Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 31, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 31, 1846 Page 1
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THi Vol. XII, Bio. S04.WM* IV*. *441. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES 60RB0N BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Otrcalation-Forty Thousand. ^D\ILV HtH \LU-ti<r> d?> , Price < cwu per cop*?$7 {VEKKLF flKK'LD? very Siturdaj?Price ?Vi ceuu per copy?$3 Kk crnU |nw annum?payable iu advance HKHALD l-X>H Kl ROP? ?*'very Steam Packet day PrierCfet centa per copy?$3 00 par aauutn. payable ia ad"aDVKRTISKMK.MTS at tha uaual pncaa?alwayt caah I ? la advuuca PR1NTI.NO of ali kiuda eaeouted with beauty and deapatch Ali lecture or communicationa, by mail, addraaaad to tha a tabliahmaut. am it be p<'?t pa d, or the poetage will ba de- I d. ctedfrum the ?u>'acrii<tion mouey remitt d. JA.V1K8 IHJRDON 6KNNETT, Propaetor of tha Nia Ttu H KALI) tiTiiuamlKT, Nmth'Wni run rot Kulrnu ud Naaaau atreeta MA KITiniC AC4 0IM MOU Al'IONM. JOHM HkUUtlAN fc CO., Unuad ham and Ureal Britain and Ireland, Old ?ftabliahed ^faigrajit Office, <1 South street. New York. m&> ^Bc k I/O., Liverpool. Faaaace to ?ad from Great Briuin and Ireland, yia Liverpool by the Ola Black Ball Line, or any of the regular Paccet alii pi tailing every live daya. Theanbacribeia ia calling the attention of Old CountryDen aad the public generally to their unequalled arraugementa for bringing obi paaaengera from the old country, beg feave lo date that the buaiueaa of the Hnuae at Liverpool will be conducted by ita branch. Thoee leudina fi r their friends will at once aee the great importance ol inn arrangement, aa it will preclude an uniteceaaarv del..y of the emurvaut. The ahnia employed in thia line arc well known ru kr of the first and largest class, comma.ided by men of experience; mid u tfiey tail every Ave days, oflVr every facility thai tan be famished. With those superior irrangements, the <ub*criber* look forward for a continuation of tkat patronage whiafc has been so liberally enanded to ten Ur so many years |>a?t lu case any ol those engaged de not embark, the passage money will be refnuded as customary. Kor further particular* apply by letter, poet paid J. HERD.VIAN k CO.. <1 South st., New York HERDMaN k CO., Liverpool. N. B ?Drafts for any amount can aa nsual be furnished, payable at all the principal Bauking Institution* throurhnu' the Hired King Mm. n.. application as ahnve j\28r MAi(at,lLLw LlAt, Ut fAoKtla. m. m M M The ujidermention Ships will b? regularly despatched from J race on the 1st, aud from Marseille* the 10th of each month aring the year, as follow* :? Whips Captains. From N.York. fR'CE de JOINVILLE, (new) Lawrence, April 1 Sept. I. MISSUR1, Silvester, May 1 Oct. 1. AKCOLE (new) Eveleigh, Jane 1 Not. 1. GASTON, Coulter, July 1 Dec. 1. NEBRASKA (new) Watson, Aug. 1 Jan. 1. Ships. Captains. From Marseille* PR<CE de JOINVILLE, (saw) Lawrence, June 10 Nov. 10 MISSOURI, Silvester, July 10 Dec. 10 ARCOLE, (new) Eveleigh, Aug. 10 Jan. 10 GASTON, Coulter, Sept. 10 Feb. 10 NEBRASKA, Watson, Oct. 10 Mar. 10 These veeeels are of the Ant tlasa, commended by men ol spenence. Tkeir accommodations, for passenger* are unsur passed for comfort aad convenience. Goods addressed to the aaauts will be forwarded free of other charge* than those actu ally paid. " ^(^AmSerL'aFi^'V?PHELPS, Proprietor* M? 1A? .fraof (a BOYD^k "Hj'NckT?N,*Are?t?, litre 1 Ton tin e Buildinga. M Wall.cor. WateT it. ""new line of livekpool packets. JSk JSk M. Mk NiiMoTllit,and tton^LiTerpool(UtoTticn From Afew York. Live. pool. N.w ah.pL.T.rp<x>l, 115? ton., ? j. Eldridge. (|aS?*? ?1 Oct. 6 New >Kip Queen efthe Weet, ! (1"?*ry |J jl?'ch ? USOto^Woadhooaa. ;&"> ,? Nov. I Naw Ship Rochester. IMtou. !' \\ An^.t ? Joha Briton. || October 21 Dec. Ship Hottinfner. IK* tent, }Vch |{ g'*v' J Irt Baraly. \ Thee* aabetannal. Tut aailing, hair claaa ship*, all buflt in the eity of new fork, are commanded by men of experience aad ability, and will ba despatched punctually on the Slat ol each month. , ' Their cabina ate elegant and eommodioaa, and are furniahed I with whatever can ceoduce to the eaae and comfort of paaaen(era. Price ef paaaage (100. Neither the eaptaina aor ownera of thaae ahipe will be reapaaaible fer any uarcela or packagea aent by them, anlea* regular killa ef laihuc are aiaued therefor. For freight er paaaace apply to WOODHULL k. MINTURN, 17 Mouth street, New fork, or to F1ELDEN, BROTHERS fc c'o., m* re Liverpool. aliw 1uk.k amd glasgow line uk j packets. JK 3932. BaiTuTfrom Ney^^rli an the lat^mTOUafOw o^h^JtT of etch i?oath. From N. York. Fin. Ol'fow. C June 1. July 15. Ship SARACKN, N. T. Hawkina, \ Oct. 1. Nor'r 15. r Feb. 1. March Li. lJulyl. April 15. Br. Ship BROOKSBT. H. M'Ewen, < Nov. 1. Aug. 15. ? ( March 1. Dec'r 15. \ Anguat 1. May 15. Br Bark ADAM CARR, ?, { Dec'r 1. Sept. 15. ( April 1. Jan. IS. I May 1. June 1) Br. Bark ANN HARLEY, R. Scott. { Sept. 1. Oct. IS. ( Jao'y 1 Februa. 15. Th??? ship* are good, snbutantial vessels, ably commwded, and will tail punctually on tlieir regular day*. Their accom odatious far passenger,are food, and every'attentiou will be piid to promote their comfort The agenta or Cpptains will not be responsible for any parcels or package! sent them, unless bills of lading are signed therefor. Fur freight or passage, apply to WOODHULL fc MINTURN, (7 South street, New York, or 4 re RF.ID lit MURR <V, <il??enw. FAOSAGE Jr KUiVl ultLA i' bKilAlAiN AiN JJ IRELAND. rn fflt. M. By Ui^Blnck Ball, o^Uli^Line ofL^en>ool PacketT^wiling froaa Liverpool on the lat and 16th ol every month. The YORKSHIRE sails from Liverpool, 1st of March. " OXFORD " " 16th of March. " CAMBRIDGE " " 1st of April. " MONTEZUMA " " Uth of April. Persons sending for their friends, and forwarding the passage certificate by the tteMn^hip Hihernia, sailing from Boaton on the 1st of February will have plenty of time to come in the ' Yorkshire, or in any one ol the eight packets of the Black Ball Line, sailing from Liverpool ou trie ht and 16th ofevary month Apply to, or'addresa. if by letter poat paid, ROcriE. BROTHERS k CO., 3S Fultoo at., Neat door to the Fulton Bank. tiLASOUW AMJ AtW YOKK^LiNfcT OF~ PACKETS. PiUSt ^ EKsOSs wishing n> send tor theirlriende in any |>art ol Scotland, to sail direct from OUsgow, can make arrangements with the Subscribers, to have them brought out in any of the regular line of Packets, sailing monthly from Glasgow. The ANN HARLEY, Captain Scott, ADAM CArR, Captain McEwen, SARACEN.Capuin Hawkins, HHOOKSUY Vwaprisa Ae above line,eoiTthe high character of those vessels should be sufficient inducement for persons who mar he sendiug for their frieuda in Scotland, to make arrangements for this (tM only line.) Farther particulars gnon, on application to W kJ T. TAPSCOTT, TJ South street, comer of Msiden Lane, or Messrs. Rfcll) It MURRAY, Agents alO r in ?Jli*gow. TAPacoyfs OENERAL EMIGRATION OFFICE, Removed from to K South street.?Persons sending for ^f^JXUyUgtheir friends in any pun of the old country make the necessary arrangements with the aubscribers, on reasonable terms, to have them brought ?Ut'THE NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS. The Ships of this line ere uuinrpaased any other, ano their immense size (.ill being I0M tuna, tnd urwxrds) renders them more comfortable end convenient tlisn shipsof a smaller eUss , and the greatest reliance tnay be placed in their pnuc lu iIuy i.i sailing The subscribers sre also agents for the Si. (tairge and Union Lines of Liverpool Packets, in any ol winch passage can be engaged on reasonable terms Draft* for any amouut, payable without discount in all the principal towns of Eugland, Ireland, Scotland or Wales, :*? also be obtained. For further particulars, apply to W ft. J. T. TAPSCOTT, ref7re M Vsthtt.. 9d donrhelow Hurling Slip, N. T. a. KRITISH AWU NORTH AMERI /f^HICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS, AvH^mal^o' UN toai and 440 horse power each, unw'th the Lords of the AdmiH'^ytNIA Capt. A. Ryria. Capt. E. O. Lott. ANNIA Capt. J. Hewitt AMBHIA Capt. C. H. E. Jodkias. w m m i '"i --Cept. Wm. Hamsun. ^WilUall Iron Liverpool and Boston, ria Halifax, as fol? .. .r,0m ?stow. raoM Livaaroou Cambria A>. 1, I (tig. Hibernia Jaly it, 1S4C H,1bV"'* " ' aledonia Aag. ?. " ' aledonis Sept. I, " Britumia. " It Britannia. A I?, " Cambria Sept ?. " Cambria Oct I, * Hioeruia, "19 " . Passaog iMonki. From Boston to Liverpool giM __Fruin BimIou to Halifax.,, t .,. . , t '*", * *, jq no oertna ?i:irn nnm pain lor mat* ihipt carry n ptntnr?<) lorteoua No freight, eieept apecie. received on dava of tailing Far freight, urHT other information. apply to D. BHIMHAM. Jr.. Agent. At HARNDKN k CO.y ? vCnll at tn- In addi'ioa to the above tin# between Liverpool and Hallf.l mill B.i.t >11, a contract " >? broil entetrd into with Her Ma eaty'a government, to caiaMtah ? lint between Literpool aiid New York direct. The ateain ihiri< for thi* it'Tire are no* being limit, and early nait year due notice will be giva ' of the time wK-n they will atait. Under the new contract thr tetmrra will aail every Saturday during eight nontha. and e?ery fortn'ght daring the other moutha in the year Uoiu| alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax Slid Bnaton, and between Liyerpool and New York. jvM ifrrc _ PACKETS FOR HAVHE?Second Lib*?The ? ?1?V packet ?hip BALTIMORE, Captain John Jo ha ion, E NE1 * VIEW OF T , "i, .* Vk r mh-Wfcyfi,tJ- *~^~ -SFn&f^^ :. " *"5*. P XL OB A] The Castle of San Juan de Ulloa is -situated in Lat. 19? 12' N., Lon. 96? 09' W. or Greenwich. ( The a'.>o<-e view was taken from the Island of t Sacrificios, four miles south-east of the fortress, t The casde is built on a coral reef, under water, ! about one thousand yards, or a little more than < half a inile from the City of Vera Cruz, which ( place its batteries command, as also all approach- * es from seaward. I Foreign Correspondence of tbe IV. Y. Hernltl.c* Vienna, June 23, 1846. rjf The Slandrrt againtt America?The Sau,*a%e Dt-? mocracy on the Continent of Europe ?Opinion^, of the Mexirin War.?Rtligiuus CeUbratiim,\ Festival*, ffc. tfc. ? Tliero is a point beyond which patience cea*rsf to be a virtue; and n long continued attack against* the fair fame of nations as well as individuals,^' may at last induce the meekest Christian to refuse ' to turn the right cheek to him who has smitten', the left, or give the coat to him who has already^, stolen th? cloak. It is high time (or tho United* States to seize arms, in self defence, against the^ base libels that are daily given to the European world, in sheets that feed and fatten on a.I that is' false, low, and vulgar, if it is only directed against the republicans of the new world. J, Nearly all the information that is received from our country on the continent, is taken from the English sheets ; many of these pride themselves in being engaged as rivals in the production of the greatest falsehoods; an I wear alternately the laurel wreath of victory, for having proved themselves the ino?t abusive culumniaiortt, and unprincipled slanderers. Among these siands the ' 'ISmet " conspicuous ; and tiie " gratelul Ho/." does not hesitate to enrich his sheet with his experience. The choicest articles of this kind are faithfully subuiitt d to Galignam's scissors in Paris, and then start on their journey throughout France and the entire continent. Tbese ittford an easy means lor German journals . to enrich their columns with inloiination trom the 01 her fide of the ocean, and nenerallv owe their Uiiu party rancor during political utrili.* is pro- i dilutive of much that i? meiely u.*sd a* a 1 weapon in the contest, is lost on men who know | not the word party, who are not aware of possessing political rights, and who wield the i sword for rapacious rulers, instead of principles. The project which has Imen debated lor some time I translation and admission into these sheets to the adroitness Willi which they reuch tlie climax of ! abuse and insult. The news of the declaration of war by the United States against Mexico, reach- ' ed Vienna about two weeks ago; a lew days at- , terwards the official journal contained a long tissue of ranting liillingsgate taken from the Timet, , and inserted without comment, in which the Mexican foices are represented as composed of the very flower of soldiery?wlnle the Americans are termed mere rabble. The continent lias scarce-ly recovered from a laugh that threatened at one time to become hysterical. Had the hysterics set in, the whole cause of the disease, anil the moral responsibility of its consequences would have rested on the shoulders of the honorable member of the House ol Representatives,who see tit when he is hungry 10 retire to a window of the hwuse and enjoy u lunch 01 bread and sausage. Mugs of lieer by ihe thousands have been sipped over this delightiul story; and the curling fumes of pipes, brown with tue smoke of ages, have joined to form a cloudy canopy over the heads of these diligent invesliga orsol American men and manners. 1'hesu things are served up as inevitable results, where Mien are allowed to do as they please. Instead of passing fKtn the ridiculous to thu sublime, the course is rather changed, and they turn to the horrible. A shudder of disgust is at present extending from the Adriatic to the Baltic, on account of two tales of terror that have just been presented to the German world, m the columns of the German Univertal Gazette. One is, that a capt.iin on the Mississippi left a hundred German emigrants on a barren island in the river ; they were there eight days, during which time some ol them starved, etc., etc. In ttie first place, only one side of this swy is given, without on? imiig'ttiiig syllable as to tint uulucwn ent to such an act ; and Secondly, one individual, a steamboat captain, is set up as the b >na Juit ol die Uinied Slates, and carved accordingly. The absuidity ol the idea that any b<xly ol men could oe deserted ;or eigut days on a rivor win-re steamers aro passing hourly, i never enters i!ie minds of those thai ate honor- c struck at these details. 1 Again a beautilul mulatto girl in New Orleans is ill treate i by a jealous mistress; the girl sUps ilit- lati . r in the IhCe, is condemned to death and hung ; this is the whole of a stury that lilts one column ol the paper that contains it?the remainder of its contents is devoted to painting every circumstance in the most glowing colors, and exciting evei-y feeling by the most touching and pathCUC appeals; in snort, every effort is made to give it a character that would disgrace the veriest cannibals. Diplomatists are calling on our Legation, to know ii such can be the Mate of laws and society in the United States; and lour times within two hours have I been stopped in the streets of Vienna to listen to this sad recital. The enemies have a bulwark which is invulnerable, and they r< lire betlind it and give battle with a confidence which tticy im ig ne gives victeiy also ; the artau is alleged to uu copied from an insignificant American ssoet who?e name it given; and when we luni traitors to ourselves how can we demand geuer ,us treatment from our foest The explanation, th : i in the United S ates all men are allowed to ?ay and print what they l i please, provided that it is not a personal libei? | mat religious and |.o.ilicai fanaticism must exist ] in some int nibers 01 a community where all are i allowed to tinuk mid piiiihm iliHir thought?and , W YO JEW YORK. FRIDAY M< 'HE CELEBRATED CA iT^" VIju*?- ""~ ' ~ ?^fF^^ITViir" ijlMl fc-^nirr"' ~ BLT TO Bfi BOMBA&DBX It is entirely surrounded by the wateri of the i lulf, and a fleet of the largest ships can pass be- : ween it and the main land. Tho new work, luown up sinco its capture by the French, is not icen in this sketch, as it is to the northward of the Castle. It is formed of earth, and consists of a ;overt way and glacis coup?. The foot of the flacis is protected from the action ?f the waves >y a sea-wall ot masonry. The paraj^ls are >f establishing a journal in England, for the pur lose 01 proiecuug our mieresis una vinuicauug tie American character abroad from llie aspcrlions of foreign slanderers, is one which it ia sinserely to be hoped, will soon bo brought to a hapjy consummation; it is a duty that we owe to >ur?elves aud the world. All th.U we want on this ude of the water is light?a fair and honorable iresentation of the principles on which our gov- i irnmeut is founded?and tne masses are with u?. 1 is the interest of the ari-t?>eracy here, to misr?p escnt u-*; and they know that every ray of hat penetrates the people, is an arrow that bears ieath to their future existence. You no doubt look for an account of the eception of the war news in Austria, but 1 im sorry that I hare so little to tell yo'i; it ivas either not of sufficient importance to excite he people, or else the people never become excied?if there is any opinion about the matter, it s that we are the stork, and the Mexicans are the i rogs ; and our representative here has the very 'ratifying assurance from Prince Metternich that he Ausu-ian government neither proposes to as- i list in eating the frog*, nor is it inclined to disturb he stork in its mcul. Within the last two weeks the Viennese have i jeen busily engaged in religious festivals, which ire indeed the only kiud of public demonstrations hat we have here; as a religious tendency is givsn to every movement, whether belonging to :hurch or state. The festival in honor of the tu:harist, was celebrated on the 11th of this montti, vith a ceremony and pomp which puts descrip;ion to the blush. The Imperial court and every .hmg contacted with it, the various religious orlers, as Capuchins, Franciscans, Domincmns,etc. ill marched in solemn procession irom the l'alace o the cathedral of St. Stephens, about half u mile distant. The streets through which the profession passed were covered wiili boards for those who walked in it, and at various points were srected gorgeous altars, decked with all the paraphernalia lor religious ceremonies in passing. The who'e line of the procession was guarded by double rows of military, who maintained their post uninterruptedly for about six hours. At 7 o'clock in the morning the entrances to the city were guarded by strong bodies of military and mounted police, who refused admittance shortly alter that hour. Stages were erected along tko line for the accommodation of spectators; but not an individual was allowed to ascend them until every post, board and nail had been examined by the police, to l?e certai# of their safety. In [his respect the Viennese deserve the greatest credit. Tne reckless carelessness in regard to personal SRli'tV nn nilltim m-t-H uritt* in in ihe United States, is unknown liere. Ii may be tct ^uwiuian uium, thai accidents never happen. The great attraction of the day w?s Die Empress, Archduchess and ladies of the Jourt. This is about the only festival in ;he year in which it is certain that all the ntftnbers of the Court will appear in greatest gala. Vlany of the crown jewels never appear at iny other season. The jewels and brilliants worn >y the Empress alone, were valued at half a mil1011 of dollars. Mn- tt WfiMtf iachan Empress in personal appearance, and the dignity and inajesy of her gait, as she stepped solemnly and slowly jelimd the most holy canooy borne over the Arcliiisliop, was the subject of universal admiration, in private life she is said to be a lady of the finest eeling and the strictest piety. Tlie Austrians ire proud of their Etnprwss, and justly so.? l'o give ail clasres an opportunity to indulge in Ins celebration, according to their position and ibihties, the lollowing Sunday mill ways set aside or the festival in the suburb districts, fhe streets ire strewn with grass, ms.ead of being covered villi Uo.ird?; arid green brandies, about six feet ngu, Hike the place of in litary 'lie whole lino, viitcli, in the suburbs, cxtuyds several imles. L'li.- mass of the |>eo|<le take an active interest 11 decking the ttioroiuhiares; and as far as the eye :an re.icli, noitnug is perceived but dark green OliaiT'; 111 tlie Streets. and Hural d>4im?i >1 every kind, surround the doors anil vindows. Tue most attractive portion of the jUiOiu.ii procession are the htile kuIs of the district, who turn out t<y thoiuandi<, decked in pure vhite, with garlands of roses, and wreaths of l'olage. It is a pretty custom, and viewt-d merely on h? surface, leaves a pleasing impression on the itranger. 1 The anniversary of the solemn entry of Francis he First of Austria into Vienna, alter the peace of Paris in M14, has just been celebrated with much pomp, by the dedication of a monument to his fitemory liy his sou, the present Emperor Ferdinand. The monument has been in the >f erection for several years, but the work was performed under cover, and never exposed to rilltilirt \s i??u/ until fliK r\f Aon^unraiuiri K?\kr leveml week-t, reports oi every hue were abroad is to the notab lines to be present; and it was oonideutly asserted that the King* 01 Prussia, liava:ia. 8nxony and Naples were to honor the con Josration wiib tlieir august presence. Medals coinntunoraung the ?v<-nt wore struck lor disuibu1011 to the courts?4 gold?600 si.ver, an<i WOO jrons< d ; but their majostiis tiid not appear. Tne spot selected for thu monument is lJalao? Place, entire ly surrounded by the palace buildups, about SAO feet in length, and 200 in breadth. \ll the court cercinonivs were to take place withti this enclosure; as a natural result but a few avored one* m a population of 400,000, could expect the privilege ol looking on. It was announced that tickets would be distributed on a certain (lay, and the rush was so groat that the military were obliged to resort to tne forcible use of their arms to drive back the mob?in the m(Ut several RK I ORNING, JULY 31. 1846.

, S T L E OF SAN JUAN In ^ ^ ' . -u'r {' p .;.-f.?'z::-^dj^iSsl&Sa > BY TBS AMS&XOAV 1 ?U of masonry, and there are no gun casement*. The only armament of which we have accurate information, consists in 18's and 12's on the main woik, with nine 24's on the water battery on the right of the sketch. It is said that these, as also the guns on the new work, havo been replaced by pieces of the heaviest calibre, making more than 100 heavy guns available for service to protect uny were severely wounded, and one has since diedy. from a blow received on the skull. Deprive thej Viennese of the privilege of seeing sight*, andji you lay the first stepping stone to a revolution; I but whatever may be the character of the out-j; break, not a syllable ever finds its way into the* public prints?its first appearance before the * world is in foreign journals, by means of their correspondents. ihe tickets that were thus obtained fell to those'. wh*cou'd beat battle against their fellows, and. <**re sold at h gh prices to those who were more * wiling to pay for a sight than to fight for it. On the day of the ceremony, military guards were ' stationed in all directions, and every precaution * was taken to prevent violence: the result was an f admiralile drgree of order and quietness. The stages erected in Palace place, were des-^ lined for the respective classes, and each on enter- * ing was shown to the place which he was to! occupy. On all occurrences of this kind in Vim-J na, strangers are treated with a degree ol courtesy which is worthy of credit, and certainly re-' ceives the thanks of those who enjoy it. The Im | perial stage was handsomely decorated for the court; others were arranged for the Diplomatic'' corps, Austrian generals, and superior authorities.^ High mats having been performed in thelmperi-I al chapel, the court appeared on the stage attend-; ed by the highest flicers of the empire, and was sup|>orted on the right and left by representatives of foreign courts in lull dress,the whole forming a tableaux of the most gorgeous kind Emperor Ferdinand was seated between the Empress mother," wile of Francis the First, and the Empress Maria Louisa, consort *f Napoleon. On the appear-' ance ot their majesties,the nnlitarycalled to arms, the drums rolled, and amid the blast of trumpets Prince Metrernich approached the Emperor, and cotmnenccd a speech in praise of the deeds and virtues of the deceased?in which the peace of Paris, the triumphal entry of Francis, and the oongress of Vienna, were the principal subjects treated of. For these labors and these blessings, remarked the world-renowned diplomatist, in conclusion, he asked 110 other reward than the "love of his people." II s majesty replied in a few words?the court kneeled, the military pre-' uxntuil nrmu nn<l wilh rilurioiis solemnities performed by the Archbishop of Vienna, and pontifical assistants, accompanied by ttie choruses of tlte court singers, the monument was exposed to the gazo of his majesty's most faithful subjects. All til's was performed with a degree of coolness and formality, which seemed to indicate that the assembled multitude was divided into two great classes?the perlbriners and the lookers on, the active and the passive. No shduta of national pride rent the air in remembrance of the nation's hero. Either the Austrians are not capable of enthusiasm, or they are not proud of being Austrians. Mo iisly flame of patriotism seems to warm their breasts, or to unite them on national festivals, in bursting forth, in loud vivati, as a band of brothers who kuow that their cause is holy. O. P. Q. 1 Ciudad Real, (San Christoval, > Capital of Chiapas, Fkb. 6, 1646. > H The Preparation* for a Pic Nir Breakfatt?A , Damper?Cure fur the Agut?Lotl in the Forett? Awkward Situation?Night in the Forett?Fear of Wild Bemti, . 4*cI closed my last letter just as we were Betting out to view the oilier caves, half a mile distant from that I mentioned in my last. Not l'ar from this secoud cave was a small rancho, (hut,) constructed of jhjIcs and covered with a straw roof. To this we repaired, and preparations were made for breakfast. This spot was to be die rendezvous for the day; and while the culinary preparations were being made, the violins and guitars were tuned, and all expected to spend a merry day. But an accident happened that soon d,imped the mirth of the entire partv. When I entered the first cave I was in a great heat, and before I camj away I felt completely chilled by the cold damp air of the cavern, before 1 arrived at the rancho I was seized with an ague fit, 1 thought ibat a little exercise would drive it off, so, without telling any of the party, I started off at a brisk pace through the forest, whilst the servants were preparing breakfast. I soon found that the exorcise was having a beneficial eriect, so I kept walking on in a northerly direction. I continued unthinkingly walking thus for about an hour, without knowing where I was going, my only anxiety being to get rid of the ague. At length I felt tired,and iny down under a tree to repose myself. It wis now about 11 o'clock The silence of the woods invited repose and I soon fell asleep. When 1 awoke I judged it wis about three o'clock, and L nnme liately started to return. 1 won lost my way. To ni'ke matters wori?e, the tun became obscured by clouds/ I was totally unacquainted with forest travelling, and 1 became completely l>ewildnred. I walked on lor torn* time, tiiking ditferent directions at random. J was in a wild forest, nothing to be seen but trees, and rocks and underwood. I soon came to the conclusion that I would be obliged to spend the night here, and the rcfleotion was by no means consolatory. I thought ol the probability of tny meeting wild animals, and the anticipation was of any thing but a pleasing nature. I now beenme very thirsty, and there wm no water to be seen, i The dry leaves beneath ray feet gave out a melan-' cboly sound, and my sensations on the whole I IKRA i D'ULLOA. ^^fcs^^ac-n^r.r^siy-r^r:'r"rrr.:n.: : pgBM^fc FLUB V. point attacked. So far an wo can learn, the re lief is about forty feet, the ditches wide nn< wet. The lofty objects in the picture are the ligli house, signet tower, and telegraph, and the cita del, which rises from the centre ol the woik, an< commands the parapets. A ship of the line migl: lay alongside of the wall at the left of the pic ture. 17 were extremely unpleasant. I remained wander | ing about until it w:is completely dark. I felt thi ; hands of my watcli and they pointed to sevei i o'clock. I null wandered on, iu hopes of striking the right path, apprehensive of encounter in; snakes or animals nt prey. The moon now rose This was a great relief to me, and in a short tim< I heard a noise which 1 found to be the report 0 the tirewoik-t used to celebrate the feast of Santi Lucky I thus learned the direction of the city, ant guided my movements accordingly. I arrive< about hull"past ten o'clock at the rancho when I had left my companions in the morning. I foun< it silent and deserted. 1 walked round, found th< dour open, and entered. I found the remains o a tire on the iloor. I was determined to reinair here till morning, so 1 soon kindled a lire, am finding some rough boards, I placed them nea the tire and lay down. I was just falling into . doze when 1 was startled by hearing voices call inif mv rmmi? 1 immedifitelv arose, anil *linntei in reply, anil advancing l'rom the but, I found foil ' horsemen outside, whom I recognized as m friends. They embraced me with great joy, am , informed me that my companions of the morn in 1, were all dreadfully alarmed fer my safety. The : had sent cut horsemen in nil directions to searc f for me, and parties bad been out all day keepiu up a fruitless search. 1 returned to the city bcbin i one of the horuetnen, and I was overwhelmed b ' my kind hearted friends with ongrntulntiotis o tuy safety. I never sliall forget their kindnttsa. : The Hnitla Fe Kxpvdltlon?lta Destination. (Krom the St. Loui* Republican. July 24 ] r Vie have already itttled, that Capt. Allen, U. 8. Arm) had succeeded in enrolling from 300 to 600 Mormons, t act in the expedition under the command of (ien. Kea ney. The Hancock f-'glr, published at Nauvoo, of tl 17th, contain* the following official papers on this su ject. We learn from the same souroe, ttiat (ien. Ken ney, in consideration of their having placed five htindri men at the disposal ol the government, hai pledged hit elf that protection (hall he given to the emigratin Mormon*, and that they (hall have the mo of "any of tl Indian lands they may think proper to select," until the ere ready to cron the mountain*. The Mormon* havi in accordance with thi* arrangement, selected Gran Island, on the Platte river, for their temporary tetidenc It ia a large tract, and ha* a salt apriug upon it. Thei they will winter, and collect the eutire Morm n popul tioii of the Welt, prepaiatory to their march to Califo nia next rpring. They propose to push forward for tli point, a* rapidly a* posiible, and, alter reaching it, to sei bark from five hundred to one thousand wagon*, fortl purpose of helping along those who may yet lie in II nois, Iowa and Missouri Thi* i* to be done with i possible expedition. Grand Island is stated to be b tween one hundred and two bundled mile* we?t of Con cil Muff's. At the last date*, the requisition of (Jol. Ken ney was rapidly filling up; and mi the 7th, the Unit* State* officer* gave the Mormon* a splendid fete or hal which ia *aid to have been a fine affair. It will be observed that lien. Kearney distinctly poin to California as his place of destination, and that he at pulate* for thediicharge of the Mormon* from aervice i that country Heap Qi'arteri, Aemv or the West, > Kort Leavenworth, June 19th, IH40. ( Sir.?It i* understood that there ia a large body i ; Mormons who are desiroua of emigrating to Californl fertile pui|>ose of *ettling in that country, and I hav therefore to direct that you will proceed to their cam] and endeavor to rai*e from amongst them four or fiv companies of volunteora, to join me in my expedition t country; each company to condat of any numbe between 73 and 109. The officers of the compunie* wil be acaptain, fust lieutenant and second lieutenant, wh will lie elected by the private*, and *ubject to your ad proval; and the captain* then to appoint their non-com missioned officers also subject to your approval. Th< companies, upon being thus organiied, will tie musterei by you iuto the service of the United States, and fron that day will commence to receive the pay, rations an< other allowance* given to oihcr inlantry volunteer* each according to ni* rank. Vou will, unon mmteriej into *eivice the fourth company, be considered a* hav iug the rank, pay, and emolument* of a lieutenantcolo iiim ol inlaim \ . and are authoil/ed to appoiat an aijutant cegiant nujor, and quarier-maatei-aeigeant for ttie Mm taiion 'i tie companiea, after being organized, will lie marcheto tlii< po?t, where they will be armed and prepared lo the field: after which they will, under your command follow on my trail in (lie direction of Manta Kc, an, where )ou w ill receive further order* from me. Voti will, upon organizing the companiei, require pro viaiona, wagoim, hoi-?a, mnlui, fcc k oil mtiat purchuai eter} thing which ia necoaaary, and give the rieceaaarj drafla upon the t^uarleimaater and t ommianary depail inenti nt Una po?t, which draft* will be paid upon pre Mutation. Vou will have the Mormon* diatinctly to underatand that I wiah to take them aa volunteer* for twelve month ?thHt they will be marched to < alifornia, receiving pa; and allowance* during the above time, and at it* expi ration they will be diacbargcJ. and allowod to tetain a tlieir private property the gun* anil acoutrement* to bi furnished to them at thia post. Kach com|iany will be allewed four women a* laun dre*ae?, who will travel with the company, receivinj ration*, an J other allowance* given to the laundreiae* u our army. With the foregoing condition*, which are hereb; pledged to the Mormon*, and which will fce faithful!; kept by u* and other officer* in behaU of the (Govern merit of the Cm ted statea. I cannot doubt but that yoi will, In a few ^ayi, be ante to rai*e MO young and ?U1 cieut men for tin* expedition. Very ie?i<eclJull> , jour oDd i *crvaDi, H W. KEARNEY, C olonel of lit Dragoon*, j C?pt. Jamr.t Allot, lit R?i(t. Dragoon*, Fort Leavenworth ? CIRCtT.AR TO TH* MORMON#. Mo?mo?h:?I hare come among you, inttrncted h; Col. 8 W. Kearney, of the I'uited State* Army, no* comrnn'nling tbe " Army of the Went," to Tint the Moi mon ramp, mid to accept the ferric**, for twelve monthi of four or five compeniea of Mormon men, who may b willing to nerve their country for that period in our pre ent war with Mexico Thi* lorce to unite with th ! " Army of the VVe*?" at Bant* Fe, and be marched thenc to California, where they will be fiacharged. They wl receive pay and ration*, and other allowance*, *uch < i lL D. Mm Two c?aU> , other volunteer or regular sold ten receive from the day they (hall be muttered into the service, and will be <utitled to all the comforta and benetiti of regular soldier* of the army; and when diacharged, aa contemplated, at California, they will be given gratia their anna and accoutreoieat*. with which they will be fully equipped at Port Leavenworth Tbui ia offered to the Moraaon people now?thia yew ?en opportunity of eendiog a portion of their young and indigent men. to the ultimate iie?tin?tion of their wbelo V<e>'i>lp an<l entirely at the expense of the L'alted Sttatoe ? aud Oil* advanced piwty can tbua pave the way. and look out tlie Urn) t?ii thtrir t>r?th<en >o com* utter them The pity of a private volunteer ia beveti dull.r* per mouih. and the allowance fur clothing ia the coat price ; ol clothing of a regular soldier Those of the Mormon* who aie desirous of serving | their country on the conditions here enumerator, aro re! qunited to mret inn at their principal camp, at the Couai cil Ulurti. whither I am now iroinv to consult with their principal men,ami to receive and organize the fore* com* ! templated to be raised. i I will receive all healthy able men, of from IS te 4* yean of age. J. ALLKN, C apt. lit Dragoon*. I Camp of the Mormon* at Meunt Piigah, June 90. 1846. j N B I hope to complete the organization of thia battalion within aix days after my reaching Council Biufl*. or within nine day* from thii time, (June US) [Krotn Ihe St I.oui* Reveille, July 33 ] All the oompanie* of volunteer* under the Ant requisition, are n on the way. The "army of the went" number*, a: present on tha prairiei, nearly a* follow*: Three companies ol U S dragoon*, with recruit*... 300 Captain Hud ton'a company u? volunteer*, "Laclede Hunger*" of St. Louis, aerviDg with the U. 8. draKoou# 100 Major Claik'* Hying artillery battalion, compoied of ( apt FUchar'* audf'apt. Weightman'* companies, of 81. Louii 281 Kight oompaiueu of voluntaar dragoou* from Miaaonri, undar Colon* 1 Doniphan 8M Two campulla* of volunteer infantry undar Captaiaa Angney and Murphy, from Miaaouri 171 1,847 The*e, of courae. are all under tha command of Col. Kearney, who i* the great " war chief" of tha expedition. Two rompanie* of dragoon*, under Captain* Sumner and Cook followed veiy shoitly after hi* departure from Kort Leavenworth, incroaiing hi* force two hundred more Thi* numl er will be further increaiad by tha addition of the Mormon iufantry, aome threa or four hundred of whom were to leave tha Mormon camp, undar Captain Allen, United State* Army, to attach themMlvaa to lien Kearney'* command. It is now underitood that General Kearney will halt at Bent'* fort, for the purpoa* of recruiting hi* men, and to await the arrival ot Col. Price'* regiment, 1000 itrong. When united, hia whole force will be about 3100 men?a force auflicient, under ordinary circumatancea, to reaiat any army which may be lent to meet him. and quite equal to the conqueit of New Mexico, if no reinforcement* are lent iato that department from other diatricta. The mail from the Watt bring* St. I.ouia paper* of the 13d inat They contain letter* from the Santa Ka ex pedition to the dale of July 10. Col. Kearney waa thee at Cottonwood creek, about 910 mile* from Kort Leaveaworth. They were atill atiout 6&0 milea from Bent'a Kort. All well and in fine apirit*. There had been no new* Irom Capt. Moore'a command, who had been aent after that ammunition. Col Dona phan'i Regiment of Miisouri Volunteers were ahead of u Col Kearney in the march. Nothing had been heard of ' the itate of afl'airi in New Mexico. [From the Albany Argun, July 30 ] The leveral companies comprising Col. Stevenson'* , regiment have been ordered to repair to New York em Saturday, the lit of August, fur muiter into the service i- of the Unitod State*. The place of muiter will be at ,( Governor'* Inland, at 7 o'clock A. M- The regiment will be quartered at Governor's Island. Member* of Capt. it Fritbee'* company will meet this morning at 9, at the rendezvous, 341 Broadway. Army InUUlgcnM< The third regimeut of Ulinoii volunteer*, undor Col. : Forman, on board the Glencoe and John Aull, arrived here night before I ait from Alton, and left yesterday - morning for New Orlaam. The men appeared to bo (a 9 fine ipirita, and were well. The fourth regiment, under l the command of Col K. D Baker, embarked yeilerday r morning, at Jetferion Barrack*, on board the ateamora ' Sultana and Kclipie, and came up to thia port?Si. Lent* ' Ripuhlican, July J4. 3 The Arkanta* regiment of volunteer* ha* reached the r rendezvoui at Washington, and officer* have been elected Archibald Yell, member of Congroia, wa* cbosea I Colonel; John 8. Roano, Lieut. Colonel; Or. Solon Bur' land, Major; and Meager* for Adjutant. The Jhr 1 kantat UtM?cr*t lay* :? e " It wa* uncertain whan they would march for ta 1 Antonio, a* only a portion of their provisions bod arriv3 ed at Fulton, and none, we believe, of their arm*, camp f equipment!, fcc. Thete indispensable requisite* wore at Shrevrport, and the river too low for them to be brought | up by water. It wai mppoaed that wagon* would bo 1 lent down for them, or, pouibly, that the voluntoora f woort l march to that point, and proceed from thence to i San Antonio." The Kentucky regiment of cavalry left Memphis a | few dayi mice, for San Antonio, over-land; ana thoy r were to be followed very ipoedily by the Tenno**oo cay valry. I ! Volunteer companie* are to bo forthwith raised and ,, stationed at each of the following point* in Texas, for J* I the protection cf the frontier lattler* from the Indian*:? Y | On the Trinity, at the Fall* of the Brazo*; an Little RiII , ver, near Bryant'*; and at San Antonio. They will form K a chain of poiti from the Trinity to Caatroville. l' The Newport (R. I) Veu>? give* the following eitract y from a letter ju*t received from Gen. Taylor, by Col, n John Winthrop, of New Orleani, who t* passing the summer in thin town Through the kindnen of Colonel Winthrop, we are enabled to lay it before our reader*? QutaTxai, ) Abmy or OccufATiow oa Invasion. > Matamobas. Mexico, July 10, '46 ) r, I have not, a* yet, been iblo to throw forward a depot o of proviiiom, kc., to enable me to move as high up as te a goodly number of steamboata, which reached hare only b- a low daya siuce, and all about the sana time. The river r- is now unusually high, with auch current in it aa to >d lender its navigation, in ascending, very difficult; fifty or n- sixty miles a day being as much aa the moat of them g make. Thi* difficulty will, however, be overcome in a le few daya, aa I learn that the river ia rapidly falling, sey veiity or eighty miles above, which muat render the nab, vigation much less difficult, and will enable ua very aooa id to get supplies to Camargo, and march at least on Montea. rev, if no farther; a movement moit earnestly desired by o all concerned * a- 1 remain, with respect and esteem, your friend, truly, r- Z. TAYLOR. j'j Naval Intelligence. j,. Samuel Humphreys and Samuel llartt, Ksqre., Naval ]j. Constructors, completed their survey of the vesaelsof ,11 war at this station, and we hope in a few daya, that 0 orders will come down from Washington tor the fitting n. out of the Delaware, 74, and friga'e Constellation?probably the Pennsylvania.?Pirti mouth (fa.) Era, July'38. >d The U 8. revenue steamer Legare,(ailed from CharleaI. ton on the 'J&th inst about 8 o'clrk. Her destination ia aupposed to be the Golf. The following ia list of her ta officers Napoleon L. Coste, ot South Carolina, captain; J- Charles drover, of Pennsylvania, tat lieutenant; John O. n Breshwood, of Virginia, 'id do; John Caraon, of Penns) 1vhnia, 3d do; Wm. B. Randolph, of Florida, Id de; John Dougherty, of Maryland, chief engineer : John A Buggies, of New York, assistant engineer; Jamea Egan, of >f Florida, master; D. Himonson, of New York, surgeon ; la Phillips, of South Carolina, boatswain ; John Ire, e of New York, gunner. Her crew conaiata of to men. ' The revenue steamer JelTeraon haa been ordered out ? for constant service on the lake during the preaent aeeson of navigation She left this port yeaterday morning, 1 and we presume we shall aee no more of her during the ' summer, except during her brief fifing viaita for fhel and supplies.?Oiwrgo H'htg, July in. Affair* In Mexico. I A rista had issued a proclamation to the troopa of the 1 division, declaring that his and their honor was affected j by the disastroua action of the 9th May; and atatea that { he haa demanded an inveatigation, which the govnrn' ment had granted. General Paredea had not left Mexico for the army of ? the north. The proposes movement of General Taylor upon ' Monterey was well known in all parta of Mexico. The l?'<>l'le of Monterey were getting muoh alarmed. The j ?rm) formerly under Arista waa at Llaarea, under M?j>e, r about 4,000 strong. j Incident*, be., of ths War. C*rT*iiv Paoc.?We have already mentioned the death of this gallant but unfortunate officer. When he em( barked at point Isabel, lor thia city, although it waa f feared that he would he for life a helpless victim ef his terrible wound, he was regarded aa convalescent ; bat his exposure during the vo> age cauaed a re la pee, from which he never recovered. Whea we aaw him on board t the Miaaouri, on Tuesday, the 7th inat, he waa quite , ] helpless. He was fed by meant of a silver tube, and as. iiressed hia wishes on a slate. He was accompanied by his devoted wile, who continued to nurae him with trae a conjugal tenderneas, denying heraelf all relief and reet, B until she was taken, exhauated, from his bedsid* few hours before his death. Hia faithful orderly, John Halli. day, waa also with him from the time he received Ua . wound, until he breathed hia laat Brother aoldider*, the j difference of rank waa lorgotton, and he nursed hia eoaamander with fraternal affection and fidelity. At IS ,. o'clock on Hatuiday, the 11 th, the unfortunate ottoer be. came sensible that hia death hour waa appraachiag.r? j. When asked if he was reconciled to die, he made a sign , that he waa. Mra Page being exhausted and having |# been removed from hia bedaide, the wife of the captain I of the boat, and a lady who was a pesaenger, took her place, and did not quit it until 4 o'clock on Sunday mora. | ing, when cla-|>ing the hand of one of them in hia cold, damp Anffera, and with appealing eyea endeavoring to , express the feelings he could not apeak, he expired. It would be unjuit to the living to cloee thia notice witheet referring to the conduct of Captain 1 wicheti. Hed the dying man been his bosom friend, inatead of a peaaenger 1 on his boat, he conld not have received from him mare I kindness and attention.?AT. O HutUlin, July 93. I \ H SAI.TKH'H YOUNd MAN'S KRi KND ?A 8Ptt U C1F1C MIXTtJHt.?The mim speedy, eenalh and . s?ie "Remedy'1 ever ased for certain delicate complaiata. . I Kail particular. with each bottle. Wholesale and retail by I J O KAY . IM K niton streer. (tamp Store) Sen Baildiaga, N. Y. Pric? $1. Al??. ?oU bv D. 8. KOWLAPi U. IN li i Washington ?tr???. Bottoo, uii O North M*i? ?* ?* M I <i*ne?. J**4 ,w m 0