Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 13, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 13, 1846 Page 1
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T HJ Vol. Xll* I*. S17-WIMU No. MS?. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Circulation-?Forty Thousand. DAILY HKR VLl>?Es-?r dny, Price 1 cents per copy?$7 IS per annum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Etery Saturday? Price cent* per copy?$3 13', cent* p<w nniium?payable in advance. HKKALl> kOR EUROl'E?Every Hiram Ifocket day. Price t>4 ccuu per cop:'?93 <? Per uuiarn, payable in adTucr. ADVERTISEMEMTS at thelnsual price*?always cash advance. I'lUNTINO or all kind* executed with beanty and despatch All letter* or communications, by mail, addressed to the tablisliuteiit. must be post paid, or the |>o*rag? will be d?dictcdfrom the subscription money remitted. JAMES UORDON BENNETT. Propsietor of the New York Hkkai.d Establispmeitt, North- Wnt rora rof Koltnn and Nuain street* MA KIT IMK ACCOJIJIODATION 8. JOHN HEHDMAN fc CO., Uaited ftptei and Oreat Britain aud Ireland, Old"Established QniKrani Office, 61 Sooth street, New York. nr.nu.TiA.i m. t/U., Liverpool. I*UH|le to ?nd from Greet Britain and Ireland, via Liverpool by the Old Black Ball Liu r ,or any of ilie regular Packet ship* Bailing every tire day*. The anbicribera in calling Ui ? attention of Old CountryBcu and the public generally to their unequalled arrangement* for bringing ont passenger* from the old country, beii leave to Mate that the Iraaine** of the liouae at Liverpool will be conducted by ita oranch. Thoae lending for their frienda will at once aee the great importance ol tliia arrangement, aa it w ill preclude an uuueeeaaary delay of the emigrant. The shii<* employed in tin* liue are well kuown to be of the fir*t and largest claaa, commanded by well of experience, and aa riiey sail every tire days, offer erery facility tliut can be furnished. With thoae tuperior arrangements, the subscribers look forward lor a continuation of that patronage which ha* beeu so liberally extended to tfirtn (or so many years paat. In case any of thoae engaged do not embark, the passage money will be refunded aa customary. For further particulars apply by letter, postpaid. J. HERDMAN L CO., #1 South st., New York. HERDMAN k CO., Liverpool. N. B.?Drafts for any amount can as usual be furnished, payable at al^the principal Baukjkig Institutions thronghoat the United Kingdom, on applicatnn as above. j\2B r MARSEILLES LINE UF PACKETS. m. m. m m. The undermention Ships will ha regularly despatched from ^ce on the 1st, and from Maraeilles the 10th of each mouth ing the year, as follows :? Ships. Captains. From N.York. HTCK de JOINVtLLE, (new) Lawrence, April 1 Sept. 1. MISSURI, Silvester, May 1 Oct 1. AKCOLK (new) Erelcigh, June 1 Nor. 1. OASTON, Coulter, July 1 Dec. 1. NEBRASKA (new) Watson, Aug. 1 Jan. (1. Ships. Captains. Froin Marseille*. PR'CE de JOINVILLE, (new) Laurence, Jane 10 Not. 10 MISSOURI, Silvester, July 10 Dec. 10 AHCOLE, (new) Eveleigh, Aug. 10 Jan. 10 OASTON. Coulter, Sept. 10 Feb. 10 NEBRASKA, Watson, Oct. 10 Mar. 1? These vessels are of the first class, commended by men ol experience. Their accommodations, for passengers are uusur passed for comfort and convenience. Uooda addressed to the agents will be forwarded free of other charges than those actu ally paid. For freight or passage apply to CHAMBERLAIN (t PHELPS, Proprietor* No. 103 Front street, or to BOYD fc HINCKEN, Agent*, mlire t Tontine Buildings, 88 Wall.cor. Water at. "NEW LIKE OF LIVERPOOL PACKHTS. m M M m To tail from New York Hit, and from Liverpool 6th of each month. From New York. Livei pool. New thip LiTerpool^llM tons, ?} \ J. CJariuge. /August 21 Oct. 6 Hew ship Queen of the West, yf?4nr 21 j?,'fOCh ! Woi.dhouie, ;i ft!;. | John Briton. /October 21 Dpc. 6 say ?! sis. i Ira Bar ly. |l ^jov 21 Jan. 6 These substantial. Tut sailing, hut class ships, all built in the city of new York, are commanded by mm of eiperieuce and ability, and will be despatched punctually on the list ol each month. Their cabin* are elegant and commodious, and are furnished with whatever can conduce to the ease and comfort of possenlen. Price of passage $100. Neither the captains nor owners of these ships will be responsible for anv parcels or packages sent by them, unless regular bills of laikng are signed therefor. For freight or passage apply to WOODHULL It MINTURN, 87 South street, New York, or to F1ELDEN, BROTHERS It (Jo , ml rc Liverpool. fiKW iOKK. AND GLASGOW LINE OF PACKETS. m m m m Sailing from New York on the 1st, and Glasgow ou the liih of each month. From N. York. Fm. Gl'gow. ( June 1. July 15. Ship SARACEN, N. T. Hawkins, \ Oct. 1. Nov'r 14. f Feb. 1. March 14. i July 1. April 15. Br. Ship BHOOKSB Y, H. M'Ewen,< Nor. 1. Aug. 15.I March 1. Dec'r 15. J l August 1. May 15. Br Bark ADAM CARR, , < Dec'r 1. Sept. 15. ( April 1. Jan. 15. t May 1. Jnne 15 Br. Bark ANN HARLEY, H. Scott, < Sept. 1. Oct. 14. ( Jan'y 1 Kebrua. 15. These ships are good, substantial vessels, ably commanded, sud will sail pvactully ?n their regular days. Their accom Bindalions for pasaenger.are good, and ereryCatteution will l>e paid lo promote their comfort. The agents or Captains will not be responsible for any parcels or packages sent them, unless bills of lading are signed therefor. For freight or passage, apply to WOODHULL k MINTURN, 87 South struct, New York, or a4 re KKII) MUKKAY. (;|.?g,.w. FASSAGE FROM GREAT 1511 IT A IAN AND IRELAND, m m mm By the BIJcti Ball, or Old Line orLimpool rackets, Mililif from Liverpool ou the Ut Mid 16rh ol even' month. m ire wi? r* .-.i i mr. *au? 11 oiu MWTVUOft, Ml ol .?larcn. " OXFORD ' " 16th of March. " CAMBRIDGE " " Ut ol April. " MONTEZUMA " " Uth of Aj-ril. Perilous sending for their friends, and forwarding (lie passage certificate by the t toin ihip Hiberuia. sailing from Boston ou the 1st of February, rill hive plenty ef tune to cone in the Yorkshire, or in any ol the eight packet* of the Black Bill Line, sailing from Liverpool on the Ut nnil 16th of every month. Apply to. or addresa. if by letter post paid, ROCriK, BROTHK.llS k CO., 35 Fulton St.. Nest door to the Fulton Bank. "GLASGOW AND NhW YOKK. LINE OF PACKETS. PKR^^^n wishing t" nd for tin ir friends in on iirtol Scotland, to (ail direct from Olasgow, can make arrangements with the Subscribers, to have them brought out iu any Itlie regnlar linen) Packets, ssiling monthly from Ulaicgw. The ANN HARLEY, Captain Scott, ADAM CAHR, Captain McEweu, SARACEN,Captain Hav?ku>BROOKSBY, Comprise the above line,and the lfig?\ character of those re?sel? ?noold be sufficient indnceui'.nt lor persons wjlo mxy he tending fer their friends in Brotland, to make arrangements for this (the only line.) Farther particulars given, on application to W k J. T. TAI'SCOTT, Booth street, corner of Maiden Lane, or Messrs. REID k. MURRAY, Agenu 'I*1 in Glasgow. I - . UKI'IIHH AMU NUHTH AM I. Hi /S&MefStMCAS KOVAL MAIL HTKAM SHIPS, 1200 tona and MO hone power each, an. ^Wclrjiyd dcr contract with the Lord* of the Admirallf. '.ilBKKMA Capt. A Kyne. CALEDONIA ('apt. E. O. Lott. BRITANNIA t apt. J. Hewitt. CAMBKIA 1 a|t.(" H. Jndkma. At AL)IA Wm. Harriaon. Will aail Irom Litypool and Boalou, via Halifax, aa fol lowi JPKOM BO?TOI?. FIIOM LIVERPOOL. Hiberuia Aug. 16, IR46. Hibenua July.19, 1M9. Caledonia Sept. 1, " Caledonia Am. i *' Britannia It, " Britannia " 19, 1 Cambria Oct. I, " Cambria Sept. 4, Hibernia, 19 Tamiok Mono. From Boaton to Liverpool. 1129 From Boston to Halifai M. No bertha aeenred until p>nd Tor. l'heae ahipf carry ex gerienced aurgeona. No freight, except ipecie, received on nay* of aailint hoi freight, paaaage, or any other in format inu, apply to D BKIliH AM, Jr., Agent. At HARNDEN It ( O.T ? Wall at [t/" In addition to the above line between Liverpool and IlaTifnt, and Boaton, a contract haa been eniertd into with Her Ma)e?ty'? government, to eatahliah a line between Liver|H>ol and New York direct. 1 lie sle.nn nhiix lor tlua aervire nre nn* hemic bailt, and r.irly neit \var nur notice ? ill be *iven of the time when they will atmt. Under the new contract the ateamert will Mil every Saturday during eight montha. and every fortnight during the other moutha in the year (Join* alternately between Liverpool, and Halifax HJiil Boston, and between Liverpool and New Yoik. tt29 tlrre NOTli K--T M'sroiTH (IK.NKM\|, - EMIGRATION or KICK, Kemoved from to 116 South atreet.?reraoua aendniii for their Irienda in any part of the old country make the nece?*ary arruiiteincnta ?itfi "' THE NEW LINE OK LIVERPOOL PACKETS. The Ships of (his line are nnsiirpaaaea by any other, and their immense size (oil beiiitf IOfl? tons, and npwards) renders liwm ire comfortahle and convenient ilian shipsof a mailer class . and the greatest reliance may- lie placed in llieir |mnctnalitr in sailing. The subscribers are alto aneiita for the St. ("'Tie and Union Linea of Liverpool Packets, m any of which passage ran be engagcl on reasonable term*. Drafts fur ?ny amount, i>i\ able ? itliout discount in all the principal towna of England, Ireland, Scotland or Walea. Mi also he obtained. For farther particulars, apply to WllJ. T TAPSCOTT. _ leJ7re Snath e^., td door below Hurling Slip, N. T rA? KKT fOH MAVHI-.?Second Line?the fAJKVy paaket.ship IJTU'A, ?'ai>t. F Hewitt, will sail oa ^ HBhthe Istfof bept. For freight or caaaage, apply to M . _ . BOVD .fc H1NCKEN. * Wall at. f I I E NE NEA COURT OF ENQUIRY Zn the Case of General Claines, Ac. Koht Monroe, i Old Point Comfort, Aug. 10. ltj-w i Thi? being tUe day fixed for the defeuce of General Gainea, an unusual activity prevailed in tin* vicinity, and crowds ol (tranter* flocked forward to witne** the proceeding*. Tile court room wa* dentely thronged with many bright specimen* of the fair portion of creation, and their husbitnds, l>apai, hrotheri and beaux. General* Brook* and llrady, Colonel Crane, and Captain Lee, apI'cured in their magnificent uniform*, and tno veteran iero, Geiieial Gaine* himself, was more than uiually animated ; and wa* greeted a* he entered the court by smile* and loolu and a cordial (hake of the hand*, from many of the "fair daughter* of Columbia,''hii friends and acquaintance. Indeed, among the vast crowds who uighly assemble in the ball-room and lounge rn promenade, or crowd round the piano forte to listen to the ""iweet song," with the young and the gay, there i* noue , l. I 1 - f lk..t rnMna.l i*ullan>r? ... V. . V. 1 (how* the Lghbred gentleman, than the aged hero him- J sell', and it would lie doing him injustice not to compli- I ! ment him on his good taste on such occasions. General Oaine* in now in his 69tli year, as ho ha* inti- : mated ; but whether hi* intellect has been impaired, or the fiery ardor of the battle field been extinguished by the frost of throo score nud tun winters, let thoso who peruse the defence, delivered by himself, form au opinion. The "HD-ni conscia recti" nover before was se triumphantly vindicated; and no matte/ what bo the result, public opinion will award u full justification to the veteran hero, for his course in the defence of the couutry on the occasion in question He has thrown a regular " bomb shell" in to the war depurtmeut and the bureaus, which, coming in contact with Murcy'a " inexpressibles," will doubtless, alarm "that fifty cent patch." Tlio politicians, too, (i c) the military aspirants, for the Presidency, and all civic honors, receive some " chain ball" and " grape shot," and there is 110 doubt, but this case will elevate the character of the Army ; and settle a principle, which has long cmbarrassoJ the heads of departments and Congress. The frequent attacks upon this arm of the national defence, whenever the " Ariny Appropriation Bill" is brought before Congress, prolongs debate, costs the couutry some thousands of dollars per day?and always ends in sntwke?uud if Congress added the expense of those debates to make the force efficient, or abolished it altogether, the country would be benefitted ; and the annual game of " fast and loose," ou this subject in Congress, would lessen the pay of the wily politicians who get up these farcical debates, to swell their own cotters. After the Court was called to order and the minutes were read and approved, Colonel Pavnk was recalled and examined by < tenors. 1 Gaines? I know nothing of my own knowledge of a council of war being called in our camp previous to the battle of the 9th May; 1 heard at Point Isabel, however that such was the case; that the six senior officers were, for remaining on the battle ground?the three juniors (among whom was Captain Duncan, who distinguished himself so very much) were for pursuing the onemy; I do not know the name* of the officers; 1 merely speak from report Witness withdrawn. Lieutenant Cai.hoom re-called?i know there was no ammunition of 81b. calibre in the depot at the time Cap tain Gaily received the order by General Gaine*. which he (the General) afterwards directed to be paid for. thk dkfkmck. General Gainks rose and addressed the court as follows : Mr. President and gontlemen : Having understood when 1 *st before the Cfiiirt. that thnv urara o , ; ; ? ?"? ? rangements to terminnte their proceedings without wailing for further testimony, I gladly avail myself 01 the occasion to complete an concisely as I can, my defence. In this I shall rely maioly upon the Tew point* of law, with the public document* to which 1 then detired the attention of the court. The first great principle upon which 1 shall call the attention of the court for my justification, will be found in the Constitution of the United States, which confer* on the Preiident the authority of commander-in-chief of the army and navy, ami the militia of the leveral State*, when called into the service of the United State*, and make* it hi* duty " to suppress insurrections and repel invasions," as pre scribed by the 'id section of the 'id article of the Constitution. I am an ofiicer in the army, duly commissioned and sworn to bear true laith and allegiance to the United Slates, and to serve them honestly and faithfully against their enemies or opposers whomsoever, and to observe and obey the oidera of the President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, accoidiug to the rules and articles of war.? When on duty, in command of a separate district or division, 1 am the senior officer of the army, standing next to the President in a military point of view, in virlue of my "war brevet " which I have never given up or desired to give up,for a commission in the line of the army of the same grade While in the command ot the western division, therefore, 1 could not but consider myself as the constitutional representative of the President Commanding as 1 did, in obedience to hii Ardors, 1 was clothed with all the authority he could confer on me, necessary and proper to render the command confided to me effective and successful. I felt satisfied that i had full and cemplete authority " to suppress insurrection and repel invasion." I did not indeed feel myself clothed with full authority to call for or require drafted militia without an " emergency of great )>eril to the country," because I had orders not to make such a call. But I did feel myself fully at liberty to accept the services of the brave and the free men of any of the States of this Union, whenever I had good and sufficient reasons to believe that without the immediate concentration of additional force upon the frontier near me,our troops or defenceless citizens would be in danger of being suddenly attacked and overpowered by a savage or other ferocious foe. This brings me to the second ground of my justifications, which will be found in the second article of the amendments to the constitution, which is in these words "A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed." Under this provision of the constitution, the people, and 1 may here speak of tliem as " the sovereign people" of this Union, have h-i Unquestionable right to offer their services to any commander of the United States army, or to any of the State authorities threatened with invasion, or at once to repair to the threatened frontier, and voluntarily repel any attack. 1 have never taken the political stump to Hatter the sovereign people, with a view to obtain their votes for some high political station: nevertheless. I think mvself bound to take all fit and proi?er occasion* in my power to vindicate and maintain their rights, and protect their perion* and property. Their right to bear armi and to use them freely in the national defence, I hold to be one of the main pillar* ol the Union. But I have never accepted the aervice* of volunteer* without *eeing clearly an emergency requiring thom, in actual war, or when the frontier wa* in " imminent peril." The third ground of my justification ii, a letter of instruction* from the Department of War, hearing dale the 'Jfltli .August, 1B4S, in reference to my requisition on His Excellency, Governor Mouton, of Louisiana, asking for a battalion of artillery to be sent to the army of occupation under the command of General Taylor, containing the following admonitory orders : " It cannot l>? necessary to appri/.e you that the authority to make a requisition upon -the Governors of the resportive States lor the militia thereof, to be employed in the service of tlie United States,is vested only in the President, and limited in its exercise to two or three specific specified cases The emergency which would tolerate or excuse the assumption ot this authority by military officer In command at a distance from the seat of government, in anticipation of the President's action, must be one indicating great and imminent peril to the country?a peril so great and so imminent ns to leave no reasonable doubt that the President, with full knowledge of all the circumstance* of the case, would have felt it to be his duty to resort to such aid." 1 have shown to the court that all my effort* to obtain volunteer* during the month* of May and June, 1840, were in strict accordance with the letter and spirit of those order*. Kvery intelligent citir.en with whom I had the means of conferring, acquainted with tlie western hordet of Texas, and the valley of the Rio Grande, united in the opinion, that the situation of General Taylor'* army was one of " great and imminent peril " Of this I had not a doubt, and I felt convinced that all the most ta.ented men known to me ol the West and the South, of all parties, entertained a similar opinion The President of the United State*, with both Houses of Congress, by their prompt action in favor of the liberal appropriation o< ten millions of dollars, and providing for calling out fifty thousand volunteers, to meet the very emergency for which I was lalioiiiig to provide adequate and temporniy means, afforded, as I humbly conceive, inconteitible evidence that they oaaaldered the situation of General Taylor's army one of great and imminent peril; a peril so great and so imminent aatopiompt those high functionaries to provide more ample mean* for the defence of the country in the brief space of two or three days, than had Iieeii accompllnhed within no short a period of time during the last thirty years. Having invited twenty-one regiments of volunteer* into the Uni-ed States aervice under the pressing emergency, of which but one-third of that number were allowed to go to the ?eat of war, I was fully ?uthori7.ed by law in the words of the sixtysecond article of war, to give ordess for what ii n?edful to the fervice," or in other words to supply the voluntens thus raised with rations, arms and accoutrements, camp equippage, clothing, or money in lien thereof, and require them to be paid a* the law directs. I had a general stall, that would do honor to the highest grade of their respective corps and departments, prompt, vigilant, talented, obedient, couiteous, and obliging, as every officer in service with volunteers is in duty bound to bo. Kvery member of them merits promotion, which I trust will be awarded them, when it is seen,**it must soon he obvious to the President of the I'nited State*, so far from my having required them to do wrong, 1 con-i tributed to teach them the inestimable duty of promptly preparing for war, by cordially taking by the hand the brave and the free, who desired to aid in the defence of the country, and without whose ait! the country cannot bo defended. The fourth ground of my Justification, is a letter of instructions Irom the Department of War, dated September 3(1, 1H4A. from which I present to the court, a paragraph embracing the President's decision , ; exonerating me irom being brought before a General Court Martial which I had desired, In the event of my conduct in accepting the services of Major ((alley's Battalion being disapproved. The letter state* :?" The I"inn wmrn joii nut fxcinieu comu w ttwnto o.ily in ra?e? of extierae public peril Ad error ol jik'k ment, with such motive* a* the Preaident ha* with plea aoon altar the incoporation of T*xaa into our union ol Btatea, Clciwrtl Taylor waa further authorized by the Trciident to make a requiaition upon tha K*ecutive of that State, for auch of ita militia force aa may be needed to repel inraaion, or to aecure the country against apprehended invasion On the Ud day of March he wh* again reminded, in the event of tha approach ol any con W YO V YORK. THURSDAY M< siderable Mexican force, to promptly and efficiently use I the authority with which he wai clothed, to call te him inch auxiliary force a* he might need. "War actually existing, and our territory having been invaded, General Taylor ha* called on the Governor of Tarn for four regiment! of troopa," Sic , Uc. (Signed) J. K. POLK. General Gai^s continued?And why did Oea. Tajr- | lor hesitate 10 long to comply with the discretionary power given him, to call for volunteers I Not having tho benefit of GeneralTaylor's testimony upon this point, | I will take leave here to express what I have often elsewheie intimated us my settled conviction, that the peculiar character ol the delicate trust conAdod to General Taylor, rendered it probable that he wouM not see, because he could not see precisely, the proper time to call for volunteers, until the actual commencement of hostilities. He could not feel disposed to incur the censure of calling out tt.OOO or 10,000 volunteers, at an expense of some millions of dollars, without being previously assured that war would be soon commenced. He was always ready and willing to meet the flrat shock of war , with whatever force the government might Me At to |ilace under hii command. There are, 1 apprehend, fome few party presses and party men, who would not be iliapose.I to act upon the principle that the work of preparation lor the defence of the frontier, should alwayi take place before the work of destruction shall have begun, or may have been completed. These votaries of party tactivs might assail the wisdom or question the chivalry of an oAcer who would not be satisfied to go anywhere, with whatever lorce his government might see fit to placa uulerhiui. That was an error under which I labored, uutil after I had arrived at the age ol General Taylor.? Bui I have ?iuce been convinced of the propriety of an ollicer charged with any enterprise, t>eing furnished with ample mean* for its accomplishment, and in a case like that of Gen. Taylor, being required at all times to have an arm} fully equal to the estimated numerical force oppoeed to hun,or sucb forces as it is probable may speedily be concentrated upon the threatened frontier. 1 have stated elsewhere and to this Court, that on hearing of the outbreak of the war, and the critical situation of General Taylor's army, in the beginning of May, 1846, the patriotic and talented Governors ot Louisiana, Kentucky, Missouri and Alabama, and the chivalric Legislature of Louisiana, cordially co-operated with me in doing every thing, which lerveut patriotism, military mind, and high moral courage could accompli?h, under the adverse circumstances of the busy season of planting, not only to eomply with General Taylor's requisition, but to make assurance douhly sure by anticipatingHhe regular requisitions confidently expected from the Department of War, to hasten on to the seat ot war, to enablo General Taylor to put down all opposition ; and not only to conquer the atmy by which he was surrounded, under the able Mexican General Arista, but also to meot and heat the rumored forces hastening to the Kio Grande under the immediate command of the new President of Mexico, estimated at fifteen thousand men. Great numbers of the enterprising young men ot the interior, constituting a lair representation 01 uie military talent and chivalry of fourteen State* of the Weat and South, estimated at from forty thousand to sixty thousand of the brave and the i free, are generally to be found in the City of New Or- i loans, at all times, between the middle of November and i the first of April, but after this last mentioned period, < most of them being engaged in agriculture and occa- i sional trade, probably from eight to nine tenths of the i whole number, usually return to their homes by the j 10th of April. Had the war commenced a month or two i sooner, 1 have no doubt that twenty thousand of these i superior volunteers could have been obtained in the < course of forty-eight hours As it was, however, most , ol the gallant " rough and ready" young men, including j thousands who soon after returned prepared for action, i had embarked on board the hundreds of magnificent steamers that had departed from the city in March, and the fiiat week in April. And notwithstanding the great I exertions of all the State and city authorities, with the i most respectable citizens of all proUssions, and oi all political pai ties, it was found that during the first week or ten days ol May, but t'vo small battalions hxd been enrolled and made ready for service. Among them were many of tbe most talented men of Louisiana, members ol the legislature, and other respectable citizens, such as had commanded divisions, brigades and regiment*. It i was under these adverse circumstances, while reports < ware daily arivlng from various parts of Mexico and Texas, representing the movement of at least fifteen thou- 1 sand brave Mexican troops to Matamoras, that 1 invited i the governors of the great and patriotic States of Ken- I tucky, and Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi and Alaba- < ma?not Indeed, to order out or draft any part of the ml- I litia of their respective states?as I am sure, 1 might have 1 done with perfect propriety, if not under positive order* to the contrary?but to anticipate a regular call, which 1 was convinced they would speedily receive from the I department of war, lor a force, more thun equal to that ' which I had deemed it to be my duty to invite into the United States service, (or tbe immediate succor of Gen- i eral Taylor's army. It was upon the same principle that i I invited the gallant Judge Lafayette Saunders, with i other respectable citiaens ol Louisiana and Mississippi, 1 to raise regiments of mounted gunmen. With this formidable description of force, Judge Saunders had served with much diitinction when a youth, a* a Tenneuee volunteer, against the British and their red alliea in the Creek nation, and in tho defence of New Orleans under Jackson in 1814 and 1815. It was obviou* to me, and I had no doubt it would be equally obviou* to the milita- I ry adviser* of the President from the louthern States, that the mast efficient description of force for immediate service in Mexico, on the approach of summer, would be the acclimated men, and acclimated hone* to be found only in the south-western and southern state*. I made my arrangements for inviting into the service a force sum- | cient, not only to succour General Taylor, if able, a* I trusted he would be, to maintain hi* poaition, until the middle of May?which was doubtful?but also to enable Loui*iana Legislature would have accompanied me. In 1 addition to thi* force, I ihould have taken with me ull j the mounted gunmen, and all other trooui in aervice 1 or attainable oy my invitation. Ilia defeat, aa I 1 before ?tatod, would have required aix time*?probably ten time*?the number ot men, and more than ' ??re conceded to have governed your conduct in thia 1 c.aae, cannot be regarded a* a crime, or an offence nub- ; jecting the officer to trial. While, therefore, he doea not auprove of your making the requisition for troop* without hi* authority, became with all the information I you appear to hare ]>o**esaed, he would not hava deemed 1 the exigency auch a* to require a aimilar proceeding on hi* part, he doe* not perceive any neceiaity for ordering a court martial for thatofflcial act." It will bo *een, that : the?e two letter* of Instruction, dated 2?th Auguat and 10th September. 1843. were written prior to tlie commencement of hostilities, and apparently more with a view to the fret that hostilities had not com- I menced a* anticipated by me, than to the report* upon which I baaed my requisition prior to, and at the precise point of time at which I I had anticipated an attack. The Mexican government ! had declare* U??u PBtaHfrB ? OWWHW ? MTMMBt 1 him to profit by any victory he might achieve by promptly following up the blow ; er, if overpowered?and it was my aoUmn duty to keep in view the possibility of that aad result?I deemed it proper, in time, to provide a force and supplies sufficient to hold the enemy in check, until ifty thousand men, with corresponding means, could be concentrated on the Rio Orande, to maintain our command of that frontier. As in the event of a defeat of General Taylor's army, the beat instructed troops in America, if not in Europe, not less than from fifty thousand to seventy-five thousand men would have been required to repair the damages?the mere physical damages that must have resulted from such a disaster The moral effect of such a disaster would have been irreparable during the present century. These considerations, added to the deep and irresistible impression upon my mind, expressed to Governor Johnson, (ieneral h'elix Houston, General De Buys and Colonel Orymes, and hundreds of other men of experience and talent, that Mexico could not have been so blind as to commence hostilities without some assurance of help from her European friends?and consequently that we might count upon finding the seaports very soon placed under a strict blockade, and our commerce at sea, and the ports of Louisiana and eastward thereof, at least to Key West, menaced by war steamers and by Paixhan guns. With these impressions, 1 felt myself, as much in honor as in duty bound, to obtain all the mounted gunmen, the artillery, infantry and riflemen, which I invited into the service of the United States, as I even did in the war of 1814, to prepare tor action. With these impressions, too, I took measures to place at Ports Jackson, St. l'hillip, and other unprotected forts, a volunteer battalion of artillery, with some companies of infantry : not " corpa of artificers," as stated in the list of imputations arrayed against me : but in selecting volunteers for garrison service, I think it is the duty of every officer always to give a decided preference to such mechanics?blacksmiths and carpenters?as may be advantageously employed in the repair or construction of fortifications, or chevaux de frieze, and floating batteries to co-operate with our forts in the protection of [our great seaports without which they cannot be defended. Even now at war with a neighboring power, I will take leave here to ask, whether it would net be prudent and proper to hold ourselves ready to lock up the navigation of the Mississippi river, and some of our other inlets, which I found exposed, and toek measures to secme them t But these last mentioned companies, like Host of the mounted gunmen which I had invited into the service, nevei arrived at the point of their destination ; nor did they cost tho United States a dollar, though many of the meritorious citizens who made arrangements for raising these valuable corps, extended, as I am assured, hundreds of dollars in their laudable efl'orts to anticipate the requisitions which I had, perha[>s too confidently assured them 1 had reason to expect. Their fervent desire to render prompt and esKeutisl service, was signally checked,if not chilled, by the order of the Secietary of War, dated the lHth and received on the 30tii May, 1846, from Adjutant General ioncs, requiring me to countermand my call for several regiments of mounted gunmen?ant/ for why I The Ueneral answers very explicitly, " as this requinilion will iniencro wiiii ius HrnuinBuiciiu inwiit uy ma i/?purtnieut, relative to the quota of volunteers to be called ' into tho *ervice of the general government, from the v several State*, under the uew law/' Dut, he add*, " the volunteer force called into the aervice from Louisiana, n .Alabama, i>nd on your authority, and which you have c previously reported, I am instructed to ?ay meet* with the approval of this Department" Here i* an order to countermand iny call lor mounted gunmen - not became the call wai made without rny apecific authority from the President of the I'nited State*?not becautethe emergency under which the call wa* made did not indicate great peril to the country, hut becjuae my requinition would interfere with the arrangement* made by tho War Department, relative to the quota of volunteer* fiom the several State* under the new law, for rail* not yet made, at *ome future period, fiad (ien Taylor'* *upplie* been cut ofl', and hi* army been hard pressed by tho Mexican forrei, I should have gone to hi* relief, accompanied by Maior General l.cwia' iitperior Division of New Orleans Volunteer*, including the Legion, commanded by (ien. D. Auguitin, with Major Gaily'* excellent artillery, and I K.IU>. IkX Hsilh ll?,i?. ?f UK I 3RNING, AUGUST 13, IS >f U. 8. troop* upon the weitern border of Texas a* an I ict of war, on our part, which they threatened to repel, i [a addition to these threat*, 1 had intelligence from rari>us sources, entitled to great consideration and respect, , hat they were concentrating considerable force af Ma- | ' ;amoras. Under these circumstance*, I made arrange- II nents to aend to General Taylor a battalion of artillery, j i ind four regiments of riflemen and infantry. Although lone 1 >ut the artillery were actually furnished to Oen. ' ray lor. yet I have been aisured, through highly resuectible channels, that the apparent moral effect of my i ivowed purpose to send to (Jen. Taylor four regiments, ! ind, if necessary, to aend on a much larger force, to re>el the threatened attack, tended to check the morsnent* of the Mexican* until late in the autumn. It waa 1 inder these circumitance*, more than four month* prior ;o the actual concentration of from three to four thoutand 1 Mexican troops at or near Matamoras, that my call for volunteers had been disapproved; but 1 was at the lame ;ime exonerated from the imputation of crime. Yet. af- < er the actualoavmencement of hostilities, when assured . hat the eneagfe lorces had accumulated to the number j it from six tWght thousand?and when apprised of the I "act, that the principal part of General Tay Tor's supplies 1 were at Point liabel, twenty-eight mile* from hi* army, i tod protected only by one company of artillery, and ibout four hundred teamsters and other working men, "WflliOa case indicating great and imminent peril, hMlHflMMMitatiugly culled for volunteers, under he lafHHM that the peril which had then presented tself wma se greet and ?o imminent ai to leave no reasonible doubt (wtU President, with full knowledge of all 111) circuMMVtf of the case, would have felt it to lio lis duty to reaartto such aid. While under these cirsumstance I anticipated prompt and cardial approbation ?f my conduct, 1 have had the deep mortification to be udilenly, and without any suggestion of the cause, or h? object of my ludden movement, ordered, for the first :ime in my life, to turn my back upon the onemy of the :ountry, abandon my proper command near the theatre of war, and, without delav, repair to the city of Washington, more than oue thousand milei further than 1 was from the theatre of war. Thus subjected to degradation. and heavy fines and penaltie*, without a trial, and without a crime, and then advertised in the supi>osed oficial pa|>er, the Union, a* an offender, a violator of law ind of ordera. Thia second letter of instructions was written in reply to my report of the 10th September, explaining the grounda of my call for volunteera of the pre- < reding month, vindicating my conduct fiom the imputaion ol having improperly meddled with the command of General Taylor, and showing my impresskn of what his law required me to do?that military law to which the President ef the United States, as well as every ofH:erof the government, Is atrictly amenable. I shall ]uoie a lew passages iroiu uie leuer in question. i ney ire at followi: "The flrit and highest duty ef every commander, U cordially and fervently toco-operate with each sther in carrying into effect the great conitilutional principle ?f our creation, ai member* of an army, 'to uppreit insurrection* and repel invaaion* in peace to prepare for war, and in war to meet and beat the invading ibe. In all these essential measures, we are in duty bound, heartily and fervently, to co-operate with eacn other in carrying the views of the government into elt'ect, at the least possible -expense of blood and trea ure." The letter proceeds,<r If the duties assigned to lieneral Taylor were to ocoupy his attention during the next seven year*, I should never meddle with bis command, further than to give hint light anftfrangth in my power ; and this is precisely what I have alreadj lesirtd the department of war, Mid the Oenerals placed jver me, or such as happened to oe on duty near me, to Bxtend to me, more especially when the casualties incident to war were likely to embarrass me ; or when any intelligence touching the strength or movements of the unemy could be obtained and communicated to me. All I have ever wanted from my government, or my cornmumling lieneral, was light and strength This is all I have ever ventured to give to Ueneral Taylor, or to any Dilier commander similarly situated Light to enable him to see (he forces and obstacles to be encountered, and strength to enable him to overcome all such ep posing forces and obstacles I add, all but one of the commanders in our revolutionary array, under the matchless Washington, cordially and fervently co-operated with him, ana with each other, durlDg the whole of the unexampled struggle in tho glorious achievement of American independence. That one defective commander had acquired some fume in Canada and elsewhere, but in the vain hope of obtaining money and high rank in the British army, he denounced Washington as an interloper?endeavored to starve him and his faithful soldiers, and force them to yield to this worse than savage roe i but the moral potter of the people, their army and beloved commander prevailed over the treachery of Major Ueneral Benedict Arnold ; and they triumphed, while he, with his new associates, were everywhere beaten and disgraced. Not so with the army of France. That army triumphed everywhere while commanded by Mapeleon Bonaparte, as long as its commanders cordially mil fervently co-operated with each other. But the want of this spiiit of co-operation, and the part of Field Marshal tirauchy near the battle of Waterloo, gave to the allied forces, under Wellington, the great triumph of conquering Napoleon, the conqueror ol Kurope." These extracts are taken from my late letter of September, 1846, repeating my reasons for making arangements in tne pieceding months to reinforce Uen. Taylor. In reply, I received from the Department of War, the letter of instruction, dated the 30th of the same month, containing the magnanimous views of the President, here presented to the Court, assuring me that the power which 1 hail exercised could be resorted only in extreme cases of public peril ; that an error of judgment, with such motives, as the President has with pleasure conceded to have governed my conduct in this case, canaot be regarded as a crime. From this letter of instruction, I could not but infer, that the stale charge of my having been guilty of unofficer-like conduct was groundless, as I was distinctly told,in reply to my demnd for an investigation of my conduct before a General Court Martial, that the President" did not perceive any necessity for order ">K a Court Martial for that official act.' I am sure I have rejoiced as cordially as any man ia the country could, to find that there was in August, 1846, no immediate necesaity for calling out more tban the battalion of the troops recommended by me. I was, nevertheless, convinced that the principle upon which I acted was a sound one. That the indications of hostility on the part of Mexico were of that unerring character, which could leave no douot of the ultimate necessity of a considerable iugmentation of our forces, upon the western frontier, )etore a nation like Mexico, numbering eight millions of >eoplo, much practiced in war for a quarter of a centurv ast, under the auspices of her aspiring military chieflain*. blind votaries of that monster party which had ^rostrated the freedom of the people so recently achievsd, would be disposed to treat upon just principles. The jperations upon the Kio (iaande, in April and May. 1846, liave fully ilemonatrfted the correctness of my views.? On hearing of the commencement of hostilities, on the 1st of May, 1846, 1 wrote to the Department of War a letter, from which I will here quote the four first paragraphs?" Convinced as I am, that recent events in Mexico, and upon the western borders of Texas, must have satisfied you that my views of the last summer and autumn, were not such as to justify the extra-judicial reprimand with which you were pleased to assure me of the President's disapprobation of my conduct, I do my elf the honor to renew my application to concentrate upon the south-western borders of Texas, fifty battalions >f Western volunteers. 1 am under the impression that 1 :ould have the greater part of this force concentrated jpon the Rio Orande bv the 2Mh of tho present month, -eady for action. This force would have the benefit of a military ichool, far luperior to that of " Weit I'olnt,"?a nilitary school that would in aix month*, render every ifflcer and loldier of these volunteer corps equal to the >est of our working regulars?for at Weit Point they do lot learn to work, whilst in the campaign to the Rio Jrande, and to the city of Mexico, the hutory of every lay'i duty would he an hiitory of inceasant labor, on the mrt of every member ofthe army, from the commanding General to the youagest private loldier, inclusively. 1 propose to place this lorce under the command of Oeneal Taylor, or in the eveut of our difficulties with Kii|jand being settled, I propose to take command of thu dree myself, should the President so order. I wish, howiver, to have nothing to do with any command in that Itiarter without fifty battalions?ten of which I propose o be mounted?as it has long been obvious to me, that 10 decisive good can result from placing on that frontier > force unable to maintain the attitude ot proud defiance, 11 on the whole frontier bordering upon Mexico, and ible to put down all opposition " " A purely defensive policy cannot be maintained with such a nation as Mexi o, without ample force to punish such bandits aa have or many years past marked the character of many ofthe irmcd men of that miserable nation; and, if necessary, to ollo'Jv them into the heart of their country, but at the amo time to protect the good citizens of the country gainst the lawless rabble. It will be seen by the mesage of tho Presidemt of the United States, of the 11th of lay, 1S46, that (ieneral Taylor had boen instructed in kii?ust, 1946, us a " precautionary measure," against in'asion, if the emergency required it, to accept the serices of volunteers from save ml of the States. These intructions were repeated in January, and on the id day if March, 1846. They are as follows (read by the Reorder ) " Aa war exists, and notwithstanding all our fforts to nvoM it, exists by the act of Mexico herself, we re called upon by every consideration of duty and pariotism, to vindicate with decision tho honor, the rights nd the interests of our country. Anticipating tho possiillity of a critis like that which has arrived, instructions nno KiTeu lu nugun precwunuiiuiy iiioaituie, gainst invasion or tliieutened invasion, authorising ieneral Taylor, if the emergency reuuir?d, to ac- 1 ept volunteers, not only from iexas, but from the itstes of Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee ,nd Kentucky, and corresponding letters wrre addreasid to the respective Governors of those State* Theie nitrunlona were repeated, and in January last eu time* the quantity and amount of munitions ol war, 0 enable u* to re-eatablish our strength and moral lower to hold Mexicans in check, than can now be need- i til While, therefore, such a disaster was at ail probable, is it was, I then believed, and do still l>elieve it, better lohave five or ten regiments too many, than to have a ingle man short of the safe and reliable number necesiary to insure a vlrtory, in the first great conflict. Tho 1 first battle in a war between the most clvill/.ed nations, elilom fails to result in a panic on tho part of the ran- I i|Uished, and a good increase of moral prowes* on the l>art of the victor. The capture or defeat of Ooneral Taylor's army would probably hare given the present government of Mexico a degree of military distinction, as to have called to the frontier a hundred, if not hundreds of thousands, of the flnest horsemen and aworda- i men of tho republic. If I reason correctly in the?? views, . 1 waa right in anticipating, and in desiring the high public functionaries of the Western States to anticipate, a large call for volunteers. Mad I neglected to do so, and waited two weeks to obtain orders from the War Department, ami (ieneral Taylor's army had been In the j mean time defeated, I should have been denounced aa anything but an efficient officer. In my letter of'J4th MplAmMr. IH4A, to ine uapaiimniu 01 vr mr, aiisr pointing out with all nowibla re?p*ct, the atranga aH'orta "mpl?y?d to repudiate my authority, by di??onnecUn* | I ERA 146. General Taylor'* brigade from my division without ray knowledge, by giving him confidential instruction*, without appriaing me thereof, I conclude in the following word*:?" It i* now apparent that all the once Mattered lection* of General Taylor'* army of occupation hare been happily concentrated without any *uch dis- ; uter a* 1, with thouiand* of other men of lame experience, had reason to anticipate might occur between the 15th and 30th of Auguit. I heartily rejoice at the | result; it may be the mean* of taring the United State* and Mexico from war?a war which ha* to me too much the appearance of a family disturbance? a civil war?the moat frightful of all the horrora of war to the honest votaries of free government, ! to be averted ii possible by every rational precaution." VI wv maiiiIimiI Kaitfaarav au nnt (a lin tll/lirail hv tsf tiftt lia* happened subsequent to the embarkation of the Louisiana volunteen; lint by the actual state of things as rep- , reianted to me at the period of time when I made the j call, and which prompted me to make it?acting aa every judicious officer i* bound to act, upon the *ound principle that the work of preparation for war ought never to f>e put off until the work of destruction upon our frontier, by a savage or a half-iavage foe, has been begun or completed. I leel now, most sensibly, every sentiment I then uttered. 1 claim the equity and the right of being judged, not by the result of General Taylors measures or movement*. His army was in great and " imminent peril" He had been left, as 1 have in another place atated, with neither adequate mean* or men to *u?tain the national honor, opposed to an army near four time* hi* number*, and cut oil' from hi* military atore*. The country was uncertain whether he could eacape destruction. Dy hi* own indomitable courage, the gallantry of hi* office r* and men, and the providence of Almighty God, he extricated himself from the difficulty, the cuJ de tar, in which he was placed. At the approach of thia crilt* he had requested me to send troops to him with all possible despatch. A* commander of the VVeicern Divuion of the U. 8. A., 1 immediately resorted to the only possible mean* known to me of meeting hi* wishes; and I should have deemed myielf recreant to my trust, and meriting dismiasal from the service, if 1 had folded my arms and postpoued action on the subject for two weeks, until order* could have been received from Washington. 1 have taken leave to remind the Department of War of the well known fact that the very saino intelligence upon which I acted during the month of Mav, I*48,prompted the Department to ask and obtain a bill authorising a levy of Afty thousand volunteei*, and appropriating $10,000,000 to meet the *ame exigency. A* the War Department seemed to be of opinion, tiy the letter of iHth May, that there is no di*cretionary power lodged in an officer entrusted aa I wa*. 1 took leave to ask, for information, if a servile insurrection ihould occur?if an irruption ihould be made by large tribe* of Indiana?if (warm of war (teamert, armed with Paiahan gun*, were seen hovering about our eacoait near me ; or, if a General, at the head of a great part of the army of tho United State* upon the frontier oi a neignoor mate near me mail mk RiiiBinnco, wumu 11 be my duty to refuse all aid until I should have heard from Washington ' I humbly conceived that the latter case had existed within the month of May. If I erred in deeming General Taylor and his army iu a situation so hazardous as to demand immediate succour, I could not but remind the department that it was an error under which the oouutry?the Coiigiess anil the President, equally laboied. The only answer with which 1 had been favored, notified me tnat mv explanation was not satisfactory, and that 1 should be brought befo'e a Court of Inquiry?against a Court of Inquiry I respectfully, but earnestly protested, oy virtue of the 9id article of war, which wuely provides (hit such courts are prohibited. as they " may be perverted to dishonorable pur pose?, in the hands ot wcan aud envious commandants." Beside*, it will be seen in the 91st article ol war that the object of surh a Court is " to examine into the nature of tiny transaction," tic The " nature" ot all iny transactions. which have heen objected to. was iu nowise mysterious,?they are now mutters of record, and I will' not complain of being sent here : I find the place delightful. 1 1 arned, when a boy, enjoying the blessings of a , beloved mother's care under the glorious administration of Washington, that " artlul concealment is dishonor- | able," and Uiat " the basis of all excellence Is truth,"?I have concealed nothing. If the President was not satisfled with my conduct, I felt I had a lawful right to demand an investigation before a Court Martial. 1 did demand it, and desired that the Court be assembled at the Camp of General Taylor?most of my witnesses being there, on whose testimony 1 relied for an honorablo acquittal. I would much rather walk thither as a volunteer than to be kept within the vortex of political party intrigue, in a state of duress, advertised as an offender I wish to be on duty near the enemy, as the President may see fit to place me, because it is my proper theatre for action; and I have never known party intrigues to acquire any strength or importance, or do any harm, in places or danger?there the chivalry of all parties cordially unites in the national defence. If it were so in the war office bureau, they would bo rendered inflnitaly more available and valuable ? Kdmuud Burke once said, "Our country to be loved, must be lovely;" and I may here sny, that our bureau officers,to be resiieeted must be respectable. But now wo have a man?the military adviser of the War Department?who wants to introduce the Frnch andKnglish system of bureaux. We have bureau men, who, in their brief authority, would censure me; but I care not about their censure?H passes by me a* the "idle wind, which I regard not.'' This is the first time that my rightful authority was ever questioned. The President has treated me with courtesy, and does not profess to understand military law?but it is the bureau men of the War Department, to whom I am indebted for being here?as the President's decision, stating my conduct could not he ref;ardeU as a crime, was magnanimous 1 have dwelt so ong on this matter that 1 should apologize for making sucn a long efibrt to crush an insect at tho bureau of the War Department; but the charges came from so respectable a source, 1 am thus obliged to he tedious, and must meet them openly; I am gladl have met with this court; I did not expect to be brought beibre such a court ) but I have confidence in the integrity of this honoiable court. The bureau system in Krance must have origiuated with a view to espionage. The Kuropean habits of acting should not be introduced here; in place of waiting to bu told by a public servant like myself, what to do, I called for tioops and fed and supplied them. Upon this principle the country has been defended ; upon no other circumstances can the country ever be defended. If you restrict this right, it would be impossible to defend the Union at every vital point of the frontier. If we have bureau chiefs who can write orders, why net let them go to the frontier in time of peace to inspect them. 1 repeat, 1 felt myself authorized to act as 1 did. It was my right and my duty to act as I have done; and in conclusion, I thank tho court for the couitesy they have oitended to me throaghouL Ueneral G here concluded and appeared somewhat exhausted after the delivery of his long and able address. The Court here adjourned to meet at 9 o'clock, tomnrrnw whftn it is nxDocted tliev will be able to make up their report. Fort Mowroe, > Oi.u ToinT CoMron-r, Aug. 11,1846.) The Court met this <lay in iccret kession, anil have been occupied in preparing their report for the Department at Washington, which ii made up. Of courae, the entire mbject being now nil) judiet, we shall have to await the i(overnment pronunciamento to know the remit If I may be permitted to draw inferences from the general demeanor, manner and bearing of tho Court towardi General Oaines during the progress ol the case, I incline to the opinion that the report will be favorable. Thi? fact, coupled with the testimony of the officer* from the aeat of war, together with (Jen. Gaines' able and argumentative addresa, induce me to come toiuch a conclusion. But the legerdemain, the./in?s??, and diplomacy that characterize the Department, may keep this case for month* behind the curtain, and thus keep General Gaines virtually " suspended," like Mohamet'* coftin, between hope and deipair, prostrated upon the thorny couch of suspense. But the country will demand speedy action, and an independent press will tan up through the Union a whirlwind of public indignation that will sweep the Department until a decision is made in this case, or.n roiriT hotkl. Mr*. Oaine* is expected here to-day or to-morrow. General Gaine* will remain here for some time, and also (teneral Brooke. The President and some leading membersol the Government, and several Senator* and member* of Congre** are alio expected here. It i* a truly enchanting spot, and possesses advantages that surpass any thing of the kind to be met with, particularly (in the South. The scenery has been graphically described by the pens of the many eminent poet* and poetesses who have written al>out it. Mr*. Webster, in her beautiful poem " Pocahontas," has particularly dwelt upon the magnificent scenery about here. The Kort itself is a very attractive feature?the salt water bathing : baths connected with the hotel being free to tho visiters -possesses all the advantages of Coney Island?a* the Atlantic sends it* briny waters to the very doors of the hotel The sea breeze i* salubrious and exhilirating. and from H to 10 steamers daily pass to and fro and touch upon the wharves, with and fur visiters Mince the opening ol the season over 5?HJ0 visiters, as appears by the boek*. have h??n BrrnmmnilatAd hfit* : alio Mt the nightly balls, which I have already noticed, " lomctimfii'' one thousand [tor* son* assemble (o join in the festivities. A* a sort of balf-way house, or resting place between the noiith and wait -being on the ({reat line of travel north and south, Old I'oint Hotel, i* now becoming a very leading and highly lashiouablo resort. The plan and appearance of the hutel, has a very imposing vfl'ert from the nter. 1'he nightly balls aie throng?<l with tin. ga> aud elite of fashion Iroin all quarter* An excellent hand fioifoim each night in the orchestra, and liloomfield's military hand, lium the i oit.also, pcrtorms throe times a week, in liont ol the hotel. Society, hero, is iMe mos'. re lined and polished to be mat with in this State, and from every mate in the south and west Situated within ifi miles of \ orktown, ami within three hours travel of Jamcstowa, the excursions to those and other memorable places in tne vicinity, are really deiightlul. It is a curious circumstance that there are no musquitoe* here, which prove* the healthfulness of tha situation. The water here, used at table, i* of the very best description. On tbi* subject, the lollowing is very conclusive Koar Monaoc, July 13, 10441. To .!* . 8. Kar.ncH, K(q. Sir?In repjy to your communication of the Hth luly, asking the result ol my experience in relation to the hcalthlulnesa o( Old i'oint < omlort dui'iig tho months of Awgust and September, | have to state that the medical to|>ography ol the place, and my own ex|>erieace, verified liy my quarterly report* for tha years 1*44 and 1B4A, authorise me toaay, that a more healthful spot dtiriiir those months cannot be found south of Mason k Dixon'i line; indeed, 1 believe I might ?ay with truth, iu all o* country. Ke?p*ctfully, your*, C. A. KINLKl, M. D.,Wur|reon U.S. Army. The mo(t active preparation*, ere being made for the fancy bull to come off here on Kridejr. It will be crowd ed to exceaa, and he moat faahionably attended. tnr air Bare. Thia ia a large pile of hewn atono, which praaenU an appearance not unlike the ruin* ot an ancient citadel, and atandi in ?olitary grandeur, at the mouth o( lamee a LD. "to* Two Cmu. firopriately known by the name of Fort Calhoun and ooka exactly like faille Garden, from Jeraey City The work ha* been thrown up limultaneouily with the erection of the principal wall* of thia Kort, and ia intended for a bettery. All veaael* paaaiug up the rirer mu*t puts between it and Fort Monroe ; and ai it ia intended to mount three tier* of gum, thi* Fort, with *uch an auxiliary, would be capanle of reiiating the navie* of the world. The |>ondroui piece* of ordnance, among which are aix paixhan gun*, capable of throwing a hell aero** the bay, ami aUo throwing heavy *hot, with gun* of every calibre, ahow that I'ncle Sam i* not aaleep. These cannon, lome few mouth* ago, when a " bruah " with F.ngland wa* exi>ected, were all proved, and bored about the muzzle*, to aacertain the quality of material, by the government, who had occa*ion to condemn some of them. The Km111**" practice target firing on the louthem shore, autl can (have a mouse at the distance of a mile with a :ii pounder, with a* much precision at that Erlnce of good fellows, James Grant himself, (wrformi is tonsorial operations. One cannot cast his eyes around here, and heboid the rich and varied beauty of the surrounding scenery, without recurring to the times und history of that " unsophisticated child of nature," tha young and romantic Pocahontas, whose primitive simplicity and romantic passion has been made to live in poetry, as I have already remarked. The gorgeous splendor of the sunset surpasses any thing of the kind I have ever seen, and completely battles description. The tiery appearance of the heaven* reflected in tho waters beneath, like a vast sheet of flame long after the " golden orb" has descended, is calculated to impart a tinge of the romantic to the veriest cynic? and tne Indian princess could not have nurtured her passion in a more suitable region than on the sunny banks of St James. This place has some thrilling associations connected with it, both anteriorly and subsequent to tho foundation of tho republic. In Uie war of 1812, the Uritish concentrated much of their forces here, but then Kort Monroe was not in oxistence, nor was General Taylor at the head of his " I'alo Alto" boys. The vicissitudes of human life, in all its varied aspects present* many curious pictures, and in our rambles through the watering places, the various incidents that occur afl'onl food lor tne inquisitive, such as would enable a smart sort of fellow to make up a saleable book, by giving each a chapter with unexaggerated truthful ness. Hero may tie seen within ttie same r"om.perfiups in the same group conversing together, >ome of the '* ' heroea of the Tate memorable battles of the Mb anil 9th of May?Colonel Payne, on crutches, more valuable than diamond* ; Captain Montgomery and Captain Hawkini, two distinguished heroes, whose names are now blended with the national history. Next the humble agent ef a steamboat?once a Colonel in the army?now on the verge of his deline of life?obliged to exert those facultiea which were onco exorcised with a patriotic energy in the cause of his country. Again, a sturdy fsrmer, who in delving the land has made by honest industry a competency, and now with a lamily, a wile, and lady daughters,rome* to enjoy the fruits ol his labors and give those young country girls the advantages of seeing and being seen. Again, the war worn veteran, whose long services entitle him to constitutional protection and a competency to smoothen the pathway of hi* evening's existence?combatting some jealous adversary, or talking over the scenes he haa passed through. Commander J. Young is here, on crutches and with two cork legs You will recollect that In 1HJ4, I believe It was, he commanded the U. 8 schooner Hornet, and in an engagement with sea pirates off the We?t India islands, in ordering the tiring uf a piece ol' cannon against the tnaraudeia, the piece bounded backwards, ana he lost both his legs lie was put on shore for safety, by the advice ol hi* surgeon, and tbe officers of the ship gave a large party to the inhabitants Alter a lew days, whan all were ansemhled ou deck, a gale arote, and ship nor party were never since hoard of. Captain I'oung being the only survivor We have here sojourniug at present several military men ot higu standing and uuimeiice in the country Among ? them are several laihionablea from the South -Mr.Baker, wife and daughters; Mr Graham, i'etorsburgh ; the Misses Gardner, do , Mr Graham, jr., do ; Mr lirauch, do.: Mr Scott and Mr. Gardner, do.; Air. Finn, Mr. Muun, and Mr. Moran. A Parent'* Defence et hi* Offspring. Oh! Mr. Kay, forgive me, pray, r , And by the sell same token Good public do forgive me, too, Kor hashing up " Hoboken " Upon my word, when all you've heifd, You'll find I've cause to rue it; Although, Indeed, spite all you read, 1 didn't gd to do it. 'Twas Mr. Jack son slapp'd my back One day, and sayr he, Charley, You dramatise?I've goi a prize? Do't, and I'll pay you fairiy. 1 dramatise / No, no, I cries, Not I, it wouldn't pay Jackson such a high horse to defy The critics?I'm no Ajax. But oh! my luck, when Jackson stuck Auothei tempting figure Unto the price, I If It the vico Of av'rice in full vigor. "(Jive me the book,"cried I, anil took The job: my job that day did? I cut and slashed?and now I'm smathed Kor building hopet that fa-ded. Oood Morning Newt, no longer bruiie Nor itab ?o thro' and thro''em? My feeling*?Ood?! think of the odda Betwixt mtun and tuum. Thou'it been to school?thou haat the "tool," Gooie grown lor thy tola uiet; Oh! kindred Africa, let fly thy gooie With " olive" to the mutet. Wiie Morning Newt! (treat Morning Newt Oh! pa re a " third rate actor;" Oh! write a play?" real, good play," Nor doubts its fate?the back-door. " Et tu Bruitr" Oh, Mercury 7 Who know'it how all believe thee; Why did you " wsnu for you a friend" So far to misconceive me? Had you beon by, you'd found that I Had made the date the preient Throughout the play?the rett, you tay. It true, p'rhapt, tno' not pleasant. [It't onlv lair, thot I declare Th' above eight linet were written At my requeit, by oue of my beit Friendt, I being too much imitten ] Of courte I can't, and 10 I than't Attempt to cut up capert Of admiration for Uie grace ihown In all the other paperi. 1 only tay: " The play, the play," At Hamlet, too, nat spoken, It still "the thing," to I thall ting Huzza'. for my " Hoboken." THE IMLKS. A CUBE KOR LIKE SECURED. DR.UPHAM'S INTERNAL REMEDY, for the core of Pilet, Inflammation of the Liver and Spleen, Inflammation. Soreiico. and Ulceration rf the Stomach, Bowels, Kid neys and Bladder. Weakness and Inflammation of the Spiue. THE VEGETABLE PILE ELECTUARY is the only successful remedy for that dangerous and distressing complaint, the Plica, ever offered to the public Mark this, it la an internal remedy, not an external application. and will cure any caae ol' Piles, either Bleeding or Blind, internal or external; and probably the ouly thing that will. There la no miatake about it. It n a positive cure? speedy and permanent. It la alao a convenient medicine to take, and impriiTea the general health in a remarkable manner. It is very mild in it? operation, and may be taken in caaea of the moat acute inflammation, without dancar. All esternal application! are in the highest degree disagreeable. inconvenient and offensive ; and from the very nature of the diaeaae, temporary in their effecta. This medicine attacks the diaeaae at ita aeurce, and removing the causa, render* the cure certain and permanent. The Electuary contains no mineral medicine, io aloes, colocynth, gamboge, or other isowerfuI and irritating parsativc. No tear of taking cold while under Ita influence. No change in diet necessary If taken according to directions, a cure for life ia guaranteed. Proprietor's office, l<? Bowery. Hold wholesale and retail by Wyatt Ik Ketcham, tai Kultoa atreet, N. Y. Price $1. au< lm*r 1 THK i'RIVA'I K CHESTS, for the convenience or TRAVELLERS. MARINERS, II those at a distance, and who require a private and v/ rapid enre, Dr Kalph has contrived a little mahogany case, with lock and key, and his Private Treatiae titled in the lid, containing his own peculiar and successful mode of treaimeut. with more than sufficient for the enre of any | case. One, a little larger, containing everything nacasaary j for the core of both complaints, is peculiarly adapted to travellers. They.are sent, carelnlly wrapped , to any diaunca. Kor particnlarv a?e Advertia?ment on the laat pag?. au1) lw?r WITHOUT MEIlOtJRY OH BALf AM?'No care no j,a>t 'lllen ? Indian Vegetable Remedy ia tha medicine 'hat I' >s never yet failed to rvrm s*e,n diseaaes of every kind,speedily and permanently, although thousands is. J i _ - I..- amrte.9 isa Mold nave lesren n ' ,,? ,? - - and retail. at principal depot. No I Murray ?treet kAl)o, m63 Bowery, nilnm street, 3"! Monro# street, 3 Avenue D., and J"J Hudson street. aull lm*r medi< al \ 11 ' U'KfcDY CURfc-DR. OHKlH?RV, No. 1 Rooimh i) street, <> successfully ind radically caring Siim pa-ieu's of a Certain ppvaie diicdir, ill ihr i*tonl?hii>ir ahor* period of two da 1, 'V a in w snd niv method, recently discovered. A pe irci cure in ?o hoit a time may soetn incredible to many,?lit those who will lake 'lie trouble to cdl ?s above, will ne convinced that what i here abated ia literally and practically i me. The fee lor cure i? generally about $i Medic il me.i or then wishing te purchaae the secret, are informed the prise hss been raued to $J0fl aulO lw*rre Medical advice ?doctor lamert u co?adentially consulted at his ofllce, U tiold stieet, near I* ii I ton, on all diseases of a privste nature. 1111 treatment, beinf mild and jndicioui, requires neither mercury, restraint < ia diet, or hindrance from husiuess. Debility, nervous or I constitutional, arising from indiscreet indulgences of the passions, causing nightly emissions, and, eventually, un poteucy, engages the Doctor's attention, bia object being to restore the system to that state of rigor nature originally designed. Stricture, a disease frequently existing without i 'he patient being aware, cansed by maltreatment and sometimes eausrd by the neglect ol the parties tnemselves, ia effectually cured.by Dr. L Letters, post paid, enclosing'a lee, iminrdiately attended to, and medicine, with I dvice, seat to any part of the United Statea. Office ?1 ! old street aall lw*r TO JEWELLERS. MINIATURK PAINTERS, *e ? C. It J. HARTNETT, No. 1 C'oanlandt street, near Broadway, wholesale and retail Manufactarers of Travelling. , Writing, Dressing and Jewelry Boies, Miniatare Caaea and I fUtl.na. Vint. R,?? Pi? ??d WUICll Boies; esses Tot silver Plate neatly arranged to order. Also, Trays Imsde mid fitted to Jeweller* show cum. to contain w ate he a, chain a, rings* k?ys, l?ina. thimblea, pencils, lie A variety of the above nrliclcs cnnauntly i&wws? w"'" "'"Z*

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