Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 3, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 3, 1846 Page 2
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In \tneri~in if iirs. T -ar n^nin. thon.that mr opinion ii thai -\nv ?e /"iv of Mexican territory by the U.9. govern To' ! e stoutly objected to by France; an<l. no dou also b\ r.aglanl it would be ludicrous in me to presume to s.'vise vmerican statesmen as to the course to adopt in the present posture of affair*; but I aay to Ame rican journalist*?wait! Wait Wait! Wait! ana in a few years Mexico will be j ours: but if you attempt to seize it now or :in> portion of it, you will most likely have to oount with Kngland and franco; and in that case you m,n depend upon it that F.ngland and France united will 1* ioo ?trong ior you. The Mrxlraii l)el?t In KiikIiwkI. [From the London Times. May is] For some time punt there hn? not been a question dis ctis?e 1 with so much interest in the city circles as that of the acceptance or rejection of the Mexican proposi tions The committee it is expected, will declare in th >ir favor; but from the communications we received, bo'h oral and by letter, there is reason to believe that there will be a strong op position on the part of the de ferred interest wh*' are not 111 liie least convinced by the arguments ef the other party. The great and important point for which they con tended is. th tit those arguments winch involve a distinc tion between iheii ow.. i>osition in Octobcr, 1H47, and thut of the active bondholders at the present moment, arc entireh mig.itoiy: and they reier w ith confidence to the terms of the .igreement, which Is endorsed both on 0-t. eferred the active bonds. The third article ot ihc ;c.-rce, upon which the operation of 1837 was bused, is 'here described ns having been modified, and the modification is ci'e t as follows; ? Interest on the National Consolidated Fund shall be j iivrihle in London half voarly. on the lit of April and on the 1st of October of each year. The bonds of the fust scries to commence to bear interest on the 1st of Octobcr, 1*37; those of the second series from the 1st of Oclobei 1847; and for the better securing the punctual payment of the said interest, the Mexican government ?;hall appropriate Irrevocably thereunto one sixth part ot .ill tho rustom Home duties of the ports of Vera Crux tin t Tampico." It need not be explained tliut the bonds of the first se ries are the Actives, and those of the second series the Deferred. The words"said interest,"say the deferred bond holder"., distinctly refer to all the interest which shall foil due on either of the classes of bonds, as well to that which commenced in 1837. as to that which will (or, ra ther. ought to' commence in 1847; and there is not tho ?lightest tenable pretext for a distinction. Certainly, lookir over tho clause in question, this seems to be its natural and legitimate interpretation, and the distinction to which ret'erenco was made yesterday seems complete ly to vanish. On another distinction, uot of the rights, but of the in terests of the Active and Passive claimants, a correspond ent writes as follows "Your city correspondent, in his observations on the unjust proposition of the Mexican government in regard tattle holders of deferred bonds, remarks? " The active bondholders may indeed be a little dis satisfied at the composition which is ottered them for their three overdue coupons, but they will be pleased to find the large quantity of Active tttock which threatens to flow into 'he market in the autumn of 1S47 reduced to less than half its original amount.' "Permit me to observe that if they do escape such an inundation in 1817, it is only to submit to it in 1846; the deferred debt due in 1847 amounts to 4,634.000. which is proposed to be cut down to 1,850,000, whereas the decree which makes this unfair proposition creates an Active debt of 4,6.M),OO0, the dividends to commence from Juno, 1846. "It is professed that Mexico cannot meet the pay ment of dividends on 1.624.000 in 1848, and jet she offers security lor the pavmcnt of dividends on 4,660,000 in 1846 " It is hnrd for the holders of Active Bonds to have their coupons which have been over due for one year and a hnlfconverted at par, what must it be to the unfor tunate deferred bond holder. whose bonds represent over due coupons, to be kept out of his money for teu years ? end then instead of his dividends being converted at par, they are again cut down to 40 per cent " The best thing for the meeting to do would be to re ject the terms ottered unanimously, and authorize the committee to treat for better terms, and it is generally understood that the Mexican minister here has full powers to grant tlioin " It would indeed be very lamentable that any division shoul ' exist amon_ the bond boi lers, and I trust there is too high minded a feeling among the Xctivebond holders to seek any temporary advantage at the expense ol their fellow bond holders" It remains to he seen what arguments can be brought forward on Monday against the very clear and ?.tringent ob e. tion? of the deferred bond holders Statements that Mexico can do no more, or is in immediate want of money, will not suffice The deferred bond holders are not pressing any claim -. they are contented to remain quiet for the next eighteen months, and to let their ac tive brethren have the benefit of their position in the meanw hile All they ask is. that their present situation may remain unaltered, and that they may not be deprived of the rights which ought to accrue to them in October, 1847. If the Mexican Government is then unable to sa tisfy the demands of its increased number of claimants, let it, they say. propose some arrangement to the whole body without distinction. A correspondent suggests a plan, which we insert without the -lightest notion of recommending it, except bv remmking that it is base 1 on the principle of treating ail the holders alike :? " 1 would suggest to my fellow-bondholders, for their consideration at their next meeting, that the whole amount of active and deferred Mexican debt, as well ns the debentures, shall be consolidated into a 3 per eent stock, and that no more bonds shall be issued than are are actually necessary lor exchanging the piesent amount of bonds for new ones, which, I believe, would be for about iTll.OOO.UOO sterling, altogether This would enable the government, according to their own showing, to pav the future interest with punctuality, w hilst the sacrifice on the part of the bondholders would be more equally borne But to exemplify my proposal in figures. I should state the consolidated Mexican debt to be. in round numbers, say ? 11,000,000, upon which the annual interest w ould be, at 3 per cent ?330,000 " Now, according to the statement of the Mexican Finance Minis ter, the custom houses of Vera Crui and Tampico produce an nually $6,000,000 ; and there fore the 20 per cent assigned for the iuteiest on tiie foreign debt would he $1,200,000 " Tho duties on the exportation of silver from the ports in the Pa cific (which he proposes to add> 360,000 " And the minimum net revenue of the tobacco monopoly, which is also proposed to l>e added 1,616,670 $3,070,670 * 616,334 " Leaving an exetir of ?336.334 Which you will allow ia an ample margin for all contin gencies, and for providing ttie annual ium of ?.M),000 (or the redemption of tint capital, ai proposed by the Minister." Jletlro and the United Htatei> To the Editor of the Times t? Pray do not aliow the country to be humbugged by ihe artected show of moderation evinced by tlie Senate of the United States on the Oregon question. Mr. Polk and the Congress will give you the 49th parallel to the sea, or any greater slice of that barren country you may l'ancy. Let them bluster, reason, or use sort sawder as they may, they will yield to all the reasonable demands of i it- British Government. The meat object of American policy will be then in a lair way of ac eoinpli-hment, and the States will then have a Wide country directly nortii of California, whence they can pour settlers into that magnificent pro vince. Mexico, atul not the Oregon, is the end and aim of the United States. Twenty years ago, the Cabinet of Washington demanded, as a fron tier. the IIio Bravo from the Gulf to the 37th par allel, and thence, the 37th parallel in a straight line to the Pacific. The troops of General Taylor are now on the left bank of the Rio Bravo, close to the 37th parallel; and you will rind, ere long, American citizens on the shores of the Bay of San Francisco, at the other point of the desired line. By what right is Gen. Taylor on the left bank of the Kio Bravo 1 The ground is Mexican as much as Middlesex is English. What would Europe say if the French took a start ami occupied the lelt bank of the Rhine I Why, sir, the Americans have just as much right to the ground opposite Matamo ras as the Frencli would have to ?eize on Coblentz! You may say Mexico and its people are not worth a thought?agreed ; but when the United States get possession of the mining districts of Mexico?an inevitable result of their present movement?and of the Bay of San Francisco, a naval station six weeks nearer the Chinese markets than any we |>e-ses??will they not become too powerful for us1 Anil when they embrace, in the natural pro gress ol events, all the northern parts of the F'a citie?all the ports worth having of upper Mexico ?w il they not become as saucy as powerful f But where is the remedy 1 I have one at your service. Let us insist on having settled ai the same tune with the Oregon question the frontiers west, north, and east ot Mexico. Mexico will be too ?lnd to tollow our ndvice A frontier nnd final trenty between the United State* a'id Mexico is more necessary to British interests than the settle ment ot the Oregon dispute. Mr P.tkenham is a truly able man : he understands the Mexican question as well as he does the Oregon. I am certain, if you do me the favor to publish tins l< t ter, and that he sees it, he will comprehend what I mean, and be right glad to rr-c-ive instructions from his government in accordance with it. I may be wrong, and Wiser heads than mine are at work on this subject. But the only advantage I possess i?, that I nave been on the spot, and I nave had access to authorities emanating directly from the Government of the United States. Pail Mali, May 10. A. B. France. The advices from Paris are of the 16th ult. Tne Mimrrttr publishes a return, from which it aiPt'Rr? that, during the fourth quarter of 1845, 432,722 Aiwb* frequ -ntod the markets of Algeria, Which tner brought 84.536 oXen, 122,269 sheep. 6,951 nor-H'*, 3,931 mules, 5,465 as?es. lie. The l'iris papers of Saturday, the 16th ult., like tlior*' of tin- prerfd ng day, enter lirgely into the personal altercation between MM Guizot mid Thiers, which occurred in the Chamber of Depu ties on Thursday. On this subject the Drbati publishes an admirably sarcastic article occupy ing ??everal columns The bill (tor granting supplementary credits) in winch this ntfriir originated, was at length passed on Friday, and in a manner which, when all the noise it occasioned shall be recollected, will create .-ui prue. When put to the vot?, there were?For th"! b li, 2.13 ;? against it, 3 ; rnajo lty, 235. Before tins resalt was arrived at, the extraordi- I nary supplies required for th? service of iho col*> oas nv- to an animated debate on the cond Hon 01 e rlarr m ? colonies, and which, ll transpired. Ualb~"in no mmeliormted by j the bill of last Experiments have lately been made at Vin- ; cennes with a cannon, consisting entirely of steel, ' sent by die United States Government as a pre sent to France. It appears unite certain that the much-talked j ot' visit of the Queen of England to Paris will not take place, at all events this year. Meuemet Ali's son, Ibrahim Pacha, is in Paris, and is a lion of the first order. lie occupies him self in visiting tin* public buildings, and every thing worthy of notice. He is lodged in the . Elysee Bourbon, a splendid mansion belonging to the State, and all the honors that the Govern ment can show to royalty have been heaped upon j him. T'ie Dunkirk journals state that the appearance i of the potato crops in that country was excellent. ' Every day the market receives increased supplies, and according to the opinion of the growers them selves, the crops, if favored by fine weather, will have never been more abundant than in this year. It was remarked in particular that the foreign po tato, which numerous growers had sown, yielded , stronger crops than those produced in the country. The journals of the departments received in Paris announce the alarming spread of incen diarism in France. They al<o speak of the la mentable effect of the lato frosts on the French trees. The receipt of the "Oregon Notice" in France, created little or no sensation, the French press seeming to consider its passage, as amended by the Senate, " tret cancilionic." The position of affairs with Mexico, however, excited considerable interest. Lecotnte, who fired nt Louis Philippe, has not yet been brought to trial It appears that the crown lawyers have some reason to suspect he was the tool of political faction. Algeria. The Moniteur publishes a dispatch from Mar shal Bugeaud, dated the 30th Ajiri', which states that the French had fallen in with Abd-el-Kader, | who once more escaped (rom their hands. Tho French detachment, however, fell upon the nearest traction of the Arab army, killed twenty ot the fugitives, and captured "their baggage. Another dispatch gives an account of an engage ment in which the Arabs had 200 killed, and tlio French only 7 killed and 20 wounded. Ben Naka, who was wounded, fell into the hands of tho French. Belgium. The accounts from Brussels are of the 6th ult. Notwithstanding the Cabinet has obtained a majority of ten in the Chamber of Representa tives, it is by nonneans to enjoy a lengthened ex istence. The opposition, both in the Chamber and the Senate, is very powerful and active, and will, no doubt, with its influence in the country, succeed in overturning it. The apple of discord is a measure relative to education. The government is taking the advice of the Chamber of Commerce, as to the propriety of continuing beyond the next month the laws far the free importation of food, passed on the dis covery of the potato disease. So far, the general impression appears to be, that ilie public interest requires the law in question to remain in opera tion some time longer. Our newspapers take the same view of the vote of the United States Senate on the Oregon ques tion as the Paris papers; that is, that it is very conciliatory, and will lead to a satisfactory ar rangement. Little interest appears to be felt in the Oregon question in this part ot the world. Germany. Advices from Betlin to the 9th ult. are received. In the course of a short time the Council of the Zollvereiu will assemble nt Berlin to continue the discussions suspended some time back at Carls rube. It has transpired that among other ques tions to be submitted to it, will be one as to the propriety of increasing the duty on English twists, so as to favor the importation of cotton from the United States and Brazil. Other propositions will also be made of a nature to extend tfie direct commerce between the States and Germany ? The recent sweeping reforms in the English tariff will also be brought under consideration. Our government has directt d a commission to examine into them, and their probable effect on the com merce of Germany, nnd draw up a report for the information of the Zollvereiu. A treaty of com merce between Naples and the Zohverein is about to be agreed to. There have been some disturbances at Augs burg, caused by a slight increase in the p ice of beer. The German is one of the most tractable mortals in existence so long as he has plenty of beer ; but the moment you touch his malt liquor, he becomes tis tlercc nnd terrible as Jolm Bull when he is hungry. Great interest is excited by the experiment to send a vessel direct from Amsterdam to Vienna. Npnln. We have received advices from Madrid to the i 10th ult. inclusive. The government had begun to consolidate it self. It was rumored that general Narvaez had been invited to return to Madrid. The insurrection in Galicia was not suppressed as soon as was expected. Madrid is pretty tran quil. A railway is ordered to be made from Madrid to the frontier of France. Foreign Theatrical*. Mrs. Alfred Shaw is about to retire, her last ap pearance has l?een announced. The lloval Sliaksperian Club are endeavoring to collect funds for the purchase of the house at Stratford-on-Avon, in which Shakespeare was born. Verdi's opera, " I Lombardi," was brought out by Mr. Lumley, at Her Majesty's Theatre, with every advantage of decoration it was possible to bestow upon it, and with an adequate vocal cast, Grisi, Mario, and Fornasari,sustaining the princi pal characters. It was this ope? which original ly cave Verdi repute among; the continental lyri cal theatres, anu which indicated the presence of a composer, competent in all the facilities of the Italian school, to occupy the almost vacant sent of Donizetti. Mr. Webster and Madame Celeste have left for Hath and Bristol to fulfil a short engagement in those cities. Dragonetti has left to Mr. Henry Phillips his grand pianoforte, and a splendid foreign edition, in four volumes, of Marcello's P?alms. After all that has been said and sung resr ,*cting his great wealth, it turns out, we rtnd, that 'the whole of his etfects will scarcely realize live thousand pounds. Vieuxternps has just been honored with a most lucrative appointment as premier violinist to his Imperial Majesty, the Emperor of Russia. The French minister of the Interior, has pre sented to the opera house, at Paris, a statue of Rossini. It is to be placed in the vestibule. We have to record the death of Bologna, of theatrical celebrity. Lately, he was in the com pany of the Theatre Royal Adelphi, Glasgow, but within the la<t eight or ten months the de cline of years became visible, and he gradually Mink to rest. At the Worcester theatre recently a leinale per formed .the part of Richard the Third. The pre sent Mrs. Glover once performed Hamlet. A mechanical musical time-keeper has recently been patented. It.* mechanism is so contrived that it correctly marks the first note in every I nr loud and distinct, and also gives, in beats more feebly expressed, the intermediate parts of the bars. There is a little niauist at Paris, at present, only ten yenr# and a halt old, who plavs the music of Handel, Sebastian, Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, and the more modern masters, without any book be fore liiin. The Jenny Lind "fever," a* it is termed, has broken out with terrible etfect at Vienna. On the 22d of April, \* hen the singer mad* her appear ance, the streets were thronged as early as two o'clock in the afternoon. Tlie court were in the imperial l)ox. Mtdemo'*elle PIr?sy, who has been convicted, in the penalty of ?4<i<)0, for having quitted the Theatre Francais, Paris, contrary to th < articles of agreement Iwfwcen her and tne d rector, has returned to St Petersburgh, where she has been engaged at a high salary. Those who are in tho habit of giving concerts at the opera room are greatly disappointed at Grisi and Mario having made up their minds not to ac cept any engagements for morning concerts. The now prima rfonm, Madame Ro?si Caccia, at the Grand Opera at Paris, has just been en framed for two years at a salary for the first year of 5.000 francs (?200) per month, and, for the se cond, 6,000 francs. 0 Tamburini left Berlin on the 2d instant, for Pa ris, from whence he Will proceed to St. Peters burg. American performer? are beginning to find their way to this capital. La=t year there were two or three who gained considerable popularity by feats*ol address nnd horsemanship. At pre sent there is an American exhibiting, at the Hip podrome, (n sort of circu?) a series of curious performances on a slack rope. He is very much admired. Tho Courrirr Franrait states that the penalty of 100,000 francs, which the celebrated actress, Madame Plessy Arnoud, has been condemned to pay the French Theatre, by the Sii|?erior Court of the Civil Tribunal, will not !)e paid out of her own nurse. When she signed an engagement for St Petersburg, the Emperor of Russia's agent ac cepted beforehand all the pecuniary consequen bl? actrav, ml th^Mfore b vh tho fine and ex penses will be paid o it of tho Imperial treasury. Sad tidin's frjm Italy have reached the musi cal world, lloiiizetti, who left Paris ?ome month-* a^o, in an alarming state of health,has not derived from the m'H climate of his country the improve ment which hi* friends anticipated His health continues to decline, his mind lias fallen into deep melancholy, anil his tottering reasen is plunged into gloomy med iations; he addresses those who surround him but to dwell, not on his approaching end, but 011 his already accomplished demise. He sits down to his piano, preludes some brilliaut notes?his fugitive thoughts soon escape him; his fingers wander at random over the keys, and pro duce but incoherent sounds, when the unfortu nate man strikes his forehead, and mournfully ex claims, " You see that 1 am dead !" He walks in his garden, gathers flowers, scatters about their leaves, and says, pointing to them, " Poor flowers ?dead, like poor Donizetti!" In vain do his friends strive to cheer him by executing his finest compositions. He listens, but is insensible. He no longer knows his rhtft d'auvrr. and smiles no more at his fame. Markets. LoxnnN Monet Matkf.t, May 18 ?No material change hat tnUen place in the money market since our last pub lication. The rate of discount remains as before, but the brokers aro not anxious to extern! their business The |tic.. of Contois has fluctuated but very little, and the transaction* hare been of a rather limited description The arrival of the news by the Caledonia caused a slight improvement ia price*, and one or two other arrivals have produced changes, though not of a very striking nature. The following are the latest quotations:--Con soli for money fi ralljr closed at 98} to 1; and for the Ac count at ?<ij) to j; Three per Cents Reduced, at 9ij to I; Three-and-n Quarter per Cents, at 97} to J; Bank Stock, at 304} to 30.)}; Long Annuities, at 10 3-'.o; India Stock, at 3rt4 to -265; and Kxchequer Bills, at '20s to '24s pra. Tho only new feature in the foreign market is. that a meeting lias been called to-day of the Mexican bondhold ers, to whom it is proposed bv the government of Oen. Paredes to consolidate the deferred debt at 60 per cent, discount, and to raise a fresh loan of ?2,000,000?a pro position so mon'treus, that there is little need to descant upon its matchless impudenco. In foreign stock the small amount of business done hat not left room for anv alto ration in prices. The following are the loteal quotations : ?Brazilian. 83} ; Buenos \yres, for the account. 41 ; Chilian, deferred, 61 ; Kcuador, 3} ; Portuguese four per cents., for the account, 68} ; Russian, 110} ; Spanish three per cents., 37 ; and tho four peroont. Dutch certificates. 91 j The diacoverv of a large forgery of railway scrip ha* ?;ivon a great check to the mantet in London, and very ittle business is doing in shares ef any description. The late revival in this description of business has been very short lived. A considerable number of meetings have been held under the new railway rogula'ion act, and many of tho schemes amongst the least likely have resolved to wind up. LiTEHronL Cotton Marbbt roR THr Vui mm May IS - The continually repeated statements of short receipt* at the shipping porta of the the comparative decrease having now reached the very lar*e amount of 400,000 balei. i? producing a decided effect on our market. We are nearly j higher amce thia day las"week say i to I all round. Thi. advance ap plies more to American than anv other description. there is. however, amongit the holder* of all kinds, a ereatly increased confidence in the article, and specula tor* are again pretty freely at work From Manchester and tho manufactursng ?''?<"cts there is ment than miirht l>e wished for. No doubt if the crop ol proved as large a. that of l.?t year-pot an un reasntJLle expectation in January last- prices would have declined to a lower point than had ever been known, and the article abandoned as hopeless. But the gradually developed short crop has happily not only saved us from such a fearful result (as it would Inevit* hly have proved to many), but rai?el u * u! from 4}d to 5d. In this way a considerable part of its saving effects have already been anticipated; and we ha ve not the re fo re still uf receive, all tU advantages arising from so great a falling off in quantity. 17,400 Amencan, 4,000 Surat. and 400 Egyptian have been ta ken on speculation ; and 3,700 American. 340 Peniam, and 1,460 Surat for export. The aales for the week amount t0 Mi'8016th* to 18th-The demand for Cotton during the last two davs has been considerably abated, but prices are pretty well maintained. The sales on the l'th amounted to 1(M?0 bate^-one-h.U on speculation On the l*th. however, ?*e> declined to 4000. of which speculators purchased 1000 ^ I o day, May 18. ;?000 bales wero sold, including 800 on speculnlion. and the same amount for export The market closed heavily. Amerl-nn and Jurats were easier to buy, but other aorta remained u"rh?'!|e^r^ business included 400 Awericau at 4d to 8 ,; J4* and Maracaibo. 4{d to 6,c , 400 V gyption 6d o 6} d , 200 Surats 3}d to 3]d j uni 30 Sea Islands, 13d to 13d. Livraroot. Cohi* Markst. May 19 -The Corn trade here has, like that of London, be- omo > d*" pressed. On the 12ih. all sorts ofneeWheat wcieal most ineffectually offend at a decline of ?d ?7d per 0 lbs below those given in our paper of the 9th inst There have been larger arrivals of Vlou'. that from the I. nited States amounting to 38,110 barrels. Price, onthe day named fell is. to 3s. per sack and ^. "LrLw lbl dutT dian Corn cflbtiuued in request-, 43s. per 480 lbs duty paid, was obtaiimd for a parcel of Unite* States white, and 37i per 480 lb., in bond, for a cargo of Com. No improvement took place at tlie taarket he , . 15th inst On that day there was an unusually slender attendance,and millers remaining inactive ^r the Present, the Wheat trade was extremely heavy, and the business. on tho whole, so very insignificant as scarcely to justify any actual change of quotations, though had any MM made i? would have been in favor of buyers. Flour was also more difficult of sale, and again rather cheaper Indian Corn, continuing in request for Ireland, a cargo of yellow, iu bond, realised 37s per 480 lb., and parcels. duty paid, upheld their former value. In Wheat, under bond no business was apparent to-day; and Western States Flour, of which 1000 barrels were forced off yes terday at 35s. 6d. was less sought after this morning, the accounts from New Vork and Montreal having checked the demand, and reduced the price Is. per barrel. Liverpool America* Provision Market, May 18. With still increasing supplies of new Butter, prices have riven way 10 a 13s per cwt, and dull at the decline. I rice Sf Bacon supported, but less buoyancy. Hams in exce^ lent demand; Lard dull. Fine American Beef being scarce commands former prices, but there now being a full aupply of middling sorts, they have given way 3s per ton. No new feature m Pork Cheese in low stock, and sell* readily at extreme rate?. Lard sold more lreeiy. The late arrivals of Bacon from America are reported to be equal, if not superior, to the Irish. The beet brought by the New Vork is also highly praised for its good qua lity. If imports of this kind are continued, they will meet ready s jes and fair prices. Nearly all kinds ol Irish provisions have given way the la*t few days, caused in a great measure by the immense arrivals from the United State*, and *till more from the superior quality of the American article*. ?, , ?? LiTtarooL, May 18.?Ashes?A fair business In Mon treal Pot and Pearl Ashes, and several parcel* sold at 31s 6d for Pearl, and 33* per cwt for Pot. Hides?Quiet, > et prices for some description* have an upward tendency; !i,,00 salted Rio C.rande ox and cow sold by auction last week at 33d a 3'd; 600 Pernam 3Jd; 1300 N O 2jd, w>d 770 kii>s at 4}d; ?ales of the week limited to a few sales of B A 4Jd, and N O Sid. Indigo-On 6th,_ 67 ceroons < araccas by auction sold with spirit at 3s id a 4s Id; a few chests Manilla 13 a 30d. Iron-Improving, and pn cos firmer. In Pigs, a good deal doing the last fortnight, and they have advanced; firm at ?3 12s 6d in Glasgow, and ?4 a 4 3 6 in Liverpool, and all No 1 would command more than these price*. In manufactured iron no change, but there i* a better feeling and more doing. In Liver pool, com bar ?8 16*, hoop 10 10, boiler plate 12 10. .Na val stores?A limited bu*ine*s only in turpentine. No sales the week ending May 8; a purchase to some ex tent reported by the trade between that date and the 15th inst but quantity and price not transpired. Karly in the 1 ?st fortnight Am tar was very dull; on 8th, at a Rale ol h00 bbis, 10* tid wai highest bid, which was refused; sale* of all descriptions the last week, 1*00 hbls; 0s 9d beilit? paid for 800 bbls, and about 9s 8d for 1000 bbis .? Oils- -Olive in very limited request, and purchases might be made on easier terms; nothing done in fish; sale* oil of turpentine to u vory limited extent, and ouotations barely supported; seed oils steady with a moderate de mand Rice-A good demand: 300 tcs cleaned (-arolina told at 25b 3<1 per cwt 8odt?'*J30 t?? and 26 nhda Am red clover sold at 33s 6d a 40s per cwt in bond; 370 casks N V flaxseed sold at 43 a 44s per hhd; and 1800 bags Ben gal linseed at 44 a las ?d per qr. Tallow-No change in prices this week. Ho reduced price of Am lard has brought more demand; 1080 bbl? and tcs, aud 2000 kegs disposed of at 31s tkl for inl to 80s for very tine. Tobac co-Prices as at the end of last month, but holders are easy with all kinds, except good and line Va leaf W^ool ?The first public sales of colonial wool commenced in London 14th, and were going off fully as high as was anticipated. Kine and best clothing about ljd a Sd per lb under opening sales of last year; interior about 3d ? This will have a slight influence on the inferior kinds from the U 8. but any thing well bred and fine, either adapted for clothing or combing, from there, ? ill com mand fully rates over late sales here this month Static or Tram ?At Leeds rather less busincs* done; prices unalteted. A tolerable amount of business done at Huddersfield. At llochdale more buyer* in the m-u ket ? demand for Flannels improved, and rather l-etter prices obtained ; Wool mai ket also improving At Brad ford. Wool steadily maintained ; market barely supplied A more extensive business doing in tho Halifax market; Wool firm Account* fiom Manchester *re of a less en eou aging character ; Cloth market dull last week, an 1 increasingly so *ince 13th Inst ; price" ia favor of the buyers, though quotations are unaltered. An improving business done in Leicester. iit? at Livrr?->">1 . May 19?Though there is only one American ?hin disengaged in poit .freights to the State* are generally dull, and the demand lor be tween decks for passenger* remains with."it improve ment ; 12s Od a 18s porton legis er, may be quoted as the value. Paris Mom:* MaRxvt. May 19?Cours Authentiqua Five per Cents . | l'if 80.- 7%c SOc 13 >f; Four per Cents , 106f 34c ; Three per i. ents , tlf 5c 10c. IV; 20c ; Bank Actions, S.4iof; Keute de Naples (Rothschild,) l"lf 40c. Mr 40c ; Romans, |u0 ; Belgian Five per Cents ,1840, ion j j; ditto, 1813, l?ii; Belgian four-end a-llalf per Cent*, 93^ fcxctiange oa London, one month, money, i 25f 631c ; three months, money, 3Af 46c Boursk?L?st prices?Five per Cents., 110f. 15c ; Three per Cents. Mf 'Mc _ . I A species of {miiic preva len on the Bourse on w e<i nes lay, foi w hi.Mi ?? verjl causes were suggested-one, that the provincial share market* were glutted ami money scarce , .mot'.ier. 8ir Hobert Peel's Ministry wa? again, and ti.ii time seriously, menaced by disloca tion ; another, that a collision in the Oulf of Mexico be tween tho combined French and British vessels of war on the one, and the \mericans on the other, was im minent Although the last mentioned cause was found to re?t only on an aitk'le in the New York HrrmM, re ceived six'or seven daysprevioti'ly. the gloom that bung upon the market continued until the close oi business. Havr>\ May 16 ?Cottons-The unfavorable '"P?*" sion produce<f in our market at the close of ourpreceding report, alter the arrival of the Argo, was, on the follow ing day. succeeded by a feeling ol a ??re .V?Wycharac ter on the receipt ol the advices of the the Zurich from New York Pe>l>W the trade, ?ha K*il yii* ' immediately'evinced s unwind to com* Into tht v.i ' ' a brisk demand ipru ng upward! of 8000, change 1 hands The trainactions have since bccn'to a good extent, although, in some instances, comparatively small; price*, however, hare maintained their ground, and are n >w stilt' at our quotations. The buying has been, nevert heleia, restricted to the wants forconsump . tion; hut the account! from Liverpool being of a satisfac tory tenor, and there being upon the whole a better feel ing inanifetted, a regular business may be looked for.? As there is, however,* total absence of speculative spirit, an advance in prices can hardly be anticipated, unless the demand should shortly assume a greater degree of activity than has been the case, on several occasions, du ring this last week. p!s.? Since writing the above, we have been put in possession of New Vork dates to the 33d ult, via Eng land, the tenor of which, owing to the deficiency iu the receipts, gave a strong impulse to the demand, and 2500 bales were taken by the trade, at a alight adva nee in pri , ces for seme descriptions. The following were the sales effected, rii :? , 5015 Bales New Oilcans F. 61.? to 9ti.? 9033 " Mobile 01.60 to 76 ? 2779 " Upland 57 50 to 76 50 100 " Porto Cabello. . ...? ?to 79.? 11,137 Bales. Ashes-?6ome inquiry has taken place in new Potash, but old i* neglected, and prices are looking down. The sales consist of 23 barrels United States, new, in loco, and 200 barrels, new, 1846, deliverable in July and Au gust, at f 33, and 60 barrels old, at f 34 per 60 kil. duty (T8 25) paid. In Pearlash, 67 barrels, new, 1646, were run off at fa 7 26, for consumption. We have received by the Zurich, from New Vork, 23 barrels Pots and 57 barrels Pearls. Kice?Carolina Rice has been sought . after, and all that remained in the market found ready I purchasers. 156 casks, expected from Charleston, were taken at f34 to 34 50, and 49 tierces, received by the Zu rich, were run ofTat f35 per SO kil, duty (fl 37 J) paid.? At a public sal* held, 2000 bag* sound state,were knocked down at f$2 to 22 50, for home us*. Our stock of Carolina is now in second hande. The James Cas kie, from Charleston, and Zurich, from New Vork, had on boarj 320 tierces, which had been sold previous to arrival. We also recoived 1385 bags from Calcutta. A ; supply of 317 tierces has just arrived by the Binning-. ! ham, from Charleston. Tallow?Our market remains in the same dull state that previously characterised it, but priccs have nnt undergone any change from former quotations. The folio wing are the sales that wore ef I fected.vii: 50 casks Russia, yellow, 1st brands, at f57 50, and 25 casks Now Vork at f59; also 25 casks Russia, de liverable in Novembor, at fS9 50 per 50 kil, duty paid.? By the Argo and Zurich we received 100 casks from New York. Whalebone?This article continues little in request, and prices have receded from previous quo tations. The only salo to report is a lot of 2 tons north western fishery at f2 471 to 2 50 per i kil, duty paid.? The Argo, from New York, had onboard 293 bundles, and a parcel arrived in one of our whalors. Stock on hand 130 tons, against 16 tons last year. THE WAR WITH MEXICO, The Military Spirit of the People. Military Prrp*rmtl?n?. LOUISIANA. If public MQtiment be any teit of individual merit, the veteran officer, Major General Gaines, may rett content. There it but one opinion here ; all concede that the policy long tince recommended bv him. in relation to Mexico, wai wiie and proper, and that if carried out it would redound to the glory <ff our country ; the Presi dent will doubtless carry on the war with that energy natural to his character and to our people. Four thou sand mounted gun-men have been called for. Three thousand men from Tennessee aad Kentucky, and one thousand from Arkansas, to rendezvous at Fulton on Red Kiver. An eminent mercantile house in this city is now sending up the rations, under the direction of Captain Grayson, the efficient Commissary stationed here. It is probable a similar force has been called for from Missouri This force wUl effectually check any hostile movement among the Cherokees or Camanches, and open the way to Santa Fe.?"N. 0. Jefferionian, May 28. A recommendation has been submitted to the Presi dent, signed by nearly every member of the Senate, of both parties, for the appointment of the Hon Alexander Burrow, of Louisiana. a? one of the Brigadier Generals to be created under the new law MISSISSIPPI. The Natchez Guard*. Adams county: Columbus Rifle men Lown lcs; Marshall Volunteers. Marshall; Attala Chttfda. Attala; Vonroe Troops, Monroo; Vazoo Volun teers, Va/.oo; Wilkinson Volunteers, Wilkinson; Ray uiou.l Volunteers, Ilinxs; Jefferson 1-*? Tuiunieeri, Wilkinson; Ray , w.vj.itrer*. Ilin'is; Jefferson Troops, Jefferson; Southron*, Warren; Piney Woods Dragoons, Claiborne; State Fcncibles. Jackson city; '?nd Jackson Cavaliy, Jackson county, have offered their services to the Governor of Mississippi a> ready to uiarcli at lorty-four hour* notice. ALABAMA. The Dallas arrived on Monday last from Wetumpka, bavin* on board about 376 volunteers tram the couuties of TdHa'<eg.i, Tallapoosa and Coosa. These troops were chieiU Um hardy "boys'1 from the hills. The enthusiasm of volunteering pervaded all classes and professions Among others we observed among the "Riflemen" who left on Thursday, Copeland, the elocutionist, who left a fine class just formed, and also in the same corps a > oung methodist clergyman, Cleghorn, who volunteered to ' officiate as lifer. This spirit shows the deep inbred love of our institutions, and is a better defence than standing armies. ? Montgomery, (Jlla ) Journal, May 37. A fine military spirit continues to animate our citizen*, and volunteers are pouring in upon us from all parts of the Stato. Yesterday a splendid company called the Sumter Volunteers, under Captain Winston, arrived here in the steamer Winona, and were escorted to quarters.? The officers are, John A Winston, Captain, ami D. Gibbs and W B. Preston, Lieutenant*. In another column will be teen a communication from John A. Campbell, Ksq., a distinguished lawyer oftuis city, proposing to raise a Regiment of Infantry to serve during the war with Mexi co. It may not be generally known, but we understand it is a fact, that Mr. Campbell was educated at the Mili- I tary Academy at West Point.?Mobilt Regiiter, May 36 . MISSOURI. There arc now seven companies of volunteers in the city ready for transportation to the seat of war, viz : the Mobile Rifle company; the State Artillery; the Mont gomery Blues; the Montgomery Riflemen; the Macen County Guard*; the Dallas Volunteers, and the Pintlala Van Guard*. They number, we tuppote. over five hundred men. Several companies, besides, are expected every moment from the interior?to that, in all probabili ty ,there will be a full regiment here in a few day* ready forservioe.? St. Louie Reveille, May 36. OHIO. We understand that tome 800 or 900 volunteer* were inspected and muttered into service at Camp Washing ton yesterday. They marched through several of the principal streets of the city,and performed several evolu tion* with military preciiion, under the command of * General M. 8. Wade. Among the aid* on active duty, we noticed young Harriton, a^rrandion of the late General Harriion, and a fine looking young man ho i*. He gave command* and executed orders with the prompt neu and precition of a veteran. A portion of tne men were without arms or uniform*?but when armed and clothed they will appeara* well a* the be*t.?Cinn. Gaz., May 39. nkw York. Company H. 3d Regiment U. 9. Artillery, under the command of Capt H. Swartwout, en route for Texaa, arrived yeiterday at Fort Columbu*. Military MortMKKTS i* N?:*? York.?Several volun teer companies are now being formed in thi* city. The Adjutant General is to visit the city to-morrow, for the pur|>ose of inspecting and enrolling the two regiments to ne raised in this city. " The United States Volunteers'' have established their head-quarter* in variou* parts of the city, and are getting many volunteers. There is a company called the Kagle Guards also being formed, who intend to start immediately. Several of ttie officer* in the military companie* in the city declare themselves ready to go, and wish to raise companies. We saw yes terday a printed call for a company to be formed entirely of printers, between the ages of 18 and 35. The *econd regiment of United State* volunteer* i* now almoit complete, and prepared to receive the vi*it of the Adjutant General on Thursday next, preparatory I to being mustered into service This regiment is ttie first that offered it* service to the general government, and will be the first sent to the tield from the State of New York. Our youug Knickerbockers who are desirous of mili- j tary fame and distinction, will do well to enrol them (elves under the banner of Col. Charle* Baxter, the com mander of the regiment Wm H. Knott, of Texan army, i* in thi* city for the purpose of rai>ing 100 recruit*. Hi* toad quarter* are at F.agle Hall, Roscvelt street For particular*, *ee adver tisement iu another column. Gen Wool left the Mansion House in New York on Monday evening forTrov, whence he will proceed with all possible despatch to the Northwestern States border ing on the Ohio and Mississippi river*, having been comi missioned by the President to muster the quota of troops required of those State* into the service of the United S ates, and to expedite them to the scene of action on the Mexican frontier. MASSAmrsHrrs. The Salem Refilter of the l?t inst, *ay* Major W. S Bliss has been duly authorized by the Governor to raise a company of volunteers in pursuance of the Pttf rUmation. and has opened a recruiting office at No. 66 Cambridge street. Bo-ton Col llolhrook. of Concord, has opened a renlezvous at hi* < offee House for tlio same purpose This it the genMeman who entertained the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, a few weeks ago He and three others pledge tneir honor to he ready The Lexington Artillery, it is said, have voted to offer their services?an \ the Washington Light Guard, of Ncwhurs |>ort, (forty member* pr*?ent.) have pasted a similar vote. , 1 ho Washington Light Ouard. of Boston. is t*e ,?nl v company we know ot Utat has made a formal tend r of its teiviees to the Governor, and been accepted Several iiv'ividunls hate reported iheintelve* at Head Quitters at volunteers . The Worcester Light Infantry hr.vr volunteered to go if they should be drafted. The Bo .ton 7Yn*s states that the Lynn Artillery and Salem \r?illerv had iinanimouslv vote I to tender their services As the matter it reported to u*. the L> nn coin unr voted to go " If they've a mind to;' and ;he ^ile-n ArtlUerirts *ay, " II the Mexicans co.nehere we'll ftrlit >m '?that |?, " if yon want your old 'tater* dug, bring 'em on " Incidents of the War, &r. Captain Hardee, in a letter dated 9&th nit., to a nenr and <1esr relative, not in this city, furnished to his bro ther. N. A. Hardee, F.?q . ofStvannih. who politely ten dered extmetsfor our column*, wrote in good spirits, saving thlfne is a< happy aa he can be under the circum stances "You will see. (says the correspondent of onr fellow-citizen) from the extract* I send you fron his let. terto me he Is sa ell and kindly treated in avtry respect He was allowed to send to the camp,the day after he waa taken, for his baggage and hi* servant Jack Accompa nying hi* letter was a rough draft of the report which ne made to (ieneral Taylor oftheir engagement with, and rapture by the .Mexican*, which la almost the miim, word for word, aa the accosmt which you iaclesed *ae in your last letter >ap*alaThornton aitd Lieutenant lut | m-inner in which he writes of hit treatment by the Mexi can General. Ha cay* in hi* letter to me?" Lieutenant Kane and myself are living with Oeneral Ampudia; we lodge in hi* hotel, eet at hi* table, and if anything could make us forget our captivity, it would be hia frank, agreeable manner* and generous hospitality. He and (?cn. Arista are both men of high tone and character. I leel a* safe a* if I were in my own tent " He had a nar row escape, a. you will *ee from the following "Two men were killed immediately in front of me, one wound eJ immediately in roar, and the balls flew around me in every direction." "I jumped down a precipice of fifteen feet, and my men followed me"?a pretty good leap on horseback, is it not ? "I am in hopes (say* he) of being exchanged very soon, perhaps beiore this letter reaches you. We are not >et on our parole, but we can go out with the General'* aids as often as we please. Seon we shall be on our parole. Two of Uen. Ampudia's aids sneak excellent Lnglish, and the General himself speaks French. Some are admirably well ofl' in this respeot. Every one about us uses his utmost endeavor* to make our time pleasant" In his despatch to Oeneral Taylor, Capt Hardee says?"We are treated with every kindaess and attention?General Arista received us in the most gracious manner, said that bis nation had been regarded as barbarous, and that he wished to prove to ua the con trary." 1 think after this that we need feel no apprehen sions for his personal safety, but my anxiety will of course be great until he is again restored to the army, or indeed, unul this dreadful war is ended. 1 received, to day, a letter from Major Beall, (faymaster) at Point Isa bej, inclosing a note from Captain Hardee to him, dated the 37th ult , i<i which he be^s the Major to send all his negroes tc Now Orleans, intimating that there will, very soon, be a great battle. P.S.?1 have just heard by an arrival of our victory over the Mexicans, and of the exchange ol Capt Hardee and the other prisoners. - Savannah Georgian, May 39. CapL Hooe, who was wounded in the 1 aitit - i the 9th, is a native of King George County \'u lie was struck in the right elbow by a grape aao; wliiie charg ing one of the eneay's batteries, rendering the nu^iito tion of the arm necessary. It is believed fte w ill re cover. * At a meeting of the Hagerstown (Md.) Ilorse wards, on Thursday last, after expressing their regret an.; - row at the tidings of the death of Major Ringgold, the following resolution was passed :? " Resolved, That this corps will cause to be erected in Washington County, the place of his birth, a suitable monument, as a mark of respect to hi* memory ; and that the several volunteer corps of the eounty be re quested to co-operate in carrying out this re?olution." A committee was then appointed, comprising the com missioned officers of the corps, to report a design for the monument, and to take the necessary step* to ensure its erection. Whatever may be said of the extraordinary fertility of the Mexican soil, it is nevertheless a fact that any milita ry expedition penetratiug into the interior of Mexico, can obtain, in abundance, no other supplies than cattle and Indian corn. On these, and almost exclusively on these, must soldiers be subsisted. I, therefore, respect fully suggest to the proper department of supplies to send down, as early as practicable, a sufficient number of portable corn mills, for the use of the invading army, for an invading army we unquestionably will nave. The Mexican armies carry with them mtlalti, or flat stones, supported by short feet, on which the corn, after being soaked fore number of hours in lime water, ia crushed, and reduced to a paste, from which the tortilla, or corn cake?the universal bread of the country?is made, by baking on another flat stone, or on a oake-iron.?Ntxc Or leant Bulletin, May 35. Some wags on Water street, a few days since, manu factured a document purporting to have come from Head Quarters and addressed to a person in this city, appoint ing said person a recruiting officer, with directions to en list an unlimited number in the service of the United States, and to proceed in a given time to the city of New Orleans?there to report themselves to Oen Gaines as volunteers for the United States service againat the Mexi cans With the order was enclosed a large amount of worthless Bank notes and directions given to advance to each volunteer one months' pay. The appearance of the document, especially as so much money accompanied it. had the desired effect?and such a show of fight as was exhibited for two day* on Water street, the oldest inhabi tant dont remember ever to have seen before. A room was procurred?the books were opened: the stars and stripes were flung to the breeze; handbills were issued; the drum beat a reveille ;recruits flocked in:advances were made; and we verily believe if the trick had not been ex posed, a force sufficent to whip the Mexican army alone, lor the amusement of Gen. Taj lor and his troops, would by this time have been far on their way to the Rio Grande Some benevolent person, however, thinking the joke was being carried too far, informed the recruit ing officer that it was all a hoax We shall not under take to describe the effect of this announcement. The scene was rich bevond the power of expression, as we are informed. Military ardor and the value of Bank pa|>er fell amazingly ?in a very short spacc of time?and the way the major flew about the town and destroyed hi* handbills, advertising " Recruit* Wanted," was by no means slow?thus affording a source of double amuse ment to the wicked wags who ao unmercifully duped him?Norwich (Ct.) Republican. A gentleman burst into a violent laugh in church yeiterday morning, and, after service, explained to hi* pa?tor that he was thinking of the Matamora* Eagle'm account of the Mexican attack on Fort Taj lor. The Campaign of the Rio Grande wa* played at the Walnut street theatre, Philadelphia, on Saturday. Nnvnl Prrparatlona. The U. S. steamer General Taylor, Wm. E. Farrand, Lieut. Commanding, tail* as aoon as the weather permits for the Brazos Santiago racscugcrt ?Dr. Spotsford, Lt. Spotsford, and Paiied Midshipman Arnold. VV. P. Woolf, of this city, goes out as Captain's Clerk. Lieuts. Spencer C. (list and Robert Emmett Hooe, of the U S. Navy, under order* from the Hon. Secretary of the Navy, to report at Pemacola to Commodore Conner, for duty in the Home Squadron, have arrived and report ed, in the absence of Commodore Connor and all the vessels of war, to Capt. Wm. K. Latimer, the senior com manding officer on the station These officers, we understand, applied to Capt. Latimer for orders to proceed and join the squadron wheresoever they might find it. The Captain declined giving them orders, but gave them permission to go in pursuit of the I Suadron at their own expense These officers have ready left for New Orleans^on their way to the Mexi can coast, where they ex|>ect to find Commodore Conner. The government, we think, will appreciate such zeal.? ' Pentacola Letter, May 33. Purser Watson, a bearer of dispatches to Commodore Connor, arrived k> this city yesterday, via Pensacola, and sails to day for Vera Cruz in the Revenue Cutter Wol- i cott. He expectcd to find a conveyance to Pensacolo, but there being no suitable vessel in port, Commodore Latimer sent him round to this city with a request that the Collector would dispatch the Revenue Cutter in hit ! charge, to our squadron in the Gulf, as the readiest pteans of enabling Mr. Watson to communicate with Commotioie Connor. The contents of the dispatches are of course unknown, but nothing short of a general blockade of tho i Mexican ports is expected ?Mobile Remitter, May 56. 1 The United States schr. Flirt, with a crew of 02 men, left the city last night, for the Brasos Santiago y O. , Bee, May 35. Opinions In Canada?The Anglo-*n_\on U?<c?. Tho only news we have for our readers ;o-dav is fresh Accounts of fresh victories by the Americans 'dm-- tho Mexicans. Countless thousands killed again. A* .oft or no dead bodies are found after these great virto: iets it may rationally be concluded, that, grown savage u ith thoughts of war, blood and carnage, the Amcri -u troops eat all they kill ? Kingiton tYhig, May 37. City Intelligence. Steam Bath.?At the corner of Ann and Nassau street there has been established of late a steam vapor bath on an entirely new principle. A grating is laid di rectly at the corner, over which all who go along the walk are obliged to pass, and the steam conies up here puffing away like a locomotive. Thero is a printing of fico in the building at the corner, an I this is the mode of letting off the superfluous steam. We don't know but it may be all right, but to say the least it is a cheap mode of getting a vapor bath. ScaEttADiNQ.?The sleeping inhabitants of Barclay street were awakened on Tuesday morning, about one o'clock, by strains of the most delicious music, proceed ing from a band who were serenading some beauteous fair one in the vicinity. Various attempta have been made to describe the witching sweetness of music in the night, when there is no other sound to destroy the charm I by a bane commingling. The music once heard floats forever around the senses, but can never be described. Fib* ?The fire yesterday, about noon, was at the Uni ted States Hotel, foot of Fulton street It originated in the chimney. No damage done. Court of General Seeelona. Before Recorder Scott, and Aldermen Livingston and , Walsh. John McKeon. Esq, District Attorney June 9.?The name* of the gentlemen summoned to attend as Grand Juror* were called at the 3|>eiung of Court thi* morning, but in consequence of twelve only appealing to serve, they war* discharged until to-morrow i morning, when another effort will be made to complete the panel. Finn ?Fight persons summoned to appear an I serTO were each fined in the sum ol *2?for non attendance T'lil -1tiaultin< Policemen. ? I lienors ?i'gar, Charles Slater and Kobert San,lets, indited for having on the night of the 4th of May last, assaulted William Apple) ard. n |>ol cemin of the Fifth Ward were then put on their trial On the part ol the prosecntion officer Appleyar 1 deposed that in con>aqueucv of oui per son* having l.een touched, or in other robbed, at 63 Anthony stieet, formerly kept by Moll Hodges alias Marv Woods, by the panel system, he had been directed by < aptain Outenbury to watch the hou-e anl prevent as fir as possible any msn from going into the house with pro-Ututos living there, by cautioning tliem with regard to the character of the noit?e, Ice-, that in consequence of keeping a constant watch about 'he pre mises, uitr.e<s had been thieatened with personal vio lence ; that on the night in question, witness perceived an old gen'leman. apparently a stranger, in company with one of the panel prostitutes near tlie hon??, and un going to him for the purpose of entering with the girl. sumchoJy calledito witness from the opposite ride of the street?while crossing toward him, witness was assailed witn brick bats, whi -n were thrown down from the roof of the house alluded to ; that after sending for Alderman Hart and obtaining the assistance of Captain Dusenbury anl several policemen, the hou^e was entered front and re ir Sanders was arrested at the bank door, and Edg-ir and Sliter ware found secreted in a dark closet The iurv acquitted Sanders, but found Edfar and Blatof guiltT, and the Court sen-en-el each or them to be imprisoned in the penitentiary lor six month*. Plea of (}u :ty.~ John A. Canter, against whom thero are six indictments for forgery. In the second iiegree. in having been f.innd in possession of a large amount of counterfeit bvik bills, with the intention of ut'ering the same, on being placed at the bar withdrew his former plna oi not g'liTtv, and entered a ploa ofgudty, anl was ] soa'enced by the < ourt to be Imprisonedin the State prl- . son for the term of seven years. Trial far patting a Falte Taken.?Frederick Stock, a 1 German, was then put on hi* trial for having patted to Adam Kiesrtiter, of the Seventh Avenue, a spurious ffi bill, (purporting to have been issued by the Globe Dank of this city,) in payment lor a glass of beer, and receiving the balance (ft,97) in good money. The jury found the accused guilty, and the Coert sentenced hiai to be im prisoned in the penitentiary for tix month*. The Court , then adjourned until to-morrow morning. I NEW YORK HERALD. Sew York, Wednesday, Jane 3, 18441. OL?? " Supplement to the Herald. We are again compelled to supply our subscribers with a supplemental sheet to the Htrald. CONTENTS. An important Latter from Gen. Hamilton, on Tex?i Af fair ? ; an interesting Letter from Vienna. Europe ; No tices of New Publications ; City Intelligence ; Proceed ing? of the County Court, in the case of Jmtice Drinker; Court of Commou Pleat, Ike., fcc ; together with aeren column! of advertisements . It will be served to city and country subscriber* gra. tuitously. Historical Socictt.?We are compelled to defer the publication of the report of the proceedings of this so ciety last evening until to-morrow. The Slews from Kiiflaad-IM Importance. The steamer Hi hernia arrived at Bos*on on Monday last, after a quick and rapid passage from England. By her we have accounts down to the 19th ult., a fhll synopsis of which will be found in this day's paper. The intelligence brought by this arrival is of more than usual importance/ considering the delicate crisis existing in our for eign relations, between the United States and '.lgland. "No great change has taken place in t be markets since our last accounts. The position in, I prices of corn, cotton and money, will be J' under their respective heads. ( Vie of the most important events in connection v, ,th English affairs, and having some little bear OiH< al?o, on ours, which has taken place since the lust arrival, is the passage of the new eornbill, by the unprecedented majority of98, in the House of Commons. This is the first step in the most important, commeroial and financial revolution, that is destined to sproad throughout the civilized nations of the earth. Some doubts are expressed in the British journals, whether the bill may not be arrested in the House of Lords ; but we do not apprehend any insurmountable obstacle of that kind. If the present House of Lords prevented such a bill from being made a law, a bill so popu lar in the country, it would only lay the foundation for a popular outburst, that may end in the aboli* tion of tfiat body altogether. There will be obj stacles, but nothing to prevent the ultimate sue ecss of the bill. The effect of this great change in the commercial policy of England will soon begin to develope itself, and operate on other countries.i { In France and Germany the same revolution, in* other matters, has already taken root; and in the United States we are in the commencement of ai similar movement. How it will terminate a few weeks will tell, after the present session. The next important intelligence brought by tha steamer, is that in connection with the Oregon question and the relations of the United Stated with England. Full accounts of the ultimate pa*J sage ol the " notice" have been received in Engn land. The tone of Parliament and of the presi is extremely favorable, peaceful and conciliatory] Yet it cannot be disguised, that, while there is an earnest profession made by the government, a4 will appear in the incidental allusion to this mat ter, by the minister, in the House of Commons, on the last night of the debate on the Corn Bill, yet, this spirit of conciliation is combinod with s determination to insist on certain rights and car tain privileges which that government claims ir the Oregon matter, and the enforcing those claims, by the evidence of military and naval pre parations of no small magnitude. This seerr highly probable, from indications both in Parlia ment and through the press. We have no doubt that final instructions, as to the ultimatum itself have been brought out, by tVe recent steamer, t< Mr. Pakenham ; and that he will re-open the ne gotiations with Mr. Polk, at Washington, such e may either result, within the year, in p?ace& settlement, or end in positive war. The Britrij claims, however, are now more moderate thii formerly. They seem to assent to the proposi tion that the 49th parallel will be the basis of tlx new and final negotiation. They will, probably claim the free navigation of the Columbia river for a certain length of time, and also the whole c Vancouver's Island. It will remain now for Mi Folk and his cabinet to see how far they cai meet these views of the British Government, aa< whether 1n the present situation of the country in its relations with Mexico, they will insist 01 " the wliolo or none." Our relations with Mexico are not overlook* in England. The London press, and the Tin*t with great sagacity, has anticipated the ruptmr on the Rio Grande which has taken place. It ii thought there, however, that our difficulties wit' Mexico will tend to complicate Mr. Polk's p*si tion, and make him yield more on the Orefo question. The victories which the Amerioa arms have achieved on the boundary, will hare ly help to realize such an expectation. Yet, it i possible that Mr. Polk and his Cabinet, in thedi wad glory of the crisis with Mexico, may vor < unity settle, even at 49, the Oregon question, gii ng the British government the other oontingti x>s they claim, without creating any extraordim iy noise among the 54 40 advocates in this oour try. The prospect of now clutching Californii with its line harbors, and extending oar bounds ries to the gold mines of Mexico, may render it extreme claim on England almost unnecessar Yet, it is doubtful how the governments of Franr and England may look upon our invasion of Me: ioo, and the purposes of Mr. Polk in that regioi Our foreign relations are complicated in evei point of view. We are not beyond the reaeh i peace with England, and the prompt terminatic of hostilities with Mexico, without resorting to thi necessities of a general war. These are favorable views?peaceful iaferenot which we draw Irom the recent intelligence. Y' others are disposed to look more gloomily upc the position of our foreign relations, both wif England and Mexico, and to think that that vei complication will lead to a general war, either i the termination of a year, or following it. It very evident that if Mr. Polk wishes a war wir England, he can have it; and bring it on just i easily as he did with Mexico. We hope for tl best. _____________ Much Ado abjut Nothing.?The Washingtc corres|>ondents appear to make a great deal fu?s about the ditference of opinion between tl President and General Scott, on the command the army on the Mexican frontier. Who car about any such question 1 General Taylor k exh-b ted such conduct on the frontier as w render all such petty questions at Washington mere larce. General Taylor has shown himv to be one of the greatest military leaders, a groat genius in military matters, than any other mr since the revolution. His conduct on the R rtrande will immortal se him and those wl fought tinder him, and resembles that of Was ington more than any other man since the tin the latter defeated the enemies of America, other paits of the TTnited States. General Tayl and his officers write and fight with equal genio simplicity and enrr?v Thk Exi?***s Lit* a*d th? Foario* N?ws We were indebted to the enterprising expre line of Adams & Co for the early delivery, at t] Htmld office, of the news received at Boston 1 th* steamer Hbernia. It was despatched v New Haven, and came thence in the famo neiinier Traveller, Capt. Ptone. Sho camc ahead, and we thus received the news at an,eai hour yesterday morning. Wo wore also inrtMit to Hamden k Co ; but their boat, the Ore^o was detained in the fog. BntACHK* m thk Canal ?We learn from t1 Albany A tint, that breaches have taken plnc> ihe Erie Canal, at Centreport acqiD-duct, and :h? Mlinden Canal, at the Mohawk river da feeder. They can be repaired in a short tun uul it ajuiflin? expense. |

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