Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 8, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 8, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD^ Kew York, m otlntxliiy, July S, INitt. Tki? >tv? TaillT IIIII ? Its Final Fuu(< Doubtful. The greatest anxiety exists in relation to the action oi Uio Senate upon this important measure. It lifts Ihmhi mtde the special order for Monday next, and every day alter until finally disposed of. Mo one ever doub ed its passing tbe House of Representatives, hut its passage through the Senate is, and w.ll be up to tbe ld?t moment, very doubtful. This whole que-tion inny turn upon the vole of the Vine President, and, if ?o, its fi'M is |ireltv well settled. The vote nt ihe Senate will bo so equally div,<led upon this b II, an?l the complete absence of eve ything savoring in any way of [??rty feeling, w ii l- .t.r :;ie qu? -tiou open to the latest moment, IcMV.ng tin- cli?M-st political calculators coinpl-tely in the dark, and beyond tneir r> c'xonmg. It ? ? iinpo-mIiI 1.1? ?> ihi 11j? vote*. SeVcitd of tbe strongsii dtfiiKx'i ntv Senators have announced their determination to vote dead against be b il u* it pmiwd tlu- lower liou^e, and sueb i? the liRtion ol the two parte*, that wry material dictations may bo required to ensure its ?UCee-g It i* p>*? ble, ahbough not very probable, that the ad valorem principle m iy be restricted in its 0|xslat.on, and that ?pec i tic rates wdl, in rotne in tAncrs, be adopted It Will be perceived, on reference to tlio proceedings of yesterday in the Senati , that petitions have already been presented to 'hat etfect We are fern fill of the ro.-ult of this thorough change in the method of levying and collecting duties, and believe that much confusion and difficulty will be exrv-rienced in enter irig goods under ttiu new system. It is a very great experiment, one that may lead to very serious embarrassments in the finances of the government, and require an immediate repeal or a retort to some other way of raising revenue. We are opposed to such extensive experiments when there are so many and ruch vital interests at stake. There is no probability of any system becoming permanently established unless it is gradually brought into operation, and made | erfect as it becumes more generally enforced. No business of any particular importance was transacted in the Senate yesterday, and the House used up nearly the v, hole session in an unsuccess. ful attempt to fix a day for final adjournment. The Political Slovi mrnta of th? Day?Who It to b? the Next Pr*?l?l?mt7 Several events have recently transpired, which ^ *o?a a determination on the part of the friends of General Scott to be beforehand in securing, lor their favorite, the suffrages of the whig party lor the next Presidency, even in the face of his resent faux pn. From what has lately come to our knowledge, we are justified in concluding that most of the whigs, who were attached to the old United States Da.uk, are in favor of Scott,while the other branch of the party still cling to the fortune* of Henry Clay, but in the event of his resig. ( nation or declination, they would go for J. J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, or, perchanco, General Taylor, of the Rio Grande. Wltllill a frw 11 rl 1/? llf.. baa been u dinner party at the house of a #entieman, formerly, we believe, a director of ibe United Slates Bank, in New Jersey, not far from tho fail* of the Passaic, at which, a distinguishod tneinbir of the United States Senate, for o ne days past sojourning in this city, and an ExCollector of this port, were present. The rest of the party was mostly composed of Jersey men, who are warm friends of General S ott. At this dinner, it -s more than probable that the views of the d.lfercut individuals present, in regard to the next Pres dency were freely expressed, and, doubtless, a plan ol operations was agreed upon. It will be remembered that Go neral Scott is a indent of New Jersey, and that Mr. Clay's nomirtHtion for the Presidency, in 1S40, was defeated, in fouie measure, in the Convention, by the New Jersey delegation, who were in favor of Scott, a citizen of tWeir own State. Immediately after that time, the whig party in New Jersey was divided into two factions?the Pennington party and llie IixUted party, the latter of which gained the fir^t victory over the former, in the election of Will am Wright to Congress from the 6th di-trict, in.13-13, in opposition to Win. B. K.nney, the nominee of the Pennington party. The war has been wu_r nir ever since, but the Halstui party hate gained the ascendancy, their candi. Jutes' now filling the miwi impo;tant offices in he State. Tli'* IVnnington party are in favor of General Scott, and it may. therefore, b? that the JIi?l?t<d paity will oppose him. At the time of tH* Convention to noniinnte a President in 1340, the Pejm'rigfon interest was in the ascendant.? Th? New Jersey delrgation was, therefore, mo?tjy comi>o?ed of that section of the party, and through the influence of a certain politician, or residi-nt of Elizabethtown, where General .Scott formerly resided, the del -gntina was prevailed upon 'o cast their vncs for Scott, thus defeating Mr. Clay. Hence the lukewarmness of the PentiUigton party in fighting under the Clay banner in the campaign of 1844. file gentleman at whose house the dinner party ft?.rendy alluded to took place, is supposed to be a prominent member of the Pennington section of the wh g party, and it is that section of the New Jersey whig", in connection with several whigs of this city, and the distinguished Senator already mentioned, who are working 9ilently but with great energy to secure the nomination of General Scott. In connection with this branch of the subject, we may mention that at a dinner of the Cincinnati Society of New Jersey on the 4th instant, at Newark, Ex-Governor Pennington proposed the health of General Scott. This, at a mixed party ofdemocrat* and whigs of all shades of politics, was highly significant. Another very significant mutter, as we have heard, is that the editor of General Scott'* organ in this City, proposed to those who got up the meeting, tome short time since, to nominate G?v | nerml Taylor lor the next Presidency, that if the I meeting would refrain from mentioning General Taylor's name in connection with the nomination (or President, he would himself, perhaps, address the meeting, and refer to it in complimentary terms in his paper of the next morning. This tntve organ of General Scott has entered elaborately on the defence of the General's conl duct in the plate of aoup affair, and has at the ^ same time deprecated the further prosecution of the war with Mexico, evidently with the apprehension that if it continue. General Taylor will emerge from the thick chaparrel of the Rio Grande, in his chip hat, with such a meed of r fame a* will entirely dissipate Genera] Scott's f prospects of the Presidency. Thus it will he perceived that we have made out a complete chain of evidence tending to prove that the friends of General 8<:oU are already in the fl?ld, and working with some little energy to seeure his nomination. First?Bj- tha dinner st whJrh on* taction of tba wblg pari) of N*?r lersay. sp*M oftha wcti >ti of Naw Vork. nO'l a portion ot tha ?eciion of M*s?%chm??u put tbair ha.di logaiher to ooncart measure to .acura ;h? do rniBO'u" w >?n Sae?s liy.? By tha fyrapathy that axitta hv?*.D tha wh'(> of?w /??; wtu arc in {*\ot of Scon, aiKj iha wdit ?r? of tha Scott organ in Lhia city. Thirdly?By tna fact that E?-<>o?ani?r rannliigutn toa>t*<4 <>?n?ral Boott at imaad party on tha Fourth of ' July .a lung ??ry .annual and contrary to aauM.ahcl UMKM Fourthly?By tha prnpoaition of tba alitor of tha Scott organ, to aupprat* tha mention of Uanaral fa lor'a name in coatttction with tha Praanancv, at tha tneatlnc held .;i ihia Ci!> lor the j>ur|M>?o of nominating (ienanU Taylor. nfthly?By hia aa.ua organ'a elaborata dafanco of Can Scott ?i?ihly?Br tha organ't dapracatloo of tha contiauaX n of hoatiUtia a with Maxico ?a?anu.lj?JJy tha advojacr ofan odTarof a ran??r?J of raUuoa* t*ung u!4 *jr Hjf \ja)l+i S*u? u> ^ M - ? ... ! ! M?*W> by di?t<Rfnlah?d whiff raeinbar of the UafWl j 9Ut*? Vniti. These movements, with ?ome others that nave come to our knowledge, in such a way thai we do not consider ourselves justified in giving them, lead us to the conclusion that a strong effort n by the friends of General Scott to secure his nomination for the Presidency This will probably cause a ?plit in the whig party, as | there nre many who will not support his ! nomination. Whether the democrats will take tiH outage of this dissension remains to be seen. I It is highly probable that tnev mny owe succew in I the next Presidential campaign to this divinion in ; tlie raniu of their opponents. But ;h<?y themselves may be just as n.u*h d.vided in their choice of a candidate.?Who can tell 1 Tune alone. i It will therefore be as well, lor a while, to keep eye on tha movements of the politicians in New Jetaioy, but in the tnoantimo to keep our finger to on no-o til) fho democrats perfect one of two mail arrnugi-uienls of '.heir own. Th? Martial Hpirtt of tlie Proplr?The Stand* tii|( Army of America. vVe rnd it impossible to r< fin.n from occnsiou tiMy grouping a few fact* together, exhibiting the extmoi.linary spirit and uni'y of the Americans ill Iirn^PUTmcr n War nimiiwf th?*ir Mnnini??q Since the United Siate? Lucerne an independent nation, itf> people have beeu characterised for h mart .U spirit, mingled with n love of country that i* an refreshing :o the patriot as a ?las.-> of croton on a hot sultry day. On eveiy occasion, when their service# in the camp and in the field have been required. they have ru.-hed in thousands arid teiiii of thousand* to enrol themselves ill the rank?, and uphold the honor of their country. This spnt was coeval with the existence of the ! nation, and has kept pace with, the increase ol the country. Who can hut ndmire the indomitable energy and ,-erseveranee displayed by the colonial troop* in the. war of the revolution 1?the midnight march over the frozen snow in the midst of the most inclement weather, with the scantiest elo'hing, barely sufficient to cover their nakedness 1?Who ( is there that can but admire the devotedness of the men whose foot tracks were marked with their blood as they marched to give battle to the invaders of their soil 1 1 Kecent events have proved that this spirit of ! patriotism is as fervid as ever in the breasts of I the American people, and needs but the call of J their coun ry to make it burst forth as brilliantly as in former times. When Congress recognized ] the war with Mexico, and empowered the President to receive the services of filty thousand citizen soldiers to carry it to a successful and honorable close, the call was answered in the most prompt manner. Multitudes poured in to join the ranks, and in a short time a sufficient number hail otfered themselves to the President, that I would have formed an army capable of defeating the combined forces ol the greatest nations in Europe. In the West and South-west particularly, the number that otfered their service* boro no proportion to the number called U]>on. The State of Illinois alone offered forty-two companies more than were called upon, whose : services the Gov'nor was of course compelled to decline. In Mississippi thousand* offered their I 1 services, who were in like manner declined, and instead of casting lots to see who should go to the war, they cast lots to see who should stay at home. j j The captain of one company, after all that were ^ , needed had been received and enrolled into the < service of the United States, actually otfored the ! | large mm of one thousand dollars to another j company, if iu members would remain at home and let the other go. This was declined, and of i course the fortunate company went on its way. The treasury of the same State was at the same 1 time empty, and difficulty was apprehended about raising money for equipping the volunteers. The citizens immediately determined to meet the emergency, and by voluntary contributions sup- j plied the Governor with funds sutficient for the purpose. Several wealthy planters tendered their bonds for one hundred thousand dollars, which was as good as ca-h, with the offer that if I the General Government refunded the money, well and good, and if not, they were willing to give it to their oountry. These are individual instances of the patriotism , of the people ; the aggregate amount is still more j astonishing. Ve are informed from a reliable source, that the President, in answer to the entreaty of a gen- ! tleman to have a regiment received into the ser- I vice of the United States, staled that at tht prtttnt time the bookr <f the IVar 1 rjHirtmrnt contain tht 1 namtt rf two hundred thousand vo!untetrt,from all < jhirli nj tht country far tht Mexican JF<ir, if though the Liu- only caUtd fjr fifty thousand, and thai fit < ciuld not U'tJtr tht pnttni cnrumttuncet rtctivi ( tht name af annthtr man. i , The companies number in their ranks some t of our best and ruo?t respectable citizens. j ' The Bar, the B nch, and th? Pulpit, and even the Petticoat have each their re- 1 preseutatives?some as privates and some as officers. Members of Congress, and of the State L?*g statures have quitted their legi?l itive offices, ' shouldered the musket, and gone to the seat ! i ot war. One of the forrunute companies from Mississippi has for its captain the clerk of a Probate Court, and for its Lieutenant the clerk of ' . another court, while among the privates are se. 1 veral members of the Legislature. This is the spirit that animated the men who | < accomplished a successful revolution in the year j *76, and defeated the veteran soldiers of the Old , World, and the same spirit that would in the present day win additional credit and renown for i I the country. An army animated by this spirit is invincible. With such the country is safe from a'Malanceof power," and every other measure that our rivals would like to impose on it. This is a great country. < The California Gxpkdiriot.?Col. Stevenson's California expedition is to be composed of mechanics of nil kinds, professional men, and all other* who feel disposed to enlist in the service of their country and go to Cfdifornia, with the inten| tion of remaining. Among other articles to go there will be one or ] two printing presses, accompanied by men to opc- j J rate them, and men of tnlent to conduct them. We fire happy to say thnt the idea of establishing j a government paper is not entertainod by Colonel | Stevenson, but that the paper, when established, < will be perfectly independent. This is much bet- J ter, as upon such a plan it will exercise a far , t greater influence, J The press and type will, we nndemand, go ont ( in the government transports, but to entirely j independent when arrived there. Col. Stevenson < is stili in the city, in fin* pin?? for the eipedihon. t _ i i i Gitcral Gaink? ? W? have had it in contem- ' plation for some time past, to publish a sketch of I i the publio life and vnJuable services of this distinguished officer, but the press on our oolumns j has been so groat, that we haw been compelled to postpone it. It it ha/dly neceesary, however, J to say a word in General Gaines' favor. We are j confident that his survicea art appreciated, and , bis nam# endearvd to the whole Amefi<Hui poo flit Im>o*ta!?t moM Mnico.-The reason wliy "old Zack," *? Gen. Tajrtor is sometimes called, wm ??.nt to command our force* in Northern Mexico, is to be fimnd in tho Tact that one of the revolted Mexican province* is n*med Zncatfcas. | Court Calendar?ThU Dajr. I Cowmo* Pli*i?Firit P*rt-14P 41 45. 73, ISO, 1M, < t It*. 1S7, Itt, 171, 79,-JM, I4>. 147, 13* l?l I P?oool Psrt?10#, 110, l| in, kit, hi, m. Ml, *, 544, i 1M. 140. 176. 2J?. Ill, 44 lit I I , Swcbiub C&vm will oall to 7? 1 Thftttrletl and Mttalral. Bowtir Thht?-The grait display of Arowoka Id the Park last evening wu of couraa ? drawback on the attendance at tbe theatre*. yet a very reapecUlle bout* gave encouragement to the porformaocee at tbe Bowery for tbe benefit of Mr. Milner. Tba ente>*ainments consisted of " Damon and Pjthia*," the " White Horae of the Peppers." and " Putnam." Mr. Neafie appeared ai Damon, and hia jx*r?on?ticn of tba chancier wa* received with conoid*rable applause. He wu ?upported by Mr. Markt a* fythia*. and Mra Phillip* as Calautbe. A very att> jctive bill ii offered for to-night, iz : the " Lady of tbe Lake," with Vr Neafle aa Roderick Dhu tbe "Butch<.r,aDog of Ohent,"aad th* "Rightful Heir." M'llk Bunut.?This young lady made a moit brilliant dtbiit at NiMo'a last evening. She appealed in two d*uc?>? Cr*t, in tba billet ot ' The Vonrcince ol Diana " aj.J afierwarda, In the Neapolitan uaJin*) dance. In which ihe was enthu>ia?tica:iy enci.-red. Tliit cli irmiui; | dantruit has made a mo*t favorable imprest; m, aud we uave no doubt tluit tbat impression will be strengthened | on tbe succoed.ng rbgiits ot her peifoimtk.'jc*. Her po?- | tuting is ttatuoaque ->nd extremely graceful, and sbe , -asm* u?m> Al*Ht lift mmm uitK th* utiri hflt innL I rent facility. 8ne li?? evidently pract.ied iu xu emiueu' .cbuol She wu ably fuitaiued l>y Madame Leou Javeil! -TiJ Mom. llocrL At the fall of the curtain M'u>Ulnug v w called out, and presented with a beautiful ?icaifi Castlk Gawdc*.?Tli? performance* at thii e?tabll<ihmcut ire nightly applauded by tha numerous rl'i'ori. The di-e* -oi? ?'U> nith to preserve as loni{ aa i>o??itile the ^0. ill el their patioL-, announce fur tonight a very a-' :Rc'ive l>.ll ol perh r nsnces Several oveitures from the '.ar operas will be played bj the celebrated oiehe- . j Ma. Casks'* Dk.^uit at Vavxkall.?Thlf fvn'MKl takes a t>eueh: tbla evening ut Vauxball, ai will be seen by the advertiaemeat in aaother column. kin-atio* or ran M?gbss Mvue 8ocisTV.?Thl? excursion cornea ott'this afternoon. The ateamboxt Albany, engaged for the ocaoslon, ieates the foot of Barclay utreut ut 3} o'clock this afternoon. It will he a very inteieiting affair Tha Oratorio of the Beveu Sleepers is to be performed at Newhurgh. Uo one, go all. The Misses Slontau are giving concerts in Nashville. PaUno's Operatic Baud are giving ooncortsin Hartford Madauie i'100 wu to give a concert In Hartford last evening. De Meyer ii ipokcn of in the Pittsburg journali in the same rapiuroua terms that have attended hie career througiiout the whole South and vVa.t tin ooncert on tbe 3 i inttHni wus so well received that he was to give another on the 6th. City InU.ilgtniiv. Doooiett'j Cut DiaacTuar.?Daggett's City Direoto. rv for 1840 and 1847, will be published in this city to-dayThis valuablo work bu always baan wall received, awing to iti entire accuracy, ami the neat atyle in which itii got up. But little mora than two monthi hare bees allowed to complete it, and yet to-day itwillbepub. liahed. containing not only the ntraoa of the city real dents, but alaoa great amount ot valuable, statistical and other information. such as an almanac, the corporation of the city, asj lums, banks, churches, consuls, court*, expresses, fire districts, schools, steamboat 'lines, Aid a great variety of general information in regard to the city. This number appears to us more comprehensive than any previous one which has been published It appears. that when ranged with others, this uirectory stands third, thoae ot London and Paris only exceeding it. 1 he number of names in this directory for 1846, was 01.333 Increase of names this year 4,606 Total number in this directory 06,838 New names this year, (not in directory of 1816 ). .23,830 The nam>>s in the London Post Office Directory are 08.746 Names in New York Directory evtttd Difference 9,008 From this Directory we learn the number of churches in the city ol each denomination to be as toliows Baptist 23 Ass. Kefd Piesbyterian 3 Congregational 7 Reformed l're?t) terian. 3 Dutch Reformed 17 Trotustant Kpiscopal.... 41 Friends 4 Kotuan Catholic 10 Jowish 9 Unitarian 3 Lutheran 3 Universalis 4 Methodist Episcopal. . . 30 Welsh 3 Methodist Pruteatant. . . 1 Miscellaneous 16 Piesbyterian 13 ? Associate Presbyterian. 3 Total number 316 The Directory also gives the location of all these churches. It also gives much more matter of interest to the citizen and stranger, upon which we cannot enlarge It is sold at eighteen shillings, and is published by John Doggett, Jr., No 160 Broadway. The Fiarwonas ?The fickle goddess of the weather, at last, consented that the hreworks should come off-so, last night, tuey did come olt?. Such a crowd of people we leldom saw in the Park before. Thorn were at lesst twenty thousand; and such a crowding, swearing, squalling of children, and Aung of squibs, it has kuidom been our lot to hear or witness. About eight o'clock, the firing of rockets commenced. These wvie very brilliant. fc.very at\le that was ever u-e I wa< mere, and we believe no two were alike. This continued for half an hour, when the legitimate fireworks, lor which the people have been ao long waiting, commenced. Those who weie in front saw thvni; but as they were not ptaced high enough, by some ten )eet, those liehind had to be contented with an occasional glimpse between hats, beads, tree-broncUes, he. There were, in all. eight pieces ll isuteirst to attempt any description 01 uiein, t? such things described. though ever to glowingly, are not ut all wuat (bey are,seen. 1'ho last pieoe, however, was ver> brilliant. It occupied the entire length of the City Hail, and was inteuJou to comnxmiorfltti the taking of Matamorai, a< d the other ha'tin lu the rentre was the " lone star,'' which, at tho touch of the match, wai billUantly illuminated with colored Are*, wiich were loon communicated to the Start ol the I'uioa, on each ide. A shower of rockets and gun> now exploded; and n each iide were seen uras, lit up with tho funereal Him< of Crown and Ringgold, who<e nuinr-i wne con Afcuouily rxhihiteJ This wan a splendid affair, aud lasted lui some Unit. The people then atte i pted to get out; but in the tremendous ruth inaoe To. tlie gate*, women an?l children a-ere knocked down, and trampled on. We dj not knew that any were seriously injur d; but from the acrecrUing and (creaming at the gate fronting 1'ini.iaii) llall, we ihoul i judge a number were bully uurtTinmnir Accidcit. ? On Monday evening, while orae rocket* were being act off in Tompkins Square, on* of them took a hori/on:al direction and struck a lad) named Ma>7 II. Burlc in the left breait, breaking her luug, and killing her almost instantly The rocket passed over tho hcs.ls of several others, and then took a new direction, an.l hit .Vra fiurk She whs a young married woman, .3 ) <?ars of nge, wi-h oue child. 8Jie was the wife of a hu'eher, and lived it No. 77 6th street An injuest was h'-ld yesterday, .nd a verdict rendered accordingly. Thistle Bsi?avoi-t:.xT F.xcuumo*.?Th* Thistle Beneroleut Association intend havlug a brilliant excursion I to West Poiut. and a cotillion party to-morrow. The teamer Onri la is engaged for the uocasion, and also a 1 Rue baud The bout le ives Catherine ferry at a o'clock. A M., passes tound to tiio North Kiver, leaves at Liberty I i re^t at hhli past 9, Catirtl stroet at 9. aud g t on up the river Three or four hours will be spent at West Point, when the hoa will returu. We trust that the henevo anjure a large Dumber of visiters. Tatlo* Diniar.? Wo uuder?Und that a Dumber of gentlemen, among whom are tl b. Kerry, Laq David | Urn ham, L. H. Sajiford. and o'.hars, irrespective uf party, > inland getting up a dinner in honor of Oaoaral Ta) lor at | Tammaay Hall CelnTv CouaT?Trial or Jciticc Daiwara?Tbe meinhcrs ol the Court met yeatun'nr evening anil after ; org^n /ing, adjourned to the first Tuas< a> iu September. I Uoa> o ar .HUPKHTiioBi.?Th < Hoar,l hwld ita first tnnuiing venterda) .and after appointing the uaual number 1 of Committees. auJ laceiring ?Uw peu.ium, which ware referred, adjpurr.ed. JawisM Cf.li;anaiion or thi 4th or Jclt ?The three I united congr.'gution of (ierman laraelitea celebrated he day iu tbe Synagogue Rodef Scholom. Tne read- ' era yt the congiogntiom having recital the psalm XXXIII, tue Right Rev Chief Ranbi, l)r Lilienthal, aa- ' ct tided the desk. and delivered beautiful lecture, text from XXXIV , "J7 Kzekiel, " On tbe ret u Its of tbe work of July 4th, 1776" lie apeke in a aplendid and affecting itj le ou t'io advantages acquired by mankind in general, and the Israelite* in particular, not ouly in thia, our belov?d counry, but in tbe wtav'e world, in contequence of American liberty, lie then applied to tbe Throne of (irace in lavor of ill* country and ita inhabitant*, and railed for the blessings of the Ood of larael on the immortal ?oula of Washington Jefferson. and all the sign- , arn of the charter of tbe liberties ol mankin<), the Declaration of Indepeadanae. Tho aervica closed by tbe uaual hymna. New Jcwim SvNAGoot-B.?The corner (tone of a new Jewiah Synagogue wai laid, jesterday afternoon, in Wooater "treat, between -"tpring and Prince. The ?er "cea, which ware very interesting, were conducted by Key 8. M.iaaeca An odo waa firat sung, in Hebrew, after which a prs^ ar, <coinpo*ed for the occasion.) for the OtiVf roment of the I'nited State* waa made?tbe -.MHh paaim wanting, alter which n Hebrew prayer. The ariiclra to h# planed in tlic corner-ttone were then exhibited, and consisted of a metallic plate, containing a programana of tbe ceremoniea of the occa?ion; a perenment. -ontalnmg the name? of the trustees and neat-holders of ha j nagogne, together with tno constitution. a Hebrew >lbla aad }>rayer-book, and a nun,tier ol Jewiah period'ala pnbluhed in variotia parti ol tha woild. Theae rare depo?i(ed in a leaden box. and placed in the comer one. by Rev. S. M laaacs, who afterwardi gave an adjren, from the text, Samuel, vol. i., chap v|l., I Jth verae: 1 Hitherto hath tha Lotd hel(>ed u?.n The reverend genleman referred to tba occaaion a* a deeplr interesting ?ne, went back to the times when super-tit.ou and higo rv Ahliffp/I tha rhillren ti( larael to ronraui their f.iilh lud apoEa of tha inititution* o( thia country in an elo I'lam ami patriotic m?nn*r. Of thou of oihvr faiUia, l<? >poka tnlerantb ; and eipraaiad ?Uh that all men tioul t livh harmoniunaly. ThMt a large numhei ?f r?rtou? primal.t. and tba oocaaion waa one of grait into* a?t to oar Jeu iah eltirana 1 he.?\ ragopne i? to be plan, naat building, about fifty feet by entity-five. F?om Hotn>riu!>.? We are indebted to C?pt?i?i Pederwin, of u,? bark John H. Gartiiner, which arrived yt-Mt-nlny from Mali**, for ttlee of th? 06- . wrr?r to the Um ult, Thw contain no ne*? of oon??*qu? ?kh? The bark Mary, from Glasgow, having on boar! the new iron miiiket huuae, for that (Krttietnent, trrtved on the 9ui inttnnt. The nrtKil aoliooner L^e, due at Baliz? on the 12 h, htid not arrived to the laat aooouma Feari were entertain -d lnr ber anfety. Iw Waorntt-r., Mm?A yomj mm by the name of Minor waa killed on the ?th, at V\ oodviUa, (llopkinton) whi'e in the art of diee-barHing a ranm n. The cannon waa i f wrought iron, ot eomawhat peculiar covatructun. an : ha 1 bean dierhargr.l many timaa during tha ftaf Atlaai It waa ioa ad mora heavily thin ever, even iion#i hcint limniil In in ir.?k? ?in fU ? ? * bum, lhru? tng .v??inf Minor ** !*! (? ( into >h? ^r, IU'1 *-?i'-,.ung him in he tnlf u ?? Mv?r*|r that bm toon i >le<l U> vi??U H? w?? ll^nn gf ap Ipartteg i Foot m Hvmlk Rici?.?A great concoure# of *p*o- ! Utjrs uueiubled ?i the Canton CourM. Baltimore, on | Monday last, to witneti tbe Foot Race of Jack?on, the | \ratrican Deer, who made another attempt to perform eiureii milee within the hour. He started at halt)>asi , Are o'clock, P M.f and utter running three milei, fell, thereby losing the race, and ai tlio paper* ?ay, injuring : hit knee. This Jackson la certainly either vert unfor | tunaie inhia Batche* against time, or he l< playing a game that ia aot generally understood by hla admirers. < Previous ;o the above race, Seward, the only person | who waa onkaid for tbe Hurdle Race which was adverI tiaed to com* off, appealed, started, bounded over the hurdle* with the agility of a deer, and, as a matter of course, pocketed the " blunt." | A MontTca.?The S I. I>. made a Ashing excursion down the harbor ou the 4th, ou ?li ich occasion an invi ted gue?t of the ris/Cieiy aucceeded in capturing a bona flie codfish. weighing 7u pouuds. It measured lour and a half feet from the tip of the auout to tbe end of the tad.?Ut*t?n Trmnttrifl. Ufa am vrmi-h for tha correatr.M* of this trtato mcnt, na we had a hand somuwher* near the fortunate line that mude ?uah a gloriole capture.? The M. C. A. must look to its laurels, aa thu S. I. B. have a margin of 17 pound* iu its favor. IVew York Clljr Convention. The Convention mat la?t evening at t o'cloek. The PrertdeM Or. Williauj in the Chair. Tbe Secretary c?lleJ the roll; quorum being preeent, the Journal of the prerioui meeting ?u read end approved. The vpeeitl order of the day, namely, the Ji?po?al of eat*, by drawing lots therefor, wai next called up aad ( the Serwil at Arms proceeded to diiuibute the ?ame to each or the member*. Tbe acene wu an amu*lag one, : and evfh member toon tookhli ?>-ui J Mr Bovp moved that tbe chair* of each of the member* be nil the ?ame. (Loud laughter ) Report* being in order, Mr M?clat, the chairman of , the committee on rule* and regulation*. read the report ( of that committee, embodying the rule* and legulauou* , which ahoeld govern the deliberation* of t?e Convention, amounting to auteen I Mr Botd moved that they be printed. Tbe motion prevailed. j Mr. Diviaa rote and dated that the eommutae in rala- , tiou to tha letorui. fco of the llth Ward, would not be (

prepared to r#|>urt until Friday awning. The r?Miuti?n whiob ind been laid uver iu rolation to ! the formation of a new Charter, wnich wan p*o,io*ed by , Mr O rah am, ? as culled up. Mr. Bur* ho|>ed it would not be di*cu**ed unlil they had been more fully under way ; and not diapoM of the j Resolution until theoomanlttee* reported. Mr. OuniM considered the convention ought not defer their action upon *uch ground* a* were auggeated by tha oppoaita gentleman, (Mr. Bovd.) They coulJ go { into tha matter in committee of the whole. He moved te taka up the resolution in committee of the whole, . The convention here went into committee of the . whole. (Aid- Meuerole in tbe chair) Mr. OaaNAM wiihed to briefly explain hi* object in ( proposing iuc loiuiuuun. i ud lukuci ui iuc uij uvi Men amended frequently, even under the colonial government; anil it always caused a controversy. Making further amendments would thence make con/uiion more confounded, and he would dely any lawyer to be able to define distinctly tbe provisions of the charter even , by going back through the Stato and colonia! legislation. . Udmii, therefore. the present convention formed a new charter, their labor* would be unavailing; and they would not be discharging their duty to their constituent* unless they formed a plain, simple, and intelligible char- , tar, caiiable of being comprehended by the community. ( Mr. fievs aaw no objection to the adoption of the reso- ( lution. The Cnaibmar?Unless some other gentleman wishes to speak to the resolution, the committee, in the usual parliamentary form, will rise and report. 1 The question on rising and reporting was taken and carried. Mr Benedict moved a reconsideration. The motion prevailed. . Aldorvtun Pukdv wished to have some further discus ' slon on the resolution. Mr. Bbhidict moved to amend as follows And that the new charter ought to be framed, as far at practi cable, on the general auil well known plan of American popular oonatitutlons of government; providing distinct cxecutivo, legislative, and judicial departments, and tpocifo grants and limitation of power" He proposed this in order that they should declare what sort of form ' the charter should be. Not have it like the old charters, but a plain, simple one, which would be transparent, so that every oue would understand it. Few, under the 1 present system, really understood the provisions of the law under the old charters The charter should speci- 1 finally grant all the powers which the city should exer- J else It ought to have limitations of power; anil the city ' ought to be clothed with the power ami authority which ' was to be exercised under its municipal government? ' There were to be some questions connected with the State that should be blemted in the charter; but all ' Suastlons of a peculiar municipal character should he ' eli?;iicd to a purely local legislation; and it was an | Ins nil to the intelligence and bigh character of the citi- j ten' o( New Yotk not t<> have the powers ot local legi?- ' lation delegated to its intelligent citizens. Yet questions connected with the chy were disposed of at Albany, and 1 taken up to Cataraugus. and elsewheia i.i the State He 1 did no' nean, in tho present stage, to lay down the de- ! tail* ; ui*s, ol course, would give ri*? to future discus- , ( 1 Mr. Graham did not consider that in the present stage they were called upon to go into detail, or define the character of the charter they intended to frame, but ' simply to pass the resolutions as to the formation of a ' Baw charter. Aldermau Pi rdt moved that the amendment offered by | Mr Henedict be lsid on tbe table. Mr. FaExcH hoped the motion would not prevail. He wished to litre the question on tbe amendment taken separately; and was in favor of having express and distinct powers of local legislation delegated to the city of New ; York ' Alderman Pcbieb moved to lay the amendment on the table. ' Mr Bkwkdict moved to lay tho whole subject on the mble, until they were more lully prepared to discuss the ' question. , Mr born wis of opinion that the-e was no tuch thing i ' as laving a resolution on the table in committee of the j whnle. I . Mr. Benedict considered (here was, iu all legislative 1 bodies. j a The question, on laying the whole subject on tho table, t was taken, sad lost. Chaibman.?Tne question now recurs on tho amendment : Mr. Benedict.?Well, I shall withdraw tho amendment _ ( Alderman re*or moved to to tba enact tnat ma new charter should out interrupt the right*, privileges, I immunities, he , which the citiiena enjoyed under the ; old charter. Aid Utseaorcx explained In relation to the rights, ' nowera, irauiuni ie*. and privileges, which they enjoy- ] ed. and which would exi?t in every relation under the new chatter. Many difficulties had ariaen uuder the old charter; but he did not consider thitt the new charter : would in any degree ameliorate their condition as re- ! garded question oi right aud title, as the) hitherty ei- 1 iste-l Though it would seem to be the wishes of >ome member* to turm themselves into an iudvpeiidcut sovereign State, (till those genilemen should not forget (hat thev were but a Component part of t.ie sovereign state of New York He, fur liim*elf. liked tbe old s> ?tem, and the charter wa< a veuerahle record, and contained many provi-ion* which, in consideration oi the tune it mas frame I, were excellent Mr. lis\i d't t hcio vrfered a substitute for hi* amendment, nn i the resolution of Mr Urnhiim. which provide* that the new charter shall reterve all the rights, immunities, Icc . now existing under the present eharter. The committee rose, and reported piogreaa ; both pro positions remaining open for further actiou. The reaolu* lions were ordered to be prin'ed. The Pacsiua^t here resumed his place. Printing ?The Committee on Printing reported, providing that ttie printing be executed according to the thousand "ami." Mr. FacncN proposed to amend, to the effect that the persons contracting thould send in their names, and the names of their sureties The reoort directs the secretai ies to advertise and contract with the lowest bidder Mr. Mclliv moved, that the report be laid on the table pro tem Tbere were report* abroad in the corotnu nity. relative to tbe corruptions which were practised in relation to the contract system. He had heard it sta'ed , that in Albany but seventeen cents were paid, when the I very journeymaa's wages ? ere twenty eight cents. Ha I moved to lay it on tbe tabla. They had a practical priu- ' < ter in tbe convention, Mr. Mcbpaoon, who would giva his views; he was now absent. Tbe question of lay ing on the tabla waa taken and lost. Ayes 4?Noet 70. The report and resolution as amended, were adopted, , providing that a printed copy of the journal and documents should be furnished each member. Mr. Osihim offered a series ol resolutions, which were erdered to be Uid on the table and printed, providing for regulating tbe local courts of the city; which he mtended to call up on Thursday next The question of ley ing on the table and printing was taken and carried. Mr Caors offered a resolution, which was laid on the I table, and ordered to be printed, which provided that j the Aldermen be deprived of the power of appointment to office. Mr. Bkkkdict offered a resolution, which proposed 1 that tbe city Legislature should consist of a larger and I smaller body, and elected for a longer and leaser term Ordered to be hid on the table and printed. Mr. Canri offered a resolution, proposing that com- | , mittrs of five proceed to Albany,end request the con- ' f vention there not to Interfere with the action or the city | t convention. Ordered to he laid on the table an>l pnoted. v Adjourned orer.to meet at 8o'clock thi? evening , ? ' i To tmi Eotrna er th* Hr.nn d. In your Reporter's statement of the proceedings of the ' ronrt of Oyer and Terminer on .Monday In-1, I find m> r name among lho<e about to he tried at the present term. < Ton think At to piefix to my name an " alia*" whi -h my j I rotin??l advises me li HlieOoiit I seek no liiirfa ion t J with yoj. hollering >hat >ou would not intentionally in I J jure Tie I n"? a..dre>s iou and lefi e 'hat jou will ! publish Ihia, my aiowal, that ihe charge, If any, aganst me le entirely untounied, aa will he established in proper eason You were iha last man that I exacted wnnl I lend > cror column* to/re.)udice pnhiic opinion. and aa vou hire done so, aa a citizen I leanest you to publish J this. Voar obedient aerrent, ti July 7, 1m4. PitTf.a Ohhtstal. > d In t hnnr*-iy. Before the Vic* Chancellor. , 4riT i ?? ruaiain u! ?ry v? J*mti 5. a rt a/i ?Ordarod that rompUinxm have leave to tl Introduce ceitain ?men<lmenti in ht? hill ? H'amtr r?. Hnff /.?n <? #/. - Orilsrel that derraa he ? entered aMortting to the dirention* therefor in the opto- b ion delivereJ on the 9th April I-MA o Vtrmilyta ri. Ia\vit Cut lit rt nl ?Order that demurrer 1 he overrule 1, with coata to be paid oat of the Tiuat M tl tate. nni 1 hut defendant have Suday* to mitwir. r Noiutl n Hanki <1 it - Ordered that iMiontr be orerr-illed with coata, and that deieodaau have W dajra 10 | *a?w?r, tuy . a NllM tntolit|mN> J CAerf? / Ar?rry ?Offloer Burly. of the p?ll?a o! flee. arrived in town yai'erdat, hiving in cu?to t> a mm by tha nam* of George T (filbert. w hom ha arretted on Muuda> leal, at Rochf u r, on a warrant i-surd by ju<- i tice Drinker. on tbe 26th of June lest, charging ium wl k having lorged tbe signature of hi? brother, E H. Gilb-rt, ' a wealthy merchtut of Rochester, a# an acce| t ir en five several draft* tncun'ing. in all. to $1 040 08, whiC i dralt* ware br tight to tne city about the fimday of January Ia*t, a. i the accused purchasiug a biJ of goods io the above ainouut of Mr. Jonenh N Luckey, oil dealer, No. 76 Kront street, negotiating theio forced drafta in paj men: thereof. They were duly p>?seu>el at maturity and pi evented in tiie u?ual form; but when the accrptor (tbe brother of the accutod) was applied to lor i^yiueut. hu pronounced the tignaiurvs to be a forgery. Committed to prison for examination by Juatice Drinker. r?|ilini rfnrttrd ? About two week* ago the diy g >eds stjie occupied by Mr VVilliam Lowrie, No 48 Water street. Boston, was burglariously entered, and dry good. stolen therefrom amounting to neaily JXXKJ lni'..r.ni.tinii h.ivme beeu sent on to tnl? e ?? ? .i. Mi'Ura b, of the titli ward, he arres'e I. on S*tuii!?v 1 last. two pedlers by the name* of .Veil Dougherty and Francis Campi<?ll Campbell ?u oaught in Washingtuu I'rcit, with a po:tiou of 'be stolen property jB hiKssession; and bi? accomplice, Dougherty, wa* " nabJv ou board tlia brirf Caroline, at me Narrows, bound ' for Charle-toii, and the balance of tbe property obtained. They *ere botli dispatched ou to Boston the nine ''ay, with all Ibe pioperty recovered. This job nhowi plmuly tbe ethoieucy of our noiice > stem, and wouid be more so it we could only have ineu appointed who were Oipeble of doing business correctly Hoi'l I'hirvrt .1 fain ?A. young Dative American, by the Lime <>l Jol n Jimison, at*) ing at the American Hotel, tieio g ng to tbe ?eue a tnbe of Indiani, Mississippi, came to u.? police office yesterday moruing, anJ stated that be bad been ronbed ol $l4no, the major part of which waa id American gold?in nil probability the proceeda of ltnls purchaaed by the government. No clue aa yet to tbe mooey. inoMsr ?A gentleman boarding at the Aitor Home j by the name ofLaboniis, likewise bad bli trunk robbed I of (KiO in gold, a sot of ivory hauJled razor*, and a pair of pautalooua 'I be ibicf escaped di-'ection Grand Larctny ?A Dutc.iman, called tiarman Eih-rs was arrested yesterday on the charge of stealing a trunk containing clothing valued at (45, belonging te a Lie.man by the naim- oi christian t>c..umakei, .No U Won street. Locked up tor examination by Justice 0?M><ne. Eocaped from tht City Priion?A young man called Frederick .tioran, who wai anestedon suspicion ol commilting several buiglariea in Philadelphia escaped I ruin the < uy Prison by obtaining a ticket whli h bad been given to a friend to pas* into the pruon to see the accused. This pass was hanoed to ti.e door keej>?r, who allowed j Uie prisoner to pass out without auapicion. I Qrand Larcmy ?Orticer Watson of the Oth Ward, arrested laai night two black women called barah Waldon and tliza Uaidner, charged with stealing a gold watch and silver chain, valued at $Aa. belonging to .sir Robert Dougiaas, No. I3? bullivan itreet. It appear* that Mr. Douglass took the watch Irom hia pocket a lew days ago, tnd liung ii on a wall at a new buildiug, which be n working at in Leonard itreet. where it was stolen by the i secused.and pawned at the pawn-ahop for $o on the corner of Seawmel street and Last Broauway, where it was , recovered. Both committed by Justice Osbori. lor examination Pttit Larceny. -A fellow called Charlea P. McQnade, waa caugbt yesterday, in the act of snatching a $11) : gold pin, and ruuning off, belonging to William l'aiisb, 1 No. ttd Oliver stieet. Committed lor trial Robbing a Sloop?John H. (ioodell waa arrested yea- i terday, by otticer Iteed of the 10th ward, charged with I stealing two silver watchea from on board the aloop Ben- | lauita Stevens, lying at the foot of Delancy street. j Locked up bv Justice Taj lor. Rubbery of Hilverwart.?Some sneaking thief entered the premises, No. 6 Troy street, and atole a lot ol silver looona, butter knives, and a pair of spectacles, worth in sll $14, and escaped with the plunder. Court of General Seealona. Before Recorder Scott, and Aldermen dtoneall and Benliii. John vtcKeon, Lsq., Dist Attorney. J'lv 7?The Grand [nt/neit.?The following named g.nt emen were this morning sworn as members of tbe . tiiHiid Inquest lor the present term of the Court, viz:? J L W. Steveus, (forern.n) Jjhn Ad lorn*, Moses B Tays j lor, John P. Ware, 1 homi< Barker, Charles Hopper, W. j W. vv hue, Thomas Thonpa >n, James stokes, John B Spafford, John Mcclure, .xulford Martin, Wm. B. Ire- ' land, Charles Heiser. John C. Hall, Jnmos Hagan, Robt. , M Field, T. C. Chardvoyne, Ueorge P. Uriggs, nnd John j Alstyne After a lew remarks from the Recorder, with ; regard to their duties, lie. the grand jury retired to their ' room for the purpose ol commencing their labors TYiei for a Mult Outrageoui Jiuoult?Andrew Sherwood was then placed at the bar, on a charge of having sommitteri a most outrageous assault and battery upjn a boy named David .vlaloy, appuiently about 13 years of 1 , ?ge. on the v6thof Juno Itflo, under tbe tollowiiig cir- i sumtiances, viz: It appear* th.it on the day in question, I :be boy Muloy tired od a low crackers, or other species < I >f fireworks, in tbe front of. or near the premies Mien ! , ^rniini?>il hv tliA ncriitpH in I'itt ctivAf nnH win uhiHit hk ire oil' a fmall cannon, or bariel, which was m united 1 in a block ol wood, when the latter came out anJ took up the block of wood, with cannon aitlxed. and (truck he *>? with it; be then eeued him hy tue neck, ami usheri him with great violence again-t a large kettle nil of water, then boiling over a fnrn?ce; in conscience ol which violence the boiling wa'er was thrown jvar he boj '* right ah liiier and arm, an.I sc<l'iuig In in >o aeverely thst r>r a puriod of th ee months, tiie con.taut attendant an sole p lyeioian beramc :n-.y. Ihe boy, who appeared to be very in elllgeut. exhibited he acaia occa loned by the boiling water; at the tame :ime gave a ver> clear an 1 detailed statement ol' wait tatupired between himself and the accuied it the time he olfence was committed The jury, afte abtiefcon- , ultation. found Sherwood guilty, and the court remandMi hi n to priaon for sentence. Tn?i Jar burilnry ? )ouugman named Chaa Cook a as next placed at tue bar, on an indictment lor burgle y n the Jd degree. in bein^ conocitied with John Brown in breaking into the h6aidit>g hou-e kept by Cornelius Kegan, No llf} Wannington street. on the 19th of >.ay ,ast, an 1 stenliu,' there, rom lour silver watches, worth j , P'JO, belonging to Win Re^an. The | rjsecution did not prtss fur a conviction of the 1 iccu?ed. inasmuch a? the prison, at who e instigation ) lie had been arrested. had only seen the back of an in- ( llvidual. ai he went down a'.rnrs and outof tne hou-e, ind could not identnj the accused; and further, Joha ' Kiown bad plea.! guilty to a participation in the robbery i -had testified to (he inuooence of the accused, while it 1 vas shown by several witne-ses, that be was in the ;ourt oi nesffons shortly t efore the ie >b?ry wan comnitted?went away with his mot .er. and from th it ime at a hou?e in vlulberty weet, up to the period of il? arrest, aud therefore coull not hara beeu concerned n the offence The iurv without leaving their seats. endered a verdict ol not guiliy. Tho accused waa acordinal) discharged. I he Luiiit then adjourned, until to-morrow, Wednes> toy morning. laiuiuuii flew. Before Ju Ige I >gr*ham. Jul? 7?Jokn ./ .*>?.on ts Frd-rick Wurmen.?This ? ?? ?:i action to recover >3 >0 claimed for ? ik*i It iap eaied that in theapringof I Ml >, the delen ant waa owner A the brig America, an > ?ont her out on x v >yege to the West Indie*. The ve*?el wai wrrctoil in .April, ?n l the -aptain lemaineil to iU|?rinirnd the wr-ck to tue second >t Jui.e K?rthe period u hich elapse ' liom the lig of the vessel to Iho second ot lune the pll'ff cU me l ai- watet. For the defence it wti rou'.end >d thai at iie time the vessel ?m wiecked the \u\a^e terminated. ami thxt plaintiff* coui.ecthn a> ra;t>.iu ot tha reaiel ceased, and hence he was not en i'lcd to lecover lo thi? ii was replied that the pliiutiff ie a ne i wi h he veiiel tor two month* ?upe> luten <iug me wrcc mid securing protetta and other paper* to enable tha defenlant to recover fiom ihe in-utance Compa iy fee.. mid I hat he the >'efendant ratified the proceedings of tue 1 .1 intifl by hi* acce,t ince of the pa,-or*, and that tha ilaiutitf, at all eveuia, a- en agent, was entitled o rec?rer. Verdict for plaintiff, auhjtct to tue opinion of the 1 :eurt, on e caae to W ma e. For plaintiff, Mr. \V K. Allen. For defendant, Mr. R. I. Dillon Jacob Brinrkerhnff vi. /fully Li lit. it el.?This tu in action to recover $600. the auount of Nine oil. From :he testimony it appeared that tl.e defendant'* ion and a foung man named William* weie iu pei tner?i>ip, nud purchased lome oil* lion de'endant ; that shortly af-er ine of them Andiug they wei in-ulv>-nt. executed a b,il >f *ale ot the oil to defendant*, from w hom it was pur- j i -|ia?ed on the him day or the u xt. The other | a tner Meruted a hill of *ale of it le bia lather, to ae.-nre a debt lue to him The q>ie?tion waa whlcnof ihe panies had powaaiion firat The case was left to the jury, who lound or defendant ! , Demote Jtidfie Daly. Slandtr Catt. -llaydtn ft tVilwuid and Wift?Ver- ' 1 llct for ]>toiutiff, 6 cent* damagea. | | fU|<?ilor toarta | | Before ?. bief Justice J?nea. JtJtT 7?Catkrrmr fi'thntr vi. Jaitl) Mu(t*f'ldtr.? j rhis waa enaction for breach of nromiie of inainage? | i The parties are both tierman* Previoiia to April lili. I , he plaintiff realded in the hou*e oi a vlra. ?i*e nan, in hi* el') | w here the deiend iui ho ir ied, an I in th.u way i 1 lecame acquainted with bin ; while there he oommeuc d (in) ing ui* a idieasea to her as a ?uiior ; alter April me left Liaeman's, and went to reside at the hou'e oi a nan named Hodes , tha while at the hou-e ot Hode* ie coutruutd hi* visit*, and pai l her great attention*,aud in the 8un lay lolloping her reniuval to lioi;e*, he cmie , here in company with a man named IVter Fib her, to vi- . nt her, ani continued hia visita uaiil the month ?i D?- ' tember la-t, aud then proposed mariMge lo her in due orm, which pro|>oaal ilie accepted, aud it waa mutually (1 igreed between them that ihey woul i he m irrle i iu the Iiisiiing spring but notwithstanding (lie defend int. on 1 he Jid of Feoruary laat, married one Catharine r itoher, a vho had aliortly arrived from Oermauy For the de- j | enee, it wa* contended that the promt e. if an\, waa coiv , iugent, dejien lam on the content of plam;ilf'a moth t. ! vho lealdedin Germany, a i l al?o evidence waa given It hat plaintiff declare i on two occasions (hut the weuld i \ jot mnrry reiem ant. feesJerl vriJict this nioining For pi intiff, Mr Heed ; fordrlemlaiit, >lr A Ni h. , Gilb" I Habh ri lloitUU?J his wa. an action to re- , c over $313 fll, tne ainouiit ol a chec^ iliawa try 'h? lirin ? if John Mnitli k < o on iteienlint. eod pas e I to i ilstnt.lf. Uefent a?se: off uf a dehi due b) the li in ot , 1 onn T B-m h *. Co to < e endaut. Knie-i out, and the o Inrv <iir> ctej to fiii*i a ver?io> foi tiie plaintiff. ^ t For plan "iff, ,>ir D ive? j in et<"d ?nt, .?ir. Norton ^ CnllrdStHi*. Ui.u.a cumfc 1 Brf e Ji d,e I ett- t JtrtT 7.-J Art H trntM? e? ?*? Stymk?t ffew r? te? Asr , i.aMU. -Tai? wa* a tih. I mod by plainiff who ?* d a aio >p for nerlv ni i lo^ e I thn >oith ' '' liv. r. 'I he i N't a'Uged that on tue uiaht of the ? | ? ar of October i at, between Wewnurg and eo.i<nk^ep. ??llAil liln* I'.Hiii tK* aUmmhi. if u/-* p I rum thia City. with a Imrge n tow, on the n^itmn h id# . I the rivar. arid the pla u'tlTa ?loop coming down | ,)tb * loa I 01 fUrfKiuK *u i ?:o,i? on thu we-(?i.i .liore , , Mi iha Naw Ja ?i> ran a:ro? from tua aa?trrii to tu? re-tern alio-a. pa*iin? the howa of neTtiral sloop* th;?t v reregdnK ?|>and down,?ml struck the iloropon the Ur. 0 oarl t>o*,?hicnl mm uU-ly ?nnk. The Mh"l tncn ?*iit n to atate il>? U'n.?i(;?i iu .'Hilled T?y lihallaul >o > ? nSjiX) rna o* ner?, b\ than an?? or ?at up a* a defoiire ili.it d he sloop ? a< n >t nt< lined aeoiirriing to law j that the e naMtr ? a? noi on hoard a the time, and thxt ih? colliton took |'l*ca in coQi*(]iipnc.? of the >lo..p not properly mtlng. ao > ol tha roirinao'g?maiil and t^iwraut,* ot Uta c ei?oii> on ImarX Oacuion dcl?ir?X ' g 4* Who wl?h*ttanlrMorFU?al Btdbo?if MO6QL"IT0ES7? Df K<?'tw?n|r'i Fli'f?|*r a<1? tairac ul'utly. it allaret ?uJ k< 11 * tham .ill at a time. He b.d Uaf I'oiton it umaereally acknowledged to be the bet- pr?i?r?. (i n of the ki.id Hit vln quiio Pultun, or rethrr fret *<itir?, p*rf?rmt wo del and cuie? Do uol forget |o leud 10 bi? cur* No. JJ Liberty etieet, ? ?? Wilium. J> Pocket and Pttukiilrea, SclMon, Vail Ft lea, he.?A beautiful aitortment of the above ertlc at c?a an at tlia tubacribrra'. No. 127 B.o*dw?y. coui.tiinf of the moat tvleudid and uui<J ie Oitlariia r?er imported tJ tlua couutry. li. HAL'NDtM k HON, Opputite Howard'* Hot exportable MhovltiK Caam.?The mntt portable. and >1 tb? aame time trie moat complete a id elegant artir cla now manufactured, having net) ie<|Ui?>ie for agenUenu'i toilet, aud at a travelling compauiou iuvala-ble. For ul< by O. SAL'N Ufc.Ro k bON. 177 Broadway. few Jeora aboT* Courtlandt ilreet. navigation ut tlta OCalai Kiaer. fiactt TVete. Stair *f W>Va? Cincinnati, July 1 feet iaehaa. Wheeling, June i lu feet. 'itUbur* July 1 11 lee', riairfj lotMavifle, Juue 90 6 eet, im i ea MOSEY MARKETTrn wlay, July 7?0 P. N. There wa* very little done in the market to day ?nd price* were weak. We do not pen-air? toy miteriai alteration, and on the whole, considering the *ea?on*j?d the extreme heet of the weather, the raa>ket look* very welL W? ,lo not expeot a mu:b fart liar d#pr??*ion of price*. Norwich end Worce-ter fall otT %. Farmer*' Loan, X ; Raiding Railroad, X; Ohio 8 *. X, Harlem tod Kentucky fl'a cloaeJ at - * ???- >?? - ? j m i *?wrn? Canal adraucad K At the secoud board prioes drooped a little, but the were very limited. Under all the circumstances prices are very wall suttainod, aoma of the stronger an-l most extensive operators are bssring the market, and very thing ia against an adritnee ; but it appears Impos' uhla to gat the principal fancies mora lhaa a fi Action lelow present prices. This mutt ba vary encouraging to holders, at it U vary good evideao* that when busk leaa commence!, an advance muat be realised. An extensive private hanking houae in BhITiIo haa been compelled to yield to the pressure of the timet and inapend payment. It waa largely encaged in the ec hange huaineu. but had no ciroulatien Tha enharraaamenta experienced by thla concern, whieh hare been beyond ita ability to bear, have been produced in a great meaaure by the suspension of mercantile houses in ttiii anJ other cities. There are rcporta In circulation affeot> ing the oredit of several of the Buffalo banks, but we be> lieve that at present they are without foundation. New counterfeits of the tea dollar notes ef the State Bank of Indiana have just made their appearanoe. They are dated May 10, IMS, payable at Indianapolis, to H. Bntes, or bearer, letter A, No 8,491. Vignette: Baked figure sitting, a sailor pointing te water, and a ship la the distance. At the foot of the note an Indian iaaaanoa. The engraving is coarse, and the genaina notes have no luch vignetto Notice* have been miJe or intended application to the next Legislature of Pennsylvania for two new bank*, and for the re-charter efthree old on?* One of the application* for a new bank come* from Danville?capital $900 000 ; the other from Rending, to be called a Moving! Dank?capital $40,000. The apnlioatlona for renewala come from the Merchant*' and Manufacturer*' Bask of rittaburg, capital f600 000 ; from the Bank of rommeree, Philadelphia, capitai t'ii 0 000 ; and from the SeuUtwark Bank, Philadelphia, capital $950 000. The commercial account* fro-n Europe are on the whole of the mo*t favorable character, although of no very great importance Every evidence of prosperity in all the element* of trade exiit*, and there appear* to be a healthy (tate of thing*, from which we expect the most gratifying result*. Money wa* ea-y. the growing crop* throughout Europe were in a very forward and favorable condition, and bid fair of being more than an kverage ; the m <nufacturing district* were bu?y. and la Tact, everything connected with commerce wa* in a lound itate. There wnre no speculative movement* going on, nothing tending to a derangement of tradenothing endangering the existing system of credit*, er likely to inflate it, wa* viiible, and ?e *ee nothing to prevent a few year* at leant of the most prosperous lime* A similar date of thing* exists in this country, and n* *oon a* we get settled u on the basis, or iipon the ) stem in .elation tu our commercial a flairs, which wa ire now perfecting, there must be an improvement in all things, not only in our foreign, but in our domestic trade. It is pretty generally con. edeJ, t at the rors laws of fjreet Britain will I* ha?ed upon the system ptopi>?e<i by Sir Robert Peel, an I that tlie other alterations in the tariff of the United Kingdom will be adop ed A very great change will be produced in the fo.eign trale of England, by the operation of the new commercial system, anl it* influence will eitend, and be almost as favorably felt by the other Important commercial nation* of the world, a* by that from which the change* emanate The commerce of the United States must be par ticularly affected by these changes, as they open for oar products markets more extensive Bind more permanent than are yet realized, and we shall beneAt more by the merest of the free trade party of Great Britain than any other nation. While we stand in this position in relation to the changes in the commercial system of England, she Will occupy a position in relstlon to the changes cootempla ted in our commercial system, full ei prominent I he improvements and reductions proposed in (he tariff bill, which has recently passed the House of Representative* by such *n overwhelming majority, are generally favorable to all the manufacturing interests of Greet Britain, but paiticnla ly favorable to the minufactnrer* of l<iw priced rotton and of iron Should this bill, a* it I ??sed the lower house, become a lew. there wool I be wi hont doubt almo*t an imnediate improvement ia o<sr foieign trade; the Importation of many aiticles. cow C napletely prohibited, wuul I be increased. and it i* net iinpo?kihle hut that the rev nue would even lu the flrst six month* of (he eiifaio-inient of the *c . be lir^rrthaa thet un !er the present bill It i* extremely difllcup to put an additional duty upon eny article impoite i ne matter hew general its consumption maybe; but the moment the cu'v is reduced, an immense im|Miitaiiun ul the article or aiticles lelieveil from the haavy tax tacs fiias'e and the foieign maiiufe -turors make g-eat tffnte to ge' into the market* first, and in this w ny the) t ecoine glutted It, therefore, appears probable to us, that the reve ue under ti.e new tariff, iu the event of ita pairing, will be lxi ger the fit st year than the second. i li i* new bill, in it* present shai a. will exert a wnn. 4arl 1 influence upon the prulit* of lb* mauutaoturera of low priced cot.ons la thi? country. (a consequence of tlia aimost prohibitory duty upon tbesa article*, enforced by tbe taiiA act of lti tha Importation ha* been extremely limitad, and the domestic macufactmera bar* hud mote of a mo? Dupoly under tint act than any other clase This monopoly ?ill not only la removed, lift the ahua?? the minimum principle hai created will be by 'be new act completely abolished. '1 he sj stein of valuing merchandize. particularly cheap, plain and printed cotioua, paying a square duty, ia 10 filled with dtfects, that it la m itter of much curpri a that it has bean in loroe eo long The revenue tioin this source, which ha* sm.e IM;I been veiy amall, in fart ulnioat aoth.ag. mutt under '.he ut w bill liecoine greatly inci eased, and may become i very im|>oitaut souice t>l increase A chauge in the >yst*m of levying the duty upon this desenption of merchandise mthoui any alteiatiun in the ratea, would, of iuelf p'o ure a lavruue several hundred i*r cant larger than that revelved within the |>eai four year* 1'lie customs de|?ltn<entof llM Government wl.l h? nucb simplified Dy thi* new hill, a* it will notonl) a?x>. ish <ome of tbe branch** ia (bat service devoted lo tha quire yard doty, hot will do away with many of tha i,'Acuities which have heretofore been experienced ia he entry of goo-!*, under the provision* of the preient ct. Tbe ed valotem pilnciple we canrvd bat condemn, t would have been much better and much (ifer |>olicy o have introduced that lyitem mora gradually, and lavo permitted it to become general only by degreea. Ve are experimenting too much at a time whi n we houl 1 adopt new piinclpies and new sys'ems with the greatest ra-ition Tbe ad ralotem piine pie wlil causa more rapid reduction in the rata of duty than many re awaia of When we look at the enormous ad eat .ram duty, iruy of the specif! rate* would enforca. ?nd hen look at the low avriage of the ad valorem duty Ui.l lown In the new bill, we cannot resist tha impraailoa hal a mu h greater redu'lion will ha realized than an* icipated as * e have hereuifoie remarked, the cnangea na le in the ta'iff bi *l?oli?hiug all minimum*, will pio? u.-e a greater levenue liom tha sourea* which have i) the opeiatiun of th?t sj stem, haen almost completely .... ..... .. i.rucx ia? i> IJ linllllUTIIU *en committed by alwliatiing allipeeifle dutiea 1 her* too gri-at ii ?tep in the > atem?, too wide a difference n the enforcement of riuti??, to h? mail* ?o ?hrui> ljr Ve holil that all revolutions in commercial nr^term, r alter ationa reg'iin^N tin commerce or rnrran-y of lie country, in anyway, thould h? brought about hy rgreei, ?n I the men important the change! contempt ?t<1, the more gradual ?hou) I iheie changee h ere id?. Alter >in alteritiona hn?e been mala, ami everytiling ha> l*? ome nettled upon the new hui?. there eh<'Ql4 t a eoin? luratigr ?f f?i maoeacjr. Ttte fr*<jneut cU*u^?4 uw-i* ^