Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 26, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 26, 1846 Page 1
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*"* HIGHLY IMPORTANT" ; rami t*x y. J """ SEAT OF WAR; ' 03J THE ' . RIO GRANDE. - Bpeeial Despatch e* from the " Amy of Own pation," to tHe N. T. Herald Office. ,"v, ? 1 ?*' ' ' ' *'' ' APPEiRiNCE OF A FRESH MKIiCAS ARMY IN TIE FIELB, HEADED BY GEN.PAMDES. Arrival of Sight Thousand Mexican Troops at Matamerss. Additional Details at the Reeent Battle. ?? Ml-orpici AL. THE CONFIRMATION OF OUR ACCOUNT. DEATH OF MAJOR BROWN. The Groat Strength of the American Fortifications. The Contemplated Naval and Military Attack ON MATAMORA8, - INCREASE OF THB AMERICAN ARMY Vhe Bravery of OonerAI Taylor and his Ofleors. THE COURAGE OF OUR TROOPS. Military and Natal Preparatiois is the Union, 4m. Ac. . The Soathem mail of yesterday mornutg con firms the newt of the victories which we receiv ed on Sui>day. It alio brings additional intelli gence by the arrival of the steamer Galveston, at New Orieani. Our first intelligence by this mail came ever the Telegraphio wire, early in the forenoon. The Galveston Civilimn, of the lffth inst., says that oh the 18th General Taylor received an ex press from the-eamjv stating that 8,000 fresh troops had arrived at Matamoras, and that over8,000 had crossed the Rio Grande. General Taylor immediately made prepara tions to leave the next day, with' all the force that oould be {puhpred together at Point Isabel. General Pared** is at the head of 15,000 troops, on his way to Matamecas, and it may possibly be that the fresh troops which had reached that point were die advanced division of his army. ' There is no doubt but that the enemy bad been fcUjr advised that Gen. Taylor had left Point Isa bel. and their plan was, and still is, to capture him on his return, apd a strong army will probably crows over fbr that purpose. This intelligence highly pleased General Tay lor, for a brilliant prospect seemed to be opened to him. The greatest excitement and enthusiasm pervaded the American camp. General Taylor loeks well, and will begin a new era in the his tory of America. We may, therefore, expeet to hear of more bat. Hub ' Tut Mexicans had oontimied their firing mto die lott opposite Matamoros, nearly over since Oen. Taylor left the works. The brave and gallant Major Brown died from a wound received in his thigh by the explosion of one of the enemy's shells. His wounds were not considered dangerous, but he was placed in one of the bomb-proof burrows, and mortiiloation en mMd for tho want of fresh air. His death is deeply deplored by the army.- ? His Intrepid conduat in foiling every attempt df the ctnetntf to reduce ther lbrt, prepared them in a measure to anticipate the result of their conflicts with our brave army. The strength of the fort and the skill with which it is defended, is incomprehensible' to the Mexicans, and indeed it might be,for they have thrown upwards of 1400 shot and shells into the works, and every morn ing they present the s^me , appearance. Our highsst number has only been MB from the fort. The oonstant practice the enemy have had in firing at it, has taught them the propet bearing to give their guns, and almost every shot falls 1 with inthe works. The fort is now idle, and the ramparts and dwellings of Matamoms exhibit rains of a hundred centuries, when gftping forth their lamentations of " Lo and behold what desolation is here." Hie Mexieam had bombarded the fort far one ] hundred and six fours, without any apparent tucceu. v The sloop-of-war St. Mary's arrived from Pen saoola on the 10th ; the steamer Mississippi* on the lfch, from Vera Cruc. The Lawronce was off the Rio Grande, enforcing the btoefcude. It is slated that an expedition in boats ef the squadron is to be despatched to take tha town of Baretta, 16 miles from the mouth of the jriver, where there is a military for*e. A ooooentrated attack on Matamoras in ?on tem plated by the land forces and Com. Conner's boats. A lflTter in the Ntu> Orltant Bulletin high ly praises Captain Blaka's reoonnoitranoe of the Mexican line. The ensftmy attempted a detour around the chaparral on osir right, to ftttack the train, and was met by tha 66th infantry, who met the lancers in 9qt*r?, aqd dispersed thorn by a Volley. During the cannonade, the pass wr.s set on fire, which so obscilred the enemy that ? cessation of firing for nearly three-quarters of a/a hour ensued This was the smoke see? on bot.rd th? Flirt. A pretty feat was accomplished by Lieutenant Holland of Duncan's battery. He advanced, with part of the train thro^h tbn burning pass, the flames rolling ten fee', high, ?sized the prolon gation of the enemy's right, and enfaladod the eo?my*a flank completely.. G?? mral Taylor's ge neral diroctiod* *"v?re w ftnd ths* enemy with the bayonet. Captain Mr.y, of the Dragoons, captured Vega was the act of firing a piece himself. As sow i as the Mexican batteries were uncover ed, Ta^ lor said to May, '* Your time has come.? Here is the enemy's battery. Take it, sir, nolent votots." May then made a gallant chsurge, and succeed ed, with the loss of one third at his nquadron.? gee the account of the capture ol Vega. The battle will be called the Battle of Palo Alto, from a stream close by; th? othfr the Battle of (iC fc JfrlBl*. Speotal DupatehM rrom the iMt of W?r U IkeIfew Tork HwiM . Potir Ixajucl, Bkasos ttJSantiago, ) iu v Texas, Majr ^. llMfi. J , I lake the liberty of enclosing you a sketch of the country, frofn this Point lo Fpjt CrQsjS?th front A?f Matemoras, (wbsre lias the reiaains ot'-^our la- [ mented Quitter MasterQeni T. Ctoss, ytrh{> wis bftjwly murdered by the Mexicans,) also* the bat tle fields of Oe*n. ZV Taylor, oil the 80,i and {Hh ia*taiit. , . .-I ;u Ge?. T. with 2,600 men, and 300 wagons, 12 pieces artillery, left this on the Vth, with supplies j for Fort Cross, and to telieve Major Brown, Who j was j^n command, hemmed in by Mexicans, in the 1 rear, ami bombarded In front. On the 8 th, he met the pntmy about ten miles from the fort, iinme- ! diately across his roa<*"-7,00? horse, foot, and 14 1 pieces of artilTeTyV ffrawiTup In batde array, their front on the prairie. He immediately formed for attack, and marched on until near them;'then parked his train, ,mid th? UttaqlcUagan on the part qf the M**wanf ft 9 o'clock, P. M., mul wu oon unued. until, da sk, whan both armies rested o?4ho field.. During the battle, which was with artille ry, the. eoe my made one charge with l'.OOO caval ry, ami were manfoliymet by the 5th!hf&ntry;'lfed by Lift tit. Cbl: McftntoSh, which turneiTthem arid theti charged iri returnbyXt.Bunoan.oompuny A, Light Artillery, whicli mowed t]jpm dpwt*. Qur loss 3 14 killed, 33 woundedt?oo officers amongst the fornvar?rCapt. J? Page, 4th Infantry and Ma jor Ringgold, severely,.if not mortally, wounded ; Lieut J. E. Blake, Topographical Engineer, killed by accidental dl&clmVg!? of his own pistol. .The enemey's loss was-very severe?from 600 toflOO killed and woUnded". Next morning at day break, thetwo. armies were drawn out in battle- array, and shortly afterwat-ds the enemy withdrew into the.chaparral* <woods,).without any further at tempt. General Taylor "after throwing Up soifte small protection for his wagon train,leftit in charge of Captain G. H. Crossmttn, A. Q. M., protected by the grnifd teamsters, and Lieut. Churchill, 3d ar tillery, with two pieces of artillery, and pursued the road for thefort. .Within three miles of the fort he found the enemy in position; with the re mains of hif force. ?XK) men, on the opposite bank of a deep gulley, or former bed of'the Rio Grande, all around dense chaparral; our force now consisting of1500tdI600,cortimfenced without hesitation, and after three hours, hard figh\, scat tered them with the besom of destruction?flying in all directions to the wopd aitid to tl\e> rfver. The Tittle army behaved like heroes. The emo mey's loss, in killed and wounded^ on the field, is 1000?a greatmany prisoners, among whom"are many officers, and the express says Generals Arista and Ampudia amongst them?captured ten pieces of artillery, great many pack mules, horse* and plunder of various descriptions. Our loss isseverw?TlMhHecf and wounded; amongst tjhe former are Lieut. Col- Mcintosh, 5th infantry; Lieat< Inge-, 2d dragoons, and Lieut Cochrane 4th infantry, are the only officers asye.t known as kil led, and Lieut. Col. M. M. Payne, 4th artillery, se verely wounded. Major Brown, 7th infantry, who was in command of the fort, died the same day, from wounds received from a shell thrown frpm Matamoras two days previous. The Mexi can army, which was formed of their veteran troops?many of the old Federal army?has been scattered and destroyed by a handful of "the de generate sons or Washington," as General Mexi ealls them in his proclamation. Commodore Connor is off here with his fleet, and has landed GOO men?marines and sailors?under Captains Gregory and McCIung, with the offer of 600 more, if necessary for protection of this point, of any other service. The officers and men are anxious to be led to an enemy. Who Will non* stand forth and slander the army and navy. Factr jure far better than theories; only show them an enemy, and we need n<* foej afraid but what they will sustain the honor of their country. Point Isauel, (Texas,) May 12th, 1846. I wrote you oft the 10th, giving a plan ami has ty statement of the battles of 8th and 9th. Lost evening Gen.Taylor returned to thin post, and thus we have.lull particulars of the unheard of bloody battles fought between our handfa) of men1 and the ilitt of the, Mexican forces. The statements forwarded you ot the first battle, are correct in point, except the exact position of the Mexican fp.rce^wJpch werp not so far'advanced across the prairie,by one mile,as represented, the prairie be ing three miles wide. Our army formed at the point marked Worth's Camp, from which they advanced' as the' firing'commenced. The num ber of men in the first battle is correct?in the se cond, the enemy were te-in forced by two regi ment* of infantry and,one of cavalry, making their whole force, as near as can be ascertained, 9000 men?our force 1500 to 16p0?the battalion of ar tillery, and force detached for protection of wa gons,. reducing the .original, number, 2000, to that above stated. u Credulity can "hardly be stfetched 16 the belief that 1500 men of that undtrvttlutd army should so ittterff'fli jfcdtnflt and destroy six times their num ber ol'choice and veteran troops of Mexico, who 'Stood up nrahftiHy tothe'pbmt of the bayonet?a thing.. tota%, unexpected, r The enemy behaved gallantly, and fought well. Their loss, as far as oan be discovered, their own men ?ey, is 1200 killed. All we know is, that the ehapfttral 4s literally strewed with dead bodies?1800 muskets Were picked up in the field, 500 pack mules captured, also 9 pieces of artillery, with a large quantity of munitions of war, and a great many. prisoners, amongst whom is ope of the seven genernls that were in the field?^Gen. Vega; the others fled and swam the river. The Col. , of the Tampico regiment, a gallant fellow, with the flower of the jinny, Were killed?in fact, their whole army be haved gallantly, but yet could not withstand the chaay oi our arms, borne by men wbo went into it with a jush, accompanied by sKoiits (hat struck terror into their hearts. It would be invidious to particularize mginieots or officers, as all h ave done honor to themselves and their country. ,i Our toss in the' lust battle was 120 killed and wounded, and only 45 of the former, of whom Lieuts. Inge*, Ooehfame and Jordan,4th Infantry; of the latter, Lt. Col. Mcintosh, M. M. Payne, Capt. Hooe, Lieut. Omtes, and Lieut. Jordan, 9th Infantry. Since the affair, Gen. Taylor has made an ex change ef prisoners, and received back Capts. Thornton and Hardee,and Lieut. Kane, with their men. He rtrids to If tew Orleans G^n. La Vegu and some oilier prisoners. The wounded have been delivered up to them. I have merely given you the facts, from which you can compile a statement from betew. THi imvu or tms riarr unit, 8th mat. , American lores. 2,000 U.. ,... SJ Mexican do 7,000 MO to 600 tun RESULT or THE ?ECOBI> BATTLE. 9tM MAV/ Kiilrd. H'xmM . American force l.flflO 4ft. . .,, ,T? Mexican do . .. .?,?!?. v v. 1*0 Meiican prisoner* 400. '? MtTMWl CAfTUMS raOM TIME WIWAHI. 9 piece* Artillery. ? A00 MuIh aad H-i?e?. 1880 Mask at*. hcwUes sawll ?m? Quaniitiei of baggage, fee. i'riaooeri, N?9r*l MWm, vmMIi iPUiWr, **? >Jead; Coi Mcintosh, reported Willed, It not, but ?ev*r?ly *>? aktillbht rowra or the amc*ic*m abut. tn the Battle, May nth?Brat* Lt ArtilUry Pieces.. 8 Kighteen Pounders i Twelve do 2 Total. , , ? W In the Battle, May tftk?Braaa Lt Artillery Piece*.. 8 The Eighteen and Twelve Founder! were left in the rear, with the wagon train. I am in baste, therefore excuse the confusion, as all here are in a state of excitement. Com modore Coruior has just landed, to see General Taylor, supposed to plan an expedition to take possession of the Rio Grande; if so, you will soon again hear of gallant exploits of the Yankees* as the Mexicans now call us. | Major Ringgold's company of light artillery, after he fell, was commanded by Lieut. R. Ridgley, in stead of Lieut. Thorn, who was second in com mand, as I mentioned in my other letter, and belli behaved gallantly, Major Jacob Browu, 7th infantry, commanding Fort Cross, was killed by the bursting of a shell, after sustaining five days bombardment?in which over 3,000 shell and shot were thrown?and we only lost two men. 1 have just beeu Conversing with General La Vega and his aid, who have just arrived, tn route to New Orleans, as prisoners of war?he refusing to receive his parole?stating that, if he did, it would be of no use, as he would be forced to light if he returned to Mexico, lie is a fine looking, gentlemanly fellow, and appears to appreciate the kindness shown him and the ether prisoners, and is perfectly satisfied that we can conquer them. Poimt Isabel, (Texas,) May 7,1846. One slightly acquainted with the geography of Texas, her coast and harbors, sees the relative im portance of Point Isabel' to Northern Mexico. This"has long been the port of entry for Matamo ra?: and in old times, a canal, long since gone in to decay, was cut from the Rio Grande to the la gune, to facilitate the intercourse. Before the Into march of'our army from the Nueces, a collector of the customs was stationed here; but on the ap prpach of. Gen. Taylor the village was burnt, and the officers lied. Having taken position near Ma tamoras, ready for peace or war, of course Point Isabel becomes our base of operations. We have not yet taken possession o? the banks of the Rio Grande bejow Matamoras, nor attempted its na vigation?hence, until this time, all our stores and supplies have been landed here; A few dots siucev the most reliable, information induced the belief that a large Ijody of Mexicans was concen trating on the prairie this side of the river, with the evident design of ddtting-off our wagon train. On the lst-inst. as soon as our lbrt was considered defensible?* the main body of the army moved out to escort the supplies. We reached the Point on Saturday, the 2d. Early on Sunday morning the sound of heavy cannon* which continued briskly for several hours, told that the fort had been ut j tacked. Scouts were immediately despatched for ? information. One entered the fort, and brought away the commanding officer's official report. The Mexican batteries opened at 5 A. M. .on the 3d. Cant. Lowd's 18 pounders replied, and si ' fenced tn* former in thirty minutes.- The enemy moved his guns to another position, and oon tinu ed the firing until about 11 o'clock A. M., when it cteaStid for awhile. It was resumed towards' eve ning; and up to the time the despatch was writ ten, the enemy had sent us about fiteeu hun dred shells and shot, with the total effect of killing one and wounding one on' our side! WD not only disabled their guns, but battered seriously several.of ther./finest build ings. . The fort wps left under the command of Maj. Brown, of the 7th infantry, With his regi ment and two companies of artillery ; Lieut. Bragg, with his field baaery; and Cant. Lowd, of the .2(1 artillery,.with lys destructive battery, of .18 pounders. Our fort is twenty-seven miles from this place. The road is'across an open prairie for two-thirds of the distance; the remainder is through the thick chaparral. An attack is proba ble ou qur way back. However this maybe, Mexico hhvintelected'torar, she must be made to feel its inconveniences; ana should it new be vi ?gorously carried into Africa, it is still a defensive .war on our part; and should Matamocas, C^mar go, Mier. and the other towns east of the moun tains?should her capital be "occtrpied by our ar mies?let not Mexico forgot <thatit was on her own pressing invitation that we were induce^ to visit those cities. X. Special Ueinnteliei fromK?w UrlMiu to Uu iftw York Herald Office. New Ori-Sans, MA/ Yt\ l&Kfc The steamer Col. Harnoy, Wooil* arrived here last evening nt U o'clock, bringing da^e.s ,fo the 13th from Point Isabel. It appears that bh the moming of the 9th inst. Gen. Taylor left Point Isabel for his camp, with two thousand troops. When within three miles of camp, he found himself surrounded by about eight thousand Mexicans, who attacked him in n ravine; which he hnd to eras*. The battle lasted three hours, when the Mexicans retreated from the Held1; in their flight leuvinfe thrtfe hundred killed. They lost three standards, nine pieces ot jiUill.-EX, and a nupibut of, vn&li arms and pack niulfes. ,,, . ( Gen. Taylor lost sixty men, among them Lieut. Inges, of the dragoons, Lieut. Cochran, of the 4th infantry, Lient. Chadburn, of the 8th infantry. Wounded, Col. Mcintosh, of the 6th infantry, Lt. Col. Payne, of the 4th artillery, Capt. Haoe, of the 5th infantry?none mortally. Taken prisoners by the American?, Gen. La Vega, Lieut. Prada Velez, Lt. Col. Martines, aid to Gen. La Vega. A Large quantity of ammuni tion, taken by Gen. Taylor, was used by hun in the second attack. Papt. Walkei1,, the liero, was in the battle, ami escaped nnhtfrt. * Major Brown, who wm left in command of the camp opposite Mata moras, died on the lOlli, of wound* .received in defending his post. Major Ringgold, of the Hying artillery, died on the 11th. lie was shot through both tegs in the action of the 8th. ' ?' i ? . 1 Capt. Page, who ^rns also wounded, is recover ing. also Lieut. Luthef. Gen. Tuylor, when he foufid out the position in which he was placed, exclaimed : " Friends, we muaf vanquish or die." He ordered the dragoons to charge on the artillery, which was done, and slaughtered a number ol the Mexicans, and took poseesfeion of the park of nine guns, 1 send you an extrti containing fhfl particulars. ' . The amourit, 9100,000, appropriated, by our Le gislature* has been all mponded. " It is expected a liku sum will, to-morrow, be appropriated to fur ther the volunteers, now in this oity to the amount at' iwven hundred, to die seat of wnr. It is now fourteen day# since owr express left for Washing ton, yet no tidings have fts yet been receited from there. What has become ol thq administration 1 I hope Polk and his cabinet have nm died fr6m the Oregon indigestion. , , Considerable excitement prevailed in the city yMteTday. It appears that Gen. Gaines, as usual, has seen fit to ftssaine' the responeibility of com missioning Col. L. Saurwter*, W. H. Lewi?, and Col. Paytou, to mise tluee regiments of mounted men to proceed to Texas. Col. Paytou did so, and callc4 on tluiGovetnor of this Stale for funds, k c. He was told that lie must apply to Gen Gaines, who had ordered him ; that the requisition made by hitn, the Governor, in obedience with orders from. Gen, Taylor, had been complied with; be sides whioli. Taylor had asked lor infantry only. The Colonel took trnibreffe at Irii lixoelloncy, and dealt out some severe language. For my part I consider that die Governor has acted pcrlectly right. If Gpii. Gaines assumes a responsibility in the nr*t instance with a shallow Of pretext, let him follow itthroughont; no doubt 1m lias noted as a true friend to his country, under present ditlicnines ; but a9 all 1ms been done that was required ol the Executive of tjie State by pen. Taylor, he cannot sanction such proceedings. The Galvnton. is hourly expected?if she arrives be lore 11 o'clock A. M.? at winch time the mail elates, you shall hear ironi me. The Kin, who have been for years pampered by the State fa the trtne of ?4,WI>per annum, bo iides sundry appropriated* t'fOm the Municipals tie?, have acted, to say the least, in u most shame ful manner, . . u,.. K _ One word in regard to the conduct or CaptAin Tricon, the Captain of the Cnssadore Vollantiers. It appears that after a muster a lew days since, the Captain called on his men to come forward and volunteer. After a few moments two of the company of eigfcty <men cnurte forward and put thetr naMrfTOWitf: "ftte 'Again gavo a further invitation, his patience being exhausted^ and none responding to the call, the Captain thus ackUcmd Uieow?"Jdon, it luw been muU tfiat y?u Spacimaii of tiro JHjxIciti Saldiar. . Tho lollowm* is a^iicciiwai uuujbor ol'the fit teen thousand Mexican troops juet brought .into the field under the command of General Parades. This specim&n} "(halfjlndmn andJhnlf^Negro. ?"" were a pack of d?<1 cowards?I now believe it. It has been said you were a d d set ot scoun drels?I now believe it. Here's my commission; I will go and give it up to tbo Govemor.for I never will head a sot like you." Then drawing his sword from its scabbard, lie broke it in two and tlung it at the Company. The Captain retired, and has since raised a noblu set of lellows as volun teers; and my word for it, he will give a good ac count of himself. The company alluded to aro Spaniards. The German und Irish have immortalized them selves?they have nobly responded to the call o their adopted country. Where is the native American party 1?what will they say to this 1 ' The trial of Oapt. Foster, of the revenue cutler Woodbury, has not yet teiininatod ; it is looked npon here by many as a species of persecution against the Captain, got up by a set of bpys in uni form. No other news at present. The Galveston is in, nnd brings intelligence of the Mexican forces having encamped, to the amount of 4,000,between Taylor's camp and Poiut Isabel; also that 15.000 troops (Mexican,) wore ut Matamoras. This last mentioned place has not been burnt or razed?it yet stands. Gen. de La Vega, Mexican prisoner, and his aid, and others, are- in our eUy on parole. A rumor is abroad that a number of merchauts in this city have been shipping gunpowder in flour barrels,' previous to the outbreak, and that they are off since the discovery. The. news is just in by express, that Congress, has appropriated ten millions for the war, ?c. &c. Mail closed, and I send by boat. New Orleans. Other Particulars of the brilliant Battle*. ?From the New Orleans Bulletin. May 17.} 'rilfed States steamer Col. Harney arrived at half past two o'clock this morning, bringing ?? prisoners of war the Mexican General Ve?a, anil Lieutenants Pra da and Veler. Lieut. Col. MArtmes, aiil-de-camp to Oen. Vega, accompanied his chief voluntarily. Though the principal facta by this arrival, are given in the newspapers of this morning, the subjoined letter, from* highly intelligent gentleman on the ground, gives so cloar, circumstantial and satisfactory a statement of ?vents, since <J?u. Tfylor's departure from Point Isabel en the 7th, thai we nra induced to publish it. The ac counts are brilliant beyond the most sanguine expecta tions ; the triumph of 'American arms is complete ; a vastly superior 1'orae is routed through a series uf ac tions as brilliant as any on record, displaying ia our brave handful of troops, and their illustrious comman der, the very highest points of military courage, tkilk and knowledgo. , n? t ' ** lAkt ioia By the last departure 1 wrote you briefly of the titra tions of the arijny up,to that timo?of the bombardment of the fort opposite Matamoras, and the movement of Oen, Taylor *ith the Main body to thin place, for the purpose of strengthening its defences. Having effected this, he marched without wailing for reinforcements, on the evening of the 7th, and on die 8th at two o'clock, found the ooemy in position, ip front of a chaparral, which lies opposite to the timber of a' stream called Palo Alto."' ?? 1 ? New Orleans, New Orleans. Orleans, i 12 o'clock M., > Sunday, May 17,18-16. J roitr Is'abki., May 12th, lfllfi. The train ww closed up, the troops filled their can tccnt, and (Jen. Taylor promptly formed his line of bat tle, at follows:?On tho right -wan Ringgold's battery, 6th

aud3d infantry . U<-u tup eighteen pounders , tbon the artillery battalion The left was composed of the 4th and 8th Infantry, and Duncan'* battery. A daring reconno'ls ance by Capt. J.,K. blakc, nhowed the enemy's line tu be oi nearly twice tho strength of ours, with heavy reserves In the chaparral. The Mekioansopened the action with their artillery, the range of which was hardly grpat enough to reach our line, which wan moving alow on forward, and some got into the thickest of their shot and halted.-Their (ire waa returned from all of our batteries, aad 1 venture to say that no field of battle ever displayed such skill,'or'rapidity of fire and evolution. Tbe firatand only important movement attempted by the enemy, was a detachment of their cavalry to make a detour around a clump of chaparral on our right, and at tack the train. Capt. Walker, of the Texas rangers, promptly reported this, and the 5th infantry was detach ed (o meet it,'which it did handsomely, receiving the lancers in square, and driving them by a well delivered volley. The cavalry then pushed on again for the train, and found the 3d infantry advancing in column of divi sions upon them. They then retired, and as llicy repass ed the 5th, they received a fire from Lieut. Kidgely's two pieces, which had arrived at the hick of time. Two field pieces, which wore following the enemy's cavalry, wore also driven back with them. Meanwhile the enemy's left Was riddtal by the 18 -pounders, which slowly advanced up the read?Duncan's battery..on the left neglecting the enemy's guns, throw their fire into the Mexican infantry, and swept their whole ranks. The ttth infantry, on the left; suffered se verely from the onoaiy's firo. The grass was set on fire at the end of an hour's cannonading, and obscured the enemy's position completely, and an interval of three quarters of an hour occurred. During this pe riod, our right, now resting on the elghteitn-pounders. adrariced along the wood, to ttto point origi nally occupiod by. the Mexican left, and when the smoke had clcared away sufficiently to show tho fen?my, the fire was resumed With increased rapidity ?nd e'xecuOon- Duacan divided his battery on tliu left, gi>ing a section to Lieut. Rolaut), to operate in front, and ?with the M'her 'he advanced'beyond Che burning pass, ? (which was three leet high,) and the tlamos rolling 10 leet in the strong breeze.) and seized tho prolongation of the onemey's right,enfilading that flank completely. Night found the two armies in this position. Qn the 9th, the lieneral (Kicked tho heavy train, col lected the enemy's wounded, In hoepital, buried their dead, arranged our own wounded, (among whom we have to regiet the suddeu death of Maj. Ringgold, and probably ( apt. Page,) and moved on In pursuit of the en emy on the Matanioras road. They had taken post in the chaparral the second time, occupyiug the bod of a stream called Retaca do la falnia, with their artillery on tho road at the crossing. 1 have no time for details of this affair. Tho General brought up his troops by battalions, and posted them, with brief orders to find tho enemy with the Bayonet, and placed the artillery where Uiey oouid act in the road. The dragoons weft held in reserve, and as soon as the advance oiour line had uncovered the Mexican batteries, Gen. Taylor told Capt. May, that his time had come.? " Here's the enemy's battery, sir?take it nolens voltns." May dashed upon it with bis squadron, awl lost one third of H, but he cleared the battery and captured its com mander, lien. Vega, in the act of raising a port-fire to fire ? piec* himerfft. May took His sword, and brought the General oil'. The enemy re-manned the guns, ami lost them a second time to the 6th Infantry. I apt. Barbour, br the 3<t Infantry, with his ? ingle nor*pany and a few ?ea linm the 6th, who joined him in.the chaparai, threw his back against a clump of buahea and received and gal latttly repelled a charge of cavalry. f'apt. Duncan, with his btfttery, did terrible execution?he is a most promising otflcpr. Lieut. Ridgeley w?? alao among the foremost. In truth, it vat a teiiet of hrtfliUnt nkirminhet and heavy thotks, in which loW men mel tH?W hand In hand, Mttrwhtlmul (htm with the precision of their rollitt, and tki iltadtf coo trie II of the hayiMet^and droit thrm from the Jiatd, with th* loae of thttr artiHery, haggunt, pack mttut, jurtd ammunition, and nearly two thousand ttandi of muiketi. The lort, meanwhile, had been summoned, with tme Mexican duplicity, and told that Taylor was flying. The Matauioras newspapers and official bulletins called him a mwanMy tailor, in answer to the summons, me oti cers plunged their sworus into tbe parapet, and replied, "to tlie but." Lp to the evening of tlie tfth, 1#00 shells, and HoW'shot hau beeai thrown, and tho only loss was that of the brave couunaiiucr, .viajor brown, and one serjeaut ana one puvate killed, and ten wounded. The treneral returns to tbe aimy to-night, and will cross tlie liver to-morrow or next nay. 1 lie lort will be iucieased in guns, and especially provided with mortars, which Will bung the town to terms at once. Tho nary will co-operate at the mouth of the river, and steamboats begin to carry supplies by that route. Ge.n. 'laylor hasjust given Gen. Vega a letter to (ion. Gaines, aiid a letter of rredit en his factor. The officers here, had in the mfcia body , Vied With their commander in aeiaoate aUaoUfas So ? brave and accomplished eue ! my, wbo won tneir admiration on tbe field, aud pras taken ' lixe a soldier in full harness', and fighting gallantly to the lest. Our lose, about >0 killed ana 140 wounded. M?uc*a low ?t fate Alto, hi down l>y Utenuwlves, at 450 : at Resacu de la Palma, 3,000 milting. Since the battle, uur dragoons have been exchanged, grade for ' gr?d* ; and the Mexican WOUttded.*enl over to Matamo 14 s. By the B?*t arrival you will hear of tha Call of tha tow a, ?pd. probably of an offer from Umuu to receive Mr. glidell in any capacity. It ought to be mentioned, that some of our ragimeots Are, full, and two ol thaw only have about 300. . Many in stancef.occurred, of,men handing- tktir canteen* to Ike wiwuied. Afexicom, and turning ,fran them to fire upon otktri. yh*V* \aat not ,a unfit oocvrrance of cruelty to wardi the enemy. The morale of the army ia at iti high est?i) can now accomplish anything, and they would die for,a coiuiuaudar h;Uo does not eak tham t? go who re he is not willing to lead, and in whoso judgment they fully confide. , The steamer* Ualvorton and Augusta arrived at Brasos St Jagp on Jtl?a 1'ith, and were discharging whan the CoL Harney left. , Thq ?,t#am schooner James ( ago left Brasos St Jago In company with the Col. Harney, with aespatohos fir Galveston* consequently, the next arrival to be looked forwfll be tho steam ship Galveston. The officers lull?d and wounded, on the American side, are as follows Major Ringgold, wounded, (since dead;) Capt. I'age. wouodoj ; Lieut. Luther, do. May mrLieut IngM, 3d dragoons, killed ; Lieut .Cqchranq. AtU infiuitry, do.; Lieut.Shadhurne, 8th do. do ; I.ieut. Col. Mcintosh, wounded. Lieut. Col. Payue, do.; Capt. Montgpwery, do.; Capt. Uooe,d<M Lieut Gates, do.; Lieut Se.ldqn, do.; Lieut McClure, do.; Lieut fiurbtnk, do,; I<ieuj^ Jordan, do.; Lieut Fowler, do. Number of non-commissioned officers and privates not known. , fFttnn the Orleans Picayune, May 17.] Since our paper went to press w'e have had tiqie (o examine our correspondence and make further inquiries Into the-cirtufflftances ol the action cf {he fith inst. The general tenor of this brief accountwegav? in our morn ing'* postscript i* correct. A glorious victory has been won, and under circumstances to shod unsullied lustre onourarnts. >??? Tlio Mexicans outnumbered Geu. Taylor in 'lhi? pro portion of four to one ; they had their choice of position, j and selected one extremely advantageous ; they were I driven from it with great loss, and forced across the Rio I Grande?and the victory has been stained by no act of i cruelty on our part. In the oesuelties which were reportedtoi our postscript i of the morning, we have soma corrections to make. By the official report of the action, it appesrsthat Col. Mc intosh is not killed, but desperately wounded. Major Brown?not Colonel, as we stated?was killed in com mand of Fflrt Taylor, by the explosion of ? shell. The fallowing is ai.completo a list of the officers killed and wounded on our side, in both actions, as.we have been able to obtain : ....... i , JfCillt4-?Maj. drown, 7th InContry^-woundod in Fort Tayipr?-diqd on the 10th; Maior Ringgold, 3>1 Artillery ?wounded on the 8th ana died on the 10th ; Lieut. luges, 2d dragoons : Lieut Cochrane, 4th Infantry ; Lieut Chadhurpe.Sth Infantry. . ... lVaun#ed.?Lieut Col. Mcintosh, 5th Infantry ; Lieut. Col 'Payne, 4th Artillery ; Capts. Page (in the action of the 8th,) Hooc, Montgomery ; Lieuts. Luther (in the ac tion of tUe 8th,) Gates, Scldon, McClure, llurbank, Jor dan, Kowier. ../.wi ;<* We mako room feu the following letter t < 0*wr Vicroav, we** Matamoha*, ",L May 11th, 1840. 1 presume some goutlemen. having more leisure myself, will transmit you a detailed account of one of the hardest fought battles -which lias occurred in any country since the war of the revolution. I will only say, then, that about two thousand men at our much abused army met, on the 8th rnst., with six thousand chosen Mexican troops, under Gen. Arista, the latter having cho seu tlwiir position, the former being on thoir march from Point Isabel to this placo?encumbered, moreover, with a train of near three hundred wagons. You observe the advantages which they had, not only in numbers, but in every thiug else, we have beaten tham shamefully, and driven them across the Rio Grande?have captured their whole park of artillery, and almost every thing they had with them. We have buried hundreds of their dead, and I understand will send over to them, this morn ing, about ono hundred of their wounded. Wo had threo engagements with them. Their killod, wounded and missing; have not yet been ascertained. General Taylor sent over, yesterday, permission to Gen. Arista to fend over doctors to assist in taking care of his wounded?they came over last night, and reported forty-eight of the Mex ican officers missing, while wo lost but thrb'e. This morning those gallant dragoons raptured from us some weeks since, are to be brought over and exchanged?we might give ten for one. You will receive a full account, soon, of this glorious battle, the lost (i think) that we shall have with tha Mexicans. Gur loss has been comparatively light Our wounded all doing well. . Gen. Taylor left Point Isabel on the ISth, instead of the 11th, as we inadvertently stated. Since the atlovo wan in type, we have received tho fol lowing important letter, written on the field of battle it self, by an officer high in command. It will be seen from it that.the Mexican* disputed tho field desperately. But for the gallant charge made by the Dragoons and 5th Infantry, by which the Mexican guns wero carried, the result would have boon disastrous. All our officers were surprised by tho firm stand of the Mexicans. They exhibited the utmost bravery, but could not withstand tha headlong valor of our troops. Gen. La Vega, and the four officers with him, have been set at large upon their parole, and remain in this city. C*i<r os the Field or Battlr, t Three miles from Matamoras, May 9th, 1846 J Gentlemen?I have to inform you that on our march from Point Isabel, we encountered at I'alo Alto, on the 8th inst., the Mexican forces, consisting of throe thou sand regular troops and two thousand irregular cavalry, with nine pieces of artillery. The American force, in cluding omc?r*, was about twenty-three hundred men. After an action, which lasted five hours, in which the nrtillory wa* principally engaged, and .during which time the fifth regiment gallantly, repulsed a charge of lancnrs. tho oncmy was repulsed from his position. We occupied tho field of battle that night Our los* was four men killed, three officers and thirty-nine men badly woanded. The lots of the enomy was over a hundred men killed ?the number of wounded not known. Major Kiuggold, 3d artillery. and Captain Page, 4th infantry, severely wounded?Lieut Luther, of id arti l?ry, slightly weunded. This morning, the winy commenced it* march towaril Mat^mor?s. 'i'lie enemy fell back to a position of great strength, where a ravine .crosses the road. Here thoy planted seven pieces of artillery,and made every prepara tion for a determined stand. The battle opened with a heavy and continued fire of artillery and musketrv, which lasted till General Taylor ordered the enemy'* buttery to t>e itorraed. Thia order was splendidly executed by Capt May'a dragoon* and the tit til infantry. This movement gave us tho victory, which is com plete. We have captured seven pieces of artillery, three standards, a large amount ot ammunition, tho baggage, and the pack mules of tho enemy, together with 100 prisoners, inclndiug several officers of high rank, among whom is Oen. La \ ega. This otlicer was taken by CapL Mav, fighting gallantly at the head of his forces. The enemy being routed retired. Many oi them ware drowned in crossing the river dying from our men. The loss on ourafde has becu severe, tnreu officer* killed on the field of battle and twelve wounded, some of whom have since die J. The kiliod aud wounded of tho rank and file not yet known. The officer* killed on the field were Lieut. Inset of 2nd dragoons, Lieut, f ochtune of the 4th infantry, aud Lieut (nad bourne of the BUi infantry. Wounded, Lieut Col. M'lntosh, (since dead,) Lieut Col. 1'ayne, Capt Montgomery, Cept. llooe, Lieut. Gates, Lieut. Mac Jay, Lieut. Selden, Lieut liurbank and Lieut Jordan of the nth infantry, and Lieut Kowior of the fifth. The enemy's loss is exceedingly severe. During the two battles of the nth and '.Hh, Gca. Taylor headed his troops in the most cool and gallant manner. His escape from hurt seems almost a miracle. Ue has won the heart* of his soldiers by his willingness to sharo With them tho most iio<ni(tent peril*. Hut motto i*, "I wish t6 go whete 1 am not willipg to Itmi.'' . lis has been dubbod "Old Hough and Heady." Yours, lie. [From tie N-,0, fioayuiwJufttra, May 16 ] By the kinrintiss of Capt. Kddy, of the Louisiana, wbo left Hrasos Santiago on tn? Wtn inst., we are indebted for the following* important aud interesting account from i'oint Isabel up to Urn'evening of tlie SJlh inst :? Gen. Tayldi lefC Point Isabel on the 7th inst. with 2000 men and'J >0 wagons loaded with stores, ior the fort op posito Matamoras. On the Hth, while inarching, came in sight of the Mexican nrmy, and wben quite near, both annle* commenced A ring with their artillery The Mex icans, from 7,000 to 10,0w) strong, surrounded Geo. Tay lor) but those on the'iear were soon forced to retreat? The battle commenced at noo,9. and * Constant roar of cannon was kept up until dark, when <11 was quiet. Our army slept on ttic held in battle array, ready tor, andcx pecung another hard day's work) but in the morning, seeing nothing of the Mexicans, Gun Taylor sent out Cfcpt. Duncan * company, and found they ha.J all left the battle field, save their dead and badly wounded, together with three field pieces, which they left on the ground. Abont 2oo were left dead. Those who were taken prison ers my that our firing u as to destructive that the whole Mexican army was ordered char/ft upon that of ours, but moit of them positively refuted. One of I he head of ficers rushed into their iniJitveitX sword in Hand, <? urge them to battle, rather than dv which they shot htm down. Some of then knapsack* were examined and found to contain nothiug but corn and salt. Geii. Taylor kept hi* pott, ant sent w his wounded to folnt isabet It wa* tnougfit he niui 1.1 not jiioceed lurthor unul a re-iiiiorce meni, a* tome places no would have to |>**? would be very difficult. Our killed and wounded were ifcf?three olttcert were wounded, tit; Major Ringgold, shot through both legs; CapUin I'age, lots or jaw uadiy (hot; j the omer name not known. On the ?h, three frigates, one sloop and two brig* of 1 war arnvea oil' the bur Hum Vera Cruz, and ciao to an- ' chor, and, on heming the mar of ctnnon, sent five hun- ' died men to I'oiut isubel, to protect our depol oi (tore*, or re inforce t?cu. layioril necessary, itiey Weie all well armed and anxious tor a light wiiu the .'lexicun*.? YVhtie tne buttle was being long t, two coiupatuea of Mexican uitiiiery cauie uowu to i-rue* Uochs Cntco, aud maicne.i up the beacu to take possession ol our vessels witn no re*, wiucii \seie ohUgeu u> mniwr very near the Point' Oui llag ship Cuuibeilaud got under way ami run uowu uiiumt tosm, seeing whiui,they wheeled and returned back. [Krom the New Orleans Tropic, May 17.J Basso* osmtiaoo, M?y lw.?Hince iny last (not receiv ed) we have had two arrival*, the New Vork and l>ng Millaudon. 'itie laat brougm the new* that six steam boat* Willi four thousand volunteer* were ?*??' *t*rting when (he lelt 'iht* news made u? most cheerful, as we couid not have then expected the result that ha* since taken piece with our troop*. Despatches had been sent to Vera Crur. by Gen. T. contents to u* *ubs uuknow#, but rumor would have It I ! aforesaM V*ra Cmt wn to hav* been bombarded. t J?4*e of our *urpri(e.then. when at daylight outh* nsorn ! ing of the nth, after th* whole squadron (Falmouth *x< | ceptad ) appeared off our harbour. The Commodore had | not received the despatch** from her, hat wa* Informed at Vera Crui, that the Meilcan* had marched 0 or 7JM troop* acres* by land to aasiit Geo. A rata in "whipplatf" ; (Jen. Taylor. Com. C, therefore, thought very wisely that hli pre* i aencn hefS would do tome pood In the war of re-inforce ments. Gladly wa* he welcomed, a* Gen. Taylor had marched out-the evening previous to meet and conqtMi the on?my, taking with him twentv two hundred men, teamsters included, with two hundred and fifty taama leaded with anninitlon*, provisions, Ice., which tne Mexi can* were no doabt apprised of, a* the team* had been | loaded ever *ince Monday last, awaiting the order* for ? ; match at a moment'a warning. (ten. T. left Point lanbel with little over four h*adr*d men to defend it. Major Monroe, commas ding bar*, emit ! a requisition to Com. Conner for a* many men a* ha oould ?pare, aa we hoard firing about 3 P. M. of the 9th, whioU | continued with but little intermission uuil dark. Com. C, sent ashoro 3J0 man, and on the 9th 400 or 000 sore, i which make* thin place strong enough to withstand an attack againit 30,000 men. Believe me when I any there w*s the greatest excite mant iieTe all the afternoon of tha 8th, aa we could pLu.1 ly hear the cannonading from the field of battle. On the evening of the e>th, Mr Murray Mr. Bacon volunteered to go and find out the result. On the morning of the Vtb, a black boy caiM into camp, gave a history of the fight, which wa* about time, but a? lie bud runaway and left hi* team, he wa* aot be lie red. At S P. M. of 9th, Maura M. and B. returned, and atatod a* follow* :? They got to (ion- Taylor'* present cam, (lateen mile* from hero. At ^ A. M , theru learned that the army marched until about II mil** from here, whan they *aw the Mexteana drawn np in battle array across hia road: he immediately gave hi* order* for the team* to halt until the 3d brigade had pas*ed. The Mexican* ware on tha prairie near tbeedgoof tha chaparral, when Gen. Tay lor got within nbout three-quarter* of a mile, they open ed unon him with their flying artillery; Oen. Taylor ar rived with Capt. Duncan and Major Kingold** companie*, and at it they went until about *anaet, when the Meal cans had retreated to tha edge of the chaparral and ceased firing. After which, Oen. Taylor flrad ten or fifteen gun* at them, and act to work throwing up two breastwork*. At davlight, the Mexican* were in tne edge of the chapar ral. A council of war was held by (ten. Taylor, and H wa* agreed that one brigade (buuld advance up to Um ohaparral, in hope* to draw the Mexican* into a renewal of the fight, but the moi-e the troop* advanced upon than " the more they warnt there"'?the Mexicans having re treated. leaving three piece* of artillery, any quantity of amuuMion?from four to ?ix hundred daad upon the field, Mid God only know* how many woundod that they took aw*y. We took thirty or forty prisoner*, mostly wounded. Capt. Page, of the 3rd, had all the lower part of hia face shot off with a cannon ball?it ia thought ha will re cover, though horribly mutilated. Major Ringgold had the flo*hy part of both hi* leg* (hot through, and hone Willed?none of hi* bone* broken, which u wonderful. Lieutenant Sutter .(lightly wounded. Our informant ?ay* the field of battle wa* (trewed with tha dead, and they could hoar the groans of the Mexican woundod all night at Gen. T.'s camp. The Mexican* were command ed by Oen. Mqjia- There i( no doubt they have retreated acrqaa the river. When tha volunteer* arrive you may depend ypu will hoar of them " revelling in tha hall* of the Montezuma*," or peace and good will, will bo whip ped into those bombaatic Mexican*. It u a matter of aur* prise that so few were lost on our (ide. Tho monotony of thia place haa been relieved the la*t two day* by tho drilling of "Uncle Hemuel's" " web feet" or " barnacle-back* that came here from tho aquad ron. You would be *un>ri*cd.i<> <eo with what dexterity and precision they go througk tlu.ii evolutions with mua ket?, and no ono could resist a laugh to hear *om* of their laying*. One old talt laid this morning, " Damn and blast my eye* ! here is a (hip a(hore. and poor Jaok on hi( beam cnd( " Tbi( speech waa addressed to him self when looking on the tent that had bbeo pitched, and was of sufficient dimension to bold about fifty-two. One-third of the whole number of the man from tho squadron are marines, the' Balance tare. 1 ahould pic ture to myaclf a (oldier, riding a horseback or a cow aa aoon a* that 1 should aeo four or five hundred aailor* going into war with muakets on their shoulders, but yon could not restrain them from going against the Mexicana with only a knife and fork, if you would only show them a chance, for they aro all " eager for the fray." [From the New Orlcani Delta, May 17.] The gallant Captain Walker wa* in both engagaaant*, and wo aro happy to itate escaped without injury. Gen. Taylor and staff wero to leave Point laabel on tho 13th for hi* camp opposite Matamora*. Major Urown, of the artillery, who wa* left in ooa maiul of the fort opposite Matamora*, died on the 10th of wound* received in gallantly defending hi* poet, and wa* huried w ith military honor* on the 11th. . Major Ringgold, well known a* the comraand*r of tho flying artillery, also died on the 11th, from wound* re ceived in the action of the 8th. Qapt. Page, who was wounded In the same engage ment. wo arc happy to atato, is rapidly recovering. Lieut. Luther, alio slightly wounded, i* convalescent. We have the following verbal intelligence from ono of the dragoon* of the U. 8. army :? He states that when Gen. Taylor came in eight of tho enemy, their number appeared so large that ho cxeiaim ed?"Friend*, w* must vanquish or die:" saying which he ordered the dragoon* to chargo on the Mexican artil lery. Thay immediately obeyed their commander1* or der, and mode such an onilaugbt on thorn that Uiey war* compelled to abandon nine field piece* and *o*k their safety in flight [From the Galveston Civilian, Mar 18.] On tho morning of tho 13th, General Taylor and hia staff, with the guard that had brought down the train, he., started for hi* camp. He wa* met by an expr*** a few mile* from Point Isabel, informing him that 8,000 freah troojia had arrived in Matamoras, 3,000 of which had crossed over, and 1,100 more had crossed the Rio Grande at Barrita, near the Bacachica, not mora than eight miles from Point Isabel. General Taylor returned Point Isabel at once, and made preparation* to leave tha n*xt day wtth tuch forces a* were arriving The (team ship Galveston landed 460 Infantry, (regular* and volun teers,) the Augusta landed about 360; Captain Price ar rived via Padre Island from Corpus Chrlsti, with his com pany of seventy mounted ranger*. Tbey *11 reached (he point on the 13th. The Telegraph and James L. Day will doubtless land their troop*, amounting to upwards of moo, at Point Isabel on the 14th. Great credit i* due to Captain Jeremiah Hmits, of the steamship Cincinnati, and Captain R. McBakor, of th* Monmou*b, for the *kUl, energy, and promptness shown In management of thoir boats in transporting troops oad supplies across th* bay at Brasoi Santiago. (Jenoral Parade* i* at the head of 15,000 troopa on hi* way to Matamora*. It may pouiMy be that the fre?h troopa arrived at Matamora*, ia the advance division ef hi* army. No doubt the enemr were fully advlaod that General Taylor had: left for Point Ilabel, and their plan i* to try and capture him on hi* return, whilst a strong force eroding above, ia to come down upon hie my General Taylor appeared highly plea*ed with the in telligence ; for aince the war haa opened, and no mistake, the excitement andacttarltv attending operation*, open* a new era to hi* vigorous achievement*, and nil hare re marked how much better he looks than when confined to the "masterly inactivity" of the Corpus Christi canu paign. It i* itatod that an expedition ia to be sent by boot* of the squadron to take the town of Barita, aixteen nil** from tho mouth of the river, where there ia a military force. General Vega ia the Colonel Vega that waa captured by the Texan force* at the (laughter of Han Jacinto. Ho wa* alio at the tall oi tho Alamo, and ia a brave and ao compli*hod ottcer. IKrom the Oalfoiton Newi, May 15.1 The following vo**el* compose a part of the U. 8. vai force in the Gulf of Mexico, under command of Com modpre David Conner, arrived off the bar at Braaoi San tiago on the 4th init, and came to anchor: Krigate Cumberland, bearing tho broad pennant, frigate Potomac, L apt. Aulick, conunander ; Irigate Bar Itad, Cspt Gregory, commander; aloop-of-war John Adami, commander McCluuey; brig-oi-wax BomoM, commander Ingraham. Cipt. Gregory landed at Point Iiabol in tho evsolag with a detachment of 13U teamen and marine* from th* Karitan, accompanied by one hundred mere from tho John Adam*, under tho command of oommodoro McCluner. On the tollowing morning dotnehmont* of MO from tho flog "hip Cumberland, 1*0 Irom tho frigate Fotemaa, and ?16 irom the brig Homer*, the latter arcompoated by com mandor Mci 'Uney, were landed at Point laaM, under the command of Capt. Aulick, of the Poto*nae. The above detachment*, with tho otioers, number MA. They are a fine body of tar*, commanded by brave and gallant officer*, armed tad equipped for eerviee, and if ? chance i* afforded them to b<.avd the enemy, or to bring them within fighting distance, they will render a good acconat of their loborv ? ?' ' One thousand elfoctive men eonM have been thrown ashore at Point Isabel, fruin tho Boot, at a moment'* warn, ing. it their service* had boon required. ? * * i ten-Taylor put hi* army in motion, and on reaching the cheiny, it wa* found tr,?\ v. -r? occupying the eha parral, and had thrown uv i.renstwuiks along the rand, wHli several piece* ai cannon planted *o a* to iwaof tho rotid; Nc time wa* lo*t Ui arranging the order of battio and advancing upoh the enemy, the latter opening their artillery, Which was moodily returned by our force*. The Mexican cavalry urfdei teok to charge our own lineo vindef cover or tho tmoke i the fifth regunont of infantry, having formed In, iqaare, received them with a deadly Arc , Major Hiaggold and Capt. Duncan'* corps of By lag artillery opene.i meir fire, and mowed themdowa ft ?olid columns, which made them (tagger and fall bock ia coafotion on thai' b?e* _ . .? ? Tho bhttlw waa now principally confined to artillafy OB both aide*. 1 he Mexican*, aiming too high, prevented much Jo?* oa oar *ide. Our Klying Artillery wa* vary : destructive to the hope? oi the onemy ?, the rapidity and despatch witii which it wa* brought to bear on different I??iiit? oi the enomy1* line created great havoc. Major X.mOjoM received a (hot fbrowgh both thigh*, killing hi* uor*e under him. Capt. Page had hi* lower jaw (feot oil The cannonading continued froth about 3 P. M-, until sundown, and could be beard distinctly at Point Iaabel. The Mexican* retreated, and left one piece of cannon on the tali Several prisoner* were taken. The latter were asked why their cavalry did not chaiflef They an awered, it waa impoedlbte to get tfiem to to so after tka firat repulse v the taring wot tt3? hot: tho men cotlkl not bo kept to their arms, but would brook and run. Tho order to charge wa* repeotodly given; a few of the cavalry would advance, but not fading UtanwiYf* lupjxwttd fc