Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 22, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 22, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Krlilay, May 44, 1H4?. NEWS FROM THE RIO GR.WDE. MILITARY PREPARATIONS. The news that cume yesterday will I* found on the | outside of this day's paper. W# are now hourly expecting 10ml important intelll gence from the Mat of war, which wa shall istu* in an Extra Herald as soon as received. The news boys w ill .therefore, keep a sharp lookout on the north-* est corner of Kulton and Nassau streets. Ili-rald Supplsinmit. We puMish another Supplement this morning, to he served to all our subscriber*. CONTEXTS. Tlie Baptist Consouliou iu Brooklyn?Tlie Kius Arts Sporting Intelligence?City News?An iutere?tni|[ srticls rs Utire to Mrxico?Thsi Court Proceedings of yesterday?Let ters from Washington ajid Concord, Str., See., fcc. This supplemental sheet is cheap at two cents, yet wo furnish it gratuitously to our subscriber* Weekly I If raid. This publication will be ready for dolirery at 8 o'clock to-morrow morning. It will contain all tho intelligence from the IUo Grande; the proceedings of the great War Meeting in the Park; the consecration of the magnificent Trinity Church, with two beautiful illustrations, See., lie. Trice sixpence only, per copy. The Foreign News, We have received sixteen dnys later intelligence from England, by tlio steam ship Britannia, which arrived at Boston early yesterday morning. | In looking carefully over our exchange papers, we find no news of importance concerning this country. The latest accounts from the United I States were to the 4th ult. from Washington, and i to the 7th from Boston, and before the Oregon ? debate was determined. Our readers will ilnd a synopsis of the news in this day's paper. It seems that ebullitions of vulgarity and bad feeling in legislative bodies, are not conlined to the model r. public; for our readers will perceive that the liurels acquired by our legislators in this respect, have been torn from them, and now grace the brow of the British Premier, and Mr. D'lsraeli. These gentlemen had a blow up, re sembling, in a great degree, the scenes that occa sionally happen in our Congress, in the course of which the lie was given in the most abrupt man ner possible. At the last accounts, Mr. Smith O'Brien was monopolizing public attention. Our readers are ware that he is the violent repeal member of Parliament?the successor ol O'Connell, when that gentleman shall be gathered to his fathers, and the unsophisticated representative of tho re volutionary, or young Ireland portion ol' the re peal party. lie had signified his intention of not serving on any committee whose business did not relate to Ireland; and on his being appointed on a committee of another kind, he refused to ?erve. The House accordingly directed their officer to take bun into custody; and ho remained ao at the last accounts. The Irish coercion bill passed the first reading by a majority of 149. Our talented countrywomen, tho Misses Cush man, are making rapid fortunes in England. The press, without exception, speak of them in the highest terms. The Wsur with Mexico?The Metropolis and the Republic. The monster war meeting which was held in the Park, in this city, on Wednesday evening, was probably the largest assemblage of free jieople which ever wns held in this metropolis, or in any other part of the country. It was the develojje .nent of a great fact?a sublime fact, namely, the perfect union of all parties, of all ages, of all class es, in supporting the American Government in the thorough and energetic prosecution of the present wtu with Mexico. Throughout the whole city the schac'.iles of party and faction were broken at the lir?t onset. Democrats, whigs, natives, all were united in exhibiting one sublime spectacle of en thusiasm and support of the war. There was, in deed, only one little exception?one small blot,? tho indelible, the minute, the small, but miserable stain of abolition?insignificant in wickedness and numbers?which marred the beauty and sublimity of that vast assemblage. The war is begun?party is broken in pieces?the country will be united; and the government, in all its branches, will be supported by unanimity and en thusiasm. We have recorded extensively the unanimity of nil parties, and of all the factions, in this great movement against Mexico. Yet there are indi vidual grumblers besides the fragment of aboli tionists?grumblers in the daily press and out of it?grumblers in private and in public. There can be no doubt but that many selfish leaders, both of the whigs and democrats, entertain hostile views towards the Executive, in consequence of the manner in which this war has been brought on. We lament to see some Wall street journals?no doubt under the influence of selfish stock-jobbing interests?wishing to raise a clamor against the proceedings of the administration, and the conduct of Mr. Polk, by whom they allege that this war has been brought so suddenly upon the country. This ought not to be so. We admit, to the fullest extent, many of the errors attributed to the admin istration, in managing the recent negotiations with Mexico. A year ago, we called, and loudly called, the attention of the President and his Cabinet to the plan ami policy towards Mexico, which alone was proper to be pursued with such a country. It embraced an open, frank, anil determined oourse of action. We recommended the appoint ment of a special embassy, requiring an instant reply, either war or peace, at once. If peace? well: but if war, then the usual constitutional mode might have been followed, recommending it to Congress, and letting it deoide upon the merits ol the question. Instead of this, Mr. Polk sent privately, and in an underhand manner, some stray consul, asking if the Mexican Government would receive a minister from the United States* That was bad. It was pretty much as il'two gen tlemen being engaged in a quarrel, one of them should send his cook or chambermaid to ascertain from the cook of his opponent if the other gentle man would receive him at his public entrance, or if he would be kicked out if he rung at the door. We admit the awkwardness, the vacillation, the want ol foresight in the administration in bring ing on the crisis with Mexico; but tliis is not now the day or the hour to complain. The country is in war with Mexico?the eyes of the civilized world are upon our actions. Con gress has recognized this war by one of the greatest majorities whioh was ever given to any measure. Its opponents are only a handful ol abolitionists, or the discontented and disappointed leaders of the old parties. The great mass of the people of this country, as we have seen developed in the great meeting of Wednesday last, are decidedly, united ly, enthusiastically in favor of the government's carrying it on to a successful termination. Let, then, the Presidont and his Cabinet have a chance of showing to the country and to the world, that they are able to meet the cri?i?, and to conduct this war to a glorious conclusion. Let them have another chance for their reputation und their talent, if they have any. What then is to be done 1 How ought this war to I ' prosecuted \ It i* of very little consequenco to the general result of the present crisis, what mnj be the issue of affairs upon the Ilio Grande, ?\sth-y stand at this moment. General Taylor, no doubt, will show what the valor and the vigor cf an American officer and an American army en do. But now that our country is in war, that war mutt be prosecuted on a l?fg? soele, am pi* rttonniM, srtth great object! la view, and with profound genius. The government, there fore, must take tlio responsibility ol making every arrangement for this piirjiose. We learn that in abouta fortnight or three weeks Gen. Scott will leave Washington, to take com mand of the urmy of invasion. It will consist of about thirty or forty thousand men, regulars and volunteers. When they shall have been sufficient ly prepared, drilled and equipped, which will be in n few months, they will proceed to the frontier, marching by different routes ami in different de tachments across the Rio Grande, and up almost to the gates of Mexioo. They will be concentra ted within filty miles of the capital of that repub lic, and peace will bo dictau-d on our own terms. We trust, however, that before this invasion, and while it is in progress, a manifesto will be issued by the American government, proclaiming our purpose to be, not to invade or trample un dijr foot the inalienable rights of the Mcxican people, but that we make war only to put , down those military usurpers and mountain banditti who have tram pled down the common rights of ten millions of Mexican people during the last fifteen years. Let the American army march, with l)Oth physical and moral weapons, into the interior of the country, and when there, let us call upon tho Mexican people to organize a gov ernment upon popular and democratic principles, such as we possess m this republic. Then, when they shall thus have established such a govern ment, we shall have a guaranty that a treaty will bo respected, when such treaty shall have been made with a properly constituted government. This is the course of action which, we think, ought to be pursued, and which has been partly agreed upon by the American government. It is possible that the present usurpers of Mexioo may endeavor to obtain the interposition of France and England. Those powers may, it is possible, send their fleets and armies into the Gulf, under lome pretext or other. But let them do so at their peril! .We possess the materials, moral and physical, on this continent, of establishing in Mexico a free re public, such as our own; and having established such a government, and put down the usurpers? with all which the Mexican people will be well satisfied?they will be allowed to take their own course. Nor do we expect that tho priest hood in Mexico will be against us ill these mea sures. In the United States, the Catholics, as.a sect, are guarantied all the rights they can reasonably desire. They are increasing every year, and spreading over the land. The same pro tection would be socured to them in Mexico, when Mexico shall have established a republican government, if she desires to retain her existence as a separate nation. In the meantime, let all Opposition to this war be put down, in every and all directions. Common Council?Local Improvements.?The new Board of Common Council have now been duly installed in office, and have held their first regular meeting, commencing under auspiccs of | a very favorable character, provided they earnest-, j ly desire to carry out even an instalment of those I reforms under the city government for which the 1 people of this large metropolis have been crying out for years. There will be but few changes in office this year, to occupy tho nttontion of the Common Council, whose solicitude, upon all oc easions, for their political friends, in procuring them appointments under the Corporation, neces sarily takes up a large proportion of their time ; and, therefore, the less difficulty will remain in their way for turning attention to matters in which the citizens feel a deep interest. We hove so repeatedly urged upon the consideration of each new Corporation, as they assumed the reins ot office, tho propriety, the necessity, of paying some attention to improvements about the city, and pointed out the mode of proceeding, that when we consider the course of former Corpora tions, who, in the blindness of party fanaticism, have forgotten their duties to the citizens, we al most despair of being able to succeed. Tliero are numerous crying abuses in all quarters, which demand the immediate attention of the Common Council, from the start. The condition of Broad way was never so disgracefully bad as at present. The pigs, and dogs also, wander through our streets at this season*, in defiance of a law ordi nance. Then, there is the dead house in tho Park, a standing monument of corporate neglect, or abuse?or, call it what you please?that would bring disgrace on any country village. This nui sance has been felt for years, and stands in the midst of our population and public courts, where there are frequent thoroughfares, thronged with passers to and fro. A project for opening Canal street to the Bowery was also in contemplation, some time ago; but that too, like all other " re forms," has been sent to "The tomb of the Capnleta," amid the din nnd conflict of party. We have had, time and again, some new scheme of reform ?some project set on foot for advancing local im provements?but party, party, party, hat nipped such project in the bud?and while some of oar worthy fathers in the Corporation were making every energy to procure a paltry appointment for some petty official, the great duties connected with their ofliee have been neglected. But, as we said before, the labors of the Corporation, in this respect, will be comparatively light this year ; and as there are numerous crying abuses every where staring us in the face, we trust that our city fath. ers will now earnestly apply themselves to give us some practical evidence of their earnestness in the cause of reform. There are several young members elected this year, in both Boards. They are, therefore, not versed in the tactique of party, nnd we would recommend them, in limint, to take up some local abuse, and advocate some mea sure of reform that would be popular with the cittzens and of advantage to the public. Thin would ensure them reputation and respect; and as there is a wide field for the exercise of their la bors, we trust th? Corporation will proceed at once, and do something to improve our city. New York was never in so disgraceful a condition as now. Methodist Conference?'The Christian Advo cate and Journal.?An angry debate was expect ed to have taken place yesterday in the Seventh street Methodist Church, before the Conference, in relation to the course of tho Christian Advocate and Journal, which had been made the subject of excited discussion during some few days of the past week, in consequence of some objections, aa to its course, having been made by Dr. Bangs, j The Journal, it will be recollected, is conducted ! by Dr. Bond, who had been charged by Dr. Bangs with having used its columns to personally assail i himself, and, also, the General Conference. Much to tho disappointment of many persons who had assembled, the whole debate was cut off by the passage of a resolution proposed by the Rev. Mr. Lloyd, in favor of the " previous question," and cutting off all debate. Tho question on the reso lution to approve of the courae of the Advoratt was then put, and carried by a very decided ma jority. It has been intimated that Dr. Bangs in tends to enter a protest. ' The License Election.?As far as heard from throughout the Suite, there appears to be a large majority for no license; nnd there is little doubt that the tcc-totallors have triumphed. In the city ol Albany the majority for no licensc is 1,510, and in Schenectady county about 61*). * Gas.?Can any person inform ns what is the matter with the gas 1 We are frequently bothered with it, and sometimes have. tr> grope our way in the daik. Last evening it reaisted every attempt we made to throw light on th? foreign new* k. ceivrd by the steainahip. idricn ncetfed by Adami ft ?0, Hanriei in, tnd Mr. Fisher, over the L. I. Bailroad. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAM SHIP BRITANNIA. SIXTEEN DAYS LATCR FROM EUROPE. THE 0RE60N QUESTION IN EUROPE. THE COTTON BASKET. State of the Money Market :?.:bh aosp.oioir bill. PUItST SCEXE IN PARLIAMDT. etc. dir. Sic. The steam ship Britannia arrived at Boston, about half-past six o'clock yesterday morning, bringing Liverpool dates to the 5th instant. The news is unimportant. Tnere was quite a " scene" in the British Par liament on the 25th, and Sir Robert Peel in effect, gave tho he to Mr. D*lsraeli. Tiie imprisonment ol'* Mr. Smith O'Brien, has become one of the primary topics of the day. The com trade remained in a very unsatisfactory state. Operations were suspended. The slmro market, about betag freed from the dead weight which had so long oppressed wat, is recover ig its 'tono. The cotton market sustains the improved feel ing that rnltd when the last steamer sailed. The House of Commons came to a division on the first reading of the coercion bill on the even* ing of Friday. The numl)?rs in its favor were 274; against it, 125; majority, 143; 3) whigs voted in the minority. The accounts from Ireland fir# fdoer-.y, and every day adds to the misery of tiie people in that unfortunate country. Before the summer is over the yJis\iess will have been greatly aggravated. The proceedings in Parliament have been very multifarious, and very unsatiaf&etorf-. A plot had been discovered at GlOgau for the release c*fPolish prisdriers there, and several per sons coir^rfted in it had been arrested. Numerous attempts have been made lately at Brussels to excite the lower classes against the government, by distributing incendiary pam phlets and handbills amongst thfm. The French papers contain ample details of the attempt on the life of Louis Pliillippe. That mo narch never stood so high in the opinion of the French people, and this monstrous effort to shoot him in cold blood has elicited much warm and generous sympathy. Most pitiable accounts continue to reach us of the sufferings of the people in many parts of Ire land, by famine. The efforts of the government and of private munificence, seom to fall far short of what the exigencies of the case demand. The Prussian government have stopped all le gal proceedings against Itonge. The Queen's accouchement is expected to take place at Buckingham Palace about the middle of May. The Martnion, Captain Edwards, which sailed last week for New York, had a freight amounting to ?2006. " The quantity of cotton twist and yarn exported from England in 1&45, was 135,144,865 pouads. and in value ?6,963,235. The number of German emigrants on their wny to the Atlantic ports this season has been estimated at 80,000. Large quantites of cloverseed. from the United States, have been imported into Holland and other European countries. New York Packet Ships.?The New York packet ships running to London, are competing with those to Liverpool in point of speed. The Roscins and Prinoe Albert lelt Newlork on the same dny; the former arrived at Liverpool on Sunday the 26th utt.. and the latter landed her papers on the same day nt Plymouth. The news, via Liveroool, was published some six hours be fore the Plymouth express reached London. Commercial News.?Large quantities of Ame rican provisions find their way to this country by almost every arrival. With an anticipated scar city of bread stuffs, the records of the barrels of flour and of beef which cross the Atlantic at the present time, are duly paraded in the columns of the daily press. They point a moral of a gratify ing character i for when the restrictions which have hitherto impeded that branch of commerce are removed?as removed they will be?it is im possible to guago the extent to which~the i.rovi sion trade between England and America will be carried. At present there are upwards of 400,000 barrels of flour under lock in Liverpool, all of which will be removed at the low duty when tho corn bill becomes law. The com trade remains in a very unsatisfactory state. Operations are suspended. The trade merely supply their im mediate wants; and this lethargy will continue until the fate of the corn bill is decided by the House of Lrf>rds. The best-informed public men are sanguine that the peers will pass the bill; and a personal friend of our own, a popular member or the People's House, writing last night, says :? " The opinion still gams ground that Feel's mea sure? wul pass , through their remaining stages without the country being put to the ngony of a dissolution. We hear a dissolution spoken of at the clubs, but it procoeds from those who are mimical to the free-trade principle. Every re volving day convinces me thatd?e consummation of our triumph is at hand. You may safely an nounce this to your American readers as a Mot." The writer has the entrtt of the best political so ciety in London, and we rely with the greater confidence on his statement, as we hav? been previously indebted for valuable information and suggestions from the snme high and unexception able source.?Liverpool Timet, May 5. J. ROUBLE IN THE 15R1T1SH PARLIAMENT?ImPHI aoNMKMT or o? of its Members.?On Tuesday, the popular brunch of the Legisla urc was engaged in discussing what they should do with one ot their refractory members?Mr. Smith O'Brien. That gentleman had been put on a committee to which a group of railway bills had been referred. But when the intimation was conveyed to him some time back, he stated, in a letter to the chairman, that he would not serve; that his duty to Ireland was his first and only consideration, and that he did not consider himself bound to attend to any affairs unconnected with that country. Thus matters stood until Tuesday last, when the com mittee on whicn Mr. O'Brien's name had been put, met for the first time. True to his declara tion, he did not attend; and the chairman of the Committee of Selection, Mr. Estcoart, reported his absjnee to the House, and ended with a mo tion that he had been guilty of contempt. Mr. O'Brien was present during the early stage of the proceedings, and, declaring that he stood to his original intention, withdrew. A long debate en sued. Two divisions took place, the minority in the first onlv numbering In, in the other 13. A majority of 120 declared Mr. O'Brien guilty of contempt. What makes this nffair more absurd is, that Mr. O'Connell, Mr. John O'Connell, and other Irish members, whose patriotism is at least as pure as Mr. O'Brien's, have been serving on railway committees this session, not only without grum bling, but witli zeal anu talent. Mr. O'Brien so licits martyrdom, and the House of Commons will raise him to that dignity by incarcerating him a few days in a small room attached to the pur lieus of the building. Easy " martyrdom !" On Wednesday tiie House met at noon, when a motion was madoby Mr. Fielden for reducing the hours of labor in lactones from twelve to ten hours per day. The Government strongly oppo sed the motion, which itands adjourned until Wednesday next. On Thursday Mr. Smith O'Brien, still proving refractory, was taken into custody by the sergeant at-arms. Last night Mr. O'Connell was to move for his liberation. At the meeting of the House, however, he announced that he f-hould not pro ceed with that motion, at the/>frrm;>f<>?7/ rer|iie^ of Mr. O'Brien himself. Obituary.?The Earl of Errol, in his46th year, in London. General Sir Henry Kayh-v, Colonel of the 8th Foot, at his residence in London. Gen eral Sir John Moor Disney, Colonel of the 15th I Hegiment of Foot, in his olst year, at his London | house. Sir Win. Boothby, in his frith year, who] married, about twelve months buck, Mrs. N'isbett, the nctrt ??>. On the 30th ultimo, njjed 73, Sir [ Howard Klphinstone, Bart.. G. C. 15., father of Mr. . Howard Elpbimtoite, M. 1. for Lewes. **? <1?11 ?Um t .1 ^ro" t-oixioB Timai, April 30 1 In the whole Course of the Oregon npiroti??irm and the protracted debates to which it hu 5 rise upon the other tide of the Atlantic. LEj has beenadvanced by any side to e?iual the at? the' wlinl ^25? * Pere,nJ,tory assertion that the hole question was settled more than Wn years yo l,y the treaty of Utrecht. 7 he Ameri can public was evidently unprepared for so deen ajplunge into the history of Eluropoan treatie? Several of the newspapers appear to hare a va-m* tTeyea!rT^ ?M '"*>' *** ^ , : rar ,8,*, ?f 10?- Mr. Benton, however reso lutely jme, back to the Duchess of Marlbo'roSrfj avnrr?HrIi' tl'ou{5h h? subsequently averred that he had not looked into the English theComm 40 yeaMi B"(! " '? uPon the labors of land ? 1^1,l"l0,V;i8ua,T?!nted by France and Er.g. tf.nr 1 Iur- J'Kh article of the trcaly of Utrecht fiSt!" > d.ni" th<i,4W' p^ailel ?? tho establuhed frontier betwosu the two states to the Pacific, 1 ?r * * * * ' ? These questions must be settled in ottrdaVtinon Z&ZV of policy and jnitice, JoTC 1 I v nrf fl 1? con,truction of an old treaty or i ^^1^"#wh,ch cun impose on nothm- but'the 1 ffsyssffi1 SSSSs^aSKS PoSr^dbM^Jvej^?!|nanlberof Peif?n? of the wick wharf, Black wlffttt th? Gntns by one of the stonrnshma ? i?r *? * since. Steam XHvigartori Soa&an'a? Gunciu' ?>nif^tinK to XewYbk!I&tnH ?**? purpose of

ink' arrived aflur the ann^ii,???r '" 8,8 ' but ljav which they were to sa?l w?? ?kr1 ve#9el in America by the thin <?t An? v ? ? rc^e(Hl to busineivKd^ ?iTll"n<rie?al ho?" worldly prosit, ^a? r r,CV,np tl,eir ^"nea, the nofgffiffiitfte ?f?pm our sister island ami latter more particuSwrty to CanarT' ^e for that n arlr of M^ aT pBnlxl embarked states to an extent not fnr'mTV^ a.s .well as other the appear "c^f the ne?ny H"tlclPate<l. From in* from gSXSJ- toffA f,re -^rnt j-gjU.rin.om. pinicil?. With Tuesday night's tide On wJ those under Slh?fc! character from wide Atlantic, ^dwh^ aM diiSiS1iCrOSSed lho SSSS^^op' proved an advant^e 3i' m'ght have succession of contrary rJuP 1 stfaminB. against a proved that such but experience soon ^as.B.yny ?r? ?!' not necessary now to enlarge ' ? h 'i 19 iiisiii a main-topmast and ton-gallant ,.?v ?arnes ?$?* lrn? Ja KmVheiht.SlS iu?yasPdrhapS' 5,1 of finhmSSri^ilh the' f?reniaM Rnd fourth ofethe" ritr thp OrMt 1 . vvith her old ntyle v!? .k J i ain behaved well under can h6r last homeward pas ii^Droneller ? of steam, in consequence of rencC uSeleSS f.,,beCn *? ?ha?ereA as to be nS^hoJr^l?f^ the Mersey .C ?i * Britain re-entered trial trin o?24 a ? a moi<t satisfactory Her m ,h,e Iri9h Channel ryTor Uie nre? R, ,b*trUCtlon ren<^red it neces^sa u-?V,u ,?. u Britain to maintain her course on S52P '^rn^hfn? S yieius to the direction of the helm Tlie ?... Om iT Bkitsi*, S. 8., Liverpool, April >0, 1840. ; To the IMrectori of the Great fVeitem St ta mi hip Co. OentlemenI have very gnat pleasure in acquaint ; ing you that the result of our trial trip hai been entirely i sati?fartory. and that the whole of the alteration* hare proved decidedly beneficial. 1 The ship left the Coburg Dock yesterday at ten minutei < before one o'clock. We had Meiiri. Brunei, Field, and Ouppy, with Mr. J. Milla, Mr. Bright, and Mr. Wood croft. patentee of the new screw, to witness our per formance. j Wo reached Holyhead at 30 minutes past 7, having | bo a ten the Cork steamer Nimrod mora than a mile per I hour. During the night we ran slowly back, and at 4 I A.M., this morning, the mail steamer Prince was close to : us ; we then gare her steam, and left the Prince about a | mile per hour : again ran to her, and left her the second , time at the same rate ; continued making observations on , the engines, he-, until we met the fast new iron steamer, Sea King, with which vessel we held way for about half an hour, as long as we could run for the snoals. The boilers have given ample steam without any diffi culty, in fact, with easy firing ; and our consumption of I coals much lessened ; the alterations in the air pumps, I valves, Sic., have answered everjr expectation, and tne screw ii, beyond doubt, better than the old one. We had Jnst 500 tons of coal on board when we start ed, and I feel convinced our speed, under steam alone, is 1 equal to anv sea-going steamer j and 1 also feel confident j that, with the assistance of canvass, she will surpass, in ?peed. any vessel afloat Our highest speed (steam alone) ; was 11) nautical, or about 13} statute miles per hour, the engines at that time making lflj revolutions. We docked ' again at high water to-day. Offering you,gentlemen, my hearty congratulations, I remain, most faithfully yours, [Signed] JAMES HOSKEN. St. Lawrence and Atlattc Raii.wat.?A meeting of the shareholders of the above Canadian scheme was held on Monday, at the George and Vulture, Cornhill, London, for the purpose of a? certaining whether they hod any and what chance of getting back any portion of the deposit* they had pain into the hands of the English provisional! j committeo for prosecuting the objeotsot the trans atlantic promoters of the measuro. Only eight or ! ten persons were in attendance. Mr. Aggu was cailcd to the chair. A long and tedious dialogue took place between the chairman ?nd the solicitor of the provisional committee, from whiehit ap pears that the capital to be raised was ilo00,000. In 12.0(H) "hare?, of which JO.OOOwcre to be got rid of in England, and 2000 in Canada ; of 'bese, 7(>00 only were allotted in this country, and 5000 in Ca nada. In England, 2683 were paid upon, and the 4367 not taken up were cancelled, and the allot- , tecs, singularly enough, relieved from nil rcspon?i bility. Of the 6000 apportioned to Canada, 2367, had been subscribed for, but nothing of a satis factory nature was stated as to the amount of money paid up. The deposit per share paid upon the 2ri33 shares taken up tn England was ?4. out the deed had been signed for 630 shares only.? Notwithstanding all this, the directors, it .was staMdt in Deoember last declare that the ooa flfciwnrWull <h?(jr hjwf from the first fiiimiMud '" l.h* undertaking had been much strengthened, and that the subscribers had rea?on to be gratified at the prospects before theiu. The clmimian of 'qymjt announced that persons, holding 1800 M Pa,^ UP Kagtsh .hares, had cx 'nnrnnt? i'r demre 10 haye the concern " w,nH,fP' .,10 "''J?01'011 tuken to the desired ,1 '"r,ujP> W!1- glared to Ix- grounded ou j the iirrS' J* !\uU "ie person who put forward or AttnrJsfffi rlu r*s C0UPtry nre t^e mere agents or? of theL>iw 2.na4'W promoters or direct ilmr.i 11 scheme, To this it was urged that the note ,S?5T?SnfW ,,othminS of ,h? Cahadi.n pr? inoters, and hud never before heard that the uro 7o1^^3?t"WCrea?enU *r attorney? only I I '".e Canadian promoters of the concern ft P? ;A0Wever' S,a,ed Umt naar'y tK whole of the I knghsli dejjosits were in the hands ' f ...? ? ! sional comtnmee, ori-em, Av?f, * ui llie ptovi although t'n#y haa been ailvisodUml of theSolicitor-0?!heral, that thiy would srtfc to ptty back the deposits ^"tW? Ji "ot 1x5 of the Canadian VnT posed to hon9r a check Irom Canada for th,> ? meat o? the deposits towards the construction Si tae railroad, ft was ultimately resolve! th?, 9. MM mexjiediant to proceed with the measure ?ptiroiK 'ihc S'roji.'' cities ol Persia already count by thousands the nUntber o their dead who have fallen viuim? to Asiatic cholera. 1 he tme or route taken bv it appears to je almost due west, for it attacked in regular succession the cities of Bokhara Herat J leshed, lehernn, and Ispahan, while recent ac counts lrom Odessa state, that two or three cases Asiatic cholera had been observed at Tifia ? Should it continue t<? adtfiirice at its nresent it may be looked for in Eastern Europe*a ve? short time. Indeed it is statad from Riga that?t has already broken out at Orenburg antPKasan and that several persons at St Peti?r?hi.?.?r i ' been attacked by the w?S^*T*S!m $2 usually precedes the chplera. a>seas? that Franeei Our dates frer* Paris are of the 2d inst. a,/ aftfmnt 1VCnt ?f l-10 Pre#ent month has been n" ? 0 ,lasassinate King Louis Philinne P" $e. afternoo" of Thursday, the 16th instant' U>r 6am. t^,?71P,an'ed W the Queen, his si* fe^KTaniily'?th^ ,1,Crti* ^TaKSfift.TitSifcBS serv.ee as a. keeper in the forest. Some montf.s ago lie was dismissed from his place on account of misconduct. A pession, however him from the Civil List. He wantcTt J getlS pension converted into capital, but being refused! i conceived the most violent antipathy to the in test had done him. The King's secretary in renlv lfistrreTl im?,t0 ,e ^.teudent-General of the (iivii L<ist. This he conceived trifling with him and j^brauS^-TSTE; carrLura ^jdlfuT Promenades goes in a large carriage called a char a banc a tort of v?n capable of holding a dozen persons. Generally Queen-th 98tim^ KSeat' T thc skle o(' the on th? fi rlt 7 .h?ppene<^ to toko his Place fi" , ? eat.? a,ntl? l)y an error of a position the carriage arrived a few minutes sooner than the assassin had expected. These trivial circum stances saved the life of the King. The latter caused the assassin to hurry to his place where ^essSn pVghtly ?agi,tated; an<f the' former a.chtmge m the position of his hand v hereby his aim was somewhat deranged Hail the King been, on the seat that he generally oc K kiui!]6 cl"t!^e> he ,wouid certainly ^.nve whizzed rot'nA i KWa?' "I?01 and a bullet wnizzeu round his head, and made holes in thr M\* Yf\!Ul Slde' rwhilst tho wadding of the gun fell on the knees of the Queen. His Maiestv as usual on such epoasions was perfectly calni fir?HCOTOSed- J*^ateiyon tEe ihoU be t g fired (they were ?ro froin a double-barrelled nrn" nn? i"*. ,}? ? Queen? "Don't be afraid?I am not hurt! and turning to the postilions, who had involuntarily stopped, lie said, "Now then go on?go to the chateau !" Nothing in his man lust' 'had hi8roice? sllowed that he had mst had so miraculous an escane from n in attend Meanwhile, one of tile grooms from kTi ice 1 ?nu l,he fcaled the waif iSyo k?us? rl Ssl'Cc the hussar otticors "having eren"d?ffku|? C,".""' conveyed to kji., Pand isnow awSgb hi? tn?aT which will take placeibefore the Chamber of on th'n t'U"l!ant to ,he law "hich places at,empu on the King s person under its peculiar inri?ri the'lChiir TKscountlrcJ,"vows his intention to kill 1.1 tA ^'.i, u ? 18 no doubt he will be condemn ed to dcatli, but it is probable that Louis Philippe who has a great horror of blood shedding will J?t allow him to be executed Tt ,1?.. jhat he is th? tool of poliu'cal factions af mh? would be regioides were; but the ministeS newspaper, tRe Journal dt, Dtbat,, insi?Sh? .Tmi, Trt-1 "i,hcr,b>r 8?rC.r^ eTfrnm ?h. ' howcveT^ ^om all that has appear f' . ,?m the Present, an at.rocious calumny tosav . the miscreant has acted from private motive/ and pnvale motives alone. TlJ King's has called forth heartfelt congratulations from all classes of the people, from Both branch of the legislature, and from all public bodies. The Bri tish residents in Paris have even held a nublir meeting, and voted an address to the King W? of Siam from the 1st of July next wiHnot be cons.dereA a, thc produce J[ K American Aflkln among the French. The report of the committee of the Chamber of Depu tiea on the law for establishing communications between France and America, hat thie morning been published and circulated. The committee recommend! the Cham ber to adopt, with all possible dispatch, the law autho riiine the Minister of Finance to treat with companies for the eitabllihment of regular communication!, by rail ing vessels, or by vessels working partly by sail*, partly by steam, with Rio Janeiro, Martinique (or Ouadaloupe), ' i the Havana and New York The same law direct* that secondary line* shall be established to La Plata, La Guayra, and on such of the ports of the Oulf of Mexico, 1 and of the Antilles, a* shall be designed by royal ordi nance. The government is to have the power of Axing I the minimum size of the vessels, and all details relative to the service. The committee has not fixed upon any particular ports in France aa the places of departure, but requires that the vessels for Antilles shall leave one of the Mediterranean ports. It recommends that none of the vessela shall carry more than 300 tons of merchan dise. As regards the New York line, it strongly recom mends that steam vessels shall be exclusively employed, and adds, " we hope, that seeing the active preparations which the government of the United States is making to establish lines of correspondence on divers points of Europe, and especially with Havre, it will be felt neces sary to haiten as much as possible the execution of the ' enterprise." The companies which are competing lor the conceasion of these lines, offer ffcvorable advantages to the government; one proposing to take the Brazil, j Antilles, end Havana lines, with no.other remuneration j than the postage of letters ; and all offering to allow tho , minister to fix the rate of speed, fcc., binding themselves to pay 1000 francs for every day's delay beyond the stipu lated time of arrival. The law will probably be paned in the course of the present month, there being univer sal anxiety to see regular communications established between France and the transatlantic world, and especi ally between France and the U nited States. The republican newspaper L* National has recently dragged to light what it represents to Iw a secret treaty between France, Austria, Russia, and Prussia, signed at Verona about twenty-five yeari sgo, and binding each of these power* to use all its efforts to put down representa tion oi the people, sovereignty of the people, public liber ties, and, in fact, to establish absolutism, and the "right divine of kings to govern wrong." The National bases the ant hen tic lty of the treaty on the fact that it is inserted In the Diplomatic Code, published by the authority of the American government, and received as a text book by every \mericap embassy. It has also appeared in some other American publications. The Gas tin de /Vanes, a j legitimist newspaper, says the treaty is all humbug, and that it is not worth being; regarded seriously because "it > comes from America." The reason iapalpebly insulting, j and none of the best) but it is hacked up by a declaration ' of M. de Chateaubriand, who ia represented to have signed j the treaty on behalf of France, that no such treaty is or | ever was in existence. If, therefore, such a document , really does appear in the official collection of treaties 1 published by the United States government for the infer- j mation of it* diplomatic agents, the sooner it be struck ; out the better. Mr. Polk'i message, recommending an increate of the army and navy, in consequence of the state of relations with F.ngland on the Oregon question, and with Mexico, has attracted attention. The message produced exactly the same effect here ss it nppeers to nave done in London. Kvery body, on a first perusal, set it down as warlike; but on second thoughts came to the conclusion that it was not warlike at all. On the Bourse the effect was the same: for an hour or two it caused n decline in the funds, hnt afterwards there was an advance, and the market be came firm. The majority oi the newspapers think that it need occasion no alarm as to the peace ef the world being broken. The Journal i*$ Mbutt, the leading news ixutisx-trssi, of the President, and ths roneral upset of opinion, there 1* nothing inquietlng The neuige ii e reply to en ad dren of the Senete; and It seem* that in the United State* and in England there la no doubt a* to the maintenance of peace. The language of the 1'ieeidet with reipect to Mexico is more lio*tfc; and it wee announced that en gagement* ted already taken place on the frontier." The Frrxc finds that Mr. Polk only imitates the conduct of England in preparing Tor war, ! ut finds it a grave matter that he choold announce that hi* opinion* have under Sine no change ai to the rijrhts of the United State* to e whole of Oregon. With luch declaration*, the Prttie say*, it i* all nonsense to talk of the hope of ma king as arrangement. "To say that lie still cntortatine the same Hens, Is to count on England making all c<n cession*, which is not llkslv. lit making that decla ration he tea created new difficulties. If it be * cal culation, it is an imprudence: if it be not a calcula tion, it is an obstacle to ap immediate arrangement" Thi.? '.?nra??? of the frrm 17 the MAr# remarlshtt from the fact that aotne month* ego. it declared that tag* land weald sootier hbsndon Oregon than have any tro'ublp about it Public opinion seems to- be pretty much thf same as that of (he Frtitt. The Courier J'ranttit eeya that the Bt"**e?e >s net mere of a menace than Lord Aberdeen s letters and speeches, but nevertheless finds it very grave. This newspaper has always maintained that lieither England uor the United States is entitled to Oregon, and it seizes this occasion to recommend the French government to insist on the whole territory to log declared neutral. Thd Hltc.lt. fluds that Sir, Folk could uot act otherwise than recommend art increase ef raval and military forces, and that, upon the whole, the ^'J3tUon between Englaml and the State* remains where it was. It adds that Mexico presents more danger* to the United State* than Oregon, for any annexation of I Mexican territory would be opposed by Englr.nd. and ; probably l?y France, whereby there would be a complete ! subtBrilon of alliances and political Interest*. That any i seizure of Mexican territory would be opposed by i France?and opposed to the utroo*t?ia, 1 think, clear, j from M. Gunot's sneechns on the Te*on bu siness. The Xntinnai, the republican newspaper, doe* | not think that Mr. Polk's message changes any thing in the Oregon question. It admires the President's flrm | no**. ana thiuk* that it will eventually force England to ? give way. The Rrformt. another republican newspaper, ! ?s enchanted with Mr. Polk; and pledges itself that Eng. ' land "will knock under," a* schoolboys say, Anything I said by the NaHenal Is entitled to respfcet, for it 1* always ' expressed with great talent, and may be received a* tc8 1 opinion of the republican party ia this country; but the Rf/orme is a stupid journal, written down to the intelli gence of commercial traveller* and such people; and bo side*, it possessesscarooly any circulation. Great interest hss been exeited by the discussion of the credits relative to the Marine. The Minister of Ma rine had demanded an extraordinary credit rf niretr ?hreo mlll.ons lor carrying the fleet up to 40 vessel*, of which 30 afloat ana 30 on the stocks; 06 frigstes, of which 40 efloat and 36 on the stock*; 1Q0 corvettes, brig*, he., and 30 transports; and 1C0 steam vessels, with 39,000 horse power. The Committee of the Chamber of Depu ties, nominated to examine the lew, proposed >6 vessels, SA frigate*, 130 corvettes, trigs, lie., 16 transports, 100 steamer*; jt,proposed also thet ?team engines cf S.9W horse t>o*sr should be piaced on 4 vessels, 4 frigates, 1 corvettes, so as to try the mixed system of sailing and steam: it also propoicd that engine* of 800 horse power should be placed on two batteries, to defend the entrance of rivers; snd finally, it recommended a reduction of 90,' 000,000 franc* on the ninety-five million* demanded by the Minister. The debate on the ministerial proposition, and the amendments proposed by the commission, occu pied several days, and was quite remarkable. Every one expressed the earnest desire that France should havo a powerful marine, and M. Thiers thought that she ought to have at least 60 vessels of the line, with frigates in proportion, to make a stand against Englaud. ilo showed, in common with other deputies, that the famous notion of tho Prince dc JoinviUe, that steamers were far more Important than ve**el* of the line, was all nou*en*e. He maintained that France would never want sailor* to man her fleet, for her in*cription maritime could be made to give her ?0,000 men, and upwards. On this point, every man who know* France must differ from this emi nent statesman, if by 60,000 men he moans 60,000 sailor*. France ha* icarccly any merchant marine?only one merchant veuel, I think, cf 800 tons, and one of 600; anil without a large merchant marine, succeuive fleets can never be adequately manned in time of war. Sailors are not made in a day. Eventually the Chamber adopted tho proposition of the government by voting tho 93,000,000 franc*. In tho course of the diicuuiou, it was remarkod that M. Thiers, and indeed every other speaker, 'poke strongly in favor of maintaining the English alliance I (perhaps it wan in compliment to Lord Palmerston, who wa* present); and M. Thiers also declared, when speak ing of the United States navy, that he could never bring ! himself to believe that, under any statesman, Franco j could be plunged into war with the United States. Among the documents published of this great naval question is one by the Baron Charles Dupin, Peer of | France, and formerly Minister of Marine. It i* to show ; the necessity of iticretsing the navy, and of building ; larpe vessels of war in preference to steamer*. In proof | of nis argument, M. Dupin cites the example of England. ! From his remarks on thi* point I make a quotation, to *how you what i* thought by one of the most eminent men in thi* country, a* to the determination of England to go to war sooner than to *ubmit to he despoiled of "the whole" of Oregon. M. Dupin says?" Within the last six months a great war party has manifested itself in tho United States. England thinks that in the Oregon aflair there is one of those questions of national honor whiih do not permit her to cedo to imperious injunctions. She | has feared, especially as the probable result of a war I with the American union, the loss of her immense pos ; sessions of Canada, New Scotland, New Brunswick, and i other colonies on the continent to the north of the great Republic. To put herself In a position to meet all dan ger*, she has, without affectation, but without mystery, made the most formidable armament It i* as fol i lows:? 1 Armament or Englaud in the Atlantic anb the Pa I ciric OcEAVS, READT TO MSNACC TMC UNITED STaTK, 1 on the 1st Jan., 1846. Viittlt. PrigmUt. 6 vessels, 3 deck*. 7 frigatos, of 60 guns. 6 vossels, of 80 guns. 6 frigates, 43 to 44. 3 vessels, 74. 1 frigate, 46. 14 rcfielt. 13 frigates and 14 corvettes. 42 Railing vessel* of war, commanded by poat captains, and, moreover, 7 steam frigates and oorvettes, disposable in the Atlantic and Pacific." The accounts of the indirect contributions for the first three months of the present year are ver* satisfactory, showing a total of 108,429,000 francs, being 13,600,000 francs more than the same period last year. Ibrahim Pacha, son of Mehcmet Ali, has arrived at Paris. He will be treated with almost royal honor*. The Indian victories of the English army have not excited the envy of the Paritiitn press, whilst'the majo rity of the more intelligent journals speak highly of the moderation of the English generals. La Prune, how ever, says that the English have taken great part of the Sikh territory; have compelled the Sikhs to pay an enor mous indemnity ; have forced the Sovereign to sue hum bly for pardon; and have inflicted every humiliation upon their vanquished foes. "And that," exclaims the Prette," our neighbors call moderation. Good God! what would they have done if tliey had not employed moderation ! The winter campaign in Algiers had finished, and tha last advices represented the colony as tranquil. The public companies of France, (railwa> s, insurance, fcc. fcc ) have capitals amounting in the whole to 206, 106,930,000 francs. The total amount of money circulat ing in the kingdom is from 3,600,000,000,000 to 4,000,090. 000,000 francs. The Russian government has caused to be laid before all the governments of Europe another note, asserting that the story of the persecution* of the Abbess Mleo zyslawska is totally false, and citing circumstances to prove its falsity. On her part, the Abbess declares that the Russian government is impudently imposing upon Europe by statements grossly untrue. One of two things is certain?either the Abbess or the Russian government lies most confoundedly. It la said that the fortune of the Rothschilds is not lese than 736 millions of francs, or ?20.400,000 British money. The profits of their house at Paris last year were 1.5S,000,? 000 francs ; and their establishments at London, Vienna, Frankfort, Naples. &c., alio produced large sums. By the magnitude of its operations, and the immense amount of capital it can command, the house of Rothschild is un doubtedly the largest and most important mercantile establishment in the world. A complete revolution is going on in what we call the mercery and linen-drnpery trades. Shops as large aa barracks are now becoming the orde.rof the day, and in them you can find every thing you want, from shoo rib bon up to window curtains. These immense establish ments require enormous amounts of capital: one of them has just been started with not less than 8,000,000 franca. In a few years time it appears that moderate sized shope and small tradesmen will hare vanished from the earth. It is, perhaps, the necessary consequence of the " go-a headism" of the century. Some time ago there was a revolution among the newe papers?all the principal ones being smitten with an irra sistiblo desire to inerease their dimensions beyond that of a sheet of foolscap, which had heretofore been their utmost limits. It appears that the expense has been hea vier than they oalculated upon, and now they are com pelled to reduce their size or to increase their price. In this country newspapers are very cheap?40 francs a rear being the ordinary prioe, and the highest of all being 80 francs. Their expenses are enormous; for thongh they don't spend vast turn* for procuring early intelligence, like the English and American journals, they have to supply their readers with romances and talcs from popular author*, and with criticism and politi cal essay* of a high order. For example, three news papers ere under engagement* to pay Alexander Dumaa 120,006 franc* a year for three romances; besides salariea varying from 6000 to 19,000 francs to a whole list of poli tical contributor*, theatrical critic*, reviewer*, redic teun, ike.; and it I* pretty nearly the same with all other journal*. And they have not. like the English and Ame rican journals, an immense advertising connection to de pend upon?for, thu* far, advertising in France is only in its infancy. Rocent letter* from China lay that there i* not much chance of France having any very great commerce with that country, her wines, *Uks, Itc-. not being required bjr the Chinese, but tuitable only to the European*, of whom at present there i* no very great number. On account of the large quantity of tea she take*, it was believed that England will, for a long time to come, possess the greater part of the China trade. The French ambassador hid taken leave of the English Authorities, and had been splendidly fetad by thom The population had manl iested great hostility to the " barbarian"," as they call the foreigners, and had threatened to barn the fa-tori**. Thereupon the Engliah and American admirals cent forces which overawed them- It was expected that there wonld be trouble* before long The lower order* of people attacked all Europeans or Americans; and, when the more mmeroaeef the two, beat them severely. According to all accounts, it seems that the Chinese want another drubbing to bring them to their senses. The government ia determined to establish the electric telegraph throughout France, proceeding gradually. It has demanded credits from the ( hamlier tor a Hoe from Paris to Lille, from whenc. will probably be extended to Brussels. The tri*l to carrv the electric telegraph across the channel, so as to establish instantaneous com munication between Kngland and France, ia looked for ward to with great interest The Monilmr, the official organ, ha* announced In Ita ?est type, that "Mr. W R. King, i'.nvoy Extraordinary Minister Plenipotentiary of the United State* of Ame rica,has presented to tho King in private audieooe the re. plies of his Excellency, the President of the United States, to the notification* of the birth* of their Royal Highnesses, the Duo de Poatfiievr* and the Prince >la f onde." Th? I it of May ji the /He day *f LmK FMUipl*-*