Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 27, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 27, 1846 Page 1
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m the new york herald. xn, Mft-wMi la, ?J8V. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 27,1846. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES MRMN BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD? Every day, Price Scents per copy?$7 ~ ' a advance. D?Every Saturday?Price CMtl ?Bin?payable in advance, the usaal price*?always cash ^AD^i'sto^r" o?B^p*y-,b'e in a,w"c* la advance. ^PRINTING of all kinds eiKit?4Iwith beauty aid dee VCJ~A1I latter* or commanications, by'mail, addressed to naMMNateMt, man be post paid, or the postage wili be aMMM team the aabicupnou money remutod. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the the New Tom Hebal? Establishment, N'oiA-Wmi corner of Fnlton and Nasiau ?>?'??? S8HBJ0SSL08E?ll2S RAojJa?ouUIrt Ai?A1iNC>T 'i'Hi?iNou-TH. LOSQ ISU4XD RAILROAD. Trains on Wednesday and Thursday, win run as follows leave Sooth Ferry, Brooklyn, at S*,, 11. and It?aad:return at the clo*e of the IUces ? Fare, 2i rents. On FRIDAY, tlied iy of the great race, trami will com meace running at a very e.urly hour, and continue running at short interval* until within SCO minute* of the race*. i"-*" ? c I.UaNo ti Ail-ItOAU tUiUi'AiS X. SUMMER ARMlfGEMENT. TRAINS RUN As FOLLOWS, COMMENCING WED NESDAY, MAY 13, 1R46: J **vc Baoect.TR at 7 o'clock, A. M. Boston tr 'In for flreen port, daily (exreu: Sunday*,) stopping si Karmingdale and St. George's Vinor. at 9^ oVIock, A. M., for Fannin dale aad intermediate place*. at 3 P. M., through to Greenport, slrr ping both way* at Jamaica, Branch, Hiclut ill*, Firmmgd ile, and all the itatiou* betwo cu Farmingdale and Greenport. " at J P. M? for Farmingdale and interme diate place*. LiaVS Gkeenpobt at 5 o'clock, A. M. Accommodation train, daily, (except Sunday*,) through to Brook lyn. at 3 P.M., Boston train, or on the arrival of the steamer from Norwich, (topping at St. George'* Manor and (?'uriningdile. Leave Farminodale at A. M', Accommodation train for Brooklyn. " at 0^4 A. M. Greenport train, for Brooklyn. " " at 2Cl P. M. Accommodation traiu, for Biooklyn. Leave Jamaica at I A. M. Accommodation train, for Brook lyn. " at A. M. Greenport train for Brooklyn. " at 3V P. M. Accommodation train, for Brcoklyn. Fa** to ? Bedford 8 cents. East New York lt)f, R**e Course 11V, Trotting Conne 18,i. Jamaica il'i, Brushville Hyde Park (17 miles) 37W, Clowsville (during the ses sion of court) 37>4 .Hempstead S7K, Branch 37 U. Carle Place 44, Westbnry 44. Hicksvtlle 44, Farmingdale oftc, Deer Park ?9, Thompson M, Suffolk station SI. Lake Road station SI ltj?. Mt dford station (I IBJj. Yanh ink SI 37Ja, St. George'* Manor $1 62>v Riverhead 91 K2V Jame?i>ort $1 62V, Matte tuck SI 62k. Cutehogut $1 fi8><, Southold SI Ci>a, Greenport Accommodtrion train $1 76, Greenport by Boston train $2 2j. Brage* are ia readme** on the arrival of train* at the several stations, to take paaseugers at very low fares, to all parts of the Islaad. Baggage Crates will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receiTe baggaje for the several trains, 30 minutes before the hour of starting from the Brooklyn side. The steamboat " Statesman" leaves Greenport for Sag Har bor twice each day, on the arrival of the trains from Brook lyn; .m*i9 rc_ TO WESTERN TRAVELLERS. 'T'HE Public u r**|<etiiuil> lutormed that the recent break Ji in the Canal, caused by the lata freshet, having been re paired, the PIONEER fc EXPRESS LINfc, via Railroad and Canal from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh, commenced its trips for live season on Monday, the 6tli of April, leaving the Depot, No. 374 Market street, DAILY, at 7)f ' * *. A.M. o'elocL By this route passengers will avoid all the fatigue and dan geT of night travelling in coaches, both Railroads being ed is daylight. For further information, apply at the old-established Office, 174 Market street, 4 doors above Eighth street. alR *m*rre A. B. CUMM1NGS, Agent. MORNING LINE AT HKVf.N O'CLOCK. FOR ALBANY AND INTERMEDIATE 'LANDINGS?From the Steamboat Pier at .the foot of Barclay street. Breakfast and Aiuaer ou the boat. The new lew-pre*aure steamboat TROY,' Captain A. Oorliam. Monday. Wednesday and Friday Mornings 7 A. M. The *te?mboat NIAGARA. Tuesday, Thu.'iday and Satnr diy morni 'g*. at 7 A. M. Laadingtat Caldwell'*, Westpoiat, Newburgh, Hampton, Poughkeenaie, Hyde Park, Rhinebeck, U. Red (look, Bristol, Catakill, Hudson, Coxiackie, and Kin derhook. All good*, freight, bank bills, specie, or any other kind of property, taken, put, orahipped on board this boat,must be at toe risk of the owners of such nods, freight, baggage, Itc. For passage or freight apply ou board, or at the office on the wharf. mv27 rrc PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY Daily, Sunday* excepted?Through Direct?at 7 o'clock, P.M. from the pier ietwern Courilanc' and Liberty iti. Jga Steamboat ROCHESTER, Capt. Alfred flpiiMaS* Houghton, will leave oo Monday. Wednes 3C31CjC. day, and Friday evenings, at 7 o'clock. Steamboat HENDRIK HUDSON. Capt. R G. Cnmenden, Will leave on Tuesday, Thursday aad Saturday evenings, at 7 o'clock. United States Mail Line. At 5 o'clock, P. M., Landing at Intermediate Places. From the Foot of Barcloy it.. Steamboat HUDSON. Captain C. K. King, will leave oa Mon.hy, Wednesday, Friday and Sonday afternoons, at J o'clock. Steamboat SANTA CLAUS, Captain B. Overbtgh, will leave nn Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday afternoons, at 9 o'clock. The above boats will, at all times, arrive ia Albaay ia ample time for the morning cars for the east or west. Freight taken at moderate rates, and none taken after iX o'clock, P. M. AM persons are forbid trusting aay of the boats of this line, witliout a written order from the captain* or agents. For paasage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C. Schnltx, at the office on the wharf. my?7rc XHt MUST UfcLkiHTKUL OF ALL. EXCURSIONS. A SAIL serosa the Hudson river to Hobo ? ken, and then m walk to the Elysian Fields. tl>c exceedingly picturesque shores of tSe |>l?ce. will prore the raoat easily accomplished and attrac tirt of all rnrual excursions that can be made from the city. The (rounds now promt a charming aspect, the trees be inaiu leaf, and the aoil covered with a rich turf. The walks are in excellent order, having bean considerably ?m.ellishedUte present spring. The Kerry Boats from Barclay, Canal and Christopher at*., are completely fitted up with awnings and aeats. Nifc-lu Boats ran from Hobokea to Barclay street an 111 11 ?'clock. TrrriuK IV Mmti. nil Jm*r HKOH LIVERPOOL?t he packet ahip bHERl DAN, Captaiu Cornish, will be desiwtched iminedi itelv. For freight or passage, apply on board at Or irf, foot of Wall street, or to mytt E. K COLLINS * CO.. M South street. KOK KREIOHT OR CH ARTER.?The fine, ?fast sailing, copper fastened British bark CLA PmmIIKNCK, 237 ton. register, or 3200 bbla., can lure >mineui..te dispatrh. Apply to ravSl lwrc PERSSfcifc BROOKS. ?i ardff Nassau at. PACKRT VOR MARSEILLES.?The picket ahip ARCOLE, Capt. Wm. K. Hoodleas, will sail i oa the 1st Jnne. For freight or passsge, spply to CHAMBERLAIN k PHELPS, 103 !? rout street, or to BOYD It HINCKEN, inrH tTontine Buildings. (W Wall street. PACKET FOR HAVRfc-Second lme-The ttjsv Packet ship ST. NICHOLAS, Cspuin Nathaniel JMb W. Eveleigh, will aail on the 1st of June. Fer ir* 141,1 or passage, apply to BOVD k HINCKRN, my M No. U Wall street. "Sfit fOR LIVERPOOL-The well known, faatsail iBKisi. coppered and coppered fastened shin SOt'TH JHbtKNiH, 000 toaa burthen, Capt. T. D. Palmer, wiu mret with dispatch. For light freight or passage, having eery comfortable ac eommojanons, apply on hoard. foot oT Roeevelt street. E. R.. or to WOODHqI.L k MINTUBN. ?7 South st mvH ULASOOW LINE OF PACK UTS?To sail 1st ,J?ne. her regular day?The fine fast sailing packet Bthip ijARACEN, 440 tons, Capt. N..T. Hawkme, I aul as above. j'orlipht freight or passage, hsving excellent accommoda tions, apply on board,Toot of Oliver street, or to WOOUHULL k MINTUKN. ?7 South street The regular packet ahi|> BROOK8BY, M0 torn, Cautaia Hugh McEweu, will succeed the Saraean, and aail 1st July, her regular day. ?t? JPdKP- PAS8AOE FOR LIVERPOOL.-Packet of 1st kM^WJnne ?The fine last sailing and favorite packet ship JHKa SOUTHERNER, Capt. T. D. Palmer, will sail pu .c.u^.iy as above. This well known ship has accommodations unsnrpaased for cabin, second r *bi n, Mm ltrrrage passengers. The price of passage will be low, which, together with the superior sailing qualities and food accommodations of the Southerner, should be sufficient luducement for all shont to proceed to (he old country, to take passage in her; to secure which early appli cation must be made ou board, foot Roosevelt street, er to W. k J. T. TAPSCOTT. 06 South st., my!! m One door west of Burling slip. Afig- FOR LONDON?Regular Picket of the lit ol iJHTb I mi Tin first class, faat sailing packet ship jS&KeHW'ITZERLAND, (.apt. Knight, burthen 1,000 tout. Mill sail as above, her regular day. Hiving very superior accommodations lor cabin, second csbin, and steeragepastengera, persons intending to embark B" lie make immediate application on hoard, foot of Maiden .or to JOSEPH MeML'RRAY, Corner of Pine and South sts. Persona wishing to lead for their friends in the old country, csn have them brought out by the above vessel, or any other of the line, hr mo'Iviov as above m\22 t.M I t.u 9'l Air.s It uKbAi bKlTArN i bfWy.IRELAND OLD ESTABLISHED EMIGRANT >|-HCK?The Subscribers are prepared to bring ua,|i.M(ii(er< by any of the Line of Packets sailing every trt days ; and drafts can, as usual, be furnished, payable throughout the United Kingdom For further particulars apply to JOHN HK RDM A.N k Co.. my* 01 South street. KNEW LINK OK PACKETS FOR LIVER JOL.?Packet of 00th of M?y.?The splendid, fast iliug and favorite packet ship SHEltl DAN, 1100 tou? burthen, < aptaiu J. B. Cornish, will sail on luea day, May Kth, her regular day. The ahipe of this line being ell 1000 tons and upwards persons about to embark for the Old Country will not fail to see the advantages to be de rived Irom selecting tliia line in preference to any other, as their great capacity renders them every way more comfort able and convenient than ships of a small claee, and their ac rommod-itions for cabia, second cahtn and steerage passen gers, it is well known, are superior to those W any other line of packets. Persona wishing to secure berths should not fail to make early application oa board, at the foot of Wall street grto W. k J. T. TAPSCOTT, P) *3 re MJBovtfi ottoot, om dow west of BaiUag slip. THE ON THE RIO GRANDE. I Operations. Prfp&rationtorjjpoaghoiit the Union. FAfliQfjgn, Hprclal DMP.UH York Herald Camp, orr.-osfw matamo*as. \ May 11k" |(^g C The army of occupation marr.^i from Point Isabel towards tins camp, on Thirsday the 7th instant. On Friday, about 2 P.M., *Aifc Mexicans appeared in large torce in our front, h, a few minutes the battle began with artillery. The tiring was very active; and the fighting continued, at intervals, until dark. We encamped half a mile in advance of our position, when tha battle commenced. But for our immense train, to guard which two regiments were detached, the victory would have oeen complete. The casualties of this day are not yet distinctly known. Major Ringgold, of the artillery, and ( upturn Page, 4th infantry, were severely wounded by a cutuion ball. Early on Saturday morning, wo saw the enemy retiring into the chaparral, towards Muta moras. Their artillery had been withdrawn in the night. We pursued vigoroa?ly, and niter marching about five miles, found tlio enemy in a strong positMn in our road. The action bore com menced, at 3 P.M., by a discharge of grape from the enemy's cannon upon our advance guard. Our main body soon came up, and after an action severe and well contested, considering the gene ral reputation of Mexican troops, we gained tlte most complete victory ever achieved by an Amer ican ariny. We took all their artillery?ten pieces ?prisoners without number?and their camp, containing an immense amount ot ammunition, army stores and private baggnge. 1 have, at present, only time to say, that the field is covered with the Mexican dead?our loss was considerable. The numbers engaged were, on our side, considerably less than 2,000. The eneiny acknowledge theirs to have been 8,000? the finest troops ever raised in Mexico. Thus, all their resources have been exhausted in the de termined effort to crush the little force sent here to take possession of tlie country. Let our peo ple, at home, decide if they have been fitly repre sented. Let certain members of Congress can didly ask themselves if the regular army is a use less encumbrance^ Gen. La Vega is our prisoner, together with many other officers of rank. Three officers on our side, Lieuts. Inges, of the Dragoons, Cochrane and Chadburne, of the infantry, were killed. U. S. Flag Ship Cumberland, > Bkasos de Santiago, May 13. $ To-day, I hear that the Somers sails for New Org leans, and I avail myself of the opportunity of writing. Since my last, which I sent you from Vera Cruz, the aspect of things has materially and essentially altered. We are no linger at peace. War, with all its splendid pageant and horrors, has commenced. Of this you will be fully aware, some time before this reaches you. The Herald will give all the particulars of the two battles, and, in fact, we shall not know them ourselves, till we see them detailed in that paper; but, 1 may be able to tell something of affairs, of which I myself have been the eye-witness. A week ago, last Sab bath, while you were quietly listening to the Ereadier of the gospel, (or at least ought to have sen,) we were laying at anchor near Vera Cruz. At 3 o'clock, P.M., we were all thrown into a state of excitement, from the fact, that orders had been given to prepare for sea. Our consul informed us that the Mexican *rmy were in full march to attack General Taylor.? Next meriting, the squadron was under way with the exception of the Falmouth, which we left standing to sea, no one knowing where we were bound, except Commodore Conner and the Lord, for he is as mysterious as the grave. Conjecture was busy ; and the supposition that we were bound for the entrance of the Rio and Bravo del Norte, proved to be true, for Inst Friday we were off the mouth of the river, but came up to this place, which is called Brasos de Santiago, which is the entrance of a large lagoon, on the sidoofwhich is Point Isabel, which is fortified, and in jwsscssion of the American army. The same day we anchor ed here, a distant cannonade was heard at three o'clock, P.M. We discovered the smoke arising from the field of battle. The country lieing low and very level, we saw quite a distance inland ; and as the spot whefe the conflict was going on was dis tant but about 15 or 16 miles, we could plainly see the smoke, and hear the report of \nusketrv and cannon. From the mizen-top, with a spy glass, I could sec the jets of white smoke, as it rolled up from each discharge of cannon. The two ar mies fought all day, and when night came on, there was nothing of a decisive nature. But the next day, for two nours,they hail it hot and heavy, and the result was the total route of the Mexican army, 7000 strong, by the Yankees, (only 2,200.) We have got one ot their generals and M0 taken prisoners The general is to be sent to the Uni ted States by the Somers. No description of mine can give you any idea of the excitement that pre vails. We have landed about 300 men from the squadron to reinforce Point Isabel, but there is no danger of an attack from die Mexicans, and two steamers have arrived with troops, nnd now while I am writing thin, a small stea mer is bringing our men on". Yon never saw such a rush to get ashore, men and officers ?there were only two midshipmen went, and as it happened, I was one of the cursed unlucky ones who had to remain home; they have had no fighting; so I have not lost much, out what is most discouraging, is that this morning I heard that the war had been suspended for twenty days. This is too bad: because it will probably end by peace being established, and that is altogether against our interest. Yesterday the Mississippi came in, and brought me some papers, but no letters from you. Much obliged to you was 1 for them. I was a little disappointed in not having received a few lines from you. I expect the squadron (which now consists of the Potomac, Karitan. John Adains, St. Mary's, Somers, Lawrence, ana Mississippi,) will separate arid and proceed to t :e different sea-port*, in readiness to blockade them at the expirution of the armistice, or at once, if there is no armistice, which 1 kope there is not. Then we will have some cutting out expe ditions; and as I am one of the otlicers of the launch, if opportunity offers, I hope you will hear from me. Squire, if you were only here, it would put new life in you. All is elcitement? none of your dull, dogging, tedious days?all on the qui vivt for anything of account from the ar my. You will have full details in the Herald, and the one which contains it, send me. In the mean time, if anything occurs. I will let you know. I have just learned that the report about the armis tice is not true. The war goes bravely on, nnd there is not a Mexican to be seen on this side the Rio Grande. Special Despatch from New Orleans. New Orleans, May 18, 1S46. I wrote yem after the closing of the mail yes terday, and forwarded my letter by the boat, so that you would receive the intelligence brought by the Galveston, at as early an moment as possi ble. Since writing, I have been able to gain a few additional particulars : ami for them, I ain under obligations to Capt. Wright, of the Galveston, and to a passenger that came in her. It appears, when the (J. left, thnt Paredes was at the head of ait army of 15,(MM men, marching into Matninoras, nnd he expected to be reinforced. This force was to have joined Gen. de La Vega, (now prisoner of war in this city,) but did not luckily arrive in time, otherwise Gen. Taylor would have had a terrible time ; as it is, he bail a severe conllict. Four hundred men (Mexicans) had l>een buried by the American troops, and a number are yet to be disposed of. It was rumored, and currently believed, that the Onmanche Indians had joined the Mexicans ; if so, it accounts for their refusal to treat with the U. S. C vmnissioner. A force of Texans had been ordered otf to the lines, to keup them in 1 cheek ; and, in a few days, we shall hear fully as to the truth of the statement. Cnpt. May. of the dragoons, has certainly shown himself to Ik> a brave and skilful oiH eer; his capture of the Mexican gnns is one of the most dnring and chivalrous feats ever known. He took General I>h. Vega pri soner ; he found luni fighting, sword in hand, and demanded his surrender, lie was asked by La Vegn, if he was an officer 1 and, on his replying that he was, he replied then, " Sir. you take tien. de Ln VeKa a prisoner of war, ana as such, I surrender." Gen. Taylor otiered the General to release him on Ins parole; but he declined, and gave as a reason, that, if he returned to his country, lie must take up arms for her again. Ilo is now here, nnd ia, of course, the lion oi the day. He is a inan about 5 feet 6 inches, rather stout, very dark complexioned, black hair, deep-piercing eyes, and withal, a very tine looking man. It is lu? intention to take a tour, m soon m be can, of this oougtry. II* speaks in the highest terms oj the treatment he received from Gen. Taylor and ] his officers. *Gen.T. gave him letters to his friends , as also one ol' credit. It speaks nobly lor the cad hero. Tli>' Mexican force now this side of the Kto Grande, when the Galveston left, was 5,000. They Iny between Point Isabel and the camp. Taylor left Point Isabel to reach his camp, but returned back, fearful of an attack; he would, however, j in a day or two, leave with the volunteer force, amounting to 1500 men, and some regulars, when it was expected he would have a brush. The loss of the Mexicans in the three battles has been ter rible, say 1300 ino??that of the Americans, 100. Our banks are acting most rascally; they have closed their vaults and refuse to discount; the con sequence is, a large number of merchants have gone by the board! Flour has fallen to S2 75 a 2 50; Louis, #3 00. Sugar, 4 a 44. Pork, $8 a :S10. IWjf, 96 a 6 50, and every thing in propor tion. Flot* was worth at Matamoras ?90 per bnrrel, and no netobe had attlint price. By the bye, a story wis circulated in this city, and found its way into the papers, that Benjamin Story had waited on Hie Governor, and offered to plaoe #500,000 at liis disposal, to send on volun teers to Texas, icc. 1 have only to sny, that it is utterly untrue. I sj eak positively on that head. The Bank of Louihiuia, of which ho is the Presi dent, controls the otlur banks here, and the capi tal thereof is owned principally by foreign capi talists. The name of \h# captain that denounced his men as cowards, Jus., and broke his sword and threw it at them, was Viosco. not Triooa?he is a noLle Castilian. Our moil failed yesterday, of course, as impor tant news was anticipated, but an express came through. Where is Cave Johnson 7 The fact-is, whenever the foreign news, or any other 'impor tant news, is expected in this city, either the gov ernment agents, or the stage driver, or railroad attendants are bought up by speculators, and the news is brought on always a day ahead of the mail. Talk of Wicklitre, late Post Master Gene ral?it was not half as bad when he was there as it is now?but humbuggery, rascality, &c., to., is the prevailinflQraits and ruling features of the day. Our happy and patriotic Slate has been most wofully, as the saying is, sucked in, by per sons having the furnishing of the troops?for in stance, ?1 per gallon for vinegar, and other things in proportion. The iact is, the Jews have mad^ the most of it; as they have principally been the persons that have furnished the articles?however, its not exactly my business. I only write to let you know how we do up things here. Kvery bout that arrives bungs from 100 to 200 volunteers. 180 fine fellows, riile men, came over from Mobile this morning. Our Governor has been under the necessity ot declining the ser vices of them, nsthe number required by Gene ral Taylor of him, has been forwarded. How ever. as the government is now going into it, they will have a chance yet. We have a large number of the boys here ready to innrch, and will, when called on, render good and eflieient service, or else I do not live in Mew Orleans. [Krora the Philadelphia U. 8 Gazette. May SB.] In looking over the slips containing a list of the officers killed, we thought it might be well to place against their names the name* of the States in whicn each was born, which we do by referring to the army list: Drevet Major Samuel Ringgold was ? native of Mary, land. He died .on the 11th last, from wounds received on the 8th. Major Jacob Brown, of the Seventh Infantry, was a native of Massachusetts. Lieutenant Zebulon M. P. Inge*, of the Second Regi ment of Dragoons, is a native of Alabama. He beats a military name, as we suppose it is Zebulon Montgomery Pike Inges. Richard E. Cochrane, First Lieutenant in the Fourth Regiment of Infantry, was a native of Delaware. Theodore L. Chadbourne, Second Lieutenant in the Eighth Regiment of Infantry, was a native of Maine, probably of Portland. The wounded officers were as follows: l.ieut. Col. Macintosh. 5th Infantry, Georgia. Lieut. Col. Pavno, 4th Artillery, Virginia. Capt Page, 4th infantry, Maine. Capt. Hooe. 8th Infantry, Virginia. Capt. Montgomery, 8th Infantry, New Jersey. Lieutenant Roland A. Luther, Second Artillery, Penn sylvania First Lieut ColUnson R. Gates, 8th Regiment Infantry, New York. Second Lieut John G. Burbank. Massachusetts. Lieutensnts Selden, Met'lure and Jordan. General Vrgi. [From the Now Orleans Bee, May 18.] In Addition to tlio unprecedented excitement in ourcity yesterday, caused by the newt of the glorious victory of General Taylor, ana the war intelligence from Washing ton, the sensation was, if possible, increased by the land ing of General Romilio Oias de la Vega, at a prisoner of war, from on board the steamer Colonel Harney. This brave and experienced officer haa a very prepossessing appearance; he is very little over the middle height, has a nne manly countenance of a swarthy hue, setoff by full and well trimmed whiskers and mustachioes. On his landing from the steamer, he was conducted to a pri va*e residence at the corner of Toulouse and Roval streets, where a vast concourse of people were gathered to catch a glimpse of a live Mexican General. 1 he Gen eral appeared to be in excellent spirits. His conversation with several persons who were admitted to see him, was carried on by au interpreter in the Spanish language, aa he does not speak either the English or F rench, lie ex pressed himself surprised at the wonderful extent of New (Uleans, and expatiated upon ita immense amount of shipping, stating that he had no idea of the importance of the city. In speaking of the late battle, he was under stood, to say, that the American artillery behaved with uncommon efficiency. Shortly after his arrival, General Gaines admitted him and the other efficera on parole, and they will, no doubt, take their quartan at the ML Charles Hotel. Military Movement* throughout the Union. The law of Congress, recently pasted, to organize a corps of sappers and miners, has been put in operation, and the corps it now forming. The rendezvous, in this city, is lift Cedar streot. [Krom the Galveston Civilian. May 15.] A letter has been received here by General Johnson, from (Jovernor Henderson, dated the sth inst, in which the Governor states that tie Was about to leave for Corp"* Christi?to assume 1 i?sitiou, we presume, In the comman of the voli. ers of tho State, according to the resol-it' 'he Leguiuturo. tie on has been ordered to report to his Ex cell* icy at Corpus Cristi. Tu mpnnies of volunteers arrived here from Hous ton lui umy under General Taylor, the firat under Capt M. K. Snell, on Tuesday n'ght, and the other under Caj?t Ottrander, on Wednesday night. They are a rugged looking bodv^>f men; and have mostly seen ser vice, and shed riloou?their own or their enemies?under the banner of Texaa, in days gone by. Three companies called for from this county and Harris are about ready to leave for the seat of war. From the Austin Democrat of the 0th inttant we learn that Governor Henderton, under inttructiont from Gen. Taylor, hat made a requisition upon the militia of the State for teveral companies of mounted men, in addition to the foreea before called into the field to operate againtt Mexico. [From the New Orleant Tropic, May 18 ] The oUlcers of the U. S. Army of Occupation, have raised a purse of $1000, as a compliment to Captain Walker, the gallent Texan. The deaths among our officers are very numerous, considering the number killed among all ranks. It cer tainly ahowi that our gallant military leaden are fear lett in exposing themselves in the hour of danger. But U tea men were wounded in the fort opposite Mats moras when it was attacked, and one of those three waa the commander, Ma). Brown. The Moataiuma Relief Guards, Captain Elmore, num bering 100 rtrong, and Captain Pratt'a company from Mo bile and Tuscaloosa, numbering 90 men, arrived ) ester terday on the steamer Fashion, from Mobile. We ought to have at least twenty Ave thousand troops at toon at possible on the Mexican (rentier. If we can destroy the present Mexican force on the Rio Grande, cut then off from retreating back into the intorior, and completely annihilate it, the war will be at an end. If we do not pursue a course thus energetic, it may be continued for years. Major General Gaines haa shown himself to be a man ot aingular foresight He hat for years laid down the consequence of a war with Mexico, and atated the number of soldiers necessary to prosecute it with energy. He has been treated with neglect, and his ideas have been treated as visionary, hut public opinion and the exigencies of the times have shown him to ha a truly wise commander and statesman. [From the New Orleans dee, May 18.] Several companies belonging to the legion, including Major daily's Artillery, will, most probably ,be mustered into the I'nited States service this morning. We trutt tin* excellent corpa will turn out in large numbera and in goodly array. '1 o-rrorrow morning the steamboat Mary Kingsland will leave the barracks for Braaos, St J ago, and will take on board four companies of volunteera, belonging to Gen. Davis' regiment. These are the companies of Cap taint Galbraith, Staples, Warrington, (previuutly Capt G. K. Johnson, who hat been elected Lieutenant Colonel) Ogier and Girault. A splendid company of volunteers arrived here on Saturday, on board the Cora from Natchitoches, under command of Captain John Waddell; the other officers ?re, J. Dorlin, First Lieutenant; A. P. Staring, Second Lieutenant, and Brig. Sugcon, Dr. W. P. Ray burn. 'J he t.oncordia, < apt. notice, which arnved yester day, brought down Capt. C. B. Kiernan, and Lieutenants Hynds, Kterkimmon and Shumard, Irom the parish of Madison, With M volunteers for Mexico. 1 esterday morning two full companies arrived here from Mobilo. They appear to be u fine body of men, anxioua to proceed at once to the scene of action. Shortly after their arrival, another company landed at the Levee Irom Lafourche; having been brought down on board the steamboat Fame. It will thus be perceived that should the 40,000 men be actually demanded by Congrees, there it very little doubt of the whole number being completed in a abort time from Southern and Western b tales. [From the New Orleans Bulletin, May 18.] The following 1* the official report of the volunteer*, to far furnished by our State : Washington Regiment commanded by J. B. Walton, total itrength 67 i Jackson Regiment commanded by 8. F. Nlarki WHS Montezuma Regiment commanded by J. II. Dakin.. .733 Louiiiana Volunteen commanded by Hfratio Davit.731 Brig, General Peraifor F. Smith and Staff. 4 3,003 Louiiiana Legion, 10 companies of Infantry and a Battalion of Artillery, (to be enrolled to-day,) commanded by Brigadier Oeneral L). AugutUn, about 1,000 Fifth Regiment, composed of companiot and tquadt, who were too late, say 760 j Total number of volunteer*, to far organized 4,7 A3 | The three flrtt regiment*, with the exception of one company, have embarked. [From the Vicksburg Sentinel, May 11.] Colonel Pitchlin, the Choctaw chief, now in thit city, I hat declared hit determination to raite flvo thousand ] warrior* of hi* nation, and offer their lervice* to the go- < vernment, to march aero** Texa* againat Mexico. SFrom the Montgomery Journal, May 30.] ition to the Relief Volunteert, Capt. Elmore, 100 strong. which left here lait week, tho Pintlalla Van Ouarda, Capt. Curtit, 70 ttrong, which left on Monday; the Montgomery True Bluet, Capt. Mumford, M ttrong, which left yesterday, the Montgomery Riflemen, Capt. Seibeli, 66 atrong, to leave to-day. all of this county.? There are two other companint Ailing up, which con template getting off during the week. Altogether the volunteer* from thit county will mutter a full battalion. Pretty fair for one county. Old Montgomery it not wont to be a laggard, and will never shame itt ancient reputa tion. " Again unto the breach," fcc. [From the St. Louit Republican, May 10 ] Three companies of tho Legion?Hie Native American Ranger*, Montgomery Guards, and the Morgan Riflemen ?are encamped on tne open field, wett of the city, near the Park. Yeiterday, they were actively engaged in drilling their recruitt, aud although many of them were entirely without experience in military tactic*, they pre sented at fine an appearanco at any body of men could be expected to do. To the volunteers in the Legion, have been added a number of volunteer* from Alton, and from the Mis*ouri river. The encampment i* kept up with itrict discipline, so far at the guards and internal control are concerned, and we are pleated to see the re aped tnd consideration with which visiters treated the rules a?d regulations which havo been established. Ye* terday, Col. Davenport came from JeHereon Barrack* to muster the several companiei into service. Wo saw him in the Park, where thete companiei were assembled, but forsomc caute it was deferred until to-day. Wo under stand that it is the intention of Col. Davenport not to mus ter into tervico lett than a Battalion or Regiment, and at toon aa thit is done they will remove to Jefferson Bar* rack*, where they can be tupplied with provisions and quarters, and have an opportunity to drill, until they are despatched for tho tcone of war. ? * * ? ? * * A very commendable efl'oit it making, by a number of citizens to raite means to provide tucli of the volunteer! who reouire it, with the necessaries for the campaign,be fore their leaving for the South. We are informed that Bryan Mullanphy, Etq., applied to tho Slate Bauk of Mitiouri, for an advance ol five thousand dollars on the pay of the volunteer* : hot this being declined, he asked a loan of that turn on his individual uote, at four monthi, renewable, and as collateral security, offered to pledge ?look in the Louitville Canal, or stock of one of the bank* of Louisiana. By tho regulations of the bunk, the pro position was rejocted, although the vote of the directors stood thus :?Ayei, Memr*. Chriity, Campbell, Killey, Walth, Hell'enitein and Kennett. Nays, Messrs. Barnes, Collier and Sarpy. This having failed, a private sub scription was started, to raise the sum deemed necessary. The subscription proviilot, in the event that more money it raised than is required, the subscribers will only be called upon pro rata, for tho amount of subscription. In the evening it stood as follows J. B. Brant $1,000 James Glasgow. . .. "$200 J. It E. Walsh 600 Benjamin Stickney., 100 J. H.Lucas 600 A. Meier k Co 100 B Mullanphy, MX) 1). D. Mitchel 200 Robert Campbell. . . 300 Ferd. Kennett 300 O. D.Filley 200 Wood*, Christy k Co. 300 J. B. Sarpy 200 Loker, ilenick fc Co. 100 Alfred Vinton 100 Abbott ft Peake. . . . 300 William Milburn. . . 200 I. Walker, (guar.)... 600 K. McKenzio 200 Total $6,400 The prompt manner in which our citizcns have re sponded to the call made upon them, notwithstanding tne doubt* of its regularity, and the willingnett they have cvinccd to do battle in the service of their country, al though they expect to be placed under the command of one, who, in time* patt, ha* miirepretcnted a portion of their fellow citizoni, it highly creditable to them, and it the beit pottible manifestation of their confidence in themselves. But, we confen that we are not of those who admit the propriety of tending them to tho touth. The tupply of troop*? men who are inured and habitua ted to that climate?i* not yet exhausted; in fact it hat hardly been drawn upon; and if thit it to be a general war, or a war of any duration, w# see many reasoiit why they should, at as early a day as practicable, be sent in the direction of New Mexico. "With that country wo hare a large and valuable trade, and at the present moment there in concentrated ut In dependence. in thia State, and in tramitu, nearly half a million of dollar* worth of merchandise destined for the Santa Ke market, owned in whole or in part by our citi zens. This trade, without protection?in the event of a continuance of war?is liable to be destroyed, or the mer chandise must pass into the hands of men who do not re quire the protection of the United States government.? Besides, there is our trade with the Indians, which may be seriously affected, unless protected. The large num ber of emigrants to Oregon and to California, are exposed to the same vicissitudes, hi view of these facts, and of the wide field for conquest which is opeued to them, as also the peculiar adaptation of our people to duty in the mountains and plaint, we are constrained to object to their being sent south, when it is at least doubtful whe ther their services are required; whilst, in the other direction, it is certain that they can render efficient and much more valuable assistance. [From the Nashville Union, May 10] On the 9th inst. the news arrived from New Orleans of the invasion of our soil by the Mexican army. On that day the " Nashville Blues" held a meeting, and ten dered their service* to the (Governor, should an opportu nity be presented of raising volunteers from our State.? Since that time the following companies have taken mea sures for putting themselves in readiness for any emer gency that may arise. Most or all of them have notified Gov. Brown that they hold themselves ready to obey his call at a moment's warning. The " Tenth Legion and Clay Guards," Oallatin ; " Lincoln Guards," Lincoln ; " Harrison Guards and Texas Volunteers," Nashville " Cedar Snags," Wilsoa; "Texas Volunteers," Frank tin ; " The First Legion," Columbia ; two companies, whose names we have not learned, from Lawrence coun ty ; Jackson Bluea, at Jackson; two companies lrom Memphis ; two companies in (iile* ; one in Carthage, and two in Clarkiville. A* others are formed, we shall give their names to the public. This is worthy of Tennese ans. When the occasion present sitself, it will be found that Tennessee possesses as much fighting patriotism as any State in the Union?and the movements of these companies show with what alacrity that patriotism can be marshalled in the field. [From the Louisville Journal.] Yesterday Wm. Preston, Esq., procured a subscription of $60,000, (twenty-five gentlemen subscribing $3,000 each,) which sum he has placed to tho credit of the Go vernor in the Bank of Kentucky, to be used by the Go vernor in case it sheuld be necessary in despatching troop* to the seat of war. [From the 8avannah Georgian, May 33 ] In announcing the gallant victories of our little army under the heroic Taylor, we rejoice with the pride of an American at the triumph of the American arms. It ha* cost us some very valuable and beloved officer*. Among them i* Lieutenant Colonel Jame* S Mcintosh, of the Atn Infantry, who, at the head of the 'Id brigade, has poured forth hia life blood in bearing the Tag o! his country to a triumphant victory. Colonel Mcintosh entered the army in 1813, and aa an officer of the Rifle* under the gallant Appling, another ion of Georgia, was wounded last war at the battle of Sandy Creek, on the Northern frontier. The wound was in the threat, and reduced Colonel (then Lieutenant) Mcintosh, to the verge of the grave. After years of suffering the ball was extracted from another part of hia body, and he gradually regained hi* health. Since then, thi* brave officer has discharged his duty with honorable distinction, and at length crown* hi* career with the highest honor which can immortalize the patriot soldier?the son ol a patriot soldier of the re volution?Oeneral John Mcintosh. [From the Angusta, (Oa.,1 Chronicle, May 3J.] We learn that the President nas made a requisition up on the Governor of Georgia for 800 men. Whether they will be required to hold themselves in readiness, or or dered immediately to the theatre of action, we have not been able to learn. That gallant corps, the Clinch Riflemen, it will be *een, by the curd of their spirited and patriotic commander, is also desirous to take the field, to sustain the honor of the American flag, and seeks to increase it* number*. [From the Richmond, (Va.,) Knquirer, May 34.] On Fridav night the Richmond Greys, a beautiful and spirited volunteer company, under the command of Capt. R. G. Scott, Jr , drew up in front of Governor Smith'* quarter's and through their officer*, tendered their ser vice* (to the number of sixty-five men) for the Mexi can campaign. Tlieir band played several fino national and other air*. Governor S. received them Kindly, but i* not authorixed to accept their services at the present time. [From the Detroit (Michl Free Pres*, May 33.] A corp* of volunteer riflean is proj>o*ed to t>e raised, to tender their services to tne President, as the "First Company of Michigan VoliinteeD#Lj/lenien," for and dur ing the period of one year from MR time of their arrival at the place of rendezvous, equipped according to the term* of the recent act of Congres* "to provide for the prosecution of the existing war between the United States aud the Republic of Mexico." A pa|*r containing an agreement and a pledge to this effect, prepared ami commenced by a few signatures, is deposited at the office of the District Attorney of the United States in tMsclty, for any additional signature* on the pert of young men, from eighteen to thirty-Ave years of age, di*|Mined to volunteer in the service of their coun try, on this emergency, ia the manner and on the condi tions above indicated. [From the Bordentown, N. J. Palladium ] We learAthat Col. William Cook, formerly of thi* town, has made a tender of hi* lervice* to (iov. Stratton, aa commander of the regiment of volunteer* to be raised in New Jeraey. [From the Albany Argus, May 36.] A salute of 100 guru was trad yesterday, from the capi ta ?)VKfi by tht Aibtujr Republican arUUary, Captain Cooke, in honor of tha brilliant victoria* achieved by j Gen. Taylor, on the Rio Grand#. At a regular moating of the Albany I'.mmct Guards, held at their armory, la*t evening, ('26th,) the following resolution was passed unanimously :? Reno 1 veil, That Capt O?born be authorized to tender the tervicea ofthii company to hie Excellency the Go vernor of thi? State, consisting of 90 men ?, and that they are in readiness to march to tho defence of their country when called on. ? [Krom the Providence (R. I.) Journal, May 55.) The general orders, issued in accordance with the re Siuisition made upon the Governor of thia State, will be ound in to-day's paper, with an extract from the commu nication of the Secretary of War, tho art authorizing the President to accept the services ot volunteers, and a me morandum of the organization of viHunteer corps under the act The National Cadets, Col. Pitman, have promptly vol unteered their services to the Governor. This, we pre sume, is the first company which has volunteered in New England. The Bristol train of Artillery, Col. Taylor, have also volunteered for garrison duty, should that service de volve upon the militia in conseqnence of tho withdrawal of the regular troops. [From the Lowoll Courier.] The Lowell Mechanic Phalanx, on Friday evening, with only one dissenting vote, instructed their officers to tender their services immediately to tho Commander-in Chief, as a part of tho force called for from .Massachu setts , for the Mexican war. [From the Boston Mail, May 36.] As thero scorns to be much enquiry as to the liability of our citizens in regard to the requisitions which mny be made upon thi< State for troops to be marched to Tex as, perhaps the views of a citizen aoldier may not be ill timed. The Vlllth article of the 'id chapter, section 1, of tho constitution of Massachusetts, roads as follows: " Provided that the said Governor shall not, at any time hereafter, bv virtue of any power by this constitution {fronted, or hereafter to be granted to him by the Legis ature, transport any of tho inhabitants of this common wealth, or oblige them to inarch out of the limits of the aame, without their free and \jbluntary consent, or tho consent of I he general court; except so far as may be necessary to march or transport them by land or water, for the defence of such part of the State to which they cannot otherwise have access." ' The 10th section of the State militia law of 1840, stands thus: "Tho active militia of this Commonwealth shall con sist and be composed of volunteors, or companies raised at large; and in all cases shall first be ordered into'ser vice in case of wars, &c." "The whole number of volunteer! shall not exceed ten thousand men." The case then I think stands thus : If a requisition bo made upon this State, the Governor cannot order any part of the volunteer force at present enrolled unless by their own consent, or by consent of the Legislature, for which last a session must be convened. Nor can he call for any volunteers in addition to the present enrolled force, if their number is full up to ten thousand, allowed by law. But if the volunteer force of the Slate falls short of tho ten thousand, allowed by law, then the num ber requisite to make mi tho existing deficiency, may bo enlisted and organi/.ed lor this special purpose, their con sent to be marched out of the State being made a con dition under which they onlist, and then ordered to Texas. If tho war is to be so protracted as to require tho actual Sroionce in Texas or Mexico, ol any part of the force of Inssachusetts, a State so distant from the scene of ope rations, it is fair to presume that the present force will be required at home, and therefore only volunteers for the purpose will be marched to Texas. Proclamation* of Governor*. PROCLAMATION BV THK GOVERNOR or ARKANSAS. Hcau Quarters, Little Rock, ) May 9th, 184U. ? Whereas, information, to bo relied upon, has been re ceived, that actual hostilities have been commenced be tween the United States and Mexico?that our "Army of Occupation" is surrounded by a large body of Mexi can troops?and that General Taylor has made a requisi tion upon the States of Louisiana and Texas, for rein forcement, to enable him to meet the enemv. And; whereas, it ia probable that more troops will be re quired, and, in order to supply them, a call will be made u(>on this State. Therefore, I, Thomas 8. Drew, Governor and Commaiv dor-in-chief of the State of Arkansas, make (this my pre liminary proclamation to all person* under my command, liable to do military duty, to hold themselves ready to bo enrolled into tho military service of the Union; particu larly directing and requiring each and every General of division, General of brigade, and Colonel of a regiment' to|take, forthwith, all necoasary and proper steps to as certain the strength and condition of their respective commands, in men, arms and equipments; and to report at the earliest practicable moment,to the adjutant general Confidently rolying upon the patriotism and gallantry of our citizen soldiers, tnat in the event of their services being needed, voluntary eurolmeiit will supercede the necessity of a draft, I suggest tho speedy organization of volunteer companies throughout tho State. I cannot deem it necessary to make any other, as there certainly can be no higher appeal to the people of this State, in order toiusure their ready and zealous co-opcra tion in the objects of this proclamation, than a simple an nouncement of the farts that war has commenced?that the blood of our fellow citizens has been |shed?and that we shall probably be needed at an eady day, to avenge that blood, and inflict a Just and summary punishmont upon the foe. THOMAS S. DREW. By the Governor and Commander-in-chief, Solon Borland, Adjt. Gen. riocLtXATio.<i ar the oovmxo* or ome Kitci'Tiri Office, Ohio, j Cou-Mai'i, May 30, 1846. f Tu the Ptoplt of the State of Ohio : Kkllow Citizens?It haii been declared bjr the Con gress of the l/nited State*, awl announced by the Presi dent, that war exist* between the United State* and the republic of Mexico. Kverjr day'* mail bring intelligence that hoitilitic* have commenced, an,l are now in progreu, ou our South-weiterti frontior. The,blood of our coun trymen ha* been *hed. and hostile dcmoiuitrationa are making by Mexico to proiecute the war. Patriotism and fidelity to our couutry and to our coun trymen, call upon u* to fly to the rescue. A requisition has been received from the President of the United State*, at this department, calling on Ohio for three regiment* of infantry, or riflemen, to repair a* ?pccdil) u* possible to the theatre of war. Under these circumstances, I now appeal to the gal lant and spirited *on*ofOhio, to come forward in this emergency, and promptly meet the expectation* of the genernl government. Let it not be said, tlmt when our country appeal* to the courago and patriotism of the citizen soldiers of Ohio for aid, that that aid wa* not promptly rendered. Whatever may bo the diversity of yiewi, it i* now sufficient for u* 'to know that war exiit* on our border*, and that it i* our duty to exert erery effort to secure a ?peedy and honorable termination. Thi* event in the hiitory of Ohio, will afford her eon* an opportunity of devoting thomielve* to the cause of their country ; they are, therefore, confidently relied on to giv e a hearty and cheerful response to this call. M. BARTLEY, Oovernor of the State of Ohio. IVaval Preparations. The U. 8. sloop of war Boston wa* yesterday raited upon the dry dock, preparatory to fitting her for service. She will be ready to receive her order* in a week. The Dale i* fully equipped, and only await* her sailing or ders. The new sloop of war Albany, now on the stock*, it i* (aid will be launched on Saturday, and put immedi ately in a *ervicable condition. Directions from the De triment to complete the frigate Sabine, are hourly look ed for, and every thing is in readiness to executo the or der with despatch It will take sixty days to finiih her. The Navy Yard i* all life and huatle. The vetiel* which have been built for the Mexican*, by Messrs. Brown It Bell, and recently purchased by this government, will, we understand. be taken to the yard, lor the purpose of receiving their arm*, munition*, lie. The uoble *hip of the line North Carolina, the largatt and most splendid of her claas in the navy, i* permitted to lie in an obacure hole, where at low water the i* at leaat four feet in mud?entirely unnoticed, and it would *eem uncared for Kive year* of inactivity, and in such a place, will complete her deatraction; and like the old Mudiou, and many other*, ihe will be knocked off uixfetr the hammer of the auctioneer, at a *acrifice of ninety pir cent. It i* *aid *he is to remain in her present position during the summer; and our Bay is not to be graced, as heretofore, by her noble appearance. We think, under exiitiug circumstances, she might prove more useful than ornamental. The government refuses to pay aixty dollars to have her towed out of the mud and worms in to fresh water. The brig Porpoise, Lieut Com. Hunt, arrived at St.Do mingo on the 7th inst. seventeen days from Havana, and twenty-five day* from Tensacola. Officer* and crew all welL The *hip* Savannah, of 64 gun*; Constitution, 64; Le vant, -n, Portsmouth, Ms Congre**, 64, and the store (hip hrio were at Mazatlan on the 9th ult The Shark hail sailed for the Sandwich Islands, to repair. The Cy ane wa* daily expected at Mazatlan. Commodore Perry and Commodre Kearney have pur chased, in this city, under a commission from the War Department, two steamers of 600 tons each, and four schooner* of 90 tons each, built by the firm of Bell Is Brown, of this city. The vessels are said to have been built for the Mexican*, who were unable to pay for them. [Krom the Norfolk Herald. May 9*2.1 The U. S. brig Perry, Lt Com. Blake, sailed on Tues day morning from Hampton Roads. She takes out Mr. McRm, as bearer of despatches to our Pacific squadron, whom she will leave at Chagres, and then come under the command of Com. Conner, who is in command on the Gulf The U. 8. brig Truxton is fitting out with all despatch, at the navy yard, and will be ready for sea by Saturday. She will be under the command of < apt. K.W. Carpenter. Her destination will be to cruise off Havana. M lacellaneosus. [Krom the Sen Auguatine Hed leader, April M ] We learn by a gentleman from the Wert that Captain (iillaspoe, with a company of some fifty men, recently vistrd Lorado. They found some forty Mexican soldier* there, which they disarmed, and gave the arms to the citizens to defend themselves against the depredstiens of the Indians. The soldiers were ordered to rro*? the Bio Grande, and to keep themselves on their own side of the river for the future. The Captain gave the citizena the name* of the candi dates for the United State* Congress, snd requested them to hold an election; hut they said they were,afraid to do so, unless the United States troops were there to pre tec t them. C?l. Jack iUyt hM icmd W Um Owmm to the Perdianalat valley, and remain with them until they cau put up tome improvements. The Comanche* any. that they with to be at peace with the Americana, but have no desire to te with the Mexicans, and as to thaae new men, which we have brought among us, that wear long beards, smoke loug pipes, ami look down at the ground, they dont know w hat to make of them. If the government would authorize Col. Haya to raise a compauy of rangers, they would do more to kaap the Indians in check than a thousand of Uncle Sam's troops IFrom the New Orleans Tropic, May 18.1 We find the following significant verse sung snout the streets by our volunteers?tune, Boatman dance:? The volunteers have an eye for the fair And the Mexican girls await us there, The Signors wo will take their lives, And the Signoritas, make our wives. On on to Mexico, On on to Mexico; We'll march all night to broad day-light And fight them in the morning. High oh! to battle we go, The fighting boys of Orleana O! Indian* Moving.?A meeting of the citizens from dif ferent party of Indiana, was held at Indianapolis, on the 18th instant?Gen. J. P. Drake, Chairman, John D. De frees. Secretary. Resolutions were adopted by acclama tion, approving of the recommendation of the President, that a large and overpowering force should immediately be sent to the seat of war, and expressing the opinion that any appeal which may be made to the patriotism of the people of Indiana, in order to raise the requisite force, will be met with that promptitude and cheerfulness which have ever characterized the gallant and indomitable citi zens of the West. The Opinions of (he Prru In Canada and New Urunswlek?The Brltlah Keeling. [From the Montreal Herald, May \!3.] It wax yesterday rumored " on change," that General Taylor's "army ofoccupatiou" had subsequent to the i thirty minutes attack and destruction of Matamoras?*ub I sequent to what the New York Htrald so corrcctly Jo I scribes, as being " one of the most brilliant actions that ; ever wat achieved?by thu Americun arms"?(Oh, what i a sinking in poetry 7) ? subsequeut to "this mag nificent blow, which will have a moral effect, not only M this country, but in Mexico and in Europe, and the result of which, no one can properly estimate''?we say, it was rumored "on change," that, subsequent to al'l this, Oeneral Taylor's army, on their return march from Point Isabel, had been surrounded and attacked, by 60.000 Mexicans, (they never dare to appear in bodies of less than 20,000 men !) and that the gallant General, after killing?in noble emulation of Captain Walker?thiny of the enemy with his own hand, reach ed his camp, opposite Matamoras, (w hich, singular to re late, had been completely rebuilt, fortified, u;td garrison ed, during the afternoon of the dny on which it was "laid in ashes,") with some 14 or 15 of the galljmt survivor* of hia " Spartan band"?the .'>0,0(10 Mexicans were entirely cut to pieces?where he await*, "cooler than any eucum ber," the arrival of the great " army of co-opcration," under Gen. George Washington Dixon, (another fearful sinking !) oi New York circus. c?lebrity We eannot vouch for the truth of the above, fc at, when compared with the "latest accounts from the seat of war,"the reader cannot fail to see that it bears strong " internal ev idence" of authenticity. [From the Kingston Whig, May -JO I The newt from Mexico via New V ork is still more ex citing. The United States troops have suffered come more disasters, and the anti-war party in the great repub lic are exulting thereat. The New York TViiun* is quite rabid on the subject. It speaks of the policv of the war as proceeding direct from hell, and that the Almighty mutt punish the United State* for this wanton watte of blood. Strange language this for a journal to use on the eve, porhapt. of a long war. It shows, however, that the press in the United States is reallv free. That the war i* unnecessary and cruel, i*true; out if once declared, we do not admire the policy that would deprecate it in the eyes of the people. Had the English press done *o on the rupture of the Peace of Amiens, when Oreat Britain was clearly and admittedly in the wrong, no bat tle of Waterloo would have been fought, and the Bona partean dynasty might now (way the dettinie* of the world. We (till hold to the opinion, that unleu the European powers interfere, the struggle between the United State* and Mexico will be brief indeed. 4 [From the St. John's (N. B.) Advocate, May 11.] There i* nothing whatever new or authentic from the two small armies opposed to each other on the boundary line between Mexico and Texa*. The United State* seem desirous to act on the defenaire, and Parade* haa declared that it it not within hi* powert, at interim Pre* si dent, to issue a dedication of war. Both partie* in thi* case may, for somo time to come, remain inactive. It it our opinion that both wait for the action of England on the Oregon queition, to declare themaelvea unequivo cally. If England doet not aiiict Mexico, to ensure now and hereafter, her independence against the aggre**ion of the United States, she will repent it whenTt may be out of her power to amend the poiition (hp will nave lost We augur better of her, however, and trust *he will beitir herself w hile it is yet time. If (he cannot now define di(tinctly her iiositien with these States, and the law and cuatom of nations with respect te the new form of conqueit, called annexation, (he may reat as sured that the balance of power, to much the object of European diplomacy, will, not many yeart hence, be registered among thlngt that were. Credit to whom Credit la Due. Mr. Bennett?Sir :?In a recent Herald, giving tin ncconnt of Trinity church, its architect, build er, &c., the whole credit is jriven to Mr. Upjohn anil Mr. Stephenson. Now it in well known that J times Thom, sculptor, attended to the cutting of all the stone that is in the body of the church, of the outside walls, windows, fcc., and alio the lower part of the spire as high tip as the main building. I, therefore, think, without any dispar agement to Mr. Stephenson, that Mr. Thom is fairly entitled to his full share of credit and honor for the part of the work that he mtperinteded and performed. I think if any one who is a judge of such work, will examine and Compare toe tower with the upper part of the spire, Mr. Thorn's character as a workman will not suffer by tho comparison. I liojie, therefore, you will do Mr. Thom this justice. J. M. ? Pollt^al MoTtmtiU. Omcat Likitt C?*?t<rTio?.?The groat Liberty Con vention, made up of delegates from Illinois, Michigan. Indian*. Wisconsin, and Iowa, will convene at Chicago, on the 24th day of June next. We ice by the Citi**n, that great preparations are being made for the accom modation of a largo number. The committee have on gaged a great tont, which will hold at least three tbo? ?and people. Maine Umitcd Statu 8r.i?AToa.?Tho Legislature of Maine, which ii now in session, will, boforo they ad journ, elect a Senator to fill tho place of Mr. Evans, whose term expires. Gov. Anderson, and the Hon. John McCrato, are spoken of as the prominent candidates. HIQELOWS NEW ENGLAND EXPRESS,' TO OR Fltchbarg. Ksenr, Greenfield, Brattlcboro, Windsor, JL Woodstock, Montpclier, and Burlington, Vt., aad the CanadsA. All Packages, Parcels. sad business, ta amy of the ?bore towas, q( any [>srt of the wfilrm portion of New Ham|i*hire and Vermont, will be fsithfaDy attended to, if directed to the care of L. BHIELOW, .. _ ? _ , ? Court street, Boston. N.B.?Be sure u> mark Packages to care of Bicelow's Eiprcss." SARACEN'S HEAD, 12 DEY STREET, N. Y. JOSEPH SMITH, late of Worcester. England, bogsleave to inform his friends,customers and the public in general that he has recently fitted up his hoese in a Very superior manner, and calculated to pleaae gentlemen of taato. He will always, u heretofore, keep his Bar and Lanier eapphed with the beat Liquors and Provisions that the market sBorda. Dinners from li till 3 o'clock, and Cold Cats, Chops, Stakes, Rare Bits, ke., at all hoars. Hia supply of English and eity newspapers ia excelled by no house in New York, and his Ales, Wmea, Segars, fcc., aro of the moat aaperior quality and the attendance prompt. Pri vate Kooma provided for parties, ant! the comfort and aceoas modation of customers always attended to. Lodgings, ke. myli Im? r ^ FOR SALE OR TO LEASE, rOR ONE OR MORE YEARS, the Premises lattly oe * eupied as a tannery, situated in Pieanont, Rocklnaa so., within a few yarda of the New York and Erie lla, I road. On the premises is a new and eommodioas dwelling hoasa ; tho lot on which it stands is well stacked witn fruit troee. and has a never failing stream ot w?f*r' -nnr.g within a tow loot of the door. Also, a sood b>rk Mill aed Turnery with a water privilege attached, that might be used adviuatSfOOMly for other mechanical purposes, all sirnate* with iaab out M yarda from the dwelling house. There is also a good has* and out hoasea. Title good and possession given immediate ly Ker further particulars enquire.of Philip Mabie, No. M Stanton street, or of the Subscriber on the PremieOa. my IS Jw" re EDWARD j!E ABLE. MARTELLE ft HOLDERMANN, n Maiden Lane, Now York, \f ANCFACTUIUCRS and Importers of Ornamental Hair 1T1 Work, Wig. Toupees, Bands, Curls, Beams, Bandeau and Braid Hair, Dauguy'a celebrated Curled Hair, ifteee inches long, and a new style of Everlasting Carls, and all kiuds of Hair Work, wholesale and retail. NB?The trade supplied oa reaanuablc terms, mrM lm*m AT IBB NASSAU STREET, THE Highest Prico, in Cash, is psid for Ueatlemon^ Clothing, and sold again oa the most reaoaabla terms. Also, Repairing, Cleaning. Dyeing aed Pressing, m the most elegant and saperb style. On hand, I* Drape d ete (-oats, and tOO Linen Pants, thesp? with an assortment of seasonable Clothing, ends as Coats ?? to I*; Peats ?1 toi ; Vests M ceata. s9 lm"rc ar PAS ESTABLISHMENT. A PLATE andTifty cards printed for tl M ; the boat b amelled Cards printed from eagraved plates at M ceata *** p*ek' A SILVER DOOR PLATE corner of Broedw^v elOlmer OXlT*. TO THE PLBLIC IN US..NS.KAL.-the subscriber, after enlarging hia premises, is now prepared to Clean f srpcts of every description, from It to 100 yarda, without ripping. Ingrain lis centa prr yard; Brussels ? rents per yard; Hearth Rngs, Table Covers aad Shiwls cleaned, from ? to 71 cents; Dresaea dyed or waahed, from 3# cents to ? I; ( oats cleaned or dreeeod, from M cents to SI: Pants do, from ? tO 50 cents. T. SMITH, TO Allen street. N R ?T?riw pmH. yn# IMl.llERREOTYFE AFFARATUis. JOHN ROACH, OPTICIAN. tt NASSAU Straoe, ha constantly oa haad the Voigbtlaader, Preach aad Ameri can martumenta, and every article used ia the art. UfOMm will find his preparation. aow called Roach's Uuickstn*. to work with certainty and qmckaeee, and to be cheaper for use then mixing their own chemicals. Cash orders from the coaa try prainru y mmmM 19. JFm mvr8,iR*<rss,M>

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