Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 9, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 9, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Jitw lurk, Thursday, July U, IH4?J. MotU.e to MubM-tib?rit. We received the following letter, by mail, > esteiday aorning s? Nl-wtov, N. J., June 'i'Jth, 184<>. M? J. O B**!?ktt :? Sm?1 inclose you a receipt for the IlVrftly Herald to know whether the signer of it wan authorized by you or not. or what is the reason the paper does not come to Ihii office a> per agreement with the drawer of thu receipt He presented a regularly signed (or apparently ?o,) certificate of agency tor subscribers to your paper, and other papers, he., in New Vork. If it was a forgery, 1 lease let me know, and i( not, send on the H'ttkly Icratd to Newton, Sussex County, New Jersey. Respectfully, yours, Sic., LUTHER HILL. [mcckipt-] " Jvxm 4th, 1S46 "Rec'd, of Mr. Luther Hill, Two Dollars, in full pay't of the N. V. Herald Weekly, for oue year, commencing June Sth, 1816. Geo. C. Ta?i-o? " In answer to the above, m e inform Mr. Hill, and Uie whole world, including C hina, that we do not employ auy travelling ngenta for the HtralJ. V'o do not need Muvvssrii tur una juuiuui ?iii ?ui'?v.??|'uvi? ***? Herald must be sent by mail. The subscription price to the Weekly Herald is three dollars and twenty-five cent*, and not two dollars, per year. Affair* In CoiiffreaD? It does not appear that Congress is remarkably anxious to adjourn. Nearly the whole of yesterday was absolutely thrown away in the House. There was a little more business done in the Senate. After some debate, the graduation land bill,with Calhoun's substitute to Clayton's! amendment, providing for the gift of unsold lands to the States in which they lie, after a certain length of time, was engrossed for a third reading, by a vote of twenty-six to twenty. It would give us pleasure to announce that Congress had determined to lose no more time in transacting the business of the nation. The Dlamrniberment of Mexico. By the latest advices from Mexico, it would appear that several of the departments of that unfortunate country have been entertaining the project of separation from the general government, and of forming, each for itself, an independent republic, on the federative system. Yucatan has already taken action upon this matter ?Jalisco has followed her example?New Mexico threatens a similar course, and doubtless we shall soon hear of Oaxaca, and the other southern departments, breaking out under Alvarez, or some other Mexican philosophers. If Mr. Polk is determined on the conquest and annexation of the whole of Mexico, his best policy would be to encourage, to the fullest extent, the domestic separation of her States. The conquest of tho different departments in detail would be easy and bloodless; and, after all, we would have taken possession of this line, but neglected country, with lass guilty motives than those which led the French to conquer Algiers, the English to overrun India, China, and a hundred other countries?the Russians to possess them elves of Georgia and invade Circassia ? the Prussians to tyrannise over Poland, and the Austrians to annex Venice, Loinbardy and the Po. j There is not a nation in Europe, possessed of power, that has failed to make use of it; and not one that could "cast the stone at us." The only excuse that England can offer for the conquest of India, and the invasion of China?or xather the only palliation is, that she has endeavored to better their condition; and we believe j she has, to i<onie extent, or rather to a homoeopaths extent, accomplished this end. Certainly, in these conquered countries, the great mass of the people have exchanged their former abject slavery lor a slightly milder servitude or slavery. With how much justice, then, might we, in the eyes of the world, assume the same responsibility towards Mexico. We have now looked upon the Mexican people, struggling in their chains for a period of thirty-six years, and true to the farcical dogmas of international law, we have not whispered to them one word of encouragement. We have seen them ridden to death, by unprincipled military dictators?we have heard their groans and heeded not their oppression. Who, then, will deny that these people would not be better received into the bosom of our great republic and protected by its flag of stars I Poor serfs, the/ would then experience what they have never known before?the luxury of liberty. If, on the other hand, wo are only fighting for a peace with Mexico?a redress for past grievances,and a liberal compensation for our expenses in obtaining that redress, the less encouragement we lend to the dismemberment of Mexico, the better for us, and the better, perhaps, poor devils, for them. If Mexico is to remain independent, it is our interest that she should be prosperous, and to become so, she must remain entire. Our terms of peace, to be obtained at this juncture from ber government, will put us o? a good mercantile footing with her citizens, and her prosperity will become ours. But this prosperity is not to be gainad by allowing her to be cut up into a number of liuiiiaiuiQ iiiucj'niuriicirs. rai jiism u. long would these minnikin republics remain republics 7 Some of them not a year, and we would have in Mexico haifa dozen little kingdoms, with military dictators at their head, in less than no time. The great Bolivar, who knew the Spanish American character intimately, spent the last ten years of his liJe in endeavoring to consolidate the South American republics into one great federalism. He knew a thousand times better than we do, the capacity of his countrymen for self government?he knew that a little federalism is a great farce and only multiplies the number of irresponsible masters; and knowing all this, Simon Bolivar labored with all his might to construct for South America one great national government, such as we have at Washington, and whose greatness would be a guarantee for the dignity and integrity of its acts. But Sini9n Bolivar labored in vain. The bad spirit of a military ambition was abroad among his chieftains?each wished to have a slice of the cheeso to his own hare?each wished to be a little king himself, and the plans of the great leader were frustrated. South America could better bear dismemberment than Mexico?there are natural boundaries th?r? that renuire the existence of ,nt.> vernments ; besides, the South American people are not serfs like the mass of the Mexicans. It has been amply proved that small republics are contrary to the interests of peace and pro?perjty?proved by Yucatan herself? proved by Guatemala?proved by Quito?by Peru?by Chili? by Uruguay?Buenos Ayres and Hayu. Aye, and even in our own country of intellect and education. If Mexico, then, is to remain independent, let her also remain entire. If she is to be dismembered, let the fragment? be immediately united with the United States. More or thr California Expedition.?In the present interesting state of affairs, when it is more than probable Uiat the territory of California it actually in possession of the American fleet, in the Pacific, anything connected with the future prospects of that country must be of peculiar interest and importance to the citizens of this great and growing republic. All travellers who have spent any length of time in California conour in the statement th?t it is one of the Anest countries the sun ever shone upon. With a climate of Oriental mildness, a soil remarkable for its productiveness, and a location on the face of the globe scarcely surpassed in point of commercial advantages, it must necescessarily be a desirable country. It is partially in the hands of a half civilised race, and only require* a portion of the indomitable spirit of Yankee enterprise to be expended upon it, to make jt all that it can be made by man. A eompany of Amen? ns going there shouM -J 1 - gggww ' be unilcf the patronage of the Government, aa it 1 might be necessary for their protection, under ^ Home circumstances. They should also have a sutKcient knowledge of military ailairs to be comlatent to protect themselves, tl occasion required. With this view, the new regiuicnt to be placed under the command of Col. Jonathan D. Stevenson, is being formed. It i* to consist of about one thousand men, divided into companies of between tiO and 70, together with the suitable number of oiTicers, who enlist for so long a time as the war I last*. When the war is over, each soldier will < receive a certain amount of land, and with his pay "'ill be able to stock it, and thus find himself mi interested settler of the country. An advertisement will lu> fmirwl in aiinlliar ft.. possess uurseives 01 a Key 10 tue mortem ; Uiat is, we can mo:- easily understand our own tongue by becoini.i ? acquainted with the primitives l'rom which th ' great body of its wordd are derived. There i? a show of reason in this argument, nothin' more. We acknowledge that a good Latin scholar, may, without consulting his Lexicon, deline most of the words in our language, but do not forget that he has spent four or live years of his iife in acquiring this valuable proficiency. The question then simply resolves itself into this : Could not another person of equal talent and industry, employed during the samo length nf time in studying Englisa classics and English words, have acquired an equal proficiency in the knowledge of our language. Undoubtedly?aye in less than half the time, he might have been familiar with the definition of every word in the English tongue. Why do we not study ancient Saxon, irotn which we borrow 16,000 words. Indeed, such a farcial idea has been lately broached in London; by a set of blockheads who seom to have nothing else to do. A Saxon Lexicon has been published at great expense, and the study is to some extent carried on at the present time. God forbid, that we should ever be so idle as to tarn our attention to the acquisition of such a' useless and unprofitable knowledge. The argument, then, that we study Latin to learn English, falls to the ground. It is worse than ridiculous. But to extend this argument, and admit that a knowledge of Greek and Latin gives us a key to the modern languages of Europe?the French, Spanish, Italian and Portuguese?still it is equally powerless. By becoming acquainted with any one of these tongues?the French, for iastance, we secure a much more facile entrance to the others, and, in fact, to our own laryu ?ge? for thousands of words in the English vo< ab ilary that arc indebted to the Latin for their stem, have not been derived directly from that language, but indirectly through the medium of the French and Spanish. This whole argument, then, for studying the dead languages is nothing more than plausible, ' and it is the only one that the friends of this system can advance with any degree of confidence. They say, however, in the sccond- place, that we find a knowledge of Latin of infinito service in 1 law studies, in the medical profession, and in scienco. This is very true. Not only so, but it has become necessary for the student of law and medicine to be classically educated. This, however, is simply an abuse of the past?an excresccnce of the dark ages, when it was not fashionable to call anything by its right name. The lawyer and the physician are, by this abuse, compelled to know something of Latin. Very little however, seems to suffice. With regard to science, it should have a language of its own ; and indeed it could not have chosen a more ridiculous or uuwieldly nomenclature than that which it has borrowed from Greek and Latin. A third argument urged in favor of classical study, is this : that by it our minds become bal' anced and systematized?as though there wera not many other really n*f\d studies that tend to the same etfect. Where is geometry, algebra, chemistry, trigonometry, mechanics 1 Anyone of these, fairly studied, will have done more to tematize human intellect than all the Greek and Latin in the world. You will be told to your teeth that mon of those men who have become great in ihe world, were men who had received the benefit of a classical education. No doubt of it. Almost every man who gains distinction among his fellows, has received an education?he has gone to a fine school or college. And where is the fine school or college in which this trash is not taught 1 It was not] the classsical education that made these men, but the fact of their having such qualification proves that they were eda<;ated at a respectable school. This is a subject not to be dropped at once. Board or Eotcatiow.?A stated meeting of the Board was 10 be held yesterday evening. Upon the roUWing called, s quorum not having an, swetad 10 than nam**, the meeting was dtwoivad. lunleer* lor tins expedition. The regiment is to leave here about the first of , August, proceed to some suitable place for the purpose of drilltng, arid sal for California as soon :ifter that time as possible. They are to be taken , out by two or three merchant ships in the service of the (government,and are to be convoyed by the razee lnde|>endeiice, which in, we understand, to be commanded by Capt. Lavallette, recently of the Memphis Navy Yard. ) We learn that Capt. Frisbec, of the Albany 1 Van Rensselaer Guards, has offered his services, utid those of his company, to Col. Sievenson, and that they have been accepted. They will be immediately enrolled, and ordered into service. Not the most uninteresting fact in the history of this expedition is, that u printing press, type, and 1 KHilicient puper for one year's service, will be taken out with the expedition. A gentleman abo j < goes to conduct the pu|>er, and a number of printers hnve enlisted, who will perform the me- : chunical portion of the labor. They will | lead the matter of the papers and the Mexicans I too if necessary. The press is to be hide- j pendent, although, of course, devoted to the interests of the American Government. A . portion of it is to be printed in the English and a | portion in the Spanish language. What cannot a press, properly conducted, accomplish 1 That " the pen is mightier than the sword," is a truth fast gaining ground ; and we can only hope that men of the right stamp will be engaged in this enterprise, who will give a tone to the movement that will be felt throughout the whole of the new country and our own. The U. S. storeship Lexington, the pioneer of the expedition, will leave this port early next week for the Columbia River. We understand ?!<?? mw rv i?t vuii j wuw vwpi. xuiii|i&iii9 auu a company of the Hying artillery, consisting of ninety inen, with six guns. She will also carry out twenty guns of a large calibre, big Paixhans or Bomfords, four mortars or howitzers, a large quantity of arms and ammunition, and materials of every kind necessary for the erection of a fortification, probably at the mouth of the Columbia River. In addition to this, a lieutenant ol engineers also accompanies the expedition to superintend the work. Thus we go. Study of the Classics.?In an article published in our paper soma time ago, contrasting an European with an American education, we were led to make some remarks upon classical study. We would now otrer a few farther suggestions on this subject, believing it to be one of great impor- [ tance to the youth of our country. Let it be understood that by " classics" we mean the word in its limited sense?the study of the dead languages ?Greek, Latin, and if you will, Hebrew. There is but ouo argument that can be urged in favor of this tedious study, and that is, by obtaining a knowledge of the ancient languages, we Pott-Office Mismanagement?We have fre! quently referred to tke miserable manner in which the affairs of the New York Post Office are managed, yet there is 110 change lor the better.? We daily receive letters from our coirespondent?, and subscriber?, some of them post-maxter?, complaining of the irregularity of the malls from this city. The following are specimens of what we receive: Bkattlcboeo, Vt. Juue 36, 1846. J. O. Bonett, Esq. Sir : I sin completely out of patinnce with the person whose duty it it to forward the daily Herald, which I have tubtcribed, and paid for It fail* to reach me two and three times t. week. It is my impression the mail leaves your city at A o'clock in the morning of one day, and arrives here the next. Vou will oblige me by having the negligence corrected. Wowottvill?, July 3, 1846. Dkab Sia :? We would like to know the causa of oar not receiving the daily Herald more regular. We do not get all the number*?and get but few of tbem in time. Kor Instance, I have taken from the office this morning the Herald of Juue 37th, and judging from th* past, 1 shall probably get to morrow morning the Herald of June 36th, See. Now Koinething is out of the way, and we should like 1 to kuow where the difficulty lies?jh?1 also, if there is , any way by which it can be avoided. We get our letters from New York in one day. and 1 why not get our papers ? Have the goodness to have the matter made right if it can be. Sao Harmob, July 3, 184?. To tiik I'ltorRiEToe N. Y. Ukhald :? Sir !t is vory unpleasant to be called upon so often hy the subscribers of the Herald, to Dotify you of the irregularity of Your (taper. Kor the past week they have not been 1 eceived at this office till the day after they are puMiahcd, nnd by that time the newt is stale and unintem.tin/ I lie uiui! i; not opened after it leaves the New Yoik i'of* Ortiee uutil it arrives at thia office. The //* < that aiH rained around, and told hero by the Newa R'nsaio receive t dailv. You will please (if in your pjA-er) reined) the evil. We can assure our subscribers, as we have done on jl forr.i?r occasion, that the mail department of thi3 journal is attended to in the most efficient manner, and that the fault of their not receiving their paper lies with Robert H. Morris, who appears, just at this time, to be about as inefficient a Post master as was ever inflicted upon us. This official is a lawyer, a politician, a Post master, and a member of the State Convention. It seems to be a part of his nature to be eternally dabbling in politics, and instead of attending to his duties, he is sitting in the Convention, and receiving his four dollars a day for tinkering and patching up the Constitution. We believe that we shall publish every com plaint we receive, in oruer 10 snow to tne public the mismanagement of the mail department of the country. Later prom Matanzas.?By the brig Joseph Atkins, Capt. Gerrisli, we have received files of the Aurora de Matanzas to the 27tli June inclusive, hut find nothing of peculiar interest to our readers. The editor discusses the probable nonacceptance of the ultimatum offered .by the British Government on the Oregon question, and gives a list ?f the English and American forces in the Pacific, predicting a sanguinary contest. News from Puerto Principe state that the yellow fever, and other diseases incidental to the climate, are much less destructive this year than usual. Forty cases of the black vomit, ol which twelve were fatal, had occurred the preceding month amongst the resident foreigners. In the military hospitals 275 patients were received during the month of May, and in the first fifteen days of June only 53, showing a very favorable diminution. The engineers had commenced their labors in surveying the line for the extension of the Neuvitas railroad, to the stock of which, in all, about $75,000 had been subscribed. The commerce of Trinidad for the five months preceding, shows the following:?Arrivals?28 Spanish, 61 American, and 7 Bremen vessels; total, 96. Clearances?26 Spanish, 55 American, and 6 Bremen vessels : total, 87. The papers make mention of the rapid increase of the port of Sagua in inhabitants and buildings. They predict its destination to become one of tne most important ports of Cuba. Dramatic companies were performing in Matanzas, Villa Clara, Puerto Principe, and Trim Theatrical and mimical. Bowirt Tnr.it**.?The performance* last evening went ofl' unusually well. To-night is the lait of the sea on, and the performance* are for the benefit of Mr. Davenport. We know that it i* unnecessary for u* to njr a word in favor of thii popular actor. He i* *o well and so universally appreciated, that it would be superfluous in us to praise him. He presents a very strong bill, aad as it is the farewell night, we expect to see the Bowery crowded to its utmost capacity. The performance* are to consist of the " Love Chase," by Sneridan Knowles. in which Mrs. Hunt takes the pert of Constance, and Mr. Davenport that of Wildrake ; "Mother and Child are Doing Well." and "William Tell," Mr. Neafle as Tell. The Acrobats display their wonderful gymnastic feats in the course of the evening. The theatre will reopen on the 20th inst. We are glad to leern from the card of the manager that the past season has been a very lucrative one. Greenwich Theatre.?'The performance! at this neat and well conducted eitabliihment consisted last evening of the beautiful musical drama of "Clara, or the Maid of Milan," and the Yankee drama of "True Blue." In the former piece the principal female character was sustained by the lively, graceful and talented young actrcss, Mis* Caroline Chapman. Mr. Freer also perform ed a part fraught with the deepest interest. Between the pieces n character dance was given in a beautiful tvle by Miss Malvina Pra/. This evening Mr. Freer taxes a benefit, on which occasion "The Italian Wife," with Mis* Crawford a* Bianca, and Mr. Freer a* Fazio?a laughable farce called "Why Don't She Marry," in which John Wiaaak the great Chatbam favorite perform*, and the " French Bpy." with Miss t.aroline Chapman. Mr. Freer deserve* great credit f.r hi? indefatigable enterprise in conducting ilit? theitre. and ail'->rJling to the inhabitant* of that part of the city a pieandut place of amuiement He ha* loit money in the entei priso, and we hope he will have a bumper He in a tine actor, and as a manager and caterer :or the pnblic U^te ha* no superior. t Castle Oardkn.?Last night was ene of the lovelies' of the The fky was unclouded; the air was cool, pnd fietlieue.l t,j Hit tea-breeze; the moon shed its silVery ovei nil things, with an enchanting lustre; and the \i?iteis at Castle Garden found rapturous enjoyment in listening to the exouisito musical entertainments at that fa*hi-nuble resort of beauty, it i* on* of the most delightful placcs in the world to frequent during the warm nights of summer, and affords the most agreeable recreation alter the bustle and turmoil of tho day. ThouFHuds, nightly, seek it* amu>ements, and thus have a practical experience of enjoyment equal to all that the ancients pictured in their imaginary Elysium. An excellent selection of mutic la to bo performed there, tonight; and if the weather continue* fine, a peifect ciowd of visitors may be anticipated. The Desert.?We areiarry to learn from Mr Vleigg'* card, in our paper of to-day, that he has been ^'irligcd to postpone the performance of the ' Desert," at West Point, in comeqnence of objection* having been raised, after it was too late for him to make other arrangement* for the trip. Orphean Fawilt.?The concert of this Family will take place to-morrow evening. Tint Wondkbfi-i. Dot a.?The wonderful Automaton Duck Elephant, ke. Ice . on exhibition et Gothic Hall, continues to attract erowds of visiters of all classe*. These automata* are certainly the most complicated and perfect specimen* of human ingenuity that have ever keen exhibited in this city. We recommend every per on, high and low, rich and poor, to sec them while the opportunity lasts. Boston Howard ATHERJUt'M.?The Boiton Courier, of the 0th instant, says?The corner-stone of this institution was laid on Saturday, by Mr. Rogers, the architect, in the presence of a large company. Beneath the stone was deposited a box containing copies of the newspapers of the <wy, daguerreotype likeness of Mr. Hackett, the lessee, and of various other persons connected with the , erection of the building, and ether articles, to serve as mementoes of the occasion. The silver plate upon the box bore the following inscription ;? HOWARD ATMINSVM. Corner Stone laid and Address made by Hon. Isaac Hull Wright?July 4th, 1840. J. M. W. Boyd k Luke Beard, Proprietor*. James h Hackett it Co., Lessees Isaiah Rogers, Architect. Standirh k Woodbury, Builders. Oranite furnished by J. B. Wirchei It Co., from Qulncy Josiah Quincy, Jun., Mayor of Boston. OOD SATE THE BErURMC ! Mr. Wright intioduced the ceremony, and followed the laying of the stone by an appropriate and eloquent address. Welch & Mann's circus has left Boston and gone to Roxbury. They meet with the greatest success. Sands, Lent It Co's Cibcls.?This truupt have been verv successful in their route through this State. They perform at Medina thu eve Ding, at Liodon on 10th, at Johnson's Creek 11th and 1 Jtb; and at Lack.port 13th aud l-tth. Mr. Rands and hia talenteJ children are much adJ"red by discerning audiencei, and the twin ponies, tb? n'"1" P?n,e?, a* alto the beautiful faiiy need, Cinde rtlla, purchased at Knurcom's, astonish all who witnesi their sagacity and scientific feats. Yankee Hill was to kit* an entertainment in Washing ton on the ?tb inst. Mr. Dempster I,as reached Utica, on his return from I rery successful Southern and Western toor. Coon Calendar?Till* Day. .. pait-Noa. 103. 187, 169, 171, 1M 143. 13S, 101, 173. I7.'i, 177, 179, 18] 1*3, IA?, I0.V -!n<] r^..40.^4' US, 19, tU, liH, 1W. U0, 70 194. VI, 190. j'" *T. ,Th" balance of the caJendtr nol oailed yesterday will be eaUed this moraing I Cltjr IntotllamuMu ffimoioSHir ltifc?.-To in launched thia morn in< at ten o'clock, from the *hip yard of Meeara. Weei ta velt k McKay, foot ol Seventh street, K.aat River, the aplendld ahip Christiana. owned by Me>ara W. H. Hata'd, Captain Hammond, and Samuel H. Maaier, and ! built expreaaty for the New Or leant trade The above Vessel ia of Ana modal and very substantial, and at the lame time ahe combines beauty with strangth. for which Now'York ahipa are ao justly prized, both ?t home and abroad. Tha Christiana has been built with all tho lataat improramenta lor the comfort and convenience of paaaengers, and ia not aurpassed by any of our favorite packets She ia 700 tona. and ia to be commanded by Captain Edward Hammond, late of the ship Hilah, aud for Many years an experienced ahip master out of ! thia port Let us all go and aee the launch. Mannic Telegraph.?The atockholdera of the New I York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington tlectroMagnetio Telegraph Co held at Bunker's Mansion House, Broadway, on Tuesday, the 7th inst. elected for President tha Han. Amos Kendall, of Washington ; Secretary, Thoa. If. Clark, of New York ; for Treasurer. Uoo II Hart, of Philadelphia. Directors, Hon. Amoa Kendall, of Waanlagton, Geo. C. Penny man, of Baltimore. J K. Trimble, of Wilmington. (i?o. 11. Hart aud William H Swain, af Philadelphia, and John J. llalsey and Thomas M. Clark, of New York, for the ensuing year. Phiiicui at the penitehtiaav.?Our city council ha? at last lound out that a pair of assiatant physicians, changed once ia two months, ia not quito all the medical | aid inquired by our two bundled patients. The paniten. tiary hospital has never yet had ? permanent physician placad ovar it, though the children's hospital and the asyhun have for years boon given to the charge of compatent ph> sic sun a residing on the spot; and neither of . ) thaaa departments are more important than that of the panitaimary. Alderman Purser has brought up a resolution appointing Ur. W. VV. Sanger permanent physician at the penitentiary hospitals. Aldermen Walsh. Mesae- | rola, Walker, and Livingston, all gentlemen who have taken n d eep interest in the oity institutions, and know its want*, wannly supposed thia resolution, and it paased tha Bowd almost unanimously. Indeed, we scarcely know bow it could be otherwise. The resident physi cian, vr. fjusnrmicK, uai ucen long urging ino ncceui:y of thU appointment. Mr. Cook, the late commissioner, i t Mr. LNMrJ, the present one, and many other inHucntinl ; peraoas acquainted with the necessities of theie unhappy I : prison*". nn.1 who know Dr. Sanger, hare ngain ami 1 again advocated thil measure. We learn that Dr. Sanger htt head) IpasieJ 'ome month* in charge of lhi? hot- I Sital, tad we are assured that hit appointment will be . ailed with pleasure by every person connected with it : Expiation or SriaiT Oas.?The alarm of fire at 8 ! o'clock Oil Tueiday evening was caused by the bursting of a spirit gas lamp, at 44 Hester street. Little damage 1 done. Kiaa<?A Are occurred yesterday morning, about halfpast nan o'clock, in tha clothing store, No. 31 Chatham street. Not much damage done. Fatal. -Accident.?A German sailor called Peter , j boat St years of age, belonging to the barque Maria Rubiaa, 1\ ing at Pier No. 8 North River, was at work on ; soma of the upper rigging, and accidentally missing his i hold, fell headlong upon the deck of the vessel, causing almoat instant death. The Coronor was called to hold an : j inquest on the body. | Pao? ide*tial Kscapk from BuasiKo.?A Are broke , 1 out yesterday afternoon in Stanton street, near the corner of Allen street, in a small frame building occupied : or washerwoman, which came near destroying . har infant babe in the cradle. It appears this unfortunate woman was occupied washing in the rear of the building, I and in fke room where the child laid asleeD in the cradle, i wu a furnace, which >he used for boiling the clothes, ' I mod Bear thii lighted furnace, wu a pile of (having! ; these shaving* must have accidentally caught Are, for 1

when the alarm was given, officer Bloom wai close at bud, who succeeded in extinguishing the flames, and or babe was rescued from destruction, but not I until its little legs were much burnt; almost all the poor woman's furniture was destroyed. SrOftTI.iu IHTILLICRHCI?RaCINU l!? centre iTRKKT? A nee between a nigger and a white man, [both drivers] ; took place yesterday in this street, each party driving at j the Use a one horse wagon, at 11 o'clock. It was a , , regular trotting match, and on passing Canal street, the ; nigger rot the lead, when one of the 27th street trains being a bead, and returning from City Hall, the nigger being directly on the track, was obliged to " clear," and a collision would have taken place were it not for his skilful management. On passing the train the nigger i took tho lead of hii white competitor, and shot by the Tombs in triumph. The police ought to have been " on tho track" at the time to " rein in" tha steeds Nassau Street.?The pedestrians of Nassau street : had'a little variety served up to them yesterday by a ' rood-looking porter driving a loaded wheelbarrow from Wall street to the Park, taking to himself the whole of tha side-walk, aud obliging them to turn out into the : street. Free country this! Extensive Robbery.?Joseph B. Pollard, auctioneer, i of No. ISO Broadway, was robbed of about eight hun- ; dred dollars worth ef gold watches, on Tuesday evening, under the following circumstances : He being in I the custom of sending his valuable goods home every { : evening, gave them in charge of two young men era ployed in nis store. They took the boxes home, but when I Air Pollard came down to his store yesterday morning, I he fcymd that the boxes had been opened, and the best watcues taken out The young men bad been in bis employ about six mouths. No clue has yet been discover* ed of their whereabouts. Corojiir's Oi kick, July 8.?Vrath from Intrmperance. ?The Coroner held an inquest yesterday at the head of Little Water street, on the Five Points, on the body ef a colored woman, by the osme of Matilda Howard, born in Virginia, 44 years of ago, who came to her death from the effects ofintemperance. New York City Convention. The Convention met at A o'clock. Mr. Graham, in the absence of the President, moved that Dr. Haibhook take the chair. The motion prevailed. The minutes of last day's proceedings were read and opproved. ]te|>orts being in order, Sir. Benedict moved to take up the report on the rules and regulations. The rules consist of sixteen; among which the following are the most useful Ri le tii.? Ok Decorum aud Derate.?When any member is about to speak in debate, or deliver any matter to the Convention, he shall rise from his seat and address himself to the President, and confine his remarks to the question under debate, and avoid personality, aad shall not refer to any msmber of the Convention by name. Role vim.?No person shall speak more than twice to the same question, without leave of the Convention, nor more than once until every member choosing te speak soall have spoken.?[Oood 1 Rule ix.?A member called to order shall immediately sit down, unless permitted to explain by the Convention, until the question of order has been decided. lhe report was partially amended and adopted. \ Mr. Crafo moved to go into committee oi the whole, and take up tho resolution of Mr. (iraham, offered on the previous evening, which provides that a new charter i be framed for the city Mr. Purdt's amendment, which provides that said chatter shall not affect the present rights, privileges, | immunities, etc of the citizens, was lofferea; and the \ resolution, as amonded, was adopted. The Committee reporteJ. Mr PoRTEa moved its adoption in Convention. The question w as carried nrm e?n. Mr. DocaHERTT offered a resolution, proposing that | the document! or t&e State Convention, danag its sittings, be furnished each member. A11. Pukdt movod to amend, by proposing that the ' Convention take a paper published at Albany, a* none of the city journal* reported the proceedings. The amendment was adopted. Tho question on the resolution, as amended, was taken and lost?ayes 11?nays 16. f.Mr. Kartell ottered a resolution proposing that the Common Council hare power to pass all laws of a local nature for the government of the city; and that the char' ter specifically enumerate the legislative duties with re1 strictionr, Sec., of the Common Council. I.aid on the tabl?and ordered to be printed. Mr. Or\ham ottered resolutions directing the receiver of taxes to furnish a statement of accounts, be., for the i years 1844, 1845 and 1846.?Laxl on the table and ordered to be printed. Also, in relatian to assessment* for grading street* ? Ordere ! to be printed. Mr. Cairo ottered resolution proposing the appointment of officers of departments, commencing with Re corder. Ordered to be laid on the table and printed, i Mr. fliAHiM o.Tered resolution to inquire into the expediency of opening streets through places of interment. Adoptod. Also, a resolution of enq liry in relation to contracts for grading streets, kc Ordered to be laid on the table and printed. l)r Hasrrook offered a resolution proposing that a committee be appointed to enquire into the question of right as to the disturbing of cemetries and report thereon Ordered to be laid on tho table. Mr. BaoWMKLL offered a resolution proposing that the Convention lubfcribe for a paper or papers, to inform the Convention of the proceedings of the Convention now sitting at Albany. Mr Ler proposed to amend by specifying the nnmbar of papers, which he submitted should be two of the Albany papers. Mr Cairo moved to further amend hy proposing three, the Evening Journal, and Albany -Irgut, and that each member be furnished with copies of the same. Aid. Kkim. 3 moved to lay the amendment (proposing that three papers be iurnished) on the table. The ayes and noes were called for.?Ayes 16; Noes 10. \ resolution oi inquiry in relation to the expenses of the city for the current year, and directing the comptroller to furnish a statement in relation to the aame, was ordered to be printed. Mr. Cairo moved to take up the following reaolutlon, which was laid over for consideration : " Resolved, That a committee of Ava ha appointed to proceed to Albany for the purpose of impressing upon the State Convention the neceaeity of leaving the aupervision oj the charter of thia city entirely to this Convention." The resolution was laid on the table. Aid PuaDT o(fared a resolution proposing te appoint a reporter for the Convention. Ordered to be laid on the table aad printed . Adjourned over to this forenoon 17. S. Commlssloiier'a Office* ? Before Comr Morton. Jqlj t?Chmrge of Crutl and Unu$ual Puniihmtnt ? Francis Hunter, mate of the schooner St. Mary, was brought up yesterday on a charge of cruel and unusual punishment. It appeared from the testimony of a color ed man named Thomas Oainaa, one of the craw, that on the27th of June last, while tne schooner lay in Jamas' River, Hunter gave Gaines some or ers which the latter did not execute to his satisfaction, upon which Hunter i took a slung shot out of his pocket, and struck Oaiiat with it on the shoulder. Hunter was ordered to givo i ball in $M1 to ?tand hi* trial I Superior Court. Before i bi?f Jnatice J?nea. Ji-lt 8? Stanley H. Flertieooi vi *1nn Dolty.?Thi? i wa* an action of ejectmcnt to recover poi*e?aion of a lot on the northerly tide of 8th (treat, between avenue* C and D. The plaintiff claims under the Hutger and Stay, vcsant title*, and the defendant rlitim* under a deed from the corporation, made in punmance of an aaaignmeDt I *ale. Adjourned to thi* morning. For plaintiff, MMarsBandford and Porter. For defendant, Mr. Bin*. CoiWin? IVtkntr v$. Jacob Mugd*nftl4rr.?la tbia t cauae the jury returned a verdict thi* mo rouge for tk* plaintiff of $100. Poll#* Intelligent*. 1 BwgUrw.?A men called Tkomu ButUr wm *rr??W | ln?t night uy officer Clark. of the 9th Ward, on a charge of burglariously entering the premises of Mr (jeorgo Jones, No. S Jackson place. Downing treet, about ten o'clock last night, hy entering through a window, and dealing therefrom a quantity of wearing apparel, such as ceats, veata. lie , valued at &4.i. When arreated, the property wm found in hia possession. Committed to pri- 1 aon by Juetlce Merritt A Shop Uftrr Caught.?William Kit/gerald was caught Toiterday in the act of stealing a jair of boot* from t,ie boot atore of Bernard McKuly, No. 144 Chatham street. Locked up fortrial. Diihontil Strv int.?A young woman called Louisa Agrall, a servant in the employ of Mra. Catha ine S. llatfield, residing at No. Vi Broadway, was arrested yesterday for stealing from her mistress a large silver spoon, silk gloves, bank bills, silver, and divers other urticles, valued in all at t'iO Ji>. Upon her arrest she acknowledged stealing the property, and begircrt to be forgiven. Committed to prison by Justicc Drinker for trial Tktfl of a Qoid Watch?Home thieving vagabond managed on the 4th inst. to steal from tha boarding home, No. 11 Whitehall street, a larcu gold lever watch mid chain, white dial, and second nau Is, S T. Tobiis St Co., Liverpool, makers, No. S778, belonging to Mr. Alexander Reid, for the recovery of which Mr It. offjra reward, ao, pawniiromri, krrp your eyas open. Furiuai Driving ?A black fellow was arretted yesterday, and locked up for examination, for furiously | driving a horso and wagon along church struct, and I wheli near the comer of Duane stirjt, ran ovist a small child, injuring it so severely that great fears are entertained of its recovery. Obtctnt Hookt ? A young man called Wm. Hene, wis arrested yesterday by Officer Belden of the id Ward for telling oVceno books and prints in the public streets. Committed to answer. Siraling Cnndlrt.?Jolin Williams, n thieving looking scamp, was arrested yesterday, caught in the act of carry ing oft' a box of candles, valued at three dollars, the property of Lock wood it Swcenv, No. 176 South street. Locked up for trial at the Special Sessions. Rolib: ; a Server ? A rummy looking thief, called Frank Everson, wi" arrested last night b> officer Paie?o, of the ftth ward, charged with robbing a man by the , name of Owen O'Oonrell, residing at Goshen, Orange , county, ol a pocket-book containing *8, while aslocp lu a j stable foot of Jay street. L'pon arresting th* accused, the , officer found in bis hat the wallet and *>4 10 cts , the ba- , lance hail been taken oft by an accomplice. Committed ' for trial by Justice Osborne. Shop Lifting ?Some sneaking thief carried off a piece : of fancy silk sitge.containing 30 yards, worth $20, from | the store No. Ii7 Fulton street, belonging to Mr. Wil- j liam Matthew-son. No errcit. IHovruitnls of Travellers. The following scarcely approaches the full amount of arrivals registered yesterday at the principal hotel*: America*.?0. Lindsay, Mr. Dallor. Boston ; A. Wenstow. O. Keith, College Point ; Cunt. Lee, U. S. A ; C. Field, Philxdelpliia; L. Bent, Mississippi; Mr. Sheil, Virginia; T. Boy kin, South Carolina; K. Roman, New | Orleans ; Major Sewell, Baltimore ; J. Lewi*, New Or- | leans ; C. Lamberd, Maine ; Messrs. Black, Valentine and Mucr, South Carolina; T. White. De Soto; H. Spencer, Utica ; J. Russell, Chicago ; Gen. Brady, U. S A.; Gov. Barry, Michigan; Lieut, lleman, A. Henry, U. 8. A.; Thomas Traber, Maine. Astob?Charles L. Phillips, (Quebec; 9. H. Blake, Boston; J. Allison. New Brunswick; B. Hoppie, Providence; J. Bulkley, Georgia; A. Stevens, New Orleans; J. Wardsworth, Illinois; C. Monsenalt, J. Fraburne, Kentucky; J. D. Mason. Philadelphia; W. Gargnat, New Orleans; G. Biddle, Philadelphia; F.Diaz, Cuba, A. Age, New Orleans; Rev. I. Young. Florida; Mr. Foster, Bos ton; 8. Kennedy, Albany; George Miller, Jamaica; C/. Halt, Philadelphia; Mr. Brewer, Boston; T. Eakin, Nashville. City?C. Shepherd, Virginia; Capt. Ilawlis, U. 8. A.; L. B. Cash. Florida; Mr. Marcus, Georgia; W. Welles, Michigan; D. Van Ness, New York; Hon. John Read, Philadelphia; D. Clapp, Peokskill; A. Adams, Boston; J. Bulloch, Providence; H. Grifscon. J. Smith, Mississippi; W. Bryant, Mobile; L. Clarke, Lockport; H. Miller, Hudson: Capt Kreelove, Capt. Halson, U. 8. Navy; M. Drake, Fort Wayne. Framili*?A. Bishop, W. Bunab, O. Percy, Connecticut; P. Nell', Cincinnati; J. Galbraith, J. Clarke. Ohio; Dr. Taylor. Conn.; F. Fairchild, Georgia; T. Frothingham, W Fowler, J. Crafts, L. Merrill, Boston; L. G. Smith, Albany; J. Kelly. Troy; J. Simpson, Mass ; E. Elliott, Syracuse; H. Howland, Boston; Geo. Campbell. Philadelphia; S. Jones, Georgia. Howard?J. Eaton, Boston; Mr. Edmonds, N. York; E. Bensill, Philadelphia; D. Herdmnn, Newport; H. CahilL Philad ; J. Clatke, J. Galbraith, Ohio; H. Prince, G. Moody, Charleston; E. Savage, Illinois; J. Wale, N. Orleans; C. Schott, Philadelphia; W.Hale, Albany; W. Whitehouse, Cincinnati; Dr. Dexter, Boston; H. Taylor, Va.; T. Heed, Penn ; Col. Little, Michigan. Common Pleas. Before Judge Daly. Jilt 8?Frar. Sims vs. fVm. Burr?This was a suit in trover to recover the value of a quantity of goods alleged to be (old to defts. under aa usurious consideration. Tee goods after sale had been assigned to plaintiff by his brother. The defenco f et up is that the sale was a bona fide . ono. Adjourned to this morning. Before Judite Incrraham. Elenor Thompson rt al. t'?. Jrjftrwn Smith?This was an action of trover for taking a quantity of srillinery goods out of a store in Hudson street, under the following circumstances. The plaintiffs were in the habit of sending goods to a Mrs Cooke, who resided in Hudson street, to be made into ca|>?. and other articles by her, and sold, and the price paid over to the plaintiff*. The defendant obtained a judgment against Mrs Cooke's husband, in one of the ward courts, upon which he issued an execution, put it in the hands of one of tho officers, named Buckley, who levitd on them, and had them sold i in Chatham street, and the prenent action is brought to recover their value. For the defence it was insisted that , under the circumstances in which the goods were tent to Mrs. Cooke, her husband had a general interest in the goods, and therefore they were liable to his debts, and might be seized under an execution Verdict for plaintiff, $101. For plaintiff, Mr. C. H. Allen; for defendant, Mr. Sneppard. Gednry 4' Bradlry vi. Brown,?This was an action for poods sold, and delivered, in August, 184ft Brown lived in Syracuse, and purchased a bill of goods of plaintiffs, who aie dealers In this 'city, on credit. It was allegod 1 that the purchase was fraudulent, and therefore the plain tiffs had a right to recover before the expiration of the credit. The evidence of fraud in the purchase, was, that defendant, shortly after purchasing the goods, sold out his store, in Syracuse, and received for it about $4300, in cash; then went on to Baltimoro, where he stated that he had lost the whole amount of his money. There was no defence. Verdict for plaintiff? $-20304 There were four similar suits brought against defendant; and verdicts were rendered against him in two. and cognovits were given in the other two. Counsel for plaintiff, Mr. Sheppard. Baker vi. Harriian?This was an action for money had and received on the sale of a horse. The decimation contained several special counts and warranty, and o.i a promise to pay for laming the horse. It appeared plain'iff was the owner of a giey mare, that he purchased of defendant, and that the rnare was afterwards lent defendant for the purpose of trotting a match. The defendant kept her, and. finally, she was sold by his agent. It also appeared, by the testimony of plaintiff's wituesaes, that the defendant had had various settlements after the lendiug of the mare, and one after the sale; and that, in the last uf said settlements, the price of the mare was allowed by plaintiff to defendant. It also appealed that, about the | time of this settlement, the plaintiff had s'.ated that he had nothing to do with the mare whatever. Upon 1 this testimony, the judge ordered a nonsuit For plaintiff, Mr. Sheppard; for defendant Mr. N. B. Blunt. United State* District Court. Before Judge Bctti Jl'LY 8?The United Statei n. One Cut of Preciout Stones, fe marked No 3?-Thil was an information filed by the United State* District Attorney, for a forfeiture of the goodi in dispute. The information charged that iu the year I&44, the houie of John llayi and C. M David, jun. imported, with other goods, the case in question ; that thev presented the invoice at the Cuitom House, by which it appeared that thi* case was invoiced at 16,000 franca ; that upon examining the invoice it appeared to the clerk there was a discrepancy on the face of it ; a report of the fact was made to the proper authority, who caused the goods to be appraised by the custom-heuse appraiser* ; by these last officers they were itppraised ' to upwards of 30.000 fs. For the defence, evidence was fiven that the house of C. M. David, jun of Paris, never ny articles such as these mentioned in the invoice of the case marked C. M. D. No. 2, in the condition in which j those articles were when sent to the United States. All of 1 them except the coral and the shell cameos were bought i by the house of C M. David, juu. in their original rough : state ; he had them cut at his own manufac'.ory, and had j the greater part of said articles in hia possession for the | then last two or three years, and were what remained on hand, and being out of fashion they were tent to the United States, as it would have been very difficult to have aold them in t ranee. Evidence was also given that they wero entered on the invoice at their par value ; that the entire difficulty arose from the ignorance of the person who attended at the Custom House to have the good* entered ; that person being a foreigner and unacquainted with the laws and language of the country. The case is adjourned to this morning. For plaintiff, the United States District Attorney. For defendant, Mr. F. B. Cutting. Court of General Seaalons. Before Recorder Scott, and Aldermen Stoneall and Walsh. John McKeon, Esq., Diet Attorney. Jult t.?Trial for Forgery -A young man, named Benjamin Oakey, late confidential clerk of Mr. Simeon I\ Smith, merchant, in Maiden Lane, was placed at the bar this morning on a charge of forgery In the third degree, in having on the 13th of November last, filled up a check to which Mr. Smith's name was affixed, for $340, { which amount the accuaed obtained at the Bunk of the Mechanics1 Banking Association The circumstances connected with the commission of the alleged offence, according to the testimony adduced, Were as follows, *lt;?11 ippMrt that Mi. Smith liming occasion to elsit Connecticut on tome business afflxeii bii name to two chacka and left them with hit cleik to be filled up ifauoh couse should liecome necessary,?nf that thia waa dona in accordance with i suggestion made by the aocuaed. Ob returning to the city au.i inquiring of the letter whet he bed done with the checks, Mr. a waa informed by the aocuied that he had no occaaion to make u?e of them and had therefore, torn them >o pieces; bnt it waa alterwanla ascertained, thai instead ol Win* deatroyed them aa stated, the accused had Ailed tip one of tfee check* to ' the tune of $360 and obtained the amount, and absconded with the same The case will be resumed to morrow. Turtle Dlnnn? rile arirertlasd to ' ke place at Bumhain's, this <l*y, l?th July inst., is postPoned in lonseqiieue* ofthe Uub being unsblit to procure a i suitable turtle for the occsaioa. Due notice will oe Biren for the aext dinner. "JI. BUKNHAM. Pocket and Penluil vm, delators, Wall Files, lie?A beautiful aesortmeut i,f tin- vole nrtices esn be reea at the subscribers', .No. ItfT Km, idw.J, r.i ts sting of the most splendid aud umqiir Inttenn n?f imported to this country. U. HAUNDKHS k HON, Opposite Howard's Hotel. Portable Shaving Cam?The moet portable, and at the same time the most complete and rlefsnt article aow manufactured, having ererf requisite for a gentle Man's toilet, and aa a travelling companion invaluable. For sale by O. fUUNDKKS It SON, 177 Broadway, (aw door* a bee* OeertUadt saeet. i Tlit IliwwThinn PniTt't "^*--'-11?* PMMin k??t hu now Ixtti on th? ri*?r. nwatnf rrroUrlr between this city nndNewburgh. for about two months and her build. s| eed. aecommodationa and geuer'l management, 4 drawn forth the universal and unqualified praise of th? travelling public The Thorn-* Powell waa built by Lawrence Itftueeder. Mr. Hu' i>ard Lawrence I the senior of the firm) being one of the oldeat and moat successful builders in the country. She w<s constructed under tin |>ersonal super* luteudence of Cnujt. Samuel Johnson her present commander, and is own#d bv T. Powell fc Co.. of Newburah. Her engine n ?s built hy T V. Becor Hi Co.. and la a spleudid |>iece of WOrfcgMOOTlp. The Thomas Powell hue never Meed with any boat, but her as yet unrivalled a|>eed is acknowledged by all. 8be has made the distance from New York to Caldwell $ ?forty-five miles?iu two hours, which it a rale of speed never yet surpassed in thia, nor, #f course, in ?iy other country. A paraprauh in the " 8un,w of yeaterday morning. in rela tion to the Thomas Powell and the Mountaineer, leads ua to observe (hat a few evenings since, when the Mountaineer made her first trip in company with (he T. Powell the blower* engine of the latter broke. Previous to the accident, the Powell was ruiiniue away from the Mou*>uiueer, as can be abundant!} rat-hiiabed. Yesterday evemng, on her regular passage to Newburgh. she l iuud iifrwii again la company with the Mouuraineej, and made a still greater gam upon her. No particular iioti ce,n '*??, was taken of it ? the Powell ?? deeply ladeu. m ?he always is when leaving New York. and had a large number ol passengers on board?no idea of a race being entertained Captain Johnson, a< all who know himareaware is aot the man willingly to rare hii bo?t with Passengers on board. The proprietors of the Tlioaias Powell, however, are entirely willing to teat the relative a|*ed of the two boata. on a reasonable noli re??ay a week or ten days? when {he trial cau couie off without piuseugers?(Japt. Johns.mi being far too prudent and conscientious a commander to rut the least ri?k with pasaeugert who hare confided their safety to his skill and judgment. A little uecessarv overti inling ti eoing to lie given to the Thoinu Powell within a few daya. a?d then the proprietors . of the Mountaii.eer can have au opportunity of testing ibe I spe* J of their very fast boat. We wen agreeably surprtaesl yesterday o>" the apn? ar?nre of an old friend, Qideon HoTchkiss, ' aq ol Croome Co . inven'or of the " Verticil Water? ' eel," ? lioin we had sorrowed for at drowned in the great I ?atiet of 1 wtjjpring. milled by the coincidence of his nam* *'th that of hia uncle who w? drowned in the fr?sh*t Mr. Hotchkiaa the Inventor, has been all winter travelling in the Homh extending ti.e use of his improvement with I'erided success, it having been introduced and tested there during the pre.eding two )eara. In Oeonci*. Alabama, .Mississippi. Tennessee.kr., it is in general insuring a rery important saving in the quantity of water required to run a mill and in the speed ofrittiug It haa already reduced the price ol umber and rendered it more "bundant m-ny seciinns Mr. H. will speud the summer it hit residence. Windsor, Broome coB'ity. ? here he will be happy to see or hear from ny one interested in his invention. He has atill u-dispos?d of the r>gV of using his patent iu rhe States of Virginia, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Louisiana, Florida, with portions of Ne* York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland. Massachuse'ts, Rhode Island a> d < onnecticut, which he is readv to sell on moderate terms. We have tne tastimony of the best practical millwrights in confirmation of oar own judgment that this is an invention of great vaine, especially where it is an object to save power. Photographs.?''I he npeclmens at Plnmbt'i National Daguerrian Gallery. 231 Bnndwav, are certainly the most beautiful and finished portraits of the kind we evar beheld. They are nearly twire the size of the nsnal miniatures taken by this process, and while gaxiug at them, so true and faithful is each feature, lineament and expression poitrayed, we almost fancied the breathing originals before us We can aafely say there never emanated from any similar establishment a happier effort of tli a unerring art. Ravteatlon of the Ohio Hirer. Placet. Time. State ?f *iver. Cincinnati, July 1 8 feet o incnei. Wheeling, Juno 3 10 feet. itsbui*. July 1 ..13 feet, rising.l Lo tuTifle, June SO . .4 feet. 8 incbe*. MONEY MARKET. Wednesday, July 8?0 P. M. The market 1* drooping, and lalci are only to a mode rate extent. Long Island fell pff Harlem X, Norwich and Worcester S, Reading IX, Morris Canal ,1*' Farmer*' Loan closed firm at yesterday'* price*. At the second board, Harlem fell off and Norwich and Worcester, >4. The sale* of Harlem were to seme extent, but the transaction* in the other fancies were very limited. The tendency of prices evidently is downward, and it is not at all improbable, but that before the expiration of thi* month, quotations may be several per cent below those now current. It is, however, the gen oral impression, that upon the opening of business in August, that there will be a speculative movement to *ome extent, and that a very great and rapid riae in price* will be realized. Purchasers at present price* on time, lay sixty or ninety day*, have a very good prospect of matyng a handcome profit, a* within that time Congreu will a Ijourn, the money market be relieved, and (hk va; rious thing* regulating and affecting commercial mat. ters settled iniome way. The adjournment of Congres* alone, will have a very good effect upon the stock mar. ket, and should an issue of treasury note* for ten er twelve million* be authorized, money will be much more abundant, and the market much easier. Considering the poiition of all thing* connected with our foreign trade, and with the ftnuce* of the government, quotation* for ancy stocks are very well maintained, and we think that thi* fact afford* the belt evidence, that when the market become* active, an improvement of several per cent must take place. As the time approaches for the disposal ef the tariff bj t le Senate, the excitement and anxisty increa.es. No one . pretend* to predict the reiult of the debate about to take w place, and all kinds of apeoulations as to the course the Vice President will pursue in the event of his casting vote being required to settle the question, are afloat It would no doubt be a source of some satisfaction to hint, if he could avoid such a great responsibility. The annexed statement exhibit* the receipt* of the Philadelphia and Columbia railroad to the 1st of July In each of the pa*t two year*. PHii.ABri.rHiA inn Colombia Railkoad. Railway. Mo Power. Total. Amount m nrr last report.. iBMJ 78 16.72!? 49 116,721 IT Do. month June, 1*46 I2.j?0 83 10,471 10 23.111 W Wholf Amount since Not. 30, 1*34 71443 61 07 300 7} 118.844 88 Amount received opto July 1, 1*44 A 39,#70 0) 40,714 II 110 684 84 Increase of 1810 over 1844.. 11.4*3 4* 10.484 W 28,108 48 The Charleston, (S. C.) Insurance and Trait Company has declared a semi-annual dividend of five dollars per share, equal to an annual interest of JO per cent on the original coat, betide* adding (7,000 to the surplus fund. The Merchanta' Exchange Bank has declared a diyi dend of four per cent, payable on demand. The property and effect* of the Canal Bank of Lookport, have bean placed in the hands of three trustees, who ara to close its affairs, and a* fast as practicable collect the debts and pay olf the creditor*. It i* stated that there U property enough belonging to the bank to pay off all the debt* and redeem the bills at par, and have tome fifty thousand dollars for the itockholderi. We have no meant ef knowing how much confidence that statement it entitled to, but bill-holdert would do well not to tubmit to a very heavy diicount. The total valuation of real and pertonal estate of Bo* toe for 1844, wat $134,04-4,700?increaie over 1844, $41,387,100. Amount of taxea, $811,83d 19, or $7 08 to each inhabitant. The amount of property, alienable and unalienable, belonging to the city itself, it $14,813,667. ? The annexed statement exhibits the aggregate value V of merchandize, both foreign and domestic, exported "J from tlii* port in the month of June, IMS, alio the value of merchandize exported to each country, distinguishing the destination. It will be observed that more then ninetenth* of the aggregate ralae, consisted of domeitlo merchandize : that more than ome-half of the exportation, was made to Great Britain and her dependencies. CoMMcaca or thb Pokt or New Yoax?CiroaTs roa June, ll?. D?mntie Foreign, Ftr'n fVhrrt l?. md$e /i ce iutiabl*. Talali. Great Britain 18 289 43 471 ? British Colonies. ... 144,741 14,790 7,Ml ? Total Great Britain 1,236.110 33.079 40 913 1,3*.Ml Fnnce 420,124 7,344 11 172 460.H4I Bremen 70.866 1,214 1,124 74.104 ITimburg KiS.BiU 7,648 11.122 122,87} Hwvden L6.83? 2,008 2,710 41,193 1) inish Ulaads M.1B0 341 2,2 * 39.178 Holland 64.A03 3,406 1,667 69,871 Portugal 10.196 ilH) ? 10,783 Austria >0,160 6,416 4,720 41.638 Central America SI 914 I 99fl 1.851 37 776 Mezicff. 38 691 6,911 13,MO 39,133 Prussia 43,713 8,301 ? 41.0* Italy and Sicily 7 6-W 1.143 ? 9.809 China 117.361 - 4,691 *0*."60 Braul 43,794 1,1?7 T,07? 43,000 L*rB(uay 11.164 443 Bel*iiim 114.190 9,717 1,173 Spanish Islands. ...*.. 106,143 3.463 81.231 'fi-'*' Hayti 17.760 1#1 1.410 39.365 a Total $3,743,687 ?S.04? 111,404 4,062.241 A The exporta for the peat month here been unuaually large, compared with the correaponding month in 1M4 or ) 1840. They have been more than an average for the } ear. It ia highly gratifying to aee sueh a large proper. tion of the aggregate exports from thii port, domeetio products ; It if the beat evidence in the world, that we are not only consumer* of nearly the whole I our Importations, but that we are rapidly becoming that greet exporting nation, which we have been eo long pretfie ting. v> a uiuoi Biaiciiicui ?jhiii>iiiu| w rmuc ui nvr f c^andize, exported from thiaport, for etch of the flrtt *U I month* in the pait three yean :? . Commkici er Ni* Ton-Viiri or Cimiti. I 1*44. IMS. DM). ' J?anarr $l,6T7,llfl 1,487,?JJ J Iftfl ??? February > 3M,s? l.fcfr.ffg 1 ,*1.34 J March 9.934 411 aj|7,tt>t ],MI.?37 April s.uw.rxt i.i?n? a.m. iii lay 2,77? KIT I.779.MB * M3 4M Jane J.n,l7| 3.1*1.74} 4.061.M* Toul Si 1,081,7N 13,967,179 I4.79J.794 | Notwithitanding the inactive itate of trad* genetally t iia year, it will be perceived that the value of export* 4 hu been greater than In either of the prevloua two. | Till fact appeari the more extraordinary when wa ' ooniider the low price* which have ruled, for nearly all our principal ftaple product*. It i* true large ihipmeol* of flour were made early in the aeaaon, at high price*, hut a very fair average ha* been realized by large ship menti since at reduced prices. Had prices been realized J ?> our exports this year similar to those realized laat, # the asgrafau ralus af aierakaudita shipped for Um Art* ^

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