Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 29, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 29, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. v ?"w York, Moiulay. Jam 49, 1H46. Thu Herald for Kurope. The Heralii fur Europe, te be made op for the itp*m?hip Caledonia, will be ready at two o'clock to-morrow after noou. The. letter bt((i for the steamer will clote at u quarter past four o'clock. Subscriptions will be re ceived at Zieber V Co.'i, in Philadelphia, and at our agent* in Boitoa. Term*, three dollar* per year, or six pence per tingle copy. The Position of Cieneral Scott?Save him from lila Friend*. We regret to perceive that the whig press are endeavoring to screen General Scott from the con sequences of his indiscretion, by charging a con spiracy on the President and War Department. This is the worst possible mode ol exonerating General Scott, and can only eventuate to the fur ther injury of that geutleman in public estima tion. This attempt to bolster up the palpable mis takes of the General comes, oddly enough, lrom the only two papers in this city that opposed the war. So sinuous and complicated are the tortu osities of party politics, that we should not be at nil surprised if the aim of these papers was to consummate the work that General Scott has so misguidedly commenced by rendering him more unpopular than before; a consequence which is ?ure to result from any attempt to excuse his error by throwing the onus of it on other shoulders. It is useless to deny that General Scott has hitherto stood deservedly high in the estimation of his fellow-citizens, us a brave solder and an able general. His services in the tield were duly appreciated, both by the mass of the people and successive administrations. He was raised to the highest rank in the army; and he might, per chance, have ultimately been honored with the highest stauon in the gift of the people. So far asappears from the official documents pub lished,the present Executive and the War Depart ment,in respeet to his high rank as Major General of the army offered, in apparent good faith, to be stow upon him the command of the expedition against Mexico. This he ill-advisedly and petu lantly declined, at the same time accompanying his refusal with an imputation on the motives of his commanding officer, the President of the United States. He was thereupon promptly and very properly relieved of the command of the expedi tion. For his conduct there is no earthly excuse? 110 palliation of any sort. Doubtless he had bad advisers. But his worst counsellor was his own ambition. An opportunity was offered him by the President for gathering more laurels, and he would undoubtedly havo returned from the expe dition with increased popularity. But unfortu nately his ambition overruled his better sense, and prompted him to stand directly in the way of his own advancement. Obedience to the commands of his military superior, besides being /lis best policy, was his paramount duty as a soldier. He chose to act without any regard to his military duty; and he received from the President a very mild though decided check for his insubordination. It was a blunder that led to the political death of the General. It is highly injudicious, therefere, in those who pretend to be the friends of General Scott, to at tempt to put the blame of this matter on the Presi dent and the War Department. The greatest act of friendship they can render to the General is to maintain a profound silenoo regarding his error. The more his case is agitated the more will it re ilonnd to his condemnation. His punishment has been very mild. He still hold* his rank in the army ?a rank from which he would certainly have been degraded had he lived under any European govern ment. It is therefore the extreme of silliness and lolly to represent him as the victim of persecution ;md conspiracy. It is seen in his own letter that he is not. He is but the victim of his own misdi rected ambition,and of the bad counsel of his pre tended friends. Let his real friends say nothing moro about the mat' er, but hope as we do, that the General may have an opportunity of retrieving his error, and regaining that popularity and es teem which in an evil moment he was tempted to jeopardize. But it seems that politicians as,well as soldiers,are m danger of being lost in the chaparral during the ^"ar on the Rio Grande. Action of the State Convention on the Natt kamzation Question.?It affords us some little pleasure to award praise to the State Convention tow in session at Albany, for the determination they have manifested in crushing a foolish piece of nativism. In determining on the qualifica tion for Governor they have virtually stricken out, by on almost unanimous expression of opinion, the clause requiring the candidate to be a native, so that the otfice will be hereafter free to citizens, whether native or otherwise, and the vote of the convention will probably sustain the expression of opinion. The anomaly ei requiring from the person elected to any oilice, a qualification dil". ferent from that required of the elector, is a ?trange and silly one. It is time that the condi tion should be stricken ort", and that the oilice should be left open to merit, with citizenship, mature age, &c., as the only legal qualification. That the President of the United States should be a native American is all very well, although -ome of our best Presidents have been but one remove from foreigners, and some of our most distinguished statesmen of the present day?Mr. Calhoun for instance?are the sons of foreigners. We begin to have some hope of the State Conven 1on. The Magnetic Telegraph.?The Legislatures of several States have enacted statutes rendering it penal, by fine and imprisonment, to break or injure, in any way, the telegraphic wires. This is as it should be, although die safety of the tele graph lies more in the good sense of the people than in statutory enactments. The intelligence and good will of the people is a protection better than any law, and we are sure that the good feel ings of the Americans are nhvays in favor of the advancement of science, nnd particularly favor able to the safety of a system calculated to confer ?uch vast advantages on the community, as the magnetic telegraph. We believe that those sta tutes,though wise and judicious 111 the enactment, will scarcely ever have to be put in force, as there are few men wantonly wicked enough to injure the wires, and the boys are t?o sensible to play at so dangerous an amusement, besides being too patriotic to injure what they find to be a public good. We have, therefore, no apprehension of any injury to the wires, except such as is purely accidental. Robert Owen in Albany.?'The New York State Convention unanimously voted the use of their house to Mr. Owen, to address them and the public on Friday evening and Saturday morning. The first address was occupied by Mr. Owen In demonstrating the truth, beauty, and advan tages of the principles on which he had based the new ootMtituuon which he had previously sent from Wasfhcfpon city, to propose for their adop tion. These meetings were well attended, and ap peared to give great satisfaction Mr. Owen, who had hastily to return to New York to prepare for his voyage on the first July t0 Europe, by the Ca ledonia, left drawings and details of his proposed r,w constitution with Mr. Tracy, the President, for the use ot the members ot the Convention during his absence, having promised to return to Albany before the Convention can finis S its im portant labors. Military Court Martial.?It is said that Gen. Gaines is to J>e tried Court Martial. We sap rose that the brave obn&eneral will pBt.s> through the ordeal with honor The new BUI for the ??!** IriUm. On the 17th of the present month, a bill was (ucM.nU'i to the House of Representatives by j Hon. W. W. Campbell, from the Select Com. niittoe on the Revision of the Consular System of . 1 "lted States. Tins bill recommends a num <er oi alterations in the present system, that are ol great importance; and which, if adopted, will have the eifect of establishing our, at prLent, miserably conducted and powerless system, upon a basis ol health and prosperity. In order to the better understanding of the bill it will be necessary for us to exhibit, as briefly us possible, the mode in which the present consular system is conducted. There appears never to have been any firmly established principles upon which it ,s based. A few laws, of uncertain meaning, the usages of nations differing in dif lerent ports, and the individual consul's own dis- I position, such as it may happen to be, has been an is now, nearly the sole groundwork upon which it is laid. Consuls, in all |>orts, excepting those of the Burbtiry States, aro obliged to de pend for their subsistence, and the support of the dignity of their office, upon fees exacted from captains of vessels, and American citizens travel ing through die country in which they are sta tioned. No suited compensation is paid them, and thus, as a matter of course, their pecuniary concerns are allowed to exist i?a very loose and unstable condition. In most cases, the consul, knowing before he leaves the country, that the receipts of his office will be totally inadequate to the necessary expenses of it, makes his arrange ments lor engaging in commercial business, either as principal or agent, immediately upon his ar rival at his destined port. In fact, such is the low esteem in which the olfice is universally held by men of practical knowledge and discrimination, that, in a large majority of cases, applications for consular appointments have been made with the express view of facilitating the commercial busi ness of the applicant in the country to which he lop^s to be dispatched with a government aut ority. The fact of our consuls being under the necessity of resorting to commerce to support an office intended for the benefit of the people, must necessarily have the effect of detracting much from its dignity. The represen tative of a great and powerful nation becomes, in many cases, a dabbler in produce, and is called away from the measurement of sugar hogsheads, or the stowage of liquor kegs, to the performance , oi Ins proper duties as a consul. Moreover, be ing himself a merchant, he is often placed in op position to the interests of other merchants; and instead of being, as his office requires, the pro lector, he is, in fact, in many cases, the rival of "lose whose interests are placed in his hands.? -Ihe system of compensation by fees, also gives rise to illegal exactions,which often produce quar rels and bickerings, totally at .variance with the proper dignity of our representatives abroad. l or both of these difficulties in the consular System, the bill presented by Mr. Campbell pro- I vtdes a remedy. It does not abolish all fees, but i regulates them, so far as they are chargeable on vessels, that they shall be more equally apportion ed, according to the size of the vessel. At the ex piration of every three months, however, the consul is required to account for these fees to the government, and hold the proceeds subject to its draft at any time. The consul, therefore, having I ne direct interest in the collection of lees, will feel bound to act in a purely honorable manner, as a collector for the government, and not be obliged to be continually on the look-out for the where withal to pay his bills. At the same time, this will destroy the ill fueling which exists between captains of vessels and consuls, the former view ing the latter in the light of hungry men endea I boring to make out of them the means of subsist ence. There being, then, a fixed tariff of fees captains will feel bound cheerfully to pay them into the hands of the consul, who, in this matter acts merely as the agent for the governme .t. I'or the payment of consuls, the bill provides and offers a list of salaries graduated in accor dance with the severity and responsibility of du ties to be performed. The consuls at Liverpool and London are to receivc four thousand dollars; at Havre, three thousand; and so on, down to fif teen hundred dollars, which is the lowest salary paid in any instance. The same section which provides for the salaries of consols, also requires no co,isn| 9'iall engage, directly or indirectly 111 commercial or mercantile pursuits, or bo con' nected with ship brokers or agents, under penalty of two thousand dollars. Under the present consular arrangement, a large number of consuls are foreigners. The evils of this are too obvious to require pointing out. An inattention to government business, and a lack of interest in the affairs of our citizens must necessarily result, in most cases, from such appointments Suffice it to say, that the bilLpro V" es that neither consuls nor vice-consuls shall be appointed who are not citizens of the United States, and residents thereof, unless abroad in the employment of the government at die time of nominationJ>y the President. The same uncertainty which at present does and always has attended political appointments made in this country, pertains to the consulate. With the revolutions of political parties, the con sul ,s tossed about; and although perhaps faithful in the discharge of his duty, he maybe, at anv moment, recalled by the President, merely to make way for a political faverite. At any time us position is uncertain. Section third of this bill provides that no person shall be permitted to hold the office of consul for more than ten years; nor shall any one" be recalled under four years unless for good and sufficient cause, which must be satisfactory to the Senate of the United States. This will give our consuls who shall be appointed toward the latter end of a Presidential term, a security that they shall not be required to return immediately, if an opposing party should obtain the power. The fourth, tilth, and sixth sections of the bill require that a consul shall not be permitted to absent himself from his consulate longer than thirty days in every twelve months, without hav ing obtained |>crmission from the government so to do, and that even then his leave of absence is not to extend beyond ninety day*, and that during that time his salary shall be discontinued. The consul is required to execute a bond for the faith ful performance ofhis duties, and is required to correspond regularly with tho department of State oncc in three months, and more frequently, il occasion requires. The laws in relation to the duties of consult, ui regard to discharged or distressed seamen in fo reign ports, have become mere dead letters, such toatters being in fact ro?ulated usually by an ami cablc arrangement between the consul and the captain interested. The bili before us is explicit upon those points, and must, if it become a law, have the desired effect. By the act of 28th Feb ruary, 1808, it is required that ' Wb?n?tir i tnmI belonging to ? cltiten of the United State* (hall be sold la a loreigs country, and bar i company discharged, or when ? mariner, a citiien of the United State*, (hall, with his own oonaent, be dis charged in a foreign country, the matter shall pay to the consul or agent, lor every mariner so discharged, three months pay over and above the wages which any then be dee him ; two-thirds thereof to t>e paid by each ces tui or agent to the person so discharged, upon his en gagement on board of any Teasel to retarn to the United State* and the remaining third to be retained for creat ing a fund for the pevment of the passage of mariners, ritixen* of the United State*, who may be desirous of returning to the United States, and for the maintenance < of American aeamen who may be destitute, and may be In such foreign port."* This act remained in force till 1840, when, in order to give a certain discretion to the consul, in regard to the exaction of the three months pay, by I ?n net of that year, July 2d. it was provided that the consul might, upon application of the l master, and any mariner of tha veasel, discbarge ?uoh mariner, " if he thought expedient," with out requiring the three months additional wages. The present bill, without adopting the severity of the law of 1808, or the laxity of that of 1810, pro vides that no consul shall discharge any mariner being a citizen of the United State*, in any foreign port, without requiring the payment of the two months wages to which the mariner is indivi dually entitled, or without the full amount of the three months wages, unless under such eircum stances as will, iu his judgment, secure the United States from all liability or expense on account of such mariner. The seventeenth section of the bill provides that the President, by and with the advice and consent ot the Senate, shall appoint vice consuls to reside in a number of the smaller ports, who shall re ceive a salary of five hundred dollars per annum, and be allowed to transact commercial and other business. The vice consuls arc appointed for a time not longer than twelve years, nor can they be removed, except for dereliction of duty, under six years. Consuls and vice consuls, iu addition to their animal compensation, are allowed five per centum upon their salaries, for the paymeut of postage, stationery, drc. One of the most important provisions for the welfare ol the country, in this new bill, is the last, which is for the establishment of a Consular Bu reau. This bureau is to consist of a Chief, whose salary shall not exceed twenty-five hundred dol lars, and two clerks. All corrcspendence to and from the consuls and vice consuls is to be carried on through this bureau. This arrangement will lead to the more perfect organization of the con sular system, at the same time that it will concen trate tall the varied and valuable information which wdl be gathered by our consuls in different parts of the world. Our condition as an agricul tural, commercial and scientific nation?our rich mineral wealth, and our great and growing manu factures?make it essentially our interest to avail ourselves of every source of information in the world. The consular bureau will effect this. An annual statement of the transactions of consular establishments, communicated to it, is to be made up each year, and given to Congress on or before the first day of January. - On the whole,we consider this bill as a good one, having a tendency to make our consular system M'hat it ought to be. We sincerely hope it may become a law. The wholc\community are inter ested in the proper arrangement of the system.? An American consul is, or should be, the guar dian of American citizens; And the poorest sea man who ever handled a rope, is equally entitled with the merchant or cuptain, to his protection. This bill abolishes many abuses which have here tofore existed in tho system. The salaries it of fers arc not large enough to induce mere specu lators to seek for them. They do not commence until the consul arrives at his post, and no outfit is allowed liim. We have no doubt that this well digested bill will, in due time, become the law for the regulation of our present ill devized consular system. Awrui. Catastrophe?Loss ok tee British Brio Sutledge?Thirty Persons Drowned.? We are under obligations to Mr. A. D. Grigor, of the steamer Rhode Island, for* slip frsm the otlice of the Newport Herald and Rhode Inlander, dated Saturday, 27th inst., giving the particulars of a most melancholy shipwreck, which occurred in the Vineyard on the 26th. The slip says:? Tho news of the Ion of the brig Sutledge, Capt Gra ham, of and from Pictou, N 8., for Kali IUrer. wm re ceived here this morning, about half-past 0 o'clock, by the arrival of the schooner Dusky Sally, Capt Wilder, of and from Hingham. On the arrival of the schooner at Stevens' wharf, the information rapidly spread to all parts of the town, and the appalling scene presented, was one the like of which our inhabitants bave seldom had occasion to witness, tin the deck lay the dead bodies of those who had been pick ed up from the wreck, surrounded by their kindred and friends, who had been rescued from a watery grave, giv ing rent to their feelings ia the most agonizing manner. The following particulars of the loss of the brig, we have received from the Captain, who was among the sur vivors :? The brig Sutledge, of and from Pictou, for Kail River, sailed on the 12th of June, with 56 passengers?men, women, and children. On the evening ef the 36th, at 8 o'clock, it being thick and foggy, came to anchor ; and at 2 o'clock on the following morning, got under way, and at aboiit half-put three struck on a ledge of rocks, in the Vinoyard, called the How and Pigs, soon alter which, the tide having caused her to slew round, ahe I backed off the Ledge, filled, and went down, bow first, in ten fathoms water. Previous to her going down, the mate was sent below, forward, to ascertain if the brig leaked, but he discovered nothing that looked like it.? The pump was then ordered to be sounded, but before that could be done, water was reported in the forecastle. The boat was then got out, and the passengers rushed into it, when the captain gave order* to shove her from the brig. He then jumped overboard, and swam to the boat, and kept her as close to the brig as possible, pick ing up such as jumped into the water. The whole num ber picked up in the captain's boat was 31 alive. The schooner Dusky Sally being near, sent her boat to assist, and succeeded in saving six more alive, who were in the water, and three more from the rigging of the stfbk en brig. Sixteen dead bodies, four women and twelve children, were also picked up by the two boats, which, together with the survivors, were put on board the D. S., and brought to this place, as above stated. The cap tain alto states that another vessel was at the same time picking ap what was adrift from the wreck, lie. The captain and crew, and the following passengers, were saved: Margaret Bowie, Robert Bowie, Oeorge Oliver, Mary Oliver, Robert Oliver, George Oliver, Jennet Oliver, Isabella Oliver, Hugh Oliver, John Oliver, John Howat, James Howat, Michael Howat, Thomas Katkin, John Fatkin, Jane Love, David Love, Robert McMillen, Mar garet McMillan, Hugh Denoon, Margaret Krasier, Archibald, Muuroe, Wm. Loraine, William Wier, Archibald Smith, Ellen Smith? The names of those who were lost, including the six teen picked up and brought to this port, are as fol lows:? Margaret Bowie, Christie Bowie, Marie Bowie, Alex ander Bowie, James Bowie, Jennie Bowie (all children of the lady who wa i saved); Elizabeth Howat, Agnes llowat, Margaret Katkin, Peter Katkin, Margaret Katkin (daughter), Jane Love (mother), Alexander Love, Jesse Love, Margaret McMillen (mother), Elizabeth MoMil len, Ann McMillen, Hugh McMillen, Wm. McMillen, Jennet McMillen, Robert McMillen, Margaret Denoon, Marrion Dennon, Mary Behoon, Daniel McLean, Wm. Krazier, Sarah Krazier. Ana Catherine Krazier, Efl'y Wier, Joanna Cream?30. A jury of inquest was held by the Coroner (J.C. Shaw, Esq.) over the bodies, who iound a verdict in accord ance with the foregoing facts, alter which they were re moved from the vessel to a neighboring house, and ar rangements mado by the authorities tor their decont interment. Through the exertions of a number of hu mane individuals, the survivora were comfortably pro vided for with food and clothing for the present The passengers were all foreigners?mostly Scotch, and we understand were on their way to Pennsylvania, where they expected to find employment in the mining establishments. r.S ?Since writing the above, it gives us pleasure to state that the two lodges ot the Independent Order of Odd Kellows, in this place (with a promptitude worthy of that benevolent institution), have had special meetings, and appropriated the sum of fifty dollar* each for the re lief ot the unfortunate sufferers. We understand collections will be taken up in the se veral churches to-morrow afternoon, for the same hu mane object From St. Hklkvv.?Cnpt. Drinker, of the ship Geneva, arrived yesterday from Canton, via St. Helena, informs us that the British ship Worces ter, from Madras, was at the latter placc on the 12th of May, having on l>oard, as passenj^rs, Rev. Dr. Ward and lady, and Mrs. Wuislow, on their ; way to the United States, via Loudon. They weru unable to procure a passage direct to the United States. The St. Helena Gazette, of the 9th, is clothed in ' mourning,out ol rospoct to the memory of Colonel Trelauny, Governor of the Island, who died on the evening of the 3d, in the 64tli year of his age. ! Naval Storereeper.?We learn that Mr. Adam P. Pentz, of this city, hat been appointed Naval Storekeeper, vice Col. Craven, at the yard in Brooklyn. Mr. Pentz is now the President of the Fire Department Association, and was lor a long ume its Treasurer. Tub Cojcvrntion.? June 27.?Communications 1 were received from the Clerks of the fourth and sixth Circuit Courts, as to the aumber of bills filed, the I cans** on the calendar, value ef real estate of infants, moneys Invested, costs, he. Mr. Strong culled up his re | solution to equalize the taxation of real and personal I propertv, which was referred. A motion was offered by j Sir. Taggart, to the effect that every law passed by the I legislature, shall be in strict accordance with its title, j was referred to committee No 5. A communication from ? the Clerk of the city of New York, was transferred from committee No. 1, tb committee No. 10 Mr. Kustell mo ved ?that there should be a recess from the 10th to the ?th of July. This was strongly opposed, and he with drew it. The rest of the day wa* spent in discussing the age and citizenship of the candidate for Governor, but no conclusion was arrived at when the Convention adjourn ed- .fries. A M"mi? Et>mo* - One ot the Saint*, of the name ef Robinson, has started a Mormon paper in Greeacastie, AFFAIRS ON THE RIO GRANDE. INTELLIGENCE FROM THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION, ke. &e. ke, [CorretponOcnce of tb* New Orleans Delta.] Cant OrroiiTK Matamokas, June 14, 1840. 1 last wrote you on She I'1th Inst, from tbii place, at which time I promised to five you a few iukling* con cerning the army, he. Governor Henderson, of Texa*, arrived here on the 13th inet., with a brave and hart'y looking let of mounted Tex ani. The whole number of Texans under hi* command, including Walker'i Ranger*, it about five hundred men, all well mounted and well armed, and perfectly ready and willing to do their country good service. The whole force, under General Taylor, amount* to about nine thouiend two hundred and eigty, (9.-180) rank and file, at Point Isabel, Brar.os Island, La Burrita, Lorita, Camp opposite Matamorax, Kort Brown, and Matamoras. There are about twenty-five hundred regular* at Fort Brown and Matamoras, and Colonels Walton'* and Mark'* regiment*, Louisiana Volunteer*, about 1100 men, at the camp opposite Matamoraa. The rest of the Louisiana volunteers, and the St Louis and Louisville volunteer* are all at different point* between here and Point Isabel. About two hundred and fifty United States troop*, un der command of Col. Wilson, left here on the 9th in*L, for Reinoio, about sixty mile* from here. Oeneral Taylor i* now only waiting for mean* of trans portation, when he will move, at least a portion of hi* force, to Camargo, and thence to Monterey. The volun teers are all well, with the exception of diarrhoea, and so>ne other slight cases of sickness, consequent upon a change of climate, water, Sec. There ha* Men but one death in thi* regiment lince we left home. The *teamer* Cincinnati and Frontier arrived here ye* terday with government atore*. The river Rio Grande is navigable for light draught steamer* about one hun dred mile* above here. The news of tho promotion of Genoral Taylor to Brevet Major General wa* received here with univorsal juy. Every one, both officers and men, look upon old " Rough and Ready" a* the man, above all otners, to lead u* through tne war with success and honor. [From the New Orlean* Tropic, June '20 ] Gen. Taylor is in good health and in fine spirits. Reonoio was taken without a blow by Col. Wilson. A deputation from the citizens of Reinoso waited on Gen. Taylor to give up the town ; on their return they were imprisoned, but released by Col Wilson. General Taylor expresses the opinion that there will be no fight with the Mexican people thi* *ide of the city of Mexico. The report of troop* concentrating at Mon terey is not credited at Matamoras. A false alarm was raised a few day* lince at Brazos Santiago, that three hundred Mexican* had landed at that place. The Kentucky Legion and Featherstone's Regi ment turned out to meet tne invasion. Much conftuion eniued, but the alarm turned out to be a fal*e one, and the invading anny lome 300 mules. Capt. Page i* doing well, and will be in New Orleans in a few day*. Maj. Armstrong and Col. Mclntoih are ilowly recover

ing. Capt. Hoffman, of the bark Wm. Ivy, report* the Ar chelau*. from Tampico, arrived off the Bar on the 13th inst., with the American Comul, Mr. 8chatzell, and seve ral other American* on board, who had been previouily ordered from Matamora* by the Mexican authorities [From the New Orleans Jett'ertonian, June 30] Reinoia, about 60 miles above Matamoras, on the same *ide of the river, ha* capitulatod, and i* now held by Col. Wilion. Reinosa i* on the route to Monterey. The next movement wfll be for Camargo, which baa already lent a deputation to Gen. Taylor, to capitulate. It i* intended to make Camargo a dniot for provisions for the army. Camargo i* about 90 mile* from Monterey. From Camargo to Monterey, the route will be acro*s the country, so a* to be enabled to procure good water and provision*?from Monterey the route will be to Saltillo. Haltillo commands the mountain pa**e?, which divide the northern from the southern province* of Mexico, and here the present army will probably be obliged to *top, in consequence of the difficult nature of the coun try, between it and the city of Mexico, which i* about 500 mile* from Saltillo; consequently the city of Mexico will have to be approached from Vera Cruz, or some other point on the Gulf CoL Bailie Peyton i* at Barita, laying very ill. Cols. Davis, Dakin and Featheraton's Regiment* are at Bu rl ta The Louiiville and St Loui* Legions are at Brassos Island. Capt. May, with 3 squads 3d Dragoons are stationed near the battle ground Palo Alto, and near the 600 Texa* Ranger*. Mexican Privateers. By the schooner Arietas, at thii port yesterday, we have, says the Baltimore American of the 37th init., Kingston (Jamaica) advices to the 6th instant, inclusive. The Kingtton Timet of the 6th instant has the follow ing paragraph: Capt. Young, of the Telegraph, from New Orleans, re ports, that when off Cape Antonio, he fell in with a long, low, black schooner, heavily armed, of about 160 tons, Baltimore built, who came within speaking distance of him, carrying the Spanish Merchant flag?red, yellow, and red horizontally. She had two vessels in company, apparently prizes, and on leaving him, gave chase to an American, bring first a gun to leeward, which remaining unacknowledged, she gave chaao, occasionally luffing and firing at her. Capt. Young did not wait to see results. There were nine vessels present yn the occasion, of which three displayed the English flag. Great appre hensions of loss are entertained by many of the American ship owners ; as so sudden has been tne declaration of war on the part of the President, that in the policies of in surance effected, there has been no introduction of the war clause. The truth is shown in the fact that nearly all the American vesseli now in the harbor oi Kingston, are unprovided in this particular. Incidents, Ac., of the War. The following toasts and incidents were given at the dinner to the Louisiana delegation at Arista Head Quar ters in Matamoras on the 11th inst. By Gen Taylor.?The citizen* of Louisiana: brave Sinerous, intelligent, and patriotic?the first to rally to e succor of their brethren, when in danger and sur rounded by tho enemy, and will be the last to desert them or the iters and stripes, as long as an enemy is to be met and encountered. Lt. Britton, ef the 7th Infantry, said that a very brave soldier in the ranks was in the habit of drinking too much. His Colonel remonstrated with him?" Tom, you are a bold fellow and a good soldier, bat you will get drunk " " Colonel," replied Tom, " how can yon expect all the virtues of the human character combined, for seven dollars a month 7" He proposed the health and promotion of the gallant Tom. By Lt. Br ago , of iho Sd Artillery.?The Ladies of New Orleans : the only flag which, during three days of the bombardment, floated over Fort Brown, was a flag which had been presented by the ladies of New Orleans. By Lt. Ridrklev, of the Flying Artillery.?The gallant charge of Capt. Charles May, the Murat of the army. By Mr. Smith.?Lt Ridgelev: presence of mind on the field of battle.the sure test of military talent: " Char ley, wait a moment, and let me draw their fire." By Lt Bbaoo.?The Heroine of Fort Brown. [He said, that during tlie whole of the bombardment, the wife of one of the soldiers, whose husband was or dered with the army to Point Isabel, remained in the fort, j and though the shot and shells were constantly flying on I every side, she dUdained to seek shelter in the bomb- I proofs, but labored the whole time in cooking and taking ( core of the soldiers, without the least regard to her own safety. Her bravery was the admiration of all who were in the fort, and she had thus acquired the name of the Great Western.] A party of the Tonkewa Indians, seventeen in num ber, followed the Texan volunteers to General Taylor's camp. Their appearance in Matamoras created great consternation among the Mexicans, as they had heard a report that they were engaged by General Taylor to commit depredations, and that they numbered several hundreds or thousands. The Mexicans have acted bru tally towards those frontier tribes, and they in return are eager to retaliate. The fears of the Mexicans were greatly relieved when they learned there were but se I venteen roving Indians, and that they would not be em- i i ployed by General Taylor against them. | When General Ampudia, miscalled " brave,* was ' i crossing the Rio Grande in his retreat, on the evening < of thelOth of May, from Resaca de la Palma, in an open { ! boat?and by the way he was the first that did cross? ! Padre Lera, priest of Csmargo, on horieback, dashed in | behind him. His reverence lost his balance, and was j precipitated into the river, when, addressing the brave General, he exclaimed, " Help me, general?help me, or I I drown!" " Drown, and be d??d!" said the General, | " don't you see those Yankee yelling hell-hounds close ! behind usF This is the literal interpretation of the Ge- j neral's pious reply. When the " brave" Genteal Ampudia reached Mata moras in his retreat from Resaca de la Palma. a beauti ful Senora of the city was tho first he met " My men," he said, " madam," speaking, ot course, in his vernacu , lar, "my men have all fled from the field!" " Senor," she said, dropping her heavily fringed eye-lids?" Senor, yourself, I should judge, did not remain long behind them." Among the trophies brought from General Taylor's camp by the Legislative Committee, were six or eight j I spears or lances, about the same number of escopetas or , 1 carbines, a number of swords and cutlasses, a large box i of shells, balls, &c., which were taken from the Mexi- ! cans, and deposited in Fort Brown. Some of the toests given at the dinner in Arista's head- j quarters, were drank with excellent wine, which had formerly been served at Arista's own table, and, as a Cockney would say, very good wine it was. When Ampudia arrived in Matamoras, en meeting , Captains Thornton, Hardee and Kune, to cenvinse them that although not wounded himself, he had been in the thickest of the fight, he exhibited the msrlu of soms shot which had struck the back part of his saddle. When he retired, the officers remarked that the bells must have ' struck while he was retreating, as they seemed to have come directly in his rear. Tney were whst would be called among the river boatmen so many licks beck. The Military Preparations for the War. Special Correspondence of Use IV. V. Herald. Cliwto.i, Mississippi, 6th June, 1846. South-Weettrn Patriotiem? Raymond ftntUUt?Mili. tary Me cement e?Departure of Polunteere to Mexico? , Exciting Scene. Oar town, to-dsy, presented tM of those scenes ' which are calculated to assure us that the bright flsme I of patriotic devotion to their oountry, kindled by our , i forefsthers of the revelation, still barns brightly in ths | breasts of their descendants. Other proof is not needed, ! thsn such as this day hes presented us, to show ths ' amor which is the very life and soul of the re I public, still clews end barns with .oextiMuisheble vigor I in the hearts of oar citisens. The chivalric and nnoon i querable spirit which caused thousands ef the sons of the West le rash to ths defence of New Orleans, under [ the deserted her? o( the 0th January, 1M?, has this dsy spoken out again la uamistaksbi* tons. Tho cltisons of our aountv have prortd themselves worthy to boor tho o?me of him who woo " th* pride of ono trmy and | the admiration of tho othor,"? the gallant and lamcntod | Hind.. On Thunday it becamo known, that tho Raymond Fencibles would on Saturday morning take up the iio of march for Clinton, on their way to tho rendezvi. 11 at Vlckibunr. A meeting of our citizens was called, over , which Colonel P. Saunders presided, and Doctor Wallace 1 , Hamilton acted oa Secretary. The object of the meeting ' wai to make proper arrangements for the reception of the i Fencibloi, and to mark the admiration of our citizen* for the promptneaa with which that company had re sponded to the coll of their country. In accordance with tho arrangement* thon made, at 10 o'clock thi* morning, an eacort of 150 mounted men, un der the direction oiColonel Roach, marahal of the day, and MajoraOray and Nicholson.his aid*.proceeded on the Raymond road to a point indicated for their meeting with the Fencibles. In lront of the eacort marched tea bravo 1 young volunteer!, tho contribution of our town toward* ; this patriotic hand. The martial (train* of Chapman'* bra** iband vibrating through the grove*, and wakening tho (lumbering echoes of the lulls, announced the near approach of the volunteer*. The escort opened ranks, and tho volun teers marched between the lines and halted. They wore thon addressed in a strain of fervid eloquence by Doctor D. O. Willianu, the patriotic citizen who waa tho Ant to place at the disposal of the Governor the moan* to equip the volunteer* required from thi* State. Lieut Grave*, in a beautiful speech, responded in behalf of the company. The procession then marched to tho railroad depot, where they were received by tieneral Henry. Seat* were prepared for tho audience, and (tand( wero erected for the orator* in one of tho largest apartment* of the depot. The ladies all came out to exhibit that patriotic enthusiasm which is the peculiar characteristic of our countrywomen. If any thing were wanting to sus tain the fine spirit of tho volunteer*, the light of that splendid array of beauty would have boon sufficient to inspire them with courage to scale the strongest ramport in Christendom. There was the bounding heart of beau ty, with all its pure warm affections, and its glorious rapt visions of the future, awelling with the undying love of country, and in many an instance, with a no less pure and holy lose of some brave defender of hi( coun try. while the blooming cheek and the kindling eye, (poke out the high, heroic thought* of the (oul In accordance with the arrangement*. Col. Triploy ad dressed the volunteers and welcomed them to the hospi talitiea of the town of Clinton, and for a quarter of an hour gave utterance to a train of noble (entimenta well calculated to inspire thofe be addressed with that enthu (iaam and ardor he (o sincerely felt within hia own heart, and which, Judging from the demonstration* of applause, seemed to find an echo in everv bosom. At the close of Col. Tarpley's address, Major Roach wa* called for ; he made a very brief addrais to the Fen cibles, and presented them a sword, which was received, and a suitable reply made by Lieutenant Graves, on be half of the company. General Patrick Henry was the next speaker. A( a public apeaker, he well sustains the reputation of the freat name he bears. Hia tall, commanding figure, hia road and massive brow, and a deep-toned and mellow voice, are well calculated to command the attention of hi* auditora ; he seemed to feel the greatnes( of the occa sion, and his soul burst forth in a strain of lofty and im pasaioned eloquence, to which, I regret to (ay, my feeble | pen i( unable to do even a shadow of Justice. Frequent . cheers interrupted his addreu, and at ita close thunders ! of applause shook the building to its foundation. I The signal gun now announced the hour of dinner, and to the music of the band the whole assemblage, | among whom were nearly two hundred and fifty ladies, ' took their places around seven lonpr tables, that groaned j beneath tho weight of the splendid repast which was ? repaired under the superintendence of Messrs. Parsons, IcRaven, Hamilton and Lewi(. I The rolling of the cara which are to bear our bravo I soldiers toward the (cenes of their future deeds of noble | daring, is now heard in the distance, and announces that , the hour of departure approaches. The eye( of beauty, which but a moment before shone " clear and bright a( ! the ludrous stars in Heaven's blue vault," are now dim ! mod with the dews of sympathetic sorrow- the cheeks > of beauty, though they blanch not with treacherous fear, : are now moistened with the chrystal tears that swell up I from the pure fountain of woman's heart oi hearts. With | the broken accents of "heart-felt fond adieus," mora , thrilling than the most articulate human speech, they bid their fathers and brothers and sons and lovers go forth to fight the battles of their country. Nor were " the rougher sex" unaffected by the scene. Many an eye " till now a stranger to the pearly tear," paid an unwil ling tribute to the imperious claims of our better nature ; and many a strong and good right arm was raised to wipe the unbidden moisture that does honor to the manly heart The farewell address was delivered by Governor Brown. The Fencibles took their places in the cars, which moved off amid the waving adieus of the ladies, the deafening cheers of the men, the strains of martial ; music and the thunders of the cannon. ALABAMA. The company of volunteer* from Talladera, Ala., hav ing been disbanded at Mobile under the order of Secre tary Marcy, most of the gallant fellow* have returned to their hornet. Five of their number, however, have taken the other end of the road, and are now on their way to the Rio Grande. They left Wednesday evening, on the ?chr. Duane, direct for Point Isabel. They go on their own private account, intending to report themselves direct to Gen. Taylor, and solicit from him lome place in the army where fighting ii to be done. The names of these gallant and enterprising young men are as follows: ?Dr. C. G. Cunningham, J. L. M. Curry, James M.Mont gomery, G. W. Chilton, and A. W. Bowie. They have assumed the name of the " Talladega Boys," and are bent on a fight with the Mexicans. Success to the Talladega boys! . Raval, The United States Revenue Cutter Kwing, Captain Moore, 23 days from New London for the GulfSquaaron, was spoken off South West Pass, on the 16th. Theatrical and Moalcal. Park Theatre.?It is only necessary to state that the popular favorite, Mri. Hunt, malres her appearance this evening, in the popular comedy of the " Love Chase," and we are sure that there will be a crowded house to greet her. The comedy itself is one of the best and most attractive ever produced, and Mrs. Hunt it one of the very few capable of carrying out the delightful cha racter of Constance The farce of the "Young Scamp" will also be played for the first time in two years. Mrs. Hunt will take the part of Joseph, assisted by Mrs. Vernon, Mrs. Barry, Kate Horn, ana Mr.Fiaher in the other princi pal characters. Bowr.ar Theatre.?The much admired comedy of "London Assurance," which has been witnessed by thousands, will be brought on the atage this evening, with a superior company. Mr. J. R. Scott will take the character of Dazzle. The new drama of the " Butcher'a Dog of Ghent" it alto to be added, Messrs. Blanrhard and Cony sustaining the principal parts. To-morrow evening Mr. Hadaway takes a benefit. Let it be a bum per. GaccNwicM THEATas.?We would again call attention to the great attractions held out for this evening at thia gem of a theatre. Those who have already seen Ma dame Celeste'* splendid drama of the "French Spy," will be sure to avail themselves of the chance to see it once more?it* variety of incident and beautiful tableaux will draw an overflowing house. In addition, the patri otic play of" William Tell'' will be performed, Mr. Freer sustaining the character of tho deliverer of Switz erland. Tie?** Cabinet.?The wonderful |ieces of me :haai*m comprised in the cabinet of Mr George Tietz. are well worth witnessing. They are open for exhibition during the afternoon and evening. Hcaa Alexander ?This extraordinary legerdemainist intends continuing hi* entertainments during this week. He is going to introduce some new and most astounding Esrformances, and will, doubtlest, continue to draw gooa ouse*. Musical Festival in New Haven.?Our musical friend* in New Haven will have a rich muaical t?eat.? Palmo's Operatic Band, in their new and Kay attire, in tend giving two grand concerts there on Wednesday and Thursday next Their Ethiopian melodies are entirely new, and there is no doubt of their drawing crowded houses in the Eastern States. The Orpheans are in town. Mr. Burke wai greeted at Chicago en the 16th init by the warm and repeated plaudits of a brilliant and crowded auditory. The piece which seemed to call forth the warmest and most general applause was the well known " Carnival of Veuice," the fautaatic creation of the world renowned Paganini. It was performed by Mr. Burke with wonderful skill, and elicited an entkuiiaatic encore Political Movement*. Vermont.?The Whig State Convention recently held at Montpelier, nominated Horace Katun, of Eno*burg, (now Lieut Governor.) for Governor, Leonard Surgeant. of Manchester, for Lieut Governor, and E. P. Jew la, of Montpelier, for Treasurer. Maine U 8. Senator?The legislature of Maine made another ineffectual attempt on 1 hursday last, to elect a U. 8. Senator. The Senate adheres to Gov. Anderson, and the House won't give up Hannibal Hamlin. Illinois?Mr. Richard Ellis, of Quinoy, and Abraham Smith, of Vermillion county, were nominated for Gover nor and Lieut Governor, at a lata abolition State Con vention at Princeton, in Illinois. Personal Mavrtaent*' Hon. Daniel WEaivaa paseod through Boston on the 37th intt, on hi* way to Marshfleld. Mi** Dix, the philanthropist, haa gone to Jacksonville, Illinois, to visit the lunatic asylum Mavssaswto of Traveller*. The following constituted the enure of the arriial* ye*, terday, at the principal hotels :? AsttaiCA"?**r Cramer, Russis; R. P. Advel, China; R. P. Remington, Ph'ladelphis; Gales and Beaton. Virgin a< W. Welly, New York; W m. Ba tartly, Savannah) D. R. Jooaa.U-iA. _ AsToa?W H Pratt, Connecticut) A. Solomon, Jamai ca-, L. Dyer. Baltimore; N Read, < onnootlcut, Mr. Tit f?njr, Baltimore; Mr. McDonald, Canada; O Davis, Ken tucky) J. Murdoch. Boston; F. Arn stong, Fane haw, J. Cowan, North Carolina; O Smith, Baugor; H. Johnson, Boston; J. Dwieht. Springfield; 0. Denny, Boston; Capt | Thompson, Baltimore; L Jones. South Carolina; H. A. I Webster, Bottom C. Chadwick, do; A. SiUem, London; M. Evana, U. S. A. I Citt.?A. Achley. Massacbusetta; J. Cornwall, Ken tucky ; A. Weir. U 8. ship Relief) Cant. Purreanar, U. 8. N ; T. White, Peters borough; .1. Haseltine, Philadelphia; W. P. Bryant, Virginia; C. Ogden, Putnam; H.Sandreth, Philadelphia; 8. Bridge. Pcnn. Franklin.?R.M.Meade. Newark; L Hoakill, Balti more; C. Stoll, Hudson; H Parsons, New York; E. Eaten, Troy; A. Bridges, .Mast?chii?etis; Mr. Adrian, do; F.. Dorr, Baltimore; E. Holbrook, Boston; H. Leilman, Mo bil*; C. H. Payne, Montreal. Howard.?H. Mallory, Charleston; Hon. R. RMtonl, Boston; R M. McEachum, Ohio; N Lowaey, Mobil*; D. K. Minor, Philadelphia: E. Bainbridg*, Louisville; f. Al len, Boston; J. Perot, Philadelphia; 8. O. Gould, Boston; J. Motley, do; J L*a, Philadelphia; H. Hathwey, Connec ticut; Jam** Gibb, Quebec: H. E. Evans, Salem; F. H. Jarvls, Boston; E. Curtis* New York: D. Adams, Okiot W Minor, do; E. M. Devoer, Lafayette, Md; D. Martin, Florida, J. Mwtt, >**ton IVew Tork *nd Oflbtc *?*??? le TELEGRAPH NEW* ROOM.?The rre.t desire of out citixets and .trangert to witiie.. the^.canons of the Light mug Telerraph, Cu induced the Proprietor. of the New. Roon to thro* chair door* opeu free of 'MiH. 'nr on* feea. f^e?ei?on Monday, ?b m.t. (.ft.rwh.chnm. .ub.cn ?ersoob will be admitted) whw it will afford themgteag ..nr* to exhibit the loatiuraeett, and explain the operatwos ul ihe line. extending fromthu city to th.]MW.r b.y br w^ oi Hurigate a. d Fort Hamilton, to >uch ladies iad gentlemen asmay honor them withe visit. ti'TTLF June 26. 1M6. MASON k TITTLt, Office, cor offinver and Hinorir itrecw. ICOMMUHICITIOII ] Exchange Hotel, 77 Dock M-, Philadelphia. _Wa were not only pleaaed, hut gratified, on e teceoi Ti.lt to this establishment ; ?nd though we do not wxh to animad vert on any of the varied Hotel, of this city, much less oar ownueYeVhrle.., when taking all advantage. into considera ?*" command It a.par txcelUnce to the bu.ine.. community, id our unmerou. Irieiid.. Tu Proximity W^^ekadiaiJ Hat only procure, yoa an ea.y acceee to all the. Mills ana beat." that a?.imilata with our own ' change, but from a corn M centra you caiid'Tertte to all immediate place, of hutl. ? andby easy .toga., to all resort. of promeaade. It woeld ba .uierfluoui to enter into detail of the many advantages Meramg to the traveller, a. well as mw of busina... Au boat# uoMaiici Suffice to iey. IM Urder if not only well .tored with every delicacy of tha seea^beots dle?nq*Jf and sleeping epArttnenu, numbering I* rnO?M. /J* airy and elegant, outvie any piac" '? temporary Mtioura, and add another ImhCuuder the intendence of iu worthy proprietors, Mesa?. Oopple at Jone?). to the vast chain of improvements that multiply aud ^?ra ikU PT0.res.iva ... R ? t Co, N,w York. gapsrlor Mwnitmi i uiuuu lur Vonng Ladles. I To Tarenu and Ouardiaaa.?Mode Tsaght oa the most I Improved Method with great rapidity ,audou reasonable:anaa. A lidy who lias received instruction from the tirst masters ia Europe, and who imparts with facility a th?.rlTHK knowledge of the science to her pupils, combined with eie Kt and graceful execution, is desirous of takiug a few mote >ale pupil., either at her owe residence Or at theirs I A line addressed to A. B., at the once of this psper, will be attended to; or an application at 45 Mercer aueet, where he ladv resides, will receive personal attention. mil Im (larWatloo ?ff the Ohio Klver. Place*. TVuse. Stat* of After. Cincinnati June 16. !?*?* Wheeling. Juno 3 M feet. Pittsburg;, June 22 feet 9inches Louisville. June 19 | HONEY MARKET. Bundayt Jan? 9 P? M? It will l>? observed, on reference to a lomperatlve i table of quotation!, which we gire below, that the Mr. ket during the past week hai been rather heavy, that prices have been steadily settling down, and that the i operation* have been almost exclusively confined to the most active fanciea. It it the general Impression in I Wall street, that quotation! for all the fancies must, be I fore the summer it over, be several jer cent below pre ' gent pricet, and we cannot retitt a dmilar conclusion. There are many local cautea why atockt should not im prove much,if any,in prices, and there are many emten^ canses likely to produce a greater deprettion in the stock market, than that now experienced We allude particularly to the protracted teuion of Congreaa, and generally to the effect of that upon every thing con. nected with cemmerclal matters. We give our usual table, exhibiting the quotations for the principal stocks used in this market for speculation, for each day of the past week, and at the close of the week previous. Some of the fancies have fallen off se veral per cent, but ts a general thing prices have been unusually uniform. There has, however, been very little doing in any but the three favorite railroad fan ? cies??_? i Quotations roa the Faiwcir^ Stoom in thb Naw York MiMtT* , bl-w Sat'y. Mo\ TuV Wff. Thy W j Long Island... M ? ?* "* f Mohawk Si., 7x\z ; Harlem ?>? I Canton 3i>? i Farmers'Loan. . 26 I Nor Sc Worces'r S9>? Ohio Sixes '3 ' Illinois Sitei... 34 ; Indiana 33 ! Ke.itacky Sixes. 99 J I'ennsyl'a Fives. M I StfBEscS smsfc.*: >* i Heading Rail'd. 69S Morris Canal... 14 East Boston.... lis A comparison of prices rating at the close of the mar ket yesterday, with those current at the close of the previous week, shows an advance in Pennsylvania 6's of IV per cent, and a decline in Long Island of 3 per cent) Harlem, 3**; Farmers' Loan, X; Norwich and Worces ter. Reading, 1 J*; Morris Canal, \. i The Cabot Manufacturing Company, and the Chicopee Manufacturing Company, of Springfield, have declared semi-annual dividends?the former of tender cent, and the latter of six. So long as Congress remains in session, so long will every thing remain in an unsettled state. If both Houses should set until next November, the important matter which are now and have been for months under consider a'ion, would not be passed, if they were passed at all, until just before adjournment?when they would be hur ried through, as usual, and sent into the world half made up, covered with defects, and almost entirely useless for carrying out the pur|>ose intended. This is one cause i of the continual demand for repeal or modification of the j principal laws regulating our financial and commercial affairs, and there appears very little probability of its be ing removed. Congress will not adjourn before the 10th of August and it may remain in session after that time. This will give both Houses at least six weeks to perfect the prin cipal measures before them?we say perfect, became we have our fears that, in any attempt Congress may make to improve our commercial system, it will fail, and only inflict upon the commercial classes changes which will produce the most ruinous derangement in our foreign trade particularly, and business generally. It is the con templation of changes which our commercial systems so frequently experience, that does so much mischief; it is < the temporary nature of nearly all our laws, growing out of their defective construction, that keep us in a con ! tinual state of uncertainty, and this uncertainty becomes | doubly tedious and injurious during the time Congress remains in session, for we know not what alterations or modifications may, from one day to another, be pro posed. I It matters not so much what may be the nature or foe 1 tures of our laws regulating trade and commerce, so leng . as they are permanently established. We can neutralise , the operations of a defective law, in time, if the thing la left to itself. As an evidence of this, we hare only to re* far to the present tariff act It is more protective in theory than in practice. As objectionable and as exorbi tant as its protective features were at first, wa see every year a reduction in its protective strength, and a gradual but steady falling off in ita average rate of duty. If let alone it will regulate itself. A few years?not over three?would suffice to bring it down below the standard established by the most bitter opponents of every thing approaching, in any way, protection in any shape, even for revenue. The average rate of duty upon the aggregate importa I tion of foreign merchandise into the United States, for ! the year 1840, will not be over twenty-five per cent About five-eighths to three-fourths of the importations o the country coma into the port of New York We can, : therefore, form a pretty correct idea of the operation of | the present tariff act, and the changes from time to time exhibited by the trade of this port; and the above state ment in relation to the average duty this year is based | upon that data. The average rate of duty upon the im ! porta tie ns into this port, for the first five months of IMA, ' was nearly twenty-seven per cent, and for the first fire | months of 1846, but a fraction over twenty-five per cent* i The average of the first year this act want into opera* J tion, was over thirty-five per cent, showing a re duction in less than four years of ten per cent duty, and nearly thirty-three per cent on the average. It is In | this way that all tariffs must operate, as the manufac tures of the country progress, and as the domestic de mand becomes satisfied and supplied with domestlD manufactures. The importation of merchandise paying i the higher rates of duty, whether levied for protection of for revenue, must steadily, although gradually, fall of, ' as the manufacture of similar articlea within our own limits increases; and wa see no way of filling up thede 1 ficiency in the revenue, which must, under the present, I or even a higher tariff1 occur, but br pi icing a duty on j those articlea, now on the free list, the production or manufacture of which, in this ceuatry, la entirely oat of ' the queetion. We allude particularly to a duty?a specific duty- uf on tea and coffee, of at least five cents t pound on the former, and two and a half eents a pound on the latter. ' A duty of theae rates would not alfeet the price to the consumers a fraction, after the supplies In hand at the i time the duty went into force, were dUpeeea tf. Them i is a duty of two and a half cents per pound on sugar,and the ooet of that article, in this ssarket. to no higher now than befon the duty was established. The preducara ; are compelled, when an article to taxed in that way, ta i keep up the demand by reJueiag the first cost; and la a ! short time, prices come dewn to the former standard. The receipts of the Philadelphia and Beading Rail road Company, for the third week in June, of the past three years, have bee" as follows :? Pan.arvj.rHiA aifo Kc*dii*o Kailboaiv week rndmg Week ending Week end'g June n, 1844. June *1. IS44. June Tfl lM Travel - $1,671 52 $I,?M 14 tl.tlt I* Freichtea Ow?d.. 70 04 VS ? 2JM TS Freight on Coal... 9^MM U,m M 4CJT IS Total $11,4** tSS.MI SI $U,II2M Coal traaspM. toes. ?,1T? 2>JU B in The capacity of thto road for the transportation of coal appears ta km heea lasrsaesd wttfct* the pert two of

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