*. Haller's children?there were no chifdren in the com|>any, and several ineffectual attempts were made to procure a couple sufficiently j oung mid pretty. At last a j oung mulatto woman, who officiated as dresser in the theatre, hearing of Mrs. Mowntt's Mistiest, offered her own two children, a little !>oy and girl, both of them tery lovely, and *o fair that their maternity could scarce ly hnvo been suspected. As there was no recourse, her proposal wa* accepted. When evening came the chil dren were dressed with the greatest care, their face* washed.!heir hair curled in lonK ringlets,and sugar plum*, copper*, and instructions were showered upon them. When they first apj>ear Peter has to lend them on, and after a very few words crosses the stage and enters the cottage of' Tobias through a small door. When the proper cue was given, on walked I'eter. holding M in* Untile debutante by either lund. but an sooner had he reached the ceuUe of Ui? stage than tli? little girl |?? one terriied glance at the audience, and with a loud shriek, breaking from Peter, flew round and round the stage, not knewing where to make her exit The Mdi cncc shouted, ?n<i Peter can after tlie terrified ehild, dragging tho little ?*>) with him. HU efforts t* Catch her weie unavailing - tile audience. convulsed with laughter, fairly yelie.l tlien the boy broke forth with screams louder than his sister's - reter caught him up in his arms, and once more started in pursuit of the little girl. After darting from side to vide, half stunned by the (bricks of the children, and the ungovernable uproar of the audience, both children were secured. The next difficulty was to get them into the cottage. He kicked open the door with his foot, for he had neither hand at liberty, and tried to pal* in. but the boy. now more ter rified than ever, struggled violently to tree himself from Peter's arms, crying out, "oh! no, no, no!?dont put me in c-e guard house! e-c guard house ! dont put ma in e-e guard house !" thus at once betraying his origin to tho audiencc ' who at this unexpected denouement could

not find sufficient voice for the demonstration of their amusement, and stamped and clapped and shouted until the house fairly shook. Of course the play w as concluded without the children and the last tableau to which they are so necessary was altered * Only black children can be placed in the guard house. Administration of the Sacrament of Confir mation by Bishop Hughe a, In St. Peter's Church. The ceremony of con Urination, which is at al times interesting to Catholics, was administered! by Bishop Hughes to a large number of young fe males, yesterday, in St. Peter's Church, before a very crowded congregation. The recipients were all dressed and hooded in white ; and pre sented a wry imposing appearance, being ranged round the altar. In the course ol'the performance of the ceremony of the mass. Bishop Hughes ascended the pulpit and preach ed a brief sermon to the crowded congregation, taking his text from the gospel of the day, the 16th chapter of St. John, verses 16, &c. fcc. "A little while, and now you shall not see me ; and iigaiii a little while, and you shall see me, because 1 go to tho Father. " Then some of his disciples said, one to another. What is this that he saith to us : A little while and you shall not see me ; and again a little while and you shall see me ; and because 1 go to tho Father. " They said, therefore. What is this that he with, A little while and we know not what he spcaketh. "And Jesus knew that they had a mind to ask him ; and he said to them. Of this do you inquire among your selves, because I said : A little while and you shall not see inc ; and again a little while, and you shall see me. "Amen, amen, I say to you, that you shall lament and weep ; hut the world shall rejoice ; and you shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy. "A woman wncn she is in labor hath sorrow, because her hour is come, but when she hath brought forth the child she remembereth no more the anguish, for joy that a man is born into the world. " So also you now indeed have sorrow, but I will see you agaiu, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man snail take from you. " It was natural, my beloved brethren, that (he Redeemer of man on earth, after withdrawing from the visible things of this life, should point out to nis apostles, and in struct them with lessons of what was to come, such as you have just heard read in the gospel of this day; and the church preserves them in the order of her liturgy, as selected between Easter and Epiphany, showing us that the nature, and extent, and consequences of such, the apostles even then did not fully comprehend; and it is to be remarked, that those same men, who afterwards enlightened the world, and were arraigned before human tribunals, and had to endure all the tortures, that human ingenuity could devise; still they were the same men, who hnd trampled down all personal considerations under suffering, and manifested the true fidelity of the heart There is no interval between the time of his teaching them that through punishment, man should be com]>ellcd to make atonement for his transgressions, up to the time of our first parents, when (ion's form was made out of the earth, with all its members, and features and capacities?with soul, and life, and fortitude in this world, that man should "weep and lament;" hence th4lr consulting their own thoughts in communion with them selves; because ere this, the parecletes had not descen ded from heaven. This doctrine did not declare any thing that was startling. Tis true, he had already told them it was expedient "they should go," and in due season, thoy communicated amongst themselves; but from the moment he formed his church, and established it on earth?from that moment, his few disciples were es tablished in peace in their new belief. From the moment that he inspired them with this new belief, from that mo ment he began to unfold to them the future sacrifices, the future trials.thc future punishments by which man was to be redeemed; hcncc he told them in various ways that they " should take up their cross and follow him." As an example, and oh ! such an example! he told them that like himself they should renounce all the things of this life, father, mother, property, every relation in life, and husband and wife, and oven their own souls?that unless they did this, the relations between them: could not be accomplished. If you look, my beloved brethren, through the pages of the inspired volume, through every page, and you will sec in the form of the inspiration of pro phetic language bow the Saviour emphatically dwelt upon the necessity of renouncing the things of this life, and you will observe, too,that language like this was never addressed to those who were unbelievers. He always said, " woe to tho rich," and " woo to you who work ini quity," and " woe to the world." In language such as this towards this world, which is called the world, he spoke to his followers. We must then consider man in reference to the two phases in which we live?living in the world?and also as members of the Church of Christ. What was the world before Christianity was known and came iuto^this world I What wai it in ancicnt timei ? In the abicnce of Christianity philosophy was called to aid, when ftherc wai lighted up in man a principle, a feeling in hi* nature and capacity, that he wai living for something grcator^than what lie had yet reached. What wiu it, but to reach that point of interest to the soul which tho word " 1,"?personality?means T They thought it could be possible to seek the element and study the consciousness of being happy, and happi ness was what they sought And even !>eibre the Son of (>od brought his light into the world, those who were in the world knew what was joy, and had 110 idea of crimi nality, as such?for they were Pagan. But apart from any consideration as to scruples of conscience, in that age. do we not find that man had formed no simple rule for studying on those principles which he might conceive 1 But, after enjoyment, there is a reaction, wnich returns with the scourge of punishment; and it was discovered that man, after he had conceived those desires, should indulge them, anil, in indulging them, that they were of his being and his nature. But how soon was it not established afterwards a doctrine by which every pleasure was denied?a doctrine of such a nature as to control our hearts and our desires. There are those who hold this as tyrannical. We have, it appears, this yearn ing for pleasure ; but ought we not be content with all which man can enjoy without sinful indulgence ? Now, suppose that if we were capable of tracing the nature of our being, and of studying our capacity and reaching what is described to us in the book of Christian teaching, should we not find that the true spirit, the doctrine, the kope of salvation, was through the Son of God, who died for our redemption I Such is the world; and it appears manifest that there is something which tne heart Qf man should desire for its contentment We may take, for in stance, the practice of confession. It must be observed, that according to our very nature ?according to the natural instinct and promptings within us?we all desire that we should have some friend to communicate our thoughts to. There is no one but has a friend to whom he sometime* will communicate hi* thoughts?and yet the nearest and dearest friend of ours would not l>c en trusted with some secrets. It is in our nature to look for happiness according to our being; and God has made it a Rirt of our religion to communicate those secrets to your iend?that is, the God-friend?to whom we communicate and tell our sorrow; and if it is certain that we feel the na tural dictate to communicate our secrets in the ordinary course of life, so should it be in religion to communicate them. Now, if I, from the moment I committed some deadly sin?the consciousness of which stands lurking in my bosom and dwells there like a scorpion?should not tell it, because if I did?that is, supposing me to have an enlightened conscience?1 apprehend I would fall in the estimation of ray fellow man?would it not he a misera ble condition to live in 1 Imagine a human being who carried some dreadful secret in his bosom which he would not reveal?no matter how great?no matter how adored by the multitude?no matter how rich?how elo 3uent?I care not; but should he be possessed of such a rcadful secret that he dare not tell it, you could figure to yourselves no man so completely wretched. We all naturally reveal our secrets to those from whom we receive advice and encouragement, and who will not despise us; and as an illustration, 1 shall say in conformity with the text, " and you shall be sor rowful; but your sorrow shall be turned into joy." But, beloved brethren, leaving thi* aside, what are the ioys of this world 1 If we were only living creature*? if we belonged to the mere animal race?il all oar des tiny were nothing more than that of having to grow up for this life only?if it were merely to eat, to drink, to sleep?-what, even then, are the joy* of thi* world worth? But it is not so. We have received a higher and a nobler destiny from our Creator. If it were not so, then why has God implanted in us that heavenly instinct which we feel?those higher and more exalted aspira tion* which we breathe r If wo were only the low and ?.casual creatures which a life of sensuality suppo*es, then we should have been made degraded and low, ac cording to such an inferior nature. Then there would not luivo twen given that bitterness and sense of wrong, which i i iuevitahly mixed up with the cup of intoxicat ing drink of humaii pleasures, when we indulge in rais ing it to our lips. The cup, whatever it contains, i* foiln I to be bitter; and the draught, indulged in, is found to cloy. It may be you are fond of money and wealth? you build up for yourself the calf of gold?but, as soon ) ou taste of it, 'it cloys. You are fond of the things of this world, but they are evanescent, or they, perhaps, ivmain, and you are taken away. You are fond of friends?they fall around you every day; and you, too, in your turn, follow them out of this fleeting world. All is evanescent and passes away all uiion which we set our hearts vanishes soon from beforo us, and leaves a sting?a cloying, behind. What then can make you happv I or why cannot all these enjoyments and possessions make you happy ' The reason is evident: it it because all these things are exter nal to you?they are all outside of yw ; and if even all of them were united together and in Vour possession, none of them would have the power of relieving or as suaging one single grief?one unspoken discontent of the heart. 1 know indeed that one reason why the world plunges into the stream of folly and revels in the vortex of sensual enjoyment* and dissipation, is, if possible, that they may escape, and may set themselves free from this inward consciousness of the impossibility of attain ing to l>e happy. Hence H is that they seek to forget themselves and silence their own reflections in the re sort to public entertainments and every other specie* of amuiement. And then, when for the immediate moment, they have succeeded in forgetting their condition, they may be fora moment happy. Bat this, mv beloved Iireth rcn',?this i* nfct happiness. These thing* may for a" brief spare enable us to forget what we are; but the re action cornea after them, and then we And all the ele menta of the inward anguish and discontont reigning than whara they were before and a* they were be fore. All theee thing* lo which men resort to quench this Inward grief,ara evanescent and transitory; and how. overmuch we may indulge in them, still tkw are far i Iron rawlariac u? wppy. If it it ao, my l?iovad bra tit KB, w mt safely conclude that happiness is only^ the I portion of the true Christian in the observance of those I (kings which were spoken to tbe Apostles, ami which, I though relating ?specially to their condition, are yet | applicable in a degree to us. We behold these Apostles, I after these words which wepo spoken to them, how they j went forth into Ihe world, how they were persecuted with ull kinds of torture which paganism couhl inflict, how they were opposed and resisted l>y the spirit of the world, and yet tliey were in possesion of happiuess and of peace ouch as jmsseth umlerblanding. All, therefore, , who will iollow Christ must 'take up their cross, like them, and follow him; and they must deny themselves.? Religion, it is true, does not deny to its followers a rea sonable relaxation, a just and innocent participation in i such amusements as are necessary to relieve tne mind; but every Christian who who will follow his Divine Mas ter, must, by religion and grace, cut oil' all those scanda lous pleasures which the world indulges in. lie must do , this, because it isjiot posaible to indulge in them without ; injuring his souL It is not possible to indulge in them with out fee ling a change in the mind,like that which Adam felt 1 after his transgression of the commandment If we yield the first time, we are the more ready to yield again the second time. The evanescent phantom of pleasure will vanish, but will leave behind it a sting which will re main. Depend upon it, its power will revert and become < stronger by the indulgence, every day. If we yield I again, then again grace will be weakened. Thus it is that manv who have been admitted by baptism into the ! bosom or the church, generally proceed step by step, and i little by little, until they find that the grace of God is I diminished, and so they give themselves up to the world. ; Religion and grace become less bountiful as they recede | from their obedience, and the grace of tiod is lessened ! just in proportion as they indulge in their evil in dulgences and pleasures. At length, by a con tinuance in such a course, they find the power of the will to hocomc weaker and weaker, and then they say " we could not help it"?" wc were not able to resist the temptation." Oh! blasphemous language of thoso who know Christianity ! As if God, who is just and merciful to our fallibility?as if he commanded us to do what he did not give u's the necessary power to do! or, as if he commanded us to resist what ne did not give us the power to resist! Such persons forget the painful task imposed upon the Christian?that he must deny himself, deny the joys of this world, and ptepare for that greater and su premerjoy which is prepared for us when we shall see Him again " after a little while." If, niv beloved brethren, you do not practice this self-denial, if you do not lay down yourselves in obedience to Ood, though you may drink largely of the fountains of this world's pleasures, yet you will not have comfort or peacc in your souls? you will not have it, until you deny the outward joys which refer only to the meaner portion of our nature, not to the essence, the spiritual, the immortal part of our being. Do we not see in the example of the Apostles?do we not see in the lives of the saints?and above all, do we not see in the example of her, who is the Queen of , saints, who became a saeri fleer and a sufferer, without only the ngouies by which we were redeemed. 1 saj , do wc not see the effects of a peace which is outward from the world and from worldly things, but which is in terior and eternal I It is possible, even in this world, to obtain this peace, even here, by self-denial and taking up the cross. By this rule the Apostles obtained it. Saint Augustine bore the same experience. No man worship Eed the w-orld at one time with more intense fervor than ? did?but when the grace of God touched him, then for a time he " was sorrowful;" but then afterwards he found that his sorrow was " turned into joy." No doubt for a recompense thus to be obtained in this world even the old philosophers would have given the world, to have discovered this rule. But, beloved brethren, we are able to refer to eternity. Either Chris tianity is false, or it is true, and either we shall reign with Christ for ever, or we shall be banished into dark ness and miser}-. We know that sin cannot enter into the presence of Ood. How then is it possible, that know ing this, we should repose in indifference, and sleep calmly, if wc have so, far given up, and abandoned our principles, as to follow and pursuo the principles and pleasures of the world, so that when called from hence we shall have no hope of being with those blessed, those purified and holy souls, who, "after a little while" of suf fering, have obtained peace and happiness; who, while foolish and sinful Christians, tremble ii^ everlasting despair, rejoice in the fruits of their obedience and prac tice, and in the enjoyment of that which was the object of their daily prayers?of their oft repeated aspirations. By all this sell denial and practice, wc elevate the nobil ity of the spiritual nature: in all this preparation, we not only lay the foundation for happiness in this life, but also for happiness and joys in that life which is everlasting; a blessing which I wish you all. Amen. It was expected that Bishop Hughes would have given a detailed narrative, of his late tour in Europe, in con tinuation from the previous Sunday. " Dai-outers of Tr.MrF.a*itCE."?There has recently been established, in this State, an institution under the above name, upon similar principles to the order of the Sons of Temperance. The subordinate institutions arc called " Unions,'' and have been established in many of the cities and villages of the State. One was instituted in Rochester last week, and Mrs. Lewis, of New York city, is now in Buffalo, for the purpose of forming one there. While |the " daughters" have been the truest, firmest, and most efficient advocates and supporters of the temperance reformation?we do not think their useful ness will be increased by the order which is sought to be built up. A PPPOINTMBNTS BY THE GOVERNOR?MflV 1, 1846. Gideon Ostntnder, trustee of Seamen's Fund and Retreat, vice Robert Center, appointed during present session, and declined the appointment Navigation of (lie Ohio River. riacti. Timr. State of Rirrr. Cincinnatti, April 37 # feet 4 inches. Wheeling, April 15 a feet 6 inches. Pittsburgh, April '19 6 feet !? inches. Louisville, April 36 S feet 10 inches. MONEY MARKET. Sunday, May 3?9 P. M. There ha* been a very moderate hu*ines* transacted in the atock market during the past week, and the fluctua tion* in quotation* have been *o limited that the bull* and the Iveam kave had no opportunity of making any very profitable operations. We annex a statement exhibiting the quotations for the principal stock* used for speculation in thi* market, for each day of the past week, and at the close of the week previous. There ha* been very little improvement in stock* within the past few days, but the transaction* in some of the fancy railroad stocks heve been modcrate-* in fact, the operations havo been almost confined to two or three of thfito stocks. Quotation* rea the Trimcipal Stocks iw the New York Market. Sat'y. Mo'y. Tu'y. We'y. Th'y. Fr'y Sa'y. Lone Maud... 36>, MX 3J 35 3b*l 3fi 36^ Mohawk so ? 47?{ ?? 4? ? Harlem 50 SO 4'J); I9'4 49 49 49', ( anion 3S* ? 39 39 3I>: MS 40 Farmers'Loan.. 27 26* 27 27* 26}; 26V 27 S.' Nor k Worces'r WX Wi 57'4 S' V 58 Ohio Sixes 91 94 91 93 91 94 9A Illinois Sixes... 36 36 31J> ? ? ? 36 Indians 36 MM ?. ? ? ? 36 Kentucky Sixes. 99 ? 99'? ? ? ? ? I'enniy I'a Kit e?. 6>>? 6* 67'? 67 J i 67* 08 61)^ Stoninulnn 41X ? ? ? ? ? K.rie Railroad... 41 ? ? -? ? ? ? I Vick,burs. . ... 16V SX 7K -77 Vui'd Stairs Bk. 4), - - 4^, - - - RradinK Rail'd. 72 70^ 69 70^ OdV C9V 70 Morris Canal... 15* 15S 15>? 15V IV, 15*. 16 East Boston.... 14', ? ? ? 16'? 16 16 A comparison of price* current yesterday, with those ruling at the close of the market on Saturday previous, ?how* an improvement in Long Island of J per cent; Can ton Company, of 1J; Farmers' Loan 1 ; Ohio 6s 1 ; Penn sylvania five*, 1 i Vicksburg J ; Morris Canal, J ; East Boston 1], and a decline in Harlem, ]; Norwich and Wor cester J, and Aeading 3. A heavy week was anticipated, from the fact that up to Friday the bank* would steadily contract their move ment* io a* to make report* to the Comptroller, on the 1st Inst., similar in every respect, as far as possible, to those made last February. So far as we can judge from the returns received, it appear* that they have succeeded in reducing their operations nearly to the point reported at the close of the last quarter. There has been a very slight increase in each department, contrary to expecta tion ; and, if we may judge by the face of the reports of the banks of this city, they have been unjustly accused of turning the screws upon the money market, and hav* not been the cause of all the financial embarrassments experienced within the past two months. We say if we may judge byShe face of their reports, such conclusions must be forced upon the public mind ; bnt we are too well acquainted with the modtu optrmnii of these quar terly returns to place any confidence in them, or to con sider them as any index to the actual condition of the banks, even at the hour and day on which they are made. There ia not the slightest doubt in the minds of a large majority of those engaged in commercial pursuits, but that the banks of this city, within the past three mouths, have expanded and contracted their aggregate movement from five to eight million?>f dollars. They could have extended and contracted their operations double that amount, without showing it In their reports, provided they made their calculations so as to keep it within the 1st day of February and the 1st day of May. The law only compels them to report their actual condition on the last day of each quarter, and this defect in the law causes all the difficulty in the money market, and the periodical embarrassment* experienced by all classes. As soon as the banks have made their last report, they commence an expansion, which is regulated in extent by circumstances, and continue it a* long a* possible, or at least until it becomes necessary to commence a contrac tion, so as to be sure of getting the line of discounts r* duced by the next quarter day, to nearly the old stand ard. The result of thi* movement it, that for a time the money market is quite easy; the relief so suddenly expe rienced gives an impetus to business; the rate of inte rest becomes suddenly reduced; business payer la freely discounted, and things for a time have a goed start; and the impression becomes general that the depression has permanently disappeared, and that there is nothing to prevent the most rapid progress to the highest point of commercial prosperity. Bank favor* are easily obtained, in fact, forced upon their customers; and the facility for obtaining credit and capital is so great, that many are in duced to extend their mercantile operations upon that basil, with the knowledge that It is only temporary, ami liable at any mwnent to be withdrawn; such is the dispo sition of a large portion of the commercial classes. After ? tew w??k* ?xpwioo on the part of Ut? banks, and a great extension of individual credit*, the screws are sud denly and rapidly turned, and then a reaction take place in the money Market. The value of money rapid ly increases, and tho rate of interest advance! from six and (even per cent in the street, to ten, twelve and eighteen per cent; the hanks call in their light loans, and throw out all business paper ottered for discount? not only refusing to keep up the supply, but a* fact a* their bills receivable reach maturity and are paid, the proceed! are locked up, and accumulate in their vaults. Large amounts aie daily coming in, and nothing going out, which soon lightens the market and embarrasses all those engaged in business. Those who have extended their operations upon the credit received from the bank* find themselves suddenly deprived of the mean* of con tinuing them, and are consequently compelled to not only abandon many contemplated, but to abandon many commenced, and therefore sutler serious losses. Stock speculators are compellod to sacrifice many of their fan cy stocks, by forcing them upon the market, to raise funds to meet the calls from the banks, which causes a general decline in quotations for fancies, and the market becomes heavy and prices depressed. These are a few of the evils growing out of the defect* in the existing law requiring quarterly reports from the banks of this State, and until it is repealed or remodelled > we shall be periodically visited by them. The banks are compelled to adopt these measures, to eke out their regu lar dividends. They make money out of both movements. The contraction is, without doubt, more profitable to them than the expansion, as the rate of interest ranges so high that any decrease in the line of discount* is noth" 'ng. The bank* indirectly benefit by these exorbitant rates of interest, or rather, they realize all the benefit* in an indirect way. The Legislature of this State has un der consideration a bill which requires the banks to make semi-monthly reports to the Comptroller. We trtist this bill will pass, as there is nothing before the Assembly of greater importance to the commercial classos, not only of this city, but of the country generally. Every one is in terested in preserving a uniformity in the value of the currency, a proper limit to credits, and a regularity in the bank movemeuts generally. A law compelling tho banks to make semi-monthly reports, will bring about all these desirable result*. We want no further restiction* on the*e institutions; tho public will regulate the rest. Compel the banks to report their condition on the 1st and 16th of every month, and we shall have a uniformity of move ment, unparalleled in the history of banking in this coun try, in less than six months. We annex the United States Treasurer** monthly state ment, showing the amounts at hi* credit in the variou* depositories and the mint, by return* received at three periods. This table show* the amount on depoiit in each bank, lie., at the date given, and not the amount subject to draft:? Moktiilv Siitimiht or thc Tatnuasa or the Um< teo States. ?A. 86, '48. Mar. 30. Jipril 27 .Jmo't on .im't on *1m't on . drpotit. depotit. depouit. Mechanics' and Traders' Bank, Portsmouth. N. H 7,295 7,336 7.3*5 Bank of Burlington 6,404 6,6(15 6.663 Merchants' Baiik, Boston 723,Ml 1,167,727 1,570,887 City Bank. New Haven 14 14 14 Arcade Bank, Providence 35,237 3?,493 30,283 Fanners' and Mechanics', Hart ford, Conu 32,389 32,410 32,321 Mechanic!' and Farmers' Bank, Albany 139,430 164,276 164, WW Albany City Bank, Albany 163,235 165,235 165,251 Bank of Commerce. New York.. 613,163 499,419 901,797 Bank of America, New York... 829,277 1,234,318 1,246,138 American Exchange Bk. N. Y... 200,313 333,108 671,411 Merchants'Bank, New York .... 734,696 409,313 792,273 North River Bank, New York... 437,203 963,810 333,928 Bank of the State of New York.. 334,332 809,707 933,174 Mechanics' Bank, New York.... 303,9*7 633,704 331,363 Bank ol' Commerce, I'hilad.,.... 300,133 293,481 362,481 Bk of Tennessee, Nashville 9,327 9,327 3,327 Firemeus' Insurance Company, Cleveland, Ohio 28,312 28,303 28,424 Branch Bk of Cape Fear, N.C... 7,000 7.000 6,172 Commercial Bank, Albany 180,000 193,000 193,000 Philadelphia Bank, Philad 202,786 263,514 407,101 Exchange Bank, Pittsburg 239,6*3 213,607 207,456 Brooklyn Bank, Brooklyn....... 70,000 70,nu0 70,000 Bank of Washington, Washing ton 13,668 I3.S65 13,653 Bauk of the Metropolis 17,742 32,941 29,674 Bank of Potomac, Alexandria... 9,192 9,492 9,492 Farmers' Bank of Virginia, Rich mond 36.490 36,490 36,490 Exchange Bk of Virginia, NorPk. 91,160 93,073 93,623 S. W. R. B, Bank, Charleston... 242,991 185,393 191,327 Planters'Bank Georgia, Savan'h. 39,374 39,121 63,211 Bank of Mobile, Mobile, Ala... 170,038 166,829 130,360 Br. Bank of Ala., Huntsvile 5,033 3,333 3,353 Bank of Louisiana, N. 0 40,963 49,810 19,463 Union Bank of Tennessee, Nash ville.. . 64,393 71,549 63,393 Ltoiiuville Savings Jiisurnce, Louisville... 101,316 111,096 132,144 The O. L. and Tr. Bank, Cinn... 170,19.' 173,285 237,173 Clinton Bank.lColnmbui 107,932 100,939 8?,?J? Bank of Norwalk, Norwolk 13 13 13 Bank of Missouri, St. Louis 409,6:10 385,610 460,312 Michigan Ins..Co., Detroit 110,357 63,034 63,056 Mint of Philadelphia 684,762 644,762 604,781 Branch Mint of Charlotte, N. 4;. 32,000 32,000 32JM0 Branch Mint at Dahonega, < Ja., 30,000 90.000 30,000 Branch Mint N. Orleans La 203,238 203,238 203,238 Corcoran* and Riggs, Waahing to?-. .................... 437,431 450,218 303.893 O. I^ehCo's Bank, Buffalo... 31,710 31,710 31,710 Bank of Middletown, Pa 43,326 44,328 43,326 4'hesapeake Bank, Baltimore... 165,137 203,006 233,162 Patriotic Bank, Washington 14,781 14,761 14,761 Bank of Virginia 98,730 97,403 102,396 Bank of Erie, Pa 40,832 31,486 31,486 State Bank of New Jersey 30,000 50,000 43,000 Wisconsin In. Co., Milwaukie... 141,333 192,360 191,473 Canal Banking Co., N. Orleans.. 243,613 373,724 341,923 $9,730,347 11,781,391 13.000.609 Thin (how* on increase in the aggregate amount on de posit, to the credit of the Secretary of the Treasury, dur ing April, of $1,916,305, making the surplus revenue larger than it haa been at any time previous aiuce the es tablishment of the present tariff act The transfers ordered during the month of April, were as follows:? Transfers Ordered* To Capal Bank, Al- Krom Merchants' bany, N. York. .$100,000 Bank, Boston... .$100,000 To Merchants' Bk, From.Brooklyn Bk, New York 80,000 Brooklyn. 0,000 To Bk of Mobile, From Bk. of Ame Alabama 100,000 rica. New York. 73,900 To the Canal and From Bank of the ?*M| BankingComp'y, State of N. York.. 73,000 New Orleans.... 330,000 Fm. Wisconsin Ma rine and Fire In surance Co., Mil waukee, W. T... 80,000 $330,000 $336,000 The revenue from customs this year, to the 1st instant, has exceded that for the corresponding period last year, which accounts for the increased surplus revenue. At this port the receipts have been as follows:? IUvexuefeom Customs?Port of New Yort. 1(13. 1046. Jst't. Deer'*. January SI.6S7.023 1,476,313 ? 210,700 February 1,147,334 1,266, <63 ? 00,871 March 1,602,303 2,617,017 1,013,344 ? April 1,334,OK 1.3*6.109 ? 149,696 86,171,747 <6,746,021 1.013,344 441,117 It will I* perceived that there has been a decrease every month in the four, but one, March, in which the increase was so large as to offset the decrease in the other months, and give a large balance in favor of this year. The aggregate value of importations from the 1 st of Janu ary to the 1st of May, 1846, was $96,363,410, against $34,333,009 for the corresponding period last year, show ing an excess this year of $1,910,406. The aggregate value of exportation from 1st of Janua ry to 1st of May, 1646, waa $6,710,933, against $7,349,333, for the corresponding period last year, showing a decrease this year of $638,600. The receipts of the Reading Railroad Company for se veral weeks past, have been very large. Weanaex i comparative statement of the business of the road for one week in April, in each of the past three years ,? ritlI.ADEl.rHlA AND Rr.ADINO RaILBOAP. _ Ayril r, '44. Jlpl 31, '43. Jtpl 23, '46. Travel 1.762 63 1.064 36 2,009 W trncht on (oods I.W6 69 1,636 71 3,167 40 Do. Coal 0,017 63 13,609 10 30,*74 97 Total $10,766 97 $17,171 16 $37,131 27 Amount ?/ Ceel Traniporitd. Tons 1,277 1?,3W 24,063 The weekly receipts are not only large, but the per cent increase, compared with corresponding periods last year, is immense, being more than one hundred and twelve per cent Bills for the relief of the Jefferson, United States, North American, Howard, F.agle, Contributionship, Mer chants', Ouardian, Manhattan, and Firemen's Insurance Companies, with the amendments of the Bank Commit tee, have passed to a third reading in the Senate, and will, without doubt be soon sent to the lower house] for concurrence, which we trust will be given as speedily as possible. These companies lost nearly the whole of their capitals by the great lire of July last, and every dol lar lost has been paid up. They are therefore at present so reduced in capital that they cannot take one-tenth part of the business offsred ?, and it is highly important that their stock should be Ailed up, so that they can take the risks offered, to secure the business, and prevent its going to other cities. We have never had sufficient insurance capital in this city, and even when our offices had full capitals, the agencies of foreign com panies took away from us a large amount of business.? The capitals of the above companies should be doubled, and more discrimination should be exercised in the distri bution of risks. Twice within ten years, the Are insur ance companies of this city have been bankrupted by great Ares, and would be again in the event of conAagra tionsto the same extent taking place, with the same con^ centration and extent of insurance, with the same extent of capital. The rates of insurance are too high, and might be, with judicious distribution, reduced. Evory day's delay the bills before the Legislature experience, in relation to these companies,drives a large,amount of in surance from this city ; and a speedy and proper disposal of ilium is highly necessary. The Ire insuranoe bu?i W6?o bora, wtUUu the ptst Wa youo, 1m* not beeu by u?y

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