Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 10, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 10, 1846 Page 1
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V \ THJ Vol. JED. No. au.Wlial* No. *451. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR.; Olrcnlatlon---Forty Thousand. DAILY HER \LD?Every day. Fnoa i cents per copy?#T 15 per aouuov?Mfibie tu advance. Wfi&KLY llLRaLD?** ry 8*mnUr? Price I^mau Priee (3i cents |?r copr?tl M P?r uiin. payable in adA*D VK.RT18?ME.\1T8 kt the ; usual prices always cash D advance. PRINTING of ali kinds executed with beamy and de?patch. Ail letters or commnniearioaa, by mail, addressed to the tabliihinrnt. musi be post |ia>d, or the postage will be dr d. ctedfrom the ^inscription money rrmin d. JAMES CORDON BKNNKTT, Proprietor of the NcwYona Hk?ij.d CtTABLitrMEirr, Nrtrtk. U'mi fim rot l*nlrno nnil Nhidr irrMU n.A itrrim i< *4*1 ??* novai'ioiiii ? I Jurl v Hr.KU>iA.\ fx . u., United Shales md Ureal ttriuiii and Ireland. Old hstabliahed Eanigraut Office. 61 Souiii strret, New York. k L.U., Liverpom Paasage to ^nd from OreM Britain and Ireland, via Liverpeol by the Old Black Rail Lin? or my of the regular Packet ships lulling every five days. The subscribers in calling th a attention of Old Countrymen and the public generally to thair unequalled arrangements for bringing oul pmengers from the old country, beg m.tm that ,h. Win?. of lh? Hnnu .1 l..f?rtlnol will be conducted by ita oranch. Those sending for their friends will Mono see the great importance ol tnis irrangemeut, as it vi ill prelude an unnecessary del >y of the emigrant. The hip> employed in this liue are well known lo be of the first and largest claw, commanded by men of experience; and * #?ay sail every fi?e days, offer every ftcilit) that can be furnished. With those superior arrangemriiu, the subscribers lovk forward for a continuation of that patronage which has been so liberally ei'ended to Arm for so many years past In case any ol those engaged do not embark, tne passage money will be refunded as customary. For further particulars apply by letter, poat paid. J HER DM a" & CO., 61 South st., New York. HERDMAis k CO.. Liverpool. N. B.?Drafts for any amount can as usual be furnished, payable at all the principal Bankkig Institutions throughout the 'rnred IC'nsr !m n? *pplirat?n as shove Jv28 r M M M M. Tn^IuaTniientioi^mi^vill b? regularly deyMtairinroBi hence on the 1st, and from Marseilles the 10th of each mouth during the year, as follows Ships. Captains. From N. York. PR'CE de JOINVILLE, (new) Lawrence, April 1 Sei*. t. M1SSURI, Silvester, May 1 Oct. 1. AKCOLE (new) Eveleigh, June 1 Nov. 1. GASTON, Coulter, Julv 1 Dee. 1. NEBRASKA (new) Watson, Aug. 1 Jan. 1. Ships. Captains. From Marseilles PR'CE de JOINVILLK, (new) Laurence, June 10 Nov. 10 MISSOURI, Silvester, July 10 Dec. 10 ARCPLE, (new) Eveleigh, Aug. 10 Jan. It GASTON, Coulter, Sept. 10 Feb. 11 NEBRASKA, Watson, Oct. 10 Mar. 10 These vessels are of the first class, commanded by men ol experience Their accommodations, for puseucers are unsur passed for comfort and convenience. Goods addressed to the agents will be forwarded free of other charges than those acta ally paid. For freight or passage apply to CHAiMBERLAlN fc PHELPS, Proprietor* No. 103 Front street, or to BOYD fc. H1NCKEN, Agents. ?itrc > Tontine Buildings, 88 Wall.cor. Water st. NEW LINK OF LIVERPOOL FAOhJlU> M. M. m. ^T^ail from NevO rk 31st, and Iro^Tiverpool CtlwTeach month. From Neic York. Live. pool. New ship ISyeirool, 1158 ton*, i Xprii 1! Juni ? J. Mundue I Augntt 21 Oct. 6 New ship Oneen of the Wert, irT j, j'l'eh 5 US0 tons/r. Woodhouse, j, *\ ? New Ship Rochester, 100 tone, g JSgist 5 John Briton. 11 October 21 Dec. 6 Ship Hottinguer, 1050 tone, Vl Se?. I Irs Bursly. (l NoJ ? Jan 6 Thee* substantial, fkst sailing, first class ships, all boilt in the city of new York, are commanded by men of experience and ability, and will be despatched punctually on the 21st of each mouth. Their cabins are elegant and commodious, and are furnished with whatever can conduce to the ease and comfort of passengers. Price of passage $100. Neither the csptams uor owners of these ships will be respousible for any parcels or packages sent by them, unless regular bills of lading are sigiied therefor. For freight or passage apply to WOODHULL fc M1NTURN, 87 South street. New York, or to FIKI.nii-.M RKOTHrHH * f'Ci ml re Liverpool. i>jc.vv iUiiK Ai\D GLASGOW LINE OF PACKETS. jfiSt T*iTI7from on the liT^u^Olucow o^h^Stn of each month. From N. York. Fm. lil'gow. ( June 1. Jnly 15. Ship SARACEN, N. T. H?wkin?, \ Oct. 1. Nov'r 15. I Keb. 1. March li. i July 1. April 15. Br. Ship BROOK8B Y, H. M'Ewen, \ Nov. 1. Aug 15. ~ C March 1. Dec'r 15. j \ August 1. May 15. Br Bark ADAM CARR, ?, { Dec'r 1. Sept. 15. ( April 1. Jan. 15. I May 1. June 15 Br. Bark ANN HARLEY, R. Scott. \ Sept. 1. Oct. 15. ( Jan'y 1 Febrna. 15. Theae ship* are good, aabitantial vessels, ably commanded, ana will *aif punctually ou their regular daya. Their accom modatioiis for passenger,art good, and every attention will lie paid to promote their comfort. The agent* or Captaina will not be. responsible for any parcels or package* tent them, unlent bill* of lading are ligued therefor. For freight or passage. apply ro WOODHULL ft MINTURN, 87 South street. New York, or H rc RKIP Hi VVBHtV, <>l??gow. 1"ACSAGE t ItUiVl uKtrtl bit li. AlAiN AiN U IRELAND, jkl _ffr SEE^r By uTifT Ball, o^ult^Tine ol Liverpool PtcMtMSilini from Liverpool ou tlie lat and Ifith ol every mouth. The YORKSHIRE Mil* from Liverpool, lit of March. " OXKORD ' " Uth of Mareh. " CAMBRIDGE " " lit of April. " MONTEZUMA " " l?th of April. Peraous sending Tor their friend*, and forwarding the paaaage certificate by the itevmship Hibernia. *aitiug from Boston on the 1st of February arill have plenty of time to come in the Yarkahire, or in any one ol the eight packet* of the Black Ball Line, aailing from Liverpool on the 1st and 16th of every month Apply to. or aildrrt*. if by letter roit paid, ROCHE, BROTHERS ft c6.,JS Fulton lirn uuur iu inr runuu uium. "GLASG-uw AiND iNtTw " YUKK LLN h UF_ PACKETS. P4f& ifff* flifv ^ CltsOSa wialii..* if send for thei^^end* in anv part ol Scotland, to >ail direct from (Jlaagow, can mall* arrangeincnu with the Subacribera, to have them brought oat ib any ol toe regular line of Packeta. aailing monthly from Ulaigow. The ANN HARtKY, Camain Scott, ADAM CARR, Captain McKwen, 8AKACl.N,Capuin Hawkina, BROOKS^Y. Compnae the above line,and the high character of thoae ve?aelaahonltl be auAcient tudacement for peraoni who may be ending for their frieada m Scotland, to make arrange men La for tiua (the only line.) Farther particular* given, on application to W.fcJ T. TArSCOTT. 74 South atreet, corner of Miiilro Lane, or Meaara. RKID It MURRAY, Agent* *1# r in Olaagow. ... - OKUIOrt AfKU .NUII I 11 7Ttt7 sAdZgmm t;AN ROYAL MAIL MTKAM SHIPS, mitona and *40 horae power each, nnder contract with the Lord* of the Admirally. UIBbK.MA Capt. A. Ryna. CALEDONIA Capt. E. O. Lott. BRITANNIA Capt. J.Hewitt. CAMBRIA Capt.C H. E. Judkina. At AD1A Capt. Win Harnaot. Will aail Iron Liverpool and Boston, via Halifax, aa fol Iowa ? riOM ioitoii. mo* Lirggrooi.. Hibernia Ang. 16, KM. Hibernia July it, IMt. Caledonia Sept. 1, " ' aledoiiia Ang. 4. " Britannia It, " Britannia " 19, " Cambria Oct. 1, " Cambria Sept. 4, Hiberuia 19 PattAOg l*l0HB?. From Boa ton to Liverpool ?1?From Boaton to Halifax .,, 20 No bertha savored antil pnid for. Theae ahipa carry experienced mrgeona- No freight, except apecie, received oa daya of tailing. For freight, peaaage, or any other information, apply to D. BRIOIIAM. Jr., Agent. At HARNDK.N It CO.H, 6 Wall ?t [T r~ In addirion to the above line between Liverpool and Halifax, and Bo<tnu, a contract Ha* been enierrd into with Her Ma eaty'agovernment, to eatabliah a line betv>een Liv j v v ?L A t i .LI J _ .L:. rice are iio? being built, and eatly neit yur <!ue notice will b? ol the time wh.n the> will atait. Under the new contract the atenner* will *ail erery Baturday during eight month*, ?nd e?erv fortnight during the other mouth* io tn? year OouiR alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax and Boston, and between Liverpool and New York. _J*? tfrre __________ NOTICE?TAPW OTTI GENERAL j EMIGRATION OFFICE, Hemoved from 75 tAj K Sonth ?treet.--Per?oni tending for their friend* in any p*rt of the old eonntry HHBMaBean make the necea*ary arrangement* with the aubaeriber*, on rea*enable term*, to have uiem brought ""'THE NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS. The Hhipt of thi* line are nmarpa**ed by any other, and their immetlae *ixe (all heme IMW ton*, and upward*) render* them e comfortable and convenient than ?hip*of **maller claa* , and the greatest reliance may be placed in their punctuality in aailinc. The *nb*crib*r* are alao afentt for the St. (iironte and Union Line* of Liverpool Packet*, in any of which paaaage can be enlaced on re?*onahle term*. Drift* for any amount, payable withoat di*ronnt in all the princi|>*l town* of England, Ireland, Scotland or Wulea, tan niao be obtained. J for Inrthgr puttetlan^a^pljr -AffCOTT trflrr M fronth *t.. M door below ftnrlinn Blip. N. PACKKTFOK HAVKICr-Heeond l-'M TU ' JWwpneket.blpUTICA.tapt 1 H?w?a. will anil on OHLhe lafcof E NE N? THE ENC The abovo beautiful engraving repreients the encampment of the volunteers at Governor's Island, and the regiment drawn up on parade. The appearance of the encampment at present, is very beautiful; the snow white tents regularly pitched on the slore south of Castle William, with the frowning batterios above, and the waters of nnr uucttn roiling otiow, pre?eni a nne view 10 in? observer. The public h?re generally, have been much interested in the organization of this regiment, from the fact that it is the first to sail from our port for a foreign soil, and is composed of mon taken from the heart of society?hardy mecharics and farmers, who are the pioneers to found a new empire on the shores of the Pucific, depending on their own exertions and perseverance for Buccesa, on their arrival at their destination. This regiment has been raised mainly through the exertions of J. D. Stevenson, who ranks as Colonel; arid he has displayed an untiring industry and self-denial in the details of its formation, proving him to be admirably qualified for his HXCtHW INTERESTINa FROM THE ARMY OF INVASION. THE DISCHARGE OF VOLUNTEERS. &6i [From the New Orleans Pic. Aug. 1 ] The brig Kmpressario arrived at the Barrack* this morning, seven ila> i from Brazos Santiago, with Gen. Desha's company of Alabama Volunteers, who hive been ordered to New Orleam to he mustered out of the service. according to imtructions f om the War Department. Six other companies from Alabama, all the Louisiana Volunteer! and ltie St. Louis Legion, a* six months men, are to be mustered out of service by the same authority. Cols Peyton and Featherston's Regiments are not recognized by the Department as being in tho service at ail. Whan the Empreaaario left. moit of the regular troop* had ((one to Camargo,where it U probable they all are by thia time. Unleu General Taj lor haa been d? tinned, on accoant of the withdrawal of to many volunteer* Irom the army, to make new arrangement* regarding the di*pontion of the remaining one*, he ho* joined the regular army era thi* at Camargo The Texan troop* were about taking up their inarch for Mier Several fiae artillery companie* had arrived from the en hoard helot a the Knpre?aHrio left Gen. Smith had proceeded with the 3d And 4th regiment U. 8 Infantry up to Camargo, commencing with hi* rank at Colonel in the army It will be lecoltected that Gen. Smith ha* been appointed Colonel of the new regiment of n o'inted riflemen, and it 1* upon hi* commotion atturh that he now act*. Governor Henderion wat lying dangerontly 111 at Mntamota* at the lateat date*?very little hope wo*, if any, entertained of hi* recovery. No new* had been received of the whereabout* of the Mexican army. Letter* had been received at Matamora* from tha city of Mexico, which Mated that Pared?* wa* to loave that city to join the army. 1 he 90th ult. wa* the day aligned by the*e letter* lor hi* departure for the *eat of war. Brig Gen. I lamer wa* to be left in command at Matanroran, where a regiment of volunteer* wa* to be (tattooed and the fort* garii*oned by artillery. More extemive hoapital* had been ordered to be erected at Poiat I label forth* accommodation of a large number of tick. GENERAL OKDF.R. Oanrai No 91. H?.*t> Qi**ar?.m?A*mt or OcCcraTto*, ) Makmoki*, July 31, HI# ) It having been decided by the War Depaitment that tha Louisiana volunteer* compo?ing Gun Smith'* Brigade, the At Louis Legion, and (he turee companie* from Alabama, under Captaiu* Oe*ha, PI itt and Klmore, cannot be legally retimed be>ond the period of thiea month*, and a large number of them having expre??ed a wiih lor their diacharge. they will be lurmahod a*,rapidly aa poatibly with the tranaportation to New Orlea**, and will there ha tnu?tered out ol aervice hy l.aptam McCall 4th inlantry, who ia *pocially detailed for that duty. It having been decided by the War Department, that the regiment* o( Louisiana Volunteer*, commanded hy Col.'.. He) ton ami atheritnn.and the battalion from Alabama, under Lieut. < ol. Raiford, are not in aervioe u ldar any exxtlng law, they will, agteeably to instruction* from tha Secietary of War, be tranaported to New Orleana, and then be muitarud out of *ervice a* above. The volunteer troopa above indicated will take their arm* and accoutrement*, knauiacka and havreiack*, to Now Oilean*, wheie they will b? turned over to the proper department Their camp equipage, of every kind, will be turned over to the Quarter-master at Brazo* liland, a* they embark. The regiment* undar tha command of Gen. Smith will be prepared for embarkation in *uch order a* ha may preterit*. The other regiment* will embark after Gen. smith'* command, and iu the order they joined tha army. At the *ame lima, the Department of War ha* found lt*elf under the necenlty ol ordering the diacharge of the above legimenta and companies it make* provialon for the retention of *uch a* may be willing to ?erve for twalva month*, or during the war, under the act of May Uth, IfUti Any t om|ianie? or Battalion* that may ollar lor tuch period will be received b) the commanding General and duly muaterad iuto wrtic*. The organization of a company will be 1 Captain, 1 Kir?t Lieutenant, I Second Lieutenant, 4 Sergeant*, and 4 Corporal*. 2 wu ilclioi, and a number of Privates not Imi man m men, or moie (ban 00 l, Individual volun'eers who may desire to remain with the aimy for employment in the Quartermaster's Department, or elsewhere, will be permitted to do to, being mastered absent when the roll* are made up In Now Orleans. In thin executing the order* of the War Department to discharge a large number of patriotic volunteers. the (ommanding Oeneral weald do violenoe to bli feelings weie he ? omit the expression of regret that these brave have been disappointed In their wlsn to meet th? enemy, add must now under an inevitable necessity, ~.lMSh,r*#<1 from t*a service. ?? cannot forget that with an enthusiasm seldom exhibited la any country, they were the first to iock to his standard, when he waa menaced with a superior (arc* That with a generous disregard of self they ? 'l ?? ' M w tc :w YORK, MONDAY MC IAMPMENT OF THE NSW YORK ON GOVERNOR'S ISLANI station: assisted as he is by officers of merit, he will carry the whole enterprise throug'i with credit to himseli and his country. Lieut. Burton is the second in command, and is well known as a supeerior officer and a brave man. Lieut. Hardie, Major of the regiment, is admirably suited for his command, from his perfect knowledge of military tactics, and his popularity among all with whom he associates. Captain Marry, a son of the Secretary of War. has received the appointment of As sistant Commissary; Lieutenant Scammon a* Topographical Engineer; Lieutenant Folsotn as Assistant Quartermaster. All of th<*se, w th the exception of Marcy, are graduates of West Point, hold rank as officers in the regular army, and have been professors at the academy where they graduated Lieutenant Matsell, son of our Chief of Police, having acted as adjutant of the regiment during the absence ofCaptain Stevenson, a West Pointer also, and a son of the Colonel, originally appointed to that station, upon the withdrawal of the latter to take command of a company,, was, from the fitness he showed for the performance sacrificed the highest personal interests,to aid in sustain ing the reputation of the American nrmi. The prompt and gallant movement to the seat of war will be held in grateful remembrance by their comrades in the regular service. J be Commanding General wish ei them a safe voyage and happy return to their families and friends. By order of Maj Oen TAYLOR. W. W 8 BLISS, Asat. Adj. Oen. IVewa from Camargo. [From the New Orleana Pic. Aug. 1 ] The U 8. revenue cutter Forward, H B Nones, Esq,, commander, arrived yesterday forenoon from Brazoi Santiago, whence she sailed on the :J4th uft. Officers and crew all well Lieut. R. S. Jones, of the Forward, has been promoted, and ordeted to the cutter Ewing. The Forward brought a heavy mail from the army. Com r. Alex'r. Slirioll Mackenzie. U 8. N . came passenger in the Forward, charged with despatches for the government. The Courier of last evening states upon tho authority of this gentleman, that the Louisiana volunteers had been discharged. We learn verbally that nothing of especial interest has occurred since our last advices from the Kio Grande; that the movement up the river was going on as fret as means of transportation could be had, and that no extraArHiiiir* virLnaia hail hmL'in out amnnrrit thfl vollin teera. Camaroo, Mcxico, July 16, 1840. The city of Camargo?or what is left of it? aiand* on tha south aide of tha nverHan Juan, and threa milaa only from ttie Rio Grande Ita population haa been ai high at r-Ono ; but previous to /<? crtcitnlt, aa the people call the recent dreadful flood, it had fallen to MOO. and ia now much lei* even than that number Many of the inhabitant', who have loat all. will nerer return, chooaing higher ground in the vicinity on which to rebuild their jar ale i, ? ibcir houieaor tenemcnta are termed. Tne extent of the freshet, or the tapidity with which the water* of the San Juan rose, have not bean exaggerated. In thi* place alo?e no lei* than eight hundred and sixty house*?among them pone of the best house*? wero either much injured or totally deitrojed, the frightened inhabitant* flocking to tha hill* in crowd*, when thny taw that the place muat inevitably be inundated. The houie* immediately around the Plaza, including the church and the dwelling* of the prieit and alcaide were injured but little, although the wateri gave even theie a thorough toaking. To compute the entire Ion austained by Camargo were impoiaible ; it would not amount to * much a* many might auppo?e, for hundred* ol the hou*e* were of little value, yet the amount of luft'ering, a* uooitofthe people have loat their all, ha* been irlgbiinl. Many amusing itoriei are told of the maani resorted to by the *uperstltfeu* old women to itay the progrea* of the dreaded flood One old crone, when the water* lacked but a few inchei of runniug over the banki, ruihed to thu river with a small imxge of our Saviour and the Holy Virgin, an! Ion ly implored them to *tay the progress of t? crteiintt An American near told her to quit this flummery, go to her house, and save as much of Iter pioperty a* no?*ihle. She beckoned hnn away, and calltd inure loudly than ever on the mute image* in her handi to arrest the flood. Again she wai told to leave; hut not until a heavy aurge of water reached her, accompanied by a crumbling iu of the bank*, did *be receive ufflcient admonishment that her prayer* were of no avail. Then she t irned and ran a* last a* she could, and well wn it thai i-Ue did 10, for in ten minute* more the water leached her house The only penom who remained in the place were the few American residents, who lived in canoes while the city wa* under water. Nearly opposite where 1 am now writing il a large muiquit tiee. in the top of which they built a rooit, which still remain*. TK? woathrr h?r? it iniUPIK>nftbly hot durlnjf th? middle of the day. with little air tlirring, at ?u the ca*e at Key Dona. On the march from that iilace to thit, tho infantry suffered dreadfully, especially thl* aide ol Laguna del f^jaritai, or Lake of the Little binlt, there being no water on the road, and the tun pouring bi? hottest raya directly upon their backi. Several fell to the ground exhausted by the heat, while others were to much overcome that it waa necessary to give them placet In the forage wagon*. McOulloi h'? Ranger* did not suffer to the tame extent, being all well mounted ; but thit thing of campaigning in a southern latitude, during mid-aummer, ia not to particularly pleas int under any circumstance! To be sure, by sounding the reveille at half patt two o'eloclc in the morning, and atarting at 1, much of the march it through with before the tun ia yet up ; but atarting off at tucli an un*ea*ona> ble hour, and being obliged to lay about during the beat of the day without ahade, for we have no tenia, comet rather hard on the American people? on a portion of them at leaat Bivouacking and all that tort cf thing may sound very well in ballade, tiut when it comet down to the tteru reality of the thing, it ia dlatinctly a different matter. There la no newt stirring -no intelligence aa yet of the movement* or whereabout* of Canals* and Cirrtl>eja). Camaboo, Mexico, July 17,1846. The Enterprise ateamboat it oil' in an hour, but before the leave* I wiah to give you, for the information of their friend* in the United Htaies, a litt of the ofllcera now at thit place, which i* a* follow*:?Capt. D S Mile*, 7th Infantry, commanding; Lieutenant F. N. Page, adjutant; Lieut F Britton,committery and quartermaster, BM Byrne and U M Prevott, atalet* m turgeon*; Lieut. D. J.

Wood, topORraphlcu ?nfla??r ; utnu. Thornu ?nd J ohm on ll?ht trtUUlJ. C?p*?ln? Holm**, Rom, Wbl in*, Oatlin Mid Ptnl, 7tto infantry; Lieut*. Hopaon, H?n )RK 1 )RNING, AUGUST 10, 184 LEGION, OR THE CALIFORNIA RE >, Iff NEW YORK HARBOR. of his duties, confirmed in the rank of adjutant.? The different companies are oflicered.as follows: Comp't. Capt aim. lit Limit. 3d Lieut*. A. htecle, f'enroM, Young, ~ ?? n it ; .B. junior, mwveii, minavu. C. Brackett, Tremells, Andenon. D. Naglee, Pendleton, Theal. K. Taylor, Ferris, Cutrell. F. Lippit, Carnal, Hubbard, <?. Stevenson, Bonnycastlo, Wenick. H. Frisbee, Gilbert, Adams, I. Shannon, Magee, Hulett. K. Dimmick, llubbard, Lee. Many of the above are graduates of West l'oint, ^ and thu officers generally are of the right sort to ( enforce discipline and secure respect. The dis- I turbances which have made so much noise in the papers lately, were much exaggerated, and were such as are impossible to avoid among so many men of different characters, and were promptly quieted. We were amm.^rtSem yesterday, and nineteen , twentieths ef them appeared perfectly contented, and were satisfied wuh their treatment; although their drill is of course severe at first, continuing six hours in every day. Each compafiy is lull, comprising 77 men, aad ion, Little, Huniber, Oantt, MeLaws, Van Dorn, Qardner, Potter, 8trong, and Clits, 7th infantry The companies of the 7th Infantry now her* are "E," l "C," -'D," "K." "F," and "J." The entire force of regular" composing the advance gu rd of the army th * tide ( ofKeynoao, is between 240 and 300, but to thit force must ke added McCulloch'* Hangers, upwards ef 70, < making a force of between three ami four hundred in all. < The reguUn are encamped in the houiea areund the Plaza; tne Rangers under the falling roofs of some de- ' serte jacalet higher up the river. The Mexicans here < are much more friendly than those at Reyno*a. and more < reconciled to the appearance of the Americans among them. They are hourly expecting more steamboats st this nlar-M with arlititional nrosioinni. fernffe. and military utorei The army, or at le it one division of it, will I more from this point toward* Moaterey, distant 150 i mile*. In tba meantime it ii thought that scouting par- I tiea of Rangers may e lent up in the neighberhood of < iMeir, and ottiar towna on the river, and if they do I will i give you full particular* of their adventure! ( P S 1 heard it sta ed a day or two tince that General i Arista bad lent in a courier to General Taylor, requesting that a force might be lent on to hi* hacienda near 1 Monterey, to take him priaoner. According to the story General Arista i* under atrict watch a \d cannnt move without having the eyea of lome of the government 1 emissaries upon him. I give thil story precisely a* 1 < heard it. Naval Intelligence. The U 8. ateamer Princeton, left Penaacola on the 27th inat for Vera Cruz. The Ran tan wu atill in port. Seventy of her men had been transferred to the hospital, aick with the acurvy. She would tcarcely be able to Sst to aea under a month. The brig Lawrence, it waa ought, would be repaired there, or ordered to the Nortn. I The navy yard at Charleetown ju?t now preaenta a very \ hu*y scene to the viaiter. Soma Ml hands are at work on the F ranklin 74 prepaiiug her for a receiving ship; and though J it ia thirty years, we believe, since this ship waa launch- ' ed, such waa the excellence of her materials and of her ' workmanship,,that her timbers appear perfectly sound 1 and in excellent order ; she is quite tight, too, not mak- < ing more water than many new ships, though tier bottom 1 haa not been seen sincc she wai launched This *hip is being fitted up in a cheap, but neat and convenient man- j ner lor the accommodation of recruits for the navy. In a few daya ahe will be laid alongside the aheera, her 1 maats put in. her rigging and spars put on board, and 1 the ship made ready for service and hauled eff the Davy j yard. The Ohio is in the dry dock, and is being stripped to 1 her timbers. Considerable dry rot has already been ' discovered in her upper works. [ The Independence is neatly ready for sea, and will 1 probably haul off into the stream in the course of a day j or two. All hands ware busy yesterdav in taking in J stores Her rigging is all up and her sail* are bent.? Capt. L^valette hat arrived to take commanJ of her ? 1 All she lacks now is about one hundred men to complete her complement. All that could be spared from the Ohio have been transferred to the Independence, but atill ( she ia deficient in handf. She is bound to the Pacific, and i- to carry out Commodore Shubric.k. who is to command the aquadrou on that station.?Bos. Trav. July 8. ? . Presentation of Swords to Capt. Hawkins I and Lie nt. Mori la. New York, July 4th, 1840. To Lieut. Chari.cs F.Moaai*? Si*:?The volunteer* of the lit and 2nd regiment* of United States Volunteer*, of Nev York, and citizens of the city of New York, desire to maoifeit their esteem , fur your gallant conduct In the oattle* of Palo Alto, and j Res'aca de la Palma, by presenting you with a sword, at Castle Garden, on Thursday, the ISth day of August next. As Chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, j I have the honor to communicate to you the withe* of , your fellow-citizen*, and, air, allow me to say that I take , particular pleaaure in the part I have heen requested to , perform, as von havo been enrolled upen that list of gal- ' lant men wno have ahed their blood upon the field of battle. 1 have the honor to he, Very respectfully youra, 1 WARD li. BURNETT, | Col. lit Regiment, and Chairman Com. of Arrangement*, i Ns w-Yoaa, August A, 1844. To Capt. F,. 8 IUwKiw*,7th Reg't L* 8. Iniantrg ^ ' 8m : ? The offlc.ertoi in nnu yu ueg n oi t n tuihuteem of New Vork. ami citiiem of the cily of New Voik de?ite to maniieit their esteem for your heroic conduct, in the command and in the defence of Fort Brown, with only flie hundred men, daring the bombardment by the I batierief of Matitmorai, and thd threatened attack of the ' whole Mexican army under General Ariita. Wbilat we unite with the whole nation in sincere and proton rid regreta for the Iom of Tour gallant commander, Major Brown, we may be allowed aa citizeoa of your native city, to eapreie the pleasure we leal in honoring you aa hia lurceiior, and ai the officer whole reply to the tumrnon. from General Aritta to aurrendar, waa couched in the heroic anl erer mumoraMe language? Dtjtnd (A* place to the death The presentation to youraeif, a* you have already bean In'ormed by Hon. V. A Tallmadge, will conaiit of a Hwo?r> and I>*oi.bttki, and will take place at Cattle Garden, on Tkareday the 13th inat, at 4 o'clock, P. M. I have the honor to be, Vary respectfully yovra, WARD B. BlTRNtTT. Cal lit Raft, and Chairman Cotanittae of AirangemTa Bt?w nwi 3ER A 6. GIMENT, 3"".*" ??Z-~?^" " *-w-^__ when added to tliese are the field officer*, servants and followers, the whole body will be near nine hundred. Every exertion is being made to start the expedition by the '20:h itist. One vessel is engaged, and the other two will be during the week; stores and equipments are rapidly being prepared, so that whether peace is declared or no', government seems determined to be indemnified for her expenses in the war with Mexico, by the possession of the Californias. If no ar niisuue is cunuiuueu, ine reguneni win i?w uorutinly needed ; but if a cession is made of the California*, they will be of so much the more service in governing the territory. There is no doubt but that they will sail before the 1st September, though no convoy is expected to accompany the regiment, nor is it needed. A band, selected from the different companies, and instructed by a gentleman now attached to the orchestra of Niblo's Garden, wdl be raised, and will add much to the military appearance of the regiment. There can be no doubt but that the whole plan connected with the organization, and destination of this b?dy of troops is a good one; and that the influence of a thousand young, active, enterprising working men, on the shores of the Pacific will redound to the honor of the American people, and add to the glory of the flag. Affairs In California. We find the following in the St. Louis Reveille. We have before published something of the all'air if Captain Fremont; but as California is now the jentre of attraction and destination of one division j jf our army, wo give all we can find that is of any I interest. We do not assent, however, to the jharges made against Mr. Latkin. We believe him to be a very honorablo man. Mr. Semple, now in California, writei an interesting letter, dated April 10th. to the Reporter-, and flint, by way 01 a nut for Mr. Smith, of Illinois. who reported ! against the possibility of a Pacific railroad, we make an sxtract relating to the routs. " First, theD, the road Torn Independence to the leot of tha California moun:ams, acroa* the Rocky and Calumet mountain*, is about ii good a road as that from St. Charles to Columbia, ;Boon'a Lick road) and might, with a little work, be nade a good deal better " " Out of the 2 JM) miles from Independence, there i? iut about 100 of bad road " I tend you a copy of Castro's proclamation, w' ich will ihow you how Capt. Fremont has been treated. Fremont left hit party on the other aide of the mountains, and r?rnaa*il urith a (aw man and callfiil nn thn ( ?f?vprmir for permission to bring them in, which was granted: but when the company arrived, the Captain waa ordered out of the country forthwith. He remained to purchase aupplioit Then the proclamation waa issued, and the Spaniards embodied. Fri-mont wrote to our consul at Monterey f?r advice, and he, (vlr. Larkio) a full blooded Spaniard ia feeling, advised him to leave, which he did ; seeing that be muil fight the whole force of Cali'ornia without the countenance of the consul, whoa* advice was dictated liy his private interests entirely, and not the honor of his countiy There are few Americans here liut who would be gla< to hear of hia removal from office. We m ere all in hopes that Kirmont would remain until ittacked by tho Commandant, which would have been the signal for a united action of the foreigners to form a lew government We were all waiting lor the word to -allv around the " stripes and stars," and, nnder them, leclare California free from the Mexicans, and qualified to live under laws of tiioir own making. It is reported that tho Mormons are coming in large nnmtiers. The Governor has sent a special messenger to Mexico, with a request ami earnest ap|ieal for forces to itop the emigrants irom entering the country. My own ?pinionia, from what I can learn, that Castro will make in effort to cut oft'the foreigners now in the country, in the course of the next month, which will b? alter the departure of the party for the I'nited States, and the one for Oregon. We shall then be weaker than we ever will tie agsin ; but we have no fear of the result even then. Several Americans, who have hecome citizens of California, have been imprisoned,and had their property conSeated, for Jheir refusal to turn out against Fremont, rhe only trouble we have now ie the want of one man who has sufficient influence to unite the loreigners. I Copy nf Proclamation, tramlalrd hy Co/if Suffer] Hkad Qt'AaTKKI, H?* Jt'iX, f March Hth, 1?4<I. ) rhe citizen Jose Castro, Lieutenant Colonel of the Mexican Army, and Commander-in-Chief of Department of the California* : ? Km.Low Cinr. r.is:?A band oi robber*, commanded by i Captain of the United States Army, J C Fremont, have, without respect to the laws and authoritiaa of this Department, daringly introduced themselves into the country, and disobeying the orders both ot your Cam mander-in-Chiet una me rreieci 01 mo unirici, ny wnom he was commanded to march, forthwith, out of the limiu of our country ; and, without answering their letter*, he remain* encamped at the Natlvidad, fro > which he *?llie* forth, committing depredation" and making icandalou* kirmiihes. la the name of our native country, I write you to place yourtelva* under my immediate order*, at Head Vtuarlera, where we will prepare to lance the ulcer, which, ihould it not be done, would dettroy your independence ind liberty, for which yon ought alwayi to aacnflce rour*elvei, a* will *oor liiend and fellow citizen. (Signed^) .I08E CASTRO. Cinciii ir? Manco ?Looking over *ome of the lateit paper* from Mexico, w a And that the mercantile firm ol Me**r*. Kerment. Fort It Co . and Meiira Cecillon k Co., h th of the capital, have filled; the Aral for the unount of $1,300,000; and the other fflOO 000. In Vera Cru*. alio, one of the priiK-ii>al mercantile hon?e* had railed to the amount of ?>00,000, aad leveral other* were sxpected to follow the example. Mad Dog* A gentleman of the bar in this city a few days since, wn? bitten by a mad doff?he was t?k? n to the hospital, a large piece ol fleah cut out ot Ins !?K> and he is in a deplorable situation, and may not survive his misfortune. The dog was not taken?i* yet at large; ne nas nuicri uuioi ui'^o and pigs, and all ol whom may exhibit rabid symptoms in a few day#. The greatest alarm exists?iho public do# killer* art: unequal to their task. Four dog* hurried down Broadway vnterdny morning, scattering wotirn and children in all direction*. What is to ho dona? Better all the dojfs in tho city were killed, than one citizen dm of hydrophobia. I propose the citizens make short work of it, and kill every dog at large in the street*, without delay or ihaanminaUon. S|wnk out, Mr. Editor, and let us have your opinion. Youra, Safbtt. v ? *1. T TV maiiiuiiui'iu acaauu u i uiu y uu 1, iui uuwiuiivv? v not been so crowded and so brilliant as before. The reputation, however, ol" this artiite is established, and she is on the sure road to an honorable independence and fortune. Mrs. Bishop, (now Lady Bishop,) whose departure front her husband, the celebrated musical composer, in company with BoqIisu the harpist, excited so much iitteniion some years ago, has returned to England, having acquired a high reputation in Italy and elsewhere a* tL prima donna. The lady disavows any other motive in her proce? dings tt an that of improving her professional income, and thereby benefitting her husband and children. She his been announced to appear on the London boards, but probably this experiment will not be tried until next season. She is now sinking at a series of concerts in Belgium. It is now eight months since 1 nnnouncrd to you the approaching repenl of the corn law*. The thing is now accomplished, and tbo political economist* here hn 'e had the triumph of witnessing their dociriue of the absurdity of all prohibitive and protective tariffs acknowledged by the British Legislature. Unties will henceforward bo levied in England only lor the purposes of revenue. "Protection of home industr/." is a doctrine, which has now tak 'ti its place beside the " Ptolemaic system," and 'he " Vortices" of Descartes. Other countries of L iropc must and will soon follow the steps of England in the great commercial reform, and it may be hoped the United Stales will not lag behind other civilized nations. The system ot inertia and quiescence, which has been the invariable policy of Ix>uis Philippe, will no doubt operate for some time to come, against any relaxation of the prohibitive spirit of the commercial code in France. If the eliitions now about to take place, prove favorable o the present cabinet, the policy of inacron, which is so favored by the opinions of the King, will be persevered in. But doubts are entertained on t.iis subject. Aows vrrront. K lection Returns. The retains as yet come in but sparingly. la Chicago, Illinois, the democratic candidates for Governor an<1 Congn?-s have large majorities. JI) flentUCKy?no WIIlf( canuiaain wrm ?u?.u .m Louisville, cod in Jcffer*on county. In the Senatorial district composing the countie* of Boone, Gallatin, and Carroll, Hawkins (whir) led Brasbetr (loco) upward* of a hundred vote*. In Oldham county the vote (or representative I* very clone. Id Jtrft'enon county, Indiana, of which Mtdiaon i* the county aeat. Marshall hanatiout M)0 majority over Whitcomb for Governor. In North Carolina, on the Oth inat. the election for (Governor and LoRiilature waa held throughout the State. The following i* the vote, as far aa heard from, in New Hanover Wilmington?Kor Governor?Graham, (whig) 'J07; Shephard, (dem.) 341. The vote for Governor, in IH44, stood, in Wilmington, for G'-aham. (*vhiK)-J.16; Hoke, (dem ) ftAft Thi* shows a falling eft' in the democratic vote ?f 114, and of the whig OT. De mocratio lost, S5 vote*. P*r*nnal Movrmrnts. The Governor of Maftaachutett* is on a visit to Sarato. ga Springs. Mrs. Oen Gaines arrived at St Lo'rtt.from N Orleans, on the 10th ultimo. It i< reported that Joe Claveaa, th* oelehrated clown, attached to the circus company of Me*?r* Howe and Maybe, committed suicide, by cutting hi* throat with a razor. at Iowa Clty,afrw days ago. I'he company was (ravelling in tbnt direction, and Toe wss left behind on on account of skhness, which produced alienation of mind rOU LIVKRPOOL?New Line? lUrnUr i??jJtWWet, t? sail AuKBst ?th?The elenat, Taat sailing Sfi&2>.><ichet ship MIDHONH, E B. Cobb, imaster,of 110# tons will sail ?a above, her refvlar day. For freight or passe**, hsvio* accommodation* wieqnsllejl for splendor er comfort, apply on board, at Orleau* wharf, toot ol Wall atreet, or to _ . _ K. K. r.OLL'NWfc C O.. W Seath at. Packet shin SHERIDAN, Geo. B. ?>mish. muter, wiU ' succeed the Hiildoaa. and sail September Wtn, tier retwla. ! ONLT RKOUI. AK LI VK OV PACKET*KOR JUiNKW ORLE VNS-Packet of the )0thiAn?.? StifcThe fa't-?silin* and f-v-rite Packet Sh,pOS$E. ?4sas.*l? m MnnMitv Ana I?. ] i?u ?,*i i Johnaoe, wni ? ? ? 1>? I hrr r mlar dty. , . ... 8h* na? apkudid accommodation* Tor e*bin, aecond cabin, I gild I'c'nir pu ?i|m Thote withiag to >ec?re bertha I tliould make early application to I W k J. T. TAPS' OTT, j anl M Sooth ?t., 2d doir below Hurling 'lip 1 OLD (CRT \B(,I8HK.I< I'MTKI) 8TATK8 li JWyOHKAT BRITAIN fc IRKLAND ItMIOHANT K ?Thr Rubacribera coatinoe to briag oet l ??wn?>r? "?y the regvlar Pacfcr' 8hipt, tailing f*Wf da>a ; an *'to for firtt-claat American trantirnt thipt, tailing werltl f. at verv moderate rate* l>raft? e-?u al?o be furmalied for anr tiwimt, payable throughout the United Kingdom, on ?n>lt<*tion ? abore, au? iiihn 10 hiisun * ? o? ? ?" >? . tieef. I IUv hl^UAiG I KIJNKJS, lie. JOHN CAl'TNACM, Trunk Manafactnrer. No. 1 W*ll atreet,. ornerof Bioadwav.bat now on hand and eonitant, iy making a good aiortment <>f Tronka, Valiaet, Carpet Bast, and Satchel*, wholetale rnd ictail. Ala?, a?np*ri?r article of ?olo leather Trnnka, table ler American or ?arn|>?an Tr*?el, and Portmanteau* for the Krenrh Mailt Hotlr Order* for the Weal Ipdiaa.Sonth America, lie., Ailed w ith | di.pa.rh. Mil*1! L JL4 JLr Frio* Two C*feMa Foreign Correspondence of the It. Y. Harold* Paris, July 16, 134A. The Dutolution of the Ltgitlalvre?Corruption m EUctiont?Ouizot and Thitrt?Railway Aceiden ? Weltering Placet? fVtathrr? The Oyer a?AfU* Cuthman?Mri. Bithop, 4"C., $-c. ! The Legislative Chambers are dissolved, and j members are sent to give an aeoount to their oonstiiuents of their doing? for the last five years.? Notwithstanding the existence of vote by ballot in | France, corruption is practised on a gigantic scale. The organization of the state, and the limited i ainoun' ol the qualified electors f.ivor this. Evei ry functionary, from the profect to the beadle in I the department, the arondissement, tho commune#, and evt :i in the Villages, are Uic immediate nominee* of the government. This numerous body of dependants is held in check by an organI izution well adapted for it* purpose, flte Minister ol the interior, at Puris, sommunicntcs his wishes to the prelect of departments; tho/are thence trap-.muted to the sans-prefects, thence to the mayor-', ni.d so down wards, until they are inliltrated to tiie lowest social stratum. Notwithstanding ali tins machinery ol ministerial influence, the will of the Botngeoise sometimes declares itself, and cabinets yield. It is, however, only in extrem < ca>. s. At present, um ?lifti rense between the ministerial party and th# opposition is personal, rather tann political. The question is, " shall M Ouizot, or M. Thier? miiabit the Hotel dtt Affaire$ itrangireif the one or the other receive the salary and dispsusc the patronage V There is really scatoely any other question ; for these two parliamentary leaders, and the parties which adhere to thern, diller in nothing which the publ.c cares for. It was with great difficulty that topics were got uj? before the close of the session to afford materials for those speeches which were intended in reality, not fur the Chamber, but for the constituencies. Pho recent catastrophe which has occurred on the great northern railway, has filled the public With horror of railways, anil shares have fallen at the Bourse. Diligence companies liavr advertised that their conveyances are re-established on flit* nrrtinnrv rn:uU nt l*-?4 thnn ttinu** rtffhit railway, and that they will take passengers between Brussels and i aria in eighteen hours. Paris is now desertud. Fashionable people aro gone to the watering place*, to their country houses, and on their summer tours. Prolessional and parliamentary people have gone to the provinces 'o canvass their constituents. Would-be fashionable people have taken refuge for a time in lodging* in the suburbs. The usual influx of cockneys has not yet arrived, owing to the continuance of the London parliamentary 8>'??ion, and to the excitement attending the recent ministerial crisis. The heat of the weather for the last month has been such as the oldest Parisian does not remember an example of. On Sunday the 5 h, the thermometer stooa at 96deg. in the shade. It was the hottest day known in Paris for half a century. This weather has done terrible damage to the theatres, some of which have been almost deserted. The opera of the Moufqutlana, by Halevy, which I nave already mentioned in my former letters, continues its course. Since the weather ha* moderated its audiences are as fuel as ever.? On the night of its seventieth representation, not a place wns to be obtained in the house at reven o'clock. It is decidedly the most successful opera which ha* been produced for the last twelve months. At the Academic on** or two new operas have been produced with ind rt'erent success. Flotow's A me en peirie, has been a failure. A new ballet called " Betty," has been produoed with some fcLal It will fill the void until the return of Carlotta frrlsi. You are of course si ware that the damages obtained against Fanny Elssler for her breach of engagement during her American trip, has excluded her hitherto frem Paris, fr^he will not return unless ihedirecttur consents to abandon his claim. Mi?s (5 I'hman and her sister have been engaged ut U>e llaymarket. but owing, doubdess, to the intolerable heat of the weather, and the uu

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