Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 14, 1846, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 14, 1846 Page 4
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ton. Mc Duffle, Crittenden. Mangum, Sevier, CilkouDind Davis, upon a poiut order, when Mr. Akchii pleaded that it facto ? war did exist?that the view* of Uie Senator from Texas (Uen. Houston) were right?that we had inherited the war in the annex ation ofTexas, and 10 he, Mr. Archer, had declared we should annex a war in the annexation of Texas when that bill was under discussion in that body. Mr. Johnson, of La., was clearly satisfied that there was war. He woul 1 go for a declaration to that effect if it were necessary, but the very existence of war super seded such necessity. Mr. Pkisnvbacrer arose to some remark*. Mr. Huntinhton said there was such a noise he could not bear a word the Senator said [The Vice President had half a mind to rap his ham mer and call the Senate and spectators to order, but did not. Wo wish he were not so indulgent] Mr Pennyhackeb argued the existence of war. both from the annexation of a war on the annexation of Texas, and from the late hostile proceedings on the part of Mex ico against Gen. Taylor. Judge P. cited various author ities in law, Judge Kent, Vattel, Puffendorfl, Grotius, and others, to show that it was not incumbent that war should be formally declared before war conld exist. Geo. Cass opposed the striking out the declaration of war, and expressed his opposition tu the idaa that there was no war, in very unqualified terms of ridicule. M? Berrien, with the close reasoning of a learned jurist, took the other side of the question, maintaining the position that war betweon Mexico and the United States could not exist in the sense of the law of nations, without a declaration from the proper authorities, on one side or the other. Mr. Westcott was of the very unequivocal opinion that the state of affairs on the Rio Grande, did not look like a meeting for a treaty of peace. Mr. Crittenden, with his well-known ability, spoke generally upon the question of a war with Mexico. He disapproved the placing the army in its present position on the Kio Grande. There were no circumstances re quiring it. But if wo go into war, Mr. C. was for making it short and quick. A protracted war might enlist Kngland and Franco. The suspension of commerce would naturally excite their jealousies. Let us. then, go into it with the full resolve to strike quick and fast, and have it over quickly, before somebody else comes iu. Mr. C. read an amendment, which he proposed to offer, a* if the declaration of a state of war should be stricken Oiit, to wit; so as to authorize the army to repel invasion, and for otherwise to prosecute hostilities to the attain raentof peace. Mr. Crittenden said he would have the army march on, holding out the fire brand in olive branch, and the sword in the other; but still marching on if necessary, to the very heart of Mexico, whipping and admonishing, whip ping and admonishing, until a peace it accomplished Mr. Cauhoim endorsed with pleasure the argument up on the question, by Messrs Berrien and J. M. Clayton. They had made it clear that there was no war. Besides, if we can accomplish, without declaring a state of war, where is the necessity of incurring its responsibilities of warf The Senator from Kentucky, (Mr. Crittendon,) had removed every obstacle. Under his amendment we could act with all the efficiency of a regular declaration. Mr. Calhoun appealed, that tnis would avoid the hazards ot a continued blockade, and of a proclamation of privateer mjf by Mexico; besides, a peace could, be sooner at tained by actual hostilities, without declaring war, than with such declaration. Ho appealed to the common sense of every Senator to consider these things. As it was, he was surprised that not a day should be allowed for the discussion of this bill; ho was in a state of won der and deep alarm at this precipitation. He appealed that the subject demanded more reflection than Senator* were w illing to allow. Mr. Allen said that all the arguments in the world could not upset the fact that war existed with Mexico and that it was brought about by a series of hostile acts on the part of that government, nuch as the recall of her minister, the expulsion of ours, the refusal of another, and at last the invasion of our soil. Mr. Johnson, of La., said he should go for striking out the clause declaring a state of war, with a view to the in sertion of the amendment of the Senator from Ken tucky. The motion to strike out was lost? 20 to 25?a party vote, with the exception of Mr. Calhoun, and Mr. Mc Duffie, who voted with the whigs on tho minority. Mr. Crittenden then moved to strike out the declara tion of war, and to lusert, an authority for the paosccutiou of hostilities, Sic., so that the object of his motion to strike out might appear upon the journal. Motion lo*t?20 to 26. Mr. J. M. Clayton spoke generally in reiteration of his 1 opinions upon the relations between tho countries and the requirements of the bill. Mr. Speioht suggested that the bill be taken up in or der by sections. Mr. Davis raised a question concerning tho grades of officers, which was debated by (ien. Houston, Mr. Arch er, and Mr. Reverdy Johnson, when an amendment by by Mr. Crittenden, giving the President tho appointment of the officers over the militia, as well as the volunteers, was rejected, and the clause in the bill preserved giving to the States wherein the militia arc raised the appoint ment of their officers. Col. Benton then moved a succession of amendments regulating the pay of the various divisions of the army, all ol which were agreed to. One of them reduces the l>*y of the privates from $10 to "(>8 per month. Mr. Huntington moved to strike out the preamble of the bill which declares the causes and the existonee of war with Mexico, and followed up his motion with a speech against the statement of causes to be the aggres sions of Mexico exclusively. Mr. Revekdt JoHum, acting upon information in his tossession. declared his belief that war did exist with Mexico. We hud assumed the territory of Texas to the Rio Grande, and it is our duty to protect it as a portion of the American soil. Mr. Johnson expressed himself most decisivel) in lavor of the bill. He made a strong war speech. Mr. Morciiiai) read from the resolutions of annexation showing that this Congress in the act of incorporation did not assume the boundary of the Rio Grande, nut that from the terms of thai act tue boundary was left to fu ture adjustment. On the question of war, as a fact there was no doubt of its existence; but the question was, did it exist by the authority ot either government ) was it the act of Mexico, or of the United Slates ? No., sir. Mr. HcitTisnros insisted that we had not the evi dence to assume us is assumed, in the preamble, that war exists from the acts of the government of Mexico. Cries of, "question," "question." Mr. Rkverdy Johnson replied briefly to Mr. More head. He maintained the boundary of Texas to be the Rio Grande. Mr. Berrien pleaded that the question of boundary, by the act of annexation, was left an open question. Si* O'CLOCK in the Aeternoow. Mr. Arcmer was understood to ask a postponement of definite action upon the bill. The Question then arose on striking out the preamble which declares the existence of war, and the reiterated act* of provocation of Mexico us the causes. Lost ?18 to 08?Mr. Calhoun nnd Mr. McDuftie voting with the whigs, in the minority, anil the two Johnsons voting with the mass of the democrats in the negative. The bill was reported as from the Committee of tho Whole to the Senate, and, en matte, the amendments ! were concurred in. The third reading was announced as the question be- , fore the Senate. Several calls for the ayei and noes. Mr. Huntington.?Oh 1 vote ! Let the ayes and noes be taken on the final passage. And this was agreed to. The third reading was ordered, viva forehand then the question arose, SHALL THE BILL BE PASSED WITHOUT THE PREAMBLE ? Mr. Crittenden moved to separate the question upon it* passage?first upon the bill without the preamble, tnen upon the whole bill ; by which arrangement no Senator opposed to the preamble would be embarrassed in his desire to vote the appropriations of men and mean*. Mr. Sevier hoped the request would be granted, and that a separate vote should be taken upon the preamble. Mr. Crittenoen hoped this would be conceded by unanimou* consent. Mr. Breese objected, because the preamble wa* part of the bill, and a part which the Senafo nad refused to strike out Mr. Crittenden hoped that Senators would make no objection. He desired to vote for the bill, but he could not vole for the preamble. Mr. Calhoun said that so far as he was concerned, he could neither vote for the bill with or without the pre amble. He regarded the bill, as well as the preamble, a declaration to the world of war with Mexico, when it was evident there was no war. He could not vote for the bill without time to examine the question, and this had not been allowed. The result was, that he should neither vote for nor against the bill, but should ait in hi* chair quietly, and let the vote be taken. Mr. L'pham was in favor of the bill, and should vote for it, if the preamble were not in the way. Mr. Archer explained how the vote Might be taken. Mr. Crittenden said it was the same thing. Mr. Dayton understood there was no objection. The Vice President stated the form of the question to b?, " Shall the bill be passed >" Mr. Bbeese called for the ayes and noes. Mr. Reyebdt Johnson made some observations upon some difficulty in the war Mr. Crittenden (aid he should vote for the bill if the question were first taken upon it independent of the pre amble. He was willing to go for the bill. He wanted to go for it. He hoped the question would be divided. Mr. Breese said if this could only be done by unani mous consent. however much he would like to oblige the Senator from Kentucky, he must still object to the divi sion. Mr. Manocm inquired If it was not in order, in voting in favor of the bill to enfer a proteat upon the journal against the preamble. Mr. Sn ioht said that Mr Poindexter, a Senator from Mississippi, had entered his reasons upon the journal for voting for the last war. and he supposed if would he in order for any 9enator to enter his objections against the passage of any measure. Mr. ( rittfnoen nppealed to the Senator from Illinois to name his objections to the division of the bill. Mr. Breese.?Suppose the bill is passed without the preamble > , Mr-Crittenden.?Then, sir, I will move a reconsidera tion. The Senator need have no fear. Mr. Simmons appealed to the Senator from Illinois Mr. Bbeese withdrew his objections Mr. C?lTT?*DE!S-Now, sir, we will first have the question. Mr. BaoBV-What is the question, Mr. President? The Vice PaE.IDENT-Tiie first question is, .ball the bill be pe??cd without the preamble. Mr. Baoiy could not accede to the division. Mr. Crittenden appealed to the courtesv of the Sen ator. Mr. Baoby, after *ome remarks upon the proposed di vision upon the passage, said he could not sanctum such a proceeding on the i>art of men over thirty years of Mr J. M. Clayton thought the Senator was mistaken in his understanding of the question, and explained that by the division those opposed to the preamble but in favor oi the bill, could have the opportunity of voting for it, while those In favor of the preamble, on the second vote, would have all they deaired in voting for the bill with the preamble. t..Vr .B*?V he conl,l consent to a form of the bill which he mustoppoae. Mr. Johnson, of Md . appealed to the Senator to name his objections. Mr. Btfisr refused his consent to the division. r i vi.f * " noe" w*re aK*'n called upon the passage of the bill. Mr. Morehead hoped that the call for the aves ami noes would be withdrawn Mr. \:,N<,r* said that he should ^ter a proteat upon ir Knn WSf.lS 'mu ???""*<> ?> the preamble of the bill, but that thi* should not preVent hi* voting in fa vor of the passage of the measure I [The coonteaaaM* en the whig aid* ef the ch*?b*r brightened up?for bar* wu a fair loop-hole of etcepe.]| t net of "Quettion' Question!" The roll ?u called, unJ the result *u announced? ?)?? 40, noe? 3. at follows:-?[Whin in italici.) Yt*??Messrs. Allen, Archer, Ashley, Atchiton, Ather ton, Bagby, Barrow. Benton. Breese, Bright, Cameron, Caei, J. M Clayton, Corwin, Colquitt, Crittenden, (ex cepting the preamble. said Mr. C.) Dlx, Houston, Jama gin, Jenneu, Johnmn of Mi, Johdtonoi La., Lewit, Mc ! Duffle, Man num. Miller, Morehead, Niles, fanny backer, Rusk, Semple. Sevier, Simmons, Speight, Sturgeon, Tur ney, Up ham. Westcoct, Woodbridgt, Vulee?40. Sati .Messrs. Thomat Clayton and Davit?9. Messrs. Calhoun, Dayton and Berrien did not vote. Absent?Meter*. Dickinson, Fairfield, Orient, Hanee San, Haywood, Phelps, Ptarct, Chalmers, IVebster, 'vans. The bill was read bv its title, and the title approved. And. on motion of Mr. Broese, the Senate adjourned. [For a copy of the amendments of the Senate, as con curred in by the House, without a change, and of the bill, as finally pasted by both Houaes, tee House re port.] House of E?pfe*nUUTM. WuHiKGTon, May 19, 1848 TH, PRAYER or A CHRMTIAN AND PATRIOT. Tfce Rev. 8. Tu*ti.n delivered the following prayer, vii Great Ood in the way of thine own appointmont, and in obedience to thy ju?t and reasonablo command, we ap pear in thy pretence, tlii* morning, to invoke thy favor. We blc?* thy name for that heavenly inspiration which lad our forefather*, of preciou* and gloriou* memory, to declare the?e colonies iree and independent States. We bless thy name for that success which, through thy bless ing. crownod thoir patriotism and their valor, la the pre sent critical conjuncture of our national affair*, we im plore the same guidance and protection. Whatever di versity of opinion may exi*t among u*. with respect to the measures of the government, grant that wo may bo united as the heart of one man in the maintenance of our national rights and preciou* institution*. Bestow upon the rulers of both countries the illuminations of heaven ly wisdom, so that they may be mutually inclined to the adoption of inch plan* and measure* a* thall serve to se cure the restoration of the blessings of pcace and amity. Bias* our army. Lxtcud over it the shield of thy protec tion, and grant to it a speedy and triumphant deliverance from un enemy whose strength and disposition appear* in some respects ?o have boon misunderstood. Bless the President of the United States, and bless tho men of his council, and grant them every qualification nece**ary to the proper discharge of their re*pon*ible duties. Bless the Senate of the United State*, and tho representatives of the people in Congrcs* a*sembled. Pardon our na tional and perional *in?, and finally number u* among the nation* of the Lord, through Je*us Christ our Lord Amen. [Which, being interpreted into old English, means tins ?Enable us and the Mexican* to kill each other for Thy glory and our salvation.] Soon after the meeting thi* morning, the House, on mo tion of Mr. Burt, of South Carolina, resolved Itwlf into a committee of the whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Norri* of New Hampshire in the chair,) and took up the . Senate bill to organize a corps of ? ArPCRS AND MINERS?BREAKERS AHEAD. Mr Bcrt proposed a verbal amendment, which was agreed to; and, after expressing the hope that the bill would be unanimously acquiesced in, he mo\edthat thi. committee rise and report it to the House. Mr (iinuiM.s arose (on the frontier of the House) aud saiif that as the bill proposed to increase the military force of the nation, therefore he desired to make a ft The Ch'aibmas?The committee will come to order. Mr. OiDDiNcsf?Yesterday the House passed a law to increase our present military force fifty thousand. I am, sir. and ever have been since 1 entered thu hall, opposed to ail increase of our standing army. Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, rose to ft point of ordor, and stated what it was. . . .? The Chairman gave a decision; but so great was tho confusion that not a word was audible. , . . ? Mr. Uiddi^os?(Loudly)?I did not hear the decision ?^Mr. Douolass, (who had temporarily taken a position in the neighborhood,) romarkon?He say* you maj go ?n,>lr. Gippings proceeded. He was opposed to an in crease of our armv, from a belief that the founder* of our republic intended that our citizens themselves should maintain their rights, ami protect the country. He op posed a standing army, because he believed it was opi>os ed to the genius of our institutions; and we hate had an illustration of thi* lately on the Rio del Norte, wheio \merican soldiers, entitled to the right* of citizenship, without charge and investigation of alleged oflence, w ith out conviction and judgment, were shot down in cold blood by the American standing army. Mr Burt.?Will the gentleman yield tho floor I Mr. Gipoinos?There* so much noise I can t hear. Sir. Burt, (elevating his voice,)?Will the gentleman } 1 cant yield, without knowing the purposo. . .. Mr. Burt.?1 desire to change my motion. Mr. Gippings did not yield, lie resumed his remarks, and said, in sorrow, not in anger, that foreigner* had not shot down American soldiers, but that they were *hot . down by their American brethren. ^ es, their American brethren in arm*, ana without trial and conviction! We had seen the Americen President, who is the commander in-chief, invade a foreign territory, ?nd place on it the standard of our country?thus usurping juiindicUon, in subversion of the fundamental principles of our institu tion; w e had seen the same President use the uim> to | violate every principle of international law and justice, and by sophistry attempt to show that the soil "m?"brodmkad rose to a point of order. Itwa* irrelevancy of debate. The question under consideration was to raise a corps of sappers and miner-, and the gen tleman was ditcussing the subject of our army on the ilio Grande. Mr. Giddinos-I desire to? The Chairman?The gentleman will take hi* *eat [A voice : " Oh, withdraw the point"] 1 he gentleman from Pennsylvania will state his point of order. Mt-'Brodhcad?I did state it. Mr.*?1 hope tho gentleman will put it in W Mt^rodhead?I call the gentleman to order for irrele vancy in debate. ... JV Ik. Mr Giddinuh?I under*tand the force propo*edbj tho bill, is to form a part of the army. The Chairman?It i* to increase the *tanding army.? The gentleman from Ohio i* in order. MrTGiDDiNo*, after another interruption, *aid that there wa* a tribunal w hich would judge, and from which there could be no c*capc. (A voice?"What1* thatT") Gen tlemen might disguise the fact a* they pleased; but the Mexican people had never been interrupted on the east, em side of the Hio Grande until General Taylor went there. The President talks about our boundary ! Now, the only cvidenco of pos*e**ion which Texas had, wa* her own declaration on paper, and her sending an army there The army of tho United State* wa* three hun dred mile* further than where Texas herself placed the boundary, and our troop* being there was a* much an in vaiion a* if they had gone to the city of Mexico. He spoke of the prowess of the Mexicans?we cannot con quer them. They feel, as he felt, that the God of justice i* on their side?a power above us is for them, and against us. [A voice?" Why, he had better go and fight for them. ] We are fighting against Omnipotence. Let our people go there?and an unseen Power will surround and lay them low. He spoke of slavery; and in connection he had some respect for Southern men, but had none for the doe faces. He believod that Mexico had the countenance and support of Great Britain; and he did not hesitate to *ay it. Fifty .four forty wa* to be narrowed down to the Columbia river, and Texas was to be enlarged to the Rio Grande. (Laughter.; Mr. Bust moved that the committee rise; and the mo tion prevailed. A question of order was raised; and after it had been disposed of, . The bill to organize a corp* of sapper* and mtners wa* passed?yea* ltel, nay* 9. Mr- Rathbun said he wa* out when the bill wa* pa*? ed and would now move to reconsider the vote. The corp*, according to the bill, was to be attached to the West Point Academy. He desired It disconnected from that institution. The corp* wa* a de*irable branch ol tha army In war, but not in peace, except it be to *ap and mine the treasury. Mr. Burt said the great importance and the object of sapper* and miner* were well known; and he informed the House that the commander of our array cn the Tex an border called for a corp* of thi* kind. The que*tion was taken, and the Houie rera*ea to re coniider the vote by which the bill was passed. WEST POINT ACADEMY, On motion of Mr. Harawsok, tho House again resolved itself into a Committee of tho Whole on the State of the Union, . , And took up the bill making appropriations for the support of the Military AcBdemy at West Point. 1 he question pending was on the amendment of Mr. Rathbun , that no cadei shall hereafter be appointed, and that as soon as tho cadets now af West Point shall have graduated, the institution shall be aholUhed. Mr. Sawyer, who was entitled to the floor, charged the Senate with not having done ils duty with regard to the measures recommended by the President He re gretted that there were men here, and at the other end of the capitol, who never find our couatry to be right?, Read the speeches made yesterday, and this would be found to be tho fact Head the speeches made on tho Oregon question, and it would be found members took sides against their own country, and in favor of the ene my The bill which passed the House yesterday, had been sent to the Senate, but by the time it is returned to us it mav l?e so altered and whittled down that we may not recognise it He had heard that nine-tenths of the cadets w ho graduate at West Point never spend one hour thete after they get their education They turn their attention to anpJro?e..ion. The children of the rich and members of Congress, and their friend* at home, have he had no earthly interest in the Wett Point Academy, beyond hi* public duty. He held in hi hand a tabular *tatement, showing that, in June, 1??. there were at that institution Ml cadets, of which num ber I'M were in indigent, reduccd, or moderate circum stinces, 140 resided in the country. It would be seen, irotn the statement, that no high functionary of the gene ral or State governments has a *on there. ,c*ur might be the effects of the Academy, he presumed the gentleman trom Ohio desired to he correctly informed. vlr. Sawyer replied that he had spoken from expe rience. and that he knew that members of Congri** had sons at tho Academy. Mr. Bi ry inquired whether the sons of member* were not appointed Iwsfore they came to ( ongress. Mr. Sawyer saw them busy yesterday voting againat tho amendment, and he ventured to say that the tame kind of influence would opeiatc in all time to come. Mr. BaiNkABHorr would ask to say one word, by the leave of hi* colleague. His colleague seemed to attri b'ute interested motives As to himself, he had been in strumental in making bnt one appointment, and it wa* that of a young mechanic,* printer'* apprentice, who ws* worth?nothing till hhmm rmoM rn raciiMirr. The Committee km kfcnuOl;, and the Houm reeeiv JJ54'KS5Ti,icS: The message wasread, communicating- letter* from Oen 1 ay lor, received yesterday evening. They related J? |})e i^'i i? j Co}: J;"*"- Lieut Porter, and other*, and to the blockade of Matamoras , and a latter protesting nTw.p^r" substance ha. bean published in the printed' or*ered ,0 lie ?n the table, and be A VARIETY or Tone*?INqi'lBIES AND ANSWEBS?MUSIC roa THI LADIES AND WHIIIMANDOCi-GOOD DINNEBS AND FINK WINK. The Houm again went into committee, and Mr. &Awvca resumed.?He wished to inquire of his col league if the poor printer'* boy was not an apprentice in an oflce where a democratic sheet was published, and where hi* friend's political rej utation wa* not at stake 7 Mc. BRiNKERHorr *aid the boy wa* in a democratic printing office but no personal motives influenced him. [A voice?" Oh, no."J uM.r- Sawyer. Except general consideration*. [Laugh Mr. DRiNKERHorr.?He was the ion of a mechanic, too. . ?: SAwrER.?If all the cadet* were the ions of mc chani*, it would be better. A* to the course of General laylor, he had no confidence in it There were only fourteen who voted against the bill yesterday ? c?rr>- on the war. He regretted that live out a u ? ,.e?n were from hi* State, (Ohio,) 8 i a ill* colleague*. One thing, however, con !? 11 j? J were not of the democratic party.? He alluded to the corruptions in the navy, and lauded Mr. Bancroft's report, recently published, *ug geiting reform. He stigmatized those wno had been for years waiting order* as a set of drones, living on the fat of the land, eating fine dinners and drinking good wine. And this made them incapable of service. It was a damning abuse, and ought to be known to the country. We had music in the President's ground* for the fair la dies and the whi*kerandoes. Under what law i* thi* au thorized 7 The ramicians had better be playing Yankee Doodle at Matamoras : and the officers waiting order* would be better off there than here. He said ho was sorry that Mr. Adams had introduced resolutions making inquiry about the shooting of deserter*. Mr. OioDi.ioi.?I wish to inquire of the gentleman, through .he chair, whether 1 understood him at justify in* the shooting of these men without trial ? Mr. Sawteb.?1 do. Mr. Giddinos.?In time of peace 7 Mr. Sawtcr.?I do. Mr. Giddinos.?I* that a democratic doctrine 7 Mr. Sawyer.?Yes : it i* not only democratic, but pa triotic, and I believe God smiles on the act. 8hoot down all traitors, and deserter*, who may carry intelligence to the enemy. If they are pursued and refuse to return to their duty, are we to let them go 7 I heard my colleague advocate shooting down white men in pursuit of negroes. Am I mistaken 7 Mr. Qiddings.?I advocated the right of slave* to de fend themselves under the laws of Ohio. Does my col league deny to any individual the right of self-defence when he is not guilty of crime 7 Mr. Sawteb.?I can't admit the question. Mr. Giddinos.? \ou ought not to ask question* if you won't admit them. Hickory and George Washington would have shot the deserters under similar circumstan ce*. The order* in *uch case*, are to take the runaways dead or alive. He believed that their conduct was the last thing to be enquired into. Why, a sermon was lately prnoounced in thi* city, eulogizing tho godliko Daniel, and the preacher took up the Asbburton treuty. Mr. Giddinos.?Will my colleague let me put a ques tion as to tho sermon he alludes to? Mr. Sawver.?I'd rathergo on. Mr. Giddinos.?I would like to know the particulars. W ho was the clerical gentleman/ ., ?Mr' Sawver.?The gentleman know* to whom I allude, il he attended the church. (Laughter.) If he was there ho knows. ' Air. Giddinos.?I was not there. Mr. Sawtkr.?Tho gentleman is not the defender of i tho clergy. Mr. Giddinos.?If tho gentleman will not answer. I have nothing to say. biil'r ?AW? concluded his remarks in opposition to tho wM^;^Ti?84TT, did not mean t0 reply to the remarks of Mr. Giddings, but to express his wonder at the temerity of tho member that he made such remarks as he did in his speech. It is a wonder that he did not stand in fear himself that a thunder-bolt does not strike him to the ???r. L uttennK sucl> sentiments. In reply to a portion of Mr. Sawyer's remarks he said that Gen. Taylor was a perfect gentleman, and as gallant an officer as wear* an epaulette; an officer of experience: one who has not transgressed in any degree, tho authority given him by the government. He then passed on, and quoted from the remarks of Mr. Morehead, (a Seuator from Kentucky) as published in one of the city papers, and answered them by showing that the territory of Texas extended to the Rio Grande. Mr. Darraoh addressed tho committee, denying that the territory extended so far; at the same time he was not averse to rendering such aid as was requisite in the pre sent emergency. 1 Mr. Gordon obtained the floor, but yielded for a mo lion that the committee rise. It prevailed; when MoR** iutaitttod a resolution to terminate debate on the West Point Academy bill in ten minutes after it shall again bo taken up in committee. A motion was made to adjourn, and no quorum voted. Mr. Dromcoole said that gentlemen were sitting in their place, and refusing to vote. The resolution was agreed to?Ayes 84, noes 33. A RECESS. Mr. Tih rman moved that the House take a recess till hall-past 7 o clock. 1 O^o'clock T""?f n,oved to amcnd bT wring till half-past Several motions were made to adjourn, on which the was" Mva'lent Wer? caUed' Bnd ? K??d ,1**1 of confusion The amendment of Mr. Winthrop wa* rejected ,the motion of Mr. Thurman, to take a recess un til half past 7 o clock this evening, (to act upon the amendment* if the Senato should make them, to the bill which passed the House yesterday, providing men and money to carry on the war with the Mexicans ) was agreed to?ayes 67, noes 65. So at fifteen minutes past four o'clock, the House took a recess until half past seven thi* evening. EVENJNO SESSION. . Tuesday?71 o'clock. A prettv goo l attendance of members. The best pos ?/?**?<c feeling* preralent-the .pacious hall Well lighted with side lamps,and the desks with spermareties. Mr. Hor?ins (Speaker, pro lem.) called the House to order. on. r-. i '*v*?TlGATl!fO COM MITT Ft. 1 u n . ' hit direction, read a letter from the Hon. John Pettit, asking to be excused from serving on the (.ommittee appointed to investigate th#charges against Daniel W ebster. He states as a reason for the request, that the House refused to allow the Committee a clerk and as a consequence an undue degree of labor devolved on him. Mr. BRiNKERHorr moved that the request be granted. The SrEABER stated the question. i w'i.*^ thJ*t Jv"* ^ntleman from Indiana. i u attended the Committee reluctantly, he hoped the House would excuse him from serving. The question was taken, and Mr. Pettit wa* excused. tae wa* bill. WA,!wrew ?ved from the ??nate, stating that i ?tpM 5' bl11 Providing for the prosecution of r^f? ?gw ai\ between tho United States and the re j .jO Mexico, with amendments, in which they asked the concurrence of the Home. 7 ii Jit m0Ted that the House concur. (Voices What are the amendments 7" and " read, read." They were accordingly read by the Clerk. Sir. Habalson moved a concurrence, and moved the previous question. ^E:*T*T Pr?sumed the question wonld not be taken on all the amendmenu at once. He desired to have the vol"me na^* 0n amendment with regard to pay of vr'?.U ?mendment* were concurred in } and the WVT Uken 00 the following, viz : Striking out the w ord* or except as follow*, to wit: "Prl , "e* ?: inf?ntry, artillery, and riflemen, shall receive , r* per month, and privates of volunteer mounted corps, twenty dollars per month for their services, and ".!*!!? ? ? lheir Worses in the ninth section, and inserting, in lieu thereof, " and all mounted privates, h.i,n"n-C,?.mm'?"ioncd o?cers, musicians and artificers, shall be allowed forty cents a day for the use and risk of their horses, except of hones actually killed in action ; TL,'my mounted volunteer, private, non-commis sioned officer, muucian, or artificer, *hall not keep him sell,pro*ided with a servicable horse, the said volunteer ihall serve on foot." The amendment wa* concurred in?yeas 110, nays 63. Mr. Habalson moved to reconsider the vote by which Jlhy?? T'nt' w,rc concurred in, and the question was decided in tne negative. I ??Mi,mi?u1tfI P*;,1 el"ht o'clock the House adjourned. ! Anally passed both houses, Is a* follow*, ! A^r?5tkr,n>TM,n?. th* Pro?ecution of the existing Mexico Lnited States and the republic of bi? .,hc *ct of the ^Public of Mexico, a state States ? "^tween that government njid the United Be It enacted by the Senate and House of Reprcsenta huV-TK f Jrn,'"d 8u,,e' of America, in Congress assnm 7. (or the purpose bfonabling the governmont of the I nited States to prosecute said war to a speedy and successful termination, tho President be, and he Is hereby, authorized to employ the militia, naval, and mili ' ??r)' forces of the United States, and to call for and accept the services of anv number of volunteers, not exceeding y , "*1d. w'|o way offer ihelr services cither ns cavalry, artil'ery, or riflemen, to serve twelvemonths after they shall have arrived at the piece of rendevous. or to the end of the war, unless sooner discharged, ac cording to the time for which they shall have been mus tered into service ; and that the sum of ten millions of dollars out of any money in the treasury, or to come into the treasury, not otherwise appropriated, lie, and the same n 18 .re y sppropriated, for the purpose of carryinr the : provision* of this act into effect. . 3 i.A?<? b? J1 further enacted, That the militia, when called into the service of the l nited States bv vir tue of this act, or any other act, may, if in the opinion of the President of the United States the public interest re quires it. he compelled to serve for a term not exceeding ?ix months, after their arrival at the place of rendezvous; I in any one year, unless sooner discharged. I . JrV.1?.ii\n.<L^i.twf,lrt',er 'n?rtCl1 ? That the said volun teer* *hall furnnh their own clothes, and if cavaly, their hon.e" ?"d horse equipments, and when mustered stateT * " the exP<,nw of the United *'< h4 ,,Ani ** it?f,,.rl!,er *"?cted, That said volun teers shall, when called into actual service, and while remaining therein, be subject to the rule* and articles of war, and shall be in all respects, except as to clothing and F.y<; led.00 the "mc footlnK w'th Similar corps of the Lnite.l suites army; and in lieu of clothing, every non commissioned officer and private in any company, who may thus oiler himself, shall be entitled, when called into actual service, to receire in money a sum equal to the co*. of clothing of a non-commissioned officer or private. State's* CM* ' 'n "ie regular troops of the Unitod Stc. 6. And be it further enacted, That the Mid volun p?r"' *o oBering then services, ihall be accepted by the i resident in compenles, hettelione, souadron*, and rsffi i nrty''i^m** .o ce" "hall be appointed in the manner I prescribed by law, in the several Atatae tad Territories giment* (hall nMoSStalfjr belong. See. 6. And be it further anncted, That the President of the United State* be, and ha la hereby authorized to or ganize conpanie* eo tendering their aervicei into batta lions or squadrons: battalion* and equadrona into regi ments ; regiment* into brigade*, and brigadaa into divi sion*, a* noon a* the number of voluntear* shall render *uch organization, in hi* judgment, expedient; and the President shall, ifneceuary, apportion the italT, field and general officer* among the respective State* and Territo ries from which the volunteer* ihall tender their aervi

ces, as be may deem proper. Src. 7. And be it further enacted, That the volunteer* who may he leceived into the service of the United Statea by virtue of the provision* of thi* act, and who ihall be wounded or otherwise diiabled in the *orvice, ihall be I entitled to all the benefit* which may be conferred on perion* wounded in the service of the United State* Sac. 8. And be it further enacted. That the President of : the United States be, and ho is herebv, authorized forth i with to complete all the public armed vessels now au ? thorized by law, and to purchase or charter, arm, equip, and man itich merchant vesael* and iteamboat* a*, upon 1 examination, may be found fit, or eaiily converted into I armed veueli fit for the public aervice, and in luch num | ber* a* he may deem neceisary for the protection of the ; seaboard, lake coast, and the general defence of the ' country. Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That whenever the militia or volunteers are called and received into the ser vice of the United States, under the provision* of thi* act, they (hall have the organization of the army of the , United State*, and ihall have tho lame pay and allow ances ; and all mounted Drivates, non-commissioned offi cer*, musician*, aud artiilrer* shall be allowed forty cent* per day for the use and risk of their hone*, except of horse* actually killed in action; and if any mounted vol unteer, private, non-commissioned officer, musician, or artificer ihall not keep himself provided with a serviceable horse, the said volunteer ihall servo on foot Army of Occupation.?Tlie following letter wilj be of interest to those having relatives or friends in the army stationed on the Rio Grande, opposite Matamoras, under the command of Gen. Taylor, as it gives the names of those killed and wounded wi the ambuscade engagement with the Mexi cans. It will be seen that Captain Thornton is put down among the killed?later accounts report his return to camp. His fate is yet doubtful. Camp 3d Reo. Dragoons, U. 8. A., > Near Matamorai, April 38, 1846. \ Dear Sir :? I send you below ? copy of the official list of the killed and wounded, of the detachment under the command of Captaim Thornton and Hardee, who were cut off by a ' party of 3,000 of the enemy (3.000 against 73 !!) Some ! of tue killed resided in Philadelphia. KILLED. Capt. Thornton, Lieut. Kane. Privates?Benjamin Rus- j sell, Henry Ruwcr, Ezra Sands, William Ryan, formerly kept a tavern in Water street, Philadelphia; John Sidford. Philadelphia; William Stewart, James Curtis, Richara Prvor?has a father at No. 133 Buttonwood street, Phila delphia; George T. Styles, of New Orleans; Peter K. Ste venson, Theophilus Whiteman, David Whiteman?father is a grocer, at corner of George and Eleventh sirects, Philadelphia; George Shippen. Total, 13. WOUNDED. Privates?St. Clair Shipley, slightly; John Perkins, do William 8. Muff, mortally: George Jenkens, since died; Patrick McLaughlin, slightly; Henry Wilk, slightly, by a lance in leg. Total, 6. prisoner*. Capt. Hardee. Privates?John Ogborn and James Og born, brothers; Wilkum Van Horn, Solomon Brewer, George K. Curtis, William McGinn, George D. Barker, Patrick Linn, Henry V. Vansittcrt, shepherd Black, Den nis O'Neil, George Slack, James West, Barker O'Ryau, Samuel (.J. Smith, Peter O'Rafferty, John Peters, James Cass, Jonathan Smith, John Offerman, P. James, Niles Ryan, James Peters, musician; Lemuel Pierce, <!eorge Bassome, William Early, Ephraim Baggs, James Leeds, Frank Bowers, William Cunningham, John Seyfton, 1 James Wright, Thomas Richardson, William Thomas, James Gibbons, Joseph Russell, Charles Burke, Frede rick Myers, Thomas Jenks, Patrick Ward, John Frazer, Jnmes Hielgent, Edward Shaw, Charles Wood, Thomas Hickman, Charles J. Smith. Total, 46. I will write again the first opportunity. You may make any use of tnis you think proper. I remain, yours, fee., JAMES CARTLETT, 3d Reg. U. 8. Dragoons. P. 8. The army aro in excellent spirits. We hope soon to avenge the deaths of these brave fellows, who i have fallen in the glorious cause of their country. The American flag, we flatter ourselves, will, ero long, float over the city of Mexico. j. C. From the Camp.?The following is the latest of the series of letters from General Taylor, which were communicated to Congress on Monday last, in connexion with the President's messago on the subject of our relations with Mexico. It contains, we believe, the latest official intelligence from our army on the Rio Grande Head Quarters Armv of Occupation, > Camp near Matamoras, (Texas,) A rim. 36, 1846.} Sir?I have respectfully to report, that General Arista arrived in Matamoras ou the 34th instant, and assumed tho chief command of the Mexican troops. On the same day he addressed me a communication, conceived in courteous terms, but saying that he considered hostilities commenced, and should prosecute them. A translation i of his note and cony of my reply will be transmitted the moment they can be prep'aiea. I despatch this by an express which is now waiting. f regret to report thai a party or dragoons sent out by me on the 34th inst, to watch the course of the river above on this bank, became engaged with a very large force of the enemy, and, after a short affair, in which some sixteen wore killed- and wounded, appear to have been surrounded and compelled to surrender. Not one of the party has returned, except a wounded man sent in tliis morning by the Mexican commander, so that I can not report with confidence the particulars of the er?age ment or the fate of the officers, except that Captain Har dee was known to be a prisoner and unhurt. Captain Thornton and Lieutenants Mason and Kane were the other officers. The party was sixty-three strong. Hostilities mar now be considered as commenced, and I have this day deemed it necessary to call upon the Go vernor of Texas for four regiments of volunteers?two to be mountod ami two to serve as foot. As some delay must occur in collecting those troops, I have also desired the Governor of Louisiana to send out four regiments of , infantry, as soon as practicable. This will constitute an auxiliary force of nearly five thousand men, which will be required to proseute the war with energy, and carry it. as it should be, into the enemy's country. I trust the Department will approve my course in this matter, and will giTe the nocessary order* to the stall' departments for the supply of this large additional force, i If a law could be passed authorizing the President to ; raise volunteers for twelve months, it would be of the ! greatest importance for a service so remote from support ; as this. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, Z TAYLOR, ; Brevet Brigadier General U. 8. A. Com'dg. The Adjutant General of the Army, Washington, D. C. Baltimore, May 19, 1846. I far /few I and Excitement?Troopt for Ttxai?Mr. Mur" dock?Gen. Scott and the Amy?Reduction of Fart for the Fair?Market?, Stock Board, <"C. The excitement in this city relative to the position and prospect* of our little army in Texas, is becoming in tense, and a call i* made in the city papers by advertise ment, for the enrollment of volunteers. The message of the President was received yesterday afternoon, entire, by magnetic telegraph, and the corner* of the itreet* were crowded until a late hour at night' discussing the quettion of war, as all other topics of con versation are now cast in the shade. The ship Herman, which took out Capt. Ringgold'* troop* to Texas, is now preparing to receive the two companies of artillery *tationod at Fort McHenry, and j will sail in a few day*. They are under the command of 1 Lieut. Col. Bolton. W ith regard to the propriety of having removed Gen. Taylor'* army from Corpus Chrliti to its present po*i tion, our citizen* *eem to be unanimou* in pronouncing it a most egregious blunder on the part of the President and Secretary Marcy. Gen. Scott having been charged with recommending the order openly, disavow* all par ticipation in it, with the exception of obeying the order* of the department, and carrying them out. The change of quarters was decided on without the slightest consul tation with him a* to it* propriety, either before or lince. The railroad company between thi* city and Washing ton, ha* rcduced the fare to (3 the round trip, on the occasion of the National Fair, and it is expected that all the route* weit and north will follow suit. An immente quantity of good*, machinery, fcc., are daily passing through this city, on their way to Washington. The war excitement may probably interfere somewhat with its being so well attended as it would have been, though Washington Is the grand centre to which new* from the ermy first ranches?-from whence It is transmitted to this I city by tho lightning line. j Mr. Murdoch commenced an engagement at the Holli day Street Theatre last night, with Miss Clara Ellis, in ' the "Lady of Lyons." The house was good, though not 1 so crowded as it would have been but tor the great ex citement prevailing out of door*. Stocks of all kinds declined yesterday, in consequence of the war news. Thr Mabkets.?Beeves were in fuller supply st market yesterday, and the quality waa fair; but they were dull of sale, and prices declined. The offering at the scales comprised 370 head, of which S were driven to Washington; 100 remain over nnsold; and the balance, (41 head, sola at S3 a 3,TJ; per 100 Iba. gross; equal to $6 a 7,2) uet. Average rale t3.TI%.~ I The receipts of whiskey are very small; and. as the stock is I qaile light, purchasers find it somewhat difficult to obtain sup ples. In anticipation of receipts by the Tide Water Canal, ? price* continue as before, at 2l cts. for hhds. and 33 cts.for (this. Sales of Stocks st Baltimore. May II.?4 shares Baltimore and Ohio RR 47V: 13 do do 47V; JJ do Frederick RR 34tj. Stocks fell of considerably to-day. Maryland 6's closed at 7i asked. 77% bid; Baltimore {**?/>? 1R90, closed at 94>4 asked. 93 bid; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad shares closed at 48 asked, 47}f bid. Philadelphia, May It, 1846. Amende Honorable?Dreadful Railroad Accident?Hor rible Murder of a Wife?Tke War Meeting and Jour neymen Printeri? Trial of Mutineer!, +e. I regret that tha telegraph operator at Jersey City (hould have so misjudged your correspondent a* to con ' ceive that any blame was intended to be thrown on him. By saying that the despatch was transmitted as soon a* the operator there " could be got up." I only meant that 1 I was at the telegraph office here, with my despatch, be fore the line had commenced operations, and consequent ly it was the flrst to be transmitted. I did not sec your - notice of the occurrence till thi* morning, or I would j have mode the amende before. About 6 o'clock last evening, two little boys, the chll. dren of Anthony Elton, Esn , tobacco merchant, of this city, wore horribly mangled on the Columbls railroad, near Schuylkill Fifth street, by the asletree of the bag gsge wagon of the Westchester train breaking, and pre cipitating them upon the track. Tho boys had boon to ? rite Im, JObf the condSSr The head of the young e?t ?n almost ground to iMni, the train hirioi passed over it, causing death instantly. The other was dreadfully crushed, but still surviving; he wu carried to the hospital, along with the lifeless re mains at his brother. TTiejr were at the time in charge of a still older brother, who was also upon the car, but he ' remained still after falling upon the track, and escaped unhurt. Had the others done so, they would not have been in danger, but they were crushed in attempting to crawl out between the wheels. The Coroner held an in quest upon the body of the youngest at the Hospital. The second one died at the Hospital about 9 o'clock in the evening, and the Coroner subsequently held the inquest at the residence of the father, in Union street, where the remains had been removed. u? colored matt, was also taken to the Hospital yesterday morning, crushed by becoming en tangled in a chain attached to sosMCars on the Reading road, near the Columbia bridge. Charles Mosler, a German, has been committed to pri son for the murder of his wife, aged nearly 70. The criminal is but about 33; several years since ne married this aged woman, who bore the reputation of being well off, but his object in marrying was defeated, by the real estate sk)e owned being secured from his grasp. They ! have lived very unhappily together, and The tragedy I have mentioned is the termination of this ill-assorted match. He cut her throat from ear to ear with a razor, causing death in a very short time afterwards. The deed was committed without witnesses, but when the neigh bors rushed in upon the cry of murder, he was foundin an adjoining room with a razor in his hand, and marks of blood upon nis person and clothing. The war fever is exceedingly intense here, and our volunteers are offering their services to the government, with great spirit and patriotism. Evening parades are nigntly made by a number of the companies, in anticipa tion of active service. The City Guards, Captain Hill, have mustered one hundred men, fully equipped in tho United States uniform, and their Captain has gone to Washington to offer their services. The officers of the 1st regiment P. M. have made a similar offer of their com mand, and the Washington and Native American Rifle corps, and many other companies of artillery, infantry and riflemen, are taking the same patriotic course. The population, en mane, are now hastening on to Independ ence, to attend the meeting called by the Mayor, and 1 must close my letter to be on the spot in time for the or ganization. The journeymen printers are called upon to ' meet in a body at Third and Dock street, to proceed to the meeting, in emulation of their brother typos of New : Orleans?a considerable portion of whom nave volun teered to bear arms in defence of their country. The trial of the seven mutineers of the bark Cactus, for the murder of the second mate, come up this morning in the United States Circuit Court, Judge Randall pre aiding. After some hours spent in endeavors to procure a jury, the number was completed,when, upon an agree ment among the counsel, an adjournment took place until to-morrow morning. On Monday next, a parade of the first brigade, under the command of General Cadwallader, for inspection, will take place at West Philadelphia. They are to be reviewed by General Dowman, the Adjutant General of the State. A little girl, six years of age, was run over by a car riage in tho Northern Liberties yesterday afternoon, and so much injured that her life is despaired of. The body of an unknown man was found in the Dela ware this morning ; it had been apparently a long time in the water. Hales of Stock* at Philadelphia. Mat 13?First Board?15 shares Kentucky Bk. cash, 73.W; 100 Girard Bauk,9Vi; 100 do U 8 Bank 4; 25 Wilmington Kit bj 31; 3 do Union Bank Tenn rw 30 *4; 1 Peuu Bank 6 days 225; loo Girard Bank si 9St; 40 do do s5wn 9f-?; 100 do do cash#1^; 6000 State 6's 66; 10,000 do b5wn 66; 4000 do 65; 6000 do66. After Board?100 shares Girard Bank, b5wn 9J* ; 1026 Lehigh 6's '46 60: 1200 do '63 60 ; 200 do '48 60; 100 shs Reading Kit, SIX: 30 do Vicksburg Bank ti??. Second Board?20 shs Lehigh Nav 20; 1 Peuna Bank 26.1; 20 Northern Bk Keutucky b6wn 93; 6000 State 5's s6wn 66; 6000 dn do 66; loo shs Vicksburg Bankjb'*; 1000 Heading Bonds, 72; 4000 do tin 72; 60 slis Kr?iliiin?KK, 32>a ; 60 do do 323i: 100 do do b6 32*4; 50 do do s6wn 32 V After Board?60shs Girard Bank, cash,9Ja! 2837 U States 6'*)I07. Passengers Arrived. Bermuda?Brig Falcon?Mr Done, lady and child ; Mrs Stynes and servant ; Mr Martin and lady ; Messrs Frith and Tynes. Turk's Island?Schr Cere*?'T Winn, lady, child and nurse; Charles P Morrell ; J HFleet. St Marks?Brig Billow?Messrs Moschelle, Allison, Ben ner. Delano, Mrs Lane, Mrs Simmons, Mrs Haneock and four children. Charleston?Brig Carolina?Mr Livingston, lady 'and servant; R Bowden and lady; Mrs Valentine and child ; Mrs E L Wilson, Miss J J Wilson, Miss 8 J Wilson; Miss Rob inson; Miss Valentine; Miss Blacklock; Miss A Sherman; Miss C Westover; Miss J Westover; Miss A Sin ton; Messrs J Sherman, Langwith, C Back, J Tuttle, N Friedman, Wells, W A Sullivan, Dixon, SBroadbeut, Dr M P Moore, Master Livingston; and 24 in the steerage. Foreign Importations. Balize, Hon.?Brig Marian Gage?11 ceroous cochineal 16 t ms logwood 21 logs mahotany $6000 B Blanco?4 bales sarsa purilla 16 hides Maitland, l omrie He co?19 logs mahogany $500 F Alexander?29 ceroons indigo O F Gleim?6 do Dennistoun tc co?33 bales sarsaparill* 26 hides F Wood?$600 J J La bouesse?$600 K Adolphus. Bremen?Brig Josephine?18 bxs mdse, 12 cks, 2 bxs C Muller?26 bxs J M Holleston?I A H Ward?4 H Dishring? 3 S Loewig St Schneider?1 L Gchlest?1 A Foilarslee?10 C 11 Sands?9 Victor & Achiles?29 C Ahrenfeldt?8 Y S Syz? 1 S Cochran?4 P Spever?1 A Harsheidt?1 ? J Adams?7 J Holmann It Evan?I A Freud?2 C F Hoyea?3 H Baker?1 P Murry?1 Tuny It Bchumann?4 Ainus Halsted?7 P 8 Innes ?2 J Napier?4 Hilger St co?2 E F Poppe?2 W Geisse It Son?1 Urosheim St Clapham?2 Hortsmanson St Drucker?1 H iring Si Wilte?1 F Gruanenthal?3 Rollter Wollman?1 G 1*' Meyer?6 E Bouck?64 to order. LiTK.Rroot.?Ship Arabella?6 hhds J Alexander?18 crts 2 hlids J St J F Seymour & co?3 cks Walsh St Mallonr-200 bills hoop iron G W Shields St co?37 cs 33 bdls steel H Jes ?op?II bales Camerand St Brand?1 c* Smith, Thurger St co ll bbts Buckley. Oraham (d co?111 Blsecker ?i Oothout?656 Breese St Sampson?123 C F Anderson?600 bx G W Shields? 211 anvils Wetmore St co?10 bdls iron J T Prosser?2 cases Brower St Pitcher?1103 bxs tin Phelps, Dodge St co?11,660 slates B Poultney?100 crts J St J Seymour?6 nhds C C Mur ray?I do D ("olden?78 crates 20 casks 3 hhds J W Harris? 1.0 tons coal D C Colden?380G bars iron 100 bxs tin 374 bdls sheet iron 11 crts 7 hhds 3 casks to order. Domestic Importations. St Marks?Brig Billow?262 deer skins. 1 cask tallow 1 hew skin 68 hides Smith, Wright St co?2 bales N Baker?6 do Perkins, Hopkins St White?192 do Center St co?2 do 13 bxs t oe, Anderson St co?6 cases L Blake?28 bales R L Maitland 3 do P Wright of Boston?39 do O Taft?22 do Maitland. Com ne St co?23 O A Whetmore?2 eases Cutler St co?2 bales 1 case Bogart St Maitland?163 sticks cedar order. MARITIME HERALD. ! NOTICE TO IHlFMilTXM. We hope that Captains or vessels arriving at thii port, will not deliver any shipping lilts, newspapers, news or parcels in truded Tor this office, to any persons other than the New York Tilots, or Cspt. Robkrt Silvet, of our news fleet. PORT OF NEW YORK, MAY 14. H M MM SUN RISC* 4 46 | MOOK RISES 10 39 E sun SETS 7 07 I HIGH WATER 10 48 M Cleared. Ship Ottawa, Dry man, for Quebec, J McMorray. Ship Yazoo, Wellington, for New Orleans, E K Collins it Co. Brig Newcastle, Donnell, for New Orleans, Oager It Mai ller. Brig Othello, Ryan, for New Orleans. Brig Belfast, (Br,) Kenney, for St Vincents via Barbadoet. Brig Kmily, Robinson, for Charleston, Dunham It Dimon. Brig Lycoming, Luther, for Norfolk. Brig Uniou, Parre, for Baltimore. Schr New Regulus, Davis, for Baltimore, Oaiger It Mailler. Schr Michigan. Terry, for Baltimore. Schr Vischer, Hallett, for Boston. Schr A Appleton, Nickerson, for Boston. Schr Textor, Brown, for Philadelphia. Sloop Vigilant, Heath, for Providence. Cleared on Tuesday, Pollux, (Danish,) Holdt. for Charleston. Cleared on Monday. Brig T H Benton, Harden, for San Juan, C A. pe Arrived. Ship Arabella, Rice, of Portsmouth, NH, SO days from Li v. erpaol, with mdze, to Williams tt Guion. 278 steerage paasen. | gers?5 died on the passage. Ship Sutton, Oalway, 4 days from Charleston, with cotton, i to K Sutton. Ship Uondola, Renne, 38 days from Glascow, with mdse, I to Hicks Ik. Co. I . Ship supposed to be the Silas Holmes, Berry, from New Orleans, with cotton, to Wm Nelson. Br ship Henrietta Mary. Raid, 37 days from Liverpool, in ballast, to J Herdman; 311 paasengers. The HM is bound to Valparaiso and Lima. Bark Urafton, Abbott, (of Providence,) 102 days Irom Can ton. with teas, be, to E < arrington, Providence ; Buckley k I Crane, New York. . Bark Tbetia, 13 days from New Orleans, with mdse to master. Bark Roanoke, ??, 16 days from New Orleans, with cot ; ton, to master. . . . Brig Csroline, Sherwood, 4 days from Charleston, with : mdse. to Dunham It Dimon. _ .. ... Brig Marian Oage. Reed, from Balice April N, with mdee, I to B Blanco. . . .. , Brig Envoy, Richardson, 30 days from Lagana, with log wood, to Nesmith It Walsh. .... Brig William Henry, (of Warren,) Cole, IS days from Ma tanzas. with sugar and molasses, to J T Thnrston. Sailed in ! comuanr with brig Swiss Boy, Perkins, for Cowes and a market. . . ? . ? ? i . Brig Belief, Sawyer, & days from Calais, with Inmber. Brig Billow, Lawreuce, 11 days IVnoi St Marks via Key West, with cotton. Itc, to master. Brig Cyclop*, Momitfort, 17 days from Oueyama. PR, with sngsr. fcc, tf> Deforest li son. Sailed in Cmpadv with the brig Matsnn. Dockery, for New York. 0 Brig Olive, Thompson, 13 days from Ariceho, PR, with su gar and molasses, to Maitland. (oniric A. Co. Brig Dcmarsra, II days from Neuvitas, Cuba, with sngar and mola?ses,to master. Brig Crand Turk, from West Indies, sngar and molasses to master. Br brig Falcon, Pitt, 6 days from Bermuda, with mdse to ? Tucker* Lightbonrn. Left brig New Orlesns. for NYork, i in three day*. Off Cape Henry, spoke ship Orleans, hence I for New Orlesns. Bremen ling Josephine. Sendstedt, 65 days from Bremen, | with mdse, to E C Muller ; 109 passengers. Schr Nictous, Wass. (of Chcrryfield,) 12 days from Maya I guez, PR, with sugar and molasses, to Hurlbnt It Finis*'. Schr Cere*, Swasyy, (of Mnrblehead.) 12 days from Turks' I Island, with salt, to J <i Laurie. Left no American vessels. Schr Declaration. White, from Philadelphia, with coal. | Schr Emma, Dckenson, from Philadelphia, with coal. Below, One ship and one brig. Sailed. Steam propeller Massachusetts, for Washington, DC She went down under steam?all her aails being furled. MlaceUaneoua Record. 17- The fine ship Rainbow, Csptain Hayes, will l??ve on Saturday or Monday for Valparaiso and Callao, Whence to China. L"7" Ship Xylon, Captain Millmgton, leavee to-morrow for Valparaiso, Callao, Sandwich Islands, and California. Ship Danegan, (probably the bark Don Juan) 3 days out, from New Haven lor Porto Rico, passed the west and of the Bermuda Islands on (he 21th ult, and was boarded by a Ber mud* pilot. ,, . . , _ .. Schr Vanda, Richardson, from NYork, boimd lo St Marys, Oeo, put into St Augustine, on the 20th ult, In repair dama ges, tut. and sailed sgain for St. Marys on the 2d met. Brig Plymouth, Captain Brewer, from Vera Greg, April 22 in baflaat, bound to New Orleans, was driven achore ?J Shell Shoals on the night of 22d, and became a total wreck ( Captain and crew saved. ? , , _ Schr Waldo, New, of and for Boetoa, ft?m Waahi?gto?, NC.with naval sto^.went aahors tfa NC, with ml stojea, went ashore on a eMail tsisw south aide of Loagufaod. opposite Brookharsa, at4 last, daring a fog, eraw saved. At last aeeotasts the side was MTt ?, bat tha catfo woald ba saved I vessel's She had 5SSS9IK1: ?rig or bai*ua Jaw Carolina, from Valparaiso for Vw . withicomrore, foundered, no data, lat 3 sToo W Tkm had barely time to save themselves with what clothi^i ' hoata"' "* *' Peraambuco, 4th ult. supposed Lj Lkwes, Dal.. May 11, (from oar correspondent,>?I ha< report to you the condition of the schooner United State, u? day, that her hall is breakiug up and of coarse la a total low eicepj her sea's, sails and rigginc, which were ukan offon Saturday, and shipped by Captain Combs to Portsmouth Tha cargo has just so Id for $1J *J; very little if any Will bt sared. The hull of the schooner sold for ti U. Steamboat Bota Fuego. or Spitfire, has bean in the harbor several days and left yesterday for Cuba; also, thirty-six fishing boats cam* in and report baring had good success, takiaglroiriAee to twenty-eight bbls mackerel per day. previous to th' wind setting in. and a large number of other vessela put account of the weather and fog. amounting to ?6?amoag i the bark St. Joseph, ftr Baltimore from Philadelphia! 1 ,u t have all tone out except two or three small veasels. We had a heavy fog siucc Friday till Sunday. Spoken* Marcfi [flJll'i 4l lon'ii ** Wo O^nda. I^Ma^ri^Ws; &Ww* C?W- fM Montp Brig Petersburg!), Marschilk, II days from New Yarfcfrr VaraCru^, AprifiC off Sand key !.,ght *or*frr Ship Richmond of Bath, April 9th, lat. 50 37 N. Ion. 14 W Schr Anther, of Koibury. bound to the Grand Bank fekrf May, Ut. 43 Ion. Gi33 W. '"?u Whalemen. Arrived at New Bedford. May 12th. ihip Israel. Fiach, from NW coast, Pemambuco April 4. with 2700 bbls whale It} bbls ?perm oil, and 20,000 lbs bone. Spoke Dec 13, lat 45 41II wlVtSa Howe, Fold Spring) Umo^2' with ttou bbls Whale ; Jan 27, lat S6 S6 8. lou 61 W the Po K?"?nCi^Wi,l,,i' Nantucket, 4K months ; Feb 1, lat it 7 8, loe* 6140 W, bark 8ar*li It listher. Bennett, Greenport, #? dav! out. clean all well ; Feb 8. lat 19 7 k lon M II W ,?I Feb'asth ' i . Lont,?"' 30 months, 2000 bbls wfiale Ut 41 *0 Sj Ion J 24 W, the Jos Maigs Tab Mattapoisett, 210 bbls apprm, 2400 whale. ' Foreign Ports* j^au2sar,-a6s!&s.siw?af to-8; BsafctjvM; Baltimore?*' M*y6-Arr ilh- bri* Atlanu. Whitney, from &? "* fc'N? .rhlAt-t14WAp"1 *i78,d. barkDeiroit, Lowell, for Boston ? tchr F A Brown, Westbrook, Charleston (Veuili in n#%** * as reported by the Norma, at th.sponO 1 U ?"? Mayaguex, PR, May 2?In port, bark Poncbita for Boa ton, Idg; Sebors, Thompson, for Ponce, PR, to load for Bo* ton, noon; brig Joseph Gorham, Kippon. for NVork, one. Quebec. May G?Arr barks Annei M'd>airy, Liverpool- Er romango, Ramsay, Glasgow; ship Britannia, Hamiftoa,' Li verpool. 7th, arr bark Selma, Taylor, Dundee. Home Ports* Bosrow, Mav 12?Arr ship Levi H Gale, Thompson, New Orleans; brigs Rodney, Gamage. Maracaibo; Eliza, Pierce pV S ndrick, Baltimore; Kobe rt W?' ' Sears, Philadelphia; Acorn. Howes, do; Beuj Vraaklin, F' nJir^rkll T' n v? mg.\ who died 17th ul" v vtI2' T- i ' Sn?alV Pn'ladelphia; Patriot, Crockett, N. t Sl^Sil fj ! bn? Hallowell, from Philadelphia. Signal for a bark and two herm brigs. Cld, Br steamship Robt Rankin, Price, 8t John, NB; shipi Concordia, Dorr, ff. P !SS?' MeM?sI,on, do; barks Mary Kimball, Gregory, London; Marietta, (of Marietta, Ohio) Wells, Frsiikfort, to load for Cuba: brigs Osage, Hall, Savannah; Ann Caroline, Reynolds, Alexandria; George kyan. Hood, New York Millinoket. Allen. Calais, to load for Barliadoes. Sid, winj NW fresh, brigs lawn, Belli*, Will, Millinoket. Brig Ct... lion has sailed. * f?^ftt-vJ.r,lMy9,h-7infort' H Allen, Wilson' lor Y?rkj loading; Charleston. Brown, from do. wait do^l^HSr^n'eM?rirElaYrevloa<llInff; Caspian, Torrey, do r,?? rSr\ fifkk ' MSKo,wlV *5?m Liverpool, waitingi ila ron. (Br.) Sibbosson. for do, loading; Adams, (Vay, for Havre "?dy; Sarah St Arsilia, Butman, for Livrrpool, loading: Ma rathon, Johnson for Havre, do; Compton, (Br.) Chapmw waitinV-'v?ri? /'n l'l?' '?'y^Washbnru. from Londr ., waiting, ylacao, (Br.) Scott, for Liverpool, loading;?h ,<s Santee, Marston, from Philadelphia, discharging ; C ,v 5i?JkS2iry' Geu. Greeulciark. fi a do,' discharging: Isaac L. Holmes, Bailey, waiting: Gang . Ey li?.S YH,T?ir,2ire,?,rV Ajne'.tBr.J Johnson, do fc, Port D""'*. for Bordeaux, do; Bambarn., (Fr.) Martin, for Senegal, (Africa,) loading TvlVr Hichley. from Bremen, waiting; Hiram W. ,!,? ii Bordeani. ready; Jupiter, Carter, for Aavre, load ing, Abigail, (Br.) Dalv, for Liverpool, ready;?brigs f"a?l T i 'w1 Phsladelphis, loading: Caroline. Gilkev, ? j rlMe< i"!h*rBing; Salvadora, Hobbs. from Bal timore. do; Orray Taft, Carr. for Providence, ready: Caro ?h?rwood for New York/do; Moses. Bufklev, do; load liig; Wolcott, Gardner, for New Orleans, ready, Hellesr -t PL?.* j \ tr 'JJT'dence, loading ; Washington, Steve' r Philadelphia: Mary Adeline, Pope, to undergo repairs; Watson, repairing. Calais, Me.?Arr, previous to the 6th, brig Marshall, lay h0.r.;r??,M.^ YorlJ.; tpSth, brig Broome, (not Re becca,) M'Guire, from New York. Ldoaktoww, May ".-Arr scl.ra Antilles, Stanley; Wave. Pendleton and Corvo, Crocket', N. w York for Boston; Gm Warren, Holmes, do for Thomaston; Yankee, Spear, and \frl"' dobound |.;Chullenife, Foster, do for #orU Amazon, Ellms do for Portfaad; Bride, Pressey, do lS.i, i ' u"' f?om N0rf?lk (?"PPO'sd forNewburyuort.) siUnsC^%a.b0L0epi.r*U0 'Chr for J New,YorkACH'A*' *VI*y Arr, brig Charles Hammond, from u,i'?l'i^K,f^0cLV:/ ^ay IJhjArr brigs Venus, Nickerson Phi. ^ph?,for^?h,,Nr; .."ea Clark, (Br) do, for St. ? Caucasian, and Protection, do, It??? i"l' *C v ^uro'iv H,1'? Jefemie, via Kingston. Jam.for Boston, Clara !? taher, Newbern, ior do; Sarah Frances, and jhawsi, Philadelphia, for do; Jerome, Wareham, fordo: Aveu cer, and Watchman, New \, ork. for do; Hudson, j0, for rorGloucester; Rival Phi adelpfiia, for Beverly, (and ail sld fame day, except the Rival.) 10th, bark Mary' of and from Baltimore, for Boston, or Bath; brigs Havana, (Jilpatr ck, Ha vn1' '^ayslor do: Baltimore. Brown. BaltimoVe, ft 'm Ellen, Richmond, for do: George Shattuck, Norfolk for P?.rtsmouth; schr Union, Aider, /acmel, 12 dafs for Boitou ^Tjoh'i^N R' *C Bnrdett' h"'ce ria 81 " Boa*o*,OI'TIlJ',, 1?t'l*?red, schr Tangier eam-tiv. M"y U-iA fu" PV'A brig, name u.'tiM and proceeded up. The shin Gardi -er lor Hull, Kngland; bark fairmonnt, for Barbadoas: L.m Jane, for Kinnton, Jam.; Ganymede, for Halifax, Ntj; May S >?i?Ler ?r vf i ' r' Julia and Helen, Erie. T.o U . ,Moi"feao' for. Boston, and schr Bath, for tfallo well, went to sea laat evening. ???? hr il?1?"*' bar.K Harriet Baker, Pensacola. Cld. Newark.' W V?rk ; ,loop Anna wan, Bcrdice, .r^IY"mJ;Wl^21?i??Sft,,eH^}d Md Rhode I si an d f?, "p^7'i ?ce ^ WJll,uin' Littlefield, from Groton Tor Providence ; Onurio, Smith, from Coxsackie for do: Equator, 8tbrgis, from Providence for New York ; Augusu. ??Jkn,rr'om 5ew. Bedford for New York; BN Cox. j3lens worth, from Providence for Philadelphia; Danief Baker. "? /"?! Philadelphia ; Texas, HanS, do ; sloof ?rmir fro? New irork for Providenfe; James 1 ... he* ?oenf"y^ro^Pro"dei,ce/0J NYork ; Arion, Monroe, froi do ror do; Tecumseh, Ash, from New York for Providence MSPd'?. Lewis from Fall Rive, for New York. sfe iskSSSS? rorN^'wichVo^^gTou'efe^^V^'^/^^ ington Keeney, NYork ; Peruv^ 8prin???l ^^oX"or OeeV*nNirl'^VoVN?ori PrOTid?n" forNYork ; A?ora, iia'*>? B;sitimore; Pacific, Wood, Norfolk. Boston LthL-_Arr '?h,P Warren, Howe., from Boston via Mataiuas; bark f rancis Burr, Coffin, Philad ?lnhia brigs Uncas, Williams, Palermo; Martha Sanger. t- event' 'te^P AUbama, Windl.'^^oV;' I- ,lur*- via exeamsnip Alabama, Windle. Galveecon ?hipe James Calder, Polester, Gibraltar: Paithenon, Wood berry-, Boston: brig Carib, Clark. St. Johns. NF; steaw schrt Augusta, Gillet, Brazos Santiago: schr Mary fcmir West P?M Dl\[,?ie, We,b"or JeA 8. W. Pasa at ? o'clock, P. M. 3d mst?nothing in the orfnng, Ship* Pioaeer and Coui ba" all"bound o'ut no 4,1 d O'e"'ron at anchor inside the P M V?7-~ W'bstcr left 8. W. Paas at ? o'clock, P. M. 3d mst?nothing in the orfiing, Ships Pio?eer and Coui *. bar: Onurio and Glenlyon at anchor inside the war, an bound out, Pewsacola, May l-ArT.bark H T Bartlett, Baker, New RoiVr. aLi t?""!*' ;looi. N'" 1 Maria "t Hill, hrad winds^ Orleans?pot m on accouut ot d^?*7.W*i-t,?ali,, May ??Aiv. brig Shawmat, Hicgins, \I?' ttL'ai J^Adelaide,Moore, and Ann, Eopkins. Ni ork. ple. Rio^laneirtf* ^eooors, , Pen?c0|. , d^fa, Whip Yifr'k*T ir*siii?AS' J'?''! Clio, Ojgood, from New Vork. Sld, bark Susan W Lind ; barks Baltic, Ceatnrion, PhiladelphilL or* ? ,chr &*ry Hammond, Hamilton, , P*?TI^?.W0,C- M*y II?Arr, sloop* Proof Glaas, Blyden m&. W -ft: fo\ti '"-'not worth, do; Chief, Bateman do; Martha \Vaahington, Patter son, do; Idonator. Sturgis, piVork; sloops Will..^ Bt" gU and James Lanpheer, Keuny, NVork. t?5.'if^*?""*?' if' 1JT"Arr, _schrs .Msrietta Burr, Knarp, and u # ,n'!lM!v l ^0fk? the Bar, detain#*' bv ths R "I ,fhr Myths JaneiDarlir^.ProvideBce. flirk i^a fo?if "rpoor|0PI>' t0 V Po'Bl'to complete load morf^ .1 IIh"1' Heroine, Speed, Balti more , sld, schooner Vends, Richardson, St Marys, Geo. y 9^TArr 'bip Tamerlane, Hemlersoa.Bo* ton, brigs Augusta, Sherwood, New York; Poland, #hee ^{"( "b' Arlitu, 8tet?,n, Newcastle Me' In port, British ships Agent, Mills. Liverpool;/ ?. LiVflipoM; Islington. Mair. Liverpool; Enc' i lips, Clyde; Francis Ann, Fish, Veaiee; Chs ./ray, Liverpool; Lesndtr. Bsttrav, Liverpool; It .. Price! "VVni ri J,e^T#rpooU *hipe Scot .... il.J.V j I?' Clyde, Smith, waiting; Hebrew, Carr, repg, Hartford Hannemsn. N York; Br barks Jaae B!aia. " k*dr ?,ft*L' JL?kfLClyd<; Nelson Village, . 7,c p ' ,fk ^^?rtia. Collins, New York: brigeCliutoa, AnrkT 721*i ChinrTiilia, Robinson, West Indies; General liee Wmi , ]'? ?*'timorei V. du Treport, (French) Ee-t Indies; W D Jenkins, Carr hoi J, wtg.' T "*"8,d? bark Caailda, Higguw, for Ms Wilmij?oto*. N. C. May 8th.-Arr. Br. brig 8m. o4' ey, Bermnda; bng Alpine, Treat, New York. By Last night's Southern 7 .0 Home P?rU. Ai.riA*niUA, M?y II?Sid, ship John Martha) I, for Liver pool. Baltimore, May 13?Anr. r*ktp Hsrtrsve, Bailer, from Nfw Or I pass; bark Jtoin V ' r?i?e, Taylor. from -a?on. Hailetl, brigs Cambrian, Walter, Kingston. Ja; L' ' ?? ?er, Dighton; schrs Flor del Mor, Hart, Saco, ". Wave, Parsons. Boaton ; E A St e vans, Briggs, New Vor *.ri *es, Sterling, West Indiea. Cld, Bremen ship Albert, at <t ten, Bremen ; brigs C H Roger*, Paaker, St Thoi It ney, Moa.itt, Montevideo and a market ; Humt. .d, (Br) Whitney, Waat Indie* ; schr Anetei, Sterling, ?. eet Indies. . . _ No?rot.l, Mar II?Arr brig ropbemia, Marshall, from St Katta: Allwtquaah, Pratt, from f ra .ey Island Flata. whither she had been driven ashore daring the gale of the td March; achrs Caroline, Ferris, from Providence; A jams. Baker, fm Boston; Aurelia. fm City Point, hound to Boaton. The Chesa peake towed (town y esterday to Hampton Roads, shjfs Ame rica, fm James Hirer, for Lireriviol Sid from Hampton Roads, ship Madison, Foster, for Brei..en. Phii Aorupma. May 13?Arr Bremen brig Louisa Weneke, from Brrmen; schrs Rebeccs Collins, fiom Nioi * 'a, Stoover, from New Haven. Cld ship Alkmair," w Rrleans; brig < ^hicopee, Kmery, Boston; berk cmington, Havana; brigs Adele, Steel, 5? J ? ? Mail, Parker, Boaton; schrs Jame* and Hamuel. "? ren; Brookhnven. Burdick. Somerset: Tltoni B? H. reus, Cambridge, Mass; Jabet L White, Caraon. NYo. ...Oregosi. Carson, Fall River; Niagara. Carson, Providence; Charles M Curdy, Boston;Eacort, Smith, Boston; Julia. Hill. Portland; Hope W Dandy. Hinson, NY <irk; D Messerole, YonnJ, do; Lexington. Hawthorn, do. Below, shipa Columbia fat Liver Pool, and Orlaudo ftn NOrleans, above New Castle; achr Lswrenee ftn an Eastern port, and several schooners above Chester. reiusRio ?r JAMES GORDON BENNETT, No?t*w??t Coairik or Fox-*?" *?? Nassac :V