Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 20, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 20, 1846 Page 2
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have a'so declared that there is no objection to n i p. ti:iu Jews to civil rights and certain privi Yii ? (rrand Ecclesiastical Synod of the k.ngdom of Prussia, not ii|> by the King, is tlie topic ol ge neral conversation. The King of Prussia has ordered to be printed an edition of the complete works of Frederick the Great. It will be splendid as a typographical production. Only two hundred copies will be struck otf, and a copy will be presented to every foreign government. Ruula. We have news irom St. Petersburg to the 22>.l ultimo. The cholera appears to be advancing with ra pid strides towards this city, from whence, no doubt, it will in time, make its way to Western Europe. The commercial treaty between this country uad Turkey, which has been so lout; in prepara tion, was signed on the 30th of April. Pno news from Caucasus is not important.? The Polish soldiers in the Russian ariny had ma ii tested some excitement at the receipt of the in telligence of the Cracovian insurrection. India. The Bombay mails of the 1st of May arrived yesterday. The Crovernor-g?neral and the commander in chief had reachcd .Simla, where they intended to remain during the hot and rainy seasons. The troop" had taken up their stations for the same period, in the newly acquired districts along the ; Ben-., and al-o in Lahore. The Sikh soldiers were tranquil, but not satisfied. The govern ment- of Lahore and .Tamoo were engaged in tracing out the frontiers between them, Oholab Sin^li is not popular with the Sikhs, who accuse him of having sacrificed their country to gratify :ns per.-mini ambition. Dhost Mahommed. who va- delighted on hearing of the invasion of the British dominions by the Sikhs, has since re sumed a pacific policy; for the rapidity of the British conquests had not allowed him time fot any olfetiMV ? operations against Peshawur, al i!11> 11 tr11 some preparations tor that purpose ap pear to have been at Jellalabad by his son and Wnzeer, the notorious Akbbar lvhan. It is evi dent Irom the position of the different Rajahs and tlie.ir adherents, us well at Lahore as at the neighboring States,.that the present cessation of hostilities is kept up rather as a temporary armi stice, than a lasting peace. The division of the spoil* of Kunjeet Singh's kingdom is not satisfac tory to them, and it is highly probable that before I-US expires, there will be other conflicts. In the ineautimo the British are not alio either in consolidating their new provinces, or in weaken ing'heir enemies. Amongst the matcritl of war surrendered by the Sikhs, were especially enume rated the guns whick had been pointed against he Britt-h Indian ariny. Those guns, to the num ber oi 25(i, have reached Uellii, and they ure to be taken with all the pomp of a military procession from that city, even as far as Calcutta. This pro i-es.-ion of nearly one thousand miles, will not fail to produce a powerful impression in India, where men judge from what they see. The mighty pow >r ol the British government will therefrom be re cognised by even the Mahotnmedau fatalists. It x.11 resemble one of the triumphs in ancier.t Home. Tlii' Govemo--General had issued n general or der tha' all soldiers engaged in protecting the camp. . during the battles, shall receive the decorations a- if engaged in them. a Scrnde is tranquil Sir Charles Napier arrived at K inacheoon the 15th of April in good health, notwithstanding the extreme fatigues of his late rapid march to Lahore. The invalid and wound ed irie'i Irom the b ittlo of Moodkee had passed down the Indu?, and arrived at Bombay: twelve hurl d i-d on tin' way, am ng;-t whom wa Colonel K,.m, oflier Maj> sty's 60th Keg iiu-nt. Prepara tion- wnr 111? 11, ng at B i iibay at the time of the dc*|i iiiuif >?? the si.mii'-r l:>r send ng those invalids on to E irop ? in 'lie best transport that eouid be p..>< ii ? d Th K iig of Lucknow whs crowned with Asia, tic ceremony in Ins eap.tal on the 17ih of A|?ril. A-all the foreign ollicers have been obliged to quit the service of Lahore, Colonel Minton, a F' ??in iirimu, and Captain Huron de Alcantara, a Spfimaid (by whose -kill in engineering the pow erful loitilications at Feroze-hah anrl Sobraron were construot?-u,) had ome down to Bombay at the -aiue ti ue a- the wounded European. Prince Waldothar of Prussia, Willi his attendants, had arrived there on the 18th of April, and had come on to Europe by the steamer with the mail-. This Prince has gained no small experience from the late campaign on the Sutlej, as he was con tinually in the comii mv of the Governor General, and witne?sed the battles. The Nizam's dominions are in a disturbed state, in consequence of the ba I management of the finances of the government. Several changes had taken place iti the Secreta ries of the Bonibay government, and in the Coun cil. Mr. J. H. Crawford had retired from the Council, and had been succeeded by Mr. J. P. Willoughby, who was succeeded as Chief Secre t?.rv by Mr. R. K. Pringle. The health of the Governor, Sir George Arthur, was in such a dilapidated state as to give a color ing to a rumor current of liis intentions to resign liis important post within a few days, and to come to Europe. Hiscomplnint is described as of an ap?|?lectic tendency. It was rumored, that in consequence of theap rehension of an American war, the harbor of ombny, which is capable of strong defence, was to be immediately fortified. Foreign Theatricals. The following artists were engaged in London ut the last accounts :? At her Majesty's Theatre, Madame Grisi, Mdlle. Sanchioli, Madame Castellan, Signor Fornasari, Signor Lablache, Stgnor F. Lablache, Signor Botelli, Signor Mario; Mdlle. Cento, Malle. Louise Tmtlioni. Mdlles. Moncelet, Demelissc, Cassan, and Mdlle. Lucile Gralin; M.St. Leon, M. Gosseliu, M. Di Mattia, and M. Perrot. Theatre Royal Drury Lane?Mr. W. Harrison, Mr. Borrani, Mr. Weiss, Mr. Stratum, Mr. 1). W. King; Miss Romer, Miss Rainlortli. Theatre Royal Hayninrket?Mr. Stuart, Mr. II. Holl, Mr. W. Farren,. Mr. Hudson, Mr. Buck stone, Mrs. Glover, Miss J. Bennett. Princess's Theatre?Mr. Maereadv. Mr. Cooper. Mr. L. Murray, Mr- Coinpton, Mr. Ox berry, Mrs. Stirling. The Mioses Cushman continue to win applause m England. Their career is represented as being most brilliant. Madame Celeste has returned from a short pro fessional tour in the west, lo her little establish ment at the Adelphi. A new piece is in rehear sal, in which Madame Celeste has a principal part, peculiarly adapted to the genius she so emi nently possesses for embodying picturesque cha racter and (Bathetic grace. Mr. Webster and Madame Celeste have been delighting the Bath folk by their performances. Madame Vestris and Charles Mathews are en gaged at the Surry Theatre. Mr. and Mrs. Keely, Miss Villars, Mr. Meadows and Mr. Vining, are at the Adelphi. John Barry was giving concerts at the Hanover Rooms, London, to large audiences, at the last accounts. Madame Anna Thillon, the nightingale of the '?age, has been engaged at the llaymarket Theatre. Crescenuni, whose celebrity at one time was immense, and one of the last cattrati which had ob:&iuud repute, has just died at Naples, at an advanced a^e. For nearly thirty years Girolamo Crescentmi has ceased to sing; but he still retain ed tha sinecure ollice of vocal professor at the Conservatoire of Naples. Napoleon named him a Chevalier of the Iron Crown. Tambunm is expected to sing in Paris, on the inauguration ol Rossini's statue; he will sing the " Fro Peccatis" ol the Siabut Muter. The Grand Opera at Paris being about to placc * statue ol Rossini in its principal saloon, it is intended to honor pie inauguration, by the per formance of the illustrious nuitrtro'* stub it Muter. The Ethio|)?an Serenades are making their fortunes. They are engaged dav and wight. Tin* Duke of Devonshire . utertu.ned a f.-lect party to luncneon at his resid< nee, ai Chiswick, on Satur day. They were engaged on this occasion, and me! v th tueir u-ual success; the amusing extra " tg.lnza, the Ra lroad Overture, being repeated, by desire, three times. There were present the rimceM E terhazy. Duchesses of Sutherland au.l Dow i^ei oi Uedioid, Marchionesses ol London^ derry and L-msdowne, Marquises of Londonder ry, Lansdowne, Stafford and Normanhy; the Au*iri 01 Ambassador and the Countess Dietr.cli ?uin, Couitiestde Salis, Countesses of Granville, Newhurgh, D? Grey, Jersey, and Dowager Mor ley; hsiliol Burlington, Jersey and Grenville : Vi*v,unt Cantilupe, the Russian Ambassador an<l the Baroness Bunow, and one hundred others. Tii ? judicial authorities of the city of Lyons or ieiwd 'he exhumation of the body of Madlle. Des u drt, an actress of the Atnbigu Comique, who <* -d there a few days ago. Upon a (>ost mortem xarnmation, suspicions attached to a woman who a^t^d as a midwife, and she is in custody on the charge of having rtrttsed the death ol Madlle. Deslandes, by attempting to procure an abortion. The musical amateurs of Vienna have recently presented to the talented musician, Liszt, a silver emljossed pupttrt, (a desk or writing stand,) orna mented with the busts of Beethoven, WVber, and Sthubert, of the value of 9000 florins. The man ager ol the theatre, Pokorny.hns offered to M'lle Jenny Lind, 100,000 francs (?4,000) for an engage ment Of six months, viz: during October, No vensber and December, this year, and April, May and June, 1847. The celebrated cantatrice has not yet made known her determination. The King of Prussia had commanded M. E. Wolf, a Prussian sculptor, resident at Home, to execute a marble bust of Palestine, the celebrated composer Beethoven'# Piano, in the possession of Dr. Spin, lias b <-n made a present of by him to M. Liszt. Madlle. Grisi is performing at Drury Lane The atre. and was about to proceed to fLiverpool and Dublin, where she has accepted a liberal engage ment for a few nights. An Italian vocal corps liasjust arrived in Algiers, of whom Madame Josephina is the prima Jimna, and Benedetto Gailiani the first tenor. The reper toire will include Oltllo, Semiramide, L'Ingano Felice, <Jv. A treaty has just been concluded between France and Austria, for the mutual protection of the copyright of music. Count de Tulley, who was sometime proprietor and manager of the Theatre St. Antoine, at Paris, and one of the talented wr ters in the Humoriste, and author of several vaudevilles, died last week in the French metropolis, much regretted. We regret to announce the decease, from con sumption. of Miss Ehzu WWstatf, who was a pu pil of the Koyal Academy of Music, and professor of singing lately at Leamington. London and Paris Fashions for June* [From the H'orld of Faihiun of ths Court* of Londoa and Paris.] Neglige dresses are 110 v worn, composed of foulard quadrille e, or foulard ecru ; these are embroidered with braid, or silks a petis rayures. white upon dark colored grounds, bareges, and mousselines de sole, are alss in preparation. Diikhses?Plaided silks are now much worn, trimmed with flounces cut on the cross, the sleeves and corsuge being likewise on the bias ; the prevailing colors are green and lilac, sky blue and brown, cerise and whits. Evrmtsn Drkssks?Lace is universally adopted for this description of costume, the form of them generally resembling those named a la Kontanges, and 4 la Pompa dour. liedingotes are at present much worn, made of silk ; they nie embroidered en tablier, in silk braid ; when buttons are used, they must be of the richest descrip tion The sleeves of these |>elisses are made tight, but open at the elbow nnd wrist, and diminish so as to show the under white sleeve. Some of these dresses are trimmed with narrow frilling! etages, and of two shades. Trimmings roft Drkisf.s?La passementerie is now as much used for the decorating of dresses as for the orna menting of the pardessus. These fringes arc put oil in several rows rouni the lower part of the dress, whilst those which are used for the ornamenting of pelisses have a lint appearance, and form a kiml of brandebourg trimming, such as upon un orange silk material ii largos rubans satinees white. Lu tablier is made of an open mate pi the fame color, forming spiraloi, intermixed at distances with pearl tastels. Cars?Those now in ftishioa are of the most charming description, and of an infinite variety. We see them, for instance, made in Krench tulle, blonde tulle, and tul le bouillonm e, and all chift'onnecs, or arranged in a thousand different forms, a la vielle, a la Charlotte Cor day, it la Marie Stuart, a la Sevigne. a la Maintenon, Ike. The favorite forms are those which are rounded at the ears and trimmed with roses. Those for morning cos tume are of a round shape, and made in lace and ribbon, resembling in appearance those worn by our great grandmothers. Ch*h:?ih-Le grisfeutre is certainly more preferred j to the gr>s fuuvette. These hats arc of a shallow form, and open, which renders them very different to Uie Pa mela shape. They are mostly decorated with spotted plumes, ribbons, or clouds ot gauze, throwing a softened shallow over the countenance Those in sky blue poult de soie are very elegant when covered with British Mechlin Ittce, or made in gauze lisse, white upon pink, and decorated with a drooping flowor or feather. N'pvki.tiks.? We have temarked some very charming white canez >uts. which are worn apon low dresses, made ot inusliu embroidered au point d'anne", and encircled with fwo or three rows ol lace. Les fichus Maintenon are also iu gieat luvoi; they are simply a half handker chief of lace guipeie, fastened over the chest with a n<rtid of ribbon Ki.owths ? spring has at last ushei%d in a perfect showei ol the most splendid flowers which the garden or ho'.hotii-e can ptoduce. loliage of every description, branches of the lilac t:ee. and cluster* uf \iolei, the beautiful bluet Aowsrs, ami red poppies, thistles, and the eglantine, as w ell as Uie k lobbu, encircled with its long le nes. tranche* of the filbert tiee, the tiger flower, with its large pink petals spotted with black t oinia, wa ter flowers sprinkled with dew, leaves of the waterciess, the elegant iris flower of Uie violet color, with its long lan. eule leaf, the flours de glayeuls, and liumbeileis others, too numeious to mentiuu Paillo de Kiz, which ore now out of number. This paille, so white, so light, and so bcconiiuf, is geneially in Kieat request at this season of the year. Some wc see ornamented with laces, attached wiui pretty bunches of the anemone, or fruits, wnil?t others have simply a wieath which encircles the crown, drooping U(ton each side cngrappe over the front; they are also extremely elegant when decorated with feathers nouees marabouts; most of them are trimmed very much under the brim, which is rather ojien. Shawm?On one side we see the most charming whi'e China crepes hux broderios Chinoises: then the splendid black ones, in the same material, richly brodes in colors, les crepres de Chine, of a sparkling red, similarly em broidered, shawls of lace, which serve so gracefully to envelope the figtue, and lastly, those delicate looking embroidered muslin shawls, lined with a pretty light hue the same as the pelisse, or with numberless rows ol fringe put on en tablier. Matrrials ?A charming novelty has just appeared, which is called La Orenadine de laine, and is destined to eclipse these nankins and foulards which hnve lately been so much in vogue; it is embroidered au crochet, and forms a delicious consume for tho country, or sea side. We hate seen it made up in the pelisse style, and trimmed with rich fancy ornaments, which have a very pretty effect. Market*. Lowdow Mowfv Market, June 3 ?The intelligence of the commencement of actual hostilities between the United Stated ami Mexico, has continued to exert a de pressing influence on the market, from which it is only slowly recovering; the settlement of the account, also occurring at the same time, was very heavy, and render ed the market more dull. Vesterday, and to-day, howev er, the market has been firmer, and Consols decidedly higher, the last quotation being for Money, and 971 to 97j for the Account. Bank Stock left olt" at 20flJ; Three per Cents, Reduced, 9&i to 95 j: Threc-and-a-Quarter per Cents, 97# to 97J; India Stock, 2t><5; India Bonds, 18s to 2j? pin.; and Lx chequer Bills, IBs to 20s pm. In the Foreign market the decline in Mexican stock has, of course, been the principal foature. All contro versy about the settlement with the British bondholders , is set aside, and It has only been by strong exertions that 1 the market has not further declined ; the actives for the account are last quoted at Ul)j, and deferred at IS. It will be observed that these quotation* show a decline of nearly 6 per cent in the last three weeks. The follow ing are the latest quotations of other stocks : ? Portuguese five per cents., 80 ; Portuguese threo per cents., for the account, .>4J ; Portuguese four per cents., for money and the account, 64} ; Spanish five per cants., ; 24} ; the three per cents., for money, 371 ; for the ac count. 37] , Venezuela, 42 ; and Dutch two and a half per cents, bOj. The doings in the share market have been very light; speculatior and dealings in scrip are entirely suspended, and the purchases in the heavy priced stocks have been (infrequent; in these, however, prices are almofct steady. The prospects of trade are improving. The passing of the Corn Bill by the Lords, with so large a majority, lias given almost universal satisfaction in the city, and a great expansion of business is expected to follow upon the final passing of this measure. For some time back consi derable doubts were entertained as to the fate of the bill in the House of Lords, and business was, iu consenuence, much paralyzed, but now that the question may be con sidered as nettle J, even in the committee, a general revi val inbusineas may with confidence be looked for. This will be accelerated by the favorable state of the weather, the low prices of produce, and almost all the leading arti cles of our manufactures. As yet. however, we have little variation to notice in prices, as there has been only a li mited demand for goods for home consumption by pri vate treaty; the articles submitted to public competition were only in part sold, and the export orders have not been of much moment Articles used in manufacturing purposes are held for the former value, and there is ouly a small quantity on otter, but the demand has been li mited. for Grain the market has a dull appearance, and prices are still on the decline; the accounts coming to hand from all parts of the country being highly favorable lor the crops. British Iron has been in excellent re quest, and a further advance in the value of all descrip tions has taken place. The public sales declared are nu merous and important, and will put prices to the test.? The arrivals of proJuce have been to a |*ir extent since this day week, but the deliveries during that titjie were large L .woo* Com TsAor, June 3 ?No improvement has taken place iniheOrabi tra-le here Notwithstanding the large majority by which the second r?a ling of the Corn liiii ha? been carried in the llou-e of Lords, on Monday last, the 1st instant, there u as a very dull de mand for honie-grown Wheat, and the tales of laet week ottained with much difficulty Scarcely any thing was don* i* fro eign Wheat, (. oitiAcates were inquiied lor at 10> 01 pei qr Hour was almost unsaleable though fieri) oltere I at t?e recent le.uetion Tne demand lor Wnei to-day ?as .nactive and pri e?, although not al tered from tho?e ot tne 1st instant, could i-.trily be niaiutaino i A lew i ar. el< ot Wheat in bond were taWen cn certificates at 10s 6 i poi quarter Hour was sery Ju.l at la'e rates L mos >U*kkti, Jcwr 3 ?Cotton - I (mall bu-iife ? has been transacted in F.ast India since last leport, but p.ice> are very A.m. ant the market ba? a-?ume I an im piovm^ appearanoc Impoiters show no dis^ition to prats s let, ana little is offering, any ol good quality w ould fia t ready buyers at higu rates. .Meiais- W e con tinue to have an improving mtrket for British iron; the home tra>:e have operate ; extensively, several export orders have been executed, and speculators purchased to some extent Prices aie on the advance, an l rule as fol lows: 8-otch p.g ?t ;2s ttd to 76s; Welst. and Stafford shire at 90s to loot; Railway bars ?9 10s to ?10 10s, and common ?V elch bar ?s .>? to ?4 10* per ton, and tbero is every prospect ot a further advance taking place in the value. Spelter is to be ubtai. e*1 at ?18 * ?d to ?18 us, but lew buyers are to l>e met with. Tin has been pur chased with increased freedom. Itauca at 8ls, and Straits at 79s to 811*. Naval Stores?'I'he market lor tar is quiet, and the sales small in extent, the trade being (the inly puichasers at I A* 3d for Stockholm, and iTsrki for Arch angel. No business has licen reported in rough turpen tine, the rate of ts 3d is still quite nominal. Spirits have again receded, and only a very small business doing at Us for c.a.boy s, and 41s for puncheons Provisions- Al though all descriptions ol new Irish butter crnbe ob tained upon further reduced t*rms, still the purchases made since last repoit have been trifling, and 7fts to Hfla perewt are the rates accepted, according to quality; there is every appearance of prices going lower, as the o>n<umption Is much interfered with br milch, which is considerably cheaper and our own mate being plentiful. The supply of all kinds of butter will this season be greater than for many previous one*. In continence of the large aupplie 01 Dutch. a considerable fall in the value hat taken plaoe for all descriptions, hut a rood demand has Ip re railed, and the rates taken have been from 66a to 76s, according .to quality The quantity of bacon received has again been large, and amounted to 6336 bales, but there being seller* of all descriptions upon rather low terms, occasioned a goed business to be transacted in small meat at 48* to St*, and heavy at 46e to 48s )>er cwt landed; on board, however, there has been little passing, although salps can lie made at 46s to 61s, according to quality. Middles have been sparingly dealt in, and prices are on tho decline, bale selling at 46s to 48s and tierce at 48s to >0s. Although Lard can be ob tained upon further reduced terms, still there has been little business transacted: we quote Waterford bladdered at 69s to 62s, Belfast do A3s to 58s, firkin and keg 49s to 61s. At auction 4.'.U kegs of American were only in part sold at 36s to 36k. 12 casks of New South Wales fetcned only 26s 3d to '/7s per cwt. Hams have been only la mo derate request? Irish at 02s to 64s, Westphalia 69s to 6?3s, and American 42s to 64s. English Cheese has been in excellent request, and prices are improving, especially for good and tine. Foreign is wanted?Edam at 38s to 64s, Gouda 40s to 48s, Kanter 21s to 26s, and American at 40s to 60s per cwt. In the value of barrelled Provisions wo have no material variations to record. Rice?Carolina meets with steady buyers for home use of 30s for firsts, and 2is for secund. (.'leaned Patna also sells readily at 16s 6d to 21s for low to fine, being former rates; but for export no enquiry. English Linseed Cakes are firm at ?10 10s to ?10 16a, the quantity produced being small. Abont 800 tons Foreign having arrived from the United States, prices are drooping, sales in 20 ton lots selling at ?6 10s, and fine French ?7 to ?8. Rape Cakes are 6s per ton cheaper, with little doing; the quotations are now ?6 6s per ton. Tallow?The demand for Russian if rather limited, but prices are still maintained, both chandlers aud soap makers operate with caution, taking only umple for their immediate wants; but, in consequence of the small stock, they are compelled to pay 42s 3d to 42s 6d per cwt for St Petersburgli yellow candle of fine quality; at auction 16 casks wero disposed of at these rates Other kinds have sustained tho former value, and met with a fair domand; 16 casks Oporto at auction were disposed of at 41s lid to 42s 3d for good and fine, middling 39s 9d; 8 casks of Kast India fine 46s 3d; 70 casks Italian good to 41s Cd to 42s 3d; 22 hhda of New York were chiefly taken in at 42* Cd lor line; 30 ciuiks do melted 41s 9d to42s. Whalebone?'1 ho vol lo of tliii article is still falling, in consequence of the late unirals, but buyers act with groat caution. Only u small portion of 14)j tons South ern selling ut ?210 per ton. Liverpool Cotton Market, Juue 3.?Thero has been a fair demand lor cotton since our report of the 30th ult. , It amount* to 21,000 bale*, vu :?Saturday, 4030; .Man i day, 7000; Tuesday, 6000; and to-day, 6000. Yesterday and to-day, 1000 to 2000 halo* v. are takon on speculation. Prices cannot be quoted lower; but the market is deci dedly firm and steady, very extremo rates being ob> ? tained. Liverpool Coats Mahuist, June 4.?Fine and good I useful wheats, upon a limited demand, reccded further 1 in valuo on the 2d instant, making the decline 2d to 3d ; per 70 lb. from the ratos of that day week, and all infe . rior parccls were very unsaleable on still lower terms I Choice marks of fresli Irish Hour were in moderate re quest at our last quotation*, while other descriptions, as well as Canadian, must be noted rather cheapcr. Indian corn, although a few further parcels were taken to-day for shipment to Ireland, must be noted Is per auarter be low the rate* of this day se'nnight. Of bonded wheat no ?ales have been reported to-day; but of Western Canal flour one or two parcels have been disposed of at 22s 6d per barrel to arrive, and 23s iter 196 lbs is required in store. Philadelphia, under lock, is ofteied at 20s 6d i to 21s. I Liverpool Freights, Jui?e 4.?The warlike tidings | per CainbriH, have tended to check shipments in aome ' degree; and a tew h.iuses declining to ship in American | bottoms has cause.1 some little inquiry for British ves sels ; there is not, however. a single American si ip in the port unfixed. The amount of height going !orM?rl is still limited ; and, in the absence of much iicmatid for passenger ships, business must be considered uull. notwithstanding the unusual scarcity of tonnage We quote the following rates, for transient ships to New York, for goods, Sic :?Dead weight, 9s. to 12* 6d. ; earthenware, 6s.; fine goods, 16s ; hardware, 12s. 6d per tou. Boston?dead weight, 16s to 17* Cd ; earthen ware. 4s 6d to 6s; fine good* 16s to 20s; hardware log to 17s 6J per ton Baltimore?nominal, no ship loa ting.? Philadelphia-dead weight, 16s; eartheuware, 10i; fine goods, 26s; hardware, tes per ton New Orleans?dead weight, 20s; earthenware 10? to 12s 6.1. fine goods, 30s; hardware 26s. Charleston aud Savannah?no ship load ing. Liverpool Markets, June 3.?Ashes in limited re quest. aiiii salos made to a trifling extent at 1'ormei rates; Pot 20s to 21s, Pearl 22s to 22s 6d per cwt. Iron?Prices, during the last month, have been almost stationary. There have been no anxious seller* in the market, and little disposition to buy, except for the current and nc cessat) demand. All business has been paralysed, to a considerable extent, by the delay in the government iree trade nieasuies; by the uneasiness in the money mar ket, arising from the large number of railway scheme* w hicn ha\e already lecetved the sanction ot the House ol Commons, and by our relations with the United stales. With respect to the United States, it is generally consi dered heie a* a mere question of time when *he will be independent ?f thi* country for a supply of iron; and, -per haps, this period would be renlered shorter, if the Uni ted States would at once reduce the im|M>rt duty on Bri tish iron, and throw the American ironmaster* moro di rectly upon their own resources, which are vast, and in ferior to none in the world. Experience, in various trades in Great Britain, has demonstrated the advantage* they have derived lrom a diminution or removal of pro tective duties. Thus, with the American ironmaster.lt would result in his sooner roducmg the cost, improving the quality of hi* iron, aud rendeiing further Importa tions from this country unprofitable. As it i* generally expected the Oregon question will be diplomatically ar ranged, this considei ation docs not mucn influence the market. The Mexican affair is considered more serious. Tho demand for Kailway Iron still continues to be very large; and were it not lor the strikes and high expecta tions of the mechanics and labouring classes, the con. sumption of iron in all the manufacturing operations of the country would be much greater than it is. At pre sent most of the large engineering estahl.shments in I Great Britain will be lully employed for a long time to 1 come. As business i* generally flat during the summer months, we cannot expect mucn improvement ( r a few weeks; but the iron trade appears healthy, and higher pricos may l>e expected in the tall or the year. The fol lowing arc the present quotations in Liverpool: Common Bar ?8 iOt to ?8 15s; be*t R?fined ?11 to ?11 10*; Hoop ?10 10s to ?11; Sheet ?11 lOito ?13; and Scotch rig ?4 per ton. Provisions?American.?There ii (till a want of confidence between buj er and teller; and ai nearly all galea are made for cash, prodoce of all kind* it kept at lew price*. Thin applie* equally to American a* to other produce. The stock of Beet has largely increased by la*t month'* arrival*, the greater portion of which being of Western cure, ihow* the ?ame deficiency in color which ha* marked all the previous arrival* from that quarter thi* season?*ome of the parcels, under the most lavorite brand*, being quite black. The probable cause of thi* defect i* the pre*cnce of lime, either in the aalt or the water of which the pickle i* made; but, whatever be the cauae. the value of Western cured Beef i* injuriously affected thereby. Prime parcel* of Beef arc much want ed, and would command somewhat over our higheit quotations; secondary qualitie* being pressed on the market, have been told ?n oasier term*. Pork doe* not sell Ireely?American shipment* not being in favor for ship stores. There is some demand for low qualities for I export. Kor Bacon there would be a free sale, but there have been no arrivals during the past mouth, and none in market. Hams do not sell except to a very limited extent Of Lard, there ii now a large stock in first hand*, the or 1 rival* more than keeping pace with the demand. We make 1* per cwt reduction on our last quotations, both in barrels and keg*. We have no Cheese on the market, and, consequently, cannot quote it* value accurately. From the high value of English, however, we infer that 54* to Ms could be readily obtained for the best dairies of America. Imports of North Amorican produce, from 1st to 31st May, 1846, inclusive '.?From United States ; Beef, 7,117 tierces 476 barrels; Pork, 1,338 barrels; Hams, 3 casks; Tallow, 438 hhd*. 1,061 bbl*.; Lard, 3,673 bbls. 4.756 keg* ; Hide*, 6,747 ; Wheat, 6,634 quarter*; Flour, 73,368 barrel*. From Canada : Beel, 135 barrel* ; Pork, ?to buirels ; Butter. 840 casks ; Ashes, 106 pot, 76 pearl ; Wheat, l,36.i quarters; Flour, 7,44.j barrel* Rice?A good demand has been experienced toward* the latter part of last month, when 30,000 bags wore disposed of at prices rather lower than those last quoted, say 9* to 10* lor small yellow grain, and Us 6d for middling white, an I 13s to 13s lid fur tine bold white. Tallow remains without change ; the sales not large, at previous rates. Tobacco?Tla< sales this month are 875 hhds, viz: 131) Virginia leaf, 366 stemmed, 119 Kentucky leaf, and 361 stemmed. Of these, 8? Virginia leaf and 198 stemmed, 5 Kentucky leaf and 47 (temmed, were taken for Ireland ; 1 Virginia leaf ami 18 stemmed, Scotland: 33 Virginia and 75 Kentucky leaf for ?x|M>rtution ; ant 19 Virginia leaf. 60 stemmed, 39 Kentuck\ loaf, and 314 stemmed, by the trade. The import* arc 410 lihd* from New Orleans, 3 New \ ork, 3 Dunlin, and 3 from Limerick The ex ports are 31 hhd* for Draamon, 7 Rotterdam, 6 Christiana, 6 Africa, 3 Hamliutgli, 3 Jersey, and 3 Isle of Man. The inquiry, this month though not extensile, has, for the period of the ) car, been fair; the market steady. In price* no alteration to notice. Cot as Al'th**ti<|1-b?Pari*, June 1.?Fiva |>cr Cents, 1191. *W)c; Four per Cent*, 10i>f. 36c; Three per Cent*, 84f 30;; Bank Actions, 3,4451 , Kente de Naples (Roths child/, 10-JI ; Romans 1001; Belgian hive per Ceu's,1840, 100; j Spanish Thiee per Cents, 1441, 38). klxchauge on Lou , >n, one month, money, 3jI' 64c; three months, mo ney, 351 474c novate, June 1?Last Paicus ? Five per Cent*, I.Of; Thiei?jx>rt ents, 841 30c. Bank Actions, 3 445f The ap

pr> hansion caused by the war of the Lnited state* with .wexico weighed on the Pans monev maikat on Monday. Htvac, May >1 ?Cottons.?Under the inflnence of the advices nom the United states, ot the 7th nist., re eived b\ the ureal Western ItaMBer, immcd a'ely after the close of our preceding circular, our inaiKet, winch waa alieady devoid ol spiut, assumed a depressed appon.ance and'elapsed quite into a dull state I lie annbtin< e rent ol lurgur leceipts of cotton in the port* of the I niun. in dueinj the !>alief that addi tonal *hip nam* will ba short ly loriiicommg to t.uropv has created a Jepiessed ferling no acted a* a check upon the daily trau act.on*, wliidi hive throughout the whole of the week, been complete ly ilivetied ol any active character Tho unsatitfac.ory tenor ot the accounts from England, wlieie the debates on the coin laws hal begun to excite Mppiehenaion* a* to Ilia results, which acted prejudicially to buainess in general, coupled with the unfavorable intelligence from our internal districts, where, notwithstanding the preva lence of fine weather, trade wat far from flourishing, have alto contributed in a considerable degree to the flat nest thai has predominated hare It is therefore not a matter of surprise that under such an inauspicious state ol things, there should be such an unwillingness to oper ate he > ond the moti urgent necestitiet, which has been the case, for with the exception of 7M hale* MoBile, to arrive by the J. P. Ilai ward, taken by a tpeculator at f71 on invoice, at middling quality, the demand haa been merely to supply the immediate requiaite* for consump tion Price*, as a natural conaequenre. have been affected by the geneial depression, and United State* inferior de scription* have receded fl to I 50 from oar previou* quo tut ions, but other nualities have not experienced any al teration. The advices by the Cambria steamer have lust airived, and have Increased the flatnaas in the market, which closet in a state of complete stagnation Ashes ? Owing to the unfavorable advices from the United States, bu>er* have entirely kept aloof during the past week, so that American Pot Ash, old, is now offered at f34, and raw, to arrive, at fit 50, per M) kil duty (M 35) paid. P< a-l Ash is w-irth fM 50, for bom* use. No supplies have arrived Drugs and Dyee?The only sale to record , it ? lot of SI? bag* Baltimore Quercitron Bark at fl5 par 50 kil. duty paid. Imports?03 cask* Annatto, from Cay enne, 4 bags Beeswax, from Porto Rico, tttiS bale* Or chella Weed. 71 casks and 447 bags Gum Copal, coast wise. Hides?The expectation of shipments from Buenos Ayret, coupled with the flatness in the market, have par ' alyzed the transactions, and created a downward ten dency in prices The sales have, therefore, been to a very small amount, consisting only of 450 Buenos Ayres, ' dry, at 71\cto 7."^; 480 Senegal, dry, at 51S,c. and 14 | bales East India Kips at 76Vc per % kil. duty ^aid. The imports were 287 from New Orleans, 371 from the Went Indies, 86 from St. Domingo, and some lots coastwise ? Rice?Very little inquiry nas been manifested in Carolina Rice, only M tierces having found buyer* at fS5 to 35 31 per 60 kil duty ifl 37*-,) paid Our extreme quotations 1 are CSS to 35. ' We have received no supplies this week. ! ' Tallow, kc?These articles are little sought after, but at this season of the year there is seldom any activity displayed. The only sale* to report are 35 casks Russia tallow, yellow, old, at f ,~>5 50 per 50 kil, duty paid. The , scarcity of New York Tallow keeps up price*, which j we quote at f M to 5W 50; but American Lard i* neglected and price* are looking down The Potomac, from New Orleans, arrived with 10 casks Tallow. Whalebone? ; Price* having again declined, buyer* have been induced . to come freely forward, and the transaction* since our last report have been to a rather extensive amount. The sales effected were, 10 tons northweut fishery, in loco, at f 2 4-2 i to 3 45, and about 75 ton*, deliverable from June i to November, but chiefly from July to August, at f 3 40 to 3 46 per ? kil, for home use. Northwestern, in loco, is now worth f 3 4-2}, and southern Ashery f 3 60 to 3*3*. , Stock on hand 130 ton*. Wheat and Flour?The average price of home Wheat, at the lait Montivillier* market, waa f 55 per sack of '200 kil., being an advance of f 1 on : our preceding quotation \11 the American Flour that remained on hand, has been run off at f 30 a 31 50 per bbl , in bond, to be sent out of the market. ? Bombay, May 1.?Cotton?The market for this staple has exhibited no animation, and the business done has been exceedingly limited stock* are in consequence rapidly accumulating, but the only reduction in price wfiich has taken place has been in Dollerah, and that has been more owing to inferiority of quality than to > any other cause. Mouay Market?The continued tight- ] ness in the money markut ha* still further ait'ecUd the j value of government securities. Exchange?Tho supply i of bills continues in excel* ot demand, and the rate of ; exchange on England ha* consequently still furthor ad- { vanced. It may now be quoted at 2* 0>ad to 3s 0% per rnpee, at six months, and 3*at 30 day*. On Calcutta, at j 1 30 days, the rate is 97] to Ob rupees. Hintc of Trudo. [From iho Liverpool Times, Juuo 4 ) We have received our usual weekly reports from the j manufacturing distiicts of England and Scotland, which I we herewith subjoiu :? liHAoroan.?There is a good supply of combing wools, and the market is firm. Tho spinner* (till buy with | great caution, in the hope that the long oxpccted fall willtako place in the price of wool*. There is a fair de mand for yarns at former prices. The spinner*, how ever, find that before they can realise any profit*, either the price of wools must fall, or yarns rise. There is a good market for pieces fitted for tho autumn trade, and a great number of sales have been made. The foreign merchants are not doing the extensive business they were wont to do. Glasgow.?There ha* beeu but a limited busmen in cotton yarn this week, and last week'* price* are barely maintained. The market for cotton goods still continues flat For mo*t descriptions there is little enquiry, and prices continue nominal The depression, we think, ha* been rather increased aince the arrival of the East India mid-mail, the accounts received being very unfavorable for Glasgow manufacture* generally. Hi'DDERsncLD.?There is only one opinion as regards ' our market, namely, that there is a complete dearth of business. The last American packet brought orders for vestings, which our merchants are giving out, without , which manufacturers would be almost at a stand still Leeds.?Owing to this day (June 3) being a half lioli : day , the attendance at our market ha* been thin, and the business transacted of very little moment. Priccs are stationary; and by the caution exercised by the manu facturer*, the stocks are lower than usuhI at this season ; the same cause has produced the same effect in the ware houses. Few buyers have been in the town, and their ; purchase* have been very trifling. Leicester.?The season for manufactnribg low cotton hosiery may now be said to be brought to a close ; and 1 although the emand ha* not been so briak a* last year, j it has considerably relieved the worsted market Manu facturers are preparing for the autumn trade, and large purchases of Varns have been made ; the Woosted spin ners are therefore busy. Wools keep firm. Some Ame rican order* have been received, but are principally con fined to fancy goods and gloves, for whioh a good de mand continues. Manchester.? Owing to the Whitsitn holidays, thero is very little business doing this week; but prices both of goods and Vnrn, are very firm, and there is a decided j ly improved feeling in the market, with a confident an 1 ticipation of a decided increase of business as soon a* the holiday* are over. Rochdale.?We have had rather more buiiiies* doing, and prices a shade better than on Monday week. The Wool market has been steady, and price* nrm. Common Pleaa. Before Judge Ingrahame Jink 19.? Martha Covtrt vs. Daniel Carpenter.?Ver dict for plaintiffs cents damages, assessing the value of the property at (300. The People v? Corns. D. Driicol and Jamei W Burke. ?Thit was an action of debt on a bond. In February last a complaint was made against Driscoll, at one of tlio Po lice Offices, that he had abandonod his wife and child, and left Ihein without support, upou which he was con victed; and thereupon, with the other defendant, entered into the bond in suit, to be of good behavior for twelve months. On the part of the people it was alleged that he broke the condition of the bond, and the present action was brought for recovery of the penalty. A nonsuit waa moved for on several grounds, out the two following were the principal, to wit: that neither the bond or the conviction set forth that the magistrate had jurisdiction, or in other words, that they did not >et forth where the offence was committed, from which it necessarily follow ed, that it did not appear whether he had jurisdiction or not; secondly, that the form of action was bad, it being a joint action; and the parties having severed in the bond, it was contended that a separate action should be brought against each of the defendants. The Court granted the nonsuit on the first point, giving no opinion on the other. For the plaintiff, Mr. Porter; for the defendant, Mr. Gay. John Secor and Elizabeth kit wife vs. Joteph Grulick and Richard Howell?This was an action of trespass, brought to recover damages for an assault and battery committed by the defendants on Mrs. Secor. It appeared from the testimony that on the Saturday previous to Christmas last the defendant, Ouilick, who is the militia fine collector, with the other defendant, went to the house of Mr. Secor in Mangin street, to collect a fine; and without any ceremony went into the back basement 1 Gulick finding that Mr. Secor was not at home, enquired where Mrs. Secor was. He was answered she was in the front basement He then went into that room,where he found Mrs. Secor, and said something to her about a One. She requested him to wait until she sent for Mr. Secor, who was at his lumber > ard, a short distance from the house, and added, that if he, Mr. Secor did not pay the fine, that he, (iulick, might take way the things. He ' positively refused, saying that he should do hia business, and called to Howell, the other doft., to go for acarman, and proceeded to take an inventory of the furniture. After Howell had come back, he was proceeding to take the furniture, and Mrs. Seeor it seems made some resis tance, when Oulick and Howell both committed a most j unmanly and aggravated assault on her by violently pul , ling and dragging her about the room, throwing her down on the floor and dragging her to the street door, although she was then, and for some time before, in a very del irate state of health. Thero was no dele nee made; and the Judge in charging the jury-said the con duct of the defendants was most reprehensible, but left it to them to say what amount of damages they ought to give. The jury, without leaving their seats, found a verdict for the plaintiffs for $o00 da n ages and 6 cents costs. For plaintiff, Mr. H. Hunt GenrrsU Sesslom. Before Recorder Scott and Aldermen Walsh and Walker. Joh* McKios, Ksq. District Attorney. Jrwi 19.? Trial of Charlet Radcliffe, for Burglary, continued.?On opening the court, this morning, the pro ceedings of this trial were resumed by recalling to the stand Mr. Heed, who deposed as follows :?A vest pat tern, oxactlv of the same style as the vest now shown me, was stolen from my store on the night of the 10th of October last; I had but one vest pattern of the kind; and 1 never saw but one more like it; the piece 1 obtained from Mr. John Hammond, of Cedar street Officer Fklt, of Brooklyn, examined ?About the mid dle of October last, I searched som? apartments in Brook lyn occupied by the prisoner at the time; on entering which 1 saw a female representing herself to be the wife I of the prisoner; I have also been at the bouse No. 603 Fourth street, where I saw the same female I had pre viously seen at the house occupied by the prisoner in Brooklyn; I went to the house in Fourth street in com pany with officer Bird and his son, also a person by the name of Bangs; we went with a search warrant to search the premises; on entering the house, Mrs Kadcliffe, as she had represented herself to be, (aid to the prisoner, pointing to me, "There i* the man who searched the hou?e in Brooklyn;" I cannot say whether Radcliffe was un.ler arrest at the time the search was made; I suppose he was; he came down to the Kssex ma. ket police office u ith us; until when, he was not out of my sight that I am aware of, except to go into the hall [Question as to what was the reply of Radcliffe to Ins wile on being told witness was the person who tearcbed the premises in Itrooklyn Objected to by counsel lor the ilelence ] The half of a handkerchief, now shown, was found tied round a lot of burglars'tools on the premises occupied by the piisoner in Brookl) n; the other halt of the handkerchief was subsequently found in YValdin's room in Fourth street, in tnia city ; the bag am! burglars' implements, now shown me, were also found in Waldin's apartments iu Fourth street. Officer Biao was then retailed, but no new facts were elicited in the course of his examination. The Distkict Aitukrct here announce ! that testi mony fur the prosecution was exhausted; whereupon f. Warner, Ksq proceeded to open the ease on the part uf the <!ef?-nce. stating in the course of his remarks the cheiat ter of the testimony by which he expected to prove the entire innocence of his client.and consequent ly his acquittal by the jury. The testimony adduced on the part of the defence will b* given to-morrow Cor*T of Common Pi.eab and Gknk*al Sessions, Albany County ?Monday June 17ih, 1846 ?(au nf Janif# M French, I'r fr Caggtr, and John E Hernant, cnarged with conspiracy, Itc ?Mr. Wheatoil for the de fence, moved that indictment be quashed, on the ground j that Samuel H. Hammond, under whom, as district attorney they were procured, was not authorized to act as such Mr. Hammond said he was not now prepared to argue this question, and desired that the court would name a day?Friday next If convenient?lor its argument The Court then proceeded to the other business of the calendar.? Jilban* Jitlat, June 18. Exports to Livkipool.?Tlie packet ship Mar grave, Cant. J. Bailey, rlfaretl on Wednesday last, from Baltimore, with .'>700 barrels of floor, 4339 bushels of corn, 194 bales of cotton, 200 boxes adaman tine candles, .100 barrels lard, 3*0 sides leather, 900 dry hides, I0,0(*l horns, 1 rise and I box merchandise, 1150 hhd. staves. 1000 barrel do The ship Farwell, (of Boston) Capt W. B-Oerry, cleared on Tnarsday, with MM barrels of flour,and 407qushels of wheat lVEW YORK HERALD. Mew Y*rk, Saturday, Jane 4U, IMS. ? Oar II last rated Weekly. The ft rtkly HmraU will be issued at ? o'clock thii morning, *?* pence a copy. It will be beautifully em bellinhed with i view of Suit Ke, a city on the banks of the Rio Grande, end one that Col. Kearney hai bean ordered to take. In addition to this, it will contain the offlcialcorrespondence ofthe gallant General Taylor and his brave officer*, the foreign news received by the Great Western and Caledonia, the intelligence of the set tlement ofthe Oregon question, Ike., kc The Herald at Cape May. Those of our patrons who intend to make this water ing place their residence during the warm weather, are informed that they can always obtain the evening edi tion of the Htrald the day'after it is issued from our of fice, from our regular agents in that place, Messrs. Co lon It Adriance. The Foreign New*?European Politic*?Ore yon Treaty and Mexican Mediation. Our advices from Europe by the ?tetunship Ca ledonia, at Boston, from Liverpool, are, in a polit ical point of view, rather important and interest ing. It appears that the great powers of the old world are looking forward to certain events with the greatest anxiety, and, we might add, the great est fear. The peace of Europe hangs upon the slightest thread?that of the lives of two aged indi viduals. The deaths of Louis of France, and Met ternieh, of Austria, may at any moment take place, as they have been long expected, and that moment will be a crisis in the affairs of the world. England is preparing for this crisis. j The sudden settlement of the Oregon question? | the offer of mediation between this country and | Mexico, in relation to our difficulties with that | country?the arming of Canada, and the efforts to I reconcile the various interests of her North Atne i rican provinces, are evidences of the determina : turn of the British ministry to leave nothing in this : section of the world likely to attiact attention in the event of difficulties nearer home. There appears to be an effort making to concentratc her j forces to meet {iny emergency the political j changes on the continent of Europe may | produce, and the government naturally wishes j to be relieved from any apprehension of i a rupture with the United States. We attri i bute the abrupt and hasty settlement of the Ore I gon question, principally to the policy Great Bri I tain has been compelled to adopt, in consequence i of the position takenby France. Had the British ! ministry been successful in their efforts to draw ' the French government to their side, and have perfected the combination contemplated by the principal powers of Europe, in relation to the an nexation of Texas, and succeeded in getting up the proposed protest against annexation, the Ore gon question would have assumed a different shape, and the ultimatum of Great Britain would | have been such that it would not have been ac cepted by the United States. When we look at i the repeated offers which have been made by our government to settle the north west boundary, I and which have been as repeatedly refused, and ' compare them with the terms of the treaty re cently ratified, based upon proposals from the British government, no one can resist the conclu sion but that some powerful influence has been brought to bear upon the question, as unexpected as it has proved effective. This influence, which has,at all events, secured the peacc of the two most important powers in the world, is nothing more or less, than what we have alluded to in the beginning of this article.? The eyes of Europe have been turned upon this continent, and the re has been an effort made by several of the European powers to preserve what has been termed the balance of power among the republics of North and South America. "With what success their efforts have been crowned,the whole world is conversant, and it is highly proba ble that no further attempts will be made to pre serve a better balance than that already in exist ence. At all events, there is very little doubt but that the republics of this continent will be left to regulate their own balance?, without requiring any aid from the political mathematicians of Eu rope, and in the Mexican affair, "Old Rough and Ready" has already been selected as the media tor by our government, and he is the only one that the American people will recognize. From the little black clouds which have from time to time appeared in the cast, we should judge that the political horizon of Europe was ? not so clear as the governments of that continent would wish; and it is in anticipation of these black clouds enlarging and spreading over a greater surface, that has withdraw* the attention of those more interested inEastem affairs,from the political millions of the western world. Separated as we are from the governments of Europe, we take no , particular interest in their political concerns ; our geographical position prevents us from being em broiled in any of the disputes and difficulties which have, in two instances before this, been of signal service to us in accomplishing certain im portant political objects. The settlement of the Oregon question is another favorable result of do mestic difficulties in the political families of Eu ; rope, so far as we are concerned. Wkst Point Academy.?In certain sections of the oountry, among the sausage democracy and oyster cellar literati, it has become quite popular of late, for the want of some better theme upon which to exercise their tongues and per s, to decry the character and use fulness of the military academy at West Point. In order to rebut many of the false and ridiculous charges urged against the institution, and in con sideration of the fact that the country is now en gaged in a war,in which many West Point gradu ates have shone conspicuously, we thought proper to despatch a special correspondent there, whose letters were published in the Herald through last week, and which exhibit the true state of affairs at West Point. The history of West Point is generally well known. As a military post it was conspicuous in the stormy days of the revolutionary struggle. No sooner was the war concluded, than it became a matter of discussion how the country could be prepared for df fence, without the manifold evil* of a standing army. In 1798, Washington, after mature deliberation upon the subject, proposed to Congress the establishment of a school for instruc tion in military affairs. By an act of Conirress March 16th, 1802, a military institution was c?ta bbshed at West Point. This, however, was on a small scale, and it wa* not until W12, when the cotintry wason the eve of a war with England, that the institution was permanently establ shed upon its present basis Sine* that time many gallant officers have been educated th< re, who have dune their country service on the western and northern frontier, in Florida lud Tilts; ,i-,d several of them have been slain in bnt l.? The ohji ctions nrgrd against the inst.tutioii v generally made by those who have no knowledge at all, ?r a very slight one, of its practical opera tions. Firstly, its usefulness has been much exiled in question. It has been said, that officers spring ing from the walks of civil life, are as well quali fied to direct an army as those who have received a military education. The course of instruction pursued at West Point, is a sufficient answer to this. For four years the oadet is engaged in all tho studies which pertain to military affairs. Not only is theoretical knowledge imparted to him,but he is taught the duty of a foot soldier, and a .dra goon. He is practically instructed in the manu facture and use of all the weapons and destruc tive materials used in modern warfare. For nine or ten hours a day, during four years, the cadet is engaged in this study and practice, nnder the eyes of the most skilful and competent professors; and to say that it in of little or no advantage to him, would be equivalent to the statement that the child will know as much without study as with it. Something more than mere personal courage it necessary in time of" war, and this something is given to the West Point students; and around these military students one hundred thousand of volunteers can gauicr. Within the last lew days, fifty-nine young men, who have passed honorably through their course of study, have graduated, and are now ready to serve their country wliere most their services are required. Each one of them is capable of com manding a company of men upon the field of battle?either in infantry, artillery, or cavalry.? Where, in the walks of civil life, can the govern ment readily command the services of an equal number of as capable innnl The idea ot making officers without instruction, is a? absurd as that of making mechanics without apprenticeship. Another grave charge urged against the insti tution is its aristocratic tendencies. It is said that only the sons of tho wealthy and influential are allowed to participate in the benefits which the government bestows here. Even if this were so, it cannot be construed into an objection to the institution itself, but only to the mode of ap pointing candidates. Each representative district is entitled to one cadet in the academy; and out of the great number of applications the Secreta ry of War secrets the one for appointment, recom mended by the representative Irom fthe district from which the applicants come, supposing him to know who is best qualified or entitled to the government putronage. If there is favoritism any where, it is oa the part ot the representative ap pointed by the people, and responsible to them for any abuse of his office. But the statement is not correct. The sons of men in all classcs of society are found at West Point. The delicate youth from the city stands shoulder to shouUer with the hardy boy of the Western farmer, or the honest mechanic. Wealth or influence purchase no in dulgence, but all are alike subjected to a rigid dis cipline and course of study. Discontented politicians, who have no other hobby to ride upon, occasionally revive these ab surd charges, and as they take well in some por tions of the country, find them very profitable.? But the good sense of the public is inclined in fiu vor of the institution, and will be, so long as its practical operations are as beneficial to the coun try at large as they have already exhibited them selves. The Caledonia's News.?We were yesterday indebted to Messrs. Adams & Co., Phillips & Co., and Harnden & Co., for our foreign parcels. The enterprise of Adams and Phillips in sending a special messenger waNew Haven, placed us in possession of the news soon after 6 o'clock in the morning. Theatrical and Mnaleal. Pa?x Thutie.?The Park wai re-opened last night with the new American prize comedy of " Family Ties," a* its great attraction. The house was tolerably well Ailed, and the new production received with considera ble applause. We shall not criticise it until we have witnessed it a second time, as there are always some lit tie defects incidental to a first representation, for which the author might unjustly be mace arcountaMe On the whole, it is an interesting comedy, being full of incidents, and the language well suited to the characters. At the close of the performance last night. Mr Marble was call ed before the curtain by the loudest demonstrations of gratification from the audience So flattering a recep tion must have afforded him great pleasure. Last night's bill is to be repeated this evening. The prices having been reduced, and the house being well ventilated, no better place of entertainment can be found than the Park during thia sultry season. Bowkrv.?The historical drama of "The Crusaders," was performed last evening, in which Coney and Blan chard, and their wonderful dog Hector, appeared before a crowded house, and their performaaoe elicited repeated bursts of applause, particularly from the "gods," who in "Old Bowery," lways cheose tovreign in the pit. Hec tor seemed to have carried the honors from the whola cast of performers, and his points were criticised with ri gid scrutiny, and loudly applauded. Mr Scott played Riohard Cour de Lion, with his accustomed ability, and Messrs 1) lane hard's Sir Kenneth, and Coney's Conrade, were well sustained. Mrs.Q. Jones played Edith Planta genet with her usaul ability, and made some excellent points in the performance of the character which ahe so well sustained. Sue is a lady of considerable talent in her profession, and her readings are excellent. A littla additional confidence would be an improvement in her ac ting, which is certainly worthy of every encouragement. Mrs. Phillips also played her part well, and Mrs Ser geant's Blandel was admirably performed and applauded. The splendid costume of the performers in general?tha knights of the cross?the crusaders, was truly magnifi cent and imposing. The "Thousand and One Nights," was related, and the entire performance was for tha benefit of the author of thia splendid spectacle, which has been got up with so much taste, and at suoh a heavy expense. Tho whole was represented in a most effec tive manner. Castle Oarde*.?This glorious summer resort wm well filled last evening by a fashionable audience. Ilia entertainments consisted of songs, by Mr. Holman; in strumental music bv a fine orchestra, and dancing by tha Misses Vallee and Mr. Thompson. In addition to these, the ice creams were excellent, and the air from the river cool and refreshing. Another concert will be given thia evening. v Herb Alexander.?This wonderful man continues to perform his surprising feats at Palao's Opera Houae. His popularity increases with every representation of his magic powers. We observed him narrowly last evening while he was engaged in performing some of his trioks, and for our life we could not penetrate the mystery with which they were enveloped. We gave up the idea at last, and set him down as the most accomplished magi cian we ever saw. The artificial Duck and Elephant which are being ex hibited at Gothic Hall. Broadway, afford great satiafaction to those who behold them. Every one that views theea wonderful evidences of man's ingenuity, is loud in hia admiration, and affirms them to be the most extraordina ry and camplicated pieces of mechanism ever construct ed. This is the first time they have been exhibited in America, and all should see them, particularly thoee who are fond of the rare and curious. Parvin, the blind violinist,is in Washington, Pens. Mrs. Mowatt is still in Pittsburgh. The Misses Sloman, the vocalists, have commenced a new engagement at the St Charles tneatre. New Orleans. The Harmoneons, assisted by Slgnor Noronha, were to give a concert at Georgetown on the 18th inst. Signora Pico is to give a concert in New Haven, on the 33d inst Mr. Dempster is to give a concert in Buffalo on Mon day evening. City Intelligence. ComfobtAai.a ?The thermometer yesterday, at three o'clock, stood at 89 degrees. Panamas, white pants, soda water and ice creams, in great demand. Towards eve ning, a shower came up, preceded by a young hurri cane, which blew one or two awnings up Broadway into tatters, and filled the e\es of people with dust. Tha shower, however, cooled the atmosphere considerably. St. THoiiii'i Chvbch.?A meeting of the congrega tion of St Thomas's Church was called yesterday after noon at 5 o'clock, for the purpose of hearing the report of a committee of five, appointed to investigate tha pe cuniary atfrini of the church. Owing to the threatening aspect of the weather, there were but few persons there and the meeting adjourned to meet on Friday evening oext. There appears to be some little diAcultv between the i>ew bolden and the vestry, in regard to tne expens esut the church. Quicker vs.*.?The steamboat Thomas Powell, on her regular trip on Ihursdav last, run from this city to, 1 Caldwell's, a distance of forty-five miles, in two hours and to Newburgh (AO miles) in two honia and forty mi nutes, mulling time?the snorte?t time on record. F.icrasioxs.?The steamer Proprietor, and tha Wave, make (heir pleasant trips to Coney Island to-morrow 1 he kte imer (iru* makes an excursion down the Bay to ah eftstmry, on the same day. Pare Ki>?i?T*i!?.? W? noticed, yesterday, that two men one en ployed in tightening the cluiiis around the P.irk louwain t\ e suppose the ohjert of this Is to pre vent i ei*on? fmni fitting on them, and that "them bench es.' a'nont which our seut.mentai frim t ha* said so nuon, are about to l-e elected Tii . ('> >Vr >Ti'Vi. -.No f.irtlier repoit# were ; m.?<!?? by ?tiy of rh'" comminmi hut re turn- ?e-0 promptly laceived from lames '"enner, T.sq , i I , k at he . ity on I county of New i oik, of the p*pu. | la on ot :he scleral cleotiuu districts In that connty, and ,e i>rn? of tue bu?lne? ani expenses of his c u t'ssir at tin e has allowed to be ma ia out Several imporufe resolutions tse-e appropi lately re ?rred | by Mr Nioo.l on the C ommon school Fund, anil its Investment j by I >ir I illen, calling on the Comptroller for a fall state ment of the State Finances,?the State Debt, ami pay* ' mouts on it ?the direct ('anal Debt?work contracted for?interest and principal paid?debt for tho aid of incor porations- funde debt?the aggregate debt?salt tax? steamlioat tax?auction tax ho , fcc.. since 18IA; by Mr. Bascom, that no one shall be culled ou to fight in war who has conscientious scruple? against the same j hy .\|r. lJascom, relative to courts ol limited and unlimited Ju risdiction?and courts of conciliation to be made out ol jnstices'courts; by vir Taggart, rela'iveto the sales and i value of Infants' estates; the amount ol fees paid *o clerks, registers and mastets in chancery out of the same ; by Mr Mann, relative to the people'a power to call a new State Convention at a future day ; a new rule, that " to strike out and inaert." he a motion, was offeied by Mr. Talltnauge and adopted. Mr Ruggles had the reference of a resolution on the taxation of real estate changed ? , Mr. O'Conor presented a memorial from the Snriety of Friends relative to military daty. A communication was received from the President of the recent Commoo School < onventlon Leave of ebeence was granted to Mr Crooker, aad tha Convention adjouraea ?JilktnM . Jtllat, Junt II,

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