Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 1, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 1, 1846 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

I : [ NEW YORK HERALD. I *?rW Vork, Wednesday, .July 1,11*48. t* The Weekly Herald Will b? itkueil on Friday, instead of .S iturUi) uit Tilt Herald at Saratoga. W. A. Mundel is the a^cnt lor the Daily and IVttldy Herahl, at the Saratojfu Spring!. His oilice is No. 3 Marvin Row. The Government Finance*? W'lint System Will be Adopted ' The sitence of the Finanoe Committees of both Houses of Congress, in relation to ways anil means to meet the expenses incurred in carrying 1 on the war with Mexico, is. under all the cireum stances,very extraordinary and very unaccountable. While the country at large is anxiously wai'iug the developeracut of some system lor providing; immediate means, and lor the establishment of some permanent policy in relation to our cc.Dmercial systems, the time aiul attention of Congress is almost exclusively occcupied with matters ?>f minor importance, which could, without beini? detrimental to any general or public interest, be left for after consideration. Until the three great measurs now under consideration, are disposed of in some way, there can can be no improvement in any thing connected with our foreign or domestic trade. The contemplated financial policy of the government is, at this time, creating die most intense anxiety, a.? tlie vnrious money markets of the country are kept 111 a very contracted couditiun,in consequence ol die uncertainty that hangs over the disposal of die deposits held by the banks of this city, and t.he fears entertained that specie drafts for large sums may be at any moment presented for payment. We have given, in the money article in this day's paper, a review of the movements of Congress in relation to the financial and commercial measures now under consideration, and we refer all those interosted to the remarks made under that head. The adjournment of Congress is anxiously looked for. The people are getting tired of the delay, and would prefer an adjournment without perfecting any of the bills before either body, to a more protracted session. Will some one tell us when Congress intends adjourning? I.mportant from Wasiiinuton.?We have received intelligence, l'roin an authentic source at Wu?hington, that negotiations of a pcrle.ctly astonishing character ar < in progress between the Right Rev. John Hughes, Bishop of New York, and the President of the United States. We have the particulars before us, and will probably publish them in a few days, when we "hail get a fuller and more detailed account. This affair, when published,will be far more interesting, and will create greater excitement among all classes, and more especially among the .tuu-v Hinoi i' portion <u ib0 oommniuty, titan even die awful disclosures of Maria Monk, or any other awful disclosures that have boon published for the last fifty years. This new and extraordinary mow. of Bishop Hughes, will cause a good deal of astonishment. "<!od is great, and Mahomet is las prophet!" The New Consitlaii Bill.?One of tlie most important provisions of the consular hill now before Congress, is that which requires consuls to rorrcspond regularly with tlio Department of State, embodying in their letters all the information which they can obtain relative to the condition of agriculture, manufactures, the arti, commercc, Sic., in the countries where they shall be stationed. This is a provision which has long been need ed. Great Britain has sent her special agents to ' every part of the world on which the sun shines, for tlj'o express purpose of procuring information .11 these matters, while we, as a nation, not only bave not done this, but our consult abroad have, heretofore, only been required to communicate * hatever directly concerned the consular department. The growing greatness of our country renders it necessary that we should avail ourselves of every possible means of information upon the ! subject* which will conduce to a still further development. Each of the countries to which our consuls go can be made to add somewhat to our nock of knowledge ; and if the consul is faithful in the discharge of his duty, the wealth and information of our country will be greatly and visibly increased in a very short time. The varied information thus concentrated, will of course be diffused into every portion of the country, and we will derive the benefit from it. We should hope to see this bill becomc a law, if for no other reason than this. Incrxasb or Emigration.?As will bo seen by the following table, an unusual number of emigrants have arrived at this port from Europe during the present month. Heretofore the month of May has usually averaged a greater number ^ than any other month, but, as will be seen below, thamTTTrtKU of emigrants for June of this year, hat exceeded lijftt for May by upward* of a thousand :? or KiTi.au> at tut Nkw York Custom Hou?? Diane Jus*, 194d. From Great Britain 12.61 <1 " Franca 3.485 " Bremen 1*1*0 " Belgium 1,314 " Hamburg 410 " Holland A40 Norway 37*4 " Other Ports 346 Total JO 367 Total for May. 1?46 19,331 Difterence in farorof June 1,036 Nearly all the passengers from France, and one thousand of those from Great Britain, are Germans. The greater number of these emigrants are hardy, industrious, nnrf entorprizing, and they will be a valuable acquisition to this country, a? we have more than sullicient territory to atford a home to as many as may come. We will have the fertile country of California, and nearly the entire of Oregon, besides Yucatan, which it on ih? noint of declaring for annexation, and tli? rich provinces of Northern Mexico. Who will I iay thnt there should be a check to emigrations Tmk High Puck or B read.? It i* an extraordi nary fact, that notwithstanding the late reduction in flour, bread is no cheaper, and the loaves are quite ns small as when Hour was nearly dttM A nmes as dear. Flour is now sold at from 75 to 94 a barrel, and the loaf is no larger than when it was ten dollars per barrel It is now Ohwpw than 11 has been for the last ten years, mid it will, in all probability, be still cheaper than it i?; in<l still there is no change ui the price or size of a loaf of bread This is a piece of injustice on the H part of the bakers that the people should take in their own hands to punish, as there is unfortuso law or ordinance to reach it The best 11.Me of punishing the injustice is to abstain from from the bakers. Let people purchase ^^^ftl^own flour, and make iheir own bread for three weeks, and the bakers will soon be glad to H lower their prices, and to giv? something like a ju?t weight of bread People will ?ave half their present expenses for bread by the practice of baking their own bread, and the bakers Unserve to have empty store* for a whole month for tlir.r V lishoiMHty. We trust that housekeepers will ti 1 > 1 *# in aslministpririi/ ?m ihcm ;i r>rnn?r ..V...I,. H Hat wont some honest baker take it into hi* head to rive as cheap bn*nd and thus make his fortune. H steamship Great Western, hence 29th tnst. 8 o'ciock, F M , for Liverpool, wab seen on the 26th, A M , off Nantucket Shoals Had sails act. { The Republic of Rio Umido^-Tha Power of the Prru. The military enthusiasm so strikingly displayed by the proiupt gathering of volunteers at the call ol tho American government, w'^ create the greatest astonishment in Europe. The main spring of the movement which, J? a few week*, offered seventy thousand able and willing men, to repel invasion and avenge murder, is that adventurous spirit peculiar to our coimtry. It is characteristic of tho nnaon, and indicative of our power. It is thought that tl>c victories of Palo Alto and Kesaca <?e la Pal in a alone, would be the int'uus of revolutionizing the whole of Mexico : but it appears that another element, mightier than that of tlio word, a free press, disseminating true republican doctrines, and spreading the offer of freedom among the depressed inhabitants of Mexico?is now at work. It is perhaps too early to estimate the effect the establishment ol the American newspaper 111 Mat;imoras will have on the mass of the Mexican |ieoj>le. It is the lirst tunc that the inhabitants of the provinces of Taumaulipas, Coahuila, New Leon, amV Chihuahua, have had an opportunity of seeing nut only the emptiness of a Mexican manifesto, but the true workings of liberty. They first witness the power of freedom, and are then offered either the protection o( the hand that wields it, or the mode to throw off the yoke that,has so long confined them,and to acquire the same strength for themselves that we enjoy. This newspaper enterprise has commenced the work of independence in these provinces, with the same views, but under infinitely more favorable circumstances that possessed Colonel Austin, who, in 1^21,planned the independent government in Texas. This paper raises the flag ol freedom, not in a lonelv settlement nnimwil tn < i?nu7?r ignorant of American energy, to a people drilled by long su lie ring to passive obedience, but tfltli the cannon ol' victorious troops sounding in the distance, wiUi an army, day by day increasing on the soil; and amid a people oppressed by tyranny, and deserted by cowardice, now urged to achieve their freedom. Helbre many months there will be collected in Mexico at lca*t 30,000 Americans, composed of the bone anil sinew of the people, rendy to handle either the musket or the plough. Let the war be finished, sooner or later, as it may be, probably .">000 of the volunteers wljo enter the Mexican country underarms, will, when their services are no longer required by our government, remain in the invaded province. Their eyes will discover the agricultural and mineral resources of the hind ;?they will see, with proper industry and protection, what wealth may bo developed in the new place of their adoption. This body of men will form the nucleus nround which the natives of the country can gather, confident in their alliance, and forever acquire a complete disenthralment from the central power of successive oppressors, who are changed by every revolution, and uniting hot in one maxim, to "gather tribute from the people."? The Mexican people, when once withdrawn from their obscurity and ignorance, to see the real benefit derived from American institutions, will undoubtedly embrace the same means to gain the I same eml that the Texians did. Tliey wiU discover tlmt their religious predelictions will not only not be interfered with, but respected ; that the doors of education will be open to them and their children ; that the only revolution to give them new rulers, will l>e the revolution ot public opinion; that, in one word, instead of anarchy anil confusion, they will enjoy peace and prosperity, under a government which holds the rich and the poor, the strong and the weak, in equal estimation. Those who have charge of the newspaper?the Republic of the Rio Grande?appear to be men of talent and experience, and seizing the most favorab'e moment, they have made the lirst move towauls a second Texas. Regardless whether the Mexicans form a government of their own, or | whether they choose to join themselves to the United States, the sole view of this paper is to oiler them freedom ; but yet, the end will be the same. The independence of these four provinces once declared, nothing can prevent their ultimate destination ; they will shine us stars in the Hag which now is borne under the command of old "Hough and Ready," through their territories. These provinces of Tamaulipas, Coahtiila, New Leon and Chihuahua, with their 575,000 inhabitants, and their 350,000 square miles of territory, will as surely bo annexed to^he United Stales, as it is true that the march of freedom and opposition to all monarchical principles cannot be retarded on this continent. European influence and European balance of power, may be held up as bug-bears to verdant politicians, but American doctrines, and American liberty to protect and unite, is a matter of fact proposition, not to be upheld in theory only, but which is, and which will be, illustrated by practice. The Mexican government, or rather the Mexican President, has, by insult and iiKgreaaion, involved himse/l'in a war which can only tend to the dismemberment of the country. The European aid probably relied on, has been tried and found wanting. Their own army has fought, and been dispersed. The people have been brought in familiar intercourse and friendly contact with those whom they have been taught to despise. Their reason, and what is a more powerful influence, their interests, have been appealed to. In the path of conquest, cut by the sword of victory, hasappenrcd one bearing that moral engine which can only work for good where it is unfettered and guided by an unfettered mind. It shows tliem the way boldly to demand and obtain what they have a right to enjoy. The plots and intrigues of foreign diplomatists, who would place an imbecile tool on a throne,are revealed; and the treacherynnd selfishness of those who have oppressed them are spoken of in terms that need 110 explanation. Who then can doubt of the result ? The future is big with greatness for our own land. A few years past, and the cry of Texas, Oregon and California, was listened to as the voice of a dreamer. Now, Texas is one of us, and the probability is, that in a few years, yea, in a few months, California and the whole of Mexico to the Sierra .Madre,muy be knocking at our doors for admittance. What great events are in the womb fo time! 'I he Two Majok Grierals.?The Senate has confirmed the appointments of General Taylor, as Major < >enernl in the regular nrmy of the United States, and Col. W. O. Butler, of Kentucky, as Major (ieneral of volunteers. Both these apj>ointinents arc very popular. Of General Taylor, it is unnecessary to speak. His noble an<l daring deeds Wave endeared hint to the whole American heart, and all will be glud to see him take the highe?t rank in the American army General Butler will, we doubt not, become equally popular as commandant of volunteers. He is a man well known, and one who has travelled Mexico through and knows the country well We consider those appointments ai the best which could have been made Ct mberlxsn Coal Mi.nzs.?In the coal mine of the Messrs Frosts and ?VlcKaig, near Frostburg, a fatal accident occurred in the afternoon of Wednesday, 24th instant. An Irishman, (Anthony Dailey,) who formerly worked in the mines of the Mount Savage Company, brought down upon himself a block o( coal, weighing IxS tween two and three tons. Ik-fore being removed, the workmen were obliged to split it in four pieces, and poor Bailey was found quite dead, with scarcely a scar, but his neek broken. His funeral, next day, was attended by nearly all the miner* and his countrymen generally, and ex tended aver the road to the place of interment, fully on* mile Court < nlenrinr?Thlt Day. I 131' >31. 193, |3>\ J37, I3P, I "1? wl i trteal and Hiutoal. P*kk Thcatkk.?Ttiit establishment wu well filled last evening by a very select and fashionable audience, to w itneM the comedy of " Grist to t'40 Mill," and " For. | tunio, and hi Seven gifted Servant*." The porformances throughout ?.ere very well received, nuddiew repeated rounds of applauae. Mrs. Hunt appeared |?rfectly at ease, and acted her part in each piece with a great ileal of credit "Kortunio" will bo repeated this evening, with the petit comedy of " Somebody lClse," and " Did you ever send your Wife to Newark''?a capital bill, and one that will no doubt draw a good house. uovi Kitr i msatiik.?"l lie eiiieriainmoius last evening were for the bene lit of Mr. Hadaway. Owing to the inclemency of the weather, there was not so crowded a house as might tlierwue have been expected. There WM nevertheless a lurpc nnd fashionable audience. The performances were " The Pilot," " The Butcher's Dog," and the comedy of " Mother and Child are Doing Well," all of which went oil' remarkably well. This evening, that never failing tource of attraction, Bannister's tine drama of " Putnam," is to be plaj ed, together with " The Butcher's Dog." Urkkmwich The*t?e.?The performances last evening at this pretty little theatre, consisted of the drama of " The French Spy" and the comedy of " The Honeymoon," together with dancing and singing. Miss Caroline I lvjpman appeared us Mathilde, in " The Krench Spy,"and received a great deal of applause. We like the ucting of this lady ; but her action ii too redundant, and there is a certain tirrtotypmet$ in her mode that is very detrimental to her success. Miss Craufoid appeared as Juliana, in " The Honeymoon," and wo wore greatly pleased with her quiet, graceful acting of the part. ' This young lady has all the attributes of a good actress. She has beon but a short time on the stage, and she already acts not only respectably, but to as to receive merited applause from discriminating audiences. Wc trust she will be well sustained nt the Oreenwich. We should like to see the stage manager enforce n greater attention to rehearsal on several members of the company \\ ho we perceived last night lamentably dulicient in their paits. thus causing a great iteulot contusion and annoyanco to trie principal actors. We < auuot help nutici ug, in tenus of high praise, the graceful dancing of Miss Malvina Pray, who appeared last evening, and again appears to-night. She is a very foacinuting creature, and will )>e an 1.in.lor ono of these Java. To night, ' The Devil 'a ill the lloom," " Death Ship," and " The Krench Spy." CiiTU Gasou*.?This delightful pluco of amusement is gaining in jiopularity ever}- hour, and is now considered the only place in the city where the warm evenings can be pushed away with comfort and pleasure. We would remind the lovers of sport that tnis is the only point from which a full and pcrfort view of the great yacht race that will take place this day, can lie had. We, therefore, advise those who will havo ladies under their charge, to go early and secure places, for no doubt every available space will be occupied. The race will be very exciting, and will probably attract thousands to the Battery to witness it litis A' "* w?r? -Palmo's was tolerably well filled last night, notwithstanding the threatening state of the ' weather. The great magician performed his wonderful feats with unrivalled skill, and elicited the warmest applause from the spectators. He oilers some new entertainments to-night, aud as this is to bo the last week of ' his performances, it would bo well for those who wish to see them not to defer their visit to his " Temple of Enchantments." siuksreare Association.?Having received a special invitation to witness the dramatic performances of tho " Shaksperianv' at Gothic Hall (and there are many such in the ditferent portions of the city), we found ourselves seated on the front benoh, to take particular noto of Shakspeare'B celobrated tragedy of " Othello, or the Moor of Venice * To particularise might perhaps seem invidious, inasmuch as the doort were thrown open to invited guests, yot, in sober earnestness, wo cannot spenk favorably of any portion of the performance, with I but one single exception, and that was the part of Rraban tia.and which would have done credit to any of the metropolitan theatres abroad or the Turk and Bowery theatres. I This association, as we understand it, is made up from the moot respectable young ladies and gentlemen of the city, and we nope they may succeed in contributing to their own amusement, if not to that of their own selected friends. Euclelan Mid Pltlloinnttienn Societies* The annual oration was delivered before these societies last evening, in Dr. Potts' Church, be- I lore a highly select and fashionable auditory, con- i sisting principally of ladies. An excellent band ' wero placed immediately over the platform, and performed several select pieces with admirable j taste and execution. The sui>erbly constructed edifice, which is of Gothic design, was brilliantly j illuminated with gas, and every scat was lillei up. Chancellor Frf.mnohuysen presided. The following gentlemen ncted as committi ;? The Itev. Dr. Mason opened tho proceedings ty prayer. The Rev. Dr. Murray delivered the oration. He first desired the societies to understand that they met as scholars und votaries of learning, and admirers of literature. They owed every thing in the way of knowledge to literature and civilisation. The early ages furnished instances, when barbarians fled before the light of civili- ; zation; and the art of printing was soon discovered, ! which shed a flood of 'ight upon the world. But in the present age the light of knowledge and civilization was ; spreading with electric rapidity. The present state of the world was governed by mind, not as formerly, when the powdeied wig upon the woolsack, w ith a significant nod, ruled. This has now all fled before the light of . knowledge, and tho presa free?as papers are published now liko the leaves of the forest. | Such was the all powerful influence of the press that | mind governed, and public opinion now ruled. The day of error had nearly passed away, ami would fly before the great power and influence of the press. It was for this reason that he contended that mind governs d.? .Again, thoir country was free, but (till this lreedom laid the foundation for sectarian jealousies. The millions governed here, aiu' possessed the power that was confined to one, and emigration was peopling the land, which would soon extend beyond the Sabine?nay,eren to California. Tho destiny of the nation was in onward progress, and under God it was educated mind that was designed to rule und direct the euergies of this mighty people, and it would check party warfare, which would j tall before the light of public opinion. (Applause.) Power, without something to control it, was dangorous. The power of God was controlled by bis benavol?nco ; and the power of man sbouJ.J t-e regulated by wisdom. ' In this ? ??<?" /fn e Republic, where public opinion possosred such unlimited control, it should be regulated ; by wisdom. In Geimany, the only avenue which was . left open forprefcrment was literature ; and there was no political field for prefermont. Kngland was differently situated; she had political prefeiments, and her li- I terature was mostly copied from the German. Her clergy were inferior because of the character of her institn- | tions, while in America undGermany the character of the clergy were riling. The facilities given for the acquirement of knowledge inAmerica were manilold ami inKngland it was difl'eient, for it was dilticult there to mount the way to the acquirement of the arts and sciences , monarchy had always exercised a chilling influence uj>on mind; and the privations and mi?eries wnich a tthakspeare, a Oalileo, and a Milton, a* wel^as other men eminent in literature had suffered, was a blot upon the monarchies of the old world. The young mind, therefore, in America, should appreciate the blessings it enjoyed under their free institutions ; and should hare perseverance to enable it to acquire knowledge. Goodness should al- ' ways regulate mind and genius?it was essential to greatness -and without goodness genius would be dangerous, und like a ship without a rudder at sea The reverend gentleman concluded a very learned and splendid oration, which elicited marked approbation. W. W. Loan, Ksq., delivered the poem, which was ' received with applause. After which the audience separated. 1)katii of Lieutenant Noums, of the Kkvksi e Service.?The following is an extract of a letter from an ollicer 011 board the U. J?, revenue scliooner Van Buren, dated oil" Key We?t, JunA It, 1H46. We sailed from C harleston Bar, at meridian, on the second June, witha light southeily breeze and smooth rea. and sha|>ed our course for Abaco. On the 8th, at noon, w o passed the iloto In tho Wall, and the same night got on the Bahama Banks I mentioned in my last that our Kirst Lieutenant, William Norris, Ksq . was extremely ill; we were then in port After we sailed he continued to grow worse daily. We pushed on in the hope of getting him on shore al Key West, where he could procure those comfoiti necessarily denied him on shipboard. We left the Hank* on the lntli, with a Cue free wind, and uere )>erfectiy assured thnt noon the next day would tee Uk at Key West. That night at half past 12, Mr. Norris departed this life, after au illness of thirteen davs, which he bore without a groan or complaint. Ilia disease was a most painful inflammation of the bowels, produced by billious fever. Mis death threw a gloom over the vessel I cannot describe. Da) light at last made its uppearance, and to our great surprise u saw the light ship on Cariysfort Beef, having been actually driven by the force of the current sixty miles from our course. We were caught In one of those unaccountable freaks of the Gulf stream, which baffle* at times tho most skilful navigator, and renders hia science of no account. Wo weie very anxious to Jet the body on shore for interment, so bore away for e^ Biscayne. It came on to blow hard during the day, .. W1UIC n am iiv ('ivimumtj ui HHIO U> ItCCOnilAish ourw ishes, and it had become necessary for our health to dispose of the corpse, we determined to bury him that night- accordingly, just at dark,"all hands bury tl># d??.\" sounded through the ship. We wero " have too" in ih? gale, and the rain poured in torronts when the last sad rites were }>crformed over our lamented messmate I reaii the bunal servirc overhis remain* ami the word* "we commit tlii* body to the deep," struck a chill to every heart, md announced to ui that we had looked our last on whs', tad been our First Lieutenant " One fullrnplunge, and the scene was o'er? And tlie sea rolle' on as it rol.ed before.^ News FROM China.-?I have men ? letter this morning, written on bonr<1 the United States ship Columbus, now in the China Sea, by a gentleman on board, to hi* friend in Baltimore, which says that the Chinese government refused to r?tily the treaty with the United States, in consequence ot' the absence of the American Minister. This is altogether probable, as it would be rather out of the order of parlia mentary usage, to act otherwise. Another tolerably heavy failure a clothing establishment?occurrcd here on Saturday. It goes by the board for (bout $4<\0WV? Ball Cor nf PSU S %imtr. Junt 79 City Intelligent?. Wutmh.?'The "oldest inhabitant" has no recollectlonof ?uch a continuation of bail weather as we have ha<l for the last month. klvery body ii getting the blues; and this weather Is certainly enough to breed them. Pais Focntaim.?The oe?iu pants of " them bass woo'l benches'' ware presented with a change of performance yesterday morning, not put down in the small bills Tho basin having been emptied, two hare-legged Irishmen entered the arena with brush broom*. At first it was supposed that a gladiatorial exhibition was ordered bv our woithy Mayor, to draw off s]>ectators from the 7th avenue dog-fights, but it subsequently appeared that their object was but to remove the miscellaneous remnants of segar stumps, dead eols, fete , from the spot around which loafers " most do congregate." Them cups would now be of some service. Had our sentimental friend seen the nude pedestals of the employees,he would for ever be cured of romance and star gazing within the paLinga of the Park. Baths tor rii isomers.?We notice that a resolution in favor of enquiring into the expediency of providing batha for the inmates of the city prison, w as enrried in the Board of Assistants on Monday evening. It is a goed | idea to keep prisonois clean, but it seems to 11s that it will be far better to commence and follow out the plan of first providing baths for the honest and industrious laborers. (Jive us the baths for the people first?those for the prisoners alterw ards. Streets ?Cannot we have the streets cleaned before ttis ith Jlllv? Prfihnhlv mnnv strunirj*rfi u.-ill vinit tti? ritv on that d?y , and it would bo unfortunate if any of them should get swamped, and not be able to returu to their anxious frienda and parent!. Chiseks.?We shoul 1 like for once to see one of our city ordinance* cnfoiced, anl think a good opportunity to do this, a lion is itself with the dealers in chusers The Mayor ha* issued his proclamation against them and their nil, and yet we tiud these dangerous and destructive articles for sale at nearly every corner, and have no doubt we shall see them whizzling about like evil firo-deiMtU in the Park on the night of the 4th of July, setting fire to la lie.' dresses, and spoiliug the best beavers and broad cloths. The Pisk of lifciMTnv.?We are all perfoctly aware that the poorer classes of Irish are exceedingly industrious. Uut the Dutch have in many instances gone much ahead of them for un example ?we noticed yesterday a tall, thick tet Dutch woman, hearing upon her head a largo heavy piuo cotttn, striding un Division st., engrossing almost the whole of the sidewalk, holding a screw driver iu one hand and soma screws in the other. We were informed that her husband was dead, and (he bad procured the coifin from the Corporation, and, to cave expense of cartage, was conveying it home as above stated?evidently showing that tender feeling, which many wives would secretly bo glad to undertake, had they only the chonco. Accidewt.?A laborer employed in the Corporation yard had his leg broken yesterday by the fall of some

wood upon it. Gbeeis Amu?Any quantities of green apples are for sale in the streets. Look out for tho cholera. Police Intelligence* Jure 30.? Charge of Emhrzzltmmt.?Officer Huthwaite, of the Chief's olhce, urrestod a young Englishman by the nam.- oi AlfroJ Scarr, on a charge o? embezzling from his employers, Gilbert Totter U Co , merchauta, residing in Wilmington, North Carolina, the sum of $1000. It appears this young man was book-keeper for tho above firm, and on tho 24th of December last he embezzled the above sum and absconded, going as fur South as New Orleans, and thence to Europe, where he remained some time, and returned to this city about two weeks since. The abovo vigilant ottlcer having been placed on his trail, after some little management sue ceeued in making the arrest yesterday afternoon, in the Astor Home. lie was forthwith taken before Justice Osborne, and Mr. Gilbert Totter, Jun , No. 16d Front street, sent for, who at onco identified the accused to be the man who was charged with defrauding his father, Mr. Gilbert Potter, of Wilmington, of the above sum of money. The magistrate committed him to the Tombs, to await the requisition of the Governor of North Carolina. Grand Larceny.?Officer Lemau, of the First ward, arrested a Dutchman yesterday, callod Casper Dietiz, on a charge of stealing a trunk, containing clothing and other article* valued at 5"" ''O. belonging to Mary Ann Eiortand Peter Keeker, residing at No. 130J Washington street. Apoit'on of the stolen property was found on the accused. Committed to the Tombs for trial. Charge of Perjury.?A complaint was made yesterday before Justice Drinker, by Dr. Joseph Hincs, wherein ho charges ilanry Cadosa. the individual of No. 13 Chatham street, who was robbed ufew days since by a boy, called Simmon*, of near $2000. This affidavit sets forth, that Cadoza did falsely and wickedly swear to an affidavit, charging the said Ilines with endeavoring to persuade and prevent Abraham Lyons, (an accomplice of Simmons) from restoring the stolen money. A hearing in this matter will, in all probability be had before the above magis trate, when all the facts, no doubt, will appear. Taken from a Thief.? Captain McGrath, of tlie Sixth ward, airestcd a notorious thief, callcd George Smith, having in hi* possession a silver salver, also a silver toast holder, and a new frock coat, evidently the proceeds of some robbery, for which an owner h wanted- Apply at the station house. Female Depravity.?A young French girl, only sixteen years of age, was discovered in a house of prostitution in the Fourth ward. When arrested she gave her name as Jane Price. Her mother, Mrs. Philipiana Price, was sent for, who took her home to endeavor, if possible, to reclaim her. Another.?Maria Brady, a girl of only fifteen years of age, absented herself from her parents, and was found last night in one of the lowest dens of prostitution on the Fire Points. She was likewise taken home to her parents. *irre?t on a Bench Warrant.?Officer Leonard, one of the Chief's aids, arrived in the city yesterday afternoon, having in custody a man by the name of Henry Penton, whom he arrested in New Jersey, on a bench warrant, and requisition from Gov Wright, charging the accused with a grand larcenv. Justice Osborne committed him to the Tombs for trial. Irrrit on Suipicion.?George Waters, and Edward Hamilton, wore arrested yesterday on suspicion of robbing the premises occupied by Mr. Martin Thompson, No. -J'i9 Madison street, on the 14th of June, of $140 9i. It appears these boys are identified by Mr. Frederick A. Morgan, No. 40 Kutgers street, as having been seen to come from the premises on the afternon ol the robbery. Justice Osborne locked thcgi both up lor examination. Robbing a Countryman.?Officer Watson of the 6th ward, arrested, last night, a woman called Margaret Mcl'ormick, charged with robbing a countryman, by lh> nimi nf Thninn liiwin in a .!? > inf?mr ?t Nn A Little Water street, on the Five Points, of $13. The accused was locked up for trial by Justice Osbomo. Kiring a Pistol.?A boy, called Jabcz Miller, was arrested last night for firing a pistol in the public street; and when brought before the magistrate in the morning, he was line.I $3; and in default ot paying the line, he was committed to prison. Stealing a ttoat.?Francis Acker and Teter Hanson, woie arrested last night by officer Klmore, of the 7th ward, on a warrant, issued by Justice Lecraft, of Williamshurgh, on a charge of stealing a boat, valued at flt>. They w?ro taken back to Willmnuburgh for trial Prtit Larctnici?Charles S.Tripp was ruugfjt in the act of stealing fc'i, in small chaiw, "orn a baker's wagon belonging to John R?U. Locked up. .A black lellow was detected last night in stealing clothing from the yard of Daniel Smith. Committed. Suppottd to be Stolen ?Officer Hammond, of the Third ward, arrested two men a lew days ago, having in their possession a yawl boat, 15 feet long, painted white inaido and out, supposed to have been stolen from Throg's Neck, for which an owner is wanted. Apply to the above officer. Court of Special Nriiloni, Before Recorder Scott, and Aid. Walker and Walsh. Ji*he 30 ?Julia MkllVII placed at the bor, on o charge of committing a slight offence; but the complainants not being fullv prepare.l to procced to trial, the accused was remanded until Friday next. Peter Mojre. charged with assaulting a negro, after a reprimand from the Court, was permitted to depart James Gallagher was next placed at the bar, lor stealing a coat. He was adjudged guilty, and ordered to ba locked up in tho city prison for one month. Thomas Smith, a lad about 17 years old, was next placed at the bir, and found guilty of stealing two caps liom the store of Asa Hall, in Greenwich, for which offence he was sent to tho penitentiary for the term of one month. Samuel Jones was then put on his trial for stealing a coil of rope; but after the cxnmination of a witness or two, further proceedings in the case were postponod, in order to give time to procure additional testimony, and the prisoner was accordingly remanded. ltobcrt Hays?The trial of this person for a violeut assault upon a colored man, named Edward Johnson, was also postponed until Friday next Calwn 8. Eastwood was next placed at the bar, to answer for cruel treatment to his wife, who deposed that slid was iLiluced, by (Uttering statements maJe to her in relation to the characterof hast wood, to marry him in the month of February last, she being at the time a young and blooming " vidder;" and that in the brief space of lour da j s aflcr the nuptial ceremony had been performed, her husband began to show the cloven foot, by choking her, and otherwise ill treating lier, as she 1 believed, lor the purpose of getting what little spare change she had been enabled, to hoard up for a tainy lay. i ne ' oun njju<igej r,.ni? u(W t;11111y 01 uie oifence charged; but, after a suitable admonition, intimated a 'li?|n>Mtion to suspend judgment, on condition of hi' keeping away from hi* better halt for the future. < atherine Conover, charged with Healing twelve shirt* Iroin the residence of Kmma Josephs, No. 49 Oln er itieet, was sentenced to be impriaoued in the penitentiary for four month i. | Edward Kiernan, a small boy, waa then placed at the bar ou a charge of stealing a bra?s canting, worth $7, from the ship yard of Messrs. Westerveit it Mackay, foot of 7th atiMt, Kast Kiver. He was found guilty ; but the Court impended judgment in the rase <?. W. Ouucan, who was trie.I and found guilty on Friday last, of committing an assault and battery upon a leinale with whom he ha* been living for soma time paat aa hii wife, was again placed at the bir this morning (judgment io the iui mar case having been suspended), and charged with repeating hit harsh treatment, tec., to the some female. The accused stated to the Court, In defence, that he only went to the houae for the nurposa of removing some furniture of hi* which he haa lelt in the apartment* Jointly occupied by the complainant and himself. 1 he Court in thia case sentenced Duncan to pay a fine of $2#, and ttaud committed until paid. Niol Corey plead guilty to a ciiarga of stealing a valise, woith The accuaed stated to taa Court trial ha bad no intention of committing a theft, but was merely carrying it for come other person. The Court being unwilling to laceive such a plea of innocence, booked Coray for a two months' re.-i<louc? on li lack well's Island. Kliiabeth Dowling, aa interacting young girl, waa next placed at the bar on a charge of ata-iling two shawls, two (carts, and some ?ilv*r apoons, from Mrs. Margin et Thonm Mia plead guilty, at the same time appealing to the Court (or a mitigation of punishment. aa it was tlie firm otfcnco she had ever committed, and felt sorry for what the had done Her youth and apparent penitence induced the Court to suspend sentence in her case. . I harlea William*, charged with stealing eight finger rings, worth $6. from the atore of Mr. Ketcnam, No. 373 i Pearl itreet, was adjudged guilty, aai tent to the penitentiarv for three months The Court then adjourned until Friday morning next. S*ow ?On Monday last, the 2Jd June, It snowed so much as to whiten the ground on th? Ailefh&nits ? B?U. Cltpftr, Aim 30. Movement# of Traveller*. The arriral* yesterday were as numeroni thoM of anv day wc hsve recorded them for the pant week. The following are a portion of those registered ou the books of the annexed Uotcli Amkricax ?Dr. Daniron, Baltimore; P. Kolsom, West Point; B. Lindsay, W. Kisher, Lynchbnrgh; D. Fitzhugh, Oswep?; W. Hobart, Lyusbury; Kd. Hopkins, Vermont; W. Wood, Apol.ichicoU: M. Seaton. Washington; J. White, Philadelphia; W. Hooker, Hartford; l)r. Kmquaher, Kait Indies; Dr. Leving, 8. Claike. Philadelphia. Asto?.?D. Kckley, Boston; J. Snelling, New York; Gen. t'ooj>er, Albany; R. Taylor, Providence; P. Keeplank, New Windsor; C. reesley, CJeo. f'eabody, ruuuuri|?ua; > ?ioore, uosiou; j. riooker, rougiikeepsie; M. McLeilan, Maine; T. Williams, Baltimore; J. Clarke. Jo^tou; A. Linn. Schenectady; C. Uroot, do; A. B. Cumming. Philadelphia; W. Uriunell, Providence; Mri. Buck, N. J ; Mr. Potter do; II. Weeham, Va.; 8. Harrlon, Louisiana; E. Perkins, New London: W. C. Nash, Jot. Gl*ver, M. lUitclifle, Boston; Johnson, L'tica; P. Woodford, W. Parker, Boston; H. Crittenden, E. K. Miles, St. Louis. Citv.?J. Wooster, N. < \ \v. Stoneberrv, Philadelphia; Purser Wilton. U. S. N.; Hon ?. o. Thura'ton, Lancaster; P. Ran, Providence; H Burnett, Worcester; t,'8ut. Howe, Conn ; Thos. Watson Philadelphia; u Alexander, ltochciter; W. Church, Buffalo; W. Jorden, La.; J. Brev, T. Kichardton, Philadelphia; A. Champion, Trov; P. Matthews, Va ; W. Johnsou, Montreal. Kka^klin.?C. Leo, Philadelphia; Dr. Hopkins, Geo : T. Stillman, N. O ; J- Kitcli, Conn.; M. W'oratz, Ulster Co.; 8. Benedict, N. Y ; W. Winder. Bridgejtort; J. Baiiev, Cahoes; K. Pardee. Pouglikeepsie; W. Thomas, Albany; A. >lcely, 111 ; O. Edson, Troy: P. Woodbury, N. Y-; E Stone, Troy ; Jas. Saxton. Maryland; E f>progue. Baltimore; W. Uriran. Albany. IIowahu ?s. Clapp, N. i : J Gender. Pennsylvania; A. Dewev, Wisconsin Territory; M Iluinman, Jewel City; J. C. llaswcll. Washington; James CroWM, Chittenango; I) Shophard, J. C larke, Saratoga; J. Boyde, Pa.; J Hume, Michigan; W. Clough, Pittvficld; J. Lattusan, Philadelphia; E. M. Sjicncer, N. <).; 1). W. Slennett, Ala; K. Toole, Mobile; A. Woydnach, Baltimore. Common Plca?> ? Before Judge Daly. June 30.?Simton .Oirahauii v$ Edward E. Livingston and Ja-nrt Af. Twnrr.? This was an action for assault , and battery. The plaintiff" is a pawnbroker, and the defendant* are police officers. It appeared fiom the testimony in the case, that on the '26th of November last the defendants went to Mr. Abrahams' store, at a time when it wat full of people, and in a peremptory manner called upon him to produce somo property which had been theretofore pledged, at the same time throwiug down some pawn tickets ; the plaintiff rofusod, alleging they had no authority, and that he (plaintiff) was not Round to show his property to every person who might come and throw down a lot of pawn tickets, and demand the inspection of it The defendants, or one of them, then replied tliev were sent hy a judge : to which the plaintitl' rejoined by saying, if they were he would have given them an order. They then commenced to abuse him, an,i Livingston said he was a damned scoundrel and that was his character. Plaintiff ordered them out of tho store, and came from behind the counter intending to put them out. when Livingston pot liimsjlf in a menacing attitude, and, as plaintiff approached, laid hands on him. A sctifflo then followed, and finally plaintiff" succeeded in ejecting them from the store ; but when outside, they spit in nis face, and made use of very abusive language, end for the fii st time told him they were police oflicert, were sent by Justice T?vlor, and that he (the lilaintifft hod resisted their mitlioritv. For the defence, it wai cliowu that they were police officer), and were acting under the authority of Justice Taylor. It was also contended that the assault was only technical. Verdict in favor of defendant Turner, and against Livingston for $40 Mr. Jno. Leveredge for plaintiff, Mr. J. M. Smith and J. R. Palmer for delendants. County Court. The Hon. Michael Ulshocfl'or, President, in the chair. Junk 30.? Trial of It'in IV. Drinker, one of the Special Juttices.?On motion of Alderman Livingston, tho court adjourned to the 7th of July next, to hear further testimony. Saratoga, June 28, 1846. Saratoga before the Vititing Seaion?Preparations for Summer Hoteli. How pleasant it is to know that one is in the pleasantest of all pleasant places. The world knows, and so do you, where Saratoga is; therefore, it is unnecessary to give you the geography o 1 this Garden of Eden. You I should be kept ndvircd, not only concerning matters and things in general, as they transpire here during the height of the visiting season, hut more especially of those which take place immediately before that season commences. They are an enterprising people here, most of whom, during three quarters of the year, have naught else t? busy themselves about than to devise means for making money during <he months ol July, August, and September. The dollar has its influence here us well as in other places, notwithstanding there are some seven or eight churches to keep the morals of its denizens in a healthy tone. The bells arc tolling at half past ten, and I ?ee many lovely womon making their way toward the different sanctuaries?few men?very few; 'they have no time now to serve God, for "no man can serve two masters." As soon as the ground becomes settled in the spring, improvements about the village arc put in progress; the proprietors of the different hotels make extensive additions to their establishments, and have them, by the 10th of June, in a complete state of renovation, and ready for the reception of company. The "city fathers" (who, by the way, are the most wealthy and influential men of the place,) have as much business to dispose of as the "fathers" of old Gotham. One continued session f,lT- Irn..r.tU> I.ot-MU- Mot tlw.m tn l.rinirll,. of the cor|>oration to it* iiiinndl cloie. Bye laws urn passed, inflicting fines for incumbering the side walks; and provision is made for the preservation of the delightful shade trees and shrubbery; for, like the garden of old, this new Kden has in it "forbidden fruit"?suffice it to say, Saratoga is a delightful place, and the interests of its pecplo compel them to make it so. Tho boarding season has hardly commenced yet. although there are a few strangers scattered about the place, i The C'nitedHtates Hotel has some seventy or more.and the other hotels have their complement; none of them have reason to complain yet, for every thing bids fair for a Iiromising and money making season. The village never ooked finer, and had it not been for a fire which occurred on the 8th inst., directly opposite tli? UnitcJ states Hotel, the appearance of the village would have been far better than at any previous season. A new cottage has been erected in tlie garden of the United States Hotel, which is to be occupied this summer by ono of the elite from Baltimore, w ho is a widower, but has three "beautiful ond accomplished'' daughters. This is the sixth cottage which has been built upon the grounds adjacent to this hotel, by the Messrs. Marvin, within four years. The United States Hotel, it is universally admitted, stands high in the estimation of the public?and it is ' needless to say that the Messrs. Marvin, whoarj so well known to tho public, will spare neither pains or money to make it pleasant for them. By so doing they will reap a goodly number of dollars, t'uion and oo'igross Hails, also, stand high. In making a choice of them it depends a great deal r.pon the taste of the individual. If he is a tine follower alter the faith, who has numerous shillings in his trowsert, I would recommend the former to him, for there he can \ attend prayers in the large dining room, night and morning; and occasionally an opportunity will he alford, edhim lor an effusion of his pont up piety. Trayer in the evening takes place about nine o'clock, and many, cither through pious motives, or for amusement, attend. They seat themselves around the tables, upon which are divers castors and saltcclUrs, and those of the latter turn, w ith a " vinegar as|x>ct,"' amuse themselves by eating salt However, there is no compulsion about attending there. It is only an evideuce that tho Messrs. Putnam are hospitable, and spare no pains to please both saint and sinner. i If he is of a romantic spirit, is a single man. and is tired of single blessedness, let him put up at the Congress, for here, you will recollect, ia where the " Miller man'' took his room, being "best suited to his disposition, as well as his better nature." Here, you will recollect, ia where this same poet wrote soma of hi* " Pencilling* by the Way," and fell in love with " the Julia of some years ago," "where the iprings and collonades, the wood-walks and drives, the solas and swings, are all coated over with delirious perjuries," tec.; but he was disappointed,poor boy,and in 1843 "he didn't put up to the Congress no more." The gentlemanly proprietor of this establishment died in April lust; but his widow, assisted I L'nr.l nnnr;.l.r nf Ik,. Pavilion mill "J r?i?i f'"r' ? ?? make it pleasant for those true loter* of comfort who will favor them with their patronage. It may he well enough to ?ay?for all know him who have leen him oncc - thnt " old Reuben," the dark and faithful steward, hai charge of the dining room, and the viand* are still under his control. There are two other hoteli which are ranked among the first clafi, viz : the American Hotel, and another which hat just been erected by a young Boitonian. Thi* latter ii kept by one Stoddard, and i* situated in the vicinity of old Congress Hall, in a very desirable location. Both of theie deserve a good recommendation. Your man Mundel, who sells Heralds. i? in after thi*. He sayi, "car* are going"?so slop I here, to resume again at my earliest convenience. Capi-Skiddy's New Ship, build inp at East Hoston, and intended to ply ft? a packet between this port and Liverpool, will ne 1400 ton* burthen The Batton Po$t say* " And from the beauty of her model, the kind and substance of the material* of which *he it constructed *o far, will be the finest merchant *hip fn the world. Captain Skiddy i* superintending her construotion himself Previous to laying her down, he examined all the principal ship yards, in England, including the government dock yards, and being intimately acquainted with the style or American shipbuilding, has brought all his experience and information to bear in the proi duction of this ship She ha* very (harp ends, great breadth of beam and cannot fail to *ail very iwiftly. We understand that he intend* to name her the Sir Ro1 bert Peel. Borro* Packet Ship ?The packet ship AnatoSaxon, of900 ton*, now on the stocks at Ea?t Boston, ia planked up. ceiled, and has her deck* nM*fP and will be ready to launch about the l*t of She 1* de*igne<l lor Train's line ol Boston Mi Llverpewl packet*, and is expected tube the crack &*!? P?rtThose who wish to view a strong shlf property iMten ed, would do well to examine har bewre ?M 1* launched She i* being built by Mr Dantel Maokay, n?*r 'he uperintendence of ("apt A OifisW, a?d. t '? rumored, will he commanded by Mr The?doM Train, late mate of the Washington Irving ?Pest Thk Kansas at St- Loins ?FourKanwa Indians arrived here jrcMerd?T. Ke-buc-co-ma, the Chief, and three braved. alldrrtned and painted in the tnie Indian style The) are on their way t.v Washington, for the purpone of soliciting the President r.r> 1 Congress to reniler their naHon some rel.ef in its preient distressing condition. A peper which the Chief heats state* that the Kantus Indiana are in a wretched condition, and many members ofthe tribe in a state of starvation. They are too indolent to work, and game hai become ?o scarce that hunting is no longer means of suppert.?Sf. Limit ffrv Era, Junt 20. Daowmn.?William Miller, of WiUiambuig, Mass., at. ?h drowned id tk? ronnactlcut, at HattMd, ? tSa tOtt Hat. Sn<M?n Chang*!.?Ttiere U nothing man 1 tTfln* to lh?haman constitution tl>ao iudd?n clMMn of at- fl ' mother*. IUat rarities ihr Hood, qukkena iti? circulation mill increases UN) ner-tpirttion; but ? hen anddenl v checked. (BOM liumutt which should p?ac off by the ?km are thrown off inwardly, Cku?m( Ci>u?li,, colds, consumption. difficulty of \ breathing, watery uid blamed eyes, tor* tnroat, ferers, \ rheumatic paw* hi Tarinus mn of tn<- b..dy, a-id many other V comi'laiuts, the uiual of catching cold. I Wrl|M Indian A eget>bl? arc ,, delightful mediciu# * f.ir carrying "f * cold?b?cau?? they eipel from the body those humors which are IM cause OI1ly ofthe abore comidaimi, but of ?*?rf nulady under IK,veu. Kour or flee saia Indian Vegetable fills taken every iiifu on (oin| to b?d will, in a few days. carry off tlie inn?t obstma., pold; at the same V time the dige?riv? organs will nf restore* to ? healthy tour, I ud th? blood SO MMMMIt purilled, thai ue . and rigor I will be given to tbe whole frame. I tALTiox? It ihould be remembered th?t Mr. ^nutl Heed, V of Baltimore: Mr. John DfttfU Of EMIM, fa., i?,il Messrs. I Browning Si. Brothers, of lMiilideljilua, are not ageiw, 0( 0ur?, J ?,d ? hey pu lie 'no Wright'. Indian VeK.Ub . ?UlaM 4 our office, we cannot guaranty as genuine any medicin. that \ '''VhlTonly security against imposition i? to purchase fmea J no\e rsoii u *leas he cL .bow a certificate ol a??cy, or at th. \ o?.?d?.n. l Depot, No. ?w^r.^WRfiHT#W Great Demand for Wewe?HPIillailelpI*!* Aienti for the Hrnld, O. B. Zieber it Co., 3 Ledger Build ing, 3d street, below ( hesnnt, where advertisements are received, and where tho?e wishing to subscribe will pleaae leave tnair names, an J have the paper served regularly at their stores ind dwellings, immediately after the arrival of the car*. Terms, 75 cents per month, including the Sunday Herald; 65 ceata without it. Kingle copies 1 ceuts. lm Superior Musical Tuition for Young I>actle?. I To Parents and Ouardiana.?Music Taught on the moat Improved Method With treat rapidity.ai d <>o rr-isonable terms. A July who lias received instruction from the first masters in Kurope. and who iinpam wii(? facility a thorough knowledge of the science to her pupils, cumhined with elegant and graceful eiecutiou, is desirous of taking a few more female pupils, either at her own residence or at theirs A liue addressed to A. M., at the office of this paper, will be attended to; or an application at 45 Mercer atreet, where he ladv riMides. will receive personal artention. ni2l lis NaTlfRiloD of (lie Ohio Wv?i. I'lactt. Time. State of Jl ivtr. Cincinnati, June 16 13 feet. Wheeling, June -J |() foet. PitUbur#, June !22 ".S feet 9 inch?m Louisville, June 19 feet, 2 inel e? MOSEY MAHHET. Tuesday, Jan* 30?6 Pc M. ?4uuitt?uus lor xuucy uiwui suit icuu downward*. 'J'here wu a general falling ofl to-day. Long I aland declined l4 par cent; Canton.)*; Harlem, >4; Norwich and Worcester,!; Reading Railroad, Morri* Canal, 1; and Pennsylvania S's, M- We can only attribute tiki* depreciation to the tightness of the money market, the ap? proach of tho dull season, and the anxiety felt in relation to the policy of tbo government in reference to its G nances. The demand for exchanges was heavy this morning and the closing rates for sterling bills wore 7j a 8 per cent premium. At the second Hoard there was very little alteration in prices, comj?red with thoco current In the morning. The sales of Harlem were large, and there appears to be combination to bear that stock down to the lowest point Whether those engaged will succeed in accomplish the object they have in view, depends upon the ability of the bulls to hold. It is our impression that the holders of this stock are weak, and cuinot stand against tho efforts of the bears to depress the markot. The half yearly returns for Massachusetts capital in vested in factories and railways, will shortly be disbursed, amounting, as estimated, to over a million of dollars. The seven railroad companies will alone yield over half a million in dividends, beside the collateral advantage* which they impart to oil the various channels of buii uess. The United States Hotel Company, of Boston, on the 27th inst., declared a semi-annual dividend of 6 per cent upon the capital stock, payable on the first of July_ The stock ef this corporation, which not long since was much depreciated, is now ia demand at 13 per cent advance. The Boston money market Is in rather a contracted condition. The banks were discounting sparingly, and good paper could not bo negotiated at less than nine per cent. The ifew Jersey Insurance Company in Newark,ha*? declared a semi-annual dividend of 5 per cent, payable on and after the 4th day of July The Newark Banking and Insurance Co., have declared their usual semi-annual dividend of three per cent. payable on ami after the lit of July. i The North Hiver Bank ha* declared a dividend of three and a half per cent, payable on tho 7th of Jnly. I The Union Bank of Maryland has declared a dividend of three per cent for the last six months. The Fanners' and Planters' Bank, Baltimare, has declared a half yearly dividend oi three per cent. i The receipts on the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad for the past week, show an iQcreasc of nearly $400 over the corresponding week of last year. It will be ]>crceived on reference to the proceedings of Congress irom day to day, that neithor branch of the representative department of the government is makirg much progress in prfocting the numerous important bill* before them. The session is drawing to its close, as an adjournment early in August will, without doubt, be made, no matter what may be the position of the meaj sures under consideration affecting our domestic or internal affairs. Some of the members of the Senate and House appear to think that because they have settled the Oregon question and provided for carrying on the war with Mexico, their constituents will be satisfied?and omc of the Senators "have even gone so far at to assert 1 that the prevention of one war and the adoption of tach measures as will bring to a speedy termination another, is enough to immortalize any session of Congress. We can* not hut agree with these philosopher*, but would re1 commend an adjeurament at once, for fear something might be done or left undone that would remove pert of the glory they think the members of this session are entitled to. How is it that the tariff*, the independent treasury, and the warehousing bill, are so seldom alluded to in the Senate T The 10th of May last was fixed upon to take up the warehousing bill. For some reason that day was passed; soon after the Mexican difficulties came tip, and were disposed of; then came the Oregon affair, in the shape of proposals for settlement; and then the treaty. Both of these things were disposed of in executive session; but, during the public sittings, from that time to this, nothing has been said or done in relation to the warehousing bill. It is now nearly sixty days since a dny was fixed for its disposal, and tho first movement ha* not been made, either ono way or the othor?either in favor of or against the measure. This is a measure which both parties are in favor of. There can be no opposition to it of any consequence; and even if there was, it was introduced by the majority party, which has the regulation of every tiling in its own way. When a mee* sure of this kind, so very simple in its complexion and operation, no Decenary for the better regulation of our foreign trade, one tending more than any other to reduce the expentci of the revenue or caitom* department of the government, meet* with sc much delay, and It* adoption continues so doubtful te the latest moment, what are we to expect when measure* affecting our financial and commercial system*, tending to a derangement of all the , ramification* of trade, are brought up for comideratioo 7 If we may judge of the time required to dispoae of any of the most trifling bills before either house, it will re" quire a continual session to dispose of either of the two most important bills on the calendar?we mean the tariff and the independent treasury bills. Wi wish to be understood, when wo say disposed of, as we mean to imply that their passage i* rery donbtfuL*It is our impression, that neither will peas in the ?Mpe the lower hou*c may agree upon. It to aire si/" pretty well set'leJ, that the Independent Treasury bill, as it reached the Senate from the Hou*e of RrprMaaMfVM, will not pass. The chairman of the Finies* Ce?*altt*e in the Senate, admitted in answer tc certain question* from Mr. Wab*ter, that it wonld bo rery Materially modified, and that is the last we h*?e hae*d it, and that wa* *ome time in the early i?ert of AprlL The courie pur*ued i? the Senate in relation to tki* bill, i* another in*tap<* of the delay the butine** of the cession has experienced in that body. Early in the month of Apr;., the Independent Ireasury bUl, with the moit reitriotive tpecie proriaiona, pauad the Houae o1 Representative a by very Urge majority. The apoaia c.buaea of that bill, and immediate enforcement required, oaaated conalderable excitement in financial circle*, mi the moat intense anxiety exiated to learn what flfca action, or tha probable action of the Sanata la" relation to tha tpecia proviaioni of that act, ?Mld be. After considerable delay, aad not until tha bvatneei of tha country generally had experienced a ??ry aerare thock, and not until categorical queitiona were pat to tha Plnaooa Committee of the Senate, tha public mind waa relieved by the official announcement that vary groat and important modification* wauld ba /' I naanimoualy racommended by the committaa, la tha apoole pro via ion* of the act aa it came from tha laorar haaN, aad that tha warahouiing bill would take ywtiMiaai 4 tha iatUpaadaat Treaatiry bill, in heiag ftaaMlad fWha conaidefatkm of the Senate. Thin emKmaeement *?d a vary favorable effect upon financial and a?amart*l ?>t* tera for a tlrt*; bat the uncertaiaty that haa tin* exlated, and muat ex }tt, in relation to thaaa mean ran *? long aa Congraaa remark in aaaeloa, haa had lta *( " ?P?B buaineaa. \ ! It thua anneara tW the warahonai* bill, and the ii dependant Trnrar^ bill, take prudence of tba tariff is the Sentt*. ThV look* T*r?nbiou for the tariff, whleh wa martrtatt hat |W<Wm Ina either of tfce

Other pages from this issue: