Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 5, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 5, 1846 Page 2
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% NEW YORK HERALD. York, WcdntMlayi A 5, IMfl. The Oregon Treaty?11* KatlAiaUon. In our paper of yesterday we '.tad the pleasure of informing our readers of die fact that the treaty entered ui'.o between England and the United Suites, for the settlement of tho Oregon dispute, had been ratified by the English Ministry, ?nd is now in full lorce and virtue. Although it was considered certain of being ratified, by most people, there was some little doubt entertained by several, since Lord Palmerston had got into of- : ' flee; inasmuch as it was thought that that gentleman, for his love of saltpetre, would be desirous of having an opportunity to disturb the friendly relations between this country and Great Britain. These doubt? are, of course, now dispelled, and the prospect is good for the maintenance of peace for au unlimited period. The treaty was ratified on the 17th ult., and Mr i McLane immediately hurried with it by express j to General Armstrong, in Liverpool, who received I it in time to sail in the llibernia. The ratified copy is now in possession of the government at Washington. According to the tone of the public print*, and from conversationsth'it we have had with persons lately arrived in the stu.imer, we learn that the joy of the English people, and particularly the manufacturing portion, was unbounded. The news spread like wild-fire throughout the country, and addresses of congintulation were drawn up and sent to the government. In many of the manufacturing districts bonfires and other demonstrations of joy were made, the equal of which has not been seen sinee the battle of Waterloo and the overthrow of Napoleon. Our readers are aware that considerable doubt existed, both in England and in this country, in regard to the true meaning of that section of the treaty providing for the navigation of the Colum bia river. In common with other journals, we expressed our opinion, which was nearer the truth than any other that waj given. We had the pleasure, however, of setting the matter at rest forever, by giving the true construction of that section in our Washington correspondence yesterday. Our correspondent derived his information from a source that places it* accuracy beyond question. It appears that the charter of the Hudson's Bay Company is perpetual, but it covers no grants of land or water, but contains a permit to hunt, trap, &c., which permit expires in 1858. The permit may, of course, be renewed, but the renewal will amount to nothing. No fears, however, may be entertained on this point, beoause, long before even the present charter expiree, the Hudson's Bay Comuany will be dissolved. As it is, the profits of the concern are small, and do little more than cover the expenses, on account of the decline of the animals that furnish them with furs, and the gradual occupation of the country by emigrants. Now that the difficulty between the two countries is settled, we may expect a stream of emigration to flow there, composed of hardy emigrants and their families, who will locate in the territory, and pursue the arts of civilized life. The inhabitants of the torrest will, of course, lly before them to regions remote from the emigrant. It may reasonably be supposed, therefore, that in about seven year* the Hudson Bay Company will be dissolved. Indeed the London Times already hints this. The amiable Father Ritchie has over and over denied, in the Union, that the right to navigate the Columbia was vested by the treaty in the Hudson Bay Company in |)erpetuity. All that can be said is, as we have frequently stated, that the articles in that paper must tie interpreted by the rule of contraries; and that the organ is in fact no organ at all, and never possessed the confidence of the administration. By its blindness on so Hiany important occasions, those who naturally looked to the Union as an exponent of the views of the government, were led from one blunder into a greater one, and never arrived near the truth. The country has been put astray by the assertions that it has from time to time put forth, so much that the public is settled in the conviction that the Union is not the organ of the administration, and does not possess its confidence. The whig party throughout the country and in Congress, has repeatedly charged Mr. Polk and Mr. Secretary Buchanan with inconsistency in abandoning the line of 54 40, and submitting to the Senate a treaty on the basis of 49. We have reason to believe that this charge is unfounded. We believe that Mr. Polk and Mr. Buchanan are still emphatically 54 40 men up to the hilt, and never would have consented to a treaty that gave England one tittle south of that line. Mr. Buchanan has avowed this over and over, but the predicament in which he was placed by the Senate, left the administration no alternative but to act as they did. That body abandoned the cabinet on that line, and by passing the notice dissolving the toint occupancy in the shape it did, virtually acknowledged that it would ratify a treaty that would be based on less. Hence followed the offer of England; and the administration, abandoned as it was, had no course left but to throw the responsibility on the Senate. The course of the President and the Secretary of State in this matter will yet be fully justified by every American. The whole of Oregon is yet to be ours. The Nkw York Pilots.?In our columns to day we publish a communication, which gives an unanswerable reply to tho?e who. instigated by the movement# of cliques, have lately attacked the efforts being made to restore the pilots of our city to their former well deserved privileges, it ts strange that these underwriters, with their agents, who cry the loudest against our pilots, and raise the common hug-bear of anti-monopoly as their excuse, are themselves induced to ihis very course, by the knowledge that in the New York pilots they find a set of men who cannot be made the tools for political purposes;_and who by their independent spirit will not obey the dictates of a sell-styled Board of Commerce, who would glandly monopolize the government of our harl>or and its usesIt is almost useless to enter into an argument on the justice of the demands made by our Senators in Washington for the rights of their constituents; for there can be no doubt, that with the exception of those who are directly interested in the business of making mon?y by shipwrecks, our community, as a body, will uphold any course tendi ng to give to our own citizens their just means of securing a livelihood. The New York pilots are bred to their business; familiar with every point of danger in our harbor, they toil late and early, through storm and cold, for the iruidance of ?nr ships; thejr are joined as a body, and are responsible in every act. We sincerely trust that Congress will now take up this matter, and give back the privilege they have taken away from a too long neglected body of our citizens. Kxpectkd Arrival or th* Hon. Louis M'Lan*. ?We learn that our minjpter at the C?urt of St. James, will sail from Liverpool in the steamer of the 19th inst. That he will be received with respect and honor by all parties, there can be no doubt. A true patriot and a firm sustainer of the interests of his country, he has, during the time passed in the service of the government, effected much in creating that friendly feeling between England and America, which it is always worthy of their own characters to uphold. Time has shown that no one from this country has commanded the respect of the statesmen and dignitaries of Europe in a fuller measure, than the gentleman whose anticipate I return we now tjhrfmtclc * L' Bistt 5* ? 1'Cltrrs of Nr. Bennett from Kb rope. London, July 17, 1846. Since the sailing of" the last steamer, nothing very important has taken place, either in thii metropolis, or on the continent. So far as regards opinions expressed l>y the various organs of public opinion in this country upon American affairs, 1 have seldom ever witnessed so little excitement, or so little enquiry. The settlement of the Oregon question appears to have closed up all desire in the public press to lake any special interest in American aflairs. On the arrival of the Inst steamer, the newspapers, both here and in France, tpive copious details of the military operations in Mexico; and it really appears to be the desire, il not of the government, at least of the i!reat commercial rmhlie. here to nllnu/ tlw Am*. ricans to form and fashion their own destiny upon the Western continent. There is not a single feeling of sympathy, in any quarter, expressed towards Mexico, when people talk of, or make reference to, her ail'airs. It appears to be the opinion that the preponderance of the United States over Mexico, in any shape, is better for European j interests than any other destiny which might be , devised for that unhappy country. From intimations already given, I am much disposed to think that already the British government, under the | Premiership of Lord John Russell, does not approve of the recent movement of the British and ; French fleets in South America. I shall not be surprised if we see the new Ministry withdraw all interference as to thecourse of events in the River Plata; and if it should allow the republics of i that region to shape their own destiny, and take rare of their own affairs. Such appear to be Jtie 1 ideas put forth by the organ of the new Ministry in this metropolis. The truth of the matter is plain enough?the governing classes in this country, who are at the head of a highly artificial sys- , tem of society, do not wish to disturb the present , state of things in which they enjoy the world, by 1 1 provoking, if it can be avoided, any collision with our American republic and policy. Hereafter it will probably be that they will avail themselves of j overy possible commercial intercourse with the people, both of South and North America, with out, however, intermingling with their political revolutions, or with their future political destinies. | The ideas put forth a year ago, in relation to the ! establishment of a monarchy in Mexico, are now j | completely exploded; and the more politic views, i both of the commercial and manufacturing inte- ! rests, viz : to allow the American republics to shape their own government?, and to avail themselves hern, of all possible advantages oi trade and j commerce with them?seems to bo the policy 1 which will be adopted both by France and England. The great interest felt here during the last few weeks among the upper classes, has been in rela, tion to tho new ministry of Lord John Russell. The fall of Sir llobert Peel, and the rise of Lord John, present a complete anomaly in the history of British parties. After agitations of various kinds during the last twenty years, all parties in this country appear to have reached a perfect ' calm, a central point, in which there is scarcely a breeze which now ruffles the surface. It is, however, only the beginning ol a new period of fresh agitations, which must gradually spring up out of the natural impulses of society, and form the State and condition of the country. During the fashionable season, which will close in a few weeks, the west end ofLondon presents a greater display of wealth,grandeur and luxury than perhaps any other similar spot on thesurface of the earth. The Queen and the nobility, including also the House of Commons, with all their retainers, numbering probably not over 3000 persons, have the monopoly of the soil and the wealth of this wonderful country; and spend in the enjoyment of life an amount which would | probably feed three, or even six millions of people in the middle circles of human life. The wealth of this small portion of the British public is unbounded, and can scarcely be believed in ! other countries. Their whole existence is spent among gorgeous displays and splendors for a lew months of the year, in princcly residences in town, recruiting afterwards in the country for travelling on the continent. In the immediate j neighborhood where I am writing, there is one of these noble people, (and I have selected him only as a specimen,) who spends annually 600,000 dollar*, and others some two millions, while the multitude of dependents on their estates in the country live upon eight shillings a week, on which they have .to support their wives and families. Hitherto this state of society has been supported, increased and extended, by taking within its vortex, all those who have become immensely rich by manufactures or commerce. Individuals j from among the manufacturing or commercial population, springing from the middling or lower classes, when they get rich it is their highest ambition to be countenanced by the upper classes, to be invited to their ?oir?(i and dinners, and to be tolerated by those who enjoy the hereditary rights and hereditary privileges of tho empire. This state of society?this singular and unequal condition of human circumstances is increasing I every year, and the natural tendency of such an | artificial system, must lead ta agitations upon agitions, every succeeding one fiercer than the former, until some sort of equality shall be restored amoni: all classes of the emnirr. But wlmn tl,;? time shall arrive is buried in the bosom of futurity. In the mean time, it is astonishing to see the quiet and order which prevail, the apparent content, and absence of all tumult and agitation in a country in which there is such an unequal distribution of honors, property and ollices, and even of tho common necessaries of life. During the last ten days, socicty here has been principally occupied with the movements of Ibrahim Pacha, eldest son of Mahemct Ali, who has been looking and examining into everything connected with the arts, manufactures and system of this country. He ieft town yesterday for Southampton, and will embark immediately in a ves' sel prepared by the government to take him to his own country. All -?orts of entertainments have been given to him here, all sorts of speeches 1 made in his praise, toasts drunk, and compliments showered down upon him from the high' est to the lowest ranks. Ibrahim himself, according to the best accounts, has had his eyes und 1 cars open, and his mouth shut, unless when lie was eating and drinking. He has l>een exceeuingly taciturn, looking into everything and treosui ring up everything, probably with the view of I carrying into Egypt ideas which may spread, and form the nucleus of a new empire. According j to all accounts he is a wonderful man, no less than his tather, in the art of founding empires and governing them. 1 should not be at all surprised to find yet, alter some time, the political centre of the Mahometan system settled down either in Egypt or Palestine, under the control of Ibrahim Pacha, or some such individual. Of theatrical and musical affairs there is a good deal to interest the reader. The hal.an Opera, and nine or ten other theatres, are in full blast. Every night all the fashionable people, and those of high rank, attend exclusively the Italian Opera, with an occasional divergence to see M'lle. Rachel, or some other solitary celebrity, in the other theatres. Taglioni has announced hor last i engagement this week at the theatre, and I shall j certainly see her on this occasion. She is now over forty years of age; and in private life looks 1, l/o n roiiutotaKIn alio rrv,ut?o/l ??? * , .mv ? rvjvM,wvi4U|lllWU,3HrCW(l, cunnit g widow lady, like *uc)i as mny he found keeping boarding housesin some second rate street in New York. This js a precise description of this wonderful goddess in the art of dancing ? Upon the stage, however, *he looks liken divinity (uodoiibt with the ln;l|? ol extraordinary appliances,) that has coine down from heaven lo | ii i visit fallen man. But to see her in her private re- I treat, the looks as I have described her?like a j wid^w lady who once kept a boarding house in , the Bowery. Cerito is also here, dancing, and certainly, upon the stage, is far superior in inte- j rest to any other; she would make a more decided hit in America than has been made since the days ' of Fanny Elssler. Lucille Grahn is like a ghost of the other world, in extremely short petticoats, and leng lank legs, dancing down eternity before von. But after all. Fannv Elssler. in the atrure- a gate, off or on the stage, is the most distinguished danuutt 1 have ever seen, and one who will bear j a close examination. Dumbleton is here with his Ethiopians, and has. made a prodigious hit. He hag been highly approved of by Queen Victoria, who is very fond of American wit and humor; ! also by the royal family and all the court, including both parties. He has certainly made a prodi- j gious hit, and is going to the continent. He will ; make $100,000 before he leaves off. This has been | brought about chiefly by the excellent tact of | Dumbleton himself, who is a regular Yankee all | over, from top to toe. Miss Cusliman and her sister have just closed their engagement at the Hay. market. She is on the tiptop tide of fortune, and will probably realize a large one before she leaves this country. The success of Miss Cushman, and the failure of Forrest, who both were here a year ago, is hardly understood in the United States.? I have learned the facts, and the case is quite amusing. It appears that Forrest made his debut at the Princess' theatre?Maddox is the manager, who is well known in the United States. He was I ambitious to sink the style which had gained him a name in the United States?and in which he appeared in his natural energy, and without affectation?to assume another in which he thought to give a superior model of all that was classical. The attempt altogether failed: whereas had he stuck to his original style, and played Metamora instead of Shakspeare, it is probable he would have made a great sensation among the critics. On the contrary, Miss Cushman, aided by no one, heralded by no one, came out and trusted to her own acting, in the same style and with the same amount of energy as in the United States. The novelty of her style surprised and delighted an English audience; she made a hit at once; all the newspapers acknowledged her success spontaneously. Forrest's error, however, consisted in attem pting a new style, for had he been content with playing in his original style, he would have been more successful. However, I am not without hopes he may yet make a hit in London, if he will avoid the vain ambition of seeking to set himsell up as a rival to Macready and others in their own conventional manner. If he will stick to his own manner, and play here as he did in the United States, no doubt he will succeed much better. He is already gradually returning to hif old theatrical tracks in the provinoes?hence his greater success in the provincial theatres than in London. Another New Packet Ship.?The Bavaria, a splendid new packet, to take the place of the Emerald, in the Havre line, will be launched from the ship-yard of Mr. Wm. H. Webb, foot of Sixth street, at a quarter to nine o'clock to-morrow morning. She is to be commanded by Captain Howw, one of our most skilful navigators. Steam Ship Great Britain.?This stupendous ship was seen oft' Nantucket at six o'clock on Sunday afternoon, with all her lore and aft sails set, and running olf in fine style. She was then only twenty-seven hours from her pier in the East River. Sporting Intelligence. Cbiceet.?The lovers of this manly game have been gratified during the two lait days, by feeing a moat ex' cellent match played at the Red Iiouae, between tha st George's Club of thii city, and the Union Club of Phila delphia. The play hai been of the higheit order on both idea, but the batting of the Philadelphiana was *o much uperior, (particularly that of a great long fellow, yclept Dawson,) as to enable them to triumph over our fellow townsmen, the dragon slayers of St George. Everything seemed to go off remarkably well, and good hu- | mor and fun seemed the order of the day, the two clubs I appearing to be upon the best terms, as indeed they ; ouirht to be. if thev intend to be connuerora in thai forth, i coming match with Canada, a challenge for which appeared in our paper a few day* ago, and ia expected to come oil in a lew weeks. We are always glad to toe our frienda from the city of brotherly love, and hope their i(it will be renewed. The game at the flniah waa a* follows U.i 10* Club or Philadelphia. Fir it Inningt O. P. Blackbourne, c. Edward*, b. Mason li Moon, b. Edward*, 0 Kacon, b. do. 3 Dawson, b. Nichols, 70 Fell, b. Edward*, 8 Malatratt, b. Edward*, c. Tinaon, 3 Nicholi, b. Edward*, 1 Sutcliffe, c. Tinaon, b. Maaon. 30 Antill, b. Nichola, 3 Richardson, c- Green, b. Edward*, 1 Hawthorn not out. 0 No Ball*, 3 Byea, 9 1 wide, 6 137 St. (JcoftuE'i Cli'b or New Yohk lit Inning*. 3d Innings. Green b. Kacon, 3 b. Kacon, 11 1 Bage run out 6 b Antill, 9 j Garvin b. Facon 0 b. do 3 1 Tinsen b. Antell 0 b do 4 Vinton b. do 3 c. Blackburne b. Kacon, 0 ; Eyra b. Facon c. Richardion, 3 b. Kacon, u Mason b. Nichols c. Hawthorn, 16 run out, 6 ; Edward* b. andc. Nicholi 10 leg before wicket, 11 Wild not out, 7 b. Facon, 1 Nichola hit wicket, 0 b. and c. Facon, 0 Waller b. Nichola, c. Dawaon, 0 not out, 0 No ball, 3 Byes, 1 ; Byea, 4 _ | ? 41 61 ? I lit Innings, SI I Total, 10J The Union Club winning iu one inning* with 35 run* to *pare. The veteran Eaton i* still going on with hit walk, as fresh apparently as when he started. He has completed I his 376th mile. Thk Yacht Stti'AURO.t?This beautiful Uttle pleasure squadron, under Commodore J. C. Stevens; has arrived > in our harbor, and consists of the following vessels:? > Maria, of New York, Com. J. C. Stevens, lbO tons; Lacoquille, do. Captain Jay, 37-, Sibyl, do, Captain Miller, : 33; Cignet, do, t'aptain Suydam, 46; Gimcrack. do, Ste- : vens, 36; Mist, do, Depau, 44; Lancet, do, Roland, 33; Spiay, do, Wilkes, 37; Syren, do, Comstock, 73; Mina, ( A.. ! ?1? ?fl. A Vf n na I..,!,. *? . VI 1 L. I The ltd Nukil. | Bowkrt TbeaTik.?The splendid drama of Hoboken, now formm< the chief tttraction at thii establishment, hat been produced by the manager in a magnificent itjrle, ol without regard to expenae. A short time after the war ? of lSlj, British olilcer,(OUndenning,) on leave of ab- w sence, intuited a lady, (Miss Klton,) on the lobby of the j0 1'ark Thoaiiu, in the presence of her friend, an Ameri- y can naval officer, (Frank Lennox, a rejected suitor of | j? Mil# Llton) An cmuctr ensued which resulted in u c( challenge The parties fought at Hoboken, aud the ; el British ortltcr ruceived his antagonist's ball in his hat, ; g, ad fired hii pistol In tor air. The seconds here interfered the British olticor apologized, and the tiffiir was t], sottlcd for a time. The apology was to ample audio jy manly that the Americas officer wan struck with the vs good qualities of hi 1 opponent, and a strong friendship e> sprung up between them; go strong, that the British olft- ,]r cer and hit second, (('apt. White.) are invited an guests tjj to Frank Lennox's house. In a short time the officer and hi* second returned to their regiment at Montreal y The newspaper accounts of the matter had preceded ln them, and were exaggerated by the colonel of tne regi- st ment (Nicholson, who had a pique against White,) for the purpose of disgracing him with his fellow officers The colonel affected to believe that the honor of his regi- j1; ment had been tarnished by White's apology, and was Bl about to institute a court of enquiry into the matter, when it was decided between the principal and hi* second, that as tkey won In the power of the colonel who could crush them, thojr should go back to New York, M and renew the fight, and thus wipe off the supposed dis- it honor. The challenge was given and accepted. The si second duel resulted in the death of Harry Lennox, a brother of Frank, who robatituted himself as principal, L and who was also a rejected suitor of Miss Elton. The B scene then changes to Dresden, where Frank and his 31 friend Beau Erneat, an exquisite jearch out Glendinning; s explanations followed,and Franc challenges Nicholson, u now Lord Middloton, and kills him. The whole winds up with Frank's marriage to Miss Elton. This is only T an outline of the principal events, but the author, Mr. cl Walcott, has ingeniously filled it up in an ingenious $ manner, so that it is relieved of monotony and rendered > highly inteiesting and exciting The costumes and a scenery are all new, wd the localities referred to in the tl piece can bo recognised immediately. The acting c throughout is of the first order. Mr. Walcott as Beau Eraest, is inimitable This line i* peculiarly his ai own, and on the stage is the most perfect repre- n sentation of tha exquisite we ever saw. Mr. Neafie % as Frank, provaa himself to be au actor of no ordi- ri nary merit. Mra. Phillips as Miss Elton, performed d her part admirably. We never saw her to better ad van- vi tage than in this character. Her lady-like and graceful si movements?her general appeurauce?all indicated that h she is well qualified to take the character of the Belle of ti New York. From the rise to the fail of the curtain, it is a rarely, if ever, that a piece is better performed than this, fi We expect to Me this drama keep possession of the stage e for a long time, and hope none will omit the opportunity of seeing it The manager has assuredly made a hit in " Hoboken," and in securing the services of the talented ? author during its representation. We must not omit to p mention that Mr. Waloott was called before the curtain u the first night and greeted with thunders of applause u from all parts of the House. b OacEivwicH Thwtsi.?Wi have hardly words to express the pleasure we experienced in witnessing the performances of last evening. Mr. Freer acted with his ci usual correct delineation of character the part of Will Marry, in the drama of the "Black Eagle," and Mr. P Wood with his son astonished those assembled by their inimitable pantomine This evening, for the benefit of Mr. Weaver, one of the best bills ot the season is pre- ^ ftcuieu. mi. i/eiurse, iu? i^uuvc Auenciia vocauii, ana l Mr. Nickellon, the great Vankee SilHour, both appear in the thrilling drama of tha "Qipsey King," which will be revived; and the "Golden Farmer" alto will again be performed. Mian Crawford, as usual, will sustain the most effective of the female character*. We are confident that the benefit will be a bumper for the party interested. Castle Garden ?There i? a large class of citizens who, either from neccssitv or the love of mammon, are unable to leave town ft this season of the year: but to them a place is within reach, where they can breathe the air iiesh from the sea, bracing and invigorating to the system?they can, from the magnificent balcony of Castle Garden, behold one of the most beautiful panoramas of the world. Our magnificent harbor, dotted with numerous craft?the Narrows, and the scenery of the islands and mainland around?aro all taken in at one coup d'ail. The orchestra in the evening delights the ear with the choicest music of the finest operas. 'Tis a treat indeed to gaze on the tranquil waters beneath, the canopy of heaven above, while the breeze from the sea, mingling with the music-burthened air from within, 1 waken thoughts of melancholy or of love. Mr. Templeton was at Toronto, Canada, on the 33th ultimo Mr. De Meyer was also at Toronto on the same day. Dodworth's Brass Band had given a successful concert at Boston. Raymond & Co.'s Menagerie will be in Detroit the 10th of this month. The New York Sacred Music Society will perform the Oratorio of the Mossiah, at New Ilaven, previous to the i close of the present season. I City Intelligence. New York Democracy and Mr. Daldas.?We tinder- _ stand that a meeting will soon be held, probably at Tam- ^ many Hall, by the democrats of this city, for the purpose of appointing a committee of two hundred, who will proceed to Philadelphia and meet the Hon. Vice President ~ after the adjournment of Congress. They will congra- 1 tulate him upon the honest course which they consider 1 P he has pursued ; the Vice President will disclaim ; thay ! F will thank him for his vote on the tariff; his excellency 8 will bow ; and then they will invite him to dinner. This * will be very gratifying to his excellency, provided two < hundred of the democracy of Philadelphia, in favor of * the tariff of '42, do not consider the compliment as ironical and givo them a coal'd reception ; nut if two hund- , red of our hard-fisted democrats should come into col- * lision with the same number of Moyamensingboys.es- ' ' pecially after the dinnor, we fear that the city of brother- 1 J ly love would, for this occasion only, break through its j J usual bounds of peace and tranquility. However, this , 1 manifestation on the part of the New Yorkers may be j c with an eye to the Presidential election. As the Spanish j c say, Qui'en tabe ? Mr. Dallas, like John Quincy Adams, is an " old man eloquent," and has many friends 1 J who would wish to push him one step higher. 0 Common Council.?Both Boards met last evening for { t the purpose of receiving the report of the committees on ( the Fire Department, and the adoption of a resolution irT j j favor of disbanding Engine Companies, Nos..l, 8, 23, 31 , ,, and 36. The report was accepted, and the resolution ear- j ,, ried by a vote of 13 to 2. Nothing further of interest i . was brought up for action in either Board. j California Volunteers.?The enrolment for the new ! a regiment of mounted 'men, goes on swimmingly. Already half the number is made up. and before week ! A the complement will be obtained. They will be inspect- i o e.t on Friday evening next by Major General Sandford, I i at their rendezvous on the corner of Christie and De- ! i lancy street Our enterprising youth, who are now \ f

ffoine nwav for want of enrnlovment. have a srlorious I a opportunity of forwarding themselves by joining thi? 1 * regiment I I M?i.itart.?The Brooklyn City Guard patted by our t office yesterday afternoon on their route to embark for j t Boston. They appeared exceedingly well and reflect 1 t credit upon our State volunteers. By-the-bye, if the baggage with them was merely sufficient for tnirty men for a few day*. how much would be necessary for 16,000 ( for two yean ? Echo answers, bow much ? > f T?ir Stkamhoat Orkgo*.?This magnificent steamer ! j is now under the command of Captain Seth Thayer, whose experience in the navigation of Long Island , Sound is very great. He is well known to the Eastern J travelling public; and all who have ever placed them- : selves in Ins charge, give him the preference again. The j Oregon is officered from the highest to the lowest by i ? those having great experience in the different depart- j ments, and we have the testimony of our oldest steam- ! ? boat captains, that she is as sale in passing through Hurl- , gate, 8s any boat afloat. With Captain Thayer in : * charge,every one on board is as safe as if sitting in their . own drawing room The Oregon is an object of enrio- ' sity, ami it is worth a trip to leisurely examine the mag- ; nitirent arrangement* for comfort, tic. which her own- 1 ! era have so lavishly providod. We do not know of a * more agreeable, or a pleasanter way to reach Boston | than to take the splendid steamer Oregon for Stoning- 1 : ton. She leaves this city every Tuesday, Thursday and j * Saturday afternoon. Thi* is a tremendous country, I and our steamboats, for beauty and speed, are on a par : with every thing else, and have a very great influence in mnking us a great people. The Ore- ' gon is, in the steamboat worla, what the great , American uloe, now exhibiting in Broadway, is ' in the vegetable world Go and see her, and if that j don't satisfy you. take a trip In her, and if you dont ac- ' knowledge it then, you are beyond hope. ! Grand Exci'rmox.?The steamboat Excelsior make* a pic nic and cotillion excursion to Veiplanck's Point ? from what we know of the Committee of Arrangement*, WW have no doubt it will bo a very ugreeabie aflair. All we can i>ay is, go and see. The particular* will be found in an advtrtisenient in our column. , brncaas i* the Park.?Will the night or evening po lice direct their person* in such a manner that their stars 1 may shine upon the troops of boys and girls who cluster in and about the park for the purpose of begging. They now have become so independent that if they are refused they pottr out a volley of oaths upon the man who denies tneir pathetic appeal*. The writer of this was directed last evening by one of them, who, in company with hi* " starving ltttle sister,'' asked uselenly for bread money, to go to a wermer place than we are in the habit of visiting. | Nkablt a M i it a re.?We rune very near being guilty of an act of impoliteness last evening. In peasing by a certain house down town wo observed two beautifully gilded lamp* in front of a door, and feeling rather oysterly inclined were about to enter imnt ctremnnit. till the thought struck u* that Washington'* former head quarter* could not be u*ed tor <ueh a purpose. The lamp* merely point out the residence of one of our city dignitarie*. Avkiso Fosr* ?The occupant* of houses and store* in Nassau street were yesterday served with a printed I?ill requiring them to remove the awning posts within J three <fcys tinder a penalty of five dollar* for every day ' they remain after that time We are glad of thi?, and s hall cheerfully comply with the snmmons. By the by, 1 would it not be well for the Common Council to direct J1 their attention to the sidewalks of the ?same street, and 1 require the door steps that cause so many accidents, c and are such great obstacles to pedestrians, to be re- ? moved likewise. Nassau street is now one of the buiiest thoroughfares in the city, and with a little improve- r ment could be made pleasant and convenient for the thousands who daily and hourly traverse it. It would , not be amiss to clear the street of the iron railings too. . Coaoriaa's Ornca?The Coroner was called to hold an Jj inquest yesterdav on the body of Peter Mahie, aged 4-J k ears. 1 his is tno man who was upi.et from a small tl boat on Sundaj , by tho steamboat John Fitch. The body g was found floating in the river, foot of 36th street. An in- r, quest will be held to day. t Spxcie?Eighty-three thousand dollars in ape- h cie was received here yesterday from the latvl olfi- n ces above J. A Helfenstein, the receiver ?t Milwaukie, brought down on the stenmer Oalsna. fM.000 i Thomas Dyer, tho receiver at Chicago, brought down, on th? " same boat, $39,000 . and Oen Van Antwerp, the recei- * vor at Fairfield, low#, brought down, on the Lacledei, ' Siu.000 -all of whkh was >?*po?ite<t in the 8Mtt ilwik of ? liwouri.?ft. L?**i Rf*kln?n, 90 gartown, Graham, 40; Northern Light, Boston, Winches- i tar, 69; Pet, do. Parson*, 46; BrenMa, do. Sears, 33; lanthe, j Philadelphia, Walder, 60; Newburgh, Newburgh, Robinson, 33 Tho squadron will probably remain hare for *ome time, for purposes of pleasure, and occasional races will be bad, to test the speed of Iho vessels. We shall endeavor to give faithful records of each, as they come oil'.?Ntrt)>ort Nevt 3. Slovtmcnls of Traveller*. Yesterday, travelling seemed to have fallen very short from the comparative quantity hitherto recorded The foilowing embraces almost the full amount:? Amkricar?J. Featlierstonhaugh, Newburgh: Rev. T. Reed, Baltimore; E. Bailey, Pensacola; T. Landon, Mobile; F. Clarke, U.S. Amy; P.M. Gavich, Nashville; I M. IIolTman, Baltimore; D. Buck, Hartford; T, Williams, Baltimore; Warren, Boston; Mr Claike, Mobile; H. Lloyd, Lloyd's Neck; S. Fisher, Phila.; Mr. Shelby, Ky Asroa?R. Perry, Conn; L. Conard, Indiana; M. Pond, Hartford; Dr. Bell, Philadelphia: J. Hayden, Baltimore; 8. Rice, Boston; H. Whittaker, Mass; B. Fredrick, Philadelphia; M. Sumner, Boston; T. Williams, do; George Williums, Mas*; H. Humphrey, Boston; F. SUeiTer, Charleston; M. Lynn, Florida; 8. Levy, N. O: C Vale, do; J. McGregor, Boston; M. Holland, Norwich; H Crittenden, St Louis: E. Ballon, Florida; M. Colle, California; Geo. Tuthill, Mobile, W. Mancott, England; N. Fisner, Providence; W. Johnson, Utica; J. Harris, Mass; T. Barton, do; Hon Mr. Armstrong, Nashville; P. Buchanan, Scotland; W. Moss, Buenos Ayres; T. Dolhard, Alabama. Sitt? James Archer, Florida; Bishop Lec, Delaware; M. Stephen, New Jersey: C. Eland, Penn; Seth Simmonds, Boston; W. Love, Philad; J. Laisdell, Albany; J. Brown, New London; O Alexander, Wiicomin Territory; W. Minor. N. 0; J. We 'on, Baltimore; C. Henderson, Boston; O. Poveng, Trinidad de Cuba; A. Underwood, Aubtirn; Hon. J. Reade, Philad; R. Rusaell, Ky; A. Rope*, Baltimore; W. Dunlap, Philad. XKhkims?J. Chalmers, Ala; J.Allen, Conn; W. Robinson, Ky; Van Winkle. Thilad; D.Miller, Charleston; D. Burr, Washington; D. Fanehu, Lansingburgh: J.Day, Conn, B. Wilson, Ogdensburgh; J. Belknap, Little Falls; N TutUe, ( hicago; J. Case, do; W. Street, Memphis; w. Danlorth, Ky; J. Cntter, do; C. Wiggins, St. Lou'i*. I Howard- J Huffa, Hyrncu*e; Ale*r. Williamson, I Nashville; J. Contee MilUken, Maryland; R. Loomis, j Boston, W. Kingsland, Saratoga co; J. Hammond, Cinn; i r u j.. * n i, in \\r > Iw u"i J iroji i'. neewue, ?viwu, . load, \\ nron?in Territory: J. Tap?cott, rhiltri; A. Krdune, Piillad: C. M or gun, Virginia; J. fcombf, Memphia; Illinois-. C Potts, Va; C?pt. R???, ?t?ttn?r Ipob Witch; L O Morris Albany i'lic ileatln at t liurleston, s. C., during ?he laat three month., have l>??n leu than dining any partOlcl ?ea??n lot tl? Jut ten > ew? * 71 | Brooklyn City Intelligent*. T?* Boako or ScrEavisoas.?The King* Ceanty Board ' Supervisor! held their annual meeting yesterday, hen the following named gentleman were appointed ( Beer* for the enauiDg year: Crawford C. Smith, Esq, reasurer, and John 8. Folk and Stephen N. Stilwell, iperintendents. The report of a Special Committee a* next presented, by Mr Ta> lor. in favor of raising by ' an a sum not exceeding $20,000, to purchase a site tor a I rork-House and Penitentiary, to be erected in Brook- | n, and also recommended, that the Board ihould liurlase certain lands iletignated in the report, on which te ect such buildings. The report was adupted, and the Hard adjourned to Monday next. The Califobhia Kxckditio*.?There was a rumor at , e Navy Yard yesterday' which found its way to Brookn, that the tloop-of-war Preble, was to take the two :ssels in convoy which are to take out the California kpedition, and would, for that purpose, in a few days, , op down to Governor's Islam!, and remain there until ' e expedition was ready to sail. Bl'kola*v.?a young colored boy named James Joseph J i veraon, was arrested yesterday morning for breaking | a nt.nrM. In Hl?h alrnal M ??!l eating a mail m ji of money out of the poor box. A*oth?.h.?A colored woman, named Mary Jane Alert, wai alio arretted and committed, on suspicion of aving committed a burglary in Flatbush, and stealing >me money and clothing. Police Intelligence. Aro. 4?Robbery.?The dwelling houia occupied by [r. E. Randolph wai entered by some " sneaking" thief nt night, and robbed of $26 in money, and a quantity of ilver ware. No arrest. Robbing a fellow Hoarder.?A man by the name of uciui B. Cropper was arrested yesterday by officer loome, of the Chiefs office, charged with stealing $38 S cents belonging to a fellew boarder, by the name of amuel Harmsted, No. 112 Green street. Held to bail to nswer by Justice Osborne. Caught in Time.?Officer Welsh, of the Lower Police, 'ombs, arrested a young man called Albert Weeks, en a harge of stealing a quantity of books, valued at over 60, belonging to Baker. Crane and Day, booksellers, lo. 374 Pearl street. The above officer discovered the ccused on Governor's Island, where he had enlisted in : is California Expedition. He was taken before Justice sborne, and committed for trial. j? Lawyer in a Fix.? K warrant was issued yesterday gainst a lawyer called James McGay, under the followig circumstances, as near as we can learn. It appear* Irs Margaret Mitchell, wife of " Jem Bags" Mitchell, ssidinr at No. 18 White street, made an affidavit j esteray before Justice Osborne, accusing the above lawyer rith a violent assault und battery on the 30th of July, sizing violent hold of her, throwing her down, bruising | er arm, and otherwise injuring her severely- It seems hat Mr. McGay it the legal adviser of Mr. Mitchell, for 1 t the time of this assault, he (Mr. Gay) removed all the urniture Horn the premises occupied Dy Mrs. Mltcneu, , vidently done by the order of her husband. Is woodcock in season? Do tell. Humbug.?A poor tailor man by the name of Samuel ! learley was arrested on Monday night, on a charge of articipancy in the prize fight by which Tom McCoy 'as killed, on the 11th of December 1942. It appears he ras " spotted " by a miserable creature who peddles toacco in the 4th Ward, in the anxious expectation of reeiving a reward of $JM>. In this, however, the parties are itich mistaken,for Westchester county hare paid already inch more than they everianticipated to do, when they ommenced|the prosecution of those pugilistic gentlemen. ~1n Jlldernan in" I.imbo."~A few nights ago as Aid. lan Walsh of the 17th ward was passing along Church st. e observed a small girl dressed in a juvenile style, with antalettes and cHrly locks,walking in Church street at a ery lata hour. Upon seeing this the Alderman feeling imself one of the fathers of this virtuous city, thought e would follow thia innocent looking girl, and enaea- j or to reclaim her if possible. After watching her for a j hort time, he observed her to stop at a miserable den of I restitution, kept by old Mrs. Miller, No. 13'J Church st. ! le at once walked up towards the door, when a man ; ame up and arrested the girl, whom it appears was the Assistant Captain of the 5th Ward Police, Mr Webb.? ?ho Alderman requested the release of the prisoner, tating that he was a magistrate. The officer, however, lot believing his story, and not being acquainted with I tie Alderman, and thinking it was only a rote to pro- I ure the release of the prisoner, consequently htf arrestd Mr. Walsh and took him likewise to the Station house or attempting to rescue the prisoner, and interfering , vith the duties of an officer. The matter was very soon xplained at the Station House; but tbo Alderman feeling j lis dignity a little touched, has preferred a complaint iefore his honor the Mayor, requesting Mr. Webb to how cause why he should not be dismissed for ar esting his superior officer. Petit Larceny.?Ann Perry was arrested yesterday ;harged with stealing $5 belonging to Mr. J. Fcnnell, <o.20 Barclay street. Locked up for examination. Henry Palmer was arrested for stealing a gun belongng to B. O.Van Tassell. Cjmmitted. Disorderly Conduct?A young scamp called Henry ohnson, was arrested last night by officer Preston, of the th Ward, in the act of breaking down various signs, and j browing them into the street. Justice Merritt held him o bail lor his future good behavior. Caught on the " Jump"?Officer McDougall, of the 5th Vard, arrested last night Klizi Philips, in the act of nticing men into her "crih," No. 60 Anthony street. )n being brought before Jua'ice Osborne, that magisrate sent her up lit f. o month* to the Penitentiary. Court of General Session*. 1 Iefore Recorder Scott and Aldermen Brady and Purser. John McKeon, Esq. District Attorney. Aug. 4.?Sentence in the case of Bloom aliat Bloomer, j -On opening court, this morning, Win. Bloom, alias tloomer, was placed at the bar and sentenced to be im- j irisoned in the penitentiary for the term of 8 months, for j licking a lady's pocket in the Bowery, a short time ago, nd one year for an aggravated assault and battery; of j vhich offences he was recently convicted. Grand Inqueit.?The following named gentlemen vere then iworn as member* of the Grand Inquest for i he present term of the Court, viz Samuel N. Dodge, foreman,) F. 8. Morrison, H. P. Cropsey, Wm Barnes, | tllen C. Warner, Alfred Schank, Wm. Brown, U. J. i Imith, G. A. Arnoux, Joseph Jannieson, Cyrus Cheney, )del Lock wood, H C. Stacey, Stephen Chatterton, Jas. 'itchett, P. Holt, Wm. Harned, Charles Paine, Daniel j lawson. Horace Wright, and Job Voung, who, after le- j eiving the customary charge from the court, retired to | lommenre their duties. Trial for Grand Larctny.?A German named Fredk. | ohnson, who was yesterday tried and foun 1 guilty if having committed two larcenies, was again placed ! it the bar this morning on a charge of stealing a mantel ; ime piece of the value of $35, belonging to Mr. James j ?ruikshank, of No. 37 Greenwich street, on the 33d of une last. After a brief consultation, the jury rendered a 'erdict of guilty, and the court sentenced him to be imprisoned in the State prison forjthe term of 7 years,being 3 'ears ler the offences of which he was convicted yester. ay, and four yean for the grand larceny referred to bove. Trial for a Diabolical JhtauU upon a Girl ?Antonio : Itiria, an Italian, was next placed at the bar, on a charge : if having, in the month of May last, enticed a girl, named Adeline Tubbt, aged 13 years, of No. 31X Carmine it, nto his bed-room, under the pretence of purchasing rom her some candies, which she had to sell, and then ittempting to commit an infamous assault upon her peron, from the accomplishment of which she was rescued >y some inmates of the house, whose attention was atracted by her cries for assistance. The wretch was > ound guilty, and sent to the State Prison lor the term of wo yeara. Trial for an Attau.lt and Battery?Peter Birmingham, ilias Cheshire Bob, was then called to trial, for having , in the 14th of April last .election day, committed an aggravated at sault and battery on Joseph Murphy, at his )orter-hou<e in Chatham street, knocking him down, and leverely injuring him. Trial for Forgery ? Third Degree ?Ann F.gan was 1 lext pluccd at the bar, on a charge of forgery in the hird degree, in having in her possession, and attempting o pass, a counterfeit js bill, purporting to have been isuod by the Montgomery County Bank, to Mr. Lewis J. urand, in the employ of M. Agate, shoe dealer, No. 114 Jowery, knowing the bill to d? worthless at the time. [*he jury acquitted her. Counsel for the accused Wm. >1. Price, F,sq. Trial for Burglary.?Two juvenile thieves, named dichael Matthews and James How, were then placed at he bar, on a charge of burglary in the second degree, in laving, on the 3d of July last, feloniously entered the louse or Mr. A liner Duflrance, No. 461 Greenwich ?t., with intent of robbiDg the same. On the part of the proecution, it wu ihown that the acuied were caught upon he premises, and puriued, when one of them was ot>lerved to throw away a chisel, and on examining the ipartment it was discovered that a bureau drawer had joen opened and its contents scattered about. The ac used were ably defended by K. D. Holmes and J. W. Jrecne Erqrs., while the District Attorney did not press or a conviction for burglary, but for an attempt at larcety only. The jury, after a brief consultation, accordingy found the accused guilty of an attempt to commit a >ctit larceny; and the Court sent each to Blackwall's aland tor tbe term of three months. The Court then adjourned. United States District Court. Before Judge Betts. Auo 4?Isaac Cox owner of the stoop Hoaxer, vs. The Steamer Belle, her tackle, fc ? Tho libel in this cause was iled to recover damages sustained by the sloop, in con equcnce of a collisien which happened between tho vessels in May last. The libel stated that on the 16th lay of May, 1846, the sloop lelt the pier at the foot of )ey street, in the city ot New York, on her route for (ingston in Ulster county. That about the hour of two iVlock on the inoining of the 18th day of May, while ihe was on her regular course up the Hudson river to Kingston, off and abreast Little Stony Point, in the couny of Putnam, the sloop was lun into by the the steammat Belle, with great force across her bows, and against he bowsprit and starboard bow and hull of the sloop, itriking said sloop with the aiterpart of the hull of the iteamboat, directly behind the wheel, carrying away ler i.owsprit, her lumber post and stays, and damaging ler hull very considerably, and splitting her open in the orward part or bows down to her wales, injuring and lestro) ing many of her planks and limbers. and breakng a hole in her of several feet, thereby rendering her infit for service for a consi eiable time, and charges hat the damages which accrued to tbe libellant, iucluling repairs, loss of time, kc amounted to >488,feO The claimant by bis answer admitted the collision, but insis- J ed it was the result of the want of diligence and care, ind arose from the unskillul seamanship and manage- i nent of the peisons on board; and that every effort was j nade, and all diligence used by the persons navigating I he steamer Belle to avoid the collision: that the slocji ihanged her course, and for want of skill in the persons >n board her, she ran into tho eteamboat abaft her wheel louse, doing her great damage and injury. Judgment eserved. From Nova Scotia.?By the Hibcrnia we have lalifax and other Nova Scotia papers to the 1st nst. Lord Falkland, the late Lieutenant Governor, was 9 leave Halifax on his return to Knglnnd in the Camria, which lelt heie on Saturday. Ilis departure seemed 9 cause vary few regrets. His administration commenced eptemner 3u, ii??j nu ucieK?or, mr ./onn narvey, irmorly Lieut. (JoTernor of New foundland, ha? not yet rrivad from (hat province Luthar Brackatt. U. 8 Comul for the port oi Pictnu, aa received hu exequatur trom the B>itWh Uovern* lent.? Hotlon . . lug 4 Oovkboob tiHtu, tr finsiriuiiii ?11 hia function ry rieitad the Brooklyn narv yard on Saturday laat. and i-a? received by Cant Stringham, with the naual honeri 'pun Koingon hoard the North Carolina, ( aptain Of den, oi comuiaiider, received hit excelianoy v^iUi a taluty i t MfMtow guiM, iutwwr1! MiuW.; , Two Dajra Utcrfrom Ink*. [Correspondence of the Mobil* Herald ] Pcniic'ol*. July 3d, 1840 ?The U. 8. Frigata Raritan, ^om. Gregory, arrived hare yesterday from Veia Cru*. which place aha left on the 10th inatant, bringing two laya later dates than those received by the Princeton. Die Vera Cruz paperaof the lMh anil 16th publiah the tews of the Oregon treaty, under the head of very lm,jOi tuut news. The paper* state that iu consequence of the treaty, the Mexican people are called on to make increased effort* ;o save their country from the rapacity of the robbers of [lie Del Norte. They remind the V.fxicans ol the manner iu which the French were driven o?*.t of Spain, after Madrid and the cities of the country wer* in possession it the enemy. This whs Jone by guerilli warfare, in which small parties of the enemy were murdel'd wter ever they were found. Paredes hud not left the city of Mexico. It vu f^und im|>osnililc to raise a body of even live thouiand to fallow him; while it it the opinion of all well informed per* sou?, that there is nothing to pre rent General Taylor inarching directly to the city of Mexico. There are no troopa to oppoM him. General Scott'i ideal of the rainy seaior have cap led much mirth among thoie residing in the neighborhood sf the citiea of Mexico arul Vera Cruz There ii no finer climate in the world than that of the highland! of Mexico, which are reached near Monterey. General Moro, the commandant oi the caitle and city of Vera Cruz, who haa succeeded the vice-preiident Bravo, hai entered upon hi* duties. He ha* a " "J' ?' several hundred men at work evary morning on the tow ?and beach adjoining the cattle, where he la throwing up additional breait-work*. About sunfe* the *oldier* are exerciied at target-firing. . The gum are moitly of large calibre, and til'r#w * to a great diitance. The American squadron i? al?c,1?5* ed under Oreen Island. The opinion of Oeneral (j.1"1? ii that the caitle can only be taken by escalade, or boarding, as "Jack" calla it; thii the sailors are eager W undertake. The Britiih ?teamer arrived at Vera Cruz on the 14th, without Santa Anna, and the best informed, now say there is no probability of hii coming there at all. The yellow fever ii making great havoc among the troops, both in the Castle and in the city The loldier* being mostly from the interior, are not accustomed to the climate, and therefore suffer in health very severely. Vera Cruz could easily be taken with two or three thousand men, who could land either north or south of it At preseut the city is nearly deserted. Excellent health prevails throughout the sauadron, the frigate Ruritan alone excepted, on board which vessel the scurvy prevails toagreat extent ; this is caused by the length of time which this vessel has been at tea. Sho has been two years and six months in commisaion, and all that time has been passed in the tropics and under a vertical sun. She came to this station from the coast of Bruztl, where she passed much time in observing the blockading squadron off Montevideo,and was, of couraa, unable to obtain freah provisions for her crew Of the large number who have been sick ou board there haa not been a death. The U. S. schr Flirt arrived here three or four day* since from the Brazos for supplies and repairs; *he is in a leaking state. Her dates are not a* late as those heretofore published. The Princeton sails on Monday for Vera Cruz. Army Intelligence. [Correspondence of the Philadelphia Chronicle.] , Brazos St. Jaoo, Texas, July 30th, 1948. After some difficulty and much delay, Gen. Tarlor has succeeded in procuring eight or ten light draft steamboats, for the Rio Grande, and is now sending with all despatch, troops and munitions of war h.n as far asCamargo, the point from which it i* contemplated the line of operations will commence for Monterey avd the interior of Mexico. Owing to the very heavy iv'io*, "? whole country, from Camargo to the mouth oftha river, and along the coast, has been 10 flooded ai at tint'*.to render the use of wagon* from point to point almost V? practicable. Capt. Maokenzie arrived here day before ye*teti! from the Havana, and proceeded immediately, witb patche* lor Gen. Taylor, to hi* head-quarteri. Lieut. Hajrner, of the U. 8. Army, arrived in th; jr yesterday' direct from Washington It is reported, uud we believe truly, that he was tent W for the purposes of ordering Col. Baker's regiment of ,ois volunteers to join Oen. Kearney's command in the event of Col. Baker's regiment having 1 the South, ha waa then to deliver a requiaition o. K 'wards, of thia State, for one regiment of infa e the aame direction. Lieut. Hagner left fo city yesterday" evening. As (treat deipatch v used in raising and organizing thia regimt o the return raaU will bring us the Govern lie subject. There ia reason to fear, that the ui which our young men have volunteered, tindci .ills, will scarcely be emulated on this occasion. Out young men have, from some cause, an invincible repugnance to infantry service. This is particularly the case in the country, where every man owns a horse, and is aocustomed to be nlwavs on his back. It is also argued, that the pay of mounted men is better, and for this reason that arm of the service is preferred. But we are assured by those who are familiar with military lifr, that the infantry ser vico is not so arduous, and is, on many accounts, to be preferred over that of cavalry. The government, even were this not the case, is in want of more men?the nature of the service should form no obstacla to the speedv enrollment of the requisite number.?St. Louit Rtptllican, July 39. The gallant Capt Magruder, who fought so bravely at the battles of the 8th arid Oth of May, arrived in this city last night from Toint Isabel. He represents Gen. Taylor and his army to be in fine spirits. Extensive preparations are making to push Into the interior of Mexico.? Nothing short of this will satisfy the soldiers ; they anticipate a revel in the halla of the Montezumas. The cap tain looks a good deal sun-burnt, but has had remarkably good health?Baltimore Letter. We understand that Davenport and Bridges, car ananu facturers, Cambridgeport, have received a portion of the government patronage, having obtained a contract to build one hundred baggage-waggons for the government. THfese wagons, we presume, are intended for use in the Mexican campaign, and are to be completed by the first of September.?boiton Journal, Jiuguit 3. News from Fort Leavenworth.?By the arri* vat nf th?? stt>B>ni>r Mi??nnri Mail VMterrtaV WS liavo intelligence from Fort Leavenworth to the 231. She lay there only a ihort time, and bring! but little newi. We learn from the clerk, that a company had just arrived from California the day she left Weston, but he did not tee any of the party, and could Dot ascertain what news they brought, further than that they had not met Col Kearney Capt. Edmondson's company reached the Fort two days before the Mail got up, an<i when she left, Capt. Morin's company of dragoons, from Platte eounty, one hundred andiorty in number, were crossing the river from the opposite side. It was also reported there, that five hundred Mormons had been enrolled, and were marching towards the Kort, to join the expedition. The officers at the Fort did not know when the troops there would leave. From a passenger who left St. Joseph about the 18th, we learn that a company of Oregon emigrants, with eight or ten wagons, had just returned to that place, having proceeded about Ave hundred miles on their way. The Indians had there stolen all their work cattle, sixtythree in number, and they could proceed no further; and in order to return, they were obliged to hitch the milch cows to the wagons. A report was in circulation at St Joseph, that a company of sixty-odd persons bound for California?among whom is mentioned a Mr. Cunningham and family, from near Weston?had lost'.heir way and got out of provisions, and nearly all, including C unningham and his family, had starved to death. As our informant wan only passing through St Joseph, and did not learn how the report was biought in, we entertain ho|>es that it may prove to be wifhout foundation, or, at least, greatly exaggerated.? St L?uii R-pub , July 39. Stati Constitutional Convention, Monday. Aug 8.?Mr. Chamberlain presented a memorial from Madison county, in reference to the canal revenuea and the oanals. Referred Mr. Mann moved the consi deration of his resolution requesting the Chancellor to direct the registrar, assistant registrar, he. to report, in separate items, the names of the parties or estates on whose behalf, aad for what purpose, the fund under the control of the Court of Chancery at January, 1946, waa vested. It was referred to the Judiciary Committee. The Convention, in committee of the whole, resumed tho consideration of the report of committee number six on the election or appointment of all offioers other than legislative and judicial, fee., and their powera, duties and compensation. The question before the committee waa on Mr. Kennedy's amendment striking from the first section the salaries of the Secretary of State, Comptroller, Treasurer, and Attorney General, with the view of leav. ing that question with the Legislature Mr Marvin, in case Mr. Kennedy's motion prevailed, suggested that all the officers named in the article under consideration, except the Speaker of the Assembly, should receive a compensation which should not he increased or diminished during their term uf service.and not to receive any fees. Mr Hart suggested an amendmont, in case the tectum was retained as reported, giving the legislature power, at periods of ten years, to regulate the salaries The proposition of Mr Kennedy, to stiike out all that part of the first section living the salnries of the State officers, was negntived? 30 to 38. Mr. Marvin then renewed his substitute for the clause fixing salaries. It leaves the matter to th? T .oiriclntnr* tinri*f? tho nrnvlc<t that tho <>. iarit'9 fixed by the Legislature* shall not be changed ?o a* to affect incnmbent* lor the time being, and that the "friaries shall be in lieu of all fee* and perquiaitea The committee, without taking the queatian, rose, and the Convention took a recesa ?Albany .*rgu?? Political Intelligence. Win A Kain. F.aq, of ApaUchicola, hai been uaanimously nominated by the democratic convention, held at the lower Mineral Spring*, Florida, on the 13th imt., at a candidate to represent that State in Congreu. Portabl* Shaving Caaea?The moat portable, and at the same time the most complete and elegant article now manufactured, having e?ery requisite fur a geii'leman's toilet, and as a traTelling companion invaluible For sale by O. iAUSDE *n St SON, !77 Broedway, a few doors above Courtlaiidt street. Pocket and Pmknlvea, S< lattor*. ^ali Kllci, kc.?A be'intifnl assortment of tlie above articles cci be see i ar t e subscriber*. Mo IT7 Droxdway,. ousiariiig of the most splendid and unique patterns ever imported to this country. G. SAU.NDr lis at SUN, opposite Howsrd'a Hotel. Jndd'i Patent Centrifugal 'Windmill.?A beautilul model of thi* mill is now eihibitinv at the office of the Scitnlijlc .'Imrinaii, 121 Fulton street N. V. This mill is coming very fast into notoriety and will soon be in general use as a motive po? er, and considered one ol the most ealu able inventions of the age. quicker than Lightning.?Wm. A. Nan> dell's F.ipress has brought news (or two days paat in advance of the magnetic telegraph. By the way, Mundell's lightning train, which starts from Troy on arrival of the day boita, c in accommodate passengers, and this is another a<lvantage the nuirnetic telegraph does not yet poiatss, alth >ugb some Yankees doubtless," calculate to "fli it so" and get a patent for the improvement in a few month*. Daguerreotypes?Plumbe'a Improvement* ?TV new m ode of obtaining light, and its ad iit.tion in pr. ilucuig likenesses, lurpasses all i ipenaiicn 'I fie e ?? oe 11 u if r i.lty ol > r. siou d- pic d aad<tiM n e ce gne.i to (he various feature* of the f Ce kp rtic.il rly lie eve), heretofore apparently impossible to produce. Mr. Flnmbe is enabled by this procesa, and hii faultless appan ii to I'T.icnre miniatures or portraits of anv ii? t,> n?ri?e. I HIM I Ilia liilUry ii at 2jI Broadway, where llie mo?t ?|>l?n?t|ii WWII w U?u cmatry mr * iw "1