Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 12, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 12, 1846 Page 2
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.vkw york herald! \? v? Viirk, ^iiiulay, July 1*4, 1NM. Ciiiigrvwlunal Movement?. The Warehousing Pill appears to drag heavily n tli'- Senate. It has been reported from the ommittee on Commerce with amendments, and thu probability in, that it will be lost, or so nearly i umed by amendments an to be of very little benefit to the commercial classes. The fact i?,the whig* ate opposed to the bill in any shape, bnt do not choose to come out against it boldly. In tli?? House of Representative*, the graduation bill wa< inder discussion, and there appears to be -rach an o'jual division upon this juestion, that it) fate is very doubtful. The same ditficulty was experienced yesterday, as 0:1 previous days, and the little business the House appears disposed to do, is suspended by tlit- absence of members, and the impossibility ot getting a quorum. The Pope of Homo ?iul hl? Power?The L?t> Fiirrlgii Pontiff. We g.ve in another part of the paper, an accurate likeness of the deceased Pontiff Gregory XVI, from the painting in the Vatican by Paul Delaroche. The death of a Pope in modem times is not a matter calculated to create much excitement or stir, but in former times, before the reformation of Luther, a circumstance of this kind usually J shook the civilized world from the centre to the extremities. The election of a successor to a deceased Pope was then conducted with secrcoy and a vast deal of formality, and in some cases was attended with rigor and inconvenience to the electors. We take the following description of ihe old manner of election, from Donovans' work on ancient and modern Rome:? The Papal government is monarchical and elective, the Suve e <u b'lnij choten bv the cardinal* assembled in conclave Nine days are allowed for tho ohtequin* of the ' :!?*? .I Pope ; on the tenth the cardinal* are vhiit U|>. each vi illi one dome-tic. in a common apartment in tte Qnirinal Palace , ,1 sinull window i* reserved tor tha ;->trodii. tioa of n*ce**ariea, hut both door and window art clo^elv guarded hy tho city mani?trntes. a*aiu?t ail external e^mimiiieHtioti If the eleetion )> not toiutu>& tad in three d iy?, the taMes of the elector* are reduced to a ?i.i?io di*h at dinner, and the tame at tapper, a con ><i>:rMuie piivation to those accustomed from early lue varieties 01 ? continental fare; and -Aorths eigut~i . ?> am reui.ot>1 to a scanty pittance o! nrenu, wat.-r an.l wine. The votfes are given by ballot; and the integiity of the voters is further guarded bv a solemn oath When elected, the I'ope on accepting the dignity, become" temporal sovereign of the ecclesiastical state, an 1 spiritual head of the Catholic Church throughout ttie worM. On the next festival after his election, he is, generall} speaking crowned in St I'eter's, having been, It not previously a bishop, consecrated by the cardinal Dean of the Sacred College, to whom, as Bishop of Ostia, belongs that privilege. With his now dignity he assumes a new name, aud takes solemn possession of St. John Lateran'*, the first basilic presented by the first Christian Kmperor to the last pontifical dweller In the catacombs The first idea of it Conclave, or locket up meeting of cardinals tor the election of a Pope, originated in Viterbo, where the popes resided in the thirteenth century, having t. mporanly abandoned Rome, in consequence of the civil teuds of the Ouelpha and Ohibelines. The papal, now tho episcopal residence at Viterbo. was erected in liOtt, on the ruius of a temple of Hercules, as we find re Was it not that this wrong impression is indulged in by the majority of the American people, j we never should have witnessed surh disgraceful scenes a* occurred in Philadelphia and Charles- ! town. Voluntekrs rok california.?We notice in I our columns no less thnn four advertisements for volunteers, to be attached to Col. Stevenson's California Expedition. Beside these, there are ! quit* a number of rendezvous in different parts of the oity, where men are being enlisted for the same purpose. These recruiting offices are opened by men, who, after raising a sufficient number, expect to j *hta ? . -i J - *" . wuiiui?ivu hi uic iic? rjipcuiiioii. ine fact of so many of tlicse offices being opened, 1 and the roll* filled up so readily, exhibit* the en- 1 tcrprise of the New Yorker*. The companies are formed entirely of resectable men, principally mechanics, who are ready to leave their home and friend* here, to ro and nettle a new country, make a new home, and vwine around them new friend* and association*. The roll* aie filled however, and the regiment will muster about the 2lHh of the present month. 1 We learn that fifteen hundred men are on the list, while only *even hundred and seventy i are wanted. tei.koaapif!o ComrmroATtoi* win? Hartford. I __( oramunlcitlon by toiegranh ha* b?*a had wife Hartford during the day SeT?ral baainaaa meaaagea war* ' diipatehed back and forth for th? fl rat time flo tha a title line, from Boatoa to New Vork. i* now complete, ?oJ ia werkiaf order?Nt* Hmmrn pw uvniou u> an mm ipuou suit > or tue principal resilience, lu the tame century, Henry d'Almaigne, son oi Hichard, king '>1 tl?f Homuns, ami nephew of Henry 111., of Enggland, wan led by euriosity to visit Viterbo in the company of the kings of France and Sicily, to witness the election of a successor to Pope Clement IV. Early one mern'tig he ontcred a church to hear mass. Alter its conclusion, ho remained intent on his devotions, and was ..isinjsinatod in the church by his two cousins, Himon and Ou> le Monttoit. The two sovereigns, horrified at the sacrcli^iotis assassination, abandoned Vitert'O. and tha assembled cardinals weie disposed to follow their example Sunt Bon.ivenlure?who was on the spot? seeing the evils that might arise to the church from the vacancy of the chair ol St. Peter, prevailed on tho CMreus to close the city gates, in order to prevent the escape of the electors, who were thus induced to proceed with the election. In the great hall of the papal palace were constructed for their accommodation as many cells as there were cardinal" present, and sentinels were placed to guard them. Months, however, elapsed without tue clio;ce ot a Pope, when at the suggesticn of one ot the eleciori, the people uncovered the roof ol the hall, to urgo the tardy cardinals to the election, by exposing tl.?m to the inclemency of thu weather. The expedient, however, tailed of success ; and the disappointed citizens bethought themselves of a still more stringent argument; they irduced the food of the electors to a very small allow auce. and thus was obtained the desired result. Theobold Visconti ha 1 accompanied Edward I., of Eii(fluud. on his exixnlilioti to Palestine, and the fa re of his virtue and learning induced the cardinals to recal him from Acre to fill the chair ol St. Petor, alter a vacancy ol three yean. The newly elected pontilf took the name of (.iregiirv X ; and at tho instance of Edward 1. who demanded justice on tho assassins of his cousin, liuy de >lontfor', the only lurvivor, < as convicted by the pontiff of s icnleice and murder, prouounced infamous and an outlaw;and was rendered incapable of inheriting, possessing, or bequeathing propert) , or ot tilling any orttce ot trust or em ilument in the state lu the communal archives of Viterbo is still preserved a parchment document, dated mcclxx., recording a permission granted to Henry. bishop of C)?tia and Velletria, to leave the uncotret e J hall of the royal palace on account of ill health; and the flagged floor of the apartment still preserve* the holes fur the uprights used in the coustruction of the cell*. We gave sometime since the formalities that were necessary to be followed in an election of this Wind at the present time, and which, no doubt, hllVA -Irintlif folUssfA.I I ? ?- - -r ' Mnx; luuuncu ill IIIC ClCCUOn OI 111(3 ancestor of Gregory 16th. Notwithstanding that the power* of the Koman pontiti have been considerably abridged by the Protestant reformation, yet hi* influence isalmost equal to that exercised by many of the monarch* of the old world. At the present time be exercises temporal sovereignty over at least four millions of people, but his spiritual sovereignty is much greater, probably one hundred and thirty milions. It is calculated that his spiritual sovereignty extend* over two-thirds of the christian world, who, wmle belonging to the Catholic church, are bound, under the pain of expulsion, to obey the ?piriuial mandates of the successor of St. Peter. A great mi-take is generally made by those who arc not well informed 011 the rigtits and privileges of the Pope. Hy many well disposed persoi.s, it is iiupposed that the temporal and spiritual privilege* of the Roman Pontitf are identical. The reverse is the case?for while persons belonging to the Catholic Church consider themselves bound as members of that church, to faithfully follow his i mandates, *o lur as thpy relate to the concerns of the church, they are not bound, and will not at- , tend to his commands in any other capacity. As ' temporal sovereign, he rules politically over the j papal dominions, but beyond there, his sovereignty does not extend. In the papal dominions, he is King a? well as Pope, but beyond there, he is i only rccognised as the visible head of the church, j The want of information on this distinction, has been the source of much difficulty aud distur- ! u.... Mexican Privateering ?We perceive that the French and English press have at last taken a stand against the system of privateering?or, to call it by its right name?legalised piracy. No doubt an international law will soon make its appearance among the great modern powers, by which the right to grant letters of marque will be annulled, arid a privateersman will be placed on the same footing as a common pirate. This, in our opinion, is the right view of the question.? Were those who engage in privateering hanest citizens, or even citizens at all, of the uountry whose tlug they sail under, privateering might assume a different aspect; but as it is, the crew of a privateersman is generally composed of the most reckless adventurers?the sea wolves that owe allegiance to no nation?and who are as willing to prey upon the flag of their own, as of their enemy's government. The love of gain?their life of reckless adventure?the association with those already bad, and their almost complete irresponsibility, will in a short time change even honest men into vile bucaneers, and for one Paul Jones, we will find fifty Blackbeaids. The hitherto absence of an international law ! against privateering, and the culpable indecision j of our government on this matter, have at the I present moment placed our commerce in a most i perilous position. Our navy is almost entirely j taken up in blockading the coasts of Mexico ; i while on the Atlantic ocean, on the great thoroughfares to Europe, to China, and the Indian seas, our merchant ships are passing back and forth, laden with rich cargoes, and as defenceless 1 against armed privateers, as would be a lamb in a forest filled with hungry wolves. Is it likely that the Mexicans will allow this cuance ol spallation to remain untrieu i or n so, that the thousands of freebooters, who live by smuggling and the slave trade, and who are to be j found in every West Indian harbor?Spaniards, Guinenmen, South Americans and Portuguese? will overlook this opportunity of enriching themselves, at the expense of our commerce 1 Cor- | tainly not. If the Mexicans are too weak in naval resources to take advantage of the crisis in j their favor, other adventurers will. It is necessary, by the laws of privateering, that the Captain, and two-thirds of his crew, be Mexicans.? This may have coma effect in deterring many entering into the business, but we have 110 j doubt that already numbers of these pirates are ailoat, ready to prey ujjon our commerce. Suspiciouscircumstances have already occurred in the ' Gulf?but that would be the last place where a , Mexican privateer would think of remaining to 1 annoy our commerce. We have a squadron there j to watch lain, but where is anything to prevent j him from making capture of a fine ship on the great road of the Atlantic, or coming out of the i harbor of New York itself 1 How would a dozen letters of marque issued by our President, and granted to respectable citizens, operate in cheek-mating this Mexican piracy T We should think well. Our navy is by far too small to afford protection to our commerce, anil how is it in the present crisis to be protected! Should the war continue, there is no other chance than to arm a number of letters of marque, and commission them to capture everything that carries the Mexican flag. We have no doubt that a nr tu'n Unltimnro /*linnpra rtllf With this intention, would in a short time clear the seas of Mexican privateers. Let the Mexicans also take it into consideration that all the damage and expense of this fitting out, will be faithfully charged against them on the book of Uncle Sam. Seamen for the Navy.?iiine years have elapsed since the introduction or Mr. Coin's plan I'o; a naval school to supply our ships of war with home-bred seamen. By all, but the envious and igtiormit, it was predicted that Mr. G., from bis immense experience, would give to the country from 15 to 20,000 well-educated seamen, in the course of a very few years. The nation is disappointed?but not from any lault of Mr. G., or of his system, which has been examined and approved by the king of the French, and by the British Admiralty, and which has the approbation of the most skillful and philanthropic statesmen of the age. Instead of finding, ai the present crisis, a bulwark of 20,00(1 stout hearts ready, at the first blast of war's dread trumpet, to fill the post of danger and of honor, we are reduced to the paltry, contemptible condition of begging for seamen and " green-horns." What is the use of our fine hips, if we cannot man them'! We have materia] to produce them in abundance. There are,throughout the Union, the children of tho soil, and the offspring of our adoptedcitizens,ready, by thousands, to flock to the Naval School when oacc its gates are thrown open to the sons of the humble but honest and industrious citizen. Give us plenty of encouragement for a Naval School, and it will be filled. Some carelessness, and much jealousy, have lately thrown this line institution into disuse. But the people of this Repnb lie are not to be trilled with?and, as this school was intended as a nursery for the reception of the children of every country, we find that all sectional feeling has vanished, and that many Irish and German charitable societies have resolved to urge the interests of this school onward to the full tide of success. Thus we Miall soon have a new edition of the "Harry's and Paddy Reads," of former days, to o!ler the tribute of their gore to their adopted country. Whilst our merchant service hourly increases, and the navy is unsupplied, and whilst three thousand five hundred sailors die per annum, we have no school to supply the deficiency or replace the dead. Chlpablk Carelessness in the Posr Office ? Several fa?ts have lately coine to our knowledge, tending lo prove the most extraordinary carelessness on the part of somebody connected with the jK>st office department. Among the rest, is the ! case of a young man connected with this office.? A letter was mailed at Shreveport, sometime in April last, to his address in this city, enclosing a 1 ?100 bill on the Canal Bank of New Orleans.? This letter never reached its destination. The krtnl,? .!_ l.... i ? ? 1 ni 111 it* |)U9i unite iiavtT uccii scnicucu, miu ne entry of such a letter can be found. Should not thi* be seen to T We think that it is the duty of the Postmaster General to institute a rigid searching i.n thi* matter. It the officials are careless or dis nonest, they should be discharged. We ' trust the ttfair will not be overlooked. ? Natu ,y\i. P ainti>os?Professor Mors*.?A number- ot artists*, and others, have petitioned Congress to confer on this distinguished nrtiit, the commission to paint a picture for the vncant panel of the Hotunda iu the capitol at Washing- | ton. The friends of Professor Morse, present "many claims in his behalf, and we : have Little doubt that Congress will give him the commission. It is generally acknowledged, that he has abilities fully equal to the task, *nd that no other artist is ao fit to paint a . great national picture, such as should adorn the walls of the capitol. Professor Morse has many clainiH on the country. Ho has conferred one of the gr? atest possible bl?Ming? upon it by his invention of the Magnetic Telegraph, and we trust thai hi* genius may b* rewarded by the mark of distinction for which -hi" friends havo petitioned Conurrrts. AmftriL/ lh#< *ipnittiiri>< to the i>i'titinn_ nre some of the highest names in our city. The TT. 8. frigate Brandy wine he* been thoroughly overhaulod, coppered, and* Uken outofdork it the Navy Yard. The ?loop of war ltecatur i? only waiting for her "Ulcer* and mm to t>e put in romminion ?Ntrfolk H*atan, July 10. Mai pert W C-onrt. The argument term of the Court commence! on Moa^ay. Military Operation* thron(iumt the Cnton. Wi learn that Col. Keomey. having faile<! to get the number of infantry from the volunteer! which he Je tired, has despatched (.'apt. Allan, of the U. 8. Army, to the Mormons now encamped in the plains, above Kort Leavenworth, to enlist, if practicable, five hundred or more, of their men If the Mormons ate wiae, seeing the deiititute condition in which they are placed, they will readily embruce the offer. ? Ail. Louis Republican, June 29. Col. J. P. Taylor, brother of (Jen. Taylor, arrived here, yesterday morning, on the steamer Connor, from Nashville. Ho is en route to the Rio Grande.? Ntu- OrItam l)rlta, July 3. Naval Preparation*. The new U. 8. schooner Ruefer, nine daya from New York, for the Uull ol Moxico, waa spoken on the 30th ult. by the Olive and Lliza at thia port. Double Head Shot Key* bearing S 10 miles. The commander of the schooner stated tiiat she sailed remarkably fast?that he made the D H. S Keys when aeven days out, but that he had since bad calm weather and had drifted northward. U. l> surveying schooner Wave. Commander Goldsborough. on a coast survey, arrived at Nantucket 8th inst. from New York via Holmes's Hole.?Button Cur. July 11. VVe witnessed on Wednesday, the process of dUm: ' ing the Ohio, preparutoiy to her going into the Dry Dock.? The ship was brought alongnide the wharf with a mast directly under the immense stationary sheers, which ure inclined at such an angle as to bring the top of them di> rectly over the centre of the ship's deck. A stout loop, culled "a garland"?made of a number of large rope* laid together, coveted witn canvass and (topped at ihort iDterv^li?was lathed firrnlv to the mait, by cross lathing* ; to tins wu attached another loop, equally strong, by mean, ol a toggel of har.l wood, some six inches in diameter ; to this loop the tackles were hitr.hed, the ropes weie passed around windlasses manned by a hundred and fifty or two hundred hand*, accnding to the size of the must, and the process ot? extracting the ponderoui (par commenced. Slowly but (teadily the hu;?e dick, weighing, the mainmast about twenty tons and the inizienmast fifteen ?roue Irom iti plane, and wu gently let down into the water alongside tho (hip. The (tore* and masta are now out of the Ohio, and her battery ii to bo landed to-day. She will then bo ready to take the Indepi ndence'a placo so soon as she can be removed from the ilock T. e Independence appears to be neatly finished, aud, it is expected, will be ready to leave the dock by the last ol' this week ortlie-first of next. The workmen are busy in fitting up the old Franklin 74 as a receiving ship. Her ballast has all been removed, her hold thoroughly cleansed, and every pig of iron whitewashed and repltced in her ; the carpenters are now employed in clap-boarding her down to her sheethiug ; she i?theu to l>e tilted with light spars and ringed siiiliciently lor all the practical purposes of a receiving ship ; she is then to be anchored oil" the Navy Yard, and to take the place of the Ohio on tlus station.?Muttun Travtlltr. Incident#, dir. of the War. A correspondent at Now Orleans, who belongs to the srmy, has sent us a letter, detailing the exploits of a j oung DeUwarian, named Samuel 1< Chambers, who, it seems, was the ' brother-in-arms" of the writer. Chambers joined the army at Corpus Christi, and went with Captain Walker's Texas Rangers to the Rio Grande. On the 1st of .May, when Walker made the desperate attempt to cut his way through to Taylor's camp, for the purpose of opening tLe communication, Chambers was one of the few men who went with him. In the encounter with the Mexicans, they lost all but fifteen men. Chambers had a horse shot under him He captured another from a Mexican, which shared the same ftte as the first, and was the last man that returned to camp. Chambersdid not admiie the discretion of Capt. W .as much as he did his courage, anil applied to Capt. May for a place in his company in the expected battles on tho tith and 9th. The application wan granted, and C. was the second man that crussed the Mexican battery in the charge. He waa found after the battle, lying under his hone by the lid* of one of the Mexican pieces, with his shoulder dislocated and much bruised, and entirely insensible. He waa removed fiom the Geld, and has since recovered from his injuries. The writer of the letter says his comrades have given him the name ef the "Hero of Delaware." Some of those who obsetved his conduct during (he battle, say he lought, as if he intended with his single arm, to put to flight the whole Mexican army. With his sabre in one hand, he assaulted the men in charge of the battery, and with the other he discharged the pistols in their laces. Three buyonet wuuuds through the body, which ha received, show how desjierate the contest was, and how gallantly l.u stood Ins ground. The father of this young hero was named I-aa-; chambers. He resided in the State of Delaware, and has also lived in I'hiladelEhia. His mother lives at present in Wilmington, it is elieved, and the object of the letter is to acquaint the latter of her son's safety. Success to him, and may his gallantry win lor him more substantial honors than the admiration of his comrades ?Phil. Ltdftr. Theatrical and Alnalcal. (Jkekmhich Theatbe.?Last evening a large and enthusiastic audience testified their respect and gratitude to Mr. Weaver, by their presence at his benefit The play of "Damon and Pythias,'' admirably put on the stage, was exceedingly well peiformed. The varied perform* ances of the evening all passed off smoothly, anj Mr. Freer, in the closing piece cf " The Honey Moon," assisted by the favorite Miss Chapman, excelled himself? On Monday evouiug all who have witnessed the acting of Mr. Kreer. and who have been observers of his untiring efforts to cater for the public, will certainly endeavor to he present at his well deserved benefit, and to those wholiavo not yet visited his theatre, no better opportunity will be ever ottered than on this occasion. In addition to the popular drama of " (irecn Bushes," and the " Wandering Boys," there will be a choice collection -1' - .in. I /la.inaa lioei.laa tt,? ..a nnram ir. t.L ~ 1. - f * U _ death of Ringgold. Tbc more privilege of fitting in such a finely ventilated house during thii warn wea titer, ii worth the price of admittance. Castle Gardex?There it no place in the city where one can find 10 cool a retreat from the burning heat of the gun as at Castle Garden. The spacious saloon is open during the day and evening, and visiters are entertained by the performances of a choice orchestra. The cool sea breezes can heie be enjoyed in all their fraahne**, and the refreshments are excellent. In this sweltering weather, wo do not know any place where one can keep so cool. That is saying enough. The Iriends of John R. Scott, the tragedian, held a meeting in i'hiladelphia, on the 10th inst.forthe purpose of making arrangement* to tender him acomplimentary benelit previous to his departure for Europe. Hlovemrnts of Traveller*. The annexed list form* nearly the entire amount of arrivals yesterday at the principal hotel* s? America*.?F. H. Quitman, Cincinnati; ( apt. McGrader, do ; P. Dallas, Philadelphia; W.Marshall, Baltimore; J. Readidg, Philadelphia; G. R. Barry, I'. S. N ; II. Haslee. do ; Ed. Lopcx, Baltimore; H. Burton, Vermont; A. Hayes, S. C.; W. Sergeant, .Ma**.; J. Paige, Albany, II. Rodney, Philadelphia; C, Tiffany, Baltimore; J. Armstrong, Arkansas; N.Weston, U. 8. N.; J. H.Ritchie, Philadelphia. Astoh ?\V. Wilcox, New Haven; M. Baldwin. Boaton; D. Buehell, Mississippi; D.Ogden. New Orleans; J. Cott, New Jersey; H. Robeson, Fall River: (Jen. Curtis, Boston; W. Russell, do ; C. Axon, Charleston; B. Rupert, Mississippi; J. Schofield, Boston; II. Stevens, do.; M. Marland, no.; F. Hooper, do.t C. Urcer, do ; W. D. Tucker, Baltimore; K. Mill*, St. Louir, Ed. Thomas, Iowa; J. Pollard, Baltimore; F. T. Randolph Philadelphia. Citv.?Dr. Bennett, U. 8. N.: K. Bigelow Boston; P Cayger. Albany; W. Judd, Newt?uryport;C.G Edwards, Alabama; Geo. Dubhens, Burlington, M. Baiklow, New Jersey; E Glen, Spring tield; J Vceder, Catunduagua: J.Greer, Na?hville; J. Kvan*,do.; Geo. Oliver, Philadelphia; L Richmond, Virginia, J. Cadd, U. S, N.; W. Scarborough, Connecticut; C. U. F.dwards, Alabama. Isa.hilis-H Holland, Boston; J. Davis, &\racuse; J. Mubiken, Boston; Ed. Cooiedge, Philadelphia; T. B. Smith, <lo.; Capt. Kandall, Builalo; Theo. Pomeroy, Liii'a: R. Ostrander, All any; C. Center, Norwich; H. Read, do.; Judge Martin, Marteusburgh; H. Uaird, Philadeliu ia, R.Tuiner. Albany. Howard? J. Gurdnei, Boston; Dr Ba<num. Baltimore; W. ( aiswcll, Natchez; J. Erie, Philadelphia; T. Djrr, <!o ; Ii Newson, Vnginia; W W ater*, saieni; T. Myer, New Orloai.*i T Sheiry, do.-, J.t rochett, Alabama; N. Brown Ml, * ounec lcut; W. Heed, U. S. A.; Geo White, Albany; G. A .ticLanghlin. Baltimore; Ed Hough, Virginia; r?. Il Bancroft, Charleston; F. Uesinozuno, Green Bay; T.Swan, S'.ouingtuu. The Hot Wrathari In New Orlcai.a on the 3 <th tilt., the mercury rose OT lu Boston, at 13 o'clock, M . on the 10th instant, the thermometer stood at fU depi.es 1- ahrenheit. and at 3 P. M., it stood at 9?, witli an upward tendency. la Philadelphia, on Thursday lait, the thermometer stood at 10 o'clock, at 96l? deg , and at 8 o'clock, at 98. At two o'clock, it stood at 04 V The name date last year the thermometer atood 10 neg. lower. On the 10th of July, ItflS, it waa down to Hi at the Hospital. The record there shows that the hot dayi of lait year wero from the 13th to the 18.h of July, inclusive. The hottest day occurred en the 14th, when the mercury rote to 96, at that place. Mormons in Tkxas.?About 150 Mormons have encamped near Auatin, and it ia probable that they will form a settlement at some point on the Indian frontier.? The people ol that section would dnubtlesa prefer their to their Inilian neighbors We are happy to learn the' o illiberal prejudice has been excite<l toward* t lie in but they have thus far been treated by our citizen* Willi becoming generosity and kindness. They are freemen, ami although wo believe they are wonderfully in error respecting all Ihe religious tenets they proless, still, it ia the duty of freemen to toletate them as other sects aro toleiated, We have no reason to tear that any feuds will arise between them and our citizens, if the ministers of the gospel will not interfere, and endeavor, with uniioly zeal, to incite the people to treat them as tLt 1 dons Puritans of New Kng'and treated the poor Quakers, who, like these Puritans, tied to America to seek for religious toleration As it is possible, however, that a spirit of intolerance may be excited against these religious enthusiasts if they settle in the immediate neighborhood efour settlements, we would advise the-n to remove to the Rio I'uerco, where they will find a country fertile, healthy and beautiful as the land of promise, that has T>een described by their Prophets, and where no white settlers will be found to disturb them. The only (t&lian tribe that claims this valley would probably yield hire keim to the Mormons Idi a few horses and other irfWlng presents, anil they could form a aettlement, and open extensive (arms througn this valley, and build a new temple il they choose, without being subjected to the least aioiesiauon In this valley they can cultivate wheat, rye, oats, and all the graina that they have been accustomed to cultivate in Illinois. The apple, pear, to (teat advantage We doubt whether any portion of ; Calilornia with tta tucrensively arid climate can be fouml aodeoirahle to emigrants lrom the Northern states as the valley of the Hio Puerco. An old M**ic*n I'adre, who explored thii \?lle\ neveral year* ago, iteecribed it asthetiue K1 Dorado that the ftpanlards had bean ao long seeking, end advised hit government to *P*re no eltorta to aettle it imme<liateiy; lor, u; be, if the Van keei ever fret Right of it, they will rush to it In orowdi, ami all the |?*er of Mexico will never get them out againTieuifon (Ttsmt) TtUgr*ph, Junt 17. Common Fle??. This Ootirt adjourned on Saturday to Memday week City Intelligence. Hut Accidckti?At lit o'clock yeaterdaynornlng, he mercury steod at 80 degree*? five degrees higher '' than the day| ^reriout; it twelve o'clock, It steod ' 95?four degrees higher than the day previous; s at 3* it stood atW; at S, at 93; an4 at 6, at 90?the warm- T est day we hare had in this city (or ten yeais. It wai certainly a melting day. The faces of the pedestrian* N were running down complete rivers of sweat, and every A man looked as though he had just emerged from a bath, and neglected to dry himself. A great many escaped ts from the city, and the boats, m-hether destined far or near, were aft crowded with people. Soda-water, root- j beer, and ginger-pop were in great demand, and the Cl venders of these articles must have reaped quite a . harvest. c Cour nt Soi.eil. - We hoard of sis casus of deaths, ye? i terday, from the heat of the weather, and give them, as c follows. g . A man received a stroke of the sun in Bleeker street, t| Was taken to the isth ward station-house, and soon died His name wa< not ascertained. Another man. a driver of an ice-cart, was picke I up by officer McDougal, of the v 6th ward, at the fout of lloboken street?dead. P A sailor, named Oeorirc Cowell, died fiom the effects of the weather at ISdJ I herry street. An inquest was ! held on an unknown rain, at the dead-house, who died n from tha eltocts of the heat . An inquest wat aUo held on Henry Lewis, who wai , found d?-ad in a lniubar-yard, No 6ju Washington I'reet, ? who died probably from the effect of the wea:h<?r. .. Mr. Pater McOlynn, for twenty yeare a respectable ci- ' | tixen of this city. was sun struck in the street, yesterdty, r ; and expired in a few hour* after. His funeral will take place this afternoon, from the Church of the Nativity, in . Second street gj Sap Ca?caltv?Thrkk P, n?om killed raox the n crrcOTS of thk sf!?.?'Three persons residing near a Port Richmond, Staton Island, were "sun struck'' yesterday, and notwithstanding immediate medical attend- N | ance they all died in a short time,after having been struck | down. The first ,>?ison struck was a laborer employed I in Mr. Jewett's extensive white lead factory ; the other ^ I two, a mala and female, in the employment ol Dr. Harri| son, were struck down about an hour after the above, I 8 and lived but a short time after the fatal occurrence. * I Hnascs/?Any quantity of horses were killed by the | heat yesterday. We saw no less than three stage horses . ;

| which had fallen down in Chatham stieet, and a number , in Broadway. It ii a shamo to work these poor animuls 11 . so hard this hot weather. " A merciful man is merciful c ' to his beast.'' | f Case or Bmootixo ?Henry C. Marx was arrested yester- ! t, i day morniiw by Capt. Case, of the 16th ward, taken to the y i Jefferson Market police office, and committed to a cell ; by Justice Merritt, chaiged with shooting Francis ! j, I Crusick, under the following circumstances It ap- . j 1 peers that Mary Crusick. sister of Francis, has been : living with Marx and his mother in the capacity of a p servant girl, and alleges that for six weeks she had received no wages for Lor services. Having left the house, ? she returned there this morning, about 9 o'clock, with r, her brother, who drives a milk cart, and, going to the door, rang the bell and demanded her pay. Marx's sis- g ter came to the door, slammed it to, and endeavored to 1 q prevent the girl from entering. Crusick got oil' his 1 | wagon and went up to assist his sister, when Marx, j, I coming to the door, high words ensued, when the for- i ^ mar s?i*lrur a uistal. shet Crasick throuch the fleshv c part of the right shoulder. He was taken ta the hospital, tl where tit* ball waa take* oat, amd ha w entirely oat of j. Coot. 8leihi??.?On Friday light, over a hundred a people *l?|>t on the benchos and grass of the battery. Loafers, decent men. and dogs, were mingled in moit admirable oonfusion. It was certainly a very cool berth. G We aaw one poor fellow yesterday morning, however, * who remarked to us that aomebod) had left the Battery 1 gate open, by which he had caught an awful cold. We noticed quite a number preparingJor a snooze, about ten ! .1 o'clock lust night. If this weather continues long, the j 1 Battery benches will be at a premium, and marked, " To . ii Let" - I A Duel ok the Tins.?A couple of young men, members of the " first families," left the city vesterday, | c to proceed to Bladensburgh, for the purpose of repairing | c ! their injured honors by the''shooting of powder." What i s the eause of the duel is ia not yet made known. ' I I Bor Drowned.?Throe colored boys, named Kdward | Gilbert, John Wilson, and Samuel Irvine, were playing I : and wrestling at the foot of Barclay street, yesterday i j I forenoon, when the two former, in a scuffle, nushed lr- | a I vine into the dock, and before assistance could be ren- ' I dared, he was drowned. He was twenty years of age, t i and resided at 343 Elizabeth street. The two boy* were , ( locked up. \ Lightning.?We had somo magnificent lightning,'last ( Bight Several large clouds seemed to be very heavily I . charged with electricity, which played about among ! them more beautifully even than " a poet's dream." We I would sentimentalize a little upon the lightning, but the : I hot weather forbids. We can only hope that it will blow j t up a thunder-shower, and give us cooler weather. I c | TiiBRMOMETEa?The thermometer at Morris's in Wall ; i w^alAixlar mnmintr at rt fit SO and flit 12 M. At i O I 94 degree*. On Friday it was?7i at 6, and 91 at 12. b [ Sukpat.?We venture to ?ay that " some'' people will ' I leave the city to-day, for the purpose of escaping from , 1 the stifling air and burning beat The churches will be I I poorly patronised, and the temples " aot made with j Lands" be thronged with the esca]>ed laborer, with his wife or sweetheart, the clerk pent up in hii office all the ) week, and all sorts and conditions ot men will fly to Ho- ' I boken, Statin Island, Coney Island, or some other of the I many resorts about our city, to get a breath of fresh air and to roll in the surf. Boston Yachts.?The " Northern Light," Lakin, belonging to Mr. Wm. P.Winchester, and the "Pet," Gregg, belonging to Mr. Thomas Parsons, all of Boston, are daily expected here, to participate in the great race of the 16th. Appointments ?r the Governor.?Charles F. Wetmore has been ap)>ointed a commissioner of deeds for the | city and county oi New York, in place of Livingston Livingston, resigned. j Drowsed.?A young man, named Wm. McCready, was drowned, yesterday afternoon, about five o'clock, at . the foot of 14th street, Last liver, while bathing. He i was a young man very much esteemed, and was connected, it is said, with some of the most distinguished fa- I milies in this city. Police Intelligence* I Jult 10. ? Caugkt ataiti.?A young man by the name 1 . of Peter Connelly, who keeps a small fancy shop or j , "fence,"on the corner of Madison and Catharine streets, was arreted yesterday by Messrs. Camp and Blaney, ef i the Police Gazette, under the following circumstances : 1 It appears this Connelly has been in the habit of visiting the store of Mr. Joseph Chamberlin, dealer in pearl but- ' tons and fancy article*, No. 81 Cedar street, early in j the morning, before Mr. Chamberlin came down to business, and would purchase frequently of the boy attend- ; ing the store, some >r> or $20 of various articles, and ; < while the attention of the boy was directed another : ! way, he would steal about the samtf amount. Thus, by | this process, he was driving a very extensive business, I i However, Mr. I hamberlin, upon examining some ol in* stock, found a number of article! were minting, and invariably after the visit* of thi* Connell?consequently Mr. Camp wan applied to in thi* matter, and 1 a plan devised to catch the thief, and on yesterday morning (Saturday,) Connelly came a* usual to make a purchase, when, trom a place where Mr. Camp was secreted in the store, he observed the accused to tteal and secret about hi* person three boxes of peatl buttons, valued at He was a' once arrested by Mr. Camp, and taken 1 before the chief of police, where he was identified to be j the same individual who i* under indictment for similar ch.iipet. Mr. Chamberlia i* of opinion, from the ap- j pearunce* of his stock, that this rascal has robbed hiin , of levoraJ hundred dollar* worth of propeity, at variou* times in thi* way. The chief immediatelv deipatched sone oftWr* to "frisk" hi* premise*, rnd a Urge anoun. of pro|ierty ha* been brought to the office liiemijority ' ol which has evidently been stolen by thi* procais.? , | Merchants who have missed propeity of this descripi tion, such as fancy articles, would do well to examine i i the articlcinow in the possession of the ch:el' of police ' 1 This "sneaking" thief was committed for examination Taken from a TKief.?Officer Goulding. of the 6th ; ward, arretted a thief called Charley Cuitii, having in i his possession a gold locket, part of a gold bracelet, two gold rings, one umall case con'aining a lock of hair ; also a gla-s stamp, for which an owneris wanted. Apply to ! the chief of police. SAwjj lifting again.?Some thieving scamp entered the I store of i'. 8 Morris, No Chatimm ?.reel, and car| ried off nine or ten gold bracelets, with chain, and from ' IS to 16 sinple stone garuetf finger ring*. No arrest Stealing a Watch? Patrick Hog Ail. and John Lewi*, were both arrested by that efficient officer, Watson, of ! the 6th wan', charged with stealing a silver watch, worth $10. belonging to Michael Roukc, residing at Newark. N. J., while in a den, kept by Regan, one of ! the accused, a! No. 37i Orunge street. * Bo.h committed for trial, by Ju'tice Hunker. 1 Jirrett of a Cart/nan ?Captain Budinot, of the 3 1 ward, ' arrested, yesterday, uutcn cartmm, called re o | Christie, for driving a cart without a license. and, after ! some considerable trouble, he succeeded in bringing him before Justicc Bioem, who fined him"$5, and he wa> then | discharged. We understand that hit honor, the Mayor, j h <s issued orders, directing the cart-inapectora to arrest all the cartmen who are driving without a license. 80 look out, boy* ! Paning Counter/tit M?nry.?Margaret Taylor waa arrested last night, on a charge of pasaing counterfeit money upon John Kogcl, No. 14 King street. Locked up for cxaminatinn. Shop-lifting.?A fellow, called Charlei Stone, waa caught, last night, in the act of stealing a pair of hoots, worth >2,50, from the store of John Ilaybourm, No 219 Hudson street. Locked up for trial. SKop-li/ttr Caught ?Officer Snyder arrested, last night, a follow, called James O'Conner, whom he caught I in the act of stealing a piece of calico, containing thirty- I eight yarda, valued at $3, belonging to C. A. C. Foillion, corner of Catharine and Madisonat re eta. Commit ted for trial, by Juatice Ketcham. Brooklyn City Intelligence. 1 Cour ot Solcii..?An Irish laborer, named Dillon, waa struck by the sun yesterday, on his way home after work, In the vicinity of 8outh Brooklyn, and was taken j home a corpse. Court of Ocn?ral Heaalona. Before Recorder Scott, and Aid. Stoneall and Walsh. John McKeon Ksq , District Attorney. Jul* 11 ? Hfjamin Oaktr, who was yesterday found gnilty of forgery in the 3d degree, in having on the 12th of November lust, filled up a check for $928, on the Mechanics' Banking Association, to which the name ot his employer, Simeon P. Smith, was affixed,was this morning ! placed at the bar for aentence. The jurv, in rendering their verdict, having recommended the prisoner to ' mercy, the Court sentenced him to be impriaoned in . the State prison tortile term of two years, that being the shortest period prescribed by law. Edvard Merrii. having plead guilty to an indictment j lor mnn?inngnirr in cn? ?m degree, in Having on the 4in of June laat. wijile in a actiffie with a negro named John Weat, thrown him overboard from ? iteamboot, and thereby raining hit death by drowning, wan aentenccd br the i Court to be confined in the City Prison for one month. The Court then adjourned until Monday morning. United M tit tea Dietrlet Court. Before Judge Betta. Jniv 11? T\f Vnittd Statu rt One C??? of Pricitui Slontt. ft ?TheJury rendered a verdict thia morning for the claimeata Religion a Intelligence. C*lh?da* ton JutT?11th Fifth Sunday after Trinity. 9tli. Sixth Sunday after Trinity. 25th St. James, Apoa and Martyr. 36ih. 7th Sunday after Trinity. Tha monthly meeting of the " Magdalen Benevolent ociety," will he held at the aiylum in Yorkville. on 'uaaday, July 14, at 10 A. M. Tha Synod of Genesee itanda adjourned to meet at ; It. Morris, Liviiig>ton co., on Tuesday tha 18th day of > ngust, at 4 o'clock, P. M. The annual commencement of Hamilton College will ika place on Wednesday, July 2*ld. The monthly concert of prayer for Israel, under the irection of the American Society for meliorating the ondition of the Jews, will be observed on Wednesday vening next, at 8 o'clock, at the Jaws' Mission House, ornai of 1st arenue and Second street The Presbyterian Church, in Allen street, have it ia ontemnlation to re model, cushion, and iMint their edice, ana that, after tha next Sabbath, it will be cloaed for >>? tuirfKMA until SeDtember. We regret to learn that the lit. Rev Bishop Da Lancey, ,'hile vn a visit to Philadelphia, received an injury which revented him from consocrating <>rmce Church, South lyster Bay, as wu hii intention to do on Tuesday last. The King of Prussia has transmitted to Dr. ftowe, of loston. a medal lor " scientific merit," an a textimonv of it majesty'? appreciation of Dr. H 'a re< vices in the aus? of the Institutions of the Blind, and of hie method f instructing the deaf and dumb, who aro also blind ? 'lie me^al is of gold, of Urge size and beautiful worklanship. On one aide of it i< Apollo in his chariot, with iur horses, with the zojiac at their feet. On the reverse i the head ef the piesent king, with the legend Fndr. j Villiam IV., Kotniii Von Pre unci. It is not a little ingular that this tribute should come from the country ! i which llr. Howe was imprisoned in 1X30, for hii interst in behalf of the Poles. A new parish has been organized in Essex county, lew Jersey, under the name and title of ' The Hector, hardens and Vestrj men of St Luke's Church in the iwnship of Blootnfield." The Kcv. Anthony TenBroeck, Lector of St. Mark's llall, Orange, officiates as Missionry. Arrangements have been wade lor the immediate rection of a House of Prayer. The Rev. Mr. Major, of the Protestant Episcopal hurch, has given in his adhesion to Romanism, and iken his fir?t communion He had a parish in one of the aine rarher unexpectedly upon bin congregation The Itev. George C. Drake, from Trinity Church, Irangerille, Columbia county, Pennsylvania, hai been t ransferred to St. James' Church, Schuylkill Haven, cliuy!kill county, Pa. The Rev J. Avery Shepherd, from Wilmington, N. C., I as been transferred to Cool Spring, Washington county, 1 J C. The Rev. Charlei Fox, of Michigan, has tailed for England. The Rev. Samuel Marks, has been transferred from hrist Church, Huron, Ohio, to Racine, Wisconsin Teritory The Rev. Charles B. Stout has been transferred from t. James' Church, Painesville, Ohio, to St Phillip's hurch, Circleville, Ohio. The Pittsburg Annual Conference of the M. E. Church i now in cession at I'niontown. Rev. Mr. Leving?, of few York, Financial Secretary of the American Bible oriety, tt said to have presented the claims of that insti rtion In a very eloquent and forcible manner on the 4th aataat. The Msiae Method tot CbnferenM* sittiftg at Hallowell, djouraed oa the 8th iiurt.' ^ The cornerstone of a new ?b?rch at Lowville. Lewi* ounty, N. y., was laid on ftfarday, June 13th. The ddres* was delivered by the fttr. Edward A. Renaouf, be rector. Sunday, June 28th, in Christ C%*rch, Bordentown. N. ..Bishop Ooanc admitted to Deacons'orders Mr Wiljam Passmoro, who has tinea been appointed missionary n Allentown. and parti adiaceat The candidate was iresented by the rector, the R?v. Mr. Mitchell. Bishop Doane has addressed a pastoral letter to hit J lergy, urging on their notice a resolution of th? last | onvention. appointing a collection to be made on the eventh Sunday after Trinity, in aid of inArm and disa- . >led clergymen. June 28tli, at St. Phillip's Church, Philadelphia, Bishop j 'otter admitted to Deacons'orders Messrs. J.H.Smith, r.. D. H. Macurdv. B. W. Morris. H. E. Montgomery, 1 ind H 8. Spackman. Morning prayer was read by the lev. E Neville, rector of St Philip'* Church; the lessons ?y the Rer. J. M. Lybrand, rector of St. Paul's Church, Camden, N. J., and the communion office by the buhop, vho aUo preached the sermon. Messrs. Macurdv, Mont[omery, and Spackman were presented by the Rev. Dr. iVilliaras, of Philadelphia, and Messrs. Smith and Morris >y the Rev. Mr. Neville. Since the 9th of March, the Bishop of 8outh Carolina i las performed the following episcopal acts?Confirmsions, 179 ; ordinations, 2, (deacons ;) churches conse- , rated, 1. The Journal of the late Convention of North Carolina ! if this diocese, held at Raleigh, from May 37 to June 1, I ,as been received. There were present, beside the lishop. 23 of the clergy, and 33 lay delegates. From the lishop's address and other documents given, it appears i hat there have been during the year?Confirmations, 171; j laptismi, infant4, 293; adults, AO. Ordination*?Deacons ! t; Priests. 3. The whole number of communicants is 713 reported?a decrease of 69 since last year, but >wing to omissions in some quarters, the entire number las not been found out. There are connected with the liocese 29 Priests and 3 Deacons. There are 7 candilates tor orders at present, and 3 waiting to be received. Die Bishop in his address recounts the particulars of an extensive and laborious, series of visitatioas, in which :he improvement of the slave population seems to have seen prominently before hii mind. The Mission school it Valle Crucis is stated to be in a prosperous condition. The Journal of the 50th Annual Convention of Massachusetts bas been published. 46 of the clergy and 84 lay lelegates were in attendance. The confirmations and >rdinations have been before stated One cliurch has t>een lonsecrated. and & parishes organised. There are ) candidates for orders in the diocese. The parochial reports are not sufficiently complete to show the real state jf the Church. The Wales lug Placcsi, Saratoga Srarnas, July 3. TTie Season Opening?Arrivals at the Hottls?Amusements and Exercises. Yesterday and to-day have appeared a little like having i season adapted to the Springs. The weather, which ippears to be the regulator of the business here, has )een quite warm, and renders the cool and pleaaant groves and balconies, the baths and waters, in demand, knd the indications new are, that there will be no lack of ;ompany. Among the arrivals to-day at the United States, tho Aslor of Saratoga, I notice several members of the State Convention, including Hon. Messrs. Tracy, Barnard Corning and other*. Also several gentlemen of the British Army in Canada Nearly one hundred have been saueo 10 our gaesis wumn me pan mree or lour nays. I And the hotels in admirable order, as usual The United States, by Messrs. Marvins, far exceed! any accountof it I have ever read ?like the temple of Solomon, it would co in pel the Queen of Sheba. were the on the stage, or any other Queen to acknowledge, " the half hat never yet been told " Iti spacious main edifice aad wingi, with cottages, all idapted to comfort and pleasure, with an elegance and taste that should satisfy a princ?? ita unequalled court*, grove*, balconies, arbors, grottoes, garden* and floral walks, always in exqui.ite order, with fifty score of genteel and intelligent servants, to move at the first hint of the accomplished and enterprising proprietors?its spa ious halls for parties?in rplendid furniture?its delightful music, from a bund employed expressly for the house, and one of the best in the United States?all combine, with such fare as is always enjoyed there, to rend it just Rur.h a house as these eminent springs should have. And if I may judge trom the uniform pleasure beaming from every eye, whether of blushing gioom or blooming bride, parents, uncles, bachelors or maids, business men or men of leisure. I should say all have forgotten all other considerations in the pie*ent all eng>o*sing one of enjoying the season iti the best |>os*ih!e miinner < ongress Hall and Union Hall Hre. as u-ual in brilliant order, and rendered still more attractive by the beauty and fashion which grace their halls. tfieat attention has been ptid to the facilities for amusement, exercise and recreation. (Jridley's Bowling Saloon. billiard rooms and shooting galleries, nre rendered more than usually attractive to such at enjoy them, by the extensive improvements which have bean mmle in them, and by additions made to them. I doubt whether greater attractions can be Inund in any place in the United States than here; nor can I see why any need complain for the want of diversion exercise, or entertainment conducive to health, and enjoyment of life. And yet I have made but a mere glance at what I intend to speak of. At another time, (in my next, or in the succeeding one,) 1 shall give your numerous leders, who have not yet aruved. a minute account of the new source of pleasurable diver-iou found at the Lake, Sul pher Springe, lie Just as I was finishing the last line of the foregoing sentence, my atteution was drawn to the saloon below, which was nearly filled with gentlemen and lad as. and whose social intercourse was suddenly i ruken up by the voluntary musical discourse of an itinerating palrthe gentleman, with violin anj voice, and the lady with harp and voice. It served as a very agreeable njvel entertainment for a few moments, until the hour arrived for going to the "Mammoth Circus" of Rockwell it Stone, where Herr Cline, upon the tight rojie, and the vaulting Franklin, M'Karland, the area! unbearen nnon the *lack rope, Mr?. Oooen tt al. are to **toni.?h ihou*and* now assembling, with their performances ? cloaing with the celebrated bull figi.t. Ho you see, that notwithstanding the ' inclemcucy of the teaaon," we are not likely U? die of ennui, or to become melaacholv for want of tomt "entertainment* " JuLr 4th, EveningI concluded not to mail thia until thU evening, in order to aec what might be the doing* and performance* on " independence <iay." The only thing note-worthy, is the encampment, in Academy Square, of Capt. J J Veile'a Citizena Corp*,ol Troy, they having come hore on a complimentary vi-it to our citizen*, to remain in camp over the Sabbath. Thia ia a granl company, beautifully uniformed, well drilled and intelligent I nm informed the company ha* offered it* erfke* to the government lotne Mexican witr.ilmerded. A few *uch men, under old " Rough and Ready," woulJ take Mexico and California in the bargain. Thia jou will regard a* a more introduction to what you will receive in time. Voura, lie , KOINONJKOS. RlghU of Tcmalv* to tlielr own Proper* jr. Mr. Editor i?Two friends nt my elbow have made a plausible Fiiggestion in relation to tlie proposed alteration in relation to the protection of whatever property feiuale* have in their own right, prior to marriage, and for me to give publicity to the suggestion in the saucy Herald, which , is, that the husbands of all suck females yhall not be required or bound to pay their wive's *lebts, but that they bhnli pay all their own debts, as in justice and equity tbejr ought, wlun tliey have the means to do so. The earnings of the husband, 1 or the property of his creditors should not go to paying his wife's debts. They propose this as an adjunct to the article?as an act of equal Justus, i / t ***??S#5ea?9B? Afklri ?f Sante Fc. [From the Independence (Mo) Expositor, June 2# ] On Saturday Messrs Bent tod 8t. vrain arrived from Santa Fe, in the ihort ?pare of 26 day*. They hare had an uninterrupted trip in. and briag news far more favorable than we anticipated. Letters brought by them have also bean received her* in town from Santa Kt\ which, together with the information derived from Messrs Bent and St. Vrain, telW ua that, up to the time of their departure from Santa Fa, no danger of molestation wan anticipated b v the A merit-ant. Some little newa from below was received respecting the war, but nothing delinite. It was reported that there were about 6 000 soldiers coming up, but for what purpose or Intent non* could tell. The trade was going on as usual, ami the traders who left here a month or so since had arrived almost to their point of destination, some of them had gotten as far as 100 or 360 miles of Santa Fe. Messrs. Speyers, McKnigbt, Colbouru, and one company of Spaniards tthe 4rmijo'?) were in advance of the re?t They had all made forced marches?Speyers had travelled as tar as from <40 to 4> miles a day. The reports whi?h were in circulation respecting this man and the other of the trailers, that the troops had gotten up with them and required them to stop, all prove to be fabrications. Ha was with the others, eight days in advance of the troops, and M^jor Howard and his company had only reached the Arkansas. The horset of the troops were all giving out r?pi<ily. This was to be expected aa soon as they rencnea me ounjio or suort grass. when malting suca rapid marches as tliey were necessarily compelled to make. It i* reported that the latter company 01 Mexican trader* (Spaniard!) are compelled by the troop* to recti >un until the mum body ot tliem get up, but the report that one of them was *hot i? untrue Our trader* her* now wear a little batter face than thav did a few daya ago Their good*, which hare been to long detained in the custom house. New Vork. having been permitted to pau through, and their arrival expected immediately, they are nriklntt active preparation! to go ahead. Succei* be with them. No new* of interest from the fort? the troop* will leave a day or two hence for the plain*. Boston, July 9,1846. H'artu I Vtalhtr?Growth of Boston and the Surrounding VillageI?The Tariff and the Manufacturer!?Another Big Gun?Bunnell at the Wavy Yard?Store Breakeri? Departure of the Troy Engine Co., fc. The weather ia most iniufferably warm and *ultry. A t noon, yesterday, the mercury wa* at 81){ The con?? quence ii, those who can afferd a littlo season of ruitioation in the country, or at the place* of faahionable reaort, are wending their way out of the city In doubl* quick time. We are having some iplendid moonlight evening*, however, which go far to atone for the almost insupportable hot and uncomfortable daya. One of the iteamboat* make* a trip down the harbor in the evening, amonr the Island*, with muiic and other entertainment* on board, and the excursion i* ?aiJ to be perfectly delightful?a statement which can very easily be credited. Boston is growing so fast, and her business it so rapidly increasing. thnllhe limits ot the city are found inadequate to accemmoda'e tho entire population, which circumstance in connection with the fact that many prefpr to live iMne country villages, induces a large numher of the business men to fix their domiciles In these latter places The consequsnce is, that a great mnay ' eligible nou-e lota" and "desirable places for country residence," close by some railroad de|>ot. are advertised and sold at auction. In some instances, a large company of bidders from the city attend these sales, soma for the purpose of ?poculition. and some with the more laudable design of selecting a spot, around which shall in future cluster all the hallowed associations of home. Every summer adds a part to the number who are seeking those quiet retioais. away from tha turmoil of the city, where better air and water oan ba obtained; and children can be educated more in accordance with the teachings of nature?and where their physical, intellectual, and moral capacities can ba mora rreely developed and strengthened, than in the crowded and stifled city. Tha passage of the tariff bill by the House of Representatives, by so large a majority, was not anticipated, I think, by the manufacturers of New England. They had hoped that the other great questions which havo oocupied the attention of Congress, might divert the attention of the politicians from the tariff so that it might ba suffered, with some slight modifications, at most, to remain untouched. In this they are most signallv disappointed; and they will not fail to make a great outcry against the proposed reduction. The manufacturers have been making enormous profits, and they can still maka money under tho modified tariff as fast as other people, and therewith they ihould be content. Mr. Cyrus Alyer. the famous gun caster at South Bo*ton, who auppliei the government with soma loud specimens of " Baby-wakers," has just cast one which will probably speak for itself when it is completed It trill weigh about 000 pound*, and will carry a round shot weighing '230 pounds. It is intended for harbor defence, and the range of it* shot will be 3} miles. The cost will not exceed $1700. At the navy yard the Ohio has been dismasted, preparatory to going into the dry dock, which she will do a* soon as the Independence is taken out, and that will be In a few days. The workmen are busy in fitting up the old Franklin 74, as a teceiving ship, in place of the Ohio. Our city is still infested by a gan? of thieves and pickpockets, store-breakers and petty robbers, who are Industriously exercising themselves in their professional business. They don't appear to make any very heavy "lifts," v though they are quite successlul in avoiding detection. The Eagle Engine Company, from Troy, alter visiting Providence the day previous, where they were handsomely receivudby the whole fire department of that city, returned home yesterday by the Western railroad. Havlgatlvu off uw UtUo tUvsr, Placet. Time. Stale of Hirtr. Cincinnati, July 1 8 feet 0 inches. Wheeling, Juno i 10 feet. P'ttabunc, July i 13 feet, rising.1 Louisville. June 30 .. . .6 fee*. 8 it cbei. 1* 1 "? . ..-1 ^Hi MONEY MARKET* Saturday July 11?6 P. M. The excessive hot weather puts a stop to all stock speculations, and sales are therefore vary limited ? P. ir*A? r.mnnirAH urilh thna* rnrn>nt at *ho firm* board yesterday have (lightly improved. Long Island went up X per cent; Harlem, IX ; Norwich and Worcester, X' i Reading, X. and Ohio A'i >f. At tho second board the sales were very limited, but prices were well (attained. The transactions were confined almost entirely to Iiarlem, and Norwich and Wor| cester. The following ia a comparative statement of the quan tity and value of certain article* exported from Philadel* pl.ia for the flrat six month* of each of the pa*t two J Ml.? j Coxhiici or pniladilrhia?Fomtio* EiroaTS?j arc* abt 1 to JuLT 1, 'BIS a!*d '40. mi. 1818 Wheat, bosh 6,105 $6 051 17,499 $96.'It Flour, bbls 12,106 3>l,5'8 119 113 901*74 Rice, casks 640 13.548 (51 *5.WI Corn, bush 70.667 36 901 89 5" I 63 653 'urn Meal, bbls 57,001 151.231 77.KC8 238 m? l Rye Meal 9 44l 30.341 12 5* 42,590 Birk, hhd< >31 11.335 *30 11,747 Shewed. bbU.;;;;; 13 96 3 ^ JJTJJ 51 04 Tobacco, blids 290 17,015 495 30.697 N Storei. hbls 10.056 22 ?40 T71 1 . It Cotton, bales 1,594 42.939 174 6,534 The increase in the shipments of flour, wheat, rice, com and corn meal, both in quantity and value thi* year, compared with last, ha* been very great, bei-'g iu**veial instance* more than two hundred per cent more. The revenue and expenditure* of the Iiland of Jamaica for the quarter ending Dec 31, 1846, were as an x ueie appcara 10 ue an excon 01 locorne over expenses:? Rktkiujk or Jamkci, W I. In hand* of (be Receiver (ienanl on the Hit September lait ?<4.0.'? IS 7 Received during the December quarter. . . IK',444 6 1 166 470 tt? 6) Paid during the quarter 107 Jo7 4 8 Balance remaining in the h.*?n<?? of the Receiver General on the 31 it Uecumlier laat ... ?69.<Kt 19 0 Thii ihowi an increane on the hahnre over the previous quarter nf ?3.177 I 5, which waa the exceu of revenue of expenditure* for the quarter We undented that the diiectora of the Vermont and Masiachutetti Railroad Company have decided to locate their road through (iardner, and that the route ia aicer* tained to he much more favorable than wai anticipated. The lubicnbera arc promptly pnj ing up their back ea*e'?menti, and a fourth aa?ee?ment of ten dollera per hue hai been laid, pejeMe on the Wt inttant ? The director! are about contacting for iron, with the , intention of opening a part of the road for travel by the lit of January, 1847. The amount of revenue collected ?t Boiton for the pre* sent yeer, contracted with 1844, hai been ai f.illotri:? From Jan 1 to March SI, 1944 HUd.flM 73 ? April 1 to June 30 1,379 6.W 80 Total $1,'JJ6 3 J*i i-i From Jan 1 to March 31, 1846 $1 40-1.016 03 " April 1 to June >0 1.333.-lOo 00 , Total (i,640.416 0-3 Increaae of revenoe over the flrit iix monthi of le>t year, $414,000 60. (ii?i Mock Kirhang*. M 000 N V Stan '? 819, mix 20r a u Long I.lard R R MW 81,1100 Ohio 7 I l?OU !?J J7J d fii.OOO Kn.tm ky ?'? ? Jm do Harltm RR <?? Sl.UtXi lllinou G>, 1870 33W IJ0 do kig y, tl.Oflfl Ind Dol Bd?, Mvrs 33 son do JO tt itii Bank State N V 81 JO d,, b*> JO I 7J do Cantou Co 31W 300 do 125 do 3: JO do 110 ?g>2 Hi do N>>r fc Wor R R J6X JO do b?J jo5 '00 do 130 JSk 100 do 27J do j(,iJ MOdoR.-diegRR 67 Vj do I16O 4' :*iO J.. "V 230 do " 7?M 130 do b30 Gt2 1IA do S?.? IWniKl Hon ret. IVI ahi Htrltm RR, MO ? V) aha Nor fc Wot RR. ViW JO do '30 do tifit *2 30 do <10 <'> 30 do (30 Mlj 30 do 49^ 200 .do . a ) 3H 30 do 4??>S 30 aha Loot [aland RR, M)( 100 do ?00 49 30 Canton St rip, 3 l*?*? rttork KuhmiKr. ; 30 aha L laland RR, caah 30V . 13 aha Nor li Wot, anw 36 23doNorkWor ?3 3fi^4 23 do Monday 3*V J do .30 3? 30 do (uh MH Nvrlwli At the Main* of the 10 th Arrondi?M>ment, on Saturday, the 10th ult, Comtt. Kirpinano r>t L*iT?>Tc, member of the Chamber of Deputiea, to Miss Martha Wiihuiton sca*Hoea, of Chaileatun, South Carolina Tua ie| lifioua ceremony ?aa peiforiaed the amine day in