Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1846 Page 2
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NTW YORK HERALD. , e: ?"I.?a' ;a?cs= , .T . ?? ? .v. Vftrli. I'uMnv, June ^3. lMft. THE HERALD FOR EUROPE. Our Arrangements for it? Publica tion and Circulation, Ac. We Intimate*! to th? public, <oni? time tinc^. that we were ntkir.jj arnmifrffnentf to ?*taiiliih an edition of this ton-nsl for the rend,n* people of'he old world, to be I*vif 1 on t> a .l^par'ure of every ?team *htp from New Ymk and Boston Wo have Keen from that time until lh? pr*?en* enraged in earning ?ut our arrangement*, an l Have the i>le*?ure of informing our readers and the jmbli ? of Europe *iitl America, that they are now com pleted , , The "tjM far K'f np will be twice the ?i*e or the Daily Heru'J *n I will be i**ued at the ?nme price a* our w?ekh theet It will contdn thela'e?t new* from all parts tf the t*riei I -ivncontine.it, up to an hour before the "team i 'eaves t'ui- port, end an hour befoie 'be mail leaves ii'i- rit\ (he f5 kut ?.teawhip I he jearl\ sub . prion a ill he tbrri* itolUr* and *'e w ill rece: ve in r,s - piiou* for thin ahe*t exclusive of onr daily and .. <aUv paper* li will contain a digest of all VmeriCHn acw? fro-n tin i c' d?!:>artui* of cue steamship to that of 'ha nw?* We ??e *lr> ?> 1 thr.-o numbers of the Herald /,>?? : h:i ? .e Infceiin* reception It ha? met 'with ju.i tp' i? in iparinn no o\|fu^ to make it all Urn can be U-irC': The p >p? >e or of thi? e?tavli?hment Ins Rone to E'.uroj* tLiu purpose of reriodelliug. on a more ex Veu-le l1 ou- ?v?tem of Ivvropenn correspondence foi the fftD ?<> k iftralH, and of establishing agencies in all the unncipal cities in the old world, for the ?ale of tni? new ?heet The unprecedented and accumulating au.oint of patron >ge that our efforts to please the read ing world have received, give ui facilities and mean* to fill the irap In the newspaper builneu. which the pro gross of *team navigation, and the consequent wanta of the people have made. Thin gap will be filled by the Herald J?r F.n'opr in a way thai will not detract from our cuaracter for energy, inlustry, and perseverance; aa I in a way that cannot he approached by any other newspaper e<tabli?hioent The Herald 1o< Bu-opi. will be for sale at the desk of our ortloe in New Vork neatly .:nd compactly done up In wrapper!, at six cent* a copv. and at our several ngencfei. in the principal citle*. particularly in Bo*ton The next number w 111 he issued for the steamer (ireat Western, which leaves tliia port' next Thursday for Liverpool. The Ktimored Mediation of England. ?The rumor that the English government wits about :o propose a niediatioii between the United States and Mexico, has assumed an nir of more probability within a few day*, which invests it with some importance. It will be recollected that the rumor about the settlement of the Oregon question commenced the same way; and gather ed strength from day to day, until finally it was re solved into a certainty. We are informed, however, from a reliable souroo, that no offer of the kind had, at the last accounts, been made, but it is highly probable that it will be in a short time. Tho instructions to tha1 effect have been sent out to the British Minister in Washington. How this offer of mediation will be received, is a question that demands a good deal of consideration. We are likewise told that no proposition will bo received by the U. S. gov ernment unless it shall embrace the cession ol California as an indemnity for tho losses we have j su.tained in the war, the indemnity for Mexican spoliations, and a security that Mexico will re- I spec: any treaty we may make with her. Cali fornia it is well known is heavily mortgaged to English bondholders, and these mortgages would have, of course, to be provided for; and in case j Mexioo should quietlyagrae to cede that territory to us, we presume the American government would be willing to discharge the English claim upon that territory. A treaty of this nature would be in the highest degree advantageous to the United States, and would be of benefit to Mexioo herself, by im proBs-mx upon her the necessity of not rashly entering into a war with a powerful neighbor, in the false hope of European nations identifying themselves with her in such a course. Meanwhile General Tayloris pursuing lus march lo Monterey, some two hundred miles or more distant from Mauunoras. Here lie will take up his summer quarters, and await the course of events. If the projected mediation of Great Britain should be accepted he will proceed no far ther; if not, a system of operations will be carried on, that will foioe Mexicoteto a peace, on proba bly not asgojd terms for that country as might be agreed upon now. We wait tho issue with patience. We wait also further intelligence of the movements of Pared* What Has Congress Done I What Will It Do ? Congress ..as now been in session nearly seven months, and the people naturally enquire wliHt hi? been done in tliat length of time. That en quiry is more easily answered than that in relation to wuat Congress intends doing. Three very im po tani things have be? n done. The first is the declaration that we are in a state of war with Mexico, a fact pretty well known before Congress declared it?neoond, an appropriation of about twenty-five millions o! dollar. to sustain thi? state of war; and third, the settlement of tha Oregon quest:r>n. We cannot but admit that these aie tnree very important matters; but these things have been raised and disposed of within the past month, which,deducted from the aggregate, leaves a b ilance of six months, in which nothing has been done, at least neither house have anything to show, unless it be the passage of the Indepen dent Tieasury bill through the House of Represen Jatives. With the exception of doings pointed out above, the collective wisdom of the nation have been seven months accomplishing nothing. This is something very extraordinary, even in the usual oourse of legislation, in the United States ; and it is more surprising, from the fact, that there are so many important measures before Congress, affect ing every interest of the country, the disposal of which is so anxiously looked for. Both Houses of Congress are strongly democra ts, and it is therefore to 1* expected.nt least,that teinocratic measures will generally prevail ; and It would seem that with the large majorities in both branches, there could be little difficulty in earrying through at once every democratic mea sure contemplated ; but there is a great absence oi that harmony in the democratic ranks, which characterized the party in former years, and gave it so much strength in and out of Congress. It is that want of unity, that has for this session given so much strength to the minority, and prevented the dominant party, nominally, from carrying out tho*e measure* which have from tune to time been agitated. There ap~-*<r? to be a conservative influence in both Houses of Congrtss, which cannot but lie highly gratifying to every pure patriot. This in fluence may at times prevent the passage of a really good act, but as a general thing, its existence n any political body is a guaranty tha; tho inte rests of the people at large will be better protect *<d than otherwise. In a country like thu, where two great }<?rtiee are t>o nearly equal, tho mi nority party has rights which cannot at all times txampled upon with impunity, and the fact of tbair having been ao treated at time* has pro e ired these pohucal revolutions, whioh have, almost periodically, swept over the country. We may, in a measure, attnbute the delay in per looting aud passing some of the most import ant act# before the present Coi.giess to the strength of this oonsorvative influence in both houses, and whilst nvb regret the result, we cannot bnt congratulate both parties that the oause 'is en JOht. The most important bill now under oonsiderv nan, is thai m relation to tho raising of revenue, ?ud uie alterations and modifiotttionsofour coin inercialsystem. Party lines in this case are al" most entirely obliterated, and whatever changes are made in the existing system, will be made en tirely independent of party. Tfi^re are so many, and such a variety of interest* involved in this movvmant, that it is impossible to tell what may be the result ol "the debate now progressing in the " \o mw Housa of Congr??-', but whatever it may b*, w have no f'ars as to tha effect. Those in X?SS which have heretofore required the giant ost protection, have become sufficiently e*tabli*l? i?i to *uatain themselvi'-., und we lira jjerlectlf *a tufletl that the finances of the government are In auch a condition, that any tariff that will produce a revenue large enough to meet the annual ex penaitureeof the country, will be sufficient to protect every important interest, to the extent they may require. The action of Congress in relation to the other measure* under considera* tion, will be, eventually, without doubt, aa favor able a.? th?se moet intimately interested can de sire. We allude to the warehousing and the in dependent treasury bill. Congress w;ll probably adi<>urn early in August, giving about six weeks longer time to carry these measures through. In making^hi* prediction or assertion, we give an answer to tho qiostion what will Congress do T? We hnve no doubt Congress will, before adjouru ment, pass nil tho bilU now under oon-ideratiou, but the people particularly object to the time re quired by their representative*, in perfecting plan*, which ara by no means new. but winch hive for yoara been before the publ'c, and with which every politician must be intimately ac quainted. Ther ? has been an attempt mad* Una seaaion,. to reduoe the mileage of the members. We would recommend ?n?king a tariff regulating the daily pay of members, aimilar to that adopted by se veral of the State legislatures, upon the principle of a pr^retsive reduction. MruTARY AppoiNTMK.v-r*.-Ther. appear8 t0 be n greatdeal of dissatisfaction in certain quar ters at the appointment of officers to command rue new reg.ment of mounted riflemen. The great point ol dissatisfaction is that civilians have received some of the appointments. We are surprised very much that fualt is found , on this head, because it is well known that the officers of the regular army are not sufficient to command the great mcrease there has lately been made to our military establishment. iLide* if there are men among civilians capable of perfomi ho ,dutl<,s of commanding officers, what rea tWn.,s th?" they should not have an oPPor b?nrofe SCrVin? Uleir Counlry. as well a, soldiers soirit of"10"' UUnk U confor?ls with the m^ J uUtl0nR 10 have civilians m com mand, and m the ranks when occasion requires tneir servioes. We hear, too, of objections against the appoint. wxrcff - m*' nronf .v. atter. think, has given the best proof that he is worthy of some compliment. \ try few officers of even die regular army would have und tak.n such hazardous duty as Capt. Walker d,d. As to Mr. May wo know nothing, one way or the other, except that his appoint ment is a sort of compliment to his gallant brother, who captured Gen. Vega; and wc think, thru Capt. e remont has fairly earned his promotion. If, how ever, among the many appointments that arc ne cessarily made, the government commits errors, tliey can lie remedied very soon. Let all agree in supporting the government till the war is over at any rate. This growling and croaking does not become Americans, when the i ?r w' u ??Untry " " Stak?- Th? ^cretary of War had better give those who are dissatisfied ^ hasty plate of soup," and have done with Submerged Propellers.?The vast field of ex periment and enterprise which was opened to the ingenious by the invention of submerged pro pellers, has been pretty well worked within a few years. Wc have now in the market of compe tition several of these submerged propeller.*, each with its friends, and each claimed to be superior to all others. Wo are not competent to dccide on their respective merits, and merely keep the run of them lor the information of our readers. The latest invention of this nature is one by McDo nald, and, like the others, is represented as supo nor to aJl its predecessors. By the use of this one, it is said, that a speed equal to thirty-fivv miles an hour can be obtained. This appears to bo great >petd,undiftwenty-five miles can be accomplished it will be a desideratum in steam navigation. The propeller attached to the steamship Great Britain may be considered successful, judging from Uio running time in her la?t trip. m aoxrtic Telegraph?Some person con nected with tlio press is making himself very officious in finding fault with the gentlemen in charge of the Jersey City station. Now, we have found fault with rhe operators at one station, for divulging, as we thought, news belonging to this journal exclusively; but tho gentleman in que*, tion it appears, finds fault because they will not divulge what oomes through the telegraph. There is but oue way for the operators to conduot their business; that is, to keep silent when they arts in tcrrogp ted as to tho news by the telegraph. If an officious person in not content with being de nied the information he seeks, we would recom mend the operators to put him out of their office with as httle oeremony ns possible. The tele* graph appears now to be managed in a very sa tisfactory manner. The Power op JuDOES.-We see it stated that the judges of the oourtnow having Wyatt on trial, have prohibited the publication of the testimony ti ljuter the verdict is rendered. Is this not a slight stretch of power 7 Would it not be well for the tetate Convention to take the matter in hand, and lay down some ride for tiie govern ment of judges and magistrates! m1*, Vk?A' 1110 Mexican captive general, is in W ashington. He probably thinks die Halls of Congress are equal to the Halls of the Monte zuma. Tins gallant general is a finclookingman, with a pair of magnificent mustache. We have? m our possession, an excellent daguerreotype likeness of him. Ota Minister to CaiNA?The Hon. Alexander II. Everett sailed yesterday in the Cahota for Can ton. He goes on an important mission, and it 18 t0 h* hoped that he will be the means of in creasing our commerce with the Celestials. All die elements of success are within his grasp. Ocean Steam Navigation.?We have re-peru sed the rejwrt of the Hon.Thomas Buder King,the Chairman of the Committee on Naval Alfairs, and are more than ever impressed with the talent and industry displayed in it, and the importance to the country of the subject it treats on. The Mexican Steamers.?It is supposed that 'he Mexican steamers that have lately created so much talk, are to bo purchased by our govern ment. An agent has been despatched to Havana to see about them. American Sparr.?The President railed for fifty thousand volunteers for the Mexican war. Ac cording to a calculation just made seventy thou sand have offered their services L<*t w tioi Chaparral.?The politicians in looking for candidate./br the mm Presidential ejection* Mormon Trottlw.-Thrratrneb Dwtbict.on op m Tw.rLE.-The St. Louis Em of the 12th nut. has the follow uig paragraph i? Morm?n:v,t:;uvow,biirw vttg&tZr** ?r ,b# f-'nisnuencr1' Th c"n,"J,r*hle '"ettement ro"r',rr w" i" the work of IhT aIIu t? 'f .d0n# " " Mld lo the tempi, wu w!f0 ?hst if tirely disband. and nei.rthl^k iV.M,ud r*c# on other place; but ,n ionr '? >auvoo mora than any looked upon by th?,n ? th. m It will l-e hundreds who" hare ?urt* I ti'n0* !",r re''S,oni and nia. will be stragVlV* back ".."iff00;J.ow' tn* every pert of the i sit * h? "'?* this. Mormons from take N'auvoo in th^UtVto'S/^^ W%,mYt Antiea do not like, an.l tlieae are If .1! ' 7bl' ,he signed for it* detraction , but thTm^r. J k " that it has in onr.n in to exterminate the rerr name of Mormon V P**'!?'* -** ,0 "P?ato?"" VVe ahall aoeo mm what we shall aee." rorUo,L INTELLIGENCE VMOM TUT. ARMY OF OCCUPATION. Another Battle Threatened by Arista. MILITARY AND NAVAL AFFAIRS. THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST MEXICO. &?. Ac. the. We have receive,I, by the mails of yestotduy, later nad some highly interoatieg intelligence lrottl the war quarter. It is reported that Arista has sent & inowage to General T-?ylor, ordering him to retire to tlie cast bank of the Rio Grai.de, or he would be com pelled to drive hi.n over. Our readers can be lieve as much of this a* they please ; we g ve the report as we find It in the Oalvttton Civilian of the 6tlf instant. Annexed are the details of the newa just re ceived I From the Galveston Civilian, June 01 The selioo ner L M. Hitchcock. Ctpt x Burns, arrived on I buieday from tha mouth of the fcio Qrando havln* loft there 011 Tuesday. u*. iog Otntral Taylor hat received another alarming ???>? f rom General Jirttta, in which the latter tayt tHat unleei d' ~,"'rrirant tmmcdiateiy to tht tail ride of the Ria Grand, Art will be compelled to c?m. dZn frZm VJZ teray and chattier them. ; mon' Oen. I aylor still continues to occupy lui enmn n??r Matamorns, on tho west cfcle of the Rio (/rands. . Thera aro upwards of 3,000 man, principally volunteers at Point Uubel. i'hoy expected to march for Can. Tav lor ? camp on yesterday. 1 y The Galveston voluutuurexoi safely down havin*made ha voyage in three days , but they were tKda??to landing, in coriieq nu s ot the roughness of the weather The company wai in goad hoalih, but somewhat oxnnuwi not being fully provided with tents BOmewhat exposed, . JE?" fami1"" and have principally re tuned to Matamoras, re assured bv th^ i>rntnJ?, ? j quiet which Gen Taylor 'Dd ? [From tho N'ew Orleans Picayune, June U 1 The steamship Galveston, Capt. Wright, was towed ud to town at an early hour yesterday, by the towboat Star o^r' ^eV W^up "t? KiS.il? Among toe passengers brought by the Galveston were Gov r. VI. Butler, o? South Carolina ; Major MoCrSTu ^,MUr' V.ljor Bel11 Capt. Hawkins ;^apuun Hooe ; Dr. Moore, of the army ; Com Moore of T.W. H?.he' ?f lh? n*T>' ; and 8 n?"nber of officers of t"e' ?^>. i e.^ecr".',tiug ?ervic?, whose names will b! found under the military head. We regret to say that Gov. Batler reachod her.. in . T'fy lofw health, but we are in hope that a few Jays of quiet and repose will bring him up speedily \ ulunteem have at last begun to |>our into Galveston :irom th0 A~'?f ?h? fth Inst, wscopyft A full company, under Capt. Arnold, arrived fey th. steamer Samuel M. Williams on the Mh inst Thov are Jo?,1!?00*'d??'he*, and carry a standard with the words aBd ^?;CK0^d0Chci V>n it theJ- ar# fine looking men ?"IJ h,rd'-v m???? fAVDyJr0m .Ja,ITr ??<> Jefferson counties arrived froni Sabine, by water, last Saturday, the 6th mm mon i Hi'l'' Cheshire who was in the battle of San Jn'in" to. jThese have also been received and left fo? Po/? Isabel on the schooner Vests, Capt Fisk, this morning r*sr.ca vh We find in the Ann the prospectus of the Rio n?.,/. MshTt m.P**T W Bangs and Lewis propose to pub main amj^m0n"' ?r "0me conv#niw,t I?oisit near the .. W? h^e received the first two numbers of the RevuA tttAsrAsi .as.tt.iSsS ?? P'taM b',h fa LLu.h\^daP.l!'.l'"Th7ii^" l ?<?n il/1'<i.?u iPe01 of Taraaulipas, Coahuila New Leon, and Chihuahua of tho futility of resisting imert can arms, and to throw upon the admini^ra&f Pa? des the responsibility of the war K ? .u De^jnents ^me/^ye from the Central govemmen* of Mexico is the distinct aim oi this new naiier We )mva '.t: Company C; Capt. Backus. Company G Cart I . Jii f Company C; snd C.pt Pric."&TT?u ^ Kers, with a section of Lieut. Brake's Rn,.* n" Lieut" WiUon*tond John"?ne' cousUtute the command of Ihe fiihTnst 'Py Re>'U0k0' Tbpy m,rch to-day, A traveller from Tampico met a between that place and^Victorii, ob^utTen dav. X TjunUn* far the Mexican army, for whom ho bore orders' he said, to retreat upon Tampico. This would crm ?n indicate that the government consider the day a< .1 finl tiyely t?rt in this quarter, or were nnable to ?i? their army suffl^entlj to enable it to stand anothei- b.r Vera Crni'1* ?? K iU fr3Bmenti for the defence ui The port of Tampico was not bl?ck)?dpd. he Mates as vessel, were entering and departing, though an vmari can sloop of war, the St MarT'sTwas in f.? Schatzell and the other Americans, who were^ rudely In order that friends abroad need not h* >i?r.k... as to the troops stationed here suflering for the abtolnta necessaries ol lile. ?e will inform them that olVl thU? necessary to tub.ist so larire a body the??ln*1 ?ad to spare; besides, scarcely any of the deli caries which our Senthern cities present but what can be oh tamed here in abundance iCa*,, miik j?u?y fre.h beef, and a variety of vegetables, are consunu/hucki tan?tUgi t'7 eioSt ^conh?^ live in * h' Is nobad pKc, ^ n 'V'.v,n!0Tnpel!ed ,0 cut down somewhat an article upon the Mexican brave, Gen. Ampudia ? is told by a ranchero's wife of the haste and trepidation in whicli he rm..?,i??.. T the afternoon of the Otb of May V d.T]^l,r 1lV. ?n membered in his calendar. The good loman .ays tUt Ampudia came to her house soon after the firing menced at full speed and alone%nd bTgge^r hus' a ?E':;S Qr, creest^len ?e^^t*nckenlnK' wrosj^but V. P'"0 h^?elf and'his*pursuersf than & haughty. su|?rcilious General Am^dia .gain^nd or ?YMoPr.reei#rTCr.t0 fSmtStZ -.IS msr^r,;^;;^ f?;itorM'? pr whom hs hired tho furn.tut, of hi. house ,^ce hi. taS! Ari.tT ?nfcrtVn?r\81 th,t Ampudia ba. chaiged ' the'Am* cansr*%^h?nT,th ?Jl*vinjr ,old Ule arm) ?? onty j^y u^s cannon tilJss^rifoid steel1'' *'rU,a', f?r h" fuither, that he would hsve won the day h^Dh1U|!1!i'??" 1 ^3g53S&5S??3 make another stand on the plains. Oen Tav lor takes th a wounded pride, end the a-lraniages of tho groun?'wUl S??S1S SSI1 ? <?<">*'*>, fi a" learues^ThTf^M-1 '? 4t Olmltos Ranche, five OBW1 the ne<lnU in? 1 R^ynoss, levying contributions P*?Pl*.and plundering tl:om of all their mules and other moveable proiwrty lit, ha. /.u.V,V .L f I lie steamboat Neva entered the riv^r u?? *. . 5" t?' .r , ' * nr# /"?t '?the shaUowest j 11Ces inside. An Iriibmtn of Captsin Duncan', batiorr in 1? u wouu?led horse trom the Held at Palo 1? * a ssH awa??S? sore there s eaongh for all iv y#es.B } bMtM 1 -Jt..vi Fetmr Cowjbaoo, June L iim ?w /I .i?1 beautiful camp ground two mil*. this side the Arroyo Colorado, ui UtMst^! I*rely savm^onr horses ln?m swimm^n^y uw'i?*^' vantage ot the . des. Not the least fredf aijn of cans was disoovcied. although the spies ranelt ihi ^J' hoth above and below the fori? The evidence. He what thev have dono. however, were plamly eoo^hV? sibla in the viclult?, for we saw th? r*masA. * ? than seven of the unlortueate Kogors partv so c^.n*' murderei, hero . few VMk, y of them spiHirently a female, were lying niwn the banc. where they dnfte.lat1er their throats hid KTnen? , ' other, were nscnvored near the wLon. ?-i ? snd buxzsrds had done their work upon all and tranv*. ;)eep tl.re.t of vengeance was nttere^bJ the T??-?Vol in leers, a* they looked upon the remains of theii cunn s: thia side of that place, aad within fittj miles ot S. aSH! ther company from Montgomery ?mit? r.?^" 1 bese motinteu riflemen are rather , ^ - - ? ? ? ? ? it ., t . - ' of customers jutt now, but they will ba fMa4 hart It deal with. [From tha Mobile HeruU, June 14.] Th? United States revenue schooner Walaott, Joeeph , AmaiMD. Lieut Commanding. arrived here last ' lug, after eight <lay?'passage lrom the Gulf squadron off the Rio Orende and Brazos Santiago. with passed mid shipman Arnold, bearing despatches for Com. Conner, at Pensacola. We learn the following particulars In re gard to the movements of the army an i Gulf squadron : Gen. Taylor was at Metamorms. waiting for reinforce ments to march on Monterey. Seven hundred and fifty men were statiooe i at Bant a; five hundred at Point lso : bel; and the remainder with the General at Mataakeras? making. In all, about MOO strong The Mexican forces were between Matamorae and Monterey, for the purpoee of repelling Or a Taylor's advance' Report estimated them to be 16.000, but this number 1s supposed to be exaggerated. The general in* pre sion was tnet they would make a stand there, and, if defeated, the war would be ended. The squadron is dispersed about the mouths of the dif ferent rivers viz : The 9t Mary's off Tampico. frigates Raritan and Mississippi,off Vera Crux: brig Lawrence, off Rio Grande; bri< Somerr off Alvaraito; the frigates Cumberland and Potomac, sloop* John Adams, and Fal mouth. gone to Pensacola for provisions and water. The , brig Porpoise to St Domingo with a special messenger ? on board Sohoener Flirt left Rio Urande on the e?e : nlng of the 6th, for Vera Cruz, with Purser Watson on board, bearing despatches to the senior officer in com mand. then off Vera Crus. Prom fifty to sixty sail inside the bar off Rio Grande and Brazos Santiago. The Law rence went to see on the evening of the 6th. on a cruize for ten lay s, at the expiration of which she was expected to return to Penaaoola It is supposed she will he order ed north for repairs, having suffered from the effects of a gale on the tvth of May, and having been in commission over three years. [From the New Orleans UMh At* 14} The appearance of the flag of tHM in any given place, is a proof that the Yankeea^bdMPl i *nd where they are. look out for the printing faSCTH Is the oxy gen which secures to them their lojjfeiil political res piration. Already have our countrymen in Matatneras started a press, we have received No. 1, of vol. 1, of the Repub lic of Rio Grand' and Fritnd of tht Ptopl*. published in Mntamoras on the 1st instant It h printed in English and Spanish, ami edited by F. McLeoa, whoee motto is? " Fear not?the brave and generous soldier Is only to be dreaded ia the field of battle " in this first number there is an earnest appeal la the people of that Department to withdraw their connexion lrom a government from which they have rooeived, and can nevor export but oppression. The article thus concludes : " Kite, then, and shout for the Republic of liio Grande. Abandon the Mexican vulture that preys upon your vi tals?tho fitting symbol of a government that has uo ! deeper cominittorauon for your sufferings than the vo 1 racious bird upon her crest feels for the seipent that ' writhes in his be&k. Assemble your delegates within the American lines, organize your provisional govern ment at once, and declare your independence to the Sierra Madre. At your leisure you can debate a consti 1 tution, and arrange the details of your government. Rid 1 your new republic of that horrid incubus, the Mexican ? tariff, which nas ruined her treasury and demoralized ' her people?open your ports and trade freely with all : the world?get the most for what yon have to sell, by 1 having the world for buyers?get what you want to buy * at the cheapest rates, by having the world for sellers? ! educate your ch ldren, protect the liberty of the citizen, i and the rights of property?ally yourselves to the great i Mother ol Republics, and imitate those qualities which ; have made her great. Do this, and yon will be great 1 and happy yourselves?fail, and your fate is fixed for 1 ever. i " l?ong live the United States of America ! ' " Long live the Republic of Rio Grande !" The Campaign Against Mexico. [From the Houston (Texas) Telegraph, June 3.] * ? * ? ? The road by which Ampudia has retreated, offers no serious obstacles to the march of our army, and it is well known to many of the soldiers of Texas, who are now iu the camp of General Taylor. From Matamoras to Monterey, a distance of abeut 360 miles, the road leads through an open, lertile valley, well watered, and interspersed with numerous flourishing villages, where provisions would be found in abundance. There are ne lateral vallies filled with dense settlements, where an opposing army could be or ganised. to cut off the supplies of the invading army ? The few slight fortifications at Monterey would proba bly scarcely be defended, or obstruct the march of the army a single day Above this city, however, at tho

pass of the Sierra Madre, the Mexican army might make a stand, but this pass would ofTor such advantages to our l iflemen that they would soon dislodge the Mexicans who should venture to defend it. Our riflemen could climb the mountain sides, post themselves in the crevices of the rocks, among the crags and ravines, and fire upon the ene my at their leisure The cavalry and artillery of the Mexicans would necessarily he huddled together in tho narrow pans, and would .be unable to stand against the murderous lire of the American riflemen a single day. The rugged mountain passes of the njo.-ra Madre, whic.. are considered impregnable to cavalry and artillery, of fer little or no impediment to tho'progress of rifle men, unless they are defended b> riflemen.? Tho Mexicans having few riflemen in their army conse quently cannot defend these passes against our troops. Whenever the American army has passed the Sierra Ma dre. the high road to the capital will be open before it, leading over the elevated, healthy table lands of the great chain of the Sierra, thiough highly cultivated districts, from which an abundance of provisions and forage could be obtained for the army. Although there districts are among the most populous of Mexico, the army would be liable to no danger on this account) for the ]leople how ever numerous, are almost entirely peons or serfs, and are not only generally unarmed, but unacquainted with the use of amis, r.n-1 are as inefficieat as Hindoos or Chi nese in the battle field. [From the Houston (Texas) Telegraph, May 37.] Some of our cotem | oraries predict that the American army will have to cncountcr great resistance from the people of Mexico, if it should invade that country. We entertain no such apprehensions The groat mass of the people of Mexico huve so long suffered from the oppres sion of the landholders, that they would tejeice at any change. 1 hey could scarc.elv be induced to take up arms to defend tho soil in which they have little or no interest. It is estimated that all the real estate of Mexico is o* iied by less than 600.000 landholders, although the population of the country is estimated at 8.UOO.UOO. The great mt>s of the people of Mexico are bought and sold witn the lands they occupy; and it is about as improba ble that they can be stirred up to a frenzy of patriotism, as that the flocks and herds will lorm themselves in bat tle array to obstruot the march of invader*. Special Carreepondence of the Herald. U. 8. Krigatl Potomac, ) Pens t cola, Jane 11, 1846 ) Moremnti of |A? Qitlf Squadron? Tit Blockattt and Privateer! The Cumberland and this ship will sail in a few hours, the former Tor Vert Cruz, the latter fur Cuba, to look out for Mexican privateers. We came to this port to wood, water, and provision the iliipi, and are now ready for a three month*' crime in the Gulf. The steam er MUaiiiippi will tetnaia at I'tnsacola, and await the order* of the Department The sauadron ia in a fine condition for ?err ice crews all anxlona for real duty?well exercised, and backed by two bundled marines, commanded by D D. Baker, as good and gallant a soldier as ever drew a sword. He commanded the marines at Point Isabel, and has the love end good will of all hands. The coast is now under a close blockade, and the army is in full possession of the Rio Grande; and should the war con tinue, the northern provinces must be ours by new 2rear's dav. Will Mexico be mad, and prosecute a hope ess war? I think not. Torn by faction, dispirited bv defeat, and overwhelmed by numbers, she must strike, and that toon We are all well, and read your Herald with great in terest. By it wc get the first news from the seat of war, from Congress, turopo, and all creation. Incldeifte, Ac. of the War. From the Cincinnati papers of Tuesday last wo copy the following items " Several officers, wounded on the Elorious 8th and 9th ult?Lieut. Arthur, 'id artillery ; leut. Gates, 8th infantry; Copt. Kelly, 8th inlantry; Lieut. C. Stevens. 5th infantry?passed up the river on Sunday ou the Robort Morris, on tLeir way to their homes. Ono had his finger shot off, another was wound ed in his leg, and another in the ankle?the bullet hole was still visible in hi? pants. "Capt John Sanders, the gentleman who threw up the fortifications at Fort Brown and at Point Isabel, and Lieut. McClay, wounded at the battle of the 9th, are slopping at the Broodway Hotel. Cept. Sanders, we un derstand, is here to purchase several steamboats to ply lfpon the Rio Grande, from Mataraoras upwards, for the transportation of troops and government stores. " Lieut. M'Kay, who was wounded in one of the bat tles of the 8th and 9ih of May?both of which he was in ? arrived in this cit> yesterday, lie ii on route to hi* friends in Pennsylvania." We learned j esterdinr from one of the officers of the Army, that the body of Lieutenant Porter, of the 4th In fantry, his been found about twenty-six miles from Ma tamoras, on the other side of the river. It was recognis e > by a peculiar mark upon one arm.?JV??r Orleans Pie. June 6. The following is the closing verse ot a war lyric, dedi cated to the ' Michigan Volunteers " fend published with commendation by the papers | Then, on, brave lad* ! our Country first?then of our selves take care ; Though blows and bullet* may be found, yet other thing* are there ; Potosi's mines, the dark-eye'd maid*; our thought* to these may flow Well feast in Monteiuma's hall*, in conqnar'd Mexico. During the time Cent. Walker was confined In the castle of Perote, a* a prisoner of war, the flag staff was bl '?n down. The prisoner*, or a portion of them, Capt W. being one, were ordered to replace it Before the pole was repl.iced, Walker took from his pocket a half dime and dropped into the step, and turning to Don Hen tie aad Gen. Oreen, who u .no al*o prisoner*, said : 11 for one. pledge my word acd sacred honor, that if I live I will yet see thai piece of American coin again ' From the chiv?li7 displayed, there i* yet a fair pi aspect of hi* fulfilling hf* word * 1 The Military Preparation for the Wat with Mexico. TH* KKMJLaK army. In oonfonnlty with ordors from Washington for tho in crease of the rank and Ale of the army, and reorganiza tion of tfieiegino nts now in Texas, four ?ompenit* from each regiment of United State* infautry and dragoons have been broken up, and their non-com missioned officers and privates, exr?|?t sergeants, Joined with the six ic malning compai ie< of each legimeat The varancles in the list of officers have beea fllTad from officers of the dis. banded companies, and the residue ordeied off on recruit, ing services to complete the organization of the regi ments to IOOO strong The following named officers ar rived on the (telverton ye?tev*lay Lieutenant. Smiih, Gordon, Johns, and Van Bokkeler. of the 3 I infantry, destined fo: Newport. Ky.} < apuins Morriiun and Mor. ris, of he 4th infentrj ; and i aptain Monigomery and Lieutenant* Burbenk. Jerdon, Bearjsley, end Heeve*, of the 4th infantry, for New York; LiouteuanU Mercy, Huggies, and Crittenden, of the ?tt? infantry, ier Phila delphia I Majors Rains ami Seawall, and C*u>tain* Haw kins and Lee, and Lieutenants HajM*, Heary, aad Wood, ot the 7th infantry, for Boston : C?pt Hunter, and Lteutoaaau Low rev and Sander*, ef Ut* Sd dragoon*. far Baltimore -S. O Pica (Fwn tha Galveste? Gazette, JuMflJ I Tha Allocate states that Texaa volunfiaars an continually passing through and near Victoria, on their *?? to tha army. During tha paat weak parties have pasaaa from Brazoria and Fort Band, and a Caw iraaa Galveeton Capt. Greens company of La Graam volunteers, 70 strong. passed Chisbolm's ferry on toe ?JOth May ; Taut Early's company from Washington on the 31st. and tha Columbus company the day following. The ,7oh.{0(i .s/ar tayat? We lnarn from thief Justice Hemphill, that a fine corop?ny of about loo voluntear* under command of Col. Woo'l. from Liberty county, passed tlrough Waib ing ton on their way to the Rio Grande a few day a since. Alio, a company from Montgomery county, command ed by Capt. Gillespie?about <0 men. One from Houston county, commanded by Capt Hall, a full company? number not known. UOna from Nacogdoches aounty, commanded by Capt. c Knight' to man; One from San Augustine, commanded by Cut Wheel ar?M man. A oompany of rifle men has been formed hi Nacogdo ches county, whioh intends to prooaad to Oalveston bv way of Trinity. CoL Haya started from Baxar on tha 18th laat v; i? ? party of tan or twelve gen'ieman for form hristi ? Tha Rangers at Baxar are vary much dissatisfied that Geneial Taylor baa ordered them to remain at Baxar. They are exceedingly anxious to Join their companions In arms on tha Rio Grande. Tha general order from the War Department, dated June 6th, which we publish to-day, settles tha question about tha volunteers now in this city. it Is plain, that all who have organized themselves un der the action of pan. Gaines, and been mustered by him into the service of the United States lor six months, and who have not been forwarded to Texas, are to be discharged aud sent home. By the order of the 3d June, heretofore published. Gen. Taylor was authorised to receive those who had | been mustered under this call, and hail reached him, on tha condition that they should aecept the terms of the volunteer bill, and agree to serve twelve months accor dingly. Tboaa declining to acoept these terms were to j be discharged and sent home ? Mobile Register, Junt 16. Two volunteer companies arrived yesterday from the Interior, on board tha steamboat Wm. Bradstreet. One , ia called the Independent Rangers. Capt W.S. Coleman, and Lieuta. J. H. Pitts, W. M. Kord and J. B. Fuller? rank and file 93 men The other company is the Beaton j County Guards?Capt. Earl, and Lieuts. E. M. Pop* and T. !?> Smith?rank and file 76.? Stabile Htrmld, Junt 15. MISSIrSIPN. Tha cannon squad which accompanied the Fencibles to : Vicksburg returned yesterday morning, and report that ; owing to some misunderstaudinr that gallant corps was 1 not mustered into the service of the United States when they left They had appealed to Gov. Brown from the decision of the officer appointed to muster them into service, and had taken their appeal in person to his Ex- j cellency. The complement of companies had already ; been accepted and all were on the ground, except two ar three northern companies, that had not had time to reacn the place of rendezvous. Several companies which had started for Vicksbuig had beeu compelled to return home and disband, owing to the fact that the regiment was full. It ia supposed that three or four times tha force required could have been mustered in the time, had their serricea been called tor.?Natchez Free Trader. June 11. ILLINOIS. A company of volunteers from Kendall county, Illi nois, commanded by Captain A. R. Dodge, came down on the Western Belle, and disembarked yesterday at Alton. It was the intention of the company, if not received at that place, to proceed directly to Gen. Taylor's camp on their own hook. They need apprehend no diAculty on that score, as we learn that Governor Ford has made ar rangements for their being received, end also for their sub?istence.?St. Lout's Reveille, Junt 13. OHIO. Genexal Obdkr, No. 8.?Cincinnati, June 17, 1646.? A requisition of the President af tha United States, dated I 16th May, calls upon the Governor of Ohio for three re giments of volunteers, to be organized as regiments of tbe same arm as are by law organized in the army of ti a United States. Each regiment to be composed of ten companies of not less thsn 64 nor mora than M privates. In executing this requirement of the General Govern ment with the promptitude and despatch the President desired, and the exigencies of tha country seemed at the time to demand it was found necessary hastily to adopt such measures for the enrolment of tbe volunteers as. in the zeal of oar citizens, has unavoidably resulted in a very consideiablo excess of troops. Thirt)-eight organized companies are now la the field, have tendered their services to the Governor, an I are all anxious to be received and despatched without delay to the theatre of aotive operations on tha Mexican frontier. 1 his circumstance, especially when is con sidered tbe season of the year, and the nature of the cli mate in which, these volunteers are destined to operate, speaks well for the spirit, the r.eal an.l patriotism of i Ohio's sons, aud c annot but be a Source of pride and con gratulation to all her citizens, aa it ia gratify ing to the Governor. The unpleasant but necessary duty has devolved upon the liovetuor of determining which of these companies, to tha number oi thirty, shall be retained to fill the te quisition In the performance of this unwelcome duty, ha has carcfully considered every circamslanoe connected with 1 the enrolment, location ami condition of each of tbe core- ! panies piesen ; and has deliberately, with an eye tingle 1 to the rights ot the parties and the good of the service, ' determined that the three legimcnts of Ohio Voluntears ! shall be constituted as follows, viz : , Fikst Reoi>.ent?Captain Robert A. Moore's Compa- ' ny, Cincinnati, Capt. Aimstrong's Co. do: Capt Ramsey's I Co. do; Captain L. Kiichnei's Co do, Capt. llarmel'sCo. | Dayton; Capt. Giddings' Co. do; Captain Welter's Co. I Butler; Capt Hamilton's Co Portsmouth; Capt Johnson's I Co. Brown county; Capt Bradley's co. L Sandusky. Second Rudiment?iCaptain Walcott's Company, Co lumbus; Capt Latham's Co. do; Capt. Morgan's Co. Mt. Vernon; Capt. Stadden'a Co Newark; Capt. McLean's Co. Athens; Capt. Wurthington's Co Logan: Capt lr- ' vin's Co. Lancaster; Capt. Brunner'a Co. Cireieville; 1 Capt. Reynold's Co. ChiUicothe; Capt I rick's Co. Hills' ! boro igh. Third Regiment?Captain Allen's Company, Meaall lon; t apt. Moore's Co. Vvouster; capt. Woodruff's Co. > NorwaU; Capt McLaughiiu's Co Mansfield; Capt. Ford's t o do; capt McCook's Co. Steubenville; Captain 1 Patterson's Co. bt. Clairsville: Captain Meredith's Co. Cosiiucton; Capt. Note's Co. Zanesville; Capt Cuapman's Co seneca Co. All such companies as are not embraced in this organi zati?naie lieieby discharged Tha Quarter Mastei Oe- 1 neral ol tne state will Joiuiwitli provide lor them tha means olcomloi table trauapurtatiou to their respective homes The three German companies, commanded by Captains Herman Kessler. ueorge uurr, au<i George uauhle, could not be retained, because the leguiations pretcub ej by the War Depiuttnent, lor tne government of troops in the service of the United States, ?peciall) pro vides that none can be roceived into sai vice, who uu not " speak and understand Uio English language " 1 ho Governor appeals to the putriotiani of those com panies ordered to letire, and admoni?be> them to oo so cheeriully, aud in a spirit ol subordination becoming good soldiers; ever minoful tnat it is as much tha duty ol the true soldier wnen ordered to retreat aa to ad vance, to obey with alacrity, when the service required is difficult or unpleassuit, a? when it ia of a contrary VI rut ?????? By order of the Governor, B. W. BRTCE, Jun. A. D. C. and Assistant Adjt General. Saval Prsparatlona. The Pentmcola OuttUt of the ISth inst aaya 'The U. S frigate Cumberland, bearing tne broad pennant of Com. connar, and frigate Potomac, Capt. Aulick. soiled from this port yesterday morning, for Vera Cruz. The U. S. ship John Adams sailed on the 6th for the same port Tne C. S. steam frigate Mississippi. Capt. Fltz nugh, we learn, sails on Mouday or Tuesday nest. 1 heatrlcsl and Musical, ? Psax.?Mr. Marble continues to form the principal at traction at the Taik. Last evening the new play of " Fa mily Ties" whs repeated, with the original caat The new vaudeville of " A Man Without a Head" waa played, with Mr. George Barrett as Mr. Oblivious Top. This is a capital piece, and it convulsed the audience with laugh ter The performances clo ed with the " Hue and Cry," with Mr. Marble as Lot The same bill will be repeated this evening. * Bowebt Theatbe.?The " Wizard of the Wave" was revived last evening at this theatre. Our readers will re collect the splendid run it had on its first representalan It ha? lost none of the interest that it originally possessed, and bids fair to have another splendid run. The laugh able comedy of " Paul Pry" was acted in conncction with it Mr. Hadaway appears to be perfectly at home in thla character, and acta it to perfection. The aame bill ia for this evening. Gbeenwich Theatre.?The Greenwich theatre opened last evening for the summer, under flattering au- ( apicaa. It is under the entire management of Mr. Charles Freer?a gentleman whose abilities in catering for the public taste are well and favirably known. The sccuery is new. and the wardrobe is entirely re-furnished in splendid st) le The company compri-es a number of tha roost talented members of the profession among whom are Mr. Freer, Air. McCutcheon, Mr Henkin*, j Mrs Penson, ?irs. Monell, Mrs. Phillips, Harney UII liams, and many othera. Tbe honse last evening was well filled by ? faahionable audience, who gave the most unequivocal marks of approbation 1 be |>erfonn ance commenced with Mr. Fleer's fine drama ol "The Oipsey King." in which nearly all the comi-any appeared. This is a highly wrought piece, containing much fine ' pantomimic aotmg.dam es,song-,and ui lesux. Af er'hl-, an appropriate opening addreta * as spoken by Mr Freer, a capital Irish story and Jig, by Barney \\ illiams; a song by Mr Dennlson, and dances by Aliss Piaj and Miss Deer ing 'I he eve ning closed with a rcw aud laugh able comedy, calle I "false nod True," in which that oepiial delines'or ef Irish character, Mr. Barnev V\ il- ! liama. appeared. To-nig'.it a new draro.i, calieil '? The Pirates Revenge,** and "The tlipsey King.'* will be placed tt e aie confident that this neat lit'lo theatre . will be well {auroniied by the residents in its viciait) . Castle QAit>*^<a~Tha ?aether w as rather too cool lasi evening to draw quite such a crowd aa usual to tins (lelightiul place ol a>nusement, yet the entertainments , were well received b) a verv respectable eudieDio ? Cattle Garden otter* ireana of rational ei\J?fS?ent which can scatcely bo exceeded b) any similar establishment In this city. IU?a Ai.e?ANOBa.?This celebrated German magi cian continues to draw large houses at Palmo's. The .n cresting patronsgn that ha nigh ljr receives, ia very flat term* To his m igtcal po? a.s. and ptoves that his feats are duly api rcci.xod This evening theie isanen'.iie Change ol performances The Allkonanians.?We ere glad to per^ehe that these talented arti?ts are to give our citizen* a'lotbei op portunity toitear their " concord of sweet sounds' m mortow evening at the Apollo Rooms The unprece dented applau** which greeted their first a.ipearaBee, protes that Hue merit will fvrr be properly u,>pie. ia'.ed by a New \i.rk andia-ice We advise ill lovers of high Intellectual enjoj mentta secure a seat in ?ea?on Hewa's Mammotm Ctaccs ?Thla trvwps -of aqna< Mm have bean wary eeccaaaful in ImU Mute through PeaoiylvanJa. The* win Mthfclt ?( IiImm on ffca itk July, aad wiil ri?H all the priaolpal townt anJ cities its the Mute of New Vork. ?? Tbe greater part of the Italian opera campany arrived in New Orleaaa from Mobile on the Mtli fn?t. Seiwr* l.'irartegui waa unwell, but was expected daily The war excite Bent ia aaU to have seriously aflecud their pecu niary profit*. Mr. Sdnbee, tin celebrated delineator of Taakae cha racter, la playing In St. Louia. Mr. Joseph Burke, the celebrated rlolluift, was to giTe a concert in Milwaukle, on the 16th i at tact. He was to hi a? listed by hi* brother, Mr. William Burke, long a oitizaa of that place. The Baker family were to give a conoert In Aahtabu la. Ohio, ob the 18th inst. Signer Noronha gave hia fare wall ooncart at Waih. ingtoa yesterday evening. Tne Holiday street Theatre, Baltimore, waa said at auction on Friday for $it.000 The Bottom T-aneerift says that the Heivrioh concert yielJed about $600, but the rapacity of about thirty Ore of the orchestra, and other expoosea which were unavoidable, reduced ti e net available proceeds to &M0. Spun In ; t.i.aidfauea. Eitr?om fanr (bat.?Mr Eatoo. aged 77 yeari, will commence the great feat ef walking one thousand miles la a thousand heura. at the Caledonia Springs, Canada, on tbe 18th July. He has only one backer against hundreda who thlak he oannot perform the-feat The Proscrlhrd Biisk?HHttmith Kdltlnn.? THE QU*KEKCITY;0r7*10.nK8??FM0NK HaLL! by George Lippird E<q i' Jast issaed, iu I volume* com plete. pr>ee One Dollar. For sale by Booiuellere and I'en odicil Agnus generally throughout the Union. No American Novel ha* ever met wiih inch natoni?h n^ auccrae as the ' THfc QUAKER CITV,' of which 10,000 c pies lure nlreadv been a^ld ! " The tragedies from which the foundation of thil work is d.av?n, were thrilling aad ll?rril?le, yet the forcible pen of the aa hor ha< heightened the (abject into a fearful interest.'* ? JVritern Literary Review. '? Tuia ia a bol J bo k. It ia the first Americas work which written with tbe intention of illustrating the seciet l.r? in oar large rcuablican cities. ha? met with a decided approval trim the public. The work wUI live in tke record* of our literature as the first Amrri ah Nevel deacribi->g me and minner* ant only a* they appear, bat as they are."?Philadel phia Howte Journal Rla*cmc or Jasin>rwiNC, a aew book by the aathir of " The Quaker City," will ahoiily he inued. t vets. TH ?u. each. The great Inceat Case?'Flae demand for this extrio'di'ary iavestigstie i his exhaisted the first edi lion of SOW copies A second edition, wuh a splendid cover and engravi ig, wi'l be issued ? His morni"g, and for sale at V Caatre street,aad by ?U the new* *se'its i-i the United States. Great Demand Cos AcwvPltlladelphia Agents Car the Herald. O. B. Zieber It Co., 3 Ledger Build 3d street, below Chesnut, where advertieementa are r? ceived. aad where those wishing to subscribe will please leave Uieir names, and have the paper served rcfularly at their stores aad dwellinga.immediately after the arrival of the can. Tenaa, 75 cents per month, me lading the Sunday He rald; 15 cents without it Single comes 1 cents. lm Superior Musical TalttonftrToaag Ladles. J To Parents and Guardians.?Music Taught on the moat improved Method with great rapidity,and on reeaoaable terms. A lady Who has received iastrurtioa from the first maatera ia Europe, and who imparts with facility a thorough knowledge of tbe science to her pupils, combined with el? ?ant and graceful execution, ia desirous of taking a few mora female pupils, either at her own reeidenee or at theirs A line addressed to A. B., at the ottce of this paper, will be attended to; or an application at 46 Mercer street, where the Isdv resides, will receive personal attention mtl lm Rariaatiou of the Uhlu tUvar< Placet. 7Ym? State of Jtieer. Otnoinnatti June 18. IS feet Wheeling. Juno i 10 feet Pittsburg, June 19 ? feet 9 inchea. *? Louisville. June 13 ? feet. ? inna HONEY HAKKBT. Monday, Jum 9SS?8 P. H. The atock market was rather heavy thla morning, hut prices remain without any material alteration The transactions ware only to a limited extent. At the Brat hoard, Long I (land went up X per cent; Stonington. X ; Norwich.* a) Worcester, 1; Reading, Pennsylvatla ?'?. I<? i Morrja Canal. X. and Farmer*' Loan,){ ; Cant< a Co. aad Reading Bonda cloied at 8aturday'a prieaa, and Harlem fell off X par cent At the second board, the operation* in Harlem wyre very Urge, and at a alight decline from price* currant to t'ie morning. There wai very little done In the other fancie*, but iha market cloeed vary heavy, with a ten dencv towards a general decline in pricea. We aflnox a general atatement of the principal artV cle* of Britiah and Iriah produce and manufacturea. ex ported from Great Britain in the twelve month* endlug 6th of January, 1346, compared with the corresponding twelve month* in the preceding two year* Declabeo Value or EiroaT* roa each tea*, ebdi*o JakuaBit 5. 18U. U4S. 1814. JUrtieltt. i. ?. i. Coals and Cnlm 690 124 67J.0JI |7? 166 Cotton Manufactures lC,2J ,0no ll.flir. 764 19.172,564 Yarn 7,l?t 971 I.9W.564 6.9U2.63S Eirtiienwars 629,141 76<>.9II KH.nn Gfass 339 911 316.321 JM, 71 J4,<r Iware and Cutlery 1.7i5 5 9 2.179.0*7 1,1*1, 21 Li en Manufactures 2.103 223 S,ti*(,7W 3.i6t.n"6 Yaru 691 *1? t.050.676 1,04 .3413 petals, vix : Iron and Steel... 2 19>l 813 J 191.361 3,V>5.t0"> Copper and bnsa 1.641,248 1.7 MS.5I5 1.702,111 Le?d 211.919 270.14 k 2ul,4 9 Tin, in bars, &c. 110 481 77.1*1 49 41 Tiu Plates 410 0,7 465,611 61 5 ? calt... 213,746 221,6* 211911 8 Ik Manufacture* 657,951 716,IM 761,414 8 iar. Hefined 4I3 6S2 331,03# 469 S*7 W-.ol, Sheen' or leasts' 420,910 51)131 5V.il1 Woollen V am 742.886 9W.2I7 1,067.050 Woolleu Manufacture* 6.791,233 6.204.(36 7,<171 671 Total ol the forcjoinn articles.44,812,6* 56,612.316 il,47l.0i0 The increase in the export* of cotton mauuractuie* in 1844, compared with 1844. haa been ?354,900 sterling do* elared value ; while cotton yarn* ahow a falling off amounting to ?36.958 declared tb ue. which indicate* that there haa baan expt?U>d cuaimii number* of)arn*?there having been an Increase in the f*ports in lbs. weight of yaraa over la>t year, while the declared value show* a decraa*e The toM ln:rea<e in the exports of 1119 compared with 1844, imjnntad to ?SlS744 a'erling da. clared value. The most atnking ia-.rea*e daring th?t , period is that in coa's and oulm*. aaaily ?1)9,406 steil.ng The aggregate increua in ISM compared with 1643. ha-* | been veiy limited ; but compared with 1644, it haa been vers large A vary 1* ge p?r cant ef the increase since 1344, has bean in cotton nmnuftctuiei The annexid ta' le la relation to the conaumpiion of cotton ia 'be principal manufacturing coun'ries of the world, !?>?*??? a* a great I deel of interest. It show* the comumption of ti e iew material, in millions of pound*, by each country, in aaoh of the paat ten year*. It will be perceived that tnare was no alteration between 1643 and 1344. CoNraaATiTS Estimate or Raw Cotton Coissc Miner each MmfACTt swo Uochtbv its bach or tm* sast Tes Yea**. Millioni of Ptundi. I Covntrifi. 1616. I* 7 1*3*. 1136 1640. 1641. Great Britain 350 369 433 362 471 422 France, including adjacent countries 116 121 133 116 137 134 Holland, Belgium, Germany, and North of Kurope 57 II II 41 71 6) Couutriea bordering on the Adriatic.. 28 22 26 II 26 66 U. States of North America. 79 73 83 64 103 106 Total million of pounds.... 632 6*3 711 140 *45 776 Total Total pro lan 5 viouii Inor ?tart vtari per 1612. '43. '44 '45 111'-'). 1136-'40. to I. Ot. Britain.. 462 531 543 597 2,555 1,966 26.4 I France, includ ing adjacent countries... 163 132 146 161 773 63S Holland, del fium, Ger many And N. of Karoiw.. 76 62 N 86 407 366 Countries bor der! ig on the Adriatic,... 31 44 X 31 17 J |<0 U. States,... 99 122 130 147 6?6 436' ?? Toul mill'u* ef pounds .. 910 931 931 1,0% 4.506 3.506 or G. Britain or G Britain 56 5 per ci of 56 6 per ct of the ? hole the whole. This statement embrace* a period of ten year*, and (hows the total consumption of thl* important stapla in the chief manufacturing countries to have amounted-far the five year* ftom 1336 to 1340. to 3 ?00 million* of Ibe. weight, and in the Ave year* from 1341 to 1844. 4,.UK> milliona of lb*. Total comnmption from 1336 to 1843, 8.006 million* of lb* weight. Of thi* quantity. Great Britain haa conmmed in the Ivo year* from 1636 to 1340, 1,039 million" of lbs. weight, and in the five year* from 1841 to 1343, i,466 million* of lb*, weight? (howing that England haa ataadily maintained ita proportion of about 06 percent of the total consumption of cotton in I3M to 1846; and in going back for a further period of ten year*# wa And vary nearly the tame remit, a* will be ssen from the following. The total average consumption of cotton per annum ha* been in the chief manufacturing countriott Five year* from 1336 to I860, (in round numbers) an avemge ofahout 364 million* ol pounds a year; fire year* from 1331 to 183I, about 600 million* of pound* a year; five ye*r*trom ls36 to 1640. about "00 million* of pound* a year; Ave year* from 1B41 to 1346, about BOO millioas of pouod* a >ear Of whioh the proportion consumed ia Or**t Britain averaga* a* foliows: ? Five yeara from 1826 to 1A30. (In round anmbare) en aven ge of about 310 m llion* of pound* a year, or o7 6 Cr ctot of iha whole; five >eai* Item .811 to 168\ about > niiU <ms of fonn l* a \ ear, or 67j8 per rent of the whole; five > ear* from 18M to 1640. ahoui 696 millloa* of pound* a j eir. or 66? per cent of the whole; Ave y?ar* t oin 1811 to 1346. about 610 milliona of jwuuda a ) ear, or M fl per cent of the whole Which show* that there ha* b?en for some time paat aa increase hi the total consumption of raw cotton, equal to ? about 300 million* of pound* weight per annum in tha average annual consumption of every succeeding fl?e years, or of about 1,000 millions of pounda weight oftota' incretse In five rear*; and that, notwlthetanding this im men-e Increase, trreet Britain ha* continued tocon-ur a tha <*<ne pi ojiort ion of about 06 to A7 percent of tha totssl quantity. Of all the cot'nnconstrming countriea, Frtnre ha* made the least pr?gre*a in that branch of Industry, consi dering the a v aniage* v ktcb aa aJwntH state of sai6are and machaaie* ailurA N'o? only ia Ita coituo trad?.