Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 20, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 20, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD? New York, Monday, July 4U, 1M46. THE ARMY AND NAVY OP AMERICA. To Ihf Hal roll* of the HeraJd. 0 ? _________ We intend, for the future, to devote a portion ol itie column* of tills journal lor the use and benefit of the army and navy, by giving, at regular intervals, a full account ofsucli deaths, promotions and changes, as may, from time to time, take place among the defenders of our country on and on land; together with a perspicuous account ot - - - . - - I laa 1 ~.V. any new movements inai may uitce ;>" < ia,Mi tranches of the public service connected with the war in Mexico. Our patrons will at once perceive the lmporttanco of this movement, when they reflect that the army at present in the service of the United Suites numbers some sixty-five thousand men, including regulars and volunteers, and the navy ten oc twelve thousand men. Each individual of these large bodies ot men has, relatives and friends in various part* of the country, who are desirous of obtain# all the information possible, that will directly or indirectly affect those patriotic men who have left their firesides to peaotrate the interior of Mexico at their country's call, and who visit every sea for their country's glory In order to bring this information home to th?m, we have determined upon keeping an accurate and reliable account of all army and naval movements, and publishing them for the information of the country, in a portion of our journal. We intend that the movements of our gallant army and navy shall form an important feature in the JVtw York Herald Tlie Kipected News, The steamship Great Britain may now be hour- ; ly expected, with thre?' clays later intelligence from Europe. We shall probably hear ot the complete organization of the new English ministry. Apart from this, the news will be of an interesting cha. , r.i ;ter. The Foreign IWewa and tHe United State*. We received our regular foreign files of newspapers by the steamer Cambria, which arrived at Boston on Friday last, early on Saturday evening; and we, therefore, published the most titereating part of the news in our regular edition yesterday. The mostimportant intelligence as regards this country, are the remarks of the French and English journals on the settlement,ofth? Oregon question, and the retirement from office of Sir R. Peel and his party. In regard to the former, the English press, with hardly an exception, congratulates the oountry. on iu peaceable settlement ; but the same ambiguity that exists in tiiis country, in regard to that section of the treaty which provides for the joint navigation of the Columbia, exists in that country too. One portion ol the press bases its remarks on the supposition that British sub- i jects are to be placed on the same footing as American citizens, and are to have the free navigation of the Columbia river j erpetually; while on the other hand, it is supposed by another portion, that the right to navigate this river is temporary, and confined to the Hudson Bay Company, and British subjects trading with them. The difference between these statements is one ol considerable magnitude, and one which we believe formed the only item of discussion in the Sepate of the United States, when the President referred the treaty to that body. It Was then supposed that the treaty included the perpetual right of navigation in the British, but the Senate ratified i. with the understanding, that the right was to con rmue during the existence of that company's charter only. Sir Robert Peel, in his farewell speech, referred to the terms that the English government offered. The second article of the convention, he stated, was as follows:? " From the point at which the 40th parallel of north latitude shall be found to intersect the great northern branch of tbe Columbia river; the navigation of the aaid branch nball be free and op?n to the Hudson Bay Com panr. and to all Britiih subject* trading with the same, to tne point where the laid branch meets the main ttream. atul thence down the main stream to the ocean, with free accet*," kc fce. The evident meaning of this section, we take it, is that the right of navigating this river to the poixts above mentioned, is confined to the Hud on Bay Company, and to all British subjects trading, with them, and no other, and that this right ends when the charter of that company expire* We think this is the view that the Senate took of the question; and we cart hardly believe that this body, in spite of the known will of their constituents, over and over expressed, would have consented to a convention that would admit the right of any foreign power to navigate this river in perpetuity. The right of navigation had always bean the obstacle to a settlement of this question in time past; and it cannot be supposed that this right was exchanged for a few aarea of unproductive soil north of the line claimed by Great Britain. We therefore think that the portion ot the Bnuah press that assumes such a right, will find it to be a mistake, when the treaty U published officially. To say the least, however, the matter is somewhat obscure; and as there ia mo necessity for the treaty remaining any longer a secret, we trust the government of the United States will take an early opportunity of Mtiafying the American people, and relieve them of all doubts as to ita contents by publishing the "five ahortjarticlee" two of which the British Government have already given to the world. It has been feared by many on this side of the water, that since the Peel ministry are out of offioe, and Lord Palmerston and his party in, that tltis statesman, Tor the purpose of gratifying his antipathy to the United States, and in his fondness for war, will exert himself to have the treaty rejected by the new ministry. We now believe that thare need be no apprehension of this. After Sir Robert Peel had delivered his farewell speech. Lord Palmerston rote in his seat, and in reference to this subject, delivered himself in the following style : " 1 shouM have beau sorry indeed to hare allowed mo of the latter topic* of the right Hon Baronet'i aperch ot past unnoticed without an eapression of cordial appro batiuti oo my part The announcement ha then made will bo received with satisfaction, not only by ail Honorable Member* of thli House, but even in the remote*t comer* of the empire. I refer to the announcement that those uniortuo ite difference* which htre sprung up between this country and the United State* have been brought to eo amicable adjustment. It would, indeed, be tha greateat calamity that could befall the cirllited world if two great nation*, like Kngland and tha United States should he at enmity with each other?two nations whole Interests are identical, and whose people stand In the relation of broths is 1 am. therefore, glad to a rail myself of this opportunity ef stating the degree of satisfaction I experienced when listening to that portion of the Right Hon. Baronet** speech which touched upon the Oregon question " This ?? strong language,and augurs well for the immediate ratification of the treaty by the new minis'ry. But war* Lord Palmerston even to be o rath as to attempt any thing that tended, in a remote degree, to jeopardise the continuance of peace between tlie two countries, he would not be sustained by liis party. The commercial re- | lauons existing between tha United 8tates and England, are of t ie most beneficial nature to ?*eh; and while they continue, there is no proba* bihty of war, unlece, indeed, circumstances from our war with Mexico rise, which in tha opinion of British statesme would demand a 1 fnrniKU Of this we sbaU have a word to ?ay on another day. In the meantime, let us watch Uie movemenu of the English fleet on the North West Coast of Mexioo, and analyse the statement ih aaether ooiuran of the comparative difference in the MMagth of the American and H squadron# in the Paeiflo lir ' *' -" 4 ? | J.. . LL T?* TIXA.N Boc!*BA*Y,?I * rr THI Nvscbk and I Rio Grandx 1?We have re?ul with pleasure a speech delivered in the House of Represents I tives, on the 20th of Jtin# last, by David S. Kaufman, a representative from Texas, upon the subject of the Mexican war, particularly connected with the boundaiy line, between Texas and Mexico. Ujjojj the tioor of Congress, and in certain public prints, the government has been censured for ordering our army to the protection of Texas, oxtending to the Rio Grande. It has been declared, and by many is still l>eliev??d, that our title to Texas extends only as far as the left bank of the N ueoes; and that the rich and fertile country lying between that river and the Rio Grande, does of right, belong to Mexico. We think Mr. Kaufman has presented in a very uble manner, a mass of facts, which entirely settle this question. That Texas extended to the Rio Grande, and l>elonued to the United States previous to tka transfer to Spain in 1819, will probably not be questioned. A mass of documentary evidence in proof of thin can be brought forward, which would silence any doubts upon this point. John Quincy Adams, in a letter to the Spanish Minister, Don Onis, dated March 12th, 1818, says :?' The claim of France always did extend westward to the Rio Bravo. She always claimed the territory which you call Texas, as being within the limits, and forming a part of Louisiana." Gut, it is said, this country was ceded to Spain in 1819. This treaty, however binding it might be consid- | cred upon the United States, was an infraction of | that provision of the Louisiana treaty of 1803, which declared that "the inhabitants of the ceded territory should be incorporated into the United States, and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the federal constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities, of the citizens of the United States." The people of Texas considered this ceding to Spain as null and void, so far as they were concerned ; and at Nacogdoches, on the 23d of June, 1819, issued a formal protest and remonstrance against it. Texas was thus left as a part of Mexico, and was sported with by the Mexican leaders and revolutions, curtailed of her limits, and bv an assumption of arbitrary power, the Nueces made her western boundary by Mexico. The time arrived, however, when Texas, strcAig in the right, and filled with brave hearts and stout arms, declared herself free; and at the battle of San Jaeinto, struck the blow which showed Mexico, that she was no longer to remain a territory of so weak and vacillating a government. Santa Anna, whom it will be recollected Mja? President of Mexico at the time, in order to save the honor, lives, and ammunition, of a portion of the Mexican army at the time, signed a treaty with the government of Texas. Article three of which provides, that "the Mexican forces will evacuate the Texian territory and recross the Rio Grande," acknowledging plainly, that the Rio Grande was the boundary line between the two territories. This treaty was not made merely for Santa Anna's individual benefit, but the government and people of Mexico were compensated in full for it, and as the whole military power was vested in Santa Anna, the treaty is binding Since that time the government and people of Texas have considered the territory between the Nueces and the Rio Grande as belonging to them. The Texas Rangers have held undisputed possession of it, and no Mexican forces have been stationed on the loft bank ot the Rio Grande. Under all these circumstances we do not perceive how any doubts can be entertained in regard to the boundary of the Texan territory, and we are glad that Mr. Kaufman has exhibited the true view of this question, in so clear alight. Thk California Expedition.?We are glad that the letter ol the Secretary of War to Col. Stevenson, in relation to the California expedition, has been published, as it places the matter upon a ..lair, onrl I R? U i, .U_? i'uuii wuv* gitit|/iv vmiiu. xjj ii, i% u|/|;cai9 uiaii the men arc to be discharged, at the close of the war, in some territory belonging to the United States, and not, as was at first supposed, in California, whether she belongs to us or not. Although the letter does not state where the expedition is destined?and in fact, although in it is expressed a desire that this should not be known, there is no doubt that it is tobesentto Upper California. There is also but little doubt, that at the close of the war the territory will come into our possession, and the soldiers belonging to the expedition be discharged there, where most oi them will remain as residents of the country. If this is not the ease, however, they will probably be discharged in some part of the Oregon territory. This expedition is generally composed of men who will make good pioneers in the settlement of a new country; and the idea of forming It was a good one, which has been well carried ont. They leave here about the lirst of August. Mexican Privateers?That Long, Low, Bi.ack Schoonkb. off Cafe Antonio.?We are happy in being able to give our readers a probablo solution of all the peculiar circumstances connected with that privateer, as related by Capt. Young, of the Telegraph, at Kingston, Jamaica. It seems, from what we can learn, that on the (lav itfltpil thn Sftth nf M?u u/Kon tw* nantnrnfl American vessels were observed as " at anchor under the guns of a Mexican privateer," the rakish sohooner Spitfire, formerly a slaver, now a peaceful merchantman, wat off Cape Antonio; and having a party of ten or twelve persons on board, at the time the Telegraph hove in sight, she hoisted the Spanish flag, and fired a few guns ; upon which the brig showed British colors, and crowded sail to reach Jamaica, carrying the newt which has so stArtled the underwriter* throughout the country. As this privateer, seen under * many shapes, has now, probably, turned out to be manned by simply " men in buckram," we hope this paragraph will set at resr-the fears of those who, tn American bottoms, " do their business on the great waten." Naval.?(?. S. ship Columbus, Com. Ihddle, from Manilla, arrived at Macao, April 11. The Vincennes, Captain Panlding, from Whampoa, arrived at the same place April 18. U. S. schooner Dolphin, from Port Praya, arrived at St. Cruz, Tenerlffe, May 27, and sailed June 10, for Canary Isles. Ahothk* Ro*!>*?< Difficulty.?The St. Republican, of the7th instant, says:?" We have intelligence from the Cherokee* on the borders of Arkansas, which leaves hut little, if any, room to suppose that peace can much longer be maintamed in that distracted wat,on of Indians. Every mail brings fresh accounts of murders and other outrages ; and we learn that the feeling of hostility between the old settlor* nnd the treaty party, on the one side, and the Koss party on the other hat already become so deep and implacable, that nothing short of a war of uxterinination is likely to satisfy either tide. It it believed by those who are weli informed on the aubject, that the government is deferring aetion on this matter to too late a penod, and that, whenever hostilities are commenced, there it no fixing limits to them. The citixens of Arkansas, bordering on the line, can scarcely avoid b^ing made parties to, or victims of, the events which must ensue. In any event, the United States will be compelled to keep several companiet at Forts Gibson and Smith to watah over these movement*. But if there is an outbreak, any force which the United State* government can have there will ndt be able to prevent mt}ch blood from being shed. Vsrscttkla.?On the 23d of May. 18-15, the government of Venezuela enacted a law remitting the port charges for one year, on all vaseeli built In that ilapubljc after that data j but by virtue of thair existing uoaij wnn ine united sum, a mieation iroM whether thia Uw would not apply aa wall to American veaeela: and on the '?th of May laat, the government aboliahed the law, and aubatituted another, which aJlowi %$ per ton on all nmli over 0 tone built in Ven?f net*. for ooMtwlae andfjr eign trafllc B*t<m U+ *> I 9urmin by thi Natttckit Fntt.?We had hoped that New York, herself having undergone many trials by fire, would, before this, have extended the hand of charity, as well us the voice oi commiseration to the hundreds of families who, perhaps, this morning, have not the wherewithal to buy bread, and who, but a few days ago, were located 'round the table of plenty. The scourge of , destruction has throwu a gloom over the spirits and prospects of the hardy Islanders of Nantucket, which it well becomes their countrymen iu the richest city of the continent to dispel. If our Mayor, or those in authority, neglect the call of charity in this respect, let a meeting of the citizens at once be called, committees appointed, ana lunus and provisions conecteo, lor ine immediate relief of those who have sutl'ered. Sympathy demands a speedy and effective movement in this respect. For years past, our vessels have been commanded and guided through the perils of the ocean hy that race, who, in seamanship, have no superiors. We could j>oint out wealthy merchants in this city who, for years, have been accumulating wealth through the skill of those who, with their families and children, have lost die hard-earned fruits of years of honest toil by the devastation of a single night. Will these men ?these merchant princes?idly look on and see their faithful fellow beings suffer 1 No, we judge by experience that the cry of the unfortunate will be heard, and their wants supplied. New York has been visited by fires afilicting and calamitous, but the loss has been principally upon moneyed men or corporate institutions,whose recuperative powers enabled them to withstand the blow; assistance was not needed from abroad; but the time may come, but which God forbid, when the tradesman, on a smaller scale, the mechanic and the laborer shall, by | hundreds, be rendered houseless and famishing by onu night's conflagration. Let our example be such now as to call forth the assistance^the length and breadth of the Union in the time of calamity. What simple charity docs not, policy may sucoeed in effecting. The citizens of Canada, in this respect, have shown us a course well worthy of imitation. Though fire after fire has raged with sweeping violence again and again through different parts of the country, assistanse has always been promptly and bountifully given by those who escaped. Let not then out citizens be put to s^gme by their tardiness; let one and all join in a prompt movement for the aid of the Impoverished inhabitants of Nantucket. Who of our leading men, who of our wealthy ship owners, will be the first to act 1 See the call of the Selectmen ol JNantuclcet in another column. The Nantucket Sufferers. Friend*?'The undersigned, selectmen of the Town of Nantucket, have been constituted by a vote of the town, a committee to a*k at your hand* such aid as you may j feel able to render to our unfortunate and distressed people. One third of our town is in ashes. A fire broke out on Monday evening last, a few minutes before 11 o'clock, and raced almost uncontrolled, for about nine houra. ! The whole business section of the town is consumed. I There is scarcely a dry Roods, a grocery, or provision * store, left standing; and what more particularly threatens immediate distress, the stocks contained in them, se rapidly did the conflagration extend, are almost utterly destroyed. There is not food enough in town to keep wide spread suffering from hunger at bay a single week.. Seven eighths of our mechanics are without shops, stock or tools; they have lost all, even the means of earning bread. Hundreds of families are without a roof to cover them, a bed to lie upon, and verr many of them even without a change of raiment. Widows and old men have been stripped oT their all; they have no hopes for the fu ture, except such as are founded upon the humanity of others. We are in deep trouble. We cannot ourselves relieve the whole distress, snd we are compelled to call upon those who have not been visited like ourselves, for aid, in this our hour of necessity. We do not ask you to make | up our loss, to replace the property which the conflagration has destroyed, but lo aid us, so far as you feel called upon by duty and humanity, in keeping direct physical suffering from among us, until we can look round and see what is to be done We want help?liberal and immediate. If we seem to you importunate, we can only say that could you look unon the yet smoking ruins of one third of our town?could you walk through oar remaining streets filled with houseless hundreds wandering about seeking for some roof to cover them, or for such remnants of their household goods as may have been snatched by others from the flames?could you feel, as we do, that not many days can pass before positive want will be knocking at our doors?our words would appear feeble, our appeal certainly not more earnest than the occasion requires. But we are confident that you feel for us and with us?and that you will render us such assistance as is in your power. Will you take immediate measures to bring our suffering condition before your people, either by calling a public meeting, or in such other manner as may seem to you best ) Provisions, clothing, bedding, money--anything useful which you may have to bestow, will be most grateftilly received. Will you movo in the matter immediately f Please to direct anything which you may send, to the selectmen of the town of Nantucket, and we pledge ourselves to dispense what ever yeu may bestow, faithfully, and to the best of our ability, judiciously. Jos Coleman, Chas. O Corn*, Eben. W. Allen, Wm. Basnet, jun., Nath. Rand, Obvd Swain, Alesed Folgeb, Selectmen of the town of Nantucket. News from Oregon. [From the St. Louis Reveille, July 12 1 nr. L... 1 f .J v_ ? s_i?j ? -.? -r TT m ua?s v?ou ???W. vu V/ avuic uivuu WHO 1 CUpj Ol the first issue of the Oregon Spectator, th? fir?t newspaper published in the Oregon territory. Here it U, all the ?? from our new settlement opposite Chine. Ha motto m, " Weet ward the Star of Empire takes its way and we should not be lurprieed if tne settlers in our far-off territory were looking aiound for some loot star of an island in the Pacific to annex to their State ; or rather, to throw the light of empire over it The number before I us Is dated February Oth, 1846, and contains a copy of the constitution pessed by the legislature of the territory ; also, an act to prevent the introduction and sele of ardent spirits in Oregon. The editor, Wm. O. T'Vault, sajs, in his opening leedor, that the paper will be neutral in politics and devoted to the general interests of the territory ; but he, at the same time informs them that he is a democrat of the Jeffersonian school. Besides being editor of the Spectator, he is prosecuting attorney and ptitmanter general of the territory. T'Vault, judging from the stations he holds, muit be a man ol vau/Mug ambition. A rumor is published of the murder of Dr White, Indian ageat of the territory, by the Sioux tribe. It will bo remembered that he was attacked on hii way to the United States, but escaped with the loss of hit papers. The following is the list of arrivals at, and departures I from. Baker's Bay, Columbia river, since the 12th of Match, 1845 :? ABBITALI. March 17?11. B. Co. bark Vancouver, Mott, master. Juno lft?H. B. Co. bark Cowlitz, lleath. July li?American brig Chenamue, Sylvester. July 16?Swedish brig Bull, . Aug. 18?11. B. Co. schooner Cadboro, Scarborough, master. Sept 30?H. B. Co. schooner Cadboro, Scarborough, router. Oct 14?H. B. Co. bark Vancouver, Mott, master. Oct 14?American bark Toulon, Crosby, master. Oct 19?11. B. M. sloop-of-war Modeste. ('apt. Baily, to winter. DtrsBTuacs. March 19?H. B. Co. bark Cowlitz, Heath, master April 37?American brig Chenamus, Sylvester, master. May 17?H. B. Co. schooner Cadboro, Scarborough master. May 37?H . B. Co. bark Vancouver, Mott master July 38?H. B. Co. bark Cowlitz, lleath, master. Sept. 4-Swedish brig Bull, nept. is?rt m. C'o. sroooner < annoro, Nraroorongn, muter. Sept. 13?Ameriean brig Chennmus, Sylvester, master. Not. 6?H. B. Co. schooner < adboro, Scarborough, maiter. In Baker'* Bay, wind-bound, Jan. 13, IMS, American hark Toulon, and H. B. Co. bark Vancourer. They have a poet in Oregon, too, and hii muse if not of the Ravage order, either, How a fallow who write* verses, " all about love," coald have strayed out to Oregon, i* a curiou* inquiry. Perhups he followed tome sunflower maiden from the eaitern prairie* of Iowa or Missouri. Listen to his strain [From the Oregon Spectator.] Love. My heart i? burdened and aad. What can I perform for relief T Conversation where can it be ha 1 ? And comfort for internal relief ? The bird* they arc joyou* in air, The beait* in the Aelds And delight; All insect* in livelineia share, And flower* are smiling and bright. But me?ah : my heart is the ssit Of soitow intense and forlorn ; Love's saplings lie dead at my fcet ' Her tendrils are parted and torn! Blest gardener, in mercy draw near, Engraft me anew into thee, Lest, blasted too soon I appear, Nor fruit to perfection can aaa. Oatnon Citt, Jan. 70, IM6. M J- B. Vaitstlss Fia? at Dsdiiam?.On the 17th inat, the paper mill of Lira w. Taft, Dedham Mill Village, was, with its content* entirely destroyed by fire. Loae ?10.000,-on which there ia ?ftooo insurance Thla is the fourth paper mill which has t>?en burned on the same ait*. Pocket Pickmn in Boston.?Mr Wm. Perkins, of Virginia, had his pocket picked of fil?0O in bills of Ohio, Tndmna wd New York City money, at the Worcester Railroad Depot on the Idih Inst Stbibr amono th, C.al Hr Area*?The men employed In loading the coal vessels at Bristol, Pa , hava struck for an advance of wages and are uaing threats and vio| lance to deter others from Ailing their plaoe* I "V A A- J.-1- P Tlin>liiili In Hew York. Til* theatrical teaion commence* this eraninf with th* re-opening of the Bowery Tbettr*, which has been closed a short time for the purpose of deco1 rsting, painting, fee. We doubt not that a crowded house will be present on the oocasion, not only to see the house b?t to witness the performance*, a fair uiu Qi which iB pmvoivu. aw r. jwahiu, u; f r ling management, has made this theatre more popular than ever before; and (till determined to spare neither trouble nor expense in catering for the public amusement he has secured the services of a number of talented artistes, who will be added to hit already superior company. Among these we may mention Mr. Francis C. Wemy??, for a long tint* manager of the Walnut street Theatre. Philadelphia, and a comedian of a high order of talent? Mr. Wemysa, will appear at the Bowery in the capacity ef Acting Muager. Mr. J. St. Luke, a musician favorably known to the New Verk public, is also engaged as leiderof the Orchestra. The bill for this evening consists of a Grand Melodramatic Spectacle, performed for the first time in America, entitled the " Yew Tree Ruins," in which Mesars. Neufie, Blanchard, Cony, Hadaway and others appear. We understand that this is a very superior drama, and one which will please all who see it The evening closes with the laughable farce of " Raising the Wind," in which Mr. Wemvss appears as " Jeremy Diddler," a character in which he excels. Castle Garden will also be open this evening, and present* for a bill some of the finest musical pieces of the most celebrated composers. Among whom, are Bellini, Straus*. Weber, Kossinh and others. Castle Garden, as is well known, i* the coolest place of amusement in the city, and a walk round its balcony, a view of the star-lit river, the aound of the sweet music, and a taste of the delicious ice creams to be procured there, will well re pay one for a visit The meoh&nicol exhibition of George Tieti, at Go thic Hall, is stall o|>eu. The celebrated duck of Vaucauson, which la exhibited here, deserves the attention of the curious. It is the most wonderful piece of mechanism we evtrtaw It eats, drinks, flaps its wings, quacks, and does every thing which a liviug duclfewould do, and with such an astonishing accuracy, that unless apprised otherwise one would believe it endowed with lite. A variety of other automata is exhibited, and an anatomical cabinet containing all the different parts ol the human system. All these places of amusement and instruction are open thi* evening, and with <uch opportunities we do not tee the necessity of any one's complaining of the want of a place to spend a pleasant evening. We learn that Mad'le Blangy, whose grace, beauty and skill as a danieuse have rendered her a powerful source of attraction, appears again at Niblo's this eve ! nine in JW Sylphldr. City Intelligence. Board or Aldermen.?The Board of Alderman will meet this evening at 6 o'clock. We would suggest the propriety and the necessity, ol their taking some action on the present disgraceful and dangerous condition of the pier at the foot of Beekman street, where a boy was lately drowned, and on the various nuisances that exist in til quarters about the city. Common Council.?A? the Common Council meet this evening, we thought it would not be amiss to make a few

suggestions for their consideration, in hopes that a little of us " foolishness of preaching" would hove some little effect in stirring them up to a respectable degree of rapidity in the transaction of their business, and also to remind them of certain delinquencies with which they are chargable. First and foremost, a ill our friend, Alderman Hart, please to "hurry up" that report to be made by the Committee on Arts and Sciences in relation to free bath* ^ There is nothing like expedition in such matters a this; and as he had the honor of being the first to make the proposition in the Common Council! to him we look t* see it properly carried through. Will somebody please to inquire at>out the appropriation made last fall for decorating the Park Fountain ? Will thoy be so good as to take into consideration some mode of having the streets kept in a decent state of cleanliness, so that their honorable constituents can walk without getting their boot* and pantaloons muddied ? Will they please to atten l to the interest' oi the city as though they were purely their own ? Will they please be careful not to " imbibe" too much tea after adjournment. Fiac.?A fire broke out about 13 o'clock on Saturday night, in the shipyard of Messrs. Westervelt St McKay, at the corner of Eighth and Lewis streets. The fire originated in the blacksmith's shop in the yard, and soon spread to the other buildings. The members of the fire department were quickly on the apot, and suoceeded in saving the buildings, with the exception of the blacksmith's shop and the office. St. Georue's Church.?The Rev. Dr. Tyng yesterday morning delivered a very impressive discourse from St. Paul, 3d F.pis to Tim. 3, ch. ID, "Nevertheless, the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal the Lord knoweth them that are his. Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity." After a brief put pertinent allusion to the custom of the Eastern nations, from whose practice St. Paul, most probably, derived the peculiar language of the text, he proceeded to show that the Apostle here speaks of those who have this inscription i or this seal, that if true and faithful, God will receive ; them as members of his church, and reward them both I in soul and body. He dwelt with great earnestness upon 1 the duty and obligations of all those who take upon themselves the name of Christ; by that very act tney style themselves Christians, and bind themselves to depart from iniquity. It is not within the limits of our design to give even a synopsis of the Rev. gentleman's discourse with which he enforced and illustrated his text. We took full notes, but must reserve them for some hiture occasion. Model or New Yon.?We, with pleasure, award our meed of praise to the originator and executor of this wonderful work. He, by the labor of months, has condensed the work of centuries, as exhibited in the accurate representation of New York in miniature. Mr. Belden 1 has achieved a triumph, which reflects equal credit upon his inventive genius, and the iierfect skill he has displayed tin-correctly pourtraying the beauties of this commercial city. Every public edifice or decoration, private building, tree, shed or park?the steamboats at our ; wharves, our noble packet ships, pilot boats and yachts ( ?the navy > urd at Brooklyn, with its appurtenaaces of ; houses, shops, docks and ships; each and all can be viewed : as through an inverted telescopo. One may view at his leisure the architecture of our different churches, the windings of our streets, the thousand and one objects; which to see in reality would consume the time of weeks, but in this model, accurately and beautiftilly finished, he has at once a view of the wncle. As a work of patience, of genius and of perfection, it should be visited Dy every 1 dweller and stranger in the city, previous to its removal to Europe. The citizens of our great metropolis owe a debt ot gratitude to Mr. Belden, which we hop* will be cheerfully and liberally paid The Gamblers.?We notice by the police reports that the keepers of two fashionable gaming houses in this city, have been held to bail, to answer to the charge of keeping houses where gambling is publicly carried on. ; The Grand Jury are also investigating the matter, and intend, we believe, to present all houses where gaming is practised in New York. What this movement will ful, whether it will hava any effect at all. Intheflrat place, the penalty ii merely a nominal one. Two hundred and fifty dollars fine, and l'i month* imprisonment I "at the discretion of the Court" ia, we believe the extent. Now while the case it being tried) the "little joker" will be kept going, anil with ordinary luck, this sum and considerably more will be won?and the idea of imprisoning the persons indicted, it entirely out of the question. After paying their fines, all will be quiet, and the game will flourish as finely at ever. In large citiet, like New York, gambling in some form will be carried on. and tha only mo le of preventing its abuse* is by making the houses at which it is practised as public at possible, so that if a merchant suspact his young dark of " indulging," he can find him, and request him to walk out, without any difficulty. Of the evils of gambling no one can dodbt.? Volumes have been written upon them, and we might fill up our columns with a glowing description of the disappointments. the miseries, and the despair of the votaries of fortune, or rather inis-fortune. But such arguments have, as a general thing, a bad effect rather than a good one They rouse curiosity and an interest to partake in the excitement, rather than a desire to shun It.? We have laws for the suppratsion of this vice, but as they exist at present they are mere mockeries. Within a stone's thiow of tha city hall are at least a dozen houses where nightly various games of chance ara played op?nly and witbontdisguiie. The laws in relation t&gambling have, we believe, naver bean enforced in thR city, except in the rases of some poor, miserable creatures, who are occasionally found pitching pennies, or throwing dice in the damp cellars of the five points. Wkat then it their use I Let them, we say, be enforced to the letter or repealed, and some new regulations made In their stead. In tfae meantime we shall* atch with Interest the proccedinaa of the court in the caaai which will shortly be brought before them. AaactT F.tTBA0?DiN4?T.?Last night, at officer Battm, of the Second District Police was patrolling hit post, he overhauled a quaar looking animal prowling about the corner of Nassau and Fulton streets, and from his dodging and sneaking manner, the officer was somewhat puzzled whether to attempt hit arrest or not. Some individuals pasting at the time hinted to the officer that the craaturA might he engaged by the Mayor, to go round >u? iu v..-^oiin iw wbii'ii me ponce ommn ana ro port to him whether they were faithful public servants, and attend*) punctually to the duty assigned them, and hould any delinquent! he feund to report the line. The officer, however, not believing a statement of that kind, and knowing also that hit Honor, the Mayor, had great confidence in the integrity of the officer* in the Second Ward, maile an onslaugh on the nondescript, which turned out to be "an old raccoon, fitting on a rail." Ha captured the animal and took him to the station house, where the owner can find him Sitprkmk QornT, July 16.?Present all the Judges.?The Court appointed Messrs. Spencer Hill and Si Hi man, examiners of osndidates for admission a? counsel} and Messrs. Pierson Fairchild, Kern an. reckham, H. 8. Dodge and Rexford, examiners of candidate* for admission as attorneys, the candidates being divided into two classes. No. 3-J. Becker ads Keenholts : Mr. Peekham was further heard for plaintiff, and Mr. Wright in reply Decision postponed. No 673. Charles impleaded, fcc. ads the People: writ of error to the N Y. General Sessions. Mr Kgtui opened for dofendant. Mr. MoKeon. District Attorney of New York, was heard on behalf of the people; and Mr. ?gan in reply. Decision postponed. No. 814. Halsey ads. the People : writ of error to the N- Y. Oeneral Sessions. Mr Hill opened for defendant. Mr. McKeonwas heard on behalf of the people Judgment reversed. No. SI. Haaly ada. Williams . (default 1 taken yesterday o(>eDe<L) Demurrer to plaintiff's declaration. Mr. Noxon opedld for defendant. Mr. Reynolds was Kmt/I fftr nUintilV' M- 1 - 1 ? ? i' * -">* i-?u*on in repiy. ?eciaion postponed No a#. ( ogiwell ad.. Hubbell. Motion to Mt a?ide verdict and for a new trial. Mr Bradley opened for defendant Adjourned ? Utica Om. ! r*>".LT-0r S'?"c?*;-The Jtlbany < itittn denial that E M. S. Spencer, who ?hot hie wue In Jeraey CHjr, 1* a relation of young Spencer who wai hung on uie Homer*. The Cirtffli ?ay? Mr Spencer waa formerly a achool teacher at Sandlake, Kemielaer co., and afUrwarda a clerk in the Watervliet Arienal He waa^oulte prominent a* a political apeaker, both whig and iooofoco, in IMI,tandI. HJ-. father ia a clergy man % _ _ I I Iraaklyw City IntaUlyancc. A Womx Stabbed ?On Saturday night, between tha hour* of 10 and 11 o'clock, a man named Joseph McKilllp. vi residing in an alley of Pearl street, (tabbed hit wife in tv the head with a knife, inflicting a very severe wound, 1 reaching from the temple to the ear. Before the oireum- L tance became known, (he nearly bled to death. She 8 wai at length discovered by one of the Brooklyn police Ji and a doctor lent for. who J rested the wound, but gave . no opinion as to whether she could recover or not. The bi man was arrested and put in the cells, and will be kept K there until an examination is had this morning. They C were both, it seems, intoxicated. B Tempebahc* Lectl'beb in a Ki*.?Yesterday, between B 3 and 4 o'clock, two men stepped out of one of the ferry ? boats, and took their stands on the dock. One was a lec- f* turer, and the other a musical amateur?that i*, one lectured, and the other sang and sold temperance ballads. They took their stations at lome distance from each other, ? and each applied biraaelf aaaiduously and induatrioualy M to his vocation, without loss of time. A crowd,of course, *' was soon collected, and every thing went on amoothly {* for a time, particularly with the musical gentleman, for { he sold liii ballads, and pocketud Iha rdiitu * !> '1 could receive tbem. The lecturer ?ru not ?o lucky, for the mob showed *> mptoms of riot; and one of the police, who happened to be by, ordered all parties to disperse ; j * the lecturer |>oiitirely refund, and told the policeman T he had hi? mission from above, and wag determined to * fulfil it at the hazard of his life. The policeman replied, ? that he had a mission from below, and he alto was determined to fulfil it; and suiting the action to the word, he took the missionary by the collar and brought him to the J, police court, and, after being kept there for some time, ' discharged, upon a promise of fulfilling his mission j1, some wnere else ; in the meantime, the other missionary *sloped. Police Intelligence. ? Jult 19.?Stealing a IFateh ? Michael Burke *u ? arrested yesterday, charged with stealing a watch, ralued at $30, belonging to Julius Jenkins, residing at the corner of 38th street and Oth avenue Locked up for trial. . Stealing a Frock ?Mary Hunt was arrested yesterday, on a charge of stealing a frock, worth $4, the property ? of Mary Augustus, ol No. 94 Cross street. < ommitte 1 n for trial. ti Attempt It Pick a Pocket.?The Chief of Police arrest- " ed a fellow at the Are last night, on the corr.er of Kighth . street and Lewis street, called William Johnson, while i in the act of endeavoring to pick the pocket of Mr. Wm. 11. Webb. The Chief handed him over to the nolicemen, . | who took him to the sta-.ion house and locked him up. tj Stolen.?A silver watch and gold chain was stolen on n Saturday niftjit from the residenco of Mr. Long, corner of i | Stanton and Ludlow ftreet. No arrest j Attempt to Stab.?Michael McGuire was arrested last j night, on a charge of being drunk and abusive, and also attempting to stab officer Miller of tho Second Ward. 1 ( I Held to bail in $200, in default of which he was commit- : ^ ted to prison- I Robbing kit Employer.?John Johnson was arrested on ( Saturday, on a c-harge of robbing his employer of various articles of merchandize, belonging to Smith It Porry. " , Committed for examination. Stealing Wearing Apparel.?Sam Freeman was caught ' yesterday, in the act of stealing wearing apparel belongi ing to Henry Brown. Lockea up for trial. Who stole that Gate f?We are called upon to record ' a one of the greatest pieces of audacity that has been perpetrated for some time past, having been done, as you may say almost under the very nose of the magistrate. , c i It appears that one of the magistrates about the Tombs, j, some time since caused various Improvements and al- ' . terations, such a* opening doors, and closing others in | various parts of the building. Amongst these little fan- I i : cies was a second railing run across the office to prevent i the prisoners and mob Irora approaching too near the magestrial seat; on each end of this railing a gate was I affixed, fur the admittance of witnesses, one of which was orders to be nailed up by the presiding magistrate. This i being done, it became a source of much annoyance to j some individuals around that establishment?consequent- | lv yesterday morning, to the great surprise of the whole j department the gate was "found" missing; it having ; been taken from off its hinges, and taken off the Lord knows where. We have heard of valuable papers ! having been stolen from the office, "otappers" cut out of , bells, and many other outrages; but to steal agate from , the "Halls of Justice," who ever heard of suchathing | before? Why no oue it safe around these quarters. , Suppose some ill-natured peison should run oft' with one ; of the clerks, or even a magistrate should be missing , some morning early, what would the city do ? That's j the question ; something must be done in the premises, ; that's certain, and we are happy to learn that Justice , Driuker has taken this matter in hand, and no doubt he | will thoroughly investigate the whole affair, and endea- ' i vor, if possible, to bring this audacious tfeief to justice, > It has been the common talk about town the last few days, respecting who shot the milkman 7 but the last, j though not least, is who stole that gate 7 Court of General Srsilons. Before the Recorder and two Aldermen. j Jult 18?Sentence.?Matilda Oreen, who was tried in I this court in the month of April last, and found guilty of being a participant in the robbery of a stranger of ('260, at a house of prostitution in Anthony itreet, then kept by Mary Wood, was this morning brought into court for ( sentence ; whereupon R. D Holmes, Lsq., in the absence of her counsel, made a few appropriate remarks in behalf of this unfortunate and erring female In tho course of which be stated^ that she was yet scarcely 18 years of { age?was an orphan, and had on that account been allow- | ed to go out and form evil associations; and in taking up : her abode in the house in question, aha had been made I to suffer for the sins of others ; that subsequent to the 1 commission of the alleged robbery, she had resolved to turn over a new leaf, and become a worthy member of society ; and in commencing this reform, she had married a man who earned an honest livelihood. Under ! these circumstances, it was hoped that the court would deal leniently towards her. The Court, after listening for a few moments to some words of explanation from the apparently sincere penitent, sentenced her to be imprisoned in the State prison for the term ol three years, being two years less than the term imposed upon Mary Wood. Case of Henry Route.?la the case of Henry Rouse, a colored man, convicted yesterday of an assault and battery, with intent to kill Wm. Bucklev, of the Mh ward, on Sunday morning, the 9th of June last, the Court or tiered a new trial, in consequence 01 tome lmormanty in the proceeding! of the last. Sentence.?Andrew Sherwood, recently tried and found guilty of a noit aggravated auault and battery, upon a boy about* 13 years old, by throwing him with great violence on the top of a Urge kettle ot boiling water, was next brought into court, and senlonced to be imprisoned in the penitentiary for the term ol one year. / Trial J or Burglary?Wm. Wilson alias Martin was then placed at the bar for trial, on a charge of having burglariously entered the dwelling house of R. Havens, No. 369 Ninth street, on the night of the 9th of June last, and stealing about $7$ worth of clothing, silverware, tec. The accused was found guilty, and sentenced to be imprisoned in the State prison for the term of ten years. \ Auault and Battery with Intent to Kill.?John Williams and Harriet Williams, colored persons, were next placed at the bar for trial, ou a charge of having committed an assault and battery with the intent to kill Mary Ann Matthews, on the 13th insUnt, by cutting her severely in several places with a knife, at the same tine threatening to take hor life. The accceed were found guilty of an assault and battery with intent to mainf, and were each sentenced by the court ti be imprisoned in the state prison for the term of two years, Jluault and Battery with Intent la Commit a Rap* ? Richard Harris, a colored man, was then put on his trial fer an attempt to violate the person of a step-daughter, a colorod girl. 10 years old, named Rachel Ann Clark, in some vacant lot or yard in the 7th ward, at 11 o'clock, on the night of the 14th of June last, having been caught in the act by an officer of the ward. He was lound guilty, and sent to the penitentiary for one year. The court then adjourned Constitutional Convention.?July 17?a com- 1 mumcation was received from the Chancellor, in relation to the funds subject to the control of the Court of Chaucery. The report of Mr. Loo mis, prescribing the order in which the reports should he taken up, was considered, and on motion of Mr. Chatfleld, the , order was changed so as to transpose 7 to S. 17 to 4. and 12 to 6?and then laid on the table. The article on the powers and duties of the executive, as it came from the Committee of the Whole, w?s then taken up. The phraseology of the first section was I slightly changed on motion of Mr. A. W. Young. The . seoond section was amended on motion of Mr. A. Huntington, by inserting the qualification of 30 years of ace ?61 to 49. Mr. Harrison moved to insert the native qualification.?Lost, 0 to 105. Mr. Hunt moved to mske inefii gible persons over 60 ?Lost, 0 to 10?. Mr. Angel moved ! to amend so as to require the five years' residence 10 be " next preceding the election"?Carried. Mr. Angel then meved to qualify the word resident bv affixing citi- ! zenship ?Loat, 3tl to 73. Mr. Jonea moved to atrlke out ! the qualification of residence?I,eat, 44 to M Mr. Chmt- ( field moved to amend *o a* to make every qtialifted elector eligible?Loat, 43 to 71. Mr. Talmadge propoaed to add to the rjualiflcationi of a/jo and residence that of nativity, or citi/enahip at the time of the adoption of the matltution Loat. Pending the queation on the 6th lection, the Convention adjourned.?JiUnny Jlrgut. i CoNSTinrnowAJ. Convkhtion?Thursday, July t 16 ?Oil motion of Mr. Brown, it wns ordered that r on and after Monday nest, the Convention will hold two t aeaiiona each day, commencing at 9 A. M. and 4PM ? On motion of Mr. Iiawley, the Comptroller waa called ' upon to report the lumi borrowed ?r?ler certain nectiona J of the act of '4?, and the application made of them. Mr. t I,oomi?, from the aolcct committee on that nub.iect, inb mitted a report recommending the order in which the re- 4 porta of committee! (hall betaken up?which wa? laid o on the table to be printed. The article on the aubject of the Executive department wai returned. The 13th nee- . tion, giving; the Governor power to remove aherifli, waa * retained. The 14th aection. in tcgard to the veto power, b waa the aubject of diacumiion during the reaidue of the ? morning?under a motion by Mr Rhoadea, to amend no ' ai to give a majority of membera elected power to peaa a bill under a veto. The reiult was that the aection of the old conatitution on thii aubject wai adopted, with | this difference, that it ahall require two-thirda of all . ?l?rtA^ In nan t? Kill nn^n ?*? ??*? -> -* - ?-u-i* I v.?? r?- - ' ??uwi ??jiu, inRirw] 01 i nijvniT wi j thoiaflp'e?ent and voting on the question. The article, a* amended, wu then reported to tn? Convention, laid on thet*hle,and ordered to be printed. Adjourned.??J<- . kany ?<tr?u*. The Mci* Murder a.nd Robbkrt.?The myste- tj ries attending the midden disappearance, on the Qd of February laat, of F. Adolphui Muir, Eaq., of Dinwiddie county, have been eaplalned by the dia- ii covery of Mr. M '* body, on a farm formerly owned by ,j hi? father, but recently purcha*ed by a man named F.npei. The lettera purporting to hare been written by ? Mr. M., from reteraburg. New York, lie., to hi* brother, [ ti I John A. Muir, Eeq., explaining the oauiei oi hia abaence, fc are auppoaed to have been written by Mid Eppe*. (?aid to he a *lave trader,) who hai fled, and to whom tutpi- h cion attache* ai the murderer, or the principal in the B tragedy. A free colored man, reaiding in the neighborhood of thii bleody deed, we understand, revealed the dark ?ecret? connected with thi? melancholv affair, and in , pointed out the spot where Mr. M.'i body had been hid- th j den. The object of the murderer, it ii auppoied, wai to tk ( obtain the bondi given by F.ppei for the land purchaied ta i of Mr. Muir. Clrcumatantial evidence leave* but little ' doubt that F.ppea wa? the murderer. The bond* were | aeen in hi* poiieaaion a few weeka after the disappear- p< ' anceof Mr. Muir ; and he ha* alao recently Hold Mi M '? r| watoh, much broken, to Mr. Charle* Lum*den, of Petera- w burg. Mr. Muir waa a young gentleman well known to th many of the citizen* of Richmond, having reiided here, I r* a few year* *inre, with Mr. Jamce Evan*.?AicAa?ad , bi Enquirer, July 19. | bi ?f Travel l?nu The Rowing la bat portion wt the numeroui ?rrtili reptterad at Um principal Hotel* within tb? last venty-four hour* Amiiiciw-C. Lambert, Mama; 8. Raymond, Boaton; . Foot, U. 8. A; Mona Baron, New Orleana; J. Branch, LJohn'a N. B; W. Blauchanl, Boaton-, R. lrvina, St. jhn'a, N. B. Aaioa?8. Barley, Boaton ; J. Hall, Boaton ; C. Hoirook, Boaton ; R. tic he nek, Ohio ; J. Wetbeihead. I ml; . Brenton, Phila. ; R C. Johnaon, Boaton , K. Tracy, hicago ; J. Ellia, Conn.; B. Pringle. Batavia; A. Colby, oiten ; Ed. Lanhart. Phila. ; D. Wilhington, Mo. : O. arnam, Texas ; 8. Farr, Vt; W Corcoran, Wajhin* in ; M. Charlet, N. 0.; Lt Cottau, B. Ajmy; Dr. Bant. , Idand ; L. Davy ; Wiaconiin i Dr. Frmzar, B. Army ; J. Whitnev. N. O. Citt?J.'Jacob*, Texas , B. Seada, U. 8. N , Gov tockton, N. J.j A. Oilman, Boston; E Bonl. N. T , si01 Phymplain, U. 8. A.; A. Sulley <1q ; J. Gill, Null ille; B. Bray ton, St John*; L. Peck ham, Boston: W rowne. Va.; L. Page, U.S. N ; J. Wrmy, Phi 1a Com arker, U. 8. N.; Cora. Turner, U. 8. N.; C. Thompeon, id.; Geo. Carp, Phila.; A. Johnson, Va. Kiiiklik?J. Hunt, Baltimore; A. Houlton, N. O ; Houlton, Jo.;j W. North, Miaa.; H. Clark. N. V.j . Grantlend, Georgia; H. Walker, Charleston, Capt. inker, Ship, " Margaret Evans," N. Breawtter, do.; B. tihlca, do.; M. Richardson. do.; J. Burge, do.; W. Mc loend, do.; Thoi. Branch. Ouermey. Howasd?J. Talbot, St. Louis; C. Robinion, R. I.; J. [arley, Mama ; P M one 11, Columbua; C. NUbett, Geo ; Balienjr, Columbus, J. Loder, Ancestor; O. t radin, in.; T. Coe, Phil*.; C. Campbell, Louisiana; Job Turer, Va.; C. Kelley, Pa.: G. Bochui, Phila. ; Albert race, Michigan,; A. Ward, Albany; H. Cooke, Maaa. A magnetic machine for ascertaining the height of 'ater in (team boilers, has been invented by a New Jerty man. Portable Shaving Casci?The aubecrlbcra >va remedied the very Keneml complaint against the above, lac tile articles coutained in such are so much rvdaced in te aa lo render them almost useless. By an inaeaious ar uigeraent iu the manufacture of their own, each article retius its ususl dimeusiou, and the case loses none of its poribilitv, lor sale at O. SAUNDERS k SON. 177 Broadway. a few doors above Courtland st. Metallic Tablet Razor 8trnp_The aabacrlers would call the attention of strangers and the public to lieir assortment of tba above, beyond cavil the best article lanalaciured O. SAUNDERS It SON, 177 ftrnaitwav nnnnaif. I U...I 1' 1 11 1 ' axamm^mmsa M iTlaaUOB of UM Uhlo Kim. Placet. Tim*. 3tati of Rtesv. /incinnnti, July 1 8 feet 6 inch**. Vhoeling, Jviy 14 A (eat. filling. "ittsbnrg. July 16 J feet, linchee. .ouisvilltv Jane 30 . .? feet, 8 incbea. NONET MARKET. Sunday, July 19?4 P. H. We are almost out of the woods. Congress will looa djourn, and moit of the Important bills of the present ession will undoubtedly pus. As yet, however, the inly bill which has passed safely through both houses, i the treasury note bill; the others are in a fair way of >eing disposed of in some way very soon. The adjournment of Congress?independent of any measures which nay be perfected and passed before that event?will of tself have a very favorable influence upon commercial iffairs, and give a great impetus :o business generally.? rhe business of last fall was affected, to a certain extent, . iy the anticipations many had firmed in relation to the loings of Congress, and the difficulties which existed In ?gard to our foreign affairs. The business of last spring pas unusually limited, and the cause can be attributed olely to the uncertainty that hung over the result of he legislation going on upon the most important features if our commercial system, the unsettled state of the inances of the government, and the agitation of mealures affecting the currency of the country, threatening > revolution in the various systems of banking, and a horough change in the value and nature of the circulaing medium. These things have exerted a depressing nfluence upon commercial affairs generally, and it is to he removal of this uncertainty, and the re-establishment >f public confidence, that we look for an improvement in >oththe foreign and domestic trade of the country.? Without this, the same obstructions would bo in the way >f the fall trade. Without some settlement of those vital [uestions; unless they are disposed of permanently, here can be no improvement in commercial matters, no tability in our commercial systems. It is most extraorUnary that these measures oannot be arranged upon a tasii?guarantying solidity at least Wo do sot look or [perfection?itfdoes not matter so much what their omplexion is?all we want, all we require is pormanon. sy; and if we could impress upon the minds of our logir ators the importance of this thing, it would bo of great icrvice to the mercantile community. We annex a table exhibiting the quotatioas for the >rincipal speculative stocks in this market for each day >f the past week, and at the close of the week previous, t will be perceived that there have boea no sales of some >f the fancies, while there has been a great uniformity ia irices for all the other f&ncie* This lookj favorable for i riae when business commence*. Quotations roe the Pkincipal Stocks ih tub Mbw Yok> Market. Safy. May. Tu'y. Wiry |V| Soy *ong Island... 30* - XX *>X MJ4 31 doh.iwk ? ? ? ? ?_ ? ? iarlein 49X 40 4#X SOX 4?X 51K SIM 'anion .'StC SJ - Sj? S3? ?3% 3*2 Vaier*'Loan.. *>? 24X 29 24X ?X ? *<S Mnr Ic Worcea'r S?X M& 97 47 47)2 MX 47g )hio8ii? #3 92X MX ? - 9?X ? lluiots Rises... 33X ? 33jJ ? ? ? ? ndiana........ SS ? ? ? ? ? ? Ce.itucky Sues. 99X 98* - - - MX IN 'enntyl'a Kirea. 6*X 66 ? ? MX ^X ~" konincton ? ? ? ? ? ? ? irie Railroad... ? ? 44 ? ? ? ? ITiekabart ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Jni'd Stalei Bk. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? -leading Rail'd. 67 rX M ?7X - MX MX ilorrii Canal... UK ? ? 1* U 1SX "X Last Boston.... 14X ? - >4X ? ? ? A companion of price* ruling at the close yesterday, tvith thoea currant at the close of the previous weak, ihows an improvement in Harlem af IX per ceat; Cantoa ; Norwich and Worcester, 1; Kentucky fl's, 1; Reading, IX i Morris Canal, \. There is very little doing in the market in any of the itocks In the above list The transactions appear to ba dmost exclusively confined to the three favorite railroad fanoias, and even in these, the sales, some days, do lot amount to the business of one large operator in aa? iva times. The offers for a loan of two hundred thousand dollar ($'iOO,UOO,) upon proposed iisues, by the Comptroller af his State, to pay arrearages te contractors and ethers, arere somewhat numerous, and as follows :? New Yoaa State Loaw?Pbeuivui Orrrr. v. O. Halatrd,;.. Safiug* Bank, ft. Y... $20(1.t 00 Walla Sherman, $200,000, Tlx 20.(1 20 (V *106 " " 20,On " " JO.UOt 4 . .0# " " 211.000 4 ^tr 100 ao.ooo 502-100 M.ooo sat-1oi) 20 000 } if-'OO 20,"00 5 55-100 " " 20,000 5 50-100 'oromerclal Baak, Rocheatar...7'con 4 H'm. Fowler 7,000 4 60-1M ?ukr Hit. Iionck (.000 pur. lohn J. Palmer : 200,000 <30-100 I no ?th in T hom 50.000 3 It oft Mbany Kiriuiigc Bank 10,0*10 1 J. W.Cuylar 5,000 3 10-100 tl H. Kid* 24,000 4 36-100 25 000 4 31-10* Total *735,000 The ncreiiful bidder* war* Wm Kowlrr $7 000 4 OO-IM H- H King 25.000 4 54*100 Watt* Sherman . 120 0<? 5 20-100 SaTiagi Bank, New York 41.000 4 50-100 $200,000 For tho ('244,000 in bond*, the State receivea $409, 99 80, being a premium 0t nearly fir a par cant. Thia a a aix par cent rtock intereit, payable quarterly, and ha principal reimbursable at the plaaanra of tha Comni?fioneri of the aacal fund, after tha year IM4. In addlion to the faith of tha State for tha aecurity of thia loan, here i( a specific pledge of the tolla required to be paid iv?11iik 1110 luinenaiuii 01 onu ni*i|?non on irtigni 1an 1 ported on railroad between Schenectady and Buffalo, nd any lurplu* of canal rtfanuu, after the ?atiafactk>n f the preaeat chargea upon euch revenue. Theie offer* Indicate the condition of the money maret, and ahow that within the pait month, there haa een a very decided improvement. When the first pro- ' omI* for thii loan were iMued, the time expired without ae firat offer having been received. Thia waa canted ntirely by the atata of onr politieal and financial affair* t that time; aa the aame propoaalt, ilnce iaaued, have rought offer* for nearly four lime* the amount requlrd, and upon terma unuiually favorable for the State. The Comptroller of thi* State, in answer to a call made y the Convention, which i* now engaged in reviling ie Constitution, made the annexed atatementa in r*laon to the hank* of the State eitahllihed under the aafety nd and the free banking lyitema. It givea tome (might ito the operation* of the two *y*tem*. It will he eeen tat the aecuritie* taken for the lafety of the hill hold* ri of the free bank*, haTe not proved *o valuable aa ta. cipe'ed, and have not. In many lutancei, been lufflclent ir the redemption of the laaue* of the*e hank* which ?ve impended mia or Naw Yob*?Thp. Two lUnaine Svaram? F.itbicti raox thi CoMrTaoixaa'a Rcpobt. Statement A give* a li*t of all the incorporated Banka 1 the State, with the time of incorporation or renewal, ie time of expiration of the charter in each caie, and io amount 01 capiuu. i ne aggregate amount of capiJ of all the incorporated banki now in operation U 10,461,4*0 Whan eight or tan of the Safety Fund Bank* had ?u?snded the payment of thair debt*, an act waa peaaed, tapter 347 of the lawa of 1M1. author!ting the bank* hich did not m?pand,to commute for thair payment* to \ e Safety Pnnd for aix Tear* in advance, by paying three ir cent on the rapital, in the bill* of the (uipended inka, and a rebate of intereat waa allowed to the oontri. itiag bank, from the data of payment to the tiae wke*

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