Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 27, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 27, 1846 Page 1
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THJ Vol. XII, I?*. "407?Whole no. 44W. CoieJjn Correapoudence of the N, Y. Herald. Pakis, July 1,1846. 71m Elections in August?Ptate Brituh Pru Tradt ?Iri?hCoerci?n Bill?Statiof Part its in England and ik Pranct?Thitrt and Ouixot?Repeal and Pttl? Popularity of the ?ngluh AUtanc*?Political Protptrtt?Art und tht Drama. Well, the political drama for the session of fortysix is about to olose, and the people of the two greatest and freest countries of Europe are about to exercise their right of ebction. The Chamber of Deputies dies a natural death The electoral colleges of France are about to be nailed into action. The deputies are already dispersed, and have presented themselre* before those to whom they owe their commissions,to render an account of their deeds and misdeeds. Mean while there is, throughout the country, the same culm whicl^prevn.U over all Europe ; peace is the order of the day. Peace, commerce, the free aud frequent intercourse of nutious, industry, the advancement of the arts of life,?thus* are the paramount objects to which the European pu'slic directs its wishes. England has taken the lead. British oomraerce has by a great effort shaken otf the chains by which she has been manacled for ages. She has dtclart* herself free. She hus renounced her long cherished errors, and embraced a new Jaith. She invites ul! the nat.oti* ol the earth freely to supply her wants , and reoeive in exchange the produce of her spindles and her looms, her lorges una tier lurnaces, tier pwttenes und her mines.? Slio wails lor and asks lor n* reciprocity. Let oilier nations if ihey wi.l impose restrictions on the reception of the produce of her industry and skill; that is their atlair. She, on her part, im poses. none on ihe receptfon ol their's. 6he sits down in the tranquil assurance tliat the same instinct of sell interest which has prompted her to .emancipate her commerce, must in the end operate siinilai ly on them, and that the day is not distant when human industry and skill all over the world will shake oif its fetters and proclaim itself free. The discussi. n of the bill to coerce Ireland has outlived the circumstances which gave urgency to the muasur^. The government, beaten upon it, bave seized the excuse it offers for their retirement By an original schism existing iu the cabinet, they must have broken on the questiou of the sugar duties, and the Irish question supplied a more convenient pretext lor ikcir retirement.? PaiUes in Parliament have, by th>- debates ol this session, been decomposed; and it is easy to see that tlie business of tne country cannot be transacted without a re-organ iz<ttion of the political elements in combinations t itally new. Mer<> whig and lory, or whig and conservative, will no longer wo. k. ihe conservatives are resolved into ttie relorming and liberal lories, winch have identified tuemsolves with Sir Robert Peel's policy, awd tne larger band have coalesced under tlie leudirship of Lord George Beiitiuck, in the Commons, and the Duke of Kichmond, hi the Lords. These former lnends are now more violently opposed than auy political parties have been lor the last century. Personal animosity has been awakened to stimulate party hostility. The league and radical parties, but especially the former, have grown into increased importance. Their doctrines have prevailed?have been forced on their former opponents?and in their lull breadth and unqualiiied spirit have become part of ihe law of England. It is impossible that those who have for years iought the battles, and who have laid siege to the lortnss, should not participate in the glory of the deleat and the surrender.? Whether immediately, or alter an interregnum, there must be a lusion of liberal elements into the government?the leaders of the league and other libeials must be advanced. The two great parties in the French Chamber have lound it difficult to discover auy questions sufficiently important lo be adopted as a ground of discussion preparatory to the coming elections. The republican party no louger exists, unless n few scattered individuals be admitted us having a tide to the name of party. The notabilities 01 that party have coalesced with the section of the Chamber called, in parliamentary tactics, the left centre, loaning a knot ot some fifty members, who, lor the present, are led by M. Thiers. Between M. Thiers, the recognized head of the opposition, and M. Giuzot, the actual head of the ministerial party, there is not the same relation as between Lord John Russell and Sir Robert l'eel. Tne latter statesmen have never co-operated in the same cabinet. The former have done so more than once. The latter have been the types aud leaders of two great parlies existing and recognized, not in Jt'artianieni only, but in the country; parties which fur upwards of a century have been mutually opposed, and have ultimately governed the country. The latter differ as individuals, by shades of opiuioit which are difficult to be discerned. They are adopted as leaders bv motley groups which have been brought together but feMjiduy and may be disbanded to morrow. Ttiere are no great political landmarks to separate or distinguish the in, and if public convenience or the royal will required it, there 's no reason why the two leaders and, any number of respective followers might not, alter the coming elecuon, coalesce to torm a cabinet. The mast prominent le uure in the foreign politics of France at present is the universal popularity of the English alliance. The announcement ol tue dissolution of the Peel ministry, and the consequent return ?f the whigs to ollice, lias been regarded wit i profound solicitude here merely because ol the return of Lord Palmerston to foreign otlice, and the supposed consequent , hazard to the peace I ul relations of the two countries. They console themselves with the idea that the failure of the attempt to form a whig cabinet on the temporary suspension of Sir Robert Peel's government last December, must have served as a lesson to Lord Palmerston, and opened his eyes to the public feeling regarding him and the tendency of nis policy on bath sides of the channel. It will be remembered that the sagacious monarch of. France was tilled with alarm, and did not dissemble bis feelings on the occasion. " VV? have no ho.-tihty," says a leading organ of M. Gu zot'i party, -to Lerd John Russell and Lord Palmersion, but we cannot forget, nor can the country forget the spirit and tendency of their foreign policy. We cannot forget that, at the epocti when that policy tended to endanger the pacitic relations of the two countries, it was the subject of loud condemnation and remonstrance on me part ot the constituencies of France assembled in the electoral colleges, while, at the same time, it became the subject of not less unequivocal popular manifestations on the part of the Englisn public." '1 tie Peel ministry and the Guizot cabinet sprung out of these common sentiments on each side 01 the channel,and in what was regarded the relations ot the countries they have been animated by a corresponding *Pmt' Lord Palmersion on the one side, and M. Thiers on the other, discoveied that th?y had taken a false step. The common will ol the two coiiu'ries is'now doubted by hone. Far from being weakened either on the one Mde of tho channel or the other, it is more firmly established than efer. It is more generalized and dill'used in proportion as the people ol euch nation have be? u better enabled to leel and appreciate the lruus which have grown eut ot their mutual alliance. The question is then atkid, will Lord John Rusaell and Lord Palmerston accept power on the condition of preserving the pacific foreign policy of Sir Rebert P?el and Lord Aberdeen T The cabinet of the Tuilleriet disclaims either distrust or prejudice or hostility against the new cabinet of St. James. It declare* its profound conviction that the sentiments ol reciprocal esteem and affection by which the people of these two great nations are now united, not less than their sovereigns, will be so apparent that the government, whatever persons may compose it, must bend before public opinion, and must adopt that policy whicti has happily substituted harmony and emulation in prosecuting the *orks of peace, and advancing the industrial arts, and the enttnie curdialt lor th? k? tuny and en in i ty, lor fruitless struggle* and irritating discussions lending to nothing but the studying the best Wood of both people, and lavishing trcH-.iire which, properly applied, might advance the material interest ol the one and the othei. Lord Piiltnerston has recently proved, ihey fay, that he understood the necessity of yielding to tins common wish by his late visit to l'aris, on which occasion nothing was neglect) d on his part to dissipate the leais wlucli his advent to office had raised. bucharethe sentiments openly expressed by the moat influential parsonages beta, and not dissented from by any. A hostile policy between France and England it at present an impossible Utmgi ?md m the inteioourse of the countries is E NE c- u Tb.? k ?? r | more and more promoted by railway* and steam j navigation, it will be every day more impossible. The bead of the church is removed, and no ' sooner removed than replaced, without any of | those long protracted struggles and intrigues i which have generally taken place on such occasions. Apprrherdea political disturbances in tho papal States is assigned as ihe cause of this un! wontt-d promptitude. Th- n--w Pope, contrarv to all former custom, is little beyond the prime of life. In matters of art and the drama, there is almost a total susnen*ion at this iu-?win. The unusual heat of the weather for the last month, has seriously damaged the interests of the theatres. Florence, May 23, 1846. The Palartt? 7fi? Cathedral?Academy of Fine Artt?Museum?Tht Casein*?Ract Court*? Englishmen?Americans?The Emprett of Jiustia?Professor Ridey and hit Children?Hit Reception by tin Family of tlu Grand Duke?His Success in Florenct?The Herald in Italy. This beautiful city has been so often described by travellers, that it would be superfluous in me to attempt its description. Here, as well as in Leyhorn, one's baggage undergoes a critical examination. The wealthy residents are proud of their palatial mansions, most of which are grand, solid and majestic. Tbe largeit and most beautiful building is the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fione I ?the duotno of Florence. It is one of the ino.-t remarkable edifices in Europe, and is said to hnvo been the first church built differently from tho Gothic style in Europe. It is the design of A rnolfo de Tapo the celebrated architect. Its construction took one hundred and sixty years. Its immense cupola is aftar the model of St. Peter's a' Rome. The whole building is ?f variegated marble. Upon entering the church one is struck with the beauty of the marble pavement and of the majestic columns. The Academy of Fine Arts is one of the most splendid establishments of the kind in Italy. Every day there are some imriy or iony urn sis una amateurs uusny employed copyni|j; paintings at tlie gallery They are as plenty a* office-seekers at election time. Another object of curiosity is the Museum of Natural Histora^ Several rooms contain the different podions of IB6 human body, well executed in wax, and colored. I doubt much whether the collection is any where surpassed. Statues and SHuntings meet the eye every where one goes.? ut the pride of Florence is the beautiful promenade called the Cagcine on the bank ol the Aruo. It is two nuies in length, and shaded by lot'y trees. At the further end is a rustic palace, where refreshments are to be had. The most fashionable hour is lioin six o'clock tilt tune ?'clock in the evening. It is during that time tilled with fashionable equipages and gaily dressed pedestrians. The poorer classes frequent it on Sunday. Close by the- Calcine is Uie race course. ri.h? races are to come off next mouth. Most of the horses entered are English There are a great many English people in Florence. One can easily distinguish them by their utfectation of acquaintance with the tine arts, their conceited airs, and their speaking execrable French and Italian. There are a great many Americans here also, on their return from Naples and Home. I am told that upwards of one hundred American lamilies arrive and depart in the course of the year. The Empress of Russia was sojourning tiere when I arrived. Previous to her departure the Grand Duke gave an illummatiou in her honor on Uie banks of the Arno. Professor Ki?ley and his sons arrived here 011 the 4ih inst. Two of the sons called upon the Empress the day previous to her departure. The lady seemed well pleaded with) the visit. She kissed the children repeatedly, detained them over hall an hour, and at parting, said she " hoped, when they arrived home in America, they would not forget to think of the Emprflfs." Professor Risley opened here as the Pergola with great success. On the first night of his perlermance, he was called before the curtain eight times. The second nurht was under the patronage of the Grand DuUe"of Tuscany, who, togethcrVwith the Duchess, was present on the occasion. The professor wad invited, at the conclusion of the performance, by the Duchess, to give a private representation at the palace. He was most graciously received at the palace, and got great applause from the Ducal family and the invited gucstdtv The next day he received a handsome present iri?old, done up by the hands of the Duchess herserf. He does not go to Home or Maples until the fall, as the weather is too warm. The Herald is to be found in the reading rooms here, as everywhere else No. II. Ciudad Heal, Feb. 5, 1346. Die Population of Chiapat?languages?The Lacandones?Their Mode of Life?Backward State of Literature and Arti?College of Ciudad Real ? Church and Convent of San Angustin?Examination of a Student in PhUotoyhy?School*? Mutic ? Theutricals ? Dancing?Bull Fightt? Fiettor de Refugio, Sfc., fyc. Several villages of Chiapas have disappeared since 1611, and arc known only as haciendas.? Whether the Indians of the present day are the descendants of those who once inhabited the now ruined cities of Palenque and Occciugo, is a question of fruitful speculation. The number of the white population in the entire department does not exceed 30,000. The remaining 130,000 are Indians, with a very small sprinkling of negroes. Among the Indians there are eleven different languages spokm, namely, the Mauro, ihe Chich?, the Choi, ttie Mayo, the Zeudal, the, the Chiapaneca. the Trokek, the Casdal, the Zoque, and the Mexicana. The Spanish language is very little understood among them ? This is a great obstacle in the way of civilization. Th?ie is no tradition to tell us which of the above eleven languages was spoken formerly at Palenque and Ocociugo. Indeed, 1 doubt very mucti whether the original language at ail exists at this day. To the east of Palenque, on the right bank of the river U?nmacinto, is a tribe called Lacando Will/ Ul O 31111 UI1UI vui/.cu. llicjr 9JICUK IIIC Maya language, and are engaged in the cultivation ol tobacco, maize, &c. They live in their Milput. Hunting and tishing are their lavorite occupations, and the men are never without their bow and sheaf of arrows. It is said that they eschew all kinds of ardent spirits, but are very iond of tobacco. They are subject to no government, bnt pay obedience to the largest and strongest man of the tribe. They worship the sun and moon. Literature and science are in a very backward state in Ciiiapas. There is no newspaper or periodical printei in the whole department. The only college is at Ciudad Real. This college belongs to ihe old convent of Jesuits of rtan Augustin. The house is a large square two story building, (with a dry ruined loitntain in the courtyard), standing to the north of the church. 1 has eight Catedraticos or professors, and one hundred and forty-six students. I received some time since, an iavitation to be present at an examination of a student in philosophy, wlneh was to tulto place in the cliurch above named. The affair was to come off at 4 o'clock in the aiternoon. The day was Suntiuy, but in consequence of a heavy rain which tell during the day, there were very liew person* present. It was the first time 1 had visited the institution, and as I arrived some time belore the hour appointed, 1 had leisure to stroll through the convent. 1 lound many of tho cell* in ruins. On the first and second story a Low corridor runs round the buildinp, lacing the couttyard. From the | convent I passu! to the sacristy of the church. There was u large crucifixion oh the left a* i entered. On the right were several locked closet?, beneath one of which was a heap of skull* and bones. Meantime, before I had finished my examination of the place, the bell ran# to give notice of the commencement of the ceremony 1 came to witness, and 1 at once proceeded to the church. This I found to be a large building,with seven noble altars, bearing unniistukeable cvi, deuces of the impress of llie hand of tune. '1 he j building must hitve been formerly a very magnij ficeat one. At the east end stand* the high altar. | The west end below the choir, was occupied, j when I entered, by the board of examiners, lie' fore them stood a small table upon, which were | two books and a crucifix. The rector, Doctor Zunign. a Dominican monk, occupied an arm clia>r, behind the table. On his ielt were threw other priests, and standing about lour paces trom him on the right, was the candidate tor examination. At a sign from the rector the stadent commenced a soeech in a low voice and with a good deal of embarrassment. Th.s over, at another jj W YO JEW YORK. MONDAY ft TBI MAGNIFICENT HAI Upper C signal from the rector, ono of the priests commenced the examination, Rnd was followed in succession by the others. The student, although embarrassed, gave satisfactory answers, and the examination concluded, the board of examiners left their seats and retired to the sacristy to consult. Two sextons now appeared bearing silver wands, and conducted the student to the sacristy. Iu about ten minutes all returned. The student knelt in prayer belbre the table, and the rector placing a priest's cap on his head embraced him, and the other priests having embraced him in succession the ceremony concluded. There are a few small schools in Ciudad Real and otl-er towns. In 1831 there were but fifteen schools in the entire department. In Chiapas music is still in its infancy. 1 found organs in all the churches, but they were all sadly out of tune. The music employed at festivals is that of tho common city band, which consists of violins, a violoncello, and two French horns. There is no theatre here. In 18-14 there were some amateur theatricals got up at the house of the Mayor Larranagua. There are few balls, but ttrtxdiat (dancing parties) are frequent. The dances most in vogue are quadrilles, larabas, waluses, contra-danzas and sacaltullas. The music consists of a few violins and guitars, and sometimes only of a merimba. Bull-tights (/iettas delot torot) occur but once a year?that is, at the feast of Mercedes, in September. The feast generally lasts eight days. The church and convent of Mercedes is in the southwestern part of the city, fronting east, and in its large plaza the bull-tight took place. On the verge of the plaza rises abruptly the high hill of San Christoval, on the top of which .-lands the ruined church of San Christoval, the patron saint of Ciudad Real. Tho church was consumed by fire by the federalist*, in the revolution of 1837. On this hill a multitude of people congregated every afternoon during the bull tights. Several families had jmlcus (boxes) constructed round the plaza, for die purpose of viewing the spectacle. On the first day of the exhibition, I viewed it from tin* corridor of the convent of Mercedes. But afterwards I viewed it from the hill, and was much butter pleased with my position. The entertainment concluded with a masquerade by daylight in the open plaza, (very poorly got up,) and u balloon ascension. In November we hail the Fiesta de Rcfajio in the convent of San Francisco. The occasion was a very interesting one. In the grand procession the military band united with the orchestra ; and, on leaving the church of San Francisco in the afternoon, wo were saluted with twelve guns. Some time since 1 availed myself of an invitation from Don Diego Lare, 4?x-Uovernor,) to accompany a ^rge party on a visit to sonm caves auoui a ieagu? couiu 01 me city, on the lana ot Don M. Luciano Solorzano. The most extensive preparations were made lor this visit. Wines and provisions were packed up, cooks ami musicians engaged, and everything w,is in readiness lor spending the day pleasantly. Sunday was the day chosen for the excursion, and at 4 o'clock in the morning I was awakened by a servant ol Don Diejo, who knocked at my window and told me that the family were waiting for me in the church of San Domingo. I arose and sallied out for Unchurch ; mass was about lo commence when 1 arrived, and 1 found the party kneeling at prayer. After mass we proceeded on our route. The entire party wa? mounted, und we proceeded at a smart pace towards the mountains. The sun had just risen as we entered on the tangled mountain pathway, and the scenery was beautiful beyond ? ascription. The place was wild and pictures pie?so wild that we lost our way, and wander jil ubout for two or three hours in search of the right track. Suddenly, the foremast of the r aity cried out, " the caves?the caves !" and w j soon arrived ut the entrance of the principal one. I crawled down about eight feet, anil lound myself in a large chamber, with an arc.jtd roof Rocks of immense size were scattered round the cave. Passing through a narrow pening, 1 found myself in another chamber, larger and darker than the first. We pasted into a third, which was lighted by an orifice in the roof; and here we were completely dazzled l,y the brilliancy of the many tinted spar which hung from tiie roof, and was scattered in f ragments round the cave. The substance of these stalactites is lime spar. Whnn I Am^rcrtwl flirain infn /1 n i/11 rr li t I fniinil tli?? .. ...... ? ....V, enure company in the saddle; and wo were soon rn rra/( to another cave, half a mile distant But 1 must break oil"here, and relate what afterwards ?ccuired in another letter. Gkkat Rutting in Bytown ?A gentleman who arrived here, via the the llideau Canal, from Bytown, last evening, inform* us that, on Saturday, Sunday, and Monday evening lait, up to (be time be left, Bytown was one continued scene of riot and confusion, 10 much so, that it was absolutely dangerous to walk the street*. On Wednesday afternoon ihe military were called out, and arrested some of the rioters, whom they threw into jail. The cause of the riots is said to be this. Last St Patrick's day. for the first time, a fiortion of the IrUh population celebrated the day there in great numbers. r>y walking in precession. At this, certain parties took otfence, and the Orangemen, numerous in the county, surrounding Bytown, threatened retaliation by walking through bytown in procession ontfcelitli of July. These Itiolish thrents, doubtless never intended to lie cariied, had the etlect ol inducing a number of raftsmen on the Ottawa river, above and below Bytown, to assemble at Bytown on the evening ol the Orange anniverI sary: anil every budy knows, from the reckless character of this class that nil they wish for Is an excuse to do mischief. Under cover, then, of the IStii July, they set to work, and without any provocation, abused every person they took a fancy to abuse in the public streets ; and this was continued for three days, without any interference on the part of the magistrates, to proserve the peace. The magistrates of Bytown, we learn, are much to blame in this matter. Had they showed any disposition, even the slightest, to preserve the peace in the first instance, no breaches of the peace would have occurred. ?BrititK fVkig. Supreme Coukt, July 23d.?Present all the judges.?No 446. Dull uds. the People.?Motion lor a new trial in a criminal case. Mr. Whaaton onened for defendant. Mr. A. J. Colvin, DUtrict Attorney, *m heard on behalf of the people ; and Mr. W'hcalon iu reply. Decliion poitponed -No U3. June* and other* Judge* of Wayne county ad*. the People ex rel. Hill ? Certiorari to review proceeding! in laying out a road. Proceeding* affirmed by default. N. Hill, Jr., for defendant ? No. 64. Powell and al v?. Htryker late Mheiifl, ho. ) ?Motion for new tiial on a cn?e. U ranted by default. ! 8 Htevene for plaintiff.?No. 06. 1 lie Mayor, tec. of Brooklyn ada. Redcliffe, executor <tnd aL?Judgment lor defendant on demurrer by default. N F. Waring for detendauta.? No. 67 Dygert ada. Beardilee. Motion to tel aaide report of referee*. Menu K. S Capron and J. j A. Spencer opened for defendant. Mr. Hill waa heard for ulnntiff, and Mr. Capron and Mr. Hpencer in reply.

Motion denied.?No. 00. Buckman ri. Bryan.?Motion to et aiide report of referee*. Mr. ttteven* opened for plaintiff. Adjourned.?wfJieny Evening Jtur., July it irk i IORNING, JULY 27, 1846 IBOR OF SAN FRANOISCO. *** "U EH y~s? ~ California. TU? Watering Places. Lake Mauoi-ac, July 6, 1846. 'Jhe Minium?Its Scenery?Ride to the Lake?Lake Mahopac?Its Beauty?Retired Situation?View of tht Lake?The Fourth? Amutemcnti of the Day?The Ball?'Ihe Ladiet?Strep. What an invaluable blessing it is U escape from the dust anil turmoil of a large city, and breathe the pure air of heaven, where nature smiles in freshness and beauty. To the many invitations which I received to spend the Fourth, both in the eit/ and country, I declined them all?and can assure my friends, that their kindness is highly appreciated, and would haye afforded me no small pleasure could I have gratified their wishes; but longing to bohold tins tempting spot, my mind was made up, and no temptation, however inviting, could deter me from visiting it. Bidding adieu to the city last Friday,in the steamer Thomas Powell, 1 found myself, at a little past six, in the shadow of the Dunderburgh, at Royer Hook, thus coming the distance of forty-five miles in a little over two liour?, a rapidity which is rarely equalled on the Hudson, and making her " walk the waters like a thing of life." The sun shone brightly above Dunderburgh mountains, and promised a lovely morrow. 1 found plenty of vehieies here to carry passengers to Peekskill, which is not far distant; and I soon found myself whirling along the river's bank, now traversing a long bridge, and again passing a steep and rocky mountain, till we enter the village. The scenery as you pass from the bridge on the road round the point, is beautiful in the extreme, and the Hudson appears like a broad lake, shut in with mountains and hills. Passim: through the village, I alighted before Col. Williams' Hotel, or rather now private boarding house, for temparance has made such a sway here that a public housecaunot be found, causing a great inconvenience to the stranger travelling this way. The license law is entirely abolished, and not half the amount of business is done hero as formerly. Though temperance is a beneficial thing?yet I regret that my friend the Colonel is so materially affected by it, as a belter man never existed?pressing business deterred me from leaving here, that night, and it was not till noon, the next day, (4th) that I took the stage to the lake, a distance of 16 miles. Soon after losing sight of the village it commenced raining, (having been cloudy all the morniflg) and it continued showery the rest of the way, sometimes drizzling,and other limes pouring down like a Hood. I was extremely sorry to see it rain, for two reasons?one for the day itself?for what is more disagreeable than a rainy Fourth : it weighs down the spirit and destroys that happiness and joy which would naturally arise where everthing is harmony; and the other?for the beautiful scenery which is spread around in such exuberance, abounding in the most picturesque views. Mountains, hills and valleys, sloping green banks, fertile meadows, clear running biooks and shady forests, and to complete this rustic view, cattle scattered here and there grazing in such peaceful retirement, making the earth glad. Though comfortably seated and sheltered from the pelting rain, the confined condition uliorded me but little gratification, and an occasional peep out in the country caused a momentary gladness. The roads being mostly up hill are pretty good, and in fair weather are excellent. After riding 8 or 9 miles we stopped at Jefferson valley to rest awhile,and partake o! a little refreshment. Before it is spread a small lake, which on my beholding for the first time, I mistook for the far-famed Mahopac; but a more scrutinizing gaze will tell you your error from its size. We are now very near the end of our journey; and five miles more will bring us in sight of the lake, which bursts upon you very suddenly (when you are least expecting it) on turning an angle. Tbeie it lay, stretched out, embosomed in a beautiful country; and the impression which it left on every beholder of it for tlie first time, will never fade while memory exists. The road now extends along its margin, and a mile more will bring us to the hotel, to alight before the prettiest sheet of water I ever saw. The piazza was full, and I should judge that between sixty nnd seventy persons were staying there. Many of them were young ladies, possessing nature's rarest qualities, and were scattered about, talking in a merry mood. Dinner had been concluded some time, but a keen appetite made me relish n somewhat cold one, which nevertheless was highly acceptable after so unpleasant a ride through the rain. After concluding my meal, I sauntered out to meet an old friend of mine, with whom I became inseparable. iiehold the country around.and see God smiling in all things. How t>cauiiful is nature I Hut 1 forjfet mvself. and mint i-nHi?i?v?r to ilwserihe ihi> Fourth here. Well, my frienrl and myself, were seated out on the- hold piazza, anxiously waiting for it to clear up, but there being no signs of it, wc walked about, and perceived that tbo ladies could not smile so merrily whilst the heavens looked 10 sullen. The afternoon bekfan to wane, and 4 o'clock came, and with it brought no change in the w?uther. The piazza wa?crowded,arul sono became noisy, with talking nnd lat'ghmg, tellintr where they spent thuir 4th last year; others lounging ami smoking, and lookini* wistfully upon the sky, then again a group would wend itself to the l>owling all< y, there to drown the gloom in the rolling ball. Others repaired to the water and took a quiet sail in n drizzling mist, and all found employment to while away the time in a pleasant way. Thus passed the afternoon, and as evening closed in their noiso grew louder and the mirth became merrier, and their merry voices nmg through the air full of happiness and health. IVa lingered late, and their patience was nearly worn out when the l>ell rung, nnd it was nine o'clock ere they were ready tor the sports of the evening. Hang went the crackers, and whiz went the rockets, arid the noise became universal. Mr. Monk gave them some very nretty airs upon the ! flute, and wa* greatly applauded, ruaugre his excises. The ladies became anxious for a frolic,and soon the bull room whs lighted up for the votaries of terpsichore. Soon all t hings were pie pared. and Fred and myself repaired thither, ascended a flight of stairs,and entered a room ever a grocery store, which though small is tastefully painted ' and ornamented with various devices. The ne- ! gro fiddler was perched in a chair upon a table and all things were being ready. " Mm in aroM with it* voluptuoaa awall, Holt eyes looked lore to eyas which aixike again, Ami all want marry a a a marriage ball." I observed many beautiful ladies present, and I E R A I >. their heart* appeared to beat so happily, I am sure they enjoyed themselves well. Ah ! who could not feel happy where beauty and pleasure f;o hand in hand 1?for see those young and wvely faces, blooming with health ana joy. Their beauty enthrals you, and who could quit such an assemblage, without a bleeding heart? Many a park ha* first been kindled here,and tnanya union been consummated. It would be in vain to particularize all the Indies present?suffice it that their loveliness seeimd to eclipse themselves, and it was the gayest assemblage of young hearts, where beauty, tlathirig wit, and hilarity are combined. But there is oin- who left no slight impression upon my heart. Her modesty captivated ine at once; and those eyes, fringed with such beautiful dark lashes, and beneath which there sparkled such a brilliancy in those glassy orb?, that it haunts my memory jret. Her face !?ah, it'was in that lovely expression that 1 first caught the inspiration ol love. It glowed with Hebe's freshness, atid u beauty and intellect chastonud by n retiring meil^iiy. IHh symmetry ol bwr person | w?i no lass beautiful than herself, mini " Thr yildc. too, of her atep, an light Along the uoconacious floor alia waut, Si-emaJ that of one born with a right To walk aoma haareuliar element.'' In fine, hur person was ns exquisitely finished us any po? t's "creation of the lit art." the was perfectly beautiful, hut Shakspeare must apeak what my heart would. " Full many lady I hare eye.l with hent regard, and many a tima The harmony of their tonguea hath unto bondage Drawn my too diligent a) re. but you. O ! you So perfect and to peerlcaa, are created Ol every creatures beat" I will not tire you nuy longer with love, but I trust that the lady in pink, mid who apprured 110 less lovely the next d.iy in :i saffron colored muslin, will forgive an erring heart,and attribute this madness to a blind enthusiasm of her beauty. " To err la human, to forgivs divine." But I forget myself, their feet were still llying, ah! " On with the dance, let joy be unconiiued." Their twinkling feet danced over the floor like deer sporting through the forest; and thus continued their joy till 11 o'clock, when the Artworks being announced the room was soon cleared. and they took thgir stand upon the upper balcony of the hotel. The evening, as I said, was not very fine, and there hung a thick fog in the atmosphere. Still it d'd not ram, and we could, enjoy the fireworks, though not so much as had it been clear.The magnificent rockets were entirely lost to the eye, for they did not ascend more than forty feet in the air, before the fog snatched them from our view, and then w? lost sight of the many beautiful stars and serpents,and could only hear its bursting,and immediately alter a sudden gleam in the atmosphere, and that was all. In addition to this, we had a great variety-if wheels of different sizes and beauty. Roman candles, and largo blue lights, whose brilliant light fell upon the fair group, presenting a dazzling display of faces. The audden shower of stars which asct nded in the air, iu'every direction, was vocifeiousl/ applauded, anil received the universal approbation of ttie ladies. Thus their sport was kept up till nearly one o'clock. We were indebted for this j brilliant disnlav ol firework*, to Mr. 11 . of N. I Y., to whom, I am sure, the ladies were deeply thankful, and all retired well pleased to sleep sweetly and soundly after the toils of the day. Nkwpoiit, July 14, 1&16. Shots from the Sea Shore. To day it is raining " out of dishes." It is a day of moisture, mire and mud. The green lanes are impassable. The grass is laden not with " pearly dew," but " heavy wet." No wise man ventures his nose over the threshold. The sea is of a dirty grayish hue, and looks more like a herring pond, than the " sublime ocean." Its hoarse breakers roll in upon the beach, barking and growling like the houridsof Hecate. There will be no bathing to-day, exc?ptthe shower bath, which is a gratuitous gift of heaven, and perfectly democratic in its favors. It is a day witliin-doors. The ladies Uo not show their little noses outside, consequently it will be a day of great scandal. The moisture, and the mud and the misty ocean have not stopped immigration. Fifty new names were this miming registered on the book of the Ocean hotel, besides a number at the Atlantic and Bellevue. A tine bandol eight German musicians arrived here yesterday and commenced their performances at the Ocean hotel, so that the dancing season may now be said to have fairly commenced. 1 kaow not whether dancing be a passion or a habit. In either case it is a strong one among the present visiters of Newport. You may expect to hear of some grand dt bal' during the season. Wo have understood that many persons object visiting Newport on account of the expense of living in it. We think tbey nre mistaken about the expense. Boarding may be obtained in fashionable boarding houses for $6 per week, and there are, we believe, still other houses at a much lower late. In the first hotels the lowest price is nine dollars. But no one who has lived a week in Newport will grumble at the expense, provided he can afford it. The luxury of living in such a sweet climate amply repays one for the additional items of cost. Every mouthful of air you breathe adds to your health and happiness. Ecoum. Newport, R. I., July 24,1846. A 7)/iqIj nl thp Dninrpr* Should a foreigner, say a Turk, or a Russian, at this moment enter Newport, without going farther, he would at once and emphatically pronounce us a "dancing people." lie might, indeed, imagine that we were a litde beside ourselves. Whatever opinion he might form of our freedom in a general sense, he would at least be constrained to acknowledge the universal liberty of limbs. If he should take up his quarters at a hotel, he would be as good as certain to find " dancing in the parlor, dancing in the kitchen if he sallied forth to get clear of it, he would be likely enough to encounter dancing on the green ; and should he stroll along the soft sandy beach, or scale the rugged clitfs upon the bay, his chances would be as good as ten to one ol lighting upon some jovial party, who were tripping it on the " light fantastic. He would l>e very naturally led to believe, that we spent half of our time upon our toes, and that we " took to our heels" only to rest and not to run. Dancing at present is the standing order of the day. " Dance!?danre !? danc? !?from Manday morn, till Saturday night." Now, gentle,or rud? reader, you have no doubt, by this time made up your mind that we are a member of the "'Presbytery of Harriaburgh" but it is not so. In these prefatory remarks we have not meant to inrow in a single u??n ui iuo m sarcasm against dancinf. On the oontrary we are fond of it?" though n?t passionately." We like dancing when it h " well dona." In Ilome to be a Roman, has alwnys been our mottoj so with as good natured a ^raci; a* possibla, wa submit to be dragged into a Newport ball-room, into which, oourteoua reader, let us pull yott along in our company. " Ila ! it ii a nun that break* upon th? light!" Dazzled bv the glare ol chandeliers?the blaze of costly jewefry?and the brilliant beauty of five hundred female faces, you are for a moment constrained to atop, but presently an oppertunity oilers and you find yourself seated on a snug sofa, with hull a dozen dowager looking old ladies at your side. This is a " porch" from which you can see the best w points" of the dunce. To paint the ever-shifting scenes of a ballroom?to sketch the endless variety of faoe ami character?to catch the fleeting smile or grieving glance?(for there is grief, even in a ball-room,) and transmit them to paper, are tasns for which tliia pen-slave is not prt pared. But after a little, when your eye has wandered ng;tin and again over the flitting forms and faces before you, that eye?if you are a man and possess a soul and n ?u,'iII mntrlo out some Ixinutiful creature. whom you won fit pronounce the " belle of the ball." We hml not been five minutes seated, when we became conscious that our heart had , made just suich a choice, and the sweet but secret | admiration commenced. The object was a lair I Philadt-lphian. Where all are beautiful it is not an easy matter to tell who is most beautiful. It requires consummate fkill to select the prettiest gold ring from a jeweller's case. It is a much more difficult, though a mora delicious task to point out the prettiest woman of five hundred, wheie all are pawing Jan. l'aris, him . L D 1" " j? ? ? Price Two Cents* Mlf, would have been puzzled upon thia ooeasiou. and the bestowal of the apple would Lara made him> more vengeful Juno# than might have been conducivoto his health and hapuiess. "Every eye lbrnis its own beauty," is a false and vulgar adage. Beauty is not conventional. It- Inw* are a-> true arid universal, did we but kuow them, as ariv other laws ot nature. "Look upon that face and KTrni ! Does not each graceful action avow tlu* pr> s nfi* of soul 1 Who?ouUI in s'uke such loveliness a? lu-r's 1 And yet no t)>-n sua paint?can d.-tarnly image secii divinity, 1 woulJ with equal hope* oi success, undertake to writs her nurue upon the moon. Let us ea^ay to picture her? ItpRutiful creaturat lioUiin* in nature? Aagcl in featurePurlect in form! OifUil by kiHtui* u in. .... . -w. I 'Ti? uttorly iiile to auempt it. We said * nothing more than has been said und *unn of ^ thousands !" "Who lire you talking of 1" "The lady in white and blue?ten she is waltzing, beautiful' a'i! me, ev-*iy whirl in a fresh turn of tlio chain around my linart." "Why, niv dear friend, alio is " "Not married 1 "Pretty much the bame?mortgage#." "Devils! come away my frieii"> 1 wish to leave the bull room "No! Mtuy tor one moment, until tln-y have etidid thin waltz." "Pshaw! it is vexatious ! they dance badly. Have you ever been to Havana t" "No!" "Then you should uo upon the first opportunity. It is worth a long journey to see the OubuniiH? how they wait/, liah ! this dancing is ridiculous ?bopping m nood truth?what a dtTil ol a hurry they seem to be In ! ihey remind me of a batch of workmen picking up soft brick* before n rain siorni." "11a! ^'ou are disappoint) d?vou have grown satirical. ' " I cannot help it.'* It certainly was enough to have taken the ed?? ol u Job's temper. Gcoukk. Champlain, July 21, 1946. * Beauties of Platttbwrgh?Revolutionary Rdict? Rockwell and Stone'? Circuu. Down this side of the world the weather is warm, though not so severely so as report gives New York pity lor; and though much of the country 1 have lately seen is truly beautiful and fertile, und the rural evenings and mornings are glorious, yet 1 must confess to have been long in u chameleon state of mind with regard to the respective superiority at present of a life in the city and country. Whitehall is now one of tho most thriving Tillages in the State; and the most extensive hotel, and the best conducted ii^ the place, is that new and beautiful structure, the Phoenix Hotel, conducted by Stephen Goodell, Esq. The increasing business of tins section of the country render* such information desirable to many. With all due reverenfe to the witcheries of the city, I must give praise to the villuge of Pittsburgh, where 1 have lately staid; its inhabitants ure so enterprising and courteous, arid its landscape so varied and splendid, You know, but thousands do not, that lrom Fouquet's hotel may be seen the quiet and broad bosom of Lake Cham plain, the far blue ridge of the towering Green Mountains, and the very spot, by lund anu water, where McDonough defeated the lion of St. George. The " Bloody Saranac" rolls its winding course througli the centre of the village, us when it parted the two armies of America and Britain; anil it is not unusual for it to disclose on the caving shores the skele'on of some soldier who was buried in the sandy heights by the Americans, after the victory. Plattsburgli is truly a delightful summer residence, and 1 sincerely adviue all who have never proved this, to take a trip through the Lake from Whitehall; and, if they are fond of either sailing, angling, shooting or rustic rambling, they will find an ample store of amusement. Many mditary reminiscences of deep interest are here to b? found; and the grave-yard of Plattsburgh where lie entombed the remains of Gen. Moores, a revolutionary hero and commander of miliua at the battle of Pl&ttsburgli ; Lieutenant Hale, brother of Mr?. Hale, the authoress?who died here in 1839; and many other American and British ollicers, is a scene of impressive solemnity.? The site ot the old fort of the Americans is now only indicated by a few loose stones and brambles, anu the entrenchments of either army are nearly obliterated by wind and rain. The barracks of the U. S. A. were recently abandoned by the troops regularly stationed there ; they have gone to join Gen. Taylor. On Saturday, the 18th, both in the afternoon and evening, the inhabitants were astonished by the inoirnitwitnt ifi tni><j nf I? rwlr ul'mII ?r Sfntip'n err* at Circus company. I attended both exhibitions, and found them to be of the most choice character, and indeed infinitely superior to any thing ol the kind I have ever witnessed in.the city. They started Irom Brooklyn, I believe, at about the close of May, and having seen occasional commendations of thera in the Herald, i justly imagined them of unusual genius. The height to which the wonders of Olympic art are now carried is scarcely credible. I have seen repeated and lengthy notices, in all the papers of the river towns, which recorded the success and immense popularity of this corns ; and an American may well be proud to think that such a sublime illustration ol the prowess of his countrymen is soon . to compel the applause and admiration of onr Canadian neighbors. Rockwell It Stone enter Montreal on the 28d, for a stay of two weeks. Cbamhersburo, Penn., July 22d, 1846. Tht Society and Scenery of the Town?Vuit to tkt Grave Yard, fyc., $-c. I have been sojourning, for a few days, in aad about the romantic, rural and aristocratic town of Chambersburg. Hours never passed more pleasantly with ine?indeed, 1 " take no note of time "?each day bring* its charms and pastimes. The country around is studded with handsome farm houses, beneath the roofs of which dwell as pretty and lady-like maids as ever graced a cit'i boudoir. I have taken some delightful rides over the many pleasant roads which diverge from this ancient and hospitable town, and I can safely say that a richer country, and more luxuriant crops, the eye never rested upon. In truth, if you go out of town, you find much to admire in all directions ; ana if you remain in town, some new scene of pleasure and amusement constantly awaits you. Yesterday I spent an hour m strolling through the grave-yard, attached to the grounds on which stands the Presbyterian Church, of this place; and suoh a church, and such a spot! It seems lured there, with its antiquated walls, and vene rable trees, to form a golden link that bind* toI gether the past and present. Oh, if I held the pencil of a painter, or the pen of a poet, what picture! 1 would draw ! what lines inscribe, to this country church, and church-yard! Of this grave yard, I must say more, though it should be in plain prose. It is the sweetest, yot wildest spot in nature?just made, it seems, for the dead's resting place?enough secluded from observation, to secure the " silence ol the grave," and accessible at all times, and at all seasons, for tlioae who go down "to that bourne from whence no traveller returns." Nature, it appears, had been too lavish of its favors upon this spot; tor, through its centre, runs a deep ravine, which, my cirtront iold me. had once been filled with water, " sparkling and brightbut within a lew years, it has baen scducra from its native bed, and now, instead of gently lulling the dead to rest, it is boisterously engaged in turning the wheels of a neighboring mill. In these grounds rest the illustrious aacesfors of the Chambers family, founders of this ancient borough. It was a pleasant thought, while hanging over the grave of " the first white settler of Frnnklin county," that his mantle ol goodness and philanthropy had fallen upon such a long line of *-. n -?,i .rtfnflptnanlv desoen Iionorauic, iim-iiigeiiii o? dnnts. All, I believe, lire in and about ?lu? home of their forefathers. Last evening, tUe inhabitants of Chambersbnrg had a treat, wliich I hope they will appreciate, for tliey will not soon look upon its like again. Mr. Edward L. Walker, and his young and lovely wife, gave n concert?Mr. W. performing on his celebrated patent Harmonic Grand Piano-forte, made eiprosaly lor him by Chickenng. Mow. Mb. Qmntwo* ? Hon Joahus R. Oidillnp, t f Ohio, who 1* now on hi? Ant viiit to the Atlantic b< rl r, arrived in Bangor on Tuesday, la (ho rteamhoat Oovernor, It being hi* fir?t trip upon any portion of tk? AtJaotic Ocean, and, indeed, the flr?t time, says th? Whig, ho had ever looked out upon fta broad bosom Hs was called upon daring the day bv a??y of lh? citizen*, and ha add ie?ted the citixea* ot Bangor in tha STeniag upon matter* of national coaosro. The Mayor of ths oily Mt | sd as chalrsaaa. .