Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 20, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 20, 1846 Page 1
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TH] ?. XII, Wo. MU-Wbal* Ho. MM. ADDITIONAL MTIACTi FROM THE FOREIGN PAPERS RECEIVED AT TUE NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE, By the ItMiMklp Omkrla. IktUmrat.of llw ?re*on (location?The Kffrtt of the Mexican War, [From the London New*, Jujy 1.] lota* doubt uirna to bang upon that article of the ! treaty with the United State*, respecting the Oregon, which we are told the Senate and the government of . ^Vethiagton hare accepted. Acoording to Sir Robert j a mi a vereion 01 uii arucie, ine iraa navigation ol the Columbia. a a J tha Iraa paaaafa of it* portage a, ara ?acured to all veaaela or march ante belonging to or trading with tha Hudson Bay Company. Now tha Aoiarican* ara evidently undar tha impreaeloa that thia concaaaion haa baaa mada only during tha exit tier charter of tho Nudaoa'a Bay ^Company; and that tha charter of that company is not to ba renewed without aoma undar standing aa to tha eaaaation of that right. Tha American papt-ra mention that this wai a aarioui hitch in the way or tha traaty being approved of by tha Senate; Mr. Pakenham having na power to altar the treaty. Wa think it very likely, however, that there haa bean aoma ' tacit underataadiag by wktah the wholeeaJe and unlimited dema..d of free marigatiea waa ao far modiled. Otherwiae the traaty muet have been highly unpalatable to the American nubile. The principle that all atataa having possessions on tha bank* of rivera a hail be aaiitled to navigate thoaa riven, ii a liberal and a juat one. It waa sanctioned by the Congieee of Vienna, aa far aa regards Kurope: and our conceeaion of tha navigation of the river St John eeeme to have (auctioned it in America. In rivera, however, of insigiuBoant ana and depth, navigated by mere boat*, it would be impossible to apply the principle. In coantrie* levying high dutiei and deriving revenue from cuetome, the facilities thereby given to ova-ion of duty, or the expense a neceaaary to combat them, would be intolerable The aaaae objection applies to larger rivera, like the Columbia ; ol which the navigation b interrupt u uj win, uiu u?ai i nw umu ui wntca it II accordingly nrc????rT to establish portsges, or a transporting of g'eods oa man's backs, it ?*> be of little consequence to tba Amarioans ta prohibit kluglnh goods, at prasent, from their terrl'.ory ia tha Ortgoa ; aa the oontrary, thsy must desire it But in the lapse of time, when tha population iacraates. a ad when the State* of the Oregon meet the expenses af government by ciutoms duties, tha right af tries it far LnglUh good* up tha rfvsr and its i pertages would not be very tolerable. This state oi things is. however, as yet far distant? i Tears must elapee ere the fur-traders can alter their high 1 reads aad depots; can direct their Inrt intended for the I Pacific from tha Colunbid to Fraser's Him, aad obtain their goods from the latter depot rather than Fort Van- 1 confer. The article providing for the purchase of and indemnity for these establishments, proves that they must , , fee given up. No English hunting or trapping will be longer tolerated south of the 49th degree, and the Hudson Bay's Company will no longer find it profitable to . keep up their establishments, we doubt therefore, whe ther even this company itself would lay much stress an preserving or exercising their right of free navigation af the Columbia. They load but ona ship with furs in the year. And neither tUs carge, nor tha goods sent in return far it, are surely worth quarrelling or ill-blood with nerioa. Thoae journal* which panegyrise all the foreign acts of Sir Keoert Peel'a government, make, aa nsual, a mighty matter of tha free navigation of the Columbia being secured to tha Hudson's bay Cam pony. They are big woids that meaa nothing. Were the river, indeed, thrown open to trade in general, and thusseenred by per petual stipnletioa, it wauid be something. But as to iree navigation granted to ona or two ships in the year, and that, too, got r*l of or slopped by fifty modes of arrangement between the governments, it is no subject of congrstulation or of boast, but meialy a catch penny clause to Uckle the public. [From tha French papers to July 1.1 The National hss aa article on the war between Mexico and tha United States, the object of which is to show that it is the interest of France to oppose the policy o( Kngland on this question. England, it assumes, de sires the independence of Mexico, and seeks to make France a party to its views. The National, however, thinks thetthe accomplishment of this object would add to tha infln?DAA of r nvUnH anil *k<a# r-? French, who bar* an intereit in diminiihing her pow- . r, to 11 to reader her leu able to make war hereafter on Franc*, aught to do everything in favor of the Amer- ! icans. and agaimt hngland. Unfortunately this jealousy of the power of England, among a certain ctau of poliu- . cal writer* is France, la but too prevalent, and frequently lead* then to treat qumtioni with a regard to their . electa on a rival than tuoir intrineic menu. Her* is a | car* in which a flagrant act of uenrpation on the part of the United Ktatea weuld be applauded, merely became tli* independence of th* weaker power U iuppo**d to be of advantage to a*. Th* National evidently fe*la that , th* vi*w it tak**of th* queation r*quir*i aome apology, . for h endeavera to throw duitlnthe *y*? of the.Mexicam, by predicting for than a loag period of hanpineia and i glory fr*a> a anion with th* United Stat** of America. United State*. The following art the principal portion* J of thl* amialde lucubration:? "Letter* from the United State*, and tha recent de- | bate* in Congreie, throw much light on the cauiei of the i war which haa broken out between the United State* and Mexico. The President of the United tttatei ha* represented him?elf to the world aa acting in a case of leKitimate defence. It la not probable that history will declare, on the contrary, that he has been the sggres?or, I and that the central authority of Mexico haa conducted itself in lhi? case with a moderation to which ti>e prede- < crsvor* of General Paiedes had hot accustomed the pow- 1 n* ih?t had to negotiate ?1th it" I he ?,baf then (how*, that in ordering the United State* troupe to the Rio Giande, the latter committed a veritable invasion of Mexican territory, the State of Texaa hiring alway* bern held to be t*>u*led by the Nuerea. Aa to the tie- I deration of theTexaa legislature itnell. when independent, that ita limita waa the Kio lirande, the lukmti >?ja i It rmotuiti to nothing " The true limit," it adda, " of Texan, when inriepeadent, waa that of the eld Mexican depaitment ol the aanie name To pre'.end to go beyond ' that, especislly without previous negotiation with the J.h ram, and by the sole force of the arm* of the Union, ia * unjust pretension founded on violence. It ia tpoltatioB And," continues the brbati, " President folk cannot even attempt to jaaufy himaelf by saying that the Mexican* relueed all arrangement on the (object I H tha tettlement of the territorie*." It rwttlta, even * Thet Liverpool Titntt of th? 4'h mst, say?? All the Pari lien Mviptwn, without exception, heve produced, at oomddarani* length, the detail* of the proceeding* of Qenaral Taylor in Moxico, a* well a* of the latt batch of nawi received by the Britannia, via Live i pool Taylor'* tic tor* over the Mexican* waa fully expected ; and, indeed, *uch wa* the confidence in the An ericaa arm*, that great *urpriie waa lalt at hi* placing himaelf in tuoh a poiition a* to permit them to obtain even a temporary advantage over him. Not the ahadow of the *hade of a doabt i* felt that he will be able to drub the Mexican* a* eftea a* they may pleaae to present theoselve* before him It i* felt, in fact, th*t the poor devil* have not a chance in their favor ; their troop* are andl*ci|>linod, unclothed, unfod, unpaid?their government ia without a *ou, and their country in a tale of awful anarchy. To carry on a war, then, with *ueh a nation ae the United Stater i* impossible, and the attempt to de it 1* considered absolute madnes* But the aewtvapers H>f Pari*, generally speaking, do not think that it i* Mexico with which the United States have to deal, a* much as with England. The States, they assume are datermiaed on Krasping the California*, and the Piritisli gorerament is determined on permittiag ao such usurpation. One of the journals, La ' Sirrlt stated positively, the other day, thst it had received intelligence froai a high source at London, to the affect that the British mini-ters had held a cabinet ceunail, and had coma unauimously te the conclusion that It was their duty to their country to relist, aven by force o( anas, the annexation ot the California* to the United States. Other newspapers have not gene quite so far ; bat they all think that the attempts o7 the 8tate* to take that territory from Mexico, wilt lead to a most serious misunderstaading with Great Britain. They area state that the admiral commanding the British squadron* in the Pacific, ha* potitive order* to prevent the American fleet taking possession of any place oathe California coast; and some of-them actually surmise that before this time a conflict has taken place between the two fleets Yen will tie better able than I can possibly be to inform your readers whether there be any, and, if any, what foundations for these atatements. For my part, I am inclined to think them greatly exaggerated, If only beea??e nothing confirmatory of taem has appeared ia any of tho London journals. I have stated, on previous occasions, that my convie tion is that the French government would not only view with displeswuie, bat weuld even take measures to prevent any seizure of Mexican territory by the United Bute*. That conviction is founded on the declaration of itit the encroaching apiiit of the United State*, and to maintain the integrity of the Mexican nation. It ia confirmed' too, by article* published in L'F.ftqut, a newspater ef vaat inflaeace, an l notoriously umler the control. and ipeaking the temiinenti of M. Ouixut. 8ince my laat letter, the Journal in queitioo haa hail two or three aitielee on the Mexican question, in which It ha* stoutly inilited oa the Decetaity of France interfering for the protection of Mtxico againtt the United State* One ingle paragraph from one of it* latest tirade* will show the spirit by which it i* actuated :? "It will bare been Men." it *ay?, "by the laat new* which reached u* from the United State* and Mexico,that *11 the prediction* we expretiod were Just and wellfounded. The government of Washington did not even waltiuflret victory over the undisciplined troope of Mexico to reveal it* spoliation inttotioa*. In iu thoughts, in it* ambition* project*, all the immenee and rich torritoiy of the Mexican Confederation i* a prey fatally preserved to It* incatiable dealt* of aggrandizement4 And it then it goe* on to *bow that it i* the bonnden duty of France, to throw her protection over feeble Mexico against the United State*. The National and La Prmr, on the contrary, ooatend that France oughtnot to meddle, ioaamuch a* the greater the United State* become, the better it i* for France Other newspapers seem to think interference a matter of course, but recommend tb At rare be taken that England do not make an instrument pf the French govariMuent, tor the promotion of her own sellah mtereit*. The Ef >qu returned yesterday morning to the subject, Insisting anew that it is for the iaterest and honor of Ftance, to take the busine** in bant I repeat, then, that there i* every reason (or t>elieving that if Franco ha* not already, she certainlv wiH *hortl\, take meaiure* for preventing the annexation of tfao California* to the United State*. A* to the Jturnal 4*i OrktUt, the great organ of tho government, it *aid nothing on the subject for a long time. At last it broke ilence. bv an article hrim full as usual nf ill will to th? E NE from the papal* tW |p ha* communicated to Cofraaa that the Meiiaan gWernment demanded only a littli time to Drapers the public mind for a friendly arraag* tent, The American* will succeed, without doubt, it tbii left attempt Ir will, however,be not the leei true thai their government will bare placed itself above the ri?hti of natloui. and that it will nave taken advantage ( " uhui) ot ita superiority in the new world. It (Civei it eelf. without noce??ity, to idea* of oonaueit. Mr. Polk may thu? gain certain popularity ,aud iiian bil re-eleo tioD, but it will be after having sacrificed the principl* of a wIm policy?that of the illustrious Washington He will bo re-elected; bat it will be tor having unchain d the spirit of aggrandizement, anil fur having exalted, t tho Mine time, all the paction* of the multi tude. The territory that Mr. Polk thu? conquer* ha* lit tie value. Hi* proceeding* toward* the Mexican* hav? not even the sxcuse of groatno** of the prey on which the American armie* have thrown them**lve? Bui perhap*, it I* not hi* intention to lay down arm* to soon, and coatent himself with eo little. MTar once undertaken with Mexico, perhap* he will not lign peace but with the condition of obtaining the California*. Out readers know that the Incorporation of the California* ii become the fixed idea of the warlike party of the Union They would be. indeed, a booty worth envy ing, and th* name of Polk would then have oma chance of going down to posterity. There ia. however, among the mart time nation* some third power to which thi* in*ctiabl? humor, which puihe* th* cabinet of Washiu^ton, in 1843, toward* Texae, and In 1846, toward* the California*, and, consequently, towards the dominatiou of the aouthera sea*, may give offence. And Mr. Polk, if he proeare* today to the union the magnificent acquisition of the Call fornia*. perhap* expo*** it to-morrow to thu greatest peril, for can it be possible to maintain fer a long lime unity in a federal republic, extended over a space *o prodigiously vast as that which run* from the < aUforuias and Texas to Maine, and in climate* to difficult 7 But to return to matters of more immediate interest? Oreat difference of opinion exists among the journali and the public as the effect the recent victories ot th? Americans will have on the Oregon question ; some consider that the chance of getting the California* will render Mr. Polk very accommodating towards Oreat Britain, others that it will make him more exacting, and others that it will have uo effect at all, either for nettui or worse. As there auueura nrattr trooil rea-mi inr tie. iieving that the que?tion ii tattled, ur virtually no, it ii aot worth while entering into a detailed examination ol the diflerencei of opinion referred to. The Journal del Dtbatt not only borrowed the announcement of tue London Timet that the depute was in a fair way ol being' arranged. but added, from its own sources of information, that it bad reason to believe that such was the case ? The National and La Pratt, two of tbe princi|>al daily newspapers, conteud, on the contrary, that the question lias made no progress whatever, and they appear to think that war is more imminent that at any previous period. 1'hey state no grounds for suck an opinion, ana it Is therefore entitled to no rvspect Besides, as regards the Prttt*, it is in Drag rant contradiction with an opinion tated some days back. [From the Lendon Herald, June 34 ] We published in the whole ofour i-npressiou of yesterday, the intelligence conveyed to this country from America, by the Ureat Britain steamship, which left New York en the 8th. Onr readers an> aware that the United States army, under General Taylor, has crossed the Rio Grande, and is bow in possession of Maiamsrai, which was given up in the most dastardly manner by the Mexl:an general, Arista?the same hero who, tn cuerpo, head>.l the flight at the defeat of the oth and 9th of .?iay. If we aie to judge of tbe probable iasue of the contest by a comparison of the conduct of the Mcxican forces, up to the present time, with those under General Taylor, we may already regard the dispute as decided Certainly, there has rarely been met with an instance in which the laperiority of the Anglo-Saxoa race over the blood of Did Castile has been better displayed than in a comparison of tho conduct of the belligerent parties.? Making t? .1 V n r. ...u..uvg iui IUO (UKUUIQiai; ?|)irn that prevail! at New Yorlt?indeed generally throughaut Uie whole cf the States?the proceeding* of tiie oldiera under General Taylor have been such as to lo honor to the Republic. The little army, amounting to but a handful of men, at a distance of thouiandi of miles from any available auocour, has defended itself igainst superior numbers, and at length has crossed the kio Grande. and taken possession 01 Matamoras almost m sight of an opposing enemy?an exploit which Nspooon has pronounced to be the perfection of generalship We are not informed what force Oeneral Arista comnanded at Mataiaoras, bat unless it was greatly inferior ,o that under General Taylor, his conduct can only be tscribed to cowardice or deliberate treacheiy. We ipeak thus strongly because there does not appear be iny truth in the report that the Mexican troops refused o defend Matamoras until their pay should be forthcoming We hare tiever denied ourjuat grounds of complaint against the rapacious and iusoleni injustice of the United States, and we distinctly recognize the cliim for uaisiance which Mexico has upon the civilized world igainst arbitrary tyranny ; but we are at the same time jnable to close our eyes against the weakness and imbecility ef the Mexicans, or against the courage and :oolness of the children of the colonies (we speak of the nen, and not of the corrupt Government) which Engand first planted on the North American Continent Contemporaneously with the oocupation ol Matsmo as, Vera Cruz was blockaded by the American fleet, hough no attempt appeara to have been made on the lorressof St. Juan de Ulloa, which has been put into com>lete repair. If, however, it ia to be surrendered at the irst summons, as was Matamoras, the Mexicans hav* >ut wasted their treasure in vain ; or worse, have emlloyed it for the benefit of the euemy, just as the splenlid supper prepared for the army defeated on the Sth and >th ult served to recruit General Taylor's forces after heir exertions in beating the cooks. In addition to the everses it has sustained, the Mexican army, we are told, s daily su<fe>ing from wholesale desertion, apd at the ery time that the enemy is receiving additional supplies Certainly, if these accounts are in any degree to be reiod on, the republic of Mexico is destined to goto pieces left unassisted. It is, probably, in foar lest the triumibant career of the United States should be checked, hat the ^idvertiier deprecates so feelingly the anticipaed interference of England and Krance. It 1sevident that Brother Jonathan (?? > ?h? lility, or a*, least po??ibilltj\ ot hit pray being torn from lit clutches ; and that, too. after an outlay ot' many milliana of Julian We certainly know not what the feeile government in Downing itreet may propose,or what the intention of Kn nee, though we hare every cor.filetice in the vigorous independence of M. Ouizot, but re have never concealed oar opinion that this country a bound by reason, humanity, and interest, to inteafere iVe may the courage and conduct of the Amerian soldiery) and may be anxious, at we are, to render hem.'aa kinsmen, every justice to which they are en tled; but our admiration ought not to be carried the ength of allowing Mr. Polk to dismember, before our lyet, Mexico, and to pot sett himself of its sea cotat and he moat valuable regions in the interior of theconatry. The effects of the war in the aouthern portions of the public are aaid to be sensibly felt. Commerce, it ap>ears,haa deolined, prices have fallen, and the only aricle for which a fair price can be obtained, is reasonably inough, lead. [>!?? British and American Squadron In the Paelfle. A statement has been going the round of the paper*, lurporting to be an account of the British and American quadront in the Pacific. With reipect to the British ui-ce it givet the total number of thipt 13, and gunt 306 ['bis is understated, and the observations on many of Lorn are incoi rect The tollowing is a more accurate detail of the British Dree nnder Rear Amiral Sir G Seymour, who was one ol ha Lords of the Admiralty previously to being appointed o the command in chief of thia station, and who belore ailing had a carte blancha from the government at to he course he thnuld take with retpect both to ( 'ranee md Aroeiica, and alto in reference to overturat which tad bean made to her Majesty's government by the reinblicof Ecuador and other powers, as to the formation if British lettlementa in the Pacific We believe that uch wat the confidence reposed in SirOeorge Seymour, hat ke wat at liberty to avail himtelf of any cettiont of rriiarv in the Pacific Ocean for the above purpotet ; tut suck as ha might deem to be of advantage to the ro?n, and calculated to counteract the preponderance of Tench protectorates and colonlxation us that quarter ot he world, were not to be accepted as a gift, but the lovereigaty over such acquisitions, was to be purchased >y Sir Oeorga Reymoar. on the part of tha government, ind to be paid for in English money. The gallant comnantier ia chief, since his arrival on the station, has sn iwared every expectation formed of him at home. Initead of comfortably ensconcing himself, like his predelessors. oa there at Honolulu, or some other agreeable ipot within the limits ef hit command, and sending his ihip to any place where her presence might be required, Mr (ieorge has iat an example to commanders in chief in foreign stations, which we trust will be strictly folowed. lor by his course of conduct he pretervet not onlv he eflciency of hit flag ship, which is, and ought al ??, mo uiHiRuu mu? Bvauanie on tnv ( nun, )ut, at the aarn* time, ha aatiaflei himaelf and the gorerniaent at home that all the the force tinder hia comnand la alao moit effective Air Ueorge Seymour hat tejit hia tquadron continually on the move, and hai evet lad free and early communication wiih the aquadrona in Mi(kb?rtn| itationa, by now and then deejmtchiiig ine of tha reaaela under hit command The Colling wood. 80, Captain R. Smart, K. H., (lag ihip, complement MO, wall manned, and in excellent orler. icarcely an able aeaman under i feet inchei. The America, #0, captain the Hon John Oordon, bra :her of tha fcarl af Aberdeen, complement flOO. Thin Trigate it a ra*?e, and on* of the finert. Mho hat a picked crew, la armed ?lth 44 33'ponndera, and AS-inch guna on the main deck amidehipe, a match for an^rigate afloat. The Kiagard. 42, Captain A Duntze, very wall mannrd, or at leaat wai *o when aha left F.ngland, with a complement of >40 men. She cannot be too crowded with theae only on board. 1 he Juno, 96, frigate, raptain Patrick Blake, one of the new clata. complement of JW men?not ao well manned, and with Inferior stowage, I'ke other tffl'a of tha Surveyor** conatructiona, although amnrt handy reaaela. Tlie Taltot.16. t.autaiii Sir 1 Uomai '1 honmaou. one of the old claaa. t>ut lunn<l ver) handy in me Met'itrrranean, and at t?t Jean il'Acr*. when cuinnnuida-d hy C-aptam Codrington. She ia well m.mned complement 340. The Daphne. 20, Captain J J. Outlow- a aeiviceahle corvette ; complement, 400. Motivate, 18, tloup, Captain Raillie, to ha impended on promotion by Comman<!or VVatkioi. A vary (mart and effective man of war ; complement, ICO 'I'he Frolic, 16, aloop, Commander Coapatrick Bailie Hamilton ; complement, ISO. Waa oriffinully on the coaet of Africa ; la vary wall manned, and ought to have much heavier armament, which aha could carry with eaae. -The ?py, J, hricantine, Lieut Commander Wooldririge, raatiaailer, recently arrlred ; complement, 80 *?** Bt-oeri.?The Cormorant, 0, ;W0 horta power, / W ^0 NEW YORK, MONDAY 1 I CoMU^r O. T. Gordon, now tmnI, bat-tbM of Mr- I J I rire expired ; complement, 144. The Salamander, 4, 900 hone power, Captain A. 8. ! , Himo^d. Time ofaenrice expired ; complement, ISO. t 8l-?tbtii?o ? Tue following are eurreying i re??el?, and are not armed or manned like ahlge of iimT ' lar cl?t??. The 9fl-gun frigate Herald, old ?Im. Capt. Kellett, C. B., and her tender, the Pandora. Liwt Commander Wood. They may be put down aa hariDg so . (un->, and a complement of MO men i The luminary of the above it : ? rir?h.. if- "? ? I ? ... ?m "" Jmrn. Sailing *m?1? 0 ^81 3.740 Bteam vimb. , 3 10 386 II 9'I *,0*. i ^arraying 1 go 300 13 311 S.3SS To tha ibof* we may add. l>owev?r, the following, on ' their paaaaga to rainforoa Sir George Heymovr'a Kjuadron : ? The Grampaa, 60, (.'apt. Martin. Complaisant, 600, i tolerably well mannad, a powerful rata*, mounting S3 pounder*. Mutt have joined by thii time. i The Carysfort, 30, Capt Seymour, tolerably wall uuou, v i? vi tu? juuv cuai; i?i nmjmirm, April / ' Complement. 'J 10. i The Calypaj, 20, Captain Worth, new corvetla, tolarai bly well manned?* (mart voisel. Complement, MO. \ Btbam VtMiLi -The Sainton, 8* frigate; 4iO borae power, Captain Hendiraon. Complement, 170; new . Teatel?well on Uer paitaga. The Devastation, 8, aloop, 4i0 hone power. Commander Crouch. Juat left Madeira with deapatchea. Complement, 143. No. Guna. Men. Total at preaearbn theetation. ..13 311 >33# Hailing-veuela, en-routt 9 98 MO i Steamers, en-reata 3 14 3'JO Grand total 18 431 4493 I United Slatee. ... The following ia given aa the force of the United States in the Pacific. From private aaHwapond' ence from Rio, written aa moat of the A^erioan vessel* touched there on their paasage, we hart been aasured that they are all moat powerfully armeJ'aad exceedingly well manned and especially ao the corvattea, carrying heavier broadaide woighta ef metal thta oar 36'a. The Con'{reaa, frigate, 48 gum, ("apt. Dupont?flag of Commodore Stockton. Thia frigate'a armament coaalata offitty long S3 pounders, and si* 68 pounders. The Constitution, frigate, 60 guna, Capt, John PerotTtl ?well manned, and tails fant. The Savannah, frigate, 64 guna. Commodore-81o?t carriea long 33 pounders. and carronadea 43-pounder*. The Portamouth, corvette, 33 guaa, Captain Montgo. merr?roils well, and well manned. . The Warren, corvette, 33 guna, Captain Hull?aaib well, and well manned The Levaut, corvette, 30 guna, Capt. rage?sail* wall, and well manned. ' The Cvane. corvette, 34 guna, Captain Mervine?(4b well, ana well manned. The Shark, ackooner, 13 guna, Captain Howeaon? aaila well, and well manned The Erie, tranaport, 5 guna; Captain Twiner?bad aaller, but Well manned. Here we have nine vessels. three of them heavy frt? gates, and four powerful corvette*, mounting 375 guna, tvith 3900 men. Doubtless our force already there would bo able to copo with that of the United Statea ; but it must be admiited, looking at tho description of veaaela. and knowing that tho Americana are uni ormly well manned, and have a greater proportion of able aeamen than we have, that their squaaron would afford the British plenty of hard work in tho eve&t ol' hostilities It ia well, however, that those ahipa of our own force have ? r, v.. *>>v iu! w?biq sorry lu cduwi uim whether owing to a relaxation in the energy of tho Admiralty or a tense ol lalae security in their position, it is an undeniable fact that the (hips latterly lent out are but indifferently manned, with a greater proportion of boys and landsmen, and fewer able seamen and petty oracors, than ought to be allowed on board of ships proceeding to a quarter where it might be expected the first hostilities might arise. European Corn Trade. [From tlie Mark Lane Kapresa. June 30.] The corn importation bill passed ttae House of Lords ea Thursday, received the royal assent on Friday by commission, and is now the law of the land. That this measure would bo carried by the Peel cabinet, before its breaking up, ha< for some time been regardod as certain, and the effects have, therefore, in a great measure been anticipated; still we are inclined to tlunk that the liberation of to large a quantity of wheat as that now in bond in the kingdom muit. at least fo' a tiibe, have some effect on prices of free. Whether the reduction will be very great will In some measure, defend on the degrae of firmness holders?merchants as well as farmers?may display That the millers are totally out of stocks is a perfectly well known fart; thei)r necessities have lately been so pressing that even thie rertaiety of the new corn bill coming into immediate operation, combined with very favorable weather, kaa been inadequate to check au upward tendency in pricoa; if, til ere lore, no particular eagerness should be shown to presa sales, it is very probable that comparatively little effect may be produced on the value of wheet by the new order of things. How quotations may ultimately range must of course depend on the result of th?e harvest at home and abroad. Up to the present tiu.e the promise for the wheat crop is decidedly goo< I, as tar as the British islands are concerned; the greatest danger at present to be apprehonded la. that after s? long a spell o! hot, dry weather, an equally leng interval of wet may follow, which would, unquestionably* be attended with considerable riak. To offor an opi oion as to what wheat inay be worth In the autumn, can aa best be regarded as mere guess-work; but there is soiriething like data for judgiag of the probable variations iin prices between this and harvest. Firstly, we know that the millers and dealers are absolutely without stock*; secondly, we have roasou to believe, from the sparin g manner in which the markots in the agricultural districts have for weeks ]>a?t been aupplied, that the quantity remaining in tho farmers'hands cannot be large*. If right in the latter conclusion, and the deliveries from Xhe groweis do not greatly increase, the ?bo4e of the foreign in the king uom, wim won may iuu De Jen of last year'* grow lit, would not, we think, be ore than nuJBc.ient to satisfy the consumption until the new crop (however early the harvest may be) can ba ready. This is, we think, a reasonable view to take of tine matter, and we therefore repeat that the holder* of wheat have the regnlatlon of prices almost wholly in their own hands. Should anything like undue anxiety be shown by merchant* to force off* the foreign wheat, larmer* would probably catcJi the infection, and something like a panic mi ght ensue, by which prices would for a time b? unreasonably depressed; whilst, on th? other hand, a determination not to snbmit to lower rates would leave buyer* no alternative) for, a*already observed, the mills and flour store* are empty in all part* of the kingdom. Hitherto the trade ha* maintained a tolerably firm tone, though toward* the cloee of the week, when it had become known that the new duties were likely to be in for e, almost immediately a slight disposition was manifested to get rid of tree wheat previou* to the expected competition on the liberation of the foreign. The change in the weather ha* unquestionably been very beneficial for tile *pring sown crops, and the apprehensions which ware beginning to be felt in consequence of the drought, have, in a great measnre subsided ; whether, however, the late own barley and oat* will wholly recover frqftn the injurious effect* of *o early and severe a drought at that experienced (acarcely any rain having fallen from the 21st of May to the 21st of June) i* doubtful, and it i* certain that beans and peas have been irretrievably- damaged by the extreme keat, during the period named. There has, nevertht l??a. been a want of activity in tk|e demand for .llik... H..A 1? ' ' ' - - ???? ? ?~ 1 - ? ??uuciicj ui prices una bet>n completely checked. By our Scotch advices, we learn that the weather altered there about the same time it did ia the south, and that the growing cropi had been greatly benefitted by frequent and copious showers line* the commencement of tb#ereek. The trade in wheat had, neverthelen, maintained a firm tone at the '>eadlng market! , but spring corn appear* to have told eDme what mora tardily. In Ireland, the hot, dry weather, eeemi aho to have broken up about the 21at inst.% and a greater quantity of rain appears to have fallen on that side of the channel tban on this, though not atiAcieat to give rise to any fears as to the crops being Injured thereby. The supplies of wheat from the growei* had, we are informed, slightly increased, bat oats had been brought forward very paringly. The vale* of the fc.rmer article had been about supported, whilst some further advance had taken place ia mat of fee letter. The atrivale of wheat coaAwise into London, have been on the s*me limited seal* as for some weeks past, the quantity reported up to t'nis (saturdsj) evening being only 14,94" quarters T*ne show at Mark Lane by land oat Tinge samples from tlie home counties has been equally trilling ; inured, ?ir,ce .Hoed ay very litUe has he?n exhibited on the ?s*ex, Kent and Suffolk stands, except whet ?t< thin left unsold. The extreme insignificance uf the ?npply hat prevented any anxiety being manifested by factors to realize , and though the inquiry H*s throughout the week been very languid, lower terms than tnoic previously current ware not accepted till Friday, and the decline did not the* exceed Is te 3s per quarter. The demand for wheat in bond has decidedly improved since our last, the certa inty of the new law (which will mako so vast a reductii >n in the duty) ! coming ioto immediate operation (indeed, the new duties are today, Saturday, being taken at the. customhouse) | having induced the millers te bay me re extensively then naa b??n the case for manr mont hs peat. At the same time littU or no inclination lies hern shown to pur- ' chase on speculation ; aad the export demand having subsided, the total quantity that has clsangeri hands has aot been so great as might have been expected. The pureheses have been principally confined to the Aaer kinds of Damig, and good heavy Lower Baltic red

wheat, for which descriptions prices about 1* to Is per quarter highei thnn thoie of Monday (save t>ee*n realized I'uiuh Odessa, Danube, and other law qu Slities, have been negleeted. tfaougu iieely offered at lonner teims. The ariivals of cwuutry flour have l>een >?mall, and as many of the town millers have lately beyen wo. king shoit, the quantity of the article on sate Jkas scarcely been equaLto the demand , really good fresh narks have consfqneaUy commanded rather Kiore money, though the bakers have conducted their operations with muuu cauuon ror I oca. flour there ham baen an active inquiry : on W?dn?idij Mnnl thouaand barrel, were 'V'*,"' cht*fly yr tha *?lll?r., at term* -But previously ; and further .ale. would proU.bly have baen made on h riday, if factor, bad been willing to accapt former price.. tb?' advance af M to I. par barrel, rene- j rally demanded, had, however, the eflart of cheeVinjr tha inquiry, uA the traduction. wer^mot *o Important RK I -*-= FORKING, JULY 20, 184 M on the praqeding market day. The buiinest done in | lock Hour has, we believe, been in anticipation of an active demand from the bakara immediately after tike Corn Bill ?hall have coin# into force, it being calculated that i there will hardlv be aulBcient time allowed for grinding : wiieat; the miller* have, therefore, adopted the expedient of purchaniag tna manufactured article, to meet euch an emergency. Barley ha? come (parlngly to hand ; but the alteration in the weather having allayed the feara which the prevloualy experienced drought had given rite to reapecting the growing crop, the transaction* in thia grain tiava been on a very limited acale In malting and diatiiling aorta acarcely any thing haa been done, and quotation* have remained nominally unaltered ; grinding barley haa been taken in amall quantitiea at much the tame price* . aa before. There ia not a great deal of barley in bond at ' thi* port, and holder* ha7e demanded within 2* to 3a per ; quarter of the value of aiinilar qualitlee free. In the Baltic market* very little change *eem* to have occurred in the value of Wheat, for though few foreign j order* have been received, and little icclinatien had ' been ahown by local buyer* to (peculate, the confidence ! oi uoiaers dm Os?:i maiatained in cons*qu*nc* of the 1 anticipated chang* is th* tngliih C'oru-Laws. It ii, : however. quite evlJent that, in cm* w* should continue to bar* favourable waathar for the crops, price* abroad will, *ooo*r or later, ootn* dowa so as to m**t our market*. Th* article has f*r soma time bees dearer at the |>ort* ef ahiument than at Mark-Lan*?a state of things which readily explaiu* th* inactivity of th* trade lor on* weeks past at th* principal Baltic ports. At Dux if quotation* w*r* almost nominal on th* 90th instant. During the week ending that day only about 300 lasts had changed hands. For ordinary mixed qualities ,49 , and for good high-mined, weighing^ to S'J lbs. par bush*!. 4**. par qr. fr** on board had b*an realized. Th* acoounts from Rostock. Stettin, and neighbouring porta, are of prceis*ly the some character as b?fnre ; really fine wheat having become scarce at th*a* places, and Uio deliveries from th* gr<fw*rs having nearly ceased, holders of tb* little on hand had bean encouraged to demand previous pricea (43s to 44s. )>*r qr..) and th* rat** askadhuvinK bten much too high to allow of the execution of the few orders received, hanlly a transaction for export had taken place. At Hamburg, on Tuesday, there was lass doing in Wh*at than the previeas post-day ; but th* demand for pring corn was lliea still aotiv*, more particularly tor Oata, of wbieh purchases had b?*n made on British account, at 19s to Mi p*r qr, free on board. The Dutch and Belgian market* hav* lately been overdon* with Wh*at. A letter from Antwarp states that nearly 100 cargoes bad com* to hand there, which had o*u**d a depression in prices. At Rotterdam, on the 'ltd Inst. busio*s* was also exceedingly dull, and the weather having become showery, the tears relative to the Rye crop had subsided. From th* M*ditt*rran*an the reports hare for soma time b**n, and *till continue, without th* slightest interest as far as Wheat la concerned; the businass done at Maraeill**, Leghorn, Ilo., having been confined to purcht**s m*4*f^r local ctAumption. At the former place, FfklilK kkil tin In tK* ftf '? ? been held at ?4<. to Ui. per qr.; and at Leghorn Marianogle^Wheat ?u still quoted 30s. to 38s per qr., free on Tne account! received thi? morning from the Baltic respecting the Wheat trade there are also dull. France. The Chamber of Deputiei have brought their business to a cloae, and the Chamber of t'eera will terminate their'* In the ceurae of the preient week The session will then formally cloae, and the Chamber of Deputies be disaolv ed. The new election* will take place it ia expected, on the let August. The proceeding) ia the legislature have . been withoutintereit The only point at all worth notice occurred in the course of a discussion in the Chamber of Peers on the navy citimslos. when the Baron Tupinier, who holds an important ofHce in the Navy Department, complained wi h somo bitterness of the treaty of 1813, between France and the United States, which he , declared had killed the merchant marine of France, lie complained, also, with some severity, of the unfair manner in which the United States had acted towards France, by Imposing harratsing restrictions and heavy duties pon her commerce. " Since," taid he, "the treaty of 1831, which killed our navigation, the United States have not ceased to prejudice our interests and our good relatione with them. What have we done against these proceedings 1 Nothing. There have been, perhaps, reclamations, complaints, propositions, without effect, without efficacy. Have we spoken to that haughty nation, for such it is, in language to make it reflect on its conduct towards us? No. The United States, since the period we consented to pay them 24,000,000 francs, have believed that it was only necessary to talk big to obtain from us all that they desire. I desire, for my part, that the government would make thlt people understand that they owe us, if not gratitude, at least respect for tho past" M Tupiner went on to sey that it was the duty of the government to insist on-a modification of the treaty of 1833 ; notwithstanding the diAcwlty of obtaining any concessions from " a people so ardent in defending its smallest as well a) its greatest Interests." He added, that when last year the French government stipulated that the coals for which it had oontraoted in England should be brought to France ia Freaoh vessel*, the United States ambassador actually took upon himself to protest against the measure as likaly to be injurious to the shipping interests of hla con iitry ! At this present time the French government has a number of individuals engaged in traversing Southern America,' on a literary, political, and scientific mission. The latest intelligence from them was dated Lima, and it appears that they had suffered great hardships in the wild and inhoepitable regions they nad gone through, but umjr uau nwra "v giKuimsi vi mo iupHniiii|H)niiice. The Natimnal publishes. from London newipaper, an account of grot* intuit made by the captain of the French war steamer, La Tonntre, to the mwtar of an American merchant vessel, the Catharine, of New York. The American, it appear*, neglected to aalute or acknowledge the salnte of the French captain, whereupon tho latter cried, " You damned raical, aet your flag .? This aroused the Yankee1* kite, and hard woMs entued on both aide*. Eventually mutual excuse* were made, and each vesiel went its way. The National expreue* a hope that the Prench captain did not act in the manner (leicribed by the American (kipper. Other newspaper* reproduce or notice tbe account of the affair, but without further comment than an expression of doubt a* to the truth of the American captain'* atory. The Reformer publishes an account of the assistance rendered by the maxer of the American Waterwiteh to the (hipwrecked crew of La Seduisante, a French veasel. it contraat* it with the conduct of the captain of the Kngli*h Teasel, Highlander, of Liverpool, which, it say*, ran into the Yille <1e Candebec, of Havre, did it great damage, and yet went away without rendering it the slisrht?*t assistance. From these incidents the Rtformtr deduces the great moral that tho Americans love France, and hate it with the deaol!e*t hatred. Tho latest intelligence from the (quadron of evolution, | cruizing under the orders of the Prince de Joinville, wu {hat it wat off Barcelona. The religious sews paper* publiih letter* from the United States, letting forth the progreai of the Catholic Chutrcb there a? highly interesting. It appear* that the Catholic bishop* hare placed the United State* under the special protection of the Virgin Mary. The opeaing of the Great Northern Railway, which unite* Varis and Bru**el*, took piece on Sunday, the 14th instant, with great pomp, parade end magnificence. The railway ha* since been opened for traffic. When it* embranchment shell be completed It will be the most gigantic railwaT concern in the hand* of any one company in the world It will hare need of 1,960 carriage* and 174 locomotive*. It ha* taken four year* In constructing, and ha* cost 100,000.000 franc*. A commcivfel union between France and Belgium ia talkod of. The new mim'ster from the United State*, at Berlin, has pa**?d through Paris. Some of the newspaper^ appear to think that the accession of the whigjainicter* to power in England, will lead to difflcultiei with the United (Hate*. Pari* it rapidly loeing it* ktau monJt, and i* now entering on it* dullest season. But it* dullest petioda are almost a* gay as the gayest of othor cities. niscellaneoiu. Thk Great Brjtain s-team Siiip.?The following statement of the performances of that giganUc steamer the Great Britain, propelled by the screw, has been signed by all the passengers who came itcross the Atlantic in her late trip. It is tinted " Oft' Liverpool, June 21, 1846:? " We left New Verk on the 8th imtant, paasinc the Iight-v?'*el at P. M. (II P. M. Liverpool time), and made Capo claar on the afternoon of tba 10th, arriving oil' the Orme? Head at 1* minute* pa?t 10 P. M. thi* day, when wm received the pilot on board, thai completing the paaaBf:o in a little over It day*. Kor 10 day* out of the U wo have had a *ucee**ien of eaiterly wind*, and, although the ve**el *ai deep, and (teamed agamat it on fir*t leavtatf New York 10 knoU, and latterly 1IX and 12 ; and, notwithstanding wo have had on leme occaliona a (troa^ head wind, with a heav~ E. N. E tea, that would have Mriouily inconvenienced a paddle-wheel teamer, we itever went Im* againat it than knot*. The three daya' fair wind* were *o light a* icarcely to a**ut our progren. Thia i?, under the circnmitance*, the quickest paeasge on record, nod the comfort and happine** we hav# experienced in thia magnificent (teamer, undor the food cheer and kind attention of her able and excellent commander, call for our warmeit acknowledgment* ' " The following *how* th* ?hip'i position and diitance from day to day; and we believe it la not laying too much to a**ert that, under the most favorable circumatanoe*. *he will yat complete a paaaage aero** in 10X or 11 day*. The wonderful (Htrformaoce of the ecraw certainly elicited the admiration of all on board June. latitude. Longitvjr. St. v>h. Taeaday 40 2SN. 202 Knot* Wr dura day M 40.44 A4 4I 244 " Thursday 11 41 M i!> 21 2A2 " Kriday 12 43 44 it 31 212 ' Saiurday 13 44. ?T 49 32 334) " So.iday '? <?44 20 244 " .>lonnar tj Turtdav IK 49 23 Jill HI3 " H ?9M 3I.I6 ISO " ! Th?r?d?v- Ill SIM 24 JO 2fiO " Fnd.v I? M2fl 17 M 3S0 " 1 Situpdir 20 41 J2 ll?l TM " ape <>?r about <0 milr?. | " Wifhing much microti ?o the tpiriied proprietor! of theOreat We?tern Steam Ship < ompany, who have for many years ?o happily catered for the travelling oom| munity o( the Weatern Ocean, although we fear hitherto i without receiving that leturn which their constancy and | rourteay deaerre, we remain, Ic." Canada Co*f awt.?A half yearly general court 1 of the proprietor* of this influeuiial company wnt held on Thursday the 25th nit., tit the maea, in St. Helen'* Place, ilishopsgato street, London, for thff purpose of declaring a dividend, and on | other A tyairs. Charles Franks, Esq., (tjie gover St. James's Theatre?Mr. John Mitchell, M. Lafoat; Madlle. Dejazet. At Royal Surrey Theatre?Madame Albartaatf, Miss Betts; Messrs. D. W. Km#, H. Huruoasde, Weiss, G. Forman, and Clement White. At Sadler's Wells Theatre?Mr. John Parry, Madame Clara llennelle, Miss M. B. liawes. Miss Baasano, the Misses Williams, Miss Metwilt, Mrs. Weiss, Miss O'Conaer, Mr. Calkin, Mr. Frank Bodda; Mr. F. Smith, Miss Katr Loier, Mr. F. Chatterton, Moris. Levigny, Mr. Sedgwick, Mr. K. S. PratUn, Mr. Kiallmark. Royal Garrick Theatre?Mr. Conquest, Messrs. [3. J. Bird, J. Chapman, Ilium, Carles, Power, 3owes, F. Phillips: Mis* E. Clayton, Mist F. riarcourt, Miss R. Barnett. Thentre Royal, Haymarket? Uwn. Webster, Ruckstone, Brinrial, Clark, Tilbury; Mrs. Glover, Miss Cushman, Miss S. Cushman. The Liverpool Mercury, in speakiag of the Ethiopean Serenades. says that they arr as they *ptly represent themselves, "delineators" in ev?ly sense of the term; nnd there is in their varied efforts such a truthfulness, blended with ocoalional flashes of wit and humor, as cannot fail to {ratify all who witness their performances. In IERA 6. nor,) was in the chair. The minute* of the last | court having been read by Mr. Perry, (the sec re- 1 lary,) die governor proceeded to make some ob- < servations relative to the general business of the I company, which may best be understood from the subjoined statementSales, 3,797 acres ( crown rt-ssrves; 3,621 acres Huron tract?7,388; , leases, 12,0(i6 acres?making a total of 19,4&1 acres. Receipts to 27th May, ?20,415 4s. lOd. A dividend was declared at the rate of six per cent 1 per annum for the h?lf year to July next and after. Sir J. Easthope made a few remarks upon matters before the meeting, and described the very s itisfactory position in which the com- ' \ pany stood. The court then adjeurned. The Sugar Ditties.?Whatever uncertainty may yet be felt as to the ultimate settlement of the sugar dnties, there need be none as to the course a new ministry will adopt. The notice placed by ] Lord John Russell upon the books of the House ' of Commons early in the present session, of his intention to propose the equalization of the sugar duties on free and slave-labor sugar, sutiiciently , marks his course on the most important ppint to be considered. We do not doubt that the imme- , diate and total abolition of the distinction against the produce of slave labor will lbrm an essential , J>art of his scheme, wh itever may be its other eatures. Independently of the futility of the distinction itself, there i? now n? alternative, if it be * retained, but to put the country unon a short al- ' lowance of sugar, and reduce the revenue from ' its importation. The iree-labor sources of supply will, from a concurrence of circumstances, send us less sugar than usual this year. In the west the free-labor crop is short; and from the east it has been transmitted to Europe without "freelabor certificatesand, moreover, being once landed in an European port, it becomes inadmissable here under our navigation laws. Last year the Java sugar told so low in this country that the Dutch government tVis year has ordered it all home. On the other hard, the crop in Cuba is said to be large enough to malte up all defioiencies, besides answering the usual demands upon it. If, therefore, we persist in keeping out slavegrown sugnr, we shall certainly have veiy little to eat, at a very high price ; the revenue will sutfer, and that must be made up in some other way; , and what we endure in a war,t of sugar, and pay in extra price and additional taxes, will not in the 1 lightest degree tend to discourage slave-grown sugar, as such. The extra produce of the Spanish i i... j.... _...1 .1 ,'r T...... LD. Prtca Tww Cwtf. tellan : Signor Mario; Madlle. Orito ; M. Vena Ira ; M. Peirot; M. St. Leon; M Dmaattia; Mesllli;*. Doinihsse, Ca-sim. James, Lamoureux, Juie?, and Honore ; Madlle. Loin so TayUotii. At tho Princess's Theatre?Mr. Wallaek, Mr. jranby, Mr. Charles Matthews, Madamo Vc?tri*. At tho Theatre Royal, Adelphi?Messrs. Lambert, U. Smith, Wright, P. Bedford, Boyce, C. Perkins; Madame Cclcs-o, and Miss Wool^nr. At the Theatre Royal, Lyceum?Mr. Kealev, Mrs. K<-eley, Messrs. Frank Matthews, A. Wivan, Meadows, Kinloch, and Yarnold; Mrs. Woohdge, and Miss Howard. M-vcrnl ol tne pieces, tliey prove themselves to be ibid musicians as well ;m talented vocahfts, arid [he applause they met with from the audience, jo re ample testimony to their menu, The railroad overture is a complete chrf d'muvrt in the art of comic representation, and is supported by these merry minstrels in a manner, which suggests at once the idea of a railroad train, with all its boisterous accompaniments, such a* blowing otf steam, the slew uud rapid motion, &c., with remarkable accuracy and precision; at the same time there is something about it so irresistibly ludicrous, that the risible faculties of even the moat phlegmatic cannot remain undisturbed. The French have been making David (not M. Felioien, but the original psalmist) ridiculous at the grand opera; M. Mermet's opera^on that subject being, on every hand, pronounced a failure, rhe new " David, indeed, is as cruelly lashed as the former one was injudiciously overpraised, by that very impressionable writer M. Berlioz. The bust of Palestrina, commanded by his majesty, the king of Prussia, at the instance of Spontina, from M. Wolff, the sculptor, is now placed in the Vatican; its inauguration, in March lasf, having been, till now, overlooked by the journals. The latest tidin'/s of Mdlle. Lind's movements are, thnt she has "signed" for Munich in Seotetnber. Mdlle. Viardot Garcia has been compelled to throw up her brilliant engagement in liussia by the severity of the climate. A composer is announced as on his way from America. His t ame is Fry, and his training has been that of a journalist. The meeting for the ensuing autuuin of the three choirs of Worcester, Hereford and Gloueaeter is now fixed for the second week in September, the festival occupying nearly the whole week. Mrs. Bishop, the vocalist, and Mr. Boeksa, the well known harpist, have arrived in London. ' ti.? _r ,u- t ? wiuiiica i (U9vu u| aiavoo, auu iuc imuuuuc ui ju?o raised by free labor, but consigned to Europe, and ( therefore equally-excluded from our market, will meet in the markets of Europe and America, and command but one price?that fixed by reference t to quality, and the relation of supply to demand. This will, of course, render entirely nugatory all ! we may think fit to suffer on account of the slave \ trade. Nkw Txhttt.?MTe have imam satis-' faction in furnishing our readers with the modifications which have been decided upon in the Ru-sian Tariff. It will be seen that they chiefly atfect articles of prodiice shipped from this market, but n .t produced in this country. They are, however, of great importance, notwithstanding. The articles of indigo, logwood, coffee, fcc.. form a very large trade between this country and Russia, and it is essential to our trade with the transatlantic countries from which we import those articles, that the markets of Europe should be enlarged as much as possible. The trade in indigo, particularly to Russia, is the most important branch of our re-exportation trade to any part of Europe, and immediately affects our trade with India. The only articles of Hritish manufactures affected by this change, are the enumerated descriptions of woollens. The report, circulated some time ago, that cotton wool, cotton twist, and ( earthen ware, were included among the reductions, seems to have been without any foundation. The following is a iist oi the new duties, with the ' old duties prefixed, for the sake of comparison -.? 1 CxroKTi JWut Duty. Old D'ty S. lioublet. S.Houbit> Tallow per Berkowitt 1 3. Hemp " 5# 1. Flat " 75 1.50 IMPOSTS. Logwood, Campeachy, Sapan aad other Dyewooda. per Berkowitx M 2. Ditto (round " 3.5# 7,50 Indigo per pood 3 50 5 80 Ditto groand 5 6 SO Cudbear " 1 50 5.80 Lacdye " 154 5.80 Cocoa " 1 6 30 tyaercilrou " 25 1. Cinnamon, ('aula Lignea, Canehl, and Fiatala " 5 It. Coffee... 3.70 C,I5 Cochineal '*.... " 8 '3.50 Nutmega " V 18. Orleaua " 75 1 M Sago " 1.50 2.50 Satflower " 75 1.20 Carbonate of Sod* " 30 1 50 Saffron per pound 40 65 Cloth, half cloth, caahmere, drip, drape de damn, ratin, tricot, and tricot' cachemir. black, greeu, blae black, he " 2.80 3.50 The pood is equal to 36 lbs. avoirdupoise, and the berkowitz is equal to 10 poods, or 360 lbs. It will be observed that the rates are generally reduced about a half. This, at least, is a fair beginning for a country which is hitherto supposed to have held the mou stringent notions of protection in Europe. Iron.?The market for iron is still at prices nominally sustained, but the contracts for railway iron are rapidly being worked out in Wales, and there are other symptoms of an early declinc in the trade. The calculation that -1000 miles of railway will be sanctioned before the close of the session of Parliament, is now thought by some parties to be vague, as any guide to ihe course of trade. Tub Frkf. Church of Scotland and th* United States.?There is, at present, considerable excitement among the lay members of the Free Church of Scotlanc., as to the propriety of retaining certain subscriptions given by citizens of America in aid of the funds of that body. The by slave-holders, and those who countenance slavery, as a thing 'not in itself sinful, and that, therefore, it is an unholy contribution, and would stain the purity of their good cause. At first there arose faint murmuiings of discontent, then were nearu notes 01 msapnrouaiion suu more iouu nnu deep; and, latterly, there has bum ibrtli a perfect hurricane of indignation-. Th? cry now is, "Give back the money?give back the money." This is the watchword ut public meetings and processions. It meets the ears of free-church clergymen at every turn. In fact, the atmosphere of Scotland is full ot one universal rear of " Give back the money." We cannot sympathise with such conduct?it betokens a want ot principle? and wo think that after such scurvy treatment for manifesting benevolence, to a very great extent, towards the Scottish Free Church, our friends on the other side of the Atlantic should serve them as they deserve, and demand " back the money." A detachment of royal cappers and miners, consisting of seven non-commissioned officers and men embarked at Liverpool for North America, by the last steamers, to be employed in the survey of the country between Quebec and Novn Scot in, with a view to forming a line of railway between those two places. The troops for Hudson's Bay embarked at Cork on the 95th ult. in the Blenheim and Crocodile.? The vessels are to proceed to Resolution leland if they separate, and there the two shins from the Orkneys are to await their arrival They proceed in company through Hudson's Straits and to Fort York. The King of Denmark has published a decree mitigating die several regulations relative to the press. Ttio penalty of imprisonment, inflicted for the publication of political articles in journals not specially authorized to treat on such subjects, is replaced by a fine, varying, according to circumstances, from 20 to 220 rix-bank-dollars. According to the Atigtburg (Jazttlf, the fortunb left by Gregory XVI. amounts to only SOO.OOOf. in money; but by his will be has ordered all his effects to be sold, and the proceeds, added to his fortune in money, are to be divided among his relations after the payment of some legacies. The new Pontiff, who ie a native of the Papal States, is of a nohlw family near Ancona, who entered the priesthood when very*young, after a severe illness, in which ho had prayed to the Virgin | for relief, and, being cured, ne resolved in gratij tude to devote himself to the church. He was I made letidinil in 1H9, chiefly in COOMqWDce : of his diplomatic services, but avowedly because 1 he had greatly distinguished himself by hia piety, 1 and by his benevolence at the liead ot an institution to which he hud appropriated a large portion I of his own funds. There were 3(10 manufactories of beetroot sugar i in operation in France on the 1st June last, or I* more than at the corresponding period of 1845. Foreign Tlteatrteale* The following named artists were performing in London at the time the steamship l?? hnglanil. ?At Her Majesty\Theatre.-Signor Par.zi; Madame Grisi; Madlle. Sanchioli; Signer Fornasari Signor Corelli ; Signor Labiache; Madame Cas- j | wtiict, and are maue 01 aomo ?? / ? taffeta* vclonte, the <la<nu China, or brocatelle : the aleevea, which are.demi-longuea, ara trim mail with alaek laca, anil a broad black lace encirelae the waiet. failing o?ar iba light coloured aklrt. Surloufi ?The$e are now principally compoaed of imhroidered tnnalin. lined with [ink or aky blue aUk, high in the hack, and open in tha front, and a pelerine, which lorma (tcing* to the front ; rounded bafqnea, trimmed with lace ; tha aleevea large at the lower part, and rmieed with how* of ribbon. Lt Ckml* F.cKtrfr?Tliia light and elegant atyle ef drapery |a mad* of a light material, *uch at tnlla, and liwed willi a ilk ; it ia maue ?erv loaf, and round at the back, rioting a peDa upon the iront, and encircled with Iwa rowa of laca and embroidered inlet FatAiimakU G'elewr* for the preaeot Month are itill ef a light hue, both for morning and afternoon coatune. Kor the former wa aee the ecrue. Nankin, relieved with pittama in red, green, or klec i different afa?iea of greea, lilac, blue, and roae colour, are alao greatly in favour for afternoon toilet; white predominating for evening dreaa. i *' ? * x HO ailLtCBO Ut tuo tji uivu umtti hi una' don, has been bo great that the Invtmtu Courier state# that about thirty specimen* of the itm? data are about to leave the highland glena for England. Mudame Please A mould who was, a shert tima ago,condemned to pay the sum of100,000 franca to the Comedie Francais, for a breach of engagement to that theatre, is now, says the Monitmr Dramatique, at Brussels, where she has signed aa engagement to give twelve dramatic repreaeatations at the Theatre Royal of that city, during tha month of June of the ensuing year. Olt; Bull was expected at Anvers, where he had signified his intention of giving a toirt muticaU. Mendelssohn is actively engaged in compoatoa a new opera, the principal female character ot winch will be sustained by Jenny Lind. This opera, it is said, will be performed, for the first time, at tierlis,on the next anniversary of the birth of her majesty, the queen of Prussia, which will be celebrated on the 18th November next. The London Morning Herald speaks of Miaa Virginia Monier in the following manaer:? Miss Virginia Monier, an American actress of repute in the West lndiea Islands, and else* where, came before a London audience on Saturday night as Mrs. Haller, in "The Stranger." She is a tall and elegantly-formed woman, reminding the spectator of Mis* Phillips, who some years ago had celebrity as a tragic actress at Urury lane. Miss Monier was received with great welcome; and her success, as far as the manifestations of the spectators were concerned, was unquestionable. The musical sweetness of her voice, the jadicloudness of her elocution, and ilie propriety of her deportment, constitute, in short, her only merits ; and though these, unaided by the impulsive graces of genius, are insufficient to give distinction,they are universally available, and contribute to make the mediocrity with which they happen to be allied, endurable. She was loudly called for when the curtain fell; and was evidently in good ctedit. Mr. Wallack was the Stranger, and none bettar than he could be found?none more capable of giving effective mouih to the mawkish aentimeataiities with which the part is staffed. Oxberry, Granby, Rider, Mrs. Hughes and Miss Emma Stanley sustained the other characters of prominence. I London and Parts fashions, for July. [From the World of Fashion of the Courts ef London and Pari* ] Morning Dreiiri, made in foulards, poil de eberre gris de lin, ecru, or poussiere (dustcolor) are the most worn; they are relieved with rich fancy gymn -trimmings of green or blue. Venetian silks are else a favorite mats rial; the friliings with which they are trimmed being cut. and gradually separating from the waist to the edge of the skirt. Evening Drutti are composed of gaaae lisse, pink or blue, snd trimmed with Pompadour fringes placed at the edge of the flounces; also those made of the tissa dlaphaue. decorated with two broad lace flounces; the eornage a la Ortcque, ttilhoet ke epaulettes; the short sleeves being cat in such a form as te take the place oi mom, iho uuuiwd* ? -?- ?r? ? ? ? ?m each lid a, with broad latin ribbon ascending up each *ido, and meeting at the waist, the lower and being confined by a tuft of roie?. Antoinette?Thia in another novelty for outdoor coetumo, and i* made of (ilk of French blue color, forming a pelerine rotonde at the back, and a scarf in the front; the two enda are rather abort, square, and CMfkt in three foldi upon eech aide of the waist; it ia encircled wifh a broad lace, and the end* may be croaeeder left at liberty, allowing of the graceful contour of the ahape being viaible. PailU & la Duekmt?Tki* truly elegant fancy atraw ii generally lined with ptak, and ornamented with a bouquet er bunch of abaded colored down feather*; ribbon* of the vertiaule color are alee meoh ia aae for the trimming of thia kiad of boaaata, with a boequet of Heine Marguerite* at the sld*. Capote* are new eatirely composed of crepe, and ce verod with fulled telle, deoorated with cboaa of tulle and ribbon; or in lace of a light transparent texture, trimmed with a branch of leave* or flowers; whilst other* are made of Italian ailk, In every description of color. Capt?A very *tyli*h and petty little cap 1* that made of Royal Mechlin lac?, the ride* of which are ornamented with a toulfe formed of tulle ruche, put on straight, and hiring betwixt the plaiting small queen** dairies, called de* Reines Marguerite*, so fixed as not to show any item, and without foliage. For morning can*, they are principally trimmed with braod Royal Mechlin laee, and rather dark colored gauze ribbons; the form petit and round; the lace being put on nearly plain at the ears. 1)** Sutioite*.?This de'eription of perdessu* is Intended to tie worn over very thin dresses, in order to guard against the cool evening breezes, *o frequent after *ach very hot day*, more especially fslt in the country, er *ea-*lde places ; In form thev do not reach beyond the 1 r- ' ? ?h*s*k mftUrial. fttfr.h ?

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