Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 13, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 13, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. : ? ? .? ii .. .... - .. , *i'W York, Wrdnrid*)', May 13, 1M6> Innivrrasu-lea?Thta Day. Ame.ica i Baptist Home Miaatou Society--First Baptist Church B^oklvn. WeiliiwUy. May I3tU. Business meeting 4 o'clock. P. M Aanuui rep"rt tin) adilre**es m ?ha evening. Another businelk meeting on the following ??y- . Ameri. in Tract Society. W*Jne*dav. 10 A. XL?tf>ad ? way Tabernacle. Among the kpeakers engaged, are Hev. Mr. Stevenson, of Ohio; Ret. Mr. Turnbull, of flartford ; R?v. I)r. Adams, of New York ; end the Ron. J. McPherson Berrien, of the United State* Senate. American Home Missionary Society?Tabernacle, half past 7 P. M. American Keinale Moral Reform Society?Allan Street Church, half-past 7, P. M. The Christian Alliance, at Or. Cone'* Church, in Broome itreet. hall-past 7, P. M. Addresses may be ex pected from Drs. Peck, Beecher Hague, and other*. American Society for .Meliorating the Condition of the Jews?Reformed Dutch Church, in Lafavotte place, at hali past 7, P. M. OO- We have in tyj>e, but tuu compelled to omit to-day from tho great pressure of iini>ortant matter, fall rejxjru of the N. Y. Colonization So ciety, the Foreigu Evangelical Society, ami tlie N'. Y. Sunday School Union, which will nppcor to-inorroM'. The Herald Supplement. The UtraU Supplement of to-day contain* the pro ceeding* in both branches of the Common Council yef? erday, embracing the installation of the Mayor elect ; and the orgaaixation of the new Board* ; the continua tion of the Slav* Case trial ; Correspondence from Al bany and Bostou ; together with a variety of other im periant article*. Beside* the above, thi* sheet contain* over eight oolumns of advertisements. Qrnt\$ to regu lar subscriber*. Vh? Mexican Crisis. the country. This is all vain and futile. There i* no nso in crying over broken crockery. The Pro > .. . . v?vi.?ou iu serve IJ1.S I fuil time, but the cabinet, the council of advisers m ho have assisted in bringing about this catastrophe ought to be rooted out at once. Secretary Morey had his pantaloons once repaired or eleaned by the State of New York for fifty cents, and we suiv J**?o n dollar from tho treasury of the United -totes, will now repair the damage which recent atrium haw produced on these wearable*. Let him have his dollar and go. It is use less to complain. We must support tho Execu tive and tho government as a united people, de termined to do or die. Tlni war will produce a change in the condi t. -"id | roxpects of this country in oJew months, '-' -ibly on the prospects of peace in the vd world. The American army on " rande, reinforced as it will be, must go ? ik. '"i-w must be no backing out. At every ru'?, it is our duty not only to repel the Mexicans, but to tak i possession of the northern depart ments of Mexico, and particularly of California, and to rt*tu.n them, if not to march to Mexico it- j sv'if, until a full and ample settlement of all diffi t liies is accomplished. Tliereis no doubt that Em- | t ,)?an intrigue is at the bottom of the action of ihe Mexican government. Only a few days ago a confidential agent in one of the principal English house# in Vera Cruz, passed through this city on his way to England. Money must be wanted by the government to carry out this campaign, and the effect on stocks and on the money market will ?oon begin to be folt. Thus opens the new and bloody drama in the Southwest. For a year past, in the midst of the bluster and noise at Washington and else where, about Oregon, 49, and 84 40, we have pre. dieted this condition of tilings; and now wo arc in the midst of it. Let the whole country, from the oentre to the remotest extremity, be uuited in rapporting the action of the government, and the executive and legislative departments, that now, for once, must be united; but let the country, at the same time, demand a change in Uie cabinet and in those advisers who have placed the Amer ican army in present its perilous position on the frontier. Pmth Amboy Steamer Independence.?To the polite and accommodating disposition of Captain Forbes, we are positively not indebted for the op portunity of furnishing the public with an early edition of the President's message to Congress, conveyed to the city by the Independence, in ad **ao? of the regular rnaii, via Perth Am boy. An agent was dispatched from this office to await the arrival of the boat and furnish the Herald with an early copy of the message. The public spirited captain, after touching the wharf,without mooring, and giving the agents of other papers on board with the message an opportunity of jumping from the paddle-box to tho shore, although frequent ly and respectfully solicited by the Herald agent to obtain from himself, or through his influence from any of the passengers, a copy of the address, re fused all communication with die Herald agent, contemptuously sneering at his supposed success ful manoeuvre. In this, however, he was out-ge nerailed, as the Herald agent procured, through the eourtesy of a passenger, to whom the office is much indebted, the material by which they were ?nabled to circulate in anticipation of every other pro*, this important document. The proprietors of this line are the best judges how far their into r!artl^|Jr"?SnWJite<i' bt to,1erwtinR a" officer of such partial, ana, to say the leust of it, repulsive con duct, at a crisis of universal interest. Common Copwcil.?The organization of the new bowd, yesterday, called together a large number of our citizens, anxious, no doubt, to gratify their curiosity by paying particular attention to the grant good grace manifested by those retiring from thotr place of power, and the becoming gravity of ?ho*e about *o assume the honored dignity bestow ed upon them, separately and collectively, by their constituents, and our fellow-citizens generally. Long before the appointed hour for these festivi tree and solemn me. of ceremony, the council chamber was th/onged by a wondering multitude, and the avenues of the City Hail were more or less filled by those eager to catch a glimpse of our new Mayor and Aldermen elect. They were soon gratified; for his Honor, Mayor uavemeyer, (whose retirement all classes of our c?tiz~MS feel in*)* !t" to b* hoped that the t w*re then dulr 7 16 inconungof the new Board will equal the expectations ofour citizens, and that by a rigid an?l well adapted sys tem ot pnidfncfi and economy, tbey may be able, at least, to very materially diminish our taxes and asueiuimenU, and institute some new method of reform in our municipal government, so much needed. / , Mexican Civhsrs-Da.ngkk. or Ajn*iCA.N Com xhce.?It will be recollocted that before Almonte broke up his mission in this country, he stated po sitively, that in the event of a war between the United States and Mexico, the latter would cover tho sen with privateers under the Mexican flag. I There is a great deal of anxiety beginning to be manifested for the result of tliis threat. Almonte, at tiio last account*, was at Havana. It seems that ho was sent there under the pretext of being ^accreilitod as a Minister to France; but instead of proceeding to Europe, he remained at Havana, and sent his Secretary back to Mexico. Who knows that this was not a mere foint, and that Al monte knew what was about to take place on the Rio Grande, and went to Havana for the purpose of issuing letters of marque, as he threatened when he was in Washington 1 This is certainly a menacing and important view of the ease ; and what makes it more disastrous, is the probability that it is true. The amount of American property in the Atlan tic and Pacific oceans, and in the South Seas, is worth probably one hundred millions of dollars, belonging to all the sea ports in the United States. The tonnage enrolled and belonging to the United States, approaches 3,000,000, about one half of which is actively engaged in the foreign trade. This tonnage, estimated at the moderate sum of $60 per ton, for vessel and cargo, would make the amount of property now at sea $90,000,000. But this is a low estimate, both as to the number of vessels at sea, and their estimated I value. To the shipping interest of the country generally, the past season has been, perhaps, the most active and prosperous experienced for many years. The comparatively destitute and meagre show of shipping which the various ports throughout the United States now present, is suf ficient evidence that this estimate of property at, present afloat, is not exaggerated. There"are^657 whalemen at sea,which may be valued at $20,000, 000. This immense amount of property is at the risk of being taken by these cruisers; and the first infor mation we may get, may be disastrous to the ship ping interest to an extent beyond any anticipation of the public. The effect of such designs as those attributed to Almonte and the Mexican govern ment, will bo felt in all the principal seaports. The first result will bo tire completo explosion of tho insurance companies, and the effect of these explosions will materially injure the banks in all i the large cities. The aggregate result will be the ! bringing about a revulsion more disastrous in its i effects than that of the year 1837. There will proba- j bly be another revulsion in commercial interests, ( and particularly in the shipping business, in ull the great cities. The amount of American pro perty that may be lost in this way is incalculable. This is the view of the disasters that may be i produced by the present war. Another is, the I effect which tho distribution of the funds of the government may cause in the rise of breadstuffs j and the munitions of war, in the Western States i and in the Gulf of Mexico, to supply the army on ' the Rio Grande. Thus it will be seen, that while tho Atlantic cities and coast will suffer terribly, the West and j Southwest will be benefitted, by the vast oxpen- j ditures that will be required to bring the war to a I successful and honorable termination. These ! expectations are gloomy on one side, and ! glorious ou the other. We must take them as | they come, and do the best wc can. An imbecile ! government has brought us into this condition; ! and as we clected them, we must make the best j we can of a bad bargain, and fight it out with the best energy and courage we have. Theatricals. Pare.?Tobin's brilliant comcdy of" the Honeymoon" wn brought oat last evening in fine style, with Mr*. Mowatt as Jnllana, and Mr. Yandenhoff a? the Duke.? Mr?. Mowatt's Juliana we have no heiitation in pro nouncing her beat performance during her present en gagement. It w?? what no other part was, we have as yet seen her play?that is, even throughout There was no falling off. She seemed to enter into the character with her whole soul, and consequently the transitions were natural and graceful. The scene in the cottage with Lopes and her husband was one of the best things of the sort we have aeen this manv a day. We had al most forgotten there was one fhult Her look when her husband shows her the key,was too tragic, or rather mc lo dramatic. The greatest calamity the sight of it could suggest was being locked up. Her look would argue the apprehension of some fatal disaster. We do not re member another bad point in her acting. Of Mr. Van denhoffs Duke we can truly say that we have never seen it excelled. It would be useless to enumerate good points when all was excellent All his usual coldness and artificiality, and above all that heaviness that spoils some of his light characters, was thrown off, and he play ed his part to the life. We do not mean to say that he showed none of the blemishes of Ms style ; for instance, though his enunciation was not quite so syllabic, as usual, it was not altogether free from that fault when ever he got on a pathetic passage. But we are happy to have it to our power to give his impersonation of the psLrt almost unqualified praise. Jacques, in the hands of Mr. Bass, was such as to call down the repeated plaudits of the audience, and Fisher's Lampedo created huge mer riment Dyotfs Rolando disappointed us; it was too mea sured. Had It been a little graver at first,It would have been a great deal more effective. There Is no part in the play that can be made more of than this. He ought to hav? , done better by it Miss Crocker's Zaroora was better 1 than usual. This young lady will make a good actress, 1 but her voice wants a world of training before it can 1 please an audience?its tone is at present too lachrymose. we hope to see her correct this fault, as she really I evinces a good deal of talent, and will in time, we have no doubt, rise in her profession. Vache's Balthazar was excellent. On the whole, the play was one of the most successful that has been produced at the Park this season. The "Comedy of Errors" was produced a* an afterpiece, and was received with a great deal of applause. To-night "Romeo and Juliet," Mrs. Mowatt as Juliet, Mr. Dyott as Romeo, and Mr. Vandenhoff as Mercutio. Bowert Theatre.?The entertainment last evening consisted of " The Sleeping Beauty," " Lafitte,"and the capital new comedy of " Hasty Conclusions," all of which went off in usual good style. This evening U set apart for the benefit of tnose two meritorious actors. Cony and fi lane hard, on which occasion they present a strong bill. " The Crusaders, or Knights of the Cross," in which both they and the dogs perform: dancing by Mr. Brookes and Miss Bell, and a song by Mr. Davenport; " The Bandit of i the Blind Mine," in which bothlCony and Blanchard ap pear, and The capital drama ol the " Dumb Savoyard." \ A powerful bill, and one which will draw. OaKcirwtcH Theatre.?The new historical drama of I "Richmond Hill," was performed last night at this theatre ' with no lees applause than that with which it was receiv I ed on its first presentation. It is worthy of all the admi ration it obtains, and may be considered the best national play that has been produced in the United States. The only important fault we can find with the manner in ! which it is put upon the stage at the Oreenwich, is the deficiency of supernumeraries, leading to the somewhat | ridiculous necessity of the same soldier* being killed twice in the same scene. This, however, is not the de i feet of the play itself, and may be easily remedied. We ; have again to repeat our commendation of Mr. Duff's Major Andre. It is a dignified, natural, and effective per sonation, well entitled to the applause it draws from the audience. The afterpiece of last night was the "Beauty and the Beast.'' The same bill, throughout, is to be pre sented to night Madame Tico's Concert ?The Apollo Saloon never before contained so large a concourse of beauty, wealth, wit and fashion, as it did last evening, on the'above oc casion. Hundreds had to leave, unable te obtain admis sion. The audience was not only one of the most numer ous and fahionabla, but also one of the most appreciative we have ever seen on a similar occasion. The perform ances were all vary warmly applauded, and for the greet j er part deservedly so The lateness of the hour compels us to postpone a mare extended and critical notice, until to-morrow. We can only remark, that the concert of last night proved that Madame Pico still is the most pro minent favorite of our fashionable world, and that all are most desirous to saa her again in opera. We trust that the period is not distant, when that wish may be gratified We learn that Madame Pico will appear on Friday night, la the oratorio of the " Messiah," at the Tabernacle. Rockwell and Stone's circus is to exhibit in Brooklyn ; on Thursday, Friday and Saturday af this week Hlnce , their last winter's grand campaign In this city, they hare I made many Important additions to their splendid corps, ' and it now stands second to none la the Union or any i baring the great Levi North and Mc Far land, i the tightest star* of Welch's company lam winter ?, Hi i ?? Fraahlia. the most versatile performer living, and , ^ fc*?rite dawn of America. We are I *2 ?or, r**der? in Brooklyn will turn out in | ?warms, and their patronage will ha liberally repaid. _!*" rI;T,"'r^r',*n whu?i every body knows, and who has of late nuit his drinking habits, plays to^ morrew e^oninj at tie Chatham Theatre, on tJheocca sion of Jus wife's benefit, in the Lest Nail, or the Dnra large number e# hie friends, more than whom few men haro. Van Amburg's caravan made its triumphal entry into Now Haven, on the IIth last | MrJJufceld five ? intend concert st Vjchsburg, on the I From Rio Grand* and New Orleans. ?? " ~ 1 ' ? FURTHER PARTICULARS. the mail*, yesterday al'ternonu, we re ceived further intelligence from New Or!can* and the Rio Grande frontier, which is highly interest nig, at this inomentotu crisis in our relation* with Mexico. We alio give our private correspondence froqj the camp, and from New Orleans. [CorresjiouJonce of the Herald.] New Orlcahi, May 4, 1840. Orira visaed war ii upon us; the excitement deep and ' interne. The rattling of the drum?the thrill note* of the fife?the waving of plum**?the gleaming of iteel, added to the deep-toned thunder belching from tho can non'* mouth, imperta life and animation to the counte nancei of youthful aspirant* for military renown, whilit it depresses and contracts, in a greater degree, those of | bank directors, holders of fancy stocks, and bills paya ; ble. Every report of cannon causes symptoms or tie I doloreux. The opinion strengthens, and conviction it settling upon the public mind, that England it playing a deep and desperate game; the stake, the Mexican mines, the commerce of Mexico, the Californias, and a better slice ol? *rci?on. Her statesmen are perfectly apprised that if we amicably adjust our difficulties with Mexico, the Rio Del Norte lorms the boundary line; that a subversion of their commerce and thoir bnllion must soon follow. Let her openly avow it and you will ?ee the rifle clans of the West swai ming into Mexico, and if the difficult mountain passos or dark ravines offer any barrier to their revelling In the halls of the M^ntezumas, I am mistaken in West ern material. The President and War Department are much con iured for Nending Gen. Taylor, with a handful of sol diers, to defend a wild mid exposed frontier. They must make amendi by a decislxe and prompt demonstration I of our strength and power. An |mgli*nman observod In ' my nnveuce yesterday, much depended on the manner . of giving the notice by tho President He stated that, if the notice was only accompanied by the pacific resolu tions of tho Senate, and no offer on the part of the Frcsi i dent to arbitrate or compromise by negotiating,war would be certnin to tidlow the notice; and the first thing we knew of hur movements, we would hoar of a fleet off Jamaica. That sho had an abundant supply of coal and naval stores at that point?that sho had drawn a suffi ciency of provisions from this sido the water by reports of disease in the potatoa crop, repeal of the corn laws, lie. lie.; that she would attack through Mexico, through Canada, on the Pacific, and on the Atlantic. Yet ho hoped and prayed the onslaught would be averted by the temporising languago of thePresident, and the great de sire Great Britain had to retain the good will ofthe Ame rican people. There are reports of plenty of letter* of maraue in this city, Baltimore, Havana, New York, tic. Your mer? chantmen should be provided with guns, a* a wise pre cautionary measure. The Senate and House of Repre sentatives thould vote heavy appropriation*. If break ers are ahead let us be prepared; if the clouds dliperie, ?top the expenditure. Produce and provision market very languid, under the uncertainty and excitement pervading the public mind. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Camp, Orro.ira Matamoxas, I April 22, 1#4?. ) The Rio Grande has now been occupied nearly a month by the army of the United State.. On the 18th of 1 March, Gen. Mejia, commanding at Matamorai, Issued a proclamation addressed to hi* " fellow cltliens," arguing the general question of annexation, and denouncing in true Mexican bravado, " the tortuous policy of the cabi net of the North." That paper wai handed to (Jen. Tay lor, at the Arroyo Colorado, on the 20th March, when he wai about to cross that stream. He wa? lolemnly In formed, then and there, that hie passage would bo re garded by Mexico aa a declaration of war. He crowed. On the 28th he arrived opposite Matamora* and encamp ed. On that day he was informed by their military au thorities. that his advance to and occupation of the left bank of the river, was deemed a hostile act It was un derstood that Oen. Ampudia was on his way towarda Ma. tamoras with a large force, and that when he shouldI ar rive an attack would be made. On Saturday, the 11th instant, this General entered the city, and wa* received with all the honors due to his rank. Of course we all expcctcd that the talking was to end and the about to begin. Accordingly, on the next day two Mexi can officers?a parley having sounded?crossed with a message for Oen. Taylor. It is understood to have been a dignified, well penned lotter, informing him that he, (Jen. A., having been entrusted with 'ne command of tliis department, had arrived to enter upon his duties, that he found a portion of the territory composing said depart ment in the occupancy of foreign troops, and, without intending to discuss the political questions between the two countries, it was his duty to declare, as he did de clare, that unless the American General "bowed a dispo sition within twenty-four hours to move from his present position, and retire beyond the Nueces, a atato of war would be understood to exist But, I suppose to the great surprise of the Mexican, our commander obstinately , persisted in retaining the ground he then ^cupied. Not , knowing exactly what dependence ought to be pi*??** upon these high sounding declarations, we anticipsted a possible attack at the end of the period prescribed for ou. peaceful stay. We waited patiently, but the result | proved that we had overrated their courage ?'ent?ro | prtso. Since that time, indeed since our arrival here to . We been on the look out, and prepared for an attack at any moment They will not surprise us. The tone and attitude of our opposite neighbors is still belligerent, but | they have various excusoe Tor their failure ^ commence the war. One day they received a dispatch from the capital suspending hostilities. Strange to say . that when this despatch entered the town of Matamoras, their army was marching out to cross the nver and exterminate the ATn fact?a part of their force had actually crossed. Thus salth this report Now, Arista is expected to take com mand. and finally we have Parcdes' proclamaUon an; neuncing his policy to begin no active operations again" us. Thus, notwithstanding the repeated of war, they wait for us to begin the battle, 'f-indecd, the apparently inevitable end be not precipitated by thow accidents, that are almost certain to occur when two noe tile armies, excited In feeliM, are divided byonly'a nar- | row stream The accidental discharge of a musket might ( brThe?verr*nightof our arrival, a small breastwork of sand bags was raised ; since then, they have been quite ostentatious in their warlike preparations. We have not been idlo. Here let me cor^ct an injurious and some what disreputable report, which I hare observed in the New Orleans papera, and which haa long ere this i its way into those at tha North. It it thia?that afte j reaching the Rio Grande, Oen. Taylor cou^rmarched, i or as some say, retreated a few miles i bol. This was to escape the range of Mexican guns pointed at our oamp. Now there is not a ?h~l<>wof troth in this. Our camp, somewhat extended it it true, twice the first dav. encloses the ground on which we halted on the *?h March, and on the Identical spot directly oppo aite Matamoras, our flag now floats, alarrtj* fortla well advanced, and a siege battery commands the city. Thus your readers are informed that there has not only been no retreat, but no semblance even of a retrograde roove ment You are aware of the extent to which murder and , robbery are carried in all parts of Mexico. We find that notwithstanding the extension of the Texan laws over ( this part of her territory, it is unfortunately infested with hordes of the most desperate banditti, who are constantly i I Iving in wait for whatever plunder they may take from I American officers or the stores of the army. 1 have fore borne to mention before our painful apprehensions respect ing a distinguished and talented officer, hoping that they might prove groundless. Now-, however, the : certainty is revealed, and the family and friends must i learn It ere this letter can fee the light On the 10th Inst | i Col Cross, well known in New York, the Quarter Master General of this army, counted his horse to nde a short distance from camp. He was alone, having sent back hi. , 1 servant, who acoompanicd him tor a short distance. Ilia absence to an unusual hour, caused great anxiety, and I fearing that he had been lost in one of the Innumerable I bye-paths that traverse the chapparel, the General <*tt?r- j i ed a field piecn to be fired repeatedly In the evening, that j he might know the direction of camp, if such were tue 1 fart. Though vague rumors reached us with regard to his fate, nothing reliable was heard until yesterday, the 2l't, when a Mexican came in and reported that Colonel ( -? . bod v had been found a few mllos distant A command was" immediately- sent out, and hU remains brought to I camp. The body was much disfigured, but clearly wen- i 1 tifieu. To-dav, we have the melancholy spectacle of tha I flag at half-staff. Thus has perished, in the height of his ! usefulness, one of the brightest ornaments of the Amen can army. His dying moments were not cheered uj the presence of family and friends ; he fell, not on the fleld of battle, where the soldier would "wish to die, but hi. i valuable life was taken by the hand of a Mexican robber ' aud assassin. ? , The nation, where there things are of every day oc currence, calls itself civiliied ! [Krom the New Orleans Bulletin, May 4-1 No later information has been received from the army : on the Rio Bravo than was published in our second edi tion of Saturday morning. we have seen, however, a number of private letters, which give a clearer insight into the state of affairs. Krom the best information we can get. we do not anticipate any serious disaster to the main body of the American army. The camp of Gen. Taylor is*so well situated and entrenched that letters from himself and other officers of the army evince no apprehension* whatever. We Infer that It is entirely impregnable except to an assault by greatly f superior number*. We do not remember any Instance In which the Mexioan soldiery have attempted to carry a strong hold by a roup dt main; and, although we are Jar from placing the low estimate that'is usually put on the cha racter of the Mexican forces?we do not believe they have the degree of discipline, courage, or resolution re quired to storm a breastwork in the face of ahesvy can nonade. We doubt not, therefore, that Gen. Taylor will be able to keep hie encampment, at least, If he do not find it expedient to march wit Mid attack tho enemy. With regard to Point Isabel, we do not feel so confl dent though that place i? alao well defended by nature and art and would also receive, aa we hope, seasonable . succor from Texas. There was e venr inducement,how- | ?rer, fer the Mexicans to make an attack on that.place, and If they moved with any degree of celerity, after ih? skirmish In which Captain Thornton's company was cut off, it h not Improbable they may have succeeded. But Point Isabel, as well as the main encampment, would bo able to a gallant defence, and require a most skil ful and courageous attack from numbers greatly rape ; rKTho following American vessels of war, aad perhaps j others whieh we do not now recoUect, are at present in the Gulf, and. we may suppose are in with General Taylor, and will proceed to blockade the entire Gulf coast, on learning tha^ the MexksM have commenced hostilities, vU Tthe flag ship Cumberland, Commodore C onncr, thePotomac. Karitan. JohnAdams. M Mary"*, Lawrence, steamer MbsisMpni, aad achoooer Flirt There U alao quit* a strong oavU foree on tha Wertera cottt of Mexico, quit* sufec*nt, wethink, wHh the aid of American Mttlcra in CallfopUa, to ta^e poe nrrf" ot that entire line?very peebahly, too, with tho free content of lu inhabitant*. We truit that our mimIi house In Hivui, to leave the port* of Mexico. Thare it scarce a Joubt that the tale wm a ruit. intended to get the vessels out of port without opposition, in order to fit them for privateera. . There never wat a more righteous war than thja whtc* the United State? now iod themselves obliged te w*f* aMiutt Mexico, nor ever one into which a yew emu oouutry wm to literally forced aa thit countryhas f>e?n , into thia. It ought, therefore, to engage the hearts of we entire people, to bo proiecuted with a rigor and spirit corresponding with the forbearance and unwillingness to , ?ngage^n it that have hitherto been mantfelted. It can bono difficult matter to Invett the entire western coast, ; and that we take it will of course be done. The port* on , the Oulf, all except Vera Crux, will fall an easy prey. ; Thit strong hold, however, it very important, and U a sufficient force can be conccntratcjd before the summer month* set in. it ought to be reduced. If mainder may be taken and aitnct blockade maintained at , Vara Crua till the approach of winter. At for land at- j tuck* and invasions, tue northern departments are already , I ripe for revolt, and fir more attached to the American | States than to Mexico, which they only know i itt exactlont and oppression; these departments would j no doubt hail an American invasion, not intended to <ie va?Uite but to liberate. Yucatan would, of course, eager- i ! ly seek the oppoitunity to confirm her in lepeudence, and no doubt give all the aid possil'le to the United Statet. The central departments wourl prui>oMjr l>e more difficult. Their entire submission, luiwcyer. diota i ted from the capital of the country, i> tho Ica-t that ought to bo listened to . , . ... .? That the war, if protecutoJ With tUo lca*t spirit, will lay tho foundation for, if it do not iinino Jiatciy produce, the entire overthrow of Mc.xico, and itt incorporation into the Federal Union, hardly admit! of question. * or that reason, therefore, if for uo other, the leait possible violvuce ought to mark tho progrett of the amy ; and the people be conciliated ru' hor than exasperated, where ever they do not make any hostile manifestation. [From the New Orleans Times, May 4.] From all that we can gather in relation to the contest, little apprehension need lie entertained that the position of Gen. Taylor will be forced. He is very strongly en trenched, and has a battery commanding the town of Matamorat. The first assault of the Mexican! will bo a lignil for the levelling of hii artillery against that town;

aud any effort to break into hit fortrete, will only reiult in the bombarding of that frontier village. Famine alone can drive him into the open field, ana at, accor ding to his own showing, General Taylor had fifteen dayt' ration! with him, there la no reasonable tear of fcuch a catastrophe occurring, before the arrival of suffi cient reinforcement! to enable him to resume an offen sive attitude, roint Iiabel, It is true, may tempt the cu pidity of the Mexicans, and iti lott would be serious, not only becaute it contain! ample munition! and mili tary ttoret, but from the fact that it command! the route to the main body of our army. It l! stated, that an addi tion of two or three hundred men would be sufficient to defend thit Important point from any probable force that the Mexicant could oring to bear against it L "der tuch circumstance*, the place ia safe, for Oalveiton and the adjacent country have already dispatched more than tho numbor required to the assistance of the belea guered fortress. The only possible danger is from meeting the enemy, and being cut up before they can reach the point We think, however, that the Tekans themselves may be relied upon. Their knowledge of lo calities, and experience In the border warfare, to fre quently waged between them and Mexico, will greatly avail tnem in to critical a juncture. [From the N. O. Tropic, May 4.] Litter raosi Ukneral Tailor.?We were politely furnithed with the peratal of a letter from General Taylor to a friend in thit city .from which we make the" following extracti -.?Strong guardt of foot and mounted men are ettabliihed on the margin of the river, and thut efficient mean* hare been adopted on onr part to prevent all intercourse. While opposite to ui their pick et! extend above and below for several mile!, we are equally active in keeping up a atrong and vigilant guard to prevent iun>riie, or attack! under diiadvantageous cir cumstances. Thit it the more necenary, whilit we have to act on the defensive, and they at liberty to take the opposite coune whenever they think propor to do so. Nor have we been idle in other respects; we have a field work under way, betidei having erected a strong battery, and a numbor of building! for the tecurity of our aup pliet, in addition to tome respectable works for their pro tection. We have mounted a respectable battery, four pieces of which are long eighteen pounder*, with which we could batter or burn down tne city of Matamorat, should it become necessary to do ?o. When our field work it completed (which will soon be the case) and mounted with its proper armament, five hundred men could hold it against as puny thousand Mexicans. During the twenty-seven day*, since our arrival here, a most singular state of things hat prevailed all through the ouuinesof the two armies, which to a certain extent, have all the feelings at if there were actual war. Fronting each other for an extent of more than two miles, ana within mutket range, are batteries shotted, and the officers, in many initances, waiting impatiently for order! to apply Uie matches j yet nothing has been doue to provoke the firing of a gun or any act of violence. Matamoras, at the distance we are now from it, ap pears to cover a large extent of ground, with tome haud Fome buildings, but 1 would imagine the greater portion of them to be indifferent one ttory houtet, with roofs of straw, and walla of mud, or unburnt brick. During peace the population is taid to be five or six thousand, but it is now filled to overflowing with troopa?report savs from five to ten thousand of all sort!, regular and militia. The number, I presume, is very much overrated. P. S.?Since writing the above, an engagement has ta ken place between a detachment of our cavalry and the Mexicans, in which we were worsted. So the war hat actually commenced, and the hardest mutt fend off." [From the N. O. Commercial Timet, Mar 4.] VoLVNTKcas.?The volunteering seems to have been rather tlack, or rather, not commensurate with the exi irencv of the call made by Gen. Taylor. We visited the tents in Lafayette Square late in the afternoon yesterday, and found the following littt: For Capt Breedlove's Co. (Lou. Grays) 73 " " Stockton's Co 78 " " Strawbridge't Co 87 " " Doajgffs Co. (Washington Guards) 60 Private lists 47?68?30-44?188 44S Volunteer* for the two Artillery Companies, Maj. Gaily's and Capt Foroo*a (supposed) 300 Total 844 We are not aware of the number* collected down town, bat have been told that perhaps the whole will not amount to more than eight hundred men, those already enumerated included. Hence it aeem* that the Governor will be obliged to have recourse to a draft A gentleman inform* us that hi* Excellency stated ye*terday that he should issue his proclamation to that effect thu day, at ?oon. Two of the regiments required will, it is proba ble, be taken from thl* city and Lafayette ; the other two, from the rural parishes. In Lafayette we heard that up to two o'clock, yesterday, only ten men had volunteered. Wo may as well mention, for the information of those who contemplate joining the gallant corps, to be equip ped and sent forward from this State, that if they do not put down their names before the Govenior'* proclama tion ordering the draft, appear*, they will not be entitled to the bounty money now offered, vii., $10. The sum each man will receive,will be $10 bounty, and a month * pay in adrance, or $8, making in all $18. Capt. lllbridge, the active chief warden of the work housc. Second Municipality, has, we are told, undertaken the ta?k of provisioning the volunteers, temporarily.? Head-quarter* have been established in the neighborhood of Hevia (treet Governor Johnton, Brigadier General Persifor Smith, and our mett prominent military men, were moving about yetterday, with tho most commendable activity.? A* Gen. Taylor's position is acknowledged to be a very critical one, deipatch.aye. the quickest possible despatch, Is necessary, it imperative, ia indispensable, to relieve him?thus to vindicate our sympathy for his gallant little band of devoted warriors, and our self denying patriot ism, at this extreme juncture of our affairs with Mexico. With energy and promptitude I of action, a few day* will suffice to prove to these vain-glorious Mexicans, no doubt highly inflated with their petty success, that they have caught a Tartar, and that their temporary triumph hat only served to precipitate their own destruction. [From the N. O. Tropic, May 4.] Or.*. Tavi.oa's Camp.?Gen. Taylor'* camp extend* about four milea along the river bank?two milea above and two mile below Matamoraa. The entrenchment to erect It required twenty-three hundred men for thirty dayt. It it made of sand, and covered over with twigs woven together liko basket work, surrounded by a very wide and deep ditch. The walls of the magazine, in the interior of the fortification, are formed of pork barrels filled with sand;seven tier thick, four tier high, covered over with timber, on which sand is piled ten or twelve feet Twelve heavy pieces of ordinance are so placed as to command the town of Matamotaa. Five hundred men could defend the fortifications against any force the Mexicans could bring against it at present General Staff? Brigadier Gen. Z. Taylor, commanding; Captain W. W. 8. bliss, assistant adjutant general: lit Lieutenant J. H. Eaton, 3d infantry, aid-de-camp; Lieut Col. M. M. Pavne, 4th artillery, inspector-general "army of occupation;" Colonel T. Cross, A**t <J. M. Gen. (kil led;) Major C. Thomas, quarter master, (Point Isabel;) Major 8. McRee, do do do; Assistant Quarter Masters, r.nntnin G. H. Grossman, Captain E. B. Sibley, Captain E. A Ogden. Captain W. 8. Ketehum; Commissary of Sub-, sistence, Captain O. G. Waggaman; Surgeon P. H. Craw medical director; Surgeon N. S. Jarvl*: Assistant do; b M. Byrne, (St. Joseph'*,) As*i*tant do; J. R. Conrad; Paymasters, St Clair Denny, Loyd J. Beall, Roger 8. r Kneineer*?Captain J. K. Mansfield, Captain John San der*, 1st Lieutenant J. M. ScarTjtt. Topographical Engineers?Captain T. J. t ram, 1st Lieut J. E. Blake, 3d Liout George Mead. Ordance Department?Captain O. D. Ram*ey, 3d Lieut ^Light .Artillery?Major John Ervingjjd artillery; A**'t Surgeon J. B. Well*, general *taff; 3d Lieut S. 8. Fah nestock, 4th artillery, acting adJY Brevet Majors?John Munroe, 4th artillery; S. King ^FiMt Llt^nteoanta?James Duncan, 3d artflkiy; Brax T. 3r^r,^J^ ^B^ 4U^riT?.?berl l? 8ecMd?Lieu^nan^?W m tlay*, 3d ArtUl^iJ-F Reynold*, ad do; J. J. Peck, 3d do; B L. rremoni M do; M. LnvaD, 4th do; J. P. John*tone, 4th d?j ?? French, 8dS??nd Regiment of Dregnoni-^olonal VJfa commanding j A.shtant Surwon UC. lMtW, general staff; First Lieutenant H. H-Wbley, AdJuJant CqMii-^rotu ICar; C. A. May; 8. B. Thornton, (killed); W. J. Hardee, (prijonar.) . Flr*t Lieutenants?W. H Saunder*,F. Hamilton, A. rir?x wiuwwmr? I" .i V'a m R. H. Anderson; W. 9?eK Le*i? Kalll, O. T. Maaon, '^Flrst'^BrigaiHrigadier Oeneral W. J. Worth, com manding, (resigned); tnfantrvADC; Surgeon H. 8. Hawkins, general staff; Surged'J J Wright, do do; Assistant Surgeon D. C. ' Lmb ?' Ratt^onofArtilleiT?Brevet Lieutenant Col. Thomaa Chllds, oommandinr; Second Lieut. R. 8. Oareett, 4th ar ullerv! acting adjatant Bartillery; W. W. M?r ? roater, lit artillery,is. llntmlli M oo; .vi a run num. wi uw; m.. ia>w?, v. v. ?? <Wi J. B Scott, 4th do; R C. Snoad, 4th do. r.. W If U~M. iner;) R A. Luther, 2d do; O. Taylor, brevet Captain 3d artillerv; A. El.sey, 'Jd do; W. H. Churchill, 3d do: J. B. Mac ruder, Ut do; J. 8. Hatheway, do; C. B. Daniels, 3d do; W. H. Fowler, lit do; W. Gilham, 3d do; J. P. MeCown, 4th do. ...... Second Lieutenants ?L. Chile, 'id artillery; A. B. Un ?ing, do; A. A. Clibaon, do; W. 8. Smith, 1st do, 8. It Daw ion. let da; J. F. Iron*, lit dft, H. M. Whitink, 4th do; 8. Williuma, lit do; H T. ClarlS. 2d do; 8. Oiil, 4th do; J. V. Farry, 4th do; i?. W. Ayrci, 3d do, C. Benjasain, 4th do; C. L. Kilburu, 3d do; A. Doubledav, 3d do; J. J. Reynolds, ith do; T. J. Curd, lit do; L- B. Weld, lit do. Eighth Regiment of Infantry.?Brevet Lieut. CoL W. O Belknap, commanding; 3d Lieut John D. Clark, act ing adjutant. Captaini.?W. R Montgomery, W. 0. Kello, IL B. Screven. H. McCavatt, J. V. Bo info rd Hm Lieutenauti.?J. V. D. Reeve, O. Lincoln, J. Sel den, C. It Uatei, A. L. Sheppard, A. T. Lee. Socond Lieutenants.?R P. Maclay, J. Beardfley; C. D. Jordan, T L. Chadbouroe, E. B. Ilalloway, C. D. Mar chant, T. J. Montgomery, J. G. Bur bank, C. F. Morrii, J. J. Booker, J. Longitraat, H. M. Judah, Oio. Wainwright, J. 9. 8. Snclling, Second Brigade ?Lieutenant Colonol J. S. Mcintosh, ith infantry, commanding; 1st Lieut. C. L. Stevenson, 6th infantry; Brigade-Major Surgeon R C. Wood, General Stall'; Assistant Surgeons, J. W. Russell and H. C. Crut tundon, do. do. Fifth Regiment of Infantry.?Major T. Stamford, com manding; 1st Lieut O. Ueai. Adjutant Captaini?Martin Scott, M. E. Merreli, A. Drane, E. K. Smith, A. S. Hool, C. C. Sibley, J. L. Thompson, W. Chap man. First Lieutenant*?B. B. Marcy, A. C. S and A. Q. M.; J. H. Whipple, N. B. Russell, D. Rugglei, A. C. 8. 6th Inft'y; W. Root; J. A. Whitall. Second Lieutenant*?S. H. Fowler, 8. Norrell, H. Whi ting, M. Rosee rants, T. G. Pitcher, R X Brook*, J. C. Robinson, P. Lugenbeel, J. P. Smith, W. L. Crittanden. Seventh Regiment of Infantry?Major J. Brown, com manding; Second Lieut F. N. Page, Adjutant Captaius?E. S. Hawkins. D. 8. Milei, J. (J. Rains, bra vet major; T. H. Holmei, D. P. Whiting, F. Lee, W. Sea wall, brevet major; S. W. Moore, R H. Rom, R. C. Uatlin. Fir*t Lieutenants?F. Britton, N Hopson, J. R Soott, A. Montgomery, A. C. 8.; C. Hanson, C. H. liumber. Second Lieutenats?L. Ciontt, E. Van Dora, J. H. Pot ter, A.Cruzot, J. M. Henry, 8. B. Hayman, F. Gardner, V. K. Von Bokkelan, E. B. Strong, H. B. ClUz, W. H. Wood. Third Brigade?Col. W. Whl*tler, Fourth Infantry, commanding; Second Lieutenant G. O. Haller, Fourth Infantry, Brigade Major; Assistant Surgeons, J. B. Por ter, M. Mills, J. Simons, A.W.Kennedy, general stall'. Third Regiment Infantry?Lieut Col. E. A. Hitchcock, commanding; brevet 1st Lieutenant D. 8 Irwin, adjutant Captain*?L. N. Morrii, J. Van Home, G. P- Field, H. Balnbridge, J. L. Cobitrn. First Lieutenant*?P. N. Barbour, Brevet Captain L. 8. Craig, W. H. Gordon, W. H. Henry, brigade A. C. 8.; J. M. Smith, D. T. Chandler, A. A. Q. M.; O. L. Sheppard. Second Lieutenant*?W. B. Johns, O C. Buell, w. T. H. Brook*, A. J. WUliamion, J. C. McFeran, J. J. C. Bibb, Thomas Jordon, J. B. Richardson, A. W. Bowman, R Hazlitt, O. C. McClelland. J. P. Hatch. B. E. Bee. Fourth Regiment of Infantry?Lieut. CoL J. Garland, commanding; First Lieut C. I to* kin*, adjutant; Brevet Major, G. w. Allen, acting major. Captain*?John Pa^e, P.Morrison, G. Morri*, W. M. Graham Brevet major, G. A McCall, R C. Buchanan, C. H. Laniard. First Lieutenant*?B. Alvord, R E. Cochrane, A. A. Q. M.; R H. Graham, E. G. Elilot. A. C. 8.. St Joieph*. Second Lieutenant*?T. H. Porter, killed: H. D. Walen, C. C. Augur, J. 8. Woods, Sid. Smith, J. Beam an, U. 8. Grant, J. A. Richey, P. A. Farelly Lieutenant 1). F. McPhail, 6th infantry, commanding? Lieutenant N. B. Russell, 6th infantry. Lieutenant 8. Hamilton. 13th infantry, left here Saturday, May the 3d, with one hundred and eighty-nine men, in the steamer New York, for the army on the Rio Grande. Mimical.?We understand that Mr. Templeton, the vocalist, has arrived at Baltimore, from a very succossful professional tour to the South and West. He will be in New York in a few days* and will then give a series of concerts or musical enter tainments. With the exception of Madame Pico's concert, which was well attended last night, we have had little in the way of concerts since last fall, when Templeton and Do Meyer were both in thin latitude. Distinguished Departttie.?The Hon. Daniel Webster, whose arrival in the city was announc ed in yesterday's Herald, left the Astor House last evening, for Washington. Police Intelligence. May l'l?Important *4rrtit.?Those excellent and per severing officers, Stephens and Hays, arrested on Wed. nesday last, a man called .Andrew Morrison, a notorious "knuck," commonly called a pickpocket, and general " croisman," charged with being an accomplice of "Cu pid," alias Miller, Parkinson, and Smith, who have been tried and convicted for robbing the Clinton barge of some $34,000. It appears this man was "pulled" under the fol lowing circumctances. A week or two ago this Morrison entered the Fulton Bank, and offered for exchange a $100 bill and a $60 bill on the Poughkeepsie Bank. The tel ler eyed thi* fellow (harply, bul changed the bill*, at the same time marking each one, for he wa* led to believe, from the appearance of the money, that it wa* a portion of the money stolen from the barge Clinton. Upon the request of the teller, a gentleman followed thi* chap to (tee where he went to. After tracing him through vanou* streets he finally dodgod into a place called the "Burns' Houce," No 8 Ann (treet, where, after waiting some time, and not finding him return, he pasted into the houie, and there he discovered that this man had jumped over the fence and made good hi* escape. Consequently, informa tion of the facts being communicated to these valuable officer*, resulted in the arrest of the accused, while pass ing over the Fulton Ferry. On being taken before the Chief of Police, the teller of the bank was sent for, who at once identified Morrison tQ be the same person who ex changed the Poughkeepiie money; the gentleman like- , wiie recognize* him to be the person who eleaped j through the hou*e in Ann ctreet Tni* morning, we un derstand, he will, in all probability, be identified and committed by the Chief of Police for examination. Pttil Laretniti.?John Ward wa* arrested last night for stealing a coat and vest, worth $6, belonging to Win. Shotwell, No. 301 Allen it Locked tip. ?4 Till Thitf.?Griffin Robinson was caught in the act 1 of robbing tha money drawer of Harman Bushman, No. 11 Vandewater (treat, wherein was placed $9. Locked op by Juitice Osborne. A Duptratt Came. ?We are informed, upon good au thority, that an application was made before one of our magistrates, on last Saturday morning, respecting a case of forgery which had been perpetrated in Europe, to the amount of some $8,000 or $10,000, by an individual who wa* expected hourly to arrive with the fund*, in a pack et *hip, for thi* port Thi* matter wa* " placed," or ac cidentally fell into the hand* of a com table to do up, which he ha* done up, it appear*. mo*t effectually, by taking the partie* before a woll known German money agent, in W all street, by which the whole affair was ar ranged, without bringing the accused before the public authorities. Froui ?A young Englishman, by the name of Thos. Bramhall, was arrested, yesterday, by officer Rue, charg ed with obtaining two watches, valued at $33, from Mr. Edward Dubois, watch importer, No. $1 Nauau street, under the following process: It appears he purchased two watchas at the above *ua. and gave as collateral se curity a check on the National Bank for the $33, until he should either return the watches, or pay the money. This promise he never fulfilled: and on applying at the bank, was informed that no sucn person had an account there. Upon his arrest, the pawn tickets were found, showing that he bad pawned them at Davis's shop, No. 333 William st Thi* *ame chap obtained from Meiir*. Oroa, Claude k Genville, No. 30 Maiden lane, twe watches, valued at $30, under the same representation.? Committed to the Tombs for trial. Forf try.?George Harris was arrested, yesterday, charged with forging a check for the sum ot $38, upon Nicholas Canter, No. 133 Walker st Committed by the magistrate fW trial Court Intelligence. To the Editor or the New Yoas Heeald :? A report of the case, "McDougall v*. Meacham," res pecting grapes, tried Friday, tfth instant, in the Supe rior Court, having appeared in the newspapers of Satur day, 9th instant, in which part of the defence set up was a *ale by unfair sample*, and a misrepresentation at fee quality by u*, the auctioneers* we annex the follMring affidavit*, allowing that if the good* were not aoeording to the representation* made at the *ale, we were igno rant of any difference between/he samples and the whole parcel, and made the declaration in good faith. New York, May 13th, 1S46. (Signed,) GERARD, BETTS k CO. City ond County of Stw York, s* i? James F. McDougall deposes that he consigned the grape* in question, for sale, to Gerard, Betts It Co., and furnished them the samples to sell by, from which only they could make the rapreeentatlons at the sale?the rest ef the article never having been *een by them ; and that these keg* were taken promiscuously from the lot that the said auctioneers had no knowledge at informa tion of the condition of the grapes, except from these ?amples. (Signed.) J. T. McDOUGALL 8worn before me, this 9th day of May, 1848. (Signed.) CORNELIUS R DISOSWAV, I . Commissioner of Deeds. | City end County of AT?e York, ot- i? John O'Neill depose* that ha took the ?amples of the 7rapes aold by Oerard, Betts li Co., on 3d December, 846, for Mr. J. T. McDougall, promi*cousl v. out of a lot of grape* then in the *tore of Sturge* It Clear-man, of this city, and he was so directed by Mr. McDougall to take MS. (Signed,) JOHN O'NEILL Sworn before mo, thi* 9th day of May. 1840. (Signed,) CORNELIUS R DI8O8WAT, I Commiaiioner of Deeds. No. 10? Wall Sr., N. Y., Mav ?, 1S48. J To the Hot. Aaaon VinpciroEL, Si*,?In the report of the case of James F. McDougall, agahxt George L. Meacham, tried before you yesterday, ft appears that the goods were sold by samples-, will von oblige ns by stating whether there was any proof before the jury, that we ever saw the bulk ef tha geeds, or that j we were cognizant of any discrepancy between the goods and the samples,? And oblige your obedient servants, [Signed] GERARD, BETT8 it CO. Mat 9, 184$. Te Mtsiai Ocaaan, Betti L Co. Oentlemeu,--I have ju*t received yours of this date, and It glvei ma pleasure to toy that, la the case of Mc Dougall vs. Mtvoham, there w'as ao evidence that yea over saw the bulk of the grape* *old, er that yen ware aware of any discrepancy between the bulk of the good* and the sample* exhibited. If the bulk was inferior to the sample* shown to the bidders, from what I hear ef the character of your firm, I have no doubt you were ignorant ef such Inferiority. ^VAN^&W Corrottti Con of Somutl C My - We leera that the statement made by the private counsel of the parties pro locating thi* gentleman, reported in our peper efyee tor day, was incorrect lie lndfon agent wfor?e4te by him, wo are informal wee an Indian trader et the time, and the letter lelswal te, was written te the ee? Navat..?The Bottom Pott ot yesterday mys i? Cept. French Forrest arrived here yesterday di ! rect from Washington, bringing with him orders | for the immediate sailing of the Princeton. Ho ? goes out in her as passenger to relieve Captain Dulany in tho frigate Cumberland, now in die t Gulf. The Princeton was tired up and rcudy to go to soa in an hour alter his arrival, but owiiig to the state of die weather, the pilot declined to take her out. She will, however, go to sea this morn ing. It is stated that all tho revenue cutters that can well be spared from their respective station** are ordered immediately to the Gulf. Steamsinp MAssACircbrrrs leaves this morning ' for Washington. She is in fine trim and in good ; Bailing order, ller appearance ou the Potomao ! may induce the government to purchase or char* { ter her for the Gulf. Diplomatic Movements.?His Exccllency, A.J. I Donelson, recently appointed U. S. Minister to ! Prussia, as successor to Mr. Wheaton, arrived yesterday at the City Hotel, ?? route to his destina tion by England. V. S. Commissioner's Office. Before Commissioner Gardiner. Chargt of Revolt.?William Jackson, Joseph Allen, John Kane, John Etmi, and John Crump, icamen, were arretted by deputy marshal Morrison, on Monday last, on board the brig empire, James B. Baxter, master, on Bedloe's Island, on complaint of the Captain. It see me they shipped, a few day* previous, to go to Galveston, Texas; but whoa the vessel got as far a* Sandy Hook, they poiiUvely refused to do duty, and compelled the Captain to put back again. Jackson, Allen, aad Kane, wtr# held to bull in each; and Evans and Crump la $100 each, to appear in July next, and stand their trial. To Arm*. To Arm*. HfMEIICO OR DEATH! 1000 New York Volunteers for Mexico : 1 ou have now aa opportunity of aiding the Government, and obtaining for yourselves everlasting in* mortality by erecting s 0"?LIBEKTY POLE in the City of 1 Mexico, and placing thereon the Glorious Flag of Stan sod ? Stripes. - 400 name* are already obtained to join the Sons of *70, and 600 more are wanted. I promise, if lit* is spared, in * few weeks after oar arrival in Matamoras, to march iato Mexico and give to the people that Glorious Constitution and Liberty we now eniov, and then shout the Uosanna of Freedom ia the 11*11* ot Montr* in ma. I shall take with me a small Printing Pre** and Type*, with an educated Spanish compositor, who understands the topography of the Country, who has already. 1200 Mexicans, residing in different parts of the country, to aid us ia our un dertaking in driving from Mexico tyranny of every shape. A meeting will be held at CENTRE MARKET II ALL, WEDNESDAY EVENING, at eight o'clock. When all who wish to enrole themselves in this Patriode Cense will atteud. Our Motto.?" God, Liberty and Elevation of the People." By Order, O. WASHINGTON DIXON, Commandant. William Sho?twxll, Aid. Metallic TabletRaxorStrop, the ftilly maaafaetnred article estant, MM preeouaead BT "??* 5K%For 1 177 Broadway, opposite Howard Hotel ?< "?"? "BtifcSBBBVSSR '."?$!"? M a few door* a bore Coortlaadt st. i WrlKht'a Indian Vegetable Pill*, In Addi tion to their being one of the Sestaati-bihoes m*d|c ???}? the world, domcm a power of Tfmof wi pw? which w t?T astonishing. Four or nve ?aid Indian Vegetable | everr night on going to bed, will, in a abort time, eompjatajy rid the body o (those morbid hnmnr* which, if Mdced tothe lirer, are the can?e of pain in the aide, sometimes attending ? through to tha shoulder blade; difficulty of .breathing, n*u*" I and sickness. lo.. of appetite. co.tiTeneai, '"digeation . flafu lency. swaitliy or yellow completion, and other lymptonu 01 an inflammation or torpid atate of the liver. , Wriicht'i Iudian Vegetable Pill* al?o thoroughly clean?? the itomach and bowel* of all bilious humor* *nd o?her un purity; and therefore are a certain cure for cold*, dysentery, cholera morbu*. and every disorder of 1the *25ST?SSi h*altJi also aid and improve digestion, and consequently iwuivt iJd tigor to tne whoFe frame, as well a* dnva diseases of e Tr ? u Tron*?'h'shoal dberemembered that a man by the name of Samuel Reed, who sella ?ed???? fVSSkM^uJSt Siit! i>;iic ;n / i>v street two doort east ol MarKet sireci? ??w more', is m>t an ageiit o?mine, neither can I guaranty as gen "'^he'Iml'y ??curity againit imposition i< to parehase from no oer^n unl~" hi ci .how aVertificate of afMcy. oral the "gflfce and General Depot. No Navigation of tht Ohio River. Pieces. Time. State of River. Cincinnati May 6 n feet, rising. Wheeling, May 8 IS feet. Pittsburg, May 7 7 feet, falling. Louiiviue, May 4 B feet, 4 mche*. MOSEY MARKET. Tuesday, May 18-^ P, M. To the adoniihmont of many, the stock market to-day was yery firm, and yeitesday'i price* were in almost every instance sustained. The sale* were large, an! buyer* were fonnd for every lot offored. Pennsylvania 3?, Long Island, Norwich k Worcester and Reading Kail. rood closcd at prices current yestorday. Harlem went up 1] per ccnt, and Canton, U i Farme **' l-*8 tou 1 per cent, and Morris Canal, *. At the second board Norwich k Worcester improved 1} percent; Canton, } i Reading Railroad 3 ; Morris Canal, 1} ; Harlem, Penn sylvania 6a, J. The market closed firm at the advanoe. The war panic appears to have subsided among the stock speculators as rapidly as it cam* up. Had quotations for fancy stocks been very much inflated, there would without doubt have been a much greater panic than that realized; but the mar ket has been for sometime depressed by the position of our foreign relations, and the difficulties growing out of this Mexican business, aad prices ruled so low that the actual commencement of hostilities has not had that, effect upon them that many anticipated. There cannot* however.be any improvement expfeted in the stock mar ket, until tome of the difficulties with which we are sur rounded are removed. It is, on the contrary, possible that a further depresion may be expe rienced, from the tightness a demand for money from the Government may produce in the market. The banks are placed in a vary delicate position ; they dare not increase their line of discounts a fraction, and ' are making great effort* to sustain their present move ment Thi* market will feel the withdrawal of the Gov ernment deposit* very much, and the Atlantic cities ge nerally must, for a time, experience a drain of spools, for the purpose of carrying on the war. Th* pressure ' upon the seaboard cannot, however.be but temporary, as fund* taken to purchaae provisions, pay troops, he-, will soon find their way back into the channel* of trade, and giva a fresh start to bmine?t. Th* commerciil cla**?i will not be so muoh ember j rawed by this disposal of th* surplus revenue, as they would have been had the independent treasury bill gone into immediate operation, and th* government funds been removed from the bank* and looked up In th* hands of *ub-trea*ursr*. There isevery chanoe of Its new being expended, and it U possible the government may come into the market a* a borrower. On the l*t of May the aurplu* revenue amounted to about thirteen millions of dollars. Ten of thiahave already be*n appropriated: aad th* war with Mexico be protracted, ten more will be reauired. The bank* will not be in a position to take a government loan ; our own capitalist* never have been disposed to take any that have been offered, and they will not do in tim* of war what they have refused in time of peace, and the only alternative left will be a resort to fw" eign capitalists. The Rothschild* have an agency here, and it Is not improbable but that a loan might he effected with that house. It i* the Impression that a se ver* pressure upon the money market would compel the bank* to suspend specie payment*, in which event they would take any loan* the gonernment might re quire. The Mexican government has rant an agent to Lon don to negotiate a loan of two million* of dollars. One of the firm of Manning k Mcintosh, of Vera Crux, bankers, passed through this city a few days since, on hi* way t* knglend via Boston, for that purpose. While at Wash listen he had a* Interview with Mr. Pakenham, who waa formerly British Minister at Mexico, aad, from what we can learn, there is no doubt but that the loan will be ob tained. This, with the excitement among the Mexicans a war will create, cannot but strengthen Parados's gov ernment and destroy all hopes of getting up another revo lution. While the minds of the lower classes are filled with war, they are satisfied, and do not dream of revolu tions. The marine insurance companies of this city have just waked up. Tha war clause now goc* into nearly all the new policies. We have at leaat ninety millions worth of property afloat in ,11-*--* sees, at any moment subject to eeliura or capture, unprotected,and those having It in oharge ig norant of the existence of a rupture between the United aad say other country. At a meeting of the Board of Underwriters, held this day, it was " Resolved?That a we* clause he inserted la all polioies hereafter to be is sued en risk* takes under open pollcie*. to aad from ports beyond Cape Horn and Cape of Good Hope, to and from th* const of Bratil, to and from all ports In th* Oalf of Mexico, to and from Cuba and all th* West India Island* and on tha Main, and gll ports In the United States South of Savannah, and ou all annuel policies." Wit CUCII. Warranted, by the assured, free from all loss, deeiage or cherge, arising from, during, or in consequence ol i capture, seizure, restraint, blockade or detention, re suiting from war or hostilities between the United mate* and Mexico, or pretext thereof. It udll be observed that vessel* engaged to <he Euro