Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 14, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 14, 1846 Page 1
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g J.-I. III A * TP t? J Vol. XII, Mo. aiS-Whala No. HM. THE OREGON TREATY. irnp rniiriI'smvi nr Tiir rnDnrpnnvnrvnn jiiti luiiinmuii ui i in-. luuitLni u.iJ/ii.iiXi Mr. Mc Lane to Mr Buchanan. ifcxtracts.] [No 24.] Lomdow, Deo. 1, 1845. Althoug it is well understood here that, in the piesent posture ot the Oregon question, my connection with it mint he In a great degree informal, the Earl of Aberdeen occasionally mutes it a subject of conversation. At his request 1 have recently hud an interview with him, when he put in my Iran I, to read, two despatches from Mr. Pakenham : one in explanation of his rejoction, without reference to his government, of the Pie-ident's proposition , tho other containing a statement of his subsequent attempts to induce you to allow tho President's proposition to stand as the basis of further negotiation, or to have some assurance of the answer which a new proposition from the British government would receive. In his first letter. Mr. Pakenham among other things thought his treatment of the President's proposition jus tillable on the ground of his instructions, which, in hit opinioa, forbade the expectation that such a proposition could, under any circumstances, receive the approbation of his government, lie also ? ? ******* expressed his belief that r reference of tho proposition to his goveminent, merely, us he ruppoicd, to be rejected, would not havo avoided the enib.irrassment in which the subject has been by that step invulred. In nuswer to these vie? ? I had only to )>oiut out the clear insufllciency of Mr. I'akenham's explanations ; and to defend anil justify tho withdrawal of tho President' proposition upon the obvious giounds on which, in you, communication*, you have placed it; to point out, with ontire explicitness the attitude the President hnd determined to maintain, and the course it win hi? infanUnn to pursue, in conformity with the statement ill j our despatch No 13, (luted the olh ot November last. The principal object ol Lord Aberdeen in seeking the interview uppeared to me to be, to point out the embarrassment in which he thought the President's withdrawal of his proposition had placed thin government. It wa? quite evident, indeed, hu expietsl) said, that he was not prepared to accept the President's proposition, but desired only to mako it ttio ha-is ol'further negotiation and modified propositions from hij government, w hich lie would have done, notwithstanding tho rejection of it by Mr. fakenhaui.il it had not been withdrawn by the direction ol the President. Ho complained of the withdrawal of the proposition us unusual, if njt unprecedented in diplomacy; and seemed to cunsider it impossible in the preseut posture of the atl'-iir, to submit any proposition lor a paitition of the tcrntory in dispute,' unless he Could have some assurance of tho treatment which any proposition he might submit for that purpose would receive. Under those circumstances, lie could only regard the negotiation as having been terminated by the President; ana the door t-> further attempt* at compromise being thus closed, this government ha 1 no alternative, in its desire to preserve the pencelul relations of the two countries [other] than to propose arbitration, und abide the consequences lnleu l, I un let-stood him to say, very distinctly, that this courro w oulJ bo pursued. *lt may he considered certain, theteiure, '.hat if he hare not been already, Mr Takennam will, by the present steamer, be instructed to propose an arbitration ; and that, nocording to the snswt-r that proposition may receive, the ultimate course unon the Dart of this irovernmcnt will be defined. I think it not improbabto that, If the offer be declined upon the ground upon which it is understood it was rel'u sad by Mr. Calhoun, to wit: that a more sautductory uJ justment Might he obtai ted through the rcadium ul'negotiation, Ais government would then stbinit a neiproposition, and so resume the negotiation ; but that, if it be refuted on such terms a* to warrant tbem in a;' turning that our government has determined to insist upon the extreme claim, and to decline both negotiation and arbitration, this government will tieat the otter to arbitrate as its ultimatum, and abido the result. Of course, these opinions are founded upon the observations of the tail of Aberdeen, in the conversations to which I have already nlluded. Although 1 am quite sure that the Karl of Aberdeen has no idea at present of accopting the compromise contained in the President's proposition, it would not surprise me if an ariatigement upon that basis should provo acceptable to large and important classes iu this country, indeed complaiced of principally by the Hudson Bay Company, and those in its interest. That the ministry would tind it (iilHcnlt and hazardous to prefer war to such a settlement may w?ll be imagined ; although you may assume it to bo certain that wlien war becomes inevitable, it will receive the undivided support of the British people 1 believe the government and people here are quite prepared for the leasseition in the message of the 1'resi dent'* opinions expressed in his inaugural address ; and, Mrnaps, lor a recommendation by him to terminuto the jolat occupation in the manner provided by the existing treaty. And I also think that unless the recommendation! in the message should he such as to discourage further negotiation, and to manifest a determination to insist U|ruil wut nuuic U^ni, vUU/ WUU1U UUi 1COU LU HU^' illl" ir.odiato measures ujx>n the part of thii government, or materially add to the embarrassment in which the relation* between the two countries appear to bo at present involved. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLane. [No. 20.] Department ok Stati, Washington, December 13.1S45. 8m?You will receive by the Cambria a copy of the President's message, and the documents accompanying it in relation to Texai and Oregon. These are all which have yet been printed. You will observe that whilst the President has recommended that the necessary notice shall be given to abrogate the convention, he has carefully avoided to rocommend any legislative measure whioh could, in the meantime, conflict with its provisions; and it is not apprehended that Congress will adopt any such measure. The message has neen well received throughout the country, and its doctrines generally will, 1 think, meet the approbation of Congress. The President sincerely desires to preserve our friendly relations with (ireut Britain liis policy with that and all other nations is peace, so long as this can be maintained consistently with the national tights and honor. The Oregon question is nuw approaching a crisU. It is hardly probable that the Biitish government will suffer it to remain upon it* present basis; and it U clear that if there should be any new movement towards its adjustment, this must originate with Oreat Britain. Should that government take any fuithcr step with a view to settle the controversy, tho President would judge of the character of the proposition when made; and if, in hi* opinion, it (hould be inch aa to juitify thia, he would feel inclined to aubmit it to the Senate for their previous advice, before taking any other action upon it. As the determination on any such proposition might involve the i?suo of peace or war between the two countries, be would feel it to be hia duty to consult hi* constitutional advisers before a fin.'l decision I deem it necessary to give you this information, not that ymt may make any such suggeation to the British government, but to enable you to regulate wisely your conversation and conduct in the critical position in which you are now placed. What the result might be in the Senatn, I cannot anticipate. The President has received information from a variety of sources which he cannot disregard, that Oreat Britain is now making extensive warlike preparations. As her relations with all the powers of Kurope seem at present to be of a peaceful character, the prevailing and natural inference hero ia, that these preparations look to a rupture with tho United States on the Oregon question. It is of vast importance tnat this government should, as early as possible, ascertain their true character. You are, therefore, instructed to embrace the first opportunity of bringing this subject to the notice of the Karl of Aberdeen in such a manner as you may deem most expedient. It is true, that ou more than oae occasion Mr. Fackenham lias informed me in conversation that these warlike preparations had hoen commenced some time before the existing difficulties of the two countries had assumed their present serious aspect, end had no connection whatever wiih the Oregon question; but yet it nvuiu wc itumuciury ui receive sucn an assurance lan more authoritative and authentic form. The President is al?o anxious to Uarn >otir own opinion upon this subject with tho least practicable delay lam, Icc, JAMES BUCHANAN. Lons McLakc, K?q , &c. Icc fcc. Mr. Buchanan t? Mr. Me Lane. [No. 21.] lJtHHTMKNt nr bi?tr., > Washington, Dec. 39, 184ft \ 8ia,?I have the honor to u. knowledge the receipt of your despatches to No. 'il. inclusive 'J lie Senate having unanimously, as I am informed, confirm*] jour appointment ? envoy cxtiaordinary and minister pfenii>otentlary of tLe United states of America t the court of the United Kingdom of Oreat Britain and Ireland, 1 now transmit to )ou your commission in that character Vou were correct In sup|>osing that the British government would "gain offer to relcrihe Oregon question to soma friendly power. On Saturday last Mr Pakenham delivered me a communication making an offer to refer thia question, of w hich I transmit you a copy. Vou will not iail to observe that he does not propose ft reference of the title to the whole question (territory), but merely tiie subject of " nn equitable division"' of it beween the parlies. It is strange that such u proposition should have been submitted by the British government in the face of the President's claim to the whole territory, alter it had liecn so recently enforced in the most solemn manner hy my letter o| the 30th of August last, withdrawing our proposition for a compromiao by the 4fltb |>arallel of latitude. To accept tho proposition undo! such circumstances, would bo for the 1'iesidont to admit that he had committod an error in a??ei ting the American title to the whola territory, wad to acknowledge, in the very submission of the question to the arbitiator, that Orext Britain had a right to a portion of it, and that his functions should be confined to an " equitable division" of it lietween tho parties. In this respect, the present piopositiou is unlike the former of ler of the British government, w hich was a general proposition to arbitrate. If no other reasons existed for declining the proposition, this would be deemed sufficient hy the President. V ou may therefore consider it certain that it will be rejected. I presume that the British government could have not have anticipated a different result; and from my conversation upon the subject with Mr. Pakenham on Saturday last, he will doubtiem unde- i ceire them, if tliey ht?<l any expectation that hit offer would be accepted. 1 an, ko. . t t JAMl? BUCHANAN. L*vii MsLakb, ?*q., he ke. he. E iNE N. Afr. Buchanan to Mr. Mr Lane. ! [No. M] DiriimitT or Stiti, > Washington, January 29. 1848. { ! Sia?Your despatches to No. 31, inclusive, have been duly received at thia department. llaviaK already communicated to you a copy of .Vr. PakenUam't not* of the il7th December lust, proposing to arbitrate the Oregon question, 1 now enclose, herewith, transcript of my reply to that note, dated eu the 3>1 instant. On the 17th instant, Mr. Pakenham called at the depal tmcnt, and delivered me a note, of which I tranamit jwutttupj, reuewiui^ 111* uroptuuon 10 Biuiumc, uui changing the tcran, This note hat not yet been answered. This delay ha* been occasioned, not by any doubt as to the propriety of rejecting the proposition, but from a deiire, betore preparing my iniwor, to ascor| tain the impression which had been made on the British ministry and people by the President's message and the accompanying correspond*nee. I had anticipated a visit from Mr Pakenham soon after the arrival of the Hibernia; but he has not since called at the department. Mr l'akenharci's last proposition to urbitrate is liable to the came objection which was prominently presented in my answer to the first. It is true that he now proposes to refer to arbitration " the question of title in either of the twe j>ower? to the whole territory but yet, annexed to this offer, there is a condition ' that if neither should be found, in the opinion of the arbitrator, to possess a complete title to the whole territory," then he shall divide it between them "according to a just appreciation of the respective claias of each " lfthegovornmentof the United States should consent to an arbitration upon such terms, this would be construed into an intimation, il not a direct invitation, to the arbitrator to divide tho teriitory between the parties. Were it possible for thii government, under any circumstances, to refer the question to arbitration, the title, and the title alone, detached from every other consideration, ought to be the only qnostiou submitted. If not confined to this tingle point, we should have another compromising award like that of the King of the Netherlands. But nibitration in any form is out of the question. The titlo of the United States to the vast territory on the northwest coast of America, with all its commercial advantages, can never be placed in jeopardy by referi ring it to the decision of any individuals, whether toveI reigns, citizens, or subjects. Taflpreat Britain it would I be a distant possession, of comparatively small value, i mid which, from thu nature of things, she cauuot very | long enjoy ; but to the United SUtos it is invaluable. I Whilst arbitration is, therefore, out of the question, it is i probable that, under the peculiar circumstances of the case, and from an anxious desire to preserve peace, the Senate, if the question were submitted to them, might ! advise the President not to insist upon the full extent of ! our rights ; but we could never place it in the power of ! any aibitrator to deprive us of a loot of the aoil on the continent south of the 49th |?iallel of latitude, and of the valuable harbors of Puget's sound. Such is the fixed determination of the President. Again : even if this wero not the case, and a treaty should be submitted to the Senate for arbitration, it could not. by any possibility, obtain the necessary majority in that body. Upon the whole, the pursuit of arbitration by the BriI tish irovernment .'an produce no other efl'ect than to in volve the question m new tiiiUcu I ties, and, perhaps, by the delxy render an amicable adjustment o< it impossible. The fiet is not to be diiguised. that the feeling of the country is becoming daily mora unanimous and interne in lavor ot asserting our right to the whole territory. untl the deputes in congress, and their delay to act iii accordance with the recommendations of the President only servo to increase the popular excitement.? ! Resoluiii.ns of M ite conventions and State legislatures ; ait iiu v in succession being adopted, in favor of adhering tu the line ol 61 40 If the british government intend to muki: a proposition to this government, they have not an hour to lose, if they desire a peaceful ternuuuiiou of the controversy. Notwithstanding all you may have seen in the public pnpers, tho notice, unless 1 am greatly mistaken, will : pais Congress in some form or other, by large majorities , of both Houses, as well as the other measures recom mended by the President. 1 The President will never abandon the position he has { taken in his message. Clearly convinced of the right of I the United States to the whole territory in dispute, and j relieved, by the refusal of the British government to I accept this otfer of compromise, from the embarrassment l in which the aets oi his predecessors had placed him,he would not now authorise the conclusion of a treaty on : that hasis. But the Senate, his constitutional advisers, ' uie now in session. The question oi peace or war mr.y bo involved in the issue. They are a branch of the war i making ns well a* ol the treaty mak ing power. In deference to the Senate, under these* circumstances, be would, in the first instance, feel it to be his duty to submit >;uch a proposition lor their previous advice. It is manifest, therefore, that the British government should at once present their ultimatum. If Mr. l'akenhum should oiler less, in the hope that, having thus recommenced the negotiation, he might, in it* progress. Induce me to say what the President would consent to accept, he must be disappointed. The President will accept nothing less than the whole territory, unlets the Senato sliculd otherwise determine. The only question which he will decide is, whether the now propoaition, should any such be made, be of a character to justify its submission to the Senate for their previous advice. Under all the circumstances by which you may be surrounded, it is left to your sound discretion whether anv such communication or intimation shall tw> i?ii> ?? Lo'id Aberdeen. I an, ix.t JAMES BUCHANAN. Louis McLaie, Esq. be. be. fcc. Mr, McLane to Mr. Buchanan.?Extract. [No. 31 ] Loudon, February 3, 1846. Sir : * * ? * Notwithstanding these difficulties, 1 still entertain the opinion that it would be in my power, without any improper-commitment of the President, to load to a renewal of tho negotiation by this government, and to the submission, unless another mode would be more desirable, through its minister at Washington, of a proposition adopting that directed by the President on tne l'Jth of July last, with some modifications not inconsistent, according to tho sense 1 entertain of it, with our national honor.Of this 1 should feel quite certain.it I could officially know that the pioposition would probably be acceptable at Washington; and 1 should attempt it informally, and upon my individual responsibility with scarcely less confidence of success, if, while acting in that way, 1 could encourage a like result. It is due, however, to my own position, and to those with whom 1 am brought into intercourse upon this subject. to state that the opinions 1 have thus expressed are not founded upon any direct communication from those in official station; but are rather the result of a series of facts and inferences, entitled, however, in my judgment at least to not less weight. After these observations, I owe it more particularly to myself to state that, believing, from the history of our previous negotiations as to the Oregon question, that it may now be settled upon the basis of compromise, and with reference to interests which have grown up during the joint occupation of the territory. Without a violation of any duty which a public man owes to the rights and honor ot his country, ( would not he unwilling, taking the President's proposition ol the 19th July as a basis, to urge a final adjustment of the question according to that proportion, but conceding to the Hudson's Bay Company a continuance of the privileges of joint occupation, including the navigation of the Columbia, for a period of seven or ten years longer; and 1 hope 1 may be allowed to add, that 1 would be willing to assume the rcsponsi. bility of assentiug to an adjustment by extending the boundary to the Pacific by the 49th parallel and the | sirnus 01 t ura, wun iree poru to ootii nations: or by extending the tree navigation ol the Columbia river Tor a I longer period, provided similar advantages upon the St. Lawrence could thereby be fecured to the United State*. I believe that upon one of these grounds, perhapi upon either, an adjustment may be concluded; and I have a strong conviction that the mode first indicated ii entirely pn-cticaMe. I am,'however, constrained at the same time to state, from all that has come to my knowledge hero, that 1 hove n* re a-on to believe that more favorable terms than those 1 have above adverted to would, under any circumstances, bo consented to by this government. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLant.?Extract?. [No. 33 ] Dr.r*btmkmt or Statc, ) Washington, Kobruary 26, 1848. \ Si*:?Your despatches to No. 34, inclusive, bare been received, and laid before the President. I tranimit herewith a copy ol my answer, nnder date of the 4th inn , to Mr. I'akenham's Inst proposition to submit the Oregon question to arbitration. Independently of the reason prominently presented in my reply, tiiai the President "does not believe the teri ritoial rights of this nation to be a proper subject for nrl itianun," there are other powerful reasons against | sunta ucouue, which might have been stated had it been dt.omrd proper ma communication to the British mini* 1 ter These you can use us occasion may require. lu the first pl?ce, without pretending to know the opjnlon? of individuals senators, 1 hazard but little in asserting that no treaty for arbitration could obtain the ' constitutional majority of the Senate necessary to Its ratification Several of the senators who might assent to a compromise upon the parallel of forty nine degrees, wonhl not be willing to jeopard oy arbitration the possession of the hai bore on Admiralty inlet ami t'uget's ' sound south of that parallel. Insleed, for commercial i purposea, the United states might almost at well ahani iluii iho whole territory as consent to deprive themselves : of these harbors; because, south of them, within its limit*, no good harbor exist*. The rejection of such a treaty by the Senate would involve the question in far greater emi harrassincnts than exist at present, and would render it* amicable adjustment still more difficult. 2. Hut even if such a treaty were now ratified by both powers, the process toward* a final termination of the controversy would lie exceedingly slow. Kxperience has taught us this truth. The necessary delay in selecting the arbitrators, in organizing the hoard, in submitting the proofs .and arguments ot the parties, would probably |K>*t|K>na tho final award for several years. Meanwhile the tide ol emigration Irom the United States to Oregon would be constantly swelling; and the danger of collisions between British subject* and American citizen* < in that territory would be constantly increasing. In my I opinion, in orderto secure a peaceful, there mnit be a ' prompt settlement ofth.* controversy. There never wa* a question in which delay will prove more dangerous. > l una 11 merely advert to the difficulty ol selecting suitable arbitrators There would be objections to any of the sovereign! of Kurope on account of their intimate connexion with Great Britain, and objections equally strong against committing such vast territorial rights to u>e arbitrament of individuals. It was for these and other considerations which might be stated, that, in the spirit of franknesa and friendship, the intention of the President to decline the proposition of arbitration, should it be offered, waa early made i^was jssrWrissft tzz,: w to EW YORK. FRIDAY MO! and Mr. Pakenham and myself in this city. That govern- i ment muit, therefore, have anticipated the result of its propositions to arbitrate, before they were presented. It appear* that in your interview with the Earl of Aber deen, on the !M)tli ultimo, hii lonlship complained of the term* and mar.nerin which I had declined to accept Mr. Pnkenham'i first propecition to arbitral*; and " apprehended that, from the nature ol tha aniwer, and the character otthe recent debate in the Houta of Represents- ' tivci, it would be difficult to pre rant the conclusion that the l're?iJent had determined to discourage any new proposition on the baii* of comproaise, and to concede nothing of the extreme demand." The view of thil iuhject presented by you to hi( lordship in the correct one. My answer was not intended either to cncourage or to discouraga a renewal of the negotiation. The President has at all times been prepared to receive aud to treat with the utmost rospect any pro Basal for a compromise which might emanate from the ritish government Whilst he haa Mat deemed it proper to invite such a proposal, he haa aver manifested an anxious desire to preserve amicable relations with Or at Britain. To accomplish this purposa he would sacrifice every consideration except the national rights and the 1 I ~?.l .1 ...., .... r_ I from my languago of which it ii not, in my opinion, fairly susceptible Of thia ha will be fully sensible upon perilling the concluding paragraph of ay answer to the second proposal of Mr. Pakenham for arbitiation. It la there declared that " the President cordially concurs with the government of Oreat Britain in desiring that the preseut controversy may be amicably adjusted. Of thiii tie has given the strongest proof before the wliolo wurld. lie believes that as thara are no two nations on the earth mora closely bound together by tha ties of commerce, so there are none who ought to be more able or willing to do each other justice, without tha interposition of any arbitrator." * ? ? ? ? f ? [This omission relates exclusively to a portion sf a I previous despatch of Mr. McLane relative to a conversation between him and Lord Aberdeen on the subject of the warlike preparations by Great Britain. Mr. McLane, in a subsequent despatch, states that the Secretary of State had misunderstood his meaning, and therefore the I paragraph, written under this alleged mistake, is not communicnted, in justice both to Lord Aberdeen and Mr McLane 1 Vou strongly express the opinion, notwithstanding the existing difficulties, " that it would be in my [your] power. without any improver commitment of the President, to lend to a renewal of the negotiation by this [the Britishj government, and to the submission, unlaas another mone would be more donirable, through ita minister at Washington, of a proposition adopting that directed by the President on the 12th July last, with some modifications not inconsistent, according to the sense I [youJ entertain of it, with our national honor. Of this I [you] should feel quite certain, if 1 [you] could officially know that the proposition would probably be acceptable at Washington." The concluding paragraph of mr despatch to you of the 29th ultimo, (No. 32.) which you will have received shortly alter making thia suggestion, is perhaps sufficient to indicate the course which the President would uursue in i'a?e such ru offer should be made through the British minister at Washington The President, since the date of hi* message, hai aeen no cause to change his opinion either in legard to our title to Oregon, or to the manner in which it ought to be asserted. But the federal constitution has made tbe 8e nate, to a certain extent, a coordinate branch of the treaty-making power Without their advice and content, no treaty can be concluded. This power could not be entrusted to wiser or better hand*. Besides, in their legislative character they constitute a portion of ihe war-making, as in their executive capacity thpy compose a part of the treaty-making power. They arc the representatives of the sovereign State* of this Union, and aie regarded a* the best index of tho opinion ol' their con?tituents. A rejection of the British ultimatum might proba bly lead to war; and as a branch of the legislative power. it would be incumbent upon them to authorise the* necessary preparation* to render this war successful ? Under these considerations, the President, in deference to the Senate, and to the true theory of the constitutional re>pon*ibilities of t:>e different branches of the gov eminent, will forego hi* own opinions, so far a* to sub mit to that body any proposition which may be mado by the British government, not in hia judgment wholly inconaiitent with the right* and honor of the country.? Nor ia the fact to be disguised, tliat from the speeches and proceeding* in the Senate, it is probable that a proposition to adjust the Oregon question on the parallel of 4J degree* would receive their favorable conuderation But it is nece**ary to be more explicit In your despatch you have presented three propositions, either of which you believe the British government would be willing to make for the adjustment of the controversy; and you express "a strong conviction that the mode fir*t indicated is entirely practicable." The firit would offer an adjustment of the question on the basis of the President's proposition of the lith of July last; "but conceding to the Hudson's Bay Company a continuance of the privileges of joint occupation, including the navigation of the Columbia, for a period of seven or ten year* longer." The propoaition made by the President, to which you refer, wa*, "that the Oregon Territory (hall be divided between the two countrie* by the 49th parallel of north latitude fiom the Uocky mountain* to the Pacific ocean; offering at the same time to make free to Ureat Britain any port or porta on Vancouver'* island, south of thi* parallel, whicu the British government may desiro." The Precidcnt would feel no heaitation in presenting to tbe Senate, for their previou* "advice and consent," utis proposition, modified according to your suggestion. It ia necessary, however, that there should be a clear UUUVI HUtUUJUJg UI WQKl is QIUftDl DV " C0HUDUIU1C6 Ot the privileges of joint occupation." If this be understood m curing to the Hudson's Bav Comproy, during that limited period, do more than the privilege of enjoying all their esitting establishments, together with that of bunting, fishing and trading with the Indians, and using the harbors and rivers south of the parallel of 49 degrees, this would not prevent the President from submitting such a proposition to the Senate. Of course, similar privileges would be extended te American citizens north of 49 degrees, if there be any such north of that parallel, which is doubtfuL But no concession could be made to this company which would, in the meantime, deprive the United States of the power to establish a territorial government over the whole country south of 49 degrees and to make grants of land south of this parallel. The President cannot, however, anticipate any possible change of circumstances which would induce him to submit such a proposition, if it should contain a surrender to Great Britain of the perpetual right to navigste the Columbia. A grant of the free navigation oi the St. Lawrence to the United States would be no equivalent for such a concession. Indeed, this has become comparatively valueless, in consequence of the construction of the railroads and canals leading to the harbors of New York and Boston, which have rendered these the great channels of import and export for the region within the United States watered by the' St. Lawrence and its tributaries. The President it desirous so to adjust the Oregon question as not to leave open any source from which might proceed new difflculties and new dangers, again to threaten the peace of the two countries. If the free navigation of the Columbia were granted to Great Britain, this would become a perpetual cause of strife and collision between the citizens and subjects of the two countries. (t would be almost lmpoxsihle, by any vigilance which could be exerted, to execute their respective revenue laws snd prevent smuggling on either side of the river. Besides, there are several portages around the falls and rapids of the river and its branches, the use of which would be necessary to the enjoyment of its free navigation. This would introduce the subjects of Grest Britain, with their merchandise into haart of thn country, and thai greatly increase the mischief bevond what it would be it they were confined to the channel of the river. To eitimate the evili which would attend *uch a conception, we have but to imagine what would have been the conaequence had the British government ncceeded in securing (or ita subjects the free navigation of the Mississippi from ita lurce to ita outlet in the gulf of Mexico. The President would, also, consent, though with reluctance, to submit to the Senate the second proposition suggested by you, dividing the territory in dispute between the two countriea " by extending the boundarv to the Pacific by the forty-ninth purallel and the straits of Kuea," but without the superadded words, " with free ports to both nations." These words are indefinite, and he cannot infer from them the extent of your meaning. In case the firat proposition to which you refer should be made by the British government, the President would not object to the terms of his otter of the 12th July lart, " to make free to (ireat Britain an; port or ports on Vancouver's island, south of this parallel, which the British Eovernment may desire." If the cap of this island should owever, be aurrendered to (ireat Britain, at would be the case muler the second proposition, then he would consider the question in regard to free ports as terminated. 1 need not enlarge to you upon the inconvenience, not to say impossibility, under our system of government, alter one or mule States shall have been established in Oregon, (an event not far distant,) of inuk>ng nny of their ports free to (ireat Britain, or any other nation. Besides, our system of drawbacks secures to other nstlons the material advantages of free ports, without their inconveniences There is one point which it is necessary to guard, whether the first or the second propositiou should be submitted by the Biitish government The strait ol Kuca is an arm of the sea, and, under the public law, all nations would possets the same right to navigate it throughout ita whole extent as they now have >o the navigation of the British channel. Bull, to prevent future difficulties, this ought to be clearly and distinctly understood ? It is rendered the more necessary when wc recollect that the Russian government not many years ago assert ed a claim to the exclusive navigation of th? northern Pacific ocean between its Asiatic and American territorial, on the principle that it wai "a close eea." Krom what 1 have aaid, you will perceive tliat the third proposition to which you refer will not meet the approbation of the President, even to the extent of submitting it to the Senate. Thus I have presented frank and unreserved exposition of the views of the President on this important subject. To what extent you should communicate them to Lord Aberdeen, is left entirely to your own discretion. The President relies with implicit coafldence en your aouBd Judgment, prudence, and patriotism. I am, sir, respectfully, Your ofodient servant, JAMES BUCHANAN. Louis McLane, Esq., lie., he., fcc. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Mcl^nt. [No. 19) DftPAariixnT or Stat*, ) Washington, March 30, 1M4. j Sir?Your despatch No. 36, dated on the 2d, waa received the aistiMt.

My despatch No. 9S, of the Mth February last, waa se tall and explicit In re la tlon to the Oregon question as to 1 leave nothing (or me to say upon that ratveet, except j KK X RNLNG, AUGUST 14, 184< merely to anawer torn* of the enquiries contained in your No. S5, which hjd not boon anticipated. You understand Lord Aberdeen to bare stated that if no auAoienl encouragement to renew tha negotiation on the buiit of compromfte ahould bo held out Dy m y an war to tha last proposition of tha Britiih government for arbitration, in iuch caaa one of tha alternative! left him might be to offer a proposition through yourself to this government. Should the contingency occur, his lordship may adopt this course, if ha thiuk proper. You are authorised to receive and transmit to this department any proposition made by him; but in no event will the President consent to transfer tha negotiation to London. The reasons against this are, in his opinion, conclusive, and will readily occur to your own mind. We have but little information to be relied upon in re gard to the navigableness of the Columbia river aud its branches north of the parallel of 49 degrees; but there it no reason to doubt that they are navigable for boats and batteaux of a few tons burden. We understand that it is by this mode that the Hudson Day Company convey furs and other article* from several of their remote stations to their general depot at Kort Vancouver, and receive their supplies from thence. For information upon this subject, I refer you to Senate document No. 39 of the 3d session of the 31st Congress, and especially to the report of Joshua Pitcher (a highly respectable man) to the Secretary of War, (volume 1, January 34, 1*31.) You will doubtless Hud this volume in the library of your legation ; but lest it might not be there, 1 shall transcribe tew sentences from that report, lie says, (page 10.) " 1 set out from fort ColviUe the 31s*. ol September, 1839, in company with six men of the poet, carrying the annual express or packet across the continent Our route was up the main river Columbia ; our conveyance a battoau of four or Ave tons. In thia batteau we ascended the river about three hundred miles, where the river divides into three forks; the main one being still navigable to its head, which issues from a lake in the Kocky mountains. At the three forks, which is called the Boat Encampment, because it is the place where the boats are left, and the portage acress the mountains commenced, we began our overland journey. We arrived at the Boat Enrampmrnt on the 4th October, and remained there until the 3d November waiting for the arrival of a party from Hudson's Bay," &c., (to. "On the 4th we set ont. We were still six in company, five besides myself, all on horseback; u>< taking the horses of the party Just arrived, and thry taking the batteau in which we had ascended the river. The weather was still mild, no appearance of ice, and the river reported by all the the company to remain open the winter through," fee. In the second volume of Cox's Columbia River, chapter viii, page 103, you will find that there are a number of portages around iu rapids. 1 am, Ice., JAMES BUCHANAN. P. 8.?A copy of the Senate document from which the above quotations are made having been procured, It is herewith transmitted. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLant. [No. 37.] D?:rabt?tsnt of State, ) Washington, April 38, ltM6 ) Sir?Your despatches to No. 3?, inclusive, have been duly received. Upon a careful review of my despatch to you (No 23) of the 26th February last, the President finds nothing to change It will (till continue to be the guide ot your conduct. In that de?|>atch I have distinctly declared that " the President has at all timea, been prepared to receive and to treut with the utmott respect any proposal ior a compromise of the Oregon question which might emanate from the British Government. Whils' he has uotdeenudit proper to invite such a proposal, he has ever manifested an anxious desire to preserve amicable relations with Great Urttaio." Thei>e tenements of the Pre?idenl you may communicate to Lord Aberdeen on delivering the notice In the pieaent state of the negotiation it is clear that, " in the adoption of all proper measurea for a speedy and amiaable adjustment of the differences and disputes in regard to said territory," the first proposal ought to proceed from the British Government. It is deemed unnecessary to enforce so plain a proposition by arguments, as thete will readily occur to your own mind should this become * question ; which, however, cannot be anticipated. I am, air, respectfully, your obedient servant, JAMES BUCHANAN. Louis Mr Lank, Esq., Sec., See , &c ? * ? ? ? Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLant. [No. 33.] Department or State, \ Washington, June 6, 1846. j SirI transmit to you, herewith, a copy of the proiet of a convention delivered to me by Mr Pakenham this morning, for the adjustment of the Oregon question, together with a copy of the protocol of the proceeding. This being the regular day lor the meeting of the cabinet, the subject was brought before them by the President. The result was a determination on his part to submit (he projet to the Senate for their previous advice. This will be done as soon as the proper message can be prepared, and the necessary papers copied. I am. Sic., JAMES BUCHANAN. Louis McLane, Esq , Sic., Sic. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLant. [No. 34.] Department or State, Washington, June 13,1840 Sir?The President communicated to the Senate, on the 10th instant, a confidential message, of which I transmit you a copy, asking their previous advice in regard to the project ot a convention for the adjustment of the Oregon question, delivered to me by Mr. Pakenham on the 6th instant. On yesterday the Senate adopted the following resolution :? " Resolved?(two-thirds of the Senators present concuring.) That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby advised to accept the proposal of the British government accompanying his message to the Senate dated 10th June, 1846, for a convention to settle boundaries, Sic., between the United States and Great Britain, West of the Rocky or Stony mountains." The vote of the Senate stood 37 to 13. I hare learned Irom the best sources that the Senate gave this advice under the conviction that, by the true construction of the second article of the project, the right of Hodson'sBay Companyto navigate the Columbia would expire with the termination of their present license to trade with the Indian*, lie. on the Northwest eoMt of America, on tho 30th of May I86A. In a conversation with Mr. Pakenham to-dp.y, I communicated thie fact to him, and requested him to itate it in hii deipatch to Lord Aberdeen. The treaty will be signed and lent to the donate on Monday next-, and it it more than probable that they will, in tome form or other, place upon their record their understanding of itatrue comtruction in this particular. I am, lie., JAMKS BUCHANAN. Lovu Ml-Lars, Esq., tic. See. fcc. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. McLnnt. [No. 38 ] DtrABTHBRT OT STATE, ) Washinutok, June 9a, 1846. ( Si a?The Senate having given its constitutional advice and content to the treaty concluded on the 15th instant, between the United States and Great Britain for the adjustment of the Oregon queetion, the President has rati- J Bed it on the part or the government of the United States, and I now transmit to yon the American ratification, to be exchanged again at that of her Britannic Majesty. You will, accordingly, upon the receipt of this despatch, inform her Majesty's principal Secretary of State for foreign affairs, that the treaty has been ratified on our part, and that you are, as you will perceive by the special power which is herewith enclosed, authorized to exchange the ratifications with such person as may be dulv empowered for that purpose on the part of the British government Aa no difficulty or delay in this exchange is anticipated, General Armstrong, who carries out the treaty, has been instructed to wait for, and take charge of, the English ratification, if, in your opinion, there is a prospect oi its being obtained in time to be forwarded by the steamer of the 19th July. Should the exchange copy not be received until after that date, you will either avail yourself of some aafe private conveyance to forward it to this country, or to send it to General Armstrong, at Liverpool, for transmiaaion. , 1 am, air, respectfully, Your obedient aervant, 1 JAMES BUCHANAN. Louis McLane, Esq., Stc. fcc. fcc. I Lord Jikrrdrtn to Mr. Metmnt. I Koaaion Orricc, May 37, 1M6. | The underaigned, her Majesty'a principal aecretary of state for foreiin affaira. haa had the honor to r?rf>iT<i th? < note of Mr. !*f~cLan?, envoy extraordinary and minister i plenipotentiai y of the United States of America, dated t the 'iOth and delivered in on the Hit mutant, enclosing a document, dated the JHth day of April, signed by the i President of tbe United 8tatei *1 America, and couatersigned by the Secretary of State, in which, after reciting a joint resolution concerning the Oregon Territory. ( Which lias been adopted by tbc <ongre*s of the UaitM States, in conformuy with tlm terms of that resolut oa, ( gives to her Britannic Majesty's government the notice required by the second at tide of the convction ol the j 8th of August, 1847, between Grest Britain aa<l the ( United States for the abrogation ol the same The undersigned acknowledges, accordingly, on tha , part of her Majesty's government, the rrceipi ol the -aid notice, and declares mat, in conformity with its tenor, , har Majority's government will consider the convention ( of the 8th of August, 18/7, abiograted accoidirgly from the 'J 1st day of May, 1847. , The undersigned has the honor to renew to Mr. MeLane tha assurances of his high consideration. ABERDEEN. | Louis McLane, Esq., lie. kc. kc. From Halifax.?By the schooner Boston, wo t have papers from Halifax to the 4th instant. The 1 Cambria, hence, arrived at that port on the morning of the 3d, in forty hours from this city, and left at half |>ast ' nine the same day The late Lieut F.mersen of the pro- ' vince, Lord Falkland, with his family, went hom? in this steamer. Sir Jeremiah Dickson, K. 0. B., was te ad- 1 minister the government until the arrival of 8ir John Harvey, the new Governor, from Newfoundland. It was 1 understood that Sir John Harvey had delayed his departure from Newfoundland, until his pradecasaor had left Sir Jeremiah Dickson was sworn into office on tha 3d instant, with considerable ceremony. At a meeting of the Repeal Association, the same day, his health was drunk as the " first Irish Governor of Nova Scotia," although ha would hold that rank but nine days?Button Adt. CouitT for rni Comaicnon o? Errors?Tues- \ day, August 11, 1846.?Present Lt. Got. Gardiner, Justice B sards lay and M Senators. l*o. 1. J. Fellows vs. O. Lee and aL Mr. M. HI mors concluded for dafsndant la error. Mr. J MuUett opened ? ?rr?r w QmmtrtM. j 1EKA > ). OUR MEXICAN RELATIONS. THE RECENT SECRET SESSION OF THE SENATE. The following in tho message of the President and ac- ' companyinr letters which were sent to the Senate on Tuesday, the 4th instant. We take them from an evening paper of yeiterday :? [confidential.] To the Senate of the United Statei t? I herewith c-mmunicate to the Senate the copy of a letter, under date of the U7th ultimo, from the Secretary of State of the United States, to the Miniiter of Foreign Relation* of the Mexican Republic, again proposing to open negotiation!, and conclude a treaty ol peace which ?hall adjust all the questions in dispute between the two i republic*. Considering the relative power of the two countries, thu glorious events which have already signalized our arms, and the distracted condition of Mexico, i I did not conceive that any point of national honor could 1 exist which ought to prevent me from making thia overture. Equally anxious to terminate by a peace honorable to both parties, as 1 was originally to avoid, tho existing war, 1 have deemed it my duty again to extend the olive branch to Mexico. Should the government of that republic accept the oi'er in the satne friendly spirit by which it was dictated, negotiations will speedily commence for the conclusion of a treaty. Tho chief difficulty to be anticipated in the negotiation is the adjustment of the boundary between the parties, by a line which thall at once be satisfactory and convenient to both, and such as neither will hereafter bo inclined to diiturb. This U the best mode of securing peace and good neighborhood between the two republics. Should the Mexican Oovernment in order to accomplish these objocts, be willing to cede any portion of their territory to tho United States, we ought to pay them a fair equivalent; a just and honorable peace, and net conquest, being our purpose in the prosecution of the war. Under tho circumstances, and considering the other complicated question* to be settled by negotiation with the Mexican republic, it ia necessary that a sum of mouey should be placed under the control of the executive to be advanced, if i.eed be, to the government of that republic, immediately after their ratification. It might be inconvenient for the Mexican government to wait lor the whole sum, the payment of which may be stipulated by this treaty, until it can be ratified by our Senate, or an application to carry it into etlect made by Congress. Indeed, the necessity tor this delay might defeat the object altogether. I would, therefore, suggest whether it might not be well for Cougresa to appropriate a sum such as they might consider adequate for this purpose, to be paid,if necessary .immediately upon the ratification of the treaty by Mexico. The disbursement of this money would, of course be accounted for, not as secret service money, but like other expenditures. Two precedents for such a proceeding exiat in our pest history, during the administration of Mr. Jelfeison, to which 1 would call your attention On the -26th ol Feb , 1803, an act was passed appropriating two millions ol dollars "for the purpose of defraying extraordinary expenses which ma? be incurred in the intercourse betueen under the direction of the Piutidrut ol the United Stales, who shall c.au*e an account of the expenditures thereof to be laid heloro > onuress as soon ? m ?> be an I on the 13th February, 18'>t> an appropriation wan made ot the same amount and id the mine term*. The object in the firat ease was to enable the President to obtain the cession of Loni-iana , and in the second that ol the Fl>> ri la? In neither cute wt* the mon?y a tittilly drawn trom the treasury ; and I should hope that the remit might be similar in this tespect on the preseat occasion, though the appropriation is deemed expedient as h procautionary measure I refer the whole subject to Congie?s in (executive Session If they tbi>uld concur in opinion with me, then I recommend the passage of a law appropriating such a sum as Congress may of in advquato. to be used by the executive, if aecessary, for the purpose which 1 have indicated. In the two cases to which I have referred, the special purpose of the appropriation did not appear on the face of the law, as this might have defeated the object; neither for the same reason, in my opinion, ought it now to bo itated. I also communicate to the Senato, the copy of a letter from the Seoratarv of State to Commodore Connor, of the 37th ultimo, wktoh was transmitted to him on the day it beara date. J AMK3 K POLK. Washington, August 4, 1840. Mr. Buchanan to Commodore Conner. DKr*aTMKXT or State, ) Waihiisotoi*, July 27, 1846. J Sim?1 have the honor to traniinit herewith a Healed note, addressed to the MioUter of foreign Relation! of the Mexican Republic, with an open copy of the lame for your awn uae. Krorn this you will perceive that the President hag determined again to offer the olive branch to Mexico. The President doei not believe that any point of national honor ihould forbid him from malting this tender, especially after the glorious event* which have thua far marked the progreaa of the war. Should the Mexican government determine to accept the offer and enter upon negotiation!, it may, and probably will, ? repose to you to conclude an armiatice during their pendency. If auch a propoaition ihould be made, you will promptly but kindlv reject it, giving at the aame time every aaiurance that tke Preiidont will do all in hit powor to bring the negotiation* to a satisfactory termination, with the least poisible delay. If an armiatice were concluded, the two parties would not stand on an equal footing. The United States, at a heavy expense, now have armies in the field and naviea upon the ocean, in successful progress to oonquer an honorable peace. Should their operation* be arrested by an armistice, and the negotiation* for peace should finally fail, we would then lose nearly all the advantage* of an Entire campaign. Beaide* thia aacrifice, great aa it might be, would acarcely equal the evil*, in every form, which a season of inactivity could not fail to inflict upon our troops, the greater portion of whom consist of patristic citizens who have volunteered to serve their country, in the confidence that they would be actively employed. Whilst, therefor*, the President sincerely desires, with the utmost promptitude, to restore our friend, ly relations with Mexico upon fair and liberal terms, the war must continue to be prosecuted with the utmost vigor, until a definitive treaty of peace shall be signed and ratified by Mexico. You will not fail with all the despatch in yonr power to transmit the answer of the Mexican government to this Department. I have the tynor to be, air, Very reipectfully, your obedient servant, JAMES BUCHANAN. To Commodore David Cojikok, Commanding the Naval Korea of the llnitod State* in the Gulf of Mexico. Dr.rA*t*ir.nt of Stat?,> Washikotoh, July 47, 1846. ) To Hi* Excellency The Minister of Foreign Relation* of the Mexican Republic? Sib?The Preiident of the Unitad State*, no let* anxiou* to terminate than he wa* to avoid the preient unhaprv VHP with th? \1 aviron Itunnhlir hfia JutnrminaJ tn Tike an effort to accoapliih this purpose. He hu, accordingly, instructed the undersigned, Secretary of Htate, to propose through your Excellency to the Mexican government, that negotiation* (hall forthwith commence for the conclusion of peace just and honorable to both partiei. Should thi* offer be received and responded to by the Mexican government in the same frank and f/iendly spirit My which it haa been dictated, he will immediately despatch an Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the city of Mexico, with instructions and full powers to conclude a treaty of peace which ahali adjust all the questions in dispute between the two republics. If the Mexican government shouW prefer to send a minister to Washington to condnct the negotiation! here, he shall be received with kindnesa and respec t, and every effort shall bo made to aecomjiliah the ob ject of his mission with the least possible deTn the pretent communication it is deemed useless and might prove injurious, to discuss the causes of the exiating war. Thi* might tend to delay, or defeat the restoration drjleace. The past is already consigned to history : the future, una'er Providence, Is within our own power. The occasion may, however, be ombraced to state that the President haa ever cherished the kindest feelings for Mexico, and that one of the first wishes of his heart is, that ahe may be a powerful and prosperous Republic, in [>erpetual amity with the United Stales. Commodore Conr.er will transmit this despatch for pour Excellency to 111* Governor of Vera Cruz, under a lag of truce ; and you are re?|>ectfulJy incited to adopt the same channel for communicating your answer. I avail myself of the t>oca?ion to otter your Excellency the assurance of my mot t distinguished consideration. JAMES BUCHANAN. The papers were read and referred to the Committee on Koieign Relation* After oelmte, Mr. Ilannetfan piesented an amendment, resolving that the Senate with their piesent inlormatiou, tec lined giving any advice 1'liete resolutions were i!e >at> <1 auu iuhu leinrred bat'k to the i omunttee on Koreigu helatious, and on tue ntfxt day - Thursday, the 6th iiktunl?Mr. rADnrmd !ha fiillfiwinv ^ jon? :? Kunoireil, Tliat the Senate Anteitain h utroit^ de*<re hat the exiiting war with Mesitfo ahoulJ be tei mm..to i >y a treaty ot peace, ju?t andlioiwiable to butU uatiorm, uitl that the 1'iemdent be advi?ed tv adopt all proper moamrea lor the attainment ol that objoct. Heaolved Further, That the Henalo deem it advuahle hat CongreM ahould appropriate a aom ol money to ena>le the I reaident to conclude a treaty of peacc, liinjta ind boundaries, wittfthe llepublic of Mexico, and to be j i?ed by him in the event that auch treaty should call for I he expenditure of the money ao appropriated, or any J lart thereof. They ware debated and variou.i araendmenta offered uad voted upon but rejected, and the firat reaolutien waa | finally adppted by the following rote : Aria.?Meaara. Jircher, Ashley, Atherton, Bagby. Bar row, Benton, Berrien, Bright, Calhoun, Caaa, < halmera, j Cillty, Jnn Af. Clayton, That Clayton, Cm win, Crttten itn, Oavta, Dickinaon, Dix, Evan?, FairtleM, (freme, , Houaton, Huntington, Jamagin, Johneon, ?/ La., John- I ton, of tti., McDtlflle, Mangum, Miller, Morekeai, Niiea, . Pearce, Phelpi, Sevier, Simmoni, Speight, sturgeon. , Turney, Upkam, Weatcott, Woodbridge, tulee-lotal U . No*??Atchlnaon, Rnak?Total 3- ... , The aecond retoluUon waa adopted by the following voti . _ Ar*??Allen, Jtreher, Aahley, Atherton Bagby Ballon, Breeae Bright, Calhoun, Cameron, ' aaa,? halm era, Corvin, Crittenden, Dickinaon, Dix, Kvan, FrtrflcM, llouaton, Jthnton of I ft / i'. Mc" Duffle, Mangum, Ml**, B??k, Saviar, Speight, Sturgeon, 1'arney, Wtktfr, Weetcott, Vulee- Total ta Noat?AHhiaWi P*rr** fnrim, C iliey, John U ,Mil ! - - ' ' Ltt. Mm Two C?Btta ~ ?"" JX3B Clayton, TKomai Clayton, Davit, Orient, Hannegan, Huntington, Jamagin, Miller, Morel, tad, tearce, Pkelpi, Sample, Stmmuni, Vpkam, H'audlinUiie.?Total It. r\? ).. rniinu-i.,_ ,i?? iv,.u-?),? m, :?.t Mr r the Chairman of the Committee on Finance received the following letter from Mr. Buchanan Dciu?t?iki?t or Stat*. ) WiiHinnTOK, August 7, 1 H4fl. ) To the Honorable Dixon H. Lewis, Chairman of the Committee on finance. [( MTt.J Sir I am directed by the President to invite your attention to the propriety of making an appropriation providing for any ex|?nditure which it may be ueccssary to make iu advance for the purpose of settling all our difUculties with the Mexican Republic. It ia hn sincere delire to terminate a* it was to avoid, the exiating war with Mexico by u peace ju?t and honorable to both partiea. The chief obstacle to be lurmounted in accomplishing this object will probably be the adjuatment of a boundary between the two Republics which iliall be satisfactory and convenient to both, and such as neither will hereafter be inclined to diaturb. In the adjustment of thia boundary, we ought <o pay a fair equivalent for any conc??aiona which may be made by Mexico. Under theae circumstances, the President deems it important that a portion of this sum should be placed under his control, to be advanced if need be, to the Government of that Republic, immediately upon the ratification of the Treatv. It miirht be inconvenient lor the Sluiirun (iov ernmeut to wait for the payment of the whole sum until the Treaty could be ratified by our Senate, and an appropriation to carry it into e/feot made by Congress Indeed the necessity for this delay might befeat the object altogether. Thii disbursement of money, should it be made, would of course be accounted for at the Treasury, not as secret service money, but like other expenditures Two precedents for such a proceeding exist in our past history, during the administratioo of Air. Jefferson, to which I would call your attention. On the 3tith February, 1S03, an act was passed appropriating two millions of dollars "for the purpose of defraying any extraordinary expenses which may be incurred in the intercourse between the United States and Foreign Nations," '' to be applied under the direction of the 1'rusident of the United States, who shall cause an account of the expenditure thereof to be laid before Congress, as soon as may be," and on the 13th of February, an appropriation was made of the same amount and in the same terms. In ueither cases was the monoy actually drawn from the Treasury, an I 1 should hope that the result in this respect might bo similar on the present occasion although the appropriation may prove to be indispensable in accomplishing the object. I would, therefore, (MBMtfullf suggest to you. at the instance of the President, tho passage of a law appropriating: two millions of dollars to be placed at his disposal tor the purpose which 1 have indicated. 1 have the honor to be, Sir, With great respect. Your obedieut servant, JAMES BUCHANAN. And founded on this Mr Lewis o flared the following resolution: ? Resolved, That the Committee on Finance be instructed forthwith to report a bill, appropriating two millions of dollars to he placed at the disposal of the President, to euahle him to conclude a treaty ol peace, lnni's, an I boundai) wi'h the republic of VTexico, ugreoablv to a resolution of the senate adopted in hxecutive tension on the fttlt instant, an.l inconc.urience witu tliu r commendation of ihe Pie-ident in his communications on that subject to the Seua'e in Executive se-siou reo-ived ou the 4.h instant. Vs. how?ter. the me?s-igo to Congress askm:; the appropriation of ji'^ OOOO' O a as sent on the following day no action was had on this resolution Bishop Fkinwick.?At hall' p?it 11 yesterday fort-noon tin* lii?'lit Ri>v. Bt iirilict Kumi'ick, lo^ twenty ono yeois < a'iiulr Bi?t>?p ot Hokmh, diei at his evidence. corner ol Frmklin andl-edersi streu, uflut a lingering illness of nine month*. Ilis diseesse was an enlargement of tho heart and liver, iuduci ig diopsy. During this long period of suite ring he di?plaj ed uniform patience aud Christian resignation, und exhibited, even in groator perfection, those beuigu and amiable traits of ciiaracter which had secured for him the devoted attachment and veneiatiou of all who came within tho influence of hi*otH^ial nunistnuion*, or hail occasion to hold personal intercourse with him About 3 o'clock yesterday morning ho was apprised that his hour was near at hand, and at once his mini was prepaied for that last grand cterge, his calmness not leaving him for a moment up to the instant when he breathed his last, iu the arms uf bishop Fitzpatrick His funeral obsequies will be performed in the Catholic Cathedral, Fianklin street, to morrow morning, at H o'clock, and in tho course of the day his remain* will he conveyed to Worcester, lor intermout within thu grounds ot the colltge of the Holy Cross, estHlilished by him, on Muuut M. James. He was a profound theologian, a learned civilian, a powerful preacher, a thoroughly read historian, and a fugacious and prudent counsellor in all that related to the interests of hu church, and what ho deemed lor the welfare of hii peoplo. Ilia talents tor udmiulstration were of the highest order ; and the progress 0f bia church in this section of the country may be given aa evidence of it. When he received his appointment to the New England diocese, there wore but two Catholic churches and two priests within its limits. Now, there re something over fifty churches and sixty priest*, exclusive of those in Connecticut and Rhode Island, which, under his administration, have beon erected into an independent bishopric, and are no longer under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Boston, Bishop Ken wick was a native of St. Mary's county, Maryland, and between 64 and 63 years of age. After determining to devote himself to the church, he joined the order of Jesuits, and in the course of a few years became President of Georgetown College, a station which he filled with great distinction till the year ISU5, when, and only in obodience to imperative bulls from ro|>e Leo the 12th, he accepted the ofllce ef bishop of Boston. Latterly he had been assisted in the duties ef his ofllce by bishop Kitzpatrick, his coadjutor, appointed for that purjiose in the first in- , stance, and, In the second, to b? his successor, upon his death. The Right Rev. John Fitzpatrick, bishop Kenwick's successor, aa bishop of Boston, is a native of this city, and only S3 years of age. He entered upon the daties of his office, yesterday. The diocese, under bis iurisdiction. embraces tho States of Maasachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire ami Vermont. It if a coincidence worthy of notice, in connection with the death of Biahop Kenwick, that yesterday was the twelfth anni vsrsary of the burning of the Urauline Convent on Mount Benedict, Charlestown ? Boston fail, Jvl* U. Police Intelligence. Aril. 13 -Astault with Intent to Kill ? A ?eriom affair almoat occurred at the City Hotel thia morning, (Thursday,) between the hour* of 7 and o'clock. It appear* that a very handsome and interesting young girl, by the name of Caroline E. Wilaon, whose residence is in Spruce atreet near Seventh itreet, Philadelphia, ia at present staying at the I'ity Hotel, accompanied by her couiin* Mr. William Wilson, Jr., Nicholas C. Wilaon, and Miaa Jane B. Wilaon-, and aa ilie waa proceeding along the hall to breakfast thin morning, reating on the arm ol her couain, WilLam, they were met suddenly by the brother of tiki* lady, Alexander Wilaon, who endeavored to reacuo hii aiiter from the arm of her couiin, and in doing ao received a puah from William to keep him off: and no sooner did ne receive thia puih than Alexander drew from hia pocket a six barrel pistol anil discharged one of the barrel* at hia antagoniat, without effect, and before be ovuld be aeoured he mapped another which only discharged ihft C1Z. "S "M then serurod and the piatol taken from hia; but, initead of bringing him at once before the police authorities, he watallowed to depart However, in the courae of the forenoon, the iiter and William Wilaon the couain entered a com plaint before Juftice Drinker respecting the assault, ami a warrant waa iaaued for the arrest of the accused. It seems, from the affidavit of Mis* Caroline, that her brother has acted in a very violent manner towards her before; he having abducted her from Philadelphia some time since under very strange circumatancea. Thia young lady, we understand, is heir to or pessaasss a large property out Mouth, which the brother wiahea her to make over to him; and her refusing to do so, ia supposed to be the principal cause of all the diAcuity. No arrest at present Good Arrtit.?Captain McGrath of the Bth ward police, and olftcer Stephens of the lower police, arrested last night the notorious old thief and "sUol pigeon," called Jim Hazzard, charged with entering the premises No 9 Lieabrosaes street, occupied by a colored mas/and his wile by the name of Mpencer and Mary Ann Houston, and bieaking o|>en a trunk, and steeling therelrom a gold watch valueu at also bank hills amounting to HW, and luiee gold rings worth $la, making in ail >lJo 1 he above vigilaut oflt.ers "pHlled" the iuses 1 in Leonard street., ami <?n "frisking'' his persor, fid ol tne stolen muney were found in his pocket, whi-h was identified by tbe complainants as tneir property, i "inrnitte.l lor examination bv Justice Drinker Urand t.avOfficers Donnelly ?nd Wataon, of the 1st Ward, ariested yesterday a-i Irishman hy the name of Bainay Lynch, cbnijed with robbing a iellow passengei hy the name *1 Kraocls Heetiey. on hoare ol tne sii.p \V?ishipmait, wbilo at sea on the J.ith ol July last, l<> cutting out hii packet, while he laid in nis berth, an 1 stealing therelrom >74 in gold and ai.vei coin; a portion ol '.lie mouet was recovered, one (Pve reign waa discovered in the ?iio? of tne accused muted foi trial '-y Ju*Ute Urinkei i'thl Lumni/ -Joseph >raiifciiu was arresie.l ji't nigut lot stealing pMpui boxes and giaas worth belonging to Mr. A llrumlels, No. 2! Nassau ? iout, Llhu'd Up Alice Oioen was uriek'.ed yesterJay by ortUer Van beiischoteu, of the ith Ward, chargeil with ttcaiing va rwus articles ol wearing apj>ar*i neJongieg to Mr. H. Wnite. Locked up. Jlrrtit on Suspicion.? OlBcer Walker, of the 9th ward, arrested yesterday a boy by the name of Martin Wisner, on suspicion of heing an accomplice m a burglary, in an termg tbe dwelling house No. (19 Hamuiond street. Locked up for examination by Jnatlce Hoome. Court of Ueneral Ht ttlona. Before Recorder flcou and Aldermen Beiuon and Purier Joh-i McKrow, K?q. Diatnrt Attorney. At the opening of the Court Una morning, the grand in<)ue?t entered, ami altar preaenting a number efbilla, which embraced nil the caaea before them, were diecharged for the term, with the uatial thanks of the court. Flea of (Juillg ?Jam** Williama, indicted for a petit lareenv. in having atolea two coaia worth $10, alio h $10 bank bill Irom t.phraim Bacon, entered a plea of guilty, and ?u aent to the Penitentiary tor the ter n of tix monthe. Trial f?r Grand Larcrny ?A colored woman name ! Kliiabeth Gardner, wea then placed at the bar on a charge of having atolen a gold watch and chain belong ing to Richard Oouglaa. The value of the watch not exceeding $ ?, the pi leaner waa found guilty of a petit larceny only, and aent to the Penitentiary for the teim efiix montba. The Ceurt then adj^njtted until Meaday Sept 7th

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