Newspaper of The New York Herald, 14 Temmuz 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 14 Temmuz 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. \rw lurk, Tutt lny. Joiy 14. IM8, HERALD FOR EUROPE. Advertisements for Foreign Travellers. 1 he steamship Biiunnia w ill leave Boston on Tliurt ?tay for Liverpool. We khall iasue au edition of tbi Herald for Europe to-morrow the l&th iiut, in time foi her mail baga. It will contain a full hutory of all commercial, politi cal monetary, and fasbiouable new s.from the time of th( uailing of the last steamer,an d w ill bo illustrated by twi or three aplenilid engravings, representing Kort lirown on the Rio Grande, p. scene in the 1'aik on the 4tli ol 11,i? fbt. Wo would recommend thi? paper to those who are Jo iroiin of extending their busineai, and attracting the attention of Kuropean readers. It ia probably tiie teat advertiaio< medium they can employ. T? artiata, mechanics, tailors, hotel-keeper*, theatre nianageri, Sic. kc.t it will be of great advantage. Single copiea 6>* cents each. Coiigrtsiluiiul l'lUttKlhln'J?I'?>HJrtil of Bu* dilK ? *. The tariff bill has at l ist been tnken up in the Senate, aiul the Chairman of the Finance Committee led off the debate. He advocated ad valorem dutic*, and made the broad assertion, thai the House bill would produce a revenue of twenty-eight millions ot dollar?, upon an importation of one hundred and nineteen millions. If that is true, it is an increase of the average rate of duty, as the present tariff does not produce such a revenue. The average of the present act, is less than twenty-five per cent On motion of Mr. Evans, the bill was postponed until to-day. We have no doubt there will be a lengthy debate upon this question. We are satisfied tho Ilouee bill will not pass the Senate. The warehousing bill passed to be enmossed, but there have been so many amendments made to it, that we have at present no idea of its pro visions. [ A resolution was introduced in the House of Representatives, reminding the Senate 'hat several important bills had been sent to that body for concurrence. This is a good move, as the Sennte appears to have lost sight of them entirely. Th<v graduation bill still hangs in the House, and there appears to be con-iderable difficulty experienced in its progress. Votes are taken on amendments and as often reconsidered. It'state is very doubtful, parties are so very equally divided on the principal points raised, that the casting vote ol the speaker has several times been required to settle the matter. We see no sign of a final adjournment. Will some member make it his business to keep this subject belore the House. TUe American Army?The Regulars and tUelr Officer*. No topic has lately excited more attention, nor been discussed with more pride than our gallant army and its otficers. Success ulways commands notice as an end, but when brought about by either talent, superiority, or deeds of daring, the means used and object attained excite respect and praise. In the ca?o of our own forces, not only all of these traits have been exhibited, but combined with them we have seen discipline, strategy and valor, victorious over superiority in numbers, advantage of position, and brutal resistance, in an enemy actuated by feelings of desperation and dread of famine. Of some of the details connected with the branch of our national power, which has latterly achieved such triumphs, we would now speak. The aggregate force of the army actually in S"rviee on the commencement of the present year, was of whom 7.'M were commissioned officers, and 7,SS5 non-commissioned otficers, musicians, artificers, and privates, or about one commissioned ofheer to every ten men ; though of these officers, about 150 being engaged in some other duty than that of actual command, would lessen the proportion to one officer to every fifteen men. Sinc<* that period, owing to the outbreak Of war with Mexico, two mounted regiments have been added to the regular army, and orders received for the completion olthe previously enrolled regiments to their maximum number. So that within the suceeeding three months, probably, eur regular forces will amount to about 15,000 rank and file. We would only * ish that with the increase in numbers, the pay of the privatos were raised to a sum sufficiently commensurate to their services; and that our officers, now perhaps respectably remunerated, should be allowed, when incapacitated by age or sickness, to retire on half pay. That our army has been thus increased in numbers,and abundant appropriations made for subfri ? fence, equipment, and transportation, is in a great degree owing to the firct opportunity which ooeurrcd for a successful display of its utility. When the news came of the two or three ambuscades into which small d-'achnients of the main r%f nilr n imu in Tuiriu uravn nffn/>L n<l u?i<4 """J """J ? r. i miu overcome, though 110 evidences were .>een of want of bravery, yet there wore many who censured the rashness, nnd underrated the military skill o( our officers ; and at that time it could not be concealed, that an intense anxiety prevailed for the safety of tlie whole army of occupation. Had Gen. Taylor, at that time, merely retreated to Point Isabel, and held out strongly in that point, nine-tenths of the American people weuld not have been dissatisfied with his course under the circumstances; but the reputation of West I'oint, the honor of the troops, and tho glory of the officers, would not admit a delay for the arrival of volunteers, to detract from the inent of those wlio risked fame and litis on their own exertions. We know the result. The world knows it, a>id all slanders and r.diculo hitherto thrown out against the defenders of the government, were scattered with the remnants of a flying foe. But had the result been otherwise? had our army there, cut off from all asuistance, been destroyed by the numerical superiority o( the Mexicans, would the allowances for defeat been sufficient to have dispelled the coolness with which most certainly any proposition for increase of force would have, been rerf?ivf?il nrmios it is as with individuals?m tlu'ir successes and prosperity they are overwhelmed with praise and offers of assistance, but tn unavoidable adversity no man holds out a helping hand. The soldier who now by long services stands at the head of the American army is General Gaines. This veteran, who for nearly sixty years has fought, and bled, and conquered in the battles of his country, is now called to account by men who were unborn, or in their cradles, when he was wielding the sword in the repulse of aggression. A hero of half a century, who was rewarded by a government and applauded by a nation, is now given an opportunity of vindl catmg his oharncter from a charge of over-zea leuMieM- We hope the opportunity has been af< iorcLadin aspiritol justice rather than of detrao -General Scott, the highest in rank, ttaoJjjh hot SO long in service, who was breveted 14 W his distinguished good services in the suo. oeseree oenfiicuiaf .Chippewa and Niagara, anc for his un;[?r.(H,gaJJa,ntry and good conduct as ar oifleW ro jtiW Mtrpy," a. man of tried courage, o fifty year*.' uuliiary ujipeneroe. li at this moment ?(,avery ttUfil tftippoon thai wii pf pwirfin^fcaft iir*erft Oae iihguarded expresfwn ho*, shook the fahrut reared in hattle and cementod iQ Victory i a,gpo? e ^u!U .h bljk owfi hand fc.t? ftpfe thaft the whojeartillery of the *emyv bet ?he eaeond sober thought of the pssple ^overtook one. fault, a*d tamomVr hirp oittr ** (oa th? barto-fleto. i Lai bun be himjM'.itorilfr ojfttii but;if ip 1912 was that of Col. Zachary Taylor, "for gal* | 1 lant conduct in defending Fort Harrison," and i " the laurels then entwined have budded and blos? ] . somed agiun. In 1846 he is breveted again tLe i foremowt of the army. j i All of these generals ju?t mentioned entered the artuy utihe lowest step, Hnd have risen by indivi- i 1 dual merit and honor to the positions they now fill. | ] Not here, as in Europe, can wealth buy rank, but > the road is open to all. Deeds, not dollars, are the < r stepping stones to promotion. This principle is j one which, in a great measure, seems to refute ( the objections to the existence of a military body I in our country ; but the stronsr onnosition inveii i to the increase and even to the provision for a r Mantling army in the United States, seems to be principally from a misunderstanding ns respects the distinction between military and martial law. The soldier, on enlisting in thu army, does not become released from the restraints of civil law, but is taken up by the martial code, where the ' civil law leaves him ; the one is added to, but ' ] does not cancet the other, and this is the great, the radical ilistinction between our own standing aru'y and that of the generality of monarchical governments. Tiierc, the soldier is withdrawn 1 from the jurisdiction of civil power, and even his debts become liable to military supervision. With the check now mutually held by the President and Congress, a standing army can never be used in this country for the solhsh or usurping pur- 1 poses of either. ^ Wlide we are upon this subject, there is one point which we think has too little excited the at- ^ ! tention ol those in power. It is the exercise of a 1 practice, the bene A is of which have been proved with most signal success. 'Tis the distribution of ! 1 rewards of merits and badges of honor amongst j < those who, either by good conduct, long service, or deeds ol valor, are worthy of receiving them, i A soldier, though looked upon by many as little . superior to a machine, is a human being suscept- I ible of the same feelings which actuate the ollicer at the head of hi s regiment. Ambition, the spirit t ^ of emulation, the pleasure of approval, ana a i sense of injustice, are feelings which spring in | , Jiis heart with none the less impulse, because that heart is'covered by a rough exterior. It is in siccordance with the spirit of our institutions that ?i. merit should bo acknowledged and rewarded in every citizen protected under the flag of our coun- | ; try. The soldier is a citizen?a useful citizen, and j no matter what the distinction consist of, only j , let it be conspicuous, and the effect would be felt ; , in every branch of our army. Napoleon gathered | c around him a half million of troops eager to re- ' j , ceive from him one look of recognition, and who ! t died happy ifthe cross of the legion of honor hung ! ^ on their hearts; let our government by the same in- t duceinent instil into the heart of every man however humble, fighting the battles of his country, the like reverence for the flag, and that glorious 1 esprit du ccirpt, which is the sure guarantee of j victory. Let every ono worthy have an evidence to show that he personally assisted in the work wh:ch added to the fllory or dignity of his country; j ! an evidence which shown to his children with the ^ pride of one " who has been to the wars," will I make them, inspired by his example, better men und more useful subjects. ' Tiik New Consular Bill.?What has become I of the bill for the revision of the consular system, which was presented in the House of RepresentaI lives on the 17ih of last month, by Hon. W. W. ' ! Campbell! The many valuable alterations which ; the bill suggests should be put in operation as , ! quickly as possible, and we hope that no indif- ; fcreuce or t>upineness on the part of Congress ; will allow the consideration ol this bill to be post- I poned to another session. There is no better time ' than the present to urge the adoption of the bill, and we hope the mover of it will attend to it im- , mediately. | Under the present system our consuls abroad are allowed to participate in commercial or mer- i cuntde business of any kind; and, in lact, nearly ull engaged in business either ns principals or agent?. Thi? generally produces a handsome in' come, which in addition to tho fees of the consul, liim tr? tnnnnrt n?/l . j ?"? UIO VU1WV *?**.?* becoming dignity. Of the many evils attending the fact of our consuls being generally merchants, we have already spoken; and, indeed, they are too obvious to require explanation. The new bill abolishes consuls' fees, and forbids their engaging in private business of any kind. In order to compensate for these deprivations, ] a list of salaries is proposed, varying from fifteen j hundred to four thousand dollars. Thus the < ! former salary is paid at Bordeaux, Cadiz, Trieste, and other places, and the latter at London, Liverpool, and others. The only objection we have to ; this part of the bill, is that the salaries, particularly j I the lowest, ore too sm ill. As the bill abolishes i all other sources of revenue to the consul, he must j , i nt cessarilv depend entirely for his own suppoit, j and that of his office, upon the salary which he re- j j ceives. Fifu-en hundred dollars is too little for this. I ( j As the representatives of a great nation, our con- I ( suls abroad are subjected to many expanses other j j than those absolutely necessary for the support of I J themselves and th?ir families. Civilities must be 1 1 tendered to our own countrymen, ami returned to j \ 1 residents of the country where a consul may be , | stationed. In many cases, wo doubt not the ex. | penses would far exceed the salary. This being the fact,we think that men,capable and well qualified . for the office, could not, under the present scale | of salaries, be persuaded to leave their business j here and enter into the consular service. It would be necessary, then, to appoint hungry officeseekers, ready for anything, who would disgrace, j rather than sustain with honor, the dignify of their ' office as representatives of a nation like ours. 1 j We trust that the scale of salaries will be care- I j fully examined, and materially altered before the i ' bill is passed. _____________ j < Affairs in Brazil.?Our advices from llio de j Janeiro are of the 6th tilt. The Senate and assembly were yet in session. We tind amongst the documents laid before them by the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, the protest of < the Argentine Republic against the acknowledgement, by the Brazilian cabinet, of the independence of Paraguay, and the reply thereto. From the latter, we make the following extract, as appearing rather republican, coining from the minister of an Emperor:? , "The Anti-American diplomacy ji to sub-divide into , mall independencies the nation* or Sooth America, so < thai none may acquire (Treat or overbalancing power, and , for this came' the government of Brazil would not haTe acWnoule Iged the independence of a revolted province of | the Argentine republic, especially when upholding the | same fundamental principle* of government as the Arg ?- ( ! tine republic herself, had not Paraguay alway* been | independent and tepwrated from Bnanos Ayr??. Har , ' solemn declaration 01 freedom from despotism, demaada , | the respeet uf European nations, and from the countries of America Let every government of the continent pr>- , serte its nationality and iu onward path in the mutt of . i . civilisation." r The Naturalization Bill wst under discuaaion, | t . and would probably pass to the iollowing effect. J Foreigners who have resided in the oounUy as , | oolom-ts for two years, and who during that time J 1 hare committed noflher orimc nor ho-uli?y against tiie government, shall bo deemed as Brazilian * I citizens. . ? I In Rahia n rtftmmiitaA tk ... ? ? v* Hlico UI UU mo'l \Q. | I flueutial merchants h id been appointed by the i i Associa'ed Commercial Company, for th? |>u'rpo?? i ! of enquiring into tha l>e?t manner of growing oot ton in that prrmncfl ; what kinds aro beet uda|>t?<l j - j to the soil and chmatu, and wbat measure* might i i i bo requisite to compete with the growth of other 1 i countriesalso, the same concerning the raising 1 i of eoffeo, tobaoco, and sugar-cane. i/he Journals of the 19th May in the same place, !, give the aeeounta of a horrible aaaastination comcelebrated Cangusau on two much 1 , ' cevt$?;ie4 me^cU^nts of Rio de Oonta.v f?r. Ml l iJhMfiruMMs of. Mourn .wljAlbuquerque. aM his brother, 9r MenUian* I <IKl|l r>f? 1,'f | '>>*>1111111111 *1 ilxrt ? |? I !(/<> J .#11 lutt. Tn MA.NtTTACTCa* or Pro Iron ?It ia wit much surprise, we have seen In ?om? nf the part papers, the extraordinary statement, that pi iron is mad* in the United States as a general bu siness Tor 'welve dollais the ton, in face of tb well established fact, that thero is scnrcelv a pos tion within the country where it can be produce below seventeen dollars, with the exception pei Imps of factories on the Potomac River, wher Boal, ore, and lime, with water power combined it cannot be made under fifteen dollars. Sue misrepresentations, proving too much, are moi likely to counteract the object in contemplatior ihey show a selfish interest entirely inconsister with fairness, totally unworthy tho c< ntidence < Congress. The peculiar advantages on the Potomac Rivei for making pig iron at the lowest price, ougt never to be presented as conclusive evidence, tin other situations are equally faverable. Pig iro made from charcoal invariably costs twenty do! lar*, (east of tho Alleghany mountain*) iuic! where the ore, or the fuel, is to be brought to th furnaces, the cost cannot b* much less. Neuvitas.?Th? advices l'rom Neuvitas are t the 29th ult. The news of the settlement of the Oregon que! tion hart arrived. The arrivals at the port for the precedini month, were 476. The season was unusually healthy. The ntun ber in the hospitals daily diminishing. Oh the 2lth, the Philharmonic Society cele brated their anniversary with a grand festival. Arrival ov Yachts.?The beautiful vessel belonging to the Democratic Yacht Clab, are nov :oncentrating in this harbor. We learn that th Northern Light and Pet of Boston are here, am ho prospect of a capitally contested race oi rhursday is good. City Lyrics ? We give in another column : very singular and quaint poem, filled with curiou listorical reminiscences. It will be read with in erest /orbits local allusions, and is a rare morceau o be devoured like an ice cream on a hot Sultr (veiling. Anoi,o-Mexicamo.?Will he favor us with a call Theatrical and Musical. Grkknwich.?'The drama of " Green Bailies'' wa resented last night, with the after-piece of the " Wax lering Boys," for Mr. Freer's benefit. Mr. Freer himiel daj ing Jack Oong.and Miss Chapman m Miami, in th Irama. Quite a novelty was introduced in this drarai he peasant girls appearing with mens' hats upon thei leads at a dance ! We can assure the property-man i he Greenwich, from actual observation, that tho Iris leusant girls very seldom wear men's hats at a danci IVe would remark to Mr. Conoveralso, that Irish fidlei in.l pit>or* seldom converse in tho negro dialect, and the hey do not use the expression " by the powers," mor hun once after every single word, nor oftene han once in every second. We state this philologies act also from actual observation. In the course < he piece Mr. Freer and Mr. Weaver introduced som okes more bread than piquant, reflecting on the " d?< rish," which jokes hit the tone of the pit exactly, an vere highly relished by that portion of the audienct ' Waixieriiig Boys" went ott' admirably. Mils Pra >l*P*?g Justin. Miss Crawford being indisposed, and coi lequently unable to perform. Miss Pray sustained th lart with a good deal of grace, and remarkably well, coi iidering the short notice. To-night, Mr. Draper, th reatuier, takes a benefit. He presents a very atron lill, Consisting of the "Golden Farmer," Chapman u rwitcher?1"Perfection," Grattan as Charles Paragonind " an Object of Interest," Miss Julia Drake as Kann 3ribbles. A number of songs, dances, and address* nake up the entertainment The Miues Vallee, Mil Sharron, Mr. Goodwin, and Mr. Thompson appear. 1 s the greatest bill of the season. Castle Garden?The musical performances which ar lightly given at this delightful resort, continue to drai rery crowded houses, and make the garden oneofth nost deligbifu I places of amusement in this city. Ever light the Hit' of New York Society assemble there, t orget in a few hour* of delicious Ireshness, the heat I iur tropical temperature. The performances by th iplendid orchestra are varied every evening, givin ivery visiter an opportunity to judge of the agreeabl iensations which they produce. Accidk*t at thk Walsi't strkkt Theatre, Philj jelphia.?The beautiful and favorite mare Black Besi was killed at the Walnut street Theatre on Saturda) while rehearsing Putnnm. She had been sent up th run alone, and by some accident fell to the stage below She died instantly. Mary Taylor, with Misa Phillips and Mr. George Ho land, commenced an engagement in Philadelphia at th Museum on the 13th in?t. The Swiss Bell Ringers gave concerts in Nauroo c the 6 th and 7 th inst. Mr. Templeton gave a concert last evening in Alban; Movementa of Travellers. Th? Arrival* VActordav nnd for th#? nnct f??w H c the principal hotel*, bear no proportion to the corrc ponding number with last year'* registries. How th falling off has occurred, is a matter of importance onl to thofe whoie interest* are identified with the travellin community. They are at the Amebic**?Doctor OrH, Michigan; C. Mitchell, rha leiton, 8.C.; R. Euthan, United State* Navy; M. ilen, Newburgh; J. McKennna, Fishkill; J. frige, Albi ny; J. French, do; J. Spotts, United State* Army; J Li throp, Georgia, 8. Fisher, Philadelphia; A. Booth, US J E. Lopez, Baltimore; J. Garland, Virginia; W.Hey woo* South Carolina. A?toh?J. B. Curtis, Boston; G. Brewer, <lo: N. Po Baltimore; J. Curtis, Boston; Joseph Paras, Philadelphi A. Rankin. Canada Weit; E. Sherman, Albany; H. Pa ions, Georgia; C. Dodge, Salem; T. Peaae, Georgia; I Napier. Macon, Ga.; E. Peck, New Orleans; I. Pair., Philadelphia; R. Gordon, do; W. Roger*, Virginia; J Charles, New Orleans: J Hackett, do; iJr Glentwortl Baltimore; C. Filler, Middleton; J. Wat?un, Arkaiua. General George Davis, Trov; O. Hall, Ohio; D. Corn 'incinnati; s. Loomis, Windsor; R. Leach, N. Orleam J Basson. Boston; L. Loeser, U S.N. Citt?George Stevens, U. 8.N.; W. Austin, do; Cap 'obb, Tarrytown; P. Wilton, Philadelphia; B. Ray mom llhun?; W. Sheppard, Boonville; Mr. Richards, Brocl riUe, Canada; L. Maaon, Cincinnati? Captain Myera, Un ;ed States Navy. Fb?wkuii??J. Bowen, Mobile; W.Cockbura, Kingitoi Canada; A. Bishop, Bridgeport; W. Long. New Orleam S Sproule, Charleston; Colonel Jones. Georgia; W. Wi ran. Goshen; J. Betts, South Carolina; F. Lawsou, Cinn (J Pratt, Stratford; O. Reynold*. New York; E. Han-ty Massillon; T. Spicer, Baltimore; Gaorga Woodwar Cleveland. Howabo?J Humphrey*, Virginia; W. Mover, G* W. Oraham, do; George Heyberger, Philadelphia; V Scott, Lexington; W. Leeton, Pittsburg, F. Conklin, T York; H. King, New York; Mr. Paton, Quebec; J. F* wards, Philadelphia; George Patten, do; H. Kingsma; Boston; H. Richard*, England; 8. Sampson, do; E. We ley, Aloany; D. Hoover, Virginia; H. Fell, Liverpool. Brooklyn City News. Police.?July 18?Mary Dolan was committed for a assault on Bridget Mulligan. Libkl Suit ? Tucker vs. Bngtrl?A case of libel wi he tried at the next term of the Court of Oyer anil Te miner for this county (Kinga) The defendant having soir matter* of account pending between himself and plaintil considered himself justified in posting a notice on th plaintiff's store, requesting him to come forward ac pony up.'1 Tha alleged libal consists in the abot charge. Sum Stbl-ck.?On Saturday, a colored man namt Sands, at Flatbush- Also, a white man named Jame an Englishman by birth, in the poor house. Also, a w inan named Honora Lenchan. who had come intheca from Jamaica. Also, a man named Van Cleek. AUo, Mi Elita Dean, wife of Mr. James Dean, with three other names unknown. Fibk.?A slaughter house, bakery and premises, b longing to Mr. John 8 Ryder, near Flatbush, were bur to tne ground on Sunday. Police Intelligence. Ji:lt 9-.Aggravated ?4f*at>{t-La?t evening a man nam? Bernard Birmingham, was arrested for an aggravated a ault and battery on officer i tidney , who remonstrant with him for insulting persons that passed him in tl: treat. DUzraceful Conduct ?Two fellows, named Tutric Qallagher and James McCovay, yesterday, went to tt bouse of Mr. W. A. Stokes, in Clinton street, and co iucted themselves in a disgraceful manner towards M Stokes, who then went oat in search of an officer. 1) ring tha brief abtenea of Mr. S., the before named diso lerlv characters committed a brutal assault upon Mr Stokes ; forced open a valise, and (cattered its conlen ibout the floor, (tc The accuaed were ftilly committei o answer for the offence. Threatening Lanfuagu ? William Bogert, a resident < ha 19th ward waa taken fata custody, and held to ai war tor making nsa ot threatening language to polic< nan U illiam*, of tha before named ward JlrrattaJ an neaped Convict ? Winfred Callaghan, a >?cape<1 penitentiary convict, wa* last evening retaken 1 bl* rlty, a ad *?nt hack to tha uland. Pitkpoclut Ctufk'.?A lellow, who rave hi* nam a Joim tb'?et wa* taken into en tody Ia?t nlsrht on hat go of relieving a geoUeaian'n pockot of ahuie loul baufe. In CiMtiieiy. Before ihe Vice < linocellor. J?ly ta-TV-e Smith ??. Ehta fmiik -Mr. Vuljac nr defendant, applied yctterJav morniof to tbo V lc haQ.-ellor, by petition. lor simony, anil for fnnda toJ< ami tba auit 1 ha petition ?at forth that tha plainti Med hit hill on tha 8th of February laat, for a divorce, o 'he ground of impropriety in the dofendant'i comioc nd <ian> in* all the .tatamenia aad charge* in tha bill i* P"l,'0,> Inrther stated that defendant ?ai de?iiiut? and that the plaintiff waa poaaawed of real nod per*ont property, ?,,t t0 t>a allowed auch ?uiua for alimc ny, and to defend tba *uit at hi* Honor, ander tha oil onmitancea ef the ca*e, might think At to grant. / D-M*jo? appeared for plaintiff, and read an affldi r it deny in* all the material allegation* in tha petition 'h* fhargee in the bill, and further, th? plaintiff bad fire children, and that hie meant waa no mora than lumctent for ha and their aupport. The Vict Chanoeiiv made an order for a n-?ak. alimoav an dMbad the mt h I Cltjr InUUIfiBM, y | Krv. J. P. Brm* ?We refer our nidm to m adverg I titement in Mother column, which etata* that the above1 uniJ reverend gentleman will deliver a lecture thia evening at the Apollo Room* on the Triumph of Chrii9 tianity, previout to hi? departure to hit native land. Mr. Burke la well known in thii city at one of our moet en^ lightened and mott liberal clergymen, and competent to do full juatice to lay eubject he may telect. In thia ia<i itance he ha* mad* a peculiarly happy choice, for on no | mhjoct can human be more properly em' plo) ed than on the triumph* ef Christianity, and few 1 u men aie more competent to treat it propeily than Mr. it Burke. .. Thb WcamRH ?Heaven be prai*ed. the *pcU it bro' ken. The weather wa? nice end cool ve-'erd^v, the it thermometer at 6 o'clock being at 76 : at l'i i.t t-i, and ,C at 3 r VI. Such a tune as we have had for the lait three <1ay? may we never have again. The thermometer haa been ranging from 86 to 9d degrees, and men : r have been dropping :<<iown in the streets, t.nd oyiug soon ' after. The ceroner hu been called upon to hold about J forty inquesttupon peiaous dying ialhi? manner. There K la every appeeranee now of our having comparatively cool weatbwr for tome time to coma. n Efffcts or th" Mcat ?A man named Ambrose Ridge, I- formerly raiding at 71 Kin* street, wm brought to the I City Hospital yc.ierday, at 3 o'clock, and died in about ' fifteen miuutrs from the effects of the heat. Another o man, name,! Patrick Stanley, was brought into the hospital yesterday. It ?p;>eark that during tne warm weather he bad be,, drinking continually, and waking up yestcrday moruing ve.y ttuisiy, swallowed three i|u?rt? of water. Upon going out, ho was aoovercome by ihe heat that h* eon la nut stand. lii? face and limbs were very u much awollan, but ii la thougkt he will reaover. laiiH Emiohant 9oriitTY ?We are very aorry to be under the Dec entity of complaining of any thing connected g with sach an excellent institution aa the Irian Emigrant Society. Every Ja*, however.the walk lu front oi the office ii crowded with emigrants, so that persons passing i- along there, fire obliged to turn into the street to get by. Tlia society ought to furnish inside accommodations for tha emigrants. ViLLAift ?Two or three casea have latelr come to i our knowledge, which exhibit one ol the various modes j by which acbemer* make money in thin city at the ex- i s pense of laboring men. There is quite a number of geniuses aboat the city who have latterly made a business i v of watching the arrival of transieat vessels, going to e their capUUM, and offering to discharge the cargoes at . very low prices. The captain consenting, they hire a II number ot laborers, set them at work, and tell them they n will be jald as soon as the ship is discharged, which will probably ba a fortnight. W hen the job ia completed the ' speculator roceives the money for which he contracted, { and sudnenly is missing, leaving hia poor laborers to a whistle for their pay. Captains of vessels should be rares ?ul not to allow others than established stevedores to discharge their vessels. l~ i Fibe.?About one o'clock, yesterday morning, a fire i, was discovered at the store No 33 Downing street, cor ner 01 seuioru. ruucemia i iuik, wuu uutwvcrcu u, y succeeded in effecting an entrance through the window. ) It vu apparently the work of an inconJiary. The damage, however, was trifling. 1 | Accident.?A woman, named Leah Johnson, fell down ' : a cellar, on Sunday night, and broko her leg. She waa I

taken to the city hoipital. I ; Board or Supervisors?'The Board met yesterday, I h and immediately after adjourned. ,f Circuit Court?Judge Edmonds will hold adjourned ! Circuit! on the first Mondays of August and September ! a ' next, at which the special calendar alone will ba held, i, 1 Marine Court?In this Court twelve Jurymen were I r kept in their scats yesterday lor two mortal hours; that it is, from ten to twelve o'clock, but the lawyers were not h prepared with their causes, and at last the jury were dis> charged. This is a great injustice to jurors, and ought * to be remedied. It is but fair to say, however, that the it same abuse is tolerated in all the other law courts. We e bare known jurors to be kept in their seats for three or t four hours, waiting for the lawyers, but in the end, the d gentlemen of the long robe could not be brought to the if : scratch, and the Jury would have to be discharged after * ' losing three or four hours of the most valuable part of d This matter should be taken up by the Cond vention. 9- The Dead House.?Some time last snmmer the then y Common Council made an order that thi< nuisance > should be abjted. but no action has since been taken on * it, although it is becoming every day more intolerable I i- On Thursday last, and every day since, tho windows of e the United States District Court, and of all the offices at- ; g tached to it, had to be shut down; the consequence is, the 1 * officers are nearly suffocated for want of air, and if the ; - nuisance is not very soon aoated, that department will | y have to suspend business, or tuka up their quarters ; >* i somewhere else. '* ' Drowned.?A young man, named Wm. Henry McCra- I It | dy. while bathing in the Kast River, at the foot of 14th 1 street, on Saturday last, got beyond his depth and was e drowned. _ Coiioher's Ofkice, July 13?Afore Dentin from expnture to Heat. <J-c ?The coroner was called this morn* log to hold an inquest on the body of Joseph K. Cox, a y | na'lve of Kngland. aged 67 ) ears, who, about two o'clock yesterday, went to the house of .\tr. Uletsing, No. 116 ; Pitt street, sat down iu a chair, complained of his sutler- * n g from heat, and died in about two hours afterwards.? | J Verdict, death by apoplexy, produced by heat. * Tho coroner held an inquest also at No 59 ("rosa street, on the body of George .Mcliee, a native ol Ireland, aged ! SO \ ears, who wen* hut j esterdny forenoon for the pur- ! i- tiose of purchasing something lor dinnei, was absent ! > ! some time, partook of intoxicating liquors, and died 'i i shortly after hi* return home. Verdict, death by apoe | plexy, probably caused by intemperance and exposure to r ! heat. | An inquest was held also on the body of Bridget Wing, >). | a native of Ireland, aged 2-2 years, who has been for a ! short time past employed as a servant in a family resiI ding at No 390 Tear! street, where she died suddenly last evening. Verdict, deata l>y congestion of the lungs, ; caused by heat. liitd in a Fit?The Coroner held an inquest also at No. -Hi Mulberry street, on the body of John Strong, a native ot Ireland, aged 33 year*, who died suddenly in an epileptic fit yesterday afternoon. Verdict accordingly, it Death from Vomiting Blood, fc.? The Coroaer held 1 s. an inquest aWo at No. 16 Marion street, on the body of 1 is j Susan Dempsey, a native of Ireland, aged 6j years, who ] y came to her death on Suuday morning by vomiting g | blood in consequence of previous disease. Verdict ac- I . cordingljr. r- ! Death hy Jipoplery?The Coroner was called to hold s- an inqnest also at No. 19 Orange street, on the body of t. Patrick Kelly, a native of Ireland, aged 68 years, who t. was taken suddenly ill about 9 o'clock last night, and exI; pired in a lew minutes alterward. Verdict, >>*tli from . d, apoplexy. e, Presentation of it Swonl to LI eat. Jordan. a; Avery ihslnonuble and select assemblage, met ! ? at the residenoe of George Kndicott, Esq. last i j night, f) witness tlie ceremonies attending the ' ! prefcntntion oi a sword to Lieut. Jordan, one of \ I tlie heiocs wounded at the battle of Resnoa de 1 la Pultun. Tlii? distinguished compliment to that i) : gallant officer originated with some eight or i; ten patriotic gentlemen now residing in this : city, who are natives of the town of Canton, in Massat. chusetts, where Lieutenant Jordan waa born. A very 1, elegant circle of charming and accomplished ladie* who i t- were present, called forth from Lieutenant Btirbank the 1 i- flattering interrogatory, whether any angels could be seen more lovely than the angels of New York. About 10 n, o'clock the company arranged themselves on either side r, of the splendidly furnished apartments, and Mr. Kndicott a-' ir a graceful and appropriate manner, stated the object i.; | for which he had invited his friends together, and gave a ', brief narration of Lieut. Jordan's service* and bulbant d, i conduct in the battles ol the 8th and 9th of May. (ton. ' 1 Handford then stepped forward and prefaced the pre senl.; 1 tation with the following address : ? /. I Sir,?Vour fellow-tow ni-men of Canton in the State of 1 4. | Massachusetts, now residing in this city, have deputed d- roe to perlorin the very agreeable duty of presenting to J a, you this sword, as a suitable token of their respect and s- esteem, and as a testimonial of their appreciation of the gallant manner in which you discharged your duty on the battle field of Resaca de la Palma. The honorable i I wounds received by you on that occasion, with the tes- : n timony of your gallant commander and companions in i ; that unequal yet glorious struggle, have associated your I II | name, with honor, in an event which will ever be conr. . spicuous in the annals of our country, and your friends ,e i whom I represent feel an additional pride in the hard H- bought honors of their fellow-townsman. The battles of > 1 the eighth and ninth May, fought by our gallant little |(j j army, under every disadvantage of circumstances and re position, and ngainst fearful odds, have proved to the 1 i world, that in the long interval of peace, with which our : ,,1 country has been blessed, we have lost neither the mili, tary skill nor the cool courage which have heretofore ever charnctized our countrymen. And I should fail to r, do justice either to my own feelings, or to those of the , friends whom I represent on this occasion, if I omitted to pay the tribute so justly due to that Institution to whose ' noble and judicious training we are indebted for the skill and science exhibited on this occasion, and I feel doubly " gratified in having in opportunity of doing so in the pren' ?ence of one (Professor Mahan of West Point,) whose I l.ibors have no largely contributed to the foundation j 1 of the military character of many now in tba Held . ' Accept, then, ?ir, this remembrance of the friends from 'a ; your birth-place, who greet you on thi* orexmon, and j permit me ul?o on behalf of myielfand my brother otli1,1 : cere now present, to witnaa* this act of honor to oDe to '* 1 whom honor ia due, to add onr own feelings of admir* . | tion and respect, and our warmeit anticipations, that a K career ?o auspiciously commenced may be long conti. , '* nued. in adding new honors to your own nam*, and uew I D" ' gloriea to your country. y To thia address, Lieut. Jordan reaponded in the moet "* ; modeit manner He aaid that in the actio* alluded to he bad done hia duty, hia brother officers had each and ail ^ don* the same He accepted th* aword very gracefully, j . and hit remarks were r*c*iv*d by tha company with j ; marked applause. , j At the doe* of th* c*r*monl*s, all adjourned to th* 11 refreshment room, where various complimentary toasts "" were drauk in sparkling champagne, not fogetting, i 1 among others, th* hnmbl j but brave corporal Wood,who I I galUntly bore hia wound*d lieutenant from th* midat of i n tne fight to a place of safety. Wast Point was to*st* t 0 I two or three times as th* great nursery of American , h*ro*s Daring th* coure of th* evening, on* of the i ' ladies played *>en Th* lor * march * Lieut Jordan i? quite a young man of a very martial * und *<>1 ieii) appearancc, and the U.Jiet'ey*s beamed up. on bim, aa thotig'i, they at least, thought that " none but the brave .le?e> v* the fair " i he ?worii presented, was a highly finished pier* oi ( workmaiiahip. mounted, with gold ana silver, i I end worthy to be borne up.?u a warrior's thigh On its sheath wan *ng<aved the following word*: ? 0- | " r* Lieut I nulu D. Joau*^ 8th Infantry U. 8 A., 1 from his lel'ow tewnsmen residing in New York, at s , i mark of their reipect for bis brave conduct a* the bat' ' "-i- .1 j r> i_ d.i?. a.i. ... i UO? Ul l ?W All? Mllfl IWHVn ' * IB uiiw, 9WJ ,lltu , !Uh ? rroiented July 13 ("W ii ?- Dkith or ? Ri:r0L0Ti?"?*?r Soldi ?a?Etienne Syl. ' veitre, ft brave soldier of ihe war of Independence, and j a veteran, of !914>'lft, died in New Orleam laat week, at i i- the age ofOO yean Ha arrived in America nearly 70 1 i. rear* ago under the Connt D'E?taing. and participated 1 it in mo?t of the engagetnente that followed. After the ee't tahllihnaont of peace he tattled in Louiaiana. and at the i battle of New Orteaaa behaved with narked intrepidity J Hi* death Mver* one of the few remaining ltnka betweea , th* war of the raroluttoa u4 ef 4> prnm f? j CouHtn ConnrIK B?iio or Amiitiht Aloiihik-Monday *r?nlng, July ltth ?Nrit On at, Etq , Pre*ident, in the chair, m l a quorum of member* present, Pfititni ?Of Daniel Deuereit, to ba appointed a weijher of merchan.llie. Referred. Of aundrr property owncn, for a (ever in Charlton treat from Hudson atraet to tha North Hirer. Of Oaorra Duffy, to be remunerated for a horte lost off one 01 the piera. Referred. Of A. B k P. Weatorvelt, to ba appointed weigher* of marchandiie. Uranted Of Kulton market batcher*, to have certain blind* re Bovad and the apace* filled up with brick. Referred. v/i iwuury property owners, 10 nave itmngiou urcei, l>ttWMn Mangiu and Kait streets, raised ana rspsved ? Bthrnd. Of Patrick Colgan, to b? relieved from a judgment for incumbering the streets Referred. Heirfinatranrtg.?Of sundry property owners, against altering the grade of 40th street. Referred. Of sundry property ownara, against the construction ot a proposed sewer In West Washington Place. Refened. Report' of C^mmittetg.?In favor of appropriating the sum of t'lW'Jor the purpose of procuring a portrait of the late Vayor, Wm F. ilavemeyer. Carried. In favor oi authorizing tho Comptroller to pay to Hutchini fc Co. the sum of $31, for a number of empty barrels, not returned acr rdlng to contract. Carried. In favor of letting stall No. 41, in Catherine maiket to Thomas Movlean. Carried. In favor of causing a sewer to be built in Hubert street, from Hudson street to tbe North River. Carried. In favor of causing 2Hth street, between the 7lh ami ; 8th avenuos to b? regulated, gravelled. Ike Cauied. lb favor <>f causing Blooming laie to&d between -ilst 1 34ta .treets to be regulated, gravelled, ice. Cat- ) ried. In favor of regulating 97th street from 3d avenue east ! wai !, t> distsnce of 400 lect; and setting curb and gutter stones therein. Carried. In favor of causing the awning po^?, he., in Nassau street, between Pine and Beekaifcii streets, to be removed within ten days, aftor giving notice. Carried. The committee on streets presented a report, that they deemed it inexpedient to take any action in relation to the proposed widening of Thames street. Report accepted and committee discharged. in lavor 01 ouiuuug a sewer in ivm sirem, irviu orenuway to the Oik avenue Carried. Rtm/ution Ay Mr. Oliver.-In favor of inquiring into . the propriety aud expediency of wideninr Anthony >t., from Hudson street to Orange street, and thence opening a thoroughfare in a direct line to Chatham Square.? i Adopted. Report in favor of granting permission to Martin M. Morse to build a bulk head at the feot of Desbrosses it Carried. Communication from the superintendent in relation to the condition in wuioh he found the books connected with his deportment, on assuming the duties of his office. Ordered on file. Report of Street Commisaioner in relation to the con* tracts that be has made since the 1st of April last, and the terms upon which thev have been made. Be'erred to a ?pocial committee of Jour gentlemen, consisting of Messrs. Maclay, Dougherty, Oliver and Smith. Report of City Inspector in relation to apportionment of ex|>enses incurred by filling up sunken lots between the 0th and ?th avenues. Confirmed. *1neitmmt Liili in the matter of regulating 37th St. between Bth and 9th avenue, was also in the matter of repaying a portion of East Broadway, confirmed. Petition ot Thomas Bielby for permission to land passengers from Kort Hamilton, at Pier No. 1 East River Referre I. Resolution by Mr. Burnt?In favor of causing benches for public accommodation to be placed on tue Battery, provided the expenses shall not exceed $100. Carried. Resolution in favor of reserving the space behind the bulkhead proposed to be built at the foot of Whitehall street as ajplace of deposit for coal ashes and rubbish collected under the direction of the Superintendent of 1 S ti ee ta ? Re fe rred. Resolution by Mr. Fkeks, in favor of authorising the Captains of Police Districts to cause baths to be put up in their station houses at an expense not exceeding $30 each. Mr. McElrath proposed to umend the resolution by eiuj>uy* uriug wo iwui iu purcuase ? eu|>juy ui iuukiuk glasses, dressing cases, rocking chair* and *egar?, and soda fountains. (Laughter.) Alter a few remark* from Mr. Oliver on this subject the resolution was laid on the table. Resolution in favor of causing a gas light to be placed at the east entrance to the basement ot the city hall? Adopted. Resolution by Mr. McElbath, in favor of requesting the Finance Committee to inquire into the propriety of contracting for the public printing with the lowest bidder Resolution in favor of directing the Superintendent of Pavements to report what contarctihe has made since assuming the duties ofhis office?Carried. Communication from the City Kegister, in relation to the necessity ot repairing 340 volumes of public rettwrd*, and asking appropriation of *600 to defray the expense* of rebinding the same?Referred. After acting upon some unimportant papers from the Board of Aldermen, this board adjourned until Monday evening, the 27th inst Civic Convention. The Convention met last evening ; the President, Dr. Williams, in the chair. The minutes were read and approved. The standing committees were appointed. I. On the Division of the City into Ward* or Election districts?Messrs. Halfieid, Beach, Flanagan, French, and McGay II. On the Powers and Duties of the Mayor?Messr*. Compton, Davies, Varian, Candee and Uriggs. III. On the Election, Tenure of Office, and Power* and Duties of the Common Council?Messrs. furdy, Cook, Graham, Lee and 1 rapo. IV. On Elections and Appointment* to Office and the Tenure of Office?Messr*. Porter, Innes, Benedict, Purdy and Davies. V. On the Creation, Powers and Duties of the Department* of the City Government?Messr*. Purier, Cook, Benedict, Messerole and Hasbrouck. VI. On the Accountability of Public Officer*?Meitsr. Cook, Brownell, Kelly, Avery and Oraham. VII. On the Judiciary?Messrs. Graham, Varian, Porter, Crapo and Greemnan. VIII. On Assessment* and Taxes?Messr*. Benedict, lnnos, Broderick, Varian and Candee. IX. On Contracts?Mescr*. Porter, McSpedan, Has- ' brourk, Martine and Dougherty. X. On the City Debt?Messr*. Lee, Burier, Davie*, j Messerole and Biiggs. VI Dn the Powers of the Board of Supervisor*? Messrs. Messerole, Uoyd, Haibrouck, Ureeuman and McGay XII. On Salaries and Compensation of Public Officers? Messrs. Browneli, Williams, Flanagan. Compton and Beach. XIII. On the Power of Leasing or Selling the Public Property?Messrs. Crapo, Boyd, Marticc, Purser and Candee. XIV. On F.xponditu res?Messrs. French, Browneli, Douglii-rtr, anl Hatfield. # XV On Reduction o< City Expenses?Meters. McOty, Hatfield. G'luiain. Purser add Fowler. XVI On Schools?Messrs. Hasbroack, Purdy, Crapo an>l Parker. The estimates for the printing of documents, he , comnected with the proceedings weru put in <.n.' -ead 8. W. Benedict offer* at 3d cents per 1000 eiut, end 00 cents per token J. T. Crowell &. Co. AS cents per 100V ems, including everything?Nelson J. AVaterbury and John H. Guiou as sureties J. W. Bell offer* 30 centa per 1000 ems and 30 cent* per token?Howell It Huppock as surety. Houel it McCoy u< Si cents per 1000 ems. A motion to refer to the Committee on Contracts was made, wnen the ayes and nays were called for, and resulted?ayes, 6; nays, ilft. A resolution authorizing the President to contract with the lowest bidder, was adopted. K?arf(r--Resolution in favor ef appointing a reader,wt* , offered by Mr. Briggs. Mr. Pussra moved to call the yeas aad nays, which were ordered, and resulted?Ayes, 14; nays, 17. Lost Resolution directing the simultaneous election of all public oArera. Referred. Resolution in relation to taxation?Referred. A resolution directing committees to make their re- | ports without explanation was offered by Mr French.? In proposing the resolution he took occeaion to state, that i on an equal footing, and allow the minority the lami > privilege of expressing their opiniona aa that of the ma- 1 jority. Mr. Crato oppoied the adoption of the resolution. He j was followed by Mr. OiAHiH at the aame tide, who expressed his dis- 1 sent from the views and objecta of the proposer, (Vlr. French ) The principle, he contended, would be unjuat and erroneous. Mr. Hbookbiok followed, and expressed himself adverse to the adoption of the resolution. Mr. Datiks moved to lay on the table. Adopted. Rradtr agnin.- Mr PoaTca moved to reconsider the resolution in relation to the appointment of a reader. The motion prevailed. The A) as and rfues were called for, and resulted?Ayes 18; Noes 13. The resolution was adopted. Resolution! directing the Comptroller to communicate 1 the amount of salary, fcc . to putilic officers. Referred. Resolutions of enquiry in relation to Marine and Jaa tice Courts. Referred. Mr Benedict offered amendments to the new Charter \ in relation to the privileges of the Corporation of the : City, which were ordered to be printed and referred to the Committee on Franchises. Also, in relation to (elections. Referred. A resolution of innuiry in relation to public stalls, was ; adopted and referreo. Ltctnnt.?K resolution of enquiry, calling upon the i Comptroller to furnish an account of the expenditures, he., for the last five years, In relation to lire engines, fce Mr. Baoosaict offered a resolution directing a sum of , $300, to compensate for the reading of public documeata i of the Convention, and that the reporters be appointed to discharge the duties of the office, and the above sum be dlvided for the same. Laid on the table. Tho Convention adjourned to meet at o o'olook this evening. Comrt of Qsnsral ittwleas. Before Recorder rtrott. and Aid Stoneall and Walsh. John MrKeon K-q . Olatrict Attorney Jolt 13? Tr at /..r G< a> rf Lt>cmy At the opening of the Court thi? morning a (ieiman. b\ the name ol < a per Datt, whs plar.eil at ti e b*i on an in' ii-tmeut, charging hun wuh h?vinjf. on the 10th of vla) last, stolen ?eveial 1 trunk* or rhffrU. coiituming * fe?ti?#r t*?i, qutnni> t?i h?.liling iom? mtii lea of clothing, le, alle?eii to be of the thTii<- of fiore two > >ei m*n emigranta. d?mc(l r?>?t Bwk'riiui \ tiv tnnK)irl Itarpca ed from ti a evidence aiouced, ili?? too tugn a value had been ?et up m the i>rojicily al)?-go l ti? ha?e boan it..Ian by tha ao- i cimad Ti.e jury ee*-ordln^ly found him guilty of potit larceny only, and the < oiirt consigned him to tin 1 monthi' residence on Blackw<-ll'>i I?ianu In consequence ol meeting of the Board of Snperrisor thla afternoon, the Court thenu jouiiied until to-moi. row morning. Polltlral InteUigt-iiec. V**MO!rr?William Henry.oi bollowra Falls, haa ! been nominated for Congn'?? by tlie whigs of the 1st district in Vermont, in place of Mr Foot, who declined erving again. Mr. Mer>h haa been re-nominated by the 1 whig* of tha 8d district, and in the 4th district, now re- j presented by Mr. Dillingham, tha democrats hare nomi : nated L. B. Pack of Mon?gaUer. and tha whigi have I tmmgkt Ibpr?H Qefg* A nfc?<W flaetsw *sw*r J ' V eperler Court. Full Bench. Jolt Id?Dmumd*?<tdt Tkotua??Motion denied, with coats Taylor ad, Wrtlchtiltr County Bank ? Motion denied, I j w th ooeta. * F tru h ait PMllipi?Motion denied, with ro?t? TKa Mutual Itturanct Company ait' Clrijfin ?Motion for new trial (rented, coets to abi)? event Mildarbrrttr vs. ?, arti,?Motion lor new tritl denied. Wattnn rt al 9t. Banki.?Motion to Mt eeide report of referees granted. Siruckman vi. Trip.?Judgment reverted. Ptarct tt al. ?s. Watlart ?Judgment affirmed. Portable D >-? ! n if Caee?In all that the name import*, compact and compl?te?each article c>u tamed thereto b'ingof the rery best quality, and of ordinary dimrnsoni. with addition of the Metallic Tablet Razor Strop, sitmCicut in itself to rrromme 'd i'. f'or??le at G. &AL'NDER9 Si SON, ITT Broadway. Opposite Howard'* Hotel. Rodger1! Cutlet y?Con?l?tln|r of Pocket and Peuknitra. 8ci?sor?, Nail Files, k of ?h? most beeutilW fiuiahand unique pa'tenia. cau be obtained of ti. 8Al/? NDKK9 1 SON. 177 Broadway, A frw d'Mir* "bovc CoU'tlaudt street. Our rtnderi who drilre t? obtain correct Likencs'ei. handsomely colored, will be sere to procure l.? - .i._ oi?it r> (talle'V. til Hrosd Way. The specimen* ?e btri inn fm* th,' urp*A?#d in Rm*h uid coloring, say other in the conulry.? Don't forget the unmker 8il Broadway. ClnthlnK, Cinttiliijr, ClotliliiK?J. V?ii<ler? b i! . 3C Maiden lane, lia? thoqiuvU ol gent's d bov? gerineii's rei('. made. A lull suit from ffi 'o $IU. T??e off thf h'-xTy clorh. i: mitl lake it coolly. Oan from V 4?ii Wl'"' t- from SI SO to S3; re?t? do Hundreds "1 ,'uon of fatnioiiable goods to make to ord? r P'*u? cier me a c ill. J. VANDKRBILT, J6 Maiden laje. 3 ei Willitmand Ngnu >11. arlfittuoo ol fn? ubiw Placet. Time. Slc.1* nf Kite*. Cincinnati, July 1 8 feat 0 inches. Wlwoliug, Juno '1. ...........10 i'eet. PMtiliniv, July 1 13 fe?t, rising.' nnirriUe. June 30.... A t? m.i <? MONEY MARKET. Monday, July 13?ft F. M. The stock market was very heavy thi? morning, and at the firit board pricea fell off a fraction. Harlem declined )? per cent; Norwich and Worceiter, X; Canton, Ohio 6'i, .V; Kentucky ft'*, Hi Reading Railroad and Reading Railroad bonda cloied at Saturda 'a prices. At the second board there was an improvement in Harlem of 1 per cent, with very limited sales. None of the other fancies improved. The Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company have dem (Ami. in mini rliviriAnil of 4 Mr Cent. DaVable OH the 22d inst. The Northwestern Insurance Co. of Otwego, N I , have declared a dividend of 6 per cent, on the profit* of the laat *iz months?making nine per cent for the lait twelve months?payable on the 30th Inst Stockholders 'n this city will receive their dividends at the agency office, 72 Wall street. The Delaware and Raritan Canal, and Camden and Amboy Railroad and Transportation Company, have do clared a semi-annual dividend of 6 per cent, payable on the 17th inst The Bank of Kentucky has declared a dividend oY 2V? per cent, payable at the Bank of America on the 13th of July. Accounts from Detroit state that there la too muck reason to apprehend that no sale of the Central Railroad will be effected The corporators are disposed to purchase the road, but it is understood that the bondholders insist upon such terms as render it impracticable. They are under an impression that whether the railroad It old or not, their interest will be promptly and fully paid There has been considerable excitement produced in the Canadas, in consequence of the withdrawal of the monopoly the citizens of British North American provinces have heretofore enjoyed In the shipment of breadstuff's to the mother country. It has been that monopoly alone in the eutry of breadstuff's, in the porta of Great Btitain, which has given the Canada* any trade of this kind, as it will be seen by the annexed statement, made up by good authority, in Mon'real, that that shipment* of flour from the port of New York, can at all time*, be made cheaper; and that all thing* being equal on the other tide, (hipper* at thi* port have a margin of neaily two shillings currency per ba.rel *" ? iw- u/a hnvji allu/tad huqca uio iibiouicuv, iv ??.v? ? ? above, from tlia Montreal Economic, tor the purpose of confirming many estimates we have previously made In relation to the same thing :? smmtkt or Flocb from U r m: r cmm to LtvgarooL, New Vork aid Montkral Rod r?. The freight of flour to British port* hu no* risen to 0? per barrel,?an enormously high ru? for thi* season of the year By the following calculation we find that flour cau now be tent from Toronto, via New York, to Liverpool, (paying the minimum duty under the new v ? sliding scale,) tor U. 6d. per barrel leas than by way of Montreal. new TORK ROUTE. Freight from Torouto to Oswego, and thonce to New York, incl iding cooperage and cartage to ship,?SO cents, or aterling 3a. Id Insurance at 17s. 6d. per cent on 19s Oj tJ. Freight, New York to Liverpool Ss Duty 3a 9d. 7a. 9J MONTREAL aeDTB. Freight from Toronto to Kingston Os 8d. Freight from Kingston to Montreal 2s Insurance Os 3d. Cartagf and Cooperage Os Currency, 3a 10J. 3a. 6X1 Freight, Montreal to Liverpool 0s. Od. Insurance, at 80s. percent on 19a 6a. 3J{d Duty 7*1. 9a 3d. We canj>ledge ourselves for the accuracy of^these ngures. joe riviqz ui ir hi. per u<iin;i uj **mj ?. ?? \oik adiaitsol a r. .e of 3a per quarter on the uty in England, and if there were certainty, iu tliere i< prospect, of its remainiry for two months at 4? per <i'.arter, k would !>e a deciied id vantage to forward (rum Western Canada by that route. It will be ob?orved that thin di/Trrence in faver of New York, oocura with a diflerenc* in the duty at ! iverpool of nearly two shillings per barrel, in favor of flour solped via Montreal. It will alao be perceived that the highest rails are put down in the calculation! made in relation to the New York reute, showing an excess of expenses in the transportation of flour fronr Toronto to New Veek, over those from Toronto to Montroal. TUe expenses in favor of New York appear to be from the time the article leaves the seaport, where the last shipment takes place. Leaving out of the question the expenses of transporting flour to the shipping port at the termination of either route, there is a difference is favor of shipping flour from New York to Liverpool, com par ed with Montreal, of one shilling, seven and a half pence per barrel, currency. When this fact is ao clearly demonvtrated, as appaara in the above statement, even under existing charges on the public works of this State, we can safely anticipate a much mora favorable position, as a shipping port, whan ma ions on our canals are reauceu 10 a proper |>eini This fac' it another and a vary powerful argument in favor of the passage of the export drawback bill, which ha* tor many month* been undvr consideration in both house* of Congreai. The import drawback bill haa, ?o far, worked admirably, and ita successful and beneficial operation* 1* pretty good evidence that an extension of the lyitem would work advantsgeously to all Interest*. It would increase our foreign and dome*tic commercial marine, and increaie the revenue of our work* of internal improvement, not particularly of this State, but thoee of New fcngUnd, and of the Southern and War Urn State*. A railroad from Portland to Montreal i* in the course of construction, and a few year* will eufflce to complete it. Tbi* will give a more direct route from the interior of the British province* to an Amencsn seaport, than j at exists; and it will open a trade with the Canada*, greater than ever yet experienced. The>xtent of Uii* trade will, however, in a great measure, depend upon the facilities the government may extend, and the removal of restrictions which in fact benefit ao one?not even the government?In a revenue point of view, and which will, if udbered to, tend to check this department of our commerce, and oonfine the export trade oi Canada to the old ohaanele. There are ether rontee about being opened, which, when completed, will tend to draw the bulk of the foreirn trade of Canada to onr principal snorts. The MpUa liu of Boataa ere folly alive to tlto Importance of that trad*, and are making groat efforta to Monro itTBey ar* extending on* of their railroada-th* Bo?ton an ) Fitchburg?to Burlington, on Lak* ( haraplaln; and they hop* to aeon re by thii rouia a fair portion of tho foreign end domeetie tra>1* of tlie province' Whil* the capt>alia't of tb* E*?t ara actively engaged in oji*nl-'g> ?la for thii ira.'a, It would b* we I for tho?e intera?t*d in tka growth and ptorprrit) -of our i*aporta m-d our lak* po>U, to look about tnenrv and <le?i-a way a and maana to not only aacnra tba portion wa now control, but to get ai much mora of it aa poaaible. Th* flitt and moat Important atap would b* a general reduction of tolla on ouroaaala, on*11 agiieultural produota We find that tb* l**t reduction ha? work*d well?that it hM worked u all reduction) do work?and that ia, an to, rmaie of revenue beyond the general anticipation. A further reduction would hav* a tendency to fuither increai* th* revenue, while it would give ua the control of th* whole trade of th* Canada*, aad no doubt enable ua, er*a after th* completion of th* work* in New England, alluded to, to maintain tb* control of It TW *U? nmtfi ? mmU of ?U? Mai* tkii h? - -*i 4