? - ~U. mmmmmmmmmgm NEW YORK HERALD.' \? w Vork, M'ednewltjr, July AX, 1D4A. Our Uluttvnird Weekly. The Weekly Herald of this week will be a very valuable publication. It will oontain all the late foreign news brought by the Cambria and Great Britam ; Mr. Bennett'* interesting letters from England ; the Congressional proceedings, &c. fecit w.U be embellished with a splenJid view of the steamship Great Britain in her new rig. Agents can send in their orders The Foreign *ew?. The Great Britain made a magnificent passage uver the Atlantic, and arrived off Sandy Hook at midnight on Monday, just as sleep 3tole over the eyesof old Neptune. The intelligence brought by the Monster is j highly interesting, and may be considered very favorable, particularly iu a commercial point of view, th-j price of cotton having jomewlur improved. The political news is. of an important character. Its impressive ; feature appears to be the rapid spread of j republican sentiments throughout Europe. Take up the leading papers of England, France, or the continent, and you cannot fail of seeing republicanism lurking under the forced expression of love lor monarchical institutions. All the governments of Europe, who are inactive, are losing catte, the spirit of the people demanding action?progress. This increased democratic sentiment may be -een in the articles taken from the English and French papers, and published in this day's Htruld. \ It ia called liberalism in Europe, which is a pretty enough name anywhere. Ostan Steam Navigation Commencement of a New Era, A circumstance took place yesterday, in this eity, which may be looked upon as the commence ment of a new era in the history of the United States. This circumstance was the laying of the ke?l of the first of the splendid ocean steamers lately authorised by act of Congress, and which will run between this port and Cowes and Bremen. The dimensions of this splendid vessel are gigantic, and are as follows :? Length of Real T20 feet " orer all 030 " Width of Beam 39 " Depth of Hold 34 " flinches ' " from the Poop Deck. 31 " Tonnage 1760 tons. Messrs. Westervelt & McKay, the well-known ship builders, have contracted to furnish the hulls of these vessels, and to build them in the strongest and most substantial manner, and will introduce all the improvements that the experience of the past few years has brought to light. Her oabin and second cabin will be fitted up in the most magnificent, and, at the same time, staunch manner, with ample room for two hundred first alas* and one hundred second class passengers, and will resemble more the drawing room of a splendid hotel at one of our fashionable water- | ing places, than the interior of a ship. The engines and machinery will be constructed by Messrs. Stillman, Alien & Co., of the Novelty Works, on an improved principle. The following will be the dimensions of the engine and machinery Power of Engins 1000 hones. Cylinder 72 inches. Stroke 10 feet. When all shall have been completed, and the noble vessel ready for sea, she will be placed under the command of Captain Hewitt, the pre* I ?*nt master of the splendid Havre packet ship Utica. Fears were entertained some time augo, by some of our short sighted citizens, that the enterprise would not turn out productive. We understand that this company, and all our principal merchants and sailing masters, are confident that it will yield the most profitable returns. The following is an estimate of the probable income and expenditures of the Ocean Steam Navigation Company, foe one year, with their four vessels :? INCOME. Twenty-four trips from New Vork to Cowm end Bremen. '2A0 ton* freight par trip, $0000 tons per annum. at $ 10 per ton $00,000 Twenty.fntir trips from Europe to New York, 360 tons freight per trip, 8000 per ann at $36 ISO,000 Twenty four trips from New Vork, to average 70 pasiengera. lstclass, I (WO per ann at $136 300,000 60 do 2d class, 1300 " at $60. AO,000 Twenty four trips from En rope, to are rag* 70 passengers, 1st class, 1600, at $160 362,000 SO do 3d class, 1300. at $40 00,000 Twenty-tour voyages, profits of bar and specie freights, 600 12,000 To receive from government per annum 400,000 $1,194,000 MAINTENANCE. Fay Roll for officers and crew, 60 in all, as per estimate per annum $60,000 Support of officers and crew, at $2 00 per week 26,000 Support of 130 passengers out and back, aliowing 34 days, at $1 per day 60.120 Foel. 1J tons coal per hoar, allow 34 daya for a round voyage, S.64S?20,666, at $4 60. . . ^ ^ 02,962 VI % v-uni ?u; *l $10 000 each rmcl 40,000 Wharf CipcnNi. extra, $2,000 each. . . 8,000 Ship Channler'i Bill, $6,000 each 34,000 Fire and Mariue Intuianca, 6 per ceat..60,000 lntere?t on Capital, $1,000,000, at 8 par cant . . 60,000 Affant*' Comssiisions 10,000 444,07$ 747,958 O*4uot to cover all possible contingencies, W ptr MBt 186,089 Profits $660,946 All mmt allow that this is a moderate estimate, lu the first place, it is made on the supposition that each vessel will, on an average, have but ; one hundred and twenty passengers, and secondly, the large sum of 9196,982, is set down in the disbursement as a sum to cover every possible expense that might occur beyond the regular outlays. Wo think it would be nearer the fact to put down 260 as the regular number of passengers, and deduct at least one half of the sum put down for contingencies. It will be perceived, then, that the first Amerioan steamship company will commence business under the most favarable auspices, and we hope the day is not distant when we can congratulate the country on possessing as numerous a fleet oi steamships as any other nation in the world. Latxr prom Havana.?By the schooner Hnrrnonicn, Capt. Malcolm, we have received our Spanish file* to the 9th inst. inclusive. Nothing of peculiar interest haa occurred since our last d vio?s. We regret to stats that the wife of our esteemed Consul, Gen. Campbell, died on the 7th inst. at Hewn* The tonnage duas bad again bean taken off molasses vessels. In soma part* oftha Island, especially at Villa Clara, the enure crops ware injured or totally destroyed by the long continued drought. The heat was intense. The newspaper controversies as to accuracy in American newi, were still raging vielently. Mr. PaulUn was delighting the inhabitants of the Island with his balloon asoenrions, in which he had been very suooeseful. The English steamsr Clyde srrived the 7th inst., bringing news from Vera Cruz to the 38d ult., which will be found in another column Naval ?The U. 8. brig Truxton, Commander Dcrpentrr, sailed from Havana, on the ftth inat., on a ci-uim* around the Island. Accidie at Fobt Lei.?A lady of thi* city wm at Vert Lm. ob Sunday, with bar child, and fall down a preciptaa of ?oma thirty faat In haight. breaking bar ua4ar Jaw, aad bruirtag th* ohlld eoaaldarahly though not 4pg*routfy I Mr Bennett'* Foreign Correspondence London, July 8,1846. We arrived in Liverpool on Sunday la?t, about 1 o'clock in the afternoon, after a brief and pleasant voyage of 12 days in the liibemia, Capt. Kyrie We have seldom spent so pleasant a time, and much was contributed by the courtesy and attentions of the captain. Great and unfeigned pleasure was felt at Liverpool on receiving the intelligence of the settlement o! tlie Uregon question. There hail indeed been n previous expectation in England that such intelligence would be received, and the positive fact made all the commercial circles glad. We were met with equally important new* to ' that which we carried. On the Friday previous, Sir Robert Heel had carried the Corn Bill, but was defeated on the Irish Coercion Bill?the latter causing a resignation of las administration, and the entrance of Lord John Russell and the Whig* into power. Every thing is in a state of political confusion and transition in England; and the settlement of the Oregon question has, in consequence, not caused the general sensation which otherwise it would have done. During the whole of last week the ministerial cri*is here ha^ occupied all tongues and all pens. Lord John Russell has formed a ministry of whig elements, but the passage of the Corn Bill ha* given the most prodigious (dat to the Manchester League, and particularly to the celebrated Richard Cobden, the head of the concern. A new and powerful element has been disovered in the system of political agitation in England. In 1838, the Manchester men began their agitation for the repeal of the corn laws. For eight years they proceeded in their movements, and have at last succeeded. I wa? in this country in that year, 18S8, and remarked in my correspondence at the time, that the real popular metropolis of England was Manchester and the surrounding towns?not London, which was the mere feudal metropolis, held in obedience by'lhe expenditures of the aristocracy, or corn lords, during the fashionable season. The abolition of the corn laws, demonstrates the signal success of the Manchester men, and is only the first great, broad, curious, surprising fact in a series of changcs which will take place, in the same way, in the future history of England. It is not believed that the Russell ministry will ) last long. A year, or tw? years, would be a very old age to allot to it. In the Houso of Commons, there are three large parties, and one well dressed cltque,?1st, the Whigs ;2d, the Conservatives ; 3d, , the Liberals; 4th, the Young England men. No ministry can have a long lease in the midst of such | varied and confused materials. Out of doors there are only two great and radical parties?the aristocracy, comprehending both whigs and tories?and the popular or modern influences and classes, who will hereafter be gui 'ted and directed by such organizations as that of the League. That remarkable association has been dissolved in Manchester ; but the spirit in which iteriginated has received a development that, under another name and other leaders, will yet shake England from centre to circumference on some other ancient laws or privileges. I should not be surprised to see the privileges and monopolies of the church the next point of attack. Lord John's administration may affect to be a movement ministry, but it will take care to do nothing, to stand still, and to lay the foundation for some other leagne association, that may start up in London or in the manufacturing districts. This is now the system of revolution in i this country. It has been proved and tried in the , O'Connell agitation in Ireland, and now in anti com law agitation in England. In the meantime, there will be a short season of calm, a period ot considerable commercial prosperity, and a fresh development of the resources of this country in industry of all kinds? manufactures, trade, railroads, Ac. Arc. There is a vast and a wonderful revolution going on in this country?a revolution in government, in religion,! in everything that constitutes civilization. I shall have much to soy on this subject as I proceed. 0n the Oregon question everything is satisfactory. On Monday last Sir Robert Peel, in the Commons, and Lord Aberdeen, in -lie Lords, announced its preliminary settlement, and with expressions of great satisfaction. The United Stales stand higher now, in the general estimation of this country and of Europe, than ever she did before ; and were it not for the unfortunate State i debts, which continue to ca?t a slur over our reputation, we should be the envied of all nations, in European opinion. The Mexican war, thus far, under the management of Gen. Taylor, has only added to the general opinion in our favor. Mr. McLane's conduc here, during the ticklish negotiations on the Oregon boundary, has also been highly valued. This question might have I been settled last winter, on probably better terms > than those accepted, but for the violent debates in Congress; for the English government would ! not move in the matter while those debates were going on so furiously in Washington. But all now is happily settled, and a great increase in the commercial intercourse of the two countries may now be expected. As to the Mexican war, no one here expects that it can last long. The attempt made on 'Change, to negotiate a loan here by that government, has failed most ludicrously. I ant informed that the agents of Paredes had succeeded in getting a loan, on one condition, and that was dependent on their obtaining a victory over the American army on the Ria Grande. The agents and the contractors were only waiting for that ( victory, to close the lists and clutah the money. | Unfortunately, "Old Rough and Ready" thrashed the Mexicans?disorganized their army?drove them into the interior; and, as soon as the news was received here, the Mexican negotiations were ail blown sky high. It is high fashion in London at this moment. The Queen returned yesterday from the Isle of Wight, to superintend tha new ministerial ar rangements, and, probably, to close the fashionable season in a wctk or two. Every one will then be off for the country, or the continent; and among which we shall be one party. We shall, probably, visit the Rhina and Baden Baden, in the first place. The nobility and people at fashion are giving parties, balls, dinners, and fttu all the time. The west end of London, and the Parks, present nothing but a succession of fertivities. We are invited by a distinguished family , to dine in the country to-morrow, and to spend the Sunday at their delightful residenoe several miles out of town. There ia a vast concentration of theatrical and musical talent here, at present?Grisi, Onto, Si- I von, Charlotta Cushman, and 1 don't know how j many others. We vinted the Itnlinn Opera last | night. It was quite fashionable?but the Queen has not yet been seen there since her aeermchtnunt. It was crowded with beauty and brilliancy. Grisi ia fatter than ever, but she sings with the same power and beauty as in her younger days. Madame Castellan also sung with great power and beauty, hut her figure and face are very pttitt for that vast theatre?she was applauded?but Grisi had the most. Of the Jatuwn we ??ur r .. cille Graham and the beautiful Canto?but what a contrast' Lucille Graham it a splendid dancer in the style of Taglioni, but the looks like a ghost, from the church yard, just let out for ono night by death, to daace a pot, and be back to her grave before oook crowing. I never saw such a long, lank, pale, fleshless, unearthly looking being. 8he would hare done for " Cuttie Sark," in Burns' Allowny Kirk, and would have caught his mare, Mrg, beyond a doubt. Of Carito, it is difficult to speak without launching forth mtr^rapture*. j Itl is fnow three years] since we saw bar la*t, and.sbe has improved in beauty, ...... in grace, in art, in Anish, so that she is new at the head of all the Uantetutt oflEurope. Her figure is somewhat fxtit, but exquisitely faultleM. Her style of art is of the Taglioni school?the very reverse of the Elssler. She was received with rapturous applause, although the newspaper critics did not mention her at all in the papers of this morning. 1 have yet to see Charlotte Cushman, and the remaining celebrities. Charlotte is male ing a rapid fortune in this country. She is appreciated. What a stigma upon her own land ! London, 6th July, 1846. We are still iu London, and will probably remain here for several days. The fashionable season is drawing to its close, and, in a fortnight, the west end will be a desert, and the gay parks empty. Yesterday we returned from a delightful visit to a beautiful seat in the country, where we dined in company with Prince Louis Napoleon, who recently made his extraordinary escape from the fortress of Ham. He is i fine young man?very intelligent?speaks English fluently, and was full ot inquiries of those who formerly extended kindness to him when he was in the United States a few years ago. He made special enquiries of Colonel Webb, who entertained him once at his country place on Long Island. The Prince talks of going to South America; but from his long confinement his spirits are low and dejected. Fresh air and liberty may improve him soon. There is no news here since I wrote by the last steamer. We are just in the beginning of a new ministry, and nothing of interest will transpire till Lord John Russell gives hisprogramme of government in the House of Commons. The war between the United States and Mexico does not make much sensation here. It is generally believed and expressed, that Mexico was foolish to provoke so powerful and military a republic as the United States. In other respects, I have no doubt the English people would like, rather than otherwise, that Mexico was under the J ! * .TaL. TT *a_J O * dominion 01 me u nueu oirues. Great numbers of Amerioan travellers have come over this summer,'and many are bound for the German spas and other watering places. Arrival or the Steamship Great Britain.? The remarkably short passages which this noble vessel has made 011 her two last trips, form the subject of conversation among all classes of the community, and particularly among commercial and scientific men. It will be recolleciad that her last trip to England was made in a little over thirteen days, and that she arrived in the harbor yesterday, from Liverpool, in thirteen days and eight hours, running time. If the time occupied in stoppages be deducted from this, the length of the passage will be reduced to twelve days and eleven hours, which is the shortest passage to New York, on record.? Before this last performance of the Great Britain, the Great Western had made the passage in twelve days and eighteen hours?hut the Great Britain made it shn.ter. The following show a distance, from day to day, on he r utward passage:? From n ok to Liverpool. Jun> ludr. Ltngitvdt. Dit j'm. St- u-h. Tuoday 9 "> N. 70 00 W. 202 Kuou Weducaday 10 4 64.41 244 " Thnraday 11 n 69 21 252 " Friday 12 44.31 242 " Saturday 13 44 4 9 32 230 " Sunday 14 4G,*H 41 20 214 " Monday IS 4? 06 39 52 216 " Tueadav IS 49 23 36 11 203 " Wedneaday-.... 17 49 52 31.1? 1M " Thnraday IS 610C 34 50 260 " Friday 19 51 10 17.55 2S0 " Saturday 30 51.33 11 31 360 " Cap* Clear about 70 miUa. The following is an aoourate table of the dittances accomplished each day on her recent passage to this port i? From LrrsarooL to New York. Dirt from July. Latitud*. Lengtludt Ctburg. Thnraday t 26.11 13.52 436 Knota Friday 14 54.1* 30.51 250 " Saturday 11 54.17 27 12 23* " Sunday 12 S3 21 33 29 231 " Monday 13 51.43 31.40 210 " Tueaday 14 60.04 44 17 244 " Wedneaday .... 16 41 46 47.45 151 " Thuraday IS 46.61 52 43 232 " Friday 17 45 !0 57.27 229 " Saturday 18 43.39 62 43 153 " Sunday 1# 41.14 67 25 240 " Monday 20 4S.J1 71 14 216 " 'Sandy Hook 120 milea. The above table commences on the 9th of July, but she left Liverpool on the 7th, and made the first distance mentioned in the tabie, four hundred and thirty-five miles, to the 9th, inclusive. The honor of having made the passage from the Old World to New York, in the shortest time, therefore belongs to the mammoth steamship Great Britain, and her noble Captain Hosken. We should think that these results would convince the most sceptical of the success of the submerged propeller. The Great Britain now stands deservedly high in the estimation of the public; and another voyage like the last would place her in the position heretofore occupied by the Great Western. We congratulate Captain Hosken on the very iiRaeaaful milinir dualities of hi* nnhlo v>*aa<>1 Theatrical and MtuleaL Bowerr Thuthi.?The hill of Monday evening wa* repeated lajt evening, with the tame oast. The " Yew Tree Rain*" if a melo drama poaseuing little merit, except in icenic effect It ii well plaved, however, and the attention of the audience i? not allowed to flag. Mr. Neafie, ai Sir Wilfred Penruth, ii more than respectable Thie gentleman possesses a fine figure, good voice and declamatory powers, hut lack* judgment a* well as practice. Mr. Hadaway was, a* uiual. very rich a* Prvce Pelican, and Mr*. Booth wa* excellent a* Nancy NibSle, the Charity (Jirl. Mr. Vache'* part of Maurice Wardle, the old miaer, wa* carefully studied and well acted. Thi* evening, the " Yew Tree Ruins" i* to l>e repeated, with the comedy of " How to Die for Love," Mr. Wemya* playing Captain Blumenfeldt, and Hadaway Trick. Castle Gabdew.?At tl i* garden, one of the fineat orcheitraa in the country ia engaged, who nightly diecour e the (weetest music to admiring crowd*. There i* no place in the city where purer air, better music, or more delicious icecream* can be obtained, than at Caatle Uarden. Another concert will be given thi* evening. Sporting Intelligence. I'aoroiKD Pugilistic Ewcohtrb.?There was to have been a grand display of pugilistic power* yesterday between Wra. Wilson and J. Mclntyre, both well known tc the fan in thi* vicinity. The *um wa* for $400?$200 t aide. Ticket* were i**ued for an excunion on the pre viou* day, to thoie initiated ; where, or where to, wai not expressed?but all was understood a* to conveying the partie* to the iceue of action. Some three steam boat* were well filled, ere the hour of departure, n!n< o'clock, and proceeded up the river, the majority know ing not where they were going to. The partie* lsndec oine four or five mile* above Kort Lee, and sought ?om? time for the belligerent*, without *ucce*a. At lengtt they reached a mo?t secluded wood, where they found i ring formed, and Mclntyre enveloped in an overcoat lying on the ground, waiting for hi* opponent, in appa rently good health and spirit*, quite (anguine of success The fight wa* to come off between the hour* of elevei and two. But at the cloae of the latter figure, the othei partie* not appearing, Mctntvre claimed the atake*, anc the ring wa* atrnck. It i* said that the other partie* )o*i their way in the wood, and could not find the appointee pot Gbeat Tbottiko Match ex the Centbetilli TliWI. This Bat ?Boston B'hoy* against New YorkA match will come off that ha* excited all the spirit ol the beat (porting men in hi* vicinity?some $30.POO depending on the remit. New Kngland, if possible, ia der*rmitm<! to ItMn the field : but It' N?whurvh is in flv there will he a grand (how, and New England will liava to look to hia laurela Odda laat evening war* in favor ol New England, to 4. To ceme oil rain or shine. City Intelligent*, Accidept to tri Emu**.?'Trie steamboat Empira, oa her passage from Albany to this city on Monday night, bout 11 o'clock, was run into by a (loop Ooa of tha Empire's boilers waa slightly fractured by the concue sion, aad on* of the bauds pretty badly scalded. Ths boat did not arrive here till 1 o'olock yesterday afternoon Many of her paaaengers were forwarded by the Express It was purely an accident, and no blamo can be attached to the oflcer* of the Empire. Fanis or Miixcafsx.?Paaaing through the Park ye# terday afternoon, we discovered a great crowd gathered near the fountain, and on approaching found a beardlesi boy about 14 \eara of age. with a bible in hia hand, pro claiming "Woe to the inhabitants of New York," em! preaching the Miller doctrine of the end of the world ' ?>ng near He waa evidently damaged, and we under stood tiia ineanity waa caused by lectures on Miliarias If this* bigots could be meda to feel the misery the; have brought into familiee and entaliad upon indJvtdoala they would not at thtalate day attempt to revive the ax ploded humbug. Tmb Cbrtcbt Plswt?The American Alee, common ly called tha Century riant, la now being exhibited al the conaervatorv of Meaara. Dnnlap and Thompsons Broadway, It ? 99 f..t |n height, and about two in circumference it u covered with flowers, and the faci of iu not attaining ita maturity till it la about 70 year* ol age, then flowering and dying, render* it an object worthy ei attention. I< tar?A Are broke out laat evening between 11 and It o clock, In th* basement of th* building No. *4 N*w ,tr*et, occupied by Meaara Seraga, Keep kCeaaidrug tore. It wm extingolaM* without gr*at fleas age. \ , a VERY INTERESTING FROM MEXICO- | The steamer Clyde arrived at Havana on the ' 7th inst. She brought advices to the 23d ult., inelusive, with the following important items. An American brig had been reported as blockading the port of Alvarado.. Her boats had, in pursuing a loaded vessel into the port, come in encounter with tome armed boats of the Mexicans, and according to the Mexican accounts, hud been driven off; but it seems that they were recalled by signals from the brig. The latter sailed the next > day. The iaiiabitanta of Alvarado had turned , outm ma sue, and subscriptions to the amount of j ! 83000 had been made for the erection of fortifica- i tions. One brigade of the army of reserve had march- i od to the aid of the army of the North, showing that the outbreaks in Jalisco would be suppressed previous to any movement against the army of Gen. Taylor. The remaining l>ody of resorve would remain in the capital tiU the arrival ot lien. Bravo, to that the forces previously announced I as having collected at Monterey, have been very I much overrated. From the Castle of Perote, a large number of mounted guns, and ammunition, hid been sent to the defence of the city of Mexico. The steamer Clyde, sailing from Tampico subsequent to the bombard nent, announced an active cannonading going on between the Mexican gun boats Queretana and Poblana, and the American brig St. Mary's. The English steam frigate Vesuvius had sailed I from Tampico for Vera Cruz, in consequence of 1 the refusal of the captain of the St. Mary's to per| mit bullion to be taken on board the Clyde? j much trouble was expected to accrue from this ! refusal. Tta? following statement was received by express at Vera Cruz on the 30th nit.: "The Cali| fornias have separated from Mexice. General j Taylor has occupied the country at the right of | the Rio Bravo, and had advanced towards Saltil] lo. The town of Altamira, distant a day's journey from Tampico, was in tile hands oI the Amej ficans." After the bombardment of Tampidb by the St. | Mary's,which seemed to have done no injury, the i i Commandant of the department of Tamaulipas j i had called to arms all the citizens of the province. On the 24th June, General Bravo, with nis staff, , a - i r i........ I.:. , ucpaiicu lium cia. uiux. vu assume uis oiaviuu as provisional President. General Gonzales Are- , valo had left the city of Mexico at the head of a division of the army?destination not stated. The ] orders at Vera Cruz were for the garrison to be I on the alert, especially at night, to guard against , surprise. General Paredes had received formal permission from the grand junta to lead the troops i to the Ncrth, and on the 19th accompanied Gen. j Arevalo. Arista was on his way to the capital, and Ampudia at St. Luis Potosi. General Rodriguez de Cella haa taken the place of Bravo in the government of the department at Vera Cruz. Intelligence from Mexico, tU England. The London Timet of the 6th inst., gives the 1 following intelligence from Mexico, which ia of considerable interest, although our advices direct are very mncb later. t?| The English have the means of obtaining information from that republic, that Americans have not. Annexed is the intelligence. On the morning of the 30th of May, at daylight, a cor- .
' vetto wu neen at anchor about two miles beyond the shipping lying off the bar of Tampico, but without a flair to distinguish her nation. 8hortly afterward* an officer, fully armed, came on board the mail packet Tay, and tated that he waa ?ent by Commander Saunders, of the j United State* corvette St. Mary's, to declare that port in ! a state of blorkado ; and having obtained information as to the different nationi to whicn the several vessels belonged, and of which there were at tha tine the unusual , number of ten at the bar, he took his leave, and visited | them all in aucceaaion. Communications were then sent ' to the different consula residing at Tampico. informing them of the blockade, and that 1& days (until the ftth of June) would be allowed to the veaaels now in pert to dispose of their cargoea, or ship thoae already in transit. Upon raceiringthe official notification, the consuls went in a body to wait upon the commander of the corvette, (the English consul excepted, who was detained by sicknesa.) to aolicit a prolongation of the time specified previous to commencing a rigid blockade, but their request could not be acredea to The French consul remarked to the American commander, " that whan thoy block aded these port* they were more liberal to the Engliah, u they 'permitted both the silver to embark and the quickiilrer to ditembark." " TYue." vat the reply, " but wt know the influence that England hat over thit country, and we an in hopei that thit prohibition may be a meant of injuring her to utt htr endeavort to jpertuade thete people to hear reason " The mail packet Tav hai every reaaon to apeak highly of the politeneaa and civility experienced from the commander of the American corvette, eapecially in trusting to the hoaor of Capt. Sharp, the commandor, to embark and diaemhark whatever waa not prohibited by the blockading inatructions. In reply to a communication from the Admiialty agent, tne commander of tho corvette informed him that no opposition would be experienced on the part of the British Government in landing and receiving the mails during the existing state of affairs, and so long as the packets abstained from all commercial transactions, all passengers (military of the Mexican Government excepted) would be permitted to embark and disembark as usual. The Mexican* arc, and have been for some time, employed in placing the town and mouth of the river in a better state of defence. On an eminence which commands the north east side of the town, and the approach to it by the river, they have replaoed a dilapidated mud battery by a good substantial atone built fort, in which i the guns are mounted and the Mexican flag ia flying. There is also a circular brick seat at the lower end of the town, which terminates the evening promenade ; this has been converted into a battery a fteur d'eau, to guard tho approach by the river, in which they have placed three long guns of about twelve English pounds j calibre, raising the parapet with bags of earth, and surrounding the whole by a fesae. The bar is defended by three small schooners, carrying one long gun each, and placed across the entrance of the river; on shore, on the left hand side, arc the remains of a battery, with a sandy foundation, part of which has lately been swept = "?/ -J, .uu B'-'O ?? "?1 ?" ?"im n maim are placed two small field pieces pointing teaward and protected by a detachment or foldieri. Mont of the troops have been drawn off to increase the army, and General Paredei, the commandant of Tampico. cannot at present command more than sufficient men in the town to relieve the different guards. The Mexican regiment named Tampico, is noted for behaving well upon all occasions, and particularly distinguishea itself in the late affair of Matamoras; many of the men are reported to have returned to their foyer$, having quitted General , Arista and the retreating army. The bar of Taflpco has for some time pa?t become almost impassable, excepting for vessels in ballast, having but a few feet o( i water in the channel; in consequence, a sloop belong- i ing to Mr. Jolly, the agent to the Mail Company, took I the ground with 600 flasks of quicksilver on board ; but 1 all was saved excepting one flask, which fell overboard i by accident, and was instantly buried in the saad. The blockade of Verm Cruz commenced the same day i (May 20) with that of Tampico. i The American squadron, when united, will, it is said, ; consist of two sail of the line, one from Boston, the other i from New York, three frigates, including the one al- . ; ready here, and the other two are at Pensacola, with the - i commodore, and of the largest size; two first class steam ) ships, the Mississippi and Princeton; one or two corvettes, some brigs and smaller steam-vessels to tow the I ships into position. The inhabitants are apprehensive of i an attack upon Kort San Juan de Ulloa and the town; in i consequence, most of the families are removing to the i interior. On the 29th of May, 600 men of the line arrived from Jala pa, and the day following about 300 Dragoons accompanied the specie from Mexico, making a total , . amount of troops in the town and fort of San Juan de Ul- | l loa of about 2,200 men, but I am sorry to add that the j military hospitals are full, and I am afraid to mention the . I number they are said to contain. Accounts vary, but I t was assured by ene of the most respectable EngliahreeI i lenti that there were not less than *09; and of the late I reinforcement eight died on the maroh the day previous , to their arrival; a Dragoon fall from hla horse in the streets. and other* were obliged to be carried to the hosr pital; in fact, never waa Vara Crtu in a mere deplorable , tate than at tha present moment; what with an universal season of aicknesa and tha stagnation of tnde, added to : tha blockade, those whose circumstances oblige them 1 i to remain there ai a truly to bo pitied 80 sudden have been the events brought on by the affair at Matamoras, that for the protection of the British interest*, there It only the Roee sloop of-war at Baorifloios; tha French have the Mercuric brig and La Perouae 1 hark-of-war; the flpaniards the Christina frigate end the \ Habanero brig; and the Luisa Fernandet, flistciass corvette, has left Hsvnna, and is expect# < soon to Increase their squadron. , Exoepting three French barks, 1 almost all the vessels have quitted anchorage, and the American commander, in a visit to Captain Pelly of the Rose, expressed hia anxiety that the packet should take | an early arparture; as, were she by any accident detained beyond the 4th of June, he cetild not be accountable for the consequences. The value in specie and cargo on , board the Tay cannot be estimated at less than ?,0(K>,000 dollars anta Anna is at the Havana, and makes no secret j of his intention of returning to the repablic to establish 1 I a Federal Government, and professes the most liberal viewa. He intends to make use of the church property to carry on the government, to abelish the interior Cnatom-houses, diminish the ariny, lower the tariff* and ef> feot most radical changes He has a toleraflly strong . | party in the republic, and may aucceed in getting into ' power again; but whether the liberal proiuiaes he now ! makes will then be fulfilled, thoee who know him oan best judge. 1 Thj ex-Secretary of Ampndia la said to have been > anxious to join him (Santa Anna,) and left Tampico for ' that purpose, but proeeede 1 no further than Vera Cru?, being, as it is supposed, unable to obtain a passport for ' the Havana. We perceive among the recent arrivals at Coleman'!, that of Coin Do Kay. of Now York, the gentleman to dlitlnftiiihod for mperlatire bravery In tho naval ; Afhte of tho South Amtrieu ropwMiea ? < < M J Incident*, fa*., ?* the War. | Iho ittiiMr Tuscaloosa brought down froa Ci: i4n nati the residue of the aecond regiment of Ohio volun teers. The steamships Alabama and Galveston leave to-day for Braxoa Santiago, and the New York for Galveston. I cannot it* what volunteer* will go in the Alabama. The steamship John S McKim arrived to-day from Philadelphia. 3ho brings government stores The steamer Cincinnati has just arrived from New Albany with fire companies of the lat regiment of InJiana volunteers. Thus, within the past few dayf nearly 4000 volunteers have arrived here.?ATew Or team Utter, July 1L Army lntelllgenro. The bark E. H. Chapin arrived here on Friday, from the Brazos St. Jl(o, for the purpose of aiding in carry ing down the troops ? Mobile RgieUr On th>. Ill)i in?t r.?l -a 1 - -v .. . wu ",u ? ' , * ' uiuiivnu imo xua tut*J State) lervice Col Baker'* regiment, now at Jeffer on Barrack* Arrangement* are in progre** for the tran*portation of tlie ITlinol* volunteer*, lo the place oi destination ai soon a* possible. Naval Intelligence. Sixty tailor*, belonging to the United State* aervice, yeiterJay, under the charge of Lieut Hoff, departed for < boston.? Philadtlphia Kiyitone, July 20 The U. S. revenue cutter M'Lean arrived at New Orlean* on the 11th in*t., from Havana, 7th in*t., and report* that General* Almonte and Santa Ana were to leave that place on the 6th for Vera Cruz, in an Kagliih brig. Cent. Wayne, of the Quartermaster's Department, ha* purchased, in behalf of the U. S. government, the two ' iron * teamen De Roicett and Mary Summer*. They aro to be fitted up with all noaiible despatch, and will proceed at onco to New Orleans to be employed a* trans porta on the Rio Grande, and iitch other point*- a* the government icrvicc may require. These boat* have both been engaged iti the Savannah river trade, are of light draught, and admirably adapted for the purpoaes for which they have been procured. The Summer*, we have heard, ha* been purchased for $20,000, and the De Roisett for $36,000, repair* included. Capt Peck, the commander of the Win. Gaston, ha* been ordered to the command of one of these boats.?Savannah Republican, July IS. PaivATBaas.?It i* rumored that a letter of marque ha* been granted to Senator Dix. and that a gentleman of Philadelphia ha* made an application for a similar favor, who ha* a picked crew, and i9 ready to tail in ten day*. He propoie* going out in a small, light-diaught Balti more clipper, mounting one long 18; having Tor small arm*, revolving piitoli, boarding pike*, cutlauea and rifle*.?Daily Kingiton. CItv Convention. Jure 31.?The Convention met at 6 o'clock, Dr. Willumi, the President, in the chair. The minnte* were read and approved. Sundry document* were received from the Convention at Albany, and were ordered to be printed. JUparti? Printing.?Mr. Fhicm presented a report from the committee, who had been appointed to inquire into the expense for printing, in a condensed form, the proceeding* of the convention, together with an abitract of the same in octavo book form. The committee reported that the tame could be done for $1 per page in nook form. ^An amendment providing that the total expenie doei t exceed $500. The question on the amendment was taken and lost. 2 The question on the adoption of the report and accompanying resolution, was taktn and carried. The resolution provides that 108 copies be furnished. The ayes ,and nays were called for on its passage, and resulted? Ayes 18, nays 13. * The resolutions and report thereon, prepared by Mr. Benedict, which interdict the right or authority of the State Legislature, and respectfully request the non-interference of the present State Convention with the chartered rights of the citizens of New York, were taken up and adopted. Ayes 19, nays 13. The resolution directing a copy of the same to be forwarded to the convention at Albany,was carried ntm con. 8everal resolutions of Inquiry were offered, and ordered to be printed. The Board adjourned to meet on Tuesday next. A resolution was adopted, proposing that when the Convention meet on Tuesday nest, it adjourn over.to the first day in September. It was adopted. Ayes 33, nays 8. Adjourned to meet on Tuesday next at 6 o'clock. Police Intelligence. July 31.? Grand Larceny.?Officer Hepburn of the 3rd District Police, arrested a woman yesterday bv the name of Mary Crudden, on the charge of stealing from a Mrs. Mary Whittingham the sum of $65, under the following circumstances. It appears that both the parties reside in the same premisea, 37 Ooverneur street, and Mrs. Whittingham dropped accidentally upon the stairs the above sum of money .which was afterwards picked up by the accused, who appropriated the same to her own use. The officer after a great deal of labor and perseverance succeeded in recovering upwards of $60 of the stolen money, at two different plaoes in Orange street, where it had been deposited by the accused. Committed for trial by Justice Ketoham. Burglary.?The residence of Mrs. Wheel wrig^L 51 Cherry street, was burglariously entered bjWme kracksman last night, ana $80 in bank bills, a quantity of silver ware, several gold finger rings, and a cameo breast pin, stolen therefrom, with which the rogue escaped?no arrest as yet. Are the star ward policemen on their posts 1 Attempted Infanticide.?A servant girl by the name of Mary Gainor, it appear*, had mat with a little accident, and to conceal her ibame endeavored to destroy her in fant babe of only four days eld, by throwing it down the (ink at 18 New street, where the little innocent lay for tome time before it wai diaintered from ita awful situation by one of tho inmatei of the houie. Mary was arretted and committed to prison on the charge of attempting to destroy her offrpring, and the baby wot taken to the Alms House, washed and dressed, and in every appearance is now doing well. Burglary.?The residence of Mr. B. E. Main, 11 Bethune street, was hiirglarloiisly entered last night, and robbed of a pair of silver sugar tongs, one cream spoon, nine tea spoons, four table spoons, and a butter knile, all marked M. A. M.?No arrest. Robbint a J'rtttl.?The cabin of the sloop Motto, lying at the foot of King street, was entered laat night by some thieving rascal, and a patent silver watch, R. Watson, maker, Liverpool, stolen tharefrom ; also a German silver balance pencil. The thief escaped. Keeping a LHtorderly Houie.?Mary Armstrong was yesterday surrendered by her bondsman, she having been indicted for keeping a disorderly house at No. 46 Carmine street Justice Roome committed her to prison. Petit Larcenitt ?Adeline Bell was arrested yesterday by one of the officers of the Ath ward, tor stealing a lot of female wearing apparel, valued at $10 ii, belonging to Jane A. Dandridge, No. 18 Leonard street. Locked up for trial. John Norris was detected in the act of stealing a satin eat, valued at $3 SO, from the store of Charles W. Cassady, No. 100 Chatham street. Committed for trial. Ann M. Wolf was caught yesterday in the act of stealing a pair of shoes, and some other articles, belonging to Mr. James Stratton, S3 Amos street. Locked up for trial Stoltn ?Two boxes were stolen yesterday from the Philadelphia Railroad depot, foot of Liberty street, con- ' taining female wearing apnarel belonging to a lady residing at Easton, Talbot Co ,Maryland. No arrest. Movement* of Travellers. Yesterday was the first?lay of the season that the hotels could be said to have their full complement of travellers. The numbers were considerably augmented by : the passengers of the Great Britain. AMr.aicAN?Ed. Albro, Halifax, N. 8; W. Albro, do; ' C. Hall, Baltimore; C. Badger, Boston; T. Parmelee, Georgia; C. Young, Florida; R Livingston, do; C. Waddell, Trenton; Jared Sparks, Salem; D. Reed, Washington; H. Middleton, 8. C; F. Faber, Va: Dr. Collins. Baltimore; Dr. Little, Georgia; C.Churchill, 8avannah; D. Steele, Washington: J. Behler, Baltimore; W. Blanchard, Boston; H. Middleton,Charleston; T. Parker, New Bedford. Asroa.?J. Bennett, Washington; Dr. Bell, Phila.; W. LudoIus. do.: D. Can. Leudon co.. Va.: C. Hubert. 8. C.; E. Simons, Baltimore; J. Sullivan, Phila.; A. Coby, Maine; Mr. Yancey, Va.; Dr. Clarke, Gloucester; J. Franklin, Louisville: P. Hatton, N.O.; C. Bradford, Pitts--, burgh; Dr. Cook, Phila.: 8. Barclay, Va.; J. Darn, Mo* bile; Geo. Karquahar. England; Dr. Broomfield, do.; " Capt. Hoiken, Steamship Great Britain; rapt. Penn, do.; David Hertz, do.; O. Martin, Mail.; W. YVinthrop, Consul at Malta; K. Pleaiant, Phila.; M. Dixon, Boston; E. Reddle, do.; A. tiardeler, Phila.; C. Piatt, do ; C. Ldeter, City.?L. Laming, St Louii; Lieut ChatarJt LT. S. N.j W. Baker, Va.; M. Uppenheim, N. Y.; A. Oother, Bntimore; J. Upham, Iowa; H. Beckett, G. Britain; D. Kui ell, N. C.: H. Fullen, Manchester, England; Capt. Tygner, British Army; W. Greenhowe, Virginia; F. Parker, U. 8. A. ; Geo. Clarke, Conn ; J. Gibbons, Phila.; Mr. Fisher, do.; J. Taft, R I.; H. Benham, U. S. Engineer*. F?*hklih?Rev. W. Thompson, Philadelphia; F.Hunt, Mississippi; R Valentine, do; W. May, Georgia; F. Duggan, Baltimore; L Sebnng, South Carolina; O Franchett, Louisiana; A. Rousseau, Troy; Edward iVilliams, ' Baltimore; Captain Day, Connecticut; W. Bennett, Salina; D Harria, Boston; W Saunderson, Ohio; C.Walker, New Orleans; F. Robinson, Boston; B. James. South Carolina; W. Smith, St. Louis; A Brown, Brownhill. How abd?Richard Steele, Philadelphia J Cafroe.Md; H. Kniokerbank, Lansingburgh; H. Gullin, Upper Canada; W. Lewis, 8t Louis; George Prenson, Montevideo; . Mr. Murray, Great Britain; T Blakely, England; M. Cram, New Jersey; H Jones, Boston; A. Abbott, do; W McDonald, Great Britain; M. Mason, Virginia; W. Connah, Hudson; L P Reed, Albany; R. Jackson, Tennessee; R. Patterson, do; Sir VVm l arker, Canada; R Jenkins, Florida; Mr. Stewart, .VJ.1 regiment, British Army, Canada; J Gilden. 81st regiment, British army,Toronto; D. Baker, Illinois; T Goold, Philadelphia, A. Adam, Philadelphia. Court of General sessions. Before Recorder Scott and Aldermen Gilbert and Stoaeall. jonn ncKwn, r-?q., uwun" . Jim* 31 ? Pita of Guilty ? Mary Armatrong, of No. 40 Carmine *trcet, pload to *" indictment charging har with ceiling liquor without being duly liceaaed. She wan ordered to appear again on Saturday next, to receive the sentence of the Court. .inotkrr Pl*a ?f Outliy.?Frit*, indicted for a grand larceny, in atealing 24 pair* of ahoea, alleged to he worth M7 the property of Mr. Conrad Miller, waa permitted to plead gaiitv to a petit larceny He wa* tent to the Penitentiary lor the term of nit month*. 7V<?I ff For/try? Peter O'Brien waa then placed t the bar for trial on ? charge of lottery in the aecond degree, in being found In poaaeuion of a counterfeit $9 biR on the Cumberland Bank of Maine, with intent to utter the aame. The caa? waa opened en the p*rt of the proao<"tition by Mr. Pmi.i.ir*, who Mated the particular* of the prl*oner'* connection with Canter, (the notoriou* counterfeiter, now in State Priaon.) their arreit, and the description of counterfeit money found in a valise in their poueaaion, amounting to about *34,000, consisting of rarioua denominationa upon different hank* in almoct every section of the Union. Several witn?ase? were examined to *how the prlsoner'* connection with ("anter, and hi* joint control over the valise, printing praa* or machine, Miuriou* bill*, kc , found In the poiaetdon of Canter. The Jury after a brief coMultation, found the prlaoaor guilty, and he wa* remanded for sentence. The Court then adjouruod uatil tv-mortow . I - - gj kxrctrnonof Pottsr at N*w HAVtw.?By the New Haven Htrald, of Monday, we And the full account of the cloung tcenei in the life of the convict Potter. On Bunday afternoon, the aacrmment of the Lord'* Hurnier wmi administered to him by the Rev. Dr. Cro?well, in the presence of the parent! and family of the prWoner. The final interview between the latter, under the trying circumitancei, wa* a moat affecting one to the beholden. During the night and morning, previoui to hit execution, the pritoner appeared to be in a prepared tite of mind, and displayed bit uaual equanimity. At 11 o'clock, on Monday morning, the military, comprising the Guard*, the Oreys, und Blues, were muttered, and performed sentinel duty throughout the proceeding!. At naif past 1 o'clock, the Kcv Messrs. Bacon and Mervin offered prayers in the cell with the prisoner. The Sheriff with his two assistants, came for the unhappy man at 4 o'clock, and conducted him to the gallowa. There was large crowd assembled around the enclosure of the jail, but] (peace and order were preserved. But a small number were admitted as witnesses within the enclosure, which was formed by stretching canrass along the front of the jail yard from the county house, to the tront corner of the law building, and another across the vardfrom the county house to the rear c jrner ot the law building , the canvass on each side reaching to the height1! of V feet. At 3 o'clock, the prisoner came out He was dresssed in a white gown girdled about the waist, and had a white oap o? his head with the lower part doubled up. sa as to leave his face and forehead I ee. He looked deHcats and rather pale, but walked to 'he foot of the ladder and ascended with a perfectly firm 'read, and al'.aough held by the arm on one side, without any assistance from those ready to support him. When on th? scaffold, he turned to the spectators, and, after a shovt pause, commenced in a clear, firm and deliberate tone of Voice, a short address to thoae around. A hurried sketch of his speeeh it as follows : ADDRESS. "My fellow men, you are assembled here under very trving circumstances?you are assembled to witness a fellow mortal sent into eternity. You all know, probablv what brought me to this; it is all familiar to your minds. You all know the first step taken in the path that has led me here. When the first step is taken in the paths of sin it is very difficult to stop." Hero be seemed faint and sat down for a moment, but very soon rose again and proceeded. "1 have felt it my duty to warn all young men, before 1 left the world. There are so many temptations around them. On every oorner of this city, wherever you turn, are those places for leading you astray; and it it in consequence of them that tnia groat affliotion hat boon brought upon mo. They have had n tendency to bring me into the potitien in which 1 am at laat placed. And those placet yet have an axil tone in all parti of the city." ''There ha* bean some effort, It 1* tine. Two peraona have been proieouted, anil one of them hai been brought to thii jail. Hit houie ia the Aral of the kind I ever entered. When I went in there I never thought of gaiag again. I had heard of such place*. bat had never been in one. One other keeper of theae houiea waa tried? and what did they do with him? They aent him home to continue hit houae. probably one of the worst in town, fining him only fifty dollars, la that all th%t the mwrala of the young men in thia city are worth? It ia attange, it it attonishing that thote placet are itill allowed to be in oxistence." " 1 have but a short time to live, and 1 want to urge it upon all young men, never to take the flrat ttep In tuch a career at mine. Over yon mountain ia my father'! home. O, think of that father 1 Ho* hit heart mutt now throb at he thinkt of the fate of hi* eon. He it well nigh crazed. O, woe to New Haven, if these placet are not broken np ! Oh ! my poor father, my heart praya to Ood that now my dayt arc ended, thote placet will be annihilated. Are there not holy men enough in New Haven to accomplith it 1 1 hope now at I leave thii world, my voice will warn all young men. Oar deeiret and pattioni are to strong, that it require* a very little to lead.ut astray. 1 clote here by warning all young mon never to lollow in my ttept. " All know how 1 was brought up. I had the beat instructions a Christian father oould give. Still temptation led me away, and I have come to thia. " And pow I want to aay a word to my Saviour. He it preciou* to me. My Impenitent friend*, I would not change my condition with you. Oh! you are under the wrath of Ood. 1 hope you will attend to that which ia the moat important of all, making your peaoe with Ood. Do not put it off. Thii putting It off only leadt you every minute further away from Ood. " And now I am agoing to die. In a very few minute* I shall stand before my OoH But yet there it mercy. The blood of Christ atonoa for all, and I entreat you all to attend to that subject." Here he sat down, and remained sitting with kit handkerchief to his face, leaning forward and retting on hit hand, and listened to the prayer Upon the scaffold, the Rev. Mr. Oleaveland, standing by his tide, again invoked the clemency of the Deity for the criminal, and pleaded the Savior'* blood in extenuation of hit guilt and for hit forgivenett. Immediately afterwards they commenced to tie his arms behind him, bv the elbowt, leaving hit hands somewhat free. While thia wat being done, at he had done when he had ascended the tcaffold. he looked calmly up at the rope that dangled above hit head, and around upon the arrangement! for hit death, with the roost perfect caimnesi. There waa not the ilightett trembling during the whole ; no flinching of the eye or tremor of the voice, though he tpoke with great feeling. The helter wat then placed around hit neck and the knot adjusted with great care by Deputy Sheriff C'arr. The Sheriff then diew the cap over his face, and all being ready, all thote on the acafiuld having first apparently at hit requett, thaken hands with him, detccnued, leaving him standing as firm and computed at before Dep. flhnriS- Kr-. n.. .1 ..1? 1 ?- * - described, and Potter stood on the last plank of timo with but the flight iron plug to sustain him from eternity. The Shcriti, standing on the ground, takes the lever in his hand and all ii ready. The Sheriff speaks a lowword and the condemned man, spreading open his hands, exclaims ? " Blessed Saviour, into thy hands do I commend my spiritand as the words leave his lips, he drop* heavily, and is dend. All close around. Doctors Jewett and Tarker each take hold of his pulse, to feel the last quivering flow of the blood of life. For a half a minute can he seen a heaving ol the cheit, whieh lifts the shoulders, and slightly sways the foet to mid fro ; and fer a few minute* afterward*), at intervals ?f a minute or *o, the heaving of the ohest is repeated ; but there is no movement of the limbs, and hU hands seem to rest listleasly in the grasp of the physicians. But, other than these, ne sign of life was seen from the imtant the drop fell The lever was pressed at *J8 minute* put two. The pulse was felt at the wrlat for 10 minute* and 48 seconds alter ward*, and w?s perceived at the heart IS minutes and 36 second*, when all signs of life ceased. At three o'clock the body was taken down, dreued in funeral habiliments, and delivered to hi* friend* for interment The extraordinary courage and calmness of the doomed man in meeting his dreadfin end, and the propriety of hie behaviour throughout, drew forth the wonder and praise of all, and disappointed many who may have expected anything more terrible than the *c?ne really wee?terrible enough though it waa to all there, and not eaaiiy to be forgotten?a tearful human *acrifice this, Moding a living soul out of the world, and back to hi* Creator, as unAt to dwell on even this bad earth. Case of Shelby for tu Murder or Horixb. ?Effigies of Jitdoe Bucexer and tie Eight Jraoas, wHe wui roa Ac<tuiTTine Snilbt, fcc fee ? You will have seen, by the paper* of thi* oity, that Lafayette Shelby, who murdered a Mr. Horine, in Lexington last spring, i* now at large upon bail?a mii-trial having been entered in the circuit court, Judge Buckner presiding, on account of the failure of the jury to render a verdict. Siuce the discharge of the prieoner upon a recognizance of $10,000, the excitement in the pablle mind has been daily increasing. Handbill* denouncing the iudire. Mr. Clav. the volunteer coubmI <if th? nriuin. er, arid the eight jurors who war* understood to hav* bean for the acquittal of Shelbv, ware circulated ovec the town; and tho raoit superficial observer ceuld not fail to discern the deep and irritated eonditien ot the public mind. To-day, an ope a demonstration of the popular feeling wa? made, and for a time threateaed the MOit serious consequencea. At daylight, the efllgies of Judge Bucknerand the eight jurors ware found suspended oj the neck immediately in front of tha Court-house door; and an attempt on the part of tha jailor to remove them was met with such adetarained resistance by tha getter* up of tWfcmgies tlflu no further effort to remove them was ma4T At ten o'clock a crowd of from >,0*0 to 6,000 peouUpVom theXOunty and of tha city had assembled in thejjourt-houle yard: and an addrass was mad* to the* Jiyrolonel Robert J. Wilson, approving of ohis expre* ?Wrof the popular indignation, and Jenouflling Judge B. and the jurors; after which, series of resolution* were passed unanimously, the substance ol which wa* to Condemn the jud^e, and asking hi* unconditional resignation, and providing forth* taking down and burning of the efllgies. After some further proceedings, the figures were taken down, and oarriad in procession through the principal streets. Upon Judge B.'s effigy a label was to be seen of " The Judg* without justice," and his name in front. Upon the figure* of the jurert, A band played the " Rogue's March;" and at length tha prooeaaiou stopped intrant of the Court-houae; the afllfiai were piled up, the Judge on top, and ware consumed y Are, the musicians playing tha " dead march" tha while. An hour ago the isanienae crowd diaperaed in good arder. after an announcement of a meeting for tonight. A motion waa made thia morning in the magistrate'! court?thia being County Ceurt day?to ramora the flgurea; but the Juatlcea vary prudently declined taking any atep In the matter. It wat laid that Mr. . Clay'a emgy waa hung up at tha market houaa, but I r dU not aae it; and I am inclined to doubt tha lact. though he waa denounced in general and bitter terma by tha crowd for hia apeech upon tha trial. I will write yon again should anything el*e occur in relation to thia moat exciting matter.? Leainglon (Ay) Ltttmr, July IS, in tkt Wtittrn Union The I.oniaville Journal of tha lAth inat. aaya i?A nr mor gnii.e I circulation here on Tueaday night, that mob had taken place at Loiington, caused by the disagreement of the .lury in tha ca?e of Lafayette Shelby, : who waa tried laat week be'jre ?Le Kayette circuit court on a charge of murder, anl^^o wa< afterwnr.la admitted to bail The Lexington Ohttrttr of yeaterilay, publisher the preliminary proceedings of a meeting of some of the citizens, which we api>end, and haa a long editorial deprecating mot>?, but rcmarki that "any muj of reflection could hare lote?ecn that aomethirig like the popular exhibition of Monday would take olace," and that the resolutions Dubhaiie I heliw mav rim anm* ait. equal* 1'le.i of them. Tn* Ohitrvrr eay* nothing of what did tulle place W e learn verbally that tha reeolutioa* were canted into effect. [From th.? Lexington Obeenrer and Reporter] Tho committee, (except Nathan Pavna and Jatnea H*a<ler?on?Payne pleaded that hl? office precluded him from acting, and Henderton teld he would not act without I\?yrie.) m<*t at the court home, pmmant to reiolution, and went into hnclnen The following reaolatiou* war* ui.snmouly adopted, Ti* !? 1le?olv?*d, That the peopla of the city of Lexington and count) of Fayette, dia-ipprove of the court* 01 th* judge and jury. In the ca?e ol Lafayette Shelby. Reaolred, Th?t If Horine had ahot Shelby, he (Hotine) would have been hung before the going down of the next day'a tun Rcnolved. That inasmuch ai money,and the Influence of ihc ari'tocacy of thi* count. , haa Tir.uallv cleared Lnfavette Shelby th?t we. the people aaaenhled, dim* prove of the courae of that Jury * Reaolved. That the judge of the Fayatt* circuit oo?rt be, and he ii hereby requested to renlgn. Reiolred, That the eight juror* and the Judge b* ?? 4own from th*lr preaeiit banging poaitloa, at |r* aalontef put el* von o'clock, tad be m?rcl?4 round Ut* itW *(