Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 22, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 22, 1846 Page 1
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' .r.i fr fljj. THE NEW YORK HERALD. ??I. XII, Ho. 1H-WM* No. 43U. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 22, 1846. PllM TWO C<Db. THE WAR WITH MEXICO. SOLITARY PREPARATIONS. Mnnltioni of War Ordered to the South ENTHUSIASM AT THE SOUTHWEST.! VOLUNTEERS POURnro into thk camp. Probable Strength of Gen. Taylor's Forces on the 14th inst Plan of the Contemplated Campaign* aptfn&t MEXICO, 9l9. SlO. There is nothing lator from the Rio Grande. It appears that large supplies of cannon, and other munitions of war, are constantly leaving Pittsburg for the South. The intelligence from the Ilio Grande, as it spreads in the interior at the West, brings for ward the volunteers in inoroased numbeis. There seems to be no necessity of a draft any where. The whole West is, by this time, in a flame of enthusiasm. It was estimated by Major Chase, on the 14th instant, that on the 14th Gen. Taylor would have between five and six thousand troops with him at Point Isabel. The Late Battle. [From the N O. Picayune, May 13 ] The following letter* we will net suppress, m they ?how the feeling which exists in the camp, and are the very latent dates received thence : Fort Tavi.or, Camp orrosirc Matamoras, j May 4.194??Half-past 3 in the morning. ? Dear Friends?The ball opened yesterday morning from the Mexican line. They fired the first shots at re veille, and the way 4,8, 9 and 13 (I think) pound shot flew about these Darts was a sin, and their mortars throwing shells kept the atmosphere in continual confusion with their " whiz ! whiz ! Dang !" all the time. But notwith standing, the " Star Spangled Banner" still waves over the " land of the free and the heme of the bravo " Their firing did not cease until 13 last night I suppose to-mor vow will be a duplicate of to-day. It would have warmed the wax la your ears to have heard our 18 pounders " give out the cry." One shot strack in the embrasure of the enemy's works, and knocked cannon, carriage, embrasure and men "into fits." We have no mortars. Had we received those Oen. Taylor requested from Washington when he first camo to Corpus ChrisU, we should have left no more bricks in that town than there are " in my hat." But, sirs, this is enly the introductory act; just you " lay low,* and you'll see, perhaps, the all-flred-est fight, (if they'll agree) that perhaps you ever did seo. Mat 4, 184??0 o'clock in the morning. " Here we go again !" as the boy said when the bull chased him. As I expected, at daylight they led off again, and we are goinx it again, " nip and tuck," like a frog at a burnt boot Up to the present speaking the en emy have thrown between 1900 and 1800 shot, solid and hollow, while we have fired 367. On our aide, one ser geant?of Company A. 7th Regiment?has been killed, .and one man slightly wounded in the arm. This is all the damage to us ; the extent of damage to the enemy is not known, but must be eonsiderable. It is almost in credible to suppose we should receive so little injury from so many shots. If I live, 1 may tell you some more; if I die, yeu cant expect it Strength of Use American Arm jr on the Rio Orande. [From the New Orleans Bulletin, May 13 ] The following observations on the present condition and future movements of the ar my under Oen. Taylor, asay not be unacceptable to your readers at this time. It Is not known that Oea. Taylor was at Point Isabel on the 0th Inst. having left his camp on the 3d last with a view to the relief or Point Isabol, and to secure his ma gazines. Previously to leaving the camp, the General completed some field works, one of which may be called the citadel of the position and is strong enough to resist a regular attack of six to ten days. This work is in the form of an irregular hexagon with bastioned fronts, and has capacity to receive twelve hundred men, but can be well deleiided by five hundred. It would be very difficult, if not impossible, for the Mexicans to carry this work by* storm; indeed it would be no easy task if it were attempt ed by well trained troops. This work, however, may bo reduced by regular attack, 4>ut if skilfully defended it can hold out ten days from the opening of the trenches. Oen. Taylor has selected an excellent and brave officer to command this position, smd there is no doubt that 'Major Brown ana his gallant regiment, the 7th, with the artillery under Capts. Bragg and Lowd, will continue te Justify the confidence placed in their skill and courage. Oen Taylor, it is presumed, relying upon Msj. Brown to maintain his position until the 14th or 19th inst, will remain at Point Isabel until rc-inforeements reach him, and in the mean time he will strengthen the works at the Point My calculation is that 3300 men will have arrived on Point Isabel by the 13th or 14th, the manner of which is riven as lollows :? The regulars from Tensacola probably arrived May 11 The regulars and Mobile volunteers per Augusta " 10 The battalion of the 1st In La. vol. pr Galveston " 13 The La. volunteers per Telegraph " 13 The La. volunteers per Day . " 14 The Texan riflemen from San Antonio, Austin, Houston.fcc " I These forces probably amount to 3300 men. Oen. Taj lor brought 3000 mea with him from the llio Orande, ami there were fire or six hundred men in gar rison at Point Isabel under arms, which, added to the re inforcement* above stated, mako an aggregate of 6,600 Now when Point Isabel shall have been properly forti fied, which may be done in a few davs by the forces of Oen Taylor, three hundred men will be suflicient to re Kihtany probable attack on that point Leaving this force at Point Isabel, Oen. Taylor will then advance with ft,600 men upon Matamoras. In the meantime re-inforce ments will eoniinue to arrive at Point Isabel, so that it is calculated 10,000 will have been assembled under the command of Oen. Taylor by the 30th May. General Taylor will undoubtedly occnpy Matamo ras and await orders from Washington for further ope rations. One or two redoubts thrown up on the line between Matamoras and Point Isabel will socure the communica Uon with the magazines, and a baso of operations will be established. Very respectfully, yours, WM. H. CHASE, Majer of Engineers. Military Preparations. Pla* or Tm Camfaio** aoairit Mr.xico.?Oentle man from Washington report that the government, iftor consultation with tho officer* of the army and navy, and other*, have completed their arrangement* for a Mexi can campaign, with the *0,000 man, or such part of them a* may be necessary. Mexico, it is *sid, is to be invaded at four point*?with the C) e upon the capital, where is intendod the ulti mata concentration. To preaerve our force* from the cemitn, our column* are to march on the high region* of Central Mexico, which are &aid to be as healthy as New York or Penn s> 1 vania. 1 he command-in-chief, 1* to be in Major Oeneral Win field Scott, who, report tsys, i* to lead one column, Gsn. Wool another, and General Taylor another. The fourth loader we have not heard named. The great western division of the army, from Missouri, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin. Itc. will proceed direct into ths geld region of Han la Ke and New Mexico, sending a detachment into Caliiornia by the short route discovered by t aptain Fremont. Thi* will bo a column of hunters, trappers, wagoners, settlers, srmed wandering tribes, that fight with the rifle in one hand, and work with the plough in the other. The Mormons will probably be in this column. A column from tho southwest will rendaxvons, it is said, st FortTowson, on the Ked River, Louisiana, from whence there is an ancient military road, in good order, acrou the high table land* of Upper Texas to the city of Chihuahua, in Northern Mexico, there uniting with tho road* from Santa Fe, California and the Pact So, which all join the great military road at Chihuahua, leading to tho city of Mexico. Both these routes are most delightful for a summer campaign. 1 be main garrison will probably be establiahed at the Presidio del Norta, on the right bsnk of the Rio Orude, an the road from Fort Towson to Chihuahua, which mm* to be the most central place for keeping up aain torrupted communication with all points. Chihuahua is sxactly in the contra of Mexico, due west of Bexar, Texas; and duo osst of Uuayamas, a port on tho West Coast, in Lower California. Meanwhile the Mexican forcos are to be divsrted ss much as possible from assailing our columns by a con tinued bom bard anon t of the castle of San Juan dTJUoa, aad the occupation or blockade oi every port of impor tance on tho Gull of Mexioo, or on the Pacific. rrnclamstioaa in Spanish are to be broad cast, promising protection and liberty to the Mexicans from their military ruler* ; security to tneir churches aad their priests, snd dsnvuncing all who oontemplste " a ravel in tne halls of Monfxunia," or tho sacking of the churches, and tho ' robbing of tho (old mtaos. (Krom the Picayune ] ?" ! A socond company lias boon formed at the Climax Cofiso-Houso , U, he called Avengers. They have elect ed w illiam .tlonhcgsn, t sptain. They are equally as olfective looking s body oi men ss the first company. On haiunlsy I wit, s number of pstriotic ladies present od * l?ir oi l esutilul flags to Ui<; volunteers under com mand ui Geneial Psrailor K. smith. A tine company, consisting of st least 107 men, reach ed here vesterday morning from tho town of Piaquemino and parish of Iberville, under command of General o S . Ho?.e?u, as Captain ; Wm. H. Higgins, as first Lieut: and truitsva Lauve. as second Lieut. They are almost sil jcjusg n-sn, sad sre all from the paiish of Ibervillo. A'oompaay of about 00 men slso arrived here ye star day from the parishes of East Baton Rouge and Iberville, ' under the command of the Kit. Richard A. Stewart, at Captain. Captain Stawart i* a worthy clergyman of the Methodiit persuasion, who allow* notiiing to prevent hit discharge of that duty every citizen owei to hit country ! in the hour of peril. Pla^uemihe, May 11, 1846?11 o'clock, M. | P. S.?Half past a o'clock, P. M.?I have two incident* ! to relate that are worthy of record. One of our young volunteer! was thia day married, at 9 o'clock, and will ' embark with hi* comrades in half an hour ! An honest old Creole gentleman of this parish has just arrived with his two sou*. "Hero, gentlemen," said he, " are my two boys ; I offer them to go and fight for their country. I thought when they were born that God had i blessed me with that which would make two men, and I have not been tnistakon. Go. boys, and do your duty? God bless you." The name of tho father it Victor Du puy. It .? with no small degree oi satisfaction that we are enabled to announce that volunteers are pouring m from all quartors, and tho idea ef resortiug to a draft is aban doned. VeUerday uo less than 437 volunteers came in from four different towns in the State, and the full com plement of four regiments required from this State, un der the requisition of General Taylor, will soon be filled up, and we doubt not double the number. The various recruiting officers in this oity are also ebtaiuing hourly accessions to their numbers. The steamship Now York sailed last evening from this city fer the Brasos Santiago, touching at the bar racks, and taking on board four companies of Coluuel Marks' splendid regiment of volunteers, all armed and equipped, and waiting very impatiently to be at tho seene of action, where they will doubtless crown them selves with the highest laurels. The steamship Alabama leaves thie evening for Point Isabel, and will take down live more companies belong ing to CoL Marks's regiment. wo are muoh pleased to learn that the Legion will turn out with fuller ranks than they ever before had, and that the greatest enthusiasm exists among the officers and men. Major Gaily'* corns of artillery, it is said, will muiter fully 170 men, and the rank* of the Orleans Ouard* have increased to 300, sufficient to form two com panies. Among the privates la Gen. Wm. De Bny*. We learn that the Legion have determined to have uniforms made of some light material, more appropriate to the heat they will experience than their thick cloth coat*. It 1* stated in the Cvurirr of last evening, that General Lewis, being the aenior Major General of the State, f>re*ented hi* claims to the Governor, as entitling him to he command of the Louisiana Volunteer*, and that they were immediately acceded to by his excellency and the two Brigadier Generals. Several of tho firo companies of this city have volun teered to go to Texas, and are organising. The residue held a meeting a few nights since, and signified to tho authorities their intention of remaining, and their deter mination to ase their utmost exertions in their own pe culiar department, atul to act m a military force in de fence of the city, or in case the use of citizen soldiery should become necessary. Tne steamer Clinton j esterday brought to the city a company o( 105 jbrave volunteers, who mustered in Ra pides, under the command of Capt. Stewart and Lieut*. Waddell and Patterson. They are a magnificent body of men. The steamboat Undine brought yesterday the most sa tisfactory proof that onr countrymen across the lake take the greatest interest in the situation of our forces on the Rio Grando. Immediately, upon the reception of the new* at Covington, a company of volunteer* organ ized tinder Captain Solomon G. Staple*, the brother-in law of onr worthy postmaster, Mr. renn, and yesterday they came to thi* city 105 strong, in the Undino The steamer De Soto brought down 96 volunteer* from the parish of Rapides, under the command of Capt. G. M. Graham and Lieutenant* Smith and Holt; the iteamer Highlander alio brought 0 volunteer* belonging to Capt. Keane'* company, from the pariih of Carroll. It will be *een, by the following orders, that another regiment of gun-men i* to bo raised for the United States service Head Quabtebs, Weitebh Divine*, ( New Obleani, May 13, 1844. J Col. Wm. B. Lewi* i* hereby authorized and requested to raise a regiment, or a battalion, of mounted gun-men, to consist of not les* than five, nor to exceed ten compa nie*?each company to number leventy te one hundred men, to rendezvou* at Opelonsa*. where they will be muitered into the tervice of the United State* for duty upon the Rio Grande, for *ix month*, unlet* *ooner dis charged. The United Statei Quarter Matter and Com mitsary of Subsistence will be instructed to ittue the re quisite supplies of camp equipage, forage, and tubiistence, upon the requiiition of Col. Lewit. EDMUND P. GAINES, Maj. Gen. U. 8. Army, Commanding the Western Division. [From the New Orleans Delta, May 13] Capt C. C. Whitley, whose gallantry ana patriotism is conspicuous, is now organizing a volunteer company, the " California Rangers," whose destination, as their name purports, is nothing short of the the .fertile plains of Cali fornia. The roll is nearly filled up, and the company will be mustered Into service in a day or two. Rendez vous corner of Poydras and St. Charles streets. [From the N. O. Picayune, May 13.] The Steamship Alabama has been chartered by the Go vernment at 16,500 per month, to convey troops, Itc., to Brasos Santiago. [From the New Orleans Jeffertonian, May 13 ] We hear that a numerons body of the froe colored men ef this city propose to offer their services as soldiers. Many of our colored inhabitants are respectable and worthy people, holding considerable property, and are sincerely attached to the country ; and the patriotiim that diciatei the proportion it worthy of all praise. It occurs to us, however, that it it entirely inadmissiblo. Oen. Jackson acccptod their services in 1(314 to repel in vasion, and they proved themielvei worthy of the trust. If the city was in danger they might properly share ic its defence. Even our slaves might be, with propriety, employed. But the present campaign will consist oi offensive operations. We shall not euiy force the enemy across the Rio Grande, but, in all probability, oush onr arms into tho very heart of Mexico. In a war of invasion we cannot employ men of color. If we set such a prece dent, we shall have no right to protest against the em ployment of a similar foree against us. should we become involved in a war with Great Britain It is distinctly understood, that if tho English ever land a regiment of blacks in this country, we can giaut no quarter to prison ers. It will be a war of extermination, markod with blood at every step. And we must bo careful Uow wo set the nreceJent. when we march into the teiritorv of another power. [From the Mobile Register, May 14.} A One number of rolunteert lor Texan. 106 in nutnlrci'. readied this city yesterday hy the iteamer Oallaa, from Montgomery, on their way to the icene of war. Their officers are Captain K. hlniore ; Lieutenant* A. 8. Cook, and T. P. Millor ; Sergeants J. Martin, J. II. Coleman, P. Fitzpatrick and P. Uaugh ; Corporal A J. Moore, and Surgeon L. C. Duncan. A finer body of men never took the held. They have gone into camp, we unJcrst&n.l, but will proceed to New Orleans today or to-morrow. [From the St Louis Reveille.) We are informed that the Native American Rangers, officers and private*, forty-five in number, being out yes terday, on company parade, decided, unanimouily, te of. for their service* under tho requisition of Gov Edwarili. Mr. John C. Dent, of Oravois township, St Louis county, lias enrolled upwards of fifty practiced marksmen al ready, and will receive applications at No. 43 North Fifth street, to complete a corps ol one hundred, An express was sent for Col. A. R Hasten, the com mander of the Legion, to his residence in St Charles, on receipt of the Governor's proclamation. [From the Washington Union, May 20.1 Applications continue to pour in upon the President from volunteers, who are anxious to serve their country. Among them is the Hibernia Jackson Guards, a company from tho sixth division of Pennsylvania militiu. Fayette Guards, from Brownsville, Pennsylvania. A lull regiment, equipped fully, tendered by Governor Shunk, of Pennsylvania. The President has also had an otfer of one regiment of mounted Cherokee*, tendered l-y S. YVatie. A volunteer company from Kredcricktburg, offered by Mr. Willis, and several other applications. The true spirit is moving over this city. A large crowd of citizens assemblod the other evening at the City Hall, to recruit volunteers :<>r'Texas. The meeting was first addressed by Lieut W 0 Po-frof the navy, the son of Commodore Porter, act the brother of the gallant officer Who was lately killed on the Kin Grande. They were also addressed by Mr. ? Martin a representative from Tennessee, and Col. Richard \f. Johnson. We understand that t*n voUntcer companies, each consisting of about sevemy men, have been formed, and ottered their services to tU?- President?one commanded by Captain Bronaugh, and the other by Captain Watera. A third company is in a rapid state of formation. A meet ing haa been catied, by a card from Kdward Brooke, Esq., in this evening'* Union. These i>atriutic efforts are hign ly creditable to the citizen* of the metropolis. it gives us great pleasure to state that Governor Ed ward*, of Miaaouri, on hi* way to this city, issued an order for 1.00U volunteers from hi* State to be held in readiness. He is now in W ashington, and visit* the North for the purpose of making some important finan cial arrangement* for hie mat*. He expect* to find the 1,000 volunteer* ready on hi* return to Miuouri in about three week*. The newspapers in all directions are teeming with acene* of thi* description. We refer to the spectacle which i* now exhibited at Baltimore, and detailed in thia evening's Union, a* well a* the scenes that aie now acting in New Orleans, for the particulars of which, we ref or to our extract* from thi* evening'* Southern mill [From the Baltimore American, May 37.] OisisiiiTioK or Voivstus Coars fob tm* Utsirco States Siavicc.?With a view of obtaining the requi site Information as to the government of the volunteer corps now organizing under the late act of Cong res*, a letter wa? written a few day* ago by Major General Stenart to Waihington, making all needful inquiries on the subject. icply of the Secretary of war 1* an* nexed It appears to contain every necessary direction, and, if extensively circulated, will save a vast deal of trouble to all parties interested. It will be observed by the accompanying memorandum that no provision u made for a company of Artillery:? Wax Dcpabtmbist, j May 19, I#46. ( Sir?In reply to the inquiries contained in the letter of Major General Steuart, and in other communications, submitted by you to thi* department, I bave the houor to inform you that the rule adopted ia to call lor volunteer* that arc required from any particular State, through the Governor. This ia an act ol respect to the Executive of the State, due a* wall to hia position, a* to hi* generally superior knowledge of the character and efficiency of the volunteer* thioughout the State, the section* from w is most advisable to take them,and which of them can, with the grealeat facility and leeat expense, be eaa bodied for the service for which they may be required. Circumstances may, however, occur to render it expe dient to accept offer* of service direct, without the intervention at the Governor, when an application to him might cause delay. Applloationt of companies, re giments, Sic. to enter the service may therefore be made direct to this department The law, a copy of which is enclosed, provisos that the officer* of volunteer* shall be appointed by the pro Kr State authority, in tho manner prescribe d by the State ?'*; and the accompanying memorandum allows the number of ofllcors,non-commissioned officer* and privates, and the organization of companies and regiment*. Tho law also requires that the volunteers furnish their own clothing; aud, if cavalry, their own hordes and horse equipage Such as are already uniformed need not change; such a* are not, and contemplate uniforming, are at liberty to adopt *uch a* they think proper; but It 1* advisable that all *fho may be called into the service adopt their dress, as nearly as circumstances will permit, to the nature of the servico that may be required of them, aod te the character of the country and climate where thev may have to servo. Those that (hall lie accepted will be armed and equipped at the expense of the United States, and will be inspected and mustered iuto the ter vioe by an officer of the army, or by one appointed by the Governor, at such times and places as will be specified when their serviocs are called for. Very respectfully, your obi servt. Ho*. Wm. V. Gilbs, W. L. MARCY, House of Hep. Secretary of War. Memorandum of Iht Organization ?f Volunttor Corpt under tk* Jet of I3?A May, ltMti. A company of cavalry, or mounted men, will consist of 1 Captain, 1 First Lieutenant, 1 Second Lieutenant, 4 Sergeants, 4 Corporals, 3 Buglers; 1 Farrier and Black smith, and 04 Privates, as established by order of the President A regiment of cavalry, or mounted men, will consist of Field and Staff Offlcert?1 Colonel, 1 Lieut. Colonel, 1 Major, 1 Adjutant <a Lieutenant in addition to the Lieu tenant of Corps). \on-comminioned Staff?I Sergeant Major, 1 Quarter Master Sergeant, 1 Principal Musician, 3 Chief Buglers, and 10 compauies, for the organization of which, see the above. A company of Infantry (or Riflemen) will consist of 1 Captain, 1 First Lieutenant, 1 Second Lieutenant, 4 Ser geants, 4 Corporals, 3 Musicians, and 64 Privates, as es tablished by order of the President, A regiment of Infantry, or Riflemen, will consist of? Field and Staff Officer/?I Colonel, 1 Lieutenant Colonel, 1 Major, 1 Adjutant (a Lieutenant of one of the companies, but not in addition). Non-commietionetl Staff?1 Sergeant Major, 1 Quarter Master Sergeant, 3 Principal Musicians, and 10 companies, for the organization of which see above. [From the Baltimore Clipper, May 31 ] We are informed that a project is on foot in this city, among a number of gentlemen, to offer their services to the President, to go out to Yucatan, on certain condition*, and there to raise a body of troop* with which to march on the Capital of Mexico, for the purpose of revolution!, zing that Government They do not ask for money, but for provisions and munitions of war from our Govern ment to aid in carrying out the onterprise, after they ar rive in Yucatan and raise the proposed troops. We un derstand that the parties go to Washington this morning to lay their plans before, and make the offer to the Go vernment. The plan is a bold and feasible one, and might be successful. Mexico might as well knock under, for she is certain of being knocked into a "cockcd bat," if she does not Here's a chance " to go and revel in the Hslls of the Montezuma*." The several corps of Volunteer* which are organizing, were engaged yesterday in drilling and perfecting them selves in militaiy tactics and camp duty, at their several places of encampment and armories. The finest spirits pervade all the members of the Volunteers and Military of the city .and apart from those who will leave for the seat of war, we shall have a large body of citizen soldiers at home. [From the Pittsburg Gazette, May 18.] Judging from the activity in the quarter-master's de Sartment at the Arsenal, and among our government of cers generally, operations here have been stimulated by orders from Washington. Tho Viola left here last week loaded with cannon and munitions. The Hatchee Eagle leaves to-day for New Orleans with another load. We notice that shipments are making of carriages, which we suppose are for Paixhan guns, intended for coast fortifi cations. Knap It Totten are tftrning out heavy guns, balls, and bomos, as fast as the large force of hands they employ, and their large amount of machinery, can do it The " Forks Infantry," of Elizabeth, have held a meet ing, and resolved to take the field whenever the Presi dent may demand their services. This is a fine company, and will give a good account of themselvea should the government require them to march to the seat of war. More Canadian Opinions on the War with Mexico. [From the Montreal Herald, May 19.] In preference to any observations of o-,ir own, we pre sent our readers with the following: articles from the Uni ted Mates' press, by which, they w ill observe the conflict ing opinions held bv our neighbors on the subject of the " existing war" with Mexico. There would appear to be three distinct parties among them. 1st. Those who sus tain the warlike policy of the President and his cabinet, and who boldly advocate the invasion, with a view to the conquest and " annexation" of Mexico. 3d. Those, who, while they en'irely disapprove of, and repudiate the acts and objects of the Executive, openly acknowledging the injustice of their cause, are still, from a mistaken principle of national honor, willing to sustain that unjust cause with the whole energies of the nation. And lastly, those who hold?and wisely?that, " no true honor, no national benefir, can possibly accrue out of an unjust war;" and who, loudly call upon the people to arise in their might, impeach their rulers, and thus, avoid their being precipitated into a fathomless abyss of crime and calamity. This last party, however, if we are to judge by tha votes in Congress, must be nearly powerless ; nnd w'e have, therefore, little doubt the attempt to invade and conquer Mexico, will forthwith be carried into effect? We have, at the ime time, a* little dciuht, that the at tempt will result, a* it ought to do, in disaster and defeat Notwithstanding Mr. Polk's rhodomontado about the inter ference of Kuropean power* in American quarrels, nei ther Kngland nor France will stand quietly by, ami see a friendly nation?to say nothing of tlieirown peculiar in terests in Moxico?sacrificed to the outrageous ambition of the United States?a country, which, while eternaliv boastingof its free institutions, retains millions of it* own people in a state of slavery, and absurdity arrogates to itself an absolute dictatorship over the whole Wosteru hemisphere. Theatrical and Morten). P*ni? 1'hutii.?The " Beggir on Hnreeback" was performed night at the Park, for the first timo in this country, on the occarion of Mr. Barrett's benefit. It U not quite to entertaining a comedy as we had anticipated, though Ihcic i? plenty of amusing incidents, and net a little wit and humor in the dialogue. Mr. Barrett sus tained the part of Foxall with singular ability, and drew down the loudest applause from a very fashionable audi ence. The benefit of Mr. and Mr?. Dyott takes place to night. They are beth great favorites with the play-go ers of the city, and Mr. Dyott. particularly, ranks very high in his profession. An excellent bill "is annonnced for the occasion, ahd we have little doubt that there will be a large and fashionable home. 1'. would he n orth a day's journcv to see Mr. Vandenhoff play Rolla, and Mr. Dyott Alonu. Kenlall's Brass Band are to play se veral fine airs during the coarse of the evening. Bow>:av THtnTsr.-'The enterprising proprietors Of this popular establishment have displayed excellent taste and discrimination, upon all occasions, in the selection o^ the corpt Iramatiqur who sustain the popularity of "Old Bowerv." Native genius and talent cannot fall to suc ceed with its numerous patrons, as has been frequently manifested upon numerous occasions. Miss Julia Dean? a young lady just in the bloom of girlhood, a native of New York? has, within the last few evenings, played before this audience?having [lerformed some of the lead ing characters of the drama-and her powerful persona tion, in consideration of her extreme youth and utter in experience, has surprised some of the most fastidious critics of the day. Miss D. may be considered ? perfect "child of nature" in her acting. We perceive none of the made up, starched frippery, which has been acquired in the green room, or by rote, in her style of acting, which is sometimes easy, free, and natural, and some times too impassioned, too boisterous. We will not say that she betimes "tears a passion to tatters," or running to the opposite extreme, plays too tamely in some scenes ?but, the germs of genius which are so apparent in many of her leading points, prove her to possess, even at her extremely youthful age, ability of a very high order. We have seen her "Pauline," and most of her pieces since she commenced her engagement at the Bowery, and without hesitation, hazard the opinion, that few young ladies at their early onset have acquitted themselvea so respectably. She possesses a line commanding figure, but evidently wanta "management" to make the most of it ; a little more grace and dignity in her carriage, with some improvements which experience can alone suggest, and we augur that this talented young lady? girl, we should say?will be an ornament to the stage and the arduous profession which she has selected. Her Mari anne last evening, in the play of "The Wife," elicited re peated bursts of applause throughout. She was well sap. B" 1 by an effective aaste. Scott's Julian St. Pierre, e's Gontago, and Davenport's Ferrardo Goncago, were sustained with their wonted power and ability. The entire performance of the evening passed off most creditably Castlk 0*BBtw ? Another musical teirit was riven last evening, at Castle Garden. These are very finely got up, and the pure breeze of the river is of itself sufficient to induce persons to visit there It is one of the finest places in the city to spend an evening. Iaisn Music asd Histeav.?Mr. Meeney gives a lec ture on Irish Music snd History, at the Passaic Hotel, Newark, on Monday evening next Mr. Joeeph Burke is to give his first concert in Roches ter, On Monday evening next. Alsakt, May 20,1M?. Efftct 0/ the late Merit an Newt?Walker* t Concert? Sale ?f Stocki The burning of Matamoras, snd the defeat of the Mex icans, as is said, was received here with much applause. This morning, several pieces of ordnance, under the tu telage and direction of some individual, were fired on the summit of the Cepitoline Hill. This (est of gunne ry was believed by me to be in honor of the figut ami the American arms. It, however, may have been a ie quiem of thunder, sang as a conduct of the spirits of the slaughtered to Paradise. Walker's Concert last evenly was a brilliant thing. Haiti of fttedu at iikAiiv. EXTERIOR VIEW OF.'flTRINITY..CHURCH, Consecrated May 21, 1846, LiCMgth, 1M FmI, 4 Inclie??Brt-mltli, N7 Feet?IIil)(ht of M|>Ir?, 484 Feet Wo herewith present our render* with two engravings, representing the exterior anil interior of Trinity Church. The interior, as seen from the centre aisle, shows tho magnificent window over the altar, painted in the richest color* ima ginable, all of which are burnt in, and will retain their brilliancy as long as the Church stands.? It has been rumored that this workmanship was executed in Europe, but such is not the case : ir was all done here, by Mr. Abner Stephenson, in a shop erected on the premises, and we should say, from the specimens here exhibited, that he is certainly at the head of his profession. He lias been steadily employed for nearly three years in completing this beautiful work. The centre figure in the grand window, represents our Saviour, sur rounded by six Apostles?St. Peter, St. Matthew, St. Mark, St. l^uke, St. John, and St. I'aul ;? these figures, as also the various other des:gns, are laid in with colors so brilliant that it is impos sible to give any thing like a description of them. In fact, the whole of this window shows the most perfect specimen! ol" this art we ever beheld.? Mr. Upjohn, the architect, likewise, has evi dently displayed the highest degree ol talent in the designing portion of this immense structure, which is all in go?d keeping, and in most excellent taste. There is not the least portion that strikes the eye offensively, but all is blended together beautifully. The organ is a superb affair, having cost $15,000, including; the outside case. There are one hun dred and thirty-nine pews, each of which will contain seven persons ; some, however, fcre much larger?consequently, we may estimate the pews to hold one thousand and fifty persons comforta bly. The church is very lofty, as you will observe from the representation. It is built with brown stone, which, combined with the enamelled paint ed glass, produces a fine sombre effect. The sen sation produfced while in tl?o Church is certainly beyond description, and must be felt to be in any way appreciated. Consecration of Trinity Church, Trinity Churoh wu* consecrated yesterday, in the presence of about three thousand people. Long before ten o'clock the side pews were till ed with people, as well as the aisles, the body of the oburch being reserved lor the clergy and in vited guests. The congregation was ol the most fashionable and rtchtrche cant, luid a ma jority of it was ladies. The church looked beautifully. It contains thirty-live large windows?seven lower ones on each side, two in front, one at the back, and nine upper ones, 011 each side. These win dows are all composed of diamond shaped glass, of variegated colors. The back window is very large, and contains, in stained glass, life-sizo I pic tures of the Apostles and the fcavior. The ellect of the light ooming through this stained glass is indescribubly beautiful, it is not so glaring as that of Grace Church, but is soft and meliow, and striking upon the wails and floor of brown free stone, imparts a cheerfulness to what would oth erwise be too sombre. Playing in all the varied colors oi the Iris upon the auar and the pulpit, it seemed hue u beatu ol promise and hope. The arched root is supported i?y six Ireestone |lllhfl on each side of tlie cuuroii. There are 13# puws in the church, all itiuUe 01 plum >tuiiied ouk. The pulpit, whiuli 1.1 on' the leu hand ol the altar, | is also of the stuns material. '1 he steps of the al tar, are nun hie 11.1 welt its the altar itwil, which is ! of mosaic woik. On the bucit of the altur ate I lour tablets, on which are iiiscubed the Lord's prayer, ' the ten commandments, and tne creed, 'ihc reading I desk is in very unique my la. it is biouzed cast iron, ana 1 in the form ot a raven, i he ceiling is s vory fine arch, and is 67J leet in height, and th<> whole interior is in ! imitation oi brown lr??sUMM. 1 uc oigau is a very Lug* one, and finely toned. It is situated nt the east end of the chuich, dneciiy over the entrance. 'J he church was fill ed long licit re the time lor commencing the scrvice. At half-past 10 o'clock, the procession, consisting of about 'Jwi clergymen, dressed in black lobes and white surpliccs, loruted at Hunker's, to march to the church. The procession formed in the loliow nig order : I. The sexton* ami their assistants, with staves. 3. Tito Kector, Teachers, anil Scholars of Trinity School, founded in liOw, and from that tiniej continued without interruption. 3. The Architect, his Assistants, and Master Work men. 4. The Vestry of Trinity Church, with the Officers of the Corporation - o The V estiie? of the city churches, (in the reverse order of dates ol organization, vix : the last organized to be lirst in the line.) ti Students in tlie General Theological Seminary of the 1'rotestant Episcopal church in tne C nited States 7. Lay Trustees oi the 1'rotestant episcopal Society lor promoting Heiigionand Learning in the State of New York. H. Trustee! of Columbia College. 0. Lay Memliers ol the Stauuing Committee of the Diocese, and Lay Welt-gate* and supernumerary Dele gates to tho Ueatial Cunt ention. 10. nt range is specially invited. II. Cieigy lu, not ol tlie degree of D. D. |-i Doctors in Ulvuuty, in turplicea. 13. ilie ttinhop. before entering the church, the order of proc??alon was soinc*aat changed, to Unit tne schoolboys of Trinity kchoo,, to tbu of about a hundred, enteied the nave ol the citttfcu brat, aiter which came the Vestry of 'inuity cburcii, aiu u>e oisiiop, tollow ed by the Clergy, 'ihoy enteieu ibe ChuitU at aowut 11 o clock, relating, me h.?no(i and cletgy, alternately tue j4ti, p. alia, the cungregatlwu iH,n| ami lumaimng on then l?-et. Vvlule uac pioceaiion was being sealed a voluntary was pU)e>l upon the orgin, in a beautiful and loi.-ntn manner. The churcn is wolt auupte.i loroigan music.? The rich toues swell and vibrato through the alcoves and among the pillars, and striking the high arched.roof, reverberate again to Uie ear of tlie congregation. 1 he organ was played by IJi. ilotlgw Alter the volun'.siy, tl.e usual col", cciation serviwi Ol tno hpiscopal church wajrtad by Usvhup Met oskry, and the letter of consa ' cration by tho Rev Dr Taylor An anthem, " The Lord it in hit holy temple, let all the earth keep tilenc# befor# Him," wa* theu suag by tho choir m a beatiful iuanu*r. We understand that Miss Julia Northali was areong tht singers. The morning prayer was then read in a eolomn and impressive manner by the Rev L)r Wainright. alter which the 84th, lJ'ld, and 13ad psalma were ehauntod by the choir. The first lesson, consisting of tho Hth chapter of lit Kings. 2-J.l to 63d verse, was then real by tier. Mr. Southard, after which te ileum was beautifully sung bv the choir. The second 1> won, consistiug of lOttt chapter of Hebrews, 19th to 2tfth verse was read by Rev. Mr. iiaight. The 'id and 3d verses of the 21 st selection of psalms and Old Hundred were then sunij by the choir.? When these services wore completed, the church wu Eerfo< tly cilent. For such a vast assemblage, we ncvor eard no little confusion Bishop McCosaav' then ascended the pul'it, and preached tho following scrmt.a from the text?80th verso, 19th chapter of Leviticus?"Keverance my sanctuary. 1'he occasion which haa railed ui together, is uae to which thousand* have looked forward with the deopoat Interest It has called together to-day greater number* than anv other occation of the kind within our recolleo I tion Ibis interest hus arisen from various causes. The inhabitant of this wide-spreading city bus no doubt oft?B stopped amid the care and anxietr of his business aJfairs, and admired the beauty of the odiflce now completed.? I The man of science has looked With an approving oye | upon its boautiful proportions, and persons of all class** 1 in society, and all relations in life, have looked with plea ! sure upon it. It is a costly and magnificent building, and | wo hold to the view, that wherever God gives the ability, the silver and the gold are to be devoted to His honor and glory. This has been done in the rase of this church. How grand, how magnificent it is ! But, my brethren, there is now attached to it an interest w hich man cannot Iive. Its chief Klory now is, that it is the house of the ,ord. Ye*, brethren, such is it now?the palace of the Lord, and the palace in whirh he delights to dwell That God has taken possession of this house, we cannot doubt. ! The scripturo teaches this truth " Let them build mo a tr ' bernacle," said Cod to Moaes. The testimony of all th > frophets is to the same effect. It is no loss true now thai! formerly. Tho multiplication of houses for hi* worship has not lessened his interest in them. He does not, cer tainly, give them sensible evidence of his presence, al; formerly, but he is still, as ever, present witn us as with his children of old. At the family altar, by the fire-side, in the street, and in the forest, he is over to be found by his children ? but no where in so special a manner as in the house set apart for his worship. Hence it is. that < iod is present in his churck, to show forth hin glory The history of God's dealing with his people snows that in all their difficulties they were directed to proclaim a fart anil call a solemn assembly, and when the earth had yielded abundance they were led to a public thanksgiv ing. Therefore is a house necsesary for the assembling together. It is in his hiase, also, that God has given tbe : most signal exhibitions of his praco. Hero he show* to us the process of our redemption. Here he permit* ' tho devout recipient to partake of the spiritual fovl ? I Must not God delight to give his presence where men I are raised to virtue and to piety 1 What must be the ef ! feet of the teachings given here upon the youn^ tvho 1 shall listen to them I It cannot hut he an increaaed desire for every thing productive of goodness. What are the lessons liero taught them 1 Love to God, and lof# to our fellow men. These are beautifully embraced in catechism of our church?to honor father and mother?t# regard the civil authority, to he deferent to their spiritual teachers, to keep their hands from stealing and their ' mouths from lying, and to live righteously aud soberly. Now, brethren, it is impossible that such lessons should fail to have a good effect on the minds of those who hear them Moreover, it is by this means that God intends to bring the world to his feet. Other means may be of value for a while, but it is the church of God which is to bring all croatures to him through hi* Son. God haa promised to be with his ministers in all their effort* to extend his kingdom. If God doe* in a special manner then visit his church, is it not plain that a portion at least of all we possess should be given to him 7 That the sil ver and gold, the forest tree and the mineral, the skill of ' the architect and workmen, should unitedly be usod for j the advancement of his kingdom, and for his great glory. ' It is true thst he visits the humblest place? that none is too poor for him. liut still, this does not excuse those i who have the means to build splendid temples, from doing ho. God, in former days, refused offerings, because they were not of the best, and why should ho not now T Thern j is too much of tho spirit of tho betrayer of our Lord abroad in the land. When tho woman came to our Bo^ I vionr with an alabaster box of precious ointment, and . poured it upon his head, it was asked, why has this been i wasted? But Jesus accepted the offering, we feel, there fore, an honost pleasure in offering this house for his accep tance. We are glad that yesrs of toil have not been consid ered too much to prevent its completion. And we are glad that tho emblem of our faith has been placed on its sum mit, that the wayfaring man may see it, and remember hie duty to his Makor. We believe that God will hern par form tho wondrous works which will redound to hi* honor and glory, and be of value in the salvation of many souls If it be true that God is to be found in hi* house more than elsewhere, how important it is that its doors should be open continually, and an opportunity of i lered lor all to come within its gates! We rejoice that 1 such on opportunity is here to be offered?that hero the voice of praise and prayer shall daily be offered ?that ; the passer-by, the man of business, may be invited in to ' praise God. We expect, and humbly pray, that thou I sands may her* receive the blessed influences of tbe { Gospel, and be brought unto the Lord, in whom is their ' salvation After the sermon, the following anthem was channted j by the choir, the congregation rising :? " I have surely built thee a house to dwell in ; a eeV i tied place for thee to abide in for ever. " but will God, indeed, dwell on the earth ? Dehold the Heaven of Heavens cannot contain thee ; how much I less this house that I hive builded ! j " Yet have thou respect unto the prayer of thy sor ' vant, O Lord my God ; that thine eyes may be o| <n to ward this bouse night and 4ay, e'en toward the place of I which thou hast sai.T, My name shall be there j " And hearken thou to the supplication of thy acrvant, 1 and of thy people Isnel, when they shall ptay tow ard | this place ; :ui<l hear thou in Heaven, thy dwelling j'lace, ' and when thou heurcst, foicivo. ' " If there be in the land famine, if there l>e pestiJeii-e, 1 whatsoever plague, whatsoever sickness there be, what i praj or and supplication soever be r...u!o by any man, or ] by all thy people Isruel, which sh ill know ric.j man the plague or his own heart, aud spread forth his hand* towards this hou'-e, " Then hear thou in Heaven, thy dwelling plncc, ..nd forgive. " Ac I the Lord said to Solomon, I have lis-.rd thy Grayer. I have hallowed this house wbirh thou l.ast uilt to put lay name there for ever ; and mine cj e* and my heart shall be thoro perpetually. Amen. Halle lujah r* The communion service of the Rjiscopul Church wae then read by the llishop ; uij I bj' er the prayer for the whole stats of Christ's ( hurch Militant, the rsir lounion was partaken of by tho communicants ol the .hoick, i * hen a blessing was pronounced by tho Bishop, aiul the ; congregation retired. Wale* of Htneks at Iloiiton. Msv2f>?Brokmis' Boari>?12sln Ol'l Celo-iy It 11. lij.'f, , 3 i'rovidrnrr KU, 109; IJfl Headline KR, Ti2; 10 Nor k Wor RU.H^i M do, i-'V; t Wra era Rit. MV; Jfl Lour ! Wqd , KK a n ids. SIM; 71 do s o inds. 31V; VI do a o ids. 31 !a; de i ?'>000 KrtUluK KU Bd., I SKI, so 3d,. 71V I At Arc no*.?-i *hs Lowell Mvisf Co, new, 2 -il'VPST ctadv; I Boaton fc. Maine RR. new, 107V a 10J; 7 We .era IIR, :ii a 0'i'4 ; 31 State Bank, UU\\ 1 Atlas Book, Vt At : Untie liank. flGU; 43 Market Bank, 71 a 73}?; 7 Mncli* Bk, lnj;Sfl Suffolk Bank. 121W; IS City Bank, 'JR, ( I sim limit, tOtW; 7 Granite IJink, 97V; 20 New K.n.'land Worsted* i. 71; , 1 Mi-rcl)a.nU' LschsnK*, 1 Bout Mannf* < o 4 i (Vj.r*r rt adv; 0 Msniifirturera Itis I n, toiV a 101V; 1 Copper r" .lis I Co. SH; I Suffolk Manuf Co, 21V per ft sdv.r, fVi > id' ?e Itlt, ITO; 2.i Old Colony RR, 104; >>4000 Boston City I-i?e t ?j l ent stork, payable IHii, |mr; $i0?0 .Mb.inr Bi?per< * t w RR Bond, 4*4 psr et sdv; 10 I rrtifiratra Mass Slrrli i < F'?e ; p *r <'ent Bonds, ?200 ea, Wk; ( ertllirstts of I' in H.ihme city. lVsas, $12; 2-lis Hamilton M inufi . ri i Co, 4 a 4)4 |?er ct jdv. Hairs of Stocks at Philadelphia. Kisst Bos IU>?May 21.?$071 Le hitch Ks, 10; 100 'to UMii 1471 dolO; Jf, aharrs Farmers lit MechaniM Bank. 40'., \rr is Bo?af>?IrtO shares Norri?town RR, 7J|; id- '"'la delphia Bank, 101; 1 do I'moii Bank, Teuo, 50; lOOd'Guard Bank, bi, 9!?. ,, .... HKuotn Bfia?r>?#4100 Lehish r.a, M; 3ahs F.andMeeh*''JJ* Hoik, 41V; 20 do, 40; 2j# Wilmiu|ttou KR Bond?, I OH, 7J, I0M do, 71. STATE MUTUAL LIFE ASSURANCE CO.. OF WORCESTER, MASS. Pbesidewt?Hon. JOHN DAVIS, of Worceeter. Vice Presidents?Hon. ISAAC DAVIS. STEPHEN SALISBURY, Ee<i Tiemumi-WM. DICKENSON, M M(c*et?*t?C. HARRIS, Esq THIS Institution hu been nearly one year in oparatioa, and hu iiiurd a larger number of policies than any othac company (doiuK bnsiness upon tha cash principle,) m tha United States. andt thns far has mat with act Inaeea. J'ha ob jatt of tha founders of it being benevolence, iu affairs ara managed with great prudence and economy?tW aipanaaa being laaa than one-third of those ?rf other similar institutions. First class risks only are taken, and hiving a guaranty capi tal of SIOO.000. affords ample secarity to the assured, and ea ablea the company to rednea the ratea of prammm below thoae of any other company either American or hnirliah The reputation ofthe gentlemen entrusted with tha msnage ment of ita affaira la wall known throughout the country, ?>d tha regular mcreaaa of bnsiness from all of the Sute? within the limita of residence prescribed by tna Directors, given sa tisfactory evidence of the estimation ia which the institatioa is held. The anntial meeting of tha compaay look place on the ftth instant. The report of ita nfllcera shows reanlia fsvorable La yuid the eipectation of iu moat aanguine fneiida. Forms of application aud full particglara of the plana if doing business, can ba obtained at tha office in this city, No. I Post's Building, Hanover street, rnmVD^AxVoT' (Agent of the Coatpaay in this eity.) Post's Building, comer of Eichenge and Hanover sta. A. Sio*gT Doanr" M. D.. Medical Eiaininei^M \\ arran street. mv ? ?t eod?r A v( r.U?Uy a respectable middle ageu Woman. a aitaatiou to cook, wash and iron, in a small p.irtu lamily. The beat of city reference givan. Apply at JJ Mo^ roe street. in the raar. lt re - WANTED. A COPVUT who wntee a qmck and legible hand, haviag J\ some leiaare hoara during the week, ia animus to ea uUt 'hem in copying or writing ap books. Aildresa M. H. at fne office of this pa|>er. myt?tfr wanted, AN es|>erieoced manufacturer of wheat starch.One who on deiai inds th* mmutacture of " Pearl,"and other qu hnea of starch, can hear of a desirable situation by aildr ? A. !l boi I1JJ, Boston, Maaa. Poat Office. MrANTED--A situation by a respectable Won-m. aa tt Wet Narsa. Apply at No. 7 Thaiaea street, back baaement. >1 > R*'C THREE DOI.LARHREWARD-^rai ed from tba undersigned, on Tnesdsv monnng. the Ifi >i , ?}., a,brown colored Newfoundland Sh?? lr '! 1 "r,I hair, a strip of white between the (hre lets. . d i 'Ml leather collar on her neck, u" rra "> iv#" The abova reward will be ,i>? Ivr REM SEN, cornar Jth svenuc a >4 lit!. si.. wy?l It W

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