Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 3, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 3, 1846 Page 2
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ggi-J. . NEW ? "I. IU, Mo. aoT.WboU n*. M44. FIVE O'CLOCK, P. M. I TELEGRAPHIC REPORT FROM B08T0N. arrival or tbs STEAMSHIP HIBERNIA AT BOSTON. TWELVE DAYS LITER FROM tUROPK. Highly Interesting Intelligence. THE RATIFICATION OP THE OREGON TREATY | HY THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT. The Reception of the Treaty in both Houses of Parliament. Arrival of the Treaty and the American Minister at Boston. The Re-Election of Free Trade Members to Parliament. SUCCESS OP THE NEW BRITISH MINISTRY. Free Trade the Settled Policy of the Premier. THE COTTON MARKET FIRM. Favorable Weather in England for the Orops. Activity in the MANUFACTURING DI8TRICT8. Views of the New Ministry. The steam ship Hi ernia, Capt Ryrie, wnstelegrar hed from the cupola rf the Merchants' Exchange, in Boston, at an early hour this morn ng. The fact was immediately transmitted over the lighming line to this city. In this way we knew of the arrival of the H. at Boston before she touched her pier at East Boston. Th s beats the overland expresses from Halifax. Our advices from Liverpool arc to the 19ih ult. inclusive. The h. brjjigs to the United States the Oregon treaty ratifieJ by the British Government, under the seal of the new foreign minister, LordPalmerston. This important document was signed by his Lordship andMr. McLane on the 17th ult., at the Foreign ofllce, and afterwards conveyed by despatch to the Hibernia by His Excellency Mr. < ? McLane, the American Minister. In the House of Lords, on the 17th ult., the Marquis of Lansdowne rose and said that it was his duty to lay before their Lordships and that House, the Treaty which had just been concluded between her Majesty and the Government of tho United Stat*s, in reference to the Oregon Territory. Ho had the satisfaction of informing their Lordships that ratifications had that day been exchanged. A similar motion was made in the House of Commons by Lord Palmerston. The new Ministry has got fairly to work, and the bu.-inees of the country is again in a state of progression. All the members have been returned without opposition, except Mr. Macaulay and Lord Debrington. In every quarter a disposition exists to give the new appointments a fair trial; in consequence of the excitement now passed the country needed repose, an 1 with the exception of the Sugar dutiesthere was no prominent question likely to embarjhss the ministry, or test their capability. The affairs of this session of Parliament will be wound up probably by the middle of August. The great movement to reimburse Mr. Cobden for the loss of health and money is progressing mpnee. There seems every chance that the hur.dred thousand pounds fixed upon as the maximum ol the amount to be given to him, will be raised. Efforts will be made to raise a splendid monument to Sir Robert Peel, by means ol Penny sub" sorptions throughout the British Empire, as an expression of the nation's gratitude. The proceedings in the Houses of Parliament, possess considerable interest. Loid Brougham led the assault in the matter of . the Judges' salaries; Earl Grey showed that il blame attached to any one it was to the noble Lod him?elf. > Mr. Duncoinbe wished to hear from the noble Lord himself a distinct avowal of hit views on the lead ng topics of the day. Lord Jotin ftusaell declined this ontegorioal j nalysit, but while doing so. said sufficient to point the moral of hia futuro career as Minister, to the; rind]) et < / free trade, to which he avowed hit unswerving attachment. Justice to Ireland, he would lihrally carry out, but with reiptct to the (Uab!uh(d church <f that eo.mtry, the Premier thought it imprudent to meddle in this enily stage of tue business. The same evening, Lord John Russell declared that he would make hia views respecting the ?u. fgu Uuues taewn en Moudaj. tmrnmemmmsmaam i1 iw BUI V 6 H. Nj vjkWM SB -v ftw2il The above i? a representation of the primitive coming foe. The war-whoop and the battle cry r? and his antagonist is about to give lim the fatal bio skirmish is only ended with the total dastruc .on o The manufacturing districts were busy, and confidence prevailed. The season continued oil that we could desire. The cotton market was firm, with a good steady I usiness, and prices had an upward tendency. The timber trade was in a more flourishing condition. The demand for Pork had been limited, and the price had receded a trifle. The market was bare of fine cheese, which would receive a good return. Superior qualities went off heavily at lower rates. The accounts from the hop district represented the crops as being in a tolerably flourishing state. The potatoe disease of last year is doing the work of destruction to the growing crops. The same reports reach us from Ireland. The iron trade had received an impetus during the last fortnight. The corn trade was in a lethargic state, owing to the large quantities which were released from bond a fortnight previously, and the low duty, which had more or less affected the maiket since. The payment of the July div:dend, and the release of considerable sum-iaf money belonging to various railway projects Irom the Court of Chancery, rendered the money market buoyant. Bank stocks and other securities had risen. Markets. Lownoit Mowrr Masskt, July 18? During the ls?t fortnight considerable huiine*s hss been done in the money market. anH the vslae of both Engluh sad loreiga fund? had been fully supported. The payment of the July dividend hsd brought great sums of money into circiilstion, yet msny concurrent circumstances do not resaove the torpor from those markets dependent on foreign trade wmrn ii iBKon anvon'iKc 01 ny ? iKiiini ann daring n > my, would |>ro?e ? *<?con<l "Jheimoj>ol? to thine wlio might have the temanty to tread the?e formidable |M??e?. ^ The Ameiican armv will no il?uM look aheail !>c'or? en- J tering these danger u* and ?ha>ly pavilion*. I "ho main ( of the labarynth ara beautifully pictured out by menu- \ (tariPf f*Uu Md eokAicuiif cm* omU, to ??? < 'I be premium on Exchargo Bill* had not recovered from the depression of the lait few weeki Bnnk stock had been in greater demand than the other securities The following are the lateit quotation*. Bank Stock left off at 20fU to 209 ; three per cent reduced annuities 96 ; Consols lor money, 9b% ; for the 37th of August, 90 , Jon* annaltie* 106 1-6 ; V percent* annuities 97 Jt; India Bonds 20s toSSs. In the foreign market there had been s?me extensive business done. Marked advances have taken place, particularly in the Russian and Brazilian bonds. The closing quotations are as follows : Brazilian 6 per cents, S3; Mexican ft per cent bonds, issued 1H40, 37} for money; Peruvian 6 per cents, 39 Hnanish3 per cents. 34V; Portuguese ft per cents, 46; do for the account, 4i>?. Grenada, 21; the deferred. 4; India bonds20 to 2A shillings premium; Exchequer bills 10 shillings to 14 shillings premium. LivcarnoL Cotto* Market, July 19?Our market keeps perfectly steady in price, with perhaps a slight tendency upward*. It will not be necessary to make any mati rial change in the scale of our quctations. We look with much interest to the continuance of a full consumption for the remainder of the year. Psu*??n|rers Arrived. Livcarooi/?Steamshi;>Hibernia, st Boston?Clias Wight, chandler, Wiiislo* , Canfer, Ilatton, Hood, Winter. Colonel Bsnutrs.i ( lis* Vidsl, Honan, Armstrong, Kenncy, Gruit. toaner, Snelbv, Monroe, Psttis<-n, Karran Shaw, R, hi son. Underwood. While, Hanael Dellhnn**, Boruarachiff GawBry, 8'owell, Dnnbsr. Crittenden. Brechar, Renard.HavHon, aper, Rabrrtso >, Danrryle, Hammond. Aid, Piatt, Lrbrelon, Kle'chsr. From Halifax to Bo?ton?Stanton, Hodman, Fenno, Taylor, Huntington, Bolles, Robertsou, Yel', McAulay, MnrraARMY AND NAVAL INTELLIGENCE, Movements on the Rio Grande and in Northern Meiieo. [From the Washington Union, July 31 ] The last despatchea fiom the camp state that General Toy lor had received twelve ?o fourteen boats, which were sufficient for the transportation ol his army The wa'er* of the Rio Grande, however, were hith, and the current strong enough to delay the ascending navigation Tho Mexican troops, between Camngo and Monterey, were not estimated to exceed 300 or 40u men The supposition now is,that General Taylor Will be able to reach Monterey by the 1st of Hepteinber. Monterey* A* the Army of Occupation ha* commenced it* advance upon the interior of Mexico, pursuing the Rio Grande up as high a* Camargo both by lan.l and water, and a? this will be the place where a permanent depot will he established, an I from which the advancing army will leave the Rio Grande when It takes up its geueral match upon Vlontere* , it will naturally hold a conspicuous place in the estimation of the American people l amargols ti'uated immediately upon the tanks of the 8.?n Juan river, three miles from its junction with the Rio Giande. It is a small, rudely constructed village, with tome few stone buildings, many tiuilt of mud brick* dried in the sun. some constructed by drivinjr stakes into the ground and tha n pla?ienn?' them with mud, ami ntliert formed of ca> e ami plastered in like manner. The uum- i ber ol inhaiii-anti will not exceed two thnu?anJ; hut a? ( the Mexican Government haa never thought her popula 1 ion worthy of emimeiation. no positive atatement nn he t made of the population of any of their town* The late c extraordinary riae of (he Rio Grande hai canned the S in 1 Juan 10 back up aod li erallv inundate Camaigo. to j the great damage of bo i?( ana other property ; tuo, to i the sacrifice oi sevei 1 lives. [ I amargo may he couriered the bead ot navigation, a* i hove here the bed 01 the river ia ?o filled up with rocka c that ita navigation higher up haa never been attempted, t The reaJ upon <am><rg? and crossing the >an * Juan, hecomea higher, and leaa obstructed by awampy I grounds, and then it become* an inquiry what other obstacles may present themselves in tlio distance between i thia pluce an i .Niontei >-y. w hlch I. (wo hundred and ten c tnilea. The io?d pe<i?e?> t rough a level country, thickly i act with amdtl underwood ti.e larcait timber being eho- f ny and the mnqune, neitherot which grow to the height ot more thjn twelve or fifteen feet, and twelve to tour- t teen inchea in I nne'er. 8? deneiathla undergrowih, c armies ot ten 'huu nod men each might ma ch fur I.all a j day in a mile ol t-i -h o'her, without the vicinity of one ? to the other U-tig known c And what may J|-pi!?r somewhat lingular, every buih i and ahruh ia armc<i with thorn*, curved in the ?h?pe of t fl'iihooka, and the bold they U|>on the clohe< of t travellers l? not easily shiikin off i aa the jacket* oi the f soldlei) will testii) to before they reach Monteiey * The wholedis mice i? well watered Irom Auguet until t Marvh ?plent> ot wood, reasonable pu*tuie, many herda of carle, ntirmroit* fl.icks of sl.eep and goats? now and a then a sm.ill villnge which I.a* the apieamnee of decay. Scattered along tne road. mi?er<ble liuta, singu- * lariy pictnrea<|tte from their original construction, not \ quite equal to rail pen stable* built in the hack wooda of r Aikanaaa and 1? ym for scrub pom* a \ et. nature in 1 her formations haa loimed come poaitiana on thia, h mmmmmmmmmmmmumrnmstm R H f . l ^ ^ / <l EW YORK. MONDAY E INDIANS I manner of warfare among the red men of the f isoundon every side ; two have met and clenchec w with the war club ; at another, we see the I f one or the othor party, and then follows the fea farmer'* hut, tome watering place, or th? wily lur? ol some Mexican bandit. Within fifteen leagues of Monterey, the Tillage of Calderete presents Itself, enjoying the most lovely situ atlon?standing upon a perfectly Urel plain, surrounded with green groves, presenting everlasting summer i the fields blessed with natural fertility. Tne beholder Involuntarily exclaims : why should a Mexican toil or labor 7 It is not indispensable that the army should pass through Caldereto, as there are other roads by which Monterey can be approached, but we meatlon thin route as supplies can be obtained in Cnlderete. and the direction in nearest a straight line. Immediately upon leaving this place you enter again those shady, winding pavilions, and continue in them until within sight of Monterey. Many little streams and rivulets intersect the road, and some muddy lanes whi<*h at times become impassable, s? that the army will be fortunate if able to proceed in files six deep ; but as the near vicinity to Monterey is somewhat opened, owing to the many fields, a small digression might bo madu to the right, and intersect the road that comes from the mouth of el ('anon de Salinas, heing the most open road of the two. The creek that washes the southeast side of Monterey, runs between those two roads, the fields forming a border on either side. The road that leads fro.n Caiderete, when within a mile of Monterey, has the appearance of a small village, the bouses being so numerous Parsing through this seeming village .and arriving upon the bank of the creek, you have Monterey is view on the opposite tide, presenting a handsome appearance. The city in regularly laid out, the streets, avenues and squares shaded with numerous fruit and other trees, and the bouses generally exhibiting much taste and regularity in their construction. The city is well watered, and everything about it strikes the beholder as grand and beautiful A passing view of the city would convey the idea of a large population, but a close inspection will show its large, casilc-Iike edifices, sometimes occup) ing a whole square, sheltering but the members aud servants of a single family ; therefore, from observation, we should not give the city a population of more than six thousand souls; and it is doubtful whether it is even so great. Cast the eye be> ond Monterey, and tho sublime presents itself in lofty upreared pyramids of adamantine stone, tinged with a criinton red. where the creeping ma xanti..t Ka fmanil anJ ^ children of tbe Alpine heights, have never dared to rear their heads ; the sides and summits of those va?t mountaina piesenting nothing to view but the hare and glistening atone ; but ill whose hoaotn lie concealed mining beds of purest ailver, and sparkling veini of vir gin gold. The main road passes through the principal street of the city from north to south; and as you leave the last houaes tbe road begin* to ascend and parses along at the loot of many ot iuose table mounds. The river runs upon the east side of the town, the houses extending down to its very margin. Upon the west rise perpendicular mountains one mile in height Ciiltiunhuau Chihuahua, the capital of the State of the same name, is situated west from viaiaraoras seven hundred miles, and contain* a population of ten thousand inhabitants. The buildings are constructed of a sort of soft stone, cuttiom a quarry hard by, and which, when expoted to the weather, hecomcs very hard and durable. Most of them aie una story hi^h, very commodious, and connect' ed together so ai to form complete squares, with large court y aids and a continued poich on the inside, supported by beautiful column , inclose succevsion. The doorways arc large and masny, always admitting a coach and mules with ease, and the windows ure protected by iron bars, placed at the distance ol four inches apart. The roots ate flat and covered with dirt and cement. The houses are handsomely whitewashed every year, which gives them a cle^n and showy appearance Thete is one principal squaie ornamented with ash trees, and beautiful flag stone walks; and between the trees, at the angles and convenient intermediate spaces, are handsomely-covered stone ottomans, imparting cool luxurianco to those who wish to seat themselves and view the guy promenaricrs that haunt the lovely place. On the Kast sido of thin square is a vary hand?orne row of public buildings ; the gieat corn r.<aiket, called the jilhundita; hall of Il"ilre jiyuritamiento ; halls of the justices, or SalaM dr Juhtirtu occupying the u/linlo fiOnt atiil in (hn roar ii tidiatAii mmt On the North anil South hides of tlio square is the *i>e of the mo*t splendid church in the republic, occupying the width of the whole square, about two hundred yards, except two streets. The form of this edifice is an oblong parallelogram ; at the most westerly end there arises a magnificent dome immediately over the ?ltar. Upon the fiont corner* of the building rise t * o loftv tow ers, being from the ground to their mmmit -JOnfeet. These towers, or cupolas, nre made into four divisions, the height of each being QO feet, and in them arc hung bells of enormous size and sweet tone. Kach one ia ornamented with richly carved columns, all in unison. Between the two towers rises a bold arch, upon the centre of which stands the Angel Gabnel, well carved, with large wings, and standing in the attitude as if abuut to blow tha 1 <vt blast. The roof of the church la supported by arch work. The building hai two door*, one on each aide, placed opposite each other, and around thorn aoine very rich carving The sculpture is in relief, projecting Irom the walls about nine inches, and represents some of the most interesting pacangos in the sarred scripture*. The front has one large door, with an ircli beautifully ornamented, the kev of the arch repietenting a Bower basket, with two small cherubs, their bands in it culling flowers. The front is an elegant spesimen of Jesuit architecture, having selected the richFit order for its construction. The first basement pietents on either side of the doorway four Corinthian colimns, twenty leet high and three feet in diameter, and mmediately above tliem, on the second and third basenents, there are similar columns, tapering ofT in length ind diameter in !>eautilul proportion. In the centre of the arclt, between the two tower* and mmediately under tho Angel Oxbriel, is a splendi] 'lock, which aa it strikes the hours can tie heard di?tincty ?ll over the city. The whole of the outside of tho 'hurch it covered over with figures of saints, carved out if stone, the human size, set back in niches in the wall, rhn in<ide ii tastefully ornnmented with holy laintings. of the German ichool. There are several fatiily altars besides tho principal one, before which ia Msrformed the ritual of the holy m?<i. The lar<*o altar a richly dressed with symbolic sculptures and silver da'.orations, and when lighted up with a hundred waxen apers, piesents a very imposing appearance, the silent olemnity broken at intervals by the mellow souud of a ich tonod organ. There are throa aisles in the church, formed by two ows of square colunim, at equal distances fiom each it her, the balance of the space being fiee from any obt itacle, as tnere are no teata?all the worahiD being parol med kneeling or standing The actual wealth of thia chnrch ia rerv great, alhough much of the gold and ailvar has been removed in irder as alleged,lor sale keeping Many of the dianonda have been exchanged for imitation glass ones, md other jewels havo been set in baser metal. Tho church w a? fifty } eara in building and cost a million of loilara which large sum waa raided by laying a small ni ii|?n tviii niiirK 01 mver taken imm in? minei in he vicinity of the ci y. The latge mountains of alag ormed Irom thea* mine* would ntl'oid maierinl to huilil n vnll lour milos in circumference, which wutil I endoae he city. Upon the noith aide there ia small mountain (ream which i< conveyed into the city by an aqnodiict ihout a mile in length built ol ccment,and running over nperb archei until it em^iea itaelt iuto a ?paci jin reier oir Juat without the limit* of the city ; fioui tiiii ru?errolr the water 1* conveyed over the city hy mnt'ii of >ipe<, nnil in the centre of the Oranil Hquaie there ii a irge fountain, from which there i?aue* a constant tioam. The ClilhnnlitiA Kspeilltlon. Cap^Waahington, ol the 1' H Artillery. a- he paueit by |Tirk>hit g. on the 19th in?t, famished the editor o{ t!i? Setllinti a ?tat?-ment of the force whirh U dentin jd to proceed via Ran Antonio de Bexar to ( hihuahua, and part of which wete on their way wltii him ?Th? ivret *?U l* ;on?Utut?U K foUewi; ? R A L I VENING, AUGUST 3, 184 N BATTLE. rest. A band of warriors, each armed with a bo a 1 each other ; and the forest 'echoes then. At one p tow stretched to send the feathered messenger ot il rfu) ?calp dance. Light Company 4th Artillery 113 men. 3 Companies 6th Regiment Infantry,. . . 300 " Squad 3d Regiment Drtgoona ISO " 9 Regiment* Illinois Infantry,. . .. .^..1664 " 1 Regiment Arkansas Hone, A. 777 " 1 Battalion Arkansas Foot . .. 398 " 1 Regiment Text* Horte 777 " 1 Regiment Texas Foot #77 " Total .4705 men. This force constitute* an independent coptmand, whicli* will be under Gen Butler. It is destined to ttrike into the Province of Chihuahua. 1>etweon SantagKe and Gen. Taylor's position ; and it will no doubt intercept the retreat of the forces which will fall back from Gen Kearney, at Santa Ft-.?It will take the Santa F? route to Meaico. and there co-operato with Gen Tayler. Its route , is through the most healthv and richest parts of North. em Mexico, and under sucn a leader as Gen* Butler, the brightest laurels may be expected to crowu tho expedition T The steamboat Convoy arrived last evening from Alton. Illinois, having on board Brig Gen. Wooland Lieuts. McDonald and Kingsbury, his ai>ls, and seven companies of the 3d Regiment Illinois Volunteers, numbering 630 men, rank and file, commanded by Col \f. II. Bi?ell. The steamboat Missouri also driven last evening, having on board Col J. J. Hardin. Lwit. Col J. L. D Morrison, and throe companies 3d Ilogimcnt llliuois Volunteers, 343 men, rank and file ; four Companies of the 1st Regiment, 343 men, rank and file, with hII the officers of the tafTof both regiments. The remainder of the 1st Regiment will arrive on the Hannibal iu the course of to day or to morrow. These troops are destined for San Antonio de Oexur. under command of Gen. Wool ?Arw Or/rant Picayune, July 34. Army Intelligence. James A. Ashhy. lato Major in the U. S. Army is dead. He was in the Florida war, and rendered distiaguiahed service to his -rountry. but at the close of the campaign, was compiled to tender the resignation of his command, on account of ill health. He was also a member of tho Chaileston bar. and at one period, was in the Legislature of South Carolina Light Company B . 4th Regiment U. 8 Artillery, passed Vicksburg on the l?th inst, on board the steamboat Helen, on the rou'a via San Antonio de Bexar, far the seat of war, Mexico The company is lift utroug. and has 86 horses and six pieces of artillery. The officers are?Capt. J M. Washington, 4th Artillery, commanding ; Assistant Surgeon, <; M Hitchcock-; 1st Lieutenant. J P. J O'Brien ; 1st Lieutenant. T. L Breut ; 3ud Lieutenant H. M. Whiting. This company left Carlisle barracks. Pennsylvania, on the 35th af June, and embaiked at Wheeling, Virginia, on the 7th July,for Natchitoches. Louisiana The Detroit .iderrtitrr, says the barracks near this city are garrisoned by about twenty camp-women. , Mackinac has part of a company?Sault Ste Marie, 13 men?Copper Harbor, away off in the wild country, none?Green Bay, none?Fort Winnebago, none All the economy of the federal government is expended at the north ; all the money is lavished at the south. Public property here, worth a half a million, has not the protection of a single ordnance sergeant even. Naval Intelligence. Scamex roa the lintrrid^sct?We Jcarnthat con- I siderable difficulty is found in enlisting seamen for this I ship at th a put, very few <,tiering, though the wages aie high. vi/. .30 dollars bounty .14 dollars a moA'h for aide bo- i died seamen,li for ordinary,and lOforgreen hand*.In Phi- I

ladelphia, the business of enli*tin# seamen ia going on I with great success, and draft* of one hundred have been I made from that cKv forthe Independence. A body of 38 marine" from the South, for the Independence, marched through our street! this morning.?Boat. Travrlltr. Incident*, die., of the War. Ai (?en La Vega is destined to be a lion in this country an long at our war continue* with Mexico, it ia no more than just to hold up all Ilia acta to the admiration of the gaping public (Jen La Vega is a ahrewd man, a man of great foresight, for it ia a lemarkaole fact, that bia peraonal baggage ?aa in Arltta's camp New Vega evidently calculated thus:?In all probability the men i under my command, and under Arista'*, will act juat aa i they alwaya have when brought against Americana, and < run away ; in that case, all the baggage of th? army will fall into the hands of the Americans, ami I along with it. < By taking my trap?. if I become a prisoner of war, my \ personal apparel will be with me, a great convenience \ in travelling. His foresight commamla our admiration. I The three volunteers who were recently drowned in J the Kio (irande belonged to the Tinetala Van <#uards, of 1 Alabama. Their names wera James it. Tankeraly, L. r f. Downey, and D. VV. Ball. J A lata letter to the Xtw Orlenni Commercial 7Ym?? u contains tho following statements wi<h regard to the liia- ? tory and character ol I'arodes, the 1'ieaident of tho Mexi- j, can RtfOblk I " Authentic rumors reached Matamora* yesterday, g that I'aredes would certainly be at Mou'erey ta avenge the defeat* of the sth and 9th o' May. He is a brave aian, r enterprising, stubborn, and with much of the prestige ? belong ng lo high personal prowest in the field He is a 0 natural son of vlira, by a priest, who shone both in field j, and church as a man of courage, genius and resolution e of purpose, in the war of 10IJ. He *as transmitted mo?t g oi meto vmucs in in* noil; ami 11 no ever nnm nnii- j, soli at the head oi a body of Mexican truopi, he will give v ui battle." ty u To tliii the Savannah R'puhliran odd* an Interfiling description of the wife of Paredes: C " I'.no-les i*. however,not more remarkable run soldier i; than i* hi? wife aa a heroine A captain in the Araeiicsn a navv, well and favorably known in this city, who is in- t; timntely acquainted witli the viexican President, informs u us that his wile is remarkable for her great coolness in ii danger as well as her unwavering devotion to Paredea. o She alwaj a accompanies the army on horseback, and on g seveial occasions lias been known to dress her husband1* wounds with Iter own hand* on the field of battle tl I, ?????? p Official. ? Herhph into thr Irramty for the quart ft tnding ikt 30<A June, 1M1, vrrt?vit ; c' RECEIPTS. . From customs, about .... $6 300,000 ? From landa. ..... 710 000 Mlicellaneon* fource* .... 13.S40 7,033,H00 ' itsi'tHDiTcar*. The expenditure* for the same period were, vlt. : ?' Civil list, miscellaneoua, and for- li eign in'ercourse flfl.0,731 90 P On account of the army 6.041,7*4 00 C Indian department . . 101,H83 42 li FortificaUun* . . 300 1/3 01 tl Pension* .... 304 715 38 I ft,757,814 61 * Navy ... ... l.A.OMl M? f Intctest on the public debt 434.133 3-t * Redemption of tlie loan of 1841 8,000 00 r Redemption of, and interest on, treasury t note* . A3,Mi 07 a t ftff,380,73fl M t D i ait i t trrn V i? J ? Hecretary of the Treaatiry. 0 TlMffM D?f*?TMr.5Tt July II, < DuTirmtn CaiUALTT.?A young man by the nam* * of ? White, wl.o haa been for teveral year* rngugr<1 0 iw breakman upon the Weatern lUilioad, met hn death J yetterday hj h mod unfortunate accident lie* as upon J Urn height train, and Jtut at It wa* leaving Kijderbook 1 ha (topped between two ran loaded with lumber, which " rame together, crushing hia head frighUully. He waa 1' lulled inatMtljr.?Jilluny JewnwU * I . 0?EX 16. 5.T**. - . - ' nnd quiver, a war club, and a lance, engage the ointthey are bleeding ; at another, one i? down, earn, nana 10 uanu. sirengm 10 sirengui. mo % ?m ^ _ Oregon and California?The ProgreM of Emigration, Ac. [From the Washington Union, July 81 ] Extract of aLetter from Ortgon City, February 17, 1846 " I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your esteemed favor of the 19th April l??t,by Mr. Ogden, and I was happy to hear from you, and to tee by Captain Wilkes' work that the little attention! which It waa our good fortune to have In our power, and our pleating duty to show him and the officer* of the expedition, and to which they were fully entitled, (and more if in our pow? er to do more,) has been mentioned In a manner moit gratifying to our leolingt. " Since we had the pleasure of teeing you, this country has undergone n great change. The population ii now about seven thousand, and have been all very industrious and <|uiet, which I attribute in a great measure to their not having ardent spirit* ; but I am sorry to say that in spite of the law passed against its introduction and manufacture by the organization, it is said that some will attempt to distil whiskey; but most certainly the great majority of the community are opposed to its introduction " I have now hero two saw-mills and a grist-mill, with three run of stones, and a barley mill wnich will bear comparison with most mills ; and all we want now is a sale lor our flour, and which I think we could afford to supply your naval squadron in the Pacific fully cheaper than it costs you to send it round Cape llorn, aud which : would l>e h gieut benefit to the country [From the Oregon Spectator, Feb. 19 ] We are informed by a respectable gentlemen, who ban just returned lro'n exploring the north side of the Columbia river and I'uget's Hound, that the exploiing party are highly pleased with the country. North of the Columbia, particularly in the vicinity of I'uget's sound, the country susceptible of settlement is much more exten?ivc, and the soil much better than before represented. Splendid prairies, surrounded with the finest of fir, pine, ami cedar, with a great many beautiful water courses, sufficiently large for steamboat navigation, aud |>osses< ing water power well calculated to propel an> kind ol machinery ; of these Fitter's, Snohomus, l'njallup, Cowlitz, Chehalus, and N.-wtjualia, are 'lie most considerable The last named stream empties into the souud. which forms one of the best harbors on the Pacific. Hitherto the country has been unexplorod by emigrants wishing to settle. We are well satisfied, from the information received, that that region of conntry north of the Columbia, as lar as Fia/er'a river, will, in a short populated with the enterprising emigrant, who anticipates and intends lo rei>li/n the advantages of a location at or near the haihor of I'uget's sound To show that the above conclu hoik aie well founded, we are informed, since writing the above, that I'no families have already located immeliately on the Hound . [Krom the Springfield (111) Republican] The lollowing letter ii from Mrs George Donner, (one of the emigrant! from thi* county, now on the way to California ) to u friend in thii city : It ii dated? Ni.*a iht junction or tiik Nobth and > Soi'th June 18, 1846 J My Old Friend We are now on the Platte. 300 miles from Fort Laramie. Our journey so far has been pleacant. The roadi have been good, and food plentilul.? The water lor a part of the way has been inditferent; but at no time havo our cattle suffered for it. Wood ii now very scarce, but " buffalo chipi" are excellent? they kindle quick and retain heat surprisingly. We ha? this evening buffalo steaks broiled upon them that had the same flavor they would have had ou liickory roala. We feel 110 fear of Indiana. Our cattle graze quietly iround our encampment, unmolested. Two or three men will go hunting twenty miles from camp, and last night two of our men laid out in the wilderness lather than ride theirhorses altera hard chute. Indeed, if 1 do not experience something far worto than 1 jet have done, I ih?U lay the trouble ii all in getting started. Our wugona have not needed much repair ; but I can notyottrll in what respect they cquld be improved.? < eitain it is they cannot be too strong Our preparation lor the journey, hi some respects, might have been bettered Uiead ha" been thepiincipal article ol food in our camp We laid in ISO lbs. ol flour, and 75 lbs. of meat tor each individual, and I tear biead will be scarce. Meat is abundant. Rice and beans are good articles on the ruad?corn meal, too, is acceptable. Limey dresses sro the most suitable lor children. Indeed if 1 had one it would be comfortable. There is so oool a breeze at ill times in the prairie that the situ dues not feel aa hot as >ne would suppose. We are now 460 miles from Independence. Our route it first was rough, and through a timbered country, vhich appeared to be fertile. After striking the prairie ve luiinu a tiist rate road, and the only difficulty we had ia? been ill crossing creeks. In that, however, there has >een no anger. I never could have believed we could lave travelled ao far with so little difficulty. Tho l>raile between the Blue and I'latte rivers is beautiful beond description. Never have I seen so vaiied a coun- i ly? ko suitable lor cultivation. Every thing was new nd pleasing. The Indians frequently come to see us, nd the chiefs of a tribe breakfasted at our tent this mornng All are so fri? ndly, that I cannot holp feeling sym- t aihy and friendship for them, Hut on one sheet what an I say ! since we have been on the Platte we have had the , iver on one side, und the ever varying mounds on the her?and have travelled through the bottom Unds from I ne to two miles wide, with little or uolitnt>er '1 he soil , i sandy, and last year on account of the dry season, the , migrants lound grass lieie scarce. Our cattle ait in 1 ;ood order, a>,d w tiete pioper caie has been taken none ave beeu lost Our milcli cows nave been ot great ser- | < ice?indeed, thev have tieen ol more advaniaae than ur mrat We hare plenty of butter end milk. We aro commanded by Cup: Ruxell, an amiable man taorgc l)?nnei i* liimi>elt jet- He crowa in the mom iiK. and kboiiti out " chain up, boya?chain up," with 1 ? much authority at though he m " aomethiiig in pMi icular " John Denton n Mill with ua?we liiul bun a neful man in camp Hiram Millar and Noah Jaintn are n good health, and doing well. We have ol the beat f people in our company, and aome, too, that aio not to ood Buffalo ahow themielvea frequently. We have found he wild tulip, the piirnroae, the lupine, the ear dron, ttie rktpur, and creeping holy,,ork; and a beautiful flower ctemhling the bloom ol the botch tre?, but in bunchet a big a* n tmall augar loal, and 01 every variety of h?<iM to red and greun. I botanize and read aome, but 00k ? heap more. There *?? 4^0 wagoni, aa far aa we have heard, on :ie road between here and Oregon and California Give our love to all inquiring lrienda?God blent them. Yourt truly, MRS GEOKOfc DONNLR # Tn Coi-RT OF KnQUIUY IN THE CASE OF OK*. rAiNi 8.?The Court 01 Lnqmry commenced it* Ration to-day at 10 o'clock. Tne builneii wat taken up i the prencribed> order. Aa order* and letteri were ead, Oen. Guinea* rote teveral timet to explain to the ourt the circumatancei connected with them. Karly a May Gen Wainea received Information which led to he belief that the Mrxicmi army would cro?* the Rio iiande, (an event which actually took plac? anortly , fier) ann that their object waa to cut off' (Jan. Taylor 1 , rora lua tuppliet, ceitairily a move thowmg military kill, lie knew that Oen Taj lor would be cut to piece* i ather than call for volunteer*. He, Gen. y,, wat ' he commanding general ef the Wetteio Divition, uid felt it to be hie aacied duty to make a munition 1 pon Governoia ol State* n. ere.t the theatre of opei#. lona for volunteer*. Th# lift that Gen. T. achieved, vlth Inferior number*, a brilliant victory, did not by iny meant rebut the necettity under '.ihich Men. G. wat ( impelled to take the tetpon-ikility he attunifd. And j he dOCWRMiit* loud today tliowed that Iefore the gov. ! j 'inment had received Inlormauon ol the battle* ol the f lih and 9iU ol May , the Itecre.vy of War had appioved 1 if w hat U now f gai ded tt not jtittllled by the Oeceaailg if ttie caae, that it *ome of the unauthortted requisition* ji troop* t-iipt Montgomery, U. S. At(Tiy, on* ol the 1 Kioet ol the Itm Grande, ha* arrived hero Ir >m Belli- i lore Several oBlcera from the army under Gen. Tay. r>r are ex|?cted to teettfy b?loro the Court.-Nor/olk ? Mac en, JiUy II. I TRA ? Two < ' ?. | A DM. TO WK^n^^TKAVlUH.K^ q^TTtnKbTITI: rc?, that tl>? rrrr nt brenk I in ih# Canal, j-in?ed by It he lale fre*h#t. hnriuu b??i. repaired, the PIOJ^.KK fci fcAPHKSS LINK, via R;iilr>?><l and Caual from Philadelphia fo fit:'.buigli, cmmnrninl i-? reKiiUr trip* lor the aeaion on Monday, ill* 6l>i ol April, leaving the Depot, No. I?4 Mnrket ?Tr?et, DA1LV, at 7K o'clock, A.M. By thu route paaaetitjera wi'.l avoid *.ll the fatigue ?nd dinger of ui?ht trtvclliuft iu coach**, both Railroads beiuf packed iu daylight Knr Inrtl,i-1 infnrmr>ti?u, appl V at the old-Mfabliahed Office, fit Market Itrcct, 'i doori ?bo*e Kighih utreet. >10 CWrrc .V B. CUM MINOS, At,- i. 1.11 t I -m . A \ 11 I: ,i 11 K i A 11 niuPivi st QKMJtNT oga*.i eussfr ifTi^ f H \INH RUN \S FOLLOWS, COM\2F.NCI?*<j Wl'O NKHDA \ , MAY 13, IMC : I.sat* Brook#*n t* o'd< A M. B .utmrf iuf.?H>. i Iwjrt, d*?il*> (ftei-it Sunday*,) r.'? i rtrs . nt 'anniupdal? ar.d Ik. Oeorue'* ' .~u M ?t o rjo?*k, A. .***., fof Farituu ' > A inwmethMc pl*r? . ? \ I*. V., ' t:^.ki ' > Oreenpoit. v ? j mj? both ways *t **, Branch, IItokM ill*, t'^imufftlaJe, and -ill !**? *fMio??s Setv ? ? >>naiugdMt r ? ' ffrr iw?r n: ^ P. 'for K-irniipjuaAic and imtuh d? l?|fvr# ? U??i iiK?vsrot.f.v ? ?i rW, \. .1 * r "owmod *i u ?i ?, (fti jud" 1 ,) throngUto U ?*a' 1 P. M., Boston trail.,'?/ oil the ? rnv .! ot" ; r-oin N'?r*ich, at-T|'iM< uh a tori e ** Wauor *?i dFortniiifwl1 . ! L> aw? K%i mini.H4I.K r? cl.A.M\ APeotitwodvion I lor Bnxfki! l . si i m A. 1' * Jrwiport :rnin. for Br?'<-ki* 2 i r. M. Awcommow^'ioa u i~. mc J.-* ilyiA. Craw J?*tit ?j k >i. \ ??t?inu<'d t ,n :fua, lur J ' ' - ? ^ S w < t i ? . . S'i i\ A*cotimouv u it r H. ( Ka?? to- Ufdl^rtl ct-ul*. t : Nrv? \.ik 3 It i ?', ?urn !?V. Tiofti'^ < ou ?' 1- ' i^jfc? ?">, Uriw.tiHtt ' i!Vk, Hyderark (IT toilet) 37V. 1 (during tin* ?v?* lion of conrt) 37)4. Hem trad (, li I . * j 11, Wentbnry 44. liH'ksville 41. ( urmiugdalr M!S. 1' ci i^4,? ' 69. Thompson M8, Suffolk statiou $1, Lake lUiion % I 18^, Med lord station SI 18^, \ auh.uik (1 3 7W, St. George'% i Manor $1 62>?, Kiverhead $1 biX. Jsmriport ft G2K, Mat if1 tack $1 62l?. Cutchorve $1 (3>?, 8oalhol\l $1 6SH, Urreii|?ort j Afcotnmooatiou train $1 73, Oreenport by ooatou train $S 21 Stan*#are in rendinea* ou the arriral of train* at the scleral stations, to take paa?mg?r? at % rr> lovr fares, to all i>aru ol 1 th? Itlann Baggage Crates will be iu readiuets at the foot of Whitehall (treet, to receive baggage for the stveral trams. 30 minute* before the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn side. The steamboat "Statesman" leaves (Jreeuport for Has Harbor twice each day, on the arrival of the trains from Brooklyn. - _ mylfl rc LONU ISLAND RAILROAD Eipre*s~*>uil Train, leaves Whitehall stteet rem", New V?>rk side, every morning nt 7 A. M., (or Bo.ton.? " SCLAlso, trains from Brookli n mile at 7 o'clork ami Ave minutes, and IK A. M., and 3 and i r. M., daily. The 7 A M., and 9 P. M. trains go through, the former stopping at rarmiugdale and manor, and. the Utter atall places (he road _ jelt r PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY. Direct?Dally, Sundays etrepted?ut7o'clock, P.M. From Steamboat jritr between CourtlatnU and Liberty sin. ^MQ Steamboat K Ml EllBOl KER, ? apt. AlLjjKUP fretl Houghton, will leave on Monday, Weil SmIDE. ur?day,and Krida\ eieuinga, at 7 o'cloch. Steamboat HENDRIK HUDSON, Cart. K. O. Cruttenue?, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Satnrday evenings, it 7 o'clock. The ahove boars will, rt all (uurs, arrive in Albany in iaf le iime for the morning ears for the east or west Freight t-iken at iroderaie utes, and nune tcJaen aUrr >)?' o'clock, 1* M. All i>ersons are forbid trcsuiig any of tiie boats of Uus lu.e, without a wi itten orde' froiu tlis captains or admits. For passage or freight, apply on bo?rd the b"at?, or to I* C. schultr, at the office on the wnurf. United States Mail Line. At j o'clock, P. M., Lauding at Intermedials flace. Frirm the Foot of Barclay t' , S.'eimbout HUDSON. CapUVJ ('. K. Kitu, will leave in Monday, Wednesday, Friday Stindij" afternoons,?.( ? o'clock. Steamboat SANTA CLAUS, < apt-im Bo?erl?a!|h, svi'l leave ?m Taeaday, Thursday end Saturday sfterco >us at i o'clock. Apply on board,or at the omce t .i t'.c ->., ur. > TllK MOST IJfcin< fHTKWis OK AMKXCUIiSlOMS 1jgH|Q mt A KAIL nt' the llndjon ji?? .j imco ctm^HLj^3?kcj, .uul then a walk to the Elysiai Kit Ills, XaoJKiZ^iloii; tlir exceedingly picturesque shore, i t the place, will prove the most easily accomplished mid Wttiw tive of all rururl excursions that can be made from Uie citv The grounds now presi-ut a ehariniui} aspect, the trees he me'ii leaf, and the soil covered with a nch turf. The walk>. arc iu excellent order, haviug hern considerably embellished I tie present spring. On eviry pleassut afternoon there will be in elteiidbnce ?t Che CoUoiuade Klysiau Fields, an excellent Baud of Mntie, which will perform selections ftom the favrri:e Operas, poj.?Ur airs, marches, naltxes, fee. The Kerry Boats from Barclay, Caaal and Christopher an., ire completely fitted up with nwuings aud seats. Night Boats run from Hob^keu to Barclay street ant11 12 ?'clock. Ferriage C^fi?nU nMtn'r tJT BRITISH ANU NORTH AutHlCAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS. IJOfl tons end Hd horse power each, an. ~4?LuZU?fflXJ^der contract with the Lords of the AdnnHIBEKNIA I,apt. A. Ryrie. CALEDONI A t apt.E.U. Lott. BRITANNIA ( apt. J.Hewitt CAMBRIA I'apt.C. 11 E, Jodkius. Al ADlA Capt. Wut. H%rruo>.. Will sail Irom Liverpool aud Boston, via Halifax, as fol lows rioM Boston. rnojf uvt.Hroo:.. Cambria Aug. 1, 181* Hiberuia. in|y i9, 184?. Hiberaia " 16, " C.aledijiia Auk. *. " ''aledonia Sept. I, " Qntunmn " 19. " Britannia It, " ( Sept I " Cambria Oct I, " Hibernia IS " PassaiiK Monii. Krom Boston to Liverpool tilt. From Boston to Halifax K. No berths secured nutil paid for. These ships carrv tr perieuced santeous. No freight, except specie, receited on d*j s of sailing. |ior freight, passage, or any other informaiioo, apply to D. BH Kill A M, Jr., Ajfent. At HARNDEN ss CO. 8. t Wal'. ?t. (T^ In addition to the above line between Liverpool and Halifax, and Boston, a contract has Ix-en euierrd lalo with Her Maiesty'sKoVernment, to establish a line b?i?rrn I iv erpool and New York direct. The stesm shins Tor thi- se/vice are now being built, and early neit s ear due notice will be given of the time wh?-n they will suit. Undrr ihr new contract the steamers will sail every Sato".day during eight montha. aud every fortnight during u>? other mouths in the year Mou.g alternately between Liverpixd, and Halifax and Boston, and betwesu Liverpool and New York. Jt2*I tfrrc KOR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana and New York Line?Positively first Regular Packet?To jBMHbaiail Mondao. 10th inst.?The elegant, fas! sailing packet ship OSWEGO. Johnston, master, will positively sail as above, her regular day Kor freight or paasage, having handsome famished accom modations, apply on board, at Olleana wharf, foot of Wall Street, or to E. K. COLLINS It CO., M Soath st. , Positively no goods received on board after Saturday evening, August *th. Age.1t in New Orleans. JAS. E. WOODRUFF, who will promntlv forward all goods to his address. Packet ship HAKTELLC, Jaylo^r, master, will succeed u w iuuwH), mi aqidiii n?r rviatir l?: i'i2 *S?r- PACKET FOK HAVRE-8eco?4 Lin* Th? xyy^V''?ckfl ahip t'TICA, < apt F Hewitt, wl I tail on MwKi'li' )>t of Sept For freight or rutut. applv to <i* BOVDkHINCKKN, MWvlit. 11?- PAI.KfcT .SHIP UTI<-A, ft ?la..e-?;n< per thi? ahip will pleur tend their permit* ui. HbtH^ril, at nier >o 4 N. It All gooda not permifed i>y ihe atft >n?t. will he tent to the public iitnr*. uV UNITED STATE" h OREAT BRITAIN k. nffy IKKLANO OLD ESTABLISHED EMIGRANT HMMKbOKKICK. ?1 he Sutracnber* are prepared to engage puwiinen to comc out by the early iprmg ihipt, at a ?*ry low rate, Dratla can. na uanal, lie fnrniahed, payable throughout h? "mted Kingdom For farther pattiealare, ?pplv?? eu7 ?m"Viv uvunvaN k (V ? ? *? reel. NJjY REGULAR LINE OF PACKETS FOR NEW ORLEANS. Packet of the M AugnM?The faat-eailing and faiorite packet ahip Vl< KHBURQ, ( apta n Berry. JMUKiWill anil poaitively on Moadny. A'unit Sd, her re( ui-t day. The aceommodationa of thia favorite packet for rabin. ?e eon<t cabin and ?trer*ge paanoigera are nnequalltd 'I h?ee wiahmg to aeeare bertha ahoald nuke early application to W . k J.T TAPaCOTT, K1 Mouth atreet. aecoud door below Barliaa Slit I !*? FOR LIVERPOOL?New Line?Rainier pack ?*il Annual Ktli?The elegant, laat .iling WtfKMParket ahit> SID DON 8. E B.Cobb, dmiih.MIIM tona ?i|| aail at ubove, her regular day. For freight or paa*, h-vi' >j accommodation aneqaalled for aplendor or comfort, apply onboard, at Oriaaaa wharf. foot of Wall atreat, or lo . Y K f '111,1.?NW % CO.. M Month ! Packet ahip SHERIDAN. Oao. B. t>r?iah, maerer. wil aeceed the Siddona, and aail September *ih, her re. b la da*. J'** ' P\S^AUk 77TOR FROM LIVERPOOL b% the new I iae of Liverpool Pack eta ? Parana a tend JjEGAhtiiig for t hair Irieudi in any part o/terae^lrlUia or Irrlanu. can m?c 1W nrcp???rjr inunnau iriv mi) icribera uu reasonable terma. to ha*a tfiem brought out la an> ofthaaborr magnificent packet*. the icroma^tnoii of which *rr unequalled. end the atricteat punctuality will S? obai-rTed in their ailing <>a th* atat?d dava. From V*w York ou tUi and *th of ?ach month From Liverpool un (th ?ri Ittb of every moMk. Hio* prerautfiir the poeeiblllty of delay at aithar port. Th* aubicibcra ara alao a*?'it* for the tfc. .iuenf Packet*. >a any of which m.i*iiiflr?ait ahip* [ '.aaaga caa be trurtd at a vary moderate rata, at n lint claaa truiaient hipa, altufethei making a ahip from Liverpool every (Ira tha rreatut care imU tie taken by Yr W. Tapaeott la Li ttrpool to give all toeaible dcapaTti t" jaeaeogera. <i,d tha am* will bo don?* by tha ?nh?r'ib*r? in y*m York For lutihar particular* tn)< (letter* raid) to W. * J, T TAW OTT, W i.ath ?n?: two doora below Bnrliaa alip, or to VM. TAP8COTT.* Waterloo Ko*d Liratiwol. M>H \1 AnKl'ftA ?'I he ftna fa.t ml,.*. .W:f. fJXxV MKDOKA, ?i I a?il for iha above port on or about Mbihr "? >. proiim-> ha?mi? Tina accommodation* fr.i Mtiiarr*. Can bandaomely protic'e for IS. For iar ?a rutin or |>aaaa?a, hating il>? greateat tnr? of her cargo rng* :*d. "i'1'ly to ABItAHAM hv LL it son, j\f* >w*r 117 Falt'-n tre?J. KOH liLAfcOOW?The new, (tit ciaaa amp I |Hfi MIVI'M, VI to^a, H Hohmaon, maater, havi ,k: |Hlbnv"i i>( her riruo rnjj iged. will meet with deapa'cl, For balance of freight or pa*ea*e, ha? |ng excellent accomardatn ua, acvlV to the cm tain on board.foot of Dover atr. to WOODHULLk viNTUHN, lyn 17 ?j*U> MrMS