Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 14, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 14, 1846 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

-V *:\y YORK HERALD. Sew \ork, Thnndajr, Mmy 1*. '***? Aaalvuwrlei. Thi iidu, May 14. Amcrcin Baptist Home Miiuoo Society?Continued. American and Foreign Bible Society?Doctor Cone'a (hurch. .rjome at Sermon at hall'past 7 P. M. Amen, an Bibla Society?Tabernacle, 10 A. M. Twenty-Eighth Annjver?ary of the New York Institu tion for tne instruction of the deaf and dumb, in the Broadway Tabernacle, at 4 o'clock P. M. Tickets of ad mission 13} cents, to be had at tha door. Amwu Protestant Society?Dr. Mctlroy'i church, corner Grand and Crosby streets, at half past 7 P. M.? Addresses by Dr. E Beechcr, Rev. ?. N. Kirk, from two missionaries of the Society, who were once Roman Catholic priests, and from others. American Temperance Union?Tabernacle, half past 7 P. M. Address by Rev. Albert Burns, and others. American Education Society?Mercer street, Dr. Skin ner's church, half peat 7 P. M. Business meeting half past 4 P. M., Brick Church Chapel. The Fourier Aaeoclation?Place of meeting not known. Brisbane, Greeley, Ripley, and all speakers of tha great new social system. FaiDsv, May It. American and Foreign Bible -Society?Doctor Cone's church. Business meeting in the lecture room at nine oVlock A. M. Public moeting, report and addresses, at 10 o'clock. American Baptist Society for F.vangelir.ing the Jew*? First Baptist church, New York. Annual meeting on Kndav evening, May 16, at half past 7 o'clock. Report fend iokiniMi A B. C. F. M.-Tabernacle, 10 A. M. > SirtDsr, May 17. Ctty Bible Society of New York?First Baptist church, Nassau st, Brooklyn, at half past 7. Addresses. American and Foreign Sabbath Union?Tabernacle, half past 7 P. M. Sermon by Rev. Albert Barnes, on the importance of the Christian Sabbath to young men. Monday, Mav 18. American Baptist Publication Society?First Baptist Church, Brooklyn, at 3 and half-past 7 P. M. Address ee by Dr. liowell and others. Tuesday, Mav 19. Bepttet Oeneral Convention?Pierepont street Baptist Church, Brooklya. Adjourned meeting at 10 o'clock, A M WlDSHDiT, 90th. Annual Mooting of the Board of Managers of the Bap tist Oeneral Convention, at 10 o'clock. Annual sermon before the Board on Wednesday evening, by Rev. George W. Eaton, D. D , of Hamilton, N. Y., or Rev. Wm. Hague, of Beaton. TduaiDir, 91st. The ft ret mooting et the American Baptist Missionary Union will be held at the una place on Thursday morn ng. May 31, at 10 o'clock. IMPORTANT NEWS EXPECTED MOM HATAMORAS AND THE RIO BRANDE FRONTIER. Wi ?rp*ot, every hour oft very day, highly important Intelligence from tho Mat of war on the Rio Orande, with the result of the operation* of the Mexican army again* Oen. Taylor. The greater portion of the public belieTe that General Taylor will hold hit own, if not thrash tho Mexican*. A battle i* almoit certain. On the rec -ption of the Arit telegraphic despatch with the new*, an JExtra H*ral4 will be immediately i*?ued from :U* offlre. Look out, Newboy*Eye* right! New ft o hall* of the Montezuma* ! AwwirKatAKT RcroKT*.?We have the following re port* in type, which we are compelled to omit to-day i? The Moral Reform Society?The Christian Alliance Society?The American Home Miition Society, and the foreign Evangelical Society. Tike Herald Supplement* The Ilcraid Supplement of to-day, contains tlio following article* i?Continuation of the trial of John Johnson, for the murder of Betsey Bolt? Scenes in New York?Albany Correspondence? Close of the Slave Case T rial?Decisions in Chnn ccry?Proceedings in Circuit Court, Supreme Court, Court of Oyer and Terminer, and the County Court?Varietlef?uul several columns of Hdvcrti?oment3. (rratis to subscribers. The War Declared. It will 1h? seen by the proceedings in Congress, in tuis day's paper, that the Senate, on Tuesday, r>. sod tho bill received from the House, providing unuy of fifty thousand men and appropri .. .:.g ten n.llious of dollars, by a vote of fifty to two. Ml branches of the government, the execu tive and legislative, have now recognised, most overwhelmingly, the existence of the war between tho United States and Mexico, which has broken out on the Rio Grande. The country is n->vr at wnr with a neighboring republic, and wc ir oat ma.. 3 the best of it. The blundering and imbecility by which this state of things has been bought so suddenly upon the country, in the midst of peace and prosperity, may create a great feeling of dissatisfaction in the minds of sensible people; but we must call forth a spirit of patriot ism, oapable of overwhelming all other senti ment*, in order to prosecute this war to a success ful termination, and bring about a speedy peace, favorable to the interests of humanity, com ma roe and civilization. All admit the imbecility of the Executive; but that is not the question now. Let us forget it, m matters of deeper mo ment Wherever the recent events on the Rio Grande have reached, a most overwhelming spirit of pat riotism has been called forth?in public meetings, in the legislative bodies?and every means have been adopted for the purpose of reinforcing the army and prosecuting the war with vigor and vengeanoe. In this city and in the North, there seems 10 be little feeling and a want of proper en thusiasm. There is even a nucleus of opposition in existence, and that opposition assumes a black shade, and springs partly from the abolitionists and other ultra people,who would like to see a dissolu tion of the Union, in order to carry their princi ple* into operation. Indeed, if we look at the votes in Congress, it will be seen that the principal opposition to the organization of the army of 40,000 men, sprung from Giddings and such like public men, who have ridden the abolition ques tion to death. With the exception of this small fac tion?this small cloud of sheer niggerism?with its erroneous views, without common sense, not ap preciating the spirit and destiny of this great re. public?the rest of the country, in all directions, appears to be united in repelling the Mexicans, and in chastising Mexico herself, up to the very oapital. With regard to the merits of the great question between Mexico and the United States, we have no doubt Mexico will endeavor to call to its aid the interference at Europe. We sew the attempt made during the annexation of Texas; and the tame diplomats who made the attempt then nre ?till busy in the same business, in Mexico and in the United States. A great outcry will bo made by the opponents of the United States, that this country has outraged the principles of all justice in annexing Texas, and in sending our army to the Rjo Grande. These are all faecomplished facts, and are not worthy of attention at the present momentous ensis. Whether right or wrong, the deed is done, and cannot be recalled. The United (Nam was the first nation to recognize the inde pendence of Mexico hersell, when she was strug gling with Spain. For twenty years past, in con sequence of the incapacity of the civil govern, ment, and the influences of military despotism in that eountry, the United States has suffered inju* tioe and insnlu, unbearable any longer. No mat ter how weak our present amiable and worthy President and cabinet may have been in some of their movements, Congress and the nation are now united with the Executive in bringing this war to a termination. What that termination will be, time will tell. We certainly think that the irmy of occupation, when reinforced, should at once take possession of the Northern Depart ments of Mexico, particularly California, and pro claim lilerty, equality, and the elective franchise to all Mt xicans, who never yet have enjoyed these in??, id attempt to ostablish a stable and ^ ov rnment in that country over the ruins ty r.w.t l'aredes, who is a military usurper, and j has violated the first principles of the Mexican OOTWtitution. The United States have as much Tight to inarch to the " Halls ct ,h? Montezuma*," and to proclaim the froedom of the Mexican re public from military dictation, at. Pandas, the ex isting Praaident, had; and wo truat it will not Mop until such a great work is accomplished in some proper way. Let the tyrant* ol" Europe rave?they may tremble, before this crisis on the Rio Qrande may be cloeed. In the meuntinie, our government ought at once to organize a loreo sufficient to protect the immense amount of American property now ntloat. No time is to be lost, for the treacherous Mexicans will probably avail themselves of every opportunity to depredate on America property at sea. Bad Prospect?Some Probability of the Block, adc or New You Harbor.?It will be in the recol lection of our reader*, that it was stated tome time since, that the two Mexican steam vessels or war* the Montezuma and Guadaloupe, were sold to some English mercantile houses in Vera Cruz. This created a good deal of astonishment at the time, in view of the hostile demonstrations of Mex ico towards the United States. This report is now ascertained to have been without foundation.? The vessels have been mortgaged to English mer chants at Vera Cruz, and the consideration money has been employed in fitting out the present expe dition to Matamoras. Meantime, the vessels are still under the control of the Mexican government and have proceeded to Havana. What next! Their destination is scarcely proble matical. Nothing can be easier than to blockade the port of New York, and seize all the shipping that approaches or leaves it. The vessel* will probably go round by Bermuda, where they will take in coal and ammunition. They are already provided with four or five paixlian guns each, and can easily bo furnished with whatever other ne cessaries they may require. There is no vessel of war in our harbor fit to cope with them. In fact, our whole shipping is at their mercy. What will our merchants do, in this emergen cy! The advent of these Mexican war vessels, may be looked for sooner than desirable. In this crisis, the Executive, whose vacillating and un wise policy, has brought all those evils so sudden ly on the country, should be besieged with remon strances to put our harbor in a state of defence, although we fear that would be a difficult matter, as there are no vessels at hand, able to cope with these Mexican war steamers. The Princeton?the only vessel of available force to oppose them?has gone to join the Gulf squadron. Thus, the greatest commercial city is left utterly naked and defenceless. Some effort is absolutely necessary, to ward off the probable approach of danger. Let our merchants move in tliis matter. In reference to this important subject we have procured the following official correspondence:? New York, 13th May, 1846. E.K.C?uim,Eiq.! 8ir :? At ? meeting of tha Board of Underwriters this morn ing, I was directed to ask of you the publication of the letter received by you from the Hon. Jame* Buchanan, communicating |tne lubttance of the treaty between the United States and Spain in relation to privateeri or let ters of marque. I am, very respectfully, yours J. BALDWIN, Secretary. Waiiiihgto*, 11th April, 1846. Mr Dr.*a Sir >? In consequence of our conversation a few minutes since, 1 think it proper to inform you, without delay, that our treaty with 9pain of the 20th October, 1796, contains the following article, still in force : " Art. 14.?No subject of his Catholic Majesty shall sp ply for, or take any commission or letters of marque, for arming nnv ship or ships to act as privateers against the snid United States, or against tho citizens, people or in habitants of the said U. States, or against the property of any of the inhabitants of any of them, from any prince or State with which the said United States shall he at war. " Nor shall any citizen, subject or inhabitant of the said United States apply for, or take any commission or letters of marque, for arming any ship or ships to act ss priva teers against the subjects of his Catholic Majesty,^ or the marque, he shall be punished as a pirate." Yours, very respectfully, JAMES BUCHANAN. Kdwabd K. Collins, F.sq. By this it will be seen that any Spaniard who may be caught privateering under a Mexican letter of marque, can be treated as a pirate, and should be, by drum-head court-martial, hung at the yard-arm as soon as captured. What are the provisions of our treaties with France and Eng land 1 Can any one tell 1 The Magnetic Telegraph and the Newspaper Press.?One ofthe most singular features in the pre sent crisis of our foreign affairsjpnd the tremendous excitement consequent thereon?an excitement that must increase daily, while we are at war I with Mexico?is the rapid transmission of intelli gence to this city, by the magnetic telegraph, i Every important item of news that has transpired within the last ten days, in relation to our army in Texas, and proceedings at Washington, has been published in this city by the Herald, and one or two other similar establishments, in a few hour* after it reached JVaihington. There lliave been as many as three or four extras in one day issued from thi? office, during the past week, whenever any important intelligence arrived. The neighborhood of our office has become the centre of attraction for crowds of citizens, who daily throng the vicinity of Fulton and Nassau streets, to leam the latest intelligence. By this enterprise on the part of ourselves, and one. or two other cash papers, the interest of the pubbc is kept alive, instead of being diminished. The greatest anxiety is manifested to leam, at the earliest hour in the morning, the news by the over-night mail; and our office is besieged by crowds during the day, anxious to learn the latest intelligence by the telegraph. Our circulation has consequendy increased, and is increasing, to an unparalleled extent. But the case is different with the old humbugging journals down town. The effect of the early transmission of intelligence by the electric telegraph, has been to cut ilown their already limited circulation. It is no wonder that the respectable old ladies that conduct them arc caterwauling and complaining. They are already so far behind the age, that every impetus given to the transmission of news, deals a mortal blow to their lumbering existence. The telegraph is only extended to Philadelphia, and from Baltimore to Washington, and they already complain loudly. I When the chain is uninterrupted between here and Washington, it is evident that those journals must soon be totally "annihilated. The cash pa- | ! pers that spare no pains nor expense to furnish the | i public with the earliest intelligence, will increase ' in circulation and influence ; while those lazy, lumbering, sleepy Wall street journals, will bring to a miserable close their already too protracted existence. Serve them right. Meantime, we shall publish each day, whenever we receive news of sufficient importance to be communicated to tho public, an extra, or half-a dozen extras, if necessary, giving, up to the latest moment, the intelligence received from Washing ton and from the camp. This we will do, regard less of the enormous expense consequent on our exertions, ^ok out, then, for the extras. What's in the WlidT?We understand that or ders wore received yesterday in this city, from the WarfDepartment, countermanding tho orders re cently issued for the four companies stationed in and around the harbor of New York, to proceed to the Rio Grande. What is the cause of this movement I Does the President apprehend the bombardment of New York! and does he intend to leave those soldiers to man the batteries at , Fort Hamilton, and other places! A few hours i may explain the mystery. t From Belize, Honduras.?fty the Maria Gage, | arrived last night, from tho above place, we ro ceived fil s of the Oazette to the 26th April. There is no news of importance. From Mr. E. Fitz gillon, the editor of the Qaxrlte, who came pas senger in the M. G., we gather the following:? Provisions were high and scarce ; white pine timber was selling at SM per thousand feet; there was no shingle* in the market The Maria Gage made the passage to Belize and back, ut t||q short space of nyeoty-fdur dav?. FROM THE 80UTH. WAR PROOBBDIIf08. New OrlMuts and tbe Mouth. la the New Orleans papers, we find the proclamation of Gen. Ampudia, which it dated April 6th, head quarters, on the road to Matamoras. He distributed that document through the American camp, saying the American government is unworthy of a chris tian name. It is directed to English and Irish, under orders of Ampudia. Gen. Taylor appears to them as being born in Great Britain?refers to our antipathies to their birth-place, and to the ef forts to take Oregon, and calls on them with confi dence, to come to the Mexican ranks, and guaran ties good treatment, and expenses paid tiU their arrival at the betiutilul capitol. " German*, Poles, French, and individuals of other nations, separate yourselves from the Yankees, and do not contri bute to robbery aod usurpation, which civilized Europe will look upon with the utmost indigna tion. Come and array yourselves under the tri culored ling, in confidence towards that nation that has got armies to protect you and the Mexi can tlag equally with English." A large meeting was held at tbe Commercial Exchange on Monday evening, May 4th, to take measure for raising troops for'the present emergency. The meeting was ad dressed by the Chairman, Col. Christy, Mr. Boyce, Col. Hunt, and others. A resolution was unanimously adopt ed, and numerously signed by those present, expressive of the willingness of the subscribers to inarch to the aid of Gen. Taylor. The most entire enthusiasm prevailed during the evening. An active rivalry was apparent to ?ee who nhould first put down his name as a volunteer de fender of his country. The Voluntccrs.?CoL T. O. Hunt had already form ed one of his companies. Three companies of volunteers from the Third Municipality, desired to be enrolled as volunteers for Texas, and sent their names in for that purpose. About one thousand or twelve hundred volun teers, able, ready, and willing, have already enrolled themselves for service on the Texan frontier. In reply to resolutions addressed to the Governor on the 4th inst, he stated that he was informed by the Brigadier-General, enough of men, he believed, would volunteor to fill up the call made on the 8tate, without having recourse to drafting any portion of them from the militia. Upwards of forty Journeymen printers have enrolled themselves as volunteers. Governor Johnson officially intimated, on the 4th inst, to the Louisiana House of Representatives, that should the number of volunteors not come u? to the required amount, of which no fears are entertained, recourse would bo had to drafting. On Monday, the 4th last, tents were pitched In the Place d'Armes, and two companies of Creoles were in ac tive progress of formation. Naval Movements.?When the new* from the fron tier via New Orleans, reached Pensacola, Commodore 8aunders, of the U. 8. ship St Mary's, was ordered to ret under way immediately for Brassos, 8t I ago, to render all assistance in his power, to the forces at point Isabel. The steam frigate Mississippi, Capt Fitznugh, was or dered to start for Vera Crux, at 4 P. M. on Monday. A meeting of Volunteers was called at the City Hall, the same evening.?Mobile Rtgitltr. Lieut. Porter, who met his death on the Rio Grande, had been but a short time married. His wife is a daugh ter of Major Benjamin Llovd Beall, formerly of this city, who is now in command of the OA regiment of dragoons in Texas. Mrs. Beall and daughter are at Fort Washita, the late station of Major B., where they had been left by their husbands but a short time ago. The U. 8. troops stationed at Fort Mifflin on the Dela ware, have been ordered to Texas. California. Monterev, California, March 6, 1846. Gentlemen :?1 luppose your lift of correspondent! does not extend so far west as this country ; but as in all Jour papers you have some information respecting one eportment or other of the Mexican Republic, you may accept some from this much-talked-of country. Since the famous battle of Cajuanga, Feb. 90th and 31st, 1*43, be tween 000 Mexicans ana California*, when aix unfortu nate horses lost their lives from cannon balls, the coun try has been without wars. The Californians are pa tiently waiting for the long expected (An. Ynestro, and the thousand troops whe hare been living, or rather dy ing, at Acapulco the last year. Several vessels have been at anchor some months in that port, ready to take on board tho[*oldicrs, and only waiting for one article which is generally wanted in .Mexican affairs, her rich mines not withstanding. 8hould (Jen. Ynestro arrive here with its fair a proportion of onzas as soldiers, he may be wel colmed, and his welcome may continue, if by some chance the Supreme government continue his cash sup plies : otherwise he will follow (tans. Victorio, Echean ilia, Chico, Guttierez and Micheltorena, who from some reason or other that Mexico never inquired into, have invariably found their way bacC to San Bias or Mazatlan with their troops, without any expense to those who sent them to Monterey. During the command of Gen. Micheltorena, he did afl he was capablo of to conciliate the Californians, and often endeavored to prevent their using the expression, Mexicans and Californians. "Are we not one?are we not all Mexicans 7" he would ob serve; but it would not do. His ladv, and those of his of ficers in general, found themselves thrust out of the so ciety of the country, their presence not being very ac ceptable, and before the battle some of them had .quit Ca lifornia in diagmt. 8? it was, and so it will continue.? There is but one way for a Mexican to become profitably or pleasantly Mttlod in thia department, be he general or soldier, ranchero or merchant?he must marry a Califor nian girl?and he will find hundreds of pretty ones?he must become head and heart a Californian, or he had bet ter return whence he came. The sons of John Bull or his transatlantic grandsons, may emigrate to the land of promise, and finu a home here; but not always can a Mexican do so. In fact, California is a trouble, an ex pense and an eye-?ore to the mother country; and if the loss of Texas has worn off her pride sufficiently, she will sell it aa soon as possible. General Micheltorena and other generals, who hare commanded here, have spoken of it as the only remedy for peace and quietness. Not a real from the Custom House in Monterey ever reaches the general treasury, and an order from the President himself on this Custom House for $1000 would not be paid, nor could the owners sell it for a song. There was one case where an officer waa ordered to Monterey from San Bias, and received an order on the treasury of Cali fornia for some thousand dollars, being his bacK pay for aome time, a year or more. He offered it in Monterey for $400?no one would purchase. He in time married into one of the best families in California, and soon after collected tho whole amount of past and present pay and the draft in full, and now is a much esteemed citizen of ! the country, and in office. From San Diego to Bodega the country is fast filling up. Mills are building, new inventions are imported, vessels are building, and in a few years the Pacific ports of Mexico can lie supplied with Californian schooners and brigs. Mexico has no ports on the Pacific that can vie with those of California in natural advantages; her only Pacific wharf is in|Monterey. The Putblo de U? Angelt, has now a large population?many of its citizens becom ing wealthy from their rencAoi and vineyarda. At this place can be found excellent wise and aguurditntt, and the best grapes in the world. Some fifteen or twenty carriages and gigs can be seen on a paste at a time. With all its natural advantages, tha country could bo still fur ther advanced if Mexico would send hither but 300 good soldiers, not vagabonds, place them under the command of the natives, and wJthout fail send them $100,000 a year. This method would soon create amicable feelings to wards the 8upreme Government, and nothing elco will. Statement or thi Sniffing, Fobeion ind Coastwise, WHICH ENTERED MoitTERET IN THE YEAB 1944. JVe. Nation. Crt*. Tonnage. 27 American 483 9465 18 Mexican 306 3630 4 English 66 966 3 German 33 536 ? French 7a 766 3 Hawainian 34 348 M 886 14,670 The number of the crews and the amount of tonnage in the above are exclusive of vessels of war. Of the 68 ves sels enumerated, 6 were vessels of war, 6 were whale ships, and 48 were merchant vessels ; and again, the 68 vessels may be classified thus : 33 ships, 17 barks, 8 brigs, and 10 schooners. Although contrary to the laws of Mexico, the Gover nor and generals of California, before the independence of Mexico, and always alnce that period, have allowed the coasting trade, from San Diego to San Francisco, to all foreign veasels which have paid their duties at Mon terey. Cluii/iciliM of Dutieo rtttivid in (At Outtom House ?/ California, in Monterey, in 1844. From Mexican vessels, coastwise from San Blast and Mazatlan $6,194 00 From American vessels, from the United States and Sandwich Islands 70,336 00 From two Russian vessels, one French and one Hawainian vessel 13,319 00 $78,739 00 .4ai?unt oj Dutif from Foreign end Natimnel received in the Cuitom Hovte of California, in Monte rey, from 1839 to 1846 :? 1889 $ 86,613 00 1?40 73,308 00 IMI , 101,160 00 73,739 00 1*43 63,000 00 78,739 00 1M6 133,360 00 $601,808 00 Average per year for seven years fw,<i86 00 (taneral Manuel Micheltorena, on leaving the oity of Mexico with his troops for California, was promised by President Santa Anna, in addition to the receipts of duties in Monterey. $8,000 per month to support his armv. Dur ing his command, in 1843,1843 and 1844, he issued drafts oh the Castas* House of Mazatlan for about $160,000, a part or whiah the Collector paid, but in a short time he received contrary orders from Mexico to pav California nothing. Froaa 1030to 1846 about $3A,000 of the customs of Monterey have been expended in public buildings, viz : cuatoen-honse, house for courts of law and (lie Leiris lature, and a wharf. Mexico. Tha Picayunt of the 5th inst- contains the fol lowing letter from Vera Cruz _ Veba Cart, April 18, 1846. Metsrt- Editor* Y. O. Pfceyuti# j Gentlemen?We have nothing new here. The revolution that has been expect ed to break out for aome time past is always talked of, and must take place in spite of the half measures taken by the Paredea administration to reprens the revolutionary disposition. Since the appointment of Gorostiza to the Finance Department in Mexico, every thing remains in etatujuo in the Ministry. The war steamers Guadelupe and Montezuma are sold to a Spaniard, who is supposed to have effected the pure hue for account of tha Spanish government The Mexican fleet is null at Fhectalpam, a short distance above A|vara<K on the river of that name. General Bravo if here, and takes the command of the Pei'aiUneots of TsNaco, Vers t'rui, Oe*ece tad ruefcie j Ha 1* aa KonMt maa, bat Aaetitate o# all eaaify. At monte. *x-Mlnl?ter to the United 8Ute>, embarked on boar J the British iteaatr that left oa tho 1st taat.eahis wit to Parii, m Mini iter there. Having bom apprized on nil arrival at tha Havana, of Oarro'a death, (raialdent Envoy Extraordinary, kc., of Mexico, in Fraaea,) ho took advantage of tho circumitance to lend back hia Sec retary, under pretence that new inatructiona wore re quired before ho could proceed farther. But tho true meaning of thia, according to every one'a opinion, ia, that Almonte and Santa Anna are hard at work, and will like ly unite to overthrow the actual adminiatration. in Mexico, Rubio k Co. have contracted with tho Go vernment for a largo aupply of French i/o-armi, powder, kc., to be paid with permits of cotton. They hare not agreed at to terma yet The disposition to retake Taxa* ia the topic of tha day. Ampudia It marching towarda the frontier, and making proclamation* a la Napoleon. Col. Tmrsux Cross.?From an examination of

the body of this lamented officer, the surgeons have come to the conclusion that lie was first las soed and then dragged from his horse and mur dered, by beating him on the head, by tho Mexi can rancheros on the Rio Grunde. Ho was a native of Maryland, and son-in-law of Lawrence L. Van Klecck, ol Brooklyn, L. I. The Peace Paxty.?The following are the names of the members who voted against the bill for punishing the Mexicans :? Messrs. John Quincy Adams, Aahmun, Cranston, Cul ver, Delano, Giddings, Urinnell, Hudson, D. P. King, Root, Severance, Stronin, TUden.'and Vance?14. There are two in the Senate that voted against the same measure. Their names are, Messrs. Thos. Clayton, and Davis. From Bermuda.?The brig Falcon, Capt.Pitt, ar rived yesterday morning in the short passage of six days. We have files of the Btrmudian and Herald to the 5th inst., but they are, as usual, made up ef extracts from American and English papers, and contain no news. The only item of interest by this arrival is, that the new light house on the south part of the Island, was exhibited on the 1st inst., and was seen from the deck of the Falcon twenty-seven miles. It is a revolving light, and will be kept in constant operation. An official ao oount appears under the proper head, in another column. ___________ Naval.?U. S. steam frigate Princeton sailed from Boston on Tuesday morning for Pensacola. ??????? American Institute Election. ? An election takes place to-day for officers of the American In* stitute?and it is said that an effort will be made to make a change?a removal?a bit of a revolu tion on a small scale. Mr. Bradish is the candi date of the revolutionary party. We are always in favor of all changes, from a boot black up to an emperor. Theatric*! and MnelceJ. PA*x.-The tragedy of " Romeo and Juliet" was pre lented last evening, Mr*. Mowatt a. Juliet; Mr. Dyott s* Romeo, and Mr. V*ndenhoff** Mercutio. The produc tion of this play, which we conceire to be ono of the moat difficult of Shak*p*are'*. with the cart of the princi pal parte, that we have mentioned, wu ? perilou. unde^ taking, and we had foara for the result. But it went off better than we expected. Mr. Vandenhoff'* declining to undertake the part of Romeo wa? an instance of modesty raa ?i hereto undertake eharactcra that require such a world of pracUce as Juliet, on auch limited ?*P?"j ?nee Mr. Dyott's Romeo wa? a series of lights and shadow*, in the impaiiioned scene* he we* veO'?f: fertivo, but in the connecting link*?those le" pannage* which ?how practice and than the heavier *cene*?he wa? not so good. The deatn , hiirblv tragic and effective. Mr. Vandenhofl a Merrutio wafa nat^l piece of acting. Hi* conception Ke chapter w?. chaste and elegant, and it wa. well . . a it ths close of the tntfod) Mrii Mowatt, fn^or^e wto the ^?Ud cSf* o'f the audience, wa* led before the curtain Vy Mr. Barry, and bowed her fice'wiU be repeated^Mr*. Mowatt, a. M*rg*ret, and Mr Vandenhoff aa Matthew Elmore. Bowcav The at at.-The very attractive performance* of lait evening at the Bowery, being for tho mutual be nefit of Meaar*. Coney and Blanchard, <who*e engage ment at the we* will very naturally preclud.the.r re appearance for *ome time to come,) drew together a very full and fashionable audience. It wa* one of the mo*t iub*t?ntt*l benefit* of the .eaaon and ?ihia ii i iitonrr of the high appreciation in which they are W'W thl?" Dum^Lvo^ard wd* ^Monkey." i ? M. oeor*e Jone*, and the united atrength of the 1 company wili eppeer* This bill will necessSy fill the house to repletion. Rockwell k Stohe's Ci*eus.-Thi* immense concern I will open in Brooklyn, this evening, and continue every 1 evening during thi. week. This U the leig.rt establish ment of the kind in the United State*, and number, in it. eoueitrian corpe the celebrated Levi North, Franklir^*nd *?cKarland, art also the celebrated clown, John Oouia, with a hoit of others of equal merit in th*ir several capa citio*. We have no doubt the ciliien. of Brooklyn will patronise it ? TacMsnooo* Tvnrt Eiucctid?Pelmo . Opera Hoote ._ itreet will open on Monday next, (the 18th) wi^ aTompwy oVd^atiram.Uu,,, wio wili give pub wiui ?"?' ' f niehts, commencing with "OtKllo" Thi*'*plendid troupe of "b'hoy*"intend to threw off from their theatrical ^ry two Fo.rj.U one and one-half Ch.rlotte (^.hmw two ^d c^H^uP docht. three or four Mary Anne Lee*, ne*iae* a ouncu ? I freih HacketU. Glorious! ' Mrs- M**der'? concert, in Boston, on Tuesday evening, was highly successful. Miss Julia Dean, the favorite actree* of the west, has returned from her visit to Dutchess co., and is now in this Htvfwe understand that the management of one of our chief theatres, is about negotiating an engagement with h*Mr. De Meyer, in consequence of the . renuired for Its legitimate u*e?, postponed hi* concert at New Orleans, from the 4th in*t unto the 8th, when it was to come off at the St Charles theatre. Mr. Burke is to give a concert in Rochester thi* evening. Mary Ann Lee is fulfilling ? short engagement at New Bedford. 8porting Intelligence. annex the following summary: ? R. O. Hanlon^ b. c. Kred Kaye A. Hikertc.h. Transfer ' ? H.ir'a " ?LouinilU Journal, May 8. City Intelligence. MoiTieK* or Wa*.?The armament of the frigate built for the Columbian government will be sold at auo tion on the 31*t inst. TaENEsnoc* Meetiso er VoLuirrEEa* re* T**a*.? In pur*u*nce to * call, a meeting of volunteers for Texas, took place at the Centre Market HalL At an early hour tho Hall, and every avenue leading thereto, wa* crowd ed to excess. On motion of Mr. John Holmes, Samuel O. Camp, K*q-, a revolutionary, and the only surviving, scildier of Washington'*, who fought at the battle of Princeton, wss unanimously called to the chair, on taking which he made a brief but eloquent and soul-rtirring speech, which wa* received with grert enthusia?irr Mr. Thomas M array, on* of the Vic* PrasidenU.neit occupied the attention of th* v*st assemblage for about half an hour, with appropriate ???*}"? forth repeated cheer*. In concluding hUremsrksh.in troduced the commander. George Washington Dixon, who after addressing the multitude for about an hour, in a patriotic speech, withdrew amidrt the most deafening ctleers. The Secretary then atated where book* would be placed for the purpose teer*. The meeting tnen adjourned until Friday e>e Horace Oreeley, P*rkeOodwin, A. ?ri*b*n^"?^ will addres* the meeting. Tho** who question* of* sociw reformation, and ^ socW^vattoa of man, have now en opportunity of learning we mean* proposed for .tuining the*, ends, *nd theprinci plea upon which the movement is who have propagated and understand them. The Yovwo Maw who left his homeJn Maseech on Tuesday, April **h, ^dESous to see ^ more^f ?sk! rjtts&fsts&i i.... - hi* w*nu w ill bo jRMed.?The Coro Ceaow**'* Or^E^?V gmjth ^rheld Minques^ert^f^k|1<>wn >bout BloomingdaU^on tne ^ his death by injuries re fifty y.*y*rm over by'a horse and toSSa by Benedict Verdict accord inC''r.. rw<*.?The Coroner likewlae held an inquett . ^!^iTr^io?bia Place, between avenue* C. and D., ail, itraet- en the body of Denni* Mienie, born in BeiuJaowu ? 7*?n of who cime to hli det,h disease of the lung* The General Confor^nce of the Methodiat Epi? church Senth, h*s elected to be Bishop* th* Rev. Dr ws* of the Booth ( ert>Un* (onforence, ?d Sw Rev r*lM,?(the T*awm* CufcnXl floilM llllllll|>ll? Mat 13.?OratU Larcony.?Mary Smith wu arretted hat night charged with robbing Mr* 8ym??^ritk who* ?In Ma lived u servsnt, consisting of three silk dresses and other articled of clothing, valued in all at $37. Com mitted to prison by Juatice KetcUum. Old Pickpocket Arretted.?Ottcer Brown, one of the Chief's Aids, arretted last night, about 11 o'clock, on the corner of Canal street and I) road way, a notorious pickpocket called Dick O'Coiuiell, on suspicion of pick ing the pocket of a gentleman while visiting Madam Pi co's concert, at the Apollo, of a purse containing some $80 in bank billa. On the offlcer making the arrest, this scoundrel showed fight, and drew a "billy'" heavily loaded on both ends, when, alter a severe struggle to gether, in which the officer was much the best man of the two, and succeeded finally in conducting him to the Othtward station house; and in the morning he was brought before the Chief of Polioe and committed by hit Honor Mayor Mickle to prison, in default of $1000 bail, for the assault on the officer. Horrible Sight.?A woman called Mra. Wallace, was brougi.t into the police office yesterday before Justice Taylor, at the Tombs, covered with blood, with a ghast ly cut in her throat?the having, while in a state of in toxication, attempted to take her life by cutting her throat with an oyster knife. A doctor was sent for, who ?ewed up the wound, which It appears, will not prove fatal. In the Wrong "Box."?A blustering swell-head, runu my looking pickpocket, called Dusty Bob, alias Bill Wil liams, was "pulled*1 yesterday, in Park Row, and taken before the Chief of Police, by officers Stephens and Brown, charged with using threatening language to wards Mr. Stephens, stating that, If officer Stephens at tempted to "pull" him, be would rip hia b y guts out, and other language of a similar nature. He was held to bail by Mayor Mickle, in the sum of $500, in default of which he was locked up. jlrrtit on Suspicion.?Offlcer Corneen, of the 0th ward, an-ested, last night, a man called James Patterson, on suspicion of stealing?he having in his possession a very handsome red embossed table cover ; also, a silver plated branch candlestick, for which an owner is wanted. Apply to Mr. Snow, clerk of police, Tombs. The accused was locked up by Justice Osborne. Attempt to Stab.?A young man, by the name of Thomas Byrom, was arrested last night, charged with at tempting to stab James Martin. Committed by Justice Osborne. Rape.?-A most horrible outrage was perpetrated about a week since at Sing Sing. A black villain called Miller, whom it appears hat only been discharged about a year from the State prison, was employed by a Mr. Rider, a farmer, residing in the vicinity of the above place. This black fiend was ploughing in a field, near by, and ob serving a young girl of about 18 years crossing the lot, who is very respectable, although of poor parents, he im mediately stopped the horses, walked deliberately up to this poor girl, seized her around the body, tied a hand kerchief about her neck, and dragged her in this way in to a small patch of woods close atnand, and threatened, if she made the least noise, that he would^murder her. |In this dreadful position the was held by this monster, who succeeded in accomplishing his hellish purpose. Her clothing was almost all torn off from her and the left in a state orinsenaibility. The poor creature, however, after a short time, sufficiently recovered to be enabled to crawl home, and related the terrible story. The complaint has been taken against this black demon, and an officer de spatched to this city, where it is understood this scoundrel haa fled. Court of General Sessions. Before Recorder Scgtt, and Aldermen Brady and Livinga ton. John McKeon, Esq., District Attorney. Mav 13.? Cate of the Rev. John Sryi.?In the case of the Rev. John Seys, who stands indicted for an assault and battery on tne person of Mrs. Elizabeth Cram, Mr. Phillips, on the part of the prosecution, moved for a postponement of the trial until the next te rm of thit court, on account of the alleged absence from the city of a witness, Mrs. Julia Jay, whose testimony wat deem ed material to the ittue of the ease ; whereupon Mr. Childs, one of the counsel for the before named Rev. gentleman, rose and addressed the court in opposition to the motion of Mr. Phillips. In the course of his remarks, he stated that he had reason to believe that Mrs. Jay was not absent from the city, as set forth in the affidavit of Mra. Cram, and that the complainant wal endeavoring to cause a delay in bringing tho cause to trial, in order to injure the accused: and concluded by appealing to the court to grant an order to produce the witness, Mrs. Jay, so as to proceed at once with the trial. The case was ac cordingly set down for to-morrow. TVtoi for Receiving Stolen Goodt.?Mary Road was then placed at the bar for trial on a charge of receiving stolen goods, having been found in possession of some property stolen from tho premises of Mr. Soria, a dyer, in Pearl street. On the part of the prosecution, Mr. Soria deposed, that his premises were burglariously entered, on or about the 10th of August last, and several pieces of alpacca, and other goods stolen therefrom ; that in the course of a week afterwards, the stolen property was found concealed under a trap door in the cellar kitchen of the premises occupied by the prisoner. Officer Jo sephs deposed that tne prisoner was the owner of the premises in ouestion, but understood that she leased the cellar kitchen to other persons. For the defence, wit nesses testified that the property stolen from Mr. Soria wat secreted in the place where it was found by an indi vidual named Andrew Rogers, w ithout the knowledge of the accused. Thomas Warner, Ks<i., summed upthecato in behalf of the prisoner. Mr. Phillips followed for the prosecution. And after a brief charge from the Re corder, the jury, without leaving their teats, rendered a verdict of not guilty; and the court adjourned. A Heavy and Successful Swindle.?About noon yesterday, H. H. Dexter, who has lately been doinr business in thit city at a broker, bought a draft on London for ?790, at tho Shoe and Leather Dealert' Bank, and paid for It tiy giving hit cheek for $3,600 on the Ha milton Bank, where, it wat toon afterwards ascertained, he had no fundt. In the mean time Dexter carried the draft to Gilbert and Sons, and borrowed $3,000 on it. The officer* of the bank lott no time in looking for Mr. Dexter at hit house, but he wat not to be found there. At 5 o'clock, hia wife took the Providence cart, and it it sup poted that Dexter went in the 1 o'clock tain, and proceed ed to Stonington in the accommodation train. I the took the Stonington boat latt evening, he enjoyed the com pany of officer Kellinger, the mail gearrl, who hat been furnished with the necessary papers to have him arretted in New York, as a fugitive from justice ? Botton Pott, May 13. Great Demand for New*?Philadelphia Agents fur the Herald. Q. B. Zieber k Co.. 3 Ledger Build ing, 3d (treet, below Chesnnt, where advertisement* are re ceived. and where those wishing to subscribe will pletse leave their namei. and have the paper served regularly at their stores and dwellmg?,immediu*ly after the arrival of the cars. Terms, 7A cents per month, ?Blading the Sunday He rald; Si Cents without it. Single copies 3 cents. lm Daniel Marble'i $BOU Prise Drain a.?The number of candidatea for thia long projected price ia daily becoming more a subject of interest, and anxiety, as the pe riod approaches (lat of June) for the adjudication We have no doubt but that the conteat will be one productive of Tail importance, as eliciting talent, that were it not for the gene rous and euterprisiag spirit of Mr. Marble would otherwise remain dormant. It is needless to remind again the candi datea. that their compositions, addressed to Mr. Marble, at the Pavilion Hotel, Boston, are returnable by the first day of next month. Fine Oil Paintings-?Free Exhibition?A collection of modern European Oil Paintings ia now open in the Chambers atreet Gallery, Granite Building, Broadway, which is pronounced bv coenossieura and good judges to surpass in beauty and value all former exhibitions of the kind in this city. Ia the collection is included magnificent pic tures from the Bonaparte Collection. The gallery will be open to ladies and gentlemen day and evening, until the sale, which takes place on Tuesday morning, 19Ui and Slat, by Messrs. Tuttle It Ducluxeau. The Phrenological Cabinet, 131 Naasaa it., is open and Iree to visiters, both day and evening, where pro fessional examinations may be obtained when deeired, by Fowler It Wells, 131 Nassau st. The Pltxmbe Rational Da^urrrelan Gallery, on the upper corner of Broadway and Murray atreet, ia the beat place that we know of to procure a faithful likeness, and an agreeable picture. The thousands of caricatures and charcoal sketches which are put off upon the public, only make it the more doairable that all who wish to Procure ? satisfactory picture, should call on Professor Plumbe. Navigation of the Ohio River. PUtn. Time State of Ri*tr. Cincinnati May 8 12 feet, rising. Wheeling, May 8 13 feet. Pittibuir, May 7 7 feet, falling. Louisville, May 7 1 feet, S inches. MONEY MARKET. Wednesday May 13?t P. M. A better foaling exists la the street to-day, and pricee hare experienced a alight improvement. The aslea wdre to s fair extent, ssd the tendency of prices ia to wards a further advance; Pennsylvania ft's improved 1| per cent, Reading Railroad if, Reading Railroad Bonds 1|, Farmers' Loan J, Morris Canal |, Harlem Canton 1, Long Itland 1, Norwich and Worcester 1}. At the se cond board, Reading Railroad went up 1 per cent The stock speculators of Wall street have recovered from the war panic, and prices are steadily improving.? No news is considered good news, and should we be without farther adviceo from the army of occupation, it Is poesible quotations may reach the point they fell from Amy advance realioed, cannot be but temporary, as there are so many things likely to depresa the market, and de stroy confidence. Independent of any difficulty that may grow oat of a collision with Mexico, there are local causes why prices for fancy stocks cannot permanently improve. The expenditures of the government, in raia. lag and providing for troops, and the increase in the na ry, mast be large, and drafts upon the banks holding government funds will have a tendency to tighten the money market, particularly of this city. This, alone, will keep the stock market heavy. Should the next account* from the Rio Grande be of a very alarming character, or even ahould the advices we have received be confirmed, in the moet important par. tieulars, quotations for fancy stocks will reach a lower depth than they have yet, and those now near bottom will go completely out of eight It la a very extraordi nary fact, that during the recent panic, prices of govern ment and State stocks experienced a greater depreaaion than those of a fancy character. One reaaon for this may be the fact that many of the faaclea were very much depressed in prices previous to the receipt of this war intelligence, while government and State atocks had been comparatively very slightly affectcd by the accounts previously received. Notwithstanding the aeaai-eficial shape in which the accounts from the scene of war have been received, and the confirmation of the atatementa from time te time, there are many operators in Wall street still incredulous, refusing to believe one half the reports received. Thee, operator! sustain the market to a greet extent, and unti their ciBifinM ? 4eetreyed, wemey leek tor a trmneve |n prkee N*tkla? ehort of an actual mnwiii t be tweoa the oppoaiag wiX shake their faith in thai preservation of pMM btlVM tb? two eeoatrlea. Wo eon only aocouat for tbo pailtiw of tho stock -"?fm la thia way. Whoa tho ladepoadout treaaury bill poind tho lowor Houae of Congroaa, a greater panic woo pro duced ia Wall etreet, among tho bull*, than hoa jot grown out of >tho difflcultioa with Mexico. Then there woo no real coueo fori a panic?now there ia. Wo have la this fact the bo?t evidence ia the world that local oouooo have more influence in Wall street thaa any thing elao. Tbo movements of ? majority of tho loading apoculatoro hare a greater effect upon prices for fkney atooka, thaa til tho rumors of war that caa bo pat afloat. We aaaex a comparative statement of roooipts by tho Hartford li Now Haroa lUUroad Company, for paaaoa gors and freight, daring tho first throe mootha of 1B6$ and 1S46. The road waa opened to Springfield December 10,1M4: UABTroan ano nw matin aiuioi*. ISO. IMC. Inertoee. January $17,741 70 *90.0*4 01 $3,366 33 February 11,769 li 19,011 ?4 3.313 a March 11,481 It 36,431 16 4,860 39 Increase for three months $10,371 14 This does not include compenaotioa for carry lag tbo mail, which adds about $660 per month. The movements of produce at tho port of Now Orleans, this soaaoa, compared with tbo two previous, have la tho aggregate been largo. In aomo iaataacee there bao been a falling off, bat generally they have boon larger thaa usual. Tho roooipta of cotton here, this year, have boon greater thaa for tho oorrospondiag period last, while tbo exports hare boon leae. Tho annexed table exhibita tbo movement ia this staple from September first to May first, for several sooooaa past:? CoMraaaTirx Hxceifts, Eipobts awn [Stocks or Co? TOW, at Naw Obluss. ? ? ? ? Oettgw? Holes. ? irufTvr ? tntru. Stocks. }!**? J. ...iff,666 477J1S 74,104 {?-* ??I5?-2S* S"-7?* ??>? IMS-IS 1S1.SK 4 It,*71 1SM1I 1430-40 SSI,MS sosio 2.sssi? 1646-41 757,US 663.113 163,8*6 !?<?-<? 666,60$ 361,316 tt$j& 1149-43 1.... 974,SOS S44.417 Kigali SIS, 431 414,197 >844-41 1.... 890.US 771,474 lfi,T4t 1841-46 ...946.911 TVjm 07,14$ There has boon an aggregate dafiaioacy la tbo rocoiyte of cotton this season, compared with last, at all tbo porta* to the latest dates, of >64,166 bales. Notwithstanding this falling off In the aggregate roooipts, it appears that the receipts at Now Orloaaa have boon this season larger thaa usual, tho deficiency being ia tbo receipts at other ports. Wo should judge from this data, that tho culthra Hon of this staple ia Louisiana and those sections of coun try bordering on tbo Mississippi, had raised siaoe last ?ear, or that tho plan tars of thooe districts enjoyed greater facilities for getting their crops to market The subjoined comparative atatoment of roooipts at each port will abow where the deficiency has ooo&iredi? CoMraaaTir* Statement or Cotto* Receipt a. From Stpt 1, 1S44. 1641. Jncr'u Dfr'~ New Orleans. May 1... 671,310 ? ? ? ? Mobile, April 36 163.164 Savannah, April 34 361,171 Charleston, April 34... 361,316 Florida, April IS 169.236 ji?,vji ? Virfinia, April 1 11,810 16.368 ? North Carolina, Apnl 11. 6,146 6,316 ? Total 3,191,431 1,811,310 1,811.336 Decreased receipts... 364,161 364,MS It will bo observed that there baa bean a falling off ia the receipts at every port but Now Orleans. The exportation of sugar aad molasses from Now Or leans this season, compared with tbo previous two, bao been as annexed:? SuOab and Molasses Eipobtbo raoM Nxw OaLaA.Ni, September 1 to Mat 1. Sttffor. . Molattu Ve itination. HKit. Bbl*. Jlkdi. Bblt. New York 66,317 1,171 3,003 14,376 Philadelphia 30,177 1,341 466 11.306 Charleston... 1,196 968 3 SJHf Sarannah 961 61 - 1,686 Providence and Bristol ? ? 179 316 Newport ? ? ? ? Boston 3,146 100 316 1,401 Baltimore., 6,78} 716 161 4,441 Norfolk. Richmond and Peters barf 3,939 641 IT 3,615 A Uxfindria 171 ? ? 416 Portsmouth ? ? ? ? New Haren ? ? ? ?. Mobile 4,139 760 16 3414 Apalachicola 989 143 ? t.948 Pensacola 11 ? ? 34 Other ports 411 6 ? 63$ Total 74,761 6,280 4,111 1I.4C3 Same time last year.... 99,303 7,780 11.636 M41$ Same time year before. 30,066 1,337 1,406 SMtt Compared with last year Jthere has boon a very great falling off in the shipmenta of both articles; but contpared with the previous seaaon, there has boon a very great la crease. The demand for these staples from tho interior has this season booa larger thaa usual, aad tho shipnaantl up the river not being iacladed in this table, tbo aotvai movement is not exhibited. The citizens of Mississippi, Alabasoa, Georgia aad. South Carolina, are making great efforts to complete tho great Southern Railroad to connect tbo waters of tho At antic with those of the Missiasippi river, and there la very little doubt bat that their efforts will alttasately bo successful. The road is intended to oonaoct Jackson, Miasisaippi, with Montgomery, Alabama, a direct distance of 103 miles in Miaaiasippi, aad 134 miles la Alabama, or about 340 miles on probable location of the road. From Jackson, H connects with tho Miaaiasippi river at Vfoka bnrg, by meana of the railroad now ia uae. Eventually, it will probably have a branch to Notches, aad extensions westward from the Missiasippi river towarda Texas. At Montgomery it coaaecta with the Montgomery aad West Point Railroad, of which about fortyfive miles are cob* plated, and the remainder, near forty-five miles, prlaot* pally graded, aad tho work la active prograoe. It is nt pocted to be completed to Woat Poiat next year. From this point to the Macon aad Western Railroad, la a dis tance of fifty-three milea. Tbo right to construct all those connexlona baa been granted. Thia rood binda together the Charleston and Savannah linos, aad is withia a few months of entire completion 1$1 miles, from Maoan to Alabama. For all practical purpoaoa, therefore, tho Southern Railroad ia tho only wanting link la tho ????h to bind the Miaaiaaippi river to the Atlantic Oeesst, both st Charleston aad Sarannah. The road la eetimated to cost $1,000,000. Towards thia. amount tbo compaay hoa that port of tbo two per coat fund of Alabama, $600,060, aet apart for this route, tad loaned to the Montgomery and West Point railroad com. peay, with tho two per cent fund of Miaaiasippi, mtrnat 'ng to nearly $$00,000 mora, as a gift, to eaooor^e sub scription of stock. In addition to those amounts, tho So nata bill will no doubt paaa both Houaee of fnsgioaa. granting alternate aoctiona of tho pnbBc along tbo propoaed rood. Tbo subscription of tbo whole ossoaat will require but $160,000 in cash a liko amooat next Da. comber, aad February, aad April following, being $460,. 000 more within tbo year. It will be soon that tbo people of tbo Booth are not slumbering la relotfoa to thooe Important aad valuable works of internal improrsmont They do not lay oat so many roods on paper, or got so aaay charters through their Legislatures, as the people of tbo North; bat those they take hold of are completed. There will bo, bo 1 fore the lapse of many years, any number of competitors for tho Western and South Weetera trade, aad thoao who are in tbo field firat will aecuro the prise. Years mast elapse before we can complete the "not la tion for connecting the Atlantic with tho groat lakes? and even after they are completed, we labor uader dlsad vantages in regard to climate, which must give tho Southern routes a very auporior poaition, ia cotamaeditw the Western trade. The North eajoys, aow, greater fa cilities for carrying oa business, compared with tho South, than it can expect to maintain. Old Stock Kaolin lino i ^ s iS^f,kTr s* $1000 Psnaa i's s30 61 60S do ?W 10.000 do 61* 36 Peterson RR 96 $2000 Reeding Boads 71 171 HarUm RR $1000 do 71W 336 Nor b Wor RR 10.006 do TIK 36 do 36 ah* Vicksbni Bk 6$ 36 do 21 niinois State Bnk IS 366 do 100 Farmers' Trast 10 do 416 Morris Canal 106 do 1 36 do 10 Ceatoa Co ino do 36 do is do 10 do 106 shs Reading RR ~ ~ 64 X 136 shs Reedlaff RR <u 200 do btw <11 116 do bOS 65 30 do I b<w 61 36 Nor k Wor S3 If ow Itosk Bashaago. 136 shs Harlem RR 44 W 36 shs Nor k Wor saw S3\ 106 do 44* 21 do a] M'J 33 Nor h Wor si St* 31 do Tharsday 53 31 do si 13V 31 do bJ IS 30 do si t31 do cseh 11 31 do saw 13% 166 do bl} as' BoAao.Mar II.?I share Lowell Maaafacmriac ISMlI do Fitehbnrxh RR 134; 6 do Boston h Maiao | do Wostom RR.stod. 98)4^ Ido Bostoa fcProvik Married. On Tuesday evening, 6th instant, by tbo Rov. R. Senoy, Faaaaiit. Waan to Miss Eiiia Dennis, all of this city. On tho 13th instant, by tho Rer. Dr Knox, Wii4.taM K. Penoi eton, of Albany, N Y., to Eusa M., eldest daughter of Robert Rogers, of thia city. Died. On the lath Instant, Da. McKon, $tf years of sgo. His friends and those of his fcmily, are respectfully In vited to attend bis funeral. Unlay, from 1$? ??th street, at' ; 4 o'clock. On hoard of the brig (?rolino, from Charleston, osKsii day morning, ttho 10th iaataat, Albsanpeb Jwlivs Vai^ ' ?rri/ni, sosi f( Ml* Ofirottas VJsbUsi, sgod $ rw