Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 6, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 6, 1846 Page 1
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TH1 Val. XII, No. SilO.WhnU Mo. *447. THE NEWARK HEMLD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Circulation?Forty Thousand. DMLY fpr.R 4LU?v d . Prwi Seaatsp?rcopy?11 I er aitiiurii?jx c Q t p ax per ropy?S3 <-eut? p?v .. num?p*y..l. < m adv- if HMl ALU f'OH Hi KOPS.? very H ?:kr| di> I'iiCc6V? crut? l"-<<>!" ?S< <*1 j*r nullum payable in *d rajice. V ADVKHTI8KMKMTS ..t tlie uiuaJ prices? tlwayi cash u ajrnnrf I'HINTINO of at) kind* rxr cutcd with beauty luid dre ' pilch. All letter, or communication*, by mail, addrewed lo the e taMislimcnt. must be p> ?t pa d. or the postage will be dr d. ctedtVuui Lite ?a>>*?riptiOii money retr.Jtt d. JAMES (.tORDON BKNNETT, I*roprie'or of (ho NEW YORK lUwMn K,n AHI.UCMK.VT, North-W#-?r rori ro' kulfiw aim Naasno ?rr##t? 91AMIT-OIK AVC'linitKIUATIONti. JOI1 S 111.KL) 4i CO., Called !*tfes "'><1 Urm Krii un ?jid Ireland Old Kitablulied JQnijjriiUt Oitice.Cl South street, New York. ! Mkm. UNKD.MAiN tO., Liverpool PaiMfv to ?ud fiomGren; Bntaiu n:id Irel.unl. rin Liverpool by tlit (?i?i Bhel t II Libi oi nr or the regular Pacitf ships Mili'is very five days. The subscriheis m cnlhcg lii (attention ol Old Countrymen mil 'h? public generally lo rheir uueiinailed arrangeinents lor bringing out pi **enjjers from the old cooucry. bee leave ro ?Mte i.Iibi the l.esiness of tlie House at Liverpool * will b# conducted by iU oranch. i Those sending f??r their friends will nt once see the great importance of this lrraugetoeut, as it will preclude an onnecessar> del of the The ?biis employed iu this line are well known to Ue of 'he first sun largest class, coin* j manded by mew of experience; -aid it lliey sail every five days, offer every fscilit) that can be fnruithed. With those superioi irrn iufmrnts. the subscribers look forward for a continuation ol* that patronage which has beeu so liberally ? ex'ended t?? diem lor so many years past In c*se any of 1 those engaged do not einbmk, tne passive money will be re* funded cusloiuary. For further iwrticul ?rs apply by letter. postpaid. J HF.RD.YtAN h CO., I 61 South it., New York ' . HEKDMAtS jt CO., Liverpool. . N. B.?Drafts fo'r any amount can as mini be furnished, J pavable at aUthe principal II inking In ?iii n tioim thromrb.iul j the If'ii'ed V"i?,"m appliciiinn ?? above jy2ft r i. l-l *\E. or I'AtKtio. m m m M I Tn^TijTnnfntioii slops will b" regularly despatcheinrom hence on the lit, and Croin Marseilles the lOlb of each mouth . duriug the year, follow. :? J Sli i pi. Ciptaiai. From N.York . . PR'CK de JOINV1LLE, (new) Lawrence, April 1 Sept. I. 1 MISSUKI, Silvester, May 1 Oct. 1. I ARCOLK (new) Eveleigh, Ju;ie 1 Not. 1. < GASTON, Coulter, July 1 Dec. I. NEBRASKA (new) Watsou, Aug. 1 Jan. 1. Slu|i?. Captains. From Marseille! PR'CK ile JOINVILLE, (new) Lawrence, June 10 Nov. 10 MISSOURI, 8ilvesrer, July 10 Dec. 10 ARCOLK. (new) F.veleigh, Auk. 10 Jan. 10 OASTON, Coulter, Sept. 10 Feb. 10 NEBRASKA. Watson, Oct. 10 Mar. 10 These vtwsels are of the (irat class, commended by men ol tx|?erieiice Their accommodations, for passengers are unsnr passed for comfort and convenience, (ioods addressed to the agents will be forwarded free ofother charges than those acto ally paid. ' Jlor freight or passage aiiply to 1 CHA.MB4MJ.LA1N Si PHELPS, Proprietors No. 103 Front street, or 16 , BOYD & HINCKEN, Agents. ml3rc 9Tontine Hnildingv B8 Wall.cor. VVater ?t. i NtVV JulMi Ub LlViiJdl'UUL PAChJiTS. M m si m l a sail from New Vork 21st, end from Livcrjiool Ouwjleacl! Booth. From New York. Live, pool. New .hip Liverpool, 115# ton., j ^pri, 31 June 6 J. Wdnilfce. J An exist 21 Oct. < New ship (Jueen of the West, S Afi'?nrT l\ feeb * 1240 tons.V. Woodhouse, j llm.m'r 1 N^v. ? N*W ^Jo^Bmr80010"' IK *! Aurnst 6 John Britou. J October 21 Dec. ? Ship Hottiugiier, 1040 ton., J Ira Bursly. (Nov. 21 Jan. fi Theae substantial, fast sailing, li?.t clasa ships, all bniit in the city of new York, are commanded bj men of experience and ability, and will lie despatched punctually oil 'lie 21st ol II each month. Their cabins are elegant and commodious, and are furnished with whatever can conduce te the ease and comfort of possen jjers. Price nf passage 8W0. Neither the captain* uor owners of these ships will be reaponsible for any parcels or package seat by thera, Quiets I regular bills of l?'hng are siipied therefor. t For freight or ptusnge appl* to I WOOliHULL h MINTUKN, I 47 South street. New York, or M> J F1ELDEN, BROTHERS b (!o., , mB re Liverpool. i INJL, VV tui\K AND GLASGOW LINE UF t PACKET**. ! from New 1 oik on the lat^T^wiaenow oiMii^Ati! I of each laoulh. From N. York. Fm. Gl'fow. 1 i June I. July 14. I Ship SARACEN, N. T. Hawkins, } Oct. 1. Nuv'r 15. i ( Feb. 1. March 15 I V July 1. April 15. Br. Ship BWOOKSB Y, H. M'Ewen, < Nov. I. Aug. 16. i ( March I, Dee r 14 V August 1. May 16. Br Bark ADAM CARR, , < Dec'r 1. Sept. 16. 1 ( April 1. Jan 15. f I May 1. June I Br. Bark ANN HARLEY. R.Scott. < Sept. 1. Oct. 15. | ( Jau'y 1 Februa. 14. , 'i'H?: t ships are good, anbstantiiil vessels, ably Commanded, and will sail puuctually ou their regular day*. Their .iccorn * ..,t I',.. .... II I . * pi ill to promote their comfort '/lie agents or Captain* will Spot be responsible for any parcels or packages ?cut tliem, uuIan bills of |aditn< are signed therefor. i for freight or passage, apply to c WOODHULL fc M1NTUKN, R7 Jvuith street, New York, or at rf IP IP N M . <>l-irow. u l'A^&AGE tiiUiVl uiibili' bitli AlAsN AiNlJ i IK ELAND, *if& && By theoBBi Ball. 01 Old Lin* orLTveijiool Packet*, sailing from Livrr|*iol ou the 1st anil IGtli ol VT?ry uioutli. The YORKSHIRE aula from Liverpool, 1st of March " OXFORD " " 16th of March ) " CAMiilllDOK " " 1st of April j " MONTKZL'.MA " " 16th of April. Persona sending for their friends, and forwarding the passage certificate by the :tesm?hip Hibernia. tailing from Boston on tha tat of February arill h?ve plenty at time to come in the Yarkslure, or in hi) nsee ol ilir right packets of the Lilack Ball Lin*, tailing from Liverpool on'the U( and Ittth of every month Appl) to, or addreaa, if by letter post paid, ROCtiK. BROTH MIS & CO.. Si Fulton at., Nnt iloor to tin* Fulton Bank. ~GLASkAnv A.NL' .N L. VV ^ OKK LlNb ui I PACKETS. PMS> e&FSt.HJsO.NS wishing in .end tor rlirir irieads in or, part ol Scotluid, to ami direct from Glasgow, can make arrangel mauta with rhe * u Use ri tiers, to have them brought out in any I Ol tne regular lineot Packets, sailing monthh from Glasgow. The ANN II ARLEV, < at'iain Scott, ADAM CARR, Captain McEwen, SARACEN .Captain Hawkins, BROOK8BY, Comprise the above liue,sud the high character of those ?e?lals should be sullicient inducement lor persons who may be sending far lhair friends in Scotland, to make arriuigcmeuu for this (the ouly hue.) farther particular giveu, on application to W. & J T. TAPSCOTT, 75 South street.coriier of Maiden Lane, or Messrs. REII) Si MURRAY, Agent! lit in tfisgow. Si LAM BETWEEN NEW YuitK A.xU LiVEKPi Ol,. CV'lfX. The Ci Western Steam Ship Compa* T* sj^v ny's Steam Shi,; the OIlf.AT WEST. ri!*-*>?*. RUN, WOO tous, 43H horae Power B H ^ CSfiSnSS* Matthews, Eaii.,t ommsndei; ihe OKKAT I S . 3^*0 ton a, 1000 borse power. Li. Jamet Hnakeu, K N., (Jotnnia^der, mtrndrJ to run u GREAT WtSTKBN From Li??ri?<Hil t mm New York. Situ'diy 111h April. Thirid'T 7th Ma*. Sato day 30th Miy. Thurtday SA'h Jan*. 8 tmdiy 21th July. Thursday 2dth Au* Saturday Uih ??pt. Thuraday 8|I. Oct l BtlOfday Slat Oct. Thur?day 2fcih .Not. | OKEAT BRITAIN From Liytrponl From New York. Saturday 9ih May. Sa'n day ?ih Jnne. T??il?v 7th July SatU'day I ? Au? We<ln??d4y 2*th Aug. Tuesday 22d Vpi r. Tot-day... 2fiih Oc' Toeaila* "h Nut Fan- u> Liveipool prr Great Waaterii, $100. and $j Htaw arH's frt. Fite par ^raat Britain acc?r<lin* to the and po?f'ion of tha stale momi. plans ot which may be seen at any of ihe Alf'-cm Fur liairht or passage, or any other information, apply in New\?rkt.i KIl HAUl) lit VIM, M Kr.?.i at. Vorfc. 27'h Keh.. |H4?j jvW ric ??rw_ .Mt'HtK-TAI'bCOl"! 'h UfcflfcJUt A y* wBfm KMIORATION UKKK K, KemoT.d Imm 3 vX, to 8f> Soetb street.?I'eraons ending lor 21 ?? d thojr friends in any |?rt of ill# old coontry make the necessary arrangements with the anbacrinera, on r**a*tiabl* term*, in have them brnnght oat. w THE NEW LINE OK LIVERPOOL PACKETS. The 8hipa of thia line are unaurp.u?*il by any oilier, una tfc*ir iaimenae ?iie (nil being IWio *ud ni ?iril<) r?t.-ler? tit*in more comlVtrtalJe and ciiiiveinent than ihijn<>f i am.\ll?r claia ; and the gr#*teat reliance mav be placed iu their idhctnality in aailmg I he auhncritiera are ilm i.-rnn for the 8t. George %i)J Ukiiiii Lmri of Liverpool P?ck*ta, iu any 0< which p?a?n*e cai) br emaged i? reaaonahle term* DraHa for any amount, l-ayao'e ? ithou' dtaconiit ii< all rht principal tovri:? of England, Ireland, Scotland or Walea. -m Ian h* obtained For turthai partimUri. >i J>I? to -. W it f. T TAPSCOTT, t*27rc Eolith ft.. *d dfOT hel" w Itnr'nir lip. N. Y. luh LI V EL TOOL?New Line? Regular pack*g<WVi'1. to nil August Jip'.b?The elegant, Mat ?<liling JBUKsiMcUt ?hip S11) DON S, E B.Cobb. master, of 11#0 tons. Aill aail aa ab'iva, h*r regular ilay. Airfreight or passage. Iiaviug accommodations QPequilled for apleudor *t comfort, apply on board, at Orlaaaa wharf, loot ol Wall street, or to (> ?>' IT rOLLINS k ro., 5? fontlt at Pack*'shir >HFRIDAN, O*0. B. Omitk. master, wil; m. caad th* Hiddoaa, and aail 8at>ttmb*r *ih. h*r rcgaia 4*7 ir* E NE" NE' KAII.KO\IW. I i U W fc.STbJU\ 1 iv A V C.L.L.bK!> 'I 'Hf. I'ui.t.c i? ruixciiu'l) > turned that th? r?c?ui brenk , S IU the <.nil cn<ril bf ?lllr Ult I'rrihrl. h?* |||| Wu f I pairwl, llir riONKKH fc. KXPRKH!* LINK, *i? Kiulroad 1 I'uil Cdiinl t'n?m HiiUilrl|>bi* l<> PilMburRki. own roenced it? i , rsuUi trip* lor tlit *ew<i> ?u Mnuilnt me 611. of April, Hit r)it Ufl"H. \u tl4 Muskat ?'.r*et. DAILY. M lit ] i'cluct, A.M. : li> tlit? runif ? ill ?voitiall lh? fitifioe &nd d*?.ei of 'Htlit uavellin* iu c-McheM. bolli RaJlrur.da bene paw- > 1 rd id iKylighr tl. t I t , I'lrmer Mih.rin.ifmo, apply ?t tie oia-?siaoiisne? uwt, ' , 774 ,?l?rkri strew, 4 doors ?h?i?e tiifhth itreM. | tin ti-i ?i,c A. B Cl'MMIN'?8. Agent. , lung Island kailkoad company. j > HUMMJCn jHRK*dAIGKM?NT rHAlMS RUN AS FOLLOWS, COMMENCING W?? | ! NESDAY. MAY IJ. 1?4?: !, Leati Brooklyn at 7 o'clock, A M. Bostontrria for Oreen- i port, daily (except Sundays.) stopping at Kartiiingdale and St. Oeowe's \ianor. 1 ' " a- oVIock, A. M., for Fannin dale and iutei mediate places. ( " ' at :< P. M., through to Oreenport. iV-t ping < both toy* at Jamaica, Braucn, Hicks* ille, | Kwningdale, and all the stations between t'armuigdale and OreeuMTt , " " at 5 P. M., for Karmiuj^ale and lutane . dure placet. Leaif Ohekn*o?t at 4 o'clock, A. Id. Accommodation train, > il :ly, (except Suidayi,) through to Brook- | nn. I " " ?i J P. M., Boston train, ?r en the arrival of the steamer from Norwich, stopping at tk. Oeorce's Manor aiid Partningdale. ILeatk Kasmihodai.k dt IVA. M', Accommodation train '' for Brooklyn. < " at 8\ A. M. Oreenport train, lor Brooklyn " " at fi P- M. Accommodation train, for 1 Brooklyn. j ? '.ka vr J *maica it I A. M. Accommodation train, for Brooklyn. " at A. M. Oreenport train for Brooklyn " " at 3-* P. M. Accommodation train, for Brooklyn. ! Kahk to ? Bedford cents, F.aat New York IIXi Race ,'nirsf lilji Trotting Course ISV, Jamaica 24, Bruahville g tl1^. Hyde Park (17 miles) 37W, I lowaville (during the sea- V .ion ofciurt) J7W, Hempstead Jl)i, Branch H%. Carle Place II, Wt Mliury 44, liicksville 44, Kartningdale 6&i, Deer Park >9, Thompson f-8, Suffolk station $1. Lake Road station a SI 185-j Yledlord station SI I8X, Yaph?nk SI 37)(, St. Oeorge's Manor SI 6?Ji, Kiverhean SI 62%, Jamet|>on SI 62\t, Mattetuck Si 62%. Cutcliuime SI BouthoM SI 62X, Oreenport \rcotmn.wlatioii train SI 75', Oreenport by Boston train (2 U Stages are in readiness ou the arrival of traina at the several < (tations, to take passengers at very low fare*, to all pane ol i the Isl mil. ] C-uva?e < .'rims will be in readiness at the foot of Whitehall | treet. to receive tmggape lor the several trains. 3d minutes before the hour of startniK from the Brooklyn tide. The steamboat " Statesman" leave* Oreeuport for 8a* Harbor twice each day, on the arrival of the trmim from Brooklyn; tnvIS rc ?LONU ISLAND RAILROAD Express Mail Train, leaves Whitehall (treat Ferry, New York side, every morning at 7 A. M., lor Boaton/_Also. traini from-Brookhn aide at 7 o'clock and ire milium, and 9>? A M., and S aud 5 P. M.. daily. The 7 V. M , And 3 1'. M tiaina go through, the former stopping at KariniuBdale and manor. and the latter atall place* on the nil Jell r TK.OY MIIKNING ANU EVENING LINE VORNINU LINK AT SKVEN O'CLOCK. ! *?? ? ? KOH ALBANY AND TROY-From the ?jp Strain boat Pier at the foot of Barclay street. Ii ~ M*!Mr. Landing at IVekskill Weat Point. New'iuik111 Huiiii'iuu, Milton, Pouglike?|i?ie, Hyde Park, RhinejecTi. U. Red Hook. Bnatol, Caukill, Hadion, Couaclue, Cinderliook and Baltimore. Breakfast iuid dinner on hoard the boat. Tlit steamboat NIAOARA, will leave oa Monday, Wednesday and hrtday Mornings7 A. M. The steamboat TROY , Captain Oorhato, on Tn?day, Thursday and Saturday mornmgi, at 7 o'clock. Retur'.aug on opposite days. Fur passage or freight apply on board, or at the office oa the wharf. NEW YORK. ALBANY AND TROY LINE. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, Kroiu the pier at the loot of Conrtlandt street. The low-pressure steamboat UMPIRE, Captain K B. Maey, eaves the loot ol Conrttaudt atreet, us Tuesday, Tbursdat uid Satnrdnv evening*, at seven o'clock. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Capt Wat. H. Peek, will leave on Mouday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at 7 l'clock. Ptssengers taking these Boats will arrive in time to take he Morning Train of Cars from Troy west to Boffalo.asd orth to ?-ratoga. Whitehall and Lake Champlaia For I'natage or Freight, apply on board, or at the Office ot tie wharl'. Nu freight taken after 5K o'clock. NOT I' E?All goods, freight, bank bills, specie, or anj jthn kmd ot i'roi?erty. positively at the owner's risk. jttr THE MOST DELIGHTFUL OF ALL EXCURSIONS. ; jju A PAIL aeroaathe Hodsoa river to Hobo u-*---r:;l'y.e3*k*u. and th??nii witlll to th* Klyaian Fielda " 'illi iK?-<l"n? tlie exceedingly picturesque thorn ot 'ir place, will j>ruve the mini rati)/ arnntiinliahed mid nit rat ive of Ml rumal excursions that can be made from the city. The grouuda now present a charming aspect, the tree* be uar iu leaf, and the aoil covered with a rich mrf. Tlie walki are id excellent order, having been considerably m W-llislied the present spriag. On iwjry pleiunat afternoon there will be in attendance ? the Colmnuade Klyaian Fields, an eieellent Biuid of Maaic which will perform selections from the favorite Operaa.popa l*r airs. marchra, wajtrea, tie. The Kerry Boats from Barclay, Canal and Christopher tts. vrr completely fined np with awn tugs and seats. N'irI.i Boata ran from Hoboken to Barclay streetantil Ji 'elock. Ferriage W'nts ai1tm*r I BRITISH AND NORTH AV1KR1^r>JpfWCAN KO>AL MAIL STEAM HHIPI-, fcreaol iMW tuna and44A liorae power each, ui . tier contnct wi;h the Lords of the Adm HIUK.KNIA . l.T.\ Capt. A Ryrie. CALKDONIA Capt. L. O Lott. BRITANNIA Capt. J.Hewitt CAM Bill A Capt.C. H. K? Jadkms. At. ALMA ('apt.Win Harrison. Will RiUI Irom Liverpool and Boston, via Halifax, as fol lows >? pom boston. prom LivicarooL. Hibernia 4n?. IS, IMC. Hibernia July 19, 1844. C-ledonia Sept. I, " < aledoma... ...Aug. 4, " Britannia 16, " Britannia " 19, " Carnbua Oct 1, " Cambria Sept. i, ", " 19 " Pasiant Moitt*. From Rmton to Liverpool .SIM. Krom Boston to Halifai M. No berth* secured antil paid lor. Tneae ahipi carry ax- i iierienred torgeona No freight, except apecie, received oa \ ditvi of nailing. For freight, paaaaga, or any other information, apply to D. BRIOH AM, Jr., Agent. I At HARNDEN It CO.V. ? Wall it. (**7* In addition to the above line between Liverpool and Halifax, and Boiton, a MMMt ha* been entered into with Her Ma eity'a government, to eatabliah a line between Lie- ' erpool and New York direct. The ateam ahi?< for thia eer rice tire now being bullt. aud early next year due notice will I be give" of the time wh?n they will itait. Uuder the new ( contract the aleamera will aail every Saturday daring eight a mouiln *nd everv fortnight daring the other monthe in the t year Going altern-tely between Liverpool, and Halifax miH 8<?riin. and between Liverpool and New York. jv29 tfrrc _ 1 FOR NEW ORLEANS? Loni.iana and New | Vork Line?Poairively firxt Regular Packet To i Wlllb^il Monday 10th init.?The elegant, faat aailing picket ahip OSWEOO. Johnaton, raaater, will poaitivaly ,ia11 m above, her regular day For freight or |i?ukr, baring hantWome fnrnlahed accom- . mndationa, apply on board, at Orleana wharf, foot of Wall treet, or to E. K. COLLINS It CO., 36 Sujjfcit. * Toaitively no goodi received on board after IHfeday i evening, Aurnittth. 1 Agent in New Orleana. JAS. E. WOODRUFF, who will y promptly forward all good* to hia nddreaa. , Packet ahip KARTELLE, Taylor, maater, will aaceeed the Oswego, and a..iI on Monday, 3lit Angoat, her regular ' d.iv. aui * ?BT ONLV RWJULAR LINE OF PACKETS FOR I 1#3PJVvt.W ORLEANS -Packet of the 10th Aug - , MMifcafaTlie l'a?t-? ulmg and favi.ri'e t'acke' Ship OsVv F- , iiu uapt Johnion, w.U *ail poaitivaly on iVlonday, Aug. II, ; her r gular d i). l Wie i a? >i lendid accmmodationi for cbin, aecond cabin, t anil ? eerage panengera 1 hoie wishing to aecare bertha iliould make earl / application to 1 W. k J T. TAPS^OTT, e ant tr, Snmh at . 2d do >r below Burling Slip. aAi OLp fe.?1 .VBLISHfcli UNITED STATES k d aMHfV GREAT BRITAIN ? IRELAND EMIGRANT v AUbUKKK E.?The Subic libera continue to bring oat i; l'M> hy the regular I'acke* Shipi, ?ailn g every five day* j in.' alto for ftr?t-claee American uaniient abipa, aail- f lugnriklk.a ver moderate ratea L>mIi* r?u al <> be frirnialied for anjr amount payable tbriiughoui the United Kingdom, oil application aa above, f "H ' K ' > V % " eet t ' -?5lS?v OLAHUUW LINK OF PACK ETS?To aail lit Seintubar. her regular diy?1 he li< e faat mln g ' } Ml# 1lirncii( pervd Brttiah hark ANN HVRLEY, captau I ' ??jtt, wi'l .a,I (i above, her regular day. \ r height or paaaage. having excellent accommodation!, t apply on boar J fii-it ol Hrwibevelt atrnet, or 11 WOODHULL k MlNrtjRN, V Sonthit The reenlar racket amp SARACEN, Oap?. N T. Haw- | kma, will >uce?ed the Aaa Hailey, and tail on the 1 at Octo- ' ber. her regular day. #nj ( NOTICE. ' Consignee* of goode per .hip Charlemagna. Irom i Liverpool, are hrreby notined that (aid thin it now 1 .IWif Yn ii?< hatging under general order. at Pier No J. N. I Ki , w. It J. r. TAFIK-OTT. I J vl I m* ?^r FOE LI? KM POOL?New Lio??Kenlir racket Augutt -The anperior/aat tailing packet (hip >#Wl?l,IVKKI'OOL, HJn ton* bnrthea, Capt. John fcf. 1 dridxe, will Mill u a!>nre, her regalar day. Kor Ireight or paatage, ha?iug tie*amaadtaparior imob, HiivUti odi. apply en board, wwt iidirf l?rli?|ilip, or to WOO I) HULL k M1NTTJRN, V &>ath ttreac. Price ofpftiMKe S100. Th-p-clrt ship Unren of the Weet, lttO tons hnrthen. | Captain Phillip W. onhnate. will sncceod the Liverpool, nil 1' ??n Urr r> fiiltr (in */!?? i' W ~?A/r fA<-Kh.T ?Hlf LTl A, fr h H?*i??CoutignNKtJTVeat per tr-ta thip trtll plaata tend thai r perm ita ob *MMGal>?nd, ?? pier >o 4 N. K AH gn< d? .,<n penamad 1 b_ o- -.111 ii\?r. will ?en> r- ihe pwhhc ?lora ?a> \ fA' Ht.'i UAl<If MAKLr \ ,, (ilaaMTVl^ <>' ?' outiinea? will |.|e??e tend their permiu oa I MMMEB 'oiiid, at rha foo' of il.ioreteli ttrett. t.K withoat ' i on-) v 11 good* not permitted mntt ih> taut lo public >tora. j ' ?12 _ i KAi.KKT VOH H-VV ll^f?o,d Liat iha KKjKJVnetket tliiu L'TlCA C>Pt. F Hewitt, wi I tail ua *aM*B6a>ha ltl of Sept. For freight or callage, apply to ! "* HOVO fcTHINt KkN. M W?H ?t. i |\1 ^ 1 M il.-aII | eriuua arc licrroy e??iiuuv<l mnhmsi tier| -1^ lioring or trailing any of the ai?w of tfc* Briti?li taik W YO W YORK. THURSDAY ] PROGRESS OF THE WAR WITH MEXICO. Army Intelligent*. [From the Matamores Flag of JWjr ltKh.J Wo learn from in authentic source that the four regimenti of Louisiana Volunteers, under the command ef Urn Kniitli. are iu good health generally, but lew complaining They are ertc imped together at San Juan Bueua Vii-ta The-e regimen * me the U'aikinKtoo, < olonrl Walton; LmiUiaaa. ol Daktn; Aim raw Jackson.tol Marks; and Uoiiteiuma.' ol U ivia. numbering about 96U0 rank and file I he camp ground lain a thick chwpperel, which the men have hud to clear with much labor, in oruer to make a p.irade ground aud pi'cU their teuta. The ri>c.iinpment is mm lake about one iail? from the rirer, [he water of which is com-ideied by the Dtudical stall'as iiuw holesotnr, it being lille l with every deacriptlnu of inlmalcuitr, but the men have dug wella from which a Jtinkatiie aitide of water ha* beeu procured The lines j{ discipline are being diawn tighterby degrees,enough 10 to cause the soldiers to feel that they ttt military men n an enemy's country, and that self-will must be laid uido in order to peifotm those duties for which they en-oiled their name* on the lilt of fame. General Smi h las established a brigade guard, about 'JSO teen, and it la i inetty sight to see them mount guard ia the evening. We notice amongst list of the t>as<eng*rs ariived her* m FiiJay, the Hames of Colonel Taylor, brother of the commander . Col. (Jates and Captaiu K. Ittrby, paymaser, with *S0 OtH) The body of a Mexican boy, abont 17 or l(y*ara old, was brought to tfce guard-hour* on Thuradajr morning ast, hnving been shotln or near the right temple, whicu oust have iustaatly despatched him. It was left to the public ga/o tor n-jar two hours, aad the a takm off for iiuriaL There are at thi* time mora of our countrymen visiting Vla'-amoras than wo have aeon before. Besides the citizens who came by the last arrival, a large nnmber of the >tilcer* from below grace the place witn thoir presence . Th im?s I'ugh.a Ranger, was stabbed through the neck >y a Mexican a tew eveniuga since, but wa understand s doing quite well. A company uf players has arrived at Mat?era* imoDg whom are Mrs llart, Mrs Jefferson, Mrs. Irwin, tlisj Jefferson, Mini Christian, Miss Bradley, Miss Irwin, ilessrs Hait, Wells, Jeifureon, Smith tec. Mariiid, iu this city, by the K P. Jos* Maria Rodri. [uez.Col Lawrence K McKay, formerly of N.Orleans, o Li Senora Dona Dolores stanchex The soldiers in Matamotas a e made to sweep the streets is a puuisbment. The " flag" thinks it too bad that they hould be put to so degrading un employ tnunt. [From the Matamoras Reveille, July IS] We are indebted to Mr Zacharie, who arrived in thia ;ity yesterday morning from Camargo, for the following nlorraatioii. He states that on his way up, on the steamei Brownsville, they pasted the steamer Enterprise, took off talf her troops and supplies, and then continued to the sity. On the banks of the river, about half way between Hejnosa and Camargo,they espied two Mexicans looking it the.boat as she passed by, with ap arent unconcern ; tome of the passengers, who were well acquainted with ^anales and Carrebajal, recognized these two humble ndividuals as the same. Any attempt to have taken hem would have been useless, as they no doubt had j heir horses ready to leave on the tint movement of that und General Taylor'* proclamation had been received >o>h below and at Camargo, and when tbey arrived here, the citizen* received them with their hat* waving u the air. ami acclamation* ol heart to It joy. The soldier* have taken posaesiion of the town. There wore, at the lime he left, 400 troop* in the town, and more sxjiected houtly The Alcalde came out to meet the :omraanding officer previou* to hi* entering the ciiy, nuking a requiwt, that he knew would be granted, that rivate properly should be reipected, but that every :hmg else was at their disposal Uwing to the late rile ! in the river, and the immente damage that haa been done to the town by it, nearly demolithing the place, the inliabitaat* have concluded to change the aituation of it tome ten mile* higher up the river. Improvement* are joing on very fait Number of inhabitant*, about ai'OO : f be river ia falling very rapidly. There U one incident connected with the hiatory of Monterey, in Nuevo Leon, which i* not generally mown. The itreet* of that city were pared by American prisoner*, taken by the foreei of Uen. Arredondo, from .v.ina'* unfortunate expedition of 1918, and cementid with their blood. Theie men, who had nobly perilled heir live* to obtain the independence of Mexico, were aken priaonert, and after being kept at hard labor on the itreeu of Monterey for moniha, were taken eut and lately shot, by older of the government We know of >ut one lurvivor of the expedition, the *enior proprietor ?f the 8t. Louis Rtvtillt. Walker'* Ranger*, to well known to the pnblic, were nuttered out ol the service on the 16th iutt., their term tl service having expired. There U a rumor iu town at present, to tkis effect: that i>en. Parede* had already noutied the cummindant at ?lontere> that he would have to make tho be<t defence tie could at that place, a* Le was unable to render him iny assistance at present, owing to the difficulties in the southern Statu* ul the republic. Capl. 'Ihoruton w a* assisted in the management of hi* ;a?e before the court martial by Capt Barbour, 3d lnfan.ry, auU Lieut. Bragg, 3d arullet) ; and at 16 o'clock ou | Wedne?da> hi* written deience was made to the court t>y Lieut tfragg. The wounded Mexican loldiery which were left in the : lospital* here, are mostly all up and about?as well a* .lie v can ret about. ftruHvsil a! ftffi arms nr ofhsriviti outdated. Their situation it pitiabie in the ezueme, at *e learn their government offers them little or bo coin>en?ation for the sufferings tney have endured on her ac ;ount. What a charity it would be if a subscription were railed throughout the United State* for their relief, uid how nobly it would apeak for the American chancier. [From the New Orleam Picayune, July 38 J Major Oen. Butler and Brigadier Oeuerals Cuitman ind filiow, of the volunteers, arrived in this city unce tur last pubUcation. They are em rouit lot the army. Captain Alexander bliUell McKenzie, whose arrival at -Uvaua we announced souie U)i ago, was at the Brazos iuntiago on lust huuday week. He reached Uiere front iavaua. Immediate!) upon going ashore, he obtained a ior?u and went to Matamoras to ?ee Oen. Taylor. Upon lis return to the Brazos Santiago he went directly to es. lie was obly a few minutes at the Brazes, ana no )ne knew the nature of his errand. It was rumored when he went to Havana, that he was sent there to asertitu whether privateers were being fitted out in that Hjrt Other speculations were rile touching his mission, lie went tiom Poitsmouth, Va , to Havaua. in the U. ?. t>ng Tiuxton. No one at the Brazos knew to what point ue sailed. His presence there was unexpected, ami his lepeuure unexplained. Tne gentleman?an officer of the Washington regiment- trom whom we got these par iculars, could obtalu no clue to his proceedings. W hat Bver hia bunneu may be, be Unas sufficient despatch in prosecuting it [From the New Orleena Picaymne, July 3? ] The steamship Alabama leevoi ttaii morning lor Bracot Santiago, ?ith four coaapaniea of lllinoia volunteers; ike ateamahip McKim cleared yesterday for Matagorda Say, and will leave in the eourae of the day with lour sompaniea ?f Illinois volunteers; the Telegraph will si. o leave with three companies, and the briga Albertina, tdolptie, T. Stieet, and Oriole, each with two oompalies, lor the aame deatination. The Jamea L. Day aiao eavei for Tort Lavacca, with four compeniee No leaf luan nine schooner* alao cleared yeateraay, principally or Point laabel, heavily laden witn government or iuier'a atorea for the naa of the army. [From the New Orleana Jertenonian, July 37.] It appear* from the promptitude with which General IVool haa discharged the dutiea a?si?ned him in the States of Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, llliuoia, Tenneaaee, ind Mississippi, that be haa loat none of the zeal and dervtion to the service, which characterized him in the arar of 1014, and aubsoquently rendered hia aerricei ao valuable as Inspector Oeneral ef the Army, during a peiod of nearly thirty jeara. In hia rapid movement hiough the Weatern states, three regimeuta from Ohio; hreeirom Indiana, two from Kentucky, one of cavalry, our from Ulinoia, one from Tennessee. car airy, and one rora v,iaaiaai|>|>i, have bean railed, organized ami muaered into eervice under hia aupervisiou. Many of theae root* hare already reached Uie frontier of Mexico, and he remainder aie now ?? roult in the aame direction. When the difficulties of auch a service are considered, rheie embarmaanig dela>i in piocurmg ariua, camp iquipage, Icc , aie almost inevitable. it is highly honoru >ie to oeneral Wool that he should be able to complete utiei so arduous and important as theae have been, itnin the space of about six weeks since he lelt Wellington. We understand that Oen. Wool leaves this city to-day or Ran Antonio, via Matagorda, to assume command uf 11 the troo|* to be concentrated at San Autono, for the ontempiated movement into the department ol Chihua10a. Yesterday, Major Mitchell, who ia to go out in Col, 'rice's regiment, Major Walker and Major SpaukJing 'a>mastera in the United States army. lelt lor Foit Leaenworth, on board the Little Mis?ouri. Col. Price'* re' uneiit will rendezvous at Kort Leavenwortn, about the list of August, and as soon as they can oe organized, vill proceed en rtuft to join Oen. Kearney's command, t is not probable that this regiment will overtake the Jenerai teiore they reach Bent'a Kort.? St. Ltruit liteillt, July 2#. Company B of the 4th United States Flying Artillery, inuer the command of Captain Washington, arrived at Mexandiia, Louisiana, on the31st inst iioni Wheeling, Pa., on the route lor Fort Jessup, where they will await uitber oiders. The 8t Louis Srw Era says:?"A volunteer force of . venty-six nen has heeD enielled for twelve months to garrison Fort Crawford, at Prairie du Chien, during the ibsence ol the rvgulars. A Kickapoo chief, called Little Liaady, who haa long been very hoatile to the whites, a raising a force, and threatens hostilities to revenge hia vrongs whilst the regulars are gone. Home ol the Inlians in that neighborhood are much dissatisfied." Very Late from Tobuco. [From the Naw Orleana j?ffei?oui?n. July 58] We kit) indebted to J. P. Levy, fc?q bearer of de?pateh1a to the limited bcaiea government, lorttte following inelligeuce :? Air. Levy left Tobacco on the lltk tiutant on board be Bpamtii brig Manulita, bound to Havana, accompalied by lii* brother and family; and waa taken off the brig >y the towboat Mary Kingalaiid HO rollai Irom the Bar. i apt. Levy ttatat, that at the time he leii Tohaeco, iewt came inirum PechuceUe, that the department had let tered tor Santa Anna and faueraliam, in conjunction ?ith several oUier departanenta, at the head of which la Jot. Beichee and ether mod, that care for nothing elee >ut railing revolution* and robbing the indolent agricultural. On the llth I net the Commandant Ueoeial, I'aaae, marched with all of hla forcee to pat down the revoution, eay 100 men, In the it earner Petrita. It waa *uptoaed they will join the revelntioniata agalnet the govern RK I HORNING, AUGUST 6, 1 I ment of Paredea, a* they were without pay or proviaione, excepting what they forced from the merchants a lew days before my departure. I Don Manuel Exappl, and Don M. Papo collected about i $400 a month from tubscriptiona to aupport troops, ao that they should have do inducement to rob the people Every Mexican, except aolJierf, would be glad to join the American banner. Our naval forcea would meet no difficulty. In coming to thia city?they ahould be am ill veuels. not drawiug more than teu fret water. There ia no fortiAoa'Utn exreptat Accahapas.which 1* aix milea from Dm Juan Baprtiata-and there they hive onlv three-jt-pouo'le.s. and a few other guns on aainal nm I breastwork , all the troop* have lel'l the place, leaving the militia.that bavel) understand tho u<e of armi. All the arm< anl .im>nuution have been collected together from the Indian village* and deposied in lue Prefect's hoaae, in order to prevent them from making any reaiitanco against the forced con, tilbutiena made by the Central Government Another abuse which ia atrongly spoken against, ia the treatment of Yucatan as a neutral wbeu the truth is well known that they are the greaten enemirs we have. : I The Mexicans have put their veaaala under the Yucatan i nun,10 wve mem irom seizure oy our man 01 war, and ?t the tame time to supply the other* with provision), lie. I11 Campeachy the Ave ?tar flag ia not allowed to . fly, and when the U. 9. brig bomert visited that pluoe, tho inhabitant* rose ?n miii. in conaequence of the Mexican flag not firing from the ramparts of their city. It is entirely a trick the ^arapeachauos are playing our > government, aa It is well known thai the principal mar1 chants of Yucatanwere strongly opposed to the late war with Mexico; and used every exertion to put down the | V ncaIan government and support the Mexiean It has been a great fault of our Consul* in not giving La true statement of fasts to o?r government; but bow F could it b? otherwise, when the consuls are all foreignera, and men without the least spark of good feeling Tor our country I It is almost an established fact that to sub. udae Mexico, we shall have to panne different course [towards Yucatan, who brags that ah* ha* Great Britain aa an ally to protect her from the attack* of the United State*. 1 would recommend onr head men in future to appoint consnl* with a salary, and not allow them to mbark in any commercial business; they would then support the honor and dignity of the office, and not diegrace our noble nation. Left at Tobasco the French bark Victoria, from Boideaux. 8 Mexican schooner*, 1 French and 1 Bremen brig, name* unknown; no arn of war of aay nation. The Mexican schooner Annevta arrived the llth from Alvarado, passed the United State" brig Homers end schooner Flirt, blockading th? mouth of Alvarado; she reports that some warm correspondence had been carried on between Commodore Connor and a Spanish commander at Vera Cruz, in consequence of allowing Mexican vessels under Yucatan papers to enter tbe port of Alvarado, and leave without molestation, at the same time preventing foreign vessels entering any port. They finally concluded an amicable settlement, that no veaael should enter any of the Mexican porta. Affklr* in California. [From the 8t. Louis Republican, July Si).} A gentleman who has passed the last two yeara in Oregon and California reached this city yesterday. His name ia Jame* Clymer. and migrated from Milwatikie, with a view of determining for himself the character of tnat country. He left California in company with six other persons, the lattKend of April, and has been ninety day* on the route Mr. Clymer ha* kindly permitted us to glance at his diary?we could do no more?kept for th? whole tin a of hit ahatftnr.A nn.l to ml aitMi fa*ta ai tim}* intanatt our reader*. We have, of neccaiity, to take inch inoident* a* occured during hia return home, passing over many descriptions of country, soil, place*, mountains, people and government, in Oregon and California. On the 16th of March lait, Mr. Clymer re far*, in hi* journal, to the extraordinary avidity with which new* is manufactured in that country ; and aayc, that Lieut Fremont had raised the American flag in Monterey?of course the town of that name on the Pacific?that all good citizen* were called upon to appear forthwith, at bonorma, armed and equipped for service under Oen. Byajo, to defend the right* ot Mexican citizen*. Thi* report, it (ubaequently appeared, wai founded on the fact, that Lieut Fremont nad raited the American flag at hi* camp, near the Mission of St. John'*, and that he declined to call on tome of the legal authorities, when ordered to do *o It waa laid, that in consequence of thi* itate of thing*, Gen. Caatro had raited four hundred men at Monterey ; that he marched to Lieut. Fremont'* camp on tho 33d of March, from which he bad retreated ; an J that he there found numerou* pack-saddles, baggage, and a considerable quantity of specie. Lieat. Fremont was last beard of. alter Mr. Clymer bad left, on the Rio Sacramento ; but as he kept his own counsel, no one knew hia object in going there, or when he would return to the United States. He had lost one man. who waa killed by the Indian*, and bad discharged others. Mr. Clymer met, al different times and tinder different circumstance*, patties of emigrant* to Oregon or California, who were roving about, discontented, and going back and forth, as whim dictated. On the &2d of March, he notices having met, in California, a party of one hundred and fifty persona, thirty or forty ot whom were then . going to the Columbia river, having become tired of the other pantdiso On the 30th of April, Mr. Sumner and his family arrived at the camp, prepared for their journey to the States. Mr. Sumner bad been in Oregon, from theuce he went to California; and, being still dissatisfied, he was now returning, alter having sp^nt five year* in travelling, and likewue a small fortune. He met, and left Mr. L. P Hatting*, the author of a work on California, at hit camp on Bear creek, a small creek running into Feather river. He was located near the road travelled by the emigrants to Calilornia. Mr. Hatting* had been looking for tome force from the States, wi ll wnicn u wu ui-igunu i? ravuiuuomzo lailiornili, but in t hit be had beta disappointed. Me win then, it eemed, awaiting tbe action of the American (oven,* ment, in takiug pott*ttion of that country- of wuich he appeared I* hare tome intimation. Mr. t'lvmer heard, 011 hit return homeward, of the arrival of tevoral U. States1 vestelt of war at Monterey, but knows nothing more about them. We cannot lotlow Mr. Clymer and hit party in their perilous journey over snow-capped mountains, on the ' sides of mighty precipices, in deep ravines, and places seemingly imputable Something mty be learned ol the excitement and the danger of the travel, by a single scene, as roughly drawn in the Diary. On the 37lb ef April, while waiting for seme ef the party, the author walked out to the northeast of the vallejt the point of a ledge of rocks. " Here you hare a vfcw which le awfully and really sublime. The first thing which attrucu your attention it a high rough ridge of snowcapped mountains. Proceeding a little farther, this ridge dcicendt in front into an impattable cliff of black rockt, diverted of every kind of covering. Still furtoer on, hud you behold a river dathing through an awful chatm of rockt, teveral thousand feet below. Diixy with the protpect. you turn your head to the right, and there )0U have ridgetof tnow, and ridget of towering pine treet. To the left, yeu have a distant view of the eternal clifTi of black volcanio rocks which bound the river Euber." Again, on the Oth of April, the party pursued their way d?wn the river Truckies, or Salmon Trout river, about six miles, to a point which they left to <.ross the " great interior bs<in," as jt is termed on the map, expectiog to touch the sink of the St. Mary's river?a river not laid down on the map. Leaving the Salmon Trent river te take a course to the north, the party struck off te the east, and soon came near the point of a low range of black volcanii mountains. Here they observed numerous specimens of rook, formed by concretions frem tprings, which must have existed some years since, but which are do longer to be found. " In fact, it seems to me that all the country passed over to-day must, at some remote period, have been one immense boiling caldron, ann u is now strewn over who homo inouianni *i upright ruck*, which have b*en projected by immense bodies of liquid steam. Quantities of mud, which now till the whole plain ov*r which wapasaed, for several miles, was over a whit* sheet of incrusted salt. We passed er, and in sight of, large bodies of white chalk, which most also have been evolred from boiling water. A low range of black slag lay on the left, and everything presented the most sterile appeal anc* " Thus they travelled until they came to Mary's lake, where still exists a caldron of boiling water. No stream issues from it at present, but it stands in several pools, boiling and again disappearing. Some of these j.ools have beautiful clear water boiling in them, and others eject quantitiesof mud. " Into one of these muddy pools my litlie water suaniel, Lucky, was temiited, poor fellow, nut knowing that it was boiling hot. He deliberately walked luto the boiling caldron, to slake his lliii-t, and cool his limbs, when, to my sad sorrow, be was scalded almost instantly to death. I felt moie regret lor his losi than for that of any animal I bad ever owned, *< h* had been my constant companion in all my wandeungs and I hud hoped to see him return to his old m?siei at Milwaukie." Twelve days of travel up tha valley of the St. Mary's river, over a most sterile country, brought them to the point where Lieut Fremont intersect* 1 tne wagon iraU, on his route to California, last fall. On tne 33a of May, iter long long consultation and many arguments fur niid agninst the two routes?one leading Northwurd by Fort Hall, and the other by the Salt Lake- they determined to take Fremont's trail, by the lake. Interesting as It is, we cannot follow the traveller on his wav, but must eontent ourselves with his tonclusion as to tne practicability of this route Mr. Clymer is of opinion that it is very little nearer to California, and not so good a road as that by Fort Hall. On the 33d of July, Mr. Clymer met the advance company of Oregon emigrants, consisting of eleven wsgons, nearly opposite the Ked But** From the North I'Is tie, they had the pleasant sight of beholding tho valley to a great distance dotted with people, hor**s, cattle, wagons, and tenta. Still further on, they m*t three small companies?some d*stio*d for Oracon. and some for California. "It i? remarkable," eeye the Journal, "how anxiotia Uiom people are to hear from the Pacific country; and atrange that to many of all kind* and claaaei of people should aell out comfortable homes, in Missouri and elaewhere, pack up aud itart acron mch an immense barren waste, to aettle in some new place, of which thej hare, at moat, no certain information " At KortLarsmie, they met (Jot. Buggsand Judge .viorin, from Jackson county. After a J night ipent in conversation, both ol tlieae gentlemen determined to change their destination, from California l?r I Oregon. Other parties were net, all getting along cheerfully?suffering, only, from the depieoaUo&s of the : Indians on their cattle and hones. The only death I among the emigrants .is that of Trimble, killed by tli? | Indians Affklre In Ursgon. [From the Naehville Orthopolitan, July 2S J Onsen Citt, Oregon Terr., March a, KM. Our provisional government remains In untv ? though a separate independence la beginning te be talked of by some The great mass, howe-er, look forward most anxiously to the extension of the United States laws orer us, and I only remain here in hope that this erent will soon eome to peee it has been riprawa IERA 846. that a reason why Urtit Britain ahould extend bar Jo- " minion over a part, or the whole of Oregon. i?, that abs haa luhje.'ta bore demanding it of her Now I have viaited tba aettlementa on both aides of the Columbia, and know pretty Well tba sentiments of .ill the inhabitants in t> Territory i and with the exception of twelve or fifteen officers ol the Hudson'* Bay Wompau^. the roica of an it lor me i niiau states, inntaii 01 nritisn mn; ?u<i with none is tliis feeling moie sincero?ao tar aa their information goes and they are allowed to expresa their preference?than with the lervants and ex-servuuts of that company. The ludiana over the whole Territory (?n-l 1 hire converami with ao'iia ol nearly every trit>e in it) are all friendly toward* tha. Americana: and with hardly a aingle exception, have expressed their preference for the Americana, over the Kngliah, holding the couutrv. This feeling in lavor of the former is more particularly entertained bv those living oh I'uget'a sound, wheie I have latelv been ; having b*onttold by neverul of the chiefs there that the Kngliah she'll J not hato their land*, as they wished the American* to ciruu and live amongst them ; and told us they wanted no pay for what land wo wanted. A Bri'lth 18 gun'sloop of war has beon lying at Vancouver for some months, with the ostensible purpose of wlnteiing ; but, in my opinion, the fears of the company I towards the American srt'lers here has been the cause ol , bar coming. Though they much mi<takc our character in supposing that any violence would be oflerad them or 1 their property, unlets in case of a war between the two great powers ; and eveu then, should troops he sent here by neither party, the moat of ua will be in favor of peace and neutrality till the question be sattlad. Some few Americans ara settled on Puget'a sound, whoso numbers will be much increaaed the eoming sum mar TIia Hndmn'l Rav f Inmnanv ar* >1m ?*tutulinir their post*, and, u skin* are becoming acarce, and of but litlia value, they art changing their buainea* operations alio. They are importing large stocks of good*, in oitler to supply too country, and purchase up the produce. But the reipective price*, ai the power ia all in their own hands, they Hz to their liking They export large quan title* of lumber, aUo haef, hide* ana tallow. They have alio taken poasesiion. lately, of two important point* on the PaciUc : one, about two year* *ince, on the southern ptrt of Vancouver'* Inland, Ju*t at the entrance of the trait* of Juande l-'uca?where they are erecting a large fort and other butldiugi, and opening an eateuiive Itrro : the other poiition, Cape Diiappointment, at the mouth of the Columbia, which they have lately purchased from an American citizen, who took it a j ear since at hi* claim, and are about erecting building* on it Thi* i* a high, bold promontory, and can be ea*ily fortified *o a* to command the northern and princi|ial entrance into the river, the channel pa*aing juit at the base Thi* ita remarkably healthy climate, malignant fever* are almoit unknown ; and what (eeraa ttrange even here, { considering so much wet weather and exposure of nearly all to it, 4Dld and influenza are rare diseases. Thi* winter haa been pretty much at the lait?a greater quantity of rain than cuatomary, though but littlo cold. Tgere has been but one freeze thin ,eason (in December) when the ice on shallow pool* obtained the thicknea* of half an inch, in the course of eight or ten day*' freezing. The thermometer stands at temperate heat during much of the winter ; anil in some wsrm days get* up to 7ft deg. Fahrenheit I have not seen a flake of snow this winter, but tain in abundance since the 'Jftth Octobor This is ia latitude 43 deg; but 1 am told there ia but little variation as far north as 40 deg. Incident*, Ac., of the War. A story it told of an eccentrio officer, now on the banks of the Rio Grande, showing that ho is inclined occasion [ ally to overlook alight breaches of military etiquette The officer had returned from a convivial parly, and felt in pretty good humor with himself nnri every body oNe Being inclined to breathe the fresh air, and sufl'er the eflecu of good cheer to evaporate, ho selectod a patch of green sward in camp for n promenade, and commenced ' slowly walking backward and forward Now it no hap- I pened that a sentinel on duty had post directly in the : officer's line of march, and every few minuter would encounter hit superior officer, and, as in duty bound, hU musket would be presented to salute him, and when he bed paued, brought to the ahoulder again. Thi* continued for a long t ime, till the sentinel was quite tired of u..? ..j .> i..i ..M IUVI...I it .... il uai, ?1U ? ?n wviuuui.u J TO |?? una way spam, sir, 1 han't salute you." His ofiicer pauiod, spread hia legs, surveyed hia man from hit glazed fatigue cap to the toea of hia brogans, and back to bis cap again, and thrusting hia hands deep into hia breeches pockets, exclaimed : " And i( you think I care whether you do or not, you are moat in-infernally mistaken, my tine fellow ?that's all I've got to say and resuming his promenade, the officer and private passed each other with the utmoat indifference. The New Orleans Cornier has received the first number of a newspaper established at Matamoras entitled El Lihtral, printed in the .Spanish language only. We have not seen it, but we learn from our contemporary that it sustains the pretensions of Mexico in her controversy with the United States. It saya if Mexico wishes to fight, she can easily raise an army of 104.000 men, all of whom would make good soldiers, and would have nothiug to faar from a nation whose permanent army amounts to only 5000 men?and the volunteers, however brave they may be whilst fighting for their rights in their own country, would have no valor in a foreign land, whither they had come for conquest. " Much soldiers, ' saya ?i Lihtral, at the end of its article, " are not foraied lor foreign conquest, nor will Mexico evei sutler herself to be conquered. But if bjr any nnexpected reverse of fortune Mexico should fall in this struggle, it will be because sot a soldier ia left to bear a musket in defence of the country. If shfe do fall, the conquering army will find nothiug but the vestigel of a valiant people, who refuaed to survive their country, or to wear the bonds of slavery." The free publication of such sentiments in a place occupied by American troops, the Ceuricr rightly regards as a proof of the respect qf our people for the libertv of the press The liberal editors in the city of Mexico would derive an argument from this proceeding, in thair d?nniu*U(inna rtf th? tunmnirftl litv ht whir.n they are withheld from the expression of their aentimenu on Ike leading questions of Mexican politic*. Having bad the pleaiure of a long conversation with Capt. May, we finally aiked him to give a* a description of hit charge, that we might get at the exact particulars. The gallant captain twitted about his long beard, evidently somewhat confused, and aft*r coi.sideratile heti tation raid '" Why yon tee, the fact it, any of the hoyt, would have given their Uvea to have had the chance to have charged the batteries, only I wat the lucky one. in getting the order. After the old man gave the order, I rode down the road, arty men following of course, where we met Ri Igely, he biased awav, and let me past, and we jutt rode over the guns, and that ia all about itJV O Tropic, July 2H Such families of the Irish Jasper Greens at have been lelt in n destitute condition, by their husbands volunteering, will lie supplied with provisions by applying to ' either ef the undersigned committee '.?Hiram Roberta, Seaborn Ooodail, A. i^afitte.? Savannah Oto. Fhom Nadvoo?Hy politeness of Capt. Clifford, we Lave eotne further news from Nauvoo. It appear* that the pritoner* on both udea have been released The Finch party were tompelled to give up their*, n?Uni v?Um. They had run them from thicket to tWrket, changing position every night. The party fron^/auvoo *ent to raarch for them, followed each trail, iWery morning. Finding tbey were ao closely pursued, the mobiles took their prisoner* to Keokuk, and than releaaed them The thirteen pritonera held by the authorise* at Nanvoo, were placed in Capt. Clifford'* hands, to be taken to Quincy for trial. A* soon a* thia wa* known, the mobitea stationed three patties, well armed, upon three different land route*, one of which they felt certain would be taken by the Captain. * Capt. Clifford waited three day* beyondl'.he time he w*a expected to leave Nauvoo, and then took down hi* prifoners in haticani. Arrived at (Juincy, they were examined at once, and each bound over In the sum of $A00, with good *ecurity, for trial. It ha* heretofore been staled, that Packet wenttotlie house of Mr*. Lofton, and grossly insulted her. This statement we aie well assured, i* entirely false. Pecket wa* not within two mile* of Mra. Lofton'* house. Another charge which haa been published in some of the papers it equally false. It is that Capt. Clifford had canted from a certain house 400 lb*, of bacon. There has liecn no more house-burning or lynching, but hundreds ol acres of line ciopa remain unliarvetted, and will be almost entirely lost to the owners. Tliey were all round searching for Held handt, and offered very high prices Tho people of Nauvoo need arm*. Tliey were talking of sending to this place soon to purchaie one hundred muskets.?PtOfilr'n Organ. St. I*mis Literary lnt?lllgilic?> The MtiawssoeM ot Trinity College takes place on Ti,?...i.? ii... Kth. nf Annul and the clasi for this vi-ur I* the largest that ban ?v.jr graduated there. The Rev J William* it to deliver an addrets on Vednesdav boforH convocation. Tbe Rev T r Tyler an original Joem before the Alumni Association and the Rev Dr. nrvis is expected to address the undergraduate* by invitation from the Board ol Kellowa. The Matter'* Oration i* to be delivered by the lion. William K Cnrti*, |? L. D and Secretary ol the Historical Society of the Htate of Connecticut. commucnarit at D?aiMonTH Coi.lroc.?Commencement occurred on Thnraday, the 30th nit. On Wednesday the aeveral college societies held their annivereary. Joel Parker. Ksq , Chief Justice of the SuC>me Court in N. tl , addressed the O. B R. Society ? V. Klijah Kellogg, of Maine, pronounced-a very fine poem I etore this society. Rev. Dr. Adam*, of New Vork wa* the orator of the Theological Hociety. The music of the New Vork Cornet Band was excellent. Among the honorary degree* conferred, was that of LL. D. upon Richard Fletcher, K*q., of thi* city.?Botlon Mail. A new library i* to be soon erected for Harvard college, < -ambridge. Amelia Welby, the tweet poetess of the South, is now on a visit with her friend* in her native Htate?Maryland. Young Safford, the mathematician, i* about to leave Vermont, and enter upon a course of atudie* in the higheft of the literary institution* of the oouwry. We understand that thiough the liberality of friend* in Bottoa and vicinity, arrangement* have been made to give a home to young Harford and hi* parent* in Camwi'tge, Matt. and that the lad'* education will be under the tpe- j eial chaigi of Pre?ident Everett ?Btlltwi Fallt Qarrti*. A wealthy gentleman of thi* city hat given WA oro ifor the erectiou ol a library building lor tht rri'tcMor^i^heo 1 officii Hemlntrr : ? MO to iieraoiyp* Kyt^Un Board of P?hl?c?ioo, .?d ?4?X. for .nolher ; ha inn) for om minion church io new \ork,and mi Yerml t?n thouiinda ?ow?rd? oth?r? ; >3000 lor one mi? teoirT co.trHmtton.fcc. 1T?w? " nM 1/ * f?w k"0*a inoDffot othor aota of lib?r*lity which *r? dona in pr?v?U. LD. Prtc* Two Cents. Amrrlcaii Affair* In Enrupf, [From the London Time*, July 18.] Though the tile of American paixiri which we received on Tueaday contained but a iniell proportion of intelligence mfticiently specific to inteieit the public, yet the general man wea characterized by one or two poiata of ui-h importance and ingularlty ai to dea?iTe a lew icmaik? \l hatevei B'ay be the tiutb of the anticipation* which ?t hnvo lately tkpieised upon the marob of political intellect, it i? clear that the general aapect of adainUi'S tfi?en ri-e to analogous aentimenii, not only in variuut cuuu'iie* of Europe, but even in that quarter of tlie globe where, without diaparageoient to the goud ??? ? ot the inhabitant*, we might have expected ihem to have liven of umewhat ?!? * er growth tha iesue ol the ruing doctrine* may tie it reniaina for lulu indifferent quarter! ? profusion U simultaneously mod* ol' principle* of teuton va?tly unlike thoso digmlied with tho ome title sixty years siuce, ami that there piicip e? re exemplified by practice to an extont not inconnidarable. It in proclaimed without reserve or denial, that the * amity ami intercourse of nations should nut dtpend upon tue caprices or conclusions of an individual or a cabinet; that an appeal to arms auioug civilized people i* generally as unnecessary as it iadUgracolul BUj destructive; aiul that the effort* of a Lep>latuie should be combined lor the good ol the country, and not dividod or consumed la struggle* for ascendancy, or measures of retaliation In tha United States the war movement win suggested by recollections ol the past, it was not seriously cuunUr* acted by experiaaca of ibe present, and it was artfully stimulated by repiescalations of the future. And, in addition to the** important aids, it waa supper ted by tho whole strength ol the aupieme executive power. Vat, notwithstanding all this, it has been shown, boyond a doubt, that tha vast majority of the Ameriran people were not only haartily rvjoiced at tha peaceable settlement ol tha difference* with ourselves, but that many of them are alio conscientiously desirous ol an arrangement with that far weaker and more state with which hostilitie* have actually commenced. Making allowunco foi a little pardonable assumption, the tone ol the leading columns of many of the best of the Ameiican journal* ia extremely c:?ditablc to the public and to themselvee.? Though the helule**neas of Mexico is abundantly clear, thougu the call for volunteer* haa been answered with uch alacrity aa to leave ouly the difficulty of rejectiuy without offence t ie exce??ive influx of reinforcements, yet the rumored mediation of liruat Uritain is contemplated with approval, una the continuance of the war ia deprecated iu many ol tue papers trom more honourable motives than the consideration of it* expense and difficulty. Nor doet it admit of a qur'tion that (As great ennmrrcial meature of the luit letiion hat be en mail in/turntial in promoting ihete lentimenlt. At what expense, or with what concurrent advantage to ouiselves, we have achieved th.s end, remains to be seen. Hut that the repeal ot our l)orn Law* lias been accepted by foreign nations a* an earnest of good will to all, as au example of legislative advancement and as a pattern for study and imitation, the publication of the various correspoudcncn in our pagoa, lrom time to time, muit have placed beyond tho bKii^<iiv nf a Hntilif. To say that the last two centuries hare each produced their sticcessivo development* of " new erst," which have u* rapidly dissolved into the uniform current of the times, would tie but tiuu enough, but each, peihapa.haa left somo fragment of improvement to (well the general stock. That we are going to be wise, and peaceatile, and united, with such miraculoua suddenness h hardly to be hoped tor But if the principle) we speak of are of such tntrimic truth live believe tlicm to be,- if the commercial intercom se 01 nations, hi proportion as it ii facilitated, will not only diffuse the enjoyments of plenty, but secure the blessing* of peace, it the amelioration oftho social stuto ol the people is of infinitely higher value than the traditionary policy ol a party,?if the common enemy ot a nation, at embodied in the poverty, the ignoiance, anil the dutreii ol the largnr hall of it, should be an object of legislation paramount to thu tim'utiou, trie cupidity, ar the resentments of any body of men, ?if all thei?e propositions aro ementijlly and immutably true, their establiklimeut tnubt iuevitanly. toouer or Utor, tollow thair discussion. Tub expedients of cajolement, of disappointment, or ot procrastination, will be but temporary. It ii something to tec that abusoa which, a quart or of a century ago. were considered us integra parts ot the constitution, aro now only .justified on the ploa of lingering necessity. And before even that " necessity " can be allowed to eatuse their retention or their practice in the present day, it mu<t be shown te arise from some source mote admissible than official ambition or personal hostility. [From the London Herald, July 13 1 The intelligence ef the ratification of the Oregon treaty by the American Senate, conveyed bf the Oreat Western, and which was given to our reader*, by extraordinary express, in a second edition In oar paper of Saturday laat, has been read with satisfaction and delight in every town and hamlet of England. It needed no small courage even in a body far removed from the omnipotent tyranny of an American democricy, to advise the President to accept the proposition tendered by the plenipotentiary of a 1'iemier who began the negotiation by the almost fatally ab?urd announcement ot a cloud, a little speck in the tar west. Uninfluenced, however, by this weak aud silly admission ot an oppoi.ent?unleturred by the factioua frenzy of a por io.i of their own country men?aud wholly disregarding the previous threats and declarations of i'rraident Polk?tho American Houate have nut merely advised that high functionary to accept the proposition of the British Minister, but they have now given their assent to a treaty in five articles, which only await* ratification here, to become a portion of the public law of Kurope. This result is in every w*y creditable to a body of men the (lilt ef that great continent?distinguished for their intelligence, their social position, their mataie age, and their Judicial and administrative experience, and vindicates theii claim to be considered the legitimate auccetsorsol the Monroes, the Jetferaons, the Pinkneys, the Kufus Kings, and the IUndolph* of the ) a?t generation. Indeed, there is hardly a name of note in America, or that has obtained a European renown, which ia not to be lound in favor of the treat). The Calhoun*, the Rushes, the CrittenJens, the Webster*, as well a* the higher branches of the learned profession*, and the more intelligent and insiruotedof the merchant*, are all in it* favor, and rejoice in a settlement, or rather in a compromise, which has, for the preeent at least.postponed the possibility of war. The instrument wuich achieves this great, it not greatest good, possesses all the elements necesaary to render such a national covenant valid and obligatory, and it ia, therefore, not wonderful that three fourtha ol the Senate were in ita favor. The parties have the power to consent, and they have consented freely. The execution of their mutual agreement is possible, easy, and within their power. The treaty I* short, consisting but of five article*, which are aa follow It appears that some doubt existed as to whether Oreat Britain should enjoy the navigation of the Colombia River after the Hudson's Bay Company'* charter expired in 1*63-, but Mr. PAen'iam obviated the doubt by admitting that the right was strictly limited within the charter, and could only be enjo) ed for seventeen years longei -i a., till 1863 In making thi* admission, it ia only tair to assume that Mr. Pakenham acted not only within the ipirit, but up to the letter of his instructions; tmt it ia hard to reconcile this admission with the ( rial statement of Sir Robert reel, on Monday, the Q9ih June, in the House of Common*, wherein he give hi* audience to understand that the free navigation of the Columbia waa unclogged with any restrictions whatever. That the free navigation of the river ia now pnly a benefit limited to a ahort term of year*, ia abundantly apparent, and aueh, indeed, might be preaumed te he the remit, from the neceaaitiei and habita of a politician whoae great ambition it aeemed to be to live ?t> jour U jour, and alwaya to meet a great danger by aome temporary expedient. The eprrt mot It dtlugt, which waa the exclamation of the French King, in tiin past generation, would leem to have been the motto of a British politician in the preaenL It ia true that for the preaeat a disputed question ia poatponed; bat it i* the buaineaa of n great and a wise Minister to remove difficulties daring the tenure of hi* own power, and not to adjourn them for a few yeara, to perplex hia aucceaaori. It Mir Robert Peel be ignorant of the public law of Europe, we may suggest to him feat the readlpg of the aecend article of this treaty pro|>eunded by hi* plenipotentiary, of courie by hia intrusions, it nuite at variance with the legialation of the Congrea* of Vienna aa to the navigation of the lihine. The broadest baaia ia laid down uv the international law of Kurope, for the navigation of rivera The article of the Congreaa of Vienna say s. "the navigation in all the course ? ( the lthine, fiom the point where it becotnei navignble to the >ea.shall lie entirely free," and though the late Mug of Holland contrived to baffle the other powere by the interpretation which he put on thia article. yet hia attempting to close a great river was oie of the p omoting, if not one of the proximate, oau?ei ot the loss of hi* crown. However good the general the orv of government In Ainarirt. vet in a state wherein the | vehement pensions of the majority influence the opiniona and manners of the |>eople, and sometimes overbear the laws, it were vain to iiopo thnt thi? article of the treaty mav not give rise te future disrate on the renewal of the Hudson's Hay charter ; hut in tne present age of compliances and compromises, it may fuitthe tern|>er of the times to be con'ente I with a putting off the evil ii*y. J.' lie fourth ami fiftu article-' ot the treaty appear to be unexceptionable, noi would we quarrel with our right to the use of tho Columbia being nibjert to the revenue and navigation laws of the United Hates, which, in no very matenal respect*, dider from our own The ratification of the treaty la in a great degree owing to the zeal and talent of Mr. Webster, and it must be a consolation to ft man who has been expoacd to the malevolence of the capricious, the giddy, and the most unreasoning of his own nation, to think that there is no sensible or >ue man in the old world or the new who does not appreciate his fortitude and applaud hii wisdom. To stein pnlar delusion he put to hazard hia popularity and hia character, and he is rewarded by the gratitude of the most enlightened of his own countrymen and of all tngliahmen. United States Stkamk* Michioa*.?The long low -Mack looking ?teamer Michigan, Captain r.harnnlin, arrived in I hie ago the HOth ^ult, ft>r the pur j pot* o'f (hipping uimu lor tna gvuaru n?t?i itrrice, on tha ? '? on board of U. B. venal* of war. Tha bounty paid it frirn $U to $90 with thraa moa'ha* advance for outfit. Wage* par month, lrom >10 to $19, with |<?naion? allowed tor diaabllity. Ornckin or tn? Mieinaiw.?-Commander, Stephen r.hamplain, k.?j: Lieut'* Jimei T. VrKin?try, David MoDougall, Acting Mu'ir, W. W. Toilock; lor* on, IVter (.hryctto; I'urw, Win A Bl?o1ro?d i Chief Kngine.-r. Andrew liel.hard. Midelnpmen, At.drew lirvniu, billniilnii R Lambert, Mid?hipmen, Wot. H. Kilty. David P. MeKorcle, and Mr. Van Wvck; 90 A* i?t. engineer*. Wm. Scott, NayUrC DayU; 3d AM at. Kn(inaara, Wm K. Mercler, Robart Danhy, Ornn r Wm. Craig) Captain'* Clark, O. W. Burr i Pu.?ar ( lark, Robart A. Bakar; PUot*, Maura Allan audi Barnard

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