Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 25, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 25, 1846 Page 1
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mmmmmmmmmKmmmmmmammmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmamammmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmEsmmmBssmmmammBSBmBESBssssBSBBBaBamKsaBssBBassmi ?>. wsssasamrngssssssgsssssE. THE NEW YORK HERALD. * " : . v NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 25, 1846. ?"?? HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM THE RIO GRANDE GLORIOUS NEWS. THE AMERICAN ARMY TRIUMPHANT. TWO TREMENDOUS BATTLES. TWELVE HUNDRED MEXICANS KILLED, WOUNDED AND CAPTURED. THE MEXICAN ARMY TTO103 B.OUTBD. Sixty-Two American. Killed and Wounded. Capture of the Meiiean General's Paper*. WHAT WILL THEY DEVELOPE? EXCHANGE OF PRI80NER8. The Release of Captains Thornton and Hardee. IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. Arrest of Almonte'a Secretary. THE MEXICAN GENERAL, VEGA, CAPTURED, AND HUB ARRIVAL AT NBW ORLEANS. THE DEFEAT OF THE MEXICANS AT THE POINT OF THE BAYONET. Military and Naval Preparations in the United States. Ac., die. die. Wo are indebted to Mr. Enoch E. Camp, of the National Police Gazette, for the following highly important intelligence. It wu conveyed from Mobile to Montgomery by express, ahead of the muil, and from Wash ington to Philadelphia by Mr. C.r and then tele* graphed to this city over the lightning line. It appears by the Now Orleans Picayune of the 17th, and the Mobile Advertiser. ef the 18th inst., that there hat been two tremendous engagements be tween the American and Mexican troops, in which the latter lost, it is mid, twelve hundred men. Hie first occurred on the 7th inst., when Gen. Taylor was returning to his camp, off Matamo ras from Point Isabel, with a forco of sixteen hun dred men. Opposed to him were from five to ?even Uuxisand Mexicans. Ilu Mexicans were repulsed at the point of the teyenrt. The American Army slept on the fleld of battle one night, and on the next, two hundred Mexicans were found dead, and several piece s of Mexican artillery and a quantity of stores were captured by our forces. The most melancholy part of this, battle is the reported death of the brave Major Piinggold. The Mexican General Vega, th>? one that had the interview with General Worth, on the West huik of the Rio Grande, has beeu taken prisoner. The seeond battle took place ?n the 9th instant, commencing at 3? P.M., within three miles of Taylor's camp. The steamor Col. Harney has arrived from Bra cos Santiago; she biings official accounts of tliis second conflict. The action was on the edge of a ravine. The Mexican* commenced the action with their artil lery, whioh was ported so as to sweep a narrow pasmf^a through which Gen. Taylor was advanc ing, '.here being a swamp on the other hand, Gen. Tvtylor immediately ordered a charge in the teeth t>f the enemies destructive fire, and the troops, promptly responding, carried the enemy's guns at the point of the bayonet. So sudden and impetMr ous was the attack, that Gen. Arista had no time to saw Aw paptrt% which, with all his correspondence ftU. into the hands of Gen. Taylor. The action lasted one and a half hours, in which time six hundred Mexicans were killed and wounded, and the Americans took three hundred prisoners and eight pieces of artillery. The Ame ricans lost in the action sixty-two killed and wounded; among the killed were Col. Mcintosh, Lieut. Cochran by the bursting of a shell, Lieut. Ingo and one or two others whose names are not given. Col. Gates, Licuts.Verbanks, Hooe, Luther, and others won among the wounded. We regret to say that Major Ringgold, who was won nded on the 7th insc, died on the 10th, and was buried with military honors. 1\e total Ion of Mexicans, in both aciiom, teas at least 1200. The Mexioan forces amounted to at least 6000, while that of the Americans did not exceed l,ft)0 men. An exchange of prisoners took place subsequent to the battle, by which Capts. Thorn ton and Hordes were released. Lieut. Dew was not demanded. Ajftong the prisoners taken by Gen. Taylor, was Gon. Vega, for whom two American officers were offered in exchange, but was declined to give him in, save in exchange for one of equal rank, whenever one should be taken. The Mexican army was so confident of victory that every preparation had been made to celebrate it, but all their preparations fell into the hands of the Americans. In their flight, many of the Mexicans took to the uvec, and were drowned in their attempt to swim it. Gen. Taylor reached his camp tho afternoon af ter the action, leaving there his whole force, lie started the next morning for Point Isabel, and ar rived there on the evening of the 10th,without mo lestation. On the morning of the 11th, he start ed back to his oarap -opposite Matamoras. We need not say that be and his army are all in fine spirits. Farther information has been received that the American Consul and all the American resi dents at Matamoras have been arrested, and sent to Satitto, a small town about 90 miles from Ma tamoras. Additional PstUtalsn of th> Two Brilliant HstUn. [From tho New Orleani Bulletin, May 10 ] The L niled State? schooner FUrt, a. Sinclair, Lieut. Commanding, has Just arrived from the Braxos 8L J ago, which place she lett on the Hth lost., (two day* after tne New \ oik,) bringing; important, though not definite in telligence from the leot of wsr. We leant from her of ficers that Geo. Taylor marched from Nnt Isabel on the 7th, at S or 4 o'clock ia the afternoon, for his camp, at the head of about two thousand men, carrying with him a luge supply of provisions. The Flirt sailed on the same day at shout I o'clock, for New Orlssae, sad during the whole afternoon, tits Iriag THE AMERICAN FORTIFICATIONS ON THE RIO GRANDE. THE RANGE AND SWEEP OF OUR CANNON ON MATAMORA8. REFERBNCKB. A.-^ffemporary] Field Redoubt. B.?Intended lor a permanent work, double bastions, to be finished with brick revetments. C. These two side* temporary. D. Road to Rhinosa and ^Monterey, sixty miles. E.-Road to Monte>e< J F.-Road to mouth of river, forty miles. F.-(In river)?Here we should probably crow, as we would not be in range of a single gun, t* andjbe covered by. A. I.?Battery, has an eighteen pounder, intended to reach our camp. M. B.?Masked batteries, (supposed to be.) n ag battery. In order not to cover Ur?t too^much^with lines, we have only placed one gun on each face of the work B.: it is intended to have two. The lines of Mexican fire are not given, because we know that many of their pieces are only one, two and three p sunders, and consequently would be quite harmless by the time they reached us. of artillery wm heard, at wai supposed, within eight or nine mile* of Point Isabel, which continued until the -vessel was beyond hearing distance. During the eve ning the Flirt was met by Commodore Counor, with the frigates Cumberland, (flag ship,) Raritan and Potomac, sloop John Adams, and brig Somers; the Commodore having heard some rumors at Vera Cruz that hostilities had commenced on the Rio Graade, and that Gen. Tay lor was in difficulty, he immediately sailed for the Brazos to furnish such aid as was in his power. On meeting the Flirt, he requested Lieut Command* ing Sinclair to accompany him back to the Brazos, and bring important despatches which he wished to be car ried to New Orleans. Accordingly, the Flirt was turned about, accompanied the squadron back, and remained at the Brazos until about 1 P. X. the next day, when she again sailed for New Orleans with the Commodore's des C-hes. During the whole of that morning (the 8th) a ivy cannonading was heard, in the direction of the camp, and as the sound was gradually becoming less dis tinct up to the time the Flirt left, there is reason to be lieve that Oca. Taylor was driving the Mexicans before him. The cannonading was also heard during the afternoon, until the Flirt was a considerable distance out at sea.? About dark her officers saw smoke of rather a light color, arising as iffrom a fire, about midway between the camp and Point Isabel; and again, late at night, an immcime volume of densely black smoke was seen in the direction of Matamona. What were the causes of these fires is, of course, mat ter of conjecture. The first smoke seen it is deemed possible, arose from the burning of Barrita, a smc.ll town on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande, which it was said Oen. Taylor designed firing on his march up to the camp. The second is generally supposed by the officers of the Flirt, to have proceeded from the conflagration of Matamoras. Major Brown, whom Gen. Taylor had left in command at the camp, had attempted on the first day he was attacked, to fire Matamoras, but failed, as he could not heat his shot sufficiently. It was said that ho contemplated again attempting it, and it is this that gives probability to the supposition. General Taylor left Point Isabel fully confident that he would be able to force his way to the camp, in spite of any opposition the Mexicans could make. The officers and men under his command, were in the very best spirits, and highly elated at the prospect of a battle with the enemy. In a conversation with one of the officers of the Flirt. Gen. Taylor stated, that from all the information he could obtain, the whole Mexican force, on both sides of the river, did not exceed from 7 000 to 10,000 men. Nothing further has been heard from the camp since the departure of the New York. Gen. Taylor, however, expressed himself at all times certain that Major Brown, with the five hundred men left under his command, would be able to hold the Mexicans at bay, if not repulse them, as the position of the camp was naturally easy of defence, and no labor had been spared to fortify its assailable points. Commodore Coanor, immediately on arriving at the Brasos, communicated with Gen. Taylor, and Informed him of his readiness to land 1800 or 3000 men, sailors and marines, should they be required. The St Mary's was expected soon to Join the aquadron at the Brasos. A steamer was seen by the Flirt, going in the Brasos with troops, as she left, which, in all probability, was tho Augusta. The Flirt also saw on the 13th, the Jas. L. Dtjj andithe Telegraph, about 300 miles west of the In ono hour and a half after the arrival of the gallant Walker, with the intelligence that the Mexicans had at tacked our camp, he again started for the camp with 75 men, for what purpose was not precisely known. The officers and crew of tha Flirt are all well The following is a list of the officers A. Sinclair, Lt Com manding : J. J. Guthrie, Acting Quartermaster; G. H. Cooper, Passe 1 Midshipman; Wm. H. Fitzgerald, do.; Geo. H. Hare, Midshipman: John Hastings, Assl Surgeon ; Jno. D. Ghiselin, Captain's Clerk. [From the New Orleans Picayune, May 17.] The U. 8. steamer CoL Harney, arrived this morning, just as our paper was going to press, from Brasos San tiago, having left on the 13th instant Her news is glori ous to our arms. She brings official accounts of a second battle between the Mexican and American forces, which took place on the 9th, commencing at half past 3 o'clock, P. M., within three miles of Camp Taylor. The action was upon the edge of a ravine, and one mile from the chaparral, which was here about 13 miles in width. Among the killed, were CoL Mcintosh, Lieut Cochran, Col. Brown, (by the bursting of a shell,) Lieut Kng, and one or two otners, whose names are not given. CoL Payne, Lieuts. Gates, Burbank, Hooe, Luther, and others were wounded. We regret to say, that Major Ringgold, who was so severely wounded in the aotlon of the Mi. died on the 10th inst, and was hurried next day with the honors of war. The total loss of the Mexictuis in the two actions of the 6th and 9th was at least 1100 The Mexican force amount ed to at least 0,000 men, while that of the Americans on the ground did not exceed 1800 men. An exchange of prisoners took place between the two armies subsequent to the action, by which Capts. Thorn ton and Hardee, and Lieut Cane have been returned to the army. Lieut Deas was not demanded, and still re mains a prisoner. Among the prisoners taken by Gen. Taylor, was Gen. Vega. For him, two American officers were offered in exchange, but it was declined to give him up, save in exchange for an American officer of equal rank, whenever one should be taken. Oen. Vega and two Mexican-Lieutenants were sent over by Gen. Taylor on the CoL Harnay as prisoners af war. Oen. Vega was allowed accompanied by one of his aidee, a Lieut Colonel, as a friend. The steaaser Dallas took off from this place (Montgom ery) last night, the " Pintlala Vanguards," numbering 70 hardy fellows ; the Selma will taxe the " Blues" to-day, about 80j and to-morrow the "Rifles." about the same number, will leave for Mobile Montgomery will have sent a battalion when all these have got off. [From the Baltimore Sun, May 3S ] By the Detfy Picayune and an extra from the Mobile Jtdrerliter, of the 18th, we have news, the substance of which Is contained in the following There has been two engagements between Oeneral Taylor end the Mexican troops, the first occurring on the 7th instant, when General Taylor was returning from Point Isabel to his camp opposite Matamona. In this the Mexicans, numbering from MOO to 7000, were repulsed. Our army was sleeping on the field of battle, on which, next day, 3t? Mexicans were found deed, and several pieces of artillery, stores, lie., were oaptured by the American army. Mejor Ringgold died from a wound received in this action. Of the two days' battle, we can onl) give the following perticulars from the Picmynnr. '1 he U. 8. steamer Col. Harney arrived this morning just as our paper was going to press, from Brasos Santia go. She left un the 33d instant. The news is glorious to our arms. She brings official account* of a second 1 utile between the Mexican and the American forces, which took place on the *th of May, commencing at half-past 3 P M-, within three miles of Csmp Taylor. ******* ? We regret to say, that Major Ringgold, who was i wounded on the 7th instant, died on the 10th, and was buried with military honors. The total loss of tho Mexicans in both aotiona was at least twelve hundred. Oen. Vega was allowed to be accompanied by one of hjs Ajds, a Lieut Colonel, as afrtwrl Military Preparations ? Tlw Spirit of the People. [From the New Orleans Tropic, May 16.] A splendid portable telescope was yesterday presented to Oen. P. F. Smith, by tome of hii friends. It waa the moat magnificent one in our city. Col. T. G. Hunt waa presented with a fine charger, handaomely caparisoned. We have heard of aimilar tokens of esteem that are to be paid to othera of our brave volunteer officers. Fifty volunteera arrived here yesterday from Bayou Sara, moat of whom were distinguished as Florida volun teers? J$mes Blackburn, commandant; F. Blanco, First Lieutenant; A, Ball, 8?cond de. Captain Lumsden is rapidly progressing with the or ganization of hia company of mounted gunmen. The splendid gunnery of our artillerymen, in the fort opposite Ma tamo rat, cannot be too much admired. It ia stated in Major Brown's ae mi-official report, that a fire waa opened on the fort from a Mexican bat'ery of seven guns, and that the fire from our artillerymen silenced this battery ia thirty minutes. It ia also worthy of re mark. that the American fort was built of sand and twigs; and yet, with these frail materials, it was so admirably constructed, that it received 13 or 1600 shot without da mage. We presume that no better engineering or firing were ever displayed; and it is more remarkable when we reflect, that Major Brown, Capt Lowd, Lieut. Bragff, and their brave companions, never before pointed a gun in ac tual warfare. [From the New Orleans Delta, May 15. ] Judge Lafayette Saunders?now Colonel Saunders?Is about to proceed to Alexandria. Nearly enough of vol tinteen, we understand, have already enrolled them selves to form his regiment A special appropriation on the part of the Legislature for their transport is necessa ry. It will, of course, pas* without opposition. It was reported yesterday, that Lieut. Hoe passed through Mobile on Wednesday, on his way to Pensaco la, with orders for General Taylor, and the commander of the Gulf squadron. [From the New Orleans Bee, May 10.] We yesterday presented our readers with a list of 33 volunteer companies, which had mustered into the ser vice of the United States. Yesterday the following were also enlisted, completiag four regiments of tan compa nies each. Capt So wall's company, 66 men. Capt. Woodland's, 00. Capt Gryceas, 90, and Capt IUcardo's, 71, Montezuma Regiment. Capt Buhler's company, 03 men. Galbraith, 61. Ogier's, 82. Capt John lL Smith, 71. These 40 compenies, rank and file, present a nume rical force of 3000 men. There are still several other companies in the city under a system of organization, so that in a short time 3000 men will be provided by New Orleans, independent of those who have or may yet ar rive from other parts of the 8tate. [From the New Orleans Pioayune, May 10.] "Why have you volunteered V said rather a care worn-looking newly enrolled volunteer, yesterday, to a fine-looking young country soldier. " Why, I volunteered because I have no wife, and go in for war," was the unequivocal reply; " and now, wnjr have you voluntaerod 7" ne added. "Ah !" said the careworn-countenanced little man?for he was little?with a significant sigh, " I have volunteer ed because 1 have a wife, and i go in for peace." Since oar publication, yesterday, of the list of volun teer companies which had been mustered into the United States service, we have understood that Capt Staples' company is attached to tho Montezuma, and not to CoL Mark's regiment Tho companies mustered into service, yesterday, wore as follows:?In CoL Dakia'e regiment?Capt bewsll's company, OS men ; Capt Woodland's, 00; Capt. Grice's, !M>; and Capt Fulton's, 73. Monteiuma regiment?Capt. Bunler's company, 03 men ; Capt Usibnuk'i, 01. and CapL Ogier's, ti-J. Capt. D. I. Ricardo's etmpuij, numbers 71 man, and is attached to Col. Mark's regiment. Thuf, then, there are 40 coni|>eiiies already mustered into the United States service, presenting i numerical force of rank and Ale of 3,000 men. There are still se veral other oom|ianies in progress of organization in the city?so that in a short time Mew Orleans atone, will fur nish from 3,400 to 3,000 men, independent of those who have already arrived or may yet come from other parts of tho State. [From the Savannah Georgian, May 19.1 The different volunteer corps of our city mot last eve ning at their respective dull rooms, and resolved to ten der their services to march to Texas or Mexico, or wherever the country requires their services, at a mo ment's warning, whenever the Governor of Georgia communicates to their respective commanders that a re quisition has been made on this State for volunteer militia. Gov. Crawford has issued a circular, through his aid de-camp, J. H Brown, requiring commanding officers of volunteer companies already organized, or shortly to be organised, to report forthwith the number of their rank 'and Ale at Head Quarters, and make such tender of mi litary service aa may be resolved upon by each compa ny. The following companies have tendered their ser vices to the Governor, and through him to tne Presi dent " rhanix Riflemen," " Irish Jasper Greens," " The Volunteer Guards," " Republican Blues," and "Georgia Huaaars." [From tho Charleston Courier, May 90 ] In our own city, a spirit of patriotiom has Induced about Arty young men to volunteer, whoee names appear in our paper of this morning. Many more will doubt less join this gallant and effective band, and a lew days will probably find thft-n fully organized and ready to march to the scene of operations. Among the number we perceive the names of several printers, who thus give evidence that they will not be out-done by their brethren of the Crescent city. We have no fear, from what we know of those who compose this company, that if they are ever brought in contact with the Mexicans, they will give a good account ef themselves. ?aval PisearatlsM. [From the New Orleans Bee, May 15.] The pretence of the revenue cutter Woodbury, at the Balize, when her presence would appear so needful at Brasos St. Jago, has elicited much animadversion among the public, and called forth the comments of the press. - The simple explanation of the fact, is as follows :? The Commander of the Woodbury, Captain Winslow Foster, has been ordered to leave his vessel for the pur pose or undergoing an investigation of a Court of Inquiry in relation to certain charges brought against him. For the present, the cutter remains under the command of Lieut Prouty, who has strict orders, which he cannot do otherwise than obey, to remain at his present station?the Balize. CapL W. B. Whitehead, and Lieut James C. Morrison, both of the U. 8. revenue service, have been ordered on to New Orleans to take charge of the Woodbnry, an.l are now on their way. There Is no donbt that as soon as these offioers reach their station, the cutter will reaume active service. In the interim every preparation is making to place her in first rate order, with a lull equip ment of men and munitions, her guns clean and ready for action, he. Little will have been lost by the delay, while something will hnve been gamed by enabling tne Woodbury to be put in good fighting trim. [From the New Orleans Delta, May !#?] Tlio U. 8. schooner Flirt comes to this port, as we un derstand, for the purpose of taking on additional arma ment, and recruiting the number of her men to the war complement She is pierced for eight guns, and at pre sent carries but four. She will take on here four others of heavier metal. The K*rt, from her lifrt draft and her sailing qualities, is admirably fitted for the capture of pri v steers, and it will be an object, we presume, for seamen to get on bqerd of her. She Is a fine craft, and has at etow a set of officers as itw saw salt water. Miuellaneoiu. [From the New Orleaoi Delta, May 16.] The Mexican ichoonor Juanita, Capt. Atigua, that ?ailed from this port lome timo since, bound to N1 tumo ral, and, ai we previously reported, had been taken into Brosos 8L Jigo, arrived yesterday, having been permit ted to return by Oen. Taylor'* orders. Rat papers are regularly endorsed by Gen. Taylor and the Commander of the schr. Flirt, which prevents her from being seized by the Collector of the port She sailed from Brasos on the 6th?one day before the steamer New York. Canadian T?*kats.?'The Niagara Democrat notices the great military preparations which have been in pro gress for some time in the British province, the accu mulation of the regular troops, the arming of fortifica tions, the strengthening of the force on the lakes, and the thorough organization of the provincial miBtia. It notices, also, the bragging of our embittered neighbors, that their own government is allied with Mexico in the present war; and the boast of their having not only se cured the co-operation of their own Indian tribes, but of having secretly perfected a league with our western tribes, preparatory to a collision with us ! The Demmerat discredits much of this, as idle swaggor, which reveals, however, a wish that is doubtless father to the thought and the words. The Proclamations of the floTernon of sevt. ml Mates. Bv the Gorcanea or Alabama.? Whereat, there has been forwarded to this Department a letter from Major General Gaines, commanding the Western Division of the U. 8. Army, from which, a* well aa fross other resources, this Department has ascertained that the Army of Occu pation on the Rio Grande is in perilous condition? and this Department having been informally advised that there are several companies of volunteers now in readiness to proceed at once to the reinforcement of tho General in command, who are only waiting for a requisition from the proper authorities, expect ed to be made upon the Governor of this State :? And whereas, this Department 1* expecting to receive ?uch a requisition, either from Gen. Taylor, commanding the Army of Occupation, or from the war Department of the United States ; and this Department having no power under the Constitution of the United States and the State of Alabama, to call for the militia, exoeptin certain cases, not embraced in the present emergency?there being as yet no formal requisition as aforesaid ; but it being deemed necessary and uroper to take immediate steps lor the re inforcement of Gen. Taylor's command?therefore, it is earnestly recommended to the citizen solidary of this State at once to organize themselves into volunteer com panies, according to the schedule hereto annexed, and re port themselves as ready, in the event of a formal requi sition, to engage in the dcfence of the country. It further appears from the letter of Gen. Gaines, that he considera it necessary and proper that the future ac tion of the War Department should be anticipated by pla cing three battalions, of six hundred men each?two of lifantry and one of KiAeineu, at the disposal of the Gene ral Government, to be mustered into service at Mobile ; ?Now In order to meet the present emergency, although without strict warrant of law, I recommend to the citi zen soldiery of Alabama to volunteer in the mode pointed out by Gen. Gaines, and to the number specified, (inclu ding the volunteers at Mobile, ani those who have al ready gone from Alabama to the seat of war,) and report themselves immediately to this Department, as organised and ready for service upon the terms pro|>oaed, and the Kxccutive hereby pledgos the State of Alabama to defray all the expenses that may be necessarily Incurred, under the authority of thia Department, in the transportation to the citv of Mobile of all such volunteers aa live at a dis tance from that point, who may now be ready to set out? they first organizing and reporting themselves to this Department as mJ? for service Given under my hand and th* Great Seal of the State, affixed at the City of Tuscaloosa, this tenth day of May, A. D. eighteen hundred and forty-six, and of the Independence of the United States uf America, the seventieth. J. L. MARTIN. By the Governor. W. GARRETT, Secretary of State. Br nir Gov r a to* or Kkmti'c**?Exkcctivk Dk PARTMKtTi Frankfort, Kentucky ?May 17,1840.?IVktrtat, from information thii day informally received at this de pal tment, it it believed that the Congress of the United States baa, upon the recommendation of the President, patted an act authorizing the receiving into the isrvice of the United States, fifty thousand volunteer* to aid the army of occupation now on the Rio Grande, or to give such other service at may be required tor the defence of our Southern frontier, and the maintenance of the na tional interest and honor? And whereat, recent intelli gence from the army of occupation, leavot no doubt but that hottilitiea have beenactually commenced.? And whereat, thii department ha? alto received a com munication 'rom tho commander of the Wettern divition of tho army, giving notice of an application having beeu made to the President for volunteer* from Kentucky : Now, therefore, mindful of the high renown that Ken tucky ha* acquired for patriotism and gallantry, and being unwilling, at a emit like tiiit, that our noble Bute slioul.1 sutler hertelf to be surpeiied In devotion to the common canto of our common country, I, William Owtloy, Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, do itaue thii my proclamation, appealing to the pride, the petrfotiam, and the chivalry 01 Kentuckiant, hereby urging them to form themaelvoa into volunteer com panic*, and report the fact of their organisation to thii Department forthwith, lignifylng to them my Arm con viction that order* will, In a very few daya, be reeeivod from the Pretidentof the United Bute*, empowering and directing me to cauie them to be immediately muttered into the tervioe of the United State*, at *ome point * hick will be deiignated. WM. OWSLLV. By the Governor A. S. Mitchell, A*t Sec'y. Br Tiie Oovcrno* or MAatrtawD?Executive Defaut Anuapolit.?JWcrce*, the Congreia of the United State* ha* declared " that a ttate of war exiilt between the United Statet and the Republic of Mexico," and hat authorized the Pratident of the United Statet " to employ the militia, naval, and military forcet of the United Statei, and to call for, and accept the service of any number of volunteer*, not exceeding 60,000, to aerve twelve month* after they ahall have arrived at the place of rendezvous, or to the end of tfce war, tinlei* sooner discharged, ac cording to tho time for which they ahall have been mut tered into service." And, whereat, the President, with tho view of *octiring to the citizeni of each State and Territory tho privilege of paiticipeting in the defence of their country, lia* api>ortioaed the said volunteer force among tho several Statei and Territorioi, and has made hii requiiition opontoe ford wo regiment! of infantry, at the quota of thia force to be supplied by the State of Mary land : Now. therefore, I, Thomaa G. Pratt, Governor of the State of Maryland, do itaue thii Proclamation, announcing to the citizeni of Maryland, that they are now privileged to enrol themaelve* under the tag of their country, and to participate with their telfow-oitizeni of other statei in restoring to the United Statei the hletiingi of peace. I call upon the citixene of tne Bute of Maryland, be tween the aget of 18 and 4A, to enrol themselves forthwith, that the two regiments required of this State may be im mediately Ailed and muttered into the acrvice of the Uni te I Statea The tons of Maryland have alway* obeyed the call of patriotism and duty, and will now sustain the honor of the State by enabling her to be the Aral, or amongst the first, to oter to the Federal hxecutive, for muiterlnto the ser vice of the country, her quota of the volunteer force which hat t>een called for. TIM President of Um United States, under tho diacia tion allowed him, li4i decided that " A Company of In fantry shall consist of 1 Captain, 1 First Lieutenant, I Se cond Lieutenant, 4 Sergeant*, 4 Corporal*. 9 Muiiciam, and 64 Private*." " That a Regiment (hall consist of 1 Co lonel, I Lieutenant Colonel, 1 Major, 1 Adjutant, 1 Sor gnant, 1 Sergeant Major, I Quarter-Master Serjeant, '1 principal Muaioians and 10 Companie*, organized aa above." Under the act of Congress, the regimental and compa ny officera are to be commissioned by the State Kxecu tive ; and I have offered the conmissions of roloneli, Lieut Colonela and Major*, to gentlemen who*e charac ter and military experience render them worthy to lead the " Maryland Line" in fighting the battles of their coun try. The name* of the officers appointed will be announced by the Adjutant General, so soon'as their willingneaa to accept of the commission* proffered them shall be ascer tained. Givenf under my hand and the Great Seal of the State of Maryland, this 31st day of May, Anao Domini, [l. *.]one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, and of the Independence of the United State* the Se ventieth. THOMAS O. PRATT. Br THt Ooreawoa or Nitw Jcasav.?Whereat, the Preiident of the United States, through the Secretary of War, ha*, under the authority at an act of Congress, ap proved May 13th, 1A46, entitled " An act providing for the prosocution of the exiiting war between the United State* and the Republic of Mexico,1' made a requisition upon me to cauae to be en rolled, and held in readme** for muiter into the service of the United States, a volunteer Corp*, to comlHt of one rogimant of infantry : Now, therefore, I, Charles C. Stratton, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Stato of Now Jersey, do hereby mafte my proclamation, calling upon the organiz ed uniform companies, and other citizeas of the State, to enrol themielve* according to the tentt* of the requisi tion herounto annexod, and report to the Adjutant Gene ral of this State, at the city of Trenton, as speedily a* pos sible, in order that they may be held in readiness for mui ter, and information thereof be given to 1 be War Depart ment, without delay. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the great seal of the State to be .affixed, at the city or Trenton, this twenty-secon sf day of May, [l. *.] in the year of our Lord, one thatisaud eight hundred and forty-aix, and ef the Independence of the United State* the seventieth. CHA&LKS C. STRATTON. By the Governor, O. McChcsnrv, Secretary of State. VERT LATE FROM MEXICO. I From the N'ew Orleans Picayune, May 10.] The Sardinian brig Providenza, Capt Toaelate, arrived yeiterday from Vera Crux, having sailed thence on the 4th init., sight day* after the brig Joiephine left She brought over as passengers Lieuts.Noland and Middleton, of the United States Navy. The news by this arrival is not of great importance, a* no revolution ha* yet occur red in Mexico, The greater part of the Gulf Squadron returned to Sa criflcios about the '.Nth ult, and was lying there when the Providenza sailed. It was composed of the three fri gate* Ilaritan, Cumberland and Potomac, the sloops of war John Adam* and fr'almouth, and the brig Somor*. The feeling pervading the naval officers on the station wai that there would be no war, or at any rate no naval action. No one think* the present force in the Gulfat all adequate to make an attempt upon San Juan de Uluo with any reesonable hope of success. It is in the moat perfect state of defenco, ami mounts a large number of sixty eight pounders. It* munitions are by no means of the same character as they were when the French attacked it ; its power to do harm has been immeasurably increased. Nor do we And that its capture and possession are re garded by military mm aa a matter of such first rate im jiortance as to authorize heavy sacrifices. It was sou )>osed when the Providenza left that the squadron would sail immediately on a cruise. FA Republican* of the 2Mb ult announces that Sr. D. Jose Joaquin de Hozii will probably be made Secretary of the Treasury. The cares and responsibilities of Cas tillo y Lanzas are tiaid to be quite too heavy to permit him longer to managa the finances together with hi* own De partment of Stale. The death of Sr. D. Suarez Peredn, the President of the Suprome Court of Justice, is announced. In expectation of the event, he had resigned his high position, but bis associates upon the bench had refused to accept it, out of regard for his virtues and learning. The Archbishop of Mexico was thought to be lying at the point of death, and the last sacraments had been ad ministered to him. The latest accounts reoeived in the capital from Mat*, moras represent the American position aa being mo*t un skilfully selected and inadoquetely defended. The Ame rican troops are represented as thinning off by desertion and sickness ; disorder is said to exist among them grow ing out of questiona of rank , the infantry is said to be composed of adventurers of all nations, without skill or discipline, and in case of action, they are expected to de sert in whole companies at a time. Our artillery is high ly praised ; the cavalry is thought pretty well of, but to tally deficient in numbers. On the other hand, the Mex ican troop* and the inhabitants of the frontier are said to be animated by the highest enthusiasm, and to be confi dent of success. A few days more will tell the story. The proclamation of Gen. Ampudia to the klnglish and Irish in the American ranlu, which we translate*! some days since, we find in the paper* of the capital. Had there been any doubt of its authenticity, it U now set at rest Kt Republicana furnishes its subsc ribera with a well executed map of the ground occupied by the Mexican forces at Matamoras, as well as of tha American position. The new Mexican works are said to be very strong, and to have been erected by Mejia agreeably to the designs of Re nor Tola, a Colonel of the Engineara. FA Republitanc says the American army will encounter its grave, if it sbsll dare to attack Matar^oraa, sad it thinks it quite inv ito sail) le for it to cross the river in the face ef the troops now collected at Matamoras. It claim* that the Mexican army, in its knowledge of tactic*, is altogether *uperior to the American* ; and argues that there are moral con siderations which give the former yet more considerable advantages. The Americana are said to have lost confi dence, since, from threatening the Mexicans, they have come to be threatened by them. The attempt made by Gen. Alvarei in the Sooth against the government is said by the government paper to have been misrepresented ; it was a domestic biawl, having nothing to do with general politics. Oen. Alvarez had made u*e of the fund* intended for the expedition against California. The papers on each aide censure him. Gen. Urrea was at Durangoon the 4th of April. The paper* acquit him of the suspected intent of separating tae Northern Departments from the Central Government. The publication of the paper called Oen Simplicia haa been impended in consequence of the stringency of the law against the pros* The liberal papers continue their denunciation of the law. Sr. D. Vicente Garcia Torres, the printer of Kl Minu ter, had been sent off by the government to his place of confinement, for an offenaive article contained in his pa per. Ilia misfortunes excited general commisseration. The dates from Mazatian are to the 4th of April. Oan Gutierrez had arrived there, and the confidence of in" Mexicans was a rood deal restored; still they appre hended most seriously a blockade by the American squadron. The British ship of the line follingwood, Ad miral Sir Oeorge Seymonr, arrived at San Bias on tne 4th of April. By this arrival we tor* ijoalrad the following latter, I which funuihea information in regard to oar tquadron , the itate of California, lie. It it not ??ry late,but pre tents the bait account we have of affair* on the Pacific coast. It ii front a gentleman whoae intiiltfinci may bt relied upon ?. t. .u .... Ktitruii, Utfclliich, IM I take the liberty to acquaiut you with what it most in teresting on thii aide of Mexico. Information hu been received here by mat Spaniih houiei, that our Tiiif ter, Mr. Slidell, it making out an vltiastuM to pretest to thii government, in conformity with inttructioat from hit government: thould Mexico not at once irnuleere. her portt are to be blockaded a few monthi in order to give her time to vomit out the ungovernable pattion ?equent on tuch occaiiont?at the expiration of which, thould Mexico still remain obitinate, hoitilitiei are to take place. The Northern departmentt are entirely oppoeed to a monarchial government?in fact, many of tliem iteoUre that the start and ttripet of Washington are preferable to any European alliance, which it will be indispensable to contract in order to maintain on the throne in Mexico one of the European princet; that to obtain the tald pro tection it will cost the nation more abject ilavery than the iron yoke of Ferdinand VII?in thort, whoa the voice of the people it to unanimout againtt monarchy. It appear* impossible that tuch a government can be es tablished, unless at the point of the bayonet* of *ome fo reign power, or powers :of Europe. 1 mutt alto add that there it a strong disposition manifest on the part of the Northern departmentt to teparato themselvee from tha South, by a straight line from San Blat, on the Pacific, to the Rio Panuco, which emptiei into the Oulf at Tampico. There it alto a party in favor of following tha example ofTexat; thii it, indeed, much the mott respectable of either, being composed of rich proprietor* ana land-hold er*, and should tho government at Mexico advocate and support a monarchy, it it utterly impottible to *ay what courae the North will take. From the information received by the Junaita from Upper California, which arrived here a few day* tinea, it appear* that the rfiamblfa of that Department, at ite next aeuion, intended to declare itself independent of Mexico. The Atamhlea will have to be convoked by the Governor in April. Capt. Fremont, with hi* company of United States Dra 800nt, arrived In January at Sutter1*, on the Bacramanto. in hit route out he discovered a route by which emi grant! bound from the United State* to Oregon or Cali fornia, can perform the jonrnoy in ataty ?iay* lea* time than by that heretofore trav lied. An Euglish whale thip aimed off thit port two day* ago from San Francisco, California. The object of her touching here wat to learo a letter for the Britiah Contul at Man Bias, tent by that at San Franciaco. The captain received tho sum of 4*9 for the letter. It U tuppoeed that it ft in relation to the arrival of Capt. Fremont Tha -??ljih sure quite in a funk about California and Orejroo. - British Maietty't thip Amoric*. Capt tha Hon. Her 4on, brother of Lord Aberdeen, tailed from hare John Oot^ xhe America, it seems, wa* tent to tk# on the 21J uk. ?Crot lervice. She arrived at Monterey, Pacific on some s. from whence ahe want to Ban California, in July * ->ce the sailed for Nootka Bound. Francitno, and from the.. '-?* in Ban Franciico, our Co? While the America wa* lyi.. ?a?d to the Indian twn* tul icnt a letter on board, add re. -A latter, with tho in Oregon. The Hon. John return.. <*. "hero ha reply, that he did not stick on hi* ste. ti- - wai bound, or when he should *aii Notv Hi?*"??** Commander Hull, of the Un>ted State* *hip few day* previoui, had given hiratelfiome inconven.-?*"? in order to rench Ban Franciico, to deliver to the Amor? ca a letter bag from Callao?tent by their Admiral Thia want of courteiy on the part of Capt. Oordon, i* really difHcult to pardon; (till wo mu<t not judge of the Britiah navy by the act* of thi* one oBtcer, who,.to make tha beat of him, ii nothing more than what may be called a chole ric, pettish. self-sulHcient and ignorant fellow,judging all men and things by the Scotch Highland standard. The America took in n freight of treasure on thuangtt, from Ouayamas, Mazatlau and Han Bias, af $2,5N|MB in bul lion and ipocie, two million* of which, at lea*t, was smug gled on board, in the boat* of the America. The Britiih men of war?of which two are on thi* cOait annually to receive treaaure for England?make a reg ular butinett of smuggling off treaiure with impunity ; in fact, the Mexican government acquletcet, it aeems, in order to keep on friendly terms with England. A merchant, by making application to one of thoeo in port, can have a boat armed and furnished him, and tent to any place within a hundred miles of this, by paying a certain Ecr centage. Such i* the facility of getting treaaure on oard theso ships, that any amount may be had at one half the export duty. List or Vessels of War or this United States ii* Port.?U. S. frigate Savannah, Commodore Bloat; V. 8. frigate Constitution, Capt Percival; U. H. thip Levant, Commander Page; U. 8. ship Portsmouth, Commander Montgomery: U. S. ihip Erie, Commander Turner; U. 8. thip Shark, Commander Hawerton. Expected, tloop Warren, Hull, from Panama, with the mail. TheCyane, Mervine, tailed 33d ult for the Sand wich Itlands. with the object of communicating with (Jom. Stockton, expected there this month. Our forcei on the Pacific side are very respectable?ad equate and ready for any aervlce. The following era the names of the British ships sent to watch ua and protect British trade Firguard, 3# guns ; Talbot, 36 {am ; Modesto, 23 guns ; 1-rollc, 18 guns. W? liavo newt direct from Canton up to tha 6th Dw. The U. H. ship of the lino Columbus had not arrived at that date. In the event of a war with Mexico, our movements on this aido will no doubt create great interest both at hoc?o and abroad. It. of course, is clearly understood we ure to take California?porhaps this place may fall into our hands. The Mexican government has long ago put me in mind of a story or fact contained in ( atlin's works about I the yonng buffalo, which, when puraued and separated from ita dam, puts its head unaer a tussack of grnaa, thinking the whole body concealed ; thus, ia the event of a war, Mexico is safe, but no thought is manifested on the part of the men of the nation towards such places at A(-e more exposed. [From the New Orleans Times, May lfl.] El 7V*W< ?f the 37th ult, states that Benor don F. Lerdo" th* Secretary of Oen. Almonte, had been arrested at Vei* Crtir. aiS confined in the castle of Ban Juan de Ullo^.?n consequen "? of paper, having been found ia his possession, which ra "?,1 from the Havana?compro.7i^n* .|? that he is to be forthwith tried, Jhe 14th of April, forwarded to the , ^aSSfeTSft ly guarded. lie came from the llavaib., mission from Ba*ta Anna and Almonte. its raodara El Exptctadnr, of the 37th ultimo, furniahea . v. with the system of warfare which is to be ado. ?, the Mexicans in opposing the Amorican army. It u tie emphatically a little, procrastinating, harraasing, war, (jpttrra tn vetjueno.) The government ia adjured to abandon all idea of giving a pitched battle, a campaign fight, but to confine the troops to a guerilla war. The Mexican army is to be split into fragmenta of 400 or (00 Infantry, and 'J00 cavalry, with which they are to inter cept convoys to the American forces, cut off their com munications, hang upon their flanks, pick off straggler*, and keep them, Ity unexpected attacks, in a continual state of alarm. They aro to watch opportunities of making a sudden descent on their hospitals and magatines, lay waste the country through which they are to peas, and in this manner wear them out, without giving them an opportunity of striking a single effective blow. All this is very well oil paper, but we mistake much the character of the government at Washington, if, once convinced of this system being actually adopted, it do not, with its exteusive means at command, aaeemble an army of sufficient magnitude to march right on to the city of Mexico, without deviating a line, and annihilate that feeble apologv for a Republic in a single campaign. Borne Jealousy had been exited in the minds of a lew eminent Mexicana, regarding tne appointment of Arista to the command of the army of the North, operating against Oen. Taylor, over the head of Anipiidia. Busta in ente had openly accused Arista of "connivance" with the Texans. The Rtjiullicano warmly defend* him from the imputation of such treason. Mkzica* Despatch.?T o following is an extract from a despatch directed to the President ot Mexico, by (Gene ral Mejia, dated Matamoraa, April 3d. It is a curiocity, and displays the spirit of the Mexican people :? Despatch.?"To all with Judgment, and without ex citement produced by wrath, or rather by patriotism that burns in the breast at seeing the " Star Spangled Banner" floating over the waters of the Rie (irande, (I let pass the first moments, and calmness being re-establuhed,) 1 urged that with that river between us, our spears and bayonets could have no unjusti fiable advantage over those of the invaders, and that It would be only exchanging nhoti, and useless shedding of blood, and damage to the city, whose buiidinga are very frail. These reasons irade me wait for Oen. Ampulla, ! and joining our forces enable u? to give a decisive Mow, with a certainty that not a single Yankee woald eaeape. Notwithstanding, I have taken all precaMlaaa, raiaiag fortifications, to cover the whole line. I have also Ktrongly ntfktd the morale of the enemy introducing anarchy botween the two Oenerats, and diagustod them with each other ; and Oen. Worth, the only man of knowledge, has asked for his trans porta, and if he goea away, at I believe he will, Taylor will re main, who is more despicable than any Mexi can traitor. I have also encouraged deeertjona from the army, and from the Oflth last, to date. M soldiers and four slavae, have paaaed ovor to us, notwith standing all their prneautione. In abort, the triumph of our arms ts past all doubt, cither with all our troops, or with these l have, fthould the enemy pas* the Bio (Irande, thbib tomb is oi>bn." PROVISIONS AND GROChKIES. For bale low, ia lots ?ves?*2tt2.?YL7SB! Batter, Cheese, Urd, Hams. Beef. m#"'th,n men, rump, butt and Pi* Fork \ art, rsna; New Orleans, ftrto Rico, sad Baata Croi crushed, loaf and doable reflaed ^mese, Nios Mackerel sad Shad, in a?.orted I^W "? * very sortmeat of Tobarcp, of sapeWoMjMWT." 16.,V, aad pounds, ia Jf! K?" ter' for bakers bbls Leaf Lard, for sale la lots to aeeom CLARK * FISH. ?t Fa I toe street. NOTICE. NOTICE isherehr r?ea losll persons having boajhtstoae b,R fetttaHSfiar *p3tad this l?th day of April. l??. a? ""?re CHA LLfcKiiE TO THE UNITED STATES. THK Hubacribera hare no hraitatioa in aayiag to the peopla of New York, and the neighboring citaat, jfcat they ?aa and do challenge the merchanta of oar conn try, Car aad aaar, to ??SVSVWsa , Tliey Kara a maaafactory in the Hut* of Ntw Jeway. anoat IS milea I com tKa ??ty of New York, aad poeeaaa every u<rilitjr for mana facta ring their .hadea at the laaat e*^oae. Of their beaaty, worth aad eheapaeaa, thoy will JP*LjJSV ?S" rreduioaa by their fiviat a eall. DUNfJCKRt ?K KR. No. tt Chatham sO?. Y.,oe* 4<W fifom the eerser of Chambers it. ' brown llv I Coffee: . 1.1 aad t ' large ae

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