Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 26, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 26, 1846 Page 1
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?'H I,. lii-i-JU f , ' '?LL I. TH1 Vol. XII, IVo. 300? Wbola Ito. *?20. the ne 7 York herald, i JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR, Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HEH *LL>?fcvery day, Price i cents pereopy?$7 B per annum?p.irable iu advance. WEEKLY HER aLD?1-very Saturday?Price 6cents per copy?13 12,S ceuts per annum?payable iu adrance. HKK \LD hOK EL'ROrE?Fyery Steam Packet day. Pricr 6^ cent* |>?r copy?$3 90 par annum, payable in ad* ' rauce. ADVERTlttEMEMTS at the usual prieea?alwayi eaib In advance. PRINTING of all kind* executed with beauty and despaich. All letter* or comtnaiiieation*, by mail, addressed to the i tablishment, mini be P"<t |>a d, or the postage will be de ' d. Med from the subscription money reroitt <1. JA-uKb GORDON BENNLTT, Proprietor of the New York Hvrai.d Kitabmipmcftt, Nnrth>WfM eon rot Kalton mid Numu street#. M \ li.IT 191IC AOCOMMOOATION!*. f ' 'a I JUil * I1J.AVU tiA.N x ^O., United States and Gre*t Britain and Irslnnd Old:Ksrabltst>ed Lmi^raiit Oilier,61 South street, New Turk. Passag# fo and from < ?n r I3i .taut and IreUiid. v in Liverpool by the Ohi Black Ball Line, or my of the regular Pacaet ships sailiug every The subscribers in calling the attention of Old (ountrymen and the publie generally te 'heir unequalled arr.tngemeuta for bringing eat p**?enger? from the oldcuaittry, bra leave to state that the business of the House at Liverpool will be conducted by iu branch. Thuae eudiuii Tor their friends will nt once see the great J Import uice ol this irrn|i?it, as it will prerlude an unne- , ceaaary del <y of the esa^rassC The shins employed iu thia line are well knowu to ) * of the first and largest clan, commanded by ntn of experience; and as ihey sail every five days, offer every facility that cap he furnished. With those ! superior lrraugemeuta, the subscribers look forward for a I continuation of that patronan* which has been so liberally evended to rliem (or so inmv year# past la case any of those eugaged do uot etubaik, the passage money will be re- 1 funded as customary. For further particul ?rs apply by letter, , poet paid. J. HERDMAN fc CO.. 61 South st.. New York. J HERDMAN 3c t'O., Liverpool. N. B?Drafts for any amount can as usual be funiUhed, > payable at alj the principal Banking Institutions throughout the Uni'ed Kine'otn .on application as above. jv23 m L.ii\l? Ut 1'AOh.fc.To. m m m m Tlie uuderraention Ships will b* regufarly despatched from hence on tlie 1st, and froin Marseilles the 10th of each month duriug the year, a* follows :? Ships. Captain*. From N.York. PR'CE deJOINVlLLE, (new) Lawrence, April 1 Sept. 1. MI8SUR1, Silvester, May 1 Oct. 1. ARCOLE (new) Eveleigh, June I Not. 1. OA8TON. Coulter, July I Dec. I. NEBRASKA (new) Watson, Aug. 1 Jan.'l. Ships. Captains. From Marseilles. FR'CE il? JOINVILLE, (new) Lawrence, June 10 Not. 10 MISSOURI. Silvester, July 10 Dec. 10 ARCOLE, (new) Ereleigh, Aug. 10 Jan. 10 OASTON, Coulter, Sept. 10 Feb. 10 NEBR ASKA, Watson, Oct. 10 Mar. 10 These vessels are of the first class, commended by men of xperieuce. Their accommodations, for passeugers are unsur passed for comfort and convenience. Goods aodresaed to the aents will be forwarded free of other charges than those acta It paid. For freight or passnce atiply to CHAMBERLAIN It PHELPS, Proprietor! No. 103 Front street, or to BOYD Jt HINCKEN, Agents, jnljrc 9Tonttne Building*, fig Wall,cor. Water st. "NEW LiiNE OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS. JSt M M. M. Io sail from Ne^^Yor?21*t,and uonrtiverpool CtKleacn month. fram New York. Live. pool. New ship Liverpool,^UJ# tons, \ ? ? August 21 Oct. 6 I New .hip Qneen of the West, S ?? I c 1250toU.>. Woailhouie, ;>&**>?! Nov. \ ? N#W 8hiPJoRh?nC& ^t0M' "I 5?- ? August J ! John Briton. October 31 Dee. 6 J i Ship, last ton.. j^h 21 May 6 { Ira Barely. <> Nov. 21 Jan. C I These substantial. fast sailing, firm class ships, ell built in . the city of new York, are commanded by men of experience * and ability, and will be desputchad punctually on the 21st ol ' each mouth. i Their cabins are elegant and commodious, and are furnished , with whatever can conduce to the eiue and comfort of passengers. Prica of passage $100. 1 Neither the captains nor owners of these ships will be re- t sponsible for any parcels or packages sent by them, unless ( regular bills of luikttg are signed therefor. For freight or passage apple- to 1 WOOOHULL k MINTURN, r E7 tvmth stTeet, New fork, or to . FIELDEN, BROTHERS fc CO., 1 mire Liverpool. ( AITW lUKiv A.N L) GLASGOW Li-NE OF ( PACKET*. c ffiiy tUS- 'i Sailing from Ntw 1 or* on the lst^uTj^lasgow ouuh^il of each month. " From N. York. Fin. Ol'iow. I 1 June 1. July 15. t Ship SARACEN, N. T. Hawkins, ] Oct. 1. Nov'r It. r Feb. 1. March 15. l July 1. April 15. Q Br. Ship BROOKSBY, H. MT5wen,< Nor. 1. Aug. 15. ( March 1. Dec'r 15. V August 1. May 15. Br Bark ADAM CARR, ??, ] Dec'r 1. Sept. 15. J ( April 1. Jan. 15. I .May 1. June 15 Bt. Bark ANN HARLEY.R. 8cott, ] Sept. 1. Oct. 15. I Jan'y 1 Februa. 15. These ships are good, substantial vessels, ably commanded, 9 and will tail punctti illy ou their regular days. Their accotn modniioiis lor good, and every attention will be ti paid to promo:e their coinlort. The |geu!s or Captains will . not be responsible for any parcels or packages sent them, un- 1 less bills of lading are signed therefor. ? For freight or passage, apply to a WOODIIULL k MINTURN, h 87 South street, New York, or 4 re linn x, Miroiiv < n 1 1'AooALrh ifitUAl wrt.cAl UKii'AlAiN A.Ni; " IRELAND, [ tiiS- i By tS^ioclt Ball, 01 oiu Lin( o^L^erpool Packeu^ailing . from Liverpool ou the 1st and 16th ol every month. The YORKSHIRE sails from Liverpool, lit of .March. P " OXFORD " - 16th of March. L " CAMBRIDGE " " 1st of April. ? " MONTEZUMA " " 16th of April. ' Person* sending for their friends, and forwarding the passage c certificate by the t trim<hip Hibernia, sailing from Boston on il lb* 1st of February eill have plenty ?f time to coine in the ., Yarkshire, or in any sue ol til* eight packets of the Black Ball ' Line, sailing from Liverpool on the 1st and 16th of every L month. Apply to. or ailHrria. if by letter post paid, V ROCrfE, BROTHERS ?c CO.. 35 Fulton at., b Neil door to the Fultoii Bank. "GLASGOW AM/ Tb^~nJRK LINE Ut n PACKETS. I, { *&? rfifv M* ? >LKt>UN? wishing In ?rnd (or UieiMrieiida ill any part Of n Hcodvid, to sail direct from Glasgow, can make arrange- t euts with the Subscribers, to have them brought out in any v ot the regular line of Packets, sailing monthly from Glasgow. . a The ANN HARLEY, Capuui Scott, v ADAM CAKR, Captain McKwen, r SARACEN, Captain Hawkins, BROOK SB V, 0 Comprise the above line, and the high character of those ves- e wis should lie sufficient inducement for persons who may be ,1 ending l?r their friends in Scotland, to make arrangements for this (the only line.) ' Farther particular* given, on application to W.kJ T. TAP8COTT, 7J South stTeet, corner of Maiden Lane, or Maun. REI1J fc MURRAY, Agents ?1> r in Ol'jgow. BKI I |!SH AMD M)H1 H ~*>iMUCA> ROVAL MAIL STEAM HHIP8, y vfr-f. ton* and MO horse power each, uu der contract with the Lords ol the AdmiHIBhRMA ft.Capt. A. Ryr?e. BKITANNIA Capt. J. Hewitt. I CALEDONIA Capt. E. 4J. Loct. At ADIA Capt. Wm Harrison. CAMBKIA ..Capt.C. H. E. Judkina. | Will sail Irom LivarpooMad Boston, via H?'if<ut, as fol | lows sraoM I0IT05. FROM UVMMOL S Britannia July 16, IMS. Cambria July 4, 1146. Cambria Au?. I, " Jlibernia " 19, '? i Hiharaia 16. " Caledonii Aug. 4, |, lialerionia Sept. 1, " " rAiaifli Mo.iir. i tl From Boston to Liverpool $120. I ? Krorn Boston to Halifai... 20. " No brrths arcored until paid for These shiv> carry *- . >perieaced surgeons. No freight, eicept s|>eeie, received on e a njs of sailing. ' j tor freight,passage, orur other informtMoa, apply to D- BRICiHAM, Jr.. AaeuU 9' Jy7r? At HABNnKiV h rn 'S. li wall ?t. o - * DHAKTS ON HHEAT UHli'AKN r AND lltELAN D? Persons wishing to re- c ">it money toiheir friends iu any part of . ~^?AfiU?^yLJthe old country, can proenre drafts of the subscribers for any amount, Irom ?1 and apwards. pa,able at sight, without discount, in all the principal lowua throughout England, Ireland, Scotland, and .. Wales. 1 The subscribers beg to inform theii friends and the public ' (hat this branch of their business continues to receive their particular attention, and they feel nnit* crwtain that better i, arrangements than theirs for transmitting money to the old country cannot be mide. tl The rov.'l mail steamer Caledonia will leave Boston to- 8 sorrow, by which all drafts can be forwarded. W k J T. TAP8COTT, IS Booth street. 5 ,|e>0 r 2 dnors below Burling aiip. " r. .1?tr-. .NUilCE? I'AI StOi T'? UENKKAL n EMIGRATION OKKICE, Kemoved f?m n 'i to 86 South street.?Persons sending for | r their friends in any psrl of the old country } * r;ui make the necessary arrangements with ' ?he subscribers, on reaaenable terms, to hare them brought 1 C '"''THE NEW LINE OK LIVEHPOOl. PACKETS. ' ? Hie Ships of this line are unsurpassed by any other, ana . theii immei sr sue (nil being 1000 tuos,aed upwards) renders * them mnrr comfortable and convenient than shipsof i sin dlcr I class ; and the greattst reliance may be placed in their punctuality in sailing. The siib?erihers are also agents for (be j St. Ocorjte anX Union Lines of Liverpool rackets, it any of which passage ean be engaged on reuotisMe term*. Drafts for any amount, payali'e withont discount in ait the principal towns of England, Ireland, Scotland or Wales, o?n ? also he obtained. Kor further particulars apply to I Ui ? f t Tira/'dTT I t*tfrc 19 fcmth ft., 14 door b?l*w Buriinc W?p, N T. . a E NE" i Watering Place*. Saratooa Sfrinos, July 28,1846. Tht JVtathtr?The 7\mrt?Polkat?Exprttt?Ar- | rivals. After several days of the most changeable weather? now hot, then cold, raining like a torrent, as if the clouds were a mammoth shower bath, then clearing away like a scolding woman altera passion, at the sight of a new dress?we are now, as I wr to, 11 tiiering ourselves with a season of good weaiher?the clouds have disappeared, a? d the sun smiles gallaii'ly ujxjn us from a bright ?ky. It is charming?and many briglit faces are seen on the piazzas, walks, balconies, and in the streets,determined to enjoy,the first blushesof old nn ihnu'lni [lis taco from Iwliiml th?? clouds. , You may think, that with the di^agreeableness of the weuiher, wo have had a dull tima at this ^ay pluee. Better not infer it?oou!d n't make a greater mistake. For what could not be enjoyed in open air excursions to the many enchanting places in tins vicinity,has been more than balanced by the gayest, moit attractive, brilliant hops and parties ever witnessed in this place. Last evening, especially, wasa memorable occasion of this soa. At an en ly hour, the spacions dining hall of the United States Hotel was put in order?illuminated almost to a glare?but the brilliancy of the scene derived its surpassing beauty from the si-mc* ui uraimiui, smiling lames. who were present, arrayed in princely style, with jeweU and gems only exceeded in lustre by eyes sparkling with aniiiiiiiion ; and in all, gentlemen and ladies, between one and two hundred were soon seated, or passing from place to place, receiving and giving introductions, and all preparing for a grand file, as " hapi>y and free" as if life had no clouds, anil adversny and pain were forever banished. In a few moments the band commenced playing, and one alter anodic, gentlemen and ladies, ar ladies without gentlemen, were dancing and whirling like ethereal beings across the floor. &mong the number whoso movements were most and graceful, winning the admirntion it' all, I notice the accomplished lady of Hon. Mr. , of N. O., Miss ?, of Albany, and Miss , of Baltimore, the Misses and?, of Boston and Mew York Among the gentlemen who perform the Polka, as well as every other iance with surpassing elegance, are Mr. , of N.O., Mr. , of New ^ ork, and others from places 1 do not recollect. But all passed otf with tdmirable iclat; and, although the party disporsed it a late hour, yet the hours had seemed but monents, so delightfully had they passed to spectaors and participants >n the dances. Who, on tuch an occasion, could blame one whose silvery ocks denoted the passing of three score of winters >ver his head, lor wishing his "gout in the sea, ind his youth and buoyancy back again 1" Cerainly, no one. But this is not all we have in the way of amusenent. You h i ve, perhaps, visited the garden of VIr. Cole, at the upper part of Broadway?those eiired, shaded walks?the ice cream saloon? he bowling saloons?the shooting gallery, Itc. Well, they are thronged, now, with ladies and rentlemen every day. Among those whom you night frequently sue at friend Cole's, are some of he most talented and popular clergy of your city ind other places?Rev. Dr. P and Rev. Mr. 3 . I was not aware they could bowl so scienilically. They can't be beat by inexperienced iands. And the Indies, large numbers of whom ire daily engaged there, are a match for the best. , The garden was last nieht lighted up in a splenlid manner, and a lar^e and select party engaged 1 it the alleys. I think the New Yorlc ladies excel ill othcis in this exercise?a " ten strike," or a ' spare" is no uncommon occurrence with them, i 3ut)we are by no uiean? drlicient in other means < >f entertainment. Your enterprising agent, Mr. Ylundell, has all the papers in ttte country, almost; ' ind books without number?the " latest out"? urnishing those who wish,with reading matter in ibundance, and of all sorts. And I will say here, . n praise of his enterprise, ihathn has commenced mining an express from this place to Troy, and jack m order to b. ing us the Herald some twelve I >r'Hf.een hours in ad vance ol the mail; so that ve get your paper, (hundreds of which are sold 1 laity, and read witn great eagerness,) in the ivcuiriK 01 uie uay 01 lis publication. This excess aisa provides a conveyance from Troy in the :vening, to those who wish to proceed in advance >f the train?the express leaving Troy on the arival of the boats, and coming through in three lours. i Arrivals are daily increasing now. The hotels ire filling tip on every floor; and, yet, there are 1 mndreds more, who have sent notice ahead of 1 heir intentions to be here in a few days. The express leaves in a moment, and I must lose, promising you more to-morrow. Newport, July 20,1846. from the Sea Shore?'flu SntUj Sufferer?, 4-r. 4-c. The fair sun is again shining out, and the dark ea fog is dispelled by his bright warm rays; yeaerday was a Sunday, though not a sunny day. t is a day of sober solemnity in Newport. Sotne ;o to churches, (of which there are ten or twelve iere) while others stay at home. This is pretty nuch the fashion everywhere. The church goers .nd the non-church goers agree in one thing, the ih-asure ot an evening promenade. They walk o the bathing beach and along the cliffs. This valk is delightful. The breeze tans you, and you .re enchanted by the romantic and varied sceney. On this d iy you may m^et the native peoile abroad. They are a modest, inoffensive peo>le. There is but little awkwardness in their nanner, and none of that gaucherie which is the haracteristic of the country bred. I have rarely, f ever, met with a community who seemed to losses* more of the nil ndmirun, than these same itizens c f Newport. The ladies of Newport have /on the observations of all travellers on their eauty. During my short residence here, I have een at least a dozen who would be belles on the lavements of Broadway. The brunette complexjii and Spanish physiognomy, predominate. I ave been trying to account for this. The inhautants of W.wnnrt hnv?> nil nlrmrr ls??n ? ? ig pef?ple. They have traded much with the ' Vest Indies. Many of the masters of their brigs .nd schooners have married there, bringing their zives and relations to their homes at Newport, lence lhe deep dark eyes that encounter you at very corner. You cannot fail upon a Sunday vening to meet with one or more of those ark eyed bellct. They walk fearlessly forth lone, or sometimes attended by a brother or iver. Thoy are not at all unconscious of tie effect their charms have upon you. Of this ou are convinced by a coquettish glance from eneath a eoquetti*hly placen bonnet?a look that nems to sny, " I know you think me pretty or f unintended, you may be favored by a slight liming of the head and a most provoking smile ver that little shoulder of alabaster. If you liould be thus luvored, do not imagine that tbe ttle viilageoise is in love with you, lor you would * much mistaken. She is only curious to see flieth<;r her beauty has had the umal effect, ihotild you be a conceited fellow, and l'?ll?w her, he will deem you ridiculous, and you will only e enacting the farce of " Love's Labor Lost." The citizens of Newport have received a letter rom the County Court of I'ictou, N. S., thanking iem in the warmest terms for their kindness and enerosty to the unfortunate survivors of the lutlej. 'these, you will remembet, had embark(1 at Pictou for the United States. This is as it tiould be, and shows that a generous action is not >on forgotten b/ generous hearts. Th? people f Newport have no doubt felt themselves amply paid for their generosity in this matter, by the nscientiousness of having accomplished even noro than their duty. A good action is its own eward. The letter we speak of was forwarded to Newiort by Mr. Bracket, our consul at the port of 'ictou. The amusements in this place aro every day ipcominir more lively. To-day is a fine day for lie bagnio. Troops of fair creatures, shrouded in iiawls, their faces concealed in huge sun-bonnets, nay be seen crowding into the carriages,1 ana Iriving off toward the beach. These sun-bonicts are indispensable to certain fair ladi*f, who. .Iter emerging from thes" deep blue sea," would lerhaps seem rather too fair in the eyes of those hey might encounter. But the sun-oonnet is a omnlete domino, and like the tubttla that screend Venus on her visit to the City of Dido, it seures the sweet face of the baihei against all crutiny until once moresnfe within the chamber -the pei fumed regions of paint and pomatum. I am unconsciously besoming quite i-c.tndalous. Ecollxe. N*wk>*t, R. I., July 21,1846. A Pttj) at the Bather*. u is now between the hours of 9 and 12, and j, t this time we, of the ruder sex, unless aocompa- 11 w ?< 3 / aMKatamsns^jkmaesi W TO JEW YORK, SUNDAY A THB MOOS A Peter Funkism The above Cut exhibits the mode in which the goodly City of New York. The " subject" will be the good qualities of which the auctioneer offers tc Peter Funk is recommending the watch to him, v of his handkerchief. A newsboy stands by grinnii after purchasing his watch, that in trnth " all is with the banner is now removed from office, and t! nied by a lady, have no business on the beach.? At we are not one of those privileged few who carry their smiling passports on their arm, we must be contented with viewing the fair bathers from a deceift bachelor distance?from the top of this high cliff lor instance. Bah! we can see nothing from here, only indistinct and grotesque groups of human figures ! Must ^ve then be indebted to fancy for a sketch 1 "Ah ! if we only had a telescope ! how much Wetter it would be !" "Hush! softly! say nothing. Here is the article itself in the pocket of my sack." 'Quick! but be SMitioua. A single Hash of its polished mirrors may betray us, and if once seen by the bathers b< low, and in our hand?, our characters would not be worth a sous?gone forever. Hure ! point it through the long grass?so ; now, tell me what you see 1" "First of all, half a dozen carriages are galloping to and from the beach, each depositing its cur?o of what appear ti be huckster-women."? "Huckster-women! the devil! why they are ladies, sir; ladies of the first water, in dishabille." "Well, I only said they appeared io be hucksterwomen, and I am right." " llow so 1 explain vourselt " are dres?ed precisely aj 1 have seen tMhuckster-women in eur New\ork markets. Huge shade bonnets to keep off sun, wind, and rain, with large loose gowns of calico, And coarse colorless shawls, thrown in a slovenly manner over their shoulders. They may be ladies, but you recollect the old song that bays, except the dress? There's no difference to be seen, Betwixt a beggar and queen So no doubt there are ladies and beautiful ones too, concealed beneath most of these ungraceful iisguises." Well, what more can you see 1" "Ah ! quite \ number of gentlemen aie mixing with these luckst ladies. These are husbands, brothers ind cousins. If we had only the good fortune to lave been a brother, a cousin,*r a-a-hu?husband [curse the word, it almost chokes me) we should inf r?nvu havtk hmhn nArrliMfi inmri ll?? r'lifT* vinur. ng the scene through a tele cope, but right in :hu midst of them ; but let the tonic rest tor the present. Regrets are vain. Well " " Each has entered a little bathing house ; I can :ount over 3(10 of these, standing on wheels ilong the beach, and looking like so many sentry boxes. Ha ! the little painted doors re-open, and the inmates issue lortli, but?ok ! how changed n outward appearance ! Instead of the olJ sunbonm t and the coarse colorless calico, they now {listen in all the colors of the ruinbow ; red, green, olue, predominate ; some steal cautiously forth, :imid and modest asrhe naked nymphs of Diana ; while others, of " older experience." dash down he sandy slope and fling themselves fearlessly ipon the bosom of the breakers. Here they go land in hand to meet the coming wave ; there hey are gathered in groups, exulting in the briny lood, and laughing in each others embrace, rlere a fair creature has ventured far beyond her lepth, and, with bold stroke, combats the swwilng billow ; she would make a fine wife for a lador. Close in shore, a gentleman is pursuadmg lis sitter?a girl of sixteen, timid as a fawn?to ivade further into the water ; but no, she wul not jo one step further ! She is from the west; she las never been near the great ocean before ; she s frightened at the huge height and the hoarse >arking of the breaker.-; and as each new wave eaps against her well developed limbs, she can icarce repress a scream ; she trembles from head o foot?and yet, perhaps, in her far western tome, this terrified creature would not hesitate o take up the rifle, (the husband of course being rom home,) and level it at the wild-cat, the >rmirie wolf, or even the tnwny savage of the orest himself! <2u??n mb* ?" "Coine, come! my fiiend, you are growing atiricul ; stick to your telescope?what more do 'ou see V' Nothing more. The dear creatures are still plungng and plashing about, like so many sweet sea lymphs. Occasionally I can see an arm or a unb above the blue wave, as white as Parian narble. " Ha ! by Jove !?negroes !" What! icgroes! Devils! You are jesting." "Not a bit if it, my dear fellow; look ac those black faces? .1?1. .. .U? >> II ikl kl.^U T1..1/ irn nnlv MaCR ao Hjn **.ia . k/iuv> n amwj ?-n?~ w...^ narked bathers." "Masked! and for whatrea- i out" "Oh! 1 do not p etend to know. Some lay they are too aristocratic to expose their faccs 0 tha public gaze?others nay the sea water has he effect of washing off paint and pomstum.and i eaving very pale countenances behind " "Hark! here is a scream?and see! they are ail rushing oward the dry beach. What is the cause of all his commotion V' " 0! I suppose a lady has been ritten." " A lady bitten! What the devil do you neanl" " Why, I mean what I have said. I | iresume a lady has been bitten, and her screams lave put all the rest to flight." " Bitten by what1! | 1 shark!" "O, not at all?only a crat> or a lobiter." " And do the crabs attack the ladies in this ashionl" " Why, certainly?almost every one | >f them, more or less, has been bitten in her ime by these crabs. It is a very common thing, fee. they have all returned to their battling botes o efoff their dripping dresses. They will soon ?-appear as huckster-women; and in this disguise hurry home to their ehambers and chenisfb, where net even a telescopic eye can each them." Ecolii*. D*st*pctiv* CowrLAoaATioJi ?We are pained

o have to announoe the destruction by fire of lesrly tha whole village of Provldense In thi* county. )n the morning of the 13th, shout 3 o'clock, A. M., the acket Erie came through the village, which wai ?hen iearly all on fire,an41t waa not without difficulty that It ha nMS?r??(1 Am r.llu. .. : rh* parttculara hare not reached a*. All we know it that ill the building*, tarern*. Item nod dwelling*, on the tank, that war* aaarto each other, were burned. The tra la underttood to have originated in tho itore of O I. Abel, F.ta. Providence ii litnated 83 mile* up the (in?l, at the head of the great rapid* of the Maume* Ivor, and where the feat canal feeder toward* tin lake U akenoat ? Toledo BUt* >RK I 10RNING, JULY 26. 1846 TJOTIONSBP.. ' ; <mmn In New York. MocklAuctioneers " do the green-horns " in the easily recognized. He is bidding on a watch, for ) give his " own guarantee." At the same time a .'hile one oi'the Fancy behind him is relieving him ig at the greenness of the countryman, who finds, not gold that glitters." The man on the outside lie auctioueer has full swing. Bufpalo, July ?, 1846. Inert ait of Buffalo?Black Rock?Detcription of tht Forti/icationi?Steamboat$?Sands, Lent ff Co., fyc. 4-c. The city of Buffalo it destined to become the metropolis of the West. It now contains some 35,000 inhabitants, and has increased in population within the last Ave years upwards of ten thousanc soids, or, an average of two thousand a year. Two-third a ol the population is composed of German families recently settled here, and there is not an idler to be found within ten miles of the lake. 1 A rupture with the British to-morrow, would not in the luast alfect the interests or endanger the safety of Buffalo. In these military times, a short sketch of a fortification now just completed near Black ftjck, may not be uninteresting to your readers. It comprises a redoubt, including an enclosure of breast-high wall, occupying an area of 231 feet. In the centre is built, ot the peculiar rock with which that neighborhood abounds, a tower of62 fe&t square, the foundation of which is 31 feet below the summit of the bluff, being excavatad for that purpose, and the earth thrown out, made use of to form the glacis, which takes a gradual descent from the top of the breast-high wall some two hundred yards. Around the two walls, fronting the lake and the Niagara river, are placed 22 thirty-two pounders. The guns are all mounted upon the Barbet carriage, revolving on traverse circles, and so constructed that they cannot, in case of a surprise or successful assault, be turned upon the tower. The tower rises 75 feet above the level of the lake. It is roofed with heavy concrete masonry and brick, supported upon arches, covered over with asphallum; above the asphaltnm is thrown in earth, averaging in depth 9 fee i. On the north-western angle of the crest of the tower is erected a four gun battery, intended to be mounted with from 32 to 50 pound Paixhati guns The batteries command the entrance ?f the lake from Niagara rirer ao effectually, that no supposable fleet could ever force a passage. The whole 26 guns could bo brought to bear upon any single object any where within two miles of the works. -The front of the redoubt is ( protected by a perpendicular bluff of rock rising I from near the edge ot the Niagara river, from | which it ii separated by part ot the Erie canal and Buffalo creek, in iking a landing on that side next to impossible. The approaches to the rear and flanks are also extremely difficult. From the situation 01 ine grouna, me nenviesi oranance could give no vital injury to the tower, even at a distance of ten or fifteen feet from the crest of e work ; and should an enemy approach an) arer than that, ho would be ey to a ineof musketry from eighty loop-h the tower, mann?d by three men at e vhn will be so posted as to discharge their pic pass them to the rear to be re-loaded while inuy discharge others, thus keeping up an incessant fire upon thoir assailants. On the west angle is a hot-shot furnace, capable of heating 50 balls every thirty , minutes. At each corner of the tower is a guerry ( with loop-holes for musketry, and floor-traps for hand grenades, flic. The tower communicates to the out-works by ineansoftwo draw-bridges hoisted and lowered with chains. The interior of the tower is most elaborately finished, and, although under ground, forms as comfortable quarters both for ollicers and men as could be desired. Within the works are two resources for water, one by means of a well of spring water, and the other from a reservoir, into which all the rain that falls upon the work is drained, after being thoroughly filtered in its passage through the earch covering the arches of the tower. All that dan be seen at a distance of ten yards from this impregnable fort, is about thirteen feet of the top of the tower containing the four gun battery, and the range ol breast-high wall. This little hornet's nest will render the fleet of John Bull and his navy-yard at Chippewa entirely worthless, as not one of the steamers or sailing craft could ever pass into the lake without being completely riddled. This important work was commenced about three years ago by Capt. W. D. Frazer, who was afterward# relieved by Lieut. J. II. Trapier?the mechanical and architectural department being under the direction of George Phillips, Esq. The whole work, including 16 acres of ground and a dwelling, did not cost over #88,000.* Most of the steamboats navigating Lakes Erie j and Michigan could be easily converted into war steamers. Oneofthem, the Mt. Louis, Capt. G. | W. Floyd, would be a matoh for the best British ( vessel on the lakes. Speaking of Capt. Floyd, he , has just about one of the nioest boats that runs to j Chicago?sets n table fit for an emperor?spins a ( good yarn, and has a private scuttle to his state- j room, so that, in case of accident, he can spring , out of bed upon deck, without waiting for his sif- r ver shoe-buckles. The Niagara is also a very fine o boat, as well as the Buffalo, the Cleveland, and a dozen or two others. Sands, Lent <te Co., are at the Falls of Niagara, with the dancing horse May Fly, the fighting ponies, and the rest of their beautiful troupt. The Canadians are pouring in by thousands to get a sight of these wonders, m the company do not intend visiting Her Majesty's dominions this season. A Fiscal Nuisance ?Under this head the Rochester Dtmnarat throws light upon the causes of the excessive importation of Canada coppers. It sat s they are s nuisance, sent out upon community, mostly by petty shavers, who mske s huiiness of it. They buy up (-snails silver here, which is at a discount, and then exchange that silver in Canada for coppers. By this operation, they get l-JO coppers for a dollsr, and then pats off these coppers at par. We are told that one man made *300 or ??<>0 Isst year by thia game -the whole of which came out of the pockets of our people. Nsw Hits* AfTaonoMgai ?The magi of New Haven observed snother meteor towards the western horisoa on the ISth Inst. It is supposed te be the tame thst was teen bv the Pennsy Iranians and Jersey men on tha evening of thst day. A greet many meteors will probably rise ia the west srs long t ' ? IERA ft K Cilly, on the Sarin, Lower Styria, t June 6, 1816. $ An old Roman Town?Scenery?Railroad between Jhe Baltic and the Adriatic?Popular Supertti_ tiom reipccting tht Locomotive. The Inn of the White Ox?The Laboring Claim?Their mode of Life?Their language?FacUitiei for Travelling on the Continent?Hostility between the Hungarian? and Sclavoniant?The Bohemiani. It is not, 1 believe, recorded in Roman history, nor in the biography ot the Emperor CLiudiun, that, in founding the town of Cilly, [Claudia Cel_ leia,ot the Kommis,] that his wise men and divin. ors tiad the least suspicion that,in the year 1846, so far-famed a sheet as the New York Herald would list in a world not then discovered; and, moreover, that it* lnuntiU correspondents would make the labors of said emperor the ttehl of their investigations, for the purpose of contributing to its column* Hut times aro changed, and, notwithstanding the old adage, that "there is nothing new under the sun," now tilings and new movements are springing into existence daily, and the watah-worii of the civilised world is becoming " hnterprize." 1 ain within the walls of an olu town, whose appevrance would indicate that its history coinme need with that yf the creation : its walls are, here and there, decorated with Roman inscriptions; and before entering the main gate, the stranger is kindly informed, by a lar^e sign, that " It is positively forbidden to beg or tight in its streets." The river, that flows along under its ramparts, is lined for a considerable distance, on each side, by busy washerwomen, who ply their trado all d-ty long, standing up to their knees in the flowing stream, and whose constitutions seem to have borrowed their character from the rocks that overhang their heads, the ruins of an ancient castle, inhabited by the robber Icnights of the middle ages, impends over its very roofs, and the tolling of the convent bell resounds from the neighboring summit, and summons the inhabitants of the valley to repair to the high places and engage in devotion. But the warning voice of the bell of the " Holy Fathers," has just been interrupted in its solemn tones by the shrill whistle of a locomotive; and the past and the present aro struggling for the ascendancy, each in a manner characteristic of itself; the former in the measured and reverential tones of old age?the latter with all the ardor and spirit cf buoyant youth. The immense line of road that is finally to connect the Baltic with the Adriatic, is fast approaching completion in the neighborhood of the latter sea, and has just been finished froi* a considerable distance in the interior up to this spot. Tnrough the kindness of one of the Imperial Counsellors, I wa* invited to join a party of scientific gentlemen, military and civil officers, on an experimental trip previous to the regnlar opening of this section of the road. The opportunity of making a first trip with steam into the heart of a country where the mass of the inhabitants never heard the name was not to be missed, and I accordingly joined the party with much pleasure. Nearly the whole extent of oountry in Styria. traversed by tho road, is perfectly enclosed by undulating ridge of the paving Styrian Alps, whose summits are crowned by endless forests, and whose sides are adorned with the most luxuriant vineyards;?rocks rise on rocks?hills on hills, and mountains tower above their fellows, with n grandeur that is indescribable. These are fringed with a species of pine to the very summit, and are the abode of the Alpine woodmen, who ascend as soon as the snows of winter have disappeared, build a rude hut of branches, and follow their business ameng the clouds, until the frosts of autumn force them back to the valleys and their smiling vineyards, to await the melting of the snows of the coming winter; when the torrents that rush down the mountain-sides bring with them the labors of the previous season. The people are rude, aud uncultivated, anil the appearance of a roaring locomotive, and its train of"cars, passing with a speed, to them, incalculable, produced a degree of consternation which was, at times, ludicrous, and at others was calculated to exeite a combined feeling of svmnjithv and nitv. Maiiv sat>m dccidedlv convinced tfiat his Satanic majesty was taking a pleasure excursion among the wicked mortals ot earth ; and, with ail due respect, hats were taken off us we passed, and many a breast was crossed in earnest reverence with the hope ot" obtaining favor in the eyes of his majesty and suite, and guarding against the dangers to which they felt exposed in presence of the super-human travellers. We passed one peasant on his knees, with his hands clasped and raised to He&ven in the attitude of imploring inercy. On stopping at the various stations, the inquisitivo would gather round at a respect, ful distance, to inspect the wonderful animal, when suddenly a puff of the steam whistle would scatter men,women and children to the four points of the compass, fully convinced thnt nothing earthly can breathe in that style. Superstition went so far as to threaten at one time a disturbance? the idea spread amongst ilie peasants that to propel the engine a human spirit was required, and nt the beginning of each tnp a man wus put into the locomotive, whose soul took it to its place of destination?-the effort, however, was supposed to be so great as to result in death, requiring a human being for each trip ; this idea seemed the refinement of cruelty to the poor peasants, who were about to demand a cessation of hostilities against the human race, when they were convinced of their error by the fact that their priests and ronfessors also travelled the same way. One of the engineers informed ine that several ot the wandering Capuchin Monks, who are to be found in every part of the country, had applied tor permission to go with fhe train free ol expense, on the ground that it would satisfy the people that there is no danger. The inn of the " White Ox" in Cilly is a clever house, and mine host looks as fat, as hearty and as lazy as the animal whose likeness decorates his swingingsign.and presides over the destinies of his establishment. The main entrance has attoor formed of round paving-stones, and the straight and narrow way leads the unguided traveller to the kitchen or the stable ; it is worth while, hewever, to go astray for the sake of being provided with a rosy-checked Styrian lass as a guide, who kisses your hand with a charming naivettt, inquires is vou have had a pleasant jeurney,wishes to know now you left your wife, mother or sister : would be glad to be informed if you have any brothers who propose making tke same journey soon, and ikus beguiles the time while coaducting you to a chamber, on whose door are the words "His Majesty" in bold relief. It appears that once upoa * time his Majesty condescended to be in Cilly, tnil in compliment to the coat of fashionable cut, ihe hat and boot of Parisian outline, the visiter from the rm>ital is always shown to the apart mont that tie deigned to occupy. Its internul arran^inent is antique thougu comiortuble, and :he view of tlie ula tile roofs from the \v indow.the provincial appearance of the inhabitants, and the [tecuharity ol oostuine, are well calculated to inluce reflection while reposing from the journey >f a day. The laborers are returning home, and the sau?age boys in the street are providing them with nnaMagei from a tin kettle with a furnace oelow it, accompanied with the oft repeated cry, "boiling hot sausages" while the bakar boys ire retailing bread, and the happy people are ?njoyinz an unsophisticated supper in the street. To find any points of similitude between the aboring classes in this country, and the same ;lassesinthe United States, is rather a difficult ask. Here they form a distinct cast, devoid of nd?;|iendence, nevoid of energy, and not aware >f possessing any other right than that of being lewers of wood and drawers of water for their nore lucky fellows. The compensation is miseably small?railroad laborers are well paid with 15 cents per day, and women, who perlorin the nore drudging and menial portion of the labor, eceive about 15 cents per day. Turnpike roads ire generally kept in repair by women, who jreak the stone and mend the road, for about 8 sentsperday. It is true, the expenses of living ire not so great, as the expenses of the same >10,99 Willi 11 Ely UUIK3 Itll a.1 HI J CA|/CI IC11V." Kwn, it ? merely because they live more meanly?the necessaries of life are in general but little cheaper ?and what ia considered indispensible to a labor- : ing man in the United States, is the greatest luxu- I ry here, The general fare is a piece of rye-bread j lor breakfast; Tor dinner, a soup about as substantial as a mixture of warm water and salt, a l>oiled sausage and rye-bread ; in the evening their frugal meal is solaced by the company of beer, which is used in excess to ttie exclusion of tea and coffee. I'lie day fioni sunrise till sunset is spent in Inbor, in a dull, inactive manner, and the nig t is passed in sipping beer and smoking. And inis explains, to a certain extent, the socret of their condition?beer drinking induces dullness and stupidity, and I llrmly believe that those classos of a nation, who f V I ? rT f? in ?* LD. Pric? Two Canti* I indulge in it lo the greatest extent, will always bm trodden on by the o;hers. Again, laborers in this ' country perform about halt us much in the nam* tune as American laborers?this is no rxitggeration ; I have seen it practically tried,and although labor is so very cheap, the expense of building public works is nearly or quite us great here as witu us. There can 0? but little doubt that this depends on the difference ol diet. An American workman lives infinitely better, perloims moro | labor, and receives better compensation. Nothing is more sadly needed here, Chun a ', kitchrn relorm," and until the laboring clane* on ihe ! continent eat more meat than they do now, tbt-y | will not be able to compete with American or | English labor. 'Hie energy and capacity of the individual is altogether il ulerent, according as the fetom uch is supplied with meat or vegetables; the soil bin I * different fruit, accoruing us it mmeistened by water, wine, or beer. The amount ot \egetabla food required to support the exertion ol Lard labor is so great as to keep the digeMive powers continually on the strain, whila m?at gives nioi? than double the quantity of nutriment, and requires but hull'the tunc to digest. Give the low r orders of Europe a better diet, and they will 'oon become a different people. There is but little sympathy between the working classes and their overseers?the latter are incredibly numerous, and consider themselves another order of beings. At a dinner given at the opening of the roiul already mentioned, no less than 2U) civil officers were present, who were more or less connected with the undertaking in what way all of the latter gentlemen employ their time, n a problem which 1 shall not pretend to solve. In the neighborhood ol Cillev thev do net speak the language of the people: a dialect of Slavonian, termed the Wendibh, id the tongue of the lower classes?their rulers speak the German. This naturally produces a gup between tlum, and one which is growing greater daily. Many ol' the important national movements at present on the tapis in Europe, seem little less than paradoxical, when viewed merely on the surljice. The facilities for travelling, are everywhere ann filiating time and space, and bringing every nation on the continent into intercourse with its fellows ; under such circumstances we might suppose that the relics of the less cultivated languages still existing here, would gradually disappear, and give place to tliose already possessing the elements which correspond to the present advanced state of society, and which aro rich in literature and science. Such a course in the people, that are now just emerging from a stale of letharity, would be Like taking one giant step from the past to the prusent, and would place them on an eminenoe whence tkey would have a fair start in the great race. This, however, is not the ease ; the peace that has reigned in Europe for the last lew years has drawn off one great source of excitement?the fear of being conquered, and the necesbity oi being continually engaged in preparations tor self-defence ?and has given to the many lnlerior nations of Europe a few leisure moments to consider their condition, and the position which they maintain in oomparison with their sister nations. They now see that they have been nearly blotted from the listol nations, and that the idiom of their fathers has either been nearly swallowed up by the contests in' which they hnve been involved, or has remained so long stationary, as to be no longer adequate to the maniiold dumunds ana intricacies of European life. Not at all daunted, however, they spurn to borrow the ingenious instrument of their neighbors. and are devoting all their energies to the cultivation of their mother tongue, This draws their attention from the present state ol knowlrdge and the arts?keeps them in the back ground, and makes them jealous of those with whom necessity obliges them to mingle. In Hungary, the Latin was, until within a year, the language of ihe diet ?Hungarian has now become the language of the tribunals and the assemblies, and those who cannot speak it, cannot be heard. Many members of the diet are Slavonians of the southern uart of liungtiry, who, as noblemen, speak the Latin, but do not understand Hungarian?they are the weaker party, und being thus deprived of the.r rights of being heard, cherish a deadly enmity towards those who are membtri ol the tamo political association. This enmity extends itsell to all clashes of the people, and the Hungiyians and Slavonians are at sword's points, hating tath other cordially, and engagufg in continual skirmishes. This feeling shows itself 111 the very streets of the large cities, where the lower classes not unlrequentiy meet and quarrel. Hut the Slavonians have a language of their own, and the conduct of their oppressors has rendered their attachment to it more close ; they are cultivating Slavonian literature, tnd publishing Sclavonian journals. Great eflorts are being made to connect all the Slavonian tribes into one band ol literary brotherhood, and no trifling progress has been made, considering the fact that every literary etrort among these people must be confined to a favored lew?the vast mass having no idea of cultivation. The Bohemians have caught the infection, and-ore now unfuiling to the breeze a banner which has long mouldered in its fo'ds; in Prague, the capital, clubs and societies have been formed in which it is forbidden to speak any other language than the Bohemian ; journals and works are published in the language, and there is a strong Bohemian party. It will De remembered that all these movement are taking place in countries which are under one government, and that, German, the Austrian. These agitations are very Babel-like, und the question is becoming a serious one, as to whether they will not be Babel-like in their results to Austria, and disperse her children to the four winds of hea*. en. Belgium is also exerting every nerve to bring her long neglected language into vogue atrain, and banish the French- The Flemish has been much cultivated within a few years, and its votaries seem to possess a zeal which amounts al mosi 10 pcTPtruuiion?ninny inuiviuunia liavjjig been rejected by public institutions, or deprived of their p.accs on account of being unacquainted with the Flemish. The most popular Flemish author of the day is Conscience, arid several of his works have been translated into the Bohemian. Certainly a curious incident that two languages, scarcely emerged Irom oblivion, and still in the teensot their restoration, should begin at so enrly a period to ex* change compliments. Even the modern Greek has learned to appreciate the merits of its neighbors, and Sub's Wandering Jew, translated into that language, is now oflered for sale in the cotfee houses of Constantinople. Canada Peacemakers?ASSAULT HY AN M. P.? A brntiil assault was committed on the 29th June, bv A. II. Myers. Ksq. M P. P , on the person of fttephen [ Yoniig, K?| , of Murray. It appeara that on tha day above named, Mr. Young and two other magiitratea were investigating an action, brought by Mr Myera against ona of hii neighbors, whom ne had accused of setting Are to his dwelling, which had been consumed on the night previous. Mr. Myers was attempting to And sufficient against thn man to commit him, and becau*e the magistrate wished to exercise bis own Judgment on certain point*, and not to condemn the accused without proof, he fell on him with his unaaercifal liita and Cava him to underttand that one of har Majasty'a Justices of the Peace, and a radical, too, most not presume to contradict or refuse to be controlled in the administration of justice, by an M. P. P. and lawyer. Mr. Young, very properly, immediately commenced a legal pracaaa against the gentleman. The grand fury of th? Court of t^usrter Sessions for this district found a bill, and tha gallant gentleman will be forthwith arrested; and at the neat Assises he will have an opportunity to display his rare talents in showing how very legal and respectable it is (or the representative of tha county to set tha bully when it suits him best. Mr. Young will also bring an action against him for heavy daaa?gas.? C^m'iIms . Yesterday was kept by the Orangemen for the 11th of 1..1,. Awt riranK nmraiainn walked through the (treatf, and in the ?renin( itvinl minor quarrela took tilace. Between nina and tan o'clock a general row broke oat, and would have produced ?arioua raiulta bat tha Mayor took up a pickat ef 9* men (the military having baan kept in raadioaaa by Major i Jen. Arroauong) captured and d tape reed tha rfottre, Mkd raetored lb* peace.--Kingiten Urrtli. Salbs op Land to Fobejonkes.?The London Morning Htrald state* that an American land agent "bad been foreome time in Liverpool, and making a lonr of the north weetern countiae in Kngland, inviting British agricuiturnte to emigrata to tha IT Htatee. in contemplation of the paaaing of tha Corn Bill, and ha baa I been 'o completely auccaaafal that, in a few daya, ha eeld all tha Unde that ha had to diapoae of, amounting to almoet tha auneiftcial extant of an average hngluh county,and could in tha time have ?old ten timea aa mueh if ha had tan timea aa much to iall. Srccrit to arovhir Amcrica* 1rt?rvioi?.?We mentionad, about a joar aince, the feet that th? mu?ket invented by W m W Hubbell, and Arert at a militeiy <iiaplay hare with ertraordinarv rapidity, had been pHtionited by the Bavarian miniater of war, aince which hta Jovernment haa received and triad the nriai, and a few va ainre informed Mr. Hubbell, through their connnl, that th? umi h?*i prortd T?ry atirfacteir. Thi? ' '?? tnnat be quite flittering to th? inT?nto>\I'tnn, *

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