Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 12, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 12, 1846 Page 1
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V T HI Vol. XII, |?, aia.WM* Mo. *453. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Gircal&tion---Forty Thousand. DAILY HKK VLL>?day. Price I cinu per copy?$7 IS per auaum?i?i?dblr in olvance. n r<nnui 11 r^nAUi/ ?ri) r^iiuru*> ? i ncc OTj CTOU per cony? S3 l?H ceuts I"-* annum?payable iu advance. HERALD FOB EUROPE?Every Steam Packet day. rricc()i( ceuts |>er enpr?>3 W per uniin. payable in adfucr. ADVERTlSEMHfrIT8 at thetnsual price*?nlways cuh B advance I'HJNTINCJ or all kiuds executed with beauty and despatch. All letter* or communication*, by mail, addressed to the tablishment, must be pott paid, or the postage will be dell. cted from the subscription money remitted. JAMESUORDON BENNETT. Proprietor of the NrwYoBK Hutl.D EsTABLISPtntlVT, North- Weet rnrc rot Fnltnn and Naasau >ir?ati C O N 8TI PAT ION, (COSTIVENES8) DESTROYED Without Mtdicines, Injections, or Batht. Discovery Recently made in France, BY M. WARTON. Price. Thirty Centi. THE *>th English edition, translated from the 23rd French edition of the exposition of a natural, simple, agreeable and infallible meau* (recently discovered in France,) not only of overcoming, but alio of completely destroying obstinate, I inveterate and habitual Constipation, without using either purgatives, injections, or baths; followed by a great number of authentic documents from eminent physicians and other persons of distinction, certifying the complete efficacy of the means. Sold at the national depot of Warton, of Paris, No. 158 William street, and also by Juo. Milium, 1*3 Broadway; C. H. Ring, corner of Johu4str?et and Broadway; Wyatt k Ketcliam, 121 Fulton at.; Henry Johnson, 273 Broadway, cor. Chambers street) Apothecaries' Hall, #09 Broadway; James Crumble, cor Bowery and Fourth st; and Br. Lewis, 2*0 Bowery; in Brooklyn by Dr Charles Steane, 1M Fulton st. an 5 lweod*r t IIRE YOUHSKLF.?AFFLICTED, READ.?For One > Dollar you can obtain a bottle of the AMERICAN COMPOUND, wh>eh is warranted to cure permanently(a delicate disease and its varieties. It leaves no odor on the breath requires'uo lestriction of diet or business, is adapted to every age, sex, and constitution, contains ne mercury or other nonous drugs, and has cured thousands of long-standing cases. The comp* uud nerds uo puffing, as it speaks tor itself iu every atrial that is made of it, and the proprietor will uive $100 io any one to produce a case it will not cure. Sold wholesale by Comstock h Co., 21 Courtlandt street; retailed at drug stores corner of Hudsou and Leonard, comer of Bowery and Fourth, corner of Bowery and Houston, corner t Bowery and Walker, East Broadway aud Market, and cornt rof Fulton aud Water streets, N. Y. : N. W. coruer of Third md South streets, Phila.; corner of Charles & Pratt stree's, Baltimore ; and by C. Stott, Washington City. aull lw*rc Medical ad vice-doctor lamert is conndentially consulted at his office, 63 Gold street, near 'Fulton, on all diseases of a private nature. His treatment, beiuy mild and judicious, requires neither mercury, restraint iu diet, or hindrance from Dusines*. Debility, nenrous or constitutional, arising from indiscreet indulgences of the passioua, causing nightly emissions, and, eventually, im .no til. n..-? i.1 1-1 I r -J. ' - Mil - IICXUVII, ma umrci UriUK 10 restore the system to that state of rigor nature originally designed. Stricture, a disease fnuuently existing without he p.itient being aware, canted by maltreatment and sometime* caused by the u?glect ol (he parties themselves, is effectually cured by Dr. L Letters, i>ost paid, enclosing*a lee, immediately attended to, and mediciue, with dvice, sent to auy part of tlie United States. Office *3 old street aull lw*r WITHOIT MER-URY OR B M.8AM?"No cure no pay.'?Or. Cnllen s Indian Vegetable Remedy is the medicine'hat h-s never yet failed to cure secret diseases of rv, ry kind,speedily and permanently, although thousands have tested it wit tin a lew months iast Sold, wholesale and retail, at principal depot. No 1 Murray street. L,Als >, ai 63 Bowery, '36 r ulton street, 381 Munroe street, 3 Avenue D., and 303 Hudson street. anil lm*r DOCTOR MORRISON confines his practice ex lusively to the treatment of private diseases, mercurivl ulcers, s>i>liilitic eruptions, chronic urethral discharges, mid other affections of ine urinary apparatus. Strictures of the most ob.tiuate character are cured by Dr M. on an improved pl*B. Twentyrfive years' experience enables him to treat with success that nervous debility arising from a secret destructive habit. N. B ?Dr. M. holds no communion with pretended Loudon surgeons, feeling s?t slied that he is the oulv advertising Londou surgeon iu the cily. See his London diploma iu his office. 2M>4 Kulton street. Letters post paid attended to. and medicine- forwarded to all parts. aull Iw'rrc NO < NO PAY.?UK. (.OHJH'IT. 19 Duaue street, member ot the Hoyal College of 8urgeons, London may be consulted in the treatment of certain delicate diseases. A practice of lourteen years, devoted to venereal diseases, enables Dr. C. to care the worst form of thi> disease. Recent cases cured in four days. No mercury used nor restraint iu diet or baainess pursuits. Strictures cured it one or 'wo weeks with scarceh any pain. . Constitutional*.?'Those individuals, whohavi indulged in a certain loathsome habit, can positively be re stored to health and society. Remember, It Duanr stieei next door to Or Johnson's. _au!0J?*m MbOlCAL OFFICE.?Dk. JOHNSON, 17 Iiuane street near Chatham street, so well kaown at the most successful practitioner tu New York in the treatment of venereal diseases. The Doctor's reputation for akill in thoee old half-cured cases that have existed for years, is pre-eminent.? Oleet,stricture, ulcers upon the body, or in the throat or nose, pains in the 'tead and bones of the legs, effectually cured. Constitutional weakneas, brought on by a secret habit in dulged in by young men, eauaing lascivious dreams and nightly emissions, positively prevented. Recent cues cured iu four days, without mercury. No alteration in diet or prevention from usiness. auiO It*m MEDICAL AID. CfEEDY CURE.?DR. GREGORY, No. 3 Roosevelt (3 street, is successfully aad radically curing his patien's of a certain private disease, in the astonishing short period of two davs, by a new aad easy method, recently discovered. perfect cure in to ?hoit a time mar seem incredible to many, t>ut those who will take the trouble to call ?s above, will be couvinced that what is here slated is literally and practically true. Toe fee lor cure is generally about $5. men or - thers wishing tat purchase the secret, are informed the prite has been raised to HOP. aultl lw*rrc PRIVATE DISEASES. BRANCH OF THE PHILADELPHIA COLLEGE OF MEDICINE. 07 Nmmu Street, PARTICULAR N OT I < E?Patients residing in any part of ihe Union, by wntiug a full statement of their situation, let the disease be of what kind it may?delic ite or iu ueiicnir, private or uUwtwiu, it will be consulted upon by the Member*, who mret daily for lint purpose, and the necessary remedies, with directions, forwarded immediately, lu this .instance the fee ($3.) which will iuclude all ex penses, inusl be enclosed, post paid, and directed to W. F. IMCKINSON, Agent, 97 Nassau street. Herald Buildings, Where one of the Members?Doctor McDonnell?it in constant attendance THE SPECIFIC EXTRACT, For the cure of Gonorrhoea, Gleets, Strictures. weakness of the sexual organs, nocturnal emissions, and all uiachaiges from the urethra. This powerful diuretic cures soouer than anv Oilier remedy as yet discovered, without interfering in any way with business. Price $1 per pot. SARSAPARIXINE, Prepared by the College, is the active principle of the genuine Honduras root. It is approved by the C ollege for the cure of scrofula, rheumatism, cutaneous eruptions, enlargement and paius of the boues, syphilic symptoms, and the train of diseases consequent I'on aii injudicious as* of mercury and nuskiWil medical treatment. Price, $1 per bottle, or C bottles for ti NON-MKRCITRIAL BI.ACK DROP. This valuable alterative is a sure remedy in Syphilis, both primary and constitutional. It should be resorted to immediately after the first appearance of the disease. Persons who have eruptions on Hie skm, venereal nodes, rheumatism, scrofula, or any disease arising from an impure stale ol the blood, should not be one moment without it. Single bottles, 91?cases of half a dozen, $i. Carefully packed and forwarded to all parts of the Union. W. F. DICKINSON. Agent. 97 Nnssan street. nl lm*r N A BUUJfcCl DtM'L* ItVi'bR^STlNG TO MANY. Dr. RALPH. Author of the " l'mv*tr. ThkatUK," begs u> state that he is at home as much as possible, (ex cert Sunday) for cousultation upon any of the disorders referred to in this volume, personally, at his residence, M Greenwich street?or by post, through Box t69 Lower Host Office?New York. Also to observe that beside gleet, stnc; tare, and the vanons complicated disorders entailed on these parts by venereal maladies, there are athers which are deeply interesting to the sufferer?>uch as weakness and irritability of the sexual organs from excesses or early improper habits , incontinence of urine, D1&A3>8 OF THE KIDNE\8, and of the BLADDER tf^RAVEL, and (Aoie rarmtii urinary ajfretimt, ukick are ignorantly califd Gravel ot Stone, and on which, whoever may consult him, may depend on receiving the most faithful and deliberate attention. The author, Dr. Ralph, has made the subject of Disorders of the Geniio-Uriusry Syairin, his especial study; and most particul arly in the curt of 8tricture and of Gravel in every loroi, subjects geuerally but little undeistood, he believes his treatment offers more than ordinary success. Communications by post may, if preferred, be add/eased iinplv B i M, Lower Post Office, N. V. It was formerly thought advisable to give several most eminent names and references. This is now, however, no longer necessary : and as to rank, the impudeut clsims to medical titles and " hospital experience' of a class ol |>eople who literally asvarm in large cities, become ouly a proof of the ignorant n'ji 1-Vor the convenience of those at a distance, and for trayeflers, the author has contrived a little cheat with lock and key, and wit* his treatise fitted in the Inl, which contsuns everything neceisvy for the immediate and priTMe cur# of theae complaints. They art also especially tutted to those who caunot afford the eipens* of a personal treatment. At there are two ?ery different and distinct disorders, tiiery are ?I?S? Tk- has >?!*? Its 11 XT A# medicine, contains the anthnr'spatent syringe ?nd lugredicnU Tor injections, (price $6 ) The other, containing >11 that is necessary from the first appearance of the ore to the more advanced or constitutional form, is also $6 And one a little I .inter, containing everything necessary for the core of both diseases, is $10. '1 hia latter ia peculiarly fitted for Mariners mid 1'ravel ers. These were origiually designed for tile convenience of the autnor'a private patients, hut so perfectly hsve thpy answered every purple, anil so gratified . re th>?e who have espericnced their advantages, that he has been induced to give them more publicity. They are for warded, carefully enclosed, to every part of the United States Canad South America,, he. Ike. Addtess to boi IK9 Lower P<wt (Mfice, or Dr. UALl'H, St (jreeuwich V.reet, New York. , 1,?, | 8?M> cHXTEZKubT. VALIER'8 FRENCH PILLS. | THIS ii sn nnrivalled remedy for diseases of a private Datore?a positive and speedy cure, without the restriction I of din or hindrance from business. *J lie many advantages whirh the French Fill* posse*a over IMsam f'opnive, <Jai>sules, ami other nauseating mutures, cannot fail to give t>em a decided prelerence. Besides being the most effectual and speedy euro ever discovered, they are entiiely tree from any unpleasant smell, do not affect the breath or sicken the stomichintlie lest and may be taken at anytime or in the presence of the m at intimate friend?thin enabling the patients to cure themselves without the lear n( suspicion or dnco\ery. They are rquaJIv effrctml foreilher aex in all Cumplain I, such as Uouorrhtea, Uravel, obstinate Uleeta. Fluor Albus (or Whites, peculiar to females), weakness of the generative organa, Ac., and have cured hundreds of these troublesome complaints, after every other remedy had failed. They have been extensively used (or the lost lea vaara, is all atagea ofth. se complaints, with aach aniverssl success. the proprietora challenge any one to produce a remedy of equal certainty, under a forfeiture ot %MPrice $1 per be*. for sale at 44 Naaaaa street, kMWMl. gni lweod*r E NE NEW THE OREGON TREATY. She Debate in Executive Session? The Correspondence, 4lc. N Senate or thi United States, ( Aug. 7, 1848 > Resolved, That the injunction ot secresy be removed from all the correspondence heretofore communicated to the Senate in executive session relative to the Oregon territory. In Senate or thi: United States,/ JuIT 10, 1846. { Re?oived that the injunction of secresy be forthwith removed irotn the treaty with Oneat Britain relative to the Oregon territory, and the correspondence which accompanied it, and all the proceeding* thereon, including tho speeches and re murks of Seuators. In Senatb or the United States, ) Aug. 8, 1846. S Resolved that 3,000 copies of the iournal, correspondence and documenta connected with the Oregon treaty be printed for the use of the Senate. THE EXECUTIVE JOURNAL OE THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES. Wednesday, Ji'nk 10, 184d. oregon qtestion. The following message was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Walker, his Sec re I Here follow* the President's Message, which has been published in the Htrald J On motion by Mr. Allien that the message and document* communicated therewith >mj referred to the Committee on Koreign Relations, and printed ia coulidcnce for the use of the Senate, A division of the question was called by Mr. McUultie; and on the question ' that the message and documeat* communicated therewith be referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations," it w?i determined in the negative?yeas 9, naj*37 On motion by Air Hinneoaft, the yeas and nay* being desired by one filth of the senators present, tiiose who voted in the allnmative are? Messrs. Allen, Ashley, Atherton, Breeso, Cass, Dickinson, Kail field, llaniiegaji. and Turney. Those who rote.I in itie negative aro? Messrs. Archer, Bighy, Benton, Berrien, Calhoun, Chalmers, Thomas *. la) ton, Colquitt, Corwin, Davis, Dayton, Dix, Oreene, lia> wood, Hoiwtoun, Huntington, Jarnagiii, Johnson of Maryland, Johson of Louisiana, Lewis, McUnfile, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Nile*, I'earce, Penn) backer, I'nelps, Rusk, Simmons, Speight, Upham, Webster, Wostcott, Woodbridge, and Yule*. So the motion to refcr was rejected. On the question to agree to the second clause of the motion, on motion by Mr. Tch.ikt that it lie on the table ?it wa* determined in the affirmative : yea* 17, nay* 'Ji On motion by Mr. Hanneuak, tho yeas and nays being desired by one fifth of the senators present, These who voted in the affirmative are, . Messrs. Archer, Benton, Berrien. Calhoun, Chalmers, John M. Clayton, Colquitt, Davis, Dayton, Oreen, Haywood, Houston, Huntington, Johnson, of Maryland, Johnson of Louisiana. Lewis, McDuffie, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Pearce, Pennybscker, Phelps, Rusk, Speight, Turney, and Upbam. Those who voted in the negative are ? Messrs Allen, Ashly, Atherton, Bagby, Breese, Cass, Corwin, Dickinson, Dix, Kairlield, Hannegan, Jarnagin, Jenness, Niies, Soinple,Sevier, Simmons, W ebster, Westcott, Woodbiidge, and Vulee. On motiou by Mr. Hannegan, that the further coniideration of the message and accompanying documents be postponed until Moimay next the loth instant, it was de termined in the negative, )tu 13, nays 36 On motion of Mr. Hamshiam, the yea* and nays being desired by one fifth of the senator* |> re lent, ThoM who voted in the affirmative are? Messrs. Allan, Alherlon, Breese, can, Colquitt, Dick inion, Fairfield, Hannegun, Jarnagin, Jenness, Rusk, Sample, and Westcott. Those who voted in the negative are? Meiart. Archer, Ashley, Bagby, Benton, Berrien, Calhoun, Chalmers, J. M. Clayton, lorwin, Davis, Dayton, Dix, Greene, Haywood, Houston, Hun'ingtoii, Johnson of Md., Johnson of Louisiana, Lewis, McDuflie, Manguin, Miller, Morehead, Niles, Pearce, fenny backer, I'hulps, Sevier, Simmens, Speight, Turney, Uphum, Webster. Woodbridge, and Yulee. So the motion to po*t|>one was rejected. '1 HL-asDAY, June 11, IS4G. On motion of Mr. Mangum, the Senate proceeded to consider the message of the President of the I'nited States of the 10th instant, communicating a proposal loi ihe adjustment of the Oregon question; and alter debate, Mr. Haywood submitted the following resolution for consideiatlon :? Resolved, (two-thirds of the Senators piesent con curring,) That the President of the Unued States be, and he is hereby, advised to accept the proposal of the British government, accompanying his message to the Senate, dated lOih June, 1S-M, lor a convention to settle boundaries, lie. between the Uni'ed States and Oreat Britain, west of the Reeky or Stony mountains. The Senate, by unanimous conseut, proceeded to consider the said resolution. On motion by Mr. Niles, that it be amended by adding thereto the following W ith the following proviso at tho end of the second article of the proposed convention, to wit :? "Provided, That the rights of navigation secured to British subject*, by this article, be limited to the year A. D. I8i9, when they shall cease and determine." After debate, on motion of Mr. Bchton, the Senate adjoarned. Friday, June 19. 1846. The Senate proceeded to consider the resolution submitted by Mr. Haywood on the llth inst., together with the amendment proposed thereto by Mr. Niies; and aftor debate, Mr Nills, by unanimous consent, modified his proposed amendment to read as follows:? With the following proviso at the end of the 3d article ot the proposed convention, to wit:? " Provided, That the right of navigating the Colum bis river, secured to the Hudson Bay Company, and to all British subjects trading with the same, be limited to the year A. D. 1863, when it shall cease and determine." un me question 10 agree mereto, u was determined in the negative?yean 10. nays 31. On motion by Mr. NiLKS.the yet* and nayi being deaired by one-fifth of the Senator* present, tho?o who voted in the attlrm?ti?e are? Meuri. Ashley, Atherton, Bagby, Dix, Fairfield,Houston, Jenness, Nile*, Simmon*, and Woodbridge. Those who voted ia the negative are ? Me**r*. Archer, Benton. Berrien, Calhoun, Chalmers, Thoma* Clayton, J. M. Clayton, Colquitt, Davis, Dayton, Evana, Greene, Haywood, Huntington, Johnson of Maryland, Johoion of Louisiana, Lewis, McDuffie, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Pearce, Pennj backer, Phelps. Rusk, Sevier, Speight, Turney, Upham, Webster and Yalee. So the proposed amendment was rejected On the question to a^ree to the resolution, it was determined in tlie affirmative?yeas 8s, nays 13. Those who voted in the affirmative are, Messrs. Archer, Ashley, Bagby, Benton, Berrien, Calhoun, Chalmers,Thomas Clayton, John M. Clayton,Colquitt, Davis, Dayton Dix, Lvans. Greene, Ha> wood, Houston. Huntington, Johnson of Maryland, Johnson of Louisiana, Lewis, McDuflle, Mangum, Miller, Merehead Nile*, Pearce, Pennj backer, Phelps, Husk, Sevier, Simmons, Speight, Turney, Upham, Webster, Woodbridge and Yulee. T hose who voted in the negative are, Messrs. Allen, Atherton, Breese, Cameron, Can, Dickiason, Fairfield, Hannegan, Jamagin, Jenne**, Semple and Sturgeon. So it wa* Resolved, (two-third* of the icnators present concurring,) That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, advised to accept tlie proposal of the British government, accompanying his message to the Senate, dated 10th June, 1846, for a convention to fettle boundaries, Ice., between the United State* and Great Britain, west of the Rocky or Stony Mountain*. Ordered that the Secretary lay the said resolution before the President oi the United State*. TrkiDAr, June 16, 1846. The following message wa* received frem the President of the Unite 1 States, by Mr Walker, his secretary [Here follows the copy of the President's me?saxe, communicating the convention whioh had been concluded which message has already appeared in the lUrald ] 1 he message was read, and nlut the convention between the United Slate* of America and her Majertv the <4uern of the United Kingdom ofGieat Britain and Ireland, concluded at Washington the 15th day of June, 1846, was read a tint time. On motion by Mr. Allkk, that the convention and the Ns>w^v vunimuiuciunK mo cuiiveiiiiuil. lu^rtnei wtiti tlie message of the 10th instant, communicating a proposal for the adjustment of the Oregon question, and the documents accompanying the same, be printed in confidence lor the use of the HeuaU. On motion by Mr. McDvrriic, to amend the said motion by adding after the word " same" the words " except the communication from Mr. McLane to Mr. Buchanan," a derate ensued ; and, on motion, ordered that the further consideration of said motion be postponed until to-morrow. Mr. HANrtKosn submitted the following resolution for coniideiation Resolved, I'hat the Preeident be requested to communicate to the Senate a copy of all the correspondence * liich ha* tnkou plaec lielwec:i this government and tliut of Oreat Britain, relative to the Oregon treity, together with the despatches and instructions forwarded to our ministf .Mr AlcLane ; and a full and complete copy of Uis despatches and communications to this goverumeut on the same subject. WrniriDAT, June 17, 1S4A. The Senate proceeded to consider the resolution submitted by Mr. Hannegan on the IBih instant; which was modified and agreed to, as follows Ilesolved. That the President be requested to communicate to the Senate a copy of all the correspondent which has taken place between this government and that of Great Britain relative to the Oregon treaty, together with ll.e despatches and instruction" torwarrfeu to our minister Mr McLane: and a full and complete copy of his despatches and communication* to tins government on Me *un?c miliject, iioi ? orun?ui?ic*Ujd to the senate. Air. Axeman* submitted the following raaolution for consideration liexolred, 1 hat the President be requested to furniih , the Senate with all the information in bii poateaaion ia relation to the kind and extent of claim* to farm* and land* of the Paget Sound Agricultural Company, ia the Territory of Oregon. On motion of mr. An.en, the Senate proceeded to conalder the motion of the 10th inatant, to print the conren w to . YORK. WEDNESDAY \ WW! 1 I I, ?^LL_ ..? IL BL. RE I IORNING, AUGUST 12, 1 Mr. McLane has performed bii whole duty to his j country ; and I am not only willing, bat anxious that every Fonator who may desire it, ahall have an opportunity of perusing these despatches at the Department of , State. The Secretary ol Slate has been instructed to afford every facility for this purpose. JAMES It. POLK. J Washington. July 31, 1846. To tht Prtiiiitnl of Iht Unitrd States :? The Secretary of Stute, to whom was referred the resolution of the Senate of the I7lh ultimo, requesting the President " to communicate to the Senate a copy of all the correspondence which has taken place between this Government and tiiat of Great Britain relative to tho Oregon Treaty, together with the despatches and instructions forwarded to our Minister, Mr McLano, and a full and complete copy of his despatches and communications to this government on the same subject, not heretofore communicated to the Senate," respectfully reports that no correspondence has taken place between this government and that of Oreat Britain, relative to the Oregou treaty, which has not heretofore been communicated to the Senate The Secretary of Stale horewith submits to the Presi dent copies of ull " the despatches and instructions forwarded to our Minister, Mr. McLane, and also a full and complete copy of his despatches and communications to this government" on the subject of tlio Oregon treaty, " not heretofore communicated to Congress.* He also submits the copr of a note from Lord Aberdeen to Mr. McLane, dated on the 33d of May lust. In regard to his own " despatches and instructions" to Mr. McLane, the Hocrctary u not of any public conaideratious which now opposu their transmission to the Senate. On the contrary, ho deems it eminently proper that entire copies of them all should be furniahed to that body without further delay. In regard to the despatches of Mr. McLane to tliii government, a serious question arises as to the propriety of communicating thorn to the Senate This question he deems it proper to present to the President for his determination ; because its decision may involve consequences for alt future time, essentially affecting the ability of tho Executive department of the government to conduct our intercourse with foreign nations in such mauner as best to promote the public Tnteiest it is the primary duty of a foreign minister to commit nicate freely to his goveriimmt all that he sees or heais j which can have auy bearing upon the interests of his country, together with his own opinions and speculx lions upon passing eveuti. both at homo or abroad, con nected with the objects ol his iniJsinn It is hia busings to seek information i rum every source within his reach, and to place his own government in possession ol all that he acquires Such informal ion is essential to enable this government successfully to perform ita duties to the country, in our present extended intercourse with foreign nations. Whatever, therefore, would tend to close up the sources of information against our diplomatic agent* abroad. ?r to deter them from freely comma nicaung all the information in their possession, could not fail to prove lerioualy detrimental to the national interests. Mr. McLane has, in the fullest manner, performed his duty in this respect. Hia despatches are both numerous Mm 1 * ? 'ft 1 1 ? | tion with Great Britain and the mawagei and documents 1 relating thereto; and, on motion by Mr. Haywood or! derail that it lie on tha table. | On motion by Mr. Bkmtom, that tha convention with I Great Britain be referred to a (elect committee of fire ! i members. to roniider and report thereon? On motion oi Mr. all*f?, ordered that laid motion lie on the table. On motion hy Mr. Allen, the Sonata proceeded to con- | *iJer the motion of the 16th inst, to print the convention ' 1 with Great Britain, and the messages and document* relating thereto; and on the question to agree to the amendment j>ro|K?ed thereto by Mr McDuffle, it was determined in the negative? yen* ill, nay* 31. On motion by Mr Allkn, the yea* and nay* being (toured by one-filth of the Senator* precent, Those who voted in the affirmative are ? Me*ar*. Archer, Benton, Berrien, Calhoun. Chalmera, Colquitt, Corwin, Uavi*, Dayton, Haywood. Houoten, Johnson, of Louisiana, Lewi*, McDnme, Miller, Morehead, I'earce, I'enny backer, It ink, Speight, and Vulee. Thoaa who voted in the negative are Me**rs. Allen, Ashley, Atchison, Atherton, Bagby, Barrow, Breese, Blight. Cameron, Cat*, Thomas ('layton, Crittenden, Dickinson, l)ix, trans. Kaiifield,Green, Hannegan, Jarnagin, Jenne**, Johnson, of Maryland, Margum. Nile*, Semple, Sevier, Simmons, Sturgeon, Turney, Uphani, Webster, and Westcott. So the proposed amendment was rejected. On tlie question to agroe to the motion to print, it was determined in the affirmative. So it wua ordered that tlie convention and the message communicating the convention, together with the message of the 10th instant, communicating propotal fer the adjustment of tho Oregon question, and the document* accompanying tho tan^e, be printed in confidence lor the u*e ot the SoDate Thubidit, June 18, 1840. The Senate proceeded to ron*ider the ruiolution, ?u1k mitted by Mr. Atchison, the 17th in*tant,which was modified by adding thereto the following words :? i; auu njui no u?t requested 10 communicate to tne Senate a copy ol the act incorporating the 'Pu^tt 8oun<l' Agricultural Company,' or of the original instrument constituting that company." On motion by Mr. Allkk, to amend the Mid resolution 10 inoJitieii, by adding thereto the follow jug :? "And that the President be requested to lay before the Senate, any information in his po?tession idative to the kind, character, number, and extent of the posneeeorr rights of the llud>on Day Company, and of all the British subjects who may be already in the occupation of land or other propeity in the Oregon terntoiy, south of the forty ninth parallel of noith latitute ; also, the number of such British subjects including the members, ageuts, and servants of said company -, also, tho location, number, and extent of the forts, stations, and settlement of said company, south of said parallel; also, the means ol attack auddefenco in the possession of said company within said limits." After debate, it was determined in tho-?lRrmative, yeas 36. nays 15. On motion by Mr. Allkr, the yeas and nays being desired by one-fitth of the senators present, Those who voted in the affirmative areMessrs. Allen, Ashley, A tiier ton- Breese, Bright, Calhonn, Cameron, Cass, Chalmers, Colquitt, Corwin, Crittenden, Davis, Dayton, Dickson, Dix, Kairfield, llanneJan, Houston, Jarnsgin, Jennoss, Johnson of Maryland, ohnson of Louisiana, M'Duttie, Mangum, Miller, Niles. Penny-backer, Semple, Sevier,Simmons, Sturgeon, Westcott, IVoodbridge,and Vulee. Those who voted in the negative areMessrs. Archer, Bagby, Berrien, Thomas Clayton, John M. Clayton, Avails, Ureen, Haywood, Lewis. Morehead, Phelps, Husk, Speight, Turney, and Webster. So the amendment was agreed to. The lesolution, as auieuaed, was then agreed to as follows Htttlved, that the President be requested to furnish the Senate with all the intoi nation in his possession in relation to the kind and extent ol cUims to farms and lands of the I'uget's Sound Agricultural Company in the terri tory of Oregon ; and that he bo requested to communi cato to the Seoate a copy of the act incorporating the Puget's Sound Agricultural Company, or of the original instrument constituting that company ; and that the President be requested to lay before the Senate any information in his possession relative to the kind, character, number, and extent oi the po-sessory rights of the Hudson Bay Company, and of all British subjects who may be already in the occupation ot land or other property in the Oregon tei ntory south of the 49lh parallel of north latitude ; also, the number of such British subjects including the members, agents, and servants of said company; also, the location, number, and extent of the forts, stations, and settlements ot said company south of said parallel ; also, the means of attack and defence in the possession of sa'd company within said limits. Ordered that the secretary lay the said resolution be! fore the President of the United Stales. I The Senate proceeded, as in committee of the whole, I to consider thetrea v between th? I'it.t smi?a nf im?. rica, and her .Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom ot Oreat Britain and Ireland, concluded at Washington the 15th day ot June 1*46. And no amendment being made thereto, it was reported to the Senate Mr. MrDi:p?'iK submitted the following resolution ior consideration:? Resolved, two-thirds of the Senators present concurring, That the Senate advise and consent to tin r?(location of the treaty between the United States ol America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Oreat Britain and Ireland, concluded at Washington, the ISth day of June, 1848. The Senate by unanimous consent proceeded to consider the said resolution. On motion by Mr. HANiticr.Aff, to amend the said resolution, by (Hiking out all after the word ' resolved," and inserting the following in lieu thereof: " That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby advised Jy the Senate to offer to the government of Oreat Britain as a just, fair, and equitable compromise ol the conflicting claims of the two governments connected with the country lying along between the Kocky mountains and the Pacific ocean, extending from the parallel of 43 degrees to 64 degrees and 40 minutes north latitude, and including the islands embraced witnin said parallels of latitude adjacent to the coast, the following as (he fundamental provisions for a treat) between the two goveinments:? " Kirst. The government of Oreat Britain shall acknowledge the right of soil, and the sovereignty to eiust, and be with the United States to the whole territory above described, and shall abandon to the United States all claim which shall in any manner conflict with the paramount jurisdiction of the United States therein. *' Second. Th? Unitpd Mtataa Wall ffnupantM tha Hu.lson Bay Company for twenty ) ears from the (lite of tich treaty the most perfect security .in all their possessions, and the ri^ht to puraue their business of hunting and trapping with all the immunities which pertain thereto, and to trade during that period with the native* , and the use during that time of the porta, rivers, and harbors within said territory without charge or hindrance " Third. Within twelve month* from the dato of laid treaty commissioner* shall be selected by, and on behalf f, the respective governments, whose duty it shall be to asseu at just and liberal prices the value ol the property of the Hudson Bay Company within the said territory, which amount, when ascertained, shall be paid by the United states to said company, in such manner and at uch time a* shall be agreed upon between the United Slate* and Oreat Gritam" It wa* determined in the negative?yea* 5, nays 43. On motion by Mr. Skviks, tne jean and nays being desired by one fllthof the senators present, those who voted in the affirmative are? Messrs. Atchison, Cameron, Hannegan, Semple, and Sturgeon. , Those who voted in the negative areMessrs Archer, Ashley, Atheiton, Bagby, Barrow, Benton, Berrien, Calhoun, Chalmers, Thomas Clayton, John M. Clayton, Colquitt. Corwin. Crittenden, Davis, Daj ton, Dix, Lvans, Ureene, Haywood, Houston, Huntington, JoLnson of Maryland, Jonnson of Louisiana, Lewis, McDuffie, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Niles, i'earce. Penny backer, l'ti?lps, Husk, Sevier, Simmons, Speight, Turney, Upham, Webster, Woodbridge, and V ulce. Ho the proposed amendment was rejected. On the question to agree to the resolution, it was determined in the affirmative?yeas 41, nays 14. Those who voted iu the affirmative are, Messrs. Archer, Ashley, Baghy, Barrow, Benton, Ben hen, Calhoun, Chalmers, Thomas Clayton, John M! Clayton, Colquitt, Corwin, Crittenden, Davis, Dayton Dix, Kvans, ureene, Haywood, Houston, Huntingtoi) Johnson of Maryland. Johnson of Louisiana, Lewi{ McDuttie, Matigum, Miller, Morehead, Niles, Pearrn, I'ennybacker, Phelps, Rusk, Sevier, Simmons, Speight Turney, Upham, Webster, Woodbridge, and Vulee. Those who voted in the uegative areMessrs Allen, Atchison, Atlierton, Breese, Brigls, Cameron, Cms, Dickinson, Kairdeld, Hannegan, Jenae*, Semple, Sturgeon, and Westcott. So it wa* resolved, (two-third* of the *enatori, preseit concurring,) that the Senate advise and consent to tl? ratification ol the treaty between the Uuited State* >f America and her Majesty ihc Queen of the United Kiikdom of Oreat Bntain and Ireland, concluded at Washiyton the 16th day ol June, 1846. Ordered, That the Secretary lay the said rcsolut^n belore the Piesident ol the United States. MESSAGR From the President of the Uuilcd States, communicathg documents not heretofore communicated to the Senile lelative to the Oregon Territory, in answer to the resolution of the Senate of 17m Juue, IS48. To lltt Senate of 'He United Statet i? I heiewith transmit, in compliance with the requcsl of the Senate In Ihoir resolution ol tne I7tn of June, 1S4J, a repoit ol the Secretary of State, together with a cop] of 1 all " iho despatches and instruction*'' "relative to the Orecon treaiv." " forwarded to our ministe:. Mr >lc Lane." " not heretofore communicated to tUo Scn^ii," ' im liiilin^ u >.tatem?nt of the proposition! for the > mem 01 the Oregon que?iion provioualy made an. re- ^ jected by tho roapoctivo governmenta Thin ata;?*icnt t wu furuiahod to.VIr Mc.Lane heloie hi* departure lie* the < country, and it dated on the IJth July, l?*6, the d^ on < wtilcli the note wai addreaaed by the Nerretiry of Kate to.VIr Pakenhnm, ottering to nettle the controvorar by t the 49th parallel ol latitude, which waa iejected bythat < miniater on ihe 3tnh of July following. The Senate will peiceive that eMr acta from hut two I of Mr Mcl.aue'a deaputcbea and communication* ti Una I government" aie tran?inittel ; and thui>e only biMaiue i tiie, were nernaaary to explain the answera givtn to < them by the 8?oietarv ol t>*te. | Thoie de>pa'ch*t ara both iiumaroua and volnmitoua; i and, Irom their cuiili eiitia) character their puolicttiun, I il ia believed, would be highly prejudicial to the lUbito I ilitereata I Public c.onaiderationa alone have induced me to with- 1 hold the doapetcbea of Mr. McLane addreaaed to the Secretary of wate. I concur with tho Secretory o State 1 In tho vi??? preoented in hi* report, herewith tnnamit- I tod, tho publieettoa of thoao doapotchea. < sua voluminous. ue na? Kepi me department well adTiled of all that it was necessary for it to know in rela- i tion to the different and varying aspects which the Oregon question has assumed iu E ngland. No person, however, who peruses these despatiHtes can suppose that, | with the exception of very small portions of them, they j were intended for publication, or that the probability of such an event had been contemplated by him. I If, under auch circumstances, bis conversation!) with individual* in office and out of office, which, from their | very nature, were confi leruUl, should be published to i the world, this would have a strong tendeucy to ob ; truct every avenue of information against our diplomatic agents, and greatly to impair their usefulness: and, i on great occasions, the possibility ol a candid disclosure to them of the intentious of a foieign government, or ol the real motive* which might control the actions of iu ministers, would be entirely out of the question. Persons intrusted with the conduct of foreign affairs in other countries, would feel the necessity of observing towards our diplomatic agents a guarded silence, differ- i ent from the course which might safely he pursued to- | wards the ministers of other powers. The private and confidential intercourse between ministers of different i countries, which often leads to the most important and beneficial results, would cease to exist in regard to the ministers of the United States. In thi* manner, one ot t the great purposes of sending ministers abroad would bo i defeated. ' Besides, the publication ol such communications, et- i pcciauy 11 coupieu wuu me minister * unreserved com- ( meats, made confidentially to his own government,would i place him in a position toward* those whose confidence < he had thusi>een made instrumental in violating, which I no honorable man would desire to occupy. i The publication of such despatches would exercise an unhappy influence upon the conduct of our diplomatic agents. In ouler to shield themselves from reproach, they might llien be induced either to communicate im poitant information, with their observations upon it, in private letters, and through other channels not subject to ofllcial iuspection, or to refrain altogether from ma- i king communications except such as might be published to the world without unpleasant consequences to themselves. In the first case, that information which ought exist in the atbhlro* a! ll>< il?|>artnMnt far tli? use of the government in all future time, would be confined to bfew individuals; and in the last, the government might be deprived of the information necessary to avert danger from the country, or to promote the best interest* of the people in their intercourse with foreign nations. Tne Secretary Is deeply sensible that, from the very nsture of our institutions, the greatest publicity ought to be given to the conduct of all public agents. There should be no exception to this rule, unless in cases where the public interest imperatively demands it. Whether i this be such a case, is respectfully presented for the de. | cision of the President. Public considerations alone have induced the Secreta- i ry of State to make these suggestions, in performing < this duty, he nee 1 scarcely say that every facility tor , this purpose will most cheerfully be aflorded at the De- | partment of State to any senator who may desire te pe- i ruse the despatches of Mr McLane. , All which is respectfully submitted by JAMKS BUCHANAN. List af accompanying papert Mr. iiucnanan 10 ,>ir. Aicuune, juiy ij, Ib40. Sam* to Hint, 13, 1843. I Same to same, Nov. 3, 1843. , Mr. McLane to Mr. Buchanan, Dec. 1, 1844. Extract*. i Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Mct.ane, Dec. 13, 1843. Same to tame, Dec. 99, 1843. < Same to same, Jan. 29, 1846. i Mr. Mct.ane to Mr. Buchanan, Feb. 3, 1346. Extract. , Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLane, Feb. 36, 1846. Extract. I Same to tame, March -28, 1846. 1 Same to same, (with enclosure,) April 38, 1848. I Same to tame, June 6.1846. I Same to name, June 13,1846. i Same to tame, June 22, 1840. < Lord Aberdeen to Mr. McLane, May 23, 1846. Mr. Buchanan to Afr. McLano. [No. 2.] Dt pjHTMtsT or State. ) Washiwotom, July 12. 1843 j Sir Although the President does not intern! to trunsfer tlie Oiegon negotiation from Washington to London, yet, a? her Brilaunic .Majesty's ministers will doubtless utt'ord you frequent opportunities of convening upon the subject, it ii pioper that you should be well informed of the present state of the question. For this purpose it is necessary to furnish j ou with a brief historical sketch of the propositions for its adjustment which have been heretofore made and rejected by the respective governments. The first negotiation wa* that of 1818, which terminated in the convention of the 20ih October of that year. It was conducted by Messrs. Oallatin and Hush, as \merican plenipotentiaries, in obedience to instructions 'rom Mr. Adams, then secretary of state under Mr Monroe's administration Our plenipotentiaries inform us that they did not, on that occasion " assert that the Uni;od States had a perfect right to the country, but insisted hat their claim was at least good against Oreat Britain." They, therefore, offered to compromise by adopting the [>aiatlel of 49 degrees as tho dividing line between the wo countries, and by surrendering to Oreat Britain the ree navigation of the rivers (the Columbia, of course, ncluded) which might be intersected by this line. The Uiitish plenipotentiaries, (Messrs. Kobinsuu and Ooulmrn,) in answer, ' did not make any formal proposition or a boundary, but intimated that tho river itself was tie most convenient that could be adoptod, and that the> would not agree to any that did not give tliem the har>or at the mouth of the river, in common with the l/nied States " But although they did uot propose a pernanent boundary, they did make a most extraordinary imposition to the Aineiican plenipotentiaries, which va* instantly and properly rejected. This was no less d e fleet than that the United States should surrender to Jreat Britain the exclusive sovereignty over the whole erritory north of 49 degrees ; whilst that portion of it which lies between the 43th and tho 49th parallels, emiracing the mouth and neaily the whole course of the Columbia river, should " be free and ojien to the snbects and citizens of the two States respectively, for the mrpose oftrade and commerce," reserving the claims of he respective parties, not to the whole territory, but to his section of it merely. This negotiation resulted in the adoption of the third irtirle of the convention of the 20th October, IH18, unlet' which the United Statei so far yielded to the claims if Oroat Britain as to agiee that the whole territor) hould " be free and open for the term of ton years fiom he dato of the signature ot the present convention, to he vessels, citizcns and subjci-ts of the two [loweis " The second negutiation on this subject, during the adninistration of Mr. .Vlonroe, was conducted, in 1834. by dr. Hush a< the Am?ru:an plenipotentiary, un ler the intructions of Mr. Adams. In the mean time the United ttates bad acquired 'I,- S|ani?h title, embracing the whole territory in dispute, uiiier the Florida treaty of he '2id February, IH|?; and Mr Monroe had made his -.elebrsted declaration to the world, that the American ontinent should no longer be subject to colonization. Notwithstanding this change in the uilntlve position of DC parue', .?ir .titmron mi wo in 10 aeme 1110 ronmr.ting j c -laima ol Ituiaia, Great Britain, and the United staiea, to 1 :he teiritory on the northwest eonat of America, and knowing that tliia coald only be done by compromiae, t liitbotT/cd Mr Rnali, throniili (be mm tictioo* from < Mr Aiiama, dated tbc 2Jd July, 1*23 " with a view to i Iraw u definite line of demarcation lur the future, to ?tl- < filiate that no aettlement ahull lie ina.le on the noith watt < :o?at, or on an) of the iklanda thereto adjoining. by Kim- ; nan auljecta, a?uth ol latitude A4; by citu<naof the < L ulled Matea north of latitude 51 degree*, or by Hi itiah < ubjecta either aouth of 61 or north ol M. I mention (?ay I Mr. Adama) the latitude ol 51 aa the bound within which < <re are willing to limit the future aattlemeat of the United State*, beranae it ia not to be doubted that the Co- < lumhia river branchea aa far north aa Al " " Aa, howitrer, the line already runa, in latitude 40 degreea, to the j J?7?'-w ? ???a~mmmm? I ERA 1846. Stony mountain*, ihouM it lie earnestly insisted upon l>y Oreat Britain, wo will consent to curry it in continuance on the ?&ine parallel to ttie Ma." Mr. Hush, with great ability, attempted to execute his instructions. Ue tirst proposed :>l degree*, and afterwards 49 degrees, but m rain. These piopoaiUou* were severally rejected by the British Plenipotentiaries (Mossrs tliMkissnu an 1 Stratford Tanning), who proposed the 49th parallel u- a permanent boundary between thu two countries until it should atrike the nurtLeitstcrn most branch of the Columbia river (Mcfiillivray's) anJ tlience down the name to in junction u ith thu ocean, " the navigation of the whole channel hein pei| etnally free to the subjects and citizen* of both partial." Tin* propoaition waa rejected t>j Mr. Hush, and heie the negotiation ended The third negotiation on thia auhject took place in lftlfl, '27. during the administration of Mr. Adam*, and waa conducted by Mr. Gallatin as American PUnipot*tt> tiary, under instruction* from Mr. < lay, then Secretary of State. The third article of tho convention of October, lrilti, was about to expire by its own limitation ; and a moat formal aud serious effort was then made finally to adjust this vexed question ; but it utterly failed. This negotiation displays gieat research and ability on both ides Mr. OalUtiu, in behalf of the United States, again offered to compromise the queition by adopting the 49th parallel of latitude as the dividing line between the two countries west of the Rocky Mouutains ; and to agree that the navigation of the l olumbia should " be perpetually free to tho subjects of Oreat Britain in com mou with the citizen* ot the United States," provided thin line should stuke the north easternmost or any other branch of that river at a point from which it waa navigable for boats. This oiler was rejected by the British Plenipotentiaries (Messrs. lluskisson and Addinglon.) in very strong terms. Thoy repeated tho otler which had been made to Mr. Rush on tho part ot < Jrer.t Britain in ltfcM, with this addition, that they were willing to concede to the United Statjs the possession of Port Discovery, on tho southern coast of Uc Kuca's inlet and annex thereto "all that t<act ol country comprised within a lino to be drawn lroin I upe Kl.itterv , nlong the southern shore of De Kuca's inlet, to Point Wilson, at the northwestern extremity of Admiralty inlet; from theuce along the western shore of that inlet, uoross the entrance of Hood's inlet, to the point of laud forming the northeustorn extremity of thu aid inlet; from thence, long the eaateru shore of that inlet, to the southern extremity of the same \ from thi-tiro direct to the southern point ot < ira) '* h.?i l>or; from thence along the shore of the Pacific to i ape Flattery, as bclore mentioned." I'hh proposition was rejecte I by Mr. Oallatin, and the negotiation terminate)! in the convention ot August 6th, IriiT, which coutinued tho third aiticle of tho convention of October, 1418. until it should be abrogated by the cue party or the other, by giving u notice ot twelva months to that effect This convention has ever since remained in force ; and ever since, under its provisions, the subjecti of Great Britain have enjoyed the same rights over tha whole territory as the citizens of the United State*. This joint occupation has continued for more than a quarter of a century ; and it ia not to be supported that the British government will now consent by negotiation to yield to us the whole territory up to ,r>4 40, nt'tor oui government had thrice offered to divide it by the parallel of 19 degrees, and they had thrice refused this offer even when accompanied by a grunt of the free navigation of the Columbia. The next notice of this question will be found under the administration of General Jackson. It is contained in the instructions of Mr. Livingston to Mr. Van Huren, dated on the 1st August, 1KI1. with a copy of which, so lar as they relate to this subject, you shall he fnruished. From this you will perceive that General Jackson's administration, so far from objecting to the occupation of the whole territory by the British in common with ourselves, were entirel) satisfied to suffer this state of thiiigs to continue Toese instructions do not proceed upon the principle of claiming the wholo temtory lor the United .States, although they express a strong opinion in I'avor of our right. Alter stating that the tenn of joint occupatien was indefinitely continued for the pur|iose,in the language of the tteaty, " of giving time to mature tneasuies which Bhall have for their object a more doti Mite settlement ot the claims of each party to said terri kV*j?t w iviuain. tuui uni viiojoci IB uiuu u)i<:u for discussion, and until the rights of the partial can be settled by negotiation, euri can sutler nothing 1 >y delay." These instructions evidently look to a sottlement oi the rights of the respective parties by negotiation, anil not to an absolute exclusion ol Great Biitain from the whole territory. Krom the 1st of August, 1831, tho date of Mr. Living(ton's instiuctions to Mr. Van Buren. until the nth of October, 1*4:1, nolurthcr notice of. he Oregon question was taken in any instructions troin this department. On that lay Mr. Upshur, then Secretary of State under Mr. Tyler's administration, addressed instructions to Mr. Kverett 9n the subject. Following in the course of compromise IKiinted out by his predecessors, Mr. Upshur says, " The otter of the 49th parallel of latitude, although it has once been rejected, may be again tendered, together with the right ol navigating the Columbia upon equitable terms. Beyond this the President is not now prepared to go? Nevertheless you may propose or receive, subject to the approval of this government, any other terms of compromise which in the progress of your discussions may appear to promise a satisfactory adjustment ot this important question." Next came the existing negotiation which the President iound pending on his accession to ofltee. This negotiation, like all which had preceded it, was based upon the principle of compromising the claims of the par.ies, and not of demanding the whole territory for the United States. The first protocol signed by Messrs. Calhoun and Pakenham, on the 23d August last, states that it w?a instituted " to treat of tho respective claims of the two countries to the Oregon Territory, with the view to establish a permanent boundary between the two countries westward of the Rocky mountain* to the Pacific ocean." The President at a very early period of liis administration was called upon to decide whether he would break ill' or continue this negotiation. Placed in such a rcsponlible position, he first inquired whether tue national Honor required that he should abruptly terminate it by demanding the whole territory in dispute. War before dishonor, is a maxim deeply engraven upon the Jiearts of the American people-, and this maxim ever snail regulate bis conduct towards lurcign nations. But it wus impossible lor him to conceive that there could be dishonor in pursuing the course which had been adopted by Mr. Monroe, his patriot revolutionary predecessor, more than a quarter of a century ago, and had been cither expressly lanctioned or acquiesced in by all succeeding administru| ions. Hi* next inquiry was, wonld a compromise of the :laims of the parties, by adapting the parallel of 49 detrees, materially injure the intereat of the United States .' the entrance of the States of Furs, Admiralty Inlet, and ugets sound, with their noe harbor* and rich surroundng soil, are all south of this parallel. We know hut lit;le of tho country north of it, hut, from all the inform aLion we have obtained, it is, with the exception of a few >poU, wholly unfit lor agriculture, anil incapable of susLaming any considerable population. Its chief, indeed almost its only value consists in the fun which may yet be collected upon it; and even m this particular it is not ol much importance. Arbitration being out of the question, the alternatives which remained were either to compromise the claims of Uie parties upon terras similar to those which had often been proposed by the government of the United States uid rejected by that of Ureat Britain, or to demand the sxclusive sovereignty over the whole territory in dispute, and thus to rent er war almost inevitable. In the iireseut enlightened and ciiiistian age war ought to be he last alternative ol nations, and should never bo lesort>d to unless for a can e which (rem: era it imperatively lecesaary. To rush into hostilities, if this can be honoribly avoided, would subject the United States to the conleinnation of all Christendom. The President doubts whether the judgment of the civilised world would bo in >ur favor in a war waged for a comparatively worthless erritory north of 49 degrees, which his predecesairs had >ver and over again ottered to surrender to Ureat Britain, provided she would yield her pretentions to the country louth of that latitude Besides, a wai for such a cause, whilst it would doubtlesa be sustained by the patriotism, night not meet the approbation, of a large portion of our >wn fellow citizens. On the other hand, suppose the American proposition jf the 40th degree ol latitude should be again made by ;he United States and again rejected by Ureat Uiitnin, ind war then be the consequence, we might appeal to all nankind for the justice and moderation ol our demand. 1'he voice of an impartial woild would pronounce our muse to be righteous, and our own citizens would be enhusiastically uuiteil in sustaining such a war Should Jie negotiation end in disappointment, the President, laving done all tiiat can he required of him for the preleivation of )>eace, will afterwards feelhimsell perfectly ree to insist upon our rights in their full extent, up to he Itussian line ... Influenced by these Important considerations, you will >erceive fiom my note to Mr. Pakenham, a copy of which I now enclose j on,that tho Prsident has once more jrtq>oted to the government of Ureal Bruaiu that tho erutory west of the Kecky mountains, which has been inder existing treaties "free and open" to the occnpaion of both nation* ever siuce IHlrt, shall now be divided tetween them by the 4!<th parallel of north lxtit'ide, iffering at the same time to make freo to Great Britain ny poit or ports on Vancouver's island, siuth of this wraflel, which the British government may desire ) ou will observe that tho proposition is silent in reard to the navigation of the Columbia river?a privi; rue which has neietofore been repeatodly ottered to >ieat Britain in former attempts to settlo this questionuch a privilege the Piesident cannot concede, although e is well awaie of the serious, if not insuperable, oblacles winch this may present to the success of the nootiation I he tenacity with which Ureal Britain will Ihoie to the free navigation ol the Columbia, which she iow enjoys, is mamlest I com the note of Mr Pakenham d Mr. Calhoun, of the l jth September last, with u copy f which you have ?>< . n fitmiabed. If the r. e n avigation of the Columbia wern planted o Great Hi ituin, ihia would be a |Mij>ctiial iouku ol trile und camc of collminn between the clti/.onn anil ubjecti of the two nation* in thoio remote rcgionn It vould he almost impoaaible, hy any vigilance which *>uld be exalted, to execute the revonue lawa ol tho e?|>e.-tive oonntriea, aiMl prevent nmugKlinic on either tide of the tirer. Beddea, there arc aeveial portage* >ruiin<l the full* and rapid* of thi* river and it* branchs?, the u?e ol whi'h i- tieoer<ary to the enjoyment of ta lice IIivi*4tio>V l'hi* ? Mild introduce tuc <uliji 0t? >( Ureat hiiuin with theii merchau4iae, into the heart >1 Ihe country an I thu* ?lemly increaae ihe evil ' ?" )ond?lmt it would he it they we e confined to the 'bannel ol the liver The fremdent Udeiirou* to adjiut he qUeetiou in such a manner aa to leave no *ouine b?niiit liora which might proceed new diritcuitioi ana naw langeri again to Involve the peace ol the two couutnea. With hia prenent iinpreaalona, h<- can never yield to ireat Britain the freo navigation of tha Columbia It la to be hoped that Ureal Britain may view thia aubact in Ike aaine light, e*pooally at within tha laa. lew LD. mm two cants* ' yoan l ivers have been explored an>l reported to north of the parallel of JH degree*. ou which her trade may to I conducted between the interior mi I ttie ocean, without ' the u?e of the Columbia. Whilst denying thii privilege, which hiu been hitherto so often offered, it may tie asked, what leanou have wc 10 nope mat nitNi uiuaiu imy now acceiie to the naked parallel of 40 ilegreus f There would he little or none, unloas our proposition liud contained nucha con' cession in some other particular as to enable her to retreat with honor from her former demand*. Tbia will be found in our oiler to make Iree to (heat Britain any poit or port* 011 Van <"ouvor'? island south of 49 degrees, which the British government may desire It ia true, tins i? hut a trilling cr ncession, considering the amull |>ortun of tlie cap of Vancouver'* uland which lies south ol th it parallel; and. although no equivalent, it 11 yet something which may h*a refuge for British pride, mi: rendering the free navigation of the Columbia Besides. m they have in their last proposition o fur gone heyond that ol lt*i7 as to olfer to make frao to the United States any poit or ports whijh they might desire, either on the main land or Vancouver'a island, south of latitude 4!' degrees, our ofl'ar to th?m ol freo ports on the southern cap of that island may ha deemed : a reciprocal concession I Had tbia been a new questioa, you are falljr aware that the President never would have presented such proposition; but it must not be forgotten that tha Ameri| can government never dies, although the agant* who ad| minister it are perpetually changing Its course of poll! cy towards foreign nation! should not change with every changing administration, but ought to be uniform aad consistent, unless for reasons of imperative necessity. From what has been sui will perceive how wholly impossible it is for the President to accept any terms of compromise which would bring the British south of the parallel of 49 degrees; anil this you may intimate to the British ministers in conversation, should you deem it wise under all the circumstances. The only exception to this tulo which could possibly be made might ba tlio concession, for an adequate equivalent ol tha small cap of Vancouver's island south of thii latitude, which would be of no importance to tho United States, whilst it is of considerable value to Great Britain You will enforce our proportion upon the Britiih ministry with all the oulightened ability of which you are , so eminently the master, Should it be rejected, the President will be relioved the emhnrrussment in which he has been involved by the arts, oilers, and declarations ol his predecessors. Afterwards, if the difficulty an nly t>e resolved by the sword, we may then appeal with | confidence to the woiid for the equity mid justice of our | cause, and may anticipate the smile', of Heaven upon the right I am, Sic, JAMKS BUCHANAN. Louis McI.amc, Ksq., he , he. Mr. Buchanan to Mr Mr Lane. [No. ?.] Utr 4HTMKMT Of itTATC, ) Washington. Sept. IS, 1845 ) Sir?I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your despatches of the Itith and 18th ultimo, the former of which was placed in my bands by the Hon. Mr. Hhett, of South Carolina, and to transmit to you, herewith, a copy of ray last note to the Kight Hon. Richard i'akenham, her Britannic .Majesty's minister at Washington, relative to the Oregon question. I am, he., JAMES BUCHANAN. lion. Lou* McLskk, he. he. Sic. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLmne. [No. 13] D?TAHTMri?T or State, ) Washington, Nor. 0. 1946 ) Si a?Your despatches to No. 16, inclusive, hare been i duly received. Since the receipt, on tha Jlst ultimo, of your No. 0, I have held several conversation* with Mr. Pakeoham. i His purpose, doubtless, was to ascertain whether the President would not take back his withdrawal of our proposition of compromise, and suffer it to s'and as the basis of further negotiation ; and, if this could not be done, to obtain some assurance in advance as to the manner in which a new pm|>ositioii from the British government would bo received. He did not accomplish either object. In these conversations, I gave him uistinctly to understand that the President could not consent to recall what hail lieen aire idy done, nor to modify, in any degree, thu withdrawal of our offer. At the same time I observed, in answer to a question propounded by him, that if the ' British Government should think proper to make any new proposition to tho government of the United B'.atea for the settlement of the Oregon question, it would be re1 spcctfully considered by the 1'iesident, without, howI ever, feeling himself committed in any degree by the olFer which had been already made and rejected, and i afterwards withdrawn. Mr. I'akcnhiim urged that he had not rejected out proposition, but had merely refused to accept it, and endeavored by argument to impress upon my mind the distinction?not very obvious?between the refusal to accent a proposition anil its rejection. To this I replied br referring him to the subsequent part of his note, in which be expressed his trust that " I <vould be prepared to offer < some further proposal for the settlement of the Oregon 1 question mora consistent with fairness and equity, and { with the reasonable expectation of the British gorern! ment" This language, I observed, necessarily implied I not onlv an emphatic rejection of our offer, but con| demuation of its character. ' In consequence of my communications with Mr. P?| kenhnin, the President, after holding two cabinet ooun| cils on the present state of the Oregon negotiation, has finally determined that he will not renew his former offer, nor submit any other proposition; and it must remain for the British government to decide what other or further steps, if any, thev may think proper to take in the negotiation You will not be surprised at the result, ma you are well aware that nothing but deference for the repeated action of his predecessors, and for the principle of compromise on which the negotiation had been comi menced, as well as a sinaere desire to cultivate the moat friendly relations between the two countries, could hare induced him so fur to depart from his well known opinions as to have directed the proposition to be made which has been rejected and withdrawn. Mr. Pakenham's note of the 30th of July, rejecting our proposition, became, immediately after its receipt, the subject of grave deliboration by the President. Upon a full consideration of tho whole question, and after waiting a month for further developements, he arrived at the conclusion that it was a duty which he owed hi* country to withdraw the proposition which he had svbmltted run wm accordingly done uy my not* to Mr. rikts| ham of the 30th of \ugust la?t The President thai took hi* grounJ, from which he will not depart. Ifthe British government have any new proposition to submit, it unit proceed from them voluntarily, anil without any previou? invitation or assurance on our part; and then rich a proposition will l>e respectfully considered by the government of the United States This it tho posture on which the negotiation now stands; and, unless in the meantime it should be changed by some action on the part of the British government .the President intends to lay the whole subject before Congress for their consideration. I am, lie., JAMES BUCHANAN. Louis McLanc, Esq., lie., lie., lie. (To he Continued.) State Constitutional Convention?Monday, August 10 ?Mr. lkmclt presented a petition from Madison connty in relation to the unfinished public works. Referred. Mr. J. J. Taylor presented a remonstrance from the trustees of Owego Academy aganut dcprUing colleges and academies of their shure in tho income of the litature fund. Referred. Mr. Claik presented a similar memorial from the trustees of the Mexico Academy. Referred. Reports were received from the Comptroller in relation to canal loans under the act of IH43, and in relation to the salary of ti* Commissary General, his expenses, Sic Referred. Mr. Ruggles, from a majority of the judiciary committee, reported in favor of the adoption of a resolution requesting the Chancellor to direct the Registrars, Assistant Registrars ol the Couil of Chancery, lie , to furnish the separate and distinct items with the names of all the heirs, owners and parties claiming and interested, for whose benefit and for what purpose the funds are hel l, whether in trust or tinerwih1, mnjen 10 mo < uun ?i j ?? uary, IMA Mr. O'Cotior moved to lay the resolution on the table. Lost. Debate wan resumed on the motion to adopt the resolution, pending which the hour arrived for taking up the special order?the judiciary raporta. Mr. Brown, by cousonl, introduced an additional section providing for the organization of a commission to do up the unfinished l.mines* of the court* it the judiciary system was to amended as to render a commission necessary The | ( unveniion Ihon went into committee of whole on several I reports on the judiciary. The first section of the report 1 of the majority of the committee relative to tho power of ! impeachment and the court lor the trial of impeachmenta , will road. Mr Stetson moved an amendment which waa adopted, that judgment in cases of impeachment shall ex tend not only to removal from office, but to difqualificatioa to hold or enioy any office of honor, tiuat or profit. Agreed to Mr. Worden moved that the court ol impeachments shall consist of the President of the Senate, tho Senators, " or a major part of them," kc. Agreed to. Mr. Taggart moved to substitute the justices of tha supreme court lor the judges of the court of sppeals in the formation of the court of impeachments, boat Mr. Taggart moved that a majority of tha member* praeeut and lorming tho court of impanchments, instead of twothirds, may convict. Lost. Mr. Kirkland moved as a substitute for the section, the plan to form a court of MmpeachmenliTas recommended in hia report. Rejected. Mi Brown moved to substitute for tha latter part m tha section that the party " impeached " shall be liable to indictment and punishment according to law,instead of the the paity "convicted," lc. Agreed to. Mr nlWim moved to substitute his plan for court of impeachments. Lost. The 1st section was then passed by. Mr. O < onner ... ? o.i .aifimn th.i ik. rp>i.luo of tha judicial power shall lie vented in a supreme court and the other I MMl iiit n'.nined in this article, *'ihj?<'t'o such appellate I jurisdiction a* may he vcatcd in the court of appeal* I 1 I llmniM mn< to amend the second aection I in regard to the court of appeala, ao at to atiike out UM I pro\1.1011 that four of 'he riffht Judge* should b? elected, I i, of thrm ?hould he selected from the iua- I tirea of thn ?u|irpmc court. A dismeaion aprun^up I lier*-, will, h continual until two o'clock, Ml relation ti I tho proper mode of pioreedinff; Mr. Brown proposing I that the committee should nae. and in convention aettla I hjr resolution the leading lent urea ol n judiciary ayatem. I Tha committee roat, idd pMUi| Um fMtlood |n# i"ff leave, tho f onvcntioii took a vcosa. I ArTlimw Rlllltn - l.epve ?t? i;ran?eilto the coal- I mittee to alt ngum on th-report ol the JmltttUf MM- I Viri t|sin takea rp ix qomMN The H third aectiOD, I')' contant, wa* taken up. It declaia* that H " theic hull be a supreme court having the same juris I diciiou in law auJ e<|iilty, wnicli the supreme couit and B the court ol chmicei) no* liavt, subject to regulation I hy law" Mr, npwi moved to strikeout tlie section H Mr. Hunt moved 10 amend, ao that it wutild read, " there shall he a supreme court, having jurisdiction in law and equity." Th'ia nmendment waa diacuaaed by Maaera. OH Hilar an ! WardM, when the coinii.ittea roaa. No : 'I'lustion Adjourned.?Ar^u% Krtra. H I

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