Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 29, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 29, 1846 Page 2
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hy*, ilo.t frigate BiauJjwiue, sloop Decatur, and brig Truxton. repairing; ship Pennsylvania (170 grnil) ana 1 steamer Engineer in commission. Appointment* by th? Prrridtiit. fly ?nH u 'K ike a.h,ct *.,d "??????'<*' **""!' fh. : Revived. That the Senate adv?*e * , following appointments in tho army of the I niu ? ? [n he . u'imlut of mounted riflemen, or third reg'ment o"dragoons, as authorised b> the act apr~ved May 19. 1W6 !"*? . Colonel ^ I'ersifor K. Smith ^m' Lt Colon*L John C. Vremont. A.rm>. Maior George 8. Burbridge, ?,#?X Captain. W. H goring. Honda, v "H1"" Wlnslow f, Sanderson. Ohio. Stephens Tuckcr, Mississippi, hatnuel 11. Walter, J?"''. _ Henry C. Pope. , Kentuckj. vteorge B Crittenden. v,i? ., Stephen T. Mason, ? lrfcinia, JohnS. Siraontou. ,,?? John B. BackenstoM, llli'ioi*, ^ Bela M. Hughes, ^l*01 ' i.tLUutel Noah Newton, Ohio, lit Lleutei. Benjamin S. Roberts, Iowa, ? ? Llewcllen Jones, New York, M K. Van Baron, Michigan. Andrew Porter, Pennsylvania, Thomas Swell, Tennessee, William W. Taylor, Indiana, John Q. Walker, Missouri, Thomaa Duncan, Illinois, Andrew J. Lindsay, MUsiiaippi, Spear S. Tipton, Indiana, Thomas ( laibourn, jun., Tennessee 3d UeuteT Thomas G. P.hett, South I arolma, rhurles L. Denman, Now \ ork, Washington L. tllliott, Peimtylvama, TUomas Davis, Illinois, Jui.dii May, Pist. Columbia, ?? F. S. K. Russell, Michigan, Murray Morris, Hist. J olumbia, George Mcl.ane, Maryland, Llewelleu Rogers, Ohio, ? ? The officers of the -2d Regiment Dragoons confirmed, ?xcopt Major Walker. T5ir Opinion* and Feeling* In Canada, on the War. (From tho Toronto Globe, May 19 I War, so long threatened, has at length broke ? ]>ortion of North America. Tho United SUteii ^ Mexico Lrcat war! The aggression has pracc* l?i torn U? troops of the I nite f Stat*., a< is ,uh"'U' \.^1^n " ? meutberaof the American Congress. Ihe Washington legislators have eagerly laid hold of the opportunity for plungiug their country into all the miseries of war. Tl o , lio Rorte is alleged, ,o the President's tho boundary between Mexico and Texas . but this iiI denied bv some members ot Congress. The vote ot M.ttU men. and ten millions of dollars, was done in a storming passion at Washington-a state of mind geno rally followed by regret and remorse. wiii in a pitched l.attle wo do not think the have any chance with tho troops ot the Ln but in their own country, they will bo form J*'1,1? "!1 "T nouts, especially if led by f.uropcati o?cors. 8W1. it seems doubtful whether the Mexicans really meditate a protracted struggle with the United1 States unUss they art* barked by Great Britain w 1* ranee. It is extremely probable that France may interpose her good to bring about n settlement ol the diflerences. Ore it Bn tain would ceitalnly do so, but the state of the Oiegon neeociation if i Inrs this impossible. W e feel assured, however,thai itain will not look quietly on and see Meiico ?uh.luod or farther dismembered. The safety of her \Vc*t India possessions and North American l rovin ces requires that this should not be allowed. And, bo i,ides, the British peoplo will look with horror on the ex tension of slaver!, which would l.e tho consequence of larther eucroaehnients on tho Mexican terntorj. ^ (From tho Quebec Mercury, May 23.1 The following particulars of an engagement between the armv of occupation and tho Mexicans, reached us thi morning, in the AVte York Herald and Cnmmfrc?o/^(i t>rtiter. We do not place much reliance upon the ft le lity of the account, but look upon it rather as an exag ireratcd statement to spur on lagging incipient heroes, to win their laurel* and run the gauntlet of tl eomUajmeto. on the banks of the Rio Grande. They are upon the authority of passengers, not ^written. > . " Porsiurirg young herocn" seem to bo few in especial! \ since tho accounts received of the defeat ot Cant Walker's sortie pnrtit The J\. O. Picayune sa> , there were never seon, at one time, so many persons with their arms in .ling., ai wore to be met with lately .in the streets of that city ; the editor onnuires if the di-afting of the militia has caused this braclualjnalady. ^ So patriotic are our neighbors, wo road that so mo Ame Tican' in Havana are fitting out privateers, with Mexican letters of marque, to proy upon the commerce of their native country. ? ? ? * TheVfir York Herald ot the ISth, has the following ""'one ofthe first effects of this campaign o^ned as jt is with such clorious victories, will be lelt throughout {h* goveramfnta ol Europe. Tho bravery, numbers, rouraee indomitable perseveranco aud extraordinary unanimity which has prevailed ;.mong the ide in ilu'i cri .is, will teach Kuropean governments to leware how thev interfere in matters on this continent hereafter We have no doubt tho events on the Hio Grande already developed, will create consternation among the despots of Kurope, as much as it will <?oat? ? feeling of exultation among the strugglingV the advantage acquired be carried to tno gates of Mexico il Wonderful unanimity indeed sixteen volunteers from Galveston ' -and "conscription,' *'ove " " consternation ? is likely to be produced bv these glo rious victories" upon the monarchies ot h.uropo. fFroin tho Montreal Herald, May 26.] One of the physical wonders upon which the "Ci.nt, fic have been at all times, most inclined to dilate,_and w hieiv the vulgar have boen ever most prone to admire, is that cxtensibilitv of matter which enables the gold iVatfr-o inaUe h" great a show out of so small a quanti ty of metal. It is not less remarkable bo\vvery large a rnnce may be covered by a very little glorj,. The last new s from the States furnishes a good illustration of v, hat may bo done in this way. A canonna.le has taken place lroin an intrenched camp, in which it was lmjio . {,1c that anv body could be hit by the return fire-s ton pie v"f embrasure's have been knocked intoone, and a gun lin< been dismounted, (for the other parts of the victory arc. as yot. very doubtful,) and this sufflces to furnU^ enough tnnel. not only to cover the whole of the army with uiore imaginary orders, than everdeckod the nucror of Italy, but also to leave a large hmp U> be beat out for the Individual adornment ?of fi - tv thousand lwople in the Park at New 1 ork. Of course all this glitter cannot be put on for nothing. It Z stars, crosses and epaulette's are pretty enourh n themselves, but that is not their main object. All {hce things ar'e but the livery of Mars-the index of the bloodv-mmded valor that lurks beneath and it snot wonderful therefore, that the New Workers felt them pel v eg mot* ferocious than is their wont, when they found their rUionar) decorations glitter ng in the sunbeam*. <<i course. Kugland is to be totally demolished ; it is <ioubtful whether Kranco can be allowed to preserve he national.ty much longer ; but, as to Bus?. w. onlv bav. that she conceives she has a right to a lew bergs on the American continent, to P^tout the ^arm ing late that necessarily awaits her. W horo the ma w Liberty is to stop is not > ot determined ujKin but U is confidently expected that, before the end of Pre dentship, tho heroic, strong-minded 1 oik will he uissoiv ^V in toars?-because there is nothing more to annex. AVhctlier all those magnificent ideas will be carried o , inav be perhaps doubte.l; but who can doubt the power srxvssf taming a full u^emge quantity of nonsense. Here it U "Be it further Resolved, That the thanks of the citiiens of New Vork he, and they are hereby presented to Gen. Tavlor, and the office in and soldiers under k'? command; for'the consummate skill and undaunted courage dis dlye* by them on the 4th Instant, in an engag.mentwith an fdefeit of the enemy before Meumoras, wh.ch lias decked with Iresh laurels the gallant general and his brave officers and soldiers, and covered the American "r'u>V h.''|!enlJfornWo!"eral Ta> lors sake, that hemayhe alive and iu a condition to receive this same rote of thanks, when it roaches the Rio Grande, but the lart accounts rendeied that somewhat doubtful. In the meantime, it l justice to say, that the thing was kept up with a great deal ol spirit' As the evening drew on, the company he camo more jolly, and several songs were volunteered. Among the periormcr* in this kind, was a Judge, >?hoso irood lellow shi appears to have entirely ov ercome his Jiiru.t* The assembly finally broke up buoyant with onthusiasin"?a - me of mind,often produced by so much jollification, but which too frequently leads gentlemen in to trouble. Hiuite F(, Hew Mexico. Emigration to Cali fornia. [From the St. Louit New F.ra, May 19 ] < o] Hutnell hat started on hit expedition to California, ftnd the prospect is that a heavy emigration will toon let into that eouutry. If our navy in the Pacific acti with ita uiual energy and promptness, it is probable that by the time they arrive they will find that country in the posset nion and under the control of An.erieans. IFroin the St. Louis American, May IS.] The John Oolong, which arrived here yesterday, brought down two trader*, Shaw and Fope, from the tra ding pott on tiie Little Missouri. They loft Fort Oeorge about five weeks ago?they bring no news of conse quence The streams abov.- are very low. In the moun tains but little snow had failon during the winter. They met a large number of emigrant* for Oregon and Califor nia on tlieir route. Several boats were pre|>ariiig to leave the fort With a large lot of fort. [From the 8t. Louis Reveille, May IP.J Foa Sakta Fa.?The steamer Deui7.cn, on her recent trip from Pittsburgh to this place, brought on board a num ber ol wagons and a large i]uanllty of goods, deatined ior Mante F*. Wo should not be surprised if they reach ed t'ueir dettiaation under a atrong escort. Armijo's new carriage, which we learn is en routt for Santa Ke, may carry into new Meaico aa American Governor. Private letters iroin Santa Fe, under date of toth April, state that Governor Artnijo has again been appointed to the aapreme military command of the province, and that Oea. Uarcia Conde, who had been hourly ei]<ected, haa declined visiting the province this year. The Cropa. Lovisia**.?This, we believe, ia the wettest season, says the Piantert' lAitakapaa) Conner, we have had for a number ol years. The planting of cane and corn has been late, and we fear the crops will be short. Corn ia now getting scarce,and if we do not soon receive auppliea from the V> est, the price will advance. It ia now (1 00 par barrel, and <|tiile scarce at that. In fact, corn is now in demand, in Si. Mary, and would sell readily. Cannot the Western people send us in supplies? Tvsituau, An ?There are great oomplainta of tho cotton crop, aa far as 1 have heard. The heavy rains and -ool spring canted many to replant, hence a good liortion will lie late, the stand is bad, and recently the Jice have made their appearance; yesterday and thft day howaver, hava boon auite warm And if tt continues to we h?>po it will arrest thou ravage* ?Cforbtt** Courttr' NEW YORK fiffiRA LTV l>t* y?Wfc, MlUy, May 919, 1844. Fall and Officltl Partinlart OF THE Ct&BAV BATTLBI OS TUK RIO GRANDE. PLANS OF TUK FIELDS OF PALO ALTO, AND RESAOA DE LA PALHA. ALSO, The Fortifications Opposite SUtunoru. T!io Weekly Herald, to bo ready at 8 o'clock to-iaor row morning, wilLb. one of the most Interesting and valuable publication* of the day. " .^U |'onta,n fu" anJ ?fflcial account* of the two Krent >att es?the incident! of the engagement*?a very correct plan of the fortification* oppoiite Matamora* .howiug the range of our cannon-an excellent plan of the field* of Palo JIUo and Retaca de la Palma, on which briUi?I>t battle* ware fought, with the position of the two urmies-and all the military and naval preparation* throughout the Union. The correct and corapreheniive plan* were drawn on the *pot. expre.sly for the New , iork Herald, by attachet of the Topographical and En- , gineering corps Agent* for newspaper* can now *end in their ordera Single copie* in wrappers, ready for mailing, can be had at the desk at a sixpence each. 1 liu valuable publication will be ready to go to Eu rope in the Britannia, that leave* Boaton on Monday \U who lee! an mtere.t in the bravary and *ucce*. of the A nglo-Saxon race on tlui continent, will send the *plen did account in the Weekly Herald to the other side of the j Atlantic. In addition to thi*, tho.e who with to preierve the Important events in the hi.tory of thi. great country, will find in thi* number all that thoy can de*ire. It ii not too much to say tliat hi.torians will be constrained to ro fer to it* column* in time to come. Steam Ship Great Britain. 1 here begins to be a little anxiety felt for thi? (team 1 ?hip. It i. supposed by many, that wme .light accident ' has happened to her. It i* to be hoped that .he will soon make her appearand- Thi. i. her twentieth day at ^ Steamer Britannia. The Long I?land Railroad Company will despatch an extra express train on Sunday afternoon, at 4 o'clock, for Boston, to take the mails and passenger, lor the Boiton steamer that leave* this city on Monday. Catholic Mission to Mexico?Bishop Hughe* an American Richelieu. A rumor lias^revailcd for some days past that overtures have been made by the President of die I uited States to Bishqp Hughes, of this city, to I k<> out to Mexico, in the capacity of ecclesiastical and pontifical agent or commissioner, bearing as surances from our government to die priesthood oi Mexico, that in prosecuting the existing war I with that country, the United States have no do sire or intention to disturb the Catholic worship in Mexico. This report has been industriously circulated by the friends and worshippers of I Bishop Hughes himself, who probably desires such a mission. They think diat by procuring these reports to be circulated, they could manufacture some public opinion to act on the President.? here is no manner of doubt that this constituted one of the subjects of deliberation at the late con lerence of Bishops, which sat with closed doors in Baltimore. Bishop Hughes, ^esli from that con ference, repaired to Washington?staid there a <Invs wi,h a view to negotiate an arrange ment; got a report circulated among the different newspaper correspondents in Washington; so that this thing, coming from all quarters of the Union to the ears of the President, might induce him to suppose that it was the great voice of public opinion. Having set tho ball in motion, he left lor New } ork, ostensibly for the purpose of hold ing a consultation on the subject, but really in or der to give time to the manufactured dose of pub lic opinion which he had administered to the Pre sident to operate. That the design of sending a Catholic Bishop as special Envoy to Mexico, should have originated with Mr. Polk, is nearly, or very nearly, absurd. Mr. I oik is a Presbyterian-nay more, a strict oue. He is a man who does not entertain very enlarged ideas on any subject, and least of all, on religious matters. Religious prejudices are apt to narrow down men's souls into a most Lillipu tian compass, and Mr. Polk's is not very large at best. Such an idea as the mission of Bishop Hughes could never have occurred to him. W e highly esteem the Bishop as a pious and ta- j lented divine. But his nature has that alloy in it ! that drew die angels down from Heaven. His present station?the bishopric of New-York?does not satisfy the cravings of his high ambition. He i is the most prominent Catholic divine on this con tinent, and he looks not only to a Cardinal's hat ' but even beyond it, perhaps to be Pope of Ameri ca. Could the Catholic Church of Mexico be ' blended with that of tho United States, and diat by his intervention, the immediate reward would be a Cardinal's hat, with the tiara and triple i crown in perspective. The Bishop does not over ! estimate die importance of a union between | the two Churches. The established Church of i possesses vast wealth, and its power and I influence over the body of the people are prodi gious. The established Church of Mexico constitutes the most remarkable feature in the history and government of that country. Although stripped of some of the wealth and splendor it possessed before the revolution, it still exerts a powerful j sway in all matters of State policy?a circum stance that must be taken into account in drawing conclusions as to the iuture prosperity of the Mex- i ican Republic. At the period of the Conquest of Mexico by j Cortes, the revolting rites of the Aztec worship ! prevailed. Human beings were immolated, and j even cannibalism was practiced to some extent. As soon as the Spaniards gained the ascendancy, ! the mild doctrines of Christianity weaned thepeo- ! pie from their horrible worship. Christian tern- i pies supplanted the Aztec tcocallis, and civilization ; took the place of barbarism. There is no doubt | that the first missionaries who landed in Mexico were men of austere lives, and that they applied j themselves to the work of c?nversion with a zeal and piety which soon secured to their labors abundant success. The Catholic Church in Mexico was, at that time, a missionary church?such as the sumo church is in the United States at this day. Its member* were men selected for their talents aritl piety, whose lives were marked by voluntary poverty and chastity; and hence the great success that attended their efforts, and the influence they gained over the minds of the Indians. Nor did they use this influence for unworthy purposes.? They were always remarkably zealous in promo ting the interests of the poorer classes, and in in terposing the authority of the church between the oppressor and his rictim. This increased their influence more and more, and the practico which has long obtained in Catholic countries of pious persons endowing monasteries and con vents, at their death, as atonement for the suis of a life-tune, as well as the pious custem of orna menting the altars and shrines with gold and pre cious stones, soon threw into the cotTers of the church a vast income, both in real estate and personal property. The Catholic Church soon became the estab lished church of Mexico. The numbers of its in stitutions and ministers increased in proportion to the spread of the religion. The influence it exer cised over the vast body of the people made itself felt at court. It soon came to pass that no politi cal step of importance was taken without the con currence of the clergy. The Church hocame the most important artn of tl?e government. It wits always the policy of the rulers to bow to its au I and,on its part, the Church fcwarded the t deft re see of tha State by upholding the dominion ! of the latter. Thia fact explains the unwillingness of the cler- ] gy to countenance the revolution. By- the ancoMs > ol that movement they lost a large portion of their wealth and intluence, although they haw still a sulliciency of both for the promotion of the inte rests of religion. But it is not to be supposed that they use their wealth for unworthy purposes. The numbei of their charities is immense. Their ears are al ways open to the voice of indigence and want, and they have boon for some time engaged in or ganizing schools and colleges for the kistruction of the people. At these college* and schools, day pupils are instructed, lree of expense, and the children of the wealthier classes alone are charg ed fees for their education. Rut notwithstanding the charitable outlay re quired for the purposes of alms-giving and educa tion, the pri^erty of the church is stil enormous. Their wealth between real estate, personal pro perty, floating capital, the ornaments of the shrine, &c., &c., may be safely estimated at $80, 000,000. Of this the real estate does not amount to over $18,000,000. Tlio number of the religious ol both sexes, amounts to7,200?divided as follows:? Nuns a,000 Secular clergy ? 3,600 l'.egular clergy 1,700 Of the latter, the Franciscans are the most nu merous. The number of conventuul establishments is as follows:? Kranci?catu #8 Dominicans Oft Auguitinian* ?? Mercedarlo* 19 Carmelites 18 Before the revolution, the clergy were of the most influential classes, and consequently favored Spain and the aristocracy. Since that period, they have sprung mostly from the body of the people, and it is natural that they should side with the lower orders against the landed aristocracy. The soldiers spring from the same rank with the clergy, and there is, consequently, a bond of union between these two important brances of the gov- ! eminent; for, an important branch of tlio govern ment, the clergy must still be considered. This : coalition of sentiment between the clergy and the 1 military, must exercise an important influence on the future destinies of Mexico. The number of Catholics in the United States may be estimated in round numbers, at 2,000,000 Churches 676 Prie.it* 700 I Bishop* 32 Nun* and other tiiter*?not over. . . ISO Archbishop 1 Chnrch Property $1,000,000 It will easily be perceived that Bishop Hughes' successful agency in settling our present difficul- . ties with Mexico, and thus paving the way for the blending of the Mexican and American Catholic j churches into one, would be the highest stepping stone to his own advancement. Bishop Hughes, we fear, was formed by nature for a politician rather than a priest. Politics was the rock upon which the bark of Woolsey's lifo j was shattered. It was the bane of Richelieu's , noble nature. Better imitate the humility of such : men as Fenelon and Cheverus, than follow in the j track of those false, though dazzling lights, which i like the ifpitt fatui of the swamp, glean but for j the purpose of leading tho unwary traveller to j destruction. The annexation of Mexico would, i ' I undoubtedly, unite the Catholic churches of both ! republics into one?with an aggregate property of $100,000,000?and a population of 10,000,000, belonging to one sect of Christianity. This would disturb the religious balance of power in such a great republic, and might furnish pious politicians with a weapon of much Influence, mischief and \ danger to the Protestant community. Education ; and intelligence would be all in nil, in such a con- ; dition of things. We are, however, in favor of sending Bishop Hughes to Mexico, as the Presi- j dent's legate?or would be willing to vote for a Cardinal's hat to him, or even support him as | the candidate for American Pope, in order to get ' rid of his agitation in this community. N.B.?The beautiful novel of Maturin, called i the "Last of the Aztecs," is worth rending about j these days. The Victories on the Rio Grands?Their Mo ral Effect on Foreign Powers.?When the ac count? reached England that the British arms had achieved a brilliant victory over the Sikhs in In dia, whose numerical force was as three to one compared with the force of the British, the Eng lish press, in the midst of its rejoicings, hinted to the people of this country, that it hoped the moral effect of the lesson administered to those savages, would not be lost upon us, intimating at the same time, that in case of hostilities growing out of the Oregon question, the same lesson would be taught us. Tliis threat was little thought of at the time, for no people know better than the English do, the j material of which Yankees are made. There are certain trifling little incidents connected with ' the war of the revolution, and also with the war i of 1812, that proved to their own satisfaction, at those periods, that it was far better to be at peace than at war with us. We now have it in our power to return the compliment to them. Our little army of fifteen hundred men, achieved a far more brilliant victo ry, over a greater enemy, in point of discipline and numbers, than the British did over the sava ges of India. It dared to attack an enemy well provided and disciplined, and numbering 8,000 men, in the teeth of a well-manned battery, placed so as to sweep all within its range, and by one impetuous charge,that drove all before it, capturtd thttnemitt gum at the point of the bayonet, took 300 prisoners, among whom were several of ficers of the highest rank, and piled the field with the dead and wounded. And this too, be it rcv membered, over a foe that has been in constant war for a period of twenty-five years. Let us hope, therefore, that the moral of this terrible lesson will not be lost upon the people of England. Let the powers of Europe, who are . itching to have a hand in the affairs of this conti nent, bear in mind that we have in the United States more than a million and a-half of mm, of | the same npirit, and moulded in the tame mould, at 1 thoie that have, achieved the brilliant Victoria mi I the Rio Grande. Let M. Guizot and the British Premier reflect u{K>n tho consequences that , would follow any attempt to establish a balance of power on this continent, or to erect a monar I chy on the ruins of Mexico. Let them reflect that wo could in tho course of six months, raise an | army of one hundred thousand men, that for bra , very und courage have never been excelled. If in defiance of all this, they will dare to inter- | fere, we can asstiro them in advance, they will regret the step, and reap the fruits of their te merity, by suffering the most inglorious reverses, and losing every foot of European dominion in j America. Canada and Cuba would fall in less | : than six months. The License Law?Correction.?We intiina j ted in yesterday's Herald, that the late Recorder, ; and William M. Price, Esq., have been engaged ! to defend the suits which are now being brought, j under the new bcense law, against the retailers j of brandy, Itc., in Brooklyn?-having tendered J their services gratuitously. We understand this I is not tho case, as these gentlemen have had no ( understanding of the kind with the liquor dca i lers. Our informant must have been misinform I ed on this point. We suppose, however, that I Mr. l'rice and tho ex-Rccorder have no objec . tions to accept a fee, and defend tho liquor men, in the regular way of doing business. ? Commodore Coooor is Mid to be ? native of MUUa county, ft. Punch Joctuiaus* in th* United States.?Li Franco-Am cricain. ? Several important move ments have recently taken place, in advancing the circulation of French journals in this country. A now paper lias been recently started, professing to adopt and promulgate the most liberal Politic* and religious sentiments?printed in the French language?and addressed to the French people, and^all those who read the language, in New York and through the country. But .unforeseen'diffi culties having taken place, it stopped a few days ago. Measures are now in operation t i appeal to the French population, and to resuscitate it, if possible. For many years prist there have bocn journals, in the French language, puUished in Now York,

besides several in Now Orleans,where there exists a largo French population. But hitherto there has been a great complaint against the New York French journals, in consequence of the narrow doctrines advocated, and the illiberal principles put forth by tliem. These principles are directly the reverse of the principles of the French people in America, or the great mass of the French peo ple on the old continent. Since the commence ment of Lt Franco-Amciicain, by Monsieur R6n6 Masson, he has opened a correspondence with the leading republicans in Francc?those attached to the French party?and in one of his numbers we tind the following important letter addressed to him by one of the members of the Chamber of Depu ties, and who is, also, one of the leaders of the re publican party of that Chamber?comprising thir ty members in all?forming the extreme left i? Pari*, April 2, 1846. Mk. Kk.nr Mamom. Editor of Lt France-^lmtricain, JVew York Dkas Fsllow Citisen.?1 have juit now been handed rour programme, and the mail for ths packet goes to-dav. 1 have, therefore, only time to write you a Few line* in haste. The principle! promulgated therein, are those which we defend here; and this is snying that you are right in oounting, for the accomplishment of your patriotic la bors, on the sympathies and sctive co-operation of the Frenoh democratic party. Yes, >ir, vou are right in saying, that of all the nations of the world, France and the American union are the best constituted for agreeing together. Their instincts, their sentiments, their wishes, their intereats, their posi tions, and circumstances even, bind them to each other in a providential manner. This thought is, with us, that of all intelligent minds, and of all hearts sincerely devoted to the greatness, and the external independence of France. Thua your prospectus, which I have just communica ted to the friends who are en the same bench with me, in the Chamber of Deputies, has been received with a lively satisfaction; so much so, that if we had some hours before in, you would receive the unanimous proof of it, which, however, one of the next packets will bring you. Be, therefore, asaured, if you persevere in your gen erous design, that our ardent wishes will accompany you. Is it not the first dutv of democracy to labor in fact to associate mankind ? To give more and more force to this truth, that all alliances of kinga are weak and as changing as the conveniences or the combinations of i family and dynaaty, which form their baais ; whilst ; those of the people will be as immoveable as equity and , justice on whicn they are founded 7 And nations themselves, in the density of their masses, begin to comprehend this ! See rather in witness of this I holy compact, the secret agitations of Ireland, the un- , spoken rumors and tho unceasing fermentations of Italy and Germany, tho heroic boldness of Poland, the mens- : cing convulsions of Spain. All these sublime cfl'orta are the laborious parturition of democracy, and the union of mankind. Let each of us, therefore, labor according to hi* strength and activity. Let each of uc labor towards the solution of the great problem of human fraternity, without minding those who pretend, that to separate a people from their government, is, in the eyea of foreigners, the act of a bad citizen. No, no. No sophistry can persuade the world, that in the last questions pending between the American Union and Oreat Britain, tho government of France caused her to act the part which her dignity and interests demanded. Thus to blame France, says one, is to rive to foreign era a sad idea of her; for it is supposing ner an accom plice of a government which she has not the courage to overthrow. You feel as I do, sir, that such an objection is not a se rious one. A nation suffers a long time before having recourse to extreme menaures, ana braving all the ha zards accompanying theae violent eruptions which move empires. We should not, therefore, draw coneluaions from the present patience and resignation of Franco, for ' it wonld be saying that she was always in a close com- | munitv of sympathy with the elder branch, because she I took lifteen years to drive that branch away. 1 shall not end, sir, without telling you, that the testi- I mony which I have received from the two persons of di?- j tinction you indicated to me, is excellent The remem tiranee they have of your character and veur talents is a cure guaranty to them of the success of your enterprise. Accept, dear sir, and fellow-citizens, the expression of 1 my sincere sentiments of consideration and devotedness. fSigned,) LEDRU ROLLIN, Deputy Honorary Member of the National Institute of Washington. Tliis is a most important movement, not only as , regards French journalism, but alao in reference I to future political events in this country and ! France. The new French journal, being in sym- , pathy with the great masses of the French popu lation in the United States, who are generally re- ( publicans, ought and will undoubtedly supersede the circulation of all its competitors of a different character, if the French population turn out in its support. It can concentrate and ~ er gies,and those ideas,which peculiarly belong to the French population in this country. Tho sympa thy between the French American population, and the French population itself in France, will be increased by the opening of this communica tion between the French journal in this city, and the organs of tho French population at Paris. 'Tis true the Franco-Amcricain, appears to be conducted with a groat deal of fairnes*, liberality and talent. Its principles are openly avowed; and we have no doubt it will in a short time reach a most extensive circulation, and supersede that of any other journals leas liberal in their opinions and principles. In the present war with Mexico, it boldly advocates the American side of the question; while its rival takes every oppor tunity to depreciate, ridicule, and insult the American cause and its able defenders, desig nating the war as a " monttrout imprudtnee"? monstrous impudence, we say. In consequence, therefore, of the difficulties of the Franco-Amcricain, a number of Frenchmen professing liberal principles, doeply moved at the situation in which Mr. Illnl Masson, the editor of that paper, is placed, being obliged, by unfore seen circumstances, to suspend its publication, assembled in haste,and unanimously resolved, on the day of its suspension, to call together their countrymen and subscribers to the FYanco-Ameri ca in, on Friday (this) evening, at 7 o'clock, P. M , in one of the rooms of Mr. Bonnard, restau rateur, No. 5 Nassau street, in order to devise the means of supporting in an efficient manner, a paper which may be considered as the only in dependent organ of the Franco-Americaine popu lation. At this meeting, means will be proposed to enable Mr.Mnsson to continue, without any fur ther delny, the publication of his paper, taking care at the same time, that this patriotic act will not become onerous to those who will take a part in it. We wish it success. Frenchmen, as well as Americans, ought to attend. Profanation.?The Union, the administration organ at Washington, is holding a controversy with one of the obscure city papers, conoerning the politics of the officers of the army and navy. In this disgusting wrangle, the names of the gal lant men who have lately given away their lives pin defence of their country, are wantonly dragged j in, thus befouling their memories with the slime ' of miserable party polities, and jarring upon the already agonized feelings of their relatives. We havo never seen a more revolting instanoe of the vile heartlessness of party politics. Theae partizan editors not only wrangle arret the graves of the dead ; but, like the Gouls, of the fairy tale, tear open the ne^w-rrAde grave, so aa to glut their unhallowed partizan appetites on the scarcely yet cold bodies of the deceased. It ia a melancholy and a shameful exhibition. ' Like the toad which makeshis slimy resting plaoe in dead men's graves, i and grows fat and bloated on the decaying corrup tion of frail mortality, those partizans would feed I on pie posthumous fame of the noble fellows who have died nobiy for their country. We feel that those editors have inflicted disgrace on the Ame rican press, and we hope to see their unfeeling heartlessness properly rebuked. Stkam Ewoiwa i* MezacMisi, jb.?Fletcher Web?t?r, K?i.. hu been appointed to deliver the 4th of July Oration before the City Authorities in Boston. Tn Ttxf.ureii Arrant.?The atrocious at tempt made in this city by certain ? blacF mall" agents, editor*, reporters, arul critics, to extort money from Temple ton, the vocalist, to the amount of 9MMP and over, wad, failing in their efforts to effect their purpose, then endeavoring to annoy, by abusing liim and defaming bis repu tation, begin* to .attract attention from the honor able portion of the press throughout the land. On this subject, we find the following paragraph in the Albany AtUu, the organ of Governor Wright in this State:? Impoiition on iMMia&AttT*.?The New York paper* contain an exposition by Mr. Templeton, the singer, of the attempts to extort money from him by reporters and ethers. One man sues him for eerrlcei in procuring a professional engagement and attendant newspaper puffs, for the sum of $1000.' We had a bill before the Assembly this winter, providing against such impo sition* on strangers, and phteing inexperienced immi grants. immediately on landing, in the guardianship of : the police, and out of the reach of sharpers. The system of extortion and "black mail" j which has received the most cxtraordinury de- j velopements during the last few days, can be ! traced so fa.- bock as ten years ago?to the time of Wood, the vocalist, who, by a similar act of a tiro- ' city, at that time was hooted from the stage, without the public knowing the reason why. j There was a man, at that time, of the name of Hart, who died several years ago, who acted as agent and critic, and hod access to the columns 1 of many of the newspapers of those days. He ! picked a quarrel with Wood, the vocalist, because Wood would not submit to his extortion ; and, by | means of fols^ statements in the newspapers, con- j trived to have that distinguished vocalist driven , off the stage of the Park thea tre. Similur attempts ! have been made, during the last few years, to ; extort money, by the musical critics and reporters j attached to the disreputable )>ortion of the press. 1 One attempt was made upon Fanny Elsslcr? another was made upon Mr. Brahain?another j upon Ole Bull?and we leave no doubt, from what j we have heard, that similar attempts have also been made upon De Meyer. Templeton is not the only artist that has suffered in ' this way, from the rapacity, the trcacliory I and ^infamy of his own countrymen, or the black mail critics, who failed in plucking I him as they would a wild goose, or a prai- | rie chicken. We could relate facts and in- ' stances innumerable, during the last ten years, f showing the villaay of the "black mail'* j reporters, and " black mail" critics, who, without i any control over the newspapers of this ci'.y, yet contrive to have an influence on the disreputable portion of it, and inflict injury on ami able and distinguished artists. The attempts of Clirehugh and McLachlan upon Templeton, as indicated in the documents of the | suit which we have already published, and in j the letters of the other, are the most re- . markable of the long series, that have distinguished the annals of this city for the last ten years. It is : unfortunate that Templeton should have been the victim of such a set of " friends," as he seems to have fallen amongst. Ho has been as unfortunate as the " man who went from Jerusalem to Jericho," and fell among the " black mail" levi ers of Palestine. Templeton, through the whole period of his career in Europe, never had any difficulty before he fell among his own country men in the enlightened and liberal city of New York. But the caposition of fhis affair, has set tled its character on the minds of the community. In a few days, we presume, Templeton will again commence his concerts; and we have no doubt that he will be more crowded, and raptu rously applauded, even, than before these at tempts were made to plunder his earnings?to destroy his good name?and to hold him up to hatred, because he would not submit to manifest extortion and impudence. Wig-makers and bar bers will have to teturn to their own trades again, i General Taylor.?The brilliant victories re- ! cently achieved by the American arms, under j General Taylor, continue to be the theme' of praise among all our people, without distinction | of party. These victories were achieved in the I lace of the most overwhelming disadvantages, in j point of numerical force, situation of the battle ground and other circumstances, and reflect the highest credit on our brave army. It proves that | the energy, bravery and patriotism which charac. terize the Anglo-Saxon race, are p^served by their descendants on this continent; and, when occasion requires, burst forth with impetuosity that defies opposition. While wc accord full , praise to the brave army that has so honorably | vindicated the American honor, we must bear witness to the coolness, bravery and intrepidity that have marked the councils of General Taylor, for to the wise plans of this celebrated military commander, the American people are mainly indebted for the lustre that surrounds ou: arms. General Taylor is a native of Kentucky, and honorably distinguished himself in the war of 1812. He is now, we believe, about fifty-eight years of age, and possesses a martial and noble appearance. "We recollect seeing him a few years since, at Niagara Falls, and thought his countenance expressed, in a great degree, the benevolence, virtue and firmness of Washing ton's. It was honest, open and commanding, and bore evidence of a benign, philanthropic and benevolent man?a man who was capable of dis tinguishing himself in any emergency. Notwith standing the innumerable difficulties in which General Taylor has been placed, from the time he pitched his camp on the Rio Grande until the recent glorious victories, he has maintained a coolness and bravery, alike honorable to himself as a commander, and to the country which gave him birth. Kentucky has reason to be proud of him, and we trust the whole country will not be . backward in awarding him the fruits of his bravery. New Yorx Legal Observxr, for Jus*.?We are pleased to see this periodical maintain the high reputation it has won for itself. The present num ber contains rome very valuable matter and cases of great interest from our courts, beside* all the recent decisions from Westminster Hall. In ad dition to the testimonials of all the leading jurists, the editor has received the following letter from Chancellor Kent:? ! hare now finished the perusal of frothW f^M^es of the New York Legal Observer. which Jpwhaaed of you the other day, and I h**e been e<i in their content*. They contain the of a greet many ceeee end desieiens thaiare accessible, and I do not know of any that afford more new and '^uaMe inforaation ^ cent American a* well as EnRlltk deciiiOlM^ 1 thinhthe periodical it in that view iuraWbU, and deferring of the liberal patronage of theg* gggiMh, JAMES KENT. ^Editor ofthe N^'-'Ugal Observer. Souther* Mail.?-The great Southern mail is, hereafter, we are happy to leam, to arrive here at n?Mt#nstead of two o'clock in the afternoon. This will enable the merchants to reply to letters reoeived on the same day. It will be beneficial in a variety of ways. Sporting Intelligence. In consequence of the unfavorable and unsettled state ofthe weather, and the condition of the course, the spring meeting ofthe New York Jockey Clnb will not commence until Tuesday next; and, instead of three days sport, only two is now promised. The greet four mile race, between Fashion and Orator, is off; a secondary animal is substituted. He may be a good one, worthy of suoh a competitor, but the fact is yet to be known. This takes place on the second dey, Wednesday. Washikotoh Jocbev Ct.cs Racks?Third Dat?Ra Sl'LT ? Coi. W. R. Johnson's br. horse Protection 1 l Col. Francis Thompson's gr. eolt Belzebub 3 9 Mr. H. Bannister's bay colt, by Priam drawn. Time?1st heat, 6K)l;3d,nK>S. [Richmond Enq.,May 97. Cswt Calendar. Mat 9Q.?Common Plias.?1st Part?66, 73,86, 77, 86, ''idHSii;U4, IM. 17?, 178, 180,119,103,179,19, 88, fkMttHnl u4 Mm4m1. Pui T>utu.-iMte vovM houaa filiiliil A* appearance of tha Keen* last evening at the Park. Mra. Kaan took bar favorite charactarof Ion, and.Mr. Keen that of Adrastu*. We bare so frequently bora* taeti ?ony to tha perflation of these eeleo rated performer*, that we can only add, that their performance* la?t evan tag fully warrant tha flattering prtise *o long beitowed ?pon them. Thia evening they will appear in "Ilia Stranger," to-morrow evening in Twelfth Night," and on Monday, at the request of numerous patron* of the drama, in Shakspeare's great tragedy, "Richard tha Third." Bowebv Tueatbe.?Night after night 1* tha Bowery crowded with the taate and intelligence of tha city, all Dean-mad?filled with enthusiasm at the great power* of the charming young actress to whom the 9tate of New York c laims the honor of having given birth. She last night, appeared as the Lady Alicia, in the tragedy of " Shore," and her performance of the part was received with the same unbounded appWuse that has hitherte Attended her career. There is a freshness and origimlty about her acting that is truly delightful in tha present age of cold artificiality and unmeaning rant. Faults are by no means scarce, though even these are not the blemishes of confirmed and injudicious imitation, buttho necessary result of imported cultivation. With continued care and perseverencr in the path which she has so gloriously en tered upon, Mlsa Dean cannot fail to become one of th? greatest actresses of the age. To obtain this high f^rtd en viable reputation, however, she muit not rest content with present commendation, nor permit her t*4<^nts to he enervated by the flattery of unwise triond*^ To gratify the general desire. Mi?? Dean will to-night once more a* " Pauline," in the " Lady of \,yons a charac ter which affords an excellent oppor^unjty for the display of her genius. The performance* are to conclude witn the nautical drama of " L?fif.$ Mr. J. R. Scott par sonating the great pirate. T d predict a full house on this occasion would be to foreign ?? a (Uro thing." Obebnwicii Thiatri.?The spirited and pleasing per formance* at this delightful theatre continuo to attract tha amateur* of the " Wert End," and under Mr. Tom linson's able maiagemetjt, the summer season promises to be highly productive to this establishment The pieces selected for last nig^At were such as wore peculiarly suited to attract a-jd delight the public, while for this evening, on tha occasion of the benefit of that inoritori ous and charming actress, Miss Julia Drake, such a bill of attractions, and such a concourse of talent to aid her for her benefit, has never perhaps before been presented in on* night */> the play-going public. We hope to fee a house fully corresponding, not only to this ample prepa ration mat* a, but also to the merit* of that charming little creature, whose benefit it is. We hope to see the Green wich thronged from ceiling to partem, by the patrons of tB lent * Ad ability, and tho liberal encouragers of native genius. Ca itli Garde*.?The splendid and spacions saloon of Cas'Ae Garden i* open every evoning, and visiters are en tertained with the performances of a most excellent or chestra, and with songs sung in a spirited and masterly jnannor by Mr. Holman. The saloon is splondidly lighted 'with gas, and from its admirable consiruction, fine paint ings, and the airiness of its situation, is one of tha most delightful places of evening resort. Wines, Jnlaps, cob. lers, punches, ices, and every description of refreshment are promptly served by the waiters, and there Is nothing omitted which can in any way conduce to the entertainment of the tisitor. The entertainments of last evening consisted of the grand overtures to "Zampa," "La Gaza Ladra," "La Muette de Portici," tha overture to"Oberon," and sevoral beautiful marches and air*, to gether with two songs by Mr. Holman. Antoonini akd Tomasi, the distinguished members of the late Italian opera, are now in this city ?n routs from Havana to Europe. Many of their friends and ad mirers are desirous that they should give a concert before they leave for England, which may be in a few week*.? Cannot it b? attempted 7 Tr.MrLETois.?Templeton resumes his concert* about the middle of next week?probably Wednesday. He brings forth quite a new musical entertainment,'called the Recollection? of the Opera, comprising all the gems of tho beautiful operas he formerly performed, at the Italian Opera House, with the great Malibran ! This wjll be a treat indeed. It is announced in the editorial columns of the St. Loui* papers, that the grand piano of De Meyer ha* arrived in that city from New Orleans. The great musician him self will soon follow his instrument. He gave two con certs in Natchez on the 14th and 10th instant, to large audiences. Ma. Marks' Concert.?This affair takes place to night at the Apollo Saloon Madame Pico was to give a concert in Providence last evening. Sands, Lent St Co.'* American Circus are to exhibit in Syracuse on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday of next week. Nr.w Opera House iw Boston.?The new theatre in Boston, new being constructed with such remarkable energy, i* to bo called the Tremont Opera House. Roger*, that scientific architect, is said to have taken great pains in perfecting his plans, and tho whole i* to be finished in tho most modern and approved *tyle, combining elegance and comfort It will havo three circles of boxes, and ac commodate a larger audience than did the late Tremont theatre. Its location is regarded as very central and ad vantageous, and its management has been ofl'ered to and accepted by our own American actor, Hackett, who will also no one of its lessee*. The contractor* for the build ing have submitted to heavy penalties, from the proprie tors, that it shall be completed by September next. Uty intoUtgciiM. The Ret. Mr. Hebvev's Lecture, at the ^Taberna cle Last Etenino.?We have a report ef thi* lecture in type, but are compelled, by press of matter, to omit it. AYNiTtMiiT or thi Columbian Peitholooian So ciett.?The fortieth anniversary of the Colombian Pei thologian Society was held laat evening at Palmo'a Ope'a House. This is a literary society, composed of the atu dents of Columbia College, and has the following offi cers : President, Levi A. Lock wood ; Vice President, Elia* G. Brown. The house was filled to overflowing by a very fashionable audience, composed principally 01 the friends of the students. A band was ,in attendance who played between the orations,some very fine masie. The address of the President commenced the exercises of the evening. Mr. Lock wood stated that the society had been formed for the purpose of literary improvement Mr. Lockwood's address was principally upon the spirit of our age, in which he took a very correct and logical view of the wild theories taught and adopted in the pre sent age, and concluded by asserting that the only mode for staying the course of this spirit was enlarging the circle of educated men. Literature was the best conser vator of public morals and intellect, and through it alone could the age be improved. The oration of Mr. Lockwood was loudly applauded by the audience. After a piece of music by the band, an oration upon Lite rature was delivered by Francis Van Rensselaer. This was a very superior address, and reflects great credit on the young orator. The next oration was upon 1844, by Horace W. Carpenter. The next, by Clarence G. Mit chell. The 6th, an oration, " Sound public morals the only safeguard of liberty." The 6th, by John Lock wood, Jr., on the " Course of Reason." The 7th, " Mind," by Frederick Nash. The 8th, "Utility," by James L Dunham. The 9th, " Truth," by Jeremiah Loder : and the 10th and last, " Improvement," by Isaac Van Win kle " The exercises passed 00 in a highly pleasing and creditable manner, and the audience seemed to appreci ate them. HoaaiaLc Abduction.?We refer oar reader* to an advertisement in another column respecting the abduo tion yesterday afternoon of an infant only 7 months old, belonging to Mr. T. H. Matteson, No. 300 Spring street It is supposed to have been taken by an Irish girl, about 30 years of age. by the name of Mary Campbell, who had been recently discharged from the servioe of Mr. Matteson. Any information that may lead to the re covery of the child will greatly relieve the distracted parents. Fire at Harlem?Afire broke out Wednesday after noon in a two story frame building in 136th street, near 8d avenue, at quarter past 3 o'clock, but waa soon got un<ier by engine co. 40, although not without doing considera ble damage to the building. The fire originated from a box of matches with which a child was playing. Nassau Strekt.?Nassau street, never too wide a tho rougbfare, is just now continually blocked up with om nibuses, wagons, Itc , driven out of Broadway by the paving going on there. Do, gentlemen of the corpora tion, and street inspector*, get that done as quiokly as possible. Baroe Robbert.?The barge B. C. Brainard was robbed on Wednesday night of two chests of tea. Silver Stolen.?Tho house of F. DePeyster, Esq., No. 98 University Place, was robbed a few day* ainca of a quantity ef silver spoons, knives and forks. Terrible Accident?Miraculous Escape.?A terri ble accident occurred yesterday morning at the Publio School No 1. in William street, a few doors beyond Duane. The lot upon which the school-house is situated extends to t.hatham street, and here the workmen were employed in digging cellars. In order to accomplish this, it had been necessary to remove a portion of the support of the school-house privy, rendering the floor weak and unstable. Yesterday foreuoon, at 11 o'clock, being the customary intermission, a number of the male scholar* were unthinkingly playing and running over the privy floor, when it gave way, atid six of them were precipitated into the sink, a distance of about fifteen feet The mire waa ?bout eleven feet in depth. The teacher*, hearing the crie* of the boys, immediately ran to iheir assistance, lowered a Adder, and in about ten minutes all were safely out The boys' names were Jnmes Dutch, Robert May, John Hoffman, John Paucher, John F. Swanton, and Wm. Shaw. The three former were considerably injured, by bruising and suffocation, while the latter were unhurt Shaw, a brave little fellow of 9 years of age, as Swanton waa going down, caught him by the coat collar, and sua tained him until assistance came. None are Mrioualy in jured. Court for the Correction of lflrrore. Present, the Lieut Governor and 10 Senators. Mat 38.? Wog4*U*ttLvt.Stur.?Mr. Humphrey finish ed his argument on behalf of the plaintiff. Mr. Cowles, for defendant, was heard in reply. The court adjourned Wore the argument of the latter was concluded. Shooting Cass.?The examination of Morrell, a sailor, charged with attempting to shoot hi* captain, 1* post poned to this morning Vui'inirt Case ?Judgment in the cause of "The Peo ple v*. the Butcher's Association," is farther postponed, in consequence of the illness of Judge Edmonds. Th* Grdat-BiutjUN.?From a recent number of the Londrm Mtchanic't we le&rn that this ship in undergoing the refit for her voyage to New York, waa to be provided with " whale-pieces along each bridge, 110 feet long," for the purpose of counteracting the frightful and dangerous rolling," to which she ft subject It waa believed that this would considerably reduce her speed of nailing Thr Dbnocb.?This is the nsme of a disease at present sadly prevalent among horses in Mi**ouri. Wo are in formed, says the St Louis Rtporttr, by a livery stable keeper, that on one night last week, sixteen ofhis horses ware taken with it, and in other stables many hones are afflicted with the same disorder It makes its attacks suddenly, the eyes swelling, and the whole system tak ing on an inflammatory rendition. It is treated by blood letting, purging, and low diet It la ? rapidly fetal dis order. i m