Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 21, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 21, 1846 Page 1
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th; Vol. XO, Ho. U01_WfeaU No. 449*. The Tariff BUI. Nbw Vebe, Job* I*, 1M?. To the Hon. Robebt J. Walesa, Secretary of tha Treasury: Sib?On the 6th of September last, I received Irora th* Hon C. W. Lawrence, CoHaotor of tha Port of Naw York, a lattar enclosing from your honorable aalf cartain interrogatories, and requesting any information which i might b* abla to afford tha government in relation to my paitieular branch of buainaea. My work* were at that tinia just ou the point of starting. and of couraa I could not furniah any statistic* which would have been of a reliable oatura. I thought it better. thoref<*e, net to communicate with you, although I had for many years been led to loek cloaaly into our moneI' tary and commercial regulations, aud to arrive at certain deQnite conclusions ia regard to tha trna cdmmercial policy of eur government. At the earnest solicitation, iivivvtbi i ui OIUIT iwiiuiii, 10 wuom D)' tiiwi were known, aud who believe that the present moment de> mand* a public expre**ioa of opiniua 01 the jiart ot'thoaa I ' wlioaa busiaeM bai led them to pay aapacial attention t? theb? matters, I am in<luc?d to request vour attention to tba following outline of the true principles which, in my humhla opinion, should guide th? action of tba goverament In tba pre^ont ]>o?ltT*n of our coiumerci?l relations. Tba true policy of every government look* to ?ational wealth aud iudepeuJence ; in other word*, the security of the rewards of hoaait industry to individual eutorpriaa. and the production withiu ita own lauit.i, as far aa practicable, of whatever is ueceesar/ for the support and happiuess of it* constituent member*. The earth i* the *ole (ource of wealth- let, by the mineral treaiure* contained wkbia it* bo?om ; ad, by the vegetable production* wbioh it furnishes upon it* (urface.? To obtain either, two thing* are necessary?physical labor and human ingenuity ; and to apply these two agent* most perfectly and succe**fully, mankind mult not enJeavor to laber in both field* ; but one portion most devote itself to agricultural pursuit*, whilo the other must be employed in developing and giving a uaeful form to the crude masse* in which nature ha* seen fit to place her treasures. The value of a day's labor will be that amount which furnishes a comfortable subsistence to the laborer and hi* family, and enable* him to lay by sufllcient to meet the want* of sioknes* and old age; and the natural standard of value will be some article who*e bulk i* small iu comparison with the cost of prodn lng it, aud which, for a long period of time, 1* least lubject o wear and variation Justin proportion, then, a* a natioa so distributer iu labor that there is a mutual dependence between its metnbere, and the result* of its industry ate ? varied, a* to meet the waat*ofthe whole comounit) , and it* *tandard of value i* uniform, Juat in thnt proportion doe* it approximate to the pcrfectioa of political organization ; just in proportion, on the other hand, a* it confine* itself to ene pellicular channel of industry, and i* dependent 011 foreign nation* for every thine else, end it* standard of value Iia ever wavering and uncertain, in that *ame proportion is it ill-governed and certain to entail ruin and misery upon its members. The practical bearing of these caraiaal principle*, obvious enough in themselves, will perhaps be shows in a more striking and forcible light by a practical illu*tratien, in itselfan argument, and leading to certain conclusion* which I cannot help thinking will leave no doubt as to the course of policy which the Government ef the United State* should pursue in the present crisis, as ita action at this time must determine the destinie* of the country, for good or for evil, for many years to came. I Let us suppose two separate and independent govern-meats to exist in the same country, separated from each ether only by a narrow stream; possessing the same natural advantages, the same energy of character, and adopting as the measure of the value of property, one uniform currency. For the sake of convenience lat ua distinguish these governments a* the upper and lower. After many years of uniform progress, during which tun* their only circulating medium was compote<1 of gold ud silver, or for the uke of transportation, of certificate* of the actual possession of gold and silver, let ui luppoee that the upper government fancied j that its condition could be buttered by pouring paper money, not representing the actual possession of gold and 1 ailver, into the volume of i?s circulating medium. ThA eftct is obvious, and is set forth in the language of Washington, when he declares, "That in exact proportion as you pour paper money into the volume of circulating medium, in that proportion will every thing in a i country rise in price." A bushel of corn, although Tt will feed no more ; a day's labor, althoughjt will produce no more, will be increased in price. Is it not clear, then, that the lower government, adhering to its old, unadulterated standard of value, will continue to produee the I bushel of corn at the old cost, and carry it across the river and sell it for the advanced price 7 And so long as the old or upper government oontinues to redeem its bills with silver or gold, just so long will the lower government continue to send over the river every article thtt it oan i>ossibly spare, and will find it to its interest to take nothing in return but silver and gold, as everything else it can obtafn at home at a , cheaper rate. This traffic will continue until the upper government finds that the operation of iU internal trad* I become so e?barrasaed from the absolute want of silver and gold, that some remedy must be devised. It must (step this continual drain ot specie, and therefore it attempts to fence out its neighbors by a tariff of heavy duA ties, the immediate operation of which is, if paper money is allowed to increase, to add the amount or the duty to the previous price of every imported article then in the country; and this advance in price would straightway be seized upon, by those immediately interested, for pouring another issue of paper money into the volume of circulation. The immediate effect of this increase of pap?r money wonld be an advance in price; importations would again commence, the tariff must again be raised, and high prices and high tariffs would go hand in hand, until by such a course of policy expensive, Idle and luxurious habits would be diffused among the people to such an extent, that in accordance with the immutable laws of trade, where there is consumption withoat production, they would become involved in ene general ruin, opening wide the j chances for a few to emass huge fortunes that they had I never earned, out of the general wreck of the many. An attentive consideration ef these principles will lead to three natural conclusions:? Kirst, That it is the duty of every government to secure to Itsell the most uaiform and intrinsically valuable otaadard of value possible; a sun,lard which the experience of all time has proved to be gold and silver; in other words, tlut the circulating medium of a country should be composed of gold and silver coins, or paper representative of the actual existence of gold aud silver, dollar for dollar oi representative of property, the actual accumulation of labor doae. Second, That a tariff'bused upon a currency which is uncertain and fluctuating in its nature, will |n itself be utterly inefficient to produce the effects for which it was designed, and will be but the fiist act in the great drama of expansion, convulsion, and general bankruptcy. Third. That between countries startiug in the race of political existence et the same time, with the same ener rgy and the same natural advantages, and adopting one uniform standard of value, no tariff of protective duties would be necessary or ought to be adopted. How then does the past policy of our country square vrlth the principles stated in thn?i thr*? <?nnrinsinns i? And first as to ft* standard of value. Krom^he earliest history of this country, u an independent government, instead of confining onr currency to gold and silrer and to paper representative of labor actually performed. M bai been mainly the policy for many yean of thoee countries from which we import mo?t, we have allowed paper to be issifcd which ha* it? ralue founded?not upon the accumulations of honest industry,?but upon 'the confiding faith of an unsuspecting public, and the de ire of many men to do business beyond their meani. The result haa already been ihown ; and while at first all were ready to admit that a protective tariff wa? necessery to derelope these mineral treasure* that nature ha* ahowered upon ua in such abundance, and to mingle with the music of her waterfall* the bu*y hum o( machinery, and to afford a ready, convenient and certain market for oar agricultural produce : men, finding that the tariff did not produce the effect* anticipated hare been induced to attribute it* failure to it* own inherent weakne** rather than the true cause, namely, an ever expanding and contracting currency. We hare already seen that a tariff fotui dad on such a baste, rauit from the nature of thing* be inefllcient, deceptive and futile. But doe* it hence follow that a protective tariff i* not necessary for this country te induce the manufacture of those article*, the raw material for which i* found here in as great perfection, and can be wrought into useful and neoessnry articles, with as little expense ef human laber as in any other country in the world? In our original parallel we started the two governments in the race of political existence at the same time, and hence we reached the third conclusion above stated: Imt in order te understand the true position of Ithis country in regard to other producing countries, we most vary the parallel in this wise. We must suppose the npper government had been in existence for a thousand years, continually advancing (in science, knowledge of the arts, tha development of iu internal resources, tha experience of iti producing classes. and in population ; till at length a large number of Hi inhabitants concluded to emigrate into a new land, possessing advaatages tad raaourcaa superior even to , those ef the mother country, bat which required industry, ingenuity, capital and tin* to develop. The raw material, from th? fertility and adaptation of the coil, they oould pruduM, with much greater facility than the mother country ; but frera the unfortunate adoption of a paper currency, tha wast of capital to <tart a menu factoring system successfully, and the great demand for labor consequent upon a new aettlement, the coat of pro ducing the finished article wonld be conaiderahly greater than in the motaer country, even with the difference of freight in their lavor. Tne result ia, that to the extent which the mother country absolutely requires the natural produce of its offspring, the latter will be supplied with the manufactured article Any aarplna or agricultural produce which they may have beyond that limit, wiU first tend to lewer the price of the whole raw material of the l country, and muit Anally be left to decay. I What, then, are tha remediee that ahonld ha ap> plied t In the first place, the standard of currency ininst be at least as valuable and uniform as in the mother country. It will then, and not till then, become apparent what amount of tariff must be impoeed to ell'er a sufficient bounty to capitalists to invest their propeity in manufacturing eataLlishmenta. It ia plain that the Mount of bounty required would be just enough to counterbalance the advantages which the mother country poaseeses in having had her roanuiacturiag system in operation for a series of years. With our rrano v rairtilatAil in (Kia ftnH with thft natural del political advantage* whicfi we poiNM, Ireed a* we nte from (landing armie* and the load of taxation which weight the nationa of F.nrope down to tne earth, our countrymen would be aetonithed at the email araovnt of uniform bounty which would be required to open a fifciuiand channel* of domeetic induetnr, and afford a t jjeme mtiket for almoet every article of domestic growth SM the competition which would be the noceaaary re E NE i nit of an extended manufacturing system, would *oon bring the hrticle to the lowest price at which it could be afforded. Inthia country, million* are already invested, and thousands of operatives are usefully and successfully employed in the various manufacturing pursuits. By well directed efforts of capital and skill, the country has been furnished with almost every species of manufactured articles of better quality and mainly at cheaper rates than haa ever before been the case on the average ef any ten previous years ; and our farmera have had a anre and steady market at home for every variety of agricultural produce to the extent ef the wants of all the persens employed in manufacturing pursuits. Will it stimulate the industry of our country, or secure the rewards of labor to the hands that earn them, by adopting such a course of legislation as will sacrifice these millions, and turn these thouaanda out of emnlov ment 7 Certainly not ; for in exact proportion as men re made tare in the reward* of honest and useful labor, they become prosperous, virtuous and happy ; and in the aame proportion as men are deceived and deprived of their just rewards, they become diseouraged, vicious and desperate. A course of policy that will give the greatest stability to thC operations of trade, ancTexcite the fewest apprehensions of coming distress and pressure, will best promote the substantial interests of the country. I would, therefore, venture to suggest the only means that seem practicable to effect this object. First?I would reoommend the immediate adoption of the sub-treasury, and that its action upon the currency should be made gradual, by the collection of twenty per cent of the revenue in specie every year,until the whole amount should be collected in gold and silver. Secondly?1 would rocommend that the changes in the tariff* should also be made, to take effect gradually, and thatthe duties should be of a specific nature, and not on the advalorem basis; because the latter allows persons devoid of honesty to resort to fraud, and break down every merchant who may pursue an honorable business; because it subjects the revenue to constant change in amount, just as the prices of imported articles rise and fall, the revonue being least when the government needs it most. And, finally, because, when the prices are high and the manufacturer needs no protection, it affords him protection of the amplest kind; but when prices are low, and the manufacturer must, if ever, shield himself under the tariff, but very slight protection is afforded. This will be made apparent by referring to a list of prices of any one leading article ior some years ba -k. The price of iron, for example, as shown by the books of Messrs. Jev >n, Bank* fc Co., of Liverpool, haa fluctuated from i-'lft in 1824, to ?4 10 in 1649, per ton, and within the past eighteen months, from ?7 to ?11. What protection would an advalorem duty have afforded iu 1843, when the English were seeking a market at any price ) It must have produced the immediate stoppage of every rolling mill in this country. The same tacts would be shown by referring to any other leading article. 1 would suggest, therefore, as the proper course, that the government should ascertain as soon as may be practicable,aud as accurately as possible, what articles are paying a duty injurious to the t>est interests of our country, and that the excess of duties now imposed iu a spociiic form on those articles be gradually reduced, say '20 per cent per aunuro, until the whole amount collected by the operation of the tariff* be barely sulllcient to meet the wants of an economical administration of the government. We should thus gradually arrive at a tarid' based upon a revenue standard, and at me same time afford protection to the manufacturor in such a way that he could bo ready for each change in tho tariff*, until it reaches the revenue basis. Thirdly?The sub-treasury should bo made to tako effect at leait one year before any change of the tariff' should go into operation, iu order to give it time to bring the currency under its influence, awl prevent the banks and enemies of the present administration from producing a panic by operating on the fears and affecting the interests of the community to such an extent that it might result in a change of administration, and bring again into power those whose favorite idols aro a national bank, a high tariff*, and inllated currency, with all their terrific power for mischief, fertilizing the rich man's field with the sweat of the poor man's brow. I should hardly have ventured to obtrude my view* on these aubject* upon your attention, although they are the result* of the experience of more than forty years incessantly devoted to mechanical and mercantile pursuits, were I not deeply impressed with the conviction that the masterly policy iketched out by the government of Ureat Britain, will render the action ol the preseut Congress, upon the great questions of the currency and the tariff", more deeply f raught with good or evil to the best interests of the country than at any period within mv recollection. In all the change* which the wisdom of our Congress shall see fit to adopt, the propoied changes in the commercial policy of Ureat Britain should be kept (trictly in view. That government find* that by reason of past restraint* on it* own commerce it has eaten it* bread for 30 year* at (0 por barrel, and that by a radical change of it* own policy the price may be reduced to $0 per barrel, thereby widening it* own market, already nearly coextensive with the world, and becoming in our own market a more formidable competitor, in the lame proportion a* it* bread ia made cheaper. Will it aniwer then for thi* government, at thi* moment, to aid the already overgrown capital of Oreat Britain, to break down the manufacture* ef oar country that are ju*t struggling into exlsteace, and foroe those operative* at present engaged in manufactures into competition with the agricultural producer*, instead of being the consumer* of the reiult* of the labor of the latter I No one more ardently deiire* a free and unrestricted IntCrrKftn#* Af Imlta'aen tKa ht;n rnitntri#! than myself, and no one more firmly and hopefully believe! that the day will come when the porta of both nation* will be thrown wide open to every flog that wave* upon tha ocean?a consummation which the recent au piciou* action of the Senate on the Orogon question ii well calculated to forward; but in endeavoriugto effect thi* deiirable object, we (hould not bliodly and hastily uproot the very tyitam which we have for year* beeu endeavoring to encourage; but the change should be made gradual, m u to allow time for the lull development of our internal resources, the application of our water powera to the purpote* for which nature prepared them, the acquirement of the requisite skill and tne inveatmeat of the necaasary capital to carry on our manufacture* successfully. Our fellow citizen* would then feel aertain of a permaneat system, and a aurn guaiautee that the juit reward* of ingenuity and (kill would be secured to individual enterprize; and the good and great of every land, who have their eyes Axed upon this country as the precursor and harbinger of a hatter humanity throughout the world, would be cheered and encourage'! with the conviction that after seventy yeara of independence, both the people of the United States and their repreeentative* are still looking to the only objects worthy of a liberal government?tha best interests of all classes In our common country,and the onward progress of free principle*. I have the honor to be, Vary respectfully, Vonr obedient (errant, IMCTItR COOPER. Varieties. Mr. Philip Rohr, a hero of tlie Revolution Hied at Frederick, Md., a few days ago, at the advanced uge of 87 years. There are fifty newspaper* in the cities and provinces of Muico. Richard P. Carey has been nominated (or Congress in the 4th District of Georgia. United States, Cant. Reed, hence for Coast was spoken l?th ult., latitude art ?t, longitude ?*> "T the Kornax at Boston. A letter beg was sent , on board the K. by Capt Reed. J. Canby, of Bellefontaine, received the Whig nomination for Congress, in the place of General Vance, who ( declines a te-eleotlon. - Cincinnma jv % W YO VEW YORK, TUESDAY 5 FOjRT '..BJt 01W Ijj^ OPPOSITE THE CIT The Mexican War. Incldcnta mf the Mexican War. \ [Correspondence of the New Orleans l'icay une.] Th? Maid,ok Orleans ?The heroine of Fort Brown, j more familiarly known in the Army of Occupation as , " The Great Western," was first brought to the itotice of the public in a few remarks by Lieutenant Bragg, at the collation given by the army to the Louisiana delegation, . at General Arista's head quarters, in Matamoras He , mentioned her gallant conduct and noble bearing during the whole of the bombardment. A few of the incidents of the life of this extraordinary woman, which 1 have ' been able to pick up in camp, will be read with some interest; they prove that the sex has not been unrepresented in the soul stirring and bloody scenes on the lUo ' Grande. The Great Western belongs to a class known and re- | cognized in the organization of the army as " Laundress- j es," three of whom are allowed to draw rations in each < company, and are required to wash for the soldiers there- \ of, at a price regulated by a council of officers. Shear- ] rived at Corpus Christi last autumn, with the 7th infant- j ry, to ono 01 tne companies 01 which tier husband was attached. Up to tho time the army marched for the Uio i Grande, ihe performed all her appropriate duties, and in 1 addition, kept a meia for the young officer* of the regiment. i When the army took tip its line of march for the Hio Grande, the women, with a few rare exceptions, were left behind to come by sea. A very few procured poniei and followed their husbands on their tedious and arduous march. Not so with the " Great Western." Her husband was sent by water, whether on duty or from disability I am unable to learn; but she, true to her character, declaring that " tho boys" (young officers of her mess) " must have somebody to take care of them," purchased a mule and cart, packed her luggage, cooking utensils and supplies, mounted behind her donkey, witti whip in hand, and displayed upon the whole route qualities and attainments which the best teamster in the train might have envied. During the whole journey she kept up the " mess," a relief from the burdens of which is the greatest boon to an otflcer on the march. The Brigade to which she was attached arrived upon the banks of the Sal Colorado as Gen. Taylor was preparing to cross with the dragoons and tho 1st brigade of infantry. > The Mexicans upon the opposite bank were making great demonstrations by blowing bugles, See. Sec. After ; calmly surveying the scene from her cart, she remarked, with great coolness and determination, that " if the General would give her a good strong pair of tongs, she would wade that river, and whip every scoundrel that ' dare show himself!" It may be imagined that tho men ' were not backward in crossing after that. ' When Gen. Taylor marched for Point Isabel with his army, on the 1st May, the 7th infautry, and of courso the Great Western, remained to garrison Kort Brown. How ' that nolije regiment aud the two companies of artillery left in this work, sustained themselves, is already known " - but nothing will more gratify them than to have jui. tice done their gallant heroine, of whom they speak in the warmest terms. She, with all the other woiueu lelt behind?some eight or ten?moved into the fort, where 1 her meis was soon put in operation, the position of her tent and fire l>eiug near the centre of the tort The ene- " my's tire opened on the 3d, just as sho was commencing her arrangement* for the " boys'" breaklast Kvery se- " curity tuat could possibly lie provided was ottered the women, to whom the gallant soldier always gives bis " ursi auenuon. i no magazines were Uio only dotudproofa" in the fort, anil an the government had cent no " ammunition to till them, the next most inflammable mate- " rial, tho women, found perfect security ia them women, however, be it said to the honor of the ??i, were not idle Mest nobly did they ply the needle in preparing Hand-bags out of the officers' and soldiers' tents, wherewith to strengthen the work, and protect tho artillerymen when serving their guns. The (treat Western, true to herself again, declined participating in this protection or sewing, and continued her labors at the lira in the open air. Krom the tiring of the first gun all hand* were at their t>osts; Lowd's and Wragg's artillery sneaking ill tones ot thunder the indignation they felt at being thus saluted on a bright May morning. When tho hour arrived for breakfast, but lew expected the luxury which awaited them. The mess was as well attended to as if nothing but a morning drill with blank cartridges had coma off, and in addition a large supply of delicious hot coffee was awaiting the thirsty, who had but to call and partake, without distinction of rank. To some of the artillerymen, who were anable to leave their guns, the beverage was carried by this " ministering angel,"and, as may readily be believed, no belle of Orleans, as much as ahe might be admired and beloved, ever met a more gracious reception. The tire of the artillery was kept up almost incessantly until dinner hour?a soldier's jlinncr hour i* 1 o'clock?when the good and generous woman again provided for those who were almost utterly exhausted and worn out, a delicious dish of bean soup? this bean s<fUp is declared by the .Mexican* to be the foundation of that invincible spirit which they have seen so strikingly displayed by th^yankee soldiors. This she distributed again, without money and without price. . Thus did she continue to discharge her duties during the seven days that the eneiny kept up an incessant cannon- ' ade and bombardment She was ever to be found at her ( post; her meals were always readv at the hour, " and t always of the best the market afforded." When the des- i patches were made upfor (Jen Taylor on the evening of the 4th, a number of officers and others had written to 1 their friends at Point Isabel, and among them " the Ureat Western" had found time to communicate with her husband ; and 1 have frequently heard It said by those who saw her letter, for it was loudly called for and made jmblic, that her description, if nut the mest accurate, was certainly the most graphic which was given of the events of tho 3d and 1th of May She expressed her full contdence in the ability of the garrison to sustain itself, and only regretted tho absence of her husband. To supply his place, however, I am told that she applied, early in the action, for a musket and ammunition, which she received and put in a secure place, expressing her determination to have full satisfaction whenever the eneiny should dare approach with in range of her piece. Thta they never (lid, and our heroin* mutt rest contented with the reflection that ihe nobly performed her own duty, and wlil long be remembered by the beaieged garriton of Kort Brown. She ia probably as celebrated tor her personal appearance aa ahe ii for her (toed*, With an erect and majestic carriage, sh* glories in a height?six feet?which fully entitle* her to a place in the Grenadiers, any loldier of which might well envy her athletio but graceful form. But her reputation, the deareit of all thing* to a woman, li what ihe prides herielf on. The tongue of ilandcr haa never yet dared to attack hor well-earned and well-iuitained character. With virtue a* a basis, and tuch heroic conduct to build with, ahe oover need lear the necessity of exercising lier extraordinary physical ability in defence of that reputation. Bat if attacked, the gallant defender* of Kort Brown will, I doubt net, be found pressing forward in her defence, and woe be to the daatard

who receive! a discharge of artillery from tuch gunner*. Army Intelligence. The steamers Tuscaloosa, and New Era, arrived yenterday with tho 3d regiment of Ohio volunteer!, under the command of CoL H. R. Curtii, Lt Col. McCook, Adjutant Col. Katon. The companies which were at Fort Oratiot left that port on Teesday for Toledo, under command of Lieut. Col Riley. They were to take the canal route to Ohio, and thence down that river to the Mississippi, and New \V??re gratified to U?rn by ordar No. A of tha Adjutant (icncral, of Penniy Waoia, that already OH companiat of roluntecrf, numbering 8374 men, (equal to naarly tltren reglmenU,) h?ri reported themivlvek ready to march in dolanca of tha (tori and atripea. Bat lix legimenta. MM* men,war* demanded m Penmy iTamu'i quotaand it it particularly gratifying to find that nearly doubia tha numbar ha*a at onca raapondad to the call Thirty 1 of tha abort compumaa art ot rhiladelphia. The "Army ??mmrnmm I RK I 40RNING, JULY 21, 184 N, TiE?X A'Sj, - L- "^rY OF MATAMO R A 8, of the Weft,"including the U. 8. Dragoons, ia about 1000 itrong. CoL Gates, Col. J. r. Taylor and Major Kirby, of the I J. 8. A , leave thla day for the irmv. The steamships Alabama and Galveston leave to-day for Brazos Santiago, ind the Now York for Oalveaton.?New Orltant Jejf criontan, July II. The Alexander Scott arrived here yesterday with the Lincoln Guards, commanded by ( apt. Dougherty, atached to the Kentucky regiment under Col McKee.? I'ke Lincoln Guards are quartered in the Barracks. ?AT. 0. Courier, July 11. rHK KILLED IS THE BATTLES Of PALTO ALTO AND RE8ACA l>E LA PALM A. 8i;boio* Giokbal's Orricc, July 18, 1840 ro thk Eoitob or thi Union? Dbab Sib 1 am enabled, from tho returns in this office, to oomply but partially with the request contained in your oote of this day's date. Enclosed herewith 1 send t on a list of the private soldiers who were mortally A-ounded in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaea de la falma, and who expired on the days of the battles, or lave since died of their wounds. The names of the men who were killed outright, or who did not come under the observation of the surgeons, lave not been reported to the Surgeon General's Office. 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully: your obd't lervant, TH. LAWSON. List of the private Soldiert toko were mortally wounded 0y>M**A. an tkm Amu* mf the hnltltM of Pa/.i Jiltn and Retooi it la Pal*la, or died of tkeir wounds toon after. Htmei. Rank Refi- Died. Remarks menl. iVilliam Atherton, PriTito. 3d drag Ma. 9. At Iteiaca tie la Palma Lewis H. Tucker, " " ** " ieorge Bates, " " " " i'harles Wilton, " " " " Frederick Papae, " " " " lamoa Manning, " " ' " rhoi. Cantweli, " " " Palo Alto. Martin, " 1st art. " 19 Point Isabel Eichler, Serg't. 2d art. June 6 " )wen Hawkiuf, " " Ma. 10 Reaacadela Palm a. James Morgan, " Id art " 8 Palo Alto. William B. Fuller. " 4th art " B " John Forsyth, Private. " " " Hatthew Nidy, Artifr " " ltesaca d? la Palma. ^ha?. Martlaml, Ser. maj. 3d Inf. " " Jeo. Chit holm, Private, " " " Philip Lee, " 4th inf. " Palo Alto. Orlando Pierce, " " " 0 Resaca de la Palma. Robert Mathews, " " " " Daniel McDardio, " " " " Kldridge, " " Juno 10 Point Iwbel. lame* Htockley, " 6th inf. Ma. 10 Reiacadela Palma. Albertion, " . " " 15 " ?- Shermaher, " " ' 37 Point Isabel. kV'eigart Horace. Sersr't 7th inf. " 3 Fort Brown. Francis, Private, Sth inf. " fl Palo Alio. Anthony, " " ' 9 Reiaca de la Palma. Fuller, musician, " " " .Mullen, sergeant, " " " Hunt, coifioral, " " " Hurt, Private, " " 10 " Wal'ace, " " " 10 " Kaircll, " " " 31 Point Isabel. ? Haddox, " " June 8 " Lewis, " " " is " Murray, " " " 14 " Waldron, " " " 16 " Patton, " " ' 24 " Naval Intelligence. The Pennty Iranian learns that Commodore Conner, ew commanding our Squadron in the Gulf, W decidedly opposed to making an attack upon the Fortress of San Juan?although < ornmodoro Stewart, with the President iuil Cabinet, are presumed to be highly favorable to it. The U. 8. steam revenue cutter, Mpeocer, is lathe river coming up. The sloop of war Austin departed from the S. W. Pass )n the Hth inst., in tow of the towboat Giraffe, bound tor I'ensacola. The U. S. brig Porpoise, Lieut Com. Hunt, sai!ed on he 7th inst. for Vera Cruz, via. the llio Grande from 'ensaeola. Tho U. 8. brig Lawrence, now at Pensacola, has been condemned as unseaworthy. She was built about four ,-ears siDce at Baltimore by contract, and unJer the su>erintendence of one of our ablest commandcrs ; but :hough only four years old, nearly all her timbers are iaid to be rotten. The Lawrence is constructed on a cu ious plan. She draws only 9 feet forward and 18 feet ift. The Lawrence may be strong enough to go round ;o tho North at this season, and her commander is now !Xpoctin? orders to that effect.?New Orleam Picayune, futy 11. The U- 8 steamer Michigan was to be in Cleveland on ruesday, and to remain there until Saturday. She is engaged in recruiting seamen for the navy. On reaching [he Fast, they are to be apportioned among various vesioIs of war, now fitting for sea. i ne ingaie mi. Lawrence, now cn tno stocks at uosport Vavy Yard, is >0011 to be launched rhe Volunteer* for tlieSnnU Fe Kipfdll^n, W?l PtpilT M? F?T , J July 17, 1MB. J Sir I hare the honor to forward the accompanAng inpern, which contain ail the information in po?ses|ion if this department, in aniwer to tha resolution of the Senate of the 3?lh ultimo, directing the Secretary of kV?r '* to report to the Senate whether any indiridual Ian been authorized by the department, or recommend d by the department, to the executive of any State to >e authorized to raiie volunteer* to serve in the war vith Mexico, lie." The authority under which this correspondence has ibtained is derived, as is cooceivod, from the act of the 3th of May, which authorizes the President to call for md accept the aervices of volunteers, and was not deigned to control the reservation in the Sth tection of that ict In regar) to the appointment of the officers, according 0 the laws of their respective Mtnt*?. In view of a imilar practice which has horetofore prevailed in this lepartment, in calling for and accepting volunteors, I ransmit herewith copies of two letters addressod by the lecretary of War, in I8S7, to the governors of New York ind Pennsylvania, asking that commissions may issue to '.ertain individuals who n?d been instrumental ia raising 1 volunteer force at theinstanco of the department, under ihe act ol 3-'t Ma^, IBSfl, which is similar in its provis iviia w .Tinj iaiu, 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, W. L. MAROY, Secretary of War. Hon. Groan* M. Daii.ii, Vice P.eaidentof the United Statoa, and l'reaident of the Senate. Wi? DltrAATMCRT. / Waihihoto*, June 3, I84?. J Sia:?It haa been determined hy the Preiident that the public hitereat will be tubierved by lending with, or t*f ( ol. Kearney an additional force el about une thouaand mounted men. So far ai it wa* deemed proper, arraage menta have been made here to raiae and organize it. Tli>? force will coniiat of one regiment, and a aeparate haitnlion, under the command of a lieutenant colonel The Hon. Sterling Price, now a member of Congreee, ha* been highly recommended to tlie l'reaident a* in every reaped qualifiod to b? put at the head of the regiment, and D. D. Mitchell and William Oilpin to. be field officera thereof. Thomas L. Price haa been ui like manner, recommended to him for commandant of tfee ?epan*t* battalion. The l'reaident haa agreed that if thea? gentlemen will I ERA 6. I organize this force, it? services are to be accepted by him. Its destination will be the same as the force already called,lor and nut under the command of Colonel Kearney. Id the full confidence that this arrangement will meet with your approval, and you will ce-operate in its organization, Mr. Price haa determined to leave here to-morrow morning for the purpose ef uniting with vou in carrying it out. Any modification that von ana he may agree onaa to the other field oflicers, will be concurred in Dv the President. Ho will bear this communication, and will explain more in detail the views of the government here. It is important that the additional force should closely follow that already called out. In c*e Cel. Kqarney should think it advisable to have a still larger force, he is authorized to make a requisition on you for it. If he do so, the President desires that you r^sjKtnd to it without waiting lor orders from this place, and send on to him the numberand description of volunteer force he may designate. Orders will be given in anticipation of this arrangement being carried out, to the proper chiefs of stall" here to forward to thia additional regiment, and separate battalion, the necessary arma, accoutrements, ammunition, Sec., as well a* the supply of the necessary means of transportation after they shall have arived at the placo of rendezvous, it is believed that all these supplies will be in readiness as soon as the tcoops can be assembled. Fort Leavenworth, or (independence, is suggested as the place of rendezvous. The United States may not have rifles in that section of the country in sufficient number to arm these troops, and if that arm should be perferred to muskets, the men will take their own rifles with them. Very respectfully, your obedient (errant, WM. L. MARCY, Secretary of War. IIU ICscallency J. C. Edwards, Oorernorof Missouri. W4* Department, > Waskinotoi*, 37th May, 1S4A. j Sir;?The inspecting officers of the volunteers from your State are authorised to receive companies if they do not come up to eighty privates, provided they conWin sixty-four privates. This reduction of the privates will bring down the quota from your State some hundreds below the former estimnte. The Hon. ?. D. Daker has expressed a desiro to the T re indent and this department to enrol and organize Ik regiment, and he has been encouraged to undertake it. Should he succeed, it is desired with your approval, that such a regiment should be leceived as one of the three called for, but if you have already made arrangements for the three, then It is proposed to accept and call into immediate service the one he may raise In addition to those embraced in the first call. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, W. L. MARCV, Secretary of War. His Excellency Thomas Kord. Governor of Illinois, Springfield, Illinois. extract. [Confidential.] W?? I)cr?KTMt*T,) Washuuton, Juno i, 1846. $ Sir With this letter you will receive one Irom me, addressed to you by direction of the l'resident, desiring to be furnished with an additional force of about one thousaud mounted men from the State of Missouri, to be organized intu one regimont and u separate battalion, ? ? It is hoped that it may bo so arranged tnat the Hon. S. Trice may be the colonel of the regiment, and William Ailpin, Ksq., its lieutenant colonel, and that Thomas L. Price may have tne command of the battalion as ra^jor or lieutenant colonel. Though the President is far from wishing to dictate in this mutter, yet he has been induced to believe that these gentlemen are admirably fitted to such a commando be engaged in such an enterprise. It ? very desirable that there should lie the utmost practicable de^intch in organizing hiid lending on this lorce to join Colonel Kearney. I havo tlie honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient *ervant, W. L. MAHi'Y, Secr'.tary of War. His Excellency Johx C. Edwards, Governor of Mltiouri. Wab Dki-artmeitt, J WuHmnTON, Juno 8, 184<l. J The Preiiilent having decided to accept the aervice of a regiment, and a leparate battalion of mounted men, ahould you and the other gentlemen named in my letter of tlil? Aate to Governor Edwards be able to organize them without delay, you are reapectfully requested to wait upon hi* excellency, deliver my letter, oiplain to him the wiihei and view* of the President in this matter, and obtain hii approval and co-operation; both which, it is not doubted, he will promptly and cheerfully rendei in carrying out the arrangement. Among the patriotic citizen* ot Mi**ouri, who are willing?nay, anxious, tc volunteer their (ervices to the government in thii emergency?lome from previous habits of life and knowledge of the country may be better adapted than othera to the peculiar service which will be required of them. It U important that tho?e composing thin force ihould be per son* beat fitted for that icrvlce. Vou will perceive that Forth Leavenworth or Independence it designated aa the place of rendezvous. The troop* ihould be organized and moved forward on the ttxpedltion wtth all practicable despatch. They will be placed under the command of Colonel Kearney, who nhould be informed of the time when they will be in rnadine**, and be able to reach him at Santa Ke, or wherover he may be. 1 have toe honor to be, with great reipect your obedient servant, W. L MARC V, Hon. Si zaufe rater.. Seeretary of War. Win DrrAaTMawT,} Sd June, 1*W. J Si*:?#overnor Veil ha* left here toslay for Arkansas, in the^^fc that he may be (elected to command the mounted volunteera required from that StZll^^Mfcediat? 'erviee in the war againat Mexico. ThonHKnl ha* conferred folly and freely with Gov. Yeiiia regard to the aervice of thia regimeht, and on t^BAount. a* well a* on that oI hie high eitimate of hi* and ability to ran Isr valuable tervice to tke ^HPhl would b? pleated to <e? him placed in the poltroon he detiret. Without with log to interfere in thii mafM^the rretident hat taken the liberty, through me n to your excellencv Kit withct in thii J^^Htttfing that you will ascribs the act to the pro iBm the honor to be, with great retpect, youi obenwnt aerrant, W. L. MAJICY, Hoc rotary of War. Ifu Kxyljoncy Chkui T. Dbbw, Uotiwt of Arkantat, Little Rock. Arksnaat. The ok Mrs. Pokterfiklij. We copy tin following from the Nashville correspondence o the Knorville (Tenn.) Re fitter The trial of Mra I'orteHtafd (of Judton notoriety) before the ftrtt Bapti* Church of thii city ended on Tuetday night lest. > great deal of evidence waa taken, and Mr. Blakely, ur ole of Mra P..was admitted into the tossionof the church for the purpBae of defending her. I am informed (for was not prrtent) that Mr B. hsndlft't the matter like i lawyer. Hi* tpeoch it represented aa having beet eloquent , and the many thifta and turn* he look, are tai< to.have tbown that he knew what he waa about It wai p'oved that the, about Chrittmat, went into the ttreei inaaked, at night; that the would not ceaae holding interviewt with Judton, after being rsseatedly dT,||e'] and tagged to do to, by her hntband anil her I'St'?'; "? ' the had in several inttancet told downright falsehoods kc lie. The vote wet taken at a late hour, and the wai ex|>eil?d. Her hutband and bertslf were both member) of the above named church, tliepettor of whicn. Kev. Ur Howell, it now in Richmond, Va., on b.itineta pertsimn| "V .1 n " '!? " ' )' . H j J a >r f a n LD. t?r?ce Two CuU. The Watering Place*. Sa&atooa Spkinoh, July 15, llMft. Sulphur Spring* Haute Open?I humeri am I Ramble??Batk$? Entertainmenti? The TeUgrapK? Dr. Edton. I have just made a trip in the omnibus "General Taylor," to the Lak Hnir-t, tl<- ri> ^ to the Sprmirs in the'tenrtihuitt R P * . n I tumid ??v? ho't i, recently < n! fd Ly Mr Ferrn?, a J nil thing* i<**d) i i visiters with any thmg lies rwd A ; > ' ?, t?n j fiirnixh a butter d"-h than h* -pcciaiiy in itie gume department, ho wilt getupadirh 01 bird*, j fowls, fish, and so on, a little b? it.-r than nay other I limn 111 niwrr |'?IIB, |/i uiiiiui v, iiBwi vtT, niurn [ owing to the superintendence of hi* intelligent and i accomplished lady, who, though beaut l'?t and flt i to adorn a palaoe, know* enongh u>t tnbt> ufhmned of superintending thu i men in I department of her house. After dinner. w? had a d-liglr ful walk around the liill gro^f, by a circular pa'h grudeii and gtavelled, wide enough for two to w: l'? >onvenien tly ; abreast, trou) the foot ol the h >1 ' > it - summit, a distance by direct line ofuboir Jirt'li et, giving a fine view of the lake H>:d tuiiMi.y m a great distance on either aide. Otn of t1 f I . *u. n * of this place in, it in situated an u shore ei Ike lake, and shaded by one ol the nweetett jjiove- imaginable. A little way off", stands tho r?Ul rovuUiioiie.y log cottage, built by Abell, and u-ed in tlac u at by the Americans. Near this in the o|?l Fi'ik hm?.>i who was in the war with Washington ti .'I I ,k iny. ette, the oldest man in the county ol . ?^a. yet elastic and active, in>olI"K***'* ai d - ^ . Mia a^e i? more thin 96 yearn, I belieri Nr:ir two hundred | ernon-' i in* f"r"n; >mr dttv, for the enjoyment of h i de, v)i iL..aa< < n j and ill baths. Good -ulphui b;i ti- h.r 1i w- , ? u readiness, either cold or w-i in Tin i. r ayret-Hble that many prefe. them to 'li* baths' in Saratoga. I notice in die street, in every place ):ir. , .u u to contain one, a handbill for arnti.ei Mamtriw'h Circus, to come on the 16th and 17th; and in a few days we are to have the sweet M.ns Ju'.a North all, to give a concert; and then a Q.utii teue Club, the eldest of whom is not sixteen yoars of age. So you see we are not likely to die of ennui. Indeed, there is no need of that here, at any time ; for, beside all other places for agreeable exercise, the attractive garden of Mr. Cols,whose public and private bowling saloons are in excellent order, afford a quiet, retired, and pleasant resort tor gentlemen and ladiea to exercise in the morning; mt noon, or in the evening ; and being situated a short distance from Congresa Spring, is visited by many who prefer exercise of that kind rather than walking. The coot weather laut evening rendered it a very favorable time for dancing, and the evening was occupied until a late hour by a gay and fashionable party at the U. S. Hotel. I would mention seme of the more genteel and graceful among mem, were i not opposed i# invidious comparisons. It might increase the vanity of those more favored by nature, and excite the envy of others. They were all either beautiful, riah or amiable; and as one of vour correspondents once said, writing from Washington, " would start the tears in the eye of an old bachelor, with the reflection that there is but one life to live and be admired." Next week their number will be greatly increased, as I understand several large parties have sent on and engaged rooms for ihs remainder of the season. The telegraph from this place to Tmf will be in operation, I am informed in a few <fiys. The wires are strung, and all that is wanted now, it to put up a battery. As I left my table far tea, on finishing the last paragraph, I noticed a crowd in the street, and stepping out, saw passing with his attendant, Dr. Edson, who is here exhibiting his almost fleshlesa bones to those who are curious to see a live skela? ton. He is 5 feet 6 inchos in height, and weigh* 50 pounds. Although taller, he is not so heavy a* Ins brother Calvin, by six pounds. There it eertainly something quite singular in the coincidence of there being two of the same family, who have gradually wasted away, from ordinary sized met} to the weight of a child; looking more likatha wired remnant o( a man, standing in a doctor* otfice, than a living being. K mm m Newport, July 10,1840. Shots fr?m the Sea Short, Arrvndt, Sctnet, The little " nest upon the Narragansatt" it ttut ; tilling up. Beviet of summer birda have already arrived, and flocks ef full fledged fashionables ac? daily alighting apoa this sweet summer island.? The season, we take pleasure ia announcing, has fairly opened, and the " dancings and doings" have commenced. The long green lanas of Newport, odorous with tba sweet briar and honev-suckle. betrin to feel the tremuloas ; tread' of loitering lovers?villainous vows have already been perpetrated?Lb* twilight listens to the sett hspmgs of love, and the iweit sm breeze waits the aroma of stolen kisses?God knows where. The chaue and queenly moon (whose full face is now turned upon n?) watches these wicked wanderings. Provoking survedlanae ! She is as tiresome a? a maiden aunt.? Many an axions eye is cast occasionally upwards to see whether no friendly cloud lie* in tier traek. Alas ! no. The sky is bright a>id l.luu, and starryi No cloud to-night lowuis over the N'airugausett. Came, let us enter the "grand suloon" of the I "Ocean." There we will hud the "lions" and the ladies?the nuuleus ol' Newj>*it society.-? Beauty and fashion hold court hers. Sit with me on this sofa?sott as the couch oj a queen. Observe what is before you. Fair forms are flitting to and fro over an acre of Brussels carpet. Soma recline upon the chairs and ottomans, looking on. Men with moustaches?some very tierce euee? are figuring upon the floor. Two or three whisper "soft nonsense" into alabaster ears, A little fellow, with carefully kempt locks, has retired I* & shady eomer *anu unobserved, as he thinks, is twisting and fretting with a pair of yery small white "kids-" Ha expects to dance shortly. The , sun must have swollen his fingers. They won't be gloved. Devils! how awkward! He! There is a movement toward the piano! a seng a song!?Hush ! Two beautiful girls?sistars we believe? ftom the city of Penn, have seated themselves a* the piano.. Presently the chords are touched, and 4. | rich soprano voice, blending with a sweet tenor, strikes the ear. Conversation is instantly ruspend1 ed?every heart is entranced,and the whoUt saloon is filled with delicious music. In goud earnest, the.-e fair daughters of Penn aing exquisitely.? Tii..v im arti?tft in the management 01 their ma sic, and there is divinity in their roi?et. That of the younger sister reminds yoa of the olear awed notes of the throstle, while the other's posse Me s the lull bold tones of the mucking him. These fair songstresses entered early sn the Newport 1 campaign, and their sweet Mft hare hither** kep tori iimim from an almost nnl?an tit house. The singing over, oonveraaticn rssonsmsnsss groups grow chatty ; there it a degree of coldness and stifTness in the nanut; parties have not yet got well acquainted with aeoh ether.? '* Nob" dreads the oentect with " Sneb," and each individual is aiming to m&ke acquaintance with thoto in a higher rank than his er bar's may be. As the season advances, they will ail know each other who are " going te," and tben , things will exiubit a new phase. Just now some daring woman is wanted to " break the ice," and i i begin the dancing. Ha here she the comes, and i I like " jocund day" she it already " standing tir>. j toe." A dashing, daring and yet withal lovely 1 Boston inn. By her example half a dozen parties arc already on the carpet, and a mod natured, . ! obliging creature has taken her teat by the piano, for our splendid hand is like " Gilpin's hat," it m on the road. The music commence*?a waltz, and away go half a dosen couples whirling and kicking ns if all their souls were centered in their heels. Thk it succeeded by the pelhe,?a*uha. , cellar't; other denoert offer, themtahr?,fmk f ouet follow, and to on until the hour retonng, f an early one. As yet wehave not had one of th* i " big balls" which eatend out among the wm I sma' hours aront the twal." Aa 1 oalch mywalf h scribbling just now among WtM not, 1 uw . here break otf. ^ EcoLOB. i Fun* in tmt Koanokk.?The Pttrrtbwrg Mi ! lirenrtr There ha* beOn another framit I on the nanofca, which coTart ?U the yaajw mmtkm od ?inr? the last freshet. The crop* on the Mfhl?n>d| ' floe It U estimated 100,000 barrels of cor* waa | ad on tha Roanoke by the firnt freshet ? #a learn that 1 rery great injury haa Iimd dona oa tha Staunton. A large bodyof Mormon* are said to be l?*?t?d i on the disputed territory, between the MA> v|i and Iowa boundary, and naar tha Missouri rirer T hay are busily engaged raxing a crop of lixMfen eoi i^ltr [ which purpose it i* coni|>utad they hare more tHHb ft.SfQ acraa In cultivation. 4.4