Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 11, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 11, 1846 Page 1
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'? -igLJL*' THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XII, l?. 101?WttmU Urn, ?W4, NEW YORK, THURSDAY MORNING. JUNE 11, 1846. THE WAR ON THE RIO GRANDE. ! Special Correspondence of the N. T. Herald* ' Mavamorss, Mexico, May 10, IMS 1 The heed quarter* or the "army of occupation" have j Crossed the Rio Grando, and are now in thin rity. Having secured the fruits of kit lute victories, Gen. Taylor *?* 1 preparing tor further triumphi, and hi* neat step was to occupy Mutamoraa. Aware of this intention, Arista, on ! Saturday the 17th inatant, sounded a parley, and proposed to the American General to withdraw from this city j with the Mexican army, and remove his artillery, war like supplies, and munitions, end every thing of an of- | fentive character, provided Gen. Taylor would consent j to an armistice, and remain on the left bank of the river ! To this modest request answer was returned, that the town was to be occupied by our troops? that he had come i to this river by the order* of his government, ditpoaed ' for peace : that he had himself, on more than one occa- i sion, invited a suspension of all hostile operations until -war should be declared or peaee established by the go vernments; that the Mexicans had made war, and forced him into bis prerent attitude. They were consequently required to evacuate the city, abandoning all publto and wailike stores. An answer was demanded by a certain j hour. Iti the meantime preparations were in progress ! for rjoxaing the river about three miles above the town. Aria* returned no answer to the General's demand, and ptrt of our army was on this side yesterday morning by 10 o*:lock, when the Alcalde, witn some other resecta ble citizens came to Gen Taylor with a surrenderee the town. It was then ascertained that the valiant and cour teous Don Arista, so scrupulous as to the strict ohter- j vance of all tne usages of civilized nations, after having invited a conference, stole away without replying, like I an honorable, high minded adversary, to the cummuoica- I tion of our General. By a low, Mexican trick, he suc ceeded in withdrawing much of his arms and supplies, which would otherwise have fallen into our hands. I Our entire force crossed yesterday, with the excep tion of tho garrison left in our own fort. ?\n examination of their delensive wo>ks show* that they are worthless, 11 not comeiiiptible The rules of science seem to have been uuknown or disregarded, while our fort, erected in a few days, au I almost without mean*, except what our able engineer created, stands in proud contrast. The town is American built, laid out with fbme regularity, and having several highly respectable edifices. The re port, that under the old fepanifih rule, it was far more populous, is fully eonfirmed by tho great num ber ot ruined wills about the suburbs ol the city, Houses have dpcaj ed, and the town, which, under the Vicerovs of the old monarchy, was one of the most conspicuous in Spanish America, has dwindled to comparative insignifi cance, both in extent and population, under the mere seqrVlance of a government called the republic of Mex ico. 1 have only time at present to appriso you of the fact, tV our flag waves on both sides of this river.? Should ?'# lie ho re a few davs I may attempt, besides a teeord of important military operations, a few sketches ef Mexican life and character, as far as they are exhibited in this frontier town Most of the inhabitants of the city remain, aa they are of course unmolested in their usual end daily avocations. Nearly all the foreign residents arc still hem ; tue Americans wi.o were forced to leave ?bout the lath April, are returning from day to day.? Oar oonsel, Mr, Sc'iat/.el, waa forced away with their army. I suppose it I* feare I he may give us seme valua ble inf; rmaiion about Mexico and iti-xieana. Wc find also, large number* of their wounded left here. The destructive effect of our .artillery in the battle of Palo Alto is almost Inconceivable, more than tour hundred wounded bating been brought here the night of the 8iU. Nxw Ohlcass, June S, IMS. Tht Ktwt from Mexica?The Mnrktti. The paper* thi* morning are filled with sew* from the Rio Grande, but aot of much importance By the arri val ef the bark Louifisna, we have four day* later from ?era Crux, and date* from the city of Mexico to the 41*t. '1 It new* of the battle* of the 8th end 0th had reached that city, and were related pretty accurately for Mexi cans, and without the usual gasconade. They Qonfess to a rout on the 0th. The pre**, however, urge upon their countrymen the necessity of (till further and renewed ?sertions No doubt every nerve will be (trained to ?arry on the war with viger. W e ahall soon hear of a terrible battle The blockade at Vera Cruz was to be very strict. The two American vessel* in port, spoken o.' ia the yesterday's accounts, succeeded in getting out. lousiness has assumed a brighter aspect since my last, ?nd the cotton market, yesterday, >vas extremely active; 10.1:0*3 bales having changed hands, at an advance of from one eighth to one quarter cent por pound. Arrivals not large. Aftln at WaUmni'M Itn Stxe.and Its People, At nme of our citizen* hare in prospect a visit to thii eity and the turrounding country, says the Savannah RrpuhUcan, we have taken tome trouble to gather a few ulars in regard to it, which will be of interest to a? well at to tbe general reader. Our informant waa a gentleman of intelligence, who resided in the place lor (bar years, from 1834 to 1839, and who, from his connection with tbe public preaa, had ample meant of acquiring information, aa well as atrong inducements to tamiliar i/.e himself with men. manners, and places. Our informant recognizes the general correctness of -the map* which have recently been published. The po sitions of the city, of the American army. See., are all correctly represented. The bluff upon which General Taylor1* eamp ia located, ia some ten or twenty feet higher than the ground nn which the city ia built. The current of the river at this point is exceedingly sluggish, and its course *o tortuous between Matamoras and the gulf that it hat been found impossible to ascend it with ?ailing vessels. W ben our informant was there, goods ^ere not landed at Point laabel, but at the mouth of the Orande, and thence w?re carried to Matamoraa in cark* drawn by oxen. He ia under the impression that the cn ,{om house at Point Isabel has been recently es tablish* 1?perhaps since the loas of the steamboat which which wa'* engaged jn the trade daring his residence at Matamoras. JBanta. recently captured by the American furcea he say * '* not * village, but only a few indifferont houses at tbe fe'ny, which it half way between the gulf "rheVlan'of MtaAnnoma is very similar to that of Savan nah. The street* not wide, but run at right angles, and there are several public squares, which give an airy ap pearance to the pl?c?.'- The houses of Matamoras are built of clay and twigs, there being in 1838 not more than UOrr 30 brlolc buildings in the place. These latter are mostly in the vicinity of the squares, and have been eiecreuby foreigners. Tho ground in tbe rear of the city is sub ject to inundation during the wet season, to the depth of several feet, and the subsidence of tbe waters leaves the lake, marked upon the mapt. It it ol conti Je ruble depth and extent, and its watera are used by the -washerwomen of the place, who congregate there is con eiderable numbers, to ply their vocation It it alto the general retort of the citizens, malo and female, who re fair thither in great numbert, for the purpote of bathing -4? ling tbe spring and summer months. This is a peculi arity with the Mexican*, and strange aa it may teem to ?o*x>, these common ablutions of the sexes, are not re g siV?d aa in the alightest degree improper or indelicate. 1 be only difference between that country and thia is, that tin1 beaux and belles make their pleasure oxcurtions in and av'der the water, instead of in sail boat* and steam ers ; ami one it regarded and tpoken of with tbe same delicacy ef Vxnguage and purity or purpote, aa the other. 'What ? tj rattt is custom !. The popolatlon of Matamoraa, our informant thinks, wet in 1*34. abdiit seven thousand Prior to that time a con*iderable trade in dry gooda bad been carried on with the interior ursvns, Eurango, Monterey, tic., and with tbe Indiana, lit thit butineit, several American* had amassed contiderable fortunet. Since 1884, the trade of the place has fallesi off, and the population diminished. It is now mainly sustained by the income from tho tale of cattle, bidet, tallow, males, wool, specie, kc., tic. 'J he people ara indolent, and the classes of society very dit tin t The best class, tho descendants of the'old Spani ards. is very limited and exclusive They are tolerably . well educated?the men being generally in the public j offices or the army, and the females engaged in light and pleasurable pursuits and rmusementa, such as dancing, I waltzing playing the guitar, fcc kc. They are but limi- | tedl) educated, and many cannot write their own lan- i f iage, though thev apeak it with nuency and elegance. hey are fond of drett, are generally tastefully arrayed, I end ate graceful and easy in their manners. Though | chairs are common in their parlors, our informant says it i is not ?jncommon in the bc*t circles, to see the beauiilni dark ?> ? J tignora seated upo i the carpet, and surround ed by'a bevy ofrffk-hnirei., musUchicad admirers. The women of ll.c lower closes aro more homely, though scarcely less aiti active In their *|>|iearance. 1 he domestics are in a state of imiie .ibject slavery, infl ?Hely, th.rn our negroes. Thev ar? flagt listed nnmerci- 1 j' u'". *nd as the ultimatum of (iisgr.ee, are sometime* , c-'/W t? submit to have their hair shorn close to i the head lowing hair of the Mexican woman i> rwvard'ed *? h*r greatest ornament, ao ia the privation | of it consideta** M ?*????? indignity and punith- , "'n'regard to the ?oldtora, our Informsnl snyt, | they are men ol tmall ?Utnie, of light, lltcillr lran.e, I exceedingly homely in thi'V appeanince?poor soldiers, but bold and fearless riders. They are not constant in ( tlieir attachments?light for ps)', "nil will lollow the leader who fcedi tnd p?y* them hp*t. I hey have dit- | pia? ed so.na courage in tnefr local fights. particularly , when knives and stilettos were used, but have a gieat , aversion to fire-arms, especially in close quarters. Act- I iog, in large bodies, they are easily conlused, even in | their cotiiii on military displays, and consequently would , sulfrr gres'.ty Irom a stmden and vigorouf attack in a general engagement. Owing to tbe unsettled condition of the country, and the low pay in the army, they are lelnctant to enter the service. On tnis account tbe aci.emee and devicea of their o Steers to cheer aud ei> courage tiietn, are sometimes ridiculous enough The prep*iations lor calculating a victory are often made in an'ici|*tion, and sometimes, at wo< the ca?e in tho con flict with the Americana, tall.with the prisoners ami mu nitions of w ar, into tbe baud* ol the enemy, affording tbi-m at once a victory, anj tbe facilities lor its celebra tion. Their food consittt mainly of the tortilla or com cake, baked in asbet, and beei. with which they use laige quantities of chitt Colorado, or Mexican red pep|>er. '1 hey alto use ekteiisnei) lor lood a species ol small red bean called frtjula. 'iheir horse* are small, weakly and badly subsisteu. Ircquently to feeble si to tall prostrate under their beggago arid rider, while he is in tue act of mounting. Mulea are very abundant at Matamoras, and of a quality superior to any raiaed upo* the continent Thev are uted in the carriage* of tbe rich, and are al piott (he only locomotives in Mexico, a single mute will carry throe hundred pounds of barrage with ease, an almost incredible dUtancc | er day. Good home* and mulea in the country can be purchased at from 16 to -20 dollar*. Our informant speak* of the climate of Matamoras moat favorably. He thinka it ii nuite a* healthy at Sa vannah, if not more in. During his four years resilience there, yellow fever waa unknown, and even chill* and fever* exceedingly rare. In the interior, in the direc tion of Monterey, or even Durango. the country i* ?aid to be iiigh, dry and heallhy. Durango is an old Sp?ni,h town, of from lortj -five to sixty thousand inhabitants, and would well repay Uncle Sam's troop* for a visit, and beside* be a most agreeable summer retreat?not in ferior to the White Sulphur or Saratoga. Upon the whole then, we think the volunteers may dispel their apprehention* in regard to the unhealthfulness of the country on the Rio Urande?they may meet with a few bloody minded mosquitoes, and occasional farapata. or a wild 'Mexican in the chaparrals, but in their march for the Hall* of the Montezuma*, they will *oon strike a high, dry, healthful region, where subsistence will be easy, and opportunities for fighting not unfrequent. [Cor. of the Newark Advertiser] Matamoias, May 34, 1816?After being quiet at Fort Brown two day*, Gen. Taylor resolved to move oyer to Matamora* ; and we accordingly crossed the river in flat boats, lie., under cover of the fort Gen. Arista, be ing apprised of thi* movement decamped the night pre vious with some 4,000 men?cowardly enough. We en tered the city without filing a gun, and displayed the ?tar spangled banner in short order. The place looked beautiful from tire other aide of the river, but 1 was sur prised when we rode through it. The best street in the city i* in no respect better looking than say Anthony street, New York. The families appear to be afraid of us. but I have seen some pretty looking womon. Tho farm houses in the vicinity are neat looking ; and tho farmeia bring into camp, poultry, butter,eggs, green corn fresh boaus, tic. The cumji, is in fact, thronged with milk-girls from the neighborhood, every morning and eveniug. Small orange* are abundant, and we have plenty of water-meloui, so that after enduring a great deal of untold hardship in Texas, the army is now com fortably quartered in the enjoyment of many of the good things of life. Amongst the booty found in one of the public store house* here, was a large quantity of segars, which was yesterday distributed among the army, each man receiv ing Mouio 600? which are now being smoked with a veageance. I omitted to say, in my account of the battles of the 8th and 9lh inst, I was struck in the side the first day by a half spent 4 oi grape shot, and thrown over, butitfor tunately hit my thick swor I belt, and fell at my feet harmless. 1 have pieserved it as a specimen of the cop per shot of the enemy. All their shot are bra** or cop per, except musket balls, which are lead. I am quite well, excopt my side, which 'pains me a little. There wa* little aense of a mere personal discomfort, however, on a field covered with slaughter?a scene which I trust in Heaven never to witness again. There lay around me fellow men, comrade* and antagonists, suffering the most intense anguish?some with an arm otf, others with one, and some with both leg* shattered or levered from the body. There was one poor fellow, a Mexican, with his belly torn open, and a part of hi* bowels protruded upon the ground : he waa still alive an 1 pointed to hi* mouth for water ; but, alas, in vain, for we had none to give? not even a drop to cool his tongue. He soon after perith ed, of course. A steamer came up the river this morning with 600 Louisiana Volunteer*. Incidents, die., of tlie War. We are gratified to learn that a number of Baltimore an? aro about to piesent a beautiful sword to the gallant Lieut Randolph ltidgely, of the U. H. Klying Artillory, for hif daring and skilful services, which contributed so largely to the brilliant victory of Rasaca. On enquiring the signification of the names of the places which form tlie scene* of our recent victories in the southwest, says the Union, a friend informs us that Palo Alto means High Stake, or High Timber. For Resaca <Je la Palma, no exact equivalent^can be given in as many English words. Resaca is a place overflowed by a high tide, or a flood of a river, and left dry on the /all; and Palma i< a palm tree; so that Palm Bottom seems to ex Sreta the meaning more nearly than any other concise irm of word*. The town of Matamoras was to called in honor of one of the early heroes of the Mexican revolution, who, like Hidalgo and Moreles, was a curate, and like them, also, was taken prisoner, and executed by the Hpanisrds. The Bravo de Santiago is just St James'inlet; it is about a mile in width, and forms the communication between the gulf, and a long, narrow, aud shallow sound, which runs along the coast almost a hundred miles north ward, separated from the sea by the sandv island ol Padre.. The depth of water on the bar, which stretches across the Bravo de Santiago, varies in depth at different times, from fourt* seven feet; being deepened by a long spell of violent westerly winds, and filled up liy a similar course of storms from tno east. The breaker* on it are at times terrific, forming a wall of foaming water, some feet in height, which extends athwart the passage, from shore to shore Point Isabel is immediately opposite the entrance, distant about three miles from tlie gulf. No scene can t>e more dreary than that presented on enter ing this place; nothing but sea.and white sand hiils, with an occasional small natch of weeds, being visible. Behind the sand hillsare a dozen misera <le hovels, and a little tavern kept (formerly) by a shrewd and worthy Yankee, named Savage, from New London, which, tozethcT, com pote the town of the Brazo. Five miles fartner south it another small inlet, called Boca Chica?little mouth ; nnd three miles beyond it is Boca del Rio?the mouth of the river, where stands another collection of hovels. The river is known at different places on its banks by I'.ifl'o rent names ; In New Mexico, it is Rio del Norte?river of the north ; farther down, it is Rio Grande, or Rio Bra vo?the great or grand river. It was called Rio de Pal mas?river of palms, by its first discoverers in 1520 Last ly, the word ranchero is a Mexicanism. The Spanish word rancho means a mess or messroom ; and this name being given by the Mexican cattle keepers to the huts at which they ate their meals and slept, they thonce dci i ved the name of rancheros, and their hpti were calle.i rati cherias- 1 he latter name ia, however, also sometimes applied to a farm and to an Indian Tillage. To assiit the reader'* memory we give the following lists of the sea ports belonging to Mexico Ox Tin Paciric.?San Francisco, the northernmost, it in New California, in a fertile district, inhabited by civ ilized Indians under Roman Catholic missionaries. Monterey, about HO miles south of St. Francisco, is also in New California. It is eiten visited by American whaleships [This ia the port which Com. Jones cap tured by mistake a few years ago 1 Mazatlan and Ouaymaa, the former about 750 miles south of Monterey, and the Utter on the east side of the Oulf of California. Both have excellent harbors and considerable commerce. San Bias, at the mouth of the Santiago, in the province of Jalisco, is about 100 miles south of Mazatlan. Acapulco, 000 miles south of San Bias, and 1H0 miles of Mexico, has one of the finest harbors in the world, but the situation is unhealthy. O^tiik Atlantic.?Besides the ports in Yuratan (a se ceded province) of Sisal and Campeachy, Mexico has none on the Atlantic tide but Vera Cruz, Tampico and Matamoros, which are too well known to require de scription Lvans Sl Watson, in South Third street, opposite the the F.xchange, in Philadelphia, despatched, on Thursday, via New Orleans, one of tneir handsomest water filterers to Oen. Taylor. Rome gentlemen who saw the directions of the case, and understood the conditions ef the ship ment, were anxious, the V 8. Gaxettt says, to share in the expense and the honor, but E. It W. were too covet ous of the gratification, to allow others to thare in it ? The owner of the packet, howover, refused any fieight money for the article. The schoolmaster of Oen. Taylor, the hero of the late brilliant victories over a greatly su|>erior force of tlie Mexican army , resides in the town ol I'reston, near Nor wich, Connecticut The news of Oen. Tsylor's brnvery enkindles in the old gentleman's bosom a degree of pa triotism which causes him to enter into the subject of our difficulties with Mexico, with all the ardor of youth, and to look with patriotic interest for whatever may re late to the glory and fame of one, who when a lad, wat placed under hit care and instruction. His name is Eli sba Bums, and he s|>eaka of Zachary as being a smart boy, who gave promise of usefulness, and relates with much satisfaction various incidents and anecdotes con nected with the family. Oen. De La Vega, we are informed, passed through Augusta, Oeorgia, on the 5th inst, on his way to Wash ington City. Our correspondent "S," writing from Fort Polk, tayt, 11 all our wounded are doing remarkably well. So lar there hat been but two deatht here. This morning a Louisiana Volunteer?Regobibe Bablin, of Capt. Foun tain's company?died ; and it is very lingular that he was brought out hero, as he was so far gone by dis*a<e. Ike Mexican wounded at Matamoras weie found in * hor rible condition, and our General has given their rate his attention. He bad some of the captured Mexican public projierty sold, and the pioceeds appropriated for their comfort and convenience. Cigars, clgarritas and 'monte' cards can be had in an) quantities in our ramp, 'free gra tis for nothing'?captured."?A*. 0- Pie., Jun* 2. Military Preparations. Thk Western Division. Adjutant Gcnkn\l'< Orricr, ) WatHiKoiov, May -JO, I*K. $ 1. Instructions have already been given to Brigadier General W ool, and through him to several officer* placcd rt his disposition, for the early inspectionand muster into the service ol the United States, of the quotas of iwtl'l montn volunteers who have been called lor by the Presi* ???* of United "*ates, from Ohio, Indiana. Kentucky, Illinois. 1 emiostee, and Mississippi, and who may pre sent themselves, for acceptance, under that call, at sue rendezvous of tbo-e States isspeclively. ?J. Insti uctions have, also been given'to other officers of the Army to inspect and muster the quotas, called for in like manner, Irurn Oeorgia, Alabama, and Arkansas. I. As soon as inspected and mu-iered, as above the se veral regiments and battaliona of volunteer horse and foot will, without delay, be put en route, at followa 4. 1 he regiment* of cavalry or mounted men called for from Kentucky and TeniR-s<ee, will, fioin their respective ttaie-ieii<Jezvuut, take up their lines of march, by the best routes, tie Memphis, Little Rock, on the Arkansas ; Fulton on the Red Ki??;r; and bobbins' terry, on the Trinity Rher, upon Han Antonio de Bexar, Texas, 'ihe regiment of cavalry or mounted men called for Irom Ar kantas, will, from its state-rendeztons (say) Washington, take the teme route to ttan Antonio de Bexar. ?. Kxcepting one regiment of tha Kentucky,and one of the Illinois quotas oi loot?to which Biig. wen Wool is chaiged with giving different routes, and alto excepting the Aikan^t battalion, which will receive instruction a through Bievet Brigadier Ueneral Arbuckle, all the oth er legimenu and baitaliont of volunteer inlantry or rifle, called lor, Irom the said Statei, will be embarked at the , nearest navigable points to their res|>ective state rendez vous, Bad thence proceed by water, with or without trans-shipment at Mobil* or New Orleans, to Point Iiabel or Brasos Santiago. Texas, where, like the troop? order ed to Mao Antonio do itexar. the whole will come under the orders ol'the general officer in the chief commend of the I'nited Suttn' land forces operating against Mexico, i 6. The chieft of the general start of the army, at this place, will each, in what concerns bis department, charge himself, through his subordinates, with supplying the said volunteers (horse and foot) the necessary arms, ac- ; coutromcnts, Ammunition, knapsacks, havresacks, can teens, (for water.) camp equipage, subsistence, medi cinos, hospital stores, and means of transportation by land ' and water, according to routes and destination, and ac- ? cording to law and regulation*. By command of Major General Scott, R. JONL3, Adjutant General. THE TNION. Companies H. and K. 4th regiment United States Artil- 1 lery. containing one hundred and eighty men, *ailed 8th 1 inst. from Kort Monroe, Va., in tho bark Catharine., The | following is a liat of the officers: M^jor John L. Gar dener, commanding; Company H?Brevet Major Harvey Brown, First Lieut j. W. 1'helps, Second Lieut. 1). II. IIill; ! Company F?Capt. Wm. P. Bainbridge. Second Lieut. G . W. Rains, Brevet Second Lieut F.J. Porter. TEXAS. We learn from the Austin Democrat that General Tay lor, through Col Harnay, has made aa additional requisi tion on Gov. Henderson, for seven mounted companies ; five ofthoso companies are to be stationed at Bexar, one at Austin, and one at or near New Braunfols. We sup pose that these companies are intended to oocupy tho posts that have Uoan, or toon will be vaoatad by the ran gers under Col. Hays, aud the dragoons under the com mand of Col Harnay. These rangers aud dragoons are probably now on th#;r march to the Rio Grande. We do not apprehend that there will be any difficulty in raising theso companies, as the Gorman and French emigrants in those sections, will probably fill tho rolls of the companies as soon as the Governor's order is issued. It is indeed, a fortunate event, that these emigrants are thus furnished with an opportunity of engaging in the service of the ge neral government, as they will Be compensated for their services, and at tho same time protect the new settle ments that their countrymen aie forming on the frontier. We learn that three full companies of German emi grant!!, were organized at Indian Point, and ready for ser vice eight or ten days ago. Colonel Jack Hayes has agreed, says the Rrdlandtr, to accompany the Germans to the Perdinalus valley, and remain with them until they can put up some improve ments. 'l'he Camunchos say that they wish to be at peace with the Americans, but have no desire to be with the Mexicans, and as to these new men, which we have brought among ui, that wear long beards, sinoke long pipe*, aud look down at the ground, they dont know what to make of them. GEORGIA. The Green*, Captain Jackson, mustered yester day 93 officers and men, as required by Governor Crawford. Among them is a membor who was Imprison ed at Sante Fe by the Mexicans. Another member, who had moved from this city to Charleston about six months since, on learning that the Greens vould be accepted, aold out his shop in Charleston, and boarding out his fa mily, joined tho Green*, to which he had previously been attached a* a member.?SatannaA Georgian, June d. OHIO. Cii?ci!T?ATt, June 4, 1846 ?Our city is remarkably bar ren of incident. Gen. Wool is hourly expected bore to take command of the troop* from the Western States. Col Croghan, was here yesterday, and left for St. Louis immediately. From the" seat of war wn have nothing later than the 18 h ult, but every body is on the qui vivt for the news hourly expected, and printer* sleep (not on the field of battle) but in their offices, to be ready in a moment, to ?' rush out"an extra Th$ Ohio Volunteers are getiiug ready as fast possible, but it is a slow business to collect 3.40J men from all part* of the State, and get them ready Tor service. If the authoritie* had accepted all the vol unteers from this uart of the State, the ranks would have been long since nlled. A* it is. however, more than enough have volunteered, but it take* time to get them 1 mustered into aervice, and accepted by the governor, fee. CONNECTICUT. We are informed that the Hitchcockville Guards held a meeting at that place, on Monday evoning, and >olun teere-l their service* to the government. The company consist* of thirty-two member*. Several other* of the ?amo village also tendered their services. Naval Preparations* We luhjoin a copy of the instructions of Com modore Conner to the commanders of vessels iu the home squad ron, ihowing the principle* to be observed in the block ade of the Mexican ports. The ports already under blockade, are Vera Cruz, Tampicound Alvaiado 1. No neutral vessel, proceeding towards tho entrance of the blockaded port, shall be captured or detained, if she shall not previously hare received, from one of the blockading squadron, a special notification of the exist ence of the blockade This notification shall be, more over, inserted in writing on the muster roll of the neu tral vessel by the cruiser which meets her; and it shall contain the announcement, together with statements of the day, and the latitude in which it was made. 3 Neutral vessels which may be already in the port before the blockade of it, shall havo full liberty to de part, with or without cargo, during fifteen days alter that upon which the blockade is established. 3. The ports of Vera Cruz and Tampico will remain entirely tree for the entrance and departure of neutral non-commercial mail packets. Mexican boats engaged exclusively in Ashing, on any part of the roast, will be allowed to pursue their labors unmolested. In its present political condition, the flag of Yucatan is to be respected. L). CONNER, Commanding Home Squadron, T^iited States .Ship Cumberland, off* Brazos Santiago, May 14, 1B46. It is reported and believed at Washington that Com. Cornier lias orders, nftor refitting his squadron, which is to be joined by the Pennsylvania, and two other liae-of battle ships, at Pensacola, to attack tho castle of San Juan rl'Uiloa and storm it as soony a breach is effected. It is also rumored, but not believed, that Com. Warring ton is to command the expedition. The Expedition to New Mexico* On Saturday last the companies of volunteers raising for the expedition to New- Mexico, under Col. Kearney, paraded in Lucas' park, in the rear of the city, for in spection. Col. Campbell inspected and accepted the ser vices of the following companies :? The Herman troop of horso, under command of Capt. Fislier ; the Luclede Rangers, under Capt. Hudson \ a company from h lorisant, under Capt. Edmonson, and a company of horse artillerists, under Capt. Weightman.? Capt. Kretschmar. we understand, ottered his company of artillerists, but insisted that they should be specially ac cepted for artillery service. The company not being quite full; and their being some doubt as to the power to receive them with such a condition, they were not ac cepted. In this case, however, the objection is likely to be obviated, n.i Gov. Voting has made a requisition lor a battalion of artillery, to bo furnished from this couoty. The lour companies inspected and accepted had each their full complement of one hundred men and fourteen officers, lie., and fill the requisition which has been made on this county. There were two companies from the country, which united, and elected Mr. Edmonson Cap tain, and J. C Dent (the Captain of the other) First Lieu tenant. The intelligence ot their acceptance was receiv oJ with repeated cheers by the members of the respective companies. They are, without exception, a fine t>ody of men?just such men as should be selected for such a ser vice?and will not disgrace themselves or country in any field to which they may be led. The Laclede Rangers meet this morning at ten o'clock, at the court-house, lor the purpose of making the neces sary arrangements. We are tol l that they have adopted a suitable and handsome uniform, and in a few days will be ready to march to Fort Leavenworth. Yesterday, Capt Turner, of Col. Kearney's stall', arriv ed in this city, direct from Fort Leavenworth, with in structions to tne proper officer to furnish the necessary provisions, baggage, trains, kc lie., for the contemplated expedition to ?>ew Mexico. They will be supplied at an eailyday, and be shipi>ed to Fort Leavenworth. Upon the reception of the orders of the President,Col. Kearney put every means in requisition to expedite his departure at as early a day as possible; and every thing is now in such a state of forwardness, that there cab not be much delay, if the volunteers are promptly at the place o! ren dezvous. Col. Kearney is an officer who, whilst be will not omit any necessary precaution In the extent of his preparations for the campaign, has yet the energy and ability to collect them with the utmoet despatch W e are gratified to learn that Colonel Kearney does not go on tin* expedition with the meagre lorce which has been reported. The number of troops which he will'take with him has been greatly UL.ierrated. His power, we hear, is ample to calf for any lorce which the exigencies of the service may require; and as no msn can be better informed el tiie character and ex tent of the setvice, the public may rest assured that he Will not go with a small or insufficient foice. he du not know the ?*hoIe amount ol' troop* which he will ueem it proper to call for, but we understand that, in addition to two companies ol artillery and the mounted men, he will take a iai ze infantry lorce. Ibe impies sion which has gone abroad as to the number el his command should be corrected. It is expected that the companies whicfi nave been called lor from the counties on the Missouri river, will set out for I oil Leavenworth on U ednes.iay or Thursday next, aud that they will all beat the place of rendezvous by the last of this week. It is, tneielore, <4 the utmost importance, that the vo lunteers from this place should *0 expedite their prepa rations as to leave at as early a day as possible. '1 hey should be leady to leave by Wednesday or Thursday, as in auy event they will probably be the last to leach tort Leatenworth. < aptam Turner, we hear, brought down aii order Irom acting Governor Young, to General Mil burn, of the 64th regiment, for one battalion of Artillery, composed ol two companies of one hundred men each, exclusive ot otiicers. Th'is battalion is to be a part of the lour hundred men required from this county. '1 bey ; are to be mounted auOequipped in a manner suitable tor ? the service. Arms, ordnance, ammunition, kc , will be furnished at Fort Leavenworth. '1 here can tie but two companies ol niouuted men. besides the Artillery, taken from this county. Irom what we undtrnand of the last 1 oroen irom Jsttsrsou City, we suppose that the whole! power ol inspecting and shipping me troops now raisiug here, |? vested in oenerai aalburn, and, consequently, ! I a new inspection will have to take piece. YV halever is , | done, at all events, should be accomplished with all pos- 1 | sibie despatch, as we repeat, the only cause ol delay, j I will tie a failure in the arrival ol the troops at the fort. - St. Lews HrpuUicmn. Junt I. InoErcnDKNcc, (Mo) May M.?A gentleman whe has just arrived irom the California camp on Kansas river, informs me that the compeny had organized before reaching that point, but kad divided, owing to a slight

altercation which took place between Captain Kussell and Itev. Mr Uuuleavy. Russell called oft all that were willing to go with him a* their commander, leaving a large party who choose Dunleavv as their captain. It was generally believed that Gov. Boggs would return.? They had received news that severalthousand Mormon* hail crossed the river at Iowa Point, on their way t?s Cal ifornia. At Boggs apprehended tome danger of being assassinated by them, ho began to talk strongly of re turning. It was impossible to obtain a correct estimate of tho number of wagons and souls in the emigrating parties. l'|> to the time our informant left, two hundred and thirty wagons had crossed Kansas river. It was sup posod thero were about aixtv yet to crots. The number l of souls both the Oregon and California companies, in the aggregate, is estimated at about two thousand. Se veral companies of Mexican traders have gone out since ; the war newa reached here, and are making rapid t>ace ! acrosa the plains to get into Mexico as soon as possible. They fear the U, 8. troops at Kort Leavenworth will be ordered to intercept them. Several companies yet to go out ure hesitating whether they will go or not ; but the boldest will venture at any rate. They have no dread of any thing, if they can once get into Mexico ; but they fear interruption on the part of the United State*. There i* a report out, that troop* from Kort Leavenworth had been orderod to Council Urove, on the Santa Fe road, to examine wagons as they pas*, and seise upon all the Ewder and ammunition that they may find going to ixico a* merchandise. This report is not generally credited. Several companies o!' trader* contemplate leav ing in about ten days. St. Vrain, of Dent's Fort, is expect ed in a few days. A small coapaoy of throe wagons ar rived this morning from the mountains?thoy bring no news of iuterost. General 8. O. Lucas, of tho 4th division of tho Missouri Militia, has received order* from the Adjutant General of the State to rai*e seven companies of volunteer-, to or gunizo and be brought under discipline, and hold them selves in readineas to enter the service at a moment'* warning. The general day for volunteering in this placo islHed for next Wednesday. The fire of the military spirit ha* caught in thi* upper country, and many are anxious to cngugo in the conflict. Most of them do not like to volunteer, and remain at home innctive; they with to enter the service us soon as they volunteer. If volunteers were to be callod for to match to the *eat of war immediately, you would And whole regiments from tipper Missouri who would pour in. But nt the time we received the call of Governor F.dwarris for liflO men,it wa* too late to get to St Louis, and get iu?the number required was neuilv tnade up in St. Loui* odor* tho new* reached u* There are a few fighting men in upper .Missouri, and if thoy want them they can get them in ?hort order. We *ee it mentioned in tho St Loui* papers, that it was in contemplation to raise volunteer cotnpunies in Missou ri, to march to New Mexico and tuko it. The opiuion of those here who know bust, is, that such a thing would be exceedingly impolitic, and thql it would ruin our tiade with that country. F.very business man in St Loui* know*, or ought to know, that a very large mount of good* are annually bought there for Mew Mexico, and if we tend a military force against them without causo or provocation, (for thoy are with us in part,) it would inter cept this trado entiiely, and thereby cut off a tiafUc that has reached to nearly two millions of dollar* per annum. If the war is protracted, or if our citizens should be ill treated in New Mexico, it wonld then become necessary to lend a military force there to protect them, but under the present condition of affair* it would not be expodient to send any armed force there whatever. If the war con tioncs, and the trade acros* to New Mexico is (till kept up, it will bo increased at le*t four-fold over what it ever lias been. No doubt New Mexico will fall inte our hundf, with tho California*, if tho war should-be protracted. But if h negotiation should be brought about shortly, such will nx be the ca?e. Illtxkaii lUrna. In re-pxtiminitig tho liles of Mexican pa pists brought by the Thams, says the N. U Pic, we find some further items which may possess interest at this time, although of no gieat importance. El Uiaria Official,oi the l3th of .way, announens that Oen. Alvarez usd embarked at Acapulco the artillery of the castle of San Diego, and sailed lor some of the repub lic* of the south, with a view to sell the artillery. The announcement 1* made without comment The distin guished Gen. Almonte bad stated that the movement of Alvarez, wa* one which would give Parades great <ii;ii culty ; that be could not in fact put it down, i'he si mo paper state* that Gea. Hernandez, who wa* implicate in uie movement at Acapulco, has acknowledged his error, and sought the clemency of the government. Two of tho smalt Mexican vessel* of war, the Guerre ro and Victoria, sailed lor the Alvarado on the 17th uh , and a third one on tue following day. The rest of the vlexican navy ware to be despatched at once up tho Al varado lor safety. Among the passenger* who arrived at Vera Cruz on the Wth ult from the capital, was Dou Luis Hargous. The Assembly of the department of Mexico id* voted to accord to the supreuu government the monthly subsi dy of (St),0j4, commencing on tne 1st of June inst. The loan was made on the petition of the government. Correspondence by tne British steamer for Havana and Spain is required to be sealed by the poctmMter and the fcnglish lon.iiL Tne dutie* oa tho cotton imported at Vera Cruz du ring the month of April, reached the sum of $100,760.? The exportation of specie thence daring the *amo time, amounted to The measures adopted by the new Secretary of tho Treasury to obtain funds for the war are denounced as of the most arbitrary and iniquitous nature. Tho pay jf the public employee* wa* cut down, fund* set apart for public creditor* diverted, and like (tringent measures adopted. '1 he theatres of the different cities have already come forward with benefit* for the widow* and orphans of tne first victim* of the war. The pre** i* eloquent in prai*e of *uch benevolence. We think the general tone of the public pre** of Mex ico is more melaucholy than we have before seen it. The military chieltains write long letters full of gasconade, last we doubt if the press is misled by them. They dis cus* with vigor the measures of the governmcut, and not withstanding the seventy of the recently enacted de cree in legara to the piess, they condemn these mea sure* while they justify the war. The spirit of the peo ple appears to bo uroused generally oil the poiut ol ho nor, but the tone of feeling is nevertheless despondiug, save in the ca*e of those in high military position*. A letter from Tepic, dated tho 'ioth April, say* that Admiral Seymour, whose arrival at Maxatlan, we have announced, is concentrating at that port a fleet, which will consist of tho Collingwood, of wu gun*; the America and Grampus, ol .'>0 guns each; and seven other vessels of war of smaller clas*, but which will .carry the totul of the guns of tnat fleet up to 346. Tlse Admiral lias bo sides lour steamers at his disposal. The Mexicans ar gue from this large force, that t.ngland is sure to declare war on tho Oregon question This idea has been a fa vorite one with them all along, and is certainly influenc ing their hopes of success in tae war with us. Texan Items* We learn that the commiisiouets, Messrs. Lewis and Butler, appointed by tue general government to treat with the luoiuiia ol 'iexas, concluded a tieuty with uie chiefs who ha<l as?emblocl at the council giound a low mile* atnive iorrey 'a trading home, on .tioiiuay, the loin inst. Among the Comaucne cwefa who attended tho council, woie Santa Anna, Mo|iechupecu, Payayuca and k cliow Vvoll I'he chief* of tne W acoet, keachies and l'owaccanies, did not attend tne council. Much credit la due to the commissioners lor the iiideiatiguble |>ei se verance t.<at they have displayed in the laudable attempt to conciliate all the tribes ol '1 exas. >o ell'ort una ?pared on their pail to induce the duels ol all tne triuea ui Texas to unite in concluding a general treaty ol ainiiy with tne whites; and we legiet tiiat circumstances n? youd Uieir coutrol nave prevented tnem I rom accomplish mg all the objects ol their mission. i Ueyhuve been oc cupied about lUree months lu this difficult and perilous eu>ei prise, ana have exjierioncod many bitter ditmpjKiiiiU menu, ana sullcred many and severe hardship* 1 no health of CoL Duller nan been seriously injured, and must arduous duties have devolved upon l ol. Lewis, who , naa ditcovered u wisooin and loretignt tiuiy admirable. 1 be Indian chicls e.\j>re??ed gleet laiislaciion that he had tieated them wilh tu mucu kindness and geneiosuy. Xhe present* lor tne tribea nad been selected ? uh mucn tasleauu judgment, and weie received wiui dengui by tue Indians. We learn that tne commissioners intend, il possible, to induce seveial ol the puncipal cluets ol me cotnaucues to visit Wasliiugiun city, i'hey are so ignorant ol the power auu resources of the u nites, thai tney imagine, as tne beiuiiiolcs did pievioua to tne rloiidu war, mat they cannot be couqueied by white uien. If tney snoulu visit a lew of tne principal cities ol me Union, and see tue immense number ol peopl tnat swarui in tue sueeis, they would ooutmess be lully im pressed with a sen?e 01 tneir own weakness, and would euueavor to convince their warriora tnat a war with tne whites would certainly reault m tneir utter ruin ?tiouf Ion TeUfrapk, May il. We attract the lollowing items from the I lout ton Star of the iilst ult:? iiie Legislature, just before iti adjournment, passod ? jowi resuiuuwu recommending thai ihiiuuiouoi* .uoore should be leiusiated in a command in the United Mates navy, 01 the same grade that he h?iu in tue late navy of Aeitaa. t his act leilecta gieal credit upon the L.eg>?lu 1U10, ancLevinces mat iu members weie aline superior to paiu/an 01 sectional piejuouce. iue Cn'inon nieatious mat Uov. Henderion had ad-, diessed a note to oen Juniison, at walve.iou, uoiuyiug nun to report luuiaeil m person to the uoveruor at uia sos Santiago. we tuitis tueie uiiut be some iuisUik.e in tne statement, lor we tearu Utai the Uoveruor ha* not goue to uie western tioutiur, and eves noi intend to take couiiiusiM in person ol tne lioope tnat nave been Calieu miu the sei im ot tue Lulled o tales. We leaiuthai.xr.oruiu|>, when required by a rote of the House to ueclaic <_-ol. C. tionon duly elected Jut. oovemvr, deciiueu,uputi the grouutl uiai ho nad al auy complied wiui tue piotisious ui me constitution, ut clamig tieu. uaitteii uui) elected to luisoillce, IW sub sequently resigned, auu .nr. ttuullaud was elected speak er, suu alter pvuvruiiiig llus ceietnouj , he ie>i(iicj, and Air. teiKJU*, ol lirwuiia, waa elected spea?ei ol mis itouse; tuis waa tue sixtu elecuon lor speaker tnat has been Ueld UUiing me lale seselon. A couipeu> oi about oU mouuted riflemen, un.Icr the ! coiuuieux 01 uapt. tasrly, ataited lium ?* asnuigtwucoun- I t> a lew nay* ago, lor tue Uio uranue; anotnei company 1 w ui pioosmi> Iwtiww tnem in a lew <iaya. From Jamaica.?The schooner Monitor,?Capt. I Furiiimin, arrived here yesterday lroin Juinu.cH, | wneuce sue sailed on me intn ultimo. W e are indebted i to capt. K.ior papers to the Wih ult., incluaive. Loid llsriis. tne uewi)? appointed Governor, arrived at 1 riu iua<i ou the 'Miu ol April, and waa received with the usual honors and the next day was sworn in at the Gov ernineul house. A new Maaonk. Lodge, Uie " Oianjon Lodge, waa conaecrated at Kingston on the 13th alt, with ail ike usual solemnities?jr. 0. tic., June 9. Police Intelligence. I Jc*r 10 ? Kxtentive Burglary.^-Thn dwelling house ; No. 131 Hammond (treat, was burglariously enter ed yesterday afternoon by tome thieving scoun drel, while tile inmates were absent, viewing the great , temperance procession, between the hour s of one and five o'clock, and robbed of the following property:?one gold lever watch, P. Ley land, mak?r, No IH.rtAO, value l at $110; a cold chain, seals and key, worth $M. two pair of gold Par rings, valued at $'J0, a diamond fineer ring, valued at $*0; also a ring surrounded with smaller diamond1:, worth $'JO; likewise a single diamond ring, worth $10; two others worth $10. and a pair of gold spec tacles valuod at $i, and about $10 in specie, contained in a green velvet bag; also a blue black bag, supposed to have been taken to convey oil" the articles in. No ar rest at present. Robbery of Silver H'art.?The basement of house No. | ?16 Warren street, wtis entered yesterday morniug, and ' robbed of a quantity of silver forks and spoons, belong ing to Mrs. ( hm les'Longlois, with which the thief made good his escapo. Receiving Stolen (Saoiii?Officer Denniston arrested yesterday a black fellow called Mick Nunn, on a bench warrant, charging him with receiving two gold watches from a black boy, who stole them from Mr. Hicks, of 1 Brooklyn, knowing the same to bo stolen. Committed to the Tombs for trial .4 funny Charge.?Policeman Farly, of the 4lh ward, arrested a man last night by the name of John McPhelan, tor using abusive language towards him L'pon being brought before the magistrate in the morning, was in formed that the arrest was illegal, and the prisoner was discharged. Jlrrttt of an Old Tkitf.?Officer MrlCeon arrevted last night an old Five Point thief, called \ntoine Williams, charged with stealing a pioce of cloth soiee few weeks ago. bat kept sly until lust night, when he was spied out, and brought in by thn above officer. Locked up for trial. Petit Larceny.?Richard Gray, a boy, wat arrested yesterday for stealing a pair of gloves belonging to Abraham Forshay ; also, two accomplices, botii boys, called Thomas McDormott and John Taylor. Locked up. Insulting Females ?William Molester was arrested on Tuesday nirht, caught in the act of insulting females in Vauxhall tiardcn. Held to bail in $300 for hia future good behavior. The Cask or tub Mate or tiic (iar.Ar Britain a*d Mr. Karle* the Pouce Orricr.n. Mr. Bk.nkett?From the following simple narrative of faots. and the oath of the boy from whom the tobacco | was taken, you will perceive that you have beeu deceiv- : ed by your informant, aud that you have done me great j injustice, and that of the Department. The boy, William i Powell, was s."nt with fifty pounds of tobacco from a I respectable deuler in Wator street, ill the fourth ward, to | be delivered at a porter houso. corner of Jefl'erson and the ; Levee or Wharf. On his errand there, and while in the { street, under the head of tho Great Britain, and not on board, as was stated in your paper, ho was arrested by the mato of the steamer, who demandod what he had in the bag : the boy replied, perhaps impertinently, " that it was none of his business,''when tho mate, Mr. Hedges, took him by the eulitr and led him on board the Great Britain, there interrogated him, and charged him with in tending to bring the tobacco ou board fur tho men, or sailors : this the bov denied, and said he understood it was for a captain of a smaller vessel in the neighborhood of the |>ortor house. The tobaoco under these, very dif different circumstauecs to what was stated, was detained, and tho boy sent on shore. The owner of the tobacco applied to ine to get back the tobacco ; and I, believing the mpte of the vessel to borespectabie, did, as the police always tio in such circumstances. Instead of approach ing him rudely and with authority, I approached him po litely, and requested him to give up the tobacco Which ho had unlawfully taken and retained. He either did not or would not underitand by eourtrsv shown him, but de manded my authority for interfering. This produced words on both sides, and obliged me to obtain a warrant on tho affidavit of the boy. wnich is subjoined. In at tempting to serve this warrant, tho other officers Inter fered ; and several of the ottli-.ers, but not the mate, went to the justice who had granted tho warrant, (Justice Os borne) and swore tbey nad taken the tobacco /roui the boy on board the steamer; (which was true) nut they omitted in their affidavit to say, that the mate had taken the hoy ou board. On this representation the Justice sent another officer to obtain from me the warrant, and the proceedings wore arrested, but the tobacco was returned. JOHN C. FARLEY. Court of General SeaaloiM. Before Recorder Scott and \ldermen Living!ton and Walsh. Joint McKrow, Esq~ District Attorney. J*f?i 10,? Trial ?J Jacob V. Pattu continued.?On opening the Court this morning, C. C. Hatch was recall ed, and further examined, but nothing of importance was adduced. Mr. Doolitti.k was nest called and examined by the proiocution.?He testified a* follows:?I am an attorney, and reside in Albany. I am acquainted with the dclond unt in thin cause; 1 called upon him with Mr. Kent of this city, in the month of July or August last, and stated to him that I had called at the request of Mr. Kent for the puiposo of inquiring what he was disposed to do in regard to his indebtedness to the firm of (. lapp &t Kent; Mr. Piatt at first refused to give me any explanation or information in relation to this mattor; I then told him that if he had acted honorably, he could not consistently re fuse to give mo the explanation 1 desired; and that if he refused to give the information, it would be conclusive evidence that he had acted dishonestly, and 1 should in that case probe the matter to the bottom; the defondant then commenced to give mo an explanation, and stated that about tho last of February or the first of March, 1H4.S, he took an inventory of his stock; that about the iirst of May following, he discovered that he was not in as good circumstances as he was when he took the in ventory referred to; on inquiring ol uim in what respect, he said that his expenditures weie great, while business was very dull; he was obliged to fell his goods at a con siderable sacrifice; I then asked in in what he was worth at that time; he replied that he could net tell; I pressed him very hard to give mp some idea as to the amount, but he gave me no definite answer. On being asked whether ho was woith <.300, he replied that he could positively lay that he was worth more than that, probably $000 ; he lurther stated that he had sent goods to various auction esta blishment*, and there sold themjat a groat sacrifice in order to raise money and keep up his ciedit- Thin was about the substance of my conversation with Mr. Platto 1 ascertained that he had made an assignment of ail hia property to his father, for the alleged payment of hil in debtedness, which amouuteU to about $J,a00. Mr. Join, on being recalled by tho prosecution, de posed that he had obtained a judgment against ti.e de fendant prior to tho 1st of May; that the goods be had sold at auction wero sold previous to the a*iii| nment ol the property, and that another sale was made at the de fondant's r.tore after the assignment. Ws. Whitlock deposed as fellows?I was a clerk in the store of Messrs. Loder fc Co. in the month of May, 1H40; I know Platto, and remember his calling at the store on the 1st of May, 1846; I waited upon him. He selected upwards of $200 worth of goods, and said that he wanted n longer credit than what had been previously given him; I relerred him to Mr. Hatch, wiio was in the More at the time; I overheard a |>orUon of his conversa tion with Mr. Hatch, and recollect that he stated that he was prosperous in his business, and worth $1,300 over and above all his debU, and that be was entiiled to ai long a credit as any Albany merchant After Platto bad left the store I asked Mr. Hatch whether I should send the goods to Platto; he directed me to do so; 1 did so, marked them and sent them by the steamer Rochester, taking the clerk's receipt for the same. Mr. Ke.iT, of the firm of Clapp St Kent, deposed as fol lows?1 am a dry goods merchant and doing business in connection with Mr. ( lapp, at No. 9H Uroadway. The defendant made an application on the 'id of May, 1844, to purchase goods from us on credit, at the same time he took from his pocket a paper showing his standing at the time that ha last took an accouns of his stock, which appeared satisfactory, anil I sold him goods to the amount ol $161 on a credit of three mon ths; that bill has never been paid; he held out no inducement for me to sell hun the goods on ciedit, with the exception of showing me the paper relerred to; I went to Albany to got the amount of the note alter it became due: I saw the defendant, but had very little comei-ation with him; I looked over hia accounts, from which 1 ascertained that his indebtedness amounted to $4,71*.'. Mr. Blaxi:, of the firm of Blake it Brown, deposed aa follows?1 know I'laiio, and sold him a bill of goods on the id of May, 1S46; I bad previously sold him goods on credit, and on this occasion ho asked for an extension of credit; I inquiied of him how ho wus doing; he replied that he was doing ? prosperous busiuess, and had inade $1,200 during the past year; lust in consequence of these representations 1 was induced to sell the defendant auother bill of goods on an extended credit. At this stage of the trial the Court adjourned until to morrow morning. Court for the Correction of Error*. Present, the Lieutenant Oovernor and twenty senators. No. 17.?J L IVtndeU vs. O. C. Bronton ? Mr. Wen dell lor plaintiff in error, was heard in person; Mr. N. Hill was heard in leply. ? No. 19.?Jt. .Mun? ?i ai. v?. JL Haj?s ?Passed without prejudice. Nos. 10,10 and 19 will not be called again before Mon day. No 90.?A. A. Htmton rt eI. vs. G Rape!ft.?Mr. 8. F. Clarkson waa heard foi plaint ill in error V. S. CosuualMluiier'e Office. Striking witli ? dangtroui H'tapon.?John 8. Palmer, one ot the ciew of me American t rig Krater, was com mitted yesterday I>y the commissioner lor striking Oco. Uadsby, the mate, with a t.illet of wood, while toe vessel was lying in the harbor ol 1st Thomas in tue West In dies. Court Calendar?I'M* Day. Circuit CeuaT?9, 93, 99, 32, 36, 3, Si, 38. 38}, 39 to 44 inclusive. _ __ bir? hiok Court?41. 111, 119. #3. 110. 193,130, 108, 100, ld7, 23, 20?, 41. 00, 81, 09, 80, 72, 131, 133, 134, 136 to 140 inclusive logmen Pl?:as?1st Part.?9, 99, 93, <W, 107, 1OT. 83, 111,113 87,214 Second Part-4, 2?8. JH, 960, 369, 8, UM, 3u8, 268, MO, '161, 2?4, 288, *8t, luO, 109. Trial of Wyatt, Auburn, June 8.?At the opening ol the (JouM, Aitoiu**y (jenernl Van Bu ien appeared on betiall ol the peuplo. The counsel tor the pnsoiier inteipo.ed a chaliunge to the array ol the panel ot lt)0 jurors, returned bv the sheriff, on tho ground, first, tnat the summouera had selected Juiors la voraole to the prosecution, second, that one ol ti.e Judges had discharged two of the ftr?t panel. Urceuficld lueu and Richard hearing, of the Society of Friends, on ac count ol their conscientious sciuples to convict or a crime punishable with death. Paris <?. Clark and navid Wright. t-?<(ra., weie appointed tellers '1 he Attorney Oeneral and Mr. Reward aigued the challenges. >o ju row have as y et been aworn.?*&**?"> Jun* ' Movement* of TmrtlUri. We are agim. from the pressure of Mextaan and i.on gressional intelligence compelled to combine the return! of the two past day's arrivals iuto one report. The fol lowing is the reiuh. At the AMcaieAR ? Messrs. Dezter, Sumner, and Tucker, Phi la.; W- Osborne. Conn ; Count Badiaco. Washington; C. D. Hill, N. C.; Jno Hatr.hy, Alabama; J. I Jone? Phila.; T Hammond, Virginia; Jno Latimer. Delawa. J. Carlisle, Kort Adami; Chai and F.dwd. Osehair, Tort land; J. Olcott, Albany; Oeo. Kutull, do ; Dr. Beekman Kimlerhouk; Dr. Kceler, Phila.; F.d. begum, A. Belhoe. Mobile; Oeo. Hastings, N. V.j W. Caldwell, E. French Sine Sing; J. Morrii. Phila j A. Brousecan, N. 0.; Edw Anderson, U. 8. N. Asroa.?H. A. Monwn, N. H ; R. Baninger, M. C.; W. Chapman, Boston; J. M. Skidely, Astoria, Oregon; J. Mitchell, N. O.; W. Laird, Mobile; James Barless, Lou don; Dr. Flogg, Worcester; Jno. Kennerd, N . H.; M. Chadtn. Hartford ; Wcllt and Rice, Boston; M. Ward, Middletown; J. Todd, Maryland; G. Vadear, Havana; W. West, Phila ; 8. Bryan, Phila.; W. Magston, Wheeling; J. Reotido, Ala ; A. Bliss, Boston; ? <eo Bucklev, Valeu tia; I.. liolingi,worth, Boston; J. Field, Phila.; W. Bhop hard, Troy; W. Hop man, Baltiraoie; J. D. Joliaatoa Baltimore; Jno. Clarko, Mass.; W. Bilings, New London, J.W.Boston; W. Hulburt, Utica; J. Hawei, Mass ; D. Anderson, Scotland; J. Maxwell, Oeo ; Eugene Batahal der, T. *tanfield, England; Hon. Oeo. Evans, Main*; Ed. Beat, Phila Citv.?Mr. Harpur, Buliimore; J. Thornbv, Phila.; J. P. Skinner, Vt ; Cant Hall, Pbiia;J. W Diekson, do ; Capt. hotter, Washington; W. D Canjp. U. 8. Navy; W. Carmichael, N. J.; H.Thomas, Conn; Amos Duy, Boa ton; L. Sturtjvant, do ; J- Wadsworih, T*nnc>?'??*; Mr. Caroll, Baltimore; Kelh Hastings, Mass.; I" n, Ten nessee; J. Aiken, Trujr; Gen. McLelland, i rpont; J. Cook, ra.; Itrooh and lUlly, Phila , Maddocl ..nd Neff, do ; J. Floyd, Conn ; Q. Hailey, Boston; D. t ?uo, Flo rida; Henry Humphrey, U. 8. Consul for Egyp , Messrs. Levinston and Morrii, Phila.; Commodore Morgan, V. S. Navy; II. Caddy, Syracuse; Jas. I.orell. Hunsou; W. Park man. Boston; Lt Hagarty, U. 8. Navy; Jno Wood. Boston; E. D. Alvear. Phila. Fa**iu.i*?W. Tompkins. West Troy; J. H. Smith, Albany; M. lloft'mau, Poughkeepsle; J. Houle, Boston; C. Reynolds, Mobile, E. Foster, Albany; C. McNeil, Vt; Geo. Ilenodict, Conn ; E. Sherman, Geo ; Hills and Bis nili, Albany; Oen. Brownn, Hollidaysberry; O Welsh, Conn; C. Pratt, do ; R. Hough, do; P. Bushnell, do-; Beardiley, Edmuuon and DelTon. Phila ; C. Leeds, Staa fonl; D Golduin^- Indiana; O.Clarke, Washington co ; C. Burnham. Chenango co.. W. Dodge, Ohio; E. Greene, Conn.; C. Caldwell, Mass.; F. l'ritcliard, Conn ; J. Lyon, Miss.; H Holcomb, Albauy; H. Kirkpatrick, Phila ; Tho. Cann, Ohio. Howard.?J. Bourdouux, N. O.s J. H. F.lmore, Charles ton; J.B Staaburgin, Conn; Gilbert and Allen, Boston; S. Upton, Salem; White, Hnstinic*, Litchfield, Albany; Ilaldwyn and Williams, Pittsburg; Potter and Bigelow, Salem; S Hemenwuy, Me ; II naily. Boston; D. Wil liams, Albauy; Oardner and Haeldou, Troy: W. Hedges, Albany; W. Patterson, Phila ; R. McLune, Sl?ss.; Ewen, Gleason, Paul, Bishop, I'uila.; lion A. Smith C.; H. Drigetou, .Mais.; R. Evans, Phila ; Jamus Dav'Albany; W. Rice, Phila.; James Uariy Boston; C Itoale, Nor wich; J. Stevens, Boston; .1 'iaf, r, c.\ J. Hovey.do.; J. Cummings, do.; D Walls, Giecalield; C. Frothingham, Albany; E. W. Bell, Boston America* Steamers o.i the Oronoc" ?We have conversed with n pentleniRn, who ima re ceived a letter from CoL Adams, United State) Consul at Laguayra, Venezuela, giving an account of an enter prize of great importance, about to be entered into In that country. It seems that, during the last year, tha Covernment of that Republic advertised in the peaers at aracas, propo-ing to grant tha exclusive privilege of navigating the river Oronoco, with steamers, to such persons or company, as would stipulate to put steamers in operation there within a given time Tais notiee at traded the attention of Vespasian tills, Esq, then Charge d'Afftin of the I'nited States at Caracas; he in vestigated tho subject, and became convinced that such a grant would be immensely valuable, and immediately communicated his wlllinguass to engage in the entail prise, if liberal terms should be conceded in the pro posed grant. Ho was at onco given to understand, tnat the grant would be made to hun, and on uuch terms, aa should be flxod on by himself, nn l commissioners ap pointed by the government Commissioners have beea recently empowered in due form, to make the contrast with Mr. Kliis, who, through his agent in Caracas, haa obtained the grant, since his return to the I'nited States. It is stated that the grant is exclusive, for the period of twenty-two years to Mr. Ellis, and his assigns, aud he has the privilege of firewood and timbe :?<??? the go vernment lands bordering on tho river, during t'.e whole term. The boats, machinery, and other property en gaged in the navigation, are to be free from all taxee or contributions to the government, and an ample gnarate tee is given for tha protection of said property. Eighteen months are allowo<f Mr. Kills to fulfil his stipulations. The Orouoco is one of the largest rivers in South Ameri ca, and is navigable 1500 or liOOO miles, and tta borders contain the rictiest lantls on the South American conti nent. It is the natural outlet for the prodaetiene at threo-fotirths of Venezuela, a large part of western Bra, zil, and of the eastern part of New Granada; Its head waters reaching to a point within 100 miles of BogoUL Mr. Ellis proposes to ronsi a company, with a capital at some three hundred thousand dollars, to send two or three steamers to Angostura, for the purpose of naviga ting the Oronoco and branches, and to form a oonmar cial connection with New Orloans, by means of three or four large schooners, to run from this port to Angos tura ?X. 0? Tropic, Junt 2. Indian Council op the Cattabacuu# Reserva tion.?The general Council of the Senocn Nation wu, we had beeu arranged, opened at the Cattaraugus Reservation on the 3d of thi* month, and waa continued daily until Hnturday laiit, v. hen it waa closed. The Coun cil was largely attended,and representations were present from the Allegany, Cattaraugus and Tonnawanda Reser vations. Theio Were present also, Hon. O. W. Clinton, Commissioner on tho part of the United States, Hon. Judge Love, Mr. Osborne, the lr. H. Agent of the Beneca Nation, and a committee ol men and women, Frlenda^rom the yearly meeting*. ?!?? have fur some year* past e* tended cure to these Indians. In this Council many iuo Jects of high import to these people were opened and fully discuHsed, the Indiana taking ? large part is the deliberation on matters brought before the Assembly; and we understand the business was finally brought to ? close in a manner generally satisfactory to the parties concerned. It ?fll probably be remembered that at the Council last year the Friends advisod them to withdraw their females from field labors and employ them her* utter in tho more appropriate business connected with their domestic affairs?this they agreed to, and have to a considerable extent already done. One chief deolared he did believe and always had believed, women were not only better, but wiser than men; and he trusted their women herealter, would be placed in a position to exer cise tho valuable qualifications which (Jod had given them, and be permitted to unite in the general and social concerns of tho nation.?Buffalo Commercial ?2d?erKeer, June. 3. The Latf. Steamboat Accidsat.?The Natchtx Courier of the 2Dth tilt, contains the pa 'iculnrs of the late accident to the steamboat Queen ? '.y, Captain Thomas 8. Uugan, to which we alluded < Saturday. She had on board about 100 German umigia* "a, six of whom wore killed, viz Caroline and W m. O.hring, Mrs. Barbiere Kuhre ; a young woman Whoso name waa not known, and two daughters of Mr. 8tcickier. Some half dozen persons jumped overboard when the explo sion took place, only one of whom reached the shore, fbe following persons were badly scalded John Kah re ; Waiburgdering, wile and child ; J. Brod backer j Domonic Baritte, of Madion county, la.; Ilonomiee* steionloi and wile; Henry Fraud, wife and child; J. Bender, Benedict Morkmier, Andrea Yonker, Cicely Hotfateadter and child ; Ilansmillor, wile and Ova chil dren ; Mrs. Kolmcrand child ; J. Miller and four chii dren ; Johanna Leiar, besides many othere slightly In jured. ihc Courier rays that complaints against the captain weie loud and earnest, and the feeling against hisa among many of the citizens was that of stroug resent ment It was said that be did not give proper attention to the sufferers, and it is certain Unit early yesterday aa officer in search of him could not find hiui. He had aa creted himself so that the ordinary process of law could not be served upon him. ANCIENT AND MODERN BOOKS. rpilE HUBfW;KIBKR has openedI aa ettr^.,.s establtsh X mem. in the large basemen: > f No ?*. Jt.no street, for the sale ol valuable Books, U e*s;? departaieat of haMaa knowledge, art, and though' He has aecamulated a t?s sider.ible collection of works, msny of wluch axe carious and rare; and all, mors or less, of treat va'ae. He intends SB sell exclusively for cash, and to have no rival whate' r la tls* smtlliicsa of his profits, and the lownesa of bis 'rice*. His stock will be constantly augmented by the i>u,>-ias? of pfj Til# libraries, or of imallir collwoooi of btmnt. Ht will buy every work, aneiaat or modem, to which value is at tached, by anv sect or party, lb every rtepertnv-.i ol litera ls re, scieace aud art, and in all Unga-fea. Ha hopes, there fore,to make his establishment an agreeable reeovt for the Bibliomaniac, the Antiqearian. the Divine, uw Lawyer, the Artist, Slid man of letters, and seisnce feaerafl y; eech of whom will mret with choice works, in hie owe panic alar walk, at the lowest possible pnos. He, therMDre. tavites all litersry persons lo pay him a visit, aud jadga fer tbeauelres. He hss, likewise, a lar?e quantity ol lereiga and aaMve Music, foi the Piaun Forte and other lastrvmeata, tor waieh he will ttuuik any oue who may want It. to give bias ?a?*eir the luwast price charged by the very cheapest seller m the city. It will be sold in any qaanuty. . JOHN 1)0 VLE, Bookseller. mrM lai*rre M Jnha street. New York. MAY STATEMENT. THF. MUTUAL BF.NLFIT UFMINSUKANCE CO, No II Walt atreet, isseed, duriug tlie monthef May, m u?w_ Policies, vi*.:- . _ - , * Teefhers ' hdi'ionand Printers'.. 5 P?l,lie Officer ?????? ? 8r? t Mart nrrs J Farmers ? No. Lives laeared.. *1 ROBT. L. PATTLRSON. rieesdeat. B. C. Mn Lra, Heretary. t ,irH L. Loan, Agent jas.Hr r.waar, M.D., Medical Kiammer, I , _ .. . No Ml Broadway t Je* eodlw?re iNUiiCfe. DR. VAN ZANDTH celebrated Health lUejovertve, AjU Dyspeptic and Ann-Billions Csshartie PilW, afesoldaj Wyatl ll K etebum's, U1 Fmltoe street rrlee ?_eea?s per %ea. '? ?