Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 12, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 12, 1846 Page 1
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in ?ri r - - * ' ii"' ? * ? ?~ - ? i - ---i in nil ^tt mi THE NEW YORK HERALD. Val. XXL. He. 16??VVlu>ta lo. ?3#a. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING. JUNE 12, 1846. AFFAIRS WITH MEXICO, Mexican Account of the Battle of Palo Alto. The Internal Condition of Hexloo. NEWS FROM UPPER CALIFORNIA. Threatened Attack npon Captain Fremont. MILITARY PREPARATIONS, fce. &e. &e. ?peOM Correspondence of tbe K. Y. Herald. U. 8. Siiir Cyans:, April 39,18W.) Mazatlan, Mexico. ) We have juit returned to this place, after en absence of M Jays, having performed a voyage of 7000 mile*. We went direct to the port of Honolulu, on the island of Oahu, " Sandwich I dan da We stopped there six day*?had a pleasant passage, end ? delightful time whilst there. We then went to Monterey, in Upper California?our passage was very boisterous?my visit here was very interesting . A large immigration ia beieg made here by our citizens. I saw wagons and oxea from Missouri?oue-half of the town of Monterey is made up of Araerioans, and they are likely rery soon to outnumber the Mexicans, who are beooming very jealous of their numbers. The soil and climate which has been so lauded, is, in my opinion, all that has been said of it. Cattle graze the year round, and the grain crop* yield well. The information that I received ef the country. causes me to think that the lands on the Bay of St. Francisco, and the River Sacramento emptying inte it. affords the best soil?it is In latitude 38* north, and the climate, judging from what we found at Monterey, ISO miles south otit, is the most deilrable I have ever Veen in. The soil and climate of California is ? referable to Oregon, and tho vnlley of the Sacremento i more in the direct line ef emigration from the United ?tales, as the great and best pass across the mountains, affording a wagon track, is near itishead waters. If this country should ever become American property by an nexa ion or otherwise, I shall seriously think of becom ing a resident. The territory of Upper California is equal to twelve such states as Ohio. The estimated population of the whole territory is as follows:?10 000 Mexicans, 30,000 Indians, and 1,?00 Americans, who are chiefly set tled near Monterey, and in the valley of the Sacremcnto. Their physical force is now greater than the Mexicans, and, in oase of any difficulties, they could undoubtedly take possession of the country ; for, they are chiefly the finest specimens of eur backwoodsmen, brave and enter prising?they are suffering greatly by the Mexican rule Circumstances came near bringing this about in Janu Taptain Fremont of our army, commanding a identifies, topographical and exploring party, arrived w thin a few miles of Monterey, and encamped upon ah.ghpo.ntof land, and he came alone Into Monterey to commumoate with our consul, fee. He waited upon the authorities. to whom he itated the object of hit visit. They received him civilly ; but ?oon wrote him, ordering him out ot the country, and threatened him with hostilities, end im mediately issued a proclamation for the citizens to take anas to eject him?styling his party a band of outlaws.? They mustered about 200, and drew their forces to his viciaitv be strongly fortified himself, and was kept ad vised of the Mexican movements by Mr. Larkin, our oonsul. To one ef Mr. Larkin's letters, Captain remout replied, the knowledge that they uwe corresponding created great suspicion on the peit oQ(jha Mexicans. 1 o relieve wmself from whloh, Mr. LarkiJ^rmitted the au thorities to take a copy of Capt Fremont s letter, '"btth was, in every respect, a very proper one, saying that he had strenly posted his party numbering about 50, and would wait their attack: that he had hoisted American colors?had oommitted no aggression or offence to the country, or any individual?that his objects were tifi" and peaceful ; but, if attacked, he was to defend himself, and would aak no quarter. Tne Mexi cans. in translating this last clause, erroneously, or ra ther pompously, rendered it that no quarter would be Civenlandthey had the letter prmtod in this way. and a copy sent to the general government at the city of Mex ico Capt I- lemont waited several days, but ihey did not eoo It to attack him, and he left Upon the site of his earn* was found the tent poles and eome worthless articles. Vpon this, the Mexicans issued a flaming proclamation that he had made a precipitate re boat leaving his camp furniture, kc-, with great brava ill the Americans were of opinion that the Mexicaiie iii M> jBAaa to attack him ; but if they had, he would have been Jolne? by the Americans, and tho country would hare soon been in their hands. An account of this aflfcir may not have reached the United ttates, ex cept through the Mexicans, who will, no doubt, do great injustice to Capt. Fremont Therefore, if the Mexican Soount thould be published, it might bo well to coun t&Mnt it hr BQbUshinff this statement. I lercot to mention that we learaed at Monterey that tho Hudson flay Company in Oregon, have voluntarily placed themselves under the laws of the Americans, such as they have enacted for their temporary government? This u no doubt so, for it came l'rom an agent of the Hudson Bay Company. MEXICAN ACCOUNT. TFrom the New Orleans Courier, June 0.] Th4 Dimrie announces that despatches were rswved from Upper California, stating that a party of United States dragoons, commanded by Captain Fremont, had nrinreechia Monterey?end the commandant general Wt them at the heUof^m.troop. they had fled in a cowardly manner, and taken retuge in the mountains. [This is another impudent lie, "???"ted by the Mexican officer* and propagated l?t>tcirnowspa pars, which will impose upon no one who th* true state of things. The whole number of men in Cap tain Fremont's expediUon, whose scientific, was 80-and that includes . ew^rrttobodjr tha commsndant of Upper California, as fcUo ws: "That officer, (Captain Fremont) dieregarding th<e laws of the republic, and failing in respect to the ?"thoriUes of the country, entered the territory of the department with a eonsiderable force, and under the pretext of a acientiflc miseion from his government, disobeyed the order 1 gave him to retire, repaired to the top of a ?oun. tain nine leagues distant from this town 0 ^ ?>.?, . verbal reply to tho message I sent him by a mUita ryofficer\ than U>at he waa determined not to obey the order to retiio; and that ho would remain on the spot, where he had made the necessary preparations to resist all the force that might march against him. Indlcnant at such a haughty answer, and in conjunc tion ?th the authorities of this place, the whole popu lation assembled at the quarters of the commandant, with the most lively enthuniaam. After organising a detachment of 18? men, I marched to the neighborhood of the place where the said Fremon had fortified himself, when he had the eudacitytohoist the American lag I waa ready to attack hto on ?? night of the 10th, when that officer, favored by the dark nose abandoned the fortification, precipitately, no doubt, beoawo we there found, on the following day. several iron utensils and other articles belonging to his men - Seeking to discover the direction be had taken, it was impossible to And any traces of his march. The foregoing is a lair specimen of Mexican falsifica tioa. Tho eommandant admits that ho had ISO men, licked from the whole population of the department The whole number ef souls with Fremont was 60?in cluding non-combatants. The commandant came into the vicinity of their camp, and lot them escape without firing " shot: What a gallant commandant'. Jturi, May 18, ^4fl. The news brought by to-day's mail informs us of the state of things with you, and of the effort made to supply Gen Taylor with volunteers I consider It right enough; and heio we are no less disposed to raise ail possible means of giving our neighbors what they deserve. Thero isacarcely a Mexican who is not willing to take up arms and resi?t the unjust attack of the usurpers tor ?t cart i can aasure you that I am ready and disposed to aSS every drop of my blood In defence of our coun. try, so baseTy an<f out. ..geou.ly treated by the United ^fly'an arrival at Vera Crut on the l?th. we learned that our a "y met Oen Taylor s near Matamoras. and were very successful, killing, wounding, and taking pnsoners a considerable number ol the Americans. . The country it in a miserable condition of intestine re ?volution. The people are divided into nusnerous parties Home wish Senta Anna to return; others claim a Federal Xrnmenti ?d not a few of them wUh to place Al raonte in the Presidential teat Bat every one of them I"? t one sinxle and predominant object; to speculate ud make themlilves rich, either fobbing and de stro\ ing t.ie nation, or by any other ma*is Oa?Mthing we have in our favor at present, and that is, that raredis is not an avaricious man, whoee thirst for riches cannot iT'^hed. He has not robbed the people and the country as moat of his predeeessors have don'. The Consul Oeneral of Spain, Oato ( on-til at your city ) lienor Munot y Junes, arrived hew ? tew days ago, on his way to the capital, where he is at Pr??*nt ^will probably go to that city mjweif in a week or two, and will then give you every information which I consider wiU be looked upon with interest Vraa Caus, May M, 1M#. Oreat things, and strange ones, too, have taken place since 1 last wrote to you on the 94th t*?t. I w|11 com mence giving you iuiormation of our local affairs, that is, ? Atow'daya ago we received the first accounts, here of the commencement of hoatilities between the American trueps and our army near Matamoras. The despatches from Uen. ArisU contain details which are very J"1"' lag to our arms ; we have keen victorious. Gen. ?rmv?; commanding general of the Eastern Department, was ordeied to raise a civic militia : but the ciuxens answer ed that as they had not the right of voting or bal?S elected for the constituent deputies, according to the ?? law of convocation," dt ctnvocattri*) they could not bo called upon to take anna la the defence of the country ? onsequently the only peraoM they have been ablo to recruit are among the iarochos (country people of mixed race, half Inuiar.e.) who are of little usc.as they mi?? a cowardly set of beings. Tbr c ommknder of the John Adams, off this port, de clared its blockade on the 18th. stating it by writing on the roll ?f the Yucatan schooner Joven Vernaodo, but he hes not sent the corresponding netio* to tho dii%ro?l consuls of the neutial nations, nor has he done it to the ? 'ijurcity^s'assuming a warlike appearance. San Juan de Uloa ii in sn excellent state of defence, and every | thing in perfect (order to begin operation* In ease ol need. Our streets are prominuded day and night by the 1 band* of mutic and recruiting officer*, railing volun teen ; and the cries of " Death to the Yankees ! Death I to the usurpers !" echo in every direction?(Mutran lot ' Yankii ! Mueran lot viurpadom !) Notwithftanding 1 this, our government ha* acted as politely awl courte ously a* circumstances will allow. As to the interior, it is quite a different affair altogeth er. (ien. Parades seems determined to dishonor the post which he undeservedly occupies ; and he endeavor* to conceal his proceeding by carrying on a war with the United States. Seeing the just and reasonable opposition of the public press against the improper acts of the government. Gen. Paredes, in conjunction with his excellent friend the bi goted Castillo Lanzas, Minister of Foreign Relations, has Sublished his last decree, (or given hi* last kick) against le freedom of the press; ordering that " every writer, printer, editor, or whosoever interferes with the publica tion of a newspaper, and even the printing office and the implements in it, are liable to be taken up by the govern ment, should they in any or the alightest manner contra vene the government orders, by publishing such writings as will prove injurious to the government, or any discus sion about forms of government." As I mentioned before, lienor Oeiostiza aoeepted the appointment of Miaister of finance, under the special condition that the monster law of convocation should be reformed ; but after he was at his post, the good gentle man seems to have forgotten every thing about It, and only attended to railing ? loan of two million* of dollars on the funds of 36 per cent As soon a* this was carried into effect, and he pecketed the proceeds,he resigned,and. was permitted to do so. Consequently that post was va cant for some days, and Senor Castillo Lanzas took charge of it until Don Francisco Iturbe was appointed. He ao cepted the office witnout hesitation, and aoted in the most foolish and unwise manner, sis he ordered to stop the pay ment of the publie debt. He has rednced the salaries of one-fourth of the civil tmployiet (this by a decree of Mtutapha Parades,) overrated the Ascemblies of the dif ferent Departments with $30,000 per month for one year's time ; disposed of the fund* of the " Commercial Club of Mexico," which is a private property ; and ha* asked a loan of $2,000,000 from the clergy of this country, who are the richest class of its population. All this he has done, it is said, with the object of carrying on the war with the United States ; but that is the covering veil, for what they pretend to spend for the war they are pocket ing, in order to retire in peace, regardless oi the condition in which they leave the country. 1 had almost forgotten to mention that during the short time that Senor Castillo Lanza* bad charge of the affairs of Gnxnce, he took $12,000 for himself, on account of $34,000 which is due him. If this is done by a man who attends mass every day, and goes to confeasion every week, what must we expect ot those who never think about their prayers. This most pious individual cares a Ereat deal for his country, because he lives upon it; and sing rich and in a high'post, his patriotic feelings induce him to pocket what he needs not, while they are raising money to carry on the war, and the poorer class of em ployee/ can scarcely get apart of their pay sufficient to support their starving families. The Assembly of our Department presented a petition to the government, asking of it to revoke the law of con vocation; but the government answered by giving pri vate instructions to Senor ?chagarry to commit to prison the honorable members of the ^hamblia. The order was not obeyed by Senor E., as he had better tense than those who dictated it. He saw that it would only tend to make it worse. Seeing which, the government replied to the Assembly, that it had no power to consent to their petition, but that their request would be presented to the Supreme Congress, as soon as it should meet. I mentioned in my last that Senor V icente Garcia Tor res, the owner of the printing office where several of the papers of Mexico are published, had been arrested and ?eu? to San Luis Potosi. Recently, the editor of El Tt lintafo de PuebU hus shared the same fate; but ho ha been imprisoned in the jail of that city, and not ordered out 01 It. A good trick is being played at thi? moment, directed by the Minister of War and Marine, 9enor Jote Maria Tornel y Mendivil. He ia aware of the great influence which Hanta Anna atill holds on the greatest part of the armv; and consequently he has addressed several letters to the chief and principal officers who, he thinks, are of the greatest consequence, proposing at the next meeting of Congress to present a bill providing for the return of Santa Anna to Mexico, again to be placed at the head of the government But this is nothing but a rascally in trigue, carried on with the object to avoid a yronunca mente, which may prevent the meeting of Congress, whose principal object, it is known, will bo to support the idea of establishing a monarchical government. Senor Tornel is undoubtedly a talented man, but, Ma chiavelli-like, he only makes use of it to do mischief, and he. as well as Baja Paredes, are writing friendly let ters to Santa Anna at Havana, whilst they are only en deavoring to bring him here once more in order to treat hint in the way in which Iturbide was treated. But 1 do not balieva that the cunning nnd intelligent Santa Anna will allow them to make a tool of him; nor will ho deli ver himself np to two of his most fierce enemies; for both Paredes and Tornel are his enemies. General Don Juan Alvarez has instigated the Indians oi Ometepec, Chilapa, Costa-Chica, Coata-Orande, Olinala and Huainiapam to revolt,at whose head he placed himself. His motto is "Fed eration or Death." Gen. Don Joaquin Rea ia charged with the order of checking this revolution, pronunca menta, and he is constantly sending his despatches to the government, showing that it is almost impossible to pro ceed in his efforts, much leu if he does not get reinforce ments, ammunition and money immediately?but as to the latter part?money?our government is always in great need, and I think that General Kea will be ouliged to wait a long while, and get none after ail. A revolution haa also made its appearance in the do Sartment of Honor*, and it ia said to nave originated in a ifference in the tribes. Mkhoacan, it ia said, has also declared in favor of General Alvarez, and his son is one of the chiefs who carry on the revolution. The elections for military doputie*, have taken place ia Mexico, and unfortunately nearly all those appointed are of the monarchical party, among whom 1 notice at 7th elected Don Lucaa Alaraan, the man who sold him self to the enemies of eur Republic. One of the chiefs of the monarchicala?probably the first among them?baa lately departed this life?h .? was the Archbishop Don Manuel Posada y Garduno. The appointment of a mercantile deputy did not take place last month as it was expected. Consequently General Parade* lus ordered that five of the electors should make the appoint nont, or otherwise pay a fine of $100 each. But these electors are rich folks, and they would prefer to pay $A00 each rather than do an act of injustice, such as our most excellent President ad inte rim, wishes them to do. MEXICAN ACCOUNT OF THE BATTLE OF PALO ALTO, fcC. [From the New Orleans Picayune, June 3] In regard to the loan attempted to be raisad from the clergy of Mexico, we have the official letter of the Mi nister of the Tieasury, Senor Iturbe, dated the 13th. be fore the news of the actions of the 8th aud 9th could have been received. It sets forth the grievous necessity of money for the war, and urges the duty of the clergy to submit to the hardship forced upon all by the natienal ca lamities. He tells tne Archbishop that the government ha* appropriated all revenues which ?were mortgaged, suspending, without exception, all payments to its cre ditors ; that it withheld a fourth part of the salaries of all its emplnyiti; that all classes were called upon to make sacrifices, and the clergy must not be exempt. He then calls for a loan of $3,400,000, payable in twelve monthly instalments, commencing the 30th June. The Archbishop is called upon to partition the loan among the various bodies of the clergy. On the 16th the Archbish op replied that he had summoned an ecclesiastic conven tion to meet that morning, before whom the matter would be laid ; and that he would cooperate, to the extent of his powers " in a war in which were at stake the two pre cious objects of Mexicans, its indepen(fence and its reli gion." The next we hear of the loan is an announce ment in El Rtpuhlicano, of the 31st, that 'he metropoli tan churches could not contribute the $98,000 a month al lotted to them, aa the total of their revenues will fall short of that sum. The same paper states that the collec tion of such sums as are aasigued to the other churches is utterly impracticable,in the present ruinous state of the tithes and the general depreciation of ecclesiastical pro perty. This disappointment wilt prove, according to all accounts, very injurious to the government. The wealth of the clergy had bean relied upon as the ultimate re source of the government in(its emergencies. Whether the disap|>ointment will be total, however, wa are too little informed to pronounce. If it be, it will prove fatal to the administration of' Paredes. The garrison of Tepic had pronounced against the go vernment. but according to the IMario It had marched directly into Sinaloa, because the citizens of Tepic bad refused to take part in the movement. Tepic is a town in Guadalajara, only a few miles from the port of flan Bias. As the report of an imuriection at Mazadsn reach ed us at the same time as the action of the garri?on of San Bias, we infer that the movement was a concerted pne, and that a formidable rebellion may reasonably be expected in Sonora. The disturbances in the south of Mexico, are attribu ted by the different journala to different causes. Accor ding to some it is but a war of castes; according to others, the grita is for federalism and Santa Anna .Many have been arrested on sasnicion of being implicated in the dissensions; and that they of a ve.y grave na tura, there can be no doubt, that it is connected with S"?? ,?e,nk / - which is by degrees developing itself in those departments of Mexico fyin* on the Pact w?lh'"k * ? reasonable conclusion, of the nature of it, the Mexican paper* leave ua in the dark. The sei zure of the armament which was deitlnc<Lfor California was no doubt one of the ramifications of axtanaiva com binations. In the papers of the 31st Mar, is announced the ar rest of six eminent citizens of Mexico, with a view to an examination of their private correspondence by the government The measure ia denounced as a tyrannical one in itself, and particularly in a time when the go vernment should strive to conciliate the sympathies of all classes. The papers of an earlier data contain the names of parties suspected and arrested, or ordered to be arrested. Intercepted correspondence of Alvarez had led to many of those arrests. Wo cannot pretend to give the names of the parties, but the number ol them proves the extent of the dissatisfaction with the administration Letters have been received in Mexico from Chihua hua, announcing that two AmeiVto officer* had presen ted themselves near a presidial garrison, saventy leagues from the city of Chihuahua, and having encountered a soldiar of the garrison, they obtained from him a minute account of the force which was maintained there, and how many inhabitants and soldiers couU bo drawn from the department to defend the city.' Upon leaving him, they mai'e him a gratuity, an.' announced that they would return in a Tew days w. .1 a strong force. We And these details in the Ml Rtpuhlicana La Vox i* Miekoacan say* that Gen. Hernandez did ac tually attempt to revolutionize that Department under order* from Gen. Aivarei, but that ha railed and wa* taken prisoner and lent to Mexico. The previous report was that he was convinced of hi* error, and had volunta rily given in his adhesion to the Central Government. So far we wrote yesterday! before the closing of the mail for the Last, and now resume our examination of the Mexican paper*. They claim positively that the number gf the killed and wounded on the part of the Americans was more considerable than that of the Mexican*. Oeneral Arista sets down the force of the Mexicans in the action of the 8th at 3000 men and twelve pieces of artillery ; our num bers are stated to have beeu 3000 men, more or less, with great superiority in artillery. The destruction by our artillery is represented to have been severe. Over three thousand shot* nre said to have been fired at the Mexi can* by our artillery, between 9 o'clock P. M , and 7 in the evening, when the battle closed. The Mexicans in the same time discharged seven hundred and fifty shot* from their artillery. The Mexican loss on the 8tn is set down at 369 killed, wounded and missing?and they claim te have retained possession of the field of battle. We have not the description of the action of the 9th by Oeneral Arista, a? we had supposed in our haste, but we have by a journal friendly to him. His position 1* re presented to have bsen gallantly forced, notwithstanding the repeated charges of the Mexican cavalry, tho last ot which wu headed by Arista in person, and during which they actually " cut to pieces two entire compa nies of the Americans.'' The loss of the Americans i* still represented as fuperior to that of the Mexican*. The papers make very patriotic appeals to all good citizens to come up now to the rescue of the country. Kven Ed llepuhlieano olalms that " the Preeldent is mak ing and will make new eflTort*. a* great a* the emergen cy requires.'' It urges all to make the sacrifice* wl iich will be demanded, and appeals to the Congress about to assemble, to sustain the war at every possible hazard It recommends th? putting asido of personal dissensions, and denounces those who would resort to foieign inter vention to bring about a peace. El Republicano praises Arista for the personal gallan try he displayed in action, and hopes yet to see his name associated with victories. " The general who has fought valiantly with the foreign enemies of his country has a ?olid title to the love of his fellow citizens." The following from an address to the citizens of Coahu ila by Oeneral vanquez is too exquisite a specimen of fanfaronade to be lost " My friends, I will only inform you that at this mo ment in Matamoras our cannon has already thundered, and that our worthy and excellent General-in-chief of the division, Don Mariano Arista, and all the valiant sol diors under his command, amid smoke and dust and death, are hewing with their swords and moistening with their heroic blood the crown which is to immortalize our au gust country, on the day when it* treacherous enemies shall bite the soil which they hove sought to pilfer from us, tic. lie. ate.!!!" The Regular Army, GENERAL ORODR8,1 Heao<)uabt?:ks or the Abut, ? ( Adjutant Genebal's Oppice, I fw 2' ? WasHinotopi, June 4, 1846. . Captains ,nd ?uhalteras of " The regiment of fbMow* ? have be?" assigned to eompaniei, a* Compart A.?Captain William W. Loring, 1st Lieut Andrew J. Lindsay, 2d Lieut. Robert Murray Morris. Compant B ?-Captain Winslow F Sanderson. lat Lieutenant Noah Newton. 3d Lieut Llewellen Raguet. Compamt C ?i;aptain Samuel H. Walker, lit Lieut. Benjamin S. Roberta, ad Lieut. George McLane. t-T. D TCJP,ain Henry c. Pope, lit Lieut Thoa. fc-well, 2d Lieut. Tuomas Claiborne, jr. i .CoM*'"r Captain George B. Crittenden, lat Lieut Llewellen Joies, lit Lieut Spear 8. Tipton, 3d Lieut Lnarles L. Denman i?AHr K?TV,,lUin 8t?*ens T. Maaon, lat Lieut An drew Porter, 3d Lieut Thomas O. Rhett ?:. .JA1T " ~^?Pt?'n John S Simonion, l?t Lieut. Wll liam W. Taylor, 3.) Linut. Francis 8 K. ltunwell Company H.?4 aptain Jacob B. Backenstoss, 1st Lieut. Thomas Duncar, 3a Lieut. Thomas Davis Io7|cai,trJ1 ,UeI",,V Hu?hM. Lieut. John *er' M L|e??' Julian May m ?rK ?8t*Ph*? 8. Tucker, lat Lieut. Michael E. Van Buren, 3d Lieut Washington L Elliott r rl.i'uSI^0/8 BurbridP" will .uperiDUnd the re cruiting of the regiment, to whom the capteina and sub alterns will report far instructions without delay at Ka"tuokJr- wher? he will eatable his fcad quarters for the present Companiea C and K will be enn,>"lv,^ia' Maryland, Virginia and Texas, under the special instructions already communicated J,?iT?^e general's office. The other companies w ill be recnited by their officers In the Stales of Tennes '??'. Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri at such places as ma. best insure success, to be designated ort^n<i ^ 'be superintendent ? ,oUve' respectable men of the conutrr, not under nineteen, nor over thirty-five years of age, will be enlisted; of good size and figure, and whose early pursuits in life may beat qualify them for the duties cU Jf lVar* 0' moun,ed ?o'diers.? See the lUth ?r? ?Ji . 5 establiahed recruiting regulations will be strictly observed, and all the wquirSd returns must? ir wfnlhE mont,hlJr ??"l semi-monthly reports, he., will be regularly made, and promptly transmitted through the superintendent, to the adjutant general, who will furnish the requisite funds, blanks, lie ?80e Abmv 747UkcATIOf"' Jlrticl* Paragraphs 66?, 679, to V. The colonel and lieutenant colonel will repair to Jefferson barracks aa soon as the special service in which Uiev are now engaged will permit, where the regiment ? ln,trVcted' and equipped, for aerrice in the field by the earlieat day practicable The cap taina and subalterns will repair to their recruiting sta tions without delay, and derote their undivided attention to the service upon which they are about to enter. Uripobm.?VI. The "undress of the United States regiment of mounted riflemen," ahaU, for the present be the same as that for the dragoona?except, 1 1 the bJut'on> waiat-belt plate, shaU bear the letter R, instead of the letter I). d,rk b??? cloth, with a stripe of black cloth down the outer aeam, odged with yellow , Th? Matt cap to be ornamented with a gold em shield eag e' with th? 1*tt*r R in silver, on the 4th. The eath to be crimson ailk. vided)tVing' for coat according to pattern, (to be pro The " undrtit" will be the only uniform required to ,.Torn y regiment until further orders. "Ekoiwjcib Soldiebs."?VII. Sergeant'e cost?dark blue, single breasted, one row of nine buttons at equal distance ; a small pocket covered by a flap on the right side for carrying percussion capa ; the collar of black cotton velvet, with a aingle button and loop on each aide three and one eighth inches long, of one and three eighths inch yellow worsted lace, allowing tho black facing to show through ; cuff of black cotton velvet, to have three buttons or loops on the slash aleeve, confoiming in pat tern to that of a captain ; lace yellow worsted; in ail other respects the coat to be after the pattern of an a*, tillery sergeant's. Two wonted epauletts corresponding in pattern with those of a captain. 7Vou?*r#?light blue mixture like those of artillery and infantry, with black cotton velvet stripe one and one half inches wide on the outer seam. First sergeants to wear a red aaah. Corpora/'!?same u , sergeant's, excepting that there will be two buttons and loope on the slashsleeve, con forming to the pettern ef sleeve for the subalterns. Trovttri?blue mixture with a black welt in the outer seam. Two epaulett* of the pettern of subalterns, and same material as sergeanta. Privatee?same as corporals, except that instead of epauletts, a shoulder strap of the pattern of the artillery will be worn on each shoulder. Musicians?same as privates, excepting that the coat will be of red cloth lined with white. Pompon, black worsted, spherical, three inches dia meter; tulip, like that ef the artillerv. Schako, same pettern as that of the artillery; bearing de'ts w ? 0Ter * ,lk? th" worn by the ca SMI jacket, far.k blue, with collar and buttons like those of the uniform coat; a pocket for percussion caps, covered by a flap on the right side; in other respects to conform to the artillery pattern White cotton ,Ml jacket, like that of the artillerv with the button of the engineer soldiers, and with a percussion canrocket aa in the woollen shell jacket Woollen troweere, light blue mixture with black welt in outer seam. White troueere tor summer, like those of the other corps. ( anvas overalls, to be drawn over the other trousers for work ing in. Forage Cap?band of blabk cotton velvet, with a yel low castle in front, according to drawing and pattern in clothing bureau. Great coat-artillery pettern, with the button of the engineer soldier*. Button?yellow metal, convex; device, a castle and flyer In relief? bright, on a ground deadened by perai bureaiT*' *ccordin* 10 dr,w'n? *ail pattern in clothing Two sizes?large?diameter 76-100 inch, smaller, " 6 10 inch. By command of Major-General Scott. R. JONES, Adutant General. Military Movements. TMB UNION. The several companies of Baltimore volunteers, under Lieut. Col. Watiaa, were removed from their quarters in this city yesterday to Fort Washington, preparatory to their embarcation for the Southern Army. The steam ship Massachusetts, now lying at Alexandria, has been chartered by the Government to take the whole batta lion to the Rio Grande ? Sat. Intel. June II. U. 8. Mounted Riplembiv ?We learn that Lieut Mc Lane is going on very successfully, in recruiting men for Company C. of the new regiment of Mounted Rifle pen- A preference is given to first rate, able bodied horsemen. We have no doubt that when this Company ?of which the gallant Texan Ranger Walker, is Captain . '?? position in line, it will compare advantageous ?y with any other in the regiment The recruiting sta tion is at No. 7 Lombard street.?Baltimore *1n. June ll . Louisiana . 1 he following is the number of volunteer* raised in Louisiana for the Mexican war ^VH!n?,onR??,m?>t.?? Gaines' Regiment 745 V I ??8#1 Artillery Bsttnlion 3M 1?. , r* '7* "eneraf and Start 7 Montezuma lirgiment. 74| National Guards 810 Grand total 4M4 Uut ri* regiments were ,fmcVf !wo between the uofsrnor s proclamation and call, (which was four r*wi menu only,) and the publication ofThen^ethitT. recruiting was impended. To the lift might with pro priety be added a regiment of 1U00 mounted gunmen, the organization of which was nearly complete when coun termanded by the War Department It ii proper alio to cay, that, when the enlistment was suspended, many vo lunteer* were (till coming forward. Tne Legion hnd al ready proffered their services. So that it ii safe to put down 7000 men as available in the Statu. TUii number ii one-fourth of the voting population of the State; equiva lent to 131,000 men from the State of New York, or 706, 000 from the entire Union. The number actually sent into the field by Louisiana is In proportion of one in five, and three-fifths of her voting population , equivalent to 90,000 men from New York, or to the enormous aggre gate of 604,000 for the Union ; developing a degree of military strength in the Republic that may well surprise its friends ana startle its enemies. MISSOURI. Official information, we learn, hu been received from Washiiyton city, that the services of the whole of the twelve hundred volunteers called for from this State, un der the requisition of General Gaines, and the order 6f

Governor fcd wards, have been accepted by the govern ment. This leaves no room to deubt that the St. Louis Legion will be sent South from New Orleans It is a matter of regret that the information did not reach here in time to prevent the return of the volunteers from the Missouri river to their homes. It would have saved them much mortification?St. Louis Hep June 1. It is understood that the following equipments are no cessary for the Santa Fe Volunteers : For the Men?One forage cap with glazed cover; one roundabout or coat; two pair woollen pants; two pair bootees, brogans or boots; two pair woolen socks: two pair cotton twilled drawers;one leather stock; one Mack inaw blanket, three point, good quality; one great coat, if possible, though not essential; one canteen; one haver sack, a pouch slung at the side, like a game bag. For the Horses?One Saddle, Spanish make, no pad; one saddle blanket, good size ana quality; one bridle, curb bit, (each man may take an extra snaffle bit if he chooses;) one halter, lorraed of the head piece of the bri dle, with a ring under the !aw (Larryette ropes will be furnished at Fort Leavenworth; one pair spurs; one pair saddle-bags, to turn rain. The Nant a Fe Trade. During the past two weeks, Messrs. Mayer, McNight Blumner, and Mr Coleman have gone out with merchan dise to Santa Ke and Chihuahua. Tne five companies num bering about twenty wagons in all. They go out ap prized of the war news, and in goo.1 spirits- anticipating but little if any difficulty. On Thursday of this week, Mr. Speyer, with twenty-two wagons, left from Fitz hughes, (40 miles further) for the same points. It will be recollected that this gentleman was the one who, one year ago, suffered such disasters from snow storms and the ravages of Indians on the plains, losing almost en tirely all his mules ; yet, in spite of all his difficulties, he has gone on the even tenor of his way, accomplishing far more than could ever have been anticipated by any one man under similar circumstances. He is heie again under brighter colors and better auspices, and seems de termined to g" ahead. We understand the late war news has deterred some of our friends lrom venturing out to the Spanish country. ,* few have disposed of their goods and others will store them until the dawning of better times. What may be the result, whether for better or worse, we can't divine ?Indtpendtnct Expositor,May 33. TUe AVNt Point Military Kxamlnatlon. Win Poiwt, June 10th, 1848. Aritloeracy at Wut Point?JlrtilUry Laboratory. The examination* are still in progress. The examina tion in infantry tactic* ef the first section of the first or eraduaUng class, was commenced yesterday, and con finued to-day A rigid test is made of the knowledge ol each cadet in all tlie variou* evolutions of infantry an< ?U have thus tar. acquitted themselves with great credi The farther examination of these cadets will be in artil lery, when the dass.consisting of fifty-nine,will graduate ?Drobablv at the clo?e of this week. ? ?" After graduating, they will prohably be Immediately divided into three divisions, one to proceed *o ?ovar nor's Island, another to Old Fo'ntGomfort.snd the th rd to Newport, there to be engaged in drilling Thev are, most of them, desirous of being ordered to 'Texas, but the unhealthinesa of the present season, and the fatiguos which they would have to endure in counec tion wita it, would without doubt, cause the loss of man) of thedlwho in after years will do great service to lh*waaUmuch amused J'esterday.in witnessing the drill of the recruits. Forty-three have been reported by the Secretary of War, and have already arnved here lnv mediately upon their arrival, they are divided into small squads, and placed under the charge of the more ad vanced c.aJeU, to be taught the first lessons in military tactics For this purpose, they are drilled daily upon Ihe p?*de ground. I could not help wishing that some of tEose envious, croaking geniuses, who stitution on account of its " ari?tocracy and ism " could have been here. Many of the new comers are smartly dressed, while a large portion of the? were clothed much poorer than any mechanic s son)Ilever saw. It occurrod to me that U' bad clothing, and boots out at the tees, were requisites of dcmocraey ? * pretty strong democraUc representation among the re oruits here yesterday. In regard to this 'favoritism, of which so much is said, any sensible person must, upon a knowledge of the facta, see at once the entire ab surdity of the charge. The selection of candidates for ad mission, is made by the Secretary of War. Each represen tative district being entitled to one cadet in the inatitution. The Secretary of War, out of the many applicants, usu ally selects the one recommended by the representative from the district from which the applications are made. So that if favoritism exist at all,it is in the repreMnUUve?. chosen by the people, and who are accountable to them for the abUM oftheir offlce. It will be plainly seen that the charge cannot be applied with any degree of justice to the institution itself. . ? I visited today, in company with Lieut. Henry 8. Bur ton and Lieut. J. L. Folsom, (to both of whom 1 am ex tremely indebted for much J"^M,s ?"enUoBj) the Artillery Laboratory and Stables. In the yard or tne Laboratory are several interesting relics, among which, are the remnants of the celebrated iron chain which we stretched across the Hudson during the revolutionfor the purpose of obstructing the vessels of the enemy. There are also in this yard a number of cannon and mor tars, take n from the English at Stony Point a? Saratoga. Some of these are of French and others of nufacture, having paiied through the hand* of sevaral proud nations, till they have at length reached the young republic of America, where we hope they may ever re m?n. ln the Laboratory all the pyrotechnic composi tions are manufactured, and models, saddles.hsrness. guns, swords, fcc., kept. Among many ??hor '^e,ting objects we saw here, was a saddle invented some two years since by the lamenUd Major Ringgold. It is of very perfect construction, being so pranged m to be as easy as possible for the rider as well as the horse. It is male so that the valise of the dryoon whteh usuaUy tests upon the horse's back, directly bebnd the saddle and which in long marches galls the back of the horse, is raised so to be entirely free from it, lh* ' die itself, ln the stables, #hich are kept in the most per fect order and cleanliness, are forty two borses used in the artillery drills. Most of them are fine lookingani mail. Kacb dragoon has the charge o( hit own horse. The hotel is fast filling up with beauty, fashion, anil patriotism. Among the visiters yesterday .were Mrs. Se nator Nile*. Mr. and Mrs. Bhankland from New York, and Kev. C. J. Stewart, (who has a son in the graduating class here,) of the United States navy. In addition to these, twenty or thirty arrived last evening, for the pur pose of staying a dav or two; getting a breath of moun win air-r-taking a look at the i sSets, and being off again It is very coolbere?a fine breeie blowing up from the river continually Mormon Intelligence. [From the Hancock Eagle, May 20 ] OP. Roc a wen.?The Oiand Jury have returned abi 1 of indictment against O P.tekwUl. in wbttl?? to charged wi'h the murder of Fnuaklin A. Worrell. As before sUted. RockweU applied for ?bU ?edd' * change of venue to Jo Davis county. He will be tried at Oelena in the course of two or three weeks that he is in good spirits, considering his deucate situa tion, and, as he expecU a fair trial, entertains no fears of " Uwo'piasTEs.?Information has been given us of three different cases in which the th! been dispossessed by a gang of swindlers, name of Anti-mormons Bv menaces and violence they succeeded in frightenin* off the tenants before they could sell and afterwards taok quiet possession of the premises. L^roIcsM.?..-!he Dutch having taken Hoi land" are now turning their attention to Wock coun; tv The Tampett, from 8t Louis, landed a it'onf de tachment of them on Tuesday last and the Mteon brought us another party down on Wednesday, from Oalena other boats have also contributed to swell the tMe of immigration,and if new settlers continue to pour in at the present rate for a few weeks longer, the tenements vacated by tho Moimons will all be re-occupied Those who have already arrived, bear the appearance of an iudustrious, temperate and enterprising claaa. We n? loice in this valuable acquisition to our population, and take the liberty of extending an invitation to all simiUr persons who are in search of a new home We have > el '^Schools'?*we are requested to call th? teachers to the fact that a *ood achool is much wiltsd in this place; and should a competent person think pro per to established one at this time, he would probably be extensively patronized. From Sr. Jou.i and Haufa*.?Wo have receiv etl by the Charter Oak, via St. John. papers to the aitei noon of the 3d Inst. The aUamsMp Britannia, which lelt this port on the 1st, arrived at Hall fax at h^lf-past i o'clock on the id, having been detained a short time ofl the harbor by fog. The two war steamers reported by Capt. Bufe, to have find across the bows of the ship Coronet, [?cemb' ar rived at St. Andrews, turn out to be the Robert Rankin and North America-the one bound to and the other fn ? Boston?saluting each other, the latter fired a gun, and the former blew a sweet blast, from that enchanting wind instrument, the whistle ?N**b ttrvntu-icktr. Trxis L?oisL*TfB? ? It appears from a table in the Austin D*maermt that the L*gisUture of Texaa is compos ed of 14 lawyers, 37 farmers, 9 physicians, 8 merchant*, 4 survejors, S mechanics, a soldiors, and one printer ? Seventeen ol the members are natives of North C arolina, 14 of Virginia. 9 of Oeorgia, # of South Carolina. 4 of Massachusetts, J of Louisiana,'1 of Maine. 3 of Mississippi, aiMl l each of Texas, Naw York. Alabama, Indiana, Austria, Scotland, Ireland, and England. la politics they are according to the Dtmocrat, J.vided into W? demo crats and locofocos, 4 whigs 4republicans *TyUr men, I Polk man, 1 tariff man, I antl tariff man, 1 Nulllfiar. and l'Texian The fact that thera is but one Texian and ora Printer in both houses, pro'mbly accounts for the sti.pi cion the public entertain, that the Legislature Is rather a weak body. Hints to the State Convention. WUdotn consists in the application of knowledge, and knowledge U derived from the accumulation of experi ence. The convention approaching, it in iUelf a call, upon any so minded, to caat the results of their own ex perience into form*, submitting them to public examina tion and revision, to be scanned into appropriate know ledge. available before that great council of the State, there to be applied in wisdom to the public welfare In that view I present three problems for solution, urging the influence of their truths for adoption into practice 1st. Of tho necessity of a court, or council, with pow ers promptly revisatory, to be held upon the advise ments of counsellors at law to their clients, and upon the action nhetted on such advisement. 'id. Of the necessity of a remedy for defects in the manner of legal forms, and in the course to justice-, for at present a rontine of refunding avails sustaining an es tate may be cut oil' by cog in court, while increased li berty is given to every process in devastation. 3d. Of the justice ot declaring by statute that all be quests shall be sacred to legatees, and not liable to be in tercepted in transitu against the will of the testotar, or without the authority of the legatee, sacred until paid over. Thoso problems arise out of interests affecting the ma ny, and in many ways; in miaadviaement?in false action on technical process?in the law's delay?in the defeat of intentions tor the future, subject to bo manoeuvred against ?11 who have anything which avarice may covet, envy seek to wither, or revenge to lay waste. Let them be canvassed. In expositions on them elsewhere I have insisted as af fecting the first problem? That the very courses to Justice are made by the dog mas of counsel to subserve the rankest injustice. That tho diploma of the jurisconsult ought to be held strictly, as a declaration to the public, that " this man is competent to consider the end before undertaking to be gin." That the implied integity of the diploma requires opinion in council with the client to be given freely and unreservedly, according to heart and conscience, and to abet no action contrary thereto. That primary advisement and action thereon must be on the manner to forward an honest purpose honestly, keeping the client free from the shoals and breakers of courts, as a pilot would a ship from those of the sea. That secondary advisement must be on the wav to re trace some erroneous step, or step of iniquity?in which operation sound conscience would forbid perse verance in error, and a true heart eould not countenance the adding of iniquity?but would guide the retrocession as a pilot on boarding a stranded ship, would guide the warping and backing of her off. That, as well may a clergyman for a price foster li centiousness in his congregation, and on the visitation of a judgment, plead he understood not the moralities As well may ? physician receive the wages of death to ad minister poison to an individual who interrupts a succes sion, and on being accused of his guilU plead, he knew not the effects of his potions?as well may a surgeon for money, in the excision of a sore, remove his patient by seven ig an artery uuderneath, and on being questioned of the murder, plead, he could not tell where tho ai lo ries lay ?as, that the licentiate of the law, on being taxed with his devastation* of estate, hit victims to the ma<f-house, his sacrifices to the grave, may plea4 igno rance of the effects of his dogmas, his technicalities, his quiblets, and his quiddits. That there ought to be a council of review, or iury of inquest, into the effects of the quiblets and quiddits of action, as the mirror whence are reflected the heart and conscience of the practitioner, to bo subjected to a com parikon with the standard which the diploma infer*. A history in exposition of the second problem would be too long. Let me illustrate a known to me chancery process, by apaiable : A certain incendiary, claiming an interest in the pre mises of his kinsman to ouit him, on being ?Usappointed of aaccess did set fire to them, cutting off the ratuurce? of safety. An assiitant engineer ordered the engine* forth to stay the conflagration ; but the incendiary, bt hi* coadjutors, aisured the chief there was no fire or if there were, the incendiary wa* only burning up his own; so the chief engineer of general supervision over all the wards, being abiorbed in the examinatii n into what bote tack* required new rivet*, pat the key of this engine home into his pocket and departed. Meanwhile, ihe conflagration reduced the premises to athe*, and then ; what tnen 1 It ia found on inquest, that, all the time, the incendiary had been under the influence ot an evil geniua, or mesmeric doctor, guiding his will to the destructien of himself and his kinsman. And there is the end The chief engineer should be relieved from the super vision of the hose tacks; and should guard againct genii meimerical, so that the spell-bound to their influences may not bo sent forth lomnambulant, to burn out them selves and their neighbor* too. For an exposition on the third problem, I would mere ly aay that a legacy to myself was intercepted and stay ed on its paoage by quiddits at law, le*t it ihould check a courie of devastation : but I refrain from trou bling you farther, till after learning what may be the reception of this paper. State Convention. Albany, Wednesday, June 10, 1848. Tho Convention proceeded to consider the motion granting leave to the Committee of the Whole to *it ?gain on the report of the Committee of Seventeen. The Convention refuted leave by a vote of 50 to 48. After a long debate upon points of order, the Conven tion agreed to Mr. Tilden'i modification of the report ol' the committee. Thi* modification provide for the ap pointment of itanding committee* to consider and report on the varioua subjects; and that the several parts of the existing constitution, which relate to those subjects, be referred to the said committee. The object of the modi fication, proposed by Mr. Tilden, it to remove the scru ples of some who look upon the report of tho Committee of Seventeen as restricting the investigations of sub committees to matters within the constitution. The Convention then proceeded to consider the amend ments to Mr. Tilden's modification. The 3d proposition, which is in these words : "Canals, internal improvements, public revenues, and property, and public debt, aud the ]>owers and duties of the legisla ture in reference thereto." Mr. O'Conor moved to amend by adding restrictions to the power of the legisla ture to donate money or loan its credit. The amendment was adopted. Mr. Siiephamd moved to amend the third resolution by adding, after the words, " and the safe keeping and dis bursing thereof." He said, in the city of New York there was a manifest feeliag in iiavor of this amendment. It was not embraced in the resolution. The judgment of the Convention ought to be had upon it. Mr. Townsind supported the amendment, and Mr. Worden opposed it The amendment was lost, 41 to 89, The third proposition was then adopted. The fourth proposition,relative to the elective franchise, was adopted. Mr. Chatfielo offered a separate proposition in rela tion to the election of the (Governor and Lieut, (toveraor, and the tenure, compensation, powers and duties of these office ra?Adopted. To the resolution relative to the judiciary; Mr. Bas com proposed an amendment relative to the appoint ment, electioL, compensation and tenure of office of the judiciary. Mr. Ke**eov suggested an amendment to the 11th pro position, relative to the rights of witnesses. Mr. Miaais hoped that these resolutions would not be burdened with amendments. He intended, when the committee* were raised, to move instructions to the committee on the rights and privileges of the citizen, re lative to the rights of married women In property. He hoped Mr. Kennedy would pursue the same course. Mr. Kennedy withdrew hi: amendment. The organization and power* of cities and villages was seperated from that of towna and counties, to be re ferred to seperate committee*. The currency and banking wa* sent to one committee; | corporations, other than banks, and municipal corpora tions, to another committee. Mr. WoaoE* suggested, before the Convention con sidered the various matters a* ultimately referred, that nothing had been done relative to Executive power, and the power of the State oBeers. Mr. Cmt wield *aid it w?i already provided for. The Convention directed the Committees, excepting the Judiciary, to consist of seven member*?the Judicia ry to consist of thirteen member*. Adjourned.? Jtlbany Cititen. Boston, JUN* 10, 1644. The OgHeneburfh Railroad? Doing e of the Water Com mieeionere? Ureal IVant oj Water in tome part* of Ms City?Jin Affray el the Cuelom Haute? Smitiit?The Dinner la Collector Morton, +c. A party of gentlemen from this city attended the re cent meeting at Ogdeniburgh, N.Y., for the purpose of organizing t>.e northern New York or Ogdenaburgh KaJlroed Company, an enterprise which i* deemed hardly lets important In it* bearing upon the buslaes* interests of Boston than that of the Western Railroad to Albany. Among the gentlemen who were attracted to Ogdens burgh on this interesting occasion, wa* the editor of tho Carmnf Traveller, and he promise* to give a report of the observations of the party of amateur surveyors, who made a reconnoitantt of ttie whole territory through which the proposed railroad may pass, and to record tne remits of hi* own personal examination of the intpmed route. Thi* route, the editor sar*. take* the traveller over many of the high hills of Massachusetts, the higher and harder hill* ?f New Hampshire. acro*s the Oreea Mountains of Vermont, and through the whole breadth of Noithern New York, which is comparatively a wildernesa, and which lias been reputed and believed to l>e a perfect Siberian re gion. These impeding mountain* and rough pUces must indue time be levelled, and made smooth by the indomi table energy of our railway builder*, iu the construction of a road, which will be emphatically the great thoroughfare of business and travel between New Eng land and the interminable Weat, and between Upper Canada and the Atlantic coast. The Water Commissioners made tlieir first monthly re port of their doing* on Monday evening, to the .Mayor and Aldermen. 1 hey state that they have engaged Mr John B.Jervii, ol New York, as consulting engineer, at a salary of (3.0U0 pei annum. They have also decided to divide the work to be executed into two depertments ; the first to consist of the aqueduct leading from Long Pond to a reservoir in BrooWline or Brighton ; and the second to consist of the line of pipes from that reservoir to the city, with the reservoir and distributing pipes in the city, each to be under the charge of a chief engi neer, who shall be independent of each other. Mr. K Sylvester Chesbrough has been engaged as chief engi neer of the fii*t ol these departments, at a salary of *2,000 per snnum. The line of aqueduct Is immediately to be surveyed and located, on the upper section, *o that K can be put under contract with a* littl# <Ulay aa pos sible In some portion* of thu city tbe people ara now suffer ing vary much in aonseiiueuce of their uiual supply of water from tba Jamaica roud aqueduct being cut 08 * It ii ?aid that some streets ara nearly depopulated, in con sequence of the peoplu being unable to gat any kind of water. There waa an affray at the Custom Mouse one day lait week, which baa oreated considerable aenaation. Mr. Nathaniel Oeerge Parker entered tha office of bia father in-law, Col. Joaeph Hall, (a meaaurar in the Cuatom Houae, and aaid to be the nominee of the President for office of Navy Agent,) and assaulted him with a revolv ing piatol. six barreled, and fully loaded with powder and ball. The Colonel aeized Parker, and alter a short struggle, succeeded in wrenching from hi* hand the i>ia to), when the aaaailant waa taken into cuatody. Ilo ha* since been arraigned, and put under bonda for trial. The only cause for the aaaault, that I have heard of, ia tha fact that Parker had previouily applied to his father-in-law for a subordinate office in the Cuatom Houae, and met with a refuaal John B. Knight, Esq., of Salem, formerly deputy Col lector of that port, committed auicide by outtiq* hi* throat with a raior, on Sunday night. He waa wilaout family, having loat many of bia near relative*, and waa reputed to be worth f 16.000 or (30,000. He ia a^d to have been in a nielanohoiy mood, In cousequenee of tho loss of the connection* referrud to. One of the cboiceit and moat Interfiling gathering* which tho party ha* enjoyed in thi* city lor al*i| time came ott? lait evening at the United State* Hotel. The affair waa got up by tne especial frienda of Mr. Collector Morton, on temperance principle*, ami waa very rally at tended?lome two hundrod of the faithful being in attend ance. The perty aat down at 8 o'clook, and the feast we* en livened b) toasts, speeehe*, lie., which coutinned until about II. The lion Mar<-u* Morton, Hon Alexander 11. Everett, Hon I*aae 11 Wright, Hon. John A. Bolle*, Lewif Joaaelyn, tt id aaaiM j>tnw were preaeat, and ? very pleaaant hour or two pasted, in diacusiing matters and things in general. Tne party wa* a nice one, and wa* made up principally of office holder* and Cuitom Hou?e attackit. The ipeech of Mr. Bolle* wa* rather highly tinctured, and very much to the (urpriie of many who were pre sent, an open attack wa* made upon the democratic pa per* of Botton ! Thi* gentleman i* rather a apicy speaker at timea.and in the course of hi* remark*?after commend ing the high appointments in this section?be suddenly appealed to the chairman, and declared that the demo cracy of Boaton had not had an " organ" or a recognised press in this city lor three vears ! He called tbe Foil & " dumb affair," and added that the Central Committee had not had a paper for year* to which it could go with confi dence, for the promulgation of ita view* and principles. Mr Bolle* i* 0 roan of impuUe, and hi* remarka had but little effect. (iov. Morton made a lengthy ipeech, m did alio Hon. Mr. Everett?in which tbey approved and sustained the course of the administration, in it* lait important public act; advocating tbe war with Mexico, more eipecially, and delivering themielve* very creditably, in reference to the Texas annexation, and Oregon question*. Hon. J - 11. Wight followed in a similar effort, though he waa not so much at eaie as is customary with him. His pre sent position is a critical and trying one, as a politician, and he evidently feels that ihete is anything but a promi sing prospect before him. A variety of patriotic sentiments were offered and drank, (in cold water,) and after tha efforts of the first speakers, the bulk of tlie s|>eeches were made up for the occasion, and were chiefly burthened with forced com pliments to the guest of the file, for whom the supper was got up - CMuiely, the Collector of this port, who ha* lately been confirmed by the Senate The Custom House officer* onjo\ ed the' scene lis meuaely?end at a little past eleven, the company broke up, and retired in tho belief that moat of them were pro vided forjorihe next thiee years. <JENI.V'S GOSSAMER HATS, f^| WEIOHINO frem 3% tu 3% ounces Price nuly SI M. It is about two years since lite Oossimrr Hat wasfirst introduced u> the subscriber to the nonce of the New Yurk publ ic, as the lightest, the most desirable, an J the aaeat taaty article for summer wear heretofore in mt The astonishing auccesa attending (hem, evinced by the extraordinary large smouut of aaleaiand tbe popular approba tion beatowad upon them by the many who nave given them their patronage, nave net been lost upou the subscriber, wtie, to show that he ia ever anxious to axcel in hia art, now pre sents lor public patronage the Gossamer hat. much lighter and more |>ls.t*aiil than auy other ever before offered. Thev are not liable, like the Leghorn and Panama, to loae either shape or color from exposure to the rain. They cannot be aoiled by either perspiration or oil from the hair, so commonly tha ca? with other Hau. for the meeh admired style of trimmings, originating with the proprietor, effectually prevents all llua. This is a decided advantage over all other hat* The public are invited to call and at * thi* article at J. N OENINU Hat and Cap Stow, myfT !m*re 114 Broadway, opposite St. Paul'* ( hurch.' ~~ WATTKIPONT fc CO.. CI FASHIONABLE HATTERS. fl li Naaaau street, near Fulton. New York. THE subscribers beg to call the attention of the public to the ijualityof their various kinds of Hals of their own maae factur*. They have just received a small supply of saoerioi moleskin, now used by the most fashionable hatters in ran*, a aample of which they will feel much pleaaare ia showing to those who will favor them with a calf. The undersigned do not preteud to sell at & or even 10 per cent lea* than say other establishment; neither can they boest ot having a splen did store: but they flatter themselves thst tbe quality and finish of tneir Hats will give entir* satisfaction, at the prices charged. They have adopted the French style of trimming the sum mer bats, which is a preventive to the perspiration coining through and spoiling the beauty of their appearance. M. B. WATTRIPONT, my ii Im'm WM. H. JAMES. SUMMER HATS. ECONOMY AND FJiSHiON fl ROBERTSON'S PHENIX HAT AND CAr J^ MAN UK ACTOR V. 101 Fultoa itreet--The under signed bespeaks the attention of the public to the quality of hu 8u mmer Hats, possessing the mioai properliea n?u?lly sought Tor by the man of taste, they have the additional merit of being 25 per ceot below the standard price*. They are es arntially similar in material, workmanabip, and Intin. to the articles manufactured by the more splendid establishments of Broadway; and ou a close comparison of their respective merits.no material difference can be perceived, except in the single particular that the subscriber has adopted a style of trimming, which effectually prevents the perspiration ol the forehead from striking through, and impairing the ap pearance. . Their average weight is from V/i to Sk> oancoe?being much lighter than subatantial Leghorns, er Panamas. Persona of taste and judgment, who are miltupicud in their purchases by considerations of cost, are invited to examine them, and u> establish, by the test of comparison, their precise value, com pared with the productions of other msaufactarers. nyff Im'ff R0BERT9ON. I ttt Fnlton street ? UbNTLt-iVlhiN's aPRlNii cAHHlON. [V BEAVER AND SILK HATS of the beet quality and Jp? most approved aha pee, are ? sale at the old established prices. most approved shapes, are now ready for-.iaa paction and nants' J 4* Wil Best Beaasr K M Best Slid * ?? ROW'S, Merchants' Exchange, a, fullr J. 1'K.lGfc It OU. FASHIONABLE HAT STORE. BTHE SUBSCRIBERS having opened a HAT STORE at No. IK Fulton street, comer of Dutch street, respect solicit the patronage of their old customers sad the pub lic. They will constantly keep on hand a complete assort ment of Hats, Cape. Umbrellas, fcc., fcc., of the latest style, and will sell at the lowest pneee. Single hats made to order at the shortest notiea. ICHABOD PRICE. myi lm'r THOS. SHANNON. ~~ SPRING FASHION. (a BROWN It CO.. IT! Chatham Square, coraer of Mott dP^strset, wish to iafona die public of their recent improve ment in the manufacture and fimsh of their $3 Hats, combin ing fashion, baaaryand durability, three important consider* tians to the wearer. The proprietors do coatdsatly assert [heir hats to be much superior to any ever before sold for the MPftee. Call and satisfy yourself of this fact. mlO lm*rb EXCELSIOR. ERTSON'S PHCE , D CAP MANUFA , _ loTFULTON ST , BETWEEN N \SS.\0 and WILCIAM. rm ROBERTSON'S PHCE NIX fl HAT AND CAP MANUFACTORY IWFULTON ST., BETWEEN NASSAU and WILLIAM THE proprietor of this establishment has reaently added to his extensive stock of spring goods, an assortaient of Moleskin Hats, of exquisite finish ana superior elecsace. The price of tnese really sarwrbarticles is only t> ?, being $1 JO less than the same goods (manufactured in the same manner and of similar material) are sold in Broadway, rheeaeiut of this great disparity in price may be easily conjee*a rod The advertiser's expenses being bnt a tithe ef those of the more splendid establishments in rfroadwsr, be is 19 consequence ensbled to offer goods of a corresponding description st lower rates. a 81 Im+rc KNOX'S SUMMER ST\1>E OF BATS are son ready for impaction and sals, (at Na. Ill Fa I toe street, Haa Buildings.) consisting of Oregon oaavar white and bile brash lists, a Targe assortment of gentleman's Panama and Leghorn Hsu Also, a new style of boy's lammer Ha*. Hats mage to order st s very abort notice. my >fe Im* re ^ I^UILB_?aNZJY ">AlH77>INA?Lfc sti(aw ^DHAT??Pans Straw Ointa MgU.of the lavost share. f?r JJ^sale at CARL KINO*, No. n Division ftttat, stfl 50 each N B ? A general assortment of Straw Hats and P?rt?,Rib bons, at the moat reasounble^jrvr s?? Im'rc CARL KINO. 17 Division street. Tllr. NlUHTINOALE ?ON(i IN JOHN STREET, a THE REAL BIRD itself has arrived, and likewise 100 of the Haiony f anariee, the warbling of which A to the stranger and ennoas, It ratjgsr an mtrrwtwg ?ight?for each easterner has a different habitati1"1^ J the I ?i|m?inr vscp caswnvr nu ? oiusrvni and Arehy will be hgppy to attend to the Isdln and gentlemen as they pass Braadway and John street apIT lm*rh LOOK. At THl?i ! LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, If you want s ?- ?- Shoe., call at *T Broad way, where yon will find the largest assortment, eh^past, and most fashionable ia the city. Do aot mistake the number, 3fT Broadway, corner of Franklin street. . _ . N B ?a large assortment of imported French Boots, at tha low price of 4 dollar* * '-AHILL FKe'sgh iX)0lj5^RKIVING FROM PARIS. VIONDRON haa 'he honor of informing those persons 'who arc desiroui of purchasing the finest and best kind ol ihstTfthrv^ will call at his store, No. Ill Broad _ w,y I her will find varnished ?nd ordinary BOOTS, of !T7lir.L Piniisa style; Shoes of all sorts; Half-Boota and Slippers ofy.mishedlesther:Hilfc Stocking. HUflVja, *c He also hss varnished and plain Leather, of all kinds; Mo rocco ef all colors; and all necessary Findings for ahoemahare, for sale at mode-ate prieet, wholesale or retail. "Hiose person* "ho will favor him with their orders Bay depend on be.na well eerved. Orders from the country will be punctually attended to. j?4 iw* MONDRON. Ill B Orkat i?AkriATNS"TNHooTSasTItibBI >IN consequence of tha recent Sres st 1'i Maiden Lane, the entire stock of French Calf and Patent Leather Hoots Waiter*. Hrngans, fcc , comprising the most eitensne as sortment ever offered in the city, ana which were da maged by water, will be offered for sale this day, by the pack age or aingle pair. Salee to continaa until the eotire itoca Is disposed of. it*'* r UUOl n AM) ntUlES.?The public are invited to call and examine tha large assortment of < ? ?, Ladiea' mid Misses' Boot*. a?d O ler*, I their variatiet, which are to he ? 1 ?.'?? , atora of ?'? ^ " -.?< lm*r * Cabs I st., corner balliven.