Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 29, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 29, 1846 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. ??a. xn. i?. ui-wimu Mm. tan. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 29,1846. THIS LATEST NEWS BY THK MAIL a Til* War on th? Rio Grand?, frwn the Army?Military Preptntioni Iieidentt, 4c. fce. OMpttohM from tit* Army. Caxj near '? Matamoras," : May 12th, 1*46. : Col. A. Hamilton. My dkar friknd i?I have had it in oontempla tion aorae time to write you. but have delayed and postponed from one period to another, awaiting the result of our mevsmonts in opposition to the movements of tho Mexican Army. It was really a difficult matter to be persuaded that the Mexi oan troops would be bold enough to stand or meet in open conflict the "Arinv of Occupation." But they became emboldened by the apparent apathy of our actions, our pacific assurances, and our neu tral demonstrations of no further advanoe than the Rio Grande. The honor of the Mexican no tion was involved, and permitting us to remain in quiet possession until the best troops ooald be col lected from the interior, and probably all that oould be mustered, they nattered themselves that we were in their power if hostilities actually en sued. The Mexican General (Ampudia) ordtrtd our troops back to the Nueoes until negotiation settled the boundary, or in 24 hours he would oonsider us in a state of war. Great effort was made to draw from us the firtt gun?we had pos itive orders to the contraiy. A guerilla warfare commenced, and scouting parties were attacked by banditti in every direction. Still this was not open warfare. Gen. Arista arrived and displaced Ampudia; troops were crossed over the river several miles above, and learning the fact, a squadron of dragoons W'sre sent to reconnoitre.? The whole squadron fell into ambush and were captured. One wounded man was returned to us, as they had no travelling hospital. This Mex ican army intended to attack Point Isabel, our most important depot on the Gulf coast; and had they been successful, our whole army would have been taken. We left a fort opposite Matamoras with a regiment of infantry, two batteries of four pieces each, 18 and 6 pounders ; by a forced march, night and day, we arrived at Point Isabel just in time to thwart the attack. The moming after our anival, we distinctly heard the batteries from the opposite side open upon the fort, and they continued throughout the day. The first im pulse was to return immediately to their relief? this was changed by prudent reflection, and the army strengthened Point Isabel by intrenchment. We heard the bombardment open next morning; evidence that tho fort was not taken. That day a few Texans went to the fort, and returned with the intelligence that but one man had been killed. The enemies batteries had been silenced except one mortar battery. No damage had been done the fort, and all were in high spirits. We learned also that the Mexican army had returned on iheii way to Matamoras, and had taken a position tc meet us on our return with the train of supplies, numbering between 200 and 300 wagons, and a very great incumbrance to our movements On tho second dav's march, about noon, we learned that the Mexicans were arrayed alone the edge of the chaparral (woods). We haa been crossing a prairaie and struck the woods, where we found water to refresh the whole oommand. The train was parked, and the army advanced. The enemy were visible in Ions lines, appeared overwhelming in numbers, and were posted on a rise, which commanded the prarie.over which it was necesary to cross to meei them. They had selection of position, and were oonfident of success. The firing was done by the batteries almost entirely; the musket was callec into requisition but onoe, when the enumv or horse made a charge, and were repulsed. Aftei that failure, no attempt was again made to charge upon us?the Mexicans positively refused to obey the order. The account of this day's fight (the 8th) you will see more lully in the official report to be published, and the accounts in the papers. The enemy retreated to their strong-hold in the chaparral; but we were ignorant of the fact?we had taken no prisoners. It was near dark when the firing ceased, and if we had made a charge, we should have routed them the first day and taken many prisoners. The next morning we made a demonstration to draw them out?there were bodies of cavalry visible?as soon as they saw us advance they retreated in excellent order, and it appeared aa if they would meet us; but they disappeared in the chaparral. We continued to advanoe to their ground, and discovered thai tha cavalry had been left behind to bury their dead; that they had not sufficient time, and were aompelled to leave many on the ground, and one wounded beyond recovery. It was then deter mined to advance to the Rio Grande, nine miles distant?fight or no fight. When within five miles, the rear guard of the enemv, or, if in position, ra ther their advance picket, fired upon our advance guard, and the battle commenced?this was be tween 2 and S o'clock. My regiment had been left in the rear, in charge of the train, together with another battalion, and a squadron of dra Kua. The firing became very warm, and the regiment was ordered to advance. I was for tunate enough to be as high in rank as second in command on this occasion, and, therefore, en tided to a horse. We arrived at point blank dis tance of their battery, passing by the other regi ments, which had already driven the enemy to their strongest point. Here, the horse jvas shot under me by a grape shot; he reared, fell, and threw me without any hurt. I advanced afoot on the run. regained my position, and our regiment sucoeeaed in taking the battery. We made heavy charges, and the enemy fled in awful confusion. This ended the main engagement. It is impossi ble for a person engaged to give an account of a battle; ha can only tell what he saw, and you must excuse my selfishness in speaking only of the 8th regiment. You will see a mil detail in the official report. The enemy was so certain of de feating us, that two days previous, they summon ed the fort to surrender for the sake of humanity, as an overpowering force would annihilate the American army, and they would then have a small prospect of holding out. We took a large quantity of plunder?eight pieces of artillery, im mense quantities of ammunition, and a military chest, not yet onened, but supposed to be full of gold, a General officer, and some twelve other officers. Yesterday we exchanged prisoners, re covered the dragoons taken by ambuscade, and have many prisoners left. The day after this batde of the 9th, and yesterday, we have been busy burying their dead aswell as ours,and collect ing trophies, as well as plunder. Wo have greatly underrated the valor of the Mexican regnlw troops. They have been in arms many years, struggling out of one revolution into another, and thus becoming well used to fighting? but the inhuman barbarity of the rancho ran chmrot, (the volunteers, or militia,) shows but little advance in civilization, beyond the blackest of savages; they not only stripped our officers who ware killed by them, but stripped their <*vn officers left dead on the battle flela, of every arti cle upon them?men who fell from shot were cut in the throat afterwards, and every disgusting bar barity that they oould execute was carried out. We have one more fight before us, and if success ful, in all poaaibiloy, U?e war in the northern part of Maxioo will be ended. We have to take Mat amoras. This can be accomplished without losing a man on our side, t* my humble opinion. We have ao many pieces of artillery, with the two mortars and two Paixhan guns soon expected here, that we can open upon the town in every direction, and sweep it entirely empty. Of course there will be varied estimates of tha strength of the enemy. From the best information I have been able to collect, I think there were at least 4,000 foot and about 2,000 horse; time will deter mine more correctly. We numbered 1600 or 1000 altogether, as far as I can ascertain. Their priests were with them in the battle to give en couragement, and many a poor fellow was seen to raise the crosa to his-lips. or cross his forehead In his last human effort. Such men may be beat en, but they are not conquered. Many a Mexican dropped on his knees ao he was shot, and begged for mercy, expecting to be slaughtered after fulling?tue enly response to such, was a sneer of disgust at the suspicion. I saw at Point Isabel your nephew Lieutennnt 8. Hamilton, who liad just arrived from New York conducting recruits. He informed me of the health or yo* all, and appeared to be in goexl health himself. He remained at Point Isabel, ex pecting four companies of his regiment from New Orleans, which he would join; and this com mand is soon expected to re-info roe the army at this station. * It is much cooler and more pleasant here for the season of the year than it was in Florida at the ?tuns period, although the latitude is south of ^ THE FIELDS OF PALO] ALTO AND RESACA DE LA PALMA. The Position of the Annies in the Brilliant Battles on the 8th and.9th ot May, 1846. The Engagement on the 8th of May li called the Battle of Polo Alto, or the High Trees, The engagement of the 9th of May Is called the Battle of the Reeaea de la Pajma, or the Palm Ravine. _M.[V oi\ Florida. The position is healthy, and i ?>?&-tn itSSTB- than a sedentary one ; but, 1 prefer a cold to a hot climate. LMU, 1??~ <W..?HI?'"?1.. Duncan'* Company. f. Camp, nxar Matamoeas. under_ theguns of) Fort Brown, May 15th. 1846. ) In compliance with my promise of the 10th inst., ferssras fought on the 8tli and 9th mutant. Th?>se action?, which will be a credit to the L . isa?. eswwas fcnttv ^3vho was killed defending it during our abtence^it Point Isabel; himself and a sergeant of the same regiment were the only persons kill ed though the Mexicans fought bard for one whole week to get possession of it. Capt. Lowd s cap was twica knocked from off his head by can non balls and himself and aompany receive great for ^ manner in whicS they performed \ ,hoJidth7is"we sallied out, leaving behind the 7ih infantry, Capt. Lowd's company, and Lieut R^^'VeomrmriY of light infantry?in all, about S?^en-Knc us but 2,200 t* fight our way to ; ed'b? an? ove?he?m!r? force! ^The Major, of ras^with their heavy artillery, and crossed over fi 000 men who surrounded it just out of range of 6,000 men.wnoBui possession A'nothinf oF them in traine to the Point, but in returning oa the 8th. K ten or twelve miles from here, we espied ?h?r whole force of 6,800, drawn up inline ofbat tle. Our train of 860 wagons was turned to die rear and the troops formed in line. Our battery was'then advanced 600yards, and ^orewe go the guns unlimbered, they opened a fire from ten nieces of artillery upon us. We returned them shot for shot, with interest; in a short time Ring gold's battery opened, and the cannonading was Iept up on both sides for two hours; their fire then ceased for about half an hour, and we took acNantage of this brief space to replenish our am munition chests, which were nearly exhausted, repair broken carriages and supply the placesi of the horses that were shot, with others. They, then, again commenced the attack^r battery movedto wards one of their flanks, and npcnwU most destructive fire?they made charge after charge, without driving us, as we were well m?p ported \>y the 8th inftmtry and the dragooas. Tht ? action continued until darkness concealed lwth friend and foe?and officers and men threw them selves under the guns which we had so well served and directed, and slept soundly till morn ??)n the following, as soon as it was light, we observed them hurrying off, towards the woocls, in the direction of Matamoraa-General Taylor determined to give them batde again, and after burying our dead as well as their's, taking rLeof the wounded and sending them towards Point Isabel, we found all kinds of camp equip age, arms, ammunition, &c.. &c in abundance and from the great number of their dead (400) as well as new made graves, we know they murt tore suffered severefy. Our brave little army then moved forward, and found the enemy had taken a position in the woods, which are on e"h ?ideof the road, from the first battle ground to Fort Brown. Our infantry kept mosdy in the woods as the road was necessary for our field n.eces to move in, and the action soon became general. They had two large guns planted in the Sid, which our infantry charged on, and took from them, and aft r about two hour's hard fishi ng they retreated in 1ke centoat confusion : we pursuitthem closely an<fcapt?rod aU their bag Mr 14 commissioned ollicer" and 400 men, 600 SSm, 10 cannon, ami some thousands of mus kets, swords, lances, colors nnimiinition, fcc. fcc. Thev swam over the river in small parties, and many of them were drowned?their foas on this davYell little short of 2000. When we arrived in siglit of the Star Spangled Banner waving at our fort the hearty cheers that were given by the men, and responded to by those who had so nobly defen ded it, will never be forgotten. Our company ha. deservedly great rtnne our first day's work in presence of the whole army, and can appeal with confidence to our comrades. Our opportiuiity^e second rUy was not *rk>od, yet we fired not leas than 800 rounds ft pTOie two hours* struggle and un doubtedly killed many. Our loss is about 100 men. Col. Payne, Inspector General, and Lieutenant Luther, and many other officers, were wounded. Gen. Taylor intends to take Matamoras for our summer quarters, and I suppose we will have some hard fighting to obtain it. (From tb. Nsw Orleans Pleayuna, May 30] The MWi r?c?W?d by the Jsma. L. Dar, jrartarday, is inUr..Un? sad mor. iiportwit thaa .t dr.t glanc. w. h*Thi"Psmtai astablishs* the important fact, that the re nort brought by th? OaW.?ton mat immense remforee h Jbeen i?c.ived b* tha Meaicea. wa. ? iMai aiifferitefl G6it Taylor arrived at bit ihJo/uie 14thinstant, without molestation. B^tC Isr^ad Oiit As^mp Mstamorw ^SSBi^SkS Taylor it to reduce **** ^j&'orand**We'eiwS active preperation. to cr?** ? tu-. t^e Mexican* an from ?n'nle"'**Vt^k w^W be made upon the town on .r;s^s^',r.s'a.?7 w?wd,ui.?i g?gS?Sg?52g ing wn. i / t jt E summons to ?urrender, army, Oen. ^ wdud oh^ waa after tka action . X^i?SoJ ~5" i~??~ ?* ?tiSMTKS mJS'rSir^-MKrft r?"ldb.Sp?.lbl. rorWf iss-iawSi $&?SHE&fSgB 3^E?Ssgse? tremely intereiting. We J?*** . ju wu?Bt bend of r??t- Oriffln'i ettention, end of hu excellent boat. T ,..?.rd.T t. ?? "?,?? ss: ? that tome of our i*""T- J ..edition from our aquadron, MS o^aUo'^man^ ??*??' pending the river, would *eem to confirm th?i??of- lf, appear to he of the "Wwm an exchange Tlth WWethhav^"it can*?both offlcer. and a* many left ai we aent back to^"e ? k:_jt_ U(i.ting u?_'?i nur naval aunteon* are here, xinaiy ???? u ?? the enemy i wltMhe mlM^^om^y^^ hwU they one of our oBcera or me g itrinpin* him at once? snsr,iiT2d'S,?llffi3 *& ?"??? ???' arAt'the second fight not over 1600 of u. wen* ?*???** 'S^a^SSaSSs^lfSt SS&^raSTiSiSi ?uOd atanda of arm a, (muaketa,) together with J*nc**' drums accoutrement*, clothing, *uppllei, color*-kc , he. A* we ru?hed alter them in purauit, all thje wa? encourag in^heir dinner* w*re on the fire cooking and ?Mwered . , ..turwir We ate their bread, aoup, tomatoe*, meal he Smoked their cigar*, (a good manv 6" one* bein* captured) and drank their liquor*. J?*4' alaughtered beef did not come ami**, northat on ^?hoof Our battalion followed at * mo, ta.^7.wVile* of the^ the ferrr, where they croeeed. The laat few mile* otuietr retnJeTwe* prfect coufuakm-"'-very one for hlmaelf and the devil for them all. c*nniiter. Moetof their .hot, cannon balla. pape waa copper,bra** and aome compOeition?whicB l* agai if not th? law of nations, their usage, Itc. In the ft rat action the Oene^'* Adjutant * ?truck twice by cannon ball., the aecond time being kUT^e General behaved mo* gallantly. In <*?*<?* w?tk hi. leg " c^k^over^he PumnwT5fU>* .addle, unheeding the solicitation* of hi**ta(T to retire. , ^ch . vtc?ry-.uch aleughter, and auch a rout 1 hardly think can find iu parallel. nelve* ?" jsrjsiv? sslKjto ?* ?<*. JiT? ,?????? ".'sfiytifK:,? ment I have had to co?'m[f ^Ue p,rtie*) from laat dun tending ball, and> P*rtiea l??* |wpni(ht ?tdark. The day moroingat daj l'Kht p u> #hot ^ ?heU enemy have been lorcing upw their cannon to without intermiuion, "0mmanding 7th infan cool. Our Iom i*. . o' company, 7th Infantry, try, killed ; Sergean Wigarteomw^ woun(kMi killed ; private rtoody, 1 ,c??i? 71'c0tm.any, aiighUy in the ear; and private,?gtel* "told, of wounded in the arm. T l^ nc^ UM^n JOOO .hot. aeven daya' bombardment, and not leM l""nwork .hell, and balla?Mnt amongat . ^ ui ^ere on Ye^rday Oen. Tavfor .lorce, which left u* n^ ^ the l?t to go to Braio. Santiago for pro fie|d of a munition, arrived in the camp, fre.h fro taken I3 well-fought and gtoriou. action. They h. e f officer* and HO private. P^nera. <? "?? M chaper cord. ef ba*gage, lot. ofhoree., mule.,?c. ' "" i," OT^inSfl " the bloody Mexican.," but our men are on the tight jump after them, and pn?on*r* ?re com ^'ur'Syrldldglve them moet pert leu lar Jeaae, and >~p - th. on th? bM,? of r,? my-JAXanr^mon^V^'m0.? h F** bVh" 8ne dug tojump into to oscapeThe explorion ofST h?U Incidents, dfc., of the Wtr. the iB the thick"t of sketch of the whole trL^tZ" 5??' * T#7 Isabel to anaounce to (Jen Tavlar^ iyf" *?nt from Point tho arrival of Com. Conner', flli? ii on hi< march, the teeth, mounted hi. favorite ma?* M?#dhirawlf to ?rmy just in time to ihare ?nthotVZ' r,each<Kl the day. He say. 10 010 10,1 a?d glory of the how awfutwin the^cene'^h^?^?^*1''''! b,tt"rief. and tion, and the killed and wounH.HU ill[every direc attached to a iquadron of Dra??.'!,r ?n 5^ hBn(l1 ' wai time a, Aid^cam^ Colo^T^*nd ft* for cool, and in truth mended it no J07e r' P"?"0''* fait About M miautei after ?h?I ?*tm* break action, poor Major Rinreold w.. ^""'?ncement of the ?hot, and mortally wounded bJr ? pound lent him my pi.^U onlot" ( died ' ha,! ?truck one hol.tercut The ihol all the fleih off tho UDw.rn.rf ^ ,n two P'eces, cul through thTshouES?tiu M4jor'' thi*h- P?"e.J tal in two, and" e fleih off ,h! the oth?r P?? hi. horse?and Lfout 8??r ^ He fcu he .aid, ?? no. rir-/"/'J^?Lf,5*r*d 10 him-but do?go ahead," The actinn I. f .?*V?V?1* *??? enough to the enemy wti^d We ?,teV6?d "b?Ut tW0 h?ur? and o'clock, and then commen^d ?h. ^.?"r ,rm' Until three them till night closed tha f ***in' *nd foughl on the field of batuH^d t?W? *'?P< without refreshment, upon theb^r?j? W01und*l,l our arm* by our side In ?k?. ground, and with mare in extricating myself fr^m '"gagement I lost my cam, who had find fl JIt J,!?,? * PMT of feven Mexi the extreme left for Cel. Twl?p? "Vinif"* TlOPd?r on der in wheeling to shoot a tlSZL.1. ??pped her (houl. with a lance. * * Mexican who rushed at me "-? ? -how. but retreat having.very idvMta^ w. i? \.th,ck. "?dergn>wth, moat awful ever krnfwn ? Md the off ?m : 1,18 tsi tss&sstS52 r's kT'm..' ,'S*??Vo k4',*?<i!i>?""'PJ"n W??U3 ?& ?L ;r ?5*$i ?el?-h,U^gl"rio?Uf.Uot'V..? 0??*r on *? and men. Amongthe offlc7rs JZ?2?? '.T* few offlce? -he hadjuitjoitmd, and wm kTlKthVrKt.ena?t 'D*e enemy', batteries ; 1 charged bv hi. 'i? !*' on Ule horaed, and doubtless thuietmL.1 i ' and WM UB" finrt for the opportunity of b???in thl f?,eful ctcape unhurt. ^ ? ?K^t, and then lo ant ofXlt:;lZVy'euLr^ ,nother correipond mawrialiy from^^g ^ounu?Ition'which marched^nto* our fort? whTch Ch"P'i!ie and Mcure. we surrender, under a threat oHh.^ t n. ,umn>oned to found that during ourZ^ oM W"r' u< ceived some ImiO of 5*1,1 "*?/ had re could not return for the warn oF.L J ; *' which they abMlutely buried themwilM. I? ??nmon? that they shells, which tore ever* tnfnwJI10 to escape the What ammunition our trooos^n^? r ? J"!/*?*to Piec#' neld. Vou maPy ,mS "ow Ve'w^'Te^ thM -n,- ir?a 010 New ?rl??ns Courier. Mar 10 l ted as being"most 'poisonouf^'"/^y*aro'mad' '* r'pre$*D most alway* tital w. .? n . ' wound, they are ?^ Mexicans u.e copper becau J or J?/0??'1 whether the or because they have iMfoTT P??Mnou. qualities, "t amp," MayB|lth.01 Vou'r^^1^1 /ro,ni ? letter dated was always proud of bis swoi?.t *?n'. ^'eut. Roland, should be ; and be now fee i American ofttcer it waa struck by a "?x r?,fnHP.^d*r UlM of it, lor hung by bi. side. Mr. j?hn b ( otr^,^ V* centr"' M a ed a. a volunteer aid to Col B.|ku? ? ,{?',r city *c' end dashed around the fi.M i? ?k? ^ occasion, (Mr. J. b. C. it the son 0f Wm H f ?0,t m"?>er: prietor ofthe American Hotel of this'ciiv f*} '-th* pro" "aniels, of the 3rd artillery had ^ n'^ LJ#ntan,nt hiso. uen. Arista's morning rln^ .k $tlot under men under his command. ?hows that he had 8100 W. if!!*.,h? N?w 0rleans Courier, Mav ID 1 brother S, thi?cHy d'ated 1(T>m( ">*, May to his roceived last ftuuday ^v f.0'"'. "<?? ?? ft wa. The Captain tellsColonel Harney. head of which He charged the%'ni!1|2V. h^,,![,lJ*llroU " 0,6 8J men-and ot these no lost 7* batiery, contained killed, and II wouMedliW ho^?. 10 fn""" ed?that is, nearly oneTthini kiUed' ?ad ,u wound of his horwkoridfTom^ ?*"? ^ ,Jmoit baif ijottoucned. which fortunate c.reum!K ^ITowTm ?&5?*:b?U,"n i^5if.wctod b''to?iS^?r-.m?'i? instance of youn* viJ? k? Judge of men, and tn the verified. y' presenument has been fully Co Jo^.'&SS; May 90., upon the success of the ?Ster,. T r*yo,c,n*? attendant omit to give credit to ?hi. fay lor, we must not ment with the whole Lj ?r ^ judicious move Vencru. te%oiu.^~\u?d*rW? command, f^ l^en ???> opportune and noSL?^1"* C*m,ni' couW the small bsjnd, who * m?n encouraging to an attack upon that Dort it ^ nightly expecting Conner, at the nick oTtiini ^ Ift,*"1**' Coln?o(loie force to afloni a larire w. * ,ufflcient gallant oiticcrs, for ihJm-tS?!.y. . dlfclP,1f^1 ?en and ptace ami depot, bevoml fplace that imjwrUnl capture. Altaough the .h^!i 4nd haxard of neighborhood wui prevan?^! ?L?,uU'*. w,Ur ,n f'at coiuinaiKl, Irora -TJ!!!!ggL'Npa o# the claw under bi. nevertheless be in nis now?- . ' n*ar the land, it will pediuons, which will ud tha K"n" ,,0?, I" their operation* on the tSnVS. ?,r> ">aten.lly tie.e.Ug1!,entt;oa,^^.'t'o<Jrande, and at the and saiiois, wSTSSTL^.5?? b' hi' m*rln" as at see. Commad?r: y " Weilon l>nd the navy u M oiiicer o^??2Ilii ?,Wkto r,rT high id discretion. Although Ju^gsseet and l&i9tto perform acuum which ?o?bl?d him of th. public eye, he hM neverth^^' ?v S2Sa?,0,?!?"tand J0"1* hit duty and per aS^i^VtSfat-arf war than f 'l? . ?on,83 with diatinction in the lait u? ^ v.. JS"S cw." ?/i"C'ffidM:i; m! sS&^sr^^rJs^'jsssii ^?Maa?a6a,*J5S wa.wmnt.dfor.uoh ju.t and patrioticpurpo.ea o2J w^Sri!^V\Moomm^^ ^wtat^nSrh*; w!??2' .r^00t ch;r**' Rnd off*r*<? ?? much noN M h? tirc.nalSC warlorthV^rr of ?mcf? of r,r.h-''.?'."" u?i>- -t ?? ..?a.JKra.faira jn <t~|i.rT.%?";.sJirrss5USr a5r.'jsj*rsij?; havegiveni liberally, without any ri.k, and it would have been merely foreign capiti to c^ryon wwa? thJHhri.?u4^V.^" MAr-Thi. officer, who made ? Vltr^r*'-. f? c*Pt?,r*' the battery, taking i^we l!EnP^?- w ?Cen^*ttJe' ne,r MetamoraS; it, we leara, from Waahington City, and 1. well known to many of our citizens. He i. one of the fineat horae 2?h !n !w* *rmJr' ?"<' *lway? delighted to exhibit hi. ~4&3apfftoitTOs^5gs ?uggeated that he could not ride down again He imma diately turned hi. hor?, and rode do? JumriM h? horse over the iron (Mlirur. ThoM who tion, can appreciate the difficulty of the feat We aUo remember the gallant Captain having been fln?H for ih. iVre'cA?r?n orJi-nce. in leapS^hf, ?n e P*vement in front of the City Hotel aome time ago : and we would now .uggeit to the a&VaS Pr?P r of remitungthat fine.^^ur - Tme BaiLLiAKT Chabok.?All account. acn< that th* ?rmy who fought Oen. Taylor'We w.Tl ^d fuhr equipped and .upplied with every requiaita and that jEttSKWS s S,. ass SffiJtas JTaSSSSS^^S ESS? J??r&r?2iH Vual ('*'t?r3r- 80 ,oon a. Oen. Taylor porceived at anv <coltlP h Pi- i*VJ *nd toId him be mu.t take it f?* I ?lld o> be daahed, at the head of three ina?over dit^h*' *?in? f?rw,r(1 lik? ? tornado, bound ing over ditch, breaatwork, and everything clan that came in hi. way, followed by the fifth infiit^n fuM run, who nobly .upported him, although of courae the i2T^r>- oustripped them in the race One of the publiahed account. ?ute. that the Mexicans aubaequent ly remanned theae gun. ; but I learn thi. wa. not the prevented it ^dr^gltnMnt/?ll0W#d *? #low thtt 'bey Hmo. . 7 the Mexican, never again fired tho.e ?h a' * r,m*ln*<i m our po.aea.ion. Eighteen of ronr^n0"*' ,mon* them 'be Br.t lieutenant of May'. troop fell, or were demounted by the Art in the charge ran* through our rank. a. they "T ??n* - gtUantlv daah over the breaatwork c^! k. .\,^"H':r k' ".ri*hl throu*h tb? Mexi thi. battery po*.Ud, oDlueV ^T^VT "le1oc?d- ? would in a very'.hort time httS "^rS^hu'^Ll of0?' rtnk'' Md th* ,udd?n Wl of two bad /l?rv 0Ur. m*n und,r it. fire might have on. *** i u " waa, it neverfired but ZStAjT/ ^"igbted creature aa," I .up. poae, never dreanfod of dragoona atorminf a batt?rv an,\! theratriking feature in the battle^^Tf.t whi/h wh^h ^rVrfm"?'1 nich our irtiliery wu mtnceuvred and urviut ? th. nm?rkySaA Pareciiion of iu WM a .abject o( rewrai ?lSlA,l?ton ' 0n? P?rtion of ? daahed for ?*f7 * the hone, at top .peed againat ? body of Mexi ?V1If"DtrJ' ? 4n<1 kjfore the iattor had hardly time to aee J^!*,0rrn'Jke "V movement, they bt^ haJte^T oour^^in W,V* det*cbed, the gnna unlimbered, and /**"""* [l tbe grape with .uch rapidity and ef i ni "?? >l?*ican. broke at once under the fire. ' ny that, from the flrat te tbe la.t of the 1 action, there wa. not a miatake, a falae movement or ' one moment . heaiution or wavering on the part of either ! !^*7.0!"">""n "?? "t?^ prompt execution of Jv.rv Xl^L*i*TS2{5SZiw"' ?*??"??' j tasffK' wsjss, ter-a man of few word., and of pnmptud tLuSUmi 'fowatfod that he .hould /?**<, without 1* u di?parity of numbors or coofoouoiicofl Hn wZhT. Kmet thfl crwi'- ha ob23?? ttTSctS? which the brave army deferred under bit gallant lead [Krom the Trovidence Tranacript, May S7.J la.Uort^Sjht,wn i0 ^^r|l^|r^ ^P0,h<th"'*xcitem'ent'^Ihe 1 V !?rty,"?*ht hour., but 1 mu.t try and rive you wmn ? victory-ever h5bZw.?U ^ y?for. ' Capt Page, who beinc in command of the diviaion, waa then on the right of the line waa atra<>b down with .uch force, a. to carry with him' the three men next behind him. Hi. whole lower jiw wM ahot away and the gbaatly hideou.nea. of hie viaace aa ha reared up in couvulaive agony from the rraa? J1 pa..e>l him, will not aoon vaaiah from my recollection* another man about the centre of my comply hLlhta head knocked oil, the Sergeant on mv n?hVhll k Wi ket driven from hi. hand, toy a ball which mU1" me and the man before me f we tire out ol range Irom th? battery Th^, "I '*" laated until, and for the liTat ?.nu? inatle tearful 1- ,1 , t hour our battelJea ?a itTtES .15*". ?trwt- U,ri?? the ground .trew WhVrecnT^^' wlU? ?bw?tonrt ^munition Whareone of their batterie. had bee a .tationed. flfty-ae i*iiirk w,r* counted in one groap, and not ao torn to P'?0*1 f,y grape and round ho , head and limb, gone, bowela torn out. No imagin "Uon can conceive the horrible etfect of auoh a fire, di htft^LT l>r*c'1,'on aod coolne** with which our I ? !JI,? 2.JT i?<!*ry ? *? ware advancing in line I rhm^l fat" ^ ?**ry in*tant the order to I coirfi, for we did not thia know that th? en*my rone we cam* up to a wounded Mexican, laying in tlto ? * f?"' inv,""? ?U1 we were clo*a to him; he rai*ed himielf a* waii a* ha could, held up hia handa and i begged for mercy. We halted, the offlce^i naaraat came up to him; he made aigna for food and water and ia an inat ant twenty men ruahed from our rank* to offer can l team and haversack*?they gave him more than he could j eat in a week. We now halted for leveral houra until the wood* were examined by iight troop* We then ad ! danced up a narrow road, bordered on both aide* by a dense thicket We had marched about an hour, when , order* came for our regiment to haeteu up, aa the enemy were in force and in poaition in front * ? ? We had in action leaa than twelve hundred, Mr itrong I eat battalion being in reaerre. Our artillery and dru Soon* lorced their way up the road, while the infantry ?ployed on each aide, drove their infantry before them, and Oiled the wood* with their dead. From the creat of ? "*? ravine on our aide, Capt. May charged with hia 1 squadron of dragoons right through, and over their bet tery, and through the heavieat crosa Are from their infan try stationed at the trench and behind the pond: he drove them from their piecea, and took (Jen. La Vega, who commanded the artillery, priaoner But they rallied in force, and drove the gallant Captain back. Oaring thia time our artillery was pouring in grape upon them from the creat of the ridge. Our infantry, aa aoon aa they could run up, dashed in upon the guna, and captured every piece; five out of the eight having the load in them. After those were taken, the rest was a mere rout They fled in every direction abandoning every thing; we took their whole camp just as it stood, 100,000 rounds of mutket cartridge*, a good supply ot cannon cartridgea, foaror fire hundred mules with all their equipments for I packing, all the baggage of the officers, lie. fcc. fcc. Never was there a more complete victory, and General I Taylor says, "he owes it solely to the individual gallant ry of hia officers and men." There was, aa you perceive, no chance for manusuvring,?it waa hard fighting and go ahead. Some of the guns were token and re-taken two or three timea. Gen. Arista had two hones killed under him, and our old hero, Gen. Taylor, waa constantly in the thickeat fire. Once, when remonstrated with for stop ping at a point where the grape shot and bulleta were flying like hail, he said, "well they do come pretty thick, let us go on a little further ahead, and they will all go over us." The enemy have lost 48 officers, of whom 14 are our prisoners, including one General and two Colonels. One General waa killed, and they must have lost in the two actiona over a thousand killed and wounded. We buried 80 of them last evening in one grave. (I am writing bow on the Uth.) Military Preparatloai, dK, LOUISIANA. [From the New Orleans Delta, May 90.] The steamboat Mary Kingeland leaves thia morning for the Brazos St Jago, with Ave companiea belonging to Col. Davis' regiment The ship Ondlaka waa to leave last night, with two companies of Col. Dakin's regiment, and two companies belonging to CoL Davis' regiment This embarkation will leave three companiea of CoL Davis' regiment still in New Orleans, to be forwarded by the next transport CoL Dakin and staff were also to leave on the Ondlaka. Major Oallv's Artillerv.?Thi* flne body of men, mustered into service, are in tents on the Public Square. They leave to-morrow for Point Isabel. SOUTH CAROLINA. Executive Department, I Charleston, May 39, 1846. J By William Aiken, Governor and Commander in Chief, in and over the State of South Carolina. A requisition having been made on the State of South Carolina by the President of the United States, for a Re giment of Infantry " to be enrolled, and held in readinesa for muster into the service of the United 8tates." I, William Aiken, Governor and Commander in Chief of the State of South Carolina, do issue this my Proclamation, calling upon the cititens thereof, to come forward and enrol themselves in the service of their country. Congress has authorized the organization of Fifty Thousand Volunteers to serve for twelve months, and tho privilege is now accorded to the people of this State, to furnish their proportion of the defenders of our coun try. Where every consideration of duty and patriotism calls ?o loudly upon the citizens of our republic, the Execu tive ia assured that there needs uo appeal from him to stimulate the hearts of his countrymen. Our gallant army on the Rio Grande, embarrassed for a time bv vastly superior numbers, and the craft of the enemy, nave signally vindicated the honor of the coun try , and the reputation of our arms by recent victoriee, which rank with the highest achievements of modern times. The enthusiasm of our sister State ha* poured out thousands of brave men to their aid, but our country still calls for more to carry out this war to a safe and honora ble conclusion, and the Governor, in compliance with the requirement made upon him, calls upon hia fellow citizens to rally around the standard of our country, and enrol themselves in her defence. WILLIAM AIKEN. By the Governor, J. W. Cantev, Adjutant and Inspector General. XtMoOftl. [From the St Louis Republican, May 19 1 I .X* wticl? appears to be well iounJeJ. fSf V V> 0f th# ?tb Rogiment, Mfaeouri Ml I ?V4?*'1o, ,om* ago, tendered hia services to the War Department to march a regiment of mounted men New Mexico?in the event ot the Department deem ing it necessary to send troop* in that direction, will soon be required to enter upon the expedition Such is the tenor of the report, CoL Bogy is now absent from the city, but if the Department should think proper to tend a force to Santa Fa, a more prompt and efficient officer could not be selected; and as for troops to go in that di rection, the only question will be in Miaaouri,?" Who shall stay at home 7" I [From the St. Louia Reporter, Mar 19.1 The companies belonging to the Legion will be mas tered into the United States service, to-day at 11 o'clock They will, then, be subject to the order of CoL Daven port, and we suppose will leave for New Orleans thia evening or to-morrow morning. The velunteera are anxious to be oil", and they should be detained no longer than is indispensably neceaaary. [From the St Louia New Era, May 19 ] A good move would be to iasua promptly commiasiona to some of the persons who have been engaged in the trading and trapping busineas, about Bent** Fort, Fort Laramie, and other mountain potts, and let them raiae, without delay, companies of volunteers to operate arainat Santa Fe. The bold adventurers of that region would take pleasure in such an enterprise, and their nfles are exactly suited to the work. They are the men beat adapted to such warfare, and when organized, they would be within a few days march of New Mexico ? Much a force would do much to protect and render se cure the Santa Fe traders. KENTUCKY. At a meeting of the directors of the Northern Bank oi Kentucky,held at Lexington, on the 18th instant, it waa resolved that the sum of $250,000 be tendered to the Governor of Kentucky, to enable him to fulfil the requi sition which haa been made upon him for troops for the auccor of oar army in the South; and he ia fully author ized to draw for that amount if he should need it. The Louisville Journal says that Henry Clay, Jr. ia endeavoring to raise a regiment of volunteers to go to Texas. His military education, added to his other merits, eminently qualify him for the post. Mr. Gurran Pope and Dr. Carey Fry are alao indebted to their country for military educations, and alao desire to repay her by tak ing commands in her service. TENNESSEE. The Naihville Banner says that Ave thousand man will I be ready whenever their services are required. The di I rectors of the Union Bank of Tennesaee have tendered to Governor Brown a loan of $100,000 for the use of the volunteers. MICHIGAN. I The Legislature of Michigan resolved to offer 20,000 j volunteers to the (ieneral Government, and to borrow { $100,000 to defray expenses. NEW TORK. [From the Brooklyn Eagle, May M.J We learn /rom the Jldvertittr, that the Brooklyn Light Guard, Capt. Pearson, have forwarded information to the (tovernor, that they are ready to join the army of occupation on the Rio Orande. We hear alao that the Union Blues, Capt Goodchild, have done likewise. There ia room for more; who comes next? [From Albany Argua, May 2*1 Gov. Wbiomt returned to the city yesterday morning, from a brief visit to his residence In St Lawrence county. His return haa been hastened by the intelligence of the requisition from the War Department for seven regiment* of volunteer infantry, which waa transmitted to him from thia city by magnetic telegraph and express. We understand that Mai Gen. J. F.Tow-Mxwn tendered the services of his division of cavalry, before it wa? known that the requisition was limited to infontry [From the Trey Whig ] Captain Schrlver, of the United Stoto* artillery, left this city for Washington a day or two ago. in compliance with orders from the War Department He will proba bly be dispatched to the Rio Orande. , CONNECTICUT. We learn that the Executive of Connecticut has beeu notified by the War Department to hold in readineas MO volunteers, (exclusive of officer*) They will be called upon if their service* are needed?not otherwise. The citizen* of Charleaton, S. C , have it in contempla tion to presenl a sword to the brave and judicious com mander, Gen. Taylor, a* expreaaive of their feelinga, on the receipt of the oewa of hia tble and masterly move ment* on the Rio (iraode, in the face of a force nearly quadruple that of hi* own. *nval Pnparatloni. Th? 17 8 revenue ?te?mer Spencer aailed from the quarantine ground yeeterday morning, lor Um Oulf of Mexico. The following is a I let of bar officers j? (,?lel> Courrier, Ksq., commander, Francis Martin. Irt lieutenant: John A. Wehetar, 3d lieutenant; Winfield K. Dell. 3d lieutenant; Daniel Himonaon, surgeon, Jacob K Wilton, chief engineer , Henry L. Hot), 'Jd assistant engineer; Jamei < alioone, 3d assistant engineer; John Welsh, boatswain; Ittone A. Booth, gunner: I'eter C. (keen, carpenter;?together with a crew of 00 choir* me a. There are new at the Norfolk nary yard the follow ing vessels of war New Yoik, 74, on the stork*, un finished Frigate St. Lawrence, on the stocks nearlr reedy for launching 74 Delaware in or ' - Constellation, do.; sloops of war \ n 1 md Bt. Louts, do.; steamer Wate

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