Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 23, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 23, 1846 Page 2
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JVEW* YORK HERALD. hew York, Thur?i*v, July '43, 1HM. CoiiKreulunil TblrtyThlrd Week of the Srulon^The Tariff. The tariff is dniKgnijjjulong slowly, but not so Kurely as its friend* anticipated. Wo do not look for a vote before Monday or Tuesday next. Senator Camerou, of Pennsylvania, defended the bill of 1842 ably, and reminded the administration of tho measures resorted to by the party in his State to secure the election of their candi dates. It appears that there are eight or nine democratic Senators?independent of those who have avowed their determination to vote against it? opposed to the new Tariff bill in the shape it came from the lower house, but how many ol these eight will voto against it, remains in doubt. All who vote for it must vote against their own judgment, and in opposition to what they must consider the best interests of the country.? If they vote for the new tarilf bill they must sacrifice those interests lbr their party. These Senatort arc Mettr* Dix, Dickinson, Benton, Cats, Semple, Hnyrrard, li'innegan, and Breete. Mr. Calhoun is opposed to the ad valorem principle, and to the great revolution in our commercial system this bill will produce, and it is our impression that he will recommend some amendments We wish to place the names of those Senates before the country, that the people may see in urKnao ?- - - - * - ' itMiviD uioii iiuon:?i8 resi, inai mey may I judge them by their acts. When a measure litre this it brought foward, a measure afi'ecting to ome extent the interests of every man, and when the two parties are so equally divided in relation to its merits, it becomes a matter of very serious consideration with every Senator having a vote upon tlie question, what course he will pursu? in the premises?whether he will hesitate between hu party and the real interests ot' his country. If the necessities of the country really required a repeal of the present act, the whole question would bear a different complexion, but euch is net the case. It is an experiment of the most desperate character, and an immense responsibility devolves upon those having in their hands the disposal of this mighty matter. The Oregon Treaty and tlie Senate. We have extracted from the Philadelphia North American the documents connected with the Oregon treaty, and which formed the basis of discussion of the convention proposed by Great Britain for the settlement of this dispute. These documents we publish in extento in this day's paper, and it will be perceived that they bear us out in 1 the statement we made a few days since, that the fight of navigating the Columbia is confined te the 1 Hudson Bay Company during its charter, which expires in 1863. There is a mystery hanging over the publication of these documents, that the Senate owe to themselves and the country to explain. An in- | junction of secresy was imposed on all the debates and documents connected with the convention; and before that injunction is removed, and while the Union states that they cannot publish them, we see the secrets ot the Senate Chamber given to the world in a daily public journal. How did this take place 1 Which member of the Senate has , abused thn trust r?nnui1 liim orwl 1 parliamentary usage and moral obligation so outrageously as to give publicity to these important j documents 1 We trust the Senate will investigate the matter, and promptly expel the offender. It was but a ^ year or two ago that a similar outrage was perpetrated, and an important treaty published in a ' Wall street paper before the injunction of secresy ; was removed from the Senate. Affairs in Mexico.?The letters that have appeared in the London Timet from Mexico, have lately attracted somo attention; and it will not, I therefore, be uninteresting to bo made acquainted with the writer. The correspondent is Mr. Thomas Worrail, a native of Liverpool, England. He is a very intimate friend of Mr. Morphy, the genUeman who has gone to Mexico on a secret mission from England. He is also well known to Mr. Paken- ; ham, lately the British Charge d'Affaire*, in Mexi. j co ; and we think it possible, that Mr. Pakenham ! may have him pointed out to the proprietors of the Timet, as a fit and proper person to correspond 1 with them. We believe that Mr. Worrail went to Mexico in 1334, as partner in an English commercial house; but three years afterwards he left it, and commenced business on his own account as bill broker, and agent for the sale of government securities. Hitherto he has done pretty wen, ana u Santa Anna were restored to power, would be much better. The Timn could not have chosen a better repreventative in Mexico than Mr. Wo'rall, for he moves in the first circles there, has access to the best sources of information, and possesses great literary, as well as commercial attainments. Capital Potnsh.mxnt.?We notice that Howard, the murderer, who was lately hanged in New Hampshire, stated before his death that had he known that he was to have been hung, he would not have committed the murder ; his idea being that the law had been altered, and the sentence would be imprisonment for life. This in a measure explains the feeling which desperate murderers have in relation to their pnnishment. The idea that the dread of life imprisonment is ?o great as that of death, is absurd in the extreme. The fact Is, that many desperate characters in these days of " reform," plan and commit mur- | der, with the explicit belief that the Fourier and 1 universal abolition philosophers of the present time, will exert themselves in their behalf, and obtain for them full pardon, or a commutation of punishment to imprisonment for life. The new theories which have been lately broached upon the subject of capital punishment, have spread themselves among all classes of society, so that even judges and jurors are tinctured with them. Understanding this feeling, and knowing that so soon as arrested as a murderer, he will excite the sympathies of a class of sickly sentimentalists, a man who is so hardened as tocommit a murder, is willing to risk his chance of hanging, fully believing that the various causes we have mentioned will prevent it. If murderers were sure that death would be the certain result of their crime, they would be much lesa abundant than at present. < 'ALIVOMIA ExPBniTIo*.? A* fnlnnel Stm?n- I non's regiment is now completed, they will be prepared to muster in a few days. It was a mistake of one oi the Wall street papers, which stated that they mustered at the Arsenal Yard on Tuesdayafternoon. They will, probably, muster on Monday or Tuesday next, when they will immediately proceed to Fort Hamilton ; when, after drilling a few weeks, they will sail for the Pacific. Several of the companies have been inspected; and, taken as a whole, they are as flnelooking and capable a set of men as ever marched in their country's service. As the razee Inde- | pendenoe, is to mil from Boston for the Pacific, on or before the 9th of August next, it is highly probable that she will aot as a eon voy to the expedition. She bears the broad pennant of Com. Shu brick. NaimjcxxT SnrrxuM. ? The old board of brokers appropriated two hundred and fl I ty dollars for the relief of the sufferers by the recent fire in Nantucket. This is liberal, and very creditable to the members of that body. We would like to see the rich religious corporations of this city cr-ie forward and do the same thing .When any oL-n table object is to be accomplished, the stockbrokers of this city are invariably the first to move in the marter. There is much mere virtue | a wan Kreer tn*n r.n? aeruxen* o! that plane )? * endit for The Progress of the Revolution In Knflmnd? The Democratic Tendency of the Ago. The course of parties and events in England for the last few years, and particularly since the French revolution and the downfall of Napoleon, has been of such a character as to excite the interest and attention of the rest of th? world. The extraordinary occurrences tha*. marked the rile and progress of that great eveut, are yet fresh in the memory of tnany of the present generation, who saw, for the first time in the world, a great nation suddenly throw off the shackles that hound them, for centuries, at the feet of an aristocracy ; and at the mayic command of a man, whom the circumstances of the time raised from obscurity to be the deposer of crowns and kingdoms, marshal their strength, and inflict the most signal retribution on their oppressors throughout Europe. These results directed men's minds into n new channel of thought. - The divine right of kings to goverti was freely and openly discussed by the masses of the people ; the result of which was that the majority discarded it, and many who religiously believed in its existence, were induced to be carried with the majority,and alter their opinions by the force of example. The same results, too, operated on kings and rulers. The signal example proiuced by the revolution, and the immense power that a leader, whose authority was based upon the affections of his people, had ncquired, taught them that any government that legislated for the interests of a few, at the expense of the many, was liable to be overturned by a combination of the elements of discordand, dissatisfaction among the body of the people. These few remarks will prepare the reader to give his attention to the history of England for the last few years, and will enable him to perceive that the mighty changes that have occurred , in that country within that time are traceable to the lessons taught by the French revolution, and me progress 01 democratic principles. The first ?f these measures of change or reform was what is commonly called the Emancipation i Bill. The agitation of a change in the laws of England, by which five wr six millions of people were placed on a religious equality with the rest of the nation, was commenced by a man of the people, whose influence was derived from the hold he had on their affections and respect. This moasurc was granted when the body of the people insisted tipon it, and was a severe blow to the religious aristocracy. The aristocracy sustained another blow by the 1 passage of the income tax and the Catholic endowment bill, both of which created a tremen- 1 dous excitement at the time they were proposed. These were blows aimed directly at the aristocracy or privileged few, and cat off some of the perquisites they had enjoyed from time immemorial. Sir Robert Peel was always an admirable tactician, and knew how to try the pulse of the nation in the most accurate and scientific manner. The masses had suffered so much from taxation that the people were ready to rebel; and when the exi- 1 gencies ot an expensive government required furthnr loviua tn fill >*j ^ ? ?1 ? *' *~ ----- .W..WW ^ tut Itg vuiic:i?y UC tllUSC I UlUCT IU J)fOpose a measure that would inflict this additional burden on the aristocracy, than encounter n revolution that might have followed a proposal to inflict greater taxation on the masses. The expert- ; ment succeeded, and was followed by others of a ' more extraordinary kind. We come now to the principal movement in favor of the masses. For centuries the people of Great Britain had suffered from the odious corn | law system, which prevented the importation of food, even in case of a famine, anless at a rate ; that would prevent all competition with the aristocratic landed interest ol that country. But the people knew their own strength, and were determined to have the odious system repealed. They accordingly marshalled their forces, and placed themselves under the direction of one of their own number ; and in the short space of five years, so vigorous a front did they show, and so great was the pressure against the system, that the first Minister of the government, himself, proposed the repeal of those very laws which he had himself hitherto supported and upheld, and carried it successfully through all opposition. Here then we see a tremendous triumph by the masses over the privileged few ; and a case, too, that threatens the loss ol the North America^ colonies of Eng- , land. We think from all these premises it is safe to say that the great masses ?f the English people are gaining strength every year?that the people are beginning to get the asccndancy, or in other words that the country is in a state of transition, ! and is emerging from a state of aristncracv t/i ? state of democracy?shaking off the excrescences , of centuries, wiping off the cobwebs of old usages and privileges, and are determined to imitate the example of their kindred in the western world.? In confirmation of this view we refer our readers to an editorial article which lately appeared in the leadirg English paper, the London Timet, ol the 25th ult. It is as follow*:? It is po(tibia that the crisis ?a are approaching may be t pasted m dry-shod aa soma former embarrasamenta. But ' thara are avila which aurvive tha oriaia, and axtead far beyond tha flrit authora and vicUma of a great retractation. 8u?piciona, reaentmenta, indignations, revenges, letter under the surface of patched up neutralities ana friendships. A (till more oertain and palpable train ot ! Ill-consequences threatena ua atthia moment The buiiM of the nation, which haa been delayed, impeded, neglected, and injured in every poaaible way liy the an. Sry and protracted diacuaaion( on the Corn bill, ia now rought to a audden atop. The accidents of one man have thrown tha whole machine out of order. Measures long desiderated, long designed, long promiaed, at length are introduced in their native rudeneaa, demanding the moat cautious revision. The minister reaigna, and they are again indefinitely postponed. With one great excep- . tion the whole year ia wasted. SangtJnt wen are itgin- ' nin/t quilt to tletpair of ever teeing Parliament terioutly and effectually addrttt ititlf to the curt of our (real tori al evilt They are beginning to tee no remedy except in I tomt muck more tponlaneout. not to tay democratic, form of gevrmmtnt than that which hidtt Ike alternate atcendancy of partiet and their leaden under an immutable tovrrtignty. What prospect is there next year that more will be done than in thia ) The struggles of a weak government with a weak oppoaition, threaten to eat up the forthcoming seaaion. This year Peel going out and Lord John coming in paraliae the logi.ilature.and atop the piogresa of the nation. Next year, not improbably, Lord John gradually loaing his ground, and Sir Robert gradually regaining it?one ministry again on ita last legs, and another again following up its advantage?one again diaappointing, and another again promising?will divert the attentioiiof parliament from the most pressing wants and moat abiding intereats, till, with a whole year's work half done, aome great party or personal crista cuta abort the session and destroys tha legislative year. There will ahortiy be a universal demand that the business of this great empire shall be put on aome more stable and regular footing. It cannot afford to wait while political nvsls are settling or aggravating their diflerencea, fortifying their positions, adjusting and amoothing their ruffled consistenciea, or otherwise consulting their private convenience. It requires s greater conunuity and certainty of operation. The words in this article marked in italias are i full of meaning, when we take the other matters mentioned in this article into consideration. The fact is, that England is in a state of transition, and many of the present day may live to see it a democratic country ; it will b? interesting to watch the progress of the election that will take place in that oountrv in the event of the dissolution of Parliamen; and it will be equally interesting to ascertain the result of the elections which are to take place in Franoe on the first of next month. The progress of democratic sentiment is so rapid in these two nations, that even the elections now anticipated may indicate that the democratic feeling strikes deep?r into the hearts of the people than many would fain be- I lieve. The a (fairs of Europe were never of such absorbing interest to the American as now. Th* Doubtful Sto*y.?One of the Boston pupers having heard that the Great Britain had arrived here, heads the paragraph containing the rumor of her arrival, " Doubtful Story." Some one now in Boston, who made a large bet in England that the Cambria wonld beat the Monster , ..ij ..i--ii- - " j 1 ' ?uicr u?;By wuiuu |(iauij un?o u n iWilMIUl *?ory." Additional IV?wa from Mexico?'The ProepeoMr* Return of lanU Anna* [Translation* from the Havana Papers.) A vessel which sailed from Vera Cruz, attemptiug to break the blockade, was seized by the boat* of the blockading squadron. In the chase, every thing was thrown overboard with the exception of a few boxes of pitch ; even the water was started. The crew of the vessel captured were afflicted with seurvv. On the 30th June, an America* sloop-of-war arrived at Vera Cruz, and anchored wiihin sight of the fort; the name day, an American brig-olwar was seen standing in the direction of the IslaVerde, under full sail. Names not given. The Diario del Gobierno announced that General Mrjia had t>een appointed commander-inchief of the army in the North. On the 19th ult.,several hoits of the blockading squadron lauded at Anton Liaardo, near Vera Cruz, and endeavored to purchase a supply of beef?but the owners near, refused to enter into any trade. However, the boat* carried olf by force a cow and three sheep. " They would afterwards have repeated the attempt,"savs the Mexican journal, " but a detachment of cavalry arriving, deterred the boats from another act of ' violenco. On the 21st the diplomatic corps were received by and paid their respects to the new President. A letter from Monterey, statea that a force under General Taylor comprising 6000 men, four heavy pieces of artilleryfefluid 30 wagons, had proceedrd to Reynosa, for fne purpose of establishing a permanent depot. The decree published by the Mexican Congress orders: 1-t. That during the existing war, the call for resources { hull be proportioned as may seem ! most just and fit, without infringing upon the Soods of private individuals or companies; and int aid shall be distributed moat conducive to national defence. 2d. That in making use of the national revenue, it shall be as far as possible, appropriated to the uses to which it has been heretofore assigned 3d. That be adopted for the payment of the national debt. 4th. That measure* shall be taken for the better regulation and increase of the national revenue, and that the different departments be con suited to this effect The revolutionary movement in Jalisco did not wiem to be well received by the people, and Gen. Guzman had succeeded in dispersing the forces under Sr. Juan Alvarez. The last accounts had represented the province as being restored to present quiet. The revolutionary party were concentrated at Guadalajara. At the Isla-Verda on the 18th, there were collected several vessels of war. An American fri- | gate and brig among them. At Sacrificios, an j English steamer and sloop; a Spanish frigate and brig, and a French brigand sloop. Another English frigate was also met near the harbor. The Mexican papers were full of lists of donations for the sustaining of the war. The Ctfmanches and Lipans still continued their depredations In the Departments of Durango and Chihuahua. A military force sent agaipst them had been routed, it was stated that the enmity of the Indians was excited by Americans, as several had been seen with their attacking parties. On the 23d, a severe shock of an earthquake was felt at Vera Cruz, but without causing any damage. EXTRACT FROM A LETTER OF SANTA ANNA. " Should the fortreia of San Juan d'Ulloa second the many call* upon ma from other portions of Mexico, it will be deemed decided evidence that my country is convinced that, in banishing, great injustice haa been done to me. So direct a mode of annouucing my innocence of having shaped my public course in no instance, except in the way believed moat conducive to the good of the republic, must occasion me to feel it obligatory upon me to obey with earnest affection the wishea of the nation; and I will immediately proceed from this to the post in question. As, however, it naa not been my uesire to inienere wnn ine measure! 01 uie proeut administrator of my country's destinies, it will not be expected of me to enter Mexico unless I have the counte ; nance and (upport of the gallant soldiery and citizens of the fortress and city of Vera Cruz. "General Parades was instrumental in supplanting my own government with that of Hen-era; his having himself, subsequently, supplanted the government which overthrew mine, is proof, en hi* part, that he alio did me injustice; and, inasmuch as I am aware of the existing necessity for whomsoever is in power, to consider it, by virtue or the oath of office, obligatory upon him to'uphold his position, I shall deem the measures which General Pareues may consider requisite to avert my return, as in no way personal towards myself, but as acts,which, i by law, he is called upon to perform, in order to sustain it. I shall not, therefore, deem General Paredes my enemy. My wishes are for the prosperity of my country." [From the New Orleans Picayune, July 12.1 By the arrival of the revenue cutter McLane, Captain Howard, we have received advices from Havana to the 2d inst. and have gathered from the officers of the cutter some hints as to the designsof Santa Anna upon Mexico, and other information of interest from the Island of Cuba. We ara glad to be informed by Captain Howaid that there is not the least prospect that privateers will be allowed to be fitted out at Havana to depredate upon American commerce. It is the firm determination ot the Spanish admiral to allow no evasion of the treaties between Spain and the United States. This determination the officer* of the McLane have no doubt he will re- i ligiously adhere to, and Castilisn faith i* proverbial. In regard to the two Mexican (teamen lying at Ha- I vana, they are still protected bv the English colors which they array. They have been offered for sate to the authorities of the island, and the probability is that the Captain General will purchase the iron vessel, > the Guadaloupe. The Montezuma is said to be " hogged" and of course not worth much. Neither of them will be allowed to leave Havana with the intent to cruise against our commerce. It was the general belief in Havana that upon the anival of the English steamer ef the 0th inst., for Vera t Ion fianta Ann. A laa... ? ?Uk VI. Iriend* Almonte and Rejon, for Mexico. This determination on the part of the ex-President hai been formed upon hii receiving anurancei that the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa would, upon his arrival, declare in hia favor. Gen Santa Anna expressed himself freely In regard to the war with the United State*, and avowed hii resolution of doing all in hi* power to prosecute it vigorously against ua. Tbia is in fact the only course which he can purine under the circumstance* in which Mexico ia placed, for ao inflamed i* the animosity of the Mexicans at present gainst tbe United State* that it would be fatal for a public man directly to attempt to stem the current. Frem all that we can learn of tbe tone of feeling in Mexico, tbe two great Departments of Vera Cruz and Tamaulipas have lor nne time been ripe for throwing off tbe yoke of Paredes, and placing Santa Anna again in power. Intelligent gentlemen here, familiar with the politica of the country, anticipate confidently that the next arrival will bring ua new* that Tamaulipa* ha* already revolted, under Uea. Parrodi, who i* a fait iriond of tbe ex-President. Our previou* advice* from the Department on the Pacific, and the latest menage of Paredei himself, have hown ui how exteniive is the disaffection there. We look then for the downfall of Parede* at an early day. It was the general opinion in Havana, and circumstance* seemed to warrant the supposition, that Santa Anna would aail for Vera Cruz in the English brig of war Darien; but Capt. Howard doubts if, under the circumstances, the commander of that vessel would assume the responsibility of taking him to Mexico. Snould he go on tbe steamer, another gucstion would nriM. whether CommoHnra ronnar ihnnM allow Kim ? land, bii purposes being fully declared of taking an active part in tne proaecution of the war. Sasta Anna to Don Houvlo i>e la Vega. Havana, June 6, 1840. Mr Dsab Faunn?I hare learned, from the public 1 paper* lately received from Louiaiana, with great sorrow, that you have been taken priaoner, and brought to New Orleans aa auch, with three other officers, in consequence of the diaaatroua battle of the 0th tilt., in the Held of La Palma, a lew milea diatant from our city of iMatamorma Being out of our country, and forbidden to return to ita territory, it it truly painful to me to he nnnhle to offer in peraon. at thia time, the services which 1 have alwaya offered in her greatest conflicts. It is equally painful to me to be unable to take a share in the dangers of the meritorious army of the republic, with whoso blood I have mingled my own, in the defence of the sacred rights of the nation; and I have no choice left me, in which I can gratify my patriotic feelings, but to tender rey resources, as nr as tney will extend, to my companions in arms, who are in misfortunos like yourV This is what 1 now hasten to do, hoping that you, and the three other officers with you, will draw on me monthly for amounts equal to your respective pav, under the assurance that your letters will be promptly honored. Present my friendly salutations te your companions, and inform me if I can, in any other way, serve you. Your moet devoted Friend, ANTONIO LOPEZ DE PANTA ANNA. Opinion im Spain or thi Mexican War.? The New Orleans Picayvnt of the 14th inst. gives the following article from the Madrid Eco dtl Comercio, relative to the war in Mexico:? Hoatiliti?* bar* already commenced on the frontier of Texas between the Mexican republic ami the United States, and this war may very posaitily terminate in the incorporation of the California* into the American Union Throagh the English papera we learn that some tkirmishes had already taken place between the Mexican! commanded by General Ampudia, and the American troopi under General Taylor. The attention of Europe i* now turned to that quarter, and the Tiimpa. a .Ma in 1 paper, iremi to lament the impending fete of Mexico. Kor oar part, we cannot bring ourselvei to consider it m so very unfortunate It ii not the interests of Spanish pos* eaaion that we km now to consider, but of two foreign nations, equally entitled to our good will and sympathy. We view all men a* brethren; and actuated by this reeling, we tend up oar prayers for the pence and prosperity of the Mexi> cam. But, let us aak, are they happy now T After thirty yean of political turmoil, hare they made any advance in population, in commerce, in industry, in nationality I .\nd what would have been at this moment the actuation of the Mexican provinces, with s government, habiti and customs similar to those of the nation . hom th*y are at war? Prosperous, respectable, like thsir neighbor!.'i'0 *lcb>n*? for the Califomias, the Mexicans can r-v~ - mo wim k ui? m-mecuon 01 urn powerful MUoo, It will i*4ouii4 to &r own bwwAt, Md tto I i ! California* wfl ?l?o U utl gainer* by the chaoge; for from a \lexica*Dro*iru'^W will become one of the United State*, free, Wealthy, and strong, a jewel of immen*e vain* from Its pritten, a* it* port* will furniah great outlet* forth* commerce of the State* with the Pacific, the only thing which 1* now wanting to make the American eagle great and formidable in both the American tea*. The Tirmpo need not waste much pity on the Maxi; cans, if at some future time they come to form a port of the AoMrican Uoiw ; for then indeed wilt tbajr be prosperous and happy and in lependent. They will be powerful also, as members of a powerful nation : and wise law* will secure to them the most inestimable blessing which heavenoaabestow on man?peace and quiet. Oh, that it were given to us to obtain these blessings at the same price aa ow Mexican brethren ! Incidents, ke , of the War. Lm Patri* of flew Orleans of gundav says that many persons beljer*, and some of tha Northern papers have ststed. that the U. 8 Government pays Gen. Vega and , the other Maaican officers, now prisoners of war amongst I us. the amoaat of their expense* since they left the army. But, oar contemporary adds, it is well informed that Oen. Vega aa l the other officers have paid tbeir own expenses since their arrival here, and intend doing the same during their stay in the United States; that, alj though it la true Oen. Taylor gave Orn. Vega a letter or credit vk?n ha rtna tn thta rilv ha hta lint uutil it nor does he intend making any use of it, as he oousi.Jers that himself end officers with him, being here on their | parole, should pay their own ex(>enkei. Army Intelligence. Three companies of the 3d Infantry arrived here | yesterday en rouit for Point Isabel, anH are quartered at Governor'* Island. These eompaniea are, I two of them from Beckett's Harbor and one from Oswego. The companies from Sackett's Harbor were B, I Capt Smith, Lieut. Vessels ; F, Lieut. Lyons, command ing. From Oswego, company O, Lieut. Patten, commanding. Oen. Brady, of the U. S. Army, left Richmond on the i 30th inat. on his way to the South. I The conpany of U. S. Dragoons heretofore stationed j at Austin, left on Tuesday, the 16th inst. for San Anto; nio.?jiuttin (Ttxat) N*w Era, Junt 27. A corps of volunteers from Missisitippi, which arrived ; at Galveston a few days sinoe, has been enrolled by Col. I Seefeldt as Texan volunteers, under the requisition of 1 Gov Henderson. They will compose one of the tour i companies required to All the requisition of Gen. Taylor. They were furnished with arms by Capt. B. O. Payne, ' who has been appointed to fill the command at Galveston 1 lately occupied by Lient Kingsbury. This corps ia ijiiu uw uiaiuuruo muiineu, aou la cunimantieu uy Capt. Shivora. We understand that aeven companies of oluntMra from the Red river countiea, consisting of 499 men, are near Sen Antonio, on the mareh for the army. These eompaniea will probably more than fill the requialtion of the Governor.?Houston (Ttxtu) Tele graph, July 1. Four eompaniea of Miaaiaaippi volunteer* came down on the Cora and were taken to the barracka on Sunday evening. under command of Major Bradford, viz : ? Marshall Ouarda, Capt. Taylor; Yazoo Vulunteera, Capt. Sharp- Tom Bigbise Volunteera, Capt Kogera;and LaAyette Volunteer*, Capt. Delay; 370 men in all.?NeuOrUant Jeffertonian, July 14. Oeneral Oaine* arrived in Baltimore on Monday and left in the Norfolk boat for Old Point, to attend the Court of Inquiry that ha* been ordered on hi* case by the War Department. The moat we apprehend, that can be made out against the veteran, will be, that in his zeal for the public aervice, he may have gone beyond hi* instruction*. ?Baltimore PatriotThe Cincinnati, Capt.C. O. Pearce, from Louiaville, i arrived last evening. She brought down the aix eompaniea of the first regiment of Indiana Volunteers, 1 under command of CoL James P. Drake.?JV. O. Delta, July 12. ?? Naval Intelligence. The steamship Masaachuaett* wa* aeen on the 11th lnat off the Balize, atanding for the 8. W. Pass. Theatrical and Musical. Bowcav THiiTK.?Thiaiplendid eitabliahment continue* to maintain it* standing and popularity. Notwithstanding the unfavorable atate of the weather, a very large audience attended the performance* la*t evening Theie were the comedy of "How to Die for Love," and the great dramatic (peotacle the " Yew Tree Ruin*.'1? Mr. Wemyia, a* Captain Dlumenfelt, performed hi* part to admiration, and elicited continued round* ofapplauie. The tame may be laid of Mr. Clarke in Captain Thaiwech?indeed all the character* were well *u*tained,and the piece wa* performed throughout in capital style.? The "Yew Tree Ruins" increase* in popular favor, and will no doubt amply repay the enterpriiing manager for the immense outlay it nas cost him in having it produced. It i* but seldom that the theatre-going community have an opportunity of witnessing such a gorgeous spectacle as this, and we recommend all who have not seen it to do so immediately. The improvement* and addition* to the orcheitra, and the corps Hramatiqve. have given a fresh impetus to this hou?te, and it i* destined to s, if posiible, a more attractive place of amuiement than ever before, in faying this, we speak the sentiment* of Castle Garden.?This magnificent place of resort is open during the day and evening. In tne evening a variety ol beautiful compositions of the German and lta- j linn masters arc executed by a fine orcheitra, under the direction of Mr. Meyrer. There are upwards of one huo- j dred coamoramaa. splendidly lighted up with gaa. The refreshments are excellent, ana the air ia cooler thaa in any other place in the city. City Intelligence* Weather.?" Who saw the sun to day," or rather who has seen it for a week, i < the question which has nuw taken the precedence of all others. The " oldest inhabitant" has given up and retired in disgust to California.? Yesterday it was showery again all day, and everything seems more like April than July. When shall we have fine weather. Board of Educatm*.?A third special meeting of the Board waa called for yesterday evening. A quorum not being present, the meeting was dissolved. Firf?A fire broke out last evening, ahout'half-past 7, in the furniture store of Brainard k Co. No. 171 Chatham street. It was caused by the bursting of a cnmphene lamp, and was soon extinguished. It is strange people will use this dangerous stuff when gaa can be had. The African Clareson Societt.?This is an association of colored persons, instituted for benevolent purposes. The election for officers takes place annually in the month of June. At the last elec'ion a new set of officers were elected. The old officers allege that the election, in consequence of some informality, is illegal and void, , and refuse to give mi the banners and other paraphernalia of the society. Their opponents issued wnt of re- 1 plevin on Tuosday, and yesterday entered into the usual bond to test the validity of the election before Judge Edmonda, ard afterwards took possession of the banner*, 4cc. Military Lecture.?Prof. Mahan will deliver the last of his course of lectures to the military ef New York, in the Trophy room, Araenal, entrance ia Franklin st, tills evening, commencing at S o'clock. Mrs. Carroll's Baths.?Mr*. Carroll's Vapor Baths, Sulphur, Iodine, and othera, are still located at 184 Fnlten street, opposite St Paul's church. During these sudden changes of the weather nothing is so beneficial in keep ing the system in a healthy condition, as one of Mrs. Carroll'* r>por bath*. The Toiacco Insfectio* Blmldino.?This is a splendid building, situated at foot ef Clinton street, where all tobacco cargoes, landing in this port, undergo the ordeal of inspection. As a public department it embraces a very important branch ot our commercial business, and possesses vast capabilities for the transaction of this important branch of trade. In moving along the wharves, one ia struck with the perpetual bustle and activity that prevail in thia vicinity. The vessels from the southern port* all put in at the wharves here, also the Great Biitain and Great Western, and the large cargoes of tobacco brought, from the south are stowed up in the building. It was built in 1034, by the much respected and late p<??t ik. i>~.?1 ?< a ??. 1ij Nathaniel Pierce, Esq., and ia Terr spacious, and capable of storing 0000 hhda. of tobacco. It containa lis floor* ; and the front on the river i? 181 feet, the depth of the building being 147 feet. Thi* enormoui bulk ef building hai alio an attic itory. and there is a mite of ground cellar*, for the atorage of *ugar, molaises, kc , which are both high and dry. These cellar* are nine in number, each 147 feet 'deep by 20 feet wide, and are, it appear*, excavated from the utural toil. The pauage of (he Warehou'e law will, we understand, give it an additional importance. A Nbw Fountain ?Sealed propoial* will be received at thi* office, and at the office of the atreet inspector, for erecting a fountain in the large sheet of water in Nasiau stroet, directly opposite our office. Why should not we have a fountain there 1 It is not quite so large as the Park pond, but it is almost aa dirty. Thi:* Bitxtcnc*.?We took an inventory ef the occupants of them " bass wood" benches ) esterday, and found them to consist of four pocket book droppers, with green horns by their sides, three negroes, two old women, and three fresh codfish which were lying there repotingin the spray of the fountain. Stealing Pantaloons.?As a little girl, about years of age, the daughter of a Mr Clark, in Rivington street, i was petsing through Catharine stieet on Monday afternojn, with two pairs of unfinished pantaloons, she was accosted liy a woman dressed in deep mourning, who re quested her to go down the street aad purchase her tome oranges. The little girl, suipectlng nothing, left the pantaloons with the 7oman, and after getting the orangei, came back aud found that both woman and pantaloom had vanished The pantaloona were worth eight dollars. Rosacav or a Si.oor.?The iloep William Blain, Capt. Siison, lying at the foot of Delancey atreet, waa robbed on Monday night of one chest and contents, two coats, one desk, and one watch. The thief must have been a ly one, as the captain and mate were asleep in the cabin, close by the chest The Ca? Nciiancb.?It is unlvortally admitted that ex-May or Havemeyeris entitled to the gratitude ef the travelling community for the valuable reforms he made in the cab nnd hsckney roach nuisance. The drivers ef these vehicles wtre, under his administration, kept within proper honnds; and for one sea*on, at all events, tra. veliers could go on board or. and leave the steamboats, without having their baggage IJieihu torn from them, or incurring the risk of being Jostled off the docks. The evil, however, Is not yet cured, and we hope Mr. Mlckle will carry out the measures of his predecessor, by ?ta- | tioning a competent force of the Star police at the numerous steamboat landings. The landing at the foot of Courtlandt street requires a stronger police to be there at the time the Philadelphia trains come in, than there generally is. Every evening a crowd of jarviee^of eve J "*s , r:onnr?n?i? aronnfl mi* ilip, ina nigc? up treeti. ?n1olnin(f, no u to miki It matter of peraonal ri?k to leave the bout We hope Mr. Mayor Mickle will direct the attention of the proper officer* to thl* flip, end have a police force stationed there tufflcient to imprea* upon tho-e Jehu* that the ei\joyment of right* la not confined to jarviea alone, but that travellers have their'* likewife. CeaoffKR'i Ornca, Jplt 92?Fund Drttwnti ?The Coroner held an inquett renterday, at No. Ml Weal l?th treet, on the body of Matthew rftikea, born in Ireland, and W year* of age, who wm* fonad floating 1* the dook foot of lMk rtreet, North lUver. VeHfcit, (o*mi 4l*W?e4 porting Intelligence. TboTTIKU TMK IlllLdl TllCt, YEtTB?B*T ? I Thar* hai bean considerable excitement for aome Jars put, la the (porting community, relative to the match ; between the Boston and New York genta. It waa gen rally conaidered to be the crack match of the aeaaon.? j It waa for $1000, two mil* heata, in akeleton wagonv between Henry Jonei' bk. g. Newburgh, and Louie Clark'* ! b. g. New Ci^land. It waa aald that aome $'20,000 waa ' pending on the reault; and If a ipectator might judge from the nameroui elongated phyaogf diaplayed at the end of the aJThir, thev might fairly conclude auch waa the oaae. A day or two previ?u*. the betting wa? in favor of the Boaton horae. New England, aome 9 to 4 ; and t within an hour of the atart the figure waa about even ? ' But on reaching the ground, mattera took a aud.len change. A to 4 on Newburgh went a begging ; 8 to 4, 7 to 4, an! 10 to S. with like elffctijeomethlng appeared to have inured the bankera of New England moat confoundedly?they were all abroad. The track wai rather heavy in conaeqaenca of the previoua rains. The animall. when ItriDUed. l00k?H Wall na>han> h.M.r particularly Newburgh, who did^ infinite credittohia kwptr and trainer. Mr. H. Jonen. and thii. in aome me??u'o, might account for the audden change in the betting ; together with iu being known that New Knglaml had not perfectly recovered from hii previous ifl; neat ; and in hi* previous trial* it was evident that he had not the foot for hia opponent in a two mile heat. After one or two attempt*, they went forth, New England taking the lead a trifle. H. Jonea behind, Newhurgu evidently holding up ; at the quarter. New England wa* a length in front, in 43s., and made the half in like position. in lm. }!>*<. Round the bottom, Newhurgh came well up, and near the X pole the bay broke, and lost ome two or three lengths, which the other maintained ho-ne for the first mile, in 2m 4Ss. In the second mile round the top the bay appeared to recover somewhat townrdt the nuartftr. whirn be maintained well, past the half, ami ?t the \ pole the) appeared r.ot a length apart; ! but on approaching tbe diawgate the bay broke, hut j aoon recovered, and Wheiply, hi? driver, applied the whip lustily, but the effect was, he broke again when within anout '20 lengthi from home, and hii chance was ( t out; Newburgh led in front tome three lengthi, in 6m. i 4ls. j For tbe second heat New England again led very simi- , lar to the former heat, amid a pretty smart shower of , 1 rain, going most beautifully round the top; Newburgh , went in front, but shortly after broke, losing a length At ( the half they were not a length apart, and at the \ New : England was alongside his opponent; but near the draw- , Kte New England began to skip, and lost a length or ( o. and Newburgh came in at the end of the first mile, ] two lengths in front, in 2m. 61s. They kept thus round t the top to the quarter, making a most beautiful and ex- , ] citing trot to the half, where they were not a length j apart, which they maintained to the \ pole; but at the ( ; drawgate New England again broke, and lest a length or more, which the other maintained home in Am 43s a ' winner of the stake*. This was most beautiful heat throughout. ] The next piece of sport was for purse of $50, Mile ' , Heats, best three in five; to 250 lb. wagons. j : C. 8 Bartine entered bk. m. Misfortune. , O. Hathaway entered b g. Savage. A. Campbell entere I br. g Peter Smith. Savage did not show. The betting was 4 to 1 on Peter ] Smith Indeed it was all his own; he has been in active , training for sometime past, while Misfortune had none ( at all Peter went in fr^nt; round the bottom Misfortune came well up, but down the straight side Peter lod at 1 1 the drawgate some three lengths in front in 3m. The se- , cond heat was very similar, but at the half Peter went | j . in front, and maintained the same ho*ne five or six lengths in advance in 3m. 68s. Third heat?Peter went ; J in front some five or six lengths, and kept thus to the j ' pole; at the drawgate the mare came well up, but with : out success; the other led home four er five lengths in j j front in 2m. 64a. , Tbottiiso on the lUaucM Tback on Fiidat.? j ( There is expected to be some good sport as above. Soma i green uns of great promise are to display their ponies on : j tne occasion. _ 1 < Police Intelligence. i Jclt 22?Charge of Grand Larceny?Officer Arm- j l strong, of the 1st ward, arrested a man yesterday by the 1 name of Patrick Callahan, on a charge of cutting off the i pantaloons pocket of a Mr. Jamas Hanlon, containing I $72 in money, while be lay asleep on a settee in his store i an Monday night, at No. 2ll< Washington street. A i young girl called Ann, daughter of Mr. Hanlon, saw the 1 accused take a knife from off the counter, kneel down ; by the side of her father, cut off the pocket, and then leave the premises She was afraid to make any noise i at the time of the robbery, but upon his arrest she lden- 1 tilled the prisoner to be the man who committed the rob- j I : bery. Committed to prison for trial by Justice O'borne. 1 i Robbed at the Bath ?A gentleman was robbed Tester day morning of a silver lepine watch, with a gold chain \ t attached, valued at $60, and also a silk bead purse con- | taining a small amount of mo'iey Stolen from his cloth- , I inz, while he was bathing .n the Franldin Bath, located ; at the Battery. No arrest Stealing a (KaleA ?Lawrence Rauchart was arrested | on suspicion of stealing a watch belonging to John i j Ackart. Locked up for trial. c Bitmitifd for Mai-Practice.?His Honor the Mayor, 1 we observe, has restored Capt. Kurtz, of the Second 1 Ward Police, to be once more a private citizen, he having been convicted of divers mal practices in the dis- 1 charge of his duty, which rendered him unfit to wear the silver ' star " Also, Hia Honor has dismissed from c office, John C. Parley, who was a policeman of the Fourth j 1 Ward, on certain charge* of mal-practice and unofltcerlike conduct, clearly proving that he likewise was to- : 1 tally unfit to wear the " star." So far, so good ! Petit Larceny.?A fellow called George chess, was . I caught in the act of stealing a package of flat bolts, i used for folding doors, worth $1 37. from the store of ! ! Wm. W. Huenbotlium, No. 14S Bowery. Committed < for trial at the Special Sessions. Jl Fugitive from Juitiee.?Officer Lalor of the Independent Police Office, No. 4? Centre street, arrested yes- ? terday, a young man called Toniton F. Murray, on the 1 Five Points, on a warrant, wherein he is charged with a ' k i highway robbery in robbirg a woman by the name of c Dinah Spencer, in company with two or three accom- ' plices; and by force robbing her of her shawl, valued at 1 . $4. in a street in Albany, and escaped to this city. He , will bo taken back to Albany for tnal. < Bailed Out.?The two women, the arrest of whom we noticed the other day, by the names of Ann Henry and Kmma Arnold, chargcd with stealing $3,S00 from a Mr. Townsend W. Hetherington, of Painte l Post, Steuben 1 Co,, N. Y., while in a den of infamy, No 92 Reade street, d were both liberated yesterday fiom prison by the aid of that old bailmaster called Henry Jvrgens, who keeps a ' 1 Dutch grocery and liquor shop corner of Dover and : c Water ktreets, by entering into bonds in the sum of ' $1000 each for their appearance when called for. From of Mr >.?? ),?> . i poor sight Tor hia money. I A Promiting S?n?A young man by the name of 1 James Harriaon, Jun.. wai arreated yesterday for rob- , bing his father, Jamea Harrison, residing at No 301 Mott : atreet, of $36, a few days ago, and then leaving the city for ' Boston, where be spent the money, and on hia return yesterday his father procured the arrest of him en the 1 above charge. Looked up for examination by the mai giatrate. j MotUng a Vitiel.?A cheat, containing a quantity of ! clothing, was stolen from the aloop William Blair, lying 1 at the foot of Delancey street, belonging to Captain Losaing. No arrest Another.?The sohooner Barbard, lying at Jersey i City, was robbed last night of a watch and two trunka, containing wearing apparel, valued at $60 The rogues made good their escape. Stealing a Skawl ? Officers Odium and Watson, of ( the 8th ward, " pulled" last night in the pit of the Bowery Theatre, a fellow called Bill Powers, alias j Pierce, charged with stealing a silk shawl, valued at $lt, : belonging to Miss Fanny Oilhert, residing at No 3 Little Water street, Five Points. It appears that Miss Fanny ' was dancing the Polka in one of the lower rooms, and ! while thus engaged, .this thief sneaked up stairs, ] broke open Fanny's room door and stole the shawl, . which he pawned for $6, at Levy's pawn shop in Ea?t Broadway, where it was recovered by the above officer*. Committed by Juatice Osborn for trial Movements of Travellers. There was, yesterday, a further end more numerous accession of travellers at the principal hotels, than it has I fallen te our lot recently to record. At the Ambbicak?Mr. Oardner, Long Island; Dr. Frye, Washington; J. Moore, Tennessee: 8. Barton, Va; Capt. E. K. Smith, Mexico; J. Pidlean, Texas; D Fell, Oeor- < gia; D. Hall, Florida; D. Crook, Georgia, H. Reeve, 8. ' C; Capt. Clarke, L*. 9. A; Dr. Murray, do; Van Bokkeler, N. C; Or. Cubile, Va; H. Middleton, Charleston. Astok?A. Riddle, Miss; A. McAlpin, do; H Mender- I son. Baltimore; Mr Pond. Hartford; Jaa Tait, Mies; F. < | Faxton, L'tics; 8. Woodbury, N. H; M. Campbtll, St < Louis; J. Elneck. Boston; W. Wheeling, Pa; V. Hello*. I Baltimore; Geo Lippincott, Philad; M. Bright, Indiana; G. Andrewi, Baltimore; Dr rage, Philad; T. Church, N. O; F. Richardson, Boston: Geo. Ahraham, Baltimore; H. Huston, Boiton; J. G'dliaughnessy, Cineinnatl; M. i Ewing, do; F Homer, Boaton; W. Gardner, Newport; : J. Thomaa, Boaton; W. Grant, Ithaca; T. Hall, BalU1 more; H. Huttor, Boston. Citt?Mr. Ganhefort, N. C; Mr. Derener, do; Mr. Southgate, Norfolk; J. Hochley. Philad; Mr. Bend, do; L Gautrend, Havana; S. Hastings, Nastau; B Pendleton. Natchez; P. Hewett, Troy; R Hyatt, do; R George, 1 Philad; Mr. Bulloch, Providence; Mr Buchanan, Washington; W. Williams, Virginia; Ed. Floyd, do; B. FosI ter, St Louie. FaARCLiN?Jos. Rogers, St. Louis; Geo Bar, Philad; 1 M. Harrington, do; C. Wise, do; A. For?yth, Philed; A. I Russell, Conn; H. Williams. 8 C; J. Billings, Oeorgia; I W. Town?end, N H; J-Holliday, Michigan; E. Prltch! ard, Waterbury; Geo. Weltby, Louisville; D. Gould. | Cincinnati; E. Spencer, Buffalo: E. Clarke. Memphis; T.Merrick, Mies; J. Sherman, St. Louis; W. Ray, llh A. Thomas, Missouri Howabb?E. R. Harrcy, Baltimore; A Nesham. doJ.Lea, Philad; J. Gleaaon, do; G. Truacott. N. H; J. Duprie, Fall River; H. Lee, Springfield; R Folwell.Philadelphia; A. Ballery, Cohoes: w. Thurston, Ohio; L. Vaughan, do; 8. Eddy, do; J. Curtis, Boston; J. Hill, do; W Brownrete, Conn; B. Harden. Mass; T. Wilkena. Philad; H. Osborne, N. O; D. Wood, Montreal; W. Cipher, N. O. Common Picas. Before Judge Ulshoeffer. JtriT W.? 7Tkt Prnidtnt. Director! t Ce. e/ (U fff- I | verkill Hank n John Day and Rnhtrt \ twill?This was > an action of assumpsit to recover $160. The defendants | are patentees of a lock called "Day and Newell's petent permutation bank lock." The plaintiff's, in September, ; 1844, purchased fiom a maa earned Allen, the agent of the defendants, the lock in question, for which they paid $lftO, and a written guarantee wes given them that it was secure from all attempts to pick It, and that it would i ot ' get out of order with fair usage. On the SOth day of i May following, the plaintiffh had the quality of the lock i tested, by a man named Hall, of Boston, locksmith, and he succeeded In picking it. The plaintiffs now brinr ! their action to nearer Wk the $I S0 on Mia ground that the warranty ?u broken. The r*u?o in adjourned to thia morning. Kor pluntilf?, Cochrane &. Oradibaw. For defendant!. llalltc Field. Co?rt Cnlcn ctnr?Tliln On jr. Common Putat?71. 90, 101, 103, 109, 104, 104, 107, IW, 109.110,111, 113, 113, 114. 116. IIS. 117, 119, lift, 190, HI, 193, lit, 134, 134, IW. 137, 139, 1?. 130, 3ft. j An A?aiiABt.B Pi.acc ? At Port Principe lait year 34 | peraoni were mardarad, A4 rtabbed, 30A robbed, and 14 rapea. Of tfcoaa on* wu nondamoad to dja, and M to i iMrikbcv. J # - Otur niutntod Weekly. The Weekly Herald of this w eek will bo a very valuable publication. It will contain all the late foreign news brought by the Cambria and Great Britaia ; Mr. Bennett's interesting letters from England ; the Congressional proceedings, lie. fcc. It will be embellished with a splendid view of the steamship Great Britain in her new rig; and an excellent portrait of Lord John Rus.?el), tha new Premier of England. Agents can send in their orders. Court of General **cealona. Before Recorder Scott and Alderman Gilbert and atooeall. John McKeen, E?q , Diatrlct Attorney. Jclt UJ?SenUnct.?Samuel Boyce, who waa a faw lays ago found guilty of a (fraud larceny. In stealing a runic containing a quantity of wearing apparel, and >ther property, worth $50, belonging to Mri Oliver, jtstu t hia moi ninir broutrht into court, and sentenced to >e imprisoned in tUa Stat* prison for the term of twa rears. Trial for a Grand Larceny.?John Taylor, uuite a roung man. was then placed at the bar fer trial, on > sharge of having, in conaert with a boy nam*! Joseph . about 14 years old. committed a grand larceny, Id stealing the sum of $500 la gold coin, belonging to Mr. Srownlee. of No 144 8th avenue, on Sunday afternoon, he 33d of June last. The accused was found guilty, ind remanded for sentence. Trial for Bigamy ?Theodore Wyant alia* William Procter alias William Smith, wu next placed at the bar 0 an*wer a charge of bigamy or polygamy ; being inlicted for having on the 3-1 of April. 183% married Mi*a Mary Ann Van Wart-, and on the 37th of September, IB44 married Mi?* Lucinda Roar, and sub?equently mar-ied a Mils Jane Warren ; hi* former wive* being (till ilive. and well knowing luch to be the case at the time if hi* la*t marriage On the pait of the prosecution. the Rev Jacob H. Broonan deposed that he wa* putor of the Baptist Church, at the corner of Bedford and Grove "t* ; that he knew the accused and hi* wife, Mary Ann Wjatt, whose maiden name wa* Mary Ann Van Wart; witoeee -narried them at No. 144 Barrow atreet, en Thursday ironing, April 3d, IdSd. Llci.vda Ro?a deposed aa follows I knew the priloner by the itme of William Proctjr : I became acquainted with him ia September, IM4. and waa married to hint on the 37th of the same month, by the name of Procter ; I was married to him at Ravenswood, L. I., by the Rev. Mr. Nye, by whom I wa* made acquainted with him ; after wp had been married about a year, I sscertained that he had bu? just come out of the State prison at the time I became acquainted with him ; I lived with him a few months only afterward*, as he we* arrested. The third wife, Mrs. Smith alias Jane Warren, was here called to the stand, hut set aside in accordance with abjection* made asainst the admissiou of her testimony by* the defence, which objections were sustained by theCourt. On the part of the defence, it was showa that a divorce was applied for and obtained from the Vi<-e Chancellor by the first wife of the accused : consequently his second marriage was legal, and, therefore, there coulil be no charge of bigamy sustained. I In reply the District Attorney proceeded 10 read the implication made to the Vice chancellor by Mrs. Wyatt Tor a diverce. which set forth the grounds upon which :h? divorce was sought for, in which it wa* shown by the ivid#Cco adduced before tha master in chancery, that the accused had bean guilty of adultery. In having seduced 1 young fe,*n*l?. "ho gave birth to a child, of which the prisoner ha& acknowledged himself to be the father; ihat the femal* question, in consequence of her uuforunate connection with th? accused and his cenduot owtrds her, oonnntv'1*'1 uioMeby drowning her*elf-at the same time her babe to the same watirjr (rave Judge E.lmo?3?, ,n *> '"* called by the pn? 'ution, deposed that the ?fter discharge from Jing Sing, made some ine?vr|*, 'n r?'ition tobeing at iberty to marry again, and we* ***'h* 00ulJ jot again contract marriage, and v1 * would be amena>le to the law in ca*e he did so , The Recorder delivered a brief chvr** oa J ',w #n<* he facts of thecase, and the jury, aft??' ,n "b^ence of ibout fifteen minutes, returned into court.* '' ""ordered a rerdir.t of guilty, and the court sentenced W ?cu*ed to to imprisoned in the State prUon for the \ erm of "TB r??r? , tt-.'.j t? v? j._. nk.r.?. n.,.l. A-r wa mine was placet! at the bar on a charge of exposing for a jook entitled " The Curtain Drawn Up," and a ir^int ;ermed Belahazzar'a Feaat," both of an obicene charaC;er and unfit fir sale. He wai found guilty and tent to the patftantiary for ;he term of three month*. The Court then adjourned until 10 o'clock to-morrow norning. Superior Court. [sitting* in Bank.] JuLY 23 ? Daemons.?Lawrence vt Law ft !?.?Judgnent for the defendant, with liberty to plaintiff to amend in pa; ment Oi posts, within ten daya after notioe of tile. The People vt. French et ?.?Motwn for new trial deJed. Parker ri. Emerson.?Motion denied, with $7 costs of ipposing, with liberty to plaintiff to tax interest from ime of verdict a* cost*. Jtrnrtt adt Baldwin.?Motion granted, acoerding to he order, to (bow cause. Van Damm idt SoHetie'de Commerce d'Auotrt.?Apieal dismissed, and order at Chamber* confirmed. Nordon vt. U"huque ?Judgment affirmed. Jirown odt Morrit?Judgment affirmed. Sheridan vt. Mot.?Judgment affirmed Young vt Simgg ?Judgment reverned. LHiio,v>?,j vt. Cmmpeli.?Judgment for defendant; with ihorty for plaintiff to reply, on payment of oosti within en day* after notice of rul*. , .. AUiton adt. Letter et. It -Certiorari dismUaed,without :osts to either party. Sertora vt Cot to ?Judgment reVk r*ed, H-ach ci. Hart? . Jenkint vt. Coe.?New-trial granted, fiotit te abide the irent GaUr vt. Tolynu ?Motion for new trial Griffin vt. Madden?Judgment affirmed, witw Cram vt S<ir/?nj.?Judgment for plaintiff, with u"*rty 0 defendant to plead. Itc., on payment of costs witkv? ten lay* after notice of rule. ff'lUiamt et alt vt Ficldi et al ? Judgment for plabk iffa, if they concent to modify the verdict by relating' >ne cent Interest. Itc. Natjvoo again in Commotion.?The St. Louis Vftr Era of the 15th inst. s?ys:?By the arrival of he a'eamer St. Croix laat night, we learn that Nauvoo la race mora the theatre of great exeitement. On Sunday 1 body of about eighty peraona, mounted and armed, left here for the purpuse of punning (ome deaperndoea who, t wai (aid, bad severely beaten a amall body of Moraaona ind New Citizena, wbiiat engaged in harvesting in a laid shor'. distance from the city ; Are or six of them were arrested and lodged in Jail en Saturday. The poeae hat have gone out declared their determiaeUen of taking he balance. A gentleman who came dawn in the St. Jroix Informa ua that thlnga look squally. aad that a fight jetween the New Citizens and An ties is nearer a ensi( und more probable now thoa at any time aiaaa the origin >f the difflcultiea. The harveatera are aaid ta hare baas noat cruelly uaed. flayed almost alive with hlokarr [oada, and then thrown inte ditch and covered arer with hruah and dirt Thi? outrage hat terrihlv inflamed ha citixani of Nauvoo. The follow iaj handbill ha* been aaued. calling upon all to prapara for war : ? To THE cltisktvb or NaUVVO.?OfcCl kobk to Aim ik Darcnca or toub Ftaaexa and Pbopkbtt ! ? Wharaaa, a jortion of Ceantry in thii vicinity it again overrun by aa irmed band of Tlllian*, who hara commenced thair outage* by icourging aad severely wounding American :ituen*. amoBgat whom are toma af tha new aatilara^ ind wharaaa. tha peace af thia city ia again mmc?I by haae outlaw*, who hara determined to carry olf tha iroperty of saw oitizana in tha neighborhood ; it ia thara- ? ore enjoined af all fiienda of law and order, iaimadUiely o arm thamaalraa and atand prepared to aaaembla an tha "ublic Square, north-eait af tha Temple, at the ringing >f the alarm ball, for tha purpoaa of enforcing tha law* if tha country. Warrant* will be ieraad againet tha ringleader* af tha nob, and every movement will be made in atrlct aacordmce with the lew. Let every friend of civil liberty and pabllc arder arm ar the maintenance af hia right* aa aa American citizen. Nauvoo, Saturday evening, July 11. 1440. Tha Hancock Eat'?> of Friday laat, notice* tha arrival her* of Mr. S. Chamberlain, who left the moat diaUat amp of the Marmona at Council Bluff? on tha Mth*nlL, mil on hia route paaaad the whole line of Mormoa emigrant*. He aay* that the advance company of tha Mormon*, with whom were the Twelve, had attain of roe thoucand wagon*, end were encamped en the ea*t sank of tha Mi**euri river, In tha neighborhood of tha "euncil Blurts They were employed in the conitruo:ion of boat* for tha pHruoie of eroding tha river. The second comueny bad encamped temporarily at (talon No.5, whioh lai been chriatened .Mount Pisgah ? rhey muttered about tliiee thousand (trong, and ware *ecniitlng their cattle preparaturj to a fresh stsrt A hird company had baited tor a similar purpose at Garden Uiove, on the head water* of Oread Iliver. where they >ave put in ft bout 4000 acres el com for the benefit of the people in general Betweea Oanlen Otox and the Ml*Kiver, Mr. Chamberlain counted over on* thott> land wa|on< sn rout* to Join the main bodies in advance. The ? hole number ef teami attached to the Mormon ixpeditlon i? about three thontand seven hundred, and It estimated that each team will average at least three ier*oni, and perhaps four. The whole number of eoal* low in the road mar be iat down in round number* at welre theuaand. From two to three thoutaod have dieppeared from Nautoo In varioaa directions Many hare an for Council Bluffs by the way of the Mississippi and dissouri river*?other* have dispersed to perts unknown; md about eight hundred or Isis still remain la Illinois, rhi* comprises the entire Mormon population that once lourished in Hancock county. In their palmy day* they irobably numbered between fifteen and sixteen thouaand ouls, moat of whom are now tcaitarsd upon the prairies, toned for the Paoiflc slope of the Amerloan continent. Mr. Chamberlain report* that previously to his leaving, oar United States military officers bad arrived at the dount Piagah camp, lor the purpose of enlisting Ave hunI red Mormon* for the Santa Fa campaign. Tney were eferred to head quarter* at Coanoil Bluffk, lor which ilsce they Immediately set out. (t was supposed that he force would be enrolled without delav. if so, it will urnish Cel Kearney with a regiment of well-disciplined eldiers who are already prepared to march Mr Chamberlain represents the health ofthe travelling dormons as good, considering the exposure to which hey have been subjected. Tbev are carrying en a email rade In provisions with the settlers in the country, with shorn they mingle on the most friendly term*. Indians or Texas.?Got. Butler arrived in ?ur >ilu An v.:- ? ..? J . iiiimij llt'I, oil liIB WHY HI <T Mlllll||iun :ity He ii very feeble, but hla lienlth is improving la Edition to the letter addressed to Gov. Henderson, ha urnished ua with lha following interesting item*?the lames of the tribeii who h#?a entered into the treaty, nd their respertive numbers. Bands of ComanclMe? 'amperecos, >,600; Hoishs, S 000; Tanawiah, S.ftOO; Nooink, I,#00; Noronies, 1,100 Klowaye? 3.ft00 Lipane? '.sequatoos, ft,000; Muscalaro, 4-0 Wicbetnwi and "owea?h, 300 Waroaa, 1B0; Towaeani?s, 140; Keehiaa, 1M; leniei. 450; Anadarcoes, ISO; l addoes. ISA) ilpana, 1)0; Tonkawas,7M; Kic.kapoo*. <00, Cherokeei, 0, Delawaraa aad Khawnaas, AO.?T??) Br*i Kay*. ?

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