Newspaper of The New York Herald, 17 Temmuz 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 17 Temmuz 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Sew York, Friday, July 17, 1*4#. Our Uliutratrd Wftldy. The I Vtckiy Herald will be ready lor delivery at 8 o'clock tomorrow morning. It will be illustrated with a Plan of the Burnt District in Xantucket, with the particulars of the recent terrible conllagration in that town; and a splendid view of Fort Hrown, in Texas, opposite Matainoras, the fort that bravo Capt. Hawkins would not surrender to Arista. It is said that Hawkins did not understand Spanish, when Arista sent him a note in that language, to strike his eolors for the " sake of humanity." Single copies sixpence each. Foreign Diewi. Wo may now hourly expect to receive news by the Cambria. She is due at Boston, and will bring intelligence of some interest. Doing-. In Wuhliigtoii-l'Snd In Sight, A great many petitions have been presented ia tueoenaie against any .uiuiauu u m iuc present Tariff; und'several treat speeches have been made in opposition to the House Bill, but no new light has been thrown upon the subject. It is very probable that a day will be set for all debate upon this question to cease, when a final vote will be taken, and the matter disposed of.? The Chairman of the Committee on Finance reported the Treasury Note bill from the house,and recommended its immediate adoption. It was opposed by Mr. Evans, which is indicative of a determination on the part of the wtiigs to oppose ( its passage. It will, without doubt, pass at once ; In spite of the opposition. Both Houses of Congress have at last ti greed upon a day fur final adjournment. The 10th of August it the day aj>pvintcd. This u-ill make a session of over eight months. The reasons that induced the committee to make such a report are plausible enough, if they were well-founded, and substantiated by accurate 1 knowledge and experience; but, we believe this is not the case, and we fear the committee hav? been at the task of conjuring up obstacles, which j have more real existence in their own brains, than I in the territory through which the proposed rail- j road would pass. We sny would, if the report had j been favorable, for then Congress would un- ' ] doubtedly tuke soma action on the subject; but ] we might have added will pass, for sooner or later > a grand national railroad, that will connect the navigable waters of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, will be constructed, as surely as the thing 1 ia practicable, which we think will be found to be beyond dispute. Let ns look into the reasons that influenced the committee in makinir their renort In the first placo, they say, that the proposed route is not on the top of a range of mountains, but like all other similar routes through lofty ranges?through gorges, and numerous defiles, over-hung by rocks and by mountains of the most terrific altitude, which vary from seven to sixteen thousand feet in height above the level of the sea. Amid these, the snow must necessarily drift in heaps of mountain magnitude, and it it taid lies uninelted .during the greater part of the year. The storms that accompany this snow occur late in the spring, as well as early in the fall, for when it rains in the valley, it generally snows in the J mountains The committor concluded by asserting that they are safe in saying that the road could not be budt for one hundred millions of dollars. There are several propositions for constructing this grent work before Congress, but the most plausible and reasonable of them are Whitney's, i anothers, and Wilks's. The former and latter of these are accounted the best?and, indeed, men of i standing in the eastern and western States?men I wlo do not manufacture and conjure up ob?ta- 1 cles wherewith to blind their vision?to be not only practicable, but easy of being accomplished with comparatively small cost. We do not know which one of these propositions has received the attention of the committee, but we think Messrs. Whitney and Wilkes have proved satisfactorily, from the experience and observation of travellers, thai the mighty obstacles that have so terrilled the committee, do not exist on their lines of route at all events But to the obstacles. The committee My that the proposed route is not on the top of mountains. As far as that goes, we would like to know how the committee would prove it could be over mountains, which they say are from seven to sixteen thousand feet high. Bur, through gorges and defiles the road must pass. That, certainly, is more reasonable, far if we can't get over mountains of such altitude as those, we must see if we cannot get through them, and here we think Nature has come to our assistance, nnd kindly rut the way for us at the Grent Southern Fass, lately discovered by Captain Fremont. To this point, it is well-known, there is no obstacle, for, in the year 1829, an expedition in wagons reached j it without inconvenience. The letter addressed by Messrs Smithjaakson, | to ' * *W and Soublette, and submitted to the Secretary of War in that year, and which wai published with Gen. Jackson's message in January 1931, is pretty good proof that from St. Louis to the toot of the Kocky Mountains, the distance is most favorable ' lor the construction oi'a railroad; and that none of I the terrific obstacles that have so appalled the com- ! mittee, have existence on tais part of the reute at all events. As regards the rest of the distance, we have the evidence of Peter H. Burnett, a member of the Oregon Legislature, who went the routa in 1S48. Capt. Fremont speaks still more favorably of the feasibility of constructing a railroad on this route. Between these points must be the gorges and defiles that the committee lay so much stress on, and in which drifts of snow must fall of mountain magnitude, and which, it is said, This announcement will be received with ac- 1 clamatiyns throughout the country, and is the j most agreeable advices from the sent of govern- ! ment we have received for a long time. The House of Representatives were principally engaged in the disposal of bills of minor importance. The Warehousing bill, as it passed the Senate, had not been introduced into the lower ! House; and the moit important business transacted during the sitting, was concurring with the Senate, in relation to the day of final udjourn- ' ment. We look for a very active time for the next twenty-live days, and more business will, without doubt, be transacted in that time than in the previous seven months of the session. It is j possible that members of this Congress may .alter ! all, do themselves some credit, by a ?lose utten- j tion to business during the remainder of the ses- I ion. We publish in our columns to-day the Warebousing bill, as it passed the Senate. Highly Important from Washington?Extraordinary \avAt Consultation. nr. 1 i- l- i - - ?? c icarn irom nign auinoniy in wasningtonf not from the President, that Mr. Secretary Ban- 1 croft has ordered twenty of the oldest Post Cap- * tains to meet him 011 Tuesday next, at the Navy j Department. The object 19 not stated in the order, I but it is, that they may advise and consult as to | the best means of making an attack on the Castle of San Juan delllloa. The names of the Post Captains are :? Stewart, Turner, Jacob Jonci, Terry, Morrif, Joieph Smith, Ri 'gely, Kutseau, Dow nea, < teiiinge r, Ballard, McKeever, Ap Cateaby Jonea, Parker, Bolton. McCauley, Shubrick, Stringer, Kearney, Breeae. These officers are now f? route lor the capital, and will be there at the appointed time. We understand that Commodore Morris is opposed to an attack 011 the Castle; but the Cabinet has declared that it must be done, anil the abovenained officers are to give their advice as to the best way to do it to reflect honor on our navy. We also learn that the Cubinet, at the same meeting when this was determined upon, decided on a 1 perpetual dismemberment of the Northern Pro- i vincesof Mexico; and the expedition which is 1 shortly to leave this city for California, is part of tho organization to take possession of the weak Mexican provinces of the North. These arc piping times. Tfee Great Railroad to the Pacific?Is It to be Built ? The Committee on Roads and Canals, to whom was referred a number of petitions and memorials from various parts of the-country, praying for the construction of a railroad to the Pacific Ocean, have, it appears, submitted an adverse report. ne unmeuea tnc greater part oi ihe year. Now, Messrs. Smith, Jackson and Soublette, say that on the 4th of August the valleys were green with grass, and that wagons with WOO pounds weight were drawn with ease. This is a heavy load for a wagon, and if the drifts of such magnitude, as the committee mention, occur, they certainly could not be melted, and the ground settled so much us to allow these wagons to pass in leas than live or six months. But we have no evidence ofthese heavy drifts at all. The committee say, it is said that such things occur. Who has said ?o 1 The persons who have travelled, these regions havo not. Was it the man that struck Billy Patterson that said so t We believe it was, and that celebrated individual has never been found. How do the committee know of the existence of those terrible storms. It was H&id that the Western or Atlantic Ocean was bounded by eternal darkness, and covered with devils and hobgoblins, but Co* lu minis proved the lalsity of the statement. It was said that the Alleghanies were perpetual and impassable boundaries to the spread of civilization, on account of their altitude, and the accu- i initiation of snow on their summits. That like- ' wise has been proved to be without foundation.? We believe the obstacles presented by the committee will be found to be equally so. The com- j mittee likewise say that they are safe in report- ! ing that the work could not be accomplished for : one hundred millions of dollars. What of that! Suppose it cost three hundred millions! What | of that 1 The thirteen colonies, at the end of the i revolution, were in debt some hundreds of mil- | lions, and yet it was paid years since, to the uttermost farthing, and that too before the resources of the country were developed to one half the extent that they are now. But we have facilities i for paying the amount it would cost to construct: this road, and which would not exceed at the ut- 1 mast one hundred and fifty millions, that we did , not possess then. The public lands along the'Iine would be eagerly purchased the moment the j Work shall be undertaken. We are sorry, extremely sorry, that the committee have made the report. We are sorry, for many reasons, the principal of which is,ihat it may I defer the construction of this great work, which, when constructed, as it will be, will make the > United States equal in power, in wealth, in resources, and national greatness, to the rest of the world combined. History ok the Past ? Alexander Hamilton, j ?Our readers are aware that the venerable and I estimable widow of the celebrated Alexander Hamilton, has for a number of years been urging j successive Congresses to appropriate a sum of ' money, for the purpose of gathering and publish- ; ing the private letters and despatches of her late husband, who bore an honorable and conspicuous part in the war of the revblution. There is a large j amount ofthese letters and despatches in the po?- I session of Mr. Hamilton's descendants, many^of 1 which have never been in print; and the whole of wincn, n compueu ana pubiisiiea to the world, | would illustrate in a graphic and interesting manner, the times in which he lived, and be a valuable 1 addition to the works that have already been published on the revolution. While living, Alexander Hamilton was second j to Washington alone in the affections of the Ame- ! rican people. The value of this correspondence ! may bo estimated by tecurring to the history of j this distinguished patriot. He was born on the | Island of Nevis in 1757, and entered the American ! army as captain of artillery when he was only | nineteen years old. His valiant conduct and amiable deportment soon attracted the notice of Gen Washington, who made him one of his aidsde-camp in 1777. He acted a conspicuous part at j the battles of Brandywine, Gemantown, and | Monmouth, and also at the siege of Yorktown. In 1TH9 1 / -i I ?,vvtcu iiirmuri ui congress irom mis State. In 1786 he was elected to the New York Legislature. He was elected a member to form the Constitution of the United States, and in connexion with Madison and Jay contributed largely to the columns of the Federalist newspaper. On the organization of the Federal Government, he was selected as Secretary of the Treasury on account of his great talent as a financier, and on the death of Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief. He died on the 12th of July, 1804, from a wound received in a duel at Hoboken, the day previous, with the notorious Aaron Burr. This is a brief biography of Alexander Hamilton, and the public will at once perceive that his private correspondence and despatches are of the highest importance to the country, and should be published. His descendants have carefully preserved these precious documents, jn the linpe that the people's representatives in Congress \vould? cooner or later, give a favorablo answer to their entreaties, and Lave them published for the benefit and instruction of th 3 American people. Mr. Hamilton's widow and descendants could have disposed of this correspondence to publishers a thousand times, but the j have preferred to waittn the hope that they would become the property of the republic. With this view, Lis venerable widow has, a& we have already stated, continually brought the subject to the notice of Congress, but, until very recently, her entreaties have aot received attention. We arc pleased to find that the Senate has, at last, given ear to her demands, and patriotically passed a bill appropriating 920,000 for the publication of these papers. The House of Representatives has now to do its duty in the matter, and we hope that every influential paper in the Union will not cease to agitate the subject, and keep it slive until that House shall pass upon it: and by jo doing, retrieve in fome respect, at least, the stigma resting upon the country for allowing documents so valuable as those to remain to long in the dark. Himoa to tux Brave.?We perceive that pretty nearly all the officers of the United States army, that figured i?-??-1? BUU UIIUUiBO'J ?> Ul? battles ol'Palo Alto and Resaoa d? la Palma, have ' been presented with some marks of esteem by their fellow citizens, exccpt Captain Duncan. We trust that this gallant officer will not be made an , exception in the distribution of honors. We likewise think that it is full time for our citizens to be moving in the matter. Capt. Duncan is a native of this State, and was born near West i Point, and has gallantly upheld the name of hi? native State in the field of battle. New York cer- I tainly will not be behind in tendering to her gallant son some distinguished memonal of h..- - ..agauuni service* in the present war. rn St PERMS Coukt?July 14.?Present, ihe Chief Justice and Justice Jcwett. No. 1. Wagoner ads. Jermain?-Mr Taylor rloied on behalf of defendant. Mr. Noaoa was heard on behalf of plaintiff, ami Mr. Tay. lor in reply. Drciaion poatponed. Tba regular call of the calendar was then returned. No. .TO. You .g vi. Nicholi- Demurrer to declaration. Mr. Noaon opened on behalf of defendant. Mr. A. C. Paige was heard on behaltof the plaintiff, and Mr Noaon in reply. Decieion postponed. No 81 Haytandal Hunt, impleaded, kc. ?Motioa for a new trial ea bill of exception* Mr. Piermom opmmi lor defendant - Otamt * X. U_^ Additional PuHralut oftht TantbU flrt In NutMkit. We ?re indebted to a gentleman formerly residing in Nantucket, but now ol this city, for the following valuable information relativo to the conflagration, and tlie extent of the place. The Are broke out near the Manufacturer* and Mechanics' Bank, on the Main street. It then extended on Msin street, both fides, from Orange and Center to the Straight Wharf. Centre afreet both aide* from Main to Broad street, with the exception ofthe Methodiit Church and another building. Federal " " " " " " " " Union " " " " " " Pearl " 8. Water " " " Broad " Pearl " " " " Centre " 8 Water Broad atreet both sides from Jared Coffin's te New North Wharf North Water both side*, from Broad to Aaron Mitchell'*. It then passed on in an easterly direction to North Beach street, destroying that street, and Crowing the head ol the New North Wharf, ths northern of the five wharves in the place.? It then spread from the Ntfw North Wharf to the old North Wharf, crossing the Straight Wharf, destroying the blocks on Whale and Candle itroets, Anally stopped near the Commercial Wharf, the southern wharf of tKe five. ' F.atimeted number of building! destroyed 340 SUppoied lou $900,000 " insurance $300,000 Area of Nantucket, acre* 30,600 Population in 1940, about .9.A00 Vessel. belonging to Nantuoketln 1630 140 Of which were tnipi TS Total tannage. ; ... 3S?,M0 i ouuage 01 loe nmiiuciiei wnaiera id,337 The hat (tore of W. H. Geary was the starting point for ihe devouring element; and although torn* thirty buildings were blown up, and every effort made to check the progress of the flame*, it aeemed for a time aa if all human endeavora were futile. From the Nantucket fVa-rdtr we take this lift of thfc raraes of the lufferera : Main Street.?Corner of Orange and Main atreet, Riddell's Block, occupied by Nickerson & Waitt and George H. Riddell: Josiah C. Swain, William Sutnmerhays, A. Howard, Gleason. Dr. Thompion, Poll Office, Harris' Barber ahop, Oardner'a Block, J. C. Congdon ft Co., and the Mirror Office, Washington rtall, E.W. Allen, Whig Readiag Room, lftiifrey's Block, K. & J. Kelley, William H. Geary, O W. Macy ; Burnell'i Building, T. W. Calder, Joseph B. Swain'a Insurance Agency ; William H. Wert | Citizen's Bank Building, G- K. Pierce k Co., Exchange Reading Room, C. Bunker and the Bank; the Coffin House, occupied by Gardner and H. Goodrich ; Hy. A. Kelley'i store, 8. Padduck, Mitchell k Whitney, D- Nli'chell's tliop, Kish Market, Center's shop, G. F. Brown"*, the Folger store, G. M .(Jones, W. Coggeahall, Ulagdenn k Higbt's. In Main atreet, oppoaite side, W. Bradbury, E. k J Kelley, Savings Bank, J. Hathaway, Adams k Parker, K. T. Wilson; heuse of J Brock j stores occupied by Francis W. Cobb, Francis Gardner, Worth k Crocker, C.Barnard, and J.C. Palmer; the M.fc M. Bank building, house of V. Htissey ; the stores of A. Nahar, Swain, J. boston,'id, Wm.C.J.Cook, Jr. kCo., J.'f P. Swain; buildings occupied by O. W.Macy,and Gardner It Macy; the store of Ray k Barrett, Inquirer Office, building of the Com. Ins. Company, occupied by J. W, Barrett k Sons, and the Custom House; stores of H. Crocker, S. Swain, Messrs. Adams, J. N. Bassett, J Brock, O. C. Macy, Baxter, btiilding, D. Wood, A. W. Stebbins. O. Macy, R. Macy, 8 k F. Lolburn, R. F. Gardner and D. C. Swain. On the streets south of Main street, store* o( Jonas Garfield, F. A. Chaso; Offices of Register of Deeds, County Treasurer, Collector of Taxes. Ooenold House; Daniel Barney house, stables of J. Hambiin, H. A. Kingsley; shops of J. Paddack; F. W. Ptddack, E. P. Coflio, W. H. Coffin, Frances Gardner, Robert Ratliff, C. G. Coggeshall, F. Sherman, Wm. Hart, Jaa. Coleman, C. Folger, B.k H. Folger, W. H.Famham, Josiah Coleman, Jesse Crosby, Reuben Ellis; homes of Abraham Long and J. H Pease, at which point tho fire was stopped.? The building on Orange street, occupied by Dr. Ruggles and J. N. V. Sweet, was also destroyed. On Cross Wharf, D. Russell, E. W. Perry; Tail ant & Macy, Mrs. Grifliths. On Old North Wharf, alltbebnilding,embr?cin(tkoie between the Straight and Old North Wharve*. On South Water street, all the buildings to the New North Wharf, and on North Baach atraet, including the oil factories of R. Mitchell 8c Sons, 8. it T. Hussey, E W. Gardner, Baker tc Athearn, George Kniton, and 8. B. Tuck. On North Water street, east side, Nath. Rand, Chtrles Wood, Wm. Whippey, Nath. Tallant, Samuel Mitehell, Aaron Mitchell; on west side, 8. Snow, Wm. R. Easton. On Ash street, L. Macy, Wm. R. Easton, J. T. Worth. On Ash lane, B. Austin, Spencer House, C. Starbuck. On Broad street, all the buildings, including the Episcopal church, except the house or Wm. 8. French. On Federal street, all the buildings, including Atheucum, (library and curiosities leat) and Mansion House. On Centre street, eaat side, Jas H. Barker, M. Handy, J. Athearn, Messrs. Sprague, J. Sturtevant, D. J. Upham, 8. 8c T. Hussey, R. Mitchell, O. Gardner, Dr. Fearing, G. L Smith. We*t side, J. F. Athearn, G. A. Lawrence, J. Sturtcvant, A. Piukham, A. Davis, S. Macy, Peter F. Ewer, T. Coffin, A. Hussey, A. Castle, M. Swain, J. Coleman, Mrs. Hiller, W. Summerhays. All on Independent lana, Lower Pearl street On upper Pearl street, the house of B. A. Chase. All the buildings were consumed ou the | cross streets between Main and Broad streets. It is estimated that between three and (bur hundred 1 buildings have been destroyed, and the loss cannot be | less than a million of dollars, upon whioh there was a very small amount of insurance. The county records were saved, and fortunately no lives were lost, although i gunpowder waa lreoly resorted to in the hope of checking the fire. The selectmen of the town have made the following | appeal to the public, which can hardly fail to elicit an appropriate and sufficient response :? An ArrKiL to thi Public.?Our community haa been visited with an awful calamity. A large part of the busi- ' ness portion of our town has been laid waste by Are. A section embracing nearly all of our provision, grocery, and dry goods stores, seven oil factories, a large number i of mechanics shops, and hundreds of other buildings, by which as many families are rendered homeless at verv short notice. Many must be extremely destitute, and all of us very likely to be seriously incommoded by scarci- I ty of provision*, which must shortly follow. . Should you find it a reasonable duty to forward to a suffering commu- i nitV inm?UfKot nf vnnr }iaiih?v 4 < the diitribution of suck favors shall be promptly and . cheerfully attended to. A detachment ef the crews ot the U. S. revenue cutters Gallatin and Wava, headed by their officers, were very active and efficient In their exertions te check the . fire, and contributed greatly to the preservation of property. The fiaslon Courier of yesterday says :?A large number of the citizepsof Nantucket, who were staying in this oity, left here at 2 o'clock yesterday morninaf for the Island, in a packet chartered for the purpote. There has been but little insurance effected in this city on Nantucket risks. One of our mutual offices has $30,000 insured in the town, and other offiocs may have some limited risks. The Bristol Mutual Office at New Bedford loses some $40,000, ard will call for ten per cent assessment upon its member. We haar that considerable insurance exists at New York oftoes. The lack of a fire department must be sadly mourned over by the sufferers. It ia stated that immediate supplies of provisions, fee., are much needed by the sufferers at Nantucket, and efficient measures should be promptly adopted foi their relief. Sporting Intelligence. Ntw Yoax Yacht Ci.t'a?Axiu'al Regatta.?This affair eommenced yesterday. Ten o'clock was the hour announced for the start, but it was near upon an hour afterwards ere the first vessel was started. . The following were the entriea i? Sloop Maria, 164 tons, sloop rigged, owned by J. C. Stevens. Schr. Syren, 71 tons, W. E. Miller. Schr. Northern Light, 69 tons, W. P. Winchester. . Schr. Ianthe, 60 tons, O. Cadwallader. acnr. '..ygnst, U torn, U. L. Suydam. Schr. Cjbel, 42 toni, C. Miller. Sloop Mlat, 40 tons, L. A. Depau. Schr. Spray, 37 torn, II. Wilkes. 8chr. Brcnda, 33 ton?, 1). Stars, Jr. Sleep Newburgh, j3 tons, H Robinson. Schr. Minn*, 2# tons, O. Celes Schr. Dream, 28 tons, J. Prescott Hall. Schr. La. Coquille. 27 tons, J. C. Fay. Kclir. CJimcrack, 26 tons, K. A. Stevens. Schr. Osceola, 24 tons, W. D. rickman. Schr. Lancet, 20 tons, G. W. Rollins. Schr. Arab. IS tons, W. Emmet Of the seventeen entered, all but one are schooners; ! the other ia a sloop belcnging to Capt. Robin>on. of Newburgh Boston rends four? The < oquette Perkins; Pet, Parsons; Northein Light, Winchester; Orenda, S?ars. The rest are all New York ressela. The purse is a beau- I Uful silver cup, to be presented to the winner. The wind at the start was very light indeed from the oorth-wei-t?scarce a ripple on the water During the excursion it changed seieial times, so that there was 1 scarcely telling winch w ay it was lor half an hour together. The bay had a most beautilul appearance ; near upon a hundied of the most beautiful vessels that ever floated might be seen atone time? The lanthe, Spray, and Maria, did not show. At the first gun the Oimcrack went away, followed hy the Pet; the Coquette third. At lhi< moment we sailed, and know not how the others followed, hut we believe much in the order of their tonnage, but we could get no one to enlighten ua on the subject, either previous or subsequently. It appeared ns if certain parties wished to monopolite the whole affair, and to leave others to find out Dtrticullri AS w*]l error committed, the parties having tke mauagemcnt of j the affair are wholly to blame. They were n<>ar npon two houri reaching Bedlue'a Island, where the milt was near a mile ahaad, Northern Light second, the others fast tailing off. They kept pretty well thus to Coney Island, 1 " Gently o'er the waters stealing * which the foremost reached at about 6 minutes past fonr o'clock, the Coquet third, and the Biend, fourth, the ! other* any where and every where. Hound the spit, the destination, the Mist led, but the Northern Lignt bad gainad some eight minutes upon her, and maintained her position, to the great admiration of all the apectatore, in the most ~?autiful style, to the flag boats stationed eff States Island Quarantine ground. Here the Mist hugged the shore closely, w hile the Northern Light, from her drawing over double the quantity of water, was obliged to keep in the stream with a strong ebb tide against ner, which gave the former the advantage considerably, and she ap|>eared to be at least some three miles in advance when oppaaite Dedloe's Island 6n the return. It was now near eight o'clock, and there was no seeing the position of any of theveasels. The Mist reached the station off the Klysian Fields, Hoboken, about nine o'clock, and bout half an hour afterwards the Northen Light was fftho ferry, at IloboLen, where her pilot retused to Proceod farther, In consequence of the darkness and her drifting near the pier, as to do so would ndangcr her aaletr. The Coquette came up about half an hour afterwerda, and ?U11 later the Cygnet. The others m one oould tall what had become of then, hat they expeoted to rank the rtattoa tn day or %. If the praaent wtnJ and weather prevail* CflBi<1?nbU diaeppointment waa fait, and expreaaed I by any who wiahad to witnaaa the match, in conaaquaMM of tha lack of publicity ; even tha marabera of tua pVaaa except a favereiMpw, could fain littla or no , infoimation, of what, when,?h?ra.or how, tha affair waa ba tnaBaged. Instead of a faw individual* being praaent at Hobtken. at tha atart and arrival, thouaanda would hava baen at that delightful apot to witneia the 'port, tbua base fitting ferry ownera. landlorda, and tenanta. ! To-day there will oe a race for a puraa givn by the i . Club of and all tba ouiiance monev?$10 each being I tha price ol eutiy ? opeu to ail va??eU. Although the I a yachu of the oaeuiuera may auter for tina race, they can- j , not win tiMI money?uo tueuilxr being permitted to take ' the monay. It will be given to twa fiiat boat next to the 1 ' winner, it tha winning i<oat belong to one of the club, F Tnera are thit teen veaaela eiaeied for thu day'a race, >' ' Mv?nl<fihaiu I.-.?!/ Iri.rli Thia will evidaut. , 0 | ly afford mum sport'inau ihe previous day?not being , r ' quit* M exclusive or aristecrauc. j thratrltal Mid Muilcal. ? Cmtm Uakukm.?We trotted into this beautiful place j, of resort last evening, and heard several choice selections from tue German and Italian composer*, eaecuted by an , * orchestra that caunot be excelled in this city. There cannot be a mOre pleasant pldco to spend an evening than at this saloon, lu size anil spleudor, it is not sui passe* j by any in the world, and its attraction* iu the way ot music, cosmoramas and coolness, ate irresistible. *J I- tin o rnmnli. a A AO V1UU1UUKIMIM Ml O ?U|l|OU IU "f fcv"T" meutary beuefit lor Mr. Tosso, their diaunguisheu vio- 1 linist. J. H Scott il said to be drawing lull houses uight- | ly at the Arch meet theatre, iu I'mlauaiptua. City lnUJLU(en?e> Lire in Nsw Yoan.?New York lift present* such a | picture of mingled wealth and poverty, happiness and ' e*trem? misery trtd wretchedness, merrimeut and ?adBMi, that in looking over the picture, the observer ! aokreely know* whether to laugh or weep. A acene in ffkw York lire wai brought to light on Wednesday j ( night. by the arrest of Keljx and Mary Shaw, for keep- < I tig a disorderly house at No. 129 Canon street They were found here by tQe officer in the back btuement in company with live or six other malea and femalei, all lying upon one miserable, dirty atraw bed ! Their pillow* were nothing but filthy rags, which, from long UNge, emitted a most villanous stench. Thens was Jot * particle of furniture in the room, and the whole appearance v. as filthy and wretched in the extreme ; and yet the abandoned*>1 both texe* have been in the habit of cathorinff here l'er months pa^t, Ami lodging together in tUf beastly manner. If the walls of maey other abodes in this city were opened, scenes even more miserable than this would ke presented. Cannot some efficient means be adopted to break up these dens of filth and WMtchednes* T Pabx Fountain.?We have a very indistinct recollection of certain sum of money having been appropriated by the Common Council, last tall, tor the purpo?o of decorating and beautifying the i'ark pond. Why has it Hot been done ? Are the entire " decorations" supposed to consist of " them bass-wood benches" which our friend Of the sentimental and feather-edged soul says ho ushered j Into being 7 If so, a shame upon the tasto ot the Common

Council, siy we ; for of all the miserable-looking aprlogies for " decorations" that we ever saw, " them benches" carry oif the palm. Why is theie not some member of the Common C ouncil that will get up steam, and act aa propeller to that slow-motioned body 7 TmiffiTT Clock.?Preparations are being made for the | reception of lb* clock?a description of whieh we gave 1 some time since with the tower of Trinity Church. It ' will probably be put tip in about a week. Wall street ' will then have a regulator, and ai the clock tell* the | paining hour* to it* pioui denizen*, it* cross-mounted spire may remind them of their eril ways, and invite them up to worship. Wall Stbkbt Ma*xit.?A fresh supply of canary birds, sponges, cocoa-nut cakes, puppies, shaving-soap, eutlery, chamois* skins and root beer, has just been received, and was exposed lor sale yesterday. The market is pretty brisk. Funkiho in Wall street.?A very interesting roni contre took place in Wall street yesterday between a . Peter Kuuk and a working man, who alleged that the , Funk had cheated him out of some three years since. ' The man demanded the restoration of the meney ; the ' Funk refused ; the creditor seized his hat; the Funk ex! postulated, and a crowd gathering round and having no sympathy with the Funk, the mouey was returned, and the successful creditor went on hi* way cejoicing. "Going! going! gone!" ColdAib Vei*tilatiho.?Mr. Gordon** apparatus will be in operation at the Apollo room*, thi* evening, to illustrate hi* lecture Hi* method i* the one pursued in ventilating several very laige factories in England, together with many public buildings?in combination with an ingenious plan adopted several years ago by Mr. Gor' don himself, of reducing the air to any temperature by i conducting it through a freezing mixture prior to its entering the building to be ventilated. (Air can at plea> sure oe reduoed to the freezing point by this means.) It i is then conducted by pipes drilled with very minute holes, which allow its distribution in such finely divided quantities a* to cause 110 draught The immense superiority | of air thrown into apaitments in compressed volumes ; over ventilation by suction up chimneys, fcc , is univer1 sally admitted. The importance ol aoundant cod air in our crowded public resorts, in offices, hotels, churcliei, I J 1 Sec , cannot be sufficiently estimated. A* Mr. Gordon tl bus been to considerable expense in fitting up the need- ! tl ful apparatus, we trust his audience will be such as will j {, defray the expense, and such as the unquestionable im 1 ,, portanceof the subiect deserves. His advertisement ap- 0 pears in another column. j ? Nrw Yoax Institution roa the Bliwd.?The ?emi- | ^ annual public examination of the pupils attached to thi* j * Institution, commenced yesterday afternoon. Professors j * Lewis and Turner acted as the Examining Committee. Wo feel assured that all of the numerous assembly pre- j sent yesterday afternoon, must have felt with ur the in- i " tercst which is excited in watching the developed intel- I lects of tho?e whose eyes are forevar closed to the light, 0 and who pursue the onward course in learning anu re- I c ligion, within their impenetrable circle of darkness i P which conceals tham. Above all we were pleased with j ^ that parental kindness bestowed upon the pupils, and the mutual kindness of intercourse existing among all thoee under the roof, whether acting aa teachers or student*. T The claises examined yesterday were those of the lower classes, or those who had been for the shortest period P under instruction. The classes composed of those who !-. had been in the institution but one year, were tried in S their proficiency in spelling ; the worda chosen were ge- . nerally the most difficult that could he selected, but the answers were given by the class promptly and understanding^, and with an accuracy reflecting great credit J? on Mr. M'Clenachan, their teacher. The progress made L in Elementary P. ilosophy. under the tuition of Miss F. ? J. Crosby, herself a graduate of the institution, proves, that with perseverance and industry the blind may lead the blind, even to the knowledge of the sun and light, and of the Father of light; even if the knowledge acquired now be but mechanically, yet with subsequent years and progreas, these lessons will be seed sown to good purpose. In geography we thiok that 3; the classes wore more proficient than in the generality ? of schools. Mr*. 8. li. Suetland haa charge of the de- If par ment. The claises instructed by Mr. 8. Johnston, J; in arithmetic and modern hiatorj, evinced a knowledge of those branches, which, considering the peculiar dis- , advantages to be contended with, is a most extraordinary ' proof of what the mind will perform uaassisted by the natural lenses. The readiness and facility with which puxzLn^ problems were solved, put to shame even ? those who weie ?u fait in mathematics. One young a lad, with his slate in har.d, answered questions in inter- o est with a wonderful rapidity; and when requested, re- t traced his work step by ?tep, evincing that geniun and V patience, lent him a halniuir hand Mnl?rl? i? !,. ? moo brandies of arithmetic, but in mesuration, with f< all the useful knowledge requisite for gauging, atcer- ? taining tonnnge, fee. fcc., we louad the pupils equally ad- t? vancee. Our crowded column* prevent a particular J notice of every division of study; but we must state that the instruction given is oral till the lessons nre un- j derstood thorougnly, and then tha invaluable books c printed by the New England Institution for the Blind, a are placed in their hands. Some acquire readily, and j evince eagerness for instruction; others are back ward, c and put the patience and tempera of their teachers to the a severest tost; the good already done, however, is the best t< reward to those who labor for the advancement of a class who should ever demand our warmest sympathies. We will refer more particularly to those who have J' excelled in their several studies in our report of to-mor- " row's proceeding*. A larger number of spectators were j> present than on any previous occasion; we noticed .Mr. " Anson O. Phelps, President of tho Asylum; Drs Wood ' and McVicar, and the Rev. Mr. J Stockbndge. chaplain at the Navy Vard, among those present. To-day the ex- 9 eroises in music and literal department* will be el great ' interest to the philanthropist and to the simply curious. Coao*ta's Orricc?Sudden Death ?The Coroner held an inquest yesterday, onboard the schooner Elizabeth, c 1} ing at the middle pier Coeuties' slip, on the body of y a colored man, about years of age, who was found u floating in the dock. Verdict, " Death from drowning." ( Movements of Travellers. 9 Yesterday's arrivals showed a still further increaseof }' travelling The principal portion are accompanied by 1 their families and seivauts. The following is an ab- * stract from the registries at the annexed hotel* : ? M Amkmc**?Mr.Krench, Wilmington, N C ; George L Eaton. Georgia; J Lee, United States Army; M. Dray- P ton, Philadelphia; Rev. J Cooke, Virginia; C. Cooke, * do; W. Ooodall, Georgia; 8. Miller, Alexandria; R. K Harris, Ohio; Ueorge Prinio, Harrisburg; Lieut. Watson, ; United States Army; Dr. Thomas, Philadelphia; Lieut. J I Hayman, United States Army; Dr. Webster, Cambridge; a 1 8. Jones, United States Army; Mr. Crampton, Washing- a ton; W. Woodhridge, Savannah; J. Pringle, United u States Navy. Asto*?Dr. Cohen, Charleston; W. Rawlins, Va; 1 W McRaicr. PiimherUn^ T Kin* An- M PhL ladelphia; Or Page, do; 8. Urqnhart, New Orleans; E. | . Davit, Philadelphia; H. Weet, do; H. Kendall, New Or- I lean*; J. Skid mo re, Boston; W. Kayars, Philadelphia; A. 1 Strong, Albany: C. Marrift, Troy; H. Van Darr, Cha- ? nango, J. Campbell, Boston: J. Burrow*, Cincinnati; W. _ Giilord, Naw Bedford; T. Marihall. Botton; O. Arnold, . Providence; E. Hall, Boston; I. Krisby, Baltimore; D. ? Cummins, Delaware; Geo. RisdAald, Philadelphia. ] Citt?A. Douglass, Baltimore; P. McCall, Phila<lel- ? phia; General Reed Collini. Kentucky; Tbomai Lay ton, f Naw Orleans; A. Gordon, Baltimore; J. Clarke, Phila- ' j delphia; Com. Jone*. Charles Cbauncy, U. 8. Navy; L. { I Bravnard, Philadelphia; P. Gainsport. Steuben county; ' C. Hitchcock, New Orleans; M. Mason, Rumfort; M. I ? Master. M. Dunlop, Philadelphia; R. Savage. J. Mathews, U. 8. Navy; J. Gardner, Pennsylvania; W. C. Barbour, ' n. Massachusetts. " Fiii<ius-W. Stockton, Pennsylvania; E. Wiggins, Mobile; E. Williams, Baltimore; J. Butler, Norwich; J. * Young, Philadelphia; A. Williams, roughkeepsie; T. w Hood, Philadelphia; Oeo. Dickinson, Utica; M Ford, ^ Canada; E. Dudley, Dutchess county; D. Derine, Syracuso; C. Boilwirh, W. Watrous, Connecticut. Howard?P. White, Richmond; II. Sloan, R. Tomlin- '' I son, Charleston; Hon. J. Anderson, Westchester; Mr. " | tlonnycastla, Mr. Livingston, Philadelphia; Hon. B. Wood, * ! Albany; B. Wcoater, Troy; 8. Shepherd, Albany; D. _ i Lamb, Virginia; H. Allen, Albany; Gen. McRae, WU- ? mington, N. C.; R KiUgerald, New Haven; 8. Sadgwiok, " P. Handy, Washington; 8. Tompkins, Philadelphia; ? * Winchester, C. Brett, Baltimore; J. Caaaldy, Cincinnati; 'j B. Or In nail, Connection^ P Wells, Viigialat T. Brown, ? rwiUmii. " 10 ,f'rur# I i/i f, M t- )4'j f rlK'tJiw 4n# Jtfhi*4 ,. j OUT /jjirttw &** *?#* a- u A' ?i Jersey City Int?lll|*nu. I C< Tm Muaoaa Cill- Fvnkbal or Ma?. Brairccm.? I Ph? funeral of the unfortunate victim of her huiband't | rrath and vengeance, Mr?. Spencer, took place yeeterdav 1 cc Dorntng about dim o'clock, ami waa attended by Ut | <a riendi of the deceaied, and leveral of the citiiem, to til be place of interment at the foot of Bergen Hill, where ^ lie remain* were deposited in their " lait renting place " fe fhe fatal tragedy cunnectc J with the melancholy death Q >f the unfortunate lady, bai drewn out from compare- ei Ire obicurity numerous iocident* in connection with tb lie diAcultiei that bad recently eii?t*4 between the risoner Spencer am) tne muruerou laay. jearon?y, ? ? i aaid by tome, flrat produced bad treatment on the part tr f the prisoner, and, strange to >ay, a syrapath) i? al- tfa eady beginning to manifest itself in hi* faver on the ?rt of aom* of the ladies in New Jersey. But it would jQ i* prematura to touch upon any of tha various rumors nd counter report* that fly ahout the city in avary diaction, in relation to this disgraceful tragedy. The *' iouse where the murder was committed, is a small two- *e tory timber-built dwelling, situated in Montgomery IL treat. ni . . k< Clvlt CMTention. w The Convention met at 6 o'clock, P. M., Dr. Williams ... n the chair. The minute* were read and amended. j, A communication was rcceiTeil from the Mayor, with tll i statement of the aggregate amount of passengers that |( irrived in New York for tha month* of April, May aod ( luna, making a grand total of 48.bd5 ; also, containing a 0, sopy of the journal of the State Convention. Mr. U*4ii\M from the committee to whom was refer ed the following resolution*, which were amended, re- w jorted thereon : ? c, Resolved, That while the people of the city of New o) i'ork look with confidence to the State Convention, now j issemiilod at Albany. for the establishment of a general u ndiciury system, which shall he efficient in iti applies- I' ion to (aid city. ret. iu the judgment of thii Convention, he power should atill be contained in the >. itv Charter. o continue or create such local courts as by tne present j? >r proposed charter of the said city are or may be deem>d necessary to the prompt and vigorous administration ,'h >f both civil and criminal justice. fe Resolved, That in the ?ropoted new charter, it is ex- i (| ledient and proper to make prevision for the continu- dl ?nce or creation of the local courts refened to in the last : el e solution. | Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions, attested by ( he officers of the Convention, be transmitted to the Pre- j y ;ident of the State Convention, with a request that they tt }? laid before that body. i ? Mr.UHiHiM read a voluminous report from the com- ; tL nittee in favor of the local system of judiciary, and Which ; a, idvocoted the right of the city government to appoint ind rrrate local courts in the city of New V'ork. BI Mr. Kskkch moved that the report be printed. 0 Mr. Oa*H?M moved to go into committee of the whole I c ind take up the report. J Mr. Uavici would be happy to h*ve the report printed. | i( It was time for the administration of local juktice and the c powers of its creation to be confined to the Island of Man- al lattan ; but ha did not think the resolutions sufficiently txplanatory. I {j Mr. GaiHia considered the report went to the full exlent which the gentleman seemed to advocate and yet. 0 t was strange to see him opposing a measure which, in 1 ? he end, he came rouna to aatocate. The report was or- 0 lered to be printed. Mr. Bknkdict, from the committee on assessments ? ind taxes, reported in favor of the adoption of the fol- ! g owing, as a ?ection of the new charter g That the City Legislature shall have power to !* ? I ill necessary and proper laws for tha imposition, aa- ? A ?j ..I1-.S! r aU IX *U.. n?L I icbimem sau idiiucuvu ui ujc viuiuvij wi; ?*? . w?- g lored to be printed. fi Mr. McGat offered a resolution. pro Doling to abolish tl the Court of Seasions. Krom 1830 to 1840 the triala ra- f ried from 500 to 800, and from 1940 to 1841, from 800 to h 1741. The petty asaaulta and battery caaea awelled this c amount, and he moved that a criminal court be substi- jr tuted for the Court of Special Sessions, to be in session ji ivery day. Ordered to be printed. ii Alderman Pubikr rose to explain in relation to the c' :ommunication from the Mayor, on the (object of pa*- 0i icnger* from foreign ports. The resolution required a fa iiit merely of the bonded passengers. The resolution, tc u amended, wan ordered to be printed. e' Alderman Puaor offered the following reaolution :? p Keaolved, That the Clerk of the Board of Education w be requested to report to thi* convention the amount w innually appropriated aince 184-J, by the Board of fcdu- in :ation to the public achoola, and amount expended for A Payment of teacher*, purchase of building ground, (< kc. Sic. i in By Mr. Frkwch, in relation to contracts requiring the j to iffitfovit of all contractor* to the offect that their obliga- bi ions have keen discharged, ice. 1 hi Alderman Messkrole?I rise to ask for permission to j a] >e allowed to retire fer the evening, and with the *pe- ; ij rial understanding that I do not go to the tea room. > oi The grave and quaint manner in which Alderman M. ' c< lelivered the above, cansed considerable laughter. The j bi Uderman, by the way, i* a capital wag, and gavo this i a, ily hit as a rejoinder to an accusation brought against a, lim a few evenings since, on retiring early, namely, 0i hat he was about to retire to the tea rooir. Mr. Brodkrick, offered the following resolutions, c< vhich were ordered to be printed : m That the Committeo appointed by this Convention to H \press to the State Convention at Albany, the desire of tl his Convention, that tho said State Convention do not, in oi heir legislation, grant any power* to the State Legi?la- m tire for altering, impairing or aunulling, any of the charsred privileges, franchises and immunities heretofore be- m inging to the city of New York-, and for the further ob- j ?, set of requesting that the said State Convention do not, to i memseives, legislate upon me mauer ior wnicn mis : p, Convention is specially convened?do hereby report the ct Allowing preamble ami resolutions, which tccy propose ni hall be despatched to the delegates of the city of New j? 'ork in the State Convention, to be presented by them tli i that body, at the expression of this Convention:? , th Whereas, certain rights, privileges, franchises and im- ie lunities are vested in the Corporation of the City of New be 'ork, as well by prescription as by virtue of the several in harters granted to the citizens of said city, which said Cc barters, together with all and singular the rights and ot rivileges therein contained, have been ratified and ac- fi| nowledged by the people of this State, in the adoption of Ki 10 present and former Constitution: Therefore, tt Resolved, That the State Convention is respectfully ; be equested to insert a clause in the contemplated Conati- ' th Ation. prohibiting the Legislature from abrogating, iin- lo airing, annulling or affecting any of the chartered or ights. privileges, franchises or immunities vested in the y< Corporation of the City of New York, or which have tic een exercised or enjoyed by the said corporation, either iu y prescription or otherwise. ! to Resolved, That a copy of the preceding preamble and ! of (solution, signed by the President ana Secretarial of lis Convention, be transmitted to our delegates in the r tate Convention, with a requeat that the same be laid [ fore that body. th The Convention adjourned to 4 o'clock this evening. m tii Police Intelligence^ ^ Juke 18.?Burglary?A fellow called George King, , dr lias Calhoun, was arrested last night by officer Sloatls ar ftheSJ ward, while in the act of burglariously enter- i v? ig the grocery store occupied by Frederick Mayers, pi [o. 83 Liberty street It appears the rascal had forced ci ff the window shutters, and was in the act of entering ri< ireugh the window, when detected by the clerk, who gi apt in the store. Committed by Justice Drinker for hi "ial. ! in Rabbtry in Water $trtet?Maria Cullen alias Big Maria, j > d old Water street thief, was arrested last night by olll- | srs Leggett and Furlong, of the 4th Ward, on a charge f robbing a man by the name of John McCormick, of A 27, while in a cellar, kept by a fellow called Samuel " Willis, at No 315 Water street Willis was likewise arssted as an accomplice?(3 of the monay having been | mud in his possession; $15 was also recovered from the j roman, a portion of which was identified by McCormick i > be a part of hia money. Both locked up for trial, by M ustice Drinker. {7 Highway Rebhery?Officer* Smith and Burton, of the Wi 1th ward, " pulled" a man called Edward Stimes, on* n> harge of robbery in the first degree, in knocking down * Mr. Kdward L. Bodett. of 646 iront street, on the 4th of uly last, and robbing him of a silver watch and gold | hain, valued at $35. Mr. Bodett identified the accused I s the individual who committed the outrage. Commit- m< id for trial by the magistrate. qi Ckargt of Stealing Jlranti?Officer Stephen* of the ower police office, anes'ed e man yesterday, bv the ,(l iaroe of Sigmund Sclimldtell. o'i a charge of stealing a n uantity of brume powder. valued at 91&00, from the f? tore ol Leopold Kub, No 101 Cedar street The bronze, *' . appear*, wan the property of a Mr. Leonard Woerlen, PJ I Germany, and was on storage with Mr. Knh-come- ? uently, he would be held responsible for the forthcom- ? ng of the property thus placed in hi* charge. The ?cu*ed wai committed to prison for examination by Juaice Drinker. Ci Arretted Again? The notorious Water street rowdy, \l ailed John Mctirath, wa* arrested again last night for a Pi iolent assail It on hi* wife, also upon several policemen L< fthe 4ih ward He wa* brought in by officer l.eggett, i 3 od held to bail in the *um of $500. Pick-pocket at the Mutrum?A chap, called Andrew ! mith, wa* caught last uight at the Museum in thf a:t of . ioking the pocket of Mr. Gary of a purse containing $14. j 'he purae wa*, however, pa*sed oil immediately to an w ccomplice, lor, upon searching the accused, nothing m .-as found upon hi* person lielonging to Mr. Cary.? ' .ocked up lor examination Theie m not a niglit scarcely aases but some per*on i* robbed of a pocket-beok or at ratch at thi* place of amusement Why dont they en- ' ,/ age *ome intelligent officer to attend 7 ' Jtecevery of Property.?The gold watche* (telen fro* I . B Pollard ofthia city, have been recovered at Montre. I * I, through the efficiency of Captain Irving, and hh ! be sidam* of police of that city. The thieve* are locked 1. p for the preient. 11 Tito Bugkt "Sl?ri.".?Captain Boudinot, of the Sd ** rard |>olice, and Thomn* Gilchrist, policeman of the *th *> rard, created quite a sensation in front of the tomb* yeeprday afternoon. It appear* these two city "lumina- __ ics" came in contact with each other, when seme alteration took place respecting some aeoanlary matter*, ha ontracted it seems several year* ago, from which a very ngry foeling still remains between then. They both ecomiug nut of temper, Boudibot raised hi* hand in ather a pugnacious attitude, when Oilchrist lilted hi* thi >ot, which came in contact with the rear part of Mr. 1 loudinot, who feeling indignant at thi* llbeity, seized , liUhri*? liw *u.. ??ir? 1 *!.< avaa tin minnar flan#. IUU Willi , BIIU IUK ; >an Oilchriat collared Boulinot.and at It tbay went,each ?c nilearoring to make a prisoner of each other. They era both finally escorted into the police ofllee, before . ii?t(ce Drinker, looking like the Siamese twin*, only ot quite ae amiliof ; the magistrate, on hearing the !< ury of both parties. concluded to hold thee* two peace Ulcers to baif la the sum of $?00 each, for their future j j ooil behaviour. We unJerstami that a further hearing I ri|| be bad in the ciae on Wednesday next at 4 o'clock, 1 ] hen some curioua fact*, in all probability, will be town up. IKAe's < JFWu/l ?Krancia Moran, whose eicape from io city priaon in New York, an I hie rearrest wa nocert in yesterday's p;ii>er. U one of U>o young men who res charged n ith the larceny of watobos anil jewelry , property of ( h irle* Townsenil. lomli Tenih street! 1 nd who eicaped from ?!m Black .Maria on his way down cel om Moyamauiinff. It i? lmla lingular. a* lamirkrd i Um articlo which wh copied from tit* Siw Y?rk Ht ?? aid, that MMurN war* not takao to bring on Maran to iT lit oity immodUUljr on hi* arret! Parhaya L. H. Smith | * * I inuuM?m?nt mt It. Jdu'i College, Ford Mh The first commencement of this insti'ution too ace yesterday, under as favorable au-p.c?*? a >uld be wished by its warmest supporters. Thi jcasion, acoouipan ed with such bcautilul webi er, draw together from twenty-flve hundred t' ree thousand persons, including a great immbe the Reverend Catholic Clergy, and of our nio spec table citizens. Bishops Hughes and Mt lo?ky were present during the entire <lav Th ternses did not commence till 8 P. M , out Lc ; ,ian's brass band were stationed on. tli | Hsutiful lawn in front of the "eollt-ge, rind cb; I tursed sweet music till the arrival of the la: , ain ot cars, so that no one became fatigued wit ' ic delay. At the appointed hour, the honorable faculty ivited gu?ats, and tho students, inarched in pri ssiou from the college buildings to a spac 01 nd elegant tent on the lawn, hung wit | stoons, and snrmounted with the bright folds a le American lift;/. After the performance <1 insic bv the band, the Latin salutatory wii.< sp< j sn by Mr. Jambs Clary of New York citv. 11 as a chiste, well delivered speech, and rellecia cat credit on it* yotng author. A discount* oil the Crutades ne*t followed, by M >h* J Umjai of Brooklyn. Tkis gentleman toolc u defence of the Crusades as advancing the cauaes.. iligion and civilization, truly arguing that its praii. iould not be measured by the success of thou* warrio tho cruu who left home and fiiends to win hank tl mb of our Sa. iour from the hands of the MuMulma: it must be awarded to the self-denial and cour*( hich urged them on. We were sorry to see that he o u>ionally marred the effect of his dellrery by a fallic urn voice hi uie cioie 01 a icuieum. An oration on the Courie of ilmplre, by Mr. Timoth i'rlky ol tort tillward, N V.. wm a fine ipecimen nglith composition, mi) its effect ?u a**i*Ted by co ict/femphasm aadge*ticul*tion. The progree* of ciril itiou aud learning wa* tiaceddown to the pie-ent da a very happy ityU. Wa would *ujrge?t to tb? auth< iwerar, wuether bit remark that the indopearte nee e United Stales wa* the eaeitiap can** of i?puhlic< eliog In tluro|>e, can be tot recti Waiit not rattier tt une leeling out ol placa, and periecnteil in Kurope. th rove the lather* of American independence to the VVet n continent, originating in the Lot-bed of oppremoi oasoming in the wilili ol freedom? The next oration, by Mr. J. J. Champion, of Ne ork, from the beaatiful modulation* of hi* tone, an te impressive manner of hi* delivery, evidently tliov 1 that he wa* master af hi* lubject," wlilch wa* moi ibii we weie, for the remnant* of our cillegeloi railed u? not In?Greek. Of the following compoiitio true heroiim" ipokcti by Mr. D. O. Dnruiag, ol Nat ik, we cannot *peik too highly. It betra>ed n*thii f tlie claific pedantry *o much practiied by graduaui la*-<e*, nor superfluous flower* ef rhetoric ; t>ut a me irciblo, imprtasive, and entertaiulng discourse we hai >l(lem liitenad to. The speaker shewed what he co eived to b? true heroiim, not that of warrior* ai lateimun aacrificin^ the live* of other and their ow rincit'le* at the altar of ambition, but a* displayed le lowly courie, the unassuming usefulness, aaJ tl ving suffering* of the miflftonary. who for the oau f religion, " leave* all good, and *uffer* all eTil." W ould that our crowded column* permitted mora cei u* extract*. Previous to the ralcdletory address, th* degrees wei resented to the graduating cla*a, numbering ive, IIug weeny, John Carroll, botuef Mew York; Paul S He a, of Vera Cruai Timothy Hurley, of Koit Kdwar nd John 8. Dougherty, Lancaster, Pa. The lion. P> iuoiii nvvviupauicu iu? |ii?*?bmuvu, u/ nd impressive remarks, beseeching thOM who wen tl rst fruit* of this young institution, to remain true leir alma mater, by perseverance and utility in thai utura live*. The valedictory of Mr. J. S. Doughert ad for ita subject the orator* of the revolution, who a ording to tha ideas presented in this addreia, wara > laiuspring* of our freedom. Hg arfued, we think, n nitly, that the credit of victory ahould be given to tl j atetman that plans, rather than tho warrior w'uo ex ate*. Avery beautiful eulogy of Patrick Henry, w: no of the moat effective part* of the (peech. Tl irtarell peroration drew tear* from the eyei of h sellers and classmates, toon to separate, perhaps fc rer. Cue thing exceedingly pleased, and a little su rised us, in the matter of all the discourses, and th as the utter absence of anything like sectarianism i ord or idea, la this respect, Harvard, Yale and othi istitutions, would do well to imitate their young sists Iter the conclusion of these exercises, were pr anted to those of the undergradnxtes who had excelli > their different department* of study. The valaJii irian obtained the highett prize* on seven er eigl ranches, including 6reek, Latin, and Uermna. vv sard the names of John Kelly, Edward Ballard, Man Peon, and others, called over several time*, as exct ng in different branche*. Owing to the fact that it nly within three months since the institution was i irporated, ihe graduating etas* was small in numbsi it they evinced in their addresses a knowledge of "mi id things," reflecting great credit on both instruct id pupil. May they richly fulfil the expectations be it by their efforts of yesterday. We omitted to state that the degree of A- M M. w >nferied on Mr. Theodore Blurae, from Hanover, O any. The faculty did well in presenting this honorab ark to Mr. B., who. lor five year*, h?a labored U le advancement of St. John'* college; to his kiodaess irsclves during the day we wero indebted for war arks of attention. imi college, now in existence ai aucu ior a is onthi, ana as a seminary for only lour yean, ia i* i tceeiiingly flouiishing condition. There are from 1: 140 students now under ita roof, coming lrom ut?i irt of the western continent, who ai? thoroughly a! itedin all the languagea, sciences,and aceomplishniei. iceJsury or pleasurable to agentleman A new kail g and chapel, at cost of $3\0(:0, hare been erecti e preceding year, by collectiona raited throuf e exertions uf Rev. Mr. Harley, Preaidaat of tne cu ge ; the chapel has in ita windowa the most Aoished ai > mtiful specimen' of ataiaed glass is America. A rai iportint chango will occur in the government of U iLege at the opening of the next term. The prsse licers and professors aro to be removed,anJ their pl<bi ' led entirely Ij Jesuits from the St. Mary 'a e*min?"y, sntneky ; how this will affect the prospecu of the i itution, Bishop Hughea, who directs the change, cf !atju< ge. It is evident though that an institution lik is, properly conducted, enjoying auch advantages cality and scenery, and already popular, must beeo* le of tha lea ling colleges of the country before wan sars. Let it he conducted in tha aama apirit of otoder >n and high feeling which has hitherto characterizi i progress, and both proteetauts and catholics will doc Itn fold from all parts of tha Union, andevery eouuti aouiu America. J3 Th* Beon?my oftbt City F*then. Mr Editok It appear* by the published reporti i m proceeding* of the Board of Aasistant Aldeirasa, c outlay evening, that Alderman Peeks offered a reiol in authoriaing the erection of a bath at each police ?t >11 house, at an expense not exceeding thirty dull?i Merman M'Eliath jeeringly moved an amendment f< e sing cases, looking glaasea, rocking chain. Sic fci id Aloerman Oliver thought it time to atop tueh extr igance. Will the Mpient Alderman inform " the H e'' how much of the public moneys are appropriate* t> image hire, oyatert, liquors, aegars, aa 1 other lux >1 for themselves; and jait how much more extra* tnt it it to spend a little money for the benefit of nit indred policemen, than it ia to apend a great deal for ti dulgence et thirty -eight Aldermen, in uaeleaa or p?n oua luxuries. Halifax. Pocket Pfnknivti and k'ausy Cutlerybesutifal assortment of the above. caa be seen at tl bscritiers', consisting of some ol the must splendid, a> lique patterns ever imported to this couuiry. O. SAvJiNOkKd at SON, ITT Breadwav. opposite Howard's Hotsl. Portable Dressing Cms nl the most ct form and elsc&nt finish. A beiatiful a?p? due tail ilrt t ible, siid the mo.t complete yet offeree, sa I* tl mts of the travelling pnbl'C. hemic m\iiufsotur?d el sa< steri lis as not to be affrcted by enxnre of elnmte. 1 le bf O. SAUNDKK9 k SON 177 Br.indwsy. a few doors above Ceurtlandt stieet. [From the Daily Tribnoe, July 11. IMt.] V. B. Palmer's Newspaper Ae< nry ?'Tl er han't and hisiness m-n of 'lie City of New Yi'rk ??r ie?fd to nul Irlr. Pslmcr'a advert hdmi <o thu 'd?> l>er. [TK? une idrfriiuiMut will inmr in to morrow riltunc.) Ti>? bouncMol advertising n imperfectly aid* nod by carrh^nu Kauemlly. Mr. P. a experience > tenute geneir* mblp him lo give very imi'ortunt i rm t en tad very valuable >uggee?iopa in tne?? meters I who may favor ita with an Interview The enbjret, e?e ited by Mr. P is certsi<ily w >rlhy the serious atleoli< 'mil persona engird in active bnsiness, HarwauaB of ilia Uni? hj ?i. Placet. Tina*. 8t?H of *i*er. incinnati, July 1...... 8 feat <1 inrhe*. rheelinff, July 11 ft falling. ttthung, July 11 S feel, 8 inchc*. suiaviOe, June 30 A feet, 8 inci eg MONEY MARKET Ttmraday, Jaly 18?(1 P. X. The market continue! rery doll and heavy, and pric? ithout any material alteration. The *ale* to d *' wei or* limited than tiaual. Harlem went up at the fir Mrd to day per een', compared with price* cerrei the flrat board yeaterday; Norwich and Worceft? i lod( Island eloied at yeaterday'a pricea. At the aeaond board there war* vary few tale*, at t erafe advance of aboat X, par cant. There appears t' disposition among operatora to put up pricea; and rery probable that an advance of two or three p? nt will be realized, before the market take* anotk* rm downward. The New Jeraey Railroad and Transportation Cotn,? haa declared a semiannual dividend of three and If par cent, payable on the lat of Aaguat. The Planter*' Bank of Tenneeae* ha* declared a ** > nam oiTieeno 01 two in half par cant, payabl* t Manhattan Company an tha Id of Augait. Tha Clinton Bank of Columhn*, Ohio, ha* declare) mi-annual dividend, payable at tha Lifa aad Trail 0: . a, an daatand. Tha following Kami annual dividend* have juit baa clarad by several maaahcturiaf aad railroad conpt m of Yirgioia ;? Rttriek Manufacturing Company,. . . 10 par cent. Batter?ea do do 7 par cant. Werrhaati' do da percent Pe'ersMiif Railroad ? par rent. Louisa do IX p?r cant. rhe Ralltoiore and Havre da Grace Tu.npke Compi hai Hankered a ?omi annual dividend ol four per rait Tha MMannre and Hatford Tnrnpike Company ) ' stare** aami-annual dividend of ona and a half p? at. rh? (mount received for toll* on all the New York ite otn?U daring the flrft week in July, Ii. . . M3.MI mm period U 1W? OH rm,. ' jtC*-ViJ 4

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