Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 13, 1846, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 13, 1846 Page 4
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question in it* general character The time would come however, when the queetion would be probeJ to the very bottom. The queition to be considered. wan the invasion of our toil. Mr Davis then argued to the point that it wu? a matter of extreme doubt, whether in crossing the Rio tlrande, the Mexicans had invaded the rightful terri tory of the United Statrs. r Mr. S?:virs assumed that, at the proper time, he waa ready to join thum upon lhat question. He then referred to the fleet nent before vet a Crux, before Texas was annexed, and the ann\ sent down arrou the South ern frontier, while Mr Calhoun w an Secretary of State. Mr. J. M. Clayton thought that Congress ought to have N?eii consulted in these military proceeding against Mexico, and asked of the chairman of Foreign Affairs. Whv had the army been ?ent down to the Rio Grande Han we any settlements there to protect ? Col. Bisto* replied to the effect, that the chairman, perhaps, knew nothing at all about the matter. Mr. I M. Clavtow declared that the whole conduct nnd policy of the executive, in theso military demonstra tion*, w as unjustifiable, and justly calculated to provoke i.'exlco to war. Mr uu explained, that the transfers ni the army, within our own territory, were always ordered by the President, without consulting Congress. Mr. Clayton thought there was no necessity of en trenching opposite N lata moras to protect our frontier. Mr. Sevier laid that that position was chosen by Uen. Taylor under the approval of Uen. Wool ami Oen. Scott. The President had given the officer a carle blanche as to his position on the Rio <1r.i"de. Mr. Clay in* i-aid tha', was neither here nor there.? The entrenchincnt of the army opposite Matainoras. with a battery of 18 pounders, was an aggressive act. There was not a natigr, iu the civilized world but would no re gard it. Au<* the ('resident w as responsible for the whole of it. He w as responsible for precipitating us into war with tt friendly nation without consultation of either brn'ich of Congress. .Mr. Alli: v boldly, and with great force, vindicated the Executive, showing that all the aggressions were from .Mexico and that all our measures wero purely defen sive. He deplored this early spirit of opposition to the Pre?Uent. in a question where the honor of the country ^**as at stake, and thought it would be better to reserve ?v_ h denunciations at least for the present. Mr. C i.a>tos persisted that there was no justification for .lie President in thrusting the army into a position which could not fail to provoke hostilities with Mexico. Mr Calhoun explained why the sruiy and the navy wore sent down to Mexico during the administration of Mr. Tyler. The army was designed to protect our South ern frontier from the Indians, and (as understood) the navy was statioued in the Gulf for tho protection of our commerce. Mr. Hcvikr admitted the explanation about the army, but sai l the instructions to the fleet were :?" Show your .-?elves hetore Vera Crux," with the apparent design of provokieg Mexico into a fight. Mi Tauiioi i said this was not tho proper time to dis cuss that question. Uen. Sam Hovston sustained the message?defended the position of Taylor?aud the emergency required that the position at Matainorus should he maintained. It was a time for action and not tor words. American blood had been shed on American soil-"admitted to be Texan soil before the annexation. We must vindicate it now. It was consecrated by American blood?and it had been consecrated before. THE MESSAGE REFERRED. The question was taken on the reference, and so much of the message as related to the invasion of Texas, and the means roquirnd to meet it was referred to the Com mittee on Military Affairs, and so much as related to the abstract question of war w as assigned to the Committee on Foreujn Relations. . THr. 20,000 EXTRA ORDERED. Mr. Srr.toHT renewed tho motion to print 2,0000 extra copies of the Message and documents. After some conversation between Mr. Crittenden and Mr. Sevier, on the subject of the latter refusing our min ister, " a list of the letters" accompanying the message ?was read, embracing the correspondence between the State Department and Mr. Slideli; between Mr. Black, our Mexican Consul, and Seuor Pena; between the Military Committee of the House and the State Department, and Mr. Slideli, &c. With some further conversation between Uen. ( ass and Mr. Crittenden, the letter from Senor Pena to Mr. Black, of October 13th, 184-?, was road, suggesting the re ception of our minister to settle " the disputo " between Mexico and the the I'nitcd States. The executive order of the 13th January last, directing Gen. Taylor to remove from Corpus Chnsti to the Rio Grande, was aUo read. Mr. Crittenden then most eloquently expressed his grief that we should be the first to make war upon a sister republic and our nearest neighbor. He deplored his acts, and held the administration responsible for bringing about this unnatural war. Still he was ready for his country, right or wrong, but he always wished her to be right. He urgued that the question of the boun dary was not settled, and. therefore, our title to the Rio Grande not established. He suggested a peace commis aion, of such a man as Hourw Clay, or Mr. Van Buren, or the Senator from South Carolina. (Mr. Calhoun,) or the Senator from Missouri, (Col. Benton,) or of Michigan, (Gen. Cass,) or all five of them. He doubted not they would secure an honorablo treaty of peace, or either of thein. A healing measure was the great thing that was required. Mr. Sevier persisted that no tow of the men of the commission named would agree. Mexico did not deserve further forbenranco. On the subject of the position of Oenoral Taylor it has been recommended by Oen. Scott himself in a letter. Mr. Crittenpon said it did not change the facts in the case. Mr. Sevier regretted that the government was always wrong. It had been wrong in the late war?wrong in fhe caso of tho French indemnities?wrong in the war *lth Black Hawk?and now it is wrong in resisting an i insasion fiom Mexico. The Senator from Kentucky pro visos a commission of peace. 1, sir, would pursue a dif ferent plan. Mr Crittendon?Whiptheml Mr. Sevier?Yes, sir,whip them?that's the way we set tle old scores in our country, fight 'em out. Mr. Huntington, Mr. Cass, Nlr. Allen, Mr. Speight and Mr. Crittenden had some conversation on withdrawing the ayes and noes, when Mr. Speight observed that as the opposition to the printing was withdrawn, lie withdrew the call for the ayes and noes. And the JO,000 extra copies of tho message were order nd to be printed. mossisii rvsiness. Several papers were laid before the Senate from the Executive departments. Petitions were presented by Messrs. fcvans, Breese, Archer, Bagby and Benton. increase or the army. Col. Binton made a report from tho Committee on Mi litary Afl'airs, of the bill from the House for the increase of the army. The bill proposes, as amended, that the war establishment shall be 100 men to each company, and for the peace establishment 01. Men to be enlisted for five years instead of three. Col. Benton explained the bill, and the advantages of the longer term ol enlistment. The bill passed, it adds over one-third to the present army. ostaos hill. Col. Benton next reported the bill relating to the two regiments of mounted men for tho western frontiers, dis agreeing to the House amendment converting it into a bul for the general increase of the army, and restoring it to its original shape for the further increase of two full regiments of dragoons. The bill also provides that the of ficers should not be restricted to the present jlist of offi cers of the army. The bill was promptly agreed to and passed. Cel. Benton suggested an Executive session. The bill for the re-annexation of Alexandria to Virgi nia ; the bill of appropriations for the Post-Office Depart ment, and several other bills from the House were read and referred. A RECONSIDERATION rROPOSED. Mr. Asches moved a reconsidration upon the Oregon bill A cross-firing followed the motion between Col. Benton and Mr. Archer. At length, upon a motion to re consider now, Mr. Archer said it was due from the courtesies of the Senate that the Senator from Missouri should not now press a reconsideration, especially when this side (Mr. Archer's) ol the Senate was ao thin, and the other side was full. [Vow the fact is bothe side* were about equally thing.l I olonel Benton said he would take no advantage of the depletion on the other side; but he was reminded of an anecdote of the young general Bonaparte. It was during one of the insurrections in Paris. A butcher's wife, a large fat woman, attacked him, and said that if it were not for your office-holders, who ,get so fat on what you rob us of, we should not be in such a starving ?" \dition. The young general said, I will leave it to the uompany, Madame, which of us two is the fattest? (Laughter.) Now I say, I will leave it to the Senator which side of the Senate is the thinnest (General ex plosion of laughter all round. A real hearty goad laugh.) The laugh was turned against the butcher's wife, sir, as It is now against the thinness of the other side of the Se ll''* >. But if the Senator will aaly let the bill go, 1 will promise to explain it to hi* satisfaction on our way Mr. Abciier persisted la hi* daaire for a r#considera tion Colonel Benton thei offered ? oompromise. If the Se nator wonld go at eace lnte aa Kxeettfva, he would let the bill pas* nj till to-morrow. ? Mr. Am hsr assented, and the Senate weat into Eaeca ??e Session, as supposed, upon the subject of our rela tlaas with Mexioe. Hossee of lUpraMntatlTM. Mordat. May 11, IMA. I The galleries were crowded with ladies and gentle men, and the seats of members well filled, in anticipa tion of proceeding growing out of our relatione with Mexico The Rev. 9. Tt irix delivered an eloquent and patriotic mn. Committee! were called forreporti, under a suspension of the rule*. ? RCICAS* or POITAOB. Mr. Horaiiss, from the Committee on the Post-offlce and Poet Roadi, re|>orted a bill to re-organize the Pott Office Department, and A bill to amend the act pasaed in so a*?1. To re daoe the weight, (half an ounce,) now tranaported for five and tan cents, to one-fourth of an ounce; and 3. Charging fifteen cent* for letter* any distance over sii hundred mile?, until the terminatiod of the last letting* of the department The bill* were reported to the Committee of the Whole cm the xtate of the union. MAIL ITIMtM. On motion of Mr. Horxiws, the Committee on the Tost-Pottlco and Post Roads was diacharged from the fur ther consideration hf ao much of the communication of the Postmaster- General as relatea to mail steamers; and Jt was ratal red to the Committee on Naval Affairs ST A TO* or WAtHlffUTOn. Mr Broadhcao, from the C ommittee on the Library, repovte 1 a joint resolution authorizing H. Power* to exe cute au exuestrian statuli of Washington, or ? group of national characters, and appropriating fifty thousand dol lars i and it was read twice, and referred to the Commit tee of tdu Wftole on the state of the Union , ajm PaEtsoiToatr. Mr. Pi.TTli subinitte I n resolution, calling upon the PresKlenc to communicate to the House all the order* given to 'leuer.il Taglor, connected with the proceed ings on ilia 8outh-wosusio boundary ot Texas. Mr. Haxalsjjv objected. Mr rr.rrtr moved *utpen*ion of the rules prescribing Me orJer of i>uainea?. The ?fii?s? informed him that the motion cenld not be entertained, a* the Houee we* now already acting un der a suspension of the rule*, far the purpoee of calling on the eeveral committees for r*P?rt* , Th^u^r^rXW^mlttw of tho Whole on tJSJhK^K. (Mr. U?rd<?Xln the chair,) and took up the bill making appropriation for PTH, M.LITABT " FOIWT. q?L. Kill bavin* been read by the C lerli, Mr Sa? !?:? moved to strike out the first section. Mr Hopkinssaid that the object of going into Com mittee was to perfect the hiU, and not to destroy it. Mr J Thompson Inquired whether it was not u> order that the bill should now he read section by section, for thp purpose oi amendment. , , ? Mr SawvRR claimed the floor. He had undeastood that the bill had been read through, and he had moved to strike out the first section. I have (laid he) very little confidence in this academy, and am not willing to spend moncv to support it. That is all I have to say, sir. On tho question being stated, teller* were aakod, nut refused. And the motion to strike out was decided in the nega tive?ayes 54, nays 191. Mr RtTHsiK declared himself in favor of abolishing the institution, but not until the cadets now there shall hare graduated; and with this view he proposed an amendment Mr. Saw ye* had a word to say. He must rue, as every honest and patriotic man should, and strike at whatever he thought detrimental to the interests of his country. If he suffered such a bill of abuse to pass by in silence, and not, as a representative of the people, raise his voice in behalf of the people's right, he would be unworthy of a seat in the hall. We are on the eve of an important war with Mexico, and w e have been waiting for a mes sage from the l'retident of the United States on the sub ject; vet we have taken no action! But we are here taxinK the people to support an institution which is a blight and curse on the nation. What have we heard from the South? Actual hostilities; and here we are in Congress ball, delaying action, and the President has not sent in the necessary information on which to act. Mr. Hahalson remarked that the gentleman wulabor ing under a great error. The House was not in session vesterdav, and the Senate would not meet to-dnv till 11 o'clock- The information could not be transmitted earlier. Mr. Sswrr.a said he was well aware that we wew wailing for the Senate to meet; and if they were not in session to-dav, he supposed we would have to wait till to-morrow, the "organ" (the Union) came out on Satur day night denouncing the House along with the Senate, for want of action on various subjects. But let the or vran" turn its denunciations on the proper source, ana ne would have no objection That source was the Se^te. Tlie House had passed all the acts the President had asked them to pass, and it was now waiting for*the J... Mr. Haralson did not seem to bo in the best possible humor, judging by hi* manner, for so great was the con fusion we could not hear his words. Mr. Sawvbr.?I desire the gentleman to keep cool. [Lausrhter.] I have got the floor. [Voices?' Louder . "louder!" and "Oo it, while you're young."] I do not cliarire the committee, of which the gentleman is chair man, with not acting promptly. They have reported everv bill the executive has asked for. And I castno censure on this House, but on the other end of the capital. (Voices?"Louder!" "louder!" "they cant hear you in the galleries."] The Senate can, and thev do, only sit three or four days in the week. [A voice What "^Mt^'brInrerhoff moved that the committee rise. Mr. Sawtf.r (noticing the private secretary ol the Prev ident at the door) said-l rejoice that my voice has been ^And there was clapping of hands, laughter, aid re poated raps of the hammer. . , Cric< of "Committee rise," "committee rise, ana voices?"There's the message," "there's the message,. THK NATIONAL DEFENCE?THE CRISIS?HOST1LITIEL THE MF.SSAOE OF THE FRESIDENT. \t about twelve o'clock the doorkeeper announced a message from the President of the United States. And J. Knox Walrf.r the private SecreUry of the Executive, said : Mr.Sperker, 1 am directed by the Pie sident of the I'nited States, to deliver to the House of Representatives a message in writing. The message was conveyed to the Clerk a an" there were cries of "down !" "here comes the docu m The Spearer.?Is it the pleasure of the House that the m"Rind,"e"?ead." "read," resounded throughout the Hall, not in "still small" whispers. , Kor the purpose of hearing distinctly, honorable gen tlemen exchanged their cushioned seats at the desks for the steps leading to the Speaker's chair, and Major French, the Clerk of the House, read the inte resting message, (which will be found in another co lU \lr.\lARALsoN (the Chairman of the Military Commit tee) immediately addressed the chair after the reading was terminated. , , ? The Sfearf.r recognued the gentleman from Ucor ^Mr. O. Davis trusted that the accompahying documents would bo read, . . ^ Mr Haralson remarked that the documents were vo luminous, and that the reading might delay the action that was absolujcly necessary. The suhstwice of the correspondence was detailed in the President s message. He therefore moved that the message and accompanj ing documents be laid on tee table and printed. Mr. C. J. Inoersoll begged to say a word. He dia not certainly kuow, whether the correspondence_with Mexico, had been published or not; he believed a por tion (nernaps all,) had been published by that govern m>Ir. Haralson merely asked that the message and ac companying documents be laid on the table and printed. And he moved the previous question. Mr. O. Danis (still standing,) expressed the hope, that the correspondence would be read. [Cries of "question; ^M^^Sciienc* rose to a question of ordert It was this: the House has received, and the clerk eommenced reading, a message from the President of j^e United States, a very important part, documentary matter, yet remains to be reaaT Now, the House, not having formal ly dispensed with the reading, a motion to lay the mes sage on the table; ?annot be entertained. S*hc Spkarer said that the Hsuse could make snch a disposition, if it pleases; and therefore the motion to lay on the table, was in order. th* Mr Schencr?Can it belaid on the table, before tho House formally disposes with the reading ' Thi Speaker?If gentlemen were required to vote on the subject metter of the documents, the motion would n?MI*' Sc nnci?And is Congress to know nothing of the on tents V Are we to votefn the dark, when wo know contents 1 n?^g 8rearer ?The gentleman can see the contents when the documents are printed. [Laughter! Mr Haralson?An Rppeal has been made to me to withdraw the motion 1 cannot do it, with a due sense of dutv and justice to the country. [A voice, holdom.^ Mr <J. Davis-The House has ordered the mesaaceto be read; the House has decided thaj the message an* the documents shall be read. Can the motion to lay onlthe table be entertained before the House has dispensed w ith the further reading I I think not- . The Srr.ARER-The House can vote ou the motion to lay on the table. If it does not prevail, the documents can then be ordered to be read. Mr. Schencr?I made the point, and appeal from the deTho?question l'was put, and tho House sustained the d*Thc?Speaker stated the question, Shall the message and accompanying documents be laid on the table, and printed? The yeas and navs were celled for. Mr. Ashmitn called for the reading of the documents. The Spearer said they could not now be read, unless the House should refuse to second the demand for the previous question, and order them to be read. Mr. Rathbin said the previous question had been moved. , , . Mr. Winthrof had a question of order. the Spearer.?The gentleman rises to a question of ?r>'r. Winthrof stated the point?Whether a vote could not be taken first on the motion to lay on the table, and then a vote on the motion to print 1 The Spr.AKEa decided that the question was divisible. Mr. Winthrof ?Then 1 a?k for a division. 1 can de bate the subject on the motior to print Mr. Haralson.?I made the motion In anticipation of d<,.Mr. Winthrof.?I ask whether on a motionito print, a member has a right to ask for the reading. votes I We should assuredly knowwhether ?}}???"erf to be printed is worthy, and whether the '"?UtuUons of the country, and it* best interests, require it I call for a division of the question. . . . A division was ordered, and the documents laid on the The questio#was recurring on the printing, Mr. Winthrof called for the reading of the doeu ments. Mr. Hofrins and others objected. , , , And the question was taken, and the Aouse refused to order the document! to be read. The Spearer stated the question to be on the printing. Mr. Schencr. Mr. Speaker, I asked for the yeas and nays on the division. [There was great confusion at this sta*e or the pro ceedings?the substance of the message afforded a theme of thedeepest interest.] The Spearer. The gentleman may be oorrect. The Chair, however, must first hear the motion of a gentle man before he can put it. ... , Mr. Schencr Is peace or war to be decided by tne oracle of the Chair? , The Sfearrr. Peace or war depends on the oracles oi the country. [Cries of " Good."] . , Mr. Schencr, (in r loud tone ) I insist. [What else he may have said, was lost in the thunder tonei of " or der,"* order/' and the sound of the speaker's gavil 1 Mr. Rathbl"> rose to a point of order. ? TheSri ARFR stated the condition of things In the House. . Mr. Schencr?As 1 did not suppose That n snap judg ment would be resorted to?[cries of " order." 1 move to [" order"]?reconsider the vote by which the House re fused to permit the reading of the document*. The Speareb?The gentleman call* for a reconside ration. . .... Mr. Sims, of Mlseouri?Is It In order to lay that motion on the table? The Speaker?It i*. Mr. Sims?Ts en I move to lay the motion on the table. Mr. Schencr?(quickly, rising from his seat)?I call for the yea* and nay*. , ? . . . They were ordered, and the motion of Mr. 8c he no k wa* laid on the table by a rote of?yea* llfl, nays 69. Mr. Haralson?I now move the previous que*tion on the motion to paint. My object it ??[crias of "order, " no debate." The Spearfr?No debate I* in order. Mr. P. Kino appealed to the gentleman to withdraw motion, that certain papers from General Taylor to the War Deportment might be read. Mr. Haralson rose to a question of order. The Spearer.?1The gentleman rises to a question of order. [A voice: " Oh: I'm sick of these kind of ques tions !"1 Mr. Habalson.?My object was not? [Cries of "or der."] I do not desire to deprive the House of the infor mation, but the members could have the beneAt of the documents in the committee ol the whole. By universal consent,'it would be competent to take them up in com mittee Does any one object to that f I trust the House will refer them to the committee of the whole. I inove to take them up and give them that reference. The Sraaaaa put the ouestion, and it was agreed to. The document* wore then ordered to be printed. Mr. C.J. Inoebsom. ?Doe* the chair decide that^papers laid on the table can be read. . hi . m.m The Sprarrs ?The question oaaaet osae up. because tha Hnnae ha* referred them to tha commhtaa of the whole on tha state of the Union. . Mr lUiUNi?Mr. Spaakar? Tha SrKAKBa.?Tha gentleman from Qaorfta. Mr. Spatter? Tbe Src*KE*.? Does tha Gentleman from Georgia yield the floor) voicDTiicii?wiiuu aasraiATioni. Mr- Haral?o>?No. air I am in order. I move that bill No. 145, authorising the President of the United State*, under certain contingencies therein named, to ac cept the service* of volunteer*, and for other purpose*.? [Cries of " not in order."] Well, this ia not in order. I move a suspension of the rules, and that the House re ?olva itself into a Committee of tha Whole on the Stato , of the Union, for the purpose of taking up tha bilL The motion prevailed ; and Mr. Hopkin* wa* called to preside. JiMr liuuM moved that the hill tie road. Mr Baker desired to ask tha gentleman from Georgia to have the correspondence road first. [Several voices: " Take up the bill first."] ' Mr. H arai.sok said he preferred tnat tha bill be taken up first; perhaps the committee would than rise.and fix a time for taking tha bill out of committee?say in an hour or two. The accompanying documents of "the message could be read when they went into committee again. Mr. Baker inquired whether it was im order to hava the correipondence read 7 The Chairman thought not. The question was put and decided in tha affirmative. And Ute bill wa* taken up. Tha Clebb commenced leading it; when Several gentlemen said they could not understand it; the Clerk read too fast [They did not conaider that time wa* too precious to admit of delay.] Voice*: "What i* the number of the bill?" and tha answer, by several. "145 " There was a tile of copie* of thi* on a little stand near the table; but they soon disappeared; gentlemen went up and helped themselves. The (. i.erk read the bill on slow time, and whenhe ' had finished, Mr. IIriiswkrhokf moved that the committee rite, with | a view of fixing the time when debate ihall cease in , committee. Mr. Holmes of Now York, enquired whether it would be in order, to call for the reading of the documents'? The Cha n man responded negetivel*. Mr. Giddinot.?1* the question to rise debateablol The Chairman.?Not deDateable. The committee rose on the motion of Mr. Brinkenhofl. a* the Speaker resumed the Chair. Tho Chairman reported that the Committee of the Whole had had under coniideration tha State of the Union generally, and particularly tbe bill to authorize the President of tho United State*, under certain condition* ' therein namod. to accept the tervicet of voluntee re, and , for other purposes, and had come to no conclusion ; thereon. The Sfeabkb repeated what had been said by the Chairman, when Mr. BaiNRKMHorr, (immediately springing to hi* feet) offered a resolution, which wa* read : that all debate on the bill shall cease in two hours after it shall have again been considered in Committee. Mr. Hoi.mes, of New York, moved to lay the reiolution on tbe table. The veasand nays were called, but not ordered. The House refused to lay the reiolution on the table. And under the operation of tbe previou* question, it wa* adopted. Tho House again went into Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. Mr. Baber.?1 desire to move that the correspondence between Gen Taylor and the Department be read.? [Cries, "down in front"] It i* desirable that the bill should pa*s bv a unanimous vote. There are gentlemen who wish to near the correspondence read, for the pur pose of voting underitandingly. [Cries of " read," read."] The Chairman put the pueition?shall the papers be read. Mr. Habalson expoessed the hope that tnev would be rood. Ami the pueiiion being taken, it *u decided in the aflThottcorre*pondenco alluded to was read. The firit letter, dated 1845. was directed to Gen. Taylor, at Fort Jesiup, Louisiana, written confidentially, and giving him instruction*, should Texas be invaded after coming into the Union, to take effective mean* to expel j another letter, informing him that the point of hit ulti mate destinaUon wu the western portion of Texas, on the Rio Orandge, and not to take the position assigned him until he knew Texas was admitted. He was alto direct. ed, in case of emergency, to call on the K?*e??" of Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi. Kentucky and rennes- | sec for troops. Letter* from Gen. Taylor show that what ho has done, has been according to orders, i,i if the Executive approved hi? conduct. [The Htrald, of Sunday, contains a large portion of what was to-day read to the House?perhaps it was copied from your paper.] Tho reading of the documenU occupied more than an \lr. BRrMiKRHorr offered a substitute for the first sec tion of the bill, (which authorizes the President ro resist any attompt which may be made on the part of any foreign nation, to exclusive jurisdiction over any part or the L nited Statos, or any torntory in dispute between the United States and any foreign government, as well as also to sustain the rights of the United States to.andto repel invasion upon the said territory, and for this pur pose to employ the naval and military forces of the U nitcd Stated, and such portions of the militia as he may deem advisable to can into service.) He said it would be seen tho section did not recognize the existence of war, nor the prosecution of war, but merely provided for a contingency. In the message of the President there was contained a distinct recommendation that the House not only furnish him with the means of prosecuting war, but expressly recognize a state of war. Hit amendment, tUciefuic, nropoood to rtcogniw and authorize the exis tence of, a proaecution of war. He could hardly con ceive that any one wat to ihort-iighted at to oonfine our operations to defences alone. If to, the war would be ex pentivo, vexatiout, ditaatrout, and of long continuance.? It would enable the enemy to choae hit point of attack, I and cover our whole frontier. We would"have no oppor I tunity to conquer. It would be a tecond edition of the ! Florida war, and worse in its results. (A voice.? W orie I than that.") Hoitilitiei had been commenced by Mexi 1 cant ; American blood had been shed, and guns fired. He would not inquire why, or wherefore, anJ whose fault it was. It was enough for him as a mam possessing an ordinary thare or pa triotism, to know that tuch a atate of thingt exiatt. Our only coune, therefore, wat to enture peace by a vig orous prosecution of the war which had been commen ced The war of 1812 had taught ut a letton. With re gard to his amendment, he would say it wat substantially | drawn up by the gentleman lrom Georgia, (Mr. Haralson) It is true, it wat not reported by the committee on Mili tary Affairs. At the time the committee were in tetsion, they were ignorant of what would be the puiport of the message: but the amendment had been framed, at he had before remarkod, in centequence of the recommendation of the Pretident. Mr. Baoxr.>?oaoi oH designed to submit a substitute for the amendment of Mr. Bnnkerhoff?declaring a state ot war, and authorizing the President to retaliate by inva i dlMgr: Thompson, of Mississippi, Mid that if Mr. Brocken ' borough's should be rejected, he would propose an 1 amendment to the bill?declaring war, and authorizing i i the President to use all the land and naval forces ol the I United States, to carry the tame into effect | Mr. BaocxEwaoaoroH said the conduct of the gentle 1 man from Mississippi was similar to the declaration ot 1813. He was willing to accept it aa a substitute. It I was absolutely necessary that the bill should be passed. He agreed with the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Bnnker : hoff) that war had been declared, and that we thould act promptly, and without delay, if we would avoid what Wellington once said?" a tmall war by a great coun 1 try." We should open wide the gates of war, and pre pare the people for it. Let Congress authorize an inva sion of Mexico, in retaliation for the blood shed on the shores of the Rio Grade. He had merely introduced the amendment for the purpose of carrying out hit views. Let ut have something?not hoping and looking for good result*, but putting our thouldert to the wheel. Mr Holmki, ot South Carolina, denied that, at far as information had been communicated, that we had any proof that there had been a declaration of war by Mex ico. He appealed to gentlemen not to declare war while they made provision lor defence; but to give the ineij chants an opportunity of calling in their commerce, and saving them from reprisal. Mr Ge^tst said tnat Congress only could declare war, and, therefore, he would move to strike out the first and tecond sections of tho bill, and give the President discre tionary power. Mr. Boyd submitted an amendment, prefaced by a pre amble, " Whereas, by the act of the republic of Mexico, a state of war exists between that government and the I United States, that for the purpose of enabling the go vernment ofthe United States te prosecute said war to a speedy and successful termination," therefore, be It re solved, kr., that fifty thousand volunteers be accepted, and ten millions of dollars be appropriated, fcc. Mr. Schicnck desired to offer im amendment to the en . tire bill. Mr. Holmes said a declaration of war would do no good. t Mr. Schenk'a amendment was re?d for Information, af firming that Congress did not sanction and approve the sending of our troops to the territory between the Nue ces and the Rio Orande, but to enable our troops to be extricated and redeemed from the position in which they were placed, and to defend and protect American citlneni, the President be authorised to employ the military and acoept the services of flity thousand volunteer!, fcc. Mr. Holmes of South Carolina, twho had given way for the proposed amendments to be read,) said tnat he wat for action where it was, and wat not lor action where it wat not required. He gave notice, therefore, of his in tention to separate action for supplies from a declaration of war. The latter he directed to be referred to the Com mittee on Foreign Relations?they could revitw the fir curstonces, and report. He wat opposed to hatty action in thit particular. Mr. Rhett remarked that a state of war did not exist, but a state of hoitilitiet. The Preaident cannot declare war, he had the right under the constitution to repel in vasion. ., . . . Mr. BattraaaHorr?The President has asked nt to re cognise the existence of war. >lr. Rhett?He has not atked ut to declare war. Mr. B*iw*?:anorr? What is the difference between war and hoitilitietf , . . , Mr. Rhett explained. War can only be declared by Congress, but hoitilitiei can exiit without the action of Cong rest I am not willing to declare war, and jeopard commerce. Mr. HiaiLion taid teat in the midst of the excitement, he desired to keep cool. He proposed to fill up the in the bill to authorise the President to accept the services of fifty thousand volunteers, and ten millions of dollars in the second blank, which he t>elieved would bo ample. He preaaed definitive and speedy action, to en force our rights and vindicate our honor.

The hour to which the debate was limited having ar- \ rived, The committee proceeded to vote on the amendments pending, and whioh were submitted. Mr. uaiNBEaHorr's amendment was rejected?eyes 80, noes 0J. , Mr. lloLsri, of New York, ottered a proviso, as an amendment, that our *rmy should only proceed weatatd south of the Nueces, to rescue our army now on the Rio Grande. Cries ol a " count," and " go it:" There were eight in the ollirmathe: Voices. " Give it up," and " no, no'."' TliejUegatit e vote was taken, and Ui members voted. #o the amendment was rejected. After several other amendments had been .voted down, | Mr. J. R. tnoaaioLL moved that the committee rim, for the purpoee of referring the bill to a standing committee Mr. Omn wwJ to Mu wt Dm Int tad Moond taction* of the bilL The CHiiiiUK Mid th? motion *unot in order. The question wm taken on Mr. Boyd's amendment, as above, and it wai agreed to?Ayes, 93; Noe?, 78. The bill having been amended in several particulars, at half pait four o'clock, the Committee rose. A itozeu member* sprung to their feet, vociferating "Mr. Speaker,"and this scene excited much laughter. Mr. Brink caHorr was recognised by the Speaker, and he moved the previous question. [Cries, "Let's have it."] The demand was seconded, and Mr. Boyd'* amendment was concurred in by?yeas I'M, nays 67. The other amendments of the committee wore concur red in?that giving volunteer* $10, instead of $8, by? veas 10-4, nav* 92. . ' The bill declares a *tate of war?authorize* the rresi dent to accept the services of fifty thouiand volunteers? appropriates ten millions of dollars?to complete the pub lic armed vessel* now authorized by law?to charter merchant vessels and steamboats, {arm them kc., for the protection of the sea-board, lake coast, and the general defence of the country. The bill having been ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, The queition was itated on it* passage, when Mr. U. 1)*vii asked to be excused from voting. [Crie*, " Oh, excuse him.''] His reasou was that the bill recite* an untruth on its face, and he proceeded to speak against it Mr. Doi ulass and other* called him to order. The SrcAKEK decided that he wa* in order. Mr. BaiNKERHorK took an appeal. Mr. Kwinu, ofl'a. called for the veas and naya, and thev were ordered. [Cries of "On withdraw the ap peal"] However, the question was taken, and the Chair sus tained by a vote of?yeas 113, nays 73. Mr. Davis then continued and concluded hi* remarks; in the courio of which he said the President designed to wage war without consulting Congress, in whom wa* veitcd the war making power. If he chose to vote an adequate force and supplies, he would do with a solemn protest against the preamble. Mr. Heklt enquired whether the gentlemaa wa* now In order I The UrcABca replied that he was transcending the li mits. Mr. Bai^aEHuorF' objected te the gentleman proceed ing. Mr. Davis.?If gentlemon will not hear me [crie* of "order"] I will withdraw ["order"] my motion, but protest against the preamble of the MIL And he sat down. Mr. Batlv (loudly, *o as to be heare above the hum ming of many voice*) Mr. Speaker? The Speaker rapped with hi* hammer, to bring gentle men to silence. I Mr. Bavlv.?1 consider the bill a declaration of war, and without the Executive recommendation. I am anxious to vote for men and monev, and succor for our army, and to repel invasion; but wfiile doing so, 1 must Srot'est also against the preamble. [Laugbter.] 1 with raw my request to be excused from voting. Mr. Kiiett desired to know whether a separate rote could not be taken on the preamble. The Speaker wa* understood to reply negatively. Mr. E. B. Holmes, of New York, protested against the preamble, although he voted for the bill. The result of the vote was announced?Yea* 134, nay* 14. A motion wa* made to re-consider the above vote on the panage of the bill, and it wa* lost. On motion of Mr. Boyd the title of the bill waa altered to read, "An act providing for the prosecution of the ex isting war between the United State* and the republic of Mexico." augmentation of the a*mt. The bill, a* returned from the Senate, providing for an augmentation of the rank and file of the army, wa* ta ken up, and, without debate, the amendments made by the Senate were concurred in. And at six o'clock the Hou*e adjourned. Safett of Cait. Thor.nton a.xd Lieutenant .Mason.?We are reioiccd to learn, by this eve < ning'* mail, tkat Captain Seth B. Thornton, and Lieut. I Mason, with two dragoons, had arrived safe in General Taylor's camp. Captain Thornton, discovering the ambuscade too late to retreat, had plunged gallantly 'hrough the enemv'i rank*, and cut hi* way with hi* own sword, with a boldues* and intrepidity that it almo*t incredible. It seems he i* not to be killed by accident* of flood or field. He i* the same gentleman who so narrowly es caped when the Pulaski wa* blown up. He had the yellow fever several time* in Florida, and haa passed through many other hair breadth 'scapes When Oen. Worth left the camp, Capt. Thornton ask ed him for hi* cword. The general buckled it upon him, and when he heard yecterday oi Capt. T.'* gallantry, he exclaimed, " That wa* my (word. 1 knew it would ne ver be disgraced in hi* hand*. He i* a* noble and gallant a fellow us ever held sword in hand"? IVaskineton Union, May 11. Military Movements?In accordance with a I determination of the War Department to send the entire disposable force of the L. S. Army to Texas, the two companies of Artillery stationed at Fort Mc Hcnry, and the three companies now at Fortress Monroe, have 'been ordered to the seat of war forthwith. The whole will be under the command of Colonel Benton, and will, we learn, proceed by sea to Point Isabel The companies at Fort McHenry are F, 3d Artillery, Lieut Tompkins; and K, 4th Artillery, Lieut Hunt?Bait. American, May 13. Baltimore, May 13, 1840. War Excitement?Death of Rev. Chat. T. Torrey?Mili tary Vitit?Triennial Catkolic Council?-Mr. Murdoch ?TKe Racet?Markets, <J-c. The new* from the army on the Rio Grande has caused more general excitement in this city than has before ta ken place, perhaps, (Miring the present generation. Peo] pie begin to collect every evening, about A o'clock, at the telegraph and the newspaper offices, waiting for ex tras and despatches, where they continue even to 13 or 1 o'clock at night, discussing the news that may be re ceive), censuring the course of the government, as well as of the officer in command. The southern mail did not conncct at Washington last night ; consequently all that was received was a mere corroboration ol former news, and came to hand by telegraph Rather a disastrous rail road accident occurred on Sa turday night on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, about 37 miles lrom the City, to the passenger train onlt* way thither. It was caused by a loose rail, which tore up a considerable distance of the track, and forced the cars off of the rail, considerably damaging several of them. A breakman named Webb had his tnteh caught between two of the cars and almost mashed To a jelly. His leg was amputated bv Professor Smith. The Rev. Charles F. Torrey died at the penitentiary on Saturday evening, his death being caused by an ulcera tion of the lungs, but having been greatly hastened by the anxiety of mind about the recent fruitless efforts to obtain his release. The Governor thought that it was far better to let him die in prison, an a means of deterring others from pursuing his ill-advised course, than to par don him when so near death as to render his removal from its walls impossible. The Boston Phalanx, a new military company, under the command of Capt Newall A Thompson, have noti , fied our military of their intention to visit thii city next I month. The Triennial Provincial Council of the Catholic Church met at the Cathedral yesterday. There were 33 bishops in attendance, and the sight was grand and im posing in the extreme. The Cathedral was crowded, in ; side and out, two hours before the appointed time of ; meeting. i The races over the Canton Course commenc? to-mor ! row, and it is expected will be of unusual interest A great number of the Southern as well as Northern gen | try are here, aud an exciting time is anticipated. Mr. Murdoch and Miss Clara Lllis commence an en i gagement at the Holliday street theatre this evening, in the character* of Claude and Pauline. Tut Markets.?The Southern news will, it is supposed, materially effect the markets, though in what way I am rather at a loss to conceive. On Saturday prices were firm at former qootations, though there seemed to be no disposition to ope rate. Philadelphia, May 13, 1S48. The war excitement continues to increase in intensity. A meeting of the citizens has been called by Mayor Swift, for to-morrow afternoon, to express yioir opinion 1 upon the state of public affairs, and to adopt measure* ' required In the present emergency. The great case of the Insurance Bank of Columbn*, Georgia, against the United States Bank, did not com* ' mence yesterday, owing to the sickness of one of the I counsel (or the defence, and the absence of an important I witness. The Hon. 8eaborn Jones and Senator Colquitt ' were in attendance as counsel for the plaintiff; bat Sena I tor Webster, who was to appear as counsel for the de ' fence, was not present, mucn to the disappointment of the ! crowd that filled the court room. The trial has gone off until November next Letters from Pottsville give details of mnch destruction in that vicinity, hy the freshet Several lives are known to bo lost, and others reported. So much injury has been dene on the Schuylnill Navigation, that there is no hopes ; ot its commencing operations until August No impor tant damage has oeen done to the Reading and Schuyl kill Valley railroads line, but all the bridges on the Minehlll railway are swept away, and six on the Mill Creek road. The Belmont hrancn of the valley road has heen considerably damaged, l.awton's colliery, at the head ol Mill Creek, he* suffered greatly, all the fixture* having been swept away. The steamship W ashing ton arrived this morning from your city. She i* e fine vessel, and her trip* between this city and New York during the present summer will no doubt be profitable to the owner*, and a pleasure to those passenger* who partake of them. A fine locomotive from the Norris' foundry, was this morning placed upon a barge to go to New V ork, hy the way of the Raritan canal, it is called the J. Corning,and is to ply upon the Utica and Schenectady railroad. The sales of stocks were light to-day, but the prices slightly recovered from the extreme depression of yes terday. Hales of Stock* at Phlladslphls. Mat 13? First Boari>?100 shares Girard Bank, U0 do Vick?burg,63i; $?J0 JO Lehigh Interest, 41. , After Board?%2*1 M Leliigh Mortgage Loan, 71; 900 shs Reading KK, 30S; 1000 do Bonds, 0 cash, 70; 100 shares Oi rard Bank, IU ; 15o do Vicksburg do, 6W. Second Board?113 Wilmington ftn, 30s JO Kentucky Bk, 7JX; UGirard Bank, 9. _ after Sales?100 Reading RR, JlX Salts or stocks at Boston. Bmorkrs' Board, Ma* 11.-174 shares Long Island RR, 34M; 110 do do, 34; 10 do do, s RK, 33; 1V6 dodo, s 3. 33*; 1 do Western lUC#; 8 do Boston k Provi dence RK. 110; 474 do Norwich k Worcester RR, Htf; ti do do, 14; 31 ao East Boston, 14?f. HcconD Board?25ihiLo?I RR. 33)$; 5 do West* era RR.90X; 1 do do, 97. ?? NKHC1A iT. Hsw York, Tuesday, Hay IK. Ashes?Sales were>ade in Pott at $3 76, and in Pearls at #4 a *4"! BaEABSTtrrs?Thei sales in L>eoesee|ar* very light at %A 08} a 4 76 j^a lot of Michigan is reported to neve been taken at $4 ?3J a 4 OS] ; Georgetown and Howard attest era held at 94 60 a 4 At, CeTTow.?The sales to-day were 1000 balsa, at prices rather easier for the buyer, which U attributed solely to ? tight money market, end which may cease when the lota pressing on the market are disposed of. We con tinue to quale, LIVERPOOL Classification. Ntw Or It am UpUnit. Florid*. Mot. + Tom. Inferior, - i? ? s ? ? * ? Ordinary, ? e T 7 s 7W TVs 7}{ Middling, T^s 7V 7Ws 7K 7)Js 7)2 tiood Middling, TWs 7V 78}? I s K>, Middling Fair, 7W? I? 8Va ? ?X* ? Fair, iSi 8% iCs IX ? s ?M Full v Fair, g>i? IX Ksi > 9Wa 9K Good Fau, Is* t?a ?X? 1U? Kine. nose none Done sous 11 ? US New York Cattle Mabeet.?May H?At market 1000 Beef Cattle, (900 Southern,) 90 Cows and Calves; 400 Sheep and Lambs. Prices?Beef Cattle?Prices last week fully recovered all they had lost the week preceding ; and though the olTorings were not quite so numerous, the qualities geno rally were better. Fair retailing qualities may nowlie quoted at from $3 tp 7, as in quality. Left ovor, about 60 head. Sheep and Lambs?The latter are not much in request Sheep are selling at from $1 75, $i a $6, at which prices all at market were taken. Cows and Calves?A steady demand prevailed, and all offered were taken at prices ranging from $16 'J5, 30 a $40. Hay?The market is amply supplied, and sales for loose, principally Timothy, are made at 90 a 106c. PaHOUgsrs Arrived. Bt Doiji-'oo?Brig St Marks?O S Abrahams h ladf, Boa toil; H Stubb?, J Orange rand, Moses Stevenson, St Domiugo. Aql'sblLLA?Bark Csrmelita?Mrs Micacle ds Pssos and son, Lewis Mlscler. O alv est o.n?Ship Star Republic?Miss Oroesbeck, Mrs Allen Lewis and child. Miss Oroesbeck, Mrs Jacobs and ser vant, Mrs J H Cock, Mr Beaumout, lady and child, T H Haw kins, W Taylor?J in steerage. Paucngsrs Sailed. LivERrooL?Packet ship Stephen Whitney?H B Doming, Jamaica, Wl; J H Mulford, Albany; L C Jacot, Dr Powers, Jamas C H*i>s, As i West and ladr. Henry Fisher, ARichards, B Brannan, New York; H Mitchell, Mexico; Mrs Solomon. : Miss Solomon, Mis> A Solomon, Montreal'. J CCanfield and iady, Baltimore; Matthew T Millar, Philadelphia; ECLy ford, Boston. Foreign Importation*. Marseilles?Ship Arcole?1 bbl 15 boxes liquorice paste Briethaump b Chum?16 bs corks 220 do uuts 14j bxs lemons Fitch & Co?311 bs almonds 200 V clu wins 1000 bk> oil 5 cks cream tartv Chamberlain It Phelps?2 bxs esseoce rose t bbls sosp to ordsr?190 bdls liquorice root Collomb & Iselin?I bx essence ross J C Eruenputch?SOcrks R Builoyd?4 cks Motx <k Pollitx?28 bxs esaenre 100 do rose water 14 bales Couenha ven Sl Oonry?11 bs 8 W Wheelwright?5 pkgs silk Malma xet, Gourd k Co?4 J McCall It Co?1 cs O Moulton?40 bbls wine B Henuequin?660 bkts_ wine Chamberlain It Pljelps?238 ba almonda Draper Sl Develin?2 pkia Sheldon St Co?3 do J C Howe?25 bxs lemons 19 cks wine B Plums?250 bxs pickles 157 bkts oil 16 cs citron 34 bs 51 bgs almonds P Balin & Co?20 bs 24 cks cream tartar 200 bxspickles to order. 8t Ckoix?Schr Empire?180 hhda sugar B De Forest k. Co ?20 puas rum Csrtwritfht, Hsrrisou Ic Co?6 hhds 10 bbls su gar Mason It Thompson?10 hhds do J H McCready?73 casks molaiies 2 cs F Wood. Lauuws?Brig Historian?6000 quiutals logwood Boachaud ll Thrband. Domestic Imitortntluna. Oauvkstos?Ship Stsr Republic?736 bales cotton 20 do to bscco CoO hides Brower li Neilsou?33 bales deerskins Chon ter, Merle It Sanford. NOTICE TO ? H1??.A?T**'; . ? rt ?ill W^hntte thit Captains of veiieli arnviof at thi po ?. . Pilou, or Cape. Roociit Siltet, of our new. fleet. PORT OF MKW VOllK, MAY "? H M !u? IkY.V.'.V.V. 1? ? ? * W 1 HIOH 10 06 M Cleared. Steamship M?i??chu.ctu, Wood Wa?h.n^on, DU Ship Talbot, Story, A.twerp, Schmidt fcB*W:hen. Sehr Marietta, Orule, Boaton. Pieraon. Sehr Fenler, Fethean. Philadelphia, run ?? nerauu. Sehr Wm Wricht, W?jdo?. Richmond. Barce Comet, Cox, Philadelphia. Sloop Empire, Tbomp.on, Sew Haren. Sterner Authracite, Stewart, Pbiladel; hia. Arrived. A .. 'BSTs? <*?? ?? e?8hiP &ui?P?bu"'f?ki?.,Ud.T. from Apalachieola. with WSB^ssBafbS^SnJhz Apal ichicolafor ^oT'^nce. Lirerpool, lu Br bark John Clark, Ui.orow, ? a i. The J C u ballast, with pawenger., to l.pscou b?Ck offoid Ro.,, (of Prospect) 10 ^. from HaTan^wig neBardkyc.rmrfi?, Hopkin., Uday,/oi ww,for KdSoTJ^ U* Virginia, Joha.ton. for Cow.; ^rWaT.Wdroa, (of Provence.) 17 day. from N Or M|Trite^.Mtt> day. from Uguoa. with lor day. from St Domingo City, with mahogany, to AC Rosiere otCo. i - ? ??*' ?.??J ' 6 UarmAllV N^nhewa it Co' Celt I '"fchTN^iT^iiiVy.M^y. froin '*>??dadLft^2kVT.nI molamea, to k Harmony, Nephews k Co. Celt bar* AW l?rd.y. from NeuTita*, with moUaaca. "il^r-SiE'ciark 11 day. from St Croll, (We.tEnd) wUhsugarfto i' Wool Bid m company with bng V.nceune., f0*Vch?rleaton. D.tU, from Wa.hington, NC, with n.ral "scl'r Surah, Cope., Ocracoke. NC.cora, lie. ScV.r Marqui., Etui., Virginia, corn fielir Annabella, Sear., Philadelphia coal. Scl.r Caroline i. Clark, Georgetown, lumber. Below, . . . Ship Arrabella, Rice, from Lirerpool, .till remain, below. 1 bark; 2 brig.?unknown^^ Ship. Stephen Whitney"for L^^.y^JohS^^rk sfitfaswJis ton; acV Robert Mill*. 'Qr 8t J**u' Teiaa. HIkcUuimiu Record. ?,** The .hip Agne>, for China, i. detained nntil the ?th J?7" Ship George, Kerri., for Lirerpool, will .ail thi. mom - w'e AIf indebted to the Richmond Enquirer, and the Cliarleelon Patriot, for.I ip?. Bake Gangs., Eyting, .ailed from Oharle.ton ontheWh in.t, for Genoa, having repaired. Naval. , qri . ito frigate Culnmbia, Cow Roussean; sloops 01 war at the la?t account.. g k?Bl Ship Saitelle, Taylor, from New Orlean. (or New York, " ?Buk i!l?? BmS? Scott, hence (Feb 19) for MonteTideo, A5frriVUt l4 ' brig Allen, of Scitaate, 10 day. fTpr^?^atr?MWl?. PM..d? American bark .land ing a wind t? 8 Vv'Vhowing a whit. ?ign*1, bin. border, with letters N L in tne centre. . w Brig CI in ton, from Bangor, no date, lat 30 V , Ion 69 vv. Whalemen* tz"si- saa. ?! & JViS-Wg ,PArr.tbNMiucket 9th, .chr Sophia. Bwai., (whieh ha. been '^jsrtzitsrsiv^S.',sgsfatti/: 10, Ion 13040, Cicero, New Bedford, 1W0 , report e? ? ft."',.!...???? ??? ??' '?srur.^u's Mrev/ffi?"V':,v ks~ sr;r;"',K is. Korelan Porto. #0??s? CaSaOT, March 10?In port, hark Colnmbia, Trn. .ell, for N brig. Pemerara, Tonkin, An ? Y.?k0(J?davi%??ag*). E.pela?., (?orej>orted)from Oeo?e York(*^y. P" a? vvhite, from B.ltimore, ria Per ,0!Lk'?Vo ' ln 'port. .h"p. Roanoke, Hann., n?f, (j^n.UI, oaaboco. UP? '_.,nu-. Loouiana, l)ewhnr?t. for N Or Canning, 'McKenaie, whaler, from N Bfdlord; bark. r.\ni'.nPfaho<iy, for New York, noon; jojephtne, J one., fVnin Ri'o OranrteI Catharine, Phillip", for Baltimore, in 1 !u?- romelia, Yoong. nnc; Roll., Oibbenon, from Rich mTni MSr Aopner from do; Anahnac Hnttlwon. Irom and(orobably) for New York; Pioneer. Lambert, from St Ubea; Richmond, Gibb., from Monteriieo, wajung ca jo, Koaabella. Bailey, from do, arr 23d; Actrre? roiww, fm oal Z b Baw'tt. for New Orle?.i brig. Ph.lljp Hone Mitchell- unc: Frances Ann, Tate, from Rio Grandei^ar ling, Gallop, Irom do; Pedrjra, Cormack. f-*P*da Verdi, .chr Falcon, Hooper, from Baltimore. Sid e<i, ihip .Lnconta, Porter, for/iew Urlean?. Al.o in port, brig PorpoUe, Bar ren, from Bolton (No? 27), yia Serac, where .he put m dia "st'bomimoo. April 24-In port, brig. Coae?. York, for Boe ton, loading; Baltimore, Beary, for Slew York, oac, Mhf Ma? "^T t?*'o?" May 1?In port .hip Emily P""' ma., di.charging; brig, lmogene, for Barbadoo., u?c. Joeepn Home Port*. . AfALAcmcoLA, May >-ln P0"* di,c"?* Pro L-pool, Idg; DammleM, Rotera, fm LiTW^Ijd^ JJ do; bu., De V nei, for ilarre, lag; _ Aleiander, k (jharle. Solon, Bucknam, fm Hatre, wtg; t aroli.., * park, Cum tou.do; Cotton Planter, Pratt, Irom. J^Orlean., Robert berianii, Power, for LiTerpool, IjU; {i't" ^ork. do; .on, for Harre, Idg; Sear., for Boaton, io.? Magdala, Dodge, do do; 1 iberio., w Wa Brigs Gen WiT.on, Min?r, for N ' Mjlc|l#n j0 Ma kuira, Molford, Irom do, wtg. Cayuga, . u p,fi;dr( c'^t.r, .1. L Hill. Rogera.lrom New "^??fo,,pr0Tid.oe.. Wf. ,rom Boaton, do; 1 yboe.Mc M Dn?i., Manilla, ft Bo.ton, May l*-ArrWk brl, BMoo, legraphed,.hip LeriHG^l {???,! foi an brig. <ld, jh<P* (?nppo.ed from Matao?a?-l (iH, and Caleotta; Wm. I or.ic., Uetereami, Cop*^? . 'p Small, Gonai.e.; Be OodiUrd, Porter, Mobile, brig r .. Philadelphia; ??h. lYSrT.we., 8t_J.^' ^if^^hia Tr ^ York- Sid. wind ?M on Swday. 8chr Emily Hilliard started on 8iturd\y, v?4 probably sailed from below on Sunday. _ * Banoor, May ft?Art bark |Duulap, Thomas ,*ro? Barbe docs. Charleston, May K-CId ship Adams, Gay, Havre; brig Wolcott. Gardner. N Orleans: Carolina, Sherwood, N York. Sld ship Sutton. Gallowsy, N York. Eastport, May 3?Arr brigs Brook me. Pettinaill. from 8t John, N B; Planet, Clark. PlnladflUiia and aid ithfor tk Johu. N B , AtchaMaya, i'.rkrr, lin riuUdtlt.hu; schr lole, Wooster, New York; 4th, brif Onenaugp, Johnson, Philadal ?? ia. Sid Mb, brig Ulam, Shackford, Calais, to load for the e?t Indies. Galveston. April l??In port. G B Lamar, Richardson, for New York, 1st lust; schr Richmond, of Boston, for N York. Hartford, Msy 9?Arr schr Archelaus, Smith, from rlu Isdelphis. . _ , , Lewis, Del.. May ?-The bark St Joseph, for Baltimore; brio's San Fernando, for Shelbourne. NS; Hylas, sud Cssil da, for Boston: schrs Monsoon, for Wilmington, NC; Ann Eliza, for Fall River, and St Helena, for Salem, Massachu setts, went to sea this morning. Two full rigged brigs, 3 bans do, and a topsail schoo.ier. uuknowu, came id this forenoon and proceeded up. There are mi* ?t the anchorage up wards of eighty >->il of vestrls, comprised of barks, brigs and schooners, principally outward bound. I returned this morning from scnoouer United States, ashore on the point of Cape llenlopen. She remains in pretty much the same posi tion as when she first weut on, and from the fact of her being deeply embedded in the sand. the prospect of getting her off is rery remote. Cant Coombs yesterday stripped her of her sails and ringing. and I presume her rartto (2IJ tons coal.) will be sold as it lays iu the schooner, for the benefit of thoea li? terested. . _ _ . ... Mobile, May 5?('Id sliip Yorkshire, Tripp, for Liverpool; bark Triton, Luce, Providence. New London. May 11?[Office of the morning Newsj?Arr schrs Dan T Wiletts, Smith, from New York; Olympus, Harris, from Albany; Rob Roy, Avery, from Philadel phia for Norwich; Daniel Webster, Delaney, fro* New bur* for do; Thos reterkin, Avery, from Albany; Spy, Lew is, from Norwich for Bridgeport; Tlx* W Thorne, Durfee, from Fall River for New York; sloops Cabot, Elliot, fronj Newburg for Norwich; Geo Washington, Chapman, from N York for do; Washington, Keeney, from do; Franklin, Pren tice, from do for Proviueuce; Peruvian, Springsteel, from do for F Island; Velocity, Smith, from Protidence for N York; Aurora, Geer, from Norwich for do: North Band, Butler, fin Providence for Nor. | Newm?t, May II?[Office of the Herald and Rhode Island er]?Air schrs Floridi, Itud, 1) men, Boston; 8 Rock hill, Prpdmore, V irginia, Fall River; Martha Washington; Wood, Baltimore, do; Van Buren, Grey, Chvrryfield. Iltli, arr brig Alabama, Allan. Apalacliicola; Aginona, Elder, Mobile: Oc tavia, Doughty, Philadelphia; Ava, of Newcastle, from Cuba, all for Providrure; schrs Canton, Haker, Baltimore, Dightou; Elizabeth Ann, Jackson, Philadelphia, Pawtncket; Lapwing, Smith, Norfolk: Engineer, Whiting, do; sloop Hudson, Win slow, Warren, New Bedford. New Have!*, Nlav 10?Arr schrs Pacific, Preaeott. Albany i Surveyor, Houck, Philadelphia: sloops Franklin, Tnoons. N York; New York, Jones, do. Sid schr Isaac Menrit, Kelsey, Albany; sloop Warreu, Thompson, New York. Nantvciet, May 9?Sid senr E A Adams, Adams, Balti more. ' New Bedford, May 11?Arr schr Pacific, Wot d, Norfolkt William, Wixou, and Industry, Kelley^ Baltimore. Providence, May 9?Arr schr Walter Merchant. Dam ming, Pantego. NC: schr Select, Conklin, Richmond; sloop Willard, Rhodes. New York. Cld ship Archelaos. Bout.llr, New Orleans. Sid schrs Vesta, Ludlam, and Emetine, Van Silder, Philadelphia; sloops Opera, Mott, do; Ornament, ones, N York. 10th, arr schrs Queen, Gardner, Baltimore; Louisa Reeves, Sooey, Philadelphia. Portland, May S?Arr schr Julia It Martha, Piokham. fm F.astnert lor N York. Cld brig Caroline, Ignatius. Jordan, for Cuba, and sld. 9th, arr schr Genoa. Lanphear, Cardenas. Cld brigs Baltic, Vining, Guadaloupe; Centurion, Norris, W Indies. Richmond, May 10-rSld schrs Thos H Thompson, Wison, Plymouth, Mass; Shetland, Toby, Halifax, NS. Salem. May 9?Cld brig Esther, Glover. Cayenne. 10th, arr brig Patapsco, Land, Bencuela, Africa. Sld bark Hnntresa; brigs Cherokee: Zaine; Mermaid, Rio Grande: Romp, 8t Pierre. Mart; sclir Cyprus, of Gloucester, and others, bound Sand E. Stonincton, May 7?Arr schrs Challenge, Parks, Philadel Shia for Boston; Granville. New York, lor do; Ellen, Mar ine, Hartford, for N Bedford. Wiscasset, May 9?Cld bark Casilda, Higgins, for Ma tanzas. By Last Night's Southern Hall. Home Porta. Baltimore, May 13?Arr bark Latrobe, Allan, trom (HI veston, Texas?passed in the bay, off Black River, bark La Grange, Mendel I, from Porto Rico for Baltimore, and at the mouth of the river, ship Hargrave, Bailey, from New Orleans. Also sit Br brig Chas Gray, Outerbridge. from Montega Bay; brigs Mary 8tanton, Bearse, Boston; Tally llo, Benrmaa, Rio de Janeiro. Cld brigs Cambrian, (new) Waltar, Kings ton, Jam; Lisbon, Messer, Dichtou, Mass. Sld ship Grace Brown. Myers. Bremen; barks Lctitia, Lewis, Rio de Janei ro: Wyman, Dill. Boston; brig Abo, Jones, Rio de Janeiro) schrs Wm Alley, Snow, St Thomas; Mary Ellen, GriAn, Port Maria, Jam. Norfolk, May 9?Arr schr Richard, Thaxter, fm Boston; pilot boat Aid, Drummond, from a cruise?reports brig Chaa tena, from New York for James River, passed throogh Hamp ton Roads last evening. Sld from Hampton Roads, schrs Hurd, and W W Wier, for Bostou; and E H Thompson, for FslI River. Philadelphia, May 12?Arr steam propeller Washington, Brigga, from N York?reports a large shin unknown, off the buoy of the Ledge, bound up. Also arr schr James It Samuel, Simes. Providence. Cld ship Adirondack. Shipley, Liver pool; bark Sarah Hand, Baily, N Orleans; brigs Susan Spsf ford, Spafford, Boston; Sarah Louisa, WatsOu, Portsmouth; Selim. Bowman, Eastport; Wm M Rogers, Taylor, Boston: schrs Gen Knox, Rendell, Bangor; Larkin, Churbuck, Fall River; J Brick, Reeves, E Greenwich; Elmira Rogers, Sal ter. N York; steamer Black Diamoud, Cox, do; bargee Star, and_Orh^d o AT A MEETING of Fire Engine Company, No. IS, held at the Engine Home on Wednesday Evening, May tith, 1846, the resignation by Mr. Nicholas F. Wilson, of the office of Foreman, having been received, a committee of three mem bers was appointed to express the feelings entertained by the company toward their late Foreman ; they, therefore, nave unanimously adopted the resolutions following :? Resolved, That we hare received with regret the resigua tion of our Foreman, Mr. Nicholas F. Wilson, whose connec tion with this company during the last eight years, has afford ed its members the best opportunity to appreciate his many estimable qualities; his strict integrity, singleness of purpose, obedience to law, and his devotion to the interests of his fa] low citizens displayed in the prompt and fear leas discharge of the Fireman, have endeared him to our he-wts as a man whose word is the best security for the performance of his promise. Resolved, That we cherish hit example wnile acting aa Foreman of this company as worthy of imitation, and that we tender to him the continuance of onr individual support and friendship through the varions walks of life. Resolved, That this testimonial of our respect, signed 1? the committee, be presented to Mr. Nicholas F. Wilson, and also published iu the daily newspapers. ( .SAMUEL B. SKINNER, Signed by the Commitee, < JOHN J. TINDALE, my 12 it* rc ( EDWARD S. LAPPliN. British protective emigrant society.? Office removed from 14 Pine street, to 93 Greenwich street, near Rector street. This society has been more than a year in successful ope ration?it was established with the beuevoleut view of afford in g gratuitous advice und information to British emigrants, and to protect them from the imposition and extortion so long practised with impuuity upon ignorant and unwary strangers. The experience of the past year has shown, that owiiu to the vigilance and interposition of this society, many hundreds of individuals and families have beeu saved from destitution, who, otherwise, would have been thrown upon public or pri vate charity?the prevention of so great an evil being of incal culable importance to the poor emigrant. The British Protective Emigrant Society urges, with con fidence, its claim on the benevolent arid charitable, for sup port, by which means alone it can be maintained in its great object of usefulness. It is hoped that merchants and others will give liberal aid towards this landible undertaking. JA.V1ES BOORMaN, President, 119 Greenwich at. THOS. DIXON, First Vice ditto, 41 William st. E. F. SANDERSON, Second ditto ditto, ltCUffst M. RUDSDALK, Tressurer, 10 Piatt st. E. W. CANNING, Secretary, H Beaver at. N.B.?Donationa or subscriptions will be thankfully receiv ed by any of the above-named gentlemen, and at the follow ing places, viz.:? British Protective Emigrant Society, 93 Greenwich streot British Consulate, 30 Merchant's Exchange. Office of the Albion, No. 3 Barclay street; and of the Anglo'American, Astor House, Barclay street. myll 3t*r NO QUACKERY. DOCTOR MORRISON, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons iu London, is cousulted confidentially on all private diseases, which*he cures without mercury, or bin' drance from business. Recent cases he cures in a few daye A practice of 23 years enables Dr. M- to cure the most obeti* nate Strictures without pain. Dejiilitr resulting from a secret destructive habit in youth, protracted gleets, syphilitic eruptions, and ulcers, aggravated by quackery,are thorougly cured by Dr-M. A perfect care guarantied, or no charge. See Dr. .M.'s diploma in his office, WX Fulton street. Open from 8 A.M. to 9 P.M. Letters pott paid attended to. my!3 lt*rc DR. EVANS. IMPORTANT MEDICAL NOTICE. - Doctor Evans No. 12 Peck Slip, near Water street, N. Y., has been more than forty years in the successlul practise of physic and snr gery, particularly in curing (perfectly) those desperate casee of every variety of secret disease, old obstinate ulcers, csa cera in the throat, strictures, kc., caused by malpractice. It s of the greatest importance for the unfortunate to chooee an experienced physician. Dr. E. it the oldett and moet expert enced in tWi city ; his practice great, bis succoes astonish ing, eve* dfcer they have been expelled from the hospitals ae incurable. His offices are well arranged for privacy. Call at 12 Peek Slip, and be convinced. Hit charges are moet rear sonable, and all cases guarantied. my!3 lt*rc mediuaITaiu. DOCTOR FAWCETT on debility, nerroutneat and se cret diseases, Iu. Just published, a popular essay on the e .nccaled causea of the decline of strength arising ; from de structive consequences, of exceaeive iudulgeuce and youthful imprudence, terminating in nervous debility and eonsutnuou sl weakness, and all those sinking anxieties end tremors which affiict the weak, the avdantsury and the delicate, with MCUMl observations on their treatment and cure, by H. FAWCETT, member of the Royal College of Snrgeons of London ana Edinburgh, and graduate ol the Jefferson Medical College, Philsdelphia. 1 he Doctor is daily consulted at hia office, 199 Fulton street, on all those diseases, where the Book eaa be obtained for ?l. myll if r FITS! FITS! FITS! J VAN'S VEGETABLE EXTRACT is purely vegotnbfe and harmless, and is the only positive, permanent and saUn retnudy for epileptic fits, convulsions, he. This medicino needs ny puffing ; as it is acquiring for itself a popularity that it beyond precedent in the healing art, by restoring to boalth those who give h a trial?many of whom had loet their reason under the influence of this dreadful disease. Who hat bwji cured, is the important question f We tnswer Mr. win. H. Parselis, afflicted 23 years?certificate of cum sworn to be fore the Mayor of this city, March, the 7th nit.; residence, 73 Norfolk street. Also, Mr. Jacob Petty, cuno. 74 Delancr st; Mrs. Eleanor Kief, aflieted 10 years, cured, residence, York ville ; the sen of Mra. J. Bennett, aflieted 9 yean, cured, rest dence 171 Grand street ; besides numerous cases have been cured within the last thirteen weeks. 1 be afflicted are invited to can aa ed, and advice given free of charge. . The medicine ia carefully packed m boxes, for transports ''pnric*i%r?boi w'i'l^and *24. * Single bottles, with noces sory medicine, $TDRg iyAN8 fc Propri#tor,. 07-Principal Office 194 Grand street, New York. alO lm*m JOSEPH MARTEL, PUNCH DINN tit ROOM. S3 Beaver street, near Watt t ud Pearl street!, white fronts. Dinner from it A.M. tlR 5 P.M. Pnce fixed Si cenu. myi lw*t THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES 8QR00N BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Olroulatlon?Forty Thousand DAILY HERALI>-Every day, i'nee 1 cents per copy? tS per annum?payable in advance. .-:m . ? ? WEEKLY HERALD-Every Saturtfay-Priee nnnta per copy? f 3 12^ cents per annum?payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS ?t the usual pncee always oath ?a advance. | PRINTING of all kiada eteeutedjwith beauty and *ee patch. - i >*ui. . IT"" All letters ort.communiratipns,. by Wail, addressed te . the establishment, must be post paid/or dw postage, will h* c *- Ha Proprietor of the the n5w Tom* Htiut EsTa?ys?ra?i?T, North-West sssner IFmltonend Nassau stroan