Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 29, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 29, 1846 Page 1
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r TH] Vol. ZD, Ho. &0M?Whole No. (43*. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAM FRIGATE PRINCETON AT PEN8ACOLA. HAir A ipOZTTH ?ATB& nOK MEXICO. Skirmishing between the Mexieam and the American Squadron. SEVERAL MEXICAN8 KILLED. One American Wonnded. OWE DAT LATER FROM THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION. THE PROCLAMATION OF GEN. TAYLOR T? TMK MEXICANS. The Catbolie Chaplains in Matamoras. PUR BipriTfT r?U" Tunm VI?IT n? nnllir MEXICAN*. &e., iVtif &( U O. VllSSISSIPPI, > Od Vera Ciuz, July 18, 1846. J The equ tdroa now utf tt?'s place, under the command of Cominodort* Conner, consists of the following vessels i? Frigate* Cumbeiland, Potomac and Raxitan; steamers Mississippi and Princeton; sloops of war John Adams and Falmouth; brigs Somers and Perry, and schooner Reefer. The St. Mary's is off Tampico. The schooner Flirt, at the Rio Grande. The brigs Lawrence and Porpoise are daily expected here from Pensacola. The Falmouth and Lawrence will be condemned as unseaworthy. The Frigate Potomac will also be surveyed; her ails and rigging are rotten. The time of the crew of the Raritan has expir. d We have a large force as far as numbers are concerned. We are now blockading Vera Cruz. No vessel* of any nation, excepting the English mail steamer,being allowed to enter. At this time there is not a solitary vessel in the port. The bark Eugenia, Capt. Biscoe, which ran the blockade a few weeks since, has been alowed to leave the place by the Mexicans, and was not molested by our men of war. A few days ago the Cumberland, Potomao and Princeton got under way, and dropped down to the northward lor the purpose of watering. About one hundred ef our men landed in four boats, under the command of Lieut. Boms, of the Princeton, and Lieut. Le Roy, of the Potomac. A body ui uicuvaii luiniuiy, nuiu mc ui#n ground auove the river, kept up a scattering tire on our boats, but did no damage, excepting sightly wounding one ol the Princeton's men. The Princeton was anchored in shore !' the frigates, and when the Mexicans appeared in any number would send a ' hell among them, which sent them scampering. 6 The Vera Cruz paper in giving an account of ibis affair, says they killed two American officers And fifteen mm,ana acknowledges the loss of one eutenant and ton men. l'hi* is about as near Vie truth as those fellows generally come. No flicer or man, other than what I have mentioned, was touched, although tliey kept up a continued fire far the two days our men were mpl- yed getting water from shore. On the passage of the Cumberland, Potomac, and Princeton to this watering place, they passed within a mile and a half ol the castle, and tdthougb iu batteries were manned, not a shot was fired? and this too when within point blank range? and could easily have hulled every vessel aa she passed?the wind at the time being ery light. What is still more strange, neither of these vessels, while in this situation making any preparation to resist an attack, or even beat to quarters. It looked very much like Commodore Conner and General Bravo having come to an understanding If the barnacle backs wait for prize money until this f?ile is attacked by the present squadron, they ill go hungry to bed. The lact is, Mr. Editor, the army is tne star ascendant; the navy will do nothing but humbug so long as the present system is kept up. Tl.? Pr.nMtnn im HTnpfl. d In in = = for Pensacola. Lieut. J. II. Rowan, late of the Potomac, is now her First Lieu enant. We get all our news from Taylor's arm/ by the way of New York and Pensacola; and positively know less of what is going on than you do in New York. I have heard that an official proclamation of the war with Mexico was made by the President; but if this was so, we have never heard it read on board our ships ? Perhaps it was all kept lor the officers, as Jack is ol but little account. I wish some kind heaited individual would establish a society for supplying men-of-warsmen with materials for writing a letter, as now there is none in the allowance book. Fife Rail. [From the New Orleans Times, July 30.] The (teamship Alabama arrived here yesterday evening from Braaoa Santiago, 10th init, one day later than the Jame* L. Day. We learn that the court martial of Capt. Thornton terminated on the 16th ult., and the general impreeaion ia tint be has been acquitted. The proceeding*, however, will not ha made public until they have been approved tad confirmed by the President at Washington. One passage of his reported defence has been commented on wiih admiration by all in the camp at Matamorda. lie said that in the performance of the act for which ha waa tried?rashnesa or precipitancy, we believe?he did notaee the number* ol the enemy?all he raw wa* the Mexican flag waving over American soil? and he waa willing to rialt hi* life in an attempt to cut it down. It is said that there are some emissaries about Matameraa that are endeavoring to induce such of the Moxican soldiers who weie wounded on tne 8th and Uth of May, and have recovered, to Join their regiments at Monterey. Tne troops are in fine health and eager for the campaign now opening. '1 be river ia falling rapidly from Ileynosa downward*. The 7th Infantry were supposed to be at Camargo on the 16th instant, and no doubt is expressed that Colonel Hay*' command from San Antonie has joined them there. There ha* been no account from McCulloch's Kanger? since they passed Reynosa, on the 7th instant. It is imagined from the well known daring character of that officer, that he has penetrated as far as Monterey, either reconnoitering or acting ou the offensive, if he finds the oceaaiun tempting, or the disparity not too great in the force to which he may find himself opposed. [From the New Orleans Tropic. July 30] We aie i formed by a gentleman from tho seat of war, that General Taylor is giadually sending hU troops into the interior of Mexico, thoving along one regiment after another, forming the line that if to march to Monterey. The store* of the army are transported irom the Braio* to Hto Orande in wagons an i then (hipped cn board of small steamboats to Metamoras, Reynoso, and Cutnargo. 1 ha bar at the mouth of the Kio Ommlt, being so bail, that Colenel Whiting will not permit United State* boat* to go in or out to the lliar.oj to lead. ,Major Thoma* has been supeoeded an Quartermaster t Biutor Santiago by Major Mr Hne, much t > the gratification of every nody at that place Captain Ogden is Quaitermaiter at the mouth of the Rio Grande. Captain Arnold i* Quartermaster at Burita. The Briiiih brig of war llose, is oIT the mouth of the Rio Urande. Captain Perry, the commander, started from Point Uabel with despatches fer General Taylor, (what is In those despatches?) The roads being by him, considered impassable, he sent them forward by Mr. Tnrner. of this city, the Captain going back to his ship. Fort Brown, it is stated, has lour leet of water in its Interior, the Rio Grande is ao high. Mr. Shetzell having had no ordera from Washington to the contrary, has resumed his office of Amencan Consul at Matamoraa. General Taylor, it is said, is mnch worried by the annoyances of lorwarding troops, and l?ing perplexed with getting supplies. The steamship Alabama, Captain Thompson, arrived latt evenu g irom Braioa fit. which she left on the Ifltii in?t Captain My era, of the United State* Aimy, Captain McKen/.ie and Lieut, kcllj, together with 110 oiuntevt s, all on the sick li*t, came passengers on board W e learn that one of the numbor died duung the passage. [From the New Orleans Bee. July UO ] The steamkhip Alabama, C aptain Thompson. arrived la*t evening from Biazos St J ago, which *ue left on the 10th in?tam Captain M era, ol ihe United Stetea Army, Captain McKenzie and Lieut Kelly, together with 110 oiunteeia. all on the sick list, came uaaaencera on board. Matamokai, July l&th, IMS.?Tha trial of Capt. Thornton taimiaatad thi? morning in tha Court Martini' Tba proceeding* of thia court war* kept from tha gara of * Tulgar ajraa, although an oficar told mo tha Cn| tain mada ? teautilul daianca. Tha proc?a4iofs will net ba mada w ro N YORK, WEDNESDAY E NE N?1 ^ _ ^7 b-ggy-.i - Bry^wb^4r* j, ] Ii |j The city ol Matamoras, <>( which, in the above i plate, we have given a faithful representation as I from the point where it was taken, is generally i built in a semi-Moorish style, betraying from the prison-look of the houses the character of their l inhabitants, jealous, subject to civil war, and of I unsocial habits. The city is lemarkably well i laid out; and though giving evidence of having < ' seen better days, still is far from being destitute 1 public here until they go to Washington, but I am of opinion that he has been cleared?the faces of hii friends i indicated as much. With what grace can another de| cilion than that of acquittal be received by the American I j peoplo ? His only onence was rashness; and when a ' man risks his life in the defence of his country'! honor, I it matter* not how little the chance of success, hii coun| try-m?n ought never to condemn hin. Had Thornton with his one company routed the two thousand Mexi- i ! cana he charged, nis praise would have rung from one 1 end of the land to the other, and no ti ial for over-step! ping hii orders would hare taken place. But he was < I unfortunate, and consequently must suiter in mind till 1 hii superiors pats judgment on the act. In time of war all i impulses ot our nature must give way to the true rule I adopted for the government of man. Yet I have too high i an opinion of the court that tried him to suppose they i have been severe upon him. In his defence, I understand he says he saw not the number of the enemy, hut i that he plainly saw the Mexican flag waving over American soil, and was willing to risk his life and the lives of 1 his nen to cut it down. < 1 am sorry to he forcej to inform you of the death of i Dr. Daniel McPliail, a surgeon of the Tennessee Regiment, a native ofKranklin, Tenn He died on (ho even- 1 ing of the 13th inst, and was huried yesteiday with all 1 the honors that could lie heaped upon tho dead. He had heeu in ill health since his arrival here, and is much regretted by those who had the honor of his acquaintance. It has come to the knowledge ol the people here that that several ofllcers of the Mexican government in disguise ere lurking about Matamoras, endeavoiing to get such-of the soldier as have recovered bounds, to join the small force now at Monterey. The poor devils, after having been left to tho charity of our people by those who should have protected them, and who have received innumerable acts of kindness lrom the very soldiers who gave them their wounds, are now ordered to join those who illy treated them for the purpose of drawing us from Matamoras. It is indeed pitful. The proclamation of General Taylor seems to hnve had great weight with the Mexicans here, and they are sending them off to the interior very fast. The latest arrival from above .represents the troops as in fine health, and spirits. The river is falling very fast about Reynoso, as it is here. The 7th Infantry are at Camargo before this time, and have no doubt been joined by Col. Hay'a Command from San Antonio. A Proclamntlon BT THE GENERAL COMMANDING THE AR.MT OF THE UNITED STATES Or AMERICA. To the Proplt of Mexico :?Alter .nany years of patient endurance, the I'nitod States are at length constrained to acknowledge, that a war now exists between our government ami the government of Mexico. Kor many years our citizens have been subjected to repeated insults and injuries, our vessels and cargoes have hoen seized and coufUcated, our merchants have been plundered, maimed, imprisoned without cause, and without re. paration. At length your government acknowledged tho justice of our claims, and agreed by treaty to make satisfaction, by payment of several million of dollars, but this treaty has been violated by your rulers, and the stipulated payments have I een withheld Our late effort to terminate all difficulties by peaceful negotiation, has been rejected by the Dictator 1'aredes, and our Minister of peace, whom your rulers had agiee(l to receive, has been refused a hearing. Ho has been treated with Indignity and intuit, and I'aredos has announced that war exists between us. This war, thus first proclaimed by him, has be n acknowledged as an existir;g fact by our President and Congress, with perfect unanimity, au I will be prosecuted with vigor and energy against your army and rulers; but those of tho Mexican people who remain neutial will not be molested. Your government is in the hands of tyrants and usurper*. They have abolished your State governments, they have overthrown your federal constitution, they hive deprived you of the right of autt'iage, destro) ed the liberty of the pies*, despoiled you oi j our arm*, and reduced you to a state oT ahsoluto dependence upon the power of a military dictator. Your army and rulers extort from the people by grievous taxation, by forced loans, and military seuuies, the very money which sustains the usurper* in power. Being disarmed, you were left delencelas*. an easy prey to llio savage Comanche*, who not only destioy your lives and property, but diive into captivity more horrible than death itself, your wive* ani children. It is your military rulers who have reduced you to this deplorable condition. It is these tyrant*, and their corrupt and cruel satellite*, gorged with tlie people's treasure, by whom yon are thus oppressed and impoveiiihed, some of whom have boldly advocated a monarchical government, and would place a Kuropean prince upon the throne ol Mexico. Wo come to obtain reparation for repeated wrongs and injuries; we come to obtain indemnity for the pasi, and secuuty tor the future: we come to overthrow tho tyrants who have destroyed your libertie*?but we come to make no war upon the I people of Moxico, nor upon any form of free govei n! ment they may choose to select for themselves. It is our wish to see you liberated fiom despots, to drive back the savage Comanchos, to prevent the renewal of their assaults, and to compel them to restore you from captivity your long lost wives and children Vour religion, your aliais, and churchcs, the probity of } our churches and citizens, the emblems ol your faith and its ministers shall be protected, and remain inviolate. Hundreds of our army, and hundreds of thousands of our |>eo|ile, are meml>ers of the (atholic church. In every State, | and in nearly every city au l village of our Union, Catholic Churches exist; and th? Pnerts pcrtoim their holy lunctions, in peace and secuiity, under tha sscied guarantee of our constitution. We come among tne people of Mexico as iriends anJ republican brethren, and all who receive* u a? such, shad be pro- , tected, whilst all who arc seduce 1 into the army ol your ! Dictator, shall be troatrd as enemie* H u snail want < from >011 nothing but food for our army, and lor thi* j ou shall alwa\* lie paid In cash the lull value It i* the settled policy of jour tyrants to deceivo you in regard to the policy and character of our Government an 1 people. , These tyrant* fear the example of our free institutions, and constantly endeavor to misrepresent our purpose*, | and iaxpire you with hatred for > our republican brethien ! of the American Union. Uive us but tho opportunity to , undeceive you, and you will soon leain that all the representations of I'arede* were falso.arid were only made , : to uuftkco you to content to the establishment ol a des' potic government. I In your atruggle for liberty with tho Spaniah monarchy, thouiand* of our countrymen risked their livo* and , t.i.A.1 tKoir tilnrwl in vmir ilofVmrp. Our own <Jornmorioro. the gallant Torter, maintained in triumph your flag upon the ucean, and our Government wa< tlie fir?t to acknowledge your independence. With pride anil pie iiui e we eniolled your nam# on tlio lilt ol independent Republics; and sincerely desired that >ou migiit in poace and proaI perity enjoy all the bleninga ol Ireo government. Hue* ! cess on the pait ol your tyiuuU agimi.t the army oi tho : Union ii impossible: but il tliey could succeed, it would : only l>o to enable tho in to (ill your town* with their solI dien, eating out your subatance, and harraHoiiig you I with (till more gneioua taxation Already they have abolished the libeity olthu Pie?s,as the tirnt step towards ' the introduction of that u.onarchy, wnicli it ia uieir real i purpoie to proclaim anU establish. 1 Mexican*, we roust treat a* enemies and overthrow "> tyrants, who, whilst they have wronged and insulted ue, have deprived you of your liberty ; but the Mexican people who remain neutral during the contest, ahall be protected against their military despots, by the Republican Army of the Union. Z. TAYLOR, Bn'vrt Maj. Uen. U. 8. A. ComJ'g. VI EW OF THE CI T 3 "^_ ^JCy r^Brai' _?? taken f&om )f attractive buildings. The principal square of lie city, the Plaza Hidalgo, is beautifully laid out u its shaded walks. The unfinished cathedral is at once noticed by lie spectator, from its imposing appearance ; it 3P1UK so managed that the houses on the wings appear to be part of the cathedral lt?elf; it bounds one entire side of the plaza. Two fine, but unfinished, towers command the sides of the catheInrlilcnta, Sic., of the War. Some imprudently written letters have found their way into the columns of toine of our cotemporaries, which have raised quite a buzz among the volunteer*; our frienda of the Jr ffertonian on Saturday last, have a letter, which will put the regulars in a fume. We notice this particular letter, because we know tho Jefftrsonian is the last paper in the country, to wilfully misrepresent the heroes uf the Army ol Occupation, and if the letter goes uncontradicted, it will do injury to very many brave menWe cannot understand the spirit that will prompt a soldier, to gather materials, even if true, that aro prejudir cial to the army and its brave officers. Why a man should wish to throw a taint of suspicion over tho memory of Major Ringgold, for whose memory the nation mourns, we cannot divine. We italicise the article for eforenco. "After the battle of the Palo Alto, and the night previju* to that of the Reiaca de la Palma, Gen. Taylor, Col. Twinnt, Major Hinggold, and several other offiers, \eld a kind of private council in Taylor't camp, to conlider the propriety of giving the enemy hattle the ensuing Jay. Gen. Taylor inclined to the fighting side, whilst Uol. Twiggs and Major Ringgold, more cautious and not less brave, decidedly opposed him. I'he General argued that the enemy were already partly defeated, that they had seen the invincibility ofthe American arms, and had learned to fear the superiority of our effective artillery. He was, therefore, in tavor of pursuing the advantage* already gained, and attacking the enemy before they would have tim* to recover from the shock." * * On the night of the 8th, there was a council held, by the permission of Oen. Taylor; he was not at the council. After some discussion, it wat voted unanimously "to go ahead." This vote was reported to Oen. Taylor, who replied, he never intended to do any thing cue. Major Ringgold was mortally wounded about sundown, on tho evening of the 8tti, he was therefore not at the council, and was not on tho Oth, " convincing his calumniators that his own safety was no consideration, tic." Surely in the publication of camp rumors, a correspondent who would thus write, and make Major Ringgold wounded on the 9th? but the whole lotter speaks lor itself?and yet a correspondent thus writing, throwing odium upon <ien Taylor, Col. Twiggs, Major Ringgold and other liters of the Army of Occupation, concludes his epistle by saying, he i? about to correct many errors fallen into by other correspondents. We should not have noticed this letter, but in justice to the deud, and to the living? A'rtv Or It ant Tropic, July "30. Army Intelligence. Tho Jlmericnn Flag cautions travellers against taking the road unarmed. Several persons have been robbed between Matamoras and Point Isabel. The Flag contains an interesting account of Camargo nn<J Monterey. The former contains same 2,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the San Juan river, three miles from its junction with the Kio (?rande, and is now almost entirely inundated by the back water from the latter. ( amargo will be held as n permanent depot It is considered to be at the head of navigation. It ia '210 miles from Monterey. The road is not swampy ; but the country is level and thickly set with musqueet and ebony bush. Water and pasturage may be found, and there are a number of places where the advance of an invading army might be obstinately resisted. Monterey (tho Kings Woods) is beautifully situated, with a population of some 6,000, is regularly laid out into streets anil squares, and is surrounded bv magnificent scenery. Three of the light draft steamers purchased by rapt. Saunders, for transports on tho Rio tirande, arrived here yesterday.?Ntw Orleans Jrf. July 20. By a letter from Capt. Peyton, near Barita, to the editor of tho Vicknliurgh Whif-. it appears that Gen. Taylor has " taken the responsibility," of disobeying tho orders of the Secretary of War. *' He has denounced, says the lotter writer, in strong terms, the weakness of Secretary Marcy in ordering the six months volunteers to be disbanded He has tak'-n the responsibility of disobeying tiie order of the department, and lias notified our Colonel that he needs our immediate services, as well as those of all the troops now in Mexico.'' As (Jen. Gaines is now before a Court of Inquiry for excci-ding his orders in ordtiing out volunteers, lyhat will the government do with Gen. Taylor for disobeying orders ??Nathvillt Orthopolilan. July 20. The steamers Convoy and Missouri left here on Saturday, having on board Col. Bis<ell?s regiment, and part of Col Hardin's regiment of Illinois volunteers. The Hannibal left yesterday with the remainder of Col. Hardin's regiment. Col. Korman'f regiment is yet at Altoff, and will leave in a day or two. Col. Baker's regiment, now at Jcfl'erson Barracks, will leave on Wednesday.? Sf Louit Krpuhllcan, July 20 List of steamers on tlio Rio Grande, for transporting troops and provisions.? Steamers Biff Hatcher.'1 rov. J. E. Kobert. "Warren, Panola, Kntei prise, Brownsville, Neva, (boiler* condemned.) Aid, Cincinnati. Eighty nil of vcmels was counted off'and in the Brazos Santiago, a few ilny s since the steamers Monmouth, Augusta. and ste miship Mataachusett*, among them. The Virginian had anivcd at I'oint Isabel. A meuenger from the Mormon Camp brings information tint Col Kennies ha* mustered into the set vice of the United State", live hunilied Mornjon" ho are probably ere this on their maich to Santa Ke. We have copies of the official paper* relative to this movement, which will be published in our regular edition on Krirlay.?iVuuioo (///.) Eaglt. July 13. Interacting Dililtla Order. Burii of Nkw Yohk, J Head Quarters, Albany, 27th July, 1848 S It i* known to the Militia of the State, that the Legislature' dining its last session, pa**ed a law establishing an nntirely new inilitia a> stern, requiring n radical re-orgaDi/.ation of the whole mililia lorce of the State. 1 he last section of that law is in the*o word* :? "^91. So much and kuch portion* of this act as authorizes persons to commute on paying seventy-five cents each, ns exempts person* having conicientii u* scruples against bearing aims, a* defines tho persons who shall he exempt from military duty, anil all provision* ol the lull uec.esiary to carry out tho provision* contained in tho portions ol this act Which arc herein before in this ectiun mentioned, shall take effect immediately ; but the other part* and provisions of this act shall not take etl'cct until twenty day* alter the Governor (hall by his proclamation declare, that in his opinion the * nne may l>o carried into effect, consistently with the safety and iuterosts of the State, and the acts of Congress in such case made and provided " TIio Governor, at an early day after the adjournment of the Legislature, came to tho conclusion that tho portions if tho act, not put In force by the Legislature, ini,ht be [tut in force consistently with the safety and interest* of >h? state and the act* ol Congiess regulating the organization of tne Militia Tha proclamation required to be ssuitd to put thase portion^ of the new law into operation wns drift) ed, because the the > condition of the war with Vlexico rendered it probable that li requisition might be iiadfl by the President uixin this State fur a militaiy lorce o aid in carry ing on that war, and it was manifest that, f the existing mililia law* were repealed and the new law pat in operation, auch a requisition could not be :omplied with until tlie entire new organization could lie effected, which it was apprehended would require the whole season, or the greater part of that time On the day of the adjoin nment of the Legislature. Congress passed the act entitled " an Act providing for the proMCUtion of the existing war between the United State* and the Republic ol Mexico," approved May loth, 1844, authorising the I'reaident, among other thing*, to accept the MiTtcea ol fiity thousand volunteers. On RK I MORNING. JULY 29. 1 Y OF M A T A MO RA.S, ; -f^-^pc-..;-'/ % TBS NORTH. dral; from a timber laid across ono of which, a couple of bells are suspended. Had mean# been obtained for the completion of the design, it would have beon a noble monument to the city. The Matamoras American Flag says:?"Go to our market in the morning and you will find novelty equal to that of the French market in New Orleans. Americans, Frenchmen, Germans, Mex10th day of May,a requisition was made upon the Oovernor of tain State for seven regimontsof volunteers, as the quota to bo raited by thil Si ate, in pursuance of tho provisions of the act of Congress referred to. The provilioni in the existing laws of the State for tho organization of volunteer companies of militia were deemed indispensable to enable tho Governor to comply with this requisition from tho President Hence the proclamation was not issued, became its effect would bo to put the new law in force, and thereby repeal tho provisions lor raising volunteer companies, otherwise than in conformity with that law. The order of the Gorornor for enrolling the seven regiments of volunteers for the service of the United States was issued on the 3bth day of May. and from that time to tho present, every practicable exertion has been made to fill thos-e regiments, and complete the organization of that force. They Bre now full, all the elections of officers ordered which have not already taken place, and tho commissions will soon be fully issued and the organization of all the regiments completo. The Governor is now, therefore, for the first time again at liberty to take up tho subject of the new militia law, and the auestion presented to his mind has been, shall the proelam ition be now issued and the provisions of this law be put immediately in force, or Khali that act be delayed until after the militia parades of the present year (hull have passed. The provisions of the new law, authorizing a commutation in lieu of the performance of military duty, by the payment of seventy-fire centi to the collector of taxei of the town or ward in which the citizen desiring to commute reside*, are already in force. That right exiiU on the part of every citizen subject to military duty, "except commissioned and warrant ofiiccrs, and members of uniform companies dulv oiganized." The provisions in reference to members of religious societies and others, having conscientious scruples against bearing arms, and the provisions declaring who are exempt uom militii duty, without paying a commutation, are also now in operation. These privileges, therefore, extended by the new law to the citizens ol the State subject to do military duty, are not abridged or affected, by a delay to issue the proclamation. On the other hand, it is pcrlectly manifest that the intention of the legislature, in passing the new law, was to require every citizou. subject to military duty according to its terms, to perform that duty, or to pay the specified equivalent of seventy-'ive cents per annum. It is now too late to render it possible to make such an organization under that law as to be able to require the duty provided for in it to be performed during this reason. The proclamation, when issued, will re]>eal tho provisions of the existing laws, and therefore render itimposible to hold the militia parades in obedience to them The coiiNequonce must be that, if the proclamation be now issued, there will be no miiitia parades during this year, except such as may have already been held by tho uniform corps of somo of tho cities And it no military duty shall be required, during the year, there will, of course, be no commutation paid, as no citizen will pay even nevent) -five cents for an exemption from that which he cannot be required to perlorm These considerations will induce the Governor to withhold the proclamation so that the inilitia trainings, for this year, may be held under the existing laws, the pi ivilege of commutation to avoid that duty , being as fully possessed by every citizen as would be if the new law were entirely in force. Thoso militia parades are all to be held between this timo and the I5thday of October next, uamelv : Tho officer*' drills between tho first day of June and the first day of September; the Company parades on the first Monday of September ; and the lteginu'nt tl Keviews between the first day ol September and the fifteenth day of Wctober. The proclamation will be issued by the (iovernor, as requited by the 91st section of the new militia law, immediately alter tho loth .'ay of October next, and every practicable preparation will bo previously made to expedite as much us possible the reorganization of the militia under the law after that time. In tho meantime tho officers of tho militia of the State, of all gra les, will carefully observe this order, and bear in miud that the prov isions of the existing laws, so far as the militia parade* are conceined, are still in force, and will rcmuin so until after tho lAth day of October next. All the parades, therefore, required by these laws, will be duly ordered and held in conformity with their provisions. The officers whom it may concern will not fail to note that the parts of tho new law. declaring the exemptions from the performance of militia duty, are now in force, and have been since the adjournment of tho Legislature, and that those exemptions are materially changed, mid the number of exempt*, other than by commnUllon .rroutl.r ....... I f.nm tl,?c. rr.u.U. OV?H,r,t 11,1. ...... ??, derthe provisions of the old law. The officers will also scrupulously respect the rights of the citizens to exempt themselves from the performance of militia duty, by commutation, wliorc tney shall avail themselves of that right in conionnity with the provision* of the-new Uw, by the payment of the money, or taking the oath before the astessor, as the law prescribes. IJy order of the Commander-in-Chief, K. K. TEMPLE, Adj.Oen. Naval Iiitslllgrnrr. The JSpptal says that Capt. Pendergast, U. 8. N., has taken command of the Navy Yard, at Memphis, vice Com. Lavalette, who proceod? to Boston to take command of the Independence, destined lor the Pacific. Great Freshet at pitrsburo, Pa.?I hasten to inform yon of one ol the most destructive freihets that ever visited those parts ; also, to send you, as far as possible, a correct list of wbnt property ii destroyed. On Thursday afiurnoon the Wouongahela river ro<e some three inches? fiom 9 o'clock P M. to 4 o'clock A.M. Friday .the river had risen ten feet plumb water,and that >o suddenly as to carry almost every thing before it. The steam ferry l>oat that runs from this city to Birmingham was carried away, besides the wharf and a real flat that the ferry boat was made fast to. The boat nor wharf boat had been found up to this hour. They are no doubt dashed to pieces and sunk. The ferry was owned by Messra. J-orse It Co.?the loss will be severe. At least one dozen coal boaU are known to hive floated ovor dam No 1, and dashed to pieces. Three coal boats broke loose from Pipetown, and have not been soesi since. Mr. E. Z. Cotton, who keeps a saw mill at Brad dock's Fields, lost 30,000 feet of lumber Mr.Thoioas Lock,keeper at dam No. 1, informed me that boats of some description tvero passing over the dam ill night ; keel boats, flat boats, hay atacka, board ralta,and various other kinds Of pro|>erty, p*iscd by our city during the whole day Mr Walker's ship yard was entirely flooded, but by great exertion his timber was saved; Mr Leddie lost two coal floats We heard of but one life being lost : he was catching drift, when a log struck his skiff and he sank to ri?e no inor? Two boys were saved b> going over the dam hy oin? coal hciaimen,?' mo n ? u. uumi ?.w? liven. So fir *? heard tho lockf had not received any The ateameta Conaul uud Lotii* McLaue will ho compelled to poat|K>:ie their trips until the river There i? no poa?ibility of making any tlnng like a correct eilimate of the lo?i ; at muit he nnnieute Thin ii higher than the Monongaliela ha* been aince the mrmorahle flood of February, 183J. Up to thia evening the Alleghany had not riien one inca. If i hear any thing worth tending I will writ* again to-morrow.? Cor. Halt. Patriot of July 94. Wo take pleasn.e 111 announcing tho arrival in Washington of Don Manuel Ciirvallo, minister Cnipotentiary' from the Chilian government, with hia J and part of hit family ? }Voihington Union, July 37. 1ERA 846. .. I Will -j - jj. :. jean*, &c., indiscriminately} mixed in together, would rcmiud a calm looker on in Vienna, of the far famed Babel, and that it there presented itself in miniature form. Every house in the place is occupied, or sought to be, and many are the inquirers for houses, particularly on the plaza, who cannot obtain a suitable one, and every day adds numerously to those who are already here." Tito Santa Fe Rxp-dltlou. A letter from Kort Leavenworth states, that a rumor had juit reached the Fort to the effect, that Capt. Moore, of the IT S Dragoons, with his command, ha t overtaken the Mexican trader* whom he was sent out to stop?that the trailer* had previously been reinforced by a body of Moxicans from Santa Ke, of which, however, ('apt. Moore wan not aware. The trader* refused submission to the order, and in attempting to enforce it, an action ensued, in which Capt. Moore, Capt Berg min, and a Lieutenant, whose n ime ii not stated, were killed, besides several non-commiiaioned officer* and private*. The balance of Capt. Moore'* command were compelled to retreat. Such i* the report, but we do not place any confidence in it* authenticity ; for if there was auv truth in it, it if probable that a correct account would have reached the Kort quite a* loon a* tho rumor.? St. Louit Rep. July 98. News from the Upper Mississippi?Extension op Trade, &c.?The light draught steamer Cecilia, Capt Throckmorton, arrived yesterday from the Upper Mississippi, and to her onliging officer* we are indebted for the following account from the northern military posts, Jcc.:?The C. left St. t'etersonthe 11 th inst.: nt that time Major Clark, of the United State* Army was in command of Kort Snelling, and had under his command a portion of two companies of infantry, which had been reduced to one company, in consequence of the ranks of neithor being full. The C carried up twentythree recruit*, and others were coming in from different quarter*. Considerable improvements were going on in and about the fort in repaiiing and rebuilding quarter* for the officer* and inldiers, and some repairs were being made to the fortifications, and a large number of mechanics and laborers were at work: and it is the design of the commanding officer to so improve and repair the old buildings as to mhke them an secure, and if posaible, more comfortable than they ever wero. Fort Crawford, about fifty miles in the interior, i* at present occupied by a company of volunteers from Wiaconain, under the command of Capt. Morgan. A requisition for arma and atorea was brougnt down by the C., and on her return me necessary supplies wm i>e ni.iie.. >u u,c?. iu? rumor which reached here a short time since, and which wan published in several of the paper*, conoerning a contemplated attack upon the fort by several tribes of Indians proves to be totally without loundation. No disturbance had taken place, nor was any apprehended. The prisoners, whose rescuo it was said they intended, are stiil at Kort Knelling in custody, and littlo or no feeling had been expressed by their countrymen concerning their detention. ' On the Cecilia we met with several gentlemen from Selkirk's settlement, on the lied river of the North, a distance of seven or right hundred miles from St. Peters, and lar up ip the Uritish possessions of North America We learn from them that they laft the settlement about the iiistof last month, and after a fatiguing journey of over sevon hundred miles, across a w>ldei ness couutry reached St. Paul, six miles below Fert Snell/ng, on the 8th inst. The company consisted of lorty live persons and about sixty caits , they have come down for the purpose of purchasing goods in this city, which they will convey back to the settlement from their point of embarkation in the carts. We under, stand thorn to be no regular organized company, but merely a number of traders and persons who reside in tho settlement coming together for the mutual safety and protection of each other. The wholo amount they expect to jmrchaso will be between $39,000 and $30,000 worth of such goodr as are most suitahlo lor the Indians of those latitudes. The tribes adjacent to the settlement, and with whom they have in former years carried on a pretty extensive trade with goods lurniihed by the Hudson's Bay Company, are the M de-w.i-kantons, Naakotahs, O'fjibwes, Assiuiboins, Arikarus, Minitarees, and Cliippewus Several years since a Mr. St. Clair, (one of the Kuntlomen who is now in the city.) with a small party attempted to rcach St Louis by the same route the present company came ; ho succeeded and found the trip a very profitable one ; since lie ha^ declined purchasing of tlio company any more goods. The laws in relation to trade by which the settlement is governed allows etch resident to import ?100 sterling worth of merchandize freo of duly. Of the kind ol goods most saleable, X1V0 will be sufficient to load one of the company's carts; so the whole amount will be admitted free, as a resident of the settlement will be with every cart In the number that hare rcached this city, we notice the names of St. ( lair, Ganick, Cook, Green, and McDcrmott. In the course of our inquiries, from tliem we learned that this settlement was formed more than forty years since, by the person whose namo it bears, and that it extends along the banks of North Red River, or tho Red River ol the North, some sixty miles, being a succession of huts and small villages, with very few good houses. The inhabitants aie principally Knglish, sr??rh I 'unailinns Bn/1 half breeds, and number between eight and ten thouiarfi , they have no law* or form of government of their own, nn.1 are under the control and supervision of those granted to the llud?on'? Bay Com pany ; many of the inhabitant* are intelligent, induatrioua people, and are employed in agriculture, raiaing stock, &< ; other* *ub*i*t by hunting and trapping, which ia considered the most pioAtablo busine**, a? an extensive trade i? carried on with the fur company.? The clima'e i* ?aid te he very healthy, and well adapted to the raising of seveial kinds of grain, hut the most aure and luxuriant cmp is barley. A Catholic mission ia established there, and many of the inhabitant! ore believer* in that religion, rtooda of every kind are very acxrce and enormoutly high . the only exchange for them i* (lira ; every year (applies arc brought up the Red River by the Hudson's Bay Company, but their tran?|w>nation is attended w ith a great dual of difficulty and danger, it i* some four hundred miles from the mouth ol the river to the settlement, and in thi* distance the boats have to be hauled out, and carried round more than filty different fails. Good sugar is told from 80 to 40 cents per lb., coffee, 30 cent*, common chewing tobacco. iW renta, imr lb , and unbleached cotton*, -io and 24 cent* per vard, ?d<1 other thing* in proportion. The gentlemen with whom we conversed in relation to thi* uignlar out-of-the-way place, express themselve* well (.atislied with tlio country in every ret.pert; ieveial of them are native* of the soil; other* have been the children of fortune, and in necking a apot to *uit their fancy, have, at it were . (tumbled into Helkirk. They will have mado their purchates and finished their buaiue** by the latter end of the present week, and will be prepared to return on the Cecilia to their place of disembarkation, there to take their land ronvej ancei, and itretch once more their way* acrow the wi'lderneM. We wi*h them a aaie nud ipcoly journey, and hope ggnin to ano them in our city ?St Louii Bra. July Hi. Lxcitrment in Lkxington.?We happened to be at LouiNville when the excitement occasioned by the acquittal of Shelby took place. an I did not witnr?? it* tx'icinnin^ or prnf?ie** li wai deepand exten?ive Nor 1* it over no*' Therr> 1* brooding in the heart* of the people, discontent und anger, and ]K>rtiom of them am ready to spurn the Jedicltiv, and defy (be law.? Ltxtnghtn (A'y) ^imtrican, July it. Letters from thk Camp?Letters have Iwcn received in tins city, from (General Taylor, as late a* the 11th inet. The number of hii troope wn inc reeling, and he had received eight or ten boat), which were aultlcient to transport hie troope. proviaioui, and munition* up the Rio Urande. He i* making every arrange ment to advance from t'amargo to Monterey.? fVthington Union, July 37. LD. PrlM Two Cum. i Mormon Intklliqknck.?Nauvoo in Ae.m#? War between the *'Heoulator#" and " C ti! ?* ."?After the iMue of our Extra on Sunday morning, 1 newt reached the citv that > mob had waylaid, and, without the ahadow of legal authority, made priaonera . of tour or Ave inolfenaive citizen! of thi* place, who had been to McQueen'a mill. iome '1'J milea diitant for a load I of flour for a party of Monnona who waa about alerting weatwaid Aa it waa understood that a new citizen waa of the number, and that the liven of all were in jeopardy, I it wa? leiuiHeil b\ the legal au'horitiee that a force OiouU 1 proceed to Pontooauc with warranta for llio-e who iwitiI cipated in the Ij nrhlng ol Sa'iii.lav. an I if po-able r? rover ti>e |> iinna an I |.n p rty I tlie citizen* ? h>> w*ie unlawfully delan e i hi t .. mob * ron.pany ol t>>I w n accordi'j{ly oig .niia i for H it t>orpo?e, who Halted tor the mob diatrirt Ian evening under direction ol the con tablea 1 lie) tooW tlia river road to th? noith. and * ell for them wa< it tlmt they did iu, an it waa anaiwarda aa! certain* d that the " Kegulatora" had amtiuihed a atiunf , party at the Mound, aix milea diatant. upon the route which they uippmed would he taken by the romta'dea' Thia piobably saved many li*e?. Aiitwaa, the ronitabulaty loice proceeded to within two milei of Pootooaur, whee they encountered a picket guard of two men. whirh ha l hcen eet by the Kegulatom in an'iripa tiou of a viait from the bo te Tbeae men immediately lied, and u chi?e took nlaco that resulted in the rapture ofuue of tliem(a ?on of old VVInmp. the celebrated mob her), who wu brought to a >tand by a allot which ? a< filed over hia hotel by hi? purnuera On lu'errogatin; him touching the force and |to?ition of the Kegulatora. and aa to theirdisposition to rmit the foiling of a legal pioceai. he ttaied that 6(H) men ueie in arm* to di'pute their entrunce into the town A? thi? waa known to be false, the commanding officer gave him to understand that he could not be trifled with upon which he gate the information desired It wa? ascertained thai the mob waa pouted in a thicket haul by, wi b their gum cocked, ready to Are upon any man who might pa?? The |>oi?e formed in three detachment*, with a view of circumventing the ambush ; but upon advancing the mob retreated acioss a bridge in their n-m, and poited hem-elve? in a manner to lake it h) tliei lire I Notwithstanding thu. H e New t iti/ens' part) ma died I up to w itlini halt g 'ii hoi uf the bridge, npon ? l ie. ?, I., i H. L', ...b I. ^ u?.l ,.. I.uli | HI?-? ?T.U ...... "? .< ....... or tliey ?erf dead mrn. [lej nei? ansviried b> III countable. nbo Dint liw tia?l come in?r?'ed ?i h l**nal authority to a- rest ceitmn men. and that he would <1o hi* duty (Seeing no aneinat.Te but to fix(>t the i " Kcgulatorsllqprrendeird and the arrests wvn mad* without any further difficulty Over a dozen weie identified a? persons who took |>art in the I) itching of the eight men on Saturday and weie placed under guard. A demand wai then made for the individual* who were kidnapped by the mob yesterday. A mob chief stated . that they were tied up in the wooda, at tome distance from the place, hut where be could not tell He pledged bia honor (!) however, that, providing be was set at liberty, the kidnapped citizena should be returned safely to town that night. As it waa uneleas to try to find them in the fastnesses of the forest, and inasmuch as it was feared that they might fall a sacrifice to mob vengeance, the officers concluded to accept the solemn pledge of this man, and if the missing citizens were not restored according to promise, to re-visit the place in the morning The wagon load of flour was found and taken possession of by the legal authorities, as well a* a stray horse, supposed to belong to the kidnapped citiieas Notice was given that any one might come forward and claim the norse; hut as no owner appeared, he was held until it could be ascertained to whom he lelonged A sheepskin saddle cover, found on the ruad, is ul-o in the han>t( of the officers, subject to the owner's order The citizen's expedition returned to tow n in tue ulternoon with their prisoners who aie now lodged at tlie Viiginia Hotel. under the surveillance of a guard They will be eaamined before Justice Wells to-morrow. Before leaving Pontoosuc, the citizen* were informed that a new settler, taken yesterday, had been lynched. Among those who have been arrested, we observe the notniious " f'ontoosuc Blacksmith," and a mobber of infamous renown named Douglass. The greater part of the gang appear like men to whom sceues of violence was a congenial element. This afternoon McAuley and Brattle were arraigned for examination before Justice Wells. The witnesses against them were tho men who undertook lb* lynching on Saturday. It was proven that McAuley waa present at that disgusting spectacle?that some of the movements of the lynchers were directed by him?that he took a gun belonging to one of th<j laborers, and participated generally In the doings of the mob luconsideration of this he w as held to bail in the paltry sum of $000. The Governor has plainly instructed the aggrieved to fight and kill ol* enough to put the lynchers down, but as they have adopted the guerrilla system of warfare, it seems impossible to get them inte action; and the conse quenco is, that the inhabitants of this city aie continually agitated by repeated nets of violence which they cannot reach, and worn out by the incessant calls upon their vigilance to guard against surprise. Kor the sake of humanity, it is te be hopeu that the frienda of law and order in our vicinity, will repair to Nauvoo as soon as possible, bringing with them all the arms that can be collected The police force are in want of muskets or riiM, and a loan of fire arms of any kind will be thankfully acknowledged. News lias just reached town that the kidnapped citizens were carried oil'by the La Harpe mob.? Hancock Eagle Extra, July 13. KuaTHrn raoM Nsuvno ?The correspondent of the 8t. Louis Republican, wiiting from Nauvoo under date of the 17th inst., says:?" I have but time to write vou a line in relation to the difficulties here?they are indeed alarniiiuc. On Wednesday night the entire crop raised this year by Mr. B K. Marsh, consisting of stacked wheat principally, wa* consumed; alao, the bar ami it* contonU, belonging to a widow lady some two or three miles south of Waraaw. The prisoners taken by the new citizen* on account of the alleged riot of Saturday luit?aeventeen in number?are still in cuatody. Each party bold prisoners aa hostages; the Aotiea have only five?each demand an exchange. I can hardly tell where the matter will end now. The coming election, if pusaed oB'quietly, it wan thought, would be the end of the Hancock troublea; but the present atate of things indicatea different results The New Citizens lack concert of action, and their identification with the Mormons, under the seeming pretence of protecting life and property, has created an ill feeling against them in the county that it will be difficult to allay Common cans* with the Mormons, made by the New Citizens, can produce no good feeling towards them here. Constitutional Convention, Monday. July 27. ?Mr. Ward reported nn additional rule, authorizing the application of the previous question to separate sections of an article. Agreed to. The article on the subject of the legislative power*, duties, fcc., was then taken up, the question recurring on the proposition of Mr. Nicholas, to strike out the provision, that after in J? the compensation of member* ahaJl not exceed $3 a day for ninety day* from the commencement of the session. Mr Himmons moved ti insert a provision, that the sessions of the legislature should not extend beyond 1(h) day* Lost?as was also the proposition of Mr. Nicholas. Mr. YVorden then moved to fix the maximum pay of members at $3 a day?such compensation not to exceed, in the aggregate, $300 for l>er diem allowaticea?no member to receive pay for tlio time he may be abaent, unless absent from sickness. Mr. Dauforth moved to strike out the latter clause. Lost?and Mr. W.'* proposition adopted.? Mr. Dana moved to reduce the per diem of members to $J "i0. I.ost. Mr. Kirkland moved to strike out the clause giving the apeaker of the **(*mbly an additionaL compensation of one-third hi* per diem allowance Mr. Crooker moved to n?*-t in its place a provision that the official postage of n embers, during a session, should bo paid outof the treatnrjr. Lost, as was also Mr. K.'s motion Mr. W. Taylor m> vt 1 a proviso that the clause in regard to the aggregate umpensation ol member* *houl<i not take effect until ? a 1 ? ti. Mth no,, t ifin was then til en ye?I iOKJ. iilivru IU. a HV ? up. It prohibit! meipbera of the legislature from r#ctlT iiir any civil apjiointment within thisStatu or to the Senate ol the United State*, from the Governor, the Governor and senate, or from the legislature, during the term for which they shall have been elected. Mr. simmona moved to strike out the worda " or to tho Senate of th# U. B.n? The question wa? pending when the committee roaa.? Roceaa ?litany *1rgu&. CJiillril StattiClrrnlt Court* Before Judge Nelson. Jt i.r'JS ?After tho Judge had takei hia seat on the bench, the following gei tlemen were sworn of tho oranci Jury John O. Spies, F'orcmnn; Nathaniel Boyd, Wilson Hunt, John M. Ketcham, K W Marriam, Joaeph Murphy. Jamea Miller, Wm. K Croat, Charles Stannard, David Tappan, Jona I'nderhill, Stephen Valentine, Jabez Williams. Dai ins Kerry, James Van Taaaal, Joseph Keeler, Wm 8 Clark, < ornelius W Hibbard, Wm. f. Ilall, Klnathan II. Seers, John J Paraalla. Hia Honor then briefly charged thorn aa followa j? Gentlemen of the Oraod Jury?There la very little business to occupy your time aod attention aa Grand Jarora thia session of the Court?eome two eaaea, oaly, I believe, of alleged criminal violation of the lawe, are on the list; and these aia of no particular Interact, bat belong to an Inferior grade of Crimea. The IIrat ia a chnrge of the infliction of cruel an<l unusual paniahmant bv nn officer on board the American ar.hooner St. Mary. The other is a r.hnrg* against aeveral of tha Hands on hoard the American brig Kmpira, who are chargod with nndeavoring to create >i revolt ou board. Tha flrat offence ia founded upon the act of Congraea of MA. whiofc u ? - - f..ll?.? . H TKai if nnv maaU r Ar ofh?r ofl> proviiiei >n luuuwBi? ?... ... ... __ cor of any American (hip on tha high aeaa.or w.thiathe admiralty inrladirtioo of the United tHatei, eh* 11, from hatred, malice or revenge, fcc. beat, wound, or iapriaon, or withhold from him miiuble food or nouriehmeat, evw- v ry audi peraon > convicted ahall be |>uniahed by Ane and imjiriionmetit, according to the nature of tha offence." The charge in the other ce?e i* founded upon another (cction of the *ame act, which ie a* follow* :? " If any one or more of the crew of any American el on the high ii>u, or with/n the admiralty juriadiotion of the United State*, ahull endeavor to create a revolt, fcc , every euch peraon ao offending, ahall, upon convietion. be punhhed by fine not exceeding 1.000, or by impii?onment and hard labor," fcc. The evidence that eatebliihe* the?e charge* ii in poiee**ion of the public proaeriitor; an<l it wilt b? for you to enquire Into all the facta and circumatancee of theae caae? I will not further oi-cupy your time and attention by going into any detail of your dutiea, na moat of you ? although perhape not all- have before aerved onOrand Juriea: but If any difBcultie* should occur to you in theroureeef your delibeiationa. you can reaort to the public proeecutor, who will be alwaya ready to give you any information you may require. The cauae of the Unitri v?. Bunkam, wh then called on, and again poatponed. in coneequence ot the abaence of a material witneea After which, thej-ourt adjourned. Paaaaic Faixa.?The water in the Paaaaic la now higher than It haa been for fifty year*. It ie worth a triple Pate raou to aee the >'aU?. '* 'HM nHI TT3. "f - M .* ? m . ' m

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