Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 4, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 4, 1846 Page 2
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< j; only contained, tin- 20th ^fOcteber I i ! 'il6. .eoti*eqtieiice of tint law i'h ' / i:teur pulili?ln"? Tin- returns of the intlireet ?.tx i d, \vnue-of France diirinif the first halt' v**:? o! 1446, wltu-hamounted t<>399 479,0001, ah'iw i * " unease, n? compared w ih tho ?* of 1444 of 21,868. WiOf, and of 9,575 ?t0f over 1845 The only heads of receipts in which there wa? any diminution, were celunial and lorei^n angar* and t-ait The fnllownu are the difleient items from which these* revenues were derived :? , F> nun Rf(ti?trr duties, mortgages kc 10* 4:0.ono Stamp duties -JO 7*4 nOn ' nstoins' duties on merchandise M 0*1 "?0 II tto on colonial sugars 1* 873 eon Ditto on foreign sugars S 9*48.OOtt Ditto en asportations t>8 oflO Ditto tiiminas 13 I One Nat 'gallon dues l.setOOii Ta\ on tho entimimption of salt 3S On (100 Ditto on domes'ic Migsr 8 770 Ontt Ditto on liquors 48 993'00 Sun Iry other receipts . 18 904 0n0 Produce of the i tie ol tohecce 67.0OH Ok) Dittjof gunpowder ti S*?>.noo Postage of letteri, ke 34.6M.tK>0 Mail cukchei. 1.067 00t( Mail packeU 620 O0u Total 899 469,000 Italy. We have received letters of the 8th tilt, from otu coi respondent in the city of Rome. No event of nny importance had occurred there. The new l'ope was making numerous small reforms, but the great que?tons had all been submitted to a council of Cardinal*, and ulterior measures were no?t poned until'the report of that bod was made. In the meant me tliegieatest tranquility prevail- ; ed nth in the cov and in the provinces; and, as the new Pontiir is deservedly popular, no fears were enlertu ned o' 'hat sound state of thing* being disturbed M Rossi, the French Ambassador presented, o% the 4th, his credential*, and was most hntid -i unely received by the Pope. I presume you have leaned before this, and perhaps announced to your readers, that the government of Naples has. by ordinance, reduced the duty on fabricated tobacco from 30 ducats to 18 ducats the ounital, and on leaf tobacco froin 15 to 9 ducats. No exception is made against Vitginta tobacco, and the United States will consequently profit by the rt duction. Spain. Our accounts from Madrid are of the 10'h nit. The comm.ttee appointed to prepare the codes had completed the portion of its ta*k relative to the organizitt on of the courts of justice, which it had pr< -eti'ed to the mini-tcr of grace and justice. The Herald n states that it was rumored a new cabinet wus about to be formed, under the ansp.ci s of M- Castro y Oro/co, for the avowed object of promoting the marriage of a Pr*nce of Coburg with the Queen. Messrs. Murillo, Brava, Feija*. Salamanca, and Conchn, were to enter that administration. The Heraldry declares that there is uo truth in the report, and adds that a inurri 'tie with the Prince of Coburg would oiler nn mienntflue til the cuimtrv According to the same journal, the revolutionary party meditated a movement at Valencia, but the authorities were do- ly watching it* mantEUvrea. The Hevo'w'ioot Lisbon of the 4'h inst announces the d'scovery of a Miguelite conspiracy atVizeu, and the occurrence ol disorders at Palmeira and Rraga Tl ie three per cents, were done on the Madrid Bourse at 33 for cash; the five per cents, at 20j; the debt Without interest at (>}: the shares of the Bank of San Fernando at 338; and those of Isabel at 200. M ?nain. Jt i r 10?The treaty between this eonntry end the republic of Uraguay has been published. It contains a formal recognition of the republic as an indopenlient nation, renounces nil rights that bpuin pretended to have over it. gives a complete amnesty to all Spaniard* and others that took part against the Spanish government, and declare* that a ti vaty of commerce shall be negotiated us soon as possible It ie considered likely that the elections cannot take place belore November Belgium. Tie treaty with France has been approved by the Chamber of Representatives and sent up to the Senate, where it will be reported upon this day The w ir of tar id's between tnii country and Holland may he considered at an end. Oe rinnny. Mr D-nelson, the new Vmerican minister in plaee of Mr U heatstone. has artived here, and befoie this ieacl.es yon. he will have been received by the King, aud have presented bis credentials Immediately on the American minister announcing the blockade oi Mexican potts, it w us acknowladged by the Pi nssian government an 1 publication of it ordered to be made winre vet neve?.try In the llanse Towns the hlovkude w as also instantly recognised It ttaxln. TJie AuethrHs; Giztttt -trttca tlwt tliv Prince Royal nf Wurti'tiibu g a rived on the 2f) li tilt, tit the chateau ol Peteriiotf, the rea.dence of the imperial family of Russia. Our own |. ivnt correspondent Ht St Petersburg", -tab - rlint the marriage of bis Royal Highness and the (rnuicl Ditchers (digit was to tHke place on the 13tn mat (Ihm M unlay.) but that tne rej'i'.eings m celebration of it would not comilieitee lit lore 'In- 23lh. thir correal undent states that the Russian government wits in consternal on at the ap irehended total lit lure ot the present harvest. The J'u t <ankfnrt publishes the following letter, dated :,o i tfte banks of the Rhine, July 4:? There is no longer any reason to doubt ot a reconciliation bring on loot between Kti-sf. and France. We will take no notice ol the assertion of some of the Paris jour nals. which lose themselves in details of this event, and er. ti go so far us to say that the count de UenkenJortf is designated by Russia to prepare the arrangments for the reconciliation The count de Benkendortf, brother of the princess de Lieven, who doubtless is the person alluded to, died last year; and if the probability ol a reconciliation legended on the truth of the main article of news given by the Paris papers, and the details which they it ,t ?,.t ?r o ., But we ht?ve, neverthrleii, every reason to believe that the new t of a better understanding between Russia anil France having taken place ii true ' Foreign Theatrical*. Taglioni, the celebrated daoseuee, has arrived in Lonuon, from Osterid. Mr Tiem, ol Colchester, who is now in his 96th year, It i- ..s: Leen elected an honorary member of the Koy.tl .-to-i.- / el Musicians, of which he has been a member between sixty and seventy years. A new play, entitled "Borough Politics," has been produced with the greatest success at the Hayiuurket Theatre. According to a statement published in th*,/<wnal of the iiagut, the Countess Rosm, the celebrut d Sontag, will shortly re-appear on the stage, in consequence of a reverse ol lortune. Madlle. Rachel arrived in London on Sunday, and appeared on Monday evening, at the St. James' The a tie, in her celebrated character of Camdle, in CorneiUe's tragedy of "Le3 Horaces." A new musical instrument carled the serpentcleide, the invention ol Charles Hugged, has recently been introduced by M Jullien. It is said lo cumoint", in ii auperioi uegret*, me excellencies of ti?e serpent anil the opbiclcide, possessing tlie power ot ttie one and tlie softness ot the other. Market!. Lovdos Mnwrr MaHB?T, July 18, f n?The Kiodl nave bee i vei y <1 nil ihu morning. ami appear a little flat. < omuls. 9..', \ tor present iran?ler, and 115% for Account; fc*Cliei|Uet.iu? 10* to 111 premium; ana New Ihreeami vttuartor per ( enta , H7,% to i?7V Hank Stock ban been bun at 'lutt. Lait luuia Mock haa beeu supported at /til. 1 he dealing! in the Foreign Investments have been limited also, but, eacept Portuguese, they are generally supported at the previous rates Spanish t hree per t enia, have been 36 I-*, ami the Five per tents 24%; Portaguse Four per I entt. are heavy at 41 to 4->' The accounts Irom Lisbon are considered to be unlavurahle, and a good deal of difficulty it anticipated in the collection of die revenue, .bexican Stock lias been at 17 to 27% The Share .larket it still fluctuating, hut appean iiot to be very well supported Bant or Kiouid.-An account, pursuant to the act 7tb and 8th Victoria, cap 31, far the week ending on Saturday. the Ittli day of July, 1946: IsscK iJi.rax i mvs r. .Notes issued ?*,2o6,J6?l Government debt .?11,013.100 Other securities... 2.U6I 9U0 Isold com it bull'u U ill in Sblver bullion .... 2.ill.'ill ?20,106,380 ?29,KM lea Banner. Dr.raaTMrsr. Proprietors'ftpital?ll,533.Wi0 Government seenMeat S.iM.541 ruies (including Public deposits, in- drad weight ancJuding Ksche- uuity ?12902,117 qurr,Savings iiks. Otlier securitlcs... 16.113.726 Commissioners of Notes 6,l25,6JU National debt and Gold It silver Coin 30o,3c6 dividend accounts 3.189 116 ; Other .leif.it. 15,661.2118 Seven 4T, a,id other bills 911 566 ?38.12< .809 ?31,1/7 609 M .MARSHALL, f hief Cashier Dated the 16th day of July, I8a6 Li sr. a rooL (oiius stasiai. July 10 1846 ?We have had stesilt moke'an I a goo.I and iegtllar demand thioughout the si,-a (.rims being fully supported for all kin i saves, ili nda. w hicti* w en'off hearts a ihr public aule I day v * ,e i. , >, to I I irr lb the mnMlii ana tiS ... .'"ii - - - - ?*? - 1 whit* wara . . ..,|?i ,f , ^ |o ? . 4 7'Jb Ktainad do. ode I . mo : 0 , .. to 7,1 8p*C'll*tOrr hava iJKi't KMi, 1., \irnricM AU<I M> ymrtuf* -tofiO halo* ul American and no hum. I'll# oU*4 to- Mllu.nig tl? .l.\ 1,1. I|.- I. are out soon t.alea Jl.LT 17. W ft .nil* OMi. *11 fi '.111. till .'U^ iiout Ilia w aek, tnJ n linn mark*!. V ath? ifn. i>k in t vol of holder*) aii I a u >ol *'? nt ol b" tien i? none .it the extreme rate ol Kridat l .?t ?( e DMlur< bin lak u Oj ? nelai ol AmeiicaD and I.Ml suiat, . no eaj.oriei. w.o t?l<? ol American, no IM> (tai nt. The eatei to dny arc about to00 hblai ol ail Hindi, the market >'loiiiiK itvaOily i.t Id ?Thara hai baaua fair deniann foi cotton toda;. I 'h? lalaa hi# aitimated at about MM Ml baioa, including leOO oa ij-eeulaUon and lor export. Tha market,upon ' the whole, bt? boon firm, but no change cm be quoted to price*. Loxnox roe* Miriit. July 17.- 8ince the tailing ot the Oreat Bri'ain on the 7th in?t. there hat nut been an extensive business done either in home grown or foreign wheats furirg the t? eek ending July 11. the errivali i?e w ere 3 tidJ qu uter* Factors for the same period manifested ron?idemble fiimnrn; at the lame time prices hid h declining tendency Although United Steles end f*n?'iian Flour did not excite mi much n'trntion, (till a large business w?? done from the 6lh till the lSlh instant At the market held on the 13th. prices of homegrown Wheat iece,led 1* to 2? per qr Little business w as done in foieign American Floui was less active, an I B rley rnvntmned its previous value. Prices cur, rent ? ere *4? to 2iAs for New Orleans and 2fl? to 27a for the t'etter destyintions; extra 29a per hht On tha Iftth instant r.nglish' Wheat tilled very doll at the decline noted on Monday, end a similar remark applies to foreign, while Flour continued in fair demand. et rather less money an 1 since the lilwration the sales have been ao laige that many consider the slock tieie bn* been half aohl On Friday , the 17th inst , there wea no alteration to report either in the value ot demand lor Wheat; retail tales only were effected Flour continues in fair request but prices manifest a downward tendency l.isKurooL I oms Mssii t Jclv 18.?Up to the 14th inatant. the transactions in Wheat have been of a very trifling character, but tellers have man.Tested firmness, end allow no disposition to give way, so that the sale* eflec ic'i were not at lower prices. On the 14th initant, there was not more than a retail demand for wheat, and pricea declined 4 1 to 3d per buahel. American Flour baa a fair sale to country dealers ; the small advance effected during the preeeding week was lost, anJ prices closed hardly so good as those quoted in our last publication On the 17th there was a fair demand for good fresh Wheat, chiefl) Ameiican. hut inferior (fualities meeting little attention, and local dealers, being uninfluenced by the rain, bought sparingly At the current sales of the 14th, which weie generally incapable of improvement, United States and Canadian Flour continued to be taken freely, and superior brands commanded extreme rates. Indian corn and < orn .Meal have receded in value, and muat be considered very dull at the quotations. Av? msgs I'kici: or Oasm. H'hi Urly Oats Hyt Bru. Prat. Ffr. Juse 6 32 1C 27 8 23 4 32 10 3) 10 3 4 10 0 0 Ju .e 13 32 0 27 1 23 8 32 4 33 I 34 9 0 ? June 20 31 3 27 3 23 3 34 4 36 4 39 0 0 June 27 32 2 27 4 23 6 32 7 37 6 33 0 0 0 July 4 32 10 27 6 23 8 33 3 38 3 33 3 0 0 July 11 52 4 27 7 24 3 33 II 37 11 35 1 0 0 Aag'eests sversfe of the sis w eeks.32 3 27 5 23 7 33 1 36 11 34 7 6 0 Duty on For. Prod present week... 50 40 16 49 49 40 30 Do other Brit. Col 10 10 10 18 10 10 04 Livssrooi. Markets, July IS.?Since the sailing of the Great Britain, the produco markets have been rather quiet ; but although (he business transacted has been rather limited, owing to the uncertainty which prevails regarding the contemplated commercial schemes of the new government As, however, they are expected to be of a liberal nature, a brisker demand for produce for home consumption is unticiputed, the stocks of produce in tecond hands are smaller, the consumption greater than for some years ; whereas prices are generally low, the laboring population well employed in the manufacturing, as well as in the agricultural districts of the country, and there being every appearance of en abundant and early harvest, and orders increasing for all articles the result ol British industry. Aslies?Sales of Montreal pot ashes have been made at 21 > per cu t., but there is only a limited demand for pearl ashes at previous prices. Iron?During the last fortnight an impulse hat been given to the tra le by the giving out of several large ordeit for rails Tig iron and morchant bars have unproved nearly 10s. per ton from the lowest paint, with the prospect of a further improvement. The uuarterly meeting uf the iron masters at Birmingham, on tne 9th instant, was well attended; a large amount of business was done, and subsequently large contracts have been entered into with the makers by the principal stockholders in the kingdom. The Scotch ironmasters have sold heavily, and are not now disposed to sell further, unless at high prices. In Wales the principal makers ere still working at rail orders, and are not dispoaed to take further orders, unless at advanced pricea. A much gieater number of railway bills have received the royal assent than were expected ; and the demand for iron to supply all these works must lie very great for several > ears to come, providing no revulsion takes place to stay their progress. The now government has attained a stability in a tew da) s. which has surprised all par ue* ,i severe ximi will lane place next week on the government measure lor reducing the sugar duties ? (Should a majority be obtained on this question, it is most probable the session will close peaceably ; and this anticipation, with the prospect of an abundant harvest, induces men of hutiuus* to look forward, hopefully, to a profitable trade during the autumn and winter The follow ing are the present quotations for iron Merchant bar, ?9 16s to ?!> ; best do. ?10 in-, to ?10 16s, ; hoop. ?10 16s to ?11 ; sheet.?l I 16s to ?11; No 1 Scotch pig,?4 7s. 6 I Nuval Stores? \ fair amount ol business has been transacted in turpentine at 7s per cwt No sales have been repotted in tar or rosin, but the prices of these articles remain without anj alteration Provision*?American ? Since'the Jil inst. the demaud for beef ha* neon on the most limited scale, and prices hare further giren way. The decline is greater, however, on the middling and low qualities, holders of really fine quality continuing firm Koi pork there has been a slow sale; the advices ot lower prices I) the Caledonia tend to depiess the market here f urther arrivals of new cheese, of indifferent quality, have met a fair sale ?a really fine article would command a high price 'I lie market is well cleared of lard and price- have stiffened fid to 1* pet cwt Vt the present moderate rate* there ir a great consumption for this article Hi e continues ill good demand and the sales aie loir bug- Ucngal at I'd* to 1 Is 3d lot good white broken ami 13- 96 foi ver\ good white. 30 tierces American rlemcd brought 34- hi bond Tallow, kc ?The tallow market haa undergone no ehange tins week ; Peten-burgh V. < continue- lo -ell in limited parcels at 43s. and North American, not verj briskly, at about lot mer ia'e- ; a sniall lot of Houth American, in second hands, lealrzed 4u-ti l |>er cwt Lard has been much inqnued for, ami the sales during the week have established an advauce of fully Is, 6<rii) kegs and 1000 barrels having been sold at 33s fid to Sfis |ier cwt. Poha-'co ? Him e last report the sales are ahaiit 300 hhd*. mostly Virginian and Western strips, taken for Scotland and the home trade Prices ere unaltered, but the market is dull FariiiHTs at fjivKarnOL, July 1H?With considerable arrivals of ahipptng, and but limited orders, freights iemain dull, and have declined since our last We quote the iollow ing isles, foi (inn*i.-nt ships, for goods, kc to New \ ork Idea l weight, fis to 7s; earthenwate 4s fid to 6s; fine goods. 16s; hardware, 13* fid |>er ton Boston ?dead weight. 10s to 13s 6d; earthenware. 4s 6d to 6s; fine goods, 30s to 3-rs; hardw are. 16s to 30s per ton. Philadelphia?head weight, 10s to 13s fid; earthenware, Ss; fine goods, 36s; hardware, 30s per ton. New Orleans? dead weight. 13s fid; earthenware, fis; fine goods, 36s; hardware, 36a. Charleston and Savannah?fine goods. Q4t; coarse, -JOi; hardware, 34s ; earthenware, 10*" dead weight, 16*. Statk or T*ad( us thk MavvraoTvailto Diaraicrt? In moat of the manufacturing diatricta there ia a fair demand for gooda. There have heeu a good many buyer* at Leeda, *o that buaineaa has been much higher in the warehouses than for some time past. A good business was done in Huddercficld on the Mth inst Buy era both for home und export trade are extending their purchases, aud a fair business has been done in the piece market at Bradford. Accounts (rom Rochdale inform us that there has been some little improvement in demand for pieces, but ne change in price*. The wool market conliouos inactive, and tne business transacted has been very limited Business at Manchester has been rather dull duiing the week ending July 18. The shippers and the home trado seem pretty equally indisposed to operate. Prites, therefore, exhibit rather less firmness than last reported. Havre, July 16.?Cottons?There has been a much less degree of spirit manifested iii business than we noticed in our preceding circular, and although the demand ha* been of a steady character, and the daily sales to a fair amount, they have been comparatively small, which, however, must he chiefly ascribed to the consi derable transactions that had previously taken place, and was thereloie a result to be looked forwaid to But notwithstanding the decrease in the buy ing. and the increase to our stock by the im|>orts within this last week, holder* maintain a Ann attitude, not the slightest pressure to realise has been exhibited, and prices are fully maiutaiued at our quotations. The continued propitious state of the weather, and promising appearance of the wheat crops, added to the small stock et cotton held by thetiade. may be considered at substantial grounds for anticipating n revival in demand at no distant period ; but the dearth of news liont the United States serves in a great measure to deter buyers from operating more ex ivuoitci; . I>||U UUMI w? air j'ui ill |IU||0H|OD Ol lUe BUvices of the 'J*th ultimo end let instant, by the Great Western ami Caledonia steamers, thing* are not likely to undeigo any material alteration. The former of these vessel* ha* arrived in Kngland. but as the accounts by her cannot come to hand in time for us to notice in tho j>reaent report, the effect that their contents will have produced in our market, we must defer it till the next opportunity when we shall also have received our dispatches by the latter conveyance. Ashes?Our market continues quite deToid of activity, but prices have not undergone any change from previous quotations. Only PS bills American potash, ttrst brands, were run ofl'et I 33 AO per AO kil, duty (fr 8 3A) paid. Pear lash has been neglected ; w e, however, fquotc it as before at l 30 AO. lor home use. No supplies have ariived within the last week Hides?This artiole partakes of the general dullness in business,and the sales aie scat rely desert mg ol any notice, consisting ol merely a few lots New Orleans wet salted at 3lSi cents, Kio at 29 rents, and Hio Grande at 40 cents per kil, duty paid. The only import wasPJA from New Orleans. Lead? Nothing has taken place this week in Missouri load, which we quote at ! AO to AO AO por 10U kil, duty p,id. 1 he imports amount to 19,041 pig", by several vessels from New Orleans Hice?Theie has been but a very limited demand in i aiolmarice, which, coupled with the addition-o our stock l.j the .e ent arrival#, ha.ep.o duced a lurther depreciation.and prices have again receded, 3ott tierce? having been tol l at I tiff AO to 41, making a dei line ol 4 to A within the la-t week The sales iu other descriptions consist ol ea t bags Gabon at f IS, and 0,0 hag* t-.ast India at f 17 per Mr kil, duty paid The iraporta were Jot tieices from Cherlesion, 494 bags front i olenitis, and tUU hagsf.om Oshon Whalebone-Scarce ly any thing tins tweu done in this i.ticle, only a smell lot ol north western fishery having futiud i,?>era at tl 40 per), ail. for consumption Southern h.heiy is worth I J tUH I" a OS We nave received *hi h."ndIe. bv one ot oui whalers slock, 100 tons, against luu tons U.t yea Wheat and Hour-Owing to the favorable state ol the weather, aud the forwardness ot the wnea. croo pure- have declined in neatly all our meikets t he avesg. at in- last oiitiviliiers meikel wa< ol A7 pei sai k V 20, I I a log a ie<!uc;io. of I I on i,a> ol the vior- ?' 1 ale oi Aoo Id-Is taien an ft tir ,o-ik place at I d'i poi hbl in bun I. Pol I < it ill llilclllg. n< I . I Hon. Isaac Hit!. Hon Wm Pitkin, end D. C.Me< *ll??, K.ai; . all of Rochester b -ve been appointed bytheGc| vnrnoi, Lkut Govenioi ptroller, it?mil?tan Hi to i:' ot ac' foi He ' ion n-l icb--ure of the i,,,ii?. o: Kefige mi le.src.ul-- I't - nquut* m VV >? ?in New 1 ork,wtihdei tue act ol Mat ? letti Pa: is . Dunning he demo r-He candidate fur I,.eut G.ivarnor bus golia Willi the Indiana VOIUII eeis to i tie grue el elections in Kentucky commenced j ?e. terday. tien. J. L. Taylor, of Roaa co , I* the whig cendidete lor < ongra i in tlie Hih dutrict, now competed of Adaraa, Jeckioo. Tike, Koae and >ciolo couutiaa, Ohio. NEW YORK HERALD. New York, TunMlay, August 4, IN40. The Newa I ruin Europe? I'lic Katlttentloii of the Oregon ' reaty. The lightning line announced, early yesterday morning, the arrival of the Hibernia at Boston with twelve days later intelligence from Europe, that is to say to the 19th ult. About dinner time we received our despatches, and in the evening the Long Island tiain came in with the mads. The news thus received is interesting and important. The most interesting pieoe of news is that of the ratification of the Oregon treaty by the British government. We learn that General Armstrong, our popular and highly respected consul at Liverpool, arrived in 'he Ilibernia, and reached this cuy lasi evening en route to w asmngton, us oearer of the ratified treaty, and of despatches from Mr. McLane to oar government. It will be recollected that General A. left here on the 26th of June in the Great Western, as bearer of the treaty to England, and now he is here again. This is quick work. The intelligence of the settlement of the Oregon question created the liveliest gratification throughout Great Britain. Our private udvices state that in many parts of the Kingdom bonfires were lighted, indicative of the joy felt by the English people. It is to be hoped that only bonfires will be used to light the nations of the world to the path of peace. Acoording to our advices, there is not the slightest prospect of any interference on the part of Great Britain in our war with Mexico, other than the friendly offer of mediation. The commercial accounts do not vary materially from those received by the Great Britain.? The free trade movement was advancing with the greatest rapidity, and the new premier had announced his determination to carry out the free trado measures commenced by Sir Robert | Peel. All the free trade members of parliament had been elected; and the new ministry must ' plainly see that the only way in which they can > sustain themselves, is to adopt the principles of j the old cabinet in relation to free trade. If they do this, and bend to circumstanoes in all gTeat ; i measures, they may remain in power longer than I their opponents anticipate ; but on the contrary, if they -attempt to carry any measure in opposition to those principles, their term of office will be limited. The position taken by the new ministry had restored public confidence, and business had become again settled. Parliament will be dissolved by the middle of August, when the political questions of the day will be at rest, und we may then I look for considerable activity in commercial af! fairs. The American Congress and the British , Parliament adjourn about the same time; when | the people of both countries will be relieved from the continual excitement caused by the agitation I or alteration of those laws regulating the com! mercial policy of each nation. Business will be allowed, for a time, to go on free from those testraints any contemplated change in commercial laws places upon it, and we see nothing to prevent a very prosperous period. In relation to trade there is nothing new. Money was plentier than it had been for some time previous, and quotations for funds show a - light advance. The cotton market was active, and prices firm, indicating a healthy state of that tiade. The corn maikets were inactive, and prices verv much depressed, in consenuei.ee of the immense quantity of grain and breadstuff* forced forward for sale under the new duty. We have received a very interesting letter lrom Mr. Bennett, which we intend te publish in toI morrow's Herald Congressional ? Warehouse Bill In the Se1 nate?Veto of the River and Harbur Bill. The Senate agreed to the amendment made by , the House to the Warehouse bill, and it therefore ^ only wants the signature of the President to be come a law. There was a very interesting debate in the House upon the President's veto message on the River and Harb ir bill, and several members availed themselves of this opportunity to charge the President with inconsistency and dupl city i One of the objections to the bill was, that the ! money appropriated for this purpose was wanted to carry on the war with Mexico. There is no doubt but that there has been some log rolling in this business, as it would be otherwise difficult to i account for the sudden change in the position of j the executive. It is highly probable that this bill will pass by a two-thirds vote and become a law, notwithstanding the veto. 1 This River and Harbor bill has been a stumbling block to several Presidents. President Tyler carried off one in his pocket, and the first veto ; of President Polk is on this bill. 1 The Mexican War. The latest advices from the Rio Grande are to the effect that the United States forces had taken Camargo, without meeting with any op1 position; and that there were only some three hundred Mexican soldiers stationed at Monterey. If this be true, and we have no reason to doubt it, our army will be obliged to penetrate the inte' rior before they can have a fight, if they can get one at all out of the Mexicans. At the taking of Camargo, the Mexican General Carrabajal was on the opposite side of the River San Jaan, and rjuietly looked on as a spectator, as the republican procession moved into that town. We are confirmed in the opinion we formerly expressed, that this war will never be terminated until the fortress of San Juan dc Ulloa shall have \ been captured, arid an American army shall be ' on the road to the capital, or some really imjiortant revolution takes plat e in Mexico. The successful bombardment of San Juan d'Ulloa would produce an effect : that is what is wanted. The XcwYork Pilots, We perceive that the organ of the clique of 1 under-writer* is again at its work. Not satisfied with ht aping abuse on the pilots of th*s port, lor a series of years past, it has renewed the attack ; arid as formerly, omits no accusation that ' can further its motives, or tend to injure these hardy and enterprising men. The organ of the clique, as is its habit, when it endeavors to bolster up a weak case, premises its remarks with a little special pleading, and plnus: ible sophism, for the want of facts upon which to i base an argument Aftet expending some breath in this wny, it proceeds to say, that there arc three sets of pilots in this port, each competing with the other?each harm# distinct interests, and all competent These are mere assertions. There are not three sets of pilots,each competing with the other. The law of 1-137 d -stroyed all competition, as we can prove. Cilice that I iw was passed, the ohque of underwriters and stock jobbers brought into being & class ot pilots from Jersey, and elsewhere, who received all the patronage it could influence. Circulars were addressed by this W?</i*? and such age.its or consignees who chose to make themselves t icir i ders and tbmtors, to the captaia* and orfic r<?ii'vo.., arriving in this port, directing them up y n pilot* but tun prongt:i Oi inc cli que , itin cf meiirrtng their displeasure. The tl : v is that the New York pilot# war* I V'-iV do: fnjoyuijf (toy competition; ind t p#ft oi tl?< i.uueii i if lo#?. of human Uf?* that occurred o u'ir im -> 11 t v* iiti i # wn? pisiiy nit. touted ' 1 the iHUl of I lie pl.O v^u OI U it port. Ill OHlHll Wilt'lO the odiums ut vo**-*el? reiusid to make di Uincliou between the p lot*, a New York pilot was ill mot t invariably the first to board ttieir vessels and taka tkein into port?but contrary to custom and pre 1 . I cedent, they ere not allowed by the clique to pilot ; the tame vessels to sea again. The great incentive to risk their lives in going ; hundreds of tnilee to sea in search of vessels,was, that by custom the pilot who tuok a vessel into harbor, invariably piloted the same vessel to sea on her return voyage. Some of those circulars spoken of are in the hands of the Committee of Congress which has the pilot matter in charge; and in proof of the latter assertion, we refer the public to the list of vessels that have been piloted in by the New York pilots, and taken out by the others, which we published a few months since in the Herald. We think this is conclusive that there is no competition. As regards the competency of the pet pilots, we know nothing and say nothing. The organ of the clique again brings up the not suppose that public opinion has not yet ren,.dered a verdict on that catastrophe, and acquitted the old pilots from all censure or blame in the premises. Neither is it ignorant of the

fact, that petitions without number, issued by our most influential citizens, are now before Congress, praying a repeal of the law, and that resolutions of the same kind have been vociferously carried at public meetings, in this city and elsewhere. Wo apprehend all this is well known to the editor of the clique't organ, but he must act as if ho were ignorant of them to further the motives ot the clique. The organ wildly asserts again, that no one is wronged by the existing law. This is equally untrue. The New York 'pilots were possessed of rights that the law of 1887 deprived them of?and that in an unjnst and inconsiderate manner. Before the passage of this law, the pilotage of this port was under the care ot the Legislature or thia State; and this body made it imperative on each pilot to serve an apprenticeship of five or seven years, and go through the ordeal of an examination, before he was allowed to follow the business. Congress took the matter out of the hands of the Legislature, and threw the pilotage open to the whole world, and thus swept away the rights which they devoted at least five years of labor and hardship to acquire. How then can such an assertion be put forth,that the present law wrongs no one 1 On the contrary the basest in- j justice is done by that law. We have now taken up and refuted the assertions which the organ put forth yesterday. We trust Congress is acquainted with ihe true statement of the case,and we hope that it will speedily re-instate the pilots of this port in the enjoyment of : their rights, by repealing the unjust law of 1837, and placing the p.lotage of this port where it rightfully belongs?under the control of the Legislature. We will then have abundance of competition, and justice will have been rendered to a class of men, the equal of whom cannot be found in the world. We shall again revert to this important sub ject. The California Expedition.?The California regiment is now fairly enenmped on Governor's Island, where they are drilling and making pre- { parations for embarkation in about three weeks. They will go out in three merchant ships, with a convoy of the sloop-of-war Preble. A company from Steuben county, afine looking j lot of men, arrived yesterday. The regiment wil make on the voyage eleven stopping places. These will, probably, comprise ! most of the South American ports on both sides j of the countiy. They will sail about the 20th. In addition to the above our readers will ' see by an advertisement in this paper that a company of mounted men in addition to j Colonel Stevenson's, is being raised for Califs..,;,, u'.. -i.-r ?r i? -i the Panama -horny notore sne ? ?< to sail in a nay or two alter the vnsael wm arreate<l at the suit of a bottom { ry craditor, ami sold tinder hit proe.esa. Che petition era now come anil anply to he paid the amount ol their claim out ot the fund in court Upon argument, the court considered that petitioners had hv their con tract waved their lien, and denied the appljation. ami further ordered that if an appeal wn- not token, uitlnn the titns limited, that the 'lark of the ' out p?> over to K S (^ttincv the balance in court towai Is aativfj mg hi I claim against the ship. | Ma if AfrMfcu re. the Mnsiftil Sue I This w?> n collision raie, and all the lacU and lircumatancca connected with it, were formerly ic|o tod in i the HtraU lU'tje Belts gate hi lift . e end or lent I that the (ihellaut recover againsttne steamhiut New Jersey, tfi tackle, lie and that it l.? teieied to oil" of the ' o iimisaioiiers of the ( ourt to Compute the amount of damage an' to report to the c mrl tlienon Cnllj/trrt ul ft '*? HrnmhwU fiisi tii I 1 tin the III? I. .r tl.? I...,, ... ,in.l tarVe, Ic the lu ll of illUtf io, wiltl lUtereat If u i June. lead. together with hl? tmn:l colli; ay I toil unie i n appeal be taken within the time limiteii t>y the court, that the itipujatora for coet eu<J value pay into court the amount of their etipulatione, ami that the clerk diitri bute the aeme. 11 i ?'?!?!? ** ^ uiv giau wi litis, wcuausc lUDic air hundreds of our enterprising young men who were much disappointed in not being able to join Colonel Stevenson's expedition. This company will be officered by men of talent and military experience, and will consist of the flower of our youth. Theatrical and Mualenl. Bowrsr THinxtr.- This establishment was filled lest ' evening from pit to dome, by a numerous and fashionable audience, who assembled for the purpose of seeing performed the new drama of " Iloboken " the principal incidents of whirh are founded on a melancholy occurrence that took place in this city at the close of the last war. The play is admirably got up,and was excedingly well performed throughout We regret that the press on onr columns, caused by the atriral of the steamer, precludes us noticing it as we intended We shall, how ever, take an early opportunity of doing it juatice It would he invidious to speak farorsbly of the acting of any pirticular member of the company when all done so extremely well. T e piece met the approbation of the immense audience,and will be a vary auccessful card for the manager. GartiswicH TiutiTH-Mr. Freer produced an excellent novelty, last evening, in the farce of " Did you ever send your wife to the Greenwich 7" but the great attractiona of the evening, were the truly wonderful performances of Mr. Wood and hia sen. A full and fashionably filled house greeted their exertions with loud and continued peals of fervent applause. They, indeed, may rank with the first pantomimists of the age Their dog. too, is an animal possessed of an instinct which shows more tact than many who have minds. This evening, they appoar again in the pantomimic spectacle of " La Perouse, assisted by Mr. Freer himself, who will sustain the character of the navigator. The nautical drama of the " Black Eagle, or the Murdered Doatmon." will also be produced ; Miss Julia Drake will appear in this piece. Go early and escape the crowd. Castlk Gauds:*?This delightful resort attracts great crowds, nightly, to listen to the delightful music which mty be heard there every evening, and eat the delicious ice creams that can alwaya be procured there. Mr. Davenport is playing at the Albany museum. Howe fc Co's mammoth circus were expected daily at Buffalo. Dan Marble is shaking the aides of the good peopla of Cleveland, with hii peculiar comicalitie*. Jack Reeves, the Iriih comedian. wa? (tabbed to the I heart, and killed in the theatre at Cincinnati, on Tuesday night, by a man named Cook. City Intelll'.'ence. Common Covncil.?There will be a special meeting of both boardi this evening, for the traniaction of lonaluiinei( requiring immediate attention. A Second Caliph. ? Kverybody haa read with intere(t the story of the Caliph of Bagdad, who made practice of visiting in the disguise of a private citizen, all parte of the city, the high aa well at the low, and endeavoring to remedy delects, to reward honest poverty, and curb the apirit of pride. But ever) body doea not know that oar worthy Mayor Mickle it practiaing on the aame principle, and it, in thia respect- a second Caliph. But auch ia the fact On Sunday laat, hit ilonor started from hia reaidence, and went on a voyage of observation and diacovery to the Five Points, and the classic region in that vicinity. He went down Croat street, stopped at the corner of the Points, took a peep into the cellars along there, and snuffed up for a moment the delightlul aroma which ever rises there ; passed up Little Water street, stopped at the corner of Centre and Anthony streets ; went into the grog shops tbeie, very much to the delight of the red nosed lasses, who were " imbibing" blue ruin ; went up Anthony street to Bioadway, in?i*)ctiug the cellars lie must have had a very delightful time of it, and we hope he will profit by hia journey i Ts sriMONitL TOCsrT. Fit7.ov*ai.d?The members of the Fourth Ward Tolice, are about to present a pair of valuable silver pitchers to their ex Captain Fitzgerald The pi takers ran l>e seen in the window ol Messrs Moure A o , No 113 ? hatham street, and are of splendid workmanship. They are intended at a testimonial 01 the estimation in whivn this popular gentleman is held by those lately tin ler him. and do credit to the donors as well as the recipient Cnltrd liiales District Court* * Before Judge Betts Aro 3?Decisions?Was Tryen and Samuel Judith, priiHantrt. rs thf thip Panama, her latklt jc.?The ]>e titioners in this cause furnished sea stores lor the use ol NltM ImMUiinM. Acouer 1-jlUtmpt at High/may Ribkrry.?A 'allow culled Bob Daly *u arreatedlaat night by a 4th Ward policeman, on a charge of attempting to rob a Mr. J tinea W. Moore, grocer, by Mixing him by force in Water atreet, and endeavoring to take from hn pocket a wallet containing *45 in money. Upon Mr. Moore giving the alarm, the thief waa accidentally erreated by a 4th Ward policeman and certainly much credit ia duo the otBcer for bia vigilance I ommitted for trial. Hone Thief. ?Tliomaa Brown waa arreated on a charge of a-ealin< a hoiae belonging to Mr. (Lllet. Committed by Juatice Meruit. Q-and Lan my?v woman called .Margaret Kenoble waa errea-.ed by oflcer Lawrence, of the *d Ward, charged with ate a ling from the money drawer of a baker'aehop corner of Bth aremie and Nth atreet, $S7. A portion ol the money wee found In her poaaeavron ? Locked up for trial. .In Old Thief Caged ? Ofllcera Gerriaon and Burna, of the let Ward, arreated early yeetenlay morning a fellow called Charlea (lamer, charged with picking the pocket ?' ? " v, uiwp tt, ? i wiu?[ contnug $16, wlul* iu Washington Market On searching this rascal's person, the ofllcera found in his pockati various fancy article*, such aa anuflT bone*, and direr* other lancy articles, alio, on saarohlug a raliie that beloug--d to the accu*ed, they discovered a small boa sealed up, when, on breaking it open, it was found to contain a pardon granted to the accused by Governor Wright, setting forth therein that he had been sentenced in the year 1843, to five years imprisonment in the State Prison at Clinton, Clinton county, for forgery, and was pardoned by the Governor on the 18th of November, 1843 , also, with two letters of recommendation written by the keep era. setting forth his good qualities while in prison, snd commending him to the public. Justice Osborne locked the accused up for trial Burglary in Newark.?A black fellow called Jesse Manning was arrested yesterday, charged with committing a burglary iu Newark. N. J , and stealing therefrom various articles of silver ware and clothiog. Committed for examination, to be sent bock for trial. Court of General Sessions. Ai'Ocst 3 ?The August term of this court com menced this morning before the Recorder and Aldermen Benson end Purser. John McKeon, Lsa District Attorney. The calendar for the term is as follows, vii : For manslaughter, 3 ; assault and battary with intent to kill, 1 ; robbery, 1 ; bigamy, I ; forgery, 3 ; burglary, 4 ; grand laiceny, 10 ; petit larceny, 8 ; misdemeanor. 1: assault and battery, I?total, 36 ; previously convicted, 1: previously indicted, 31 ; witness, 1 ; abandonment of families, 1; bastardy, 1?total, 37 old cases,making of old and new cases, 63. Orand Inqutii ?On the names of the gentlemen summoned as Grand Jurors being called, onlv 14 answered. Orders were accordingly Issued for an additional number to be summoned, so as to obtain the quorum to-morrow morning, until when, those who appeared to serve, were dismissed. Petit Jurors ?There was also a slim attendance of petit juror*, only 24 of the 84 summoned having answered to their names Fined for \on-at tendance ?Sixteen persons, summoned to attend as grand and petit Jurors, were each lined $26 for failing to appear. Trial far Grand Larceny?David Hulse was then placed at the bar on a chatge of stealing a gold watch alleged to be worth $74, from Oeo. W. Hogan, residing , in the Bowery, near 4th street, en the 29th of May last. i It was shown in evidence, on the part ef the prosecution, that the accused, alter taking the watch, disposed of it to a man in Fulton street for a silver watch and $20 in money. The Jury foune the accused guilty, and the court sentenced him to the state prison for the team of 2 years. An other Trial for Grand Larceny.?Frederick Johnson was next placed at the bar for trial on two indictments, the first charging him with having stolen two Mackintosh water proof coats and a hat, valued at $46, the property of John L Gilliland; the second indictment charging him with stealing sundry articles of clothing worth $30, from John 11 Broas, on the 23d of June last. The jury in the first case found the aocused guilty of a petit larceny only, and in the latter case of a grand lar cenv. He was remanded for sentence. Trial for Burglary.?Daniel Daley, John Madison, and Chatles Johnson, were then placed at the bar for trial, on a charge of having, on the night of the 2d of July last broken open the office of Mr Abram Duryea, and stealing therefrom. The accused were all found guilty, and each consigned to the State Prison for the term of two years. Plea of Guilty?Lawrence M. Brower, indicted for a burglary in the third degree, was permitted to plead Suilty to a petit larceny, for which he was sentenced to te penitential y for the term of six months Tiial for Aeeault and Battery ?John Williams was then called to trial on a charge of throwing a quantity of oil of vitriol upon the person of Ann Duffey, of No 62 Anthony street, and thereby severely injuiing her. The jury in this case rendered a verdict of not guilty Counsel tor the accused, K D Holmes, Esq. The Court theu adjourned until to-morrow morning. Movents-it ta of Travellers. The following comprise the whole of the arrivals at the undermentioned hotels:? Amsric?ri ? C. Clarke, Charleston. S. C; W. Jackson, N O; J. Dingle, Charleston, S C: W. Armstrong, Philadelphia; T. Lock, Washington; F. Smith, Lexington-, O. ( oicoran, Chaileston: J. Scott. London; J. Paine, Charleston; A. Billings. Philadelphia; A. Chisolm, Chaileston; W Pritchard, S. C; H Smith, Georgia; A. Heard, Ipswich; W. Eastmand. Mobile. Astor? J Still, Philadelphia; A. Harvey, do; A. Thoiup-on, do; J Lea mens do, R Fuller, Boston; Thus Van buien. tl iany; R Evans, Philadelphia; C Jones, Richmond; F Fanning .Charleston; M. Andrews, N. 0; H Calhoun, Philadelphia; T. Smith. Alexandria; J. Snencer. New Orle.ui.; W. Chambers. Philadelphia; F. Haihuwtt), < inrinnali; L Bliaa, do; T. Weed, Albany; M. (Jan. N O; (J. Kind lay, Miaauuri; Gen. Armstrong, U. 9. Consul LKer|>ool. . City?Oeu Drvereut, Paterson; H Goodrich, Now Orle*n?; J Mcllvajn, Virginia; U. Paul, do; K Wilson, Baltimore; B Via>, Georgia; Jo* Boytou, do; L Hayes, do; B Bethel, do, H hundred, do; A White, do; K. Cade, Lawrence; 11. Roninaon, Norfolk; J. Bonaritta, Richmond; Gen c.adwallader, Philadelphia; J. Price, Delaware; Jn ge Powei*. Cetskill; J. Grata, Philad; E. Bient, Kentin k \ ; W Seward, 8. C. Kkassli* ? H Leiglitmau. Mobile; W Hare, Vicksburg; N Baird, Vazoo < tty; G Church, Vick.burg; W. Diaper. New Or loan*; K. Cary, Maryland; W. Moody, New Orleaiia; W Hale, Bridgeport; \ Wall, Ohio; H. liaiuia. Bridgeport; M. Moneaon, Conn; Captaiu Fitch? do; 8 BloOgett, Ugdenaburg; R. Parker, Delui; A. Wallace, Misa; O. Goodyear, Conn; J. Still, do; W Walah, N. O; A Tracy , do Howsiti-B Agan, Grerille; Hon W. Fuller. Oswego; Hon U. Gould, Rochester; K. Mean*, Alabama; B. Gerry, Winchester; Geo. Lauience, Ohio; J. Pettis, Concord; W. Sampson, Buffalo; F Fanning, Miss; B. Rust, do; W. Carper, Mobile; C. Rice, Boston; 8 Hyde, do; 8 Granger, Conn; A. Paaaail, Montreal; W. Watson, Va; J.Frederick, Ky; H.Gordon, Ala; S.Knox, Whitney; C Stebbins, Ricnmond. In Chaneery, Before Judge Edmonds Acet'iT 3?Habeas Carpui Cast ? A girl named Mary Oillam was brought up tn-day, before Judg* Edmonds, under a writ of habeas corpus, issued at the Instance of the Moral Reform Society. The circumstances ware as follows ;?Mary Oillam is an orphan, and was some time since bound by her aunt to a woman named McCarthy, wbo resides in Brooklyn. Some time alter she was bound, she was found in this oity by a Mrs. Frazcr, a lady connected with the Society. Mrs. Frazer had her sent to New Jersey, and bound her there to a Mr*. Taylor. Tho lriend* of the girl found out that she w-a* in the custody- of the Society, and threatened a criminal proaecution against Mr* Frazer. '1 hi* lady, under the terror of a criminal proaecution. told them wharo tho waa, upon which thoy went and took her away, and de1 Uined her. Upon thia atate ot facta, the question la, it would teem, which of the indenture* it to hare precedence. Judgment reterved until Frieay. li. 8. Circuit Court. Before Judge Nelton. Avouit 8.?Em-itt Si da.?Act man and Wife vi c,?.1 r.iinul ??;.l,.,l ?>,> .I. -.;.... Xr cauae to-day. Judgment reserved Circuit Court. Before Judge CJmondi. Avoi-it 8 ?An adjourned cirauit wai held yesterday. A few inqueita only were taken, afte.* which the Court adjourned. Mob at Columbia, Arb ?We And the following ! in the Little Rock Uazetit of ihe 13th ult:? More than a year ago, in Chicot county, where tho slave population Tar exceeds that of the white, on the plantation of Col Wei worth, a rich planter, the overseer was found murdered in the field ?having received two stabs in the back, and a wound in the hinder part of the head William, a slare, was charged with the crime, and tried at the ensuing Circuit Court, which came on in the fall The evidence left no doubt of his gu It in the minds of reasonable men, yet, strange to say, the jury did not agree He was temanded to jail toawait his trial at the spnng term : it came on. and he was found guilty ot murder in the first degree. His counsel, who hail been employed by his master to make the best defence j for him ol which tney were capable moved for a new I trial and obtained ,t, on the ground that, as the overseer ! was killed in a fight, it could not be muidcr In the 6r?t degree, but was only manslaughter lie was again sent ; bock to pii-on Many began to think that lie would : evade the punishment of death, if he did not escape altogether ; and t? put the matter i eyoud a doubt, in an evil mornem they le-olved to take ma execution into tbei, own i an Is It is needless to add, thai the fears ul Ins eventual release were heightened by rrfl, cling how mis chie>ens would be the example, in that county, ot a slave's ?it ceasful resistance ol his overseei or .naetei.? On the 4th oi July a inob tepaiie l to tne jail at l olumbi?, cut down the door, notwiihstati 'ing the leiuonstain e and resistance of the sheiifl" < ntered the prison and t'o.cibly took ttie prisoner, led him forth with a baiter round his neck, and in cold biuod. hung linn to a tiee. within a bundled > aide of tuej nl; and thus have the law? ot the land been violated, mur<,er committed, and our political sabbath desecrated Albany, Aug 2,1346 Vi?it$ to the Country? Abteiu e of Gov IVnght. Ciuv. Wright will 1,-gvu the city to-mo, row in irmng for Ins ennntry msidrVioe in sit. Lawrence county. H. will rcttiiiin almut two weeks. 'I lie <?OV, imir IS in ni>,.<l health, w n li it temiell- V to c i (>ul -,?< y HppMr. Iitly incrt-a?iiig The g.eot in-* oi tlic w mhe , Hint mii anxiety to temporal dy from tie moioto- y m it t> d urn ol hux.li>-*-,: i > the* u"'xl and auhst.ttitnd reason* lor ill x hr.ot nliwnW. Great numbers ni wtiwim ?.'ir.o th on'asior which the almost Iota '.'i"-sation ol Iiiimiu:ilfo.ds, lc> mnlu? n tour of the inland lake-, and bsorb a Tiower hath under the casein i-t ' great Ningrun. Hut no ride in urentir . <> dundent with natuial grace* and beamy, a? a hasty trt|> up the Hudson river by ditylighi. The nir i? pjirrn man any nirrv>r g?*n> nu>-d by t'roi * ' t> y i h i . in . ny <jl|i> i x i .i||| in 111..- i in i h?iUl). , We do Lear hit buns w ill visit Montreal, and return Via New York and the Hudson,on purpose I to see il universal luMOiy concerning Una river, in i the vernal season, is entitled 10 credit. / It * Vpi Cmmrt of Infiirjr In the Com of 9*n?nl Oaian, the., At. Old Poiitt Hotkl, Fort Monroe, Augett 1, IMS. U<n Oainn?Tkt Court of \Ini/uiry?Puklte Jlnaiaty for the Retullj?Fart Monro*?Futivititl at Oli Point Hottl?Ball*?Sctneru?tkt Fort ?Tkt Mailt? Great Thunder Sturm, ft- fc. fc. J 1 got her* lait evening. having com* on direct from Now Vork; end on making inquiry in the various cities, towns and villages, through which I have pataod, I find that public anxiety has been considerably routed in volition to the Court of Inquiry, now being carried on hero, in the case of lienors I Uainea. The court, you aro aware, organized on Wednesday, when a large pile of documentary evidence waa put in General JBrool* President, and General Brady, and Col. Crane, compose the Court of Inquiry ; Cept. Leo acting ae Register and Judge Advocate. Gen. Gaines made some explanatory statements, on Wednesday, at each document wee put in and numbered, having reference to its connexion with his case; and made ? request that the Governors of Louisiana and Kentucky be summoned in conueaion with a large array oi witnesses Irom these States; wbioh the court holds as yet under consideration,on the ground that they deem it essential to ascertain the character of the testimony which it is intended these witnesses should introduce. The court lurther intimated its readiness to receive from General Gaines any explanations in the course ol the trial he may deem essential for his defence The General has forwarded through the court en application to the department at Washington for copiea of his communications to the government on the subject matter at issue, and thus the case stands at present?the court having yesterday adjourned over in consequence of the illness of Gen Brooks ; and, afcer meeting this morning at 9 o'clock, with closed doors, further adjourn- i ed to Monday, when the case will be fully under way.? The veteran General will enter into a full and slaborate defence, which ne will conduct in person, and we may aspect some "hot shot" and "chain ball" ior Gov.Marcy'a stringent interpretation ol what ia deemed, on the part of the veteran General, au overheated zeal, under it* worst aspects, in the cause and defence of hit country. The fffinftinl rumor nrnvaili that fhn !> ??J *?- - gallant veteran to repair to his quarter* from Washington and allow matter* to deep in oblivious repot*; but the veteran tieueral, from a high conaci ,usnes? of hi* rectitndeof purpoie and correct interpret ition of professional etiquette, throw* himself upon th- rigid formality of military discipline, pleading in hi* defence the neceaaltiea of the rate, as regard* hi* order* for the enlistment of volunteers to aid (Jen. Taylor, and hi* right a* senior in command, with hi* proximity of location, to justify hi* course. Me is looking well, and has for hit Aid de Camp, Captain Calhoun, the son of the great statesman. Several distinguished officers and prominent public men will be examined before the case is concluded, together with some officers from the Army of Occupation , now in Mexico. John O Elgin, Esq of Virginia, Moritz Mitzgen, Esq. of New Vork, and several military officers, will be also examined. Th* Court ie hel I inside the fort, and is to sit each day at 10 o'clock. Several ladies attended ut tiio opening to day, and evinced very warm sympathy for tho late ol the gallant General, as, though hoary in the service of hi* country, his laurels are green ?his fame unsullied?and to tarnish a well-earned, high military reputation, upon a mere quibble, wonld be deemed, at a crisis like the present, unworthy the national dignity This is a truly romantic spot. The gorgeous scenery around?the glassy waters of the Chesapeake, with it* fertile and well planted hanks?the appearance of th* fort?the lighthouse?the Rip Uaps?the busy steamers, as tboy ply to an i fro?all form a tout tmemblt at once grand and imposing. The bay opposite this betel is capable of floating all the navies of the world; and the fort (of which 1 shall give a detailed sketch by and by) is impregnable, and has complete control over the river. It was planned, it is said, by Bertrand, tha friend of Napoleon, and shows his great skill in military tactios This is a superb hotel, and is capable of accommodating 1 000 persona The proprietor, Mr. French, does an immense business, as this is one of the most fashionable watering places in this quarter of the country.? The facilities afforded by the steam navigation on the river, throw an immense influx of periodical visiters to the hotel; who, after a week or a month, or sometimes a day, make way for fresh supplies, and thus a very steamer that touches at tho wharves is fully fieighted with the beauty, waalth, intelligence, and respectability, of Virginia society?which can boast of a refinement that is almost peculiar to the sunny regions of the State. Balis are held nightly, and a very excellent band performs each evening for the company, who indulge ao coidiug to their different taste in the waltz, the cotillon, or the Virginia reel, and those who prefer the "concord of sweet sounds" are gratified by the dulcet notes of * some sweet divinity who presides at the piano forte, surrounded by her groups of admiring friends The lovers of romance may lie seen lounging on the parterre, admiring the reflected beams of the 'mild chaste moon," a* they plaj fully dance upon the glassy waters opposite ; and there are two sate of vary good billiard idijics, iu cuusuui requiaiuun ay IU0S9 WHO Ilk# thi* fine amusement. Added to this, there ere two commodious bathing houses attached to the hotel, ' where the inmates enjoy all the comforts of a salt water bath, gratuitously, and we need not drtw, then, upon "the erratic inftinct of prophecy'' to learn that visiter* at "Old Point i omiort" know bow to enjoy tiiem-elvet in a pretty "comlortatde" way These ate the great ad vantages ; but there la a great irregularity and want ot system iu relation to the mail*, which la telt a g to t deal here. Noilulk is situated about twenty milea up the river, an I the steamer will take ttie noitnern letter* from , here to that place, ? heie thoj will remaia until tha follow mg inc uing Tne establishment ef a branch mail at the noiel would be a great desideratum here, and add to the comforts of the place a good deal At Norioik is situated the famous naval yard and with Portsmouth in its immediate vicinity, reminds one very much of New York and Brooklyn, "in poiht of location, the rivar running between The enlrauoa has a very imposing and gram appearance The navy yard it built exactly on the same model ai Brooklyn, (sitting of two large buildings like those at Brooklyn with adjoining offices. lie j that nobis ship the Pennst Ivania finals msie-tnally on the ilehp waters immediately adjoining and with her 144 guns (Bt p model s an i 14 Poixau gun- (82 |>oiiii ler-) looks a very giant in rvpo e. 1.200 men is her regular complement; and if she were placed opposite the castle el St Juau d'Ulloa, I have no doubt her thunder tones would rock thit famous fortress, and blow it up sky high She is a noble ship. I expect 1 shall be ehle to visit her end the uevy yard before 1 leave, beiwteu whiles. . Richmond is about 144 miles from here. The innst terrific thunder storm t wituei?*d. saluted our autry to Norfolk. It blew dow? a portion of the public hotal belonging to, 1 belie v*. a Mr lirean. VVa had grand ball last avaning at tha hotal, which wan crowdod to excaas. Tha officers and belies danced with considerable apiritand animation, and aeemed to enjoy themselves a good deal. Tha baa 1 from the fort prrturmed, and were led hy W. E Bloomfleld, formerly of the New York bran band. Balactions from the 0|>eraa ol Bellini. Koasini, and Uoniietti, performed ? with a taate and preciaion truly encnanting. alactriflad the immense assembisge preaent, and completely rocked tha aenaaa in a " dreamy enchantment " ThU axcellant band alao parform in tha day time in tha vicinity of the hotel, which ii located outeide the fort. It ia in itself a rich treat to the visiter*. We hare here alee a branch of Plumb'a Daguerreotype eatabliihmant. under the management of Mr. C. L. Middlabrook, who doe a a good business here and at Peteraburgh. The idea ia a eery good one, too, for thoee young beaux who loaa their hearts, if they cannot gat tna original, can lie eupplied with an excellent copy by Mr. M., and tbua afford a teapoiaiily relief te the victim of unrequited love in thaao " diggins" You ahall ha supplied with inkling* from my note book, according aa 1 pick them up togathar with a oar. ract detailed account of tha proceeding* now ptnding in the cas* of Ueueral (iaiuaa. which oomta on regularly on Monday. Stkamboat Collision?Lo?s op thx Rowland Hill ?VVe regret to state that one of thoae melancholy steamboat accident* from which our * start have hitherto been moat haupili exempt. occurred about one o'clock thia morning off 1 hree Kivtr*. We have, at yat, beau able to obtain but a vary imper fact statement of this disastrous affair, but from various aourcea have gleaned tha following details connected with its ? The Rowland Hill bad teached Three Rivera, on bar way to Quebec, and after discharging a portion of her fre ght, and taking on hoard several patscugeia, had just left the wharf, and waa proceeding ii.io the middle of tha atream, when the Quebec, on her upward trip, cam* into collision with her, with such fee* that tha whole of ilia larboard wiug ol the ltouland Hill waa carried away. Tha wiieal, on that side, and the abatl, war* borne ou to the deck of the Quebec, and lay there at a d itai.c*- of a >ou tan feet from her bow Tha (Ju- tier aiirt-tp.l litd# ,,r nn In,,,-. a ??" ? waa h passenger iu the Rowland Hill atated to u? that It appea eJ to mm at if the (Quebec would have pm*e.l Cuinp.etely over the unfortunate vestal. The shock tietuiaily drove the freight ol the unlucky craft to one aide, end >hu? earned uer over, and ahe began to All. Home barrel* of lluur, we underetand, were pitched thiough the sk> lignt Into the cabin. The etaim and contusion consequent upon the accident ma) be better imagined then deaorilied. Many of the pa-sengrit (au.l we neai taeie weie between Afty ami Mi') in lite cabin,) w> te in their bertha The gentlemen in ti.e upper (neck) I a.tha , on the vide hiauest out ot the water weie unable to force open their doore, an l had to eacape b.i th? -mall window* ol the hettna ? Maui of - hem emerged iu ih-.'ir hignt clotbea Tne ci 10- ol the ladi* * aui childien aie said to neve been heart-ran > lug. Keer.ug deeih hj drowning, tuey rushed < peli melt f oin tne cobi . with n.iir uutrea-e.l, and half via i; tho-e eaoepted who had but a lew minutea b,fore embarked at Tniee Rivera l?o a hi to the general alarm the cry of Are wea now given on board thu Rowland Hill The roala andtuel wood near ti.e fumeue> had igni ed, but w eie speu.iily axuogunbeii by ihe piu.upt assistance ot the partiea at haoit There hat undoubtedly been l->?t of life, but to what extent i> not >e. ku >wii -omu account* represent that two ol tne - tow alone |>oria .a I : o nanthat OrVeial paeseugars weie VRtims. some Ciuelien to ueath and othera oiowned I his luct < onuuv ted with the aad tale eauiiet bo made out lor u lew oa a to come '1 he l<uel ac checked i ei speed immediately after tba accident in i ii.e i, ami iiiuw alongside tne Rowland Hill, (anion flv-ate.. down ) to tufce uu hoard liei passengers ? 'lire lain hiiali) stranded oil Ilia discs llivar, where tne now be* 1 ite Loi i ,-j,iei,h uu, i apt \tm-lioi g err.vedat Three Rivera ..-.it,. In CwMn took place ?? IK',, ill .11II Mil iv III! I. ttin pel ?>ili On ?'ior? c ill. d to the h; 1 I, ii 'i ,-,.nii> "'I, a Ihtv v? . e [ m ,,iiii In tli? wnt r lie i?nme .nirljr liii'i l>i? re-eel elmigtiile thl tt|>I I t 1,1 -II; 111! ftllll 'v.-lit III unroll Ol 1 lid ' ins tnp|H,a?.l 10 lie norm Not lin lin# any .ienr il ?h i. hi- mwed down toward* Dleck Hirer, until he . 11 in v. iih the wreck, when ha reud?rej every note, ,i . ? . f,U ' i ' pit'-orger*. Ita knally brought dnwtt flie s? don'iani find i.'tv. i ii t! " tvn ' " 1 '. I ' . i.I i,: i re. re 'mil' it * a v i 11? 4 '(i.i'i't I ip t i.i>t ' '?i the I n,>< >e tin ..I 41 i. ^ I i oil. I i j. en i u uget. ?iouit ?e i. u.,.i.. i 1 Superior Court. I nil bench. am lit a?The Court uueucd ?r# form*, end ?4Journed

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