Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 8, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 8, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Nrw York, Friday, Hay 7, IH46. The Weekly Henid. The V'eekly Hebai.i> to bo issued to-morrow ( morning, will l>c embellished with two lx*nutiM ' up-?>ru>, "May Day) in Y?Kk" the a " View of the Fortress of San Juan dp Vera Crux." It also contains the latest ? It Mexico, Texas, ami the Army of Oc f?pai._n, the foreign news by the steamship ''nmbiiii. at Boston; tiie proceedings of the Medi enl Convention ; the Administration of the Sa crament cContinuation, by Bishop Hughes, in St. Peter'? Church; tlio Trial of ox- Gov. Thomas for Libel oa Col. Benton ; interesting and impor aut foreign and domestic correspondence ; de hates in Congress, &c. Jcc. To be ready for de livery at the desk, at 8 o'clock. Price 6* cents. Reduction of the Navy. A highly important report was made the other day to Congress, by Mr. Bancroft, Secretary of the Navy, proposing an extraordinary roduction and radical reform in the present armaments and arrangement* of the naval service, equal to $1,000,000 a year. It would appear from the spirit of this report, that the idea of any conflict with a foreign nation could not exist in the Executive mind ; yet it is doubtful how long Mr. Polk's thoughts may re main in this complexion. The propositions of Mr. Bancroft, which are stated with much jtowcr of ^eloquence, and with much clearness, will no doubt he received with sentiments of a mingled character by the officers of the navy. The whole reduction of expenses proposed by this now plan is equal to a million of dollars. This considera tion will, no doubt, be a recommendation of tbe plan to the tax-paying people of this country ; but it requires much moriil courage in the, head of the navy department to make a proposition of such a nature, which touches radically the incomes ol those who live upon the public. We may expect a great storm of indignation from the friends of the navy, and much excite ment growing out of this subject. Mr. Bancroft must know well his ground, and meet the hurri cane coolly. Remember the fate of Paulding. This may be culled a government strike for lower wages. One obvious reflection springs up in the mind* on reading the masterly and able rei?ort of Mr. Bancroft, and also those of his colleagues. While we must acknowledge, generally, the great talent, ability and industry, displayed by the Cabinet Ministers, alljn their several spheres of action, we cannot overlook the sublime incongruity?the splendid inconsistency, of the directing mind in the White House, by whom the separate views of these ministers have been devised. The policy of one department of the government is directly in the teeth of that taken by the other. The State department argues for 54 40?the alternative of war, and vast expenditures?while the Treasury and the Navy are all for economy, radical reduc tion, and peace. Even the same departments, within the interval of a few short weeks, have ex hibited die strange anomaly of a tendency to war and expenditure?and then to peace and reduc tion. Such a strange and contradictory system of government can arise only from imbecility of mind?infirmity of purpose-?or incapacity in the intellect that should control the whole in harmony iuid compactness of design. If the country does not get entangled in some grave difficulty, it will be a miracle. Mr. Polk, no doubt, means well?and so does the unfortunate engineer, in the midst of an awfid explosion of his boiler. Capa city, not motive, is the point in question. 1 HE LiAST E.XPKESS?1 HE MAGNETIC l ELEGRAni. j ?The Express from Boston, which brought tlic , iirst intelligence of the arrival and going ashore ( of the Cambria, will probably bo the last Express . ot' the kind which will ever run lietween the two i cities with foreign news. Vale, vale?Ion gum vale ! ( \Vj livo in a transition period of society. In , ? ? ???rdiiv's paper, we published the intelligence 1 proceedings of Congress of the preceding ' j JtaneoiHy with the newspapers which ] ^''cd in Washington city itself?220 miles ; ( i,: intelligence was conveyed to us by the j i: telegraph, which henceforth will enable i a lo rtiblir li every important proceeding at Wash- 1 ington simultaneously with the Washington pa pers. In n short time, the lines between this and Washington will lie complete; in an equally short , time, the lines between this city and Boston wilj be also so. Soon afterwards, we shall also have a telegraphic communication, by electricity, as far west as Buffalo. We think, as one effect of this great movement, we shall be secure in anni hilating both space and distance, so far as regards | the communication of information. When all these lines are finished, New York j will be the centre of a great community, of wliicli j Boston on the East, Buffalo on the West, and Washington on the South, will be the suburbs, all of them, in instantaneous communication with the grand central metropolis, New York. In a ! short time, say in a few years, these lines will ex- | tend over every part of the country. Its political, j commercial, and social effects cannot now be es- i timated. It will cause a unity of thought and ac tion throughout the whole republic, similar to that exhibited by a single community, governed by some strong, simple feeling and sentiment of jus- ! tice or of equity?of madness or ot folly! Thus we are upon the edge of a new state of J civilization, brought about by atwun, electricity and lightning. The last express, therefore, from Bos ton, is probably the last which will ever be run by ' the power of steam. We rather think that before the arrival of the next steamer, we will be able to receive our intelligence by the lightning of heaven, at once and forever. New Appointments for Postmaster and Na val Officer of this City.?The Postmaster in this city?Mr. Morris?and, also, the Naval Offi cer?Mr. Hoffman?who have been elected, and have accepted the office of delegates to the State Convention, will probably be very soon superse ded by new appointments, which may reasonably be expected from Washington. The State Convention, which meets in June, will probably continue in session many months ; and it is not to be supposed that the President will continue in office important public fimctionaries in this city, who receive their pay from the State, and spend their efforts on other business. Indeed, so far as the Post Office is concerned, it was never in worse hands, or worse managed. Mr. Morris may be a very worthy man?a very honest man? a very eminent man, and a very talented man but he seems to be very unfit for the office of Post master in this city. Were it not for the efficiency and experience of his clerks, the Post Office would be in an awful state, for want of a practical and efficient superintendent. Nothing would please two-thirds of the democracy more than anew appointment in this office. Webb vs. Bacow?And still and still another Postponement.?This amusing can* has been further postponed?(see the report elsewhere)? and the public anxiety only increases upon every fresh move in the business. The $ti|>e nor Court room, yesterday, was densely throng ed, and the curious crowd went away disap pointed a good deal. It appears that Edwanl Curtis, who is now at Washington, has been at tached for contempt of Court in refusing to obey the usual subpoena. Tho affair growing out of this now memorable suit, will make a racy con cern in itself?an amusing sort of prologuo in the performance?so that when the whole case comes up, with the rlramalt* perumtt who figure therein, it will surpass, in j>oint of farcical humor, any thing that has ever appeared on any stage. Pro bably Mr. Curtis has gone to Wiishington to at tend there, also, to Daniel Webster's adaus. The Great Religious Anniversaries.?Thase mportnnt s?*mhln(jfs may bo said to commence Ins evening, at the Tabernacle, fn Broadway, as A-ill appear by tbe following notice :? Krioav. M?) Sth. African Kducftlion < irlli/ation Rocicfar?Taberua* 1*. in Broadway, to eonnnoaev at 7 o'clock, r. M. Preparations are making throughout the city, or th? reception of the clergyman; aitd we have io doubt there will be a goodly number present, ".?no of the greatest difficulties in tendering hospi- I alities to tfie country clergymen, arises from the >eastly practice which many of them have of ?hewing tobaceo. On former occasions, many eligious families have entertained clergymen, md paid them the greatest attention ; and the ?nly return which these pious men left behind, i'as destruction to the carpets and furniture, by pitting, produced in consequence of their intem erate use of tobacco. We hope and trust that ic clergymen will reform themselves in this re pert, and try to conduct themselves like well-bred entiemen. There is no chewing tobacco, or pitting in consequence thereof, in the Kingdom f Heaven; nor is there any biblical or other iuthority justifying such a practice. When our x>rd in the wilderness worked his miracles, it vas to supply loaves and fishes?not tobacco and pitting boxes. Among the other religious assemblies which we iee, is a convention of the Provincial Council of he Catholic clergy in Baltimore, next Sunday. This great council will consist of twenty-six Ca holic Bishops?marked thus t?and others of he Catholic clergy, who will meet, with closed loors. This is not the mode of conducting reli* ;ious affairs, consonant to the instituticus of this rountry, although it might do in Rome, under Constant ine the Great. The Catholic church should ,>e as open in their proceedings as the Kingdom jf Heaven. We shall endeavor, however, to give i report of their proceedings, in spite of their se .?recy; and we request some of our Catholic cor respondents in Baltimore?whose names shall be ?ompletely concealed?to give us the full particu lars of the proceedings that may take place there, ,-ven by the telegraph, if necessary, and we shall >ay all expenses. Musical Matters.?One of the most curious reuks of musical and fashionable society in this ?ity, is the entire failure of all the concerts reeent y given, with the exception of one?a matter of icculiar personal cti'ort. This was Heinrich's ?oncert, which was more in the nature of a Grand yiutical Frolic, where fun and fine music were nixed in equally large slices. Theatricals seem to je growing at present, and musical matters on the wane. This decline in musical matters appears io have prevailed since the withdrawal, last year, jf the Italian company, including Madame Pico; ilso, of De Meyer and Teinpleton. It is possible that the musical taste may be revived as some of these eminent artists return, which may be in a ew weeks. Madame Pico is already here, and ye sluill, doubtless, have an opportunity of judg ng thereof, when she gives her concert. Apropos, in regaril to musical matters, we have eccived a curious letter from Charles Perabeau, he musician and musical critic, in which lie ac knowledges himself to be the source and origina tor of a piece of plagiarism, taken from Black irood,? Magazine, and applied to De Meyer, which appeared in the Herald some time ago, and which was meanly taken hold of by some of our contem poraries. Perabeau mingles with his confessions a preat deal of impertinence and impudence, and *ome remarks against De Meyer, not worthy o intention. Tliis is a proof and sample of the im pertinence which prevails among the musical cri tics ; and as we have nailed already one of them to the counter, there to stick, as an example to the rest, we do not care one button for their quarrels, rivalries, or jealousies, nor shall we enter into hem. Thk Steamship Great Western, with her ac customed punctuality, left this city yesterday af ternoon, at 3 o'clock, for Liverpool. Her mail was unusually large. The great Southern mail, through to New Orleans, reached here, we be lieve, in time to be sent by her. She took out a large amount of specie, and one hundred and twenty-eight passengers. Increase of Population.?Nearly thirteen hun dred immigrants arrived at this port yesterday from England. City Intelligence. New Pavements.?Broadway, from Chambers to Reade strecti, opposite Stewart's new store, ii to be paved, lomc time during the lummer, in a novel manner. Solid blocks of granite, a foot square, are to be laid down the whole width of the street, and cemented together. The expense for this work will be about $10,000, which has been rais ed by private contributions, and the privilege of laying the pavement procured from the Common Council by Mr. Russ, a merchant of this city. The work will be :ompleted about the 1st of August This will certainly make a durable pavement Bia ? Weather.?We have been drenched with rain for a few days past, and hare had every sort of weather hut such as could be expected in May. But this will make the grass grow and bring out the blossoms on the trees. New Brookltn Fcaav.?The ferry at the Atlantic Dock, from the foot of Hamilton avenue to Whitehall, will be ready to go into operation some time in June. Accident.?One of the Mr, Ourlies, who have moved their auction establishment to the corner Broadway and Duane street, fell last evening through the hatch way, which was unfortunately left open, a distance of nearly 40 feet Dr. Bostwick was immediately sent for to attend him, and alter dressing his wounds and carefully exam ining him, said there were no bones broken, and although he was badly injured, thought he would soon recover. Charge of Stabbino.?Samuel Cook, alias Daniel Hur ley. nn Irishman, was arrested yesterday by Denutv Mar shal Morrison, under a warrant granted by Conrr Morton. The prisoner is charged with stabbing a shipmate of his, named Jacob Lewis, on the outwanl voyage of the shin Oneida, from this port to Canton, and inflicting several wounds on his neck and side, with a sheath knife. On the arrival of the ship at Canton, information was given to the American Consul, who had Cook arrested and sent home in irons, to take his trial. An examination of the prisoner will be had this morning at 10 o'clock. We un derstand the wounded man remains in the hospital at Can ton, and that his life is despaired of. Ood Fr.LLownmr.?An exhibition and lecture on the se* creta of odd fellowship, will be given to-night and to' morrow night, at the Minerva Rooms, Broadway. Kino's Stocks.?The advertisement in our columns a day or two since, stating that Green It Mercer had some of this stock for sale, was a hoax. These gentlemen never owned a single share of this stock, and the adver tisement was inserted without their knowledge. ThA au thor of the hoax is of course unknown to them and to us. If he considers it a joke, he must have a very vicious taste. FisTicrrrs in Broadway.?Two very gentlemanly ap pearing men, met each other in Broaaway yesterday about II o'clock, and amused themselves by battering each other with their lists for about five minutes. They seemed determined to have a regular pugilistic encoun ter, but Mere prevented by the passers-by. A great crowd was gathered around, ami the gentlemen t>oth looking rather ashamed of the affair, sneaked off in op l>osite directions. We did not learn the precise cause of the difficulty, but understand, that as usual in such cases, one of the gentler sex, who front Adam down, have always got the poor men into scrapes of all kinds, was concerned. Omnibus Accident.?An omnibus broke down aud tipped its passengers in the street > esterda) afternoon, opposite St Faul s Church. Fortunately the mud was so deep, that none were injured. When we saw the con cern, about half an hour after it broke down, the horses were very quietly eating the straw out of the door. Ri les kob Men About Tow*?Continued.?Ri le 4.? To Oct a LoimiNii. <Jo to a fashionable boarding house in search for board, look at a room, like it very much, and say you will " come there and lodge." " Vou will have your baggage brought in the morning." Rise as early as convenient, take your accustomed morning walk, and forget to return. By following up this plan, vou may in a short time tie come acquainted with the beat fivds in town, so that you can recommend them to your friends. PKwratxcTivg Fire in Mojuuomeiiy.?1Our citi zen** were rouned ventertlny morning, about three o'clock, by the cry of fire. The fire appeared to have commenced in the back part of the upper story of the building formerly belonging to Mr. rhiiUp Hodge rs, and then occupied by Mr. Hugh Karrior. From this building the fire was communicated to Mrs. Reid's Hotel. th$ lower story only of which was occupied, and so on front build ing to building, to tho store of Dr. A. M'Bryde, at the corner of Market and Terry street*. Here, by the ac tive exertions of the members of the Hook and" (.adder Company, aided b> other eitiicns, the fire was checked, and Hawick's corner store was saved, though three times on Are. The buildings destroyed were nine.?Montgome ry (.ffo.) Journal, May 1. Common Plraa. Before Judge I lshoefler. Mat 7,? Hryam el aL r*. Jotin, .SAerj/f?In this case referred to yesterday, the jury found a verdict for the de fendants, valuing the property at $110. Before Judge Ingraham. Drtw tt U vi- JTarfor.?Y ?nUctfor plaint*, *U7 ?7. THE FORTRESS OF SAN JUAN D'ULLOA. THE AMERICAN FLEET IN THE OFFING. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO AND TEXAS. THIRTEEN DAYS IiATER. ? ? By tlio magnetic telegraph, yesterday afternoon, wc received important intelligence from the Kio Grande, giving an account of the blockade ol Matamoras by General Taylor? ulso an account oi the first skirmish that has taken place between the Americans and the Mexicans on the frontier? the defeat of a small party of Americans by a large body of Mexicans?and several other par ticulars, of great interest at this stage otjhc con t(?This new# wo sent, in our evening edition, by the Great Western, yesterday, to Europe. Several hours subsequently, we received our New Orleans correspondence and papers, and also some from Mexico and Texas, with additional important particulars, which will be iound an nexed. The Mexican intelligence was brought to New Orleans by the brig Orleans, Captain Patter son, with dates down to the '23d ult. from ^ era Cruz, and the 18th ult. from the city of Mexico. The Texas accounts, to the 27tli ult. from Galves ton, were received also at New Orleans, by the steamer New York. We annex our New Orleans correspondence i [Correspondence of the Herald.] | New April 98, 18W. We are flooded with news to^ay. fromcvcry quartcr. The Caledonia's new* was brought to the city yesterday morning 1 learn, bviprivate express, thcjmail naming fail oil from Charleston. The Picnyttnr of this i tained a full abstract of it, something Ukc e or nx co lumns but ns the newsboys would say, no other paper ? hat the new*." The mall boat did not arrive at its usual hour, and did not reach the city till U o clock. There will not be a great deal done in cotton to-da> , asi the i merchants will desire to digest the contents of their let ter* before roing in deep. Yesterday the market was pretty animated, and about 5,000 bales changed han<s ?rices unchanged. A ridiculous rumor prevailed here on Monday afternoon, that a vessel which had sailed from here for Matamoras, with supplies, had arrived aJid rejiortcd that the forccs under General Ampudia hsd crossed the river and attacked the portion of General Taylor In the rear while the Mexican batteries kept up an actnefire upon his front-that he was completely ?utcd and 1 large number of his troops driven into the Rio Grande Ridiculous as this rumor found mam Dplicve , and caused some considerable excitement. It was pro bably started by way of a joke, but in a time like this tokos are inexcusable. There was no sort of foun I nsxissss^ss ?[?; n.. in their ear The New York has arrived this morning from J.lieston bringing later intelligence from the army, and Mexican inSene" The news is of no very great importance There has been no fight, and matters remain Xc samc Wsitionas when we fast heard from there. Such asKews is, 1 send you. It?*??. "o^certa," i that Geneial Ampudia has been displaced bj rared"' and Crista is given command of the Mexican forces at the Rio Grande. The Mexicans appear to con^de^risU a much better ofllcerw^dm^ gd'^iroclamaUon to the ^Cantata Foster, of the U. S. schooner Woodbury, is still under trial by court martial in this city, tor tyranny, and dishonorable and "nscntlemanl} conduct, ^general impression seems to bethat he wlllbehon orably acquitted. The detachment of U. S. troops re cently arrived, will proceed to the Rio Grande in a daj or two : they number 190 muskets. The weather to-day is fine, finer than yc^rdn> < thC y mometer<83 in the shade, out of the diaft , sun very warm?bat a good breeic prevailing. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Amkriax Camp, orrosiTE Matamoros, 1 April 18,* 1846. ) Col. Cross has been murdered or captured by the Mexicans, 4 or Sdays, lie rode out alone, w c all thought he had been taken prisoner, until Sunday, when the I Mexicans sounded a parley, and sent over two officers of I Ampudia's stall' to tell Gen. Taylor to retire behind the 1 Nueces, or thev would war to the knife. The) gave us I but 34 hours to pack up. As they have not done any i thing vet, we begin to think it is all Mexican humbug.? The officers assured tJen. Taylor that Col. Cross was not on the other side. I still thl A he is there a I lien. Ampudia arrived on the lOth-.he brought 3000 infan > try and300 lancers, making, with what they had at Mata moras, 4000 men. Gen. Taylor is entrenching his camp with regular bastion work to mount 9ft guns. It " near ly competed. It will hold the whole army. The latest news from the other side is that (Jen. Ammidia has been i superseded by Arista. If so, there will be no war. l.t. I Daos, of 4th artillorv, started last night?sw-am the rher to find out if CoL Cross was over there?has not been heard of since. Mexican News. Even' thing was still quiet infthe capital and > era i Crux, so far as any outbreak in favor of Santa Anna w as concerned, but the minds of all men were ripe for a ret o lution. Letters had been received at Vera Crux from the city of Mexico, stating that Gen. Alvarei had raised the standard of revolt in Uie Southern part of the Department of Mexico ; proclaimed the federal constitution .and de clared himself in favor of tho recall of Gen. No details upon this subject are given in the papBrt, but ?1 Locomotor of the 23d has no doubt-of tlie fact of a i revolution having broken out as alleged. I The Mexican steamers (iaudalope and Montexuma had I been sold to the house of Marshal Manning for ; $640,000, and wero to proceed to Hat ana immediately , j This circumstance has given rise to a great many conjec I tU!Us now asserted confidently that the government of Taredcs is controlled entirely by tho English. It is said that the difficulties between the Unitod States aiMMexi i co could have been long aincc arranged but lor the inter ! fere nee of the British Sinister. There seems now to bc | no prospect of peace unUl the custle of San Juan d I Uoa i ^Init^gard'to'uiis fortress, an engraving of which is lire tented above, it is no w almost certain that it cannot be taken unless by a very considerable squadron of vessels of the first class, or by faml attack. It has been put in tlio | rough repair, and is defended by guns of the largest call ! bre. When the Krench took it, >il pounders were the i heaviest Knin mounted in it; at present pan* of u inuch higher class are employed, and additional fortifications have been erected near the mole lor heavy cannon. Oeu. Bravo hat been appointed to the command ol \ era nix, and is especially barged with the defence of the fortress The papers of the capital announce that Gen. Bnno left there at the head ol 60fc men with a view to protec the department of Vera Crux, and any other pails of the nte rior which way be threatened by attack by the I mted DiariViltl Qebierno announces that 7000 men. well organited and officered, and amply provided with muni tions, money, fcc.. will Compose the armj of the North, mid that the Chief comman.l has Wen restored to Gen. \rista and that Gen. Ampudia will henceforth be only iecond in command. The appointment of Arista is con firmed by way of Braxos Santiago. ( om.t ouner has transferred his flag to the frigate Ra ritan. which arrived on the ItUh inst. lie sailed from Vera Cnu on the-Md on a cmi?e on the coast accom itallied by tho Cumberland, Potomac and K almouth. The h,.m had previously gone out to sea for a da) or two, to J?* the of fresh air. The sloop of w ar John Adams waa the only vessel of war l> ing at Sacrili cios when the Orleans sailed. The health ol the squad , oTthe *ld inst. publishes tho following "v.'wVfry of W*r Marin*? Hirltion of ?P'' Sn rrtmry of Iht (itncriit in-Chirf - Omn nl Ordrri of I Ikr 31 if Marrk. . . , *4diei?: By the extraordinary eNi>resi just arrive,ijt I has baeu cvuuuiucateU to tue that noitiUUM would Kin ill two days after between Matamoras and the enemy, and your brethren in arms impatiently wait for you to give to the country the glorious laurels which we will real- on the banks of the llio ^ XMPUDIA. Hacienda de Hinconai, March SI, 1?46. The business of Vera Cruz is almost annihilated by the unsettled state of the country, in regard to its internal prospccts and foreign relations. From Texnt and the Rio Gramle. Matamoras is blockaded by the orders of Gene ral Taylor. A rencontre has taken place between a party of Mexicans mid a lew men belonging to the American camp. The schooners Equity and Florida, which has cleared at New Orleans March 28, for Matamoras, had returned to the former city, having been or

dered offbythe United States blockading squad ron, consisting of brig Lawrence and schooner Flirt. It was conjectured that these vessels carried provisions for the Mexican army. The steamship Telegraph, which arrived at New Orleans lrdm the Brazos, reports that on the 19th ultimo Lieutenant Porter was killed, with three of liis men ; while out with a fatigue party of ten men, they were surrounded by fifty Mexi cans. The rest of the party made their escape, and returned to camp next day. About fifty Ameri cans had deserted to the Mexicans, some of whom were shot'while swimming the river. j The army of occupation was 3000 strong, and \ anixous for an engagement. The Mexican force was 4000; and it was reported that Arista was abont to supersede Ampudia. On tho morning of the 10th ult., when (Jen. Taylor found himself exposed to the enemy's lire, w ith his right and left uprotected, in consequence of the pcculmr bends of the river, he ordered one division of his army to take position in the bend above and Uic bend below the town, while with the main army he maintained his first position, whore lie still remains. Gen. Taylor has used all dili gence to strengthen his position by throwing up breast works by intrcnchments, fortifications, lie., and the Mexi can < Senerai, Ampudia, has been equally industrious in fortifving the town defensively, keening his soldiers em ployed night and day. Gen. foylorrs heavy ordinancc of eighteen pounders, arc said to bo situated within point blank shot of Gen. Ampudia's house, in the middle of the cltv. nt a distance of 300 yards. Thus, the two armies have been situated for upwards of two weeks, up to our present dates, neither having committed any positive act of hostility upon the other. On the 10th inst., CoL Cross, Commissary General of the army, rode out by himselt about 10 o'clock In the morning, to the house of a Ger man. about two miles from the army , where (as was alter I wards ascertained) ho was taken prisoner, by a party ot Mexican Kancheros. As soon as be w as missing, Uen. Taylor sent a detachment of men, who scoured the coun try in search of him, but to no purpose. Two or throe davs after, < apt. May, of the 2nd dra goons, took a runaway negro in the neighborhood of the same place where Col. Cross w as captured, and from this negro the above information of the taking of ( ol. < ross was obtained. Immediately after, Gen. Taylor sent a messenger to the Mexican General, requesting informa tion whether Col. Cross was a prisoner with him or not. The next day Gen. Ampudia sent several officers to the American camp with the answer that they knew nothing of Col. Cross, but they had made Lieut. Dens a prisoner. This officer, it appears, had previously crossed the river, (but without orders.) in search of Col. Cross, (who was his lNirticular friend.) and had fallen into the hands of the Mexicans. Much uncertainty and many sur mises prevail in regard to the fate of Col. Cross. But the more probable opinion appears to be that his capture was unauthorised by, and unknown to Ampudia ; and it is to be feared that ho has been murdered by the party by w hom he was taken, and his horse, money and clothing divided among them. On the 14th, General Ampudia sent a formal notice to General Taylor, ordering him to leave his present posi tion within twenty-fours, and to evacuate the whole ter ritory West of the Nueces, or that his refusal would be considered a declaration of war. General Taylor imme diately returned for answer, that his orders were to main tain his position on the cast bank of the river, and that he should do so. especially as the roads were muddy, and it was unpleasant retreating at this season. Shortly after the reception of this answer, the Mexican army partially withdrew from the town, and a portion of the troops dis appeared from the west bank of the river. Thus closes the last act of the drama as far as reported, that has yet been performed. This movement of the enemy is quite as inexplicable to General Taylor as to every body else. Colonel March informs us that a report has been put in circulation, that the threatened hostilities are only sus pended till the 1st of June, then to be renewed, we sup pose, with redoubled energy and still more slaughter. General Taylor is nrosccuting the fortifications at Point Isabel, w'ithsteady perseverance. Before lie returned the abovo answer to Ampudia, he ordered the blockade of Matamorns, and directed the com mandersofthe Flirt and Lawrence to enfore it strictly, which was accordingly done. A ves?el, with a cargo ol flour, having been waiting some time for a fair wind to enter the port, was the first to suftcr from this measure, and wan compelled to leave the market, where flour is now worth $10 per barrel. . . On the 10th instant. Lieutenant Porter of the 4th regi ment, (son of the late Commodore Porter) being out witn a fatiguing party of ten men, (somo of them wearing uni form) were fired upon when within a few miles of the camp. Lieutenant Porter and three of bis men were killed, in tho attack; the rest of the party escaping, re turned to the camp next day. It i? stated that the guns ol the American* were wot and would not fire. W e see no explanation Riven why this party of aoldiers should be ranging about the country with guns that would not fire. Lieutenant Van Ness informs us that nothing further had been heard of Colonel Cross up to the 19th. but that tho general opinion is. thai he is still a prisoner, though not at Matamoras. , Tho following officers came passengers in the .New York steamer at New Orleans:? (Ion. Worth. Col. Coffin, Col. Fisher, Col. Watts, Major Van Ness. Major March, ( apt Duncan, ( apt. McLellard, C'apt. Whitehead and Capt. Cobuin. Lieut Hoot, Dr. Robi soti, Dr. Kain, and seventeen discharged U. S. soldiers. The iron propeller Hunter, which sailed Irom Brasos St. Jago ill company with the steamer Col. Harney for New Orleans, arrived off Galveston Bar on the 27th, ele ven days out, with loss of smoke-pij>e and short ol fuel. She had encountered very heavy weather, having once been within seventy miles of theJPass, and obliged to put back on account of head w inds. Movement* of Traveller*. The following arrivals yesterday were added to the al ready crowded registers of the principal hotola. At the Aito*.?.1. Roberts, West roint; R. Voris. Sing Sing; Capt. Clcndinnen, (of Baltimore,) Paris; C. Hubbard, Bos ton; Mrs. Uen. Cass and family, Washington; Mr. Wil I laid, Vermont; 1'. B. I'edham, Itica; H. Newcomb, U. H. I A; J. Little. J. R. Wilden, Pittsburgh. \ rmi. I. Verplanck. Batavia, Rev. Dr. Willis, Scot land; (ieo. Cornish, N. V ; W Trevor, Canton; 11. Smith, | Alexandria; R. Parker, Penn'a; J. Williams. Baltimore; Mr. Dodge, Toughkeepsie; W. E. Gibbs, Newport; J I Grim wood, Albany; N. Carter, Manchester, Lug; George Benedict, Vlbany; T. Look wood, Troy; A. .Johnson, Utica; S. Gray, Boston; W. Liltle, Albany; L. Dale, Bo? ton; J. Cooper, do; W. Fay, do; Chadwick, Little aatf Smith, do; Mr. Adams, Massa'tts; Jos. Ruddoch. >. . Cnpt. Irvine, Scotland; Mr. Morris, do; J. Broome, ? ster; Mr. Whitnev, Detroit. . Citv-J. L. Bool ask) Tlvladelphia; James LAnn?e,Bo? ton; S. Metcolfe, Kentucky; J. rark. Pennsyl^auia, Jame* Dickson, Philadelphia; Rev. Mr. M''}'*"? ' j Ham Carter, Philadelphia; Col. Van Courtland, Cro ? ? .. mow!, Cherry Valley, A James, Ogd.nsW*h C. H. Foster. Philadelphia; R. Stemv.lle, U ? * goon, Richmond, Comr. Kearney, U. ? Nayy, ueo. raj , Oswego. | , jackson, Montreal; J. Van , H a , .V ^nlwx er Boston, Thomas \Va nuse",Philadolph?;O.Saw>^, Bo(|t(m. Mr ?,ne. mard, Pcjinnylvania; ThomM Reman (Jm: ,licL Providence; A. CoMnt._Bo B. (i Cutter, l.oniiville; S M. BBcktaghamjComwc g w ^ ((in neVueut; N 'CS5i?KBoston,J. Tod-1. Philadelphia; J. Te'fer, Toron 1 i llawkinv Boston; R. Klli?, feoiton; A. pjljj , 1,,'hu J oilman, Rochester; W. Short, C. W. Illus ion? Kentucky ; W. Isaac'. Baltimore; M. Mcllendrick, W??t roi?v Theatrical and Mualcal. As the theatrical season advauce* to a close, there ap pear* to be a revival of the drama in this ?ity, but a *ad decline in concerts and muiic. The Park i? doing a lu crative business in the production of the modern stand ard drama, with Mr*. Mo watt and Mr. George Vanden hoft', as the principal attractions. The former is a young and beautiful American actress, who made her debut in in this city about fifteen months ago, and who at once rose into public favor. Having made a tour through the Southern cities, she returned to New York a short time since, and commcnced an engagement at the Park, on Monday evening. For the last three night* (he has been received by full and fashionable audience*, with very marked applause. On Monday evening *ho appeared as Margaret, in Lovell's play of " Love's Sacrifice," a part that she rendered with a felicity and power that elicited enthusiastic applause from a very discriminating audi ence. On Tuesdav evening she took the character ot Mariana, in Knowfc*' play of " The Wife, and on yes terdav evening she again appeared as Margaret in I-ove s Sacrifice." ller engagement promises most brilliant of the season. Her benefit, which takes idace on Krida> evening, will command a very large House. After fulfilling her present, and a few other en gagemciits, she will procccd to Lnglaim* Park.?Notwithstanding the rain of la*t evening, the rouse w as well filled to witness the performance of Bul wcr's play of " The Lady of Lyons," in which Mrs. Mow itt appeared as Pauline, and Mr VandenhofT a* Claude Melnotte. Mr*. Mowatt's Pauline, although abounding with beauties that told well with the audience, was yet in uneven performance. Portions of the part, a* render ed by her, we have never seen excelled. Other*, again, Uelraved n want of study. It would bo impossible for us, in the limited space at present at our disposal, to,point out what we consider blemishes in her reading of this part. We shall do so in a few days, in a more extended notice. Hut we take pleasure in saying that the blemishes weit few in proportion to the beauties of her acting. The best point was when she rebuked Beauscant in the cottage, lor daring to make his base proposals. Her word* were delivered w ith a grace and dignity that we have never seen excelled. There wa* none of the customary mock Heroics, which actresses so much delight in, generally, n delivering the passage. It wa* the modest dignity of nnocenco and virtue, and not the loud and boastful ?ounterfeit, as delivered by most young ladies, that rocs off in a loud oxplosion in the concluding word*, I "wife's honor." In the first two act* we were :adl\ disappointed with Mr. Vandenhofl. His style in conversation with his mother, in the 3d scence of the 1st ict, was too heavy and unwieldy. His delivery of the icautiful description of the Lake of Como, was below hi* xjwers, and we thought that he marred it by trying an un )Caten path. But he retrieved nobly in the three last acts. , \t the close oi the 4th act, when ho rushes from the cot- ? aire after bidding adieu to his mother and Pauline, the uidience were actually thrilled with excitement, and the ipulau-c was long continued. But, on the whole, hi* laude Mclnottc does not.please us as well as Anderson *. ilr Bass's Col . I)amas, was an excellent performance, md would have been better hut for some few intcrpola ions of his own. We miss Chippendale in this character, drs Vernon's Madame Deschapelles was deserving or iiKh praise. We would suggest to the management that liev should produce the beautiful play of ' UUippu*. luring the present engagement The part of 'Gisippus vould suit Mr. VandcrihofT* powers exactly; and Mi* dowatt would give great ellect to the part of the he oino. We had almost forgotten to mention, for it i* a hing of nightly occurrence, thaty rs. Mowatt and Mr. ,'andenhon were called out at the close of the play, and re eived the enthusiastic applause of the audience, lo licht, Mrs. Mowatt's benefit takes place, on which oc asion she will appear as Julia, in Knowle ? play of The lunchback," *upported by Mr. Vandenhofr, a* barter Valter ; and afterwards m the petite comedy ol ratnt leart never won Kair Lady." , Orckkwicn Thmisk.-'The inclemency of the weather ast evening prevented the assemblage of *ogood a house is is generally enjoyed by this theatre. Notwithstanding he dampness of the atmosphere, however, the acting van quite spirited, and worthy of the highest applause. To-night a capital bill i* offered for Mr. Plumer'* benefit lie petite opera of the " Alpine Maid," the 1 Happy dan " and the " Savage and the Maiden. A great *tir nthe theatrical world will doubtless be created by the traduction, on Monday night, of the national ? Richmond Hill," founded on local event*, *aid to have ranspirtd in the vicinity of thistheatre dunngthe revo utiou. Its first performance will, without doubt, come >fl- before a very large and fashionable house as It iii to ,e produced on the same evening on which Mr. Myers ;omplimentary penefit ha* been 3lace by the meeting over which Hon. Mr. Havemej er 3 resided. "Bow.rrTheatre"?There" wa* ? capital treat last night at the Bowery, on the occasion of the represenia tion of " Richelieu," and the " Old Toll House." Two inch piece* combined are rarely to be socn on the same evening. They are sterling play*, and filled a numerous audience with delight We must not forget, on this oc casion, to remind the play-going public that this evening that most excellent and meritorious actor, Mr. Daven port. takes his benefit We hope to sec him rewarded by the crowded presence of his numerous admirer* ; he has toiled well and arduously for the public in hi* most laborious profession, and it is to be hoped to-night he will reap such a reward as he deserves and a generous public can give. A fine bill of entertainment 1* pre pared?" The Lady of Lyons," the " Adopted Child," and the " Star Spangled Banner." Vide the bill* for a mo*t brilliant chart or rich attractions. Christy's Mim!?tr*i.s.?Chrirty'* Ethiopian Mlnatrels have become prodigious favorites wiUi the New Yorker* tince they have been here, and notwith*tanding the very had weather they have had to contend with, hare drawn crowds nightly. There is something so chaste and fasci nating in their performances, that fll? mu*t ?!*'?} please whoever near* them. Mr. O. N. thrifty certainly deserves the appellation of the "Shaksperian bone pl*y* ? . ss his performances in that line place him at the h*ad o his profession They closo their performances here this week. Enough saiu?every body must hear them. Castle OABDEit.?A concert of sorred music U be giTen at this charming place of resort on Jf? _j?i, mu. pure breezes which blow up ^^^".^fv.^or re.Ser ?ic and the holy stillness of the Sabbath thriven all these concert* very delightful. They will be given all through the summer. . The Keanshave been.making ? tere'at'St Western cities ""^^,1 o" the evening of the IMh Louis, where they ?CP? iiame?ter." They are on their Sfe s ??p'""'? t'm' Mr. Murdoch n a ^ Mon(lay evening la*t, in the Theatre, I n j? the new American play of ' ^tX^C foun-led on an episode of New Kngfaad '"?ri^ Segu.n. are Playing ? ?th?r poor engagement at the Chesnut Street fheatre, Phlladelphu. Ma lame Augusta closed her engagement at the Holh AuV Street Theatre. Baltimore, on Tuesday evening. She appeared on the occasion in the ballet of " Nathalie." The celebrated pianist. De Meyei^wm to have g'ven his last concert in New Orleans on the 37th ult to have gone to Mobilo immediately after, and to return thence to New Orleans, on his way up the He has been eminently successful in hi* Southern tour and a brilliant reception %waits him in the West. Mr. Templeton * as, at the last advices, at C incinnati. This eminent vocalist has made a very successful tour through the South and West lie is about to return to tht* city. Mr. Brougham lias been giving some of his peculiarly comic ' Irish Evenings" in Boston, and is now -tout to proceed through the principal Cities of Connecticut. His entertainments have neenhighly successful. The Acrobat* left New Orlean* for Natchez on the Wth ult t Mr De Meyer'* farewell concert did not take place a New Orleans on the 17th ult, y of the weather, but was postponed until the 4th inst A. A. Adams, after play In* a mmAi Pittsburg, ha. gone to BulhTo, at which place he enacted ? Othello" on Monday evening. Mr Edward L. Walker, a gentleman of a high order ol JmmM* pttM-torWiMdhl. ???????? impressed a numerous audience with ^E^^SotaitfnSl musical attainment I fc. 8. Conner iiat Cincinnati, playing with distinguished aucceaa. MU? Joaephine ( liftou ia there alao, appearing on th^HM night* with Conner, to houaea crowded to the ceiling. MiaaMarv Ann Lee ia fulfilling an engagement at New Bedford. The Harmoaeons are now ia Baltimore. A new aapirant for mimical fame ha* appeared in the person of Signor de Noronha, a aelf-taught violiniat, from i South America, but originally from Portugal, who gave 1 hit first concert in thia city on Tuesday evening. Owing : to unexpected diaappointmenta and diflcultie*. the enter ' tainment did not go off aa well aa might be wiahed. But Signor de Noronha'a playing convinced the andieace that he poaaeaaea high claima aa an artiat of no common order. That charming vocaliat Madame Pico, will give a con 1 cert on Tueaday evening next. We understand that there ia not much proapcct of atarting an Italian opera company in thia city abort ly. | Van Amburgh'a menagerie, which waa exhibited in thia city for aevera^daya, arvl drew immenaa crowda during | its atay, ha* proceeded to Connecticut Howes' mammoth circua, with the renowned Madame Mncaite, the female cqueatrian, ia in Newark. N. J. Mr. Joseph Burke, known aome yeara aince aa the cele brated Matter Burke, ia about proceeding on a Weatarn tour. Mr. Dempster ia aomcwhere out West Mormon Intelligent** We gather the following items of local intelligence at Nauvoo from tho Hancock Kagle of the 34th ult. Dedication.?From all accounts, tho dedication of the Temple, which comes off on the 1st of Mav, is to be a ^rand and impoaingjceremony, and'will wind up th^ re gions festivals or the Mormons in this State. Those who have any curioaity to witneaa their religioua aervi cea, will have a last opportunity of ao doing on thia oc caaion. In addition to the aacred rite* to be performed in the Temple, there will be a kind of a fair held in the ad joining grove for the diapoaal of all manner of household clatterablea, preparatory to removal. Immediately after the cloaing of the religioua ritea, the great camp now forming on tho oppoaite aide of the river will move off, A California Paxtt.?Oppoaite our sanctum, we ob aerve aome dozen or more of wagons on the eve of join ing the great company which is about to march for Cali fornia. They are rude looking vehicle*, covered with common cotton doth, and each u drawn by a yoke of ill fad oxen. Navigation of tMm Ohio Hlver. Plmctt. Time. Simtt of RiVer. Cincinnatti, April 37 6 feet 4 inehea. Wheeling, April 16 6 feet|6 inche*. Pittsburgh, April 49 6 feet 9 iuche*. Louisville, April 36 6 feet 10 inches HOITEY MiBKBT. ~ Thursday, May 7?41P. M. The market wu a little more buoyant thia morning, but the improvement in quotation* waa very alight The tendency of pricea ia upward*, in apite of the effort* of the bean to keep thing* depressed, and the rumour* ia relation to our affair* with Mexico. Pennsylvania ft* fell off J per cent; Morri* Canal, f j Ohio 6*. Canton Company and Harlem cloaed at yester day'* pricea. Norwich & Worcester went up J per cent; Reading Railroad, 2 ; Reading Bond*, 1, and Long Island J. Between the fir*t and second board*, new* from the army of occupation on the Rio Grande, of aakirmiah be tween a detachment from General Taylor'* command and a party of Mexican*, in which four American* were killed, wa* received by telegraph, but it had no effect of consequence upon stock*, and the market clo*ed at price* current in the morning. The inaccuracy of the Wall street papers, in relation to money matter* i* proverbial. The lateit inctance i* that in relation to the Merchant*' Bank. One of the stock job bing journals of that vicinity, publiahed the returns, (which, however, were not official,) of all the banka of thia city for the first of May, compared with tho*e of Febru ary, in which it waa represented that tie loan* and diicount* of tho Merchant*' Bank had fallen off within the last quarter one million of dollar*. Thi* passed for what it waa worth among those acquainted with the character of the paper in queition for correct statement* ; but the Courier and 'Enquirer seized upon what it supposed to be the fact, and let off considerable indignation agaimt the Merchant*' Bank, for the "great and capriciou* curtailment," and the withdrawal of ao large an amount of loan* in so ihort a time. Thi* morn ing the Courier camo out with an apology, about " in voluntary injustice,*' and attempt* to explain away the mistake by attributing the error to a mistake in the Comptroller'* return* This i* all very well, ao far a* the Courier i* concerned, and co far a* it goea ; but there haa been no report from the Comptroller, and no error in the report of the bank, but in the source from which the Courier obtained the original atatement?and that ia one % of its blundering contemporaries, which we thought wqs too well known to lead any one astray. When tho blind lead the blind, Ice. Sterling Exchange wa* in active demand, and tale* to some extent were made. We quote prime at 10 percent premium. The Great Western take* out about two hun dred thousand dollar* in apecie. We annex our usual table of quotationa for the princi pal State and other atock* uaed for investment:? Taiccs ot' Stocks in the New York Mabket. Redeem- 1816. 1(46. 1846. ,, . , JUte. able. March 30. April 29. Jfey7.ll United State* (i 1862 ? &109 109 al09>; lis a ? 1 " 5 1843 101*aU>l* 100 a ? 100 aid* New York, 7 1848-49 104**104* 100 a ? 103 a ? 6 1850-54-60 ? a? l05*a ? - a ? 6 1861-63-67 103 a ? 104 a ? 106 a - 5* 1860-61-64 ? a? 105 a? ? a ? 6 1846 ? a? ? a? ? a ? 6 1846-7-8-9 ? a? ? a? ? a ? " 6 1850-1-3 ? a? ? a? ? a ? 5 1855-8 ? a? 97 a 98 !>9 a * 5 1859-60-1 100 a ? 95*a ? ? a ? 4* 1849-68 ? a? ? a? ? a ? Ohio, 6 1850 94)%* 95 93 a 17* ? ? ? 6 1856-68 94 a? 91 a 94V 95 a 95* 6 1850-56 -a- ? a ? ? a ? 7 1856 108 al03 180 alOO* 181 a ? Kentucky, 6 10?*al0t 9?*a i?l a ? .... 5 ?? 85a90 ? a? ? a ? Illinois, 6 1 870 37*a 38 36 a ? 37 a 37* Indiana, 6 25 years 38 a ? 36*a ? ? a II Arkansas, 6 ? ? a ? ? a ? a ? . Alabama, 6 ? a? ? a ? ? a ? 6 71 a 71* 70 a? ? a 89* Pennsylvania,6 69*a ? 68 a ? M*a 68* Tennessee. 6 ? a? ? a ? a ? N. York City,7 |1857 - ? a ? 109** ? ? a ? 7 1858 ? a- - a - - a ? " 5 1850 ? a? ? a ? a ? . 5. 1858-70 94Ka 96 - a - a - Bk Com'e N. Y., full 9t*a 94 90 a ?3 91 a 93 m v "? -e . .. SSrip 94 a 95 91 a 93 * a# N. Y. Life Ins. k Treat Co. ? a ? ? a? ? a ? * V?0*?' Loaa k Treat Co. Z7*a 38 36*a XI tf*a 38 Ohio Life Ina. tc Treat Co. 98 a 99 96a? ? a 97 Bank oflLS. i? PenaavlV 4** 6 4*a 5 *X Boston li Providence Rail'd 113 al!3 108 alio 111 a ? N.JaneyRR.IcTrans.Co ? a ? 98 a 98 ? * 99 Mohawk IcHad'ki Railroad. 53a? 50 a 50* 50 a ? Utica 8i Schenectady Rail'd 130 .a ? 114*all5 Utall6 Syracuse fc Utica Railroad, 118 all5 105**110 - a Auburn k Syracus* Railr'd, ? * ? 188 a ? - alOO Auburn fc Rochester R. R., 100 alOO* 100 alol ? a ? Readme lUilrpad, 73 a 73){ 89 a - Delaware It Hudson Canal, 144 a ? 146 a ? lH al48 Readme Railroad Boada, 78 a 78* 74 a 76 7? a ? Heading Railroad Nfcji Bds., 80 a 80* 77 a 78 ? a ? The variation* which from time to time have been ex perienced in quotation* for the good stock*, have been caused principally by the cfcaagus which have a* flre quentl^been realized in tfcc nwtey market Most of the State Legislature* have adjourned, and nothing ha* trans pired of a character likely to have any favorable into* ence upon the value of tho delinquent State stocks, or to create any hopes that a resumption of either will bo very soon realised. The movement* in tho Legislature of Indiana, in relation to the payment of the interest on tho debt of that.State, do not moot the wishes or expectations of tho stockholders; and the probability is, that tho terms proposed by the Legislature of the State will not be accepted. Nothing would be more gratifying to as than to see Indiana, and every other delinquent State la the Union, resume the payment of the interest on their debts ; but we cannot justify any attempt to remove tho responsibility from the State to any public work, however productive it may be, for the purpose of throw ing off any burden the people may bo oppressed with; State Legislatures have no right to sacrifice their credit ors. There is very little honesty or justice in making such propositions for the peyment of the interest on their debts, a* delinquent State*, which they could not Justify as solvent ones. The necessities of their creditors, and the absence of confidence in the government, may force them to accept terms which would, under other circum stances, be refused; but the State Legislature ?ka"M not profit by the depreciation of their credit, or avail themselves of their delinquency to throw the responsibility upon other sources of revenue. These remarks will apply particularly to the Legislature of Indiana, as an attempt haa been made to bring about a resumption of the paymeut of regular dividends, by requiring the creditors to relieve the State from a portion of tho annual interest on the debt, by their taking the revenue from the unfinished public work*, in pay ment for that not provided for by the State. The object of thi* i* to relieve the people from taxation to the extent required, were the State to reiume the psyment of the whole. It is, in fact, no more or less thsn a compromise ?a mode of settlement never previously proposed by say State government We are not surprised at the refusal of the creditors to accept the terms offered. They are not disposed to give up their lien upon the State for the payment of the full interest, in tin-ear* and accruing, and they are perfectly right in holding on to tho security they now have, rather than release the State from the re. *ponsibllity it contracted. There ia, perhaps, no State in the Union increasing more rapidly in population, in public snd private wealth, in the development of its agricultural resources, and ia the general prosperity of the people, than tho State of In. diana; and her creditor* need have no fears but she will, befoio the Ispse of msny years, be in ? position to moot tlw psyiusm ?l Uw interest on her public dolH prowptty