Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 1, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 1, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Monday, June 1, 1H46. EXTRA WBSSLT HERALD. THE WAR ON THE RIO GRANDE. The Third Edition of the ft'ttkly Htrali U now ready. ? It contains the fullest and the best acoount of the bril liant battle* of Palo -iUo and Rttaca dt la Palmna that has been given. It is splendidly illuitrated with a beau, tiful view of the Camp of the " Army of Occupation" at Corpus Christi; a view of Oalvuton; another of Vera Crux and the Ca*tie of San Juan d'Ulloa ; a plan of the bombardment of Matamorai, showing the (weep and range of our cannon ; the position of the two armies on the 8th and 9th iustant; and two map* of the Bio Grande, Nueces, &?., Sic. Single copioa, in wrappers, for the mails, can be ob tained at tho datk, at sixpence each. The Fall of Matamoraa. We are hourly in the expectation of receiving intelli gence of the capture of Matamoras by Uen. Taylor. If it reaches us this morning, the particulars will be issued in an Extra Utrald. Mexico?The Army and N*vjr. No accurate estimate can be made of the standing army of Mexico. In 1840, it consisted of about 40,000 men?commanded by fourteen Generals of divi sion, and twenty-three of brigade. The Mexi cans can now probably bring an available force of fiO.OOO into the field. A large proportion of this force consists of Indians, impressed from the mountains. These Indians generally make lazy, indolent, and inefficient troops, and cannot be re lied upon in a pitched battle. They are useful only in skirmishing. The nucleus of the army consists of veteran troops, hardened by toil and exposure in camps, and by constant military prac tice. > But, perhaps, the most formidable portion of the Mexican army are the ranehcrot?the Arabs of Mexico. These rancherot are a wild, wandering race, half Indian, half Spanish, who live almost entirely in the saddle, and who, by their wander ing, uncertain mode of life, constantly exposed to hardship and privation, acquire a great hardiness and muscularity of trame, and a capability of enduring almost incredible fatigue. What time they do not sp end in the saddle is spent in miser- i able huts, scattered about in the chaparral? They i are employed in time of ]>eace in hunting the buf falo and wild horse. Their principal means of support is derived from the llesh of the buffalo, and the sale of its hide. They catch and bring them to the earth with the lasso, which they use also in warfare. By meaas of tliis instrument, it is said, they often break the most compact column of infantry, passing the instrument with great dexterity, over the heads of the loremost soldiers, dragging them out of the ranks, and thus forming a gap for the entrance of their horses. In time of war, they are armed with a lang spear, ornamented with a strip of red bunting, or flan nel, together with the long Spanish knife, and pistols without number. Their dress consists of leggings of buffalo hide, sandals of tho same material, and a coarse blanket, with a hole in the j centre, to admit the head to be thrust through This falls over the shoulders, and is tied with a girdle. A broad leafed coarse straw hat completes their costume. Their horses are as wild and hardy as their riders. Their evolutions in the field, or on the prairie, are executed with inconceivable rapidity. One scanty meal a day serves them the year round, and they can endure hunger for a long time. They will venture into any danger in pursuit of plunder; but notwithstanding their great bodily strength and hardiness, ami their ex pert horsemanship, they cannot be made effective in a pitched battle, in consequence of the entire absence of discipline that prevails amongst them. The regular force of the Mexican army is com posed of artillery, mounted and on foot; tight and heavy armed infantry; light and heavy armed cavalry; a battalion of sappers, and an engineer corps. Among the most prominent of the Mexican Generals are, Santa Anna, now in banishment at Havana; Almonte, now, probably, proscribed, (lately appointed as Minister to Spain*,) Bravo, who is in command at Vera Cruz; Arista, in com mand of the army on tho Rio Grande; Ampudia, second in command under him; Paredes, the Pre sident, now on his match to the seat of war; De la Vega, a prisoner at New Orleans; Mejia, who is in active scrvice; Valencia, of whose wherea bouts we are at present in ignorance; andHerre ra, the old man lately deposed by Paredes. Of these we shall give a detailed account in a future article. In the recent conflicts between our troops and the Mexicans, the latter showed a bravery and determination that entirely refutes the statement* of most of the travellers in that country, who have represented the natives as cowardly and inert in the last degree, and as incapable of standing be fore a European or American lorce. The bravery, skill, and discipline of our forces has been stri kingly apparent in the late actions of Palo Alto, and Resacade la Palma; but had the Mexicans been the cowards they have been generally repre sented, they could not have stood before our troops for five hours, even with their great nu merical superiority. Among the Generals, Bra vo, Arista, Paredes, Mejia, and others, are brave and experienced officers. The navy of Mexico consisted, in 1840, of 3 steam-frigates, 2 brigs, 3 sclioimers, and 2 gun Iwats. This force has since been considerably increased, but it is, at best, very inefficient, the forte of the Mexicans evidently not lying in that arm of the service. This is owing, mainly, to the fact that they have been generally at peace with foreign nations, whilst they were constantly em broiled in civd wars at home; and their commerce has alwnys been so limited as not to require the maintenance of a large naval force establishment. Frauds os thk Revinux.?Information lias lately come to our knowledge that shows plainly the frauds committed on our revenue, and the in justice done the Southern sugar-raising country, to an extent that calls aloud for a rigid and exact investigation by the Secretary' of the Treasury. Although the duty on foreign sugar is two and a half cents per pound, the planters of Louisiana find it impossible to compete with the planters of the West Indies. Notwithstanding the differ- j ence in favor of the American sugar, the ? New York market is glutted with West India sugar, that is sold at a less price than what it can be pro duced lor at the South. The way in which it it managed is this. The West India plant ers manufacture for this market immense quantities of molasses, which is subject to a duty of only five cents per gallon. Some of the planters, indeed, convert the products of their estates into this article exclusively, find ing it estsy in thi? way to elude the tariff, and undersell the planters of the South. Each gallon of this molasses, or concentrated syrup, as it is called, can, within a few hours after it* re ceipt in New York, be converted into eight or nine pounds of excellent sugar by the sugar refiners.? Thi? concentrated cane juice leaves the West In dies under a certificate of the U. S. Consul, that the article is nothing but molasses, or the drain ings of sugar?which is not the case, for many of the planters do not manufacture a single hogshead of sugar in the course of a year, but devote their attention to the manufacture of this article.which pays them much better. In this way, it is sup posed, the revenue of tho United States is annu ally defrauded of the immense sum of two mil lion* Mid a half of doUw?; and the (imar planttii of Louisiana are deprived ot the protection gua rantied to them by the present tariff. The matter has recently been brought to the no tice of the Secretary of the Treasury, by a sugar grower in the State of Louisiana, who, in com mon witli a number of others in that State, ha* suffered immeasurably from the fraud. This gen tleman proceeded to Cuba for the purjtose of test ing the truth of several statements that appeared in the New Orleans papers on the subject, by per sonal examination; and has lately returned, armed with n number of facts und data, that will con vince die most sceptical of the immense loss our re\?:iue sustains in this way. Since his return he has communicated the facts to the Secretary of tho Treasury, and that gentle man very properly ordered an investigation to be made at tliis port, tho material to be analyzed, and such other steps taken as would appear right and proper. Tho examination is now going on, and we trust that the orders of the Secretary of tho Treasury will Ve fully enrried out, and a reform made in case the result should justify it. The government owes it to themselves und the country, to do what is right in this business, and we hope there wil| be no lagging. We will refer again to diis sub ject. The Persecution* of Temple ton the Vocalist. We thought we had finished with the Tem pleton war, and paid the last word on thatsubjcct; but, it seem?, that the persecutors of Templeton wish to persecute those who are desirous to set the public right on this impudent and ridicu lous attempt to put down a worthy artist, for the worst and most unworthy purposes. The publication of the famous bill of particu lars in the suit, brought by Clirehugh, the wig ma ker, against Templeton, in the process of levying black mail, created such a sensation throughout the city, that Templeton's persecutors were para lyzed, and struck dumb for a week. They plucked up courage towards Saturday, when an article ap peared in the cm,substantially admitting all the bill of particulars, and simply denying that the Ex press was one of the papers in that famous account. Now this is the most palpable falsehood that was ever uttered by the Express. Any one,by calling ui> on Mr. Galbraith, Templeton's lawyer, can exam ine the original bill, and soo that that paper is in cluded. Better than this, by the way, we have received from Earle and Taylor, the lawyers of Clirehugh the wig maker, the following curious letter, a proper appendix to the bill of particulars, after having cogitated over the matter for a week:? 15CiiAMBr.it> street, May 30, 1S46. Sis?Our names having been published in the column* of your paper, in connection with the ?uit, Clirehugh vs. Templeton, now pending in the Superior Court, accom panied by itatementa which are manifestly unjust to Mr. Clirehugh, and also to us by implication, and which un less contradicted, or explained, are calculated to mislead the public on the question in dispute between thein, we ask, in justice to us, and Mr. Clirehugh, that you will publish this communication, in explanation of the bill of particular* furnished by u* in the cauie. We deny, that the bill of particular* in the suit waa over filed, or placed in the Superior Court, or in any office connected with that court, or that it ever had been 1 among the catalogue of curious case* upon the record* of the Superior Court; or that your reporter, or any one elso, stumbled upon it, (the bill,) in the way you have stated, and if he has asierted *o, he ha* wrongly in formed you, and ha* said what i* not the fact; and this we are ready to prove. We asiert, that the only bill of particulars, that iaiued from our office in the *uit, was delivered by us to Mr. Galbraith, attorney for Mr. Templeton, and that the same mu*t have been conveyed to you, either through him, or hi* client, tor what purpose rrom your comments on it, the public as well as ourselves, are equally able to draw their own conclusions. We further assert, that the bill of particulars pub lished by you, i* not a correct copy of the one delivered by us to Mr. Galbraith, inasmuch as our bill so furnished was not added up, and we consider your printing the same so altered and changed, was an unwarrantable li berty, unjustifiable, and not within the due rights of an editor of the pre**. Wo further assert and believe, and we are justified in arriving at the opinion, by your close intimacy with Mr. Templeton, and Mr. Galbraith, (the former being your particular friend, the latter your counsel,} that you knew at tho time you published such perverted ana garbled copy of our bill, that Mr. Clirehugh'* claim against Mr. Templeton was, and is, only $400, a bill for tnat amount having been delivered to Sir. Templeton perionally by u?, previous to the commencement of the suit. We therefore, moit positively contradict your state ments, made in the columns of the Herald of Monday and Friday last, in reference to the said bill of particu lars, viz: that Mr. Clirehugh claimed or ever sought to recover $1600, or fclbO-J 60. Tho bill of particulars was framod so as to meet the technical points under the counts in the declaration; and the $500 several time* mentioned in the bill, is intended for the same sum, and only so repeatedly inserted, to co ver tho whole ground of the plaintiff's claims, which fact Mr. Galbraitn, as a professional man, well knows. We, in conclusion, beg to say, that we have shown every act of courtesy to Mr. Templeton, and to hi* at torney, in the progrets of the suit; and further, that we deny that Mr- Templeton was held to bail in the suit, a* ha* been iminuated. Your*, respectfully, Jas. O. Bennett, Esq. EARLE it TAYLOR. While admitting the general features of that extraordinary bill of black mail, these learned gentlemen take two or three small exceptions to some of the points commented upon ?by us, in pretty much the same way as a cibzen of Athens carried a brick in his pocket, by way of a speci men ol the temple of Parthenon. These learned lawyers first declare that tho bill of particulars was not filed in the Superior Court. We acknow ledge this corn. The bill was not filed, but it ougbt to have been filed, and an ac curate and accomplished legal gentleman would have had it filed at the time. It was their duty to their client to file it, and in supposing that it was filed, we gave them more credit for accuracy than it seems they deserve. So much on that point. The next exception is, that the original bill was not added up. We ac knowledge this,corn also. If the arithmetical qualifications of these learned lawyers were une qual to the extraordinary mental effort required for adding up three or four lines of Arabic figures in the bill, we think they ought to have gone to school and learned how to add, before they at tempted to take the wig maker as a client. We added their bill up grata, for we are profound arithmeticians, and know how to add up four or five sums, as well as to give advice to learned lawyers in New York. This exception, partly legal, and partly arithmetical, we also admit. The third and last exception is, that Templeton was not held to bad. We acknowledge this corn also. Templeton was not held to bail, for neither the profound lawyers of the wig maker, nor all the bailiffs they engaged, could catch him. They followed his trail for many days, like blind hounds after a fawn, but could not get him; when Mr. Galbraith, his lawyer,out of sheer commisscration substituted himself, in the sum of one thousand dollars, as bail for his client. These learned gentlemen also complain, that Mr. Galbraith, the counsel of Templeton, hns also been our counsel. This corn we also admit. We have employed this gentleman, because we found him in possession of knowledge and accuracy in his profession, equal at least, to half a dozen of the learned lawyers of New York. As to our being the particular friend or acquaintance of Templeton, we deny it positively. We never saw him until he came to this country. We never have seen much of him here, and we never were the particular friend of Templeton, any thing like that of Clirehugh and MacLachlan, his persecutors were. We know no more about Tem pleton, than the Samaritan did of the Jew, who fell among robbers in going down from Jerusalem to Jericho. The Samaritan found the poor man rob bed and wounded, he bound tip his wounds and helped him along. That is a-'l our acquaintance with Templeton. Another, and the last point is, a denial that the claim set up is sixteen hundred dollars. Clirehugh and his counsel say, now, that it is only /it* hundred. This is, certainly, more funny still ; for, if we look back, it seems to assume a variety of amounts. Accord ing to jhe following extracts, from the declaration tehieh u filtd in the Superior Court, it would seem the original claim put forth was for six thou sand dollars. Here follows the document!? IWW YORK MTMIoa COr*T. Of utcemier term?to wit, th* twentieth rf?y of Deermbtr, in the |usr on# thousand rifht hundred and Jertyfive. Crr* A?oTiot;i?TT or N?w Yoas, **. Vair Clirehugh, plaiatiff in this suit, by Earle ant Tsfhr, his attorneys, ewnpUto* of Job* Templeton, da fondant la this tult, in cuttody, las., of ? plea of traoDaaa HE00. Pr?m'*** F?r that whtr.ii the taid defendant, on tne flnt day of December, in the year ono thousand eight hundred and forty five, at the city and county of New York, and within the iurit4ictlon of thia Iho^.a nd*jUn*1 t0,th,? ,aid plaintiff in the sum of on e q " S Z' "T* ?f tk' Umltu S'?<" ?f t '*? ?""?*. '?*??? and irrviees of the (aid l>!*ID!-lr' ]>? 0.r* that tim? done and performed by the laid ?u.l? InVf" 'aiiJ defendant' at hl? ?P?clal instance and t^ Woi ?hi??rr * C"re and d^K'nce of the .aid plain tln>e given and bealowed by him in and nuM? ?f .k ^V*. ?. J* ,aid defendant, at the like re ind li.^! defendant, and for certain commitsions and reward due, and of right payable, from the said de fondant to the said plaintiff (or the tamo, and for divert journeys and attendance! before that time, had, mado "J'.v,? a?d Performed by the Mid plaintiff in and about tha butinett of the laid defendant, and at hit like requett. And being to indebted to the aaid plaintiff, the said defendant, in consideration thereof, afterwards to wit, on the day and year aforeaaid, and at the piace aforesaid, undertook, and then and there faithfully promised the said plaintiff well and truly to oav unto the said nlaintiff the said sum of money above mentioned. when he, the aaid defendant, should be thereunto afterwards reouettod. And whereat, alto, the said defendant afterwards?to wit, on the same day and thV?uiuin?M?kPi*^r ttfor?taid-iu consideration that . the said plaintifl had before that time, at the like special instance and request of the aaid defendant, done and j>er. def?mf.ntVer,|?u 5rKWf?rk' Lttbor #nd ?ervices for the said . had before that Ume, at his like request, i ? . ?'her care and diligence of him. the ?aid plaintiff u> and about the business of the said de fendant and for the aaid defendant, and had at bit like re quest, before that time made, taken, done and performed divert other journey t and attendances in and about tbe putinesi of the said defendant and for the said defendant, toe taid defendant then and there undertook and faith fully piomited the taid plaintiff that be. the taid defend ant, would well and truly pay to the plaintiff to much money us the plaintifi reasonably deserved to have for the tame when be, the taid defendant, thould be thereunto aiterwardt requested ; and the said plaintiff avera that he reasonably deserved to have of and from the taid defend a?i !or , ?ame l^e further sum of out thousand dollars or like lawful money at aforesaid, to wit, at the place aforesaid, whereof the said defendant afterward!?to wit on the same day and year and at the place aforesaid had notice. And whereat, alto, the taid defendant after wardt?to wit, on tha sumo day and year last aforesaid a?1 PlaS* aforesaid?was indebted to the taid plaintiff ia the further turn of ont thousand dollars of like lawful money at aforetaid for the work and labor. Wnr,DM ? .?enC*j?' plaintiff and hit servants before that time. dope, performed, and bestowed in and about the business of the said dafendant, and for the said defendant, and at the special instance and request of the aaid defendant; aad being to indebted to the said plain tiff, the said special instance and request of the tall de fendant, and being so indebted to said plaintiff the taid defendant, incontideration thereof, afterwardt. to wit-?on the tame day and year, and at the place aforeaaid, under took, and then and there faithfully promited the taid Sir'?k* W. Md trulJ 10 P*7 "Ho tbe said plain tiff, the said sum of money last mentioned; when the said defendant thould be thereunto aiterwanlt requetted. And whereat, alto, the taid defendant siterwards to wit on the same day and year aforetaid. and at the place ?n consideration that the taid plaintiff had m.l.iVr .1! A SV^ 1,k# inttance and re quest of the .said defendant, done, performed, and be stowed divert other work and labor, care and dili ???C? about tbe businett of the taid defendant, and for the taid defendant, the taid defendant then and there undertook and faithfully promited the ?aid plaintiff, that the said defendant would well aad truly pay to the taid plaintiff to much money at the taid ?iV? Tur",#ft"4,y.d,terve* <o bave of the taid defend ant for the tame, when the taid defendant thould be there unto afterwards requested ; and the said plaintiff avert, that heLreasonably deserved to have of the said defend. *orthai tame, the further sum of one thousand dol lars of Lke lawful money at aforetaid, to wit. at the place aforetaid, whereof the taid defendant afterwards.to wit, on the tame day and year, and at the place aforesaid.had no tice. And whereat, alto, the taid defendant afterwardt, to wu fmi.M ^d Te*r' ?nd at the PIace aforetaid, thV?M Plaintiff in the further sum of ont 1!ke 'awful money at aforetaid, for money before that time lent and advanced by the taid ^?r ,a defendant, and at the like reque.t of ,?nda.nt' and for other money by tho taid plain la! l j f?, . m? P??d, laid out, and expended, for the "ld defendant and at the like requett of the taid defend S ^ 5moMy bT th? taid defendant before I A a?ur,"e"'<d' to and for the ute of the taid I bei"K *? indebted, the taid defendant, in contideration thereof, afterwardt, to wit, on the tame day ' ?K*ar' . V ff1* Place aforetaid, undertook, and then I ,^i ,?ra fa?H*fully promited the taid plaintiff well and if pa,y "nt0 ,aid plaintiff the taid teveral tumi ?-? ??unt mentioned, when the said defend ant mould be thereunto afterwardt requeited. And | whereat, alto, the taid defendant afterwardt, to wit, on the tame day and year, and at the place aforetaid, ac counted together with the taid plaintiff of and concerning divert other tumi of money before that time due and Jill,?5JiS? thev.la'd dafendant to the taid plaintiff, and LlfinSr i ?ier in arrear and indebtodto the taid Plaintiff in the further sum of one thousand dollars of like inT ? /,i?.nS3\a" aforc,aid. and being to found in arrear and indebted to the aaid plaintiff, the taid defendant in contideration thereof, afterwardt, to wit, on the tame day and year, and at the place aforetaid, undertook, and then i 1 faithfully promited the taid plaintiff well and truly to ?.ay unto the taid plaintiff the said sum of money latt mentioned, when the taid defendant thould be thereunto afterwardt requettod. Neverthelett. the taid defendant (although afterwardt requeited, Sec.,) hath ^ ,he ?aid teveral tumt of money above men HiWr',1iJrw of them> ?r any part thereof, to ' if ?n .k P S i but.ir0 pav the ttme' or any part thero | ? '^e taid plaintiff, the taid defendant hath hitherto I said nl^nr? r 'a^ ,ti11 do'h refute, to the damage of ? h i.rt- ,? ont ik?***nd dollars; and therefore tha taid plain till bringt tuit, lie. EARLE ?c TAYLOR, Attorney t for Plaintiff. According to this original declaration, the claim of Clirehugh against Templcton for his valuable services, introductions to editors, advice, care and diligence, amounts in all to six thousand dollars, according to our addition. Soon afterwards, the bill of particulars was demanded and given, and then, according to our addition of the bill, it fell down to sixteen hundred and two dollars; then, according to the bail bond, tho whole amount claimed was only ont thousand dollars; and, now, Earle and Taylor, tho learned counsel of the wig maker, have reduced the original claim of six thousand to five hundred dollars. This reminded us very much of a story told of an office-seeker, who visited Washington during General Jackson's administration. He called at the White House?was introduced to old Hickory ?and asked him if he had an office vacant. The General asked him what he wanted. The office seeker said he would be satisAed with the office of minister to England, which he understood would give him nine thousand dollars outfit, nine thousand dollars salary, and nine thousand dol lars infit?he considered himself well qualified for the office of minister, because he had always been in the habit of saying prayers and delivering exhortations in his own house. General Jackson fcvd that that office was filled. The office-seeker then applied for other offices, coming down gra dually to a clerkship in one of the departments. The General replied, they too, wero all filled. "Well," said the office-soeker, in despair, "if you have nothing elae to give me, I'll take an old pair of breeches." Such seems to bo the course pur sued about Clirehugh's claim against Templeton. It was first six thousand dollars, then sixtoon hun dred and two dollars, then one thousand dollars, now five hundred dollars only. And it would not surprise us if, after n short time, they would say to Templeton, "Well, let us have a pair of your old brceches to pay the costs, and we'll let you go." Seriously, however, this attempt upon Temple ton by Clirehugh and MacLachlan, is one of the most daring and mercenary things that ever took place in this city. It is a mero quarrel, a mer cenary quarrel, among those individuals. The public carcsnothingabout it,and only laughs at the , devclopements. Yet ndt content with what has already been said on the injustice done to Temple j ton, we understand that a project is now on foot, to publish a cheap edition of his life, filled with | defamation, libel, and insult. What has all this i to do with Tcmpleton or the public ? Nothing at ' all. As for Templeton himself, the best thing for him to do, is to bring actions of libel against all those persons, begin his concerts at once,and trust to the magnanimity of the people of New York; who will never permit these violent black-mail men to deprive him of his eharaoter, reputation, or popularity. W> are done. Commodore J ames Renshaw, of tho United States Navy, died in Washington city, on Friday last, aged 62 years. Sporting Intelligence. The Orut Rack To-Moaaow.?Fashion, the cele brated Northern mare, ia to meet a eon of Old Boston, her old rival. Thia promising young horse, who haa won all his races thna far, haa been named by Colonel Johnson aiter hia old and intimate friend "Ringgold." The name of Ringgold haa now become "a tower ot atrength."In order to give time for all to reach the ground, a race ia to take place at one o'clock, three mileheata, which will be mc ceeded by the great contest between Fashion and Ringold. Varieties. Pafal Hohobs.?The Pone has created Dr. John McLaughlin, commandant of the Hedeon Bay Company beyond the Rocky Mouutains, Chevalier of the Order of St. (Gregory. His Holiness haa conferred the honor in nrknowlerfgment of the services rendered by the Doctor in the cause of religion since the arrival of the missiona ries in Oregon. Ho*. Ma. Rav*kb.?We learn that the Hon. Kenneth Hajrner. of North Carolina, the staunch advocate of whig . principles, has quite lecovsrad Us health, and been nomf | nated lor ? seat In the next Legislator* w tfeM WMa Tkk Election To-Dat.?The election for tt delegates to u cau.tr/ convention, to assemble in I this city on tho liist Monthly of July next, for the purpose o!" amending tlic j.rr-icnt, and forming an ! entirely new, city cha.tor, is to be held to-day. The amendments, or new charter, are to bo sub mitted to the people at the election to be held iu J this city on the lirst Tuesday of November next. In case a majority of votes ar* cast in favor of the new charter, it will be submitted to tho Legis lature at iu next session, ami, u' approved by that body, will become the charter of New York. There is a variety of objections to the present charter. The principal ouo is the unequal representation which it grants in the Common Council, giving to the smallest ward as many Ai dermcn an the largest. The reform would be to make the representation proportional to popu lation of each ward. Another objection is the taking out of the hands of the people, and giving to the Mayor and Aldermen, the appointment of the heads of the crty departments. The following is the list of candidates, so far as 1 they have been made public. The vote will, , without doubt, be in about the same proportion, i in all the wards, as that for Alderman at the last I election:? I lit Ward.?Democratic-? For City Contention, Samuel , A. Crape. School Commitioner, Henry NicolL

[ 2nd Ward .? Democratic City Contention, Richard Freuch. School Committioner, Joseph C. Albertton. IVhig Cont ention, Jamas Kelly. Ctmmittiontr, Thos. . Lessen 3rd Ward ? Whit Conrtntion, David Graham. Ceot misiionrrt, Smith Dunuiug, James O. King, jr. 4lh Ward ?Democratic Convention, George H. Pur ler, John W Arerv School Committioner, Edward B. I Fellows. Alt >?Ceei?nfioit, John W. Arery, Florence McCarthy Comniitt jnir. William Reid. 6th War! ? !>???erratic Convention, E. B. Hart, Ly man Candee. C?a*im>ntr, Robert Pattiaon. Whig Contention, i). C. t olden, A? II. Schultz. Com mittioner, S) Irantis K Ward. ?th Ward?Democratic Convention, Shireft Parker, ' Jam<M Mctiay. Commntioner. l atriok Kelly. 7th Ward.? rmttulir Contention, Robert H. Maclay, Charles H Dougherty. Commiitiontr, Jacob A We?t 1 ervelt t?th Ward. ? Democratic Contention, Richard T. Comp ton, Jamei B. Greeatnan, Daniel A- Fowler. Commii tiontr, George Paul.iinf. Also ? Convention, William F Havemever. Richard T. Compton, Charles P. Brown, j Cfaatmnw, Gerardua Boyc?. tfth \Vard. ? Democratic Contention. D. C. Broderick, I j J. Sherman B-ownell. John R. Flanagan. Ceauiim'ontr, i TownsenJ llarrta. i 10th Ward.? l>tmocrntic Contention, Elijah F. Purdy, j Bernard J. Meaaerole. Commnnonrr, Jay Jarvia. Uth W?ixL? Democratic Contention, Abraham Hat field. William Gage. Commiitiener, CharleaJ. Dodge. Uth Ward.- Democratic Contention, Jame* H. Cook, Dani<>l D. Brtggr Comm\tttoner, Wm. A. Walters. Uth Ward. ? D?nocrotic Convention. EdwardS. Innes, j Stephen Haabtvuck. Ceaaautaieaer, John F. Gray. W'Wf Convention, Charles Town, John Speckner. l&th Ward ? Wktg Convention. E. C. Benedict, Henry E. Davie*. Commistioner, Thjmaa Denny. Ulli Ward.?Democratic Convention, Benjamin F. Sher man. James P. L'unn. Committiitnert, Richard K. De Kay, Andraw Leitry. 17th Ward? Democratic Contention, Frederick R. Lee, Robert B. Bpvd, Thomas McSpedon. Committioner, John M Leaman. Uth Ward.?/>a?(vr?*r Contention, George W. Va rian, Henry A teach C tmmittionm, Theodore Sedg wick, William A. Moss. Also? Conrmtion, G. W. Var ian, Benjamiu Wardfo Committionert, Thcodoro Sedg wick, .Thomai Ikniy. Mexican Gasconade.?If the Mexicans are to bo believed, when speaking of their own patriot ism and bravery, they are undoubtedly the brav est, most warlike and patriotic race of men, that ever vegetated under a southern sun. "The bra very and patriotism that animated Leonidas and his Spartan band at the straits of Thermopylae sink into child's play, when compared with the high Castilian spirit that swells the breasts of our southern republicans, whilst resisting a paltry at tempt to usurp a portion of their territory. In support of diis we make a few extracts from an article that appears in the EagU of the North, of the 4th May, published at Matamoras. In speak ing of General Taylor leaving the camp to open a communication with Point Isabel, it says :? "But General Taylor dared not resist the valor and en thusiasm of the sons of Mexico ! Well he foresaw the intrepidity with which our soldier* would hare rushed upon the usurpers of our national territory ; well he knew that those who have so many injuries to avenge, j those who have pmspe ? their arms not to augment their own property by despoiling others, but in iavor of the independence of the country ; well be knew, we agaio repeat, th.it Mexican* have no dread either of forces, or fortifications, or heavy artillery. Thus it is, the chief of the American forces, intimidated the moment he knew by the proximity of the situation of his camp, that our army prepared to pass the river, sullied out precipitately for the Fronton de Santa l?abel, with nearly all of bis troops and Sieces of artillery, and some wagons The complete ight and terror that these set off with, from the frontier, to shut themselves in and evade the encounter, frustrated the sctive measures of Sr. (Jen. Arista, given with the ob ject of advancing the cavalry on the plain, to cut off the retreat of the fugitives But it was not possible, even by a foiced march in the night (Jen. Taylor left his camp at 3 P. M., and as fear has wings, he succeeded in getting into the Fronton ; for when the cavalry got to the point where they ought to have cut them off, they were al ready past, and some leagues ahead. Oreat was the dis appointment of our valiants that they could not meet the enemy face to face ; their rout would have been certain, and the greatest part of the American army, who thought to cast down the Mexicans, would have perished in the .first battle of importance." Alluding to the cannonading of the Sd, the valiant editor relieves his swelling breast as fol lows :? "After Ave hours fire, our bulwarks remained im movable from their solidity, and the knowledge dis played in the rules of the art of their construction ; but it did not happen so '.vith the fortifications ef our oppo nents?for tneir parapets were completely demolished, in such a manner, that by 11 o'clock, A. M. they ceased to play their artillery, and silenced their fire. For our part we continued actively the rest of the day without the enemy dsring to answer?for the parapets which they sheltered themselves under, being destroyed, they had not the courage to load their cannons, that remained en tirely uncovered. The result demonstrates what is in reality the exaggerated skill of the American artillery. They have IB-pounders, and those of our line do not ex ceed the calibre of a pounds nevertheless the skill sad practice of the Mexicans sufficed to vanquish those that handled superior arm* Unfading glory and eternal j honor to our valiant unillery. In the hottest of the fire we noticed the enthusiasm oi all the inhabitants. A ball ; scarcely fell brio re tho children ran in search of it, ' without fear that another, directed by the same aim, might strike the snme place. This occurred in our pre- 1 sence in the principal rquare. where a great many citi zens haJ collected. The triumph of our arms has been complete, and we hir? only tu lament the death of one sergeant and two aitillerymon, who died gloriously fight ing for their countr* At the artillery of our bastions introduced many balls in the enemy's embrasures, the loss of the Americans must l.ave been very great; and although we do not know with certainty the number of doaths, the most exact information makes them M. It is probsble it is so?their abandoning their cannon since 11 A. M , in consequence of two of them being dismounted, and the rest entirely uncovered?the terror and panic with which they retreated to their farthest entrench ments at the greatest speed; their taking every thing away from the reach of our artillery?the destruction which ought to have been occasioned by the grenades, which were so well directed that some were scarcely a vara (vsrd 7) distant from the spot where they ought to have fallen?all contribute to prove that the enemy has suflered terrible injury. If it wss not so, why, it they have any valor left, did they not dare to repair their for tifications during tho night 7 It is true that from time to time we fired a few cannons in the dark, but the aim could not be certain, and nothing but cowardice hindered them from answering the lire we opened on them at the break of day; not an American has shown his head. Silence reigns in their camp." Ho winds up his bagpipos by an extra flourish. " Mexico ought to glory, especially the valiant divi sion of the North, that a force inferior indiscipline, and perhaps in nnmbers, and who require nearly two months to receive their necessary supplies from the Capital, are proudly defying, on an immense plain, the army of the United States, and all the powers of that republic, who, although they can receive assistsnce in fifty hours, have not dared to come out of the Fronton and give us battle." Wonder what he says of the battles of the 8th J and 9th. No doubt he issued an extra. Movements of Traveller*. The annexed list is nesrly the full amoutrt of the ar rivals registered yesterday, at the following hotels : Altaic**.? J on n ft. Screven, South Carolina ; J. Ad ams, J. K. Adsms, U. S. A.; G. H. Warren, Troy : Jno. Wsrran, Va.: R. C. Mschsle, Vs. j Lieut. Wm. Dowelo, U.S.A.; R Schriver, Troy ; B. 8. Roberts, A. II. Alad die, U. S. Army. Astor.?Mr. Oliver, Sing Sing; Capt. Haekstaff, Mr. Jenner, Taunton : Mr. Msdson.do.; J. Shulleworth, Lon don : Fred. Wood, Staffordshire ; J. Hunter, Vermont; | II. Brooke, Richmond; A. Stow, N. C.; J. Lampkin, | Mississippi: Dr. Parks, Boston; H. Laurens, N. O. s M. I Charlica, Mobile ; J. Briggs, Salem ; Js Jtoob, Boston ; i Chipmanand Gore, Boston ; F. Dana, Boston ; C. Moaell, I Hudson; Mr. Hasler, N. J.; Z. Pratt, Prattsvillo ; O. Robin, Philadelphis; C. Keith, N. O.; James Hunter, Vermont Citv? H. rum it nee, U. S. Navy ; S. H. Price, Ver. mont; Russell Dudley, Va. i T D fleisse, Philadelphis ; Hon. J J. Skinner, Nsw York; Thoe Blewik, Colum bus, Ohio , W. Hill, Vs.; Ed. Oort, New Jersey ; P. Hart, Troy ; Mr Fisher, Philadelphia. Fs*!?*lin.?C. Starr, Michigan: J. Mcfntyre, Bangor ; Geo. Willanl, Toronto ; JVW. Bell, Albany ( J. C. Bell, Albany; P. S. (ingr, do. ; A. F. Hasleton, Boston; C. Hale, Ohio ; B. Crowthor, England ; J. D. Champlin, Al bany ; K. Jonrv i? art ford ; Js. Daniel, Canada ; T. For syth. Louisville ; R. Hammond, & C.: F. Richmond, N. J ; f. T. csrv, L^nUon; D. Bead will, Cambridge ; A. Lester, '"ananJaigua. How*m?.?(:?!*. J. L. Hardy. Washington ; A. Quack enbou, Ali>sny ; C. Ilughev Philadelphia; Joe. Mallett, Rhode Island ; Jno. New, Albany : H. Conn, Boston: A. Thompson, <lo.; T. Bates, N. V.; Hen H. E. Starrs, f. E. Warren, Chenango Co ; R. Hlggins, Ky.; Richard and Joel Hlggliis, Do.; W Stuart. Maryland ( J. K VMttf, Jtnty. 1r>u ConHftittwi?l Omit?Mw. LIST OV DKL1GATZ9. Meet in Albany This Day, J*** 1. JlMany?Horace K. Willard, Benjamin Stanton, Ira Harris,* Pater Shaver.' AUegmmy Calvin T. Chaasberlajn, Wm. G. Angel. Broom*?John Hyde. Cattaraugus?George A. ? CrooVer.' Alonzo HawUy.* Cayuga? rater Yawger, Elijah Sheldon, Daniel J. Shaw. CAautaw/ue?Geo. W. Patterson,* Richard F. Marvin.* Chemung?Wm. MaxwelL Chenango?Sobn Tracy, Elisha B. Smith. Clinton?Lemuel Stetson. Columbia?Ambroio L. Jordan,* George C. Clyde. Cortland?John Millar.* Delaware?Isaac Burr,* Darid 8. Waterbury. Dutchess?Charlaa H. Ruggles, Peter K. Dubois, Jamaa Tallmadge.* Erie?Horatio J. Stow,* Abaalom Bull,* Aaran Salisbu ry,* Amoa Wright* F.ssex?George A. Simmona.* Franklin?Joneph R. Flanders. Fulton?John L. Hutchinaon. Genesee?Mote* Taggart,* Samuel Richmond.* Greene?Robert Dorlon,* Jamaa Power*.} Herkimer? Michael Hoffman, Arphaxed Loomls. Jefferson?Alpheus S. Greene, Elihu M. McNeil, Azal W. Danforth. Kings?Henry C. Murphy, Teunia C. Bergen, Conrad Swackhamer. Lrwis?Ruaiell Pariah.* Living Hon?Allen Ayrault,* Wm. H . Spencer.* Madison?Federal Dana,* Benjamin F. Bruce * Monroe?Fred'k. K. Backua,* Harvey Backua,* Enoch Strong* Montgomery?John Nellia, John Bowdish. Mew York?John L. Stephen*, Charlaa O'Coaor, Banj. F. Cornell, Henry Nicoll, Solomon Townaend, Stephen Allen, John H. hunt, Samuel J. Tilden, Campbell P. White, John A. Kennedy, Wm. S. Conely, Lorenzo B. Shepard, Robert 11. Morria, George S. Mann, Alexander F. Vache, Darid R F. Jonea. Niagara?Hiram Gardner, John W. McNitt. Oneida?C harlea P. Kirkland,* Julius Candee,* Edward Huntington,* Harvey Brayton.* Onondaga?Darid Munro, Wm. Taylor, Cyrui H. Kingiley, Elijah Rhoadea.* Ontario? Alvah Worden,* Robert C. Nicholas.* Orange?John W. Brown, George W. Tuthill, Lewi* Cuddaback. Orleam?Wm. Penniman.* Oswego?Orria Hart, Sereno Clark. Otsego?Samuel Nelion, L*yi 8. Chatfield, D. B. St John. Putnam?Oorerneur Kemble. Queens?John L. Riker. Rensselaer?Abm. Witbeck, jr., Wm. H. Van Schoon hoven,* Perry Warren.* Rickmond?John T. Harrison.* Rarkland?John J. Wood. Saratoga?John K. Porter,* Jama* M. Cook.* Schenectady?Daniel D. Campbell. Stoharie-jJtf m. C. Bouck, John Gebhard.* Seneca? .niel Bascom.* St. Lawrence?Bishop Perkins, John L. Russell, Jonah Sanfo^k Steunn?Robert Campbell, jr., Wm. Kernan, B. 8. ! Brundage. Suffolk?C. C. Cambreleng, Abel Huntington. Sullivan? Wm. B. Wright.* Tioga?John J. Taylor. Tompkins?Thomaa B. Bears, John Young. Ulster?Jamea E. Forsyth,* Geo. G. Graham.* H'arren?Wm. Hotchkiss. Washington?Edward Dodd,* Albert L. Baker.* Waffne?Horatio N. Tafft, Ornon Archer.* Westchester?John Hunter, Aaron Ward. Wyoming'?Andrew W. Young.* Yates?ttijah Spcncer.* ? Whigi. t Nominated by the whiga, and elected orer tho regu- i larly nominated democrat Theatrical*. Htm.?This evening the magnificent historical tragedy of "Richard III" will be produced, with all the splendor I which marked it* reprecentatioa during the last engage ment of the Keani, Mr. Keantaking'the part of Gloater, and Mr* Kean that of Queen Elizabeth. The rich and ! artistic scenery used on its former representation, the ' gorgeous costumes, the rich paqpply and appointments, and the various costly properties that characterized its former revival, will be Drought out thia evening, and no ' effort will be spared on the part of the management to give effect to this beautiful tragedy. Of Mr. Kean's j Gloster, it is needless to sav that it is the only Gioster of the present day, and it could not be otherwise, for he has studied everv, even the minutest passages of the play with such fidelity, that not a single point escapes nim, nor is there a single tone or gesture, so far as our recol lection of his acting, throe month* ago, serve* us, out of Cace. In fact, hi* conception of the character i* fault- ' ?*. and he has reduced that conception to most perfect j practice. The tragedy will be repeated but a few times prior to the close of Mr. aa4 jdra. kean's engagement. Bowebt Theatre.?Miss Julia Dean, who ha* turned the heads of the patrons of the Bowery, takes a farewell benefit at this theatre this evening. She will appear in two pieces?as Margaret Ellmore, in "Love's Sacrifice," and Julianna, in the "Honey Moon," Mr. Scott and Mr. Davenport taking the other principal character*. The admirers of this talented young actress, have it in their power to give her a substantial token of their estimation, and we have no doubt they will. We hope to see the Bo wory fuller than it ever was,on this great occasion. The bill is capital, Miss Dean's acting is capital, so is Mr. Scott's and the other performers, and we see nothing to prevent the young actress from having a capital benefit. Greenwich Theatre.?An excellent bill is to be pre sented thia evening at the Oreenwich. The perform ances are to commence with the "Loan of a Lover," af ter which "Jumbo Jum," and the "Virginia Mummy."? | These are, each of them, capital things, and we bespeak a good house on the occasion. Castle Garden.?A concert of sacred music was 1 given last evening at Castle Garden. A very superior j concert is to be given this evening also. This is a most ! delightful retreat, and we are glad it i* so well patroni- | zed. Circcses.?Welch It Mann's company become highly popular wherever they go. Sands, Lent It Co.'s circus Is travelling through the State of New York, and Howe & Co.'s through Pennsylvania. They are all doing re markably well. Rockwell k Stone have been highly successful. City Intelligence. Emigration to New Yore.?Large number* of emi grants from all parts of Europe, art) (till flocking to our thores. At this port alone, during the month of May,. 19,831 were safely landed. This is an increase of 1,337 over April. Military.?A meeting of the First Brigade of the Third Regiment New York State Artillery, Washington Grays, wul be held thi* evening at Niblo's, for the pur pose of taking aotion in regard to the late order or the Governor. Eighth Ward.?We have been shown a letter from our late Mayor, William F. Havemeyer, in which he positively decline* being a candidate for the City Con vention. s Fire.?A fire broke out yesterday morning, about two o'clock, in the brush and bellow* manufactory of D. H. Towner, No. 7* Maiden Lane. Mora damage was done by the water than the fire. Covet or Oeneral Sessions.?The Jun* term of thi* Court commence* to-day. During the entuing term seve- | ral cases of interest are expected to be brought to trial, j Board or Aldermen.?The regular semi-monthly meeting of thi* Board will be held this evening. Teerible Accident.?A young man named George Law, about 34 year* of age, boarding at No. 63 Murray street, met with hi* death yesterday morning, in a very horrible manner. He was heard by a fellow boarder to come into hi* room between twelve and one o'clock, and was heard to snore so that he must have been asleep. About four o'clock yesterday morning, a gentleman lodging in the room below Law, was awakened by the breaking of one of his window*, and rushing out, round poor Law hanging by his leg upon one of the spike* which form the railing, and his head ?pon the pavement. He was immediately taken in, and medical aid procured. The physicians, however, thought it better to have him taken to the City Hospital, which was done about six o'clock. He lingered in ageny till about nine, when he died. The window from which he fell was fronting on Wert Broadway, and was about forty feet from the ground. Thi* window had a low *eat upon it, on which Mr. Law was in the habit of sitting and reading. It is supposed that when he came in he sat down here, and falling asleep, lost his balance, and fell. He first struck the window below him, and then fell upon the spike, which went through his left leg lust below the knee. His skull wa* broken, and hi* thigh fractured. Mr. Law bad been for *omo time a clerk in the dry good* store of Mr. Selby, in Broadway, and is spoken of by hi* em ployer as a young man of steady habit* and good deport ment. He was a native of Scotland, but last from Au burn, New York, where hi* friends reside. Rescued raoM Drowning.?A good looking, well dressed woman, about thirty years of age, was taken from the water at the foot of Catherine atreet, by officer Bent, yecterday morning about two o'clock, in a half drowned condition. By applying the proper remedie* *he wa* reitored. Said *he came from Philadelphia, and that her name wa* Matilda Morrison. Rescued from Dkownino.?John Calden was taken out of the dockt at the foot of Courtlaad street, on Saturday night about 9 o'clock, in a half drowned condition. Pelles Intelligence. Petit Lerertw.?Mary Jane Pearsall was arrested yea terday, charged with stealing $#, belonging to Adeline Alexander. Committed to the tombs for trial. .Htemptt0 Stmt ?A man by the name of Edward Lynch was aireited yesterday, charged with a violent assault, and threatening also to stab John P. Chamberlin with a knife, at Ne. 73 Robinson st Held to bail by the magie trate to answer at court. Police iaetiors were exceedingly dull at all the office* Biterday. Even rum-head*, which i* somewhat singu , were very acarce. Military Expedition.?Gentry** company of Sen ta Fa trader* arrived laat evening on we Clermont from the Missouri river. One of the compeny in forms us that Elgier and McGuffen's compeny arrived at Independence aboat the same time. Together their wagons numbered about fifty, and brought In between 3 and $4,000,000 in specie and gold dust Mr. G.'? party left Santa Fa on the 11th Apru, and had a pleasant trip to the settlements. No news from the lower department of Mexico, affecting the then existing relations between this country and the upper Province, had arrived when he left. Armijo. the present Governor General, had re ceived a commiasion a* commander in chief of the force* I in the upper Province, but no accompanying instruction* of hostility. They met Webb, Doane and McKnight'* compeny on their way out The trade, during the past year, has generally beeu profitable. The export duty paid by the companies men ; tioned, was only two and a half per rent Of course, before the return of the parties at present on their way I east, affair* will be somewhat changed. All the trader* state, that th* people of New Mexico are in favor of an nexation to the United Slate*. Thi* itate of feeling ariae* not only from the trade between the State* and the province*, but their being left wholly laolated aqd un protected by their preaent government. We have (one deeply interaiting Inteligraet from the depertmeat* of Now Mexiee, wUoh wa are obliged to MirwMil to new*.?W. Imt* Jfry 90, Cincinnati May 31 11/1 1: J D> "?'ipOon or t*e UMo Mlv?r. ,?*??.. _ _??? *Z. .rL. 9 feet, B inche*. MONEY MARKET. ? _ ? ?v??jmiwioie(l, has not been experiencad in Wall street for many month*, and tha amount of business transacted woald, in ordinary times, hardly giro employment to half a dozen brokara. Thii inactivity can be attributed principally to the uncertainty that hang* over our foreign affair*?to the *tate of the mo ney market, and the anticipated (oaroity of money, in the event of the gov^piment requiring, and drawing from the public fund* in ipecie. It wa* reported yester day, that there was a large ipecie draft in the (treet from the South; and the demand for money in that quarter, both on public and private account, give currency to the report About two-thirds of the surplus revenue is on deposit in this city, Boston and Philadelphia The immense ex penditures ol the government, growing out of the rupture with Mexico, must require heavy drafts upon these de posits, and large transfers must be made to the principal point of disbursement. These transfers must be msde in specie, as tho nature of the expenditures is such that nothing else will answer. We, therefore, see no possi bility of preventing large and immediate shipments of the precious metals from the North to the South. The effect of such shipments upon the money markets of the North* era cities, is plainly to be seen, as we cannot anticipate a return of specie from the South and West so rapidly, when business of all kinds is stagnant, as when a greater activity of trade exists. It is not probable that an im provement upon the present itate of thing* will be re alized a* *oon a* many anticipate; but, on the contrary, we look for difficulties and embarrassments iu the com mercial world, more serious than any realized withiia the past five year*. The East and North is becoming largely Indebted to th South and West,and the balance of exchanges,at this rate, must soon be against us. Under the present stat* of things, this balance can only be liquidated by remit tances, as there is little disposition toextend credits, orfaft branch out in any line of businessjby which tho balance* between^different sections of the country could be equa lized by the regular operations of trade. The reduced price for produce in the Western and Southern cities, will set the current of shipment toward the Atlantic port* for a market; and we have no doubt but that the re ceipts of produce at this port from the West dlreot, and via New Orleans, during this summer, will be unusual ly large, without a corresponding trade with those sec tions in return. The accumulation of our prinoipal ag ricultural staples in this port, without an actual external demand of any importance, must produce similar evils to those realized in the Weatern and Southern markets; and theieare, reduction in price* and increase of sup plies. Forced shipments to Europe and elsewhere, will, without doubt, be made to some estent, on speculation; but a departure from the (regular course of trade will rather strengthen and increase the evil, than reduce it There has been a limited business transacted in this city with the South and West this spring. Merchant* from the oountry have purchased very cautiously, and have not become so largely indebted as anticipated, early in the season. On the whole, business has been comparatively limited; and instead of those sections of the country being in the aggregate indebted to the East, and the balance of exchanges in favor of th* East, th* thing is reversed, and we are the debtors. In the fao* of this fact, the shipments of specie appear in a more un favorable light, as there is no probability of an immediate return. There being no prospect of an immediate revival of business, or a re-establishment of confidence, we see no possibility of preventing a draiu of the precion* metals, and of that drain being permanent. Another har vest is not far distant; and this gives additional strength to the position of the producing Statea Their resource* become multiplied, and their ability to retain possession of the specie they have, or may receive, is inoraased, as their products serve to liquidate any Indebtedness they may have contracted. Whatever tends to reduce the liabi lities of the producing classes, improves their condition; their resources being uniform in extent, leaves a larger surplus on hand. The probability of the money market being contracted for a length of time, and the doubt that ivmuidi th? move menu of the government, in relation to its financial affaire, have a very depressing influence upon the stock market, not only upon price*, but upon operation*, and the appearanca of thing* generally connected with stock ?peculation*. Many of the fancy railroad stock* rule very low;but when we take into consideration the con. dition of several of these companie*, their immense coat, large debt*, limited receipts, the mysterious manage men of their financial affairs, and the little confidence capi talists generally have in them as permanent investments, it is a matter of much wonder that they ere even sus tained as well as they are. When money la Wall street is worth two and three per cent per month?and the beet business paper afloat is discounted at that rata?we so* no good reason why fancy stocks?those of the most equivocal character?which never havo, and, perhaps, never will pay the first per cent dividend, should range, ?o high, and so much above their redl value. We give below our usual table of comparative quota tions for the principal stocks used in this market for spe" eolation, for each day of the week Just closed^sd at the close of the week previous. It will be perceived that there has been very little variation in prioes, and that the business, soma days,was confined to three or tour of the principal fancy stocks in the list Quotations roa the Principal Stocks in tis Naw Yorr Markbt. So<y Mi>y 7W mf. J*V> Sa>i Long Island... 29 29>? t?% ?V ** 2?AC Mohawk' 49 ? ? ? ? - ? Harlsm 41V 44* 43V 43* 44 43* 43* C*nton 34 V 35 13* ? 15 ? ? Farmers' Loan.. 23S 23 W 23 23 2JV 23 t3li Nor k Worcss'r 43*5 53 M* ^ 43? MK 5lg Ohio Sitss 9IK M ?3 "J ?? Illinois Sites... 13 V _ ? ? ? II ? Indian* 33 ? ? ? ? ? ? Kentucky Site*. 99 99 ?? ? M "? ? Prnnsyl'a Fives. ?? WX - ?* Stoninfton 99 ? ? ? - ? ? Eris Railroad... 44 ? ? ? ? ? - Vickskntf... .. 9 ? ? iTi ? ? 4X Uni'd State* Bk. 4 ? ? ? ? ? ? Rcadiaf Rail'd. ?4K S4 M M 83* 83* 84 Morris Canal... 13V 13V 13V I'M 1? - 13)f Cast Boston.... 14.V ? ? ? ? ? ? A comparison of quotation* current at the cloee of the market yesterday with those ruling at the close of the previous week, shows a decline on Long Island of J per cent, Harlem 1}, Farmers' Loan, 1, Norwich and Wor. ceater ), Yicksburg f, Reading i; and an improvement in Ohio of I per cent; Pennsylvania ft's, ) The interest on all Maryland State Loans, due 1st Jan.' IMS, will be paid by the Commissioner of Loans early in the month of June. The Bank of Baltimore hss declared a semi-annual dividend of three per cent The bank has likewise paid the State tax on its stock. The Patapeco Bank of Maryland, at Ellieott'* Mills, has declared a half-yearly dividend of three per oent The business on the Philadelphia and Reading Rail road for the past week In May, this year, compared with the corresponding week in 1844 and IMS, shows an in crease of about sixty-seven per cent, compared with IMS, and about two hundred per cent compared with 1844 Philadelphia and Rcadino Railroad. Fourth wesk ia May. 1144. 1145. ims. Tiavsl,........... $1,702 79 $2,107 63 $1,147 0 Frtifht on Oood*,.. 761 <17 1.237 09 3,1*9 13 Do Coal,... 1,724 24 15.73( 31 *5,111 * _ $11,IM 10 $19,103 03 $31,429 71 Toni of Coal trans ported 8,857 11 15,990 II M.056 tt The amount of anthracite ooal, transported on the Roadlag Railway, during th? week ending the Slit Inst., iaeMre,wu$$,$1$teas,smUbc$ gmri tofclfetltk