Newspaper of The New York Herald, 15 Temmuz 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 15 Temmuz 1846 Page 1
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THJ Via. XXI, No. Itt-V? Whole No. 4417. THE NEW YORK HERALD.' JAMES 60R0QN BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Circulation--Forty Thousand. D M LY day, Pr?c? 2 euu par copy?*? 15 l>n .uiiiuid?payable ta?4r*iice. wEt.KLV M?K L?????ry H?turd?y?Pr??? <>? canta prr ropy?$3 l?4 "' "B P? MjHim payabU io advaiica. Htl(ALl) FOK ECRnr?>-k rcry Kteain Pnckrt day 1 Prica ?.** cent* par copy?$3 00 par nniinm. payable ill ad- | ADVF.RTISEMEMT8 at thejuaual pncee-alway. cub In advance. PRINTING of ill kind* tuciud with benuty and d*>patch All letter* or communication*, by mail, addreeaed to the tabliahment. nun ba i>-?t |>a d, or the |>o*tage will ba deli ated from (be ?u;*cm>tio>i mouey retnitt d. JAMES tJURDON BKNNETT, Proprietor of lha New Yoam Hu I D KlTilLlirHI.1T, North-We?t cum rai Fulton and Naaaau streets. c.-.Xw KAIL.KOAD COMPANY. SUMMER JM&Jit/GKMEUTT ttffOT IGCH f KAJ.N8 HUN AS FOLLOWS, COMMENCING WED NEBDAY, MAY IS, 1846: Lciri Bbooeltm at T o'clock, A. M. Button tr m for Oraa rirt, daily (except Sundays,) atopping at armingdale and at. George1* \.anor. " " at ?>% o'clock, A. M., for Farmin dale and intermediate pence*. " " at 3 P. M., through to Oreenport, au-i ping both way* at Jamaica, Dewacn, Hickst ille. Farmingdale, and all the aMlinoa between Farmingdale and Oreen|>ort. " " at i P. M., for Farmingdale and interne diate placea. Liiti OiiiaroiTUi o'clock, A. M. Accommodation train, daily, (except Bandar*,) through to Brooklyn. " *' at 3 P. M., Boston train, or on the arrival of the steamer from Norwich, stopping at St. Oeorge*? Manor and Farmingdale. Leatc FiBMirrCDALi at SWA. M", Accommodation train for Brooklyn ? .. n/ a Cf / 3 . |?a_.Un, " " at T* P M tceommndarioa train, iior Brook ijrr. Leave Jamaica at i A. M. AmmmmMn (mil, fu Brooklyn. M at Ik A. >1. unruiwn uuu lor Brooklyn " " * 3V P. M. Accommodation train, ftu Brooklyn. Ka*? to ? Bedford ( cents. East New York ltX, Race Coor?e UJi, Trotting Coarse 18V. Jamaica 25, Brushville 3114, Hyde rark (17 miles) Tl%. Clowsville (during tlie session of court) T\, Hempstead 37Branch 71\, Carle Place 44, Weathury 44, Hicksville 44, Farmiugdsle 62k, Deer Park Kit. Thompson M, Suffolk station ft. Lake Road station $1 UJi, \ledford station SI 18%?. Yaph ink SI 37V, St. George's Manor $1 62S. lliverheaa SI 6tX, Jamesport SI 6?S. Mattetack SI Cutchogae SI tlouthold SI 62>i, Greenport Accommodation train SI 75, Oreenpon by Boston traiu S2 2j Stages are in readiness ou the arrival of trains at the several stations, to take paasengers at very low fares, to all par* of the IsUud. Bamtage ("rates will k * in readiness at the foot of Whitehall Mruet, te receive baggage for the several trains. 30 minutes before the hour of starting from the Brooklyn side. The steamboat " Statesman" leaves Greenport for Sag Harbor twice each day, oo the arrival of the trains from Brooklyn mylp rc TU Pablic is respectlully mlormed that the recent break Jl in the Canal, caused by the late freshet, having been repaired, the PIONEER ?l EXPRESS LINE, via Kailroad and Canal frota Philadelphia to Pittsburgh, commenced it> resnlar trip* for tlie seaso.i on Monday, the 6th of April, leaving the Depot, No. 174 Market street, DAILY, at 7)* o'cl ick, A.M. By this route pas lenders wi4l avoid all the fatiame and dancer of night travelling ta coaches, both Railroads being passed in daylight. for further information, apply at the old-established Office, J71 Market street, 5 dfors above Eighth strert. a|W ^m'rrc A. R CUMMING8, Agent. w* LONG ISLANU KAILKJJAJJ t?ine?? .Mail Tram, leaves Whirehall aireet Ferry, New York side, every morning at 7 A. M., for Boston.^JH^CLAl.o, trains from Brooklv a side at 7 o'clock and five uiinutea, and i)i A M., and 3 and 5 P. M.. daily. The 7 A M , ai.d 3 P. M name go through, the former stopping M Farroiugdale and manor, and die latter at ail places ?u the road jeU r BLACK HALL, OK. OLI) LINE OF LIVERPOOL PA( KET3. FOB LIVF.RPOOL?Oiilv regular packet of the KToWft* W'h July?The aew, magnifi'-eiit, and c> lebra'ed jiniafialaal-aailiui;, favorite I'aci-et Chip Fl DKLI A. burtlir? uoo tons. Cam. Win. G. Hackstaff. will sail positively on Th rsday. ICth July. The accommodations of the Fidelia are fitted oat in a most auperb and costly manuer, w.th every modern improvement ana convenience, that cannot but add to the comfort of tho>e mh.rlcn^ r>-rsoas visiting ihe old country, or sending for Ibrir friends, should c<ll ami ?f ih's splendid a|>?cim?u ?f n*T<l <rchitector?, before rugagim el?ew',ere. For ptssnge i-i cibm, second caniu, and steerage, early application ahould bt made ou boat d. loot of Beekman tree!, or to the subscribers, ROrHK, BROTHF.RS k Co . jyM rrc Si Fnltoo street, next dix>i to the Fultou Built ???- FOR (H.A?UOW?ih? new, first class snij >|Wy ARVITM. i? tons, H. Robinson, master, hafin* Jyyil?.nn?t of her cargo engaged. will meet with despatch l-or balance of freight or passage, haviiyi excellent accoan modaiioua. apply to the captain oa board.loot of Dover street mm WOODHULL k MINTURN, iy!4 in SourK irwrt. iis FOR LIVERPOOL?New Liae?Rec?i? faciei ifaWWof Hat Jaly.?The suixnor, fast sailing packet shir JSMMltHOTTINOUtK. 11M too* burthen, Capt. Ira Bora Uy, will sail aa above, her regular 4ay. For freight or passage, having elegant and snpenor aceom wd-ttiou*. apply oa board, west side of Burlingslip, or to WOODHULL k MINTURN.IT South stra* Price of paasitge . *ri.? .. .-l?i .l.ii' l.iverrxiol. 1200 tons burthen. ( aptain Johsi Eldridite. will inrc?fi) ike Hottiugnrr, aud sail on her regu |a> U\ ^nifiMT jyW h OK >t-W OHLLAiNM-LUI lalAiNA AM' (dRMfW Nr? York Liar?Krgulur Packet?To sell Mood*) . dpWBEes M*1* July. The elegant fast sailing packet shi| LUL/I -iV ILLE, Hut, master, will positively tail a* above, her regular day. For freight or pu?fe, having handsoffie furnished aceom modanous. apply on board, at Orleans wburf, Toot of Wall at , or to E. K. COLLINS k CO., 44 South >t Positively no goods received oa board altar Saturday eveainc, l?:h inat. Agent is New Orleani, James E. Woodruff, wbo will promptly forward all goods to hia address. Packet ship Ogtt EOO Johnston master, will sncceed the Louisville, aadaail Monday, August Wth, her isfilar day. JyHw PACKET SHIP OSWEGO, lr?m New Orleans, is discharging at Pike atreat wharf. Consignees JaQUtbm will pieaae attend tp the receipt of their goods iroin*ui?i,iy. jyljm NEW LINE OF PA< kkth FOR LIVERPOOL.?Packet of the Hat of July.?The splendid, JapaBfefast aailing aud favorite packet ship HOTTINOl>.K tltO tons burthen, Capum Ira Jtaraley, will sail on Tuesday, July flat, her regular day. Parsons wishing to secure berths should Dot hil to make early application on board, atthe foot of Burliug Slip or to w. ft j. t. tapscoVt. At their Oeueral Passage Office, M South street, second door Jyti re below Cr^-ag slip. k KUK LONDON?Reguisr packet of July 16 h.-? n jMfVThe first class,fast sailing packet ship VICTORIA, JMHrim1 ^ateaiu Hartshorn. burtbern 1000 Mas, will eail as abu>r tier regular day Having very superior accommodations for eabtn, second cabin and teerart passengers, pmuai intending to embark should make early application on board, foot o/Maiden lane, r u? JOSEPH MeML'RKAV, Corner of Piue and South streets. The splendid new picket shin I'HINCE ALBKHT, Capt. Sebor, will succeed tae VieUMta, aud sail oa the 1st of August^ j)9r tff SHIP NORMAN, from Itayre?Consignees per HjjV'hii ship will please stud their permits ou board, at JMMKui'ier No 1 Noitli rirer, or to the office ol the uiulersig.,ed. AJI goods not permitted in tire days, will be sent to tht public Store. BOVD ft HiNCKF.N, r No M Wall at. UNION LINE OF PACKETS FOR LIVERPOOL. tfcr Packet of the Uth July?The new, aplendid and KRrSV Is-t-ea'lmg packrt ship EMPIRE, 114 tins hur Uh tHeu, (apt* n J. O. Russell, will sail ou Thursday, jui .bin, her regular d?y. This m ig .iftceut packet ^hsi splendid accommodations for take* at low rate*. for which" and <o Heart the bnt bertha, early ippli.atioa ahoald be m?il? on board, at Pier J North Hirer, or to W. It J T TAPSCOTT, J>11 rh K Boath atrccr. aecond door below Kn.|i?g R|jp. aAat K)H LIVfcRPOOL-New Line?He^ular packdCJtVVet of the 36th July.?'The eleaant, fiat xiImik narkItMbx ?I"P ROlClUl. A. Kldridge, master, of 1100 ton* will son \? abort, her regular day. For freight m paaaige, having accommodation* aneqaalled for ?|dend<>r or eomtort, apply on board, at Orleana wharf, IwC ul Wall (tract, or io C K. ('OLLINB k CO.. S* South at. Price nf mtattfa ftlM fcfcvr PACKJ'.TS FOR MARSEILLES?The packet JTT^yahip .N KBRAhKA, Oiitmu Waiaon. will aail i?n the* of Augnat Kor finylit or ruaat;', apply to <.H VVilEHLAIS fc lrHKLr?, 101 P'rlMit ?' or to J\ ~m BOVP V HIV K k;.N. M WhII aireet d<?t PA88AOE TO OR FROM LIVERPOOL br the new line of Liverpool Pneketa ? Per?>ia aeudJMNNMCa*"'K for iheir Iriaida in any part ol Ore*t Britain or lreia4.1l. can make the neceaaary arrangement! with lha anbarribara on reaaonakle laima. to have I hem brought out ill any of the aboee magnificent paeketa, tha accommodation* of which are unequalled, and tha atrictnt panetuality will ba oli?e.red in their aailmr on the atated dev a From .New York on 3lat and i?th of e'en month. KrntD Liverpool on Sth and llth of every month Tlmt pre renting tha poaaibility of delay at either port. The aabaoobcra are alao aganu for ihe S?. Oenrge'a Line af Packet*, tn any of whieh magnificent ahipa paaaa^e can b? aorurad at a aery moderate rale, ?. in fint claea tranaient ahipe, altogether making a ahip from Liverpool every fire Mle areateat care will be faker, hy Vr W Tape-on in Liverpool io nive all poeeible deapatch to raaaeniera, and lha tame w ill be done P? the aanacribera tu New Voih. >'or luriher panicalara aj |'I> (lettara paiil)m W tJ T. TArsCOTT. m .v,?ih afreet, two door* below Bui line ali;>. er to W.M. TAPUCOTT.W Wateil.x, HoWri, r Lireriiool. "ifct PACKETS FOR HA VHF.-Second Line?The a#?aV. nnrU. t ahii> BAi.TI.MORK, 1 it'iain J"hn Jnhinna, jnmMBut'r.. will ??tl ou ?"K":!.Vf'*"' ?? S3? M _ Y * x*a?- 1' \ IT VI) 8TATK8 k (iRKA i HIWTAINfc iISKIK^AND OLD KHTABI.I8HLD EMIGRANT JlfiSiBtoKKlCK ?Tlie 8nb?erib?rt ?r* |.rr|?rrrt to brin* ( in |>.xwif*rt b* *"V ol th? Liltff Picket! Miliag " 'T . fir* d*y? ; and inft? rut, *? WW, b* fnmuhed, j>?v?ble K Zulr1 * Umt,dJ5k^i?ERUAf?N^cop:rt,eu,'lrt iyj ?1 SoaUl KMi E NE NI The War With Mexico. Letter* fk-om tlie Amty-Xo 1. Matamoras, Mexico, June 28, The newspaper ) undoubtedly a priceless blessing in any country, but among our people it is the very staff of inti Uectual tif?. Y<?t, so voracious is the popular appetite, that little attention is ^iven to the bare quality of the material* of which the bread is sometimes composed This fact kas been strikingly illustrated in some recent accounts of movements and doings in the little army of occupation. So exaggerated have been many ol the statements?so contrary to truth and a reasonable probability, the narrative of events thut have occurred, aud of others which never happened, as to fill the regular officer with mortification and reizret. and draw from him that mournfully disparaging soliloquy, "How this world is given to lying! The papers from the I'nited State* are now arriving, freighted with varied reports of sieges, and marches, and battles on the frontier of Mexico; and it would appear that almost every camp follower, whatever his eapaoity or aiean's of information, has'believed that his own circumstantial report of transactions here, was a sacred debt he owed to his country and the world. Professional knowledge was not deemed necessary. He had a call, and with a presumption similar to that with which the ^soramus, under the plea of this canting expression, entcrB upon the sublime mysteries of theology, our historian minutely des< 4 bes the progress of battles he did'not soe, and parses a veidict upeu military operations he does not understand. And here let me state, for the credit of army literature a?d veracity, that a majority of the extravagant, and oitentimes ptiwile accounts, purporting to come from an officer in camp, proceed from no one commissioned in, or in any way bt longing to the public servioe. The writer of t .is was at Point Isabel early in May, terms iiiwnicn xue vonuuci ana cnvravici ui wm. Titylor in spoken of in Matainoras. Hi# remaining in camp and sharing ail the hardships of the soldier*, during the extremely disagreeable weather which we have lately had, affords, they say, a favorable contrast to what would have been the conduct of a Mexican General, under similar ciieumstances. The latter would have occupied the best hoaM in town, even if he had to 1'uioe the inmates into the streets. Capt. Walker, of the Texas Runner*, has revived his commission as captain in the United ''ales army, of company C oJ the regiment of mounted riflemen. He is instructed, wa are in|?rmed, to repor'. by letu-r and not in jxrFOn, as pis service? m ?y be needed here, to Maj. llur"rde, Newport, Ky , and to recruit his eompany ;ts speedily as possible, so as not to inter lure with moif active dunes. The commissioners sent from this plaoe, by the permission of Gen. Taylor to the commander of the Mexican forces, to obtain money lor the support of the sick and wounded Mexican soldieis, returned yesterday Willi $ 1200. The poor maim ed wretohes, whan they are turned out of the hospital, will faiihe permission of the government to ?beg. The decrees of Ayuntiamento of the city of Matamoras, a*e published in to day's paper. Their object is oenainty laudable, and will m?et with the approval and hearty co-ope rnt ion of the American portion ol the population. The taxes to be colleoted, we nre informed, will lie applied to th main ntn.-rr nt tin- thu Dioinotioil of the cleanlineM of the streets of the city. '1 be oiuHiner Neva, Cai?. Stone, arrived here vcxtri^iiff, having lelt R?-ynoso on Wedneiday lut. Wo nre intormrd by tlic* oaptain, that the riv?r hud inllni fulijr three ftut sinu?- lit* upward trip, still there i* water enough for his boat,winch it raws ihrce mid a half feet The health of tintroops MumhimI iri IU-yuosa wns good. no 0**e? 01 siekness hav,n?< oo?-urrtd, except sucli as are neoe-^artlv incident tocamp hie. The distance from MHtuinoros to Reyno?o, by the river, 11 one hundred and eighty tuiles and : about eighty by land. I We have received news from the capital ol I Mexico up to the 6th instant. The papers wer* : Hlled with the protestation^ of obediencu snd submission by sevf ral d?*partm. nis which hail de> : clared &gitiu?t the authority ol the government.? ; Tbore is nothing that indicates a movement ol I troops* The government >s lost-g confidence in , the clergy, whom it is snpirOM-dnre mtirh nior* anxious to eflret their drilling pioj?*ct ol placing a Spanish Prince ti|>onilin throne Ol Mex co, than | tua*M*t the republ.o in it* pre?*-nt s ia;t. Thi American pioop ui wnr mhih-ii ** nr? cruising on ! fumi'ieo, threw a few shot ii?tt?fi?n Burnt, bur iio i i*eriout dciiioniitrHrio.i wa- inndf, and thi: net on, ! if it may be i*o called, reMilted in nothing bui ihc t-xcliHiigu of a few ball*?u sort of prelude u> ftie grtnn (Iminii which w ill p<(H>n lie ftt li d. i The Mexican extra xcasion ol Congress, which MmlHcd the thud June, conwsteU of HU meintiers, (Jen. Uui-tament*, President, and in case ol the absence of 1'nrede*, President of the llepublic. The commandant of the department ol Puebla.sayt, in an othcial dispatch to the minister of war and marine, that the soldiers under his when Captain Walker returned from his daring *nd sueoe-sful ex|?edition to the fort opposite Matamorns. The clear report from its commander of the first two days' operations and resulH was well known throughout the army, and to every citizen at the Point. Judge of our surprise to benold, a few weeks afterwards, the story that four Impounders had, in thirty minutes, totally destroyed the well-built city of Matnmoras, and killed seven hundred of its defenders! Now, who told this improbable falsehood! Certainly no one accurately acquainted with the effect ol shot, or the usually adhesive character of brick and mortar. Yet this marvellous story went to the United States, and served the good purpose of a text for patriotic addresses to the thousands assembled in your park, and Rave the subject to a great national drama, written, rehearsed and acted wuhin five hours after it reached Philadelphia. But with all its utility, it wanted the becoming ornament of a degree of truth. Richly did we merit that bitter sarcasm of the Canadian editor, who, on the report that the American army was about to take Matamoras, quietly suggested that Matainoras had no exist ence for several days. And the official ed tor may herein Hud some excuse for his incredulity when the rumor of our battles first reached Washington. To quarrel with the charity believing us capable of so great and marvellous things, may appear ungrateful; but the mortification, on account of the Mtinchausens returning to us by every mail, is so great, that I have felt it my dit'y to dwi 11 upon the evil at some length, ana to caution the public that all tho " latest intelligence" from the seat of war is not worthy of implicit belief. We deem the unadorned truth sufficiently extraordinary for the most wonder-loving reader, and ack no higher pra se for the army ol occupation than this truth simply stated. With these viows, and to correct, in some meaSlin*. Sill fVtl fr^n11t! v 114 nrouiil tr\ th#? niltilif* interest as it i-> annoying to individuals, I would i-k a nlace in the col'nuns of the universally read Htra/d, wherein to record pas.-ins{ events on the rt.10 Grande and with the invading army, as they ire aeon to the writer. Shoul I this pnvilei<e be iccoraed, it is hoped that numerous eriors may be corrected, and more avoidt-d in future. It cannot be doubted 'hat the operations of Gem. Taylor, in his brief and brilliant campaign, are to >ccupy a conspicuous place on the page of Atneri ;an history, an they have elevated him among die tirst of Amer can heroes. Two dnys stand in oold prominence, but it must not be supposed i hat all of high importance was enacted on the 8th and 9. h of May. War would be indeed a holiday, tiad we but to meet and engage the enemy at a given time, and, after sharing tn the excitement of battle, and perhaps the glory of triumph, behold tlio work accomplished, and he permitted to lelurn quickly at home. But every day shows not .t battle-field. It is in patient endurance, in learning "to labor and to wait," that the soldier is moM severely tried. Incidents apparently the slightest, may have the most important buaring upon tine grand result, and hence the history of any day from the march of the army from Corpus Ghristi 10 the occupation of this Mexican city, may not be unworthy of record. In this spirit, I propose 10 write currente calamo of transactions in and near the army of occupation, Without regarding strictly ihe order of time, as often and with as much in nuteness as a soldier's duties in the field may ad'ord Inm leisure and opportunity. X. V. Z. Movements of thn Army of Occupation? Affairs In Mutmnarao [Frsai the Matamoras Reveille, June SO ] A portion of Capt. M'Cullough's company, a few days since, while en a scouting expedition, near Keynoso, captured two officers of the Mexican army. They are reported to have had despatches from Canales to the Mexican army near Monterey. The nature of the communications, as a matter of course, have not transpired. We are gratified, us un American citizen, at the i_ W YO iW YORK, WEDNESDA1 f i command, instead of being disheartened by the news of the battles of the 8ih and 9th ult., desire most eagerly to be let against the horde of barbarians and robbers, the North Americans. The yellow fever is prevailing to coMtderable extent in Vera Cruz. We publish the decree of Gen Parodes.ifclositt^: the port of Mazatlan on the Pac lie. The decree 1 to take i*ifeet against all Vrasels from the ports in the Pacific in one month alter its publiitat.on ; ! agamst vessels from South America, in four months; ugaiust vessels from Europe, in fix 1 mouths. . . The Mexican Government have issued a decree, I dated June 5th, declaring all goods shipped into . .uriivu \jy mc way ui mauiiuurn^, yrcviuuv lUlU ! since its occupation by the American army, csn| tiscated and liable to seizure. There in a provi-< , ?ion for the restoration of those on which tne duties hava been paid. This is decidedly rioii. If we are net entitled to the free navigation of the Rio Grande, Bravo, Del Norte, we don't know who are. The policy which the Mexican Government has pursued toward* the Departments of Tamaulipa*, New Leon, Chihuahua, and Coahutlm, has been of such a character as to give good cause for dissatisfaction. Whilst the departments of Vera Cruz, Mexico, and a tew other* have been tupported and sustained by the Government, not a pittance has fallen to these States. Arms necessary to the defence of their wives and ehildren against the incursions of the savages, tiave been denied the inhabitants; their petitions Imvo been slighted, and no notice has been tak6o of them whatever, except to tax and oppress them. Whilst some of ihe Departments have been treated as legitimate sons, these States, in asking for their rights only, have been spurned as bastards by the Government. These things have been borne ?o long that forbearance ceases to be a virtue. The paitialiiy and injustice of this aourse is so obvious, that a people who would enditra it longer are fit only to be slaves. [From tb* Matamorai Republic, Jan* J7 1 The steamer Aid returned to this place Tuesday evening from Reynoso, having met with little difficulty on the passa-e, and ve li'yitig the saying of Sam Patch, that " some things can be dons as well as others." When she pa*so?t the volunteer encampment, the river bank was lined with men, who simultaneously gave her a welcome return, by freely cheering ner. " All'* well," she reports ixora auove. [From the Matamorai Republic, June 93 ] General Taylor's head quarters and staff occupy the most beautiful position imaginable. The Rio Granue, after tom-hing Mata moras at its western extroinity, runsTround and forms a beautiful curve, resembling the quarter of a circl", and approaches within live hundred yards of the principal square, the streets running straight down to the river, as they do at the western extreme, where it approaches very near the buildings. In this circle, about thirty paces from the bank, on the Matamoras side, under a lone tree, stands the tent of the hero of many batiles. The tents of his statf are around at ^convenient distances, the whole forming a pleasing combination at the extreme north went of the encampment. As you proceed d iwn the river you com* to the home of Col. Twiggs, and adjoining it, Brad's artillery, and in succvssion the fifth regiment of infantry, comivauded bv Major ftaniford. To the souili of, and in parallel line with the rivor. about two hundred yards distant, are the 3d and 4th regiments of imantry, commanded by Col. Garland. Pursuing the river bank down, you coine to the ferry which crosses the river a little above Fort Brown, and is the principal thoroughlare between the two divisions of the army. Below this ferry, at the distance of four hundred yards, you come to the dying artillery of C/apt. Duncan, and the 8th regiment of intaniry, commanded by Gen. Worth. We will now go over to Fort Brown, defended by three companies of artillery, under the command of Capt. Lowd. Just above Fort Brown, and immediately upon th? bank of the rivnr, is posieu me on regiment "i ini.mtry, commanded i>y Capt. Miles. Ttieu, still as ywu proceed up the river, you como lo the encampment"of the Louianna and Alabama volunteers, commanded by Gen. Smith, and on the border the volnnteers of East and West Texas. Orders to " hold themselves in readiness" have been given to several of the regular, as well as volunteer commands stationed around Matamorns, and there is no doubt Uncle ZaeW has in view some work lor the boys to perform. We discover that the Mexicans are much elated at information received that all the wealth and property ofthechurcu has been tendered to the government to support the war. We learn thiit Lieut. Col. Antonio Tenorio, of the 12 h regiment Mexican infantry, has arrived in Lanares with four bundled men and three pieces of cannon from Tampico. Col. Tenoria was formerly a citizen of tins place, and his family now live in ihecity. We also learn that every Department in the Kepublic has made a voluntary tender ol its quota of inen and money for the effective prosecution ol the war, and, lrom our own observation, we discover that the Mexicans feel a greater anxiety about the receipt ot a mail than we do ourselves, wishing to ascertain how affairs stand between John Bull and Brother Jonathan, as it anticipating relief from a difference between these worthies. [From tha MtUmoru Republic, Jun* 00 ] Another stenmpr. the A uf nrrivwf nt nnr 1?n,l ing on Wednesday night last, and left on Thursday evening for Keynoso, with provisions, tc., for the troops stationed there, ('apt. Lynde of the 5th infantry, with a detachment of men, went as an escort to the boat, and topographical engineers Mead and Wood, accompanied her for the purpose of making a survey and map of the river. This is the first steamer that has ever attempted the ascent of the river above this place, and will be viewed as a curiosity by the natives, most of whom have no conception of what a steamboat is. She will no doubt prove of infinite " aid" to the service. Matamoras is becoming daily more Americanized, and the old citizens are showing milch desire to assimilate with the new comers. The greater part of that shyness and luliewarmness which was wont to characterize them, has given place to familiarity and amity, and they talk together, eat together, and lutigh together, as though the line of enmity nad been completely erased or covered over with the link of friendship that seems hourly cementing. This is as it should be, and its good effects are being lelt over the placc. The cambined efforts of the two hare given an impetus to business, and bnried in oblivion the dull lethargy which prevailed when the one ]*arty was opposed to the other. Business men have arrived here from New Orleans, Texas and other places, and llnd a good market for all they have to srll. Mechanics, too, are found busily plying their implements of trade, and every thing gives token ol better times ahead. What the grand tirude may be to this "joint occupancy." (civilly speaking) we know not; but this we do know? the Rnuntenanoes of all we meet seem to express I 'spose it's all right!" Operations about head-quarters, portend a speedy movement of troops. . Carrabajal, with about two hundred men, we have fr?m undoubted authority, was in San Fernnni4n foil r Amwm a art imTina unnn nil fha linriCN lie oonld find, and keeping a strict watch over movements in Matamoras, overhauling all on tlteir way to or coming from this p'aee. San Fernando ia distant nbrtut ninety mile* from here, and the imputation are hourly looking for the march of the Americans upon the town. The archive* niid all the public property has been carried off or concealed. Letters received by citizens hero convey to them the positive a<-urunce that the Mexican army will r"'tirn within two montlif. Gues* they'll think better of it. General Taylor is beginn nir to like the place exceid ng well, and we calculate the on'y way to prevail on him to leave i?, I will be to buy him off with a good round sum of MfX'can gold. f Hy later ndviocs we have learned, that Carrabai jal had succe? ded in collecting auom MM) horses, and had passed within fify miles of this place, on his wav toward* Camargo. That Canales, if between Cxmargo end Montery upon the west side r of the r-'an Juan river. That furthermore, it is generally understood that he has had interviews with tliM Alcaldes of the jurisdictions aliout Reynoso and Gttmarpo, and that they have agreed uj>"n a Dec'ri'atiott nf Independence. Goiieials

lorr?j'm and Juarigue are in Monteiey, (ieneial Amptidia is in San Louis I'o'osi. General M>ji* i is'till with the reiiiimnt of the army, in which I milfli ?I/*L 11 r p 1/1 a l? na inff no (ioillit. tj'i t 111 IT ' . "" o i i>rrcipititt? retreat Grn? al Ari-t? in now *t his i iwcieiid* ; nltlixuuh metered toiYlex.oo l??- declines (toing, iilU-giriK that lii? ai:r titers are present, ittiil i Hint wlmr? thcjr are, lie expect# to answer all CiiluiiiniHtiona. [From lh? N*w Orlnn* Picayune. July < ] The ttttatmhip Alabama, CHpt. Windfe, arrived r this morning from Hraao* Baniiago, having pailed thence on tne 8d inrt. Tha Mexican f.?rceii are i supposed to be coucentiated in the vicinity ot R K I t MORNING, JULY 15, If i Monterey, under the immediate command ofP*redes. The American army appear to be on the point of takm# up their march to penetrate as i'ar as Monterey. Point Isabel. July 8, 18(6. , Gentlemen,?I left Matamonu last evening, a"d ?tart*d from Gen. Smith'* camp, on this fid* 1 oi Kio Grande, at 9 o'clock, with a volunteer ; officer, to r;de across the prrtine. 1 saw " Old ; R>u;/h and Ready" ju-t before l> avinir. He was i r dm# out hitntuiu for newspapers. Ttie old gen- I ! tleman haidly ever is wen attended by any ol his j officer* or men in his ride?, but goes*'poking about," ns I heard a volunteer remark the other J day, " just like other folks." Gen. Smith wits to begin to remove his camp to-day somo 12 or 16 j miles up the river on the Mexican side. The 1 I General looks remarkably well and is in fine spi- r : rits. The musquitees showed themselves in num , l>ers lor the nrat tints at head-quarters last eve| ning. The volunteer camp was perfectly shrouJed by sinoko, raised by the men to keep off the in- I truder*. A rumor obtains in camp that a portion of the Louisiana volunteers are soon to tie disbanded, and, though they h-ve been assured that such will not pronably be the case, they are quite uneasy about it?u few because they want to go home, onJ fear the rumor is not welrfotuided, but most of them beoause th?y desire to stay and " s?*e the thing out." "When can we move! Can we ever get a fight out of them 1" are the questions constantly put to persons coming from Gen. Taylor's quarters. That a Urge portion of ihe army will soon move towards Monterey can no loneer be doubted, as bo?u enough ot light draught have arrived to warrant Gen. 1 aylor in taking possession of the country between the mouth of the river and that plane. The road we came over last nieht?I mean the wagon road between Point Isabel and Matamoras?is still impassab e for loaded wagons, a>>d it is a wonder to me how a light wngon can be dragged over it. From the river to the Palo Alto, some nine miles, there is not, aliogeiher, half a mile ot hurd rood. The mud is generally afoot deep?and in some places two or three feet deep, and there is at least lour miles of water, in many piiicua nanny lurunuic i*jr nurses. * 110 ^t iincman who accompanied m? down captured 11 gar- , ft?h on " six mile piairie," between th>> battle ! fields the other day, nearly three feet lout;. 1 passed over the name place four or five times when it was perfectly dry, with no appearance of having ever been overllowt-d At the Resaca de la Palm* where, as you will observe on the map, a road passes between the ponds, there is now but one pond, and that is deep enough anywhere for a respectable sized steamboat to puss through it. The Palo Alto battle field is two-thirds covered , with water. A Mexican prisoner of war, Lieut. Ruix, whose : arrest I mentioned sometime ago, will go out to ; New Orleans in the Alabama. You will recollect : that he was caught in Matamoras in the act ot j trying to gather recruits from among the citizens, i and the convalescent of the wounded soldiery. A Mexican also goes out in chains accused of being oneof the murderers of the Rogers family. I am not lawyer enough to know exactly how Ue j will be tried, or before wh'it tribunal, but he has an ugly phiz to bring before a jury. Mr?. Pnge, | wile of the Capt. Page, who behaved scyoillnnily in the recent battles, and was so tmadlnlly wounded, will go out in the Alabnma. She came to this place to meet her hu hand, but found, on i her arrival, that the captain had ulreadv sailed for i New Orleans, expecting to meet her husband : there. Military Operations throughout the Union. I TEXAS The following is a list of the regimental officers | of the volunteers raised in Texas for Mexican \fmr. First Regiment Riflemen?A. Sidney Johnson, Colonel; Ephram M'Lain, Lt. Col.; Wells, Major; Wm. P. Ballinger, Adjutant. Number of men 700. Second Regiment of Mounted Riflemen.? ? _|_ II r?-i . C IP 117 ..It..*. T. I juuu nnj% OAiuuc'.v/. u aian, uv. \^\j\\ji\%h9 , .M. Chevalier, Major. Number ot men 860. Total number exclusive of regimental officer*, 1610. Nearly a sufficent number of men havo arrived to organize another regiment of Mounted Riflomen, and we understand that several companies of inftntry are on tlieir way to the seat of wai. | Texas, we have every reason to believe, wdl furmsh her tbll quota ol men as speedily as possible, j .She would have had several more foot companies ' in the field already, if the government agent at ' Galveston hud felt himself authorised to issue j arms and furnish means of transportation. ALABAMA. The detachment of Alabama volunteers, com- j Sosed ofthe Jackson county volunteers, Captain : ones, awl the Talladega Rangers, Captain Cun- j ningham, left this citv on Saturday evening, on the steamship New York, lor the seat of war.? Mobil* ilrtald, July 7. Military Ootkaok.?The detachment of Alabama volunteers, composed of the Jackson County Volunteers, Capt. Jones, and the Talladega Hungers, Capt. Cunningham, left this city on Saturday evening, on the steamship New York, for the seat of war. Previous to their leaving, some three or four of them became engaged in a rather serious artair. Two negro men wore sitting on the wharf fishing. The volunteers, a?ter abusing them, throwing melons at and otherwise til-treating them, knocked them into the j river. One ol them fortunately caught by the wharf, and was drawn in ; the other, n very valuable and trustworthy servant, named Berry, l>elonging to Mr. I. L. Jones, of this citv, was drowned. The alarm was given, and the Mayor and Marshal, accompanied by others of the police, repaired to the wharf and demanded the offend era. Capt Cunningham drew his sword, ordered his men fo defend themselves, and refused to de liver up the men chareed with the offence ? I Capt. Phillip*, of the Nfcw York, assured the i Mayor that he would not allow the boat to leave unless with his consent. The captains of the companies, upon consultation with the quartermaster (Gen Toulinin), consented to vield up two of the supposed offenders, but not nihil they ascertained, l>y inquiry among their men, that ihey would be acquitted. The Mayor canned the companies to be formed and the rolls call< d, when it was found that there was one man missing, fo/ whom search was made. After some trouble he was discovered in the hold of the bout, covered up with blankets, knapsacks, muskets. &c. He and two others were arraigned before ; the Mayor, who was assisied by F. G. Kimball, j Esq. The names of the nn-n wore John A Wil- i liainson, of the Talladega R:ingers,Samuel Row- ! an, and Calloway Morton, of the Jackson county 1 volunteers. The most essential tes:imony given j was that of Mr. Curran, who testified that ne <aw Callowuy Horton.one of the prisoners, strike Berry on the bark, and knock lum into the river, without any insolence from or provocation on the I part of Berry. The testirvony of Captain Dorfan ' (pilot) and Messrs. Shreve and I'owley went to , corroborate the testimony ol Mr. Owran.nnd aNo to implicate Williamson and Rowan a? accesso- j ries Iwth before and after the fact. After a pa- | tient hen ring of the case the magistrates dismiss- ! ed Williamson and Rowan, but committed Hor- | ton to jail to appear at the Criminal Court, the case being so xggravated as not to allow them to , admit him tc bail?Mcbilt Htralrt, July 6tA. SBOMtA. Th? steamboats Bradstreet, Amaranth, j Lowndea and Eureka brouiht down the Georgia , volnnteer regiment on Sunday. Tho oompanics are designated as follow* ?? The Matsnn Guards, Captain Holme*. The Columbus Guaid', Capiain Davis. The Richmond Blues, Captain 1 'ill. Tba Juiiriar ( rvans f',?ntnin Mp\'sir. The Crawford Guard*, Captain Jones. I The Fannin Avenger*, Captain Sargent. j The Canton Volunteers, Captain Grumbling. The Georgia Light Infantry, J. S. Calhoun, Captain. The Keiuas Hangers, A. Nelson, Captain. The Suinter Volunteers, Jo>?uph A. tf. I'urner, ] Captain. The regiment, until it embarks for the sent of war. wiii be quartered at the Independent Pie?a ! I in the lower part of the city.?Mobile Htrald, JvJfl. ItKW TOBK. Dk?Fjitch ?-Th<" officers and men of Company A, 2<i r gnnentofIn'autry, (Cant. T Morn*, > n?I l?i Lit -U'enant, J. MciChftry,) wh oh left Fort Ni*g "'? on th? evening of Satu>day la?t, cn lonte for the art?y in M'-x co, w. re landed >rday afte>n xm at Govi rnoi's Maud Without tuaiou into c?t S'detaiion the lact thai ibev were detain* d at I*yriiciine, by the want ol ^Uituble Im^i^crnr", for twenty four hours, this is it reinaikable instance ol expeditmn. and reflects great credit upon the prompt and energetic olltccr* of the company. U e learn that it comprise* about <10 rank aid file; and Ihut marching ordeis were received by Captain Moma just one week ago. ' This cucuinstunce, connected with tlie fuctthat oTJC*... I H?III1 fjtfa IERA 346.' their's was th? first company of the regiment, i although stationed at the mo?i remote post, to report *i the rendezvous, inu.?t Us highly gratifying to the gallant Captain, his otiicert uud men. ' MASSACHUSETTS. ' We heard a re(?oit to-day that there was to be ' a new election ol officers for Captain Coy's company this evening, *ome of the originals havnip M.-rit| les about going to California.?Button 7'rarttcrij/t, July 13. MW ?AMPSHIBK. Our il stingaislied fellow citizen, General Jam's Wilson, of Keene, hits been commissioned Lieut. Colonel of the battalion of New Hampshire volunteers.?Xinhua TtUgruyh. p Indian Intelligence. Fbo.m Foet Jou>.?Emlit M ickinaw boat9, laden with buffalo robe* &c., with u company of ' thirty-six men. under the charge of Mr. P. D. Papin, arrived at Fort Leavenwortli, on the 2d, from Fort John, at the junction of the Laramie and Big Platte rivers. The crows antl car?o were tlvere translered to tlio steamer Tributary, which arrived here yesterday morning. The cargo conHiats of 1100 packs, butialo rwbes, 10 pack* of beaver, and 3 pack* of bear and wolf skins, and , was consigned to P. Chouteau, Jr., & Co. We I learn from Mr. Pap;n, that he had great diiHculty j in descending the Platte, on account of the low w ,n* i , HIiv* w as uuu^ru IU iraiiMcr mu imruut's from three of liis bouts and leave them behind.? Two boats which left the fort before him, he thinks, will be unable to get down, not having men enough to haul them over the shoals. During the absence ol the Pawnees, on a hunting excursion, about two week-* ago, a large war party ol Sioux, several hundred in number, visited and burned their three villages on the Platte and tributaries, destroyed their crops of growing corn, and turned loose their horses. A missionary and his family living in one of the villages, was shot at several times,?one of the balls passed through J his cloths, barely mii-sing him. anil he w as obi.- 1 ged to retire to Council Blutfs. The Sioux are 1 greatly dissatisfied at the passing of the California 1 emigrants through their country; complain that ' I they kill all their game, and declare that no more I 1 shall be permitted to intrude, unless they pav I ?U C. . .. . 1. T*Y I A. -I ' I uiem u?r uiti privilege. luny imvu muuu un1 same complaints to the mountain trader?, and strongly urge their claims for payment, and desir- ' ed to hold a council with Col. Kearney on the subject. The Pawnees wen practising their thievish propensities on the emigrants, following them in small parties,and stealing their horses, cattle, &c when left unguarded. One man, who had strayed from the camp, was found by a body of twenty or thirty, and completely stripped o) all that he ( had, was then badly Hogged, and afterwards | allowed to return to the cainn. Game is said to , be very scarce, and many ol trie Sioux and other , tribes are in?a starving condition. The emigrant* i were understood to be progressing slowly, divided in parties of thirty or loity wagons, for the purpose of better procuring game and water. The leaders of the Mormons were at Council BlufFs.? About one thousand wagons, belonging to Mormons, had arrivetl there, and they were waiting for the remainder to come up, when they intended to proceeJ to Great Pawnee Island, on the Platte, and there ennarnp for the winter. Thev had sUrcndy commenced crossing the Missouri at the J? utfs. Messrs. Vasquez and Bridger, from Fort Hall, on Green river, one of the extreme western posts in the mountains, arrived at Fort John before Mr. Papin and his party left, and re- , poited all quiet in that country.??S't. Iajuik Republican, J\Uy 7. Aubany, July 13, 1846. , The State Convention?Ttu Pardoning Power. Very little is being dono in this city indepen- ( dently of the convention proceedings. The weather is unmercifully warm, and all who are so fortunate as to be atile, have set off for tlv country The business of the convention must necessarily partake of great interest 1 am disposed to belie v? that its vast importance is hardly apprec ale i. I was present in the Assembly Chamber a moment to-day. The question whether the lodgment of tho pardoning power in the Executive of this Htate, is not detrimental to the interests of the citizens, was under discussion. 1< annears. indeed, that this prerogative has always been a matter of innuietiid* to the Executive, and that he would gladly dispense with it. It i? beyond the power of the Executive to even notice or reply to the many application* for pardon*. This is c?l'ed a dereliction by the petitioners, nnd where Executive interposition i* often granted on behalf of poor convicts, he is of ten condemned and execrated by ferocious partizans, for a too free and facile exercise of this great prerogative. It has even been alleged that the Executive has not always been altogether free from puhticnl intluenccs in granting pardons. Thus it will be seen that the situation of the Executive is delicate and often unpleasant. No i? ore weighty reason ran be adduced in (avor o( the proposition to withdraw the paidoimig power friam the Governor, than the fiict, that thepower constantly forces brilliant opportunities lbi personal benefit, and political emolument in hikeeping, without any sort of risk wl conviction A million channels for the exercise of this tremendous influence are seen, and the most j-plendid intellects joined to indexible integrity, cnnno> always hope to resist advantages for the safe and covert transaction of schtmes of diabolical villa ny. Therefore this option should not be vested in any citizen. It is nlways unsafe. A herco opposition to the proposal hns been displayed in the convention. 1 think, however, that the proposition will be carried Nevertheless h duty presents itself to the press of this State. Let it speak on which side it may, it should be heard. Constitutional Convention, Monday, July 13 ?On motion of Mr. Chatlield, the hour of meeting in the morning wa? changed from ten to nine o'clock. On tnotion ofMr Penniman, an inquiry was ordered into the expediency of abolishing the office of county superintendent of schools. AI?o, on motion of Mr Murphy, nn inquiry of the Comptroller as to the amount of capital of moneyed or stock corporations in the city of New ) orK, ana me proportions uiereui ueiu ny residents of New York, and by persons or institution* elsewhere. Also, on motion of Mr. Rubles, an inquiry into the expediency of adopting a permanent and uniform system of taxation, operating equally upon all, regarding actual property, whether real or personal, defining the two classes of property, protecting the citizen against double taxation, <xc., so that each one may bear his due i share of the public burthen, according to the value ' of what be really possesses. The subject of the ! executive power tind dutius was resumed in com- > mittee of the whole, and the section in regard to the pardoning power discussed under a variety of amendments. Without going through with that section, the committee rose ana re[>orted progress. Adjourned.?Albany Argui. Railroad Accidktt? Lom or Lift ?Saturday morning, between 10 and 11 o'clock, Mr. Mintel ! and his wife were returning home, after having I so.d out their marketing. The way train from | Bordentown was opposite the State Prison, just . as Mr. Mintel drove on the cannl bridge opposite I Sullivan's tavern. Mr. M. being a lirle deaf, probably did not hear the locomotive; his wile told him to stop, and gavo the remp a check; the horse stopped for a moment, and frightened at the noise, staited again, which brought his fore feet on the track just as the locomotive came up The hor?e was first caught by the hoof, which was torn oil, kno< k?d round against the loco , mo'ive, at the same tune upsetting the wagon, I and throwing Mr. and Mr*. Mintel out. The gears became entangled with tho cars, and com- j nletely torn off the horse, while the waton was { broken to pieces. Mr. M. holding on to the lines, i was dragged a considerable distance over the pro- | jections of the sleepers, until the car? were stopped At Hrt>, it was thought that Mis. M. , was injured the mo*t; Mr. M. walked about the niarza at Sullivan's with apparently little pain, j Patrick Riley immediately procefded to bathe thw wound- of Mr. M., and found his right side, from In-* fhonlder down, and also his l>ack, very etiotu'ly bruised. Mrs. M. was much hurt. IAi$. Pulledj who wa? about crossing at Taylor' btid^e, hear 2 of the acdMent. cmne round to take i|i?m home Mr. M. walki d to tho wagon, and express! d nn anxiety o uet homo before he d ed. ( lie also d-sir. d tln<t tin y should si nd lor Dr. Clark.?Th" oW lady complained n good deal to her hnsbai d mr not -toptnng when she fbst t' Id - - i - ' ... .k...., .. m.l.. r I 111 Iillll.? I In y wrre i.toen .1 , Pom) Kiln, where Mr. Mmtt-I died xliout 4 oVIrck in the iilii-rnoon, and wa.? ijur ed yeHrrdwy tidernoon. Hojie?nre iiteiin n? d of ih?? recoyciy of Mr?. M. Mr. Mmtrl 14 m* d to hnve Ix-en up* aids of 70, nr>d in fxc?*ll?-nt brallti. The hoiso ??? io severely injured as to make it n?*ce.*.?!iry,to relieve him from hurtinna, to lull lum.?Tnnton JStttt, M UuVyW. , LD. Prtee Two Ont*. The Hot Wother and Thundcr-atunn*. A tremendous st?rrn was experienced to the last and north ut u> on Saturday night la.?t. Coqi derahle damage was done to the orchard* along the Hudson Hiver near Tarrytown. In the New England State* the itorm was particularly severe. [From the Boiton Journal ] The hnut-e of Cep'uin Juriun B Lincoln was struck by l.yh'n nk', brenkmg nil the gln?9 m the s:de I gh<?, Hint domx other damage. Thence it pufc*e<l along the tutoring ui the fecotid story, teui mg off the |-hi-t. rintr and woxl work in one ot the chambers Hint in the parlor below, and then passed into the cellar, where it plityed Some curious lieuks wulm box ut eggs. In its course it entirely demolished u large mirror, and also damaged a large clock without stopping it. Fortunately no perf-on was injured, although there were many in the houie, Hud several in the room* most injured. During the gnte several large trees were injured, and the large clothing house belonging 10 the ltoukluud house, at the head of Nanta-ket beach, was blown down. A schooner, near the beach, carried a way her topmast. Our informant came up this morning in the Steamer May Flower, and reports having seen in the bay two barks and one brig, each minus a topmast. [From the Boktoo Transcript ] During the thunder shower yesteidny afternoon, a large barn belonging to Nath'l Colbuin in West Dedham, was struck by lightning, and set on tire. The barn with its contents, connmng of liHy, a hori-e, several wagons,Arc , whs entirely consumed. Mr. Colburn's house wa.s al.-o pretty badly burned, loss $2,UK), partially insured. The barn of Mr. Merrifield, in Dedham, was also struck by lightning during the same -howcr, but no serious injury was done, as the fluid pu-sed ori toward a >hop on a bar t>f iron over a drapery. A young nan who was in the shop at the time, was stunned. A large tree in the lnwn of Rev. Dr. Burgess's Meeting-house, was also struck and shivered oti about four feet from the ground. In its fall it broke down a cherry tree in an ailjoining >ard, belonging to Mr. Freeman Fisher. A barn in Abington was mu?k, set on fire, and with its contents consumed. The hou.-e of Mr. Lincoln, 111 llintrhnt-n wn? ulsik struck in front hut ihn Jumngc was but trilling. Those of tiic inmates who wore ou that side ot the house, were stunned. At New|>ert, R.I., the lightning struck a schooner and shivered ouc ol her masts to pieces. A scientific gentleman in Boston, has addressed a letter to tlio ?vtning Iravtuer, in which tie makes the following interesting statements, relative to the weather in that city. He saysi?1 hiring the last three day*, the theimometer, which has long been used in the same placa for my meteorological observations, indicated the following temperatures i? Sun'U*. 3 PM. 10 P. M. July 10?Fridsy 70 OA 84 ' 11?Saturday HO 9A)t' 77 " 13?Sunday 7 6 03 7< " 13 ? Monday 67 On the 10th and 11th the greatest heat wu m usual, at about 8 F. M., but yet-terday at ]| P. M,t the sudden squall ol wind and ram, with lightning, came up and cooled the air in hall an hour to 78J, and it was not again above 84. Tba squall ot wind und rain, with lightning, at 8 o'clock on Saturday evening, had hide permanent effect. The night ot the 10th was the wnrmest lor many years ; the mean heat of the nigh', or from 10 P.M. to sunrise on the llih, was b2 degrees; tnat of the night of July 26, 1884, was 81, und ol the night ol July 21-t, 1880, b2| The three hottest days in this city, of which 1 have an account, occuried exactly twenty-one years ago, or July 10th, 11th and 12th, 1826, on v h ch days the thermometer ros-e to 97, 9BJ<, and 98, and the mean heat of the three nights was 84, 864, "id SI, and probably in the interior of most (iwt-lhng houses at least 10 degrees b'ghrr. On the 80th June, 1841, tl>i* theiinometei Mood but a few iutnutes only at 97, which a shower of rain, and iheii another ot hail a* large a* walnut*, quickly reduced to about "5. On the 16th ol May, 1-26, he hottest day in May on r? cord, the 21*? ol July 1830, anil 12 h ol July 1845, it lose to 96. The following tabb* "hows the number of days in e. ch year since 1829, in which the thermometer rosa to 90 and upwards, with the greateft heat in each ycur. It will be seen that in 1888 there were thirteen dwys in wh'ch it attained this altitude, and in 1835 and 1844 not one ; and that five is about the average: S'o Day May- J'nt J'ly. Aug Srpt. tU/Stoi. IH30. . . i 0 0 6 U 0 July 31- M> 1831... 7 3 1 1 3 0 June 1-M 1833. . . B 0 4 4 0 0 July %- M 1833. . . 4 0 0 4 U 0 July S3?1U 1834... 4 0 0 3 10 July ?0, 97- M I83?. . . 0 0 0 0 0 0 July 14?Hit 1K30. . 3 0 0 3 0 0 July B?94 1b37. . . 1 0 0 1 0 0 July I? Blfc In:>8... 13 0 4 6 3 0 July 11?94 l?39. . . 3 0 0 3 0 0 July 30?1*1 1840. .. 7 * 0 3 3 0 July 17? MK 1*41. . . 6 0 I 3 0 0 Jin.* W P7 1843. . . 4 0 0 4 0 0 July 37-9-iX 1*43. . . 6 0 3 3 0 1 Jut* 96 03 1844... 0 0 0 0 0 0 Juns 19 1844. . . 0 0 1 7 0 0 July li?1?0 1846. . . 3 0 0 3 0 0 July 11?MX 81 4 16 61 # 1 The thermometer us< d in these observations, was made with great caie, and recently ou Leing ngoroii>Jy compared with another, graduated by the scale of the Koy.il Society, was not loui.d to dider therefrom in any part ol the scale, as much as half a degree, and seldom more than a quarter. It is placed without any covering or protection whatever, on th<> front or east wall of the house, and remote from an open window or door, but has been found by experiment to be affected in the afternoon by the reflection from ihe houses oil the opposite side of the street, so that its altitudes at the hottest time in the day are somewhat too great, never too low. Common thermometers are found, not unfrequently, to differ at the extremes of heat or cold, 5 degrees, and even more. ii(id in one instance ail msirunicni which iihu been repaired by fitting a new tube to the old scale was erroneous in very cold weather, by tiltten.? As there ii> reason to believe that a glass placed in front of a thermometer, seriously affects the mercury in the bulb, it should bo withdrawn whenever accuracy is desirable. N Sai.bm ?On Friday, the mercury stood at 94, 96, 9J<, 99, according to situation, and rose to 102, and 3, even in the shade, where the rrfleotion was strong. On Saturday, the thermometer recorded 80 at 6 o'clock A. M.; 86 at 10 A. M., (the highest point it ever indicated in Salem at that hour, while at the same time a standard glai-son Essex street cave 90; ami at 12 M. 90; and at 2 P.M. 9J. At the same time, glasses on Essex street ranged from 97 to 100. [From tlie Springfield Republican] The storm of Saturday evening seemed to bring relief from the burning rays of the sun. These , verity of the wind, which blew a perfect burn cane for a few moments, broke down many young fruit trees, and caused other slight damage. A new steamboat, lying in the river,drifted down stream some distance. The lightning was sharp and i ntense, but we have heard of no d sastrons ertects from it. Just about sundown the weft*ro sky presented a glorious nod magnificent tight. It seemed as if there was an iminetifc: (ire in that direction. Almost halt the entire heavens wsi lighted up by a brilliant and glowing red. In Pittsburg on Friday morning at 8t o'clock, the tnerenry stood at degrees. At 11 o'clock, at 98, and at 3 o'clock, &4i * ?U.. ?liarmnmnt#r Itfwi At In Atlglivui, .unmr, Hie .... 07 during the frrater pvt of Friday la*t. In Hiiilnon the mercury on Friday ?t?od na higli as 93 degreo* in Kvrrnl pldcOJ, and M Saturday it stood a> '.ugh si 102. Urnrrd (Mtlnni. lie fore Rcoorder ^omt and Aldermen Stoneail and Walsh. John McKeon, , D:?triet Attorney. July 14.? 'trial for Hailing a t'al* Toktn.?Kt the opening of tlie'Couit tfai? morning, h young man named George harrii wti placed on trial, f<<T pasting a fal?e ti'km, and receiving iherefor, the -urn of $28 from Me*?r<?. Nichoift* Canter ik C on the 16>h of April la*t. For the defence it wa? ron'endrd that the aceu-ed n ceivrrl the fid?e token, or w?j diio** check on ihe ITmo? liank, lioni a policy d-aler, and it hcing to? late 'o pref>etit it at die biuiK in que lion, ca'hd up"n die onftit lan<*it?*, with wlioin he h itl h^eii 'on/ *crjunii.iid, (nli irm* (6, Matti g ?)iat he ihcnli d ii eh'"'k lor ilint the complainant', in n- d of loaning 'he nm nut Mimte<l, advanced die amount <?l the cl?e? k, which, on t?e'iiir pn^cnti it, wa? pioiiounctvl to lie of no vhlue, inasmuch the name o| the drawer wan tUikwiM'ti to die oil Cera of the bank. The iury, ath-rn *hort ciiiimi tation, rendert d a vcoict of not guilty, nnd tl omattl u h^ (l.? liarK>'d. The Covut then a<ljourupd until tomorrow morning. ? ' . ? , {c IW* - 1