Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 4, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 4, 1846 Page 1
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I T H1 Vol. xn, So. Ml.Wholo So. *445. AiizvAL or vn STEAMSHIP HIBERNIA AT BOSTON. TWELVE DUE LITER PRO! EUROPE. ~ Highly Interesting Intelligence. THE RATIFICATION OF THE OREGON TREATY BY THY BRITISH GOVERNMENT. J he Reception of the Treaty in both Houses of Parliament xrival of the Treaty at Boston. I s Re-Election of Tree Trade Members to Parliament. SUCCESS OF THE NEW BRITISH MINISTRY. Tree Trade the Settled Policy of the Premier. THE COTTON MARKET FIRM. Tavorable Weather in England for the Orops. Activity in tne MANUFACTURING DI8TRICT8. Views of the New ministry. it) &C.) & The steam ship Hi >ernia, Capt. Ryrie, was telegraphed from the cupola cf the Merchants' Exchange, in Boston, at an early hour yesterday morn ng. The fact was immediately transmitted over the lightning line to this city. Our advices from Liverpool are to the 19th ult. inclusive. The H. brings to the United States the Oregon treaty ratifieJ by the British Government, under the seal of the new foreign minister, Lord Palmerston. This important document was signed by his Lordship and Mr. McLane on the 17th ult., at the Foreign office, and afterwards conveyed by despatch to the Hibernia by His Excellency Mr. McLame, the American Minister. In the House of Lords, on the 17th ult., the Marquis of Lansdowne rose and said that it was v's dutv to lav before their Lordsliins nnrl thnt Jtise, the Treaty which had just been concluded ^tween her Majesty and the Government of the ited States, in reference to the Oregon Teniiry. He had the satisfaction of informing their -ordships that ratifications had that day been ex hanged. A similar motion was made in the House of "ommons by Lord Palmeraton. The new Ministry has got fairly to work, and ue business of the country is again in a state of progression. AH the members have been returned without opposition, except Mr. Macaulay and Lord Debrington. In every quarter a disposition exists to give the new appointments a fair trial; in consequence ol the excitement now passed the country needed repose, an I with the exception of the Sugar dutiesthere was no prominent question likely to embarrass the ministry, or test their capability. The affairs of this session of Parliament will be wound up probably by the middle of August. The great movement to reimburse Mr. Cobden for the loss of health and money is progressing apace. There seems every chance that th< -hundred thousand pounds fixed upon as the maximum of the amount to be given to him, will be Efforts will be made to raise a splendid monument to Sir Robert Peel, by means of Penny sub scriptions throughout the British Empire, as au expression ofthe nation's gratitude. The proceedings in the Houses of Parliament, possess considerable interest. Lord Brougham led the assault in the matter of the Judges' salaries; Earl Grey showed that il blame attached to any one it was to the noble Lord himself. Mr. Duncombe wished to hear from the oble Lord himself a distinct avowal of his views on the leading topics of the day. Lord John Russell declined this categorieal analysis, but while doing so, said sufficient to point the moral of his future career as Minister, to the principles of fret trade, to which he avowed his unswerving attachment. Justice to Ireland, he would literally carry out, but with respect to the established church of that country, the Premier thought it imprudent to meddle in this early stage f the business. The manufacturing districts were busy, and confidence prevailed. The season continued all that we could desire. The cotton market was firm, with a good steady 1 usiness, and prices had an upward tendency. The timber trade was in a more flourishing condition. The demand for Pork had been limited, and the price had receded a trifle. The market was bare of fine cheese, which would receive a good return. Superior qualities went off heavily at lower rntes. The accounts Irom the hop district represented the crops as being in a tolerably flourishing state The potatoe disease of last year is doing the work of destruction to the growing crops. The same reports reach us from Ireland. The iron trade had received an impetus during the last fortnight. The corn trade was in a lethargic state, owing to the large quantities whiich were released from bond a fortnight previously, and the low duty, which had more or less affected the market since. The payment of the July div:dend, and the release of considerable sums of money belonging to various railway projects from the Court of Chancery, rendered the money market buoyant. Bank stocks and other securities had risen. Parliamentary Elections.?The whole of the Ministers wh?? vacated their scats in consequence of accepting office have been re-elected, with the except on of Lord Morpeth, who, however, will not be oppoaed. At Nottingham, Mr. Feargus O'Connor opposed Sir John Hobhoiue, but did not go to the, (toll. At Plymouth, Ixud Ebrington was opposed by Mr. Vinc-nt At the c'o?e the poll stood thus: Ebnngton, 714; Vincent, 1H7. The only formidable opposition to a ministerial candidate was at Edinburgh, where Mr. Macaulay was opposed by the Dissenters, in conseuuence of his vote on the Maynooth grant Sir Culling Eardley Smith polled 832, Mr. Macaulay 1736; majority 9(J3. The election for South Lancashire takes plaee on Tuesday next, when Mr. Wm. Brown will be returned, no other candidate having appeared. j E NE N. Numerous persons are preparing to emigrate I from Sweden to North America, under the guidunce of Erich Janson, a lunatic, who has set I himself up as a prophet, and who has thousands ! of followers. tousth or July oji Board the Great West- i ern?During the last homeward passage of the Gr< at Western, the annivei ?ary ol the dt duration oi American muepeiMence occurieu. On thai 1 day, July 4ih, a request was made of Capt. Matthews that he would permit them toccli-biate the event, as is customary among citizens of the United States, l'lus he at once acceded to. On the ! passengers assembling for dinner, Capt. Matthews j s.uted the request that had been made, and his ready compliance therewith, and resigned the chair to General Armstrong. The gallant officer, on taking the chair, said that, if there were any persons present who objected to the "display, they were at liberty to retire ; but before they did so, he would assure them that nothing would be said or done to annoy the most fastidious. Their only object was to celebrate, in a becoming manner, an event which formed an important topic in the history of nations. The celebration of American Independence that day on board the Great Western would not cause discord or disunion. It would, he was confident, create a stronger feeling of friendship. He trusted that the sentiments which would be uttered would show that Englishmen and Americans were friends of each other. The company sat down to a sumptuous dinner; and after the cloth was removed, the chairman called upon the company to join 111 drinking the following toasts:?"The day we celebrate"? " The memory of Washington"?" The President ot the United States"?"Queen Victoria"?"Louis Philippe." The whole afT&ir passed ot! with great .satisfaction to all parties, and the company kept up the festival to a late hour.? Wilmtr't Times, July lit The Crops.?The recent change which has taiten place 111 the weather has had a truly wonderful i Ifoct; freshness has been imparted to vegetation?the mellow notes of the blackbird, lark, and others ol the leathered tribe, are as enlivening as in spring, aud everywhere the face ol nature seems to wear an animated and renewed appearance. Ihe grain, which had been pros tinted by Uie Idle ruins, again stand erect; tue spring corn, which threatened to ripen prematurely, is beginning to grow again, and, even if it should not be very long in the straw, will be heavy in the ear; the root crops are throwing out fresh leaves and branches, and will soon cover the ground with a coat of verdure thick enough 10 protect them, even if the heat should return; the meadows, which were becoming brown alter the removal of the hay, are throwing up a second crop ol clover and after grasses; and the pastures are also sending a plentiful green herbage amidst ihe withered sums of the earln-r grasses. From present appearances we trust that there w.ll oe no failure in any single crop. We observe the following paragraph in the Alaik Lane Exprtit, a paper of cuinideiable authority:?"Theesti-' mates of the probable yield of iho new crop are not so high as they weie a fortnight ago; still wo led disposer! to think that, if the weaiber should prove tderably propitious from this tune up to harvest, the produCd would he a full average, as well m quantity as quaidy. On the other hand it must be confessed that the repoit has, nil lately, been somewhat too highly colored, and it is nearly certain that the result of the harvest, even under the most auspicious circumstances, will not be so satisfactory as was predicted previous to the breaking up of the tine weather on the 21st oi June. In this district the potato crops are Closing in the drills, and so are those of (he turnips, winch were got in time to be started by ihe spring rains; the later sown turnips, which uppeared to have perished during the long drought of May and June, are now growing vigorously; the farmers .tre everywhere bu.-y in cleaning and thinning thetn." Reports arc again current as to the disease among the potato crops. We copy the following from the Stamford Mercury, touching on his subject:?Sonic of the new potatoes luruughi to Stamford murket are tainted Witk the same Kind of disease > s prevai'ed last season A person who purchased a peck of "early ash t?ps" last week, was compelled to throw aside about an eighth of the quantity, the disease being manifest in a greater or less degree 111 that portion. The "early ash tops" very generally escaped the taint last year; the wet weather, winch was supposed to have engendered the disease, not having produced any ill effects till after the early sort ol potatoes had been brought into consumption.?A similar report from the neighborhood of Derry, in Ireland, has appeared in the papers of that country. We sincerely trust that these reports may ultimately prove to have been exaggerated, and that they nave taken their rise from the statement of parties whose interest would be benefitted by a partial failure of this useful crop.?Liverpool Ttmet, July 19. Tasks in (.'Skat Britain.?YerterJay a parliamentary paper was is ued, giving an account ul .be gross receipt aDd net produce of the revenue Irum taxes in Oreat bri tain tor each year, ending on the 6th ol January from 163d to th* 6th of January, 1846, distinguishing the mount collected under each head of duty, and also the amount of paj merits made out ol the gross receipts in each year. Kor the year ending the 6tn of January, 1837, it seems that the grots receipt was ?3,936,660 16s b>?d , and the net produce ?3,931 606 13s. Sd. The payments out of the gress receipt were ?324,343 3s 7)*d.? Id 1636 the grots receipt wet ?3,696, 343 14s. 9Xand the net produce ?3,690,146 6a. 0,Xd. Payments out of the gross receipt, ?311,633 6s 3d. In 1639 the gross receipt was ?3,907,364 13s. lll?d , and tne net produce ?3,903,065 13s 9d. Payments out of the gross receipt ?364,635 7s. 9><d. In 1640 the gross receipt was ?3,939,107 6a 3d., an.i the net pioduce ?3,933,669 9s. 6.V?d. The paynienta out of the grosa receipt were ?314,361 13s. 9d. In 1641 the grosa receipt was ?4,157,433 16a. il>?d., and the net produce?4,153,397 15a 3d. The payments out of the gross receipt were ?313 836 Us. l>sd.? In 1843 the gross receipt was ?4,730.467 6s. 4X'd., and the net produce ?4,716,S6? 8s. OXd. The payments out of the grots receipts were ?334 038 10* 3d. In 1843 the gross receipt was ?6,073,463 17a 1< \J., and the net pro duce ?6,0u7,448 6s. OXd. The payment* out of the grots receipt were ?389.966 13s. I)?d. In 1844 the gross re caipt ww jE9.8i6.771 19? Ad. sudtbs nat produce ?9,772, )23 7*. Tba pay mtnU out of the grot* receipt wtre ?294,620 14a. 6d. In I84A the groat receipt waa ?9,881,843 0?. A,1* i.. and the net produce ?9.7A9,4>0 18a l^d. Tbe pay menta out of the gioea receipt were ?363,630 17?. o;,l. And in 1846 the groat receipt waa ?9 762.o63 18a. lid., and the net produce ?9.624,396 17a. ll?4d. The payment* out of the groat receipt were ?370,433 11a 71ad. The properly and income tax in the year ended the 6th of January, 1843, only yielded (net) ?681,666 17a Ud., whilst in the year following it yielded ?6,387,466 9a. ll>?d.?London Timtt, July 18. The Brit I ah Parliament. House of Commons?Tuesday, July 14th.?The Tobacco Duties.?Dr. Bownng called the attention oftne House to certain returns procured by Mr. Hume, exhibiting the miseries and crimes created by the enormous duties levied on tobaoco, lor the purpose of showing that the laws affecting obacco required revision. In the course of his observations he proved that there were more seizures of tobacco than of any other article?that there were likewise more convictions for smuggling tobacco than tor any other species of smuggling, that the number of convictions was rapidly increasing?ihat, bad as this contraband trade was at present, it was likely to become much worse? that it was degrading and demoralising the population in every part of the country, and that it was, in consequence, creating an immense mass ol burnau crun and misery. He likewise showed that the quantity of tobacco smuggled into the couutiy was equal to the quantity regularly introduced through die Custom House; and observed thai this lesuti was not surprising, considering that the duties upon tobacco were so high as to nable the smuggler to beat the government with ease. He contended that the facia elicited by the inquiry already instituted into the subject, cmled upon Uie Government to give the House a pledge that it would look into the tobacco laws when next the finances of the country came under their consideration. He concluded by moving, that the tobacco duties require revision. Mr. Hume seconded the motion. On Mr. Stafford O'Brien rising, a member observed that thwre were riot forty members present, when the House was adjourned. Arrangement of Pdbi.ic Business ?On Thursday, the Ibih instant, Lorn John Rus-ell stated the course the government iutended to lake as to the bills be lore parliament tntioduced by the late adrnmstration; and began by st.itiug that lie would, on Monday, state the man ol the government on the Sugar duties, and leave till 1 he following Friday for its consideration by the house, und would ask the house to pass a short bill to continue the present duties lor a mou'li longer. They intend to proceed with the Lrainage Bill, also with the Ejectment 13.11, in which, however, they proposed some alteration, but reiaming the clause that prohibits the distraint of growing cmps; they would proceed also with the Leases Bill. He doubted if they could give the accessary consul ration to the Tenants Compensation Bid that the complexity ot its provisions required. These were alt bills chietiy intended to benefit Ireland. The government also hoped to be able to pass the Small Debts' Bill, and the Religious Opinions' Bill, now before tl*e House oi Lords. W YO EW YORK, TUESDAY M THE FOLIC! OPJTHE HEW MINISTRY. Ipeock off Lwrd John Ruuoll. House or Loioi, July 16.?Lord J. Rcmcll.?Whin the hon gentleman asked me the other night whether I wai prepared to make a declaration of the principle! up. I on which ilie Ministry of which I am at the head ia to he i conducted. I declined undertaking that talk. I. however, 1 took uo offence, as the hen. gentlemen seems to suppose, | at the question, though it did not appear to me to he necessary that a per on who had taken a pait, perhaps an unwise-perhaps, to the country, an injurious part, in the discussions of this house, yet at least alway an opeu part, (hear, bear.) should after being called upon by her Majesty to form a government, aud after having sueceeded in inducing individuals who, in hitopiniou, aie competent to conduct the affairs of the different departments, to share with him the responsibility of government?make i general pur ado of opinions and principles ?a parade, which it is very easy to mako of declarations which may combine the sentiments of a very large ma?ni>itw in (hie lintta<k saw) vol mkwn !>?? ?1 - ? may leave member* aa ignorant a* they were before m to the precise measure* which the government intend to introduce. (" Hear, hear,"and a laugh ) 1 therefore did not think it necessary to make any such declaration. * * Mr. T. Dune on* he?Karl drey did. Lord J. Russell?I do not remember that Earl drey made, in the House of Lords, a general declaration of policy ; or that Lord Melbourne or Sir R Peel made any such general declaration. He makes a criticism, which I own I do not think very just, as to the composition of the ministry. I own that 1 think, considering the vast extent to which commeioe and tnanuHcturea nave proceeded of late times in this country, considering how vast a portion of the community depends on them, that it would be rather a juster criticism, if such criticisms are to be made, to say that there aie too many members of the present administration who are connected by family entirely with land than that they are too few.? (Hear, hear) But 1 decline to enter upon any answer to that allusion. (Hear.) I think that we hava heard enough, and tnore than enough, on (As one sids, sf (As importance of the landed inlrreet, and hare rxclueivtly ite interest $ ought to be coneiderei; and. on the other" hand that the manufocturing diet'icte of Lancashire and Yorkshire ure hti eafler to govern the country (Hear ) Far myself. J deny the justice of either plan or principle (Hear) I hold myself luat not fur land, not for commerce or for manufactures, but tor the benefit of the whole peopla of Uie united empire, the Miuistry ought to be constituted (Hear, hear), and it will be according to the manner in which the Ministeri shall dischaige their functions?it will be according to the mode in which they can answer to their high trust, that their conduct must he judged, and not by any particular computation as to how much income one gentleman may receive irom land; or how far another, who happens to hold the situation of Lord Chancellor, has been all his life connected with the profession of the law. (Hear, hear.) But the hon. gentleman the member for Kinsbury proceeded to other questions, and he inquired, in the first place, whether in the construction of the Ministry I asked for the aid of three gentlemen who were the colleagues of 8k R. Peel in the late Government. The hon. gentleman aAs, in that vein of agreeable levity with which he sometime* entertains the house,?" Did 1 ask Sir R Peel to lend me three of his colleagues V (Laughter) Let not that repreaentalion on the part of the hon. gentleman be taken as any resemblance of the fact ; hut with regard to the fact itself, I do not deny that I did ask Lord Dalhousie, Lord uincoin, ana mr. oiuuey nerueri. 10 ao me ine nonor lo become colleagues of iniue in the Government which 1 was about to form. (Gheers) It was my opinion that I ought not to endeavor to procure the aid in ofltce of persons from whom 1 widely differed in political sentiments: and that those who maintained, an*' honorably maintained I admit, as had been lately declared by them the same opinions in 1846 as they held in 1641 and which opinions are entirely adverse to mine, could not properly be asked by me to assist me in the formation of the government.? (Hear.) But, at the same time, 1 did think It of consequence? of great consequence ?to the houor and happiness of my Bovereign, and to the welfare of the country, that a .Ministry should be formed which should combine as much as possible of support?some placing their confidence in some members of the government, and others placing their confidence in other members of the government?(slight laughter)?but all agreeing as to the general line of policy to be pursued. (Hear, hear.) Now, with respect to great questions of late years?not certainly up to 1841, 1811, or 1813, but for the last two years, I have found myself sitting on the Opposition side uf the house, agreeing in a great measure with those gentlemen who were the colleagues of the Right Hon gentleman the member for Tamworth. (Hear, hear.) I agreed with them and supported them wnen they mought forward measures lor the advancement of what is called " free trade " the taking tway restrictions and abolishing monopolies (Hear, near) I agreed with them when they endeavored to tiring forward measures which 1 thought just in principle, if not wise in the mom -nt of their introduction, for the conciliation of Ireland. Therefore 1 did not see that there would be any sacrifice ol honor, on their part or on ours, if they should join me in the government.? (Hear, hear.) They expressed themselves, I must say, in terms personally very courteous to me, stating that they thought they could not take a part in the present administration. That was a point entirely for them to form their own judgment upon; but 1 cannot reproach iliy?eu wiiu luiuug iu i?7 uui; iu my iuvciuiku iu maxins that proposition to them. The hon gentleman next alluded to what he had aeen in the public newapapera, with reapect to wbioh I aball not follow him, for i think 1 am not reaponaible in any way for what ia stated in the public papera. (Hear) Ha then adverted to certain questions, with reapect to which be wiabed to know the opinions of the government. 1 will not deny that though I should not have thought it necessary to make such a vague declaration as that to which 1 have alluded, yet being called on with reapect to certain questions, 1 do think I am bound, as far a* 1 can, to give my opinion as to the mode in which 1 think the government ought to be conducted with reference to these particular questions, Now, in the hist place, I think, us regards nongovernment to be formed at present or in future, but more especially as regards a government to be formed of those who profess general liberal opinions.it is necessary to combine in office men who agree in general principles, who agree on those questions which are urgent questiona of administration of the day ; but that It is not necessary that every member of such government should agree on every question which may come under the consideration of Parliament. Such was the mode in which, of old days, statesmen of great ability, and whe have conducted the alTairs of this country with great success, formed their governments. Such was the mode pursued by Mr. Pitt, who formed a government of great strength and duration in 1784. The members of govern ment anil of the cabinet might entirely disagree with re. spect to Parliamentary reform?a very great question in those days, and at all times till the act of 1H32 passed Mr. Pitt had colleagues in that government who disagreed with him on the important question of the slave trade in their speeches and their votes. When Mr. Fex succeeded to Mr. Pitt, he formed a government in which there were mem bers differing from him with respeot to Parliamentary reform and the Catholic questions. When a government was formed afterwards by Lord Liverpool, ne comprised in his Cabinet members who differed entirely on the Catholic question, and which became in the end the most important Question of the day. With respect >o this latter case, I think that that combination of men. differing on the Catholic question, was carried on too long; but yet I think, when there was a question of carry ing on war with France?when there was a question of endeavoring to oppose resistance against a mighty military chief, who threatened the existence and independence of this country, that the head of the administration was perfectly justified in placing in the several departments of the government,men who could act together on the iiu- , minent questions of administration,though they differed on particular questions connected with the internal policy of the empire. (Hear, hear.) The right hon gentleman, the member for Tamworth, in forming his government, certainly seems to have aimed at a much greater agree- | ment of opinion, and at a much greater identity of conduct on the part of the members of his administration, , and of his party generally, than was aimed at by Mr. , Pitt, Mr. Fox, or Lord Liverpool ; but I own that though , the right hon gentleman, from his great talents?great , oower in conducting a ministry, from various circum stances, for time lucceeded in that attempt, I do not think that it ii an attempt likelv to be very successful again, or to be advantageoaa to the country. 1 lay thii because there are teveral matter* I will readily admit on which member* of the adminiitration, ot which I have the honor to be at the head, are not completely agreed in| opinion. With respect, for initance, te the opinion* ot Karl (irey on the Irish church, 1 do not con cur in many of the atatement* made by that noble lord in thl* and the oilier home of parliament. Some member* of the administration again may think that I have gone too far with respect to the itatement* 1 made with reepect to the Iriih church. 1 will stata, however, at once, what ie my intention and the intention of my colleague*, with reaped to the affair* of Ireland We conaider that the vocial grievance* of Ireland are thoie whicn are molt prominent (cheer*), arid to which it i* moit likely to he in our power to afford, not a complete and immadiate remedy, but aome remedy, *ome kind of improvement, ao that aome kind of ho|>e may be entertained that aome ten or twelve year* hence the country will, by the measures we undertake, be in a far better atatc with reipect to the frightful destitution and miaery which now prevail in that country. (Hear, hear) We have that practical object in view. (Cheer*.) We ahall endeavor to undertake it?we will enoeavor to apply our whole mind* to tly subject, and wo will not be led away from it by any difference* onjother luhjecti, not calculated to effect any immediate good. (Cheers.) I lay, secondly, with re spect to the franchise in Ireland, that it is my opinion that it ia a great mistake to suppose, a* some person* saem now to suppose, that there i* no immediate connection beteeeu the political franchise and the io isl condition. (Hear, hear) My opinion ia, that in proportion as men are raised bv tbe enjoyment of those franchises which belong to a tree ttaie, their energy and industry are promoted, and they aspire to a better condition (Hear, hear ) And ao, seeing that 1 agree with tlioso who have been the greatest lights ana ornament* to this house, a*, If I went into matter* ot detail, I could presently show, I shall andeavor to obtain lor the people of Ireland the enjoy mot ol equal franchise* with the people of Eugiaud (Cheer*) My hon. friend -ay* that it i* necessary that I should make some declaration ef principle, and that ia thh answer I give him. (Hear, hear) l ut ia it necessaiy for me to make any declaiaiion ? In 1H3? I contended successfully in this house, with respect I to municipal Irani hi.es. that the ueotile ?f Ireland nuohi I not to bo abased or placed on a lower level than tbe people of England. (Hear, hear.) What I contend for In 1846 U exactly comfortnable with what I contended for in 1836 ; and 1 do look to be able to complete more fully than I did then measure* I had in contemplation,because 1 have heard irom many of those who were then opjxjsed to me in opinion the most ample confessions, the RK 1 IORNLNG, AUGUST 4, 1! tallest and freed admissions thet the franchises of the people, both of Kng lend and Ireland, ought to be perfectly e.iual. (Hear, hear.) Onthii subject, tlien, I have betterhopesthan 1 formerly had, and it ia but honorable in thoee who have changed their opinion on the subject, and who now think that thii equality ought to exiat, to avow that change of opinion, and to aid ua in the endeavor to procure the derired equality. (Hear, bear) With reapect to the church in Ireland, and the endowment of the Romau Catholic clergy, I voted with ray honorable iiiend the member lor She (field in lavor of providing lortbe establishment of Maynoolh out of the fundi of the established church. We were defeated by a great majority, the opinion of the house being adverse to that proposition. I afterwards continued to tho end to give a sealous support to the bill which provided lor tho establishment of May nooth out of the consolidated fund I made no difficulty in supporting that bill because the motion of ray honorable friend was not carried. Well, 1 now say that I retain my opinions with res]>ect to the Protestant Church, and with respect to Roman Catholic endowment; but I do not think tuat it is necessary that I should urge these opinions at the preeent moment, for I should be doing that which I must confess at the present moment to he impracticable. 1 believe that with reapact to what seme have proposed, vis., the destruction ol the Protestant church in Ireland, there could be no worse or more fatal measure sanctioned by Parliament. (Hear, hear, hear) 1 believe that it would be politically injurious, because I believe that manv of the most loyal In Ireland?many of those the moat attached to the connection with tun country, would be alienated by the deetruction of that churcn, to which they are fbndly attached. (Hear, hear) I believe that in a religious point ol view, it wouid be the commencement of a religious war ; that there would be that which does not at present prevail-the most violent and vehement attack on the Roman Catholic religion ; and that the Roman Catholics themselves would be the first to complain of tba destruction of the Protestant church (Hear, hear) Can you found or endow the Roman Catholic church 7 It is quite evident from Mr. Pitt's speeches, and the memoranda

left by his friends, that he was of opinion that it waa possible to endow or to make some provision for the Roman Ca hoiic church by the State. My belief is, that if Mr. Pitt had carried tnat measure, he would have carried a measure conducive to the welfare of Ireland, to tha maintenance of the union, and to the peace ol the united kingdom. (Hear, hear.) In coufoimity with that opinion I gave my vote in !HJu, twenty-one years ago, in favor ol a inotiun made by Lord K. Ege<tou, now the Karl of Eiletmere. who moved that a piuvision be rn.ide for the maintenance of the Roman Catholic church. Rut what do 1 find at this moment ? i see, generally spoaking, that the church of England, that the diasenters of Englino that the established church of Scotlend, thai the fiee church ol Scotland, that the established cturch in Ireland, that the Protestant Association in Ireli id, and lastly, that the Roman Catholics of Ireland th? jiselves, are all vehement in opposition to such a plan. I received only this morning a placard from Edinburgh, in which the Roman Catholics of Edinburgh declared that they would remit, to the utmost of their power, any plan for the payment of the Roman Catholic clergy. 1 cannot fee, then, that that ia a meaiure which I am bound, conaiitently with my duty, to bring under the consideration of the houie, until I *ee some kind oi more favorable disposition towards it on the pert of the people, i should say, if that measure, or any other meaiore, were urgent, that, though impracticable, I might still be bound, by my duty to the crown, to propose it, and resign otllee if 1 should not carry it; but 1 must con fess that, with respect to ecclesiastical questions in ireland, admitting as I do that neither the state of the Protestant est abluhment, as affecting the south of Ireland, nor the voluntary system, as affecting the Roman Catholics, is satisfactory to my mind; yet F do see that there is not that cause of urgency that any immediate measures need be proposed with respeot to them. There are many questions which are more beneficial to Ireland, and more practicable; and therefore I do not sea the necessity ot urging forward those question!, which 1 confess to be impracticable. If any member of this House chooses to express or leel and act upon a want of confidence in my administration, on the ground that 1 am not dispoaed to rest for ever satisfied with the present condition ot ecclesiastical affairs in Ireland, or inclined to say that the state oi these affairs is consistent with justice, and that it muat be kept up iu perpetuity on tho principle of endowment for the Protestant minority, and of the voluntary principle for the Roman Catholic majority?if any persons are disposed to favor a vote of want of confidence on that account, I cannot help their acting on such an opinion. But I cannot, in my own mind, say that 1 am satisfied perfectly with that condition of attain. 1 cannot pledge my self, if 1 find the people of kngland and Scotland disposed to what i think a more just and useful arrangement?i will not pledge myself to be an opponent of such ao arrangement. (Hear.) My hon. friend went on to ask whether 1 should promote an extension of the franchise in this country ; and he alluded to that word which has been olteu thrown in my teeth by those who wished to diminish any reputation I might have with the people, namely, the word " finality." Now the word " finality," be it remembered, was no word of mine, (hear, bear,) it was a word invented for the purpose of expressing a s> stem to which 1 never, I think, gave any countenance. What happened was thia, that my lord Ore) and my lord Alihurpe, the one in the Other hou-e oi Parliament, and the other in this, had brought forward a Treat measure of nnrliamentarv retorm : ami when thpv were told by many persona "We shall bo ready to support this reform if you intend to stop here, hut we cannot support It if you mean it to be a step to some other scheme of parliamentary reform which is immediately to follow itthey said, "No, we do not intend any other scheme to follow this ; we oonsider this as a Anal measure ; this is the only measure we propose." I repeated in thia house that such had been their language, and that I did not think It would be consistent with what they had said,?I did not think, sitting by my late noble f riend, Lord Althorpe, and consenting to his language, it would be consistent or honorable in me, immediately to propose some other large soheme of parliamentary reform I never said that the whole Reform Bill should be kei t just as it was in all its parts ; I said 1 could not be a party to any large and new scheme of representation. I said, "It may be that the people of Kngland differ from me, they may wish to nave a new reform bill; they may wish to have household suffrage or universal suffrage ; they may wish to have tiienuiul parliaments, or annual parliaments. If that is the case, I think it is far batter that scheme should be brought forward by some one who thinks it would be beneficial, and not by me, who sat by Lord Althorpe when he made this declaration," With regard to that, 1 am ol the same mind still. (Hear, hear ) I am for improvement?I am lor any improvement that can be made?I am for improvement with regard to all subjects ; but as to intending to bring forward a new scheme of parliamentary representation?as to introducing either household suffrage, or (what I believe my hon. triend favors) the "five points" of the charter, I will do no such thing. (Hear, hear.) If I lose my hon rattle friend'* confidence 1 ain loiry tor it; t u it be tiring! forward the five points of the charter, 1 shall think it necessary to give my decided opi>oiition to tuch a plan [Mr T. Duucombe.?"I aiked about the extern lion of the franchise, not the five points.'"J What mv honorable friend aaya now is, the extension of the franchise; but what he actually brought forward was a motion founded upon a petition for a reform, a petition roost numerously signed, but Cor that specific object ot which he is the advocate. As to "extension of the suffrage," I must beg te wait till 1 hear my honoratile friend's proposition upon the subject?till 1 know what it ia that be propose* under those very vague and indefinite word*. [Mr. T. Dun combe, "lodefinite!"j Yes, they are very vague and indefinite. [Mr. T- Duncombe "What! extension of the franchise !"J Why, I myself, at the time that 1 made that declaration, which was so much attacked, statec^hat there were certain matters?that there were otherTlasses of voters who I thought might be introduced consistently with the Keform Bill. 1 will not say whether those schemes were wise or not, but what I opposed was, anv new scheme of representation which was to supercede the Reform Bill. (Hear, hear) Sir, I must confess that, generally speaking?and my Hon. friend may take advantage of that declaration if he likes ?that with regard to great measures that have been under the consideration of Parliament, whether you peak of the Reform Act of Lord Grey, whether you peek of the Roman Catholic Relief Act. whether you peak ot the Repeal of the Corn Laws w hich has only passed the other day, I hold that it is wise in this house, it is wise in Parliament to rest satisfied with the settlement which has been made after long deliberation by the Legislature. (Hear, hear.) That there is not a gain to be acquired by the people equivalent to the stirring up of agitation consequent on the revival of subjects which nave been once settled by the deliberations of Parliament. But now, with regard to the factories Act, I tiave already stated what I think should be the latitude iliowed by persons who in the present day meet together in a Cabinet 1 have given my vote in favor of shoitsnine the hours in factories. 1 stated. I belir ve. en the last discussion upon that aubjact, that if we went into :ommittee, I should be in lavor of shortening the time to sleven hours by law. If such a measuie i* introduced igiiin, I shall give my vote in conformity with those that I have previously given My right hon friend, tue Home Secretary (Sir (i. Orey) is, I believe, of the same opinion; every sentiment I have heard lrom him agrees with my opinion upon that subject. My right hon. friend who sits near me, the Chiel Secretary for Ireland (Mr. Labouchere), has studied the suhjeo t likewise: he lias studied it very attentively; he has formed a deliberate and conscientious opinion that such a law would be njurious. (Hear, hear.) Sir, 1 do think that an administration can he carried on usefully with regard to the general interests of the country, usefully with regard to many topics of administration, and yet not have identical views upon this question of the factories. (Hear.) I mean to give my vote in lavor of such a bill, if Introduced I shall not expect my right hon. friend who sits near me, or others who dill'er from me, to make their opinions bend to ' mine on that subject. (Hear, bear) Sir, I have now stated, I believe, what are my spinions with regard to the questions that ihe hon. gentleman, the member for Kinsbury, asked me. .He has mixed with those questions a great deal of pleasantry, in which I certainly have been unable to follow him. I consider that I have undertaken a very grave and deep responsibility. Not being able to make up my iniod that 1 lie protection of life bill, introduced by the late government, would be efficient for its purpose, or that it would contribute to the protection of hie in Ireland, I felt myself compelled, being asked whether I wikdij ?e to that bill, to answer " no"upon the second readiug I wae compelled to decide one wey or other on thst question, it was brought forward by the late government; they considered it their duty 10 uring u inn n<u>u n j duty in lorming an opinion on it, and acting according to the he?t ol my judgment Tho right hon baronet at the head of the government reiigned ; and after having given that vote, after having been a party to that deciiion, when Her Majeity called upon me to endeavor to form a government in the filace of that which had reiigned power into Her Majeay'? handa, 1 conceived that it waa my duty to endeavor to tee if, in conjunction with othera, 1 could carry on mm I - I IERA 346. Sublic imuudi forth* benefit of the country. On Mon- I ay next I shall have the opportunity of stating to thU house the measure that we propose to iutroJi.ee with reI spect to every impoitaut subject , that measure will be founJed upon the opinions which I have stated from ItMl to this time upon the subject of free trade?upon th? . subject of restrictive duties. It will be ior this house to consider whether that measure is suited to the interests of the country ; it will be for this house to consider whether there are any reasons which will induce them to withhold their approbation from that measure. But this i am determined upon?as I told the honoiable gentleman the other day, and taking no oiience I must tell him plainly and decidedly, I 1 will act according to the principles that I have proteased . in this house (bear, hear), according to the principles upon which I acted when I sat on the opposite side or the house, and upon which alone I could consent to take office in the present situation of alfairs. I am determined, i . whether 1 ait on this side of the house or on the other, to j 1 act according to thoae principles which I think the moat : i fnr tlie a/f*antnsra i\f thsa nnnntrv (PKnnra \ I hfrVM ll/tW I sat for more than thirty yean aa a member of thia bona#, ' proclaiming and declaring my opinions on almost every , occasion, and I do not think that my principlss nerd note he any secrst to the haute [hear, hear) ; they are principltt which, a* I think, tend to increate the commerce to setfrse the industry of iHo country, to promote the union, not merely by a legislative act, but in heart and affection, between thii country and Ireland. [Hear, hear.) My opinions are such us tend, at I think, to promote, to maintain, and to extend the principles of i eligiout liberty, which, together with its civil liberty have made this country conspicuous at one of the greatest nations of the world. (Cheers.) The Oregon Treaty iu England and France. The Mexican Question. [From the London Herald, July 11.] The intelligence of the ratification ef the Oregon treaty b> the American senate, conveyed by tbe Oreat Western, and which was given to our readers, by extraordinary express, in a second edition in our paper of Saturday last, has been read with satisfaction ana a. light in every town and hamlet of Lngland. [Paris Correspondence of the Liverpool Times ] Whilst it was pending, the Parisian newspapers, with' out exception of political party, took the mcst intense interest m the Oregon question, and made it the theme of loug and violent lucubiatious From this, one would have thought that the intelligence of i)s being brought to a satisfactory conclusion would have beeu received with tho most lively emotiun. But the exact contrary hna liaatt thai rasa It uts ohmil a fortninrht diva thai thn new* retched this city of the baii* of a treaty having been agreed upon between the two government* of (Jreat Britain and America, and of that treaty being then under confederation of the American Senate. Tin* new* was reproduced by all the newapaper* a* any ordinary intelligence of the day ; but that was all With two or three insignificant exception*, all the journal* refrained from expressing any opinion whatever, either of satisfaction or dissatisfaction at the arrangement of an irritating question, or as to the merits of the treaty itself, and its comparative concessions to England or the United States. The first of these exceptions was La Preiie, which, after expressing satisfaction at the peaceable termination of the dispute, declared that England had made (Ae most humiliating concessions for the take of peace ? Vou must not, however, attach much importance to that declaration, for there is reason to believe that it was made more to preserve the reputation of the Pretie for polit cat sagacity, than to express a really conscientious conviction Vou will remember that in my last I noticed a long winded article of this journal, written to prove that the Oregon question could not be settled. This article was pompously announced as the first of a long series en the same subject, and, of course, to the same eft'oc.t. When, then, the very day after its appea; ance, the news came that the question which, according to the Preeie, could not be settled, had been settled, the writer in the Preiie was taken completely aback, and to avoid being written down an ass, had no other alternative than to declare that one country had made humiliating concessions ; and, as he happens to be one of the Anu-English party, and a declaimer against " perfidious Albion," he naturally pitched npon England as tho humiliated oountrv. This, you may be assured, is a just explanation of the why and wherefore of the Preste'i opi. nion. Next to the Preiie came the National. This journal is the republican organ, and, as such, a warm friend to the United States and a bitter enemy to England. It declares that the United States government made a great blunder in allowing Great Britain the whole oi Vancouver's Island, inasmuch as, when fortified, it will command the Straits of Fuca and the Columbia ; but it finds that England has ceded, and ceded largelv, to tho United Slates?ceded what she twenty times refused. The Reforme, the other lepublican newspaper, declares that the " basis of the treaty are precisely what the United States demanded, and what England had disdainfully rejected whilst the negotiations were not supported by energetic demonstrations." The precise meaning of the last phrase is not very clear, the fact being that the United States government made no energetic demonstrations at all? ihoy were all on the side of tho British government. But the opinion of the Reforme is of marvellously little consequence, for it is, without exception, the most pitiably stupid journal in the universe. The Erpril Public declared in a single line, in contradiction to the Preset, the Reforme, and the National, that all tho concessions had been made by the United States, and that England profited largely by them. A day or two after the fresse returned to the subject, to declare that " Folk ought to bless the English Government for opening to him, by such offers as it had made, a door in the impaisc in which he had placed himself between his warlike menaces and ui? pHciac mujueaiaiiuu9 w wu6?v?. < ucoo, i iauvav, were all the comment* that the flrit intelligence of the aettlement of the Oregon question drew fiom the Pariaian preat: and yon will admit that, after all the blunter made here, they are singularly insignificant and puerile. Veaterday the Engliah newapapera brought the copy of the treaty, aa conveyed by oeneral Armatrong, in the lireat Weatern. All the journala produce it thu morning, together with other item* of Mexican and Amerysan news But three only make any remarka upon it. Theae are the Prme, which obaervea that the London Timet waa in error, aome time ago, in aaaerting that the free navigation of the Columbia was reserved in perpetuity to the Britiah government, whereaa.it ia only conceded for a limited period ; the Conititutionml, which aaya the "Engliah journala pretend that England baa given to the United State* a leaaon of wiadom and moderation?they might add, that the government of the United States on ita part, haa given to other power* in relation with England a leiaon of dnnneu," and fioally the Siecte, whicn ay* " The United State* have not exceeded the offer made by Mr. Gallatin, and so haughtily refuted by Great Britain, but they have obtained, after 1H43, the aovereignty of the Columbia, which the Engliah had declared they would never?never abandon. We do not aay that the Americana have cauted to be admitted uujuat pretenaiom ; perhepa even they would havo done well not to have abandoned Vancouver'* Island to Great Britain, which, according to traveller*, offer* the only practicable porta in thoae part*; but we with to remark, that the United 8<atea, by maintaining their righta with flrmneas, have arrived at an arrangement advaiuageoui for them, but which wound*, in no reapect, the honor of Qreat Britain " And then the Sirelo goes on to inaiat that the French government ahould act toward* England a* the American doea ; and add* that if J it had done so. " England would have ceded in the Pritchard and Morocco questions, aa aha haa dona in that of the Columbia?not certainly from fear, but for reaped for a right resolutely sustained." 1 conies* I am greatly diaappointed at ao little attention being paid by the Parisian press to the se'tlement of this Oregon question, which at one time it was feared would plunge the world into the horrors of war. I am particularly astonished that the Journal dot Debate and L'Epoque, the organs of the government, should hare said nothing about it?they who were so violent in theirattacks on Mr. Polk, whilst the question was pending. Do they look upon Mr. Polk as so completely put down that it would be cruel to triumph over him 7 Or do they think that he made the Knglish government succumb ; and are reluctant to sing his praises 7 This silence will admit of either interpretation In private society I havo heard but one expression of opinion at the arrangement of this dispute, and that is of satisfaction. Americans, Knglish, French?all are pleased at the amicable conclusion of a miserable squabble which was utterly unworthy in itself of the interest it excited : and it is felt that, upon the whole, the arrangement is as equitable as could have been expected, neither party having maintained its extreme pretensions. A little while ago, many Knglishmen ol my acquaintance would have been delighted to have had "a brush with | the Vaakees," and many Americans would have been | delighted too with "a row with the British but all now | say that it would have been a calamity and a crime to I Kuva haU tun, inr meii s trinnncrv ebieo.t between nen I |>Ie in whose veins runs the seme blood, end who speak the same language. ' On the Mexican question some of the newspapers have put forth several aiticles, but none of much importance 1'he Republican National has complained ef M. (Juizot 1 having abandoned .Mexico to itself, contending that it i was the interest of France to have maintained its independence. But, that abandonment having taken place, ; the National insists that it is now the duty and interest : of the French Oovornment to allow the United States to swallow up the whole of Mexico, and even to aid them ! to attain that obiect. The same newspaper also complains of France being totally misrepresented at Mexico at this very critical juncture. Some of the newspapers I profess to be still of opinion that the American war with Mexico will lead to grave discussions with F.nglaud with respect to the Caliloniias. Others remark that Russia has some possessions on the California coast, and that any attempt or the United States to seize them will lead to complications with that gigantic power. Some papers say that Lord Cowley, the English Ambassador at the French Court, returned ta Paris on the breaking up of j the Peel miulstry, solely to persuade the French govern| meut to join in an energetic demonstration with England against any seizure of Mexican territory; but that is all I nonsense One or two journals think that the war with ' .Mexico will soon be ended; one or two that it will ' continue lor a long time; isme that the United Slates ( will accept the proposed intervention of England; some that they will certainly refuse iL In feet, the Faiisian press do not know what to make ol the Mexican question, and their remaiks upon it betray palpable embarI rassment and ignorance. , _ I The writer ol a letter from Washington to the Uorjt Hitutionnol, thinks that Oregon will, balora long, fall I into the hands ol the Ameileans. I Tlie Rev. George Croly, nay* a contemporary, I coalesces at last to the authorship of "Ten Thousand a-Year," so long attributed to Councilor Warren. This is cxtraoidmnry. if true, for Coun- j sellor Warren, to our knowledge, has admitted ' tliat he is the author. LD. Prto? Two OMttt France. Our advices from Paris are of the lfiili ult. Soma disappointment is expressed at there being no prospect of an alteration in the United States tariff likely to be beneficial to the commerce of France. The latest proceedings in the Chamber of Peers were of no interest. Cointe de Montalembert delivered an energetic denunciation of the (alleged) bin barous proceedings of die Austrian government during the G.ill.C an insurrection ; nut it drew from M Guizot no expression whatever of opinion, as he contended that he had no right to uiterlere in the domestic matters of another nation. There was also a long debate on Algiers, but it possessed ne interest. The Chamber of Deputies is dissolved, and a new one is ordered to be elected en the 1st Aug. The Mexican Charge d'Alfairs at Madrid has been appointed to the same office at Paris. The anniversary of the declaration of independence was duly celebrated by the American citizens in this country. At Havre a number of American sailars paraded the streets, with music at their head. Having been drinking, they kicked up such a racket, that a number of soldiers were sent to arrest them. This aroused their gall, and they set upon the soldiers, released the men they made ^tsoners, and beirg far more numerous put the soldiers to flight. A large body of soldieis was immediately culled out ana marched against them, the greater part et whom, after a somewhat severe conflict, were arrested and lodged in prison. The gambling in railway shares last autumn produced, as all gambling does, an immense numbei of disasters. It appears, for example, that at no time, tor many years, had the sales of family mansions and estates been so numerous as at that period, and they have since continued to exceed the average. It is the same wiih respect to mortgages. There are at present inscrib ed in ttie public registers not less man /tiu.uuu mortgages, amounting in the whole to ld,OUU,UUO,000 francs. A workman was yesterday condemned to a year's imprisonment and 500f. tine, lor having used in a public place insulting expressions respecting the King. Accounts from Algiers represent Abd-el-Kader as flying before ti^e French, and as in a state ol most puiuble distress. They represent also that the people are disgusted with him, complain bitterly of him, und refuse him all assistance. But they have said the same thing so often, and the result has proved it to be so untrue, that in this case we must not attach much credit to it. The General Carignac lias taken a terrible vengeance on the tribe that committed the slaughter of Dgeinina-Gazaouat. He bus also seized large flocks of sheep, and killed some score or two of men belonging to other tribes. The harvest will be very fine this year, but the crops have sustained some little injury by the long drought, followed by liigh winds. The vines are in excellent condition, and will yield abundant crops, which will make most excellent wine. One of the lavorite themes of the republican newspapers here is, that the British entertain an intense hatred towards the Americans, and that the latter return it with abundant interest. As regards my countrymen, I am certain that it is as much a calumny to represent them as hating the Americans, as it is to represent them as in heart and soul the deadliest enemies of France. The intelligent London correspondent of one of the inost important literary periodicals of this city bears mc out on this point, for he says, in one of his last communications from London, " The successes of Gen. Taylor have been received here with a satisfaction that would surprise those who take a pleasure in exaggerating the present rivalry of the United States and England. But there is always at the bottom of English hearts a family sympathy lor the ancient rebels of New England ?they triumph gladly in the triumphs of the Saxon race." Such testimony from an intelligent foreigner, and that toreigner a Frenchman, cannot possibly be called in question. In 1845, 1506 slaves were emancipated in the French colonies, making the total number set tree since 1830, 45,247. Slavery is detested in France as an atrocious abomination. It is in course of abolition in its colonies; and, in the course of a lew years, France will be able to make the same glorious boast as England, that her [lag floats over none but freemen, and that every slave placing his foot upon her soil instantly becomes free. A letter from China mentions that a great many American and Dutch vessels had gone to Macaa, since it had been declared a free port by Portugal. Some few English vessels had also gone there, but it was said that the English were excessively annoyed at the prospect of Hong Kong being abandoned. The Journal det Dtbatt and other newspapers have lately noticed, at some length, a wbrk published by an attache of the Belgium embassy at Washington, on emigration to the United States. One or two of the journals have expressed great mortification at seeing such vast numbers of Swiss and Germans wending their way to the United States, instead of to Algiers, where they think the chances of getting richer are better. But, unfortunately, they overlook one thing, and that is, that Algiers is governed by the iron hand of military tyranny, whilst in the United States there is freedom. Some little pamphlets have lately been put forth in Paris, strongly recommending emigration to the United States, and telling most marvelous tales of the fortunes to be gained there by everybody . 1 have also seen a pamphlet in Germany to the same etfect; but adding that the number of Germans in America is so great as to be already equal to the native-born Americans, and that not only do the Germans keep up their distinct nationality, speak their own language, and employ it in public documents, but that, in the course of a few years, they will be sufficiently strong to >tfect a separation from the Anglo-Saxon states, and establish an independent lierman nation on the American continent. What likelihood there may be of such an event I am not able to say ; but I can tell your readers, on the authority ol a German gentleman who has the means of knowing, that it counts for a great deal?more, perhaps, than would readily he believed?in the estimation of the thousands of Germans wh > quit then beloved " Vaterland " for the new world. The heat is very great in this part of the world. I Almost every body, except those compelled to remain, lias quitted Paris for the pleasures of the country, and not a few have gone on electioneering adventures. ' M. Hollander, Esq., has been appointed Consul of the United States, to reside at Sedan, (Ardennes,) in place of the late T. Hulme, Esq., deceased. The King has already granted the Exequatur. The money market has been inanimate, and the French funds remain nearly as they were. The three per cents closed at 83lr. 26c. and were at the same price in the couiiut after the Bourse. For account, fives are unaltered ; threes have fallen 5c. The foreign funds are unvaried. For cash, fives have fallen 5c; threes 10. The king, queen and royal family, returned to the Palace of Neuillv. from Dreux, on the 14th ult. The Comtitutiimml announce* that the price of wheat continued to decline in all the market* of the environs of Pans, that it was also looking down in that capital, and that nevertheless the price of bread would only undergo a reduction of one centime per killogramme during the second fortnight of July. The Atlantic and Pacific Canal.?-The engineers despatched by the French Government to take the requisite surveys for the projected canal across the isthmus of Panama, which is to join the two oceans, are stated in accounts from thence to have successfully accomplished their mission. The preferable point for the end of the canal on the Pacific side was selected at Vaca de Monte, a few miles west of the city of Panama, in the valley of the Caimito. On the Atlantic side the Bay oi Leinon was fixed upon as affording superior convenience for shipping to the port of Chsgres. The total cost of construction or the canal was estimated at 126,01)0,000 francs, or say five millions sterling. The total length would be 704 kilometers. There would be the necessity for cutting an ; "immense tunnel," which, lor shipping, must ' form an important portion ol the estimated ex1 pense. The depth of the canal was to be about seven yards, the width of the bottom twenty yards, and on the surface forty-five." t>?...trnnnii m Kmsn ?The IN AT O.VAI- lvB.i n.~-"- - ? ? --1 National vtnte', that accord inn to olhcial documents the following list represents the number of voters in the Electoral Colleges since 1880i ? Klactori. Election of July, 1831 |?1? Election ol July, 1834 ITI.?!? Election of Nov , 1837 Election of Mrh, 1839 3?'-il71 Election of Sept, According to Aim*nark Roymle 1843 338,Ml It is well known that since the new law on shopkeepers* licenses has come in force, the number of voters has diminished. The department of the Seine, which counted on the 2(Hh of October, 1844, V* . .?*

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