Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 27, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 27, 1846 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. \cw Vork, Monrt*y, July 517, IH4H. View of M?t?mor*i, Oar arti?tt, in the army, has -tent us a beautiful view of the city of Mfttainor&s, from the northeast, which we have had engraved It it our intention to publish it in th<> Hfrahl, on Wednesday morning. That city, beii'K in the possession of General Taylor anc1 his army, naturally attract* the attention of the whole American people ; and we, therefore, believe that a correct view of it will bo very acceptable to our readers and the public. We mean to publish the engravings of all the prominent phices in Mexico that may fall into the hand* of the Americans. Our subscribers will find 011 the outside of this day's paper, a view of San Francirco, in California. The Tor Iff? Humored Resignation of Senator t Hajrwoocl, or North Carolina. The chances in favor of the defeat of the new tarff bill in the Senate are certainly improving Hnd increasing Mr. Webster has made a great effort to defeat it, and the complexion of political movement* ut Washington is ominous. The re?ignntion of Mr. Haywood, of North Carolina, (reported by the telegraph) at this critical period, will, we think, have its influence upon the doubtful ones remaining ? Senator Haywood's term expired in 1849, and the Governor of North Carolina can fill the vacancy at once Should he do so* and the n?-w member t?ke his neat before the vote on the question, the defeat of the House bill is certain, provided Mr. Jarnagin. of Tennessee, follows Mr. Haywood's example, or refuses to vote at at1. In the event of Mr. Jamairin following his instruction*, and voting for the now bill, with all the other doubtful ones, it will be a tie, requiring the casting vote of the Vice President. The conMimnmto tact of the democrats may overcome nnd defeit eve y effort of their opponents to defeat this bill. If there is the slightest possibility of Mr. Haywood's seat being filled by a temporary appointment by the Governor of North Carolina, there will be an attempt made by the friends of the bill to force the question before the whigs get the new accession to their i ranks. The course Mr. Jarnagin will pursue is wrapt in much mystery. The whig Senators do not hold to the doctrihe of instructions o faithfully as those of tbe opposite party, and it is not impossible but that in this in- i tcnee they will be inoperative. W-hen the in- ; mictions under which the Senator from Tennes- i ?ee is requested or Required to act, were for- i warded the country was at peace with the world, and the expenditures of the government wore confined to the ordinary and usual channels; since that time, hostilities with Mexico j have commenced, nnd the government has not : only expnded all its surplus revenue,but has been i compelled to call for authority to raise funds by j the issue of Treasury notes The expenditures ' are now of an extraordinary character, and a i larger revenue than usual will be required for Beveral years. Under these circumstances, the Senator from Tennessee may conceive it his duty to abandon his instructions, and vote against the new bill; or, as his term expires in 1847, he may adopt the alternative, and resign his seat. The public mind is therefore as much unsettled in relation to this measure as it has been at any time. The resignation of Senator Haywood would, in the event of Mr. Jarnagin's vote being eecure in favor of his political principles, have nettled the question, and placed the defeat of the new bill beyond a doubt. As it is, no one can tell what will be the result. All we can say is, that the chances are decidedly against a repeal of the present tariff, but the chances are so slight that nothing short of a miracle can save it, and that miracle may be the arrival of a Whig Senator from North Carolina, to fill the vacancy made by the resignation of Mr. Haywood, or it may be the vote of Mr. Jarnagin against Ae new bill.? It i? the impression now, that the vote will not be taken before Wednesday, as Mr. Webster has the floor to-day, and it is probable same of the other Senators may wish to say something upon this interesting and important subject. 4'be British Navigation of the Columbia? How long la It to last ? We are no lawyer, nor the son of a lawyer, nor yet learned in the law, yet we will venture to take a nlain common-senso view of the riir.Sta nf Great Britain in respect to the navigation of the Columbia river. We commence by stating that the late treaty gives the free navigation of the Columbia river either to a body corporate?existing under a charier, and expiring alter a limited term of years? and with the expiration of the charter expires the right of British navigation?or else the treaty gives the tree navigation of the river in perpetuity to mil subjects universally of the British empire. Of course, our remarks will be based on the assumption that the treaty has been correctly laid before the public, and that that, and that alone, is to be the law of the land. According to the published trenty, " The navigation of the Columbia shall be fret and open to the Hudson's Bay Company, and to all British subjects trading with the same." Taking Greenhow for authority, the H. B. Company now exists, and derives its rights under and from a charter granted by the British Parliament in 1838, and limited to the term ot 21 years. The present H. B. Company will, therefore, by limitation, cease to exist in 18G9. And if it be not then rechartered, its dissolution will be complete and total, and no question oould ever be raised ns to any subsequent rights of any British corporation, or British subjects, to the free navigation of the Columbia. As the right of free navigation is confined to two narties. one of which is the H. B. Company, and the other the power owning and exercising political sovereignty over the territor/, it necessarily follows that when the H. B. Company ceases to exist, then the right of free navigation reverts exclusively to the American Government. Subsequently to ltSJW, on the expiration of its present charter, it is clear the Hudson Bay Company could have no rights of navigating nn American river, through American territory, for the rea*on that no such company would or could then be in existence except by an act of British legislation. The question then arises, which wo apprehend to be the great point, is it competent ro British legislation to give perpetual existence, and universal commercial rights to a British corporation) upon American territory 1 Can British legislation give, or do, any thing upon American soil 1 Or rather, is it net null and void, quoad American territory 1 We apprehend that it must be nail and void. Therefore, as the Hudson Bay Company oen have no existence, much l?ss, rights of navigating an American river, without an act of British legislation, so also it can have no ruch rights by virtue of British legislation. Had it been the intention of the treaty to aonler any of these pott mortem rights, it should oarefully, and in due legal form and technicality have specified " to the Hud BOO D+y v>uuiP?ujr, no ncirn anil sucecsaors," 6lC. But the language of the treaty 11" to the Hudion Bay Company, and to all British subject* trading with the Mime." Now the Hudson Bay Company i? limited in every w?y ; it it limited ia numbers, for they are all refiitered by name; limited to hunting and trading, without owning a rod of 'erritory in fes, and without any agricultural power* or privileges. This, and such, is the Hudson Bay Company named in the treaty. But what may it not be under a new eha/ter from the Br.tiah Pvl^maat 1 Parliament may make its >ts commercial power*?it may give it agricultural find manufacturing powers?and in short it may erect the Company into a colony, or even into a political state and give it independence. And still, and forever, would it be the same Hudson Bay Company, and entitled by virtue of the treaty to the right of navigating the Columbia river forever. Now, we say that die difference between these two companies as above stated?die one u it now is, and the other as it may be under a new charter?is so great Uiat it is incredible the treaty should leave it an open question, to which ol the two it gives the free navigation of the Columbia. The treaty says, "to all British subjects trading with the H. B. Co." But if the company can "wring itself in," and claim the free navigation under a new charter, what is to prevent them from establishing their "British" agents at every trading post 011 the footstool, and thus completely evading the prima facie restriction of the right* of navigation "to the H. B. Co. and to British subjects trading with the same 1" Why, the treaty itself, in all its solemn formality, would be little short otone stupendous fraud, and its negotiators a set of land jockeys, and the treaty a precious bit of chicanery by whioh, under cover of a double tnttndre, the United States have been most 'cientifically and diplomatically Jeremy Diddled out of their just and exclusive rights And observe that all this perpetuity and extension of rights upon American territory are given, granted, and conferred solely by act of British Parliament. For the H. B. Co. is not now a perpetual body corporate by virtue of power to elect and fill its own vacancies ad infinitum with an unlimited charter. In 1859 it dies by limitation, and becomes defactn and dejurt a nullity. And we must, therefore, take the ground that, as regards American territory, British Parliament can give the company nothing at all which it either has not now inherently, or which is not given to it by the treaty. But it has not now tha inherent power of perpetual self-existence, nor does the 1 treaty give it any such power. It is, therefore, probably clear that the navigation of the Columbia is exclusively ours after 1860. Who can deny this 1 The Bay of San Francisco?la It to ba our'a I? The California Expedition. Oil the outside nf tn-Hnv's nnnpr will )<n fniinH a splendid engraving of the magnificent harbor ; of San Francisco, situated in 38 degrees of latitude, on the Pacific coast, Upper California. The buildings seen in the cut compose the cattiUo, or fort, with the house of the commandant am?ng them. The harbor of San Francisco is unquestionably one of the finest in the whole world. The entrance is so very narrow that it would require but little to render it entirely impregnable; and its towering cliffs, on each side, might be so fortified as to bid defiance to any earthly foe, however powerful. It is almost entirely land-locked, and could be, if necessary, shut in from the ocean, resembling more an inland lake than an ocean harbor. Notwithstanding this, it is perfectly accessible, very large, and contains, in the midchannel, from forty to forty-five fathoms of water, while the soundings throughout are very deep. The navies of the whole world could ride i at anchor there with perfect ease. There are five missionary establishments located on the sides of the bay, containing a popula- i tion of about five thousand Indians, and between two and three hundred whites. There are about lorty thousand domesticated cattle here, exclusive of horses, sheep and mules. Game is plentiful in the vicinity, and the rivers and creeks abound with the choicest of fish. The American antelope and elk, and great quantities of deer, are found upon the northern side of the bay, affording ample subsistence to those who live by hunting. The eik is hunted for its tallow, which is preferred to that of bullocks. The soil is remarkably rich, and probably for wheat there is none better in the world. In one instance, twelve bushels of wheat, were sowed, which yielded a crop of j eighteen hundred bushels ; and the following year, from the grain which fell at the time of the harvest, over a thousand bushels were reaped ; and in the succeeding year three hundred. The average production of wheat is a hundred fanegas for every one sowed. The heavy dews which fall at night in the vicinity of San Francisco obviate the necessity of irrigation, which is practised in other portions of California. The climate is mild, and the islands and neighboring country abound in the most excellent timber. In addition fo thn nirririiltiirnl nHvarifair?ii itnrl iu dep'k and sa/ety as a harbor, the location of San Francisco for commerce and mercantile j business is probably the best on the whole Pacific coast. East of it is the United States, containing a population of twenty millions of enterprising, industrious people ; and west of it is the broad Pacific, filled with its innumerable islands, who?e inhabitants are fast becoming civilized ; and iaither still is China, the ladies, and all Asia. From the east, a railroad through the South Pass to San Francisco has already been spoken of, and is by no means impracticable ; and to the west the whole of the rich Asiatic commerce is open. The Sandwich Islands are at a tailing distance of about 3,000 miles, and China about 9,000, from San Francisco. What, then, it to prevent this harbor from being the depot of all the trade and commerce between Asia and America, and, indeed, Europe, if it pas'es into the hands of our enterprising nation 1 The advantages ol it are too great for pen to desoribe. A faint glimpse Qf them can only be caught in a moment ol partial enthusiasm, when the thought of our great and growing country fills oar minds. It must be plainly perceptible that the possession of this harbor would be to its possessors an advantage which the feeble word of man cannot describe, and which only the pen of time can exhibit in its fulness. This point is at present nominally in the possession of Mexico, although its inhabitants, and I that of the neighboring districts, are, in fact, under a government of their own, or rather, of no government at all. Its distance from the Mexican seat of Government, and the weak vacillating stata of that Government, render the idea of its long continuing in their possession absurd in the extreme. They have no power to hold it. By divine right it belongs not to them. The Great f-reator, when lie rolled up the mountains and spread out the prairies?when He made the " sea and the land,"?intended that His best and choicest spots should be for those who would use them for the purpose of scattering His rich blesflings over the whole world, to every nation and people. Mexico cannot do this. In its possession San Francisco harbor will remain, as it is now, a mere missionary station, and an occasional anchorage for ships. Our Government is about sending a military expedition to Upper California, under the oomi ?r r^i r> e. - innnu VI VU1. jwiiauinu i/. C^iovcusun, nil CHt^r* prising man, and one who will oarry out the intentions oi the Government. In all probability 1 they will, we think, proceed to San Fmncisco, a? the most valuable.point in Upper California, and there erect a military post. At tbe close of the Mexican war, if California comes into our possession, as the terms of any treaty of peace would to demand, the men oonsposing the expedition will be disbanded, and in all probability, will remain there. If this is the ease, in a few years the American enterprise and energy will have wrought a great changc in that section of country. It will l>e peopled with American citizens. Communication with the remainder of the United States will become easy by means of a great railroad, and its branches. The beautiful harbor of i ???wmmmmi+mm 1 bosom, hundreds of American ships, who shall { carry our productions to every part of the world, | and return foreign productions to us in an easy j manner. Our commerce will spread?our principles will spread?and one more step will have i been taken in constituting us what Providence designed we should be, the greatest nation on the face of the earth. | Now look at the engraving. Interesting p*om Cuba.?By the Catherine, j Capt. Scott, we have received the following intel- 1 ligence, which we consider rather interesting. The Sobrano, 74, was at Cumberland Harbor, and the steamer Congress and two war schooners at St. Jago,supposed to be under the orders oi the t Governor at St. Jago, for fear of some outbreak among the troops, symptoms of which had shown themselves in the Eastern part of the island.? Four soldiers had been shot for insubordination. The house of Casamajor had failed for over a ' million of money. The impositions of the Gov, ernment had very much increased?a new exaction of seventeen dollars per head on all foreigners, had caused much dissatisfaction amongst them. The French Consul at St. Jago had protested, and threatened the interference of his Government. I The American and other Consuls had also taken som?stepg in relation to it. I The difficulties and expense of passing soods through the Custom House were verv ' much increased. The greedy set of officers j had been doubled. They exerted their ingenuity ' j to invent causes Tor fines and forftsitares, from j which it had become almost impossible to escape, i The unlair tonnage regulations have been reinforced agains* American vessels, which they no longer allowed to be remeasured, because thereby they found a difference of 80 or 40 per ct. against them. This is in part ewing to our ridiculous law of measurement for tonnage: for example, i a moderately sharp vessel o( 1000 barrels capacity 1 will measure about 112 Spanish tons?register about 90 tons English, and 125 American ; but in l^uba they class the English and American together, and on both demand twenty-three per cent, t additional, to make them equal to Spanish?the unfairness of which is evident. According to all accounts from our correspondents. the state of affairs in Cuba is getting worse j and worse, and cannot much longer be borne; i it would seem that only a t park is wanting to set on Are a revolution, which sooner or later will 1 render that tiempre fitl island independent of her rapacious mother. Will this independence be followed by annexa- j tion 1 As the natives say, <?ut?n sake ? From Hayti.?A report that a battle had taken j place between the Haytians and Dominicans, was i prevalent at Azua when the brig Louisa left, about the 6th inst., and that several of the Domi- ! nicans were taken prisoners, and the whole party I put to route. The Susan,while lying at that place, was robbed of her ined cine chest, papers, and money to the amount of $2,368. The papers were found several days after, buried near a tree, by one of the crew. Capt. Cornell, her former ! master, remained sick at Azua. From Havana.?The Spanish war schooner Habanero, eight days from Havana, arrived yes- , terday, with despatches to the Spanish consul, residing in this city. It was reported that Santa Anna and General Almonte were passengers in j her, which caused considerable excitement, and no little conjecturing, during the day. The i General, at the last accounts, was still at Havana. | Theatrical and Musical. Bowery Thsatr*.?This evening the ssansger pre* j scnts to the public most attractive bill of performance! In Addition to the grand spectacle of the " Yew Tree Kuins," which has called out the admiration of thousand* during the successive nights of its performance, the wonderful equestrisn spectacle of" Ivanhoe"will be revived, with most msgniftcent new properties, and with the whale strength of the effective company Mr. Neafie , will appear a? Ivanhoe, and Mri. Phillips ai Rebecca. The inimitable Hadaway will, aa uiual, delight the audience with hit comlcalitiea. The famou* horse, Black Ranger, will be aeen in some most dari ng feats, amongst others, ascending from the stage to the roof of the theatre. Let all go to witness these performances, If they would not regret their loss afterwards. OaiKowicH Theatbc.?This elegant and cool theatre ha* been re-opened once more, under the management Mr. Freer. Several new actors, of considerable reputation, have been added to the former stock, and the ?>?.Uirprising manager promises to exert the most unwearied diligence in the production of sterling dramas. The people ef the upper pert of the city should manifest their public spirit by sustaining this establishment. A new domestic play, said to be ef great interest, entitled "Our Old House at Home," is to be presented to-night, together with the vaudeville of "An Object oi Interest," and the drama of "Industry and Union " There is also to be some excellent dancing by Amanda Homer and Mr. Goodwin. We trust that to-night will be an auspicions opening of a new season. Castle ?Where can more pleasure be found, of summer's night, than at Castle Oarden 1 Every c ne who aeeka unmingled enjoyment, should go there tuis evening. Concebt at Matamobas?The Matamirms Flag sayi that a concert was given there on the SOth ult, by Master St. Luke, but was not so well attended as expected. The Mexican ladies could not be induced to come until they had ascertained how the affair was to be conduoted; and for this purpose several Mexican gentlemen were in attendance, who seemed highly pleased with tho entire performance. Welch. Mann and Delavan's circus will be in Columbns, Ohio, on the 1th and 14th of August. Yankee Hill was in Norfolk on the 94th inst New Pubil< atlona. Mitchell's School (l>ou?irm *>d Atlas?Messrs. Thomas, Coperthwnit It Co. of Philadelphia ?The nume. rous testimonials of approbation bestowed on. and the extensive patronage obtained for, thin valuable text-book in every section of the country, are the beat evidences of it* merit; but, in thii 3d edition, the author bu availed himself of the fact* obtained in the laat cemui, and ha* markod the various change* by reunions, annexation*, or *ccesaioni in the political world ; *o in the geographical atod atatiatical table*, valuable addition* nave been made, altogether rendering the geography and atla* in- j ferior in accuracy and aimplicity to none in the United State*?and the enterpriie of the author and compiler will be rewarded by *eeing its already exteniive circulation in our tchool* and ?en>inarie* rapidly increa*ed The benefit* of M'Oulloch'* Gazetteer, Wilke'a Narrative,and Fremont'* Tour, are well *een in the improvement and remodelment of the preient edition. Thc Kkdkid*-By J. Fenimore Cooper, 3 vol*.? Burgei* & Stringer, New York ?This in announced by the author a* the la*t of the Little Page Maauicript*, and we are rejoiced that it is so. Nothing can be more tiresome than long protracted arguments on a subject which every bodv has already come to a conclusion about. Til alio very bad taate to embody argumenta on iuch a subject In work of fiction. The vtiie cum dulci plan ia all vary well, when it i* not carried too far. Mr. Cooper ha* spread this landlord and tenant question over three werk*, whereas one would have been atifllcient in all conaclence, to exhatm both tho <tibjt ct and tUe petienco of hi* reader*. Mr. Cooper write a good tale of Action when he set* about it. and when he confine* himaelf purely to fiction. But it i* another matter altogether, when hi* prejudice* are concerned We hope Mr. Cooper will turn ; ni* attention to work* in which hi* talent* will find a legitimate ncopa. THoa*icaar Aaatv?A Tale of the Time*?E. Dunigan, 161 Fulton street. New York This i* a very intereating story, comprising a volume of Dunigan'i Home Library. It i* got up in the uiual excellent ityle of that enterpridng publisher?and ought to have an extensive sale. Lire or Sum*eb L. FiiarncLn?By James Fairfield, New York. Thi* is a (ketch of the life of a man, who waa remarkable for sound acholarahip. and an intellect of some atrencth. To tha work are added aeveral of hia poem*, which diiplay considerable ability. fircown RrroaT or thk Pation Association or Nt" Yoaa.?Thi* is a compilation containing a great deal of important information on the lul^ject* it embraoes. AaainorMKivr or Mcaair's Eholimi Obammab.? Murphy, Baltimore?E. Otinigan, 81 Fulton street, New York.?Thia is a cheap edition of thla standard sohool hook. It require! no commendation. N*w York Dimkctor re* Jclt?H. H. Sherwood, M. D., New York.?Thi* I* the organ of the medical Innoratori, and ai iuch will command attention. 8*^oip?' PicTaaiAt. Pal***?Mark H. Newman, It? ; Broadway, New York.?An excellent ichool book. Colcmiuk Mtniimi (or Angait ?The number before a* contain* paper* by Tuckerman, Butler, Inman, weat, fenny Korreeter, Ice. fcc. It la an excellent num. ner it* embellishment* con*i?t of a mexzotint engraving ef the " rail of Ringgold," by Sertain, and a Lrgend of Chelsea Ho?pit*J,Miy Ormtby. Bno11 Augu*t?The pre tent nnm r>er or thi* popular periodical contain* a centinoation of Foe * New I ork Literati, and rariou* other paper* ef inter* ft. BroajMyn City Intelligence. .Militabt ? We were wrongly informed, through the Rrnoktyn hptmlnt Star, that bod worth'* Band would accompany Ik* City Onarda of Brooklyn to Bo?ton. Such I* not the ceee. a* Lothian'* unrivalled New York Brae* Bend arcompenie* them We cheerfully m*ke Cltjr Intelligence. I Utithiivi Arrata.?The excitable portion of New | York was thrown into an excitement yesterday, which threatened, for a tin*, to eclip?e the Mary Roger* affair, aad many other mysteries of this mysterious city. On . the south-w est corner of Broadway and White street, standi a houie wUofc hat stood the blasts of many winters, and the buraltag suns of many summers. Years ago it was kept by a Mr*. Mann. After she vacated n, a genueman named Anderson took tt, and it nas since bean occupied ea a home where sporting gentlemen could easily get rid of their superfluous change. There li a (tore undernetth, which has, until lately, been occupied by Mr. Van Benschoten a* a respectable grocery atore. An air of mystery haa for a long time hung about thia house. Superstitious servant girls have tremblingly told of pale shadows passing in and out, and many have suppoeed the old house haunted. So much for the house. Now for the charactera who figured in the mystery. An eccentric genius named Lerin ? Barnes, who formerly kept a dry goods store in Chatham Square,has lately recovered a certain quantity of dry goods through the medium ofa Chancery suit.and has had them stored in the place loraerly occ pleJ by Mr. Van Benschoten, at the corner of White street and Broadway, in the house of which we have spoken. It seems that a negro, a pretty smart fellow, has been in the employ of Barnes, and was yeaterday morning about Ave o'clock sleeping in the store. About this time Mr. Barnes came in.aud after going out in the yard returned to the store, and told the negro that be had been chasing a game cock belonging to .Mr. Andersen, and that in endeavoring to escape he hadjumped down the privv. He requested the negro to go out and attempt to get it for him The negro did so, and taking a candle they commenced operations. The csmdle was lowered, but the air being so foul the light was immediately extinguished. Lighted papers were thrown down aad they also went out The negro now . determined to go down himself, and taking hold of the seat lowered Himself into the link. He had no soouer (tot fairly in, tittn he i?i<l to Barnes, " how bad it smells here there's something more here than people think for. It imell* like a dead body." The negro now commenced poking about with hi* foot, and stirred round some apparently *olid object?which he swore was a dead body. I Barnes said he saw it also, and after getting the fowl up thoy both started for the street to find some other witnesses. The first person they enoountered was a venerable Quaker gentleman, who went in with them. They showed bin the body, and he saw it al?o Not knowing what to do they sent down to the fifth ward station house, and the captain of the district thought best to go with Barnes, the Quaker and the negro, to the office of the Chief of Polioe Here the negro was examined, auJ stated that after the strange smell, he looked carefully and saw the toes of a body. He then foand the arm and lifted it up. It fell again and sunk into the filth. Ho even saw the breasts, and described the dress as being white, with a small black figure upon it The bead he j aw also, but the flesh see/nod to he entirely gone from it. In all these statements the negro was corroborated by Barnes and the venerable Quaker, both of whom saw the same. The Quaker in partioular, was positive that he saw a body. Under these ciicumstances, the chief was for a moment in a dilemma, but that quick perception which he possesses, soon came to his aid. By this time, the story had been somewhat noised about, and unless ; everything was conducted very carefully, ten thousand

people would be gathered around the house in half an hour. The chief prepared for this, and with a strong 1 posse of officers, proceeded to the spot Arrived there the boards of the privy floor were torn up, and the chief taking a slat from a grape arbor in the yard, commenced his explorations. After striking the surface, he found that the pole would not descend more than three inches, j but struck upon some hard substance. This he took for abeam, but searching still further, found it the same all over. The negro was then lowered again by a rope, and walked all over, a thick crust being formed about three inches below the surface. No body, or anything like it, could be found. The place had been left unwatched for an hour or two, whue the parties were at the police office. The crust however, appeared to present an insurmountable obstaole to the sinking of the body, as do scribed by the negro; and other parts of his story did not 1 seem to agree with the facts as they appeared there. 1 After searching for some time and finding nothing, the chief and his men left, although a watch was kept there all day and last night. What to make of this affair, we do not know. Tho fact of the negro's statements being corroborated by others, and particularly by the Quaker gentleman, renders the affair somewhat remarkable. More facts may yet be developed in relation to it Common Council?Summer Recess.?Both Boards, it Is understood, will meet this evening, previous to their taking the usual summer recess ; while the deplorable condition of the streets?the shameful abuses, nuisances, rowdyism and recklessness on the part of many frequenters of the dens of iniquity, with which the city is infested, stare us, even in midsummer, in the face. In relation to the neglect of the authorities, as to the clean- , ] sing and purification of the sewers and gutters, there Is a i < loud tnd general outburst of public indignation ; and the deplorable consequences which this neglect threatens, it is really appalling to contemplate. With our vast supply of Croton water, it is to be wondered, that by sheer and obstinate neglect, the most populous and leading thoroughfares present such a scene of filth and nuisance as to make the " filth of New York city " a sort of proverb with our more fortunate neighbors. Why all this T It is universally conceded, that New York possesses facilities for cleanliness and the promotion of public health, which no other city in the Unien can pretend to. Perfectly surrounded with the "?busy waters" of her beautiful Hudson, with periodical visitations from the " brood Atlantic "?with a soil naturally porous, an4 by every means susceptible of such improvements as tend to promote the health and comfort of its inhabitants? yet, with these and manifold advantages, the disgraceful want of system in the management of our city affairs ?the reckless neglect?the mockery of all laws and city ordinances?have thrown us a century behind some of tho country villages, as regards the operations of our local laws The Convention will meet on Tuesday, and they also talk of adjourning over to Septomber, and probably will do nothing. We have heard it suggested, < that a meeting of citizens be called, to take place at the ] Park, for the purpose of devising some measures to protect the lives of the communi'y from the threatened j pestilence which the filth, decayed garbage, dirty streets and stagnant pools, would seem to hold in lerrortm over ! us. To talk of erecting baths for the public, while ' things remain in this way, would be ridiculous We I sincerely trust that a public meeting wiU be called, to devise some means to protect us from ldter and posti- i lence , St Oeoxoe's Church.?Yesterday morning, the son of I the Ilev. Rector, lataly ordained a Deacon, assisted his fath?r in r?Ariin<r of tH* |.?son?i? !><? Uia taut, and manner very prepoaaeasing. Tha Doctor preached * truly evangelical diacourae, from St Paul'a Epittlai to Titua, a Ch. and part of the 10th verae.? \ " Adorn the doctrine of Ood our Saviour in all thing? " The Rev. preacher remaiked, that to honor hla divine Matter it tne highest privilege granted to a believer.? The religion of the gotpei laya the same duties of piety. Justice and sobriety upon all He urged this principle as applicable to all societies of men?it can rule the throue or dignify the crown, as well as adorn the lowest stations in life. Ht observed that the general aim and scope of Christianity is, by the mercy of Ood, to offer salvation to all men The Saviour's mission was the reden ption of man and the conversion of sinners It is i t> lend them to Oo<l, and restore them to everlasting ha niness. The exhortation of the text is addressed to ( them who have been redeemed by the blood of Chriat; tosu-h 1 e urged with great force this duty of always honon i? God, and adorning the doctrine of Ood their Saviour in nil things, lie further pointed out the ' duties tin i obligations of a restored and converted ] heart; an one ot ita fundamental principles is, it must be l>om again; and without this, no ortli- i nance of ttu church?no waters of baptism, can . | possibly bring salvation. The promises of the go?p*l were held up ai d urged as a powerful incentive to aepv rate from this w uld, which lieth under the evil one, and forgetful of Ood The people of Uhri-t must separate from the wo i Id?must not be conformed to it. The Rev preachet closed this admirable discourse in his usual Impressive ? anner, urging upon his hearera submission, with mee ness to their triafs and suffering* in tki* life, with resign) a and contented temper It Ncraa Rains, ko.. Tlie floe clipper sloop Citizen, Capt. Waters with a party of ycung gentlemen from this city, during the heavy rain of Tuesday night, and part , of the following morning, caught fifteen thousand fish of various descriptions, weighing fro.n 4 ounces up te to ten pounds. It is difflcult to say which came the fastest?the rain or the fish. Firs.?A fire took place between five and sic o'clock on Saturday evening, at the saw mill of James O Dubois. ?2 Bethuna atrMt. nnnr Wntiinvrnn Th* building and content! were destroyed. It was alto occupied by Mr. Woodbury as * lock factory and machine ibop, and by Mr. Freeman a* a mustard factory. The workmen were obliged to escape without their tools; and one man was severely injured by jumping out of the window. The fire originated in the furnace The whole 1 lo?i wa? between seven and eight thousand dollars, and the insurance about $1,800. Rt !? ov?a ?A boy wai run over on Saturday evening, in Blaacker street, by a cab. lie lived at 74 Carmine treet, and was badly injured Coaotta's Orricit.? Found Drowntd ? The Coroner held an inquest yesterday In Weit 17th street, on the i body of aa nnknown maa? who was found floating in the North River, foot of 19th street; ha appeared to b? about 40 year* of aga. Verdict accordingly. Movement* of Travellers. Th* arrivals yesterday were very numerous, including more traveller* from the 8ooth then we hav* had an opportunity of recording this season. Amibica*?Mr. Nelson, South Carolina; Rev. Mr. ' Gate*, Charleston; R. McArmand, V. S. Navy; Oeorge Scott, Va.i A. Roberta, N. O : J. F. Conie, 8. C.j Oeorge Walter, Charleston; Col. Hail, do ? J. Dingle, do , Jos. i Tomlinnon, do ; R. Screven, do.; R. Tompkins, Somers; Capt. Patton, U. 8. A.; Mr. Prince, N. J. Asroa?J. Dannelo, Baltimore; W. Winter, Louisiana; . A. Sampego,do ; C. Lyona, do.; A. Holmeed, Baltimore: Mr. Whittaker, N. C.; G. Colton, Florida; R. Norfleet, N.C.; R. Schenck, Ohio; Mr Nelson, Cooperstown; F. I Clarke. Boston; J. Wisman, Worcester; Oeo. Benedict, 1 Albany; J. Peck, N. O.; R Norris, Philad.; C. Wakefield, Boston; J. Allen, Louisiana; R. Macabia, Maryland, < W. Beach, Philad.; J Marshall, N. O ; Mr McAlis- j tar, Ky.; J. Chambers, N. O.; Lieut. Howe, British Navy; Lieut. Austin, do.; A. Foullain, Georgia; R. Leslie, Virginia. Citv.?H Browne, St Augustine; R Downell, N. C.; ' R Ford, N. O ; Mr. Martin, Ala ; Dr Burke. U S. N ; P. Potter. Jamaica; W. William*, V* j Capt. Luoe, ship J. I R Skiddy; J** Diminjr. Quebec; t. Moore, V*.; R Jen- t nings, Mississippi, R Wilson, do ; Dr Klapp, Philad ; C. 1 Dennis, do ; Mr Hyde, do ; W. Dawson, do ; T. Lewis, , Philad. ; F*?*xii* ?J. Marsellels. Charleston: T. Britten, , FittaAcld; W Thomai, Albany: L. Nicole, IllinoU; A. 1 Darling, V*.; F. Airay, Ohio J. Fry*, Main*; 8. Muldon, | ' Mobil*-. J. Camaron, Ohio; W. Lone. N. O.; T. Drlrar, ' I Indiana; H. Baird, Philad l Howuo-Mr. Hanion, Philad ; D. Hackatt; Boiton; T. Oould, do ; C. Hawk*, Northampton; J. Whitacoinb, Man; O. Dickinaon, do; J. Wvman, Woreaitor; Dr. ( Harnd?n. Boiton; J. ftjatthawi, Baltimore; C. Van Ren- < nalaar, 0?n*a*e,R Brown, Albany; W. Simmon*, C*n- I ada: J. Paraom, Florida; J Parii, Boiton, W- Rilay, 8 ' C.j T Robinaon, Richmond; O*o. Bw**n*y, Waahinc- j ton, S Henning, Maai ; W Malon*y, ( hloago, r (>?1 ,,ii, c PoUm Int?IUcr?ne*. Jul* # ?CKarg? e/ StiaUmf a $100 Bank Bill?A colored boy. about 14- years of age, by the nam* of Charlaa Nlcholls, wai arreeted last evening la a ahoa shop in Leonard (tract, under tha Carllaa House, wiiara ha endeavorad to exchange a $100 bank bill, inpayment for a l>air af boots. The bootmaker suspecting something waa wrong, procured the aid of a jralicemen^nd the boy wai taken to the atation house The boy, on being questioned how and by what meant he became in |>ossession of the money, replied that hi* father It ekipltfyed by Kelly It Weeks, broken, 46 Wall atreet, to clean out the : ottlce, and on Saturday morning hi* father aet him to work .weeping. and on the floor he picked up this $100 i bill, thinking at the time it waa bad, from the fact of finding it on the floor. Mr. Weeka Waa aent for to see If he could identify the money, but this he waa unable to do, nor had he missed any ta his knowledge. However, the accused waa locked up by Justice Driaker for examination Sttalint a Gun?A fellow called Richard Dean waa arrested yesterday, charged with stealing a gnn valued at $0, the property of Mr. Joseph Rose, 80 Catharine at. j Locked up for trial. t Jirrrtit on Suspicion.?Daniel Cunningham and- Bill Sweeney were both arretted la it night, having been 8 caught by a policeman of the 11 th ward, in the act of I entering various dwelling houses, evidently with intent to (teal. Locked up e Muliciout Miichief.?Four fellows, called Jai. Wood, fi Jacob Wood, Matthias Cannon and William Hallock, c were all " pulled" by a 6th ward policeman, an a charge of cutting the whole of the inside of a cab to pieces, valued at *15 It appears that tho>ie chaps engaged a cab ? of George Hart, residing at 169 Delancey street, to take 11 them from Bleecker street to the Kive Points, and upon y arriving on the ground they refused to pay for their it ride. Hart, upon looking into his cab, discovered the above outrage, when he at once procured the arrest of j| the accused parties, who were all locked up for trial, by ^ Juatice Drinker. I Thrtattning to Stab ?A man by the name of John James, wa* arrested on Saturday by a Policeman of the 16th Ward, charged with attempting to stab John Ward, y a cab driver, under the following circumstances : James I. it seems engaged Ward to carry him to 37th street and g 9th avenue, from down town, and when arrived at his ; j, destination, lu/iised to pay the fare, and not being satis- . fied with this arrangement drew a sword cane and vio- | lently resulted Ward, by attempting to stab him. Committed for trial I K .'irmttd en Suspicion.?A fellow called James Jan- h kin*, was arrested last night on suspicion of stealings : 0 piece or broadcloth, supposed to be stolen?for which an ! owner is wanted. Apply at the lower police office. t Pmlick OiFicE.--.tfn Actor in Trouble ?Henry Dele- d rue, whom almost everv body in New York know* or ; d hai knoun. at an admirable imitator of the most distin- ' j, guithed actors, and who has performed in all parts of the v country, waa brought up to the Tombs helore Justioe Drinker yesterday morning, charged with having been 1 found drank Upon hearing the charge, Delarue stated ' that he had been supping the night before at Windust's, and going home in rather a "cork-screw manner," as t] he expressed it, was taken by a watchman, who took s him to the station house, for which he was much obliged, *] as he was rather short of funds. After this statement, a ? dialogue something like the following eniued between j J ustice Drinker and Delarue - v Justice ?Well! what shall we do with you 7 ' Dcnaca?(Throwing himself Into an attitude.)?Be 0 merciful my Lord? b " The quality of mercy is not atrainod, tl " But droppeth like the gentle dew from heaven? ? " It blesseth him that gives and him thatdoth receive." tl Justice.?This is not the place for acting?this is a ; l couit, not a theatre. Delarue?" All the world's a stage, and all the v men " 3 Justice.?This won't do. We cannot allow? a Delarue?What shall I do, " my Lord" 7 If you'll v let me off this time, I'll sign the temperance pledge? , t' " Give mo some aqua vita# 7" c" Justice.?"Well, 1 will discharge you on that oondition. j Will you sign it here 7" I DelafL'e-?"No, I'll go to Croton Hall and sign it. I'll F go right off?I'll go right off?and get a brandy smasher " And off started poor Delarue?a man whose miaa it fa well stored with claasic gems?a wonderful man in hi* it way; but one whose love of rum has been his ruin. K Firemen's Rows?There were two or three firemen's v rows in the streets on Saturday night, when the engines were called out by a false alarm. We hope our gallant firemen do not desire the memorable notoriety to which 8 Philadelphia has attained by her firemen's rows. a 8 Naval Intelligence. b The following is an extract of a letter from an c officer on board the U. S. frigate United States, g? bound to the coast of Africa, dated g At sea, june 10, !? ??l^ai. vj, oo ?. I ? Long. 28 (leg. 40 min. 30 seo. W. > a We are about to speak a vessel homeward si bound, and 1 have just a moment in whi?h to say ? we are all well. So far our passage has been very fair, and the old ship sails better than ever. tl We will not touch at Madeira, as was flist an- ? ticipated, but proceed direct to the Cape de Verd v Islands, should the wind continue favorable; if E not, we will touch at Teneriffe, from whence I t< shall write you. i e : y Matamoras, July.S, 1846. 37k Gallant Captain Hawkint?Incident! of hit \ b Lift, fc. 4*c. j Captain E. S. Hawkins, 7th Infantry, who sue- v ceeded Major Brown in the command of the a l'ort opposite Matamoras, left head quarters some " weeks since on a recruiting expedition to Boston. j*' He is a most gallant fellow, I assure you; and u rather than have surrendered that fort, he would it have permitted himself to be blown up in it. i 0 He was not the man to be impressed with the ne- C cessity ol a surrender on account of humanity; o his notion was rather to ask that favor of the n Mexicans ; had they ventnred near enough pro- I J bably he would have done so, but they took good b :are to keep at a respectful distance from tire era- cl erasures. If you should chance to encounter fi aim, he is worthy of a good hearty shake of the v hand. But, belore yon get this, he will have " passed through New York city; he will not fi Set through it, though,without receiving the uiual T Hospitality ef your notable metropolis. II Some eight years ago, the gallant captain was a united to a very amiable young lady, (a Dlue-eyed it Mary) of the Wilson family, near Baltimore ; an ti excellent good partnei she has proved to him. ir They had one little boy whom the captain was ir very proud of, and whom notwithstanding all his u care, added to the care of his lady, he unfortu- V nately lost,m consequence of an accident,while at " n station in Alabama. The servant upset the T carrmge in which it was taking an airing; its gi head was injured, and after lingering sometime, " the interesting babe made a die of it, much to the rr regret of the parents. The captain was a good V dea.' dashed by the loss, and for months after- n wards was tonaof bringing him to mind on all j? occasions. The hustle of a soldier's life, how- a HV#? r ii nnlri.1 .?l?ru/l In ollmir ber privitie Troubles. As to publicBones, why ci li<*re we arc, ready at the word of command, to 01 put hem to with the bayonet or sword. V We expect to move up very shortly in a lump, H to seek euoilmr 6kirmir-h with these dreadful hu- T mane Ivlexioanoes ; in lact, 1 am given to under- mi stend, the order is out lor the 7th to march right w oiFto RpyiiOsa. Thnt's it. It is far better to be tt on the move than idly bivouacking in the street* v of the cities of these latitudes. B We had a glorious 4'h. If we come across the i| forces of General Paredes, I assure you, good old General Rough and Ready, is ready to be rough. , w T Brunswick, Mains, July 23, 1846. g Horrible Outrage?Arreit of the Guilty Wretch.? ^ Lynch Law Threatened. w A horrible outrage was perpetrated here on the b 19th inst. by a man named Ira Martin, of Bath. l| The young lady on whom the outrage was coin- ~ mitted, was the daughter ol a respectable farmer, who resides one mile from this village. She had resided in the village for some time past, and I p been unwell. On Sunday last she had so far recovered as to undertake, about noon, to visit her lather's house. When within about a quarter of a mile of her home, while passing through n ^ piece of wood, she was met by two men who? were riding in a chaise. One of them (Martin,) I ge immediately jumped out, and after making in- qi suiting proposals to her, which she indignantly refused, he seized her and forcibly carried her ^ into the woods, where he committed the outrage, . detaining her more than hour, his companion in the mean time remaining in the chaise. Alter he left his victim he proceeded to a low rum tavern, yi where he boasted of what he had done, and to confirm his boast exhibited his under garment as , proof. ~ o? The unfortunate young lady wu only 16 years to t>< age, in delicate health at the time, and is a m very beautiful, virtuous, and artless girl. Martin has the countenance and head of an arch villain, though since his residence in Bath he has insinua- se ted himself so far into the good grace* of the Odd at Fellows and Rechabites as te be admitted a momaer of each order. tii The wretch was arrested yesterday, and an ex- m i mi nation had before A. C. Robbins, Esq., L. P. en Werril, Esq., appeared on the part of the State, th ittd Mr. Sawyer, of Bath, for the defendant. He fo ,vas bound over in the sum of $1500, and was Ei soinmitted for want of bail ne The virtuouscharaoter of the injured party,and m he respectability of the wife and connections of th :h? accused, and the aggravated nature of the of- ch fence, created a strong sensation. The fact that m roung Indies are not safe walking eur streets from ra the hands of the lawless desperadoes, and beast- an y scoundrels,was a startling Mot,that made many | w * father and brother warm advocntesof a speedy administration of Lynch law in a peculiar man- Li ner. of Maiws Sb*ato??It has "been ascertained that the II! ?lee tlon of James W Bradbury, *?ho wm declared eleete-1 ! , )n the third ballot, was eithei a fraud or a mistake. * ( iftythre? whlgi hare made a solemn attestation that , they to tad for ?George Erana, and another that his to'* was not counted, as he found it in the committee room, gu Thara la great ascitemant in th* Legialature, and It ia w^lburT wiUwign. dii ScetNEOTADt, July 24,1910. Commtmtnirru at Union Colltge?Incident!, 4~c Having attended the exercises at this college luring the three days past, we send you an acjount which may be found interesting. Schenectady has not much to boast of in itaelf, >ut the scenery around it is very fine. The landcajSe' seen from on6t>f (lie college windows is unurpassed. The college 9tands on a hill, and coronands an extended prospect. The exercises commenced on Sabbath evening ?y an address before the theological society, by he Rev. Wm. B. Sprague, D. D., of Albany. His ubject was ** The Importance of Theological Jtudy." We understand that his address was ust such an one as could have been expected rum one whoso writings are so eminently distin;ui*hed for beauty of expression and vigor of bought. On Tuesday, we listened to an address deliver* d before the Phi Beta Kappa, by A. W. Bradord, of New York. His subject was, " The Soial Principles first Promulgated at the Declareion of Independence," and seemed to be a dis ussion of the ideal government best fitted for a ree people. The address was well written, but ras not characterized by either vigor or originaly ot' thought. The audience were disappointed in not bavin the poem which was to have been delivered y Dr. I. K. Mitchel, of Philadelphia. He was etained at home by sickness in his iamily. The usual address before the literary societies ras delivered in the evening, by Rev. John Todd, !. D. It was a practical address to the underraduates, well and strongly written. It was lisjned to with deep interest by the audience, and jj lively wit and practical common sense will ,ot soon be forgotten. We wish we h?d room to ive an extended sketch of this address, but our mits forbid. We can merely give a few heads fthe topics with which he occupied the evening. The first was " that student# should not underake too much in oollege " The prescribed sr.ilies were abundantly sufHoient to employ and liscipline the mind; and the time spent in pursung extra studies, was spent in vain, ana often rorse than vain. "The object of a college course s not to rebel against the laws of college, and slude the vigilance of professor*, nor to avoid hard study, ner to wane time and eneriry over he trashy literature of the day." The object of tudy whs to form, rather than inform the mind. ?he classics, and particularly mathematics, were trongly commended. The power of eloquence i particularly demanded by tne spirit of the age. Ve want not only the words that burn, but most f all, the thoughts that breathe. Let the mind >e imbued with the spirit of the subject, and let he thoughts be conveyed in " pure iron-tongued iaxon," and the man will be eloquent?eloquent o instruct, to convince, to persuade. We want lard study to accomplish this. " To succeed, re need two things?amoral oharacter which hall demand and hold respect; and a continued jnd felt connexion of the present with the iuture vorld. We must see things in the light of eternif. For encouragement, God is ever nigh, to ounseland assist. We are sorry to dismiss this address with ao neaere a sketch; but we must do so. We h?pe t will be published. The exercises of commencement day were ield on Wednesday. They were not characterled by any striking qualities, but were, in the nain, highly creditable to the yoang gentlemen irho tooit part in them. We do not think that the zeroises are arranged in the best manner posible. There are too many speeches, and they re, necessarily, too short. Few men can write a peech of five minutes long, and give it either eauty or force. Still fewer can* beoorae suffliently engaged in the subject, to give that power i the delivery which the occasion demands. It eemed 10 us that there was a constant hurry to et one man on the platform, and another off, as ' the only object was to exhibit as large a number s possible in a prescribed tirm. Either there tiould be a smaller number of speakers, or there bould be two sessions in the commencement. The exercises were commenced by prayer, by ie President, Dr. Nott; after which the Latin ilutatorv was delivered by P. W. Veeder. This ras followed by an oration on " The Policy of European Despots." The oration was well writ?n, and delivered in a forcible, manly style of loquence, that showed a familiar acquaintance nth public speaking. Following this were, " Our College Days our est Days," J. F. Jenkins; " The Political Re)rmer," R. Ursine ; an 4< Italian Oration," B. B. lart; "Our (iovernment," D. C. Printess. We ere well pleased with this oration. The speaker ppeared not to be afraid to encounter prejudice 1 the treatment of his subject; he spoke of our overnment as a great and glorious government, ut as having in it the elements of oppression, nd, therefore, of destruction. We aamired its larily spirit. Next in order, came " A French ration, J. Rankine ; "Last Hours of Pericles," . N. Waldron ; " Criticism," A. J. Perry; " Habit pposed to Human Progress," J. F. Cary ; " German Oration," J. W. Nott; "Voice of Nature," . B. Tibbitts. This oration, we think, was the est of the day. It was full of good thoughts, lothed in beautiful language. The speaker's ne voice and graceful action made it almost all re could wish in a Commencement speech. Love of the Beautiful," H. B. Silliman, was nely written, and well and forcibly delivered* 'his was followed by'14 Desire of Reputation," 8. I. Ingalls; "Greek Poem," H. H. Perry; "Time Destroyer and Restorer," W. H. Smith; "Imxortality of Truth," H. R. Piersoa, which conlined passages worthy of Professor Maffit?for istance: " which sparkle on the beaded top of nmortality;" "The Universal," R. A. South'ick : "Minstrelsy," R. J. Baldwia "The Porta is Governed too much," $. L Manning; The World is Governed too mack,'* G. McAulcy. 'his piece was well got up, and had some ppssaes of considerable wit Next in order came Our Country," D. R. Biglow ; " Soeial Improvelent." W. bench; " Hebrew Oration," J. T, /entwoith?we won't say ranch about the sentitents of this speech. The speaker talked otf the iw-breaking word-* as if they were old friend*, nd he himself a Hebrew of ike Hebrews. We link he must have spoken indistinctly, for we mid not understand a word "Tne Immortality r Literature," H.F. Perry; "The Political Pre?s," V. A Whnlock; " Section >1 Preind'ce," J. T. loffman ; " Ideal Presence," J. W. E. JSfebb'its ins was beautifully written,flnelv illustrated and rell spoken. " The Kmerald I*le" was delivered 'ith energy by a speaker who*e appearanoe in rested the audience, A. Dick<on. ir. " Poem," V. H. Rick, was lair. "The Dead," W. C. rooks, was turned into a valedictory by th? (leaker. Our communioation is already too long, or we milIJ lmtfu r*a?i?. rl auvomil ?? 1-- ? - * 1 or. IVMV W DCtCIW 3|7l-cmcr9 mor? Illlljr. lie singing by the choir was excellent, and did rrHt creoit to the talented leader. We left the house gratified at the exhibition of ie talents and acquirements of the gentlemen 'no had performed their parts so well. It would e but just to sav, that we did ample justice to ie excellent collation prepared for graduates by ie Faculty?these comfort* to the inner man are Iways good on such occasions. RocuxsTxa., July 24,1840. 'rotptdt of Harvetf, Fruit, 4*c.?Monty Mwkti? Fuilurt%? Military Vitiltr$ and Prtparntio*? Iron Sltamtr Jtfftrtr*?Nne PropJlan, $*. 4*e. The past week has been unusually favorable r wheat harvesting, and farmers in this vicinity e improving the time. As far as my own obirvation extends, and from what I can learn of hers more experienced in agricultural pursuit!, other earth promises an over-usual pay to the jsbandman. Apricots and apples have made eir appearance in our market, though not in iy quantities, hut with a fai. prospect of a large eld. Within the last few years, more attention is been Daid to the introduction nf >1<?.>i.i* stter fruit into this section of country than herefore, tor which great credit is due to our young en; for the interest manifested in arganiziag the orticultural Society, which has thus far made veral exhibitions, with a beneficial result, and tracted the attention of all our citizens. The tightness of the money market, and dull nes, has caused several failures among our erchants within a short time. One large merintile house, and which was largely engaged in e produce market, went by the board last week * r a lirgeameunt. Tbair liabilities are all in astern cities, and amount (as rumor says) to arly ?200.000. A general feeling of regret is nnifested by car business men at the result, as o house has, from its operations in butter, ese, wool, &c., been the means of circulating ore money among the farmingoommunity trenelly than any other house in western New York; nl the failure, though not directly, will affect the hole of that interest. The spirited corps of military, " Williams' ght Infantry,"comprising the flower and beauty onr city among the young men, of whom so uch was saia on their visit last sumer to Detroit, ara to receive and entarin " Col. Fay's Company of Flying Artillery" Buffalo, said to !>e second to no company of e kind in the Uniied States, on tbe 6th of Auist next. Th*v are to ancamn fnur d??? bichitim* thty tr# to ba under regular army I Mipluis, and will b? TiaiUd by aome ?f thi I